Está en la página 1de 6

The Parts of Speech

Term 1. Noun: Definition person, place, thing, idea Example Ex: Bob, Hawaii, pencil

-common noun

general name for a person, place, thing, idea

Ex: guitarist, museum

-proper noun:

specific name of a noun *Capitalized

Ex: B.B. King, February

-concrete noun

names an object that is Ex: book, flower seen, heard, touched, tasted, smelled names an idea, quality or state Ex: independence, curiosity, sadness

-abstract noun

- singular noun

one (in number)

Ex: stage, city, foot

-plural noun

more than one (in number)

Ex: stages, cities, feet

2. Pronoun

word used in place of a Ex: He wanted to audition for the play. noun or pronoun

-personal pronoun:

Singular = I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it Plural= we, us, you, they, them show ownership or relationship

Ex: We went to the mall to see a movie.

-possessive pronouns:

Ex: Jenny delivered her famous speech to the public. *Whose speech?? Ex: Donna prepared herself for a long day.

3. Reflexive Pronoun: *-self, -selves -Intensive Pronouns *-self, -selves -Demonstrative Pronouns: * this, that, these, those -Indefinite Pronouns: * another, anybody, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone,

reflects the action back to the subject must be in the sentence

adds emphasis to a noun/pronoun NOT needed in the sentence (can take it out) point out a specific person, place, thing, idea

*Who prepared? Ex: The wait itself would take hours.

Ex: People at the front of the line will get better tickets than those at the end of the line. Ex: Many fans arrived at the race at 6AM.

does not refer to a specific noun

everything, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, somebody, someone, something, both, few, many, several, all, any, more, most, none, some

-Interrogative Pronouns: *who, whom, whose, which, what -Relative Pronouns: * who, whom, whose, which, that 4. Verbs:

used to ask a question

Ex: What is your favorite song?

introduces a subordinate clause

Ex: The seats that they asked for are unavailable.

expresses an action, condition or state of being shows action

Ex: run, walk, jump, yell

-action verbs:

Ex: The band marches onto the field.

physical or mental -linking verbs: *look, smell, feel, sound, taste, grow, appear, become, seem, remain, is, am, are, was, were, been, being -helping verbs *to be verbs, can, have, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would 5. Adjectives: -articles *a, an, the links the subject to the Ex: The instruments are safe on the bus. predicate in a sentence one verb

combines with verbs to become a verb phrase 2 or more verbs

Ex: The stadium is filled to capacity.

describes a N or PN act as adjectives a/an = one group the = a specific noun

Ex: We saw the famous singer at the theater. Ex: The car is red. Ex: She is a choir member.

-proper adjectives

formed from proper nouns capitalized describes a verb, adjective or adverb

Ex: America = American Japan = Japanese

6. Adverbs *when, where, how, to what extent 7. Prepositions/ Prep. Phrases:

*see attached list!

Ex: We instantly recognized his picture.

*most end in ly shows relationship between N/PN and another word in the sentence Ex: The sound of a jazz band filled the kitchen.

8. Conjunctions: -coordinating: *and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet -correlative: *both/and, either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also, whether/or -subordinating: *after, although, as, because, if, since, so that, until, when, while, that

P.P. = prep + O.P. connects words together connects words of equal importance together Ex: Sonia and her friends watched the movie.

word pairs that join words together

Ex: Either the music or the visual images will grab your attention.

introduce subordinate clauses (cant stand alone in sentence) and join them to independent clauses

Ex: The band waited while the director checked the lighting.

-conjunctive adverbs: *also, consequently, however, nevertheless, still, therefore, besides, otherwise

expresses the relationship between the independent clauses

Ex: The invention of the radio contributed to the rise of Rock and Roll; similarly, cable TV helped launch music videos.

9. Interjections:

used to express emotion

Ex: Yikes! Our project is due tomorrow!

Common Prepositions:
about above across after against along among around as at *before *behind *below *beneath *beside *between * beyond *by *despite *down *during *except *for *in *inside *into *like *near *of *off *on *onto *out *outside *over *since *through *throughout *to *toward *under *underneath *until *up *upon *with *within *without

Common Compound Prepositions:

according to aside from because of by means of in addition to in front of in place of in spite of instead of on account of out of

prior to

Intereses relacionados