Tulane School of Architecture Academic Portfolio year I + II

snaylor@tulane.edu snaylor.prosite.com (216) 469 2172

YEAR I
Architekton Painting Analysis Case Study Site as Dwelling Exquisite Object

YEAR II
Mapping the City Museum of the City Precedent Study Visitors Center

DIGITAL + DESIGN BUILD
Fabrication Representation Team Build

YEAR I
Architekton
collapse

Painting Analysis
The Music Lesson, vermeer

Case Study
The Stretto House, steven holl

Site as Dwelling
site as sequence

Exquisite Object
object drawings object case passageway museum

Architekton

Painting Analysis

COLLAPSE
Professor Marilyn Feldmeier :: spring 2012

THE MUSIC LESSON
This project focused on analyzing “The Music Lesson” by Vermeer, through diagrams. Both 2d and 3d diagrams helped pare down the scene in the painting.

This project was an exercise in form making. I chose the word “collapse” to be the idea of my project. The size was constrained by the golden ratio, which I used to generate some of the geometry.

Case Study

STRETTO HOUSE
This project was to document and diagram the Stretto House by Steven Holl. Drafting by hand I recreated his sections, plans, and elevations, practicing with line weights. I also diagrammed the house, from structure to geometry.

site plan

long section first floor plan

east elevation

west elevation front elevation

Site As Dwelling

SITE AS SEQUENCE
The project was to create a landscape and home for an artist. My idea was to create moments as you transcend down the landscape, so that in the end the sequence of home pieces is framed in a composition.

Exquisite Object

RATCHET
Professor Thaddeus Zarse :: spring 2012 To start this project I chose the ratchet as an exquisite object. From basic observation and measurement I was able to hand-draft the ratchet in multiple views.

Next I created a “case” to hold the object and show its movements. From this case I took serial sections and abstracted those drawings, as well as giving them scale through the placement of figures.

Passageway
The following phase was to take those sections and create a passage from them. The passage is defined as: entry, sequence, gallery.

In the final phase we were given a site on Freret Street to erect a museum; using the sequence from our passage as well as the motion of our object. From the site visit I was able to make digital diagrams relaying important contextual information.

Iterations in study models led to the final building form.

VIEW
VI EW

SIDEWALK

TE RT IA RY RO UT E
TER YR TIAR
YARD SPACE

OUT

E

3 LVLS 2 LVLS 1 LVL SITE

EAST

FRERET STREET

WEST

SITE

BATH ROOM

Museum
My museum drew from the nearby grid change of roads to make a composition of two different systems interacting. This play of two grids was revealed at key moments and highlighted by gaps.
DIAGRAM FRANK STELLA ODELSK III FIRST FLOOR PLAN 1/8” = 1’-0”
LOBBY

GALLERY A

MEETING ROOM

SECOND FLOOR PLAN 1/8” = 1’-0”

SECTION A 1/8” = 1’-0”

SECTION B 1/8” = 1’-0”

GERHARD RICHTER ABSTRACT PAINTING FRANK STELLA ODELSK III

ADMIN OFFICE

BATH ROOM

OUTDOOR EATING

STORAGE

SECTION A 1/8” = 1’-0”
OUTDOOR GARDEN

SECTION B 1/8” = 1’-0”
OUTDOOR GARDEN

SOL LEWITT OPEN GEOMETRIC STRUCTURE GERHARD RICHTER ABSTRACT PAINTING SELECTED ARTWORK SECTION C 1/8” = 1’-0”
B

CAFE

BATH ROOM

GALLERY

SOL LEWITT OPEN GEOMETRIC STRUCTURE

A LOBBY

MEETING ROOM

SELECTED ARTWORK

SECTION C 1/8” = 1’-0”

DIAGRAM

FIRST FLOOR PLAN 1/8” = 1’-0”
FRERET STREET ELEVATION 1/8” = 1’-0”

SECOND FLOOR PLAN 1/8” = 1’-0”

RO T

N IO AT

C O M P R E S S ION
FRERET STREET ELEVATION 1/8”=1’

DSGN-1200 / ADGM-1200

EXQUISITE OBJECT DIAGRAM

SAMUEL NAYLOR

year II
Mapping the City
new orleans central city museum of the city

Precedent Study
saynatsalo town hall + okra diagramming saynatsalo visitors center at igualada

Mapping the City

NEW ORLEANS
Professor Sarah Howell :: fall 2012

This project focused on hand drawn diagrams as a method of mapping the city of New Orleans. Through intensive research I was able to collect a series of maps and create many diagrams to start understanding more about the city and its history.

Through looking at the city ground levels over time it is clear that certain areas of the city have sunk more than others. Some of this is due to foundation types, and also in which areas were drained swamps. By looking as subsidence maps and diagramming the occupation of the city over time I was able to merge the information together.

To control water flow and drain out the swamps the city originally had to construct many irrigation canals. Over time the city had covered these and converted them to underground pipes. Similarly levees have been raised and thus even the view of water was cut off from most people. Much of this disconnect with water has led to people in the city remaining ignorant of the systems that sustain them.

SECTION OVER TIME
At first the city developed along the natural elevations in the river basin, but when the time came to expand, the swamps were drained and the wetland became a popular suburban retreat. On which the ground slowly subsided over time and led to New Orleans having places below sea level particularly where specific building types lie, in part because of their foundation systems.

OLD - CURRENT CANALS
Before the modenization of the New Orelans drainage system canals used to run alongside every street which gave people more interaction with the water every day; whether it was in the form of an obsticle or observational element. As the city progressed canals were covered and underground pipes did most of the work. Unfortunatly even in the canals that remain, public access to them became limited. Perhaps this situation, a consequence of industrialization led the people who live here to neglect the aquatic forcesthat so shape their built enviroment.

A SINKING CITY
Without water to provide density in the soil the land started to sink. The diagram below represents where there is the highest velocity of subsidence, as well as the urban form around those areas. The city was first developed in areas where subsidence occurs at a slow pace. Parallels can be drawn between where the highest velocity of subsidence occurs and building age and type that rest on that ground.

CONNECTION TO WATER // PATHWAYS
Our city used to be more defined by the river and lake, this diagram hopes to show the lack of current access to the waterways. It is clear in contrast to the linear water model overlaid, that compared to the amount of water present the ability for the public to interact with it is minimal.

Central City
As the project progressed I zoomed in on a section of New Orleans, the Central City precinct. I started to understand how my precinct related to its neighboring urban centers. Central city differs greatly in its block subdivision than the business district next to it. The neighborhoods were split when Interstate 10 was built, but art centers still connect the two.

art centers

Museum of the City
This project was to create a museum of the city. The program was to have 6 different spaces: linear volume, cubic volume, wall of books, wall of light, wall of the surveyor, and wall of the city. The process was focused on site context. For this project I worked with a partner [Alyssa Rogut]; we produced and designed together the work for this building.

SOUTHWEST SECTION

We drew from earlier in the “CITY” project to frame our work as a building that respects the decay of the city while still showing a rebirth. Throughout the design we respected site patterns, and conditions. Hand drawn work was a major component of this project.

ANCHORING THE BLOCK // CONNECTING BACK CAFE RECONCILE COMPLETING THE PATTERN // VACANT LOTS ENTRY // EXIT VOID // SLIDING VOLUMES

Precedent Study

SAYNATSALO TOWN HALL
Professor Scott Ruff :: spring 2013

This project began by diagramming The Saynatsalo Town Hall, by Alvar Aalto, as well as the vegetable okra. I drew connections between their structure, formal relationship, as well as relation to ground. The next phase focused on digitally and physically diagramming the town hall.

CONNECTION TO THE GROUND

AXIS TO CELL RELATIONSHIP

STRUCTURAL HIERARCHY

SPATIAL DENSITY

NUTRIENT/LIFE FLOW

PROGRAM

STRUCTURE

CIRCULATION

circulation

SITE INTERVENTION

site intervention

SPATIAL DENSITY // TRANSPARENCY

spatial density

GEOMETRIC TRANSFORMATION geometric transformation

PROGRAM

program

STRUCTURE

structure

CIRC

PUBLIC PUBLIC PRIVATE

PRIVATE

COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL GOVERNMENT RESIDENTIAL SMALL SERVICE MEDIUM GOVERNMENT

RESIDENTIAL SERVICE

LARGE

ENTRY

HORIZONTAL

VERTICAL

PERMIABLE BUSINESS OFFICES BUSINESS OFFICES STORES SERVICE RESIDENTIAL COUNCIL CHAMBER GOV. OFFICES PUBLIC LIBRARY SOLID STORES SERVICE RESIDENTIAL COUNCIL CHAMBER GOV. OFFICES PUBLIC LIBRARY

CY

GEOMETRIC TRANSFORMATION

PROGRAM

STRUCTURE

CIRCULATION

SITE INTERVENTION

Visitors Center

IGUALADA CEMETERY
The project was to create a visitors center for Enric Miralles’ and Carme Pinos’ Igualada Cemetery in Spain. Through research and personal accounts it was clear that Igualada Cemetery has far been forgotten by most of the town. It now resides behind the new industrial sector of Igualada. My scheme was to create a beacon or ‘tower’ to mark the location as well as serve as a memorial to the deceased.
PUBLIC PRIVATE COMMERCIAL RESIDENTIAL SERVICE GOVERNMENT ENTRY HORIZONTAL VERTICAL

BUSINESS OFFICES STORES SERVICE RESIDENTIAL COUNCIL CHAMBER GOV. OFFICES PUBLIC LIBRARY

Using the lessons learned from my Saynatsalo I created a project that moved the earth in similar ways to the existing cemetery and Saynatsalo. My project is part residence, same as Saynatsalo, because I intend for a groundskeeper to reside there all year long to care for the cemetery.
SPATIAL DENSITY // TRANSPARENCY GEOMETRIC TRANSFORMATION SPATIAL DENSITY // TRANSPARENCY

PROGRAM PROGRAM

STRUCTURE STRUCTURE

CIRCULATION CIRCULATION

SITE INTERVENTION SITE INTERVENTION

GEOMETRIC TRANSFORMATION

PUBLIC

PRIVATE

public

private

PUBLIC

PRIVATE

COMMERCIAL SMALL GOVERNMENT COMMERCIAL GOVERNMENT

RESIDENTIAL SERVICE RESIDENTIAL government SERVICE commercial

information bar reception gallery/eternal fame residence

MEDIUM SMALL LARGE MEDIUM

residence service

LARGE

site plan

The tower is consists of two planes rising from the landscape. A series of steel rods placed irregularly emphasizes their rigidity. At the human scale an eternal flame is burning in the ground. This space is the most public, where locals visiting their family members can burn the old flowers on their tombs while they replace them with new ones.

DIGITAL + DESIGN BUILD
Fabrication
fractured cube parametric surface bench

Representation
watercolor vray for rhino sketches

Design Build
sukkot a-week 2012 a-wknd 2013 global brigades

Fabrication
BENCH I created this form by lofting 4 different polylines who each created a separate seating situation in section. The resulting form was then offset and contoured. I constructed the bench by taking every other line on the contour. The resulting object is able to talk about the changing surfaces through the variation in its form.

PARAMETRIC SURFACE This form was an experiment in parametric surface paneling. I created a form by lofting two curves, then I created a component to map onto the surface. I connected the components through paperclips and vertical dowels.

FRACTURE The idea was to alter the cube by creating a fracture through its surface. The crack was created by extruding to a single point inside the cube. The built object was constructed through laser cut panels unrolled from the 3d model. The deep cuts create dramatic shadows, ripping through the surface of the model.

ELEVATIONS

FRACTURE
the idea is to create a central fracture that both highlights the rigidness of the cube, and provide compostional beauty in the loud and quiet facades // all fractures radiate from a single point within the cube // this contrast of diagonal slits to the orthagonal mass draws attention to the rigidness of the cube // the main cavern through the volume seperates it into multiple parts, however it unites the cube in the way the joints resolve at ends // AXON

Representation

bench form as towers in star wars universe

PLANET NABOO
_CHOMMELL SECTOR

sketch in pen and marker

eames house int.

eames house ext.

bench on lbc quad rendering

Architects Weekend 2013
GRIDSHELL This three day design build project focused on using grasshopper for rhino and other plug-ins to create a 3d surface. Using geodesic curves we were able to contour the surface into members. Grasshopper programming allowed us to set a confined length for the wood and bending strength, leading to a close connection between the digital and physical. Andrew Kudless was the faculty advisor who helped our team learn the advanced technologies and complete the project.

Architects Week 2012
LOTUS This was a one week long team design build project. The idea was to create a “soap box” like structure that inspires people to talk, sing, or perform. Our solution was a transportable and transformable platform for inspiration. It is contructed out of wood, canvas, and LED lights. The structure can be easily packed up and rolled across smooth ground. The project was very successful in inspiring performances across the Tulane campus.

Sukkot Design Build
FIBONACCI SUKKAH In the Jewish tradition it is customary to build a temporary structure for the holiday of Sukkot. The project was to build a sukkot structure while staying within the kosher rules. As a team we designed a partially enclosed bench structure. The form was based on the fibonacci sequence. The structure was built out of wood, with metal bracket connections. This project was especially difficult because of the five day design period and only a week to build.

Global Brigades Competition Enty + Design Build
HEALTH CENTER Global Brigades is the largest student led international development organization. I have been working with them extensively over the past two years. This project was part of a team design competition to create a health center in rural Honduras. Our project utilized local materials and sustainable building practices. The project also lifted the building off the ground to minimize excavation and flood damage. The second part of this project was to travel in country and work on the project. Even though our design did not win, we broke ground on a different teams design, as well as working on past ongoing projects.

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