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XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 1
MATHEMATICS
PARTA
[SINGLE CORRECT CHOICE TYPE]
Q.1 to Q.20 has four choices (A), (B), (C), (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct. [20 × 3= 60]
Q.1 Which one of the following limit does not have value unity ?
(A)
x sin
) x (tan sin
Lim
0 x÷
(B)
x cos
) x (cos sin
Lim
2
x
t
÷
(C)
x
x 1 x 1
Lim
0 x
÷ ÷ +
÷
(D*)
2
x
1
0 x x
x sin
Lim

.

\

÷
[Sol. (A)
x sin
) x (tan sin
Lim
0 x÷

.

\

0
0
=
x
x
x sin
x tan
x tan
) x sin(tan
Lim
0 x
×

.

\

×

.

\

÷
=
x
x tan
Lim
0 x ÷
= 1.
(B)
x cos
) x (cos sin
Lim
2
x
t
÷

.

\

0
0
; Put x =
h
2
÷
t
, =
h sin
) h sin(sin
Lim
0 h ÷
= 1.
(C)
x
x 1 x 1
Lim
0 x
÷ ÷ +
÷

.

\

0
0
(Rationalise) =
) x 1 x 1 ( x
) x 1 ( ) x 1 (
Lim
0 x
÷ + +
÷ ÷ +
÷
=
2
2
= 1.
(D)
2
x
1
0 x x
x sin
Lim

.

\

÷
(1
·
) = e
L
, where L =
2
0 x
x
1
1
x
x sin
Lim ×

.

\

÷
÷
=
3
0 x
x
x x sin
Lim
÷
÷
=
3
5 3
0 x
x
x .......
! 5
x
! 3
x
x
Lim
÷


.

\

· + ÷
÷
=
6
1 ÷
. Ans.]
Q.2 If the solutions of the equation x
2
+ px + q = 0 are the cubes of the solutions of the equation
x
2
+ mx + n = 0, then
(A) m
3
– 3mn + p = 0 (B) m
3
+ 3mn + p = 0 (C*) m
3
– 3mn – p = 0 (D) m
3
+ 3mn – p = 0
[Sol. Given, x
2
+ mx + n = 0
o

; x
2
+ px + q = 0
o
3

3
o
3
+ 
3
= – p ; o
3

3
= q
and o +  = – m ; o  = n
Now, (o + )
3
– 3o (o + ) = – p ¬ – m
3
– 3n (– m) = – p ¬ – m
3
+ 3mn = – p
¬ m
3
– 3mn – p = 0. Ans.]
Q.3 In an arithmetic progression, if S
n
= n(5 + 3n) and t
n
= 32, then the value of n is
[Note : S
n
and t
n
denote the sum of first n terms and n
th
term of arithmetic progression respectively.]
(A) 4 (B*) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7
[Sol. We have, t
n
= S
n
– S
n – 1
= n (3n + 5) – (n – 1) (3n + 2) = 6n + 2 = 32 (Given)¬ n = 5. Ans.]
Q.4 If o,  are the roots of equation x
2
+ x – 2 = 0, then the value of
 + o +  + o
+ o o + +  o
2 2
4 4 4 4
) 1 ( ) 1 (
is equal to
(A) 2 (B) – 2 (C) 4 (D*) – 4
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 2
MATHEMATICS
[Sol. We have, x
2
+ x – 2 = 0
o

o +  = – 1; o = – 2
 + o +  + o
+ o o + +  o
2 2
4 4 4 4
) 1 ( ) 1 (
=
 + o + o ÷  + o
o  +  o
2 ) (
2
4 5 4 5
=
o ÷
 + o o
2
) ( ) (
4
=
o
o (
2
)
4
=
4
16
÷
= – 4. Ans.
Aliter:
 + o +  + o
+ o o + +  o
2 2
4 4 4 4
) 1 ( ) 1 (
=
4
) ( 16  + o
[Using o
2
+ o = 
2
+  = 2 and o + 1 =
o
2
and  + 1 =

2
]
=
4
16 ÷
= – 4. Ans.]
Q.5 If f (x) =
) 1 x ( x ) 1 x ( ) 2 x )( 1 x ( x ) 1 x ( x 3
x ) 1 x ( ) 1 x ( x x 2
1 x x 1
÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷
+ ÷
+
then f (100) =
(A*) 0 (B) 100 (C) 1 (D) –100
[Sol. Taking common factors x from C
2
, (x + 1) from C
3
and (x – 1) from R
3
, we have
f (x) = x (x
2
– 1)
3 2 2
2 3 3
C C C
C C C
x 2 x x 3
x 1 x x 2
1 1 1
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷
÷ = x (x
2
– 1)
2 ) 1 x ( 2 x 3
1 ) 1 x ( x 2
0 0 1
+ ÷
+ ÷ = 0
f (100) = 0 ]
Q.6 Number of values of x satisfying the equation cos ( ) ) 1 x cos( arc 3 ÷ = 0 is equal to
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D*) 3
[Sol. Let u = arc cos (x – 1)
Now, cos 3u = 4 cos
3
u – 3 cos u
So, 4y
3
– 3y = 0, where y = x – 1
y = ±
2
3
, 0
¬ x = 1 ±
2
3
, 1
Hence three values of x . Ans.
Aliter :
cos (3 cos
–1
(x – 1)) = 0
¬ 3 cos
–1
(x – 1) = (2n + 1)
2
t
, n e I
cos
–1
(x – 1) = (2n + 1)
6
t
, n e I
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 3
MATHEMATICS
¬ cos
–1
(x – 1) =
6
5
,
2
,
6
t t t
¬ x – 1 =
2
3
, 0,
2
3 ÷
; x = 1 +
2
3
, 1,
2
3
1÷ . Ans.]
Q.7 Let f(x) =


.

\

÷ u +

.

\

÷ u +


.

\

÷ u ) 3 (tan x
2
1
cos x
2
3
sin sgn
2
.
If f(x) is identically zero for every x e R, then the number of values of u in [– 2t, 2t], is
[Note: sgn k denotes the signum function of k.]
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C*) 2 (D) 3
[Sol. The equation ( ) 3 tan x
2
1
cos x
2
3
sin
2
÷ u +

.

\

÷ u +


.

\

÷ u = 0 must be an identity in x.
sin u =
2
3
and cos u =
2
1
and tan u = 3 ¬ u =
3
t
or
3
5t ÷
in [– 2t, 2t]. Ans. ]
Q.8 The smallest integral value of p for which the inequality (p – 3)x
2
– 2px + 3(p – 2) > 0
is satisfied for all real values of x, is
(A) 8 (B*) 7 (C) 6 (D) 5
[Sol. We have, (p – 3)x
2
– 2px + 3(p – 2) > 0 is true for all x e R, so
p – 3 > 0 ........(1)
and Disc. < 0 ........(2)
must be satisfied simultaneously.
p > 3 .......(1)
and D < 0 ¬ 4p
2
– 4(p – 3) (3p – 6) < 0
f(x) = (p – 3)x – 2px + 3(p –2)
2
v
x
¬ 2p
2
– 15p + 18 > 0
¬ 2p
2
– 12p – 3p + 18 > 0
¬ 2p (p – 6) – 3(p – 6) > 0
¬ (2p – 3) (p – 6) > 0
¬ p > 6 or p <
2
3
.......(2)
(1) · (2) ¬ p e (6, ·)
Hence, the smallest integral value of p equals 7. Ans.]
Q.9 If x = x
0
is solution of the equation 0 ) x 3 ( ) x 2 (
3 log 2 log
5 5
= ÷ , then the value of


.

\

+
0
0
x
1
x is equal to
(A*)
6
37
(B)
2 log 3 log
3 log 2 log
5 5
5 5
÷
+
(C) log
2
3 (D) 2
[Sol. We have
3 log 2 log
5 5
) x 3 ( ) x 2 ( ÷
Taking logarithm to the base 5 on both sides, we get
(log
5
2) · (log
5
2 + log
5
x) = (log
5
3) · (log
5
3 + log
5
x)
¬ – (log
5
3 – log
5
2) · log
5
x = (log
5
3 – log
5
2) · (log
5
3 + log
5
2)
¬ 
.

\

x
1
log
5
= log
5
6 ¬ x =
6
1
÷ x
0
(Given)
Hence,


.

\

+
0
0
x
1
x
=
6
37
. Ans. ]
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 4
MATHEMATICS
Q.10 Number of solutions of the equation x cos ) x (sin sin
1
=
÷
, for x e
(
¸
(
¸
t t ÷
2
,
2
is equal to
(A) 0 (B*) 2 (C) 4 (D) 6
[Sol. As,
) x (sin sin
1 ÷
= x , for x e
(
¸
(
¸
t t ÷
2
,
2
From above graph, the equation
y=cosx

.

\
 t ÷
0 ,
2

.

\
 t
0 ,
2
Y
X
y=–x y=x
O
) x (sin sin
1 ÷
= cos x has two solutions, in
(
¸
(
¸
t t ÷
2
,
2
. Ans.]
Q.11 If
e
1
x
a
2 Lim
a 2
x
tan a
a x
= 
.

\

÷

.

\
 t
÷
, then a is equal to
(A) – t (B) t (C*)
2
t
(D)
t
÷ 2
[Sol.
e
1
) form 1 (
x
a
2 Lim
a 2
x
tan a
a x
= 
.

\

÷
·

.

\
 t
÷
(Given)
Let

.

\
 t
÷

.

\

÷
a 2
x
tan · a
a x x
a
2 Lim = e
L
,
where L = 
.

\
 t
×

.

\

÷
÷ a 2
x
tan · a
x
a
1 Lim
a x
Put x = a + h
= 
.

\

+
t
÷
) h a (
a 2
tan · h Lim
0 h
=

.

\
 t
+
t
÷ a 2
h
2
tan h Lim
0 h
=

.

\
 t
÷
÷
a 2
h
tan
h
Lim
0 h
=
t
÷ a 2

.

\
 t
÷

.

\

÷
a 2
x
tan · a
a x x
a
2 Lim =
t
÷ a 2
e ÷ e
–1
(Given)
Hence, a =
2
t
. Ans.]
Q.12 The true solution set of inequality log
2
(sin u) > log
2
(cos u) is equal to
(A)
I n
4
5
n 2 ,
4
n 2
e

.

\
 t
+ t
t
+ t (B*)
I n
2
n 2 ,
4
n 2
e

.

\
 t
+ t
t
+ t
(C)
I n
4
n 2 , n 2
e

.

\
 t
+ t t
(D)
I n
4
7
n 2 ,
4
n 2
e

.

\
 t
+ t
t
+ t
[Sol. Given, log
2
(sin u) > log
2
(cos u)
sin u > 0, cos u > 0 and sin u > cos u ; Hence, u e
I n
2
n 2 ,
4
n 2
e

.

\
 t
+ t
t
+ t . Ans.]
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 5
MATHEMATICS
Q.13 The value of
[
=
· ÷


.

\

÷
n
3 k
2
2
n
k
1 k
Lim is equal to
(A*)
3
2
(B)
3
1
(C)
2
1
(D) 2
[Sol.
[
=
· ÷

.

\

÷
n
3 k
2
n
k
1
1 Lim =


.

\

+ ÷
[ [
= =
· ÷
n
3 k
n
3 k
n k
1 k
·
k
1 k
Lim = 
.

\
 +

.

\

· ÷ 3
1 n
n
2
Lim
n
=
3
2
. Ans.]
Q.14 Which one of the following function contains only one integer in its range?
[Note: sgn k denotes the signum function of k.]
(A) f(x) =


.

\

+
÷
÷
2
2
1
x 1
x 1
cos
2
1
(B) g(x) = 
.

\

+
x
1
x sgn
(C) h(x) = sin
2
x + 2sin x + 2 (D*) k(x) = cos
–1
(x
2
– 2x + 2)
[Sol.
(A) f(x) =
2
1
cos
–1


.

\

+
÷
2
2
x 1
x 1
D
f
= R
As, 0 s cos
–1


.

\

+
÷
2
2
x 1
x 1
< t
R
f
=

.

¸
t
2
, 0
.
(B) g(x) = sgn

.

\

+
x
1
x
D
g
= (– ·, 0) (0, ·)
R
g
= {– 1, 1}
(C) h(x) = sin
2
x + 2 sin x + 2
D
h
= R
Also, h(x) = (sin x + 1)
2
+ 1
R
h
= [1, 5].
(D) k(x) = cos
–1
(x
2
– 2x + 2) = cos
–1
( ) 1 ) 1 x (
2
+ ÷
; D
k
= {1} ; R
k
= {0}. Ans.]
Q.15 Which one of the following function defined below is continuous at origin?
(A) f(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
=
=
0 x , 0
0 x ,
x
1
sin
(B*) g(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
=
=
+ ÷
+ ÷
3 , 2 x , 1
3 , 2 x ,
6 x 5 x
) 6 x 5 x cos(
2
2
(C) h(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
=
=

.

\

÷
0 x , 1
0 x ,
x
1
tan x
1
(D) k(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
=
=
+
+
0 x , 1
0 x ,
1 x
) 1 x sin(
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 6
MATHEMATICS
[Sol.
(A)
x
1
sin Lim ) x ( f Lim
0 x 0 x ÷ ÷
=
= does not exist,
because
x
1
sin
oscillates from – 1 to 1 in the neighbourhood of x = 0. So f(x) is discontinuous at x = 0.
(B) ) x ( g Lim
0 x ÷
=
6
1
cos 6 = g(0) ¬ g(x) is continuous at x = 0.
(C)

.

\

=
÷
÷ ÷ x
1
tan · x Lim ) x ( h Lim
1
0 x 0 x
= 0 ×

.

\
 t t ÷
2
or
2
= 0
But, h(0) = 1
So, h(x) is discontinuous at x = 0.
(D) ) x ( k Lim
0 x ÷
= sin 1
But k(0) = 1
So, k(x) is discontinuous at x = 0. Ans.]
Q.16 If 4
x
– 2
x + 1
+ 2 +  a  = cos y where x, y, a e R, then the value of (a + x + y) can be
(A)
2
t
(B) t (C*) 2t (D) 3t
[Sol. We have (2
x
– 1)
2
+  a  + 1 = cos y
As, L.H.S. > 1 and R.H.S. s 1
x = 0; a = 0 and cos y = 1 i.e. y = 2nt n e I. ]
Q.17 If
\

(
¸
(
¸
÷
÷ x
x sin
Lim
1
0 x
+
(
¸
(
¸
÷
x
x 2 sin 2
1 2
+
(
¸
(
¸
÷
x
x 3 sin 3
1 2
+ …… + (
¸
(
¸
÷
x
nx sin n
1 2



.

= 100,
then the value of n, is
[Note : [k] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to k.]
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C*) 4 (D) 5
[Sol. In vicinity of x = 0 , sin
–1
x > x
¬
x
x sin
1 ÷
> 1, in vicinity of x = 0.
y = x
y = sin x
–1
(0,0)
x
y
l = 1
3
+ 2
3
+ 3
3
+ .... + n
3
=
2
2
) 1 n ( n

.

\
 +
= 100 ¬ n = 4. Ans.]
Q.18 If cos (2u
2
) =
) ( cos
) ( cos
3 1
3 1
u ÷ u
u + u
, then
(A) tan u
1
, tan u
2
, tan u
3
are in A.P. (B*) tan u
1
, tan u
2
, tan u
3
are in G.P.
(C) tan u
1
, tan u
2
, tan u
3
are in H.P. (D) tan u
1
, tan u
2
, tan u
3
are NOT in A.P./G.P./H.P.
[Sol. cos (2u
2
) =
) ( cos
) ( cos
3 1
3 1
u ÷ u
u + u
¬
1
) 2 ( cos
2
u
=
) ( cos
) ( cos
3 1
3 1
u ÷ u
u + u
(Using dividendo and componendo)
¬
1 ) 2 ( cos
1 ) 2 ( cos
2
2
+ u
÷ u
=
3 1
3 1
cos cos 2
sin sin 2
u u
u u ÷
¬ tan
2
u
2
= tan u
1
tan u
3
¬ tan u
1
, tan u
2
, tan u
3
are in G.P..Ans.]
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 7
MATHEMATICS
Q.19 If the function f(x) = 2p [2x + 5] + q[3x – 7] is continuous at x = 1, then
[Note: [k] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to k and p, q e R.]
(A*) 2p + q = 0 (B) p + 2q = 0 (C) p + q = 0 (D) 10p – 7q = 0
[Sol. We have, f(x) = 10p + 2p [2x] – 7q + q[3x]
Now, f(1
+
) = 10p + 4p – 7q + 3q = (14p – 4q) = f(1)
Also,
f(1
–
) = 10p + 2p – 7q + 2q = (12 p – 5q)
As, f(x) is given continuous at x = 1, so
14p – 4q = 12p – 5q ¬ 2p + q = 0. Ans.]
Q.20 The maximum value of expression

.

\

÷
t
+

.

\

+
t
x
4
sin x
4
cos
2 2
is equal to
(A) 1 (B*) 2 (C)
2
3
(D)
2
1
[Sol. Let Expression (E) = 
.

\

÷
t
+

.

\

+
t
x
4
sin x
4
cos
2 2
=


.

\


.

\

÷
t
÷
t
+

.

\

+
t
x
4 2
cos x
4
cos
2 2
= 
.

\

+
t
x
4
cos · 2
2
= 
.

\

+
t
+ x 2
2
cos 1 = 1 – sin 2x
Hence, maximum value is 2. Ans.]
Q.21 to Q.30 has four choices (A), (B), (C), (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct. [10 × 4= 40]
Q.21 Let f (x) =
) 1 x ( · e 1
) 1 x sin( · e ) x cos(
Lim
nx
nx
n
÷ +
÷ ÷ t
÷
÷
· ÷
, then which one of the following is correct?
(A) The value of f(1) is equal to zero.
(B) The value of f(0
+
) is equal to – sin 1.
(C) The value of f(0
–
) is equal to – 1.
(D*) The value of
( ) ) 0 ( f ) 0 ( f
÷ +
÷
is equal to ( ) 1 sin 1+ .
[Sol. We have, f(1) = cos t = – 1
Also, f (x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
o e t
o ÷ e
÷
÷ ÷
) , 0 ( x ); x cos(
) 0 , ( x ;
) 1 x (
) 1 x sin(
So, f (0
+
) = 1 and f(0
–
) = – sin 1.
( ) ) 0 ( f ) 0 ( f
÷ +
÷ = 1 – (– sin 1) = (1 + sin 1). Ans.]
Q.22 The sequence a
1
, a
2
, a
3
, .... satisfies a
1
= 19, a
9
= 99, and for all n > 3, a
n
is the arithmetic mean of
the first (n – 1) terms. Then a
2
is equal to
(A*) 179 (B) 99 (C) 79 (D) 59
[Sol.
33/seq/SC
n > 3, a
3
=
2
a a
2 1
+
....(1) [11
th
(PQRS) 15102006]
a
4
=
3
a ) a a (
3 2 1
+ +
=
3
a a 2
3 3
+
¬ a
4
= a
3
a
5
=
4
) a a a a (
4 3 2 1
+ + +
=
4
a a 3
4 4
+
= a
4 ;
a
3
= a
4
= a
5
= ......... = a
9
= 99
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 8
MATHEMATICS
put in equation (1)
99 =
2
a 19
2
+
¬ a
2
= 179. Ans.]
Q.23 If the function f(x) =
( ) ) b x ( 1 ax
e
÷ ÷ ÷
is non differentiable at exactly one point then the value of ab is
equals to
(A*) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4
[Sol: (ax – 1) (x – b) should be perfect square
D = 0 for ax
2
– (ab + 1) x + b
¬ (ab + 1)
2
– 4ab = 0 or (ab – 1)
2
= 0 ¬ ab = 1 ]
Q.24 Let f : R ÷ R be defined by f(x) =
¹
´
¦
÷ e
e
Q R x if , x
Q x if }, x {
.
If ) x ( f Lim
x o ÷
exist , then the true set of values of o is
[Note : {k} denotes the fractional part of k and Q be the set of all rational numbers.]
(A) (–1, 1) (B) (–1, 0] (C*) (0, 1) (D) [0, 1)
[Sol. For limit to exist,
x – [x] = x, at x = o + h or o – h
o ÷ x
Lim [o + h] = 0
Note that f(x) is discontinuous at x = 0,
because f(0 ) = 0, but f(0 )
+ –
= 1 (via. x Q) e
= 0 (via. x Q) e
o e (0, 1). Ans.]
Q.25 The value of
¿
·
=
÷




.

\

÷ +
1 r
2
1
4
1
r 4
2
tan
is equal to
(A) tan
–1
1 (B) tan
–1
2 (C) tan
–1
3 (D*) tan
–1
4
[Sol.
¿
·
=
÷




.

\

÷ +
1 r
2
1
4
1
r 4
2
tan
=
¿
·
=
÷




.

\


.

\

÷

.

\

+ +
1 r
1
2
1
r
2
1
r 4
2
tan = ¿
·
=
÷









.

\





.

\

÷




.

\

+
+
1 r
1
2
2
1
r
2
2
1
r
1
2
1
tan
= ¿
·
=
÷
¦
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
¦
`
¹
¦
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
¦
´
¦

.

\
 1
÷

.

\
 1
+
+

.

\

÷
÷

.

\

+
1 r
1
2
2
r
·
2
2
r
1
2
2
1
r
2
2
1
r
tan
=
¿
=
÷ ÷
· ÷




.

\





.

\

2
÷
÷




.

\

+
n
1 r
1 1
n 2
1
r
tan
2
2
1
r
tan Lim
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 9
MATHEMATICS
=


.

\


.

\

÷ ÷ 
.

\

+

.

\

÷ + 
.

\

÷ + 
.

\

÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
· ÷
4
1
2
n
tan
4
1
2
n
tan ..........
4
5
tan
4
7
tan
4
3
tan
4
5
tan
4
1
tan
4
3
tan Lim
1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1
n
=


.

\

÷

.

\

+
÷ ÷
· ÷ 4
1
tan
4
1
2
n
tan Lim
1 1
n
=
4
1
tan
2
1 ÷
÷
t
=
4
1
cot
1 ÷
= tan
–1
4. Ans.]
Q.26 Let f(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
+ s s ÷
< < ÷ ÷
÷
3 n 3 x 3 ; e 2
3 x 3 ; x 10
3 x
2
l
.
Which one of the following statement is incorrect?
(A) f(x) is continuous for all x e (– 3, 3 + ln 3].
(B*) Number of solutions of the equation f(x) = 1 is two.
(C) Range of f(x) is   10 , 1 ÷ .
(D) f(x) is not injective.
[Hint.
x= –3
–1
1
O(0, 0)
) 10 , 0 (
3 + n 3 l
(–3,1)
(3,1)
x=3
x = 3 + n 2 l
Y
X
(3+ n 3, – 1) l
]
Q.27 Let o and  be two real numbers such that o +  = n and o = 1 (where o < ).
Then the value of ) n ( Lim
n
o
· ÷
is equal to
(A) 0 (B)
2
1
(C)
3
2
(D*) 1
[Sol. A quadratic whose roots are o and  is given by
x
2
– nx + 1 = 0
¬ x =
2
4 n n
2
÷ ±
As, o <  so, o =
2
4 n n
2
÷ ÷
2
) 4 n n ( n
Lim ) n ( Lim
2
n n
÷ ÷
= o
· ÷ · ÷
) 4 n n ( 2
)) 4 n ( n ( n
Lim
2
2 2
n
÷ +
÷ ÷
=
· ÷
=
) 4 n n (
n 2
Lim
2 n
÷ +
· ÷
=
2
2
= 1. Ans.]
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 10
MATHEMATICS
Q.28 Number of integral ordered pair(s) (x, y) satisfying the equation
tan
–1
(x + 2011) + tan
–1


.

\

+ 2012 y
1
= tan
–1
2, is equal to
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C*) 3 (D) 4
[Sol. Put X = x + 2011 and Y = y + 2012, so we get
tan
–1




.

\

÷
+
Y
X
1
Y
1
X
= tan
–1
2 ¬ XY + 1 = 2 (Y – X) ¬ Y =
X 2
X 2 1
÷
+
¬ Y =
X 2
5
÷
– 2 ¬ (X, Y) = (1, 3) (3, – 7), (7, – 3) and (– 3, – 1)
(x, y) ÷ (x = – 2010, y = 2009), (x = – 2008,. y = – 2019), (x = – 2004, y = – 2015).
But (x = – 2014, y = – 2013) rejected.
[For Y to be an integer, 2 – x = ± 1 or ± 5 ¬ x = 1, 3, 7, – 3]. Ans.]
Q.29 If
0 x
Lim
÷
2
2
x
1
x
e x
4
tan ÷ 
.

\


.

\

+
t
is equal to
2
e
q
p


.

\

, (p, q e N), then the minimum value of (p + q) is
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C*) 7 (D) 9
[Sol.
0 x
Lim
÷
2
2 x tan 1
x tan 1
n
x
1
x
e e ÷

.

\

÷
+
l
= e
2
0 x
Lim
÷
2
2
x tan 1
x tan 1
· n
x
1
x
1 e



.

\

÷
÷


.

\

÷
+
l
= e
2
0 x
Lim
÷
3
x
x 2
x tan 1
x tan 1
n ÷


.

\

÷
+
l
= e
2
0 x
Lim
÷
3
x
x 2 ) x tan 1 ( n ) x tan 1 ( n ÷ ÷ ÷ + l l
= e
2
0 x
Lim
÷ 3
3 2 3 2
x
x 2 ......
3
x tan
2
x tan
x tan ......
3
x tan
2
x tan
x tan
(
(
¸
(
¸
÷


.

\

+ + + +


.

\

+ + ÷
[Using series expansions]
= e
2
0 x
Lim
÷ 3
3
x
........ x tan
3
2
) x x (tan 2 + ÷
= e
2
3
e 4
3
2
3
2
2
=

.

\

+
. Ans.]
XIII RT2 [PaperI] Page # 11
MATHEMATICS
Q.30 The graph of functions f and g are shown below.
y=f(x)
O
–1
1
2
–2
–1 –2 2 1
x
y
y=g(x)
O
–1
1
2
–2
–1 –2 2 1
x
y
4/3
[Note : [k] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to k.]
Consider the following statements
I.   ) x ( g ) x ( f Lim
1 x
+
÷
÷
exist and is equal to 2.
II.   ) x ( g ) x ( f Lim
2 x
+
+
÷
exist and is equal to 1.
III. ( )   ) x ( g f Lim
0 x÷
exist and is equal to 1.
IV. ( )   ) x ( f g Lim
2 x÷
exist and is equal to – 1.
Which of the statements I, II, III and IV given above are correct?
(A*) I, II and III (B) I, II, III and IV (C) I, II and IV (D) II, III and IV
[Sol.
I :   ) x ( g ) x ( f Lim
1 x
+
÷
÷
= 2 ¬ True.
II :   ) x ( g ) x ( f Lim
2 x
+
+
÷
= 1 ¬ True.
III : ( )   ) x ( g f Lim
0 x ÷
= 1 ¬ True.
IV : ( )   ) x ( f g Lim
2 x ÷
= 0 ¬ False. ]
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 1
MATHEMATICS
PARTA
[PARAGRAPH TYPE]
Q.1 to Q.5 has four choices (A), (B), (C), (D) out of which ONE OR MORE may be correct. [5 × 4 = 20]
Paragraph for question no. 1 to 3
Consider f, g and h be three realvalued continuous functions on R (the set of all real numbers)
defined by
f(x) =
¦
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
¦
´
¦
· < < +
s <
s < ÷· + ÷
x 1 , 4 qx
1 x
2
1
, p
2
1
x , 3 x x
2
, g(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
= ÷
=
+
0 x , 1 a
0 x ,
x
x cos b a
2
and h(x) =
¹
´
¦
> +
< +
1 x , 1 x
1 x , 1 x
3
2
.
Q.1 Which of the following statement(s) is(are) correct?
(A*) The value of (p + q) equals
2
3
. (B) The value of (p + q) equals
2
5
.
(C) The value of (a + b) equals 1. (D*) The value of (a + b) equals 0.
Q.2 Which of the following statement(s) is(are) correct?
(A*) Number of real roots of equation f(x) = 0 is one.
(B*) Number of real roots of equation h(x) = 0 is zero.
(C*) The value of g(t) equals
2
4
t
.
(D) The range of function h(x) is R.
Q.3 Which of the following statement(s) is(are) correct?
(A*) There exists some x
0
> 1 such that h(x) > f(x) is true for all (x
0
, ·).
(B*) Both f(x) and h(x) are not injective.
(C) Number of real roots of equation g(x) = 0 in [0, 4t] are 3.
(D*) Range of f(x) is R.
[Sol.


.

\

÷
2
1
f =

.

\

2
1
f =
2
1
4
1
÷
+ 3 =
4
12 2 1 + ÷
=
4
11
and


.

\

+
2
1
f = p
As, f is continuous at x =
2
1
, so p =
4
11
.
Now, f(1
–
) = f(1) = p and f(1
+
) = q + 4
As, f is also continuous at x = 1, so p = q + 4 ¬ q =
4
11
– 4 =
4
16 11÷
¬ q =
4
5 ÷
So, f(x) =
¦
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
¦
´
¦
· < < +
÷
s <
s < · ÷ + ÷
x 1 , 4 x
4
5
1 x
2
1
,
4
11
2
1
x , 3 x x
2
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 2
MATHEMATICS
2
1
x =
x
x = 1

.

\

0 ,
5
16
y = 11/4
– ·
+ ·
y = x – x + 3
2
4 x
4
5
y +
÷
=
y
O
Graph of f(x)
As, g(x) is continuous at x = 0, so

.

\
 +
÷
2
0 x
x
x cos b a
Lim = a – 1 ......(1)
As, above limit exist, so a + b = 0 ¬ b = – a
¬ a

.

\
 ÷
÷
2
0 x
x
x cos 1
Lim = a – 1
¬
2
a
= a – 1 ¬ a = 2a – 2 ¬ a = 2
b = – 2
So, g(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
=
=
÷
0 x , 1
0 x ,
x
) x cos 1 ( 2
2
and h(x) =
¹
´
¦
> +
< +
1 x , 1 x
1 x , 1 x
3
2
(0,1)
y=x +1
3
(1,2)
y=x +1
2
(–1,0)
(1,0)
Graph of h(x)
[Note : g(x) = 0 cos x = 1 ¬
¬ t e x = 2n , n I. But g(0) = 1 ]
Now, verify alternatives. ]
Paragraph for question no. 4 & 5
The graph of y = px
2
+ qx + r, x e R is plotted in adjacent diagram. Given AM = 2 and CM = 1.
Where C is the vertex.
Y
X
B A
C
(0, –8)
O M
Q.4 Which of the following statement(s) is (are) correct?
(A*) The value of (4p – r) is equal to 7.
(B) The value of (4p – r) is equal to 5
(C) The sum of roots of equation px
2
+ qx + r = 0 is equal to 10.
(D*) The sum of roots of equation px
2
+ qx + r = 0 is equal to 12.
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 3
MATHEMATICS
Q.5 Which of the following statement (s) is (are) incorrect?
(A*) The value of ) r qx px ( Lim
2
8 x
+ +
÷
is not equal to zero.
(B*) The inequality px
2
+ qx + r < 0 is true for all x e (6, ·).
(C*) Harmonic mean of roots of the equation px
2
+ qx + r = 0 is
3
32
.
(D*) The value of q is equal to –3.
[Sol. We have, y = px
2
+ qx + r, x e R
Let OA = o, OB = 
Also, y (x = 0) = – 8 ¬ r = – 8
Now,   ÷ o  = 4 ¬ (o ÷ )
2
= 16
¬ (o + )
2
– 4 o = 16 ¬


.

\

÷


.

\
 ÷
p
r
4
p
q
2
= 16 ¬ q
2
– 4pr = 16p
2
.....(1)
As, y
max.
=
p 4
) pr 4 q (
2
÷ ÷
= 1 (given)
¬ q
2
– 4pr = –4p .....(2)
From (1) and (2), we get
16p
2
= –4p
¬ p =
4
1 ÷
(As, p = 0)
Y
X
A
1
C
(0, –8)
O
(6,0)
(4,0)
(8,0)
8 x 3 x
4
1
y
2
÷ +
÷
=
Now, on putting the value of p =
4
1 ÷
and r = – 8 in equation (1),
we get, q
2
+ (–8) = 1 ¬ q = ± 3
But q = –3 (reject)
q = 3
Hence y =
8 x 3 x
4
1
2
÷ +
÷
Now verify alternatives ]
[REASONING TYPE]
Q.6 to Q.9 has four choices (A), (B), (C), (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct. [4× 3= 12]
Q.6 Statement1: 
.

\

+
+ +
+ +
+
+ +
+
+ +
· ÷ 1 n
1
....
3 n 2 n
4 · 3
2 n 2 n
3 · 2
1 n 2 n
2 · 1
Lim
2 3 2 3 2 3
n
is equal to
3
1
.
Statement2: Let f , g and h be three functions such that f (x) s g (x) < h (x) for all x in some interval
containing the point x =c, and if ) x ( f Lim
c x÷
= ) x ( h Lim
c x÷
= L then ) x ( g Lim
c x÷
= L.
(A*) Statement1 is true, statement2 is true and statement2 is correct explanation for statement1.
(B) Statement1 is true, statement2 is true and statement2 is NOT the correct explanation for statement1.
(C) Statement1 is true, statement2 is false. (D) Statement1 is false, statement2 is true.
[Sol. 1·2 + 2·3 + 3·4 + ............ + n(n + 1)
= ¿
=
+
n
1 n
) 1 n ( n
= ¿
=
+
n
1 n
2
) n n (
=
6
) 1 n 2 )( 1 n ( n + +
+
2
) 1 n ( n +
=
3
) 2 n )( 1 n ( n + +
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 4
MATHEMATICS
n n 2 n
) 1 n ( · n
....
n n 2 n
3 · 2
n n 2 n
2 · 1
2 3 2 3 2 3
+ +
+
+ +
+ +
+
+ +
<
n n 2 n
) 1 n ( · n
....
2 n 2 n
3 · 2
1 n 2 n
2 · 1
2 3 2 3 2 3
+ +
+
+ +
+ +
+
+ +
<
1 n 2 n
) 1 n ( · n
....
1 n 2 n
3 · 2
1 n 2 n
2 · 1
2 3 2 3 2 3
+ +
+
+ +
+ +
+
+ +
¬
1 n 2 n
3
) 2 n )( 1 n ( n
n n 2 n
) 1 n ( · n
....
2 n 2 n
3 · 2
1 n 2 n
2 · 1
n n 2 n
3
) 2 n )( 1 n ( n
2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3
+ +
+ +
<
+ +
+
+ +
+ +
+
+ +
<
+ +
+ +
As,
1 n 2 n
3
) 2 n )( 1 n ( n
Lim
3
1
n n 2 n
3
) 2 n )( 1 n ( n
Lim
2 3
n
2 3
n
+ +
+ +
= =
+ +
+ +
· ÷ · ÷
So,

.

\

+ +
+
+
+ +
+
+ +
+
+ +
· ÷
n n 2 n
) 1 n ( · n
....
3 n 2 n
4 · 3
2 n 2 n
3 · 2
1 n 2 n
2 · 1
Lim
2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3
n
=
3
1
.
Hence, both S
1
and S
2
are true and S
2
is explaining S
1
also. Ans.]
Q.7 Statement1: In triangle ABC, if cot A · cot C =
2
1
and cot B · cot C =
18
1
, then cot C is equal to 4.
Statement2: In triangle ABC, cot A · cot B + cot B · cot C + cot C · cot A equals 1.
(A) Statement1 is true, statement2 is true and statement2 is correct explanation for statement1.
(B) Statement1 is true, statement2 is true and statement2 is NOT the correct explanation for statement1.
(C) Statement1 is true, statement2 is false.
(D*) Statement1 is false, statement2 is true.
[Sol. In AABC, we know that
cot A · cot B + cot B · cot C + cot C · cot A = 1
¬ cot A · cot B +
18
1
+
2
1
= 1 ¬ cot A · cot B =
9
4
¬

.

\


.

\

C cot 18
1
C cot 2
1
=
9
4
¬ cot C =
4
1
.
Hence, S
1
is false but S
2
is true.]
Q.8 Statement 1: The equation cos (tx) + 2
x
– 3 = 0 has atleast one real root in (0, 2).
Statement 2: If f(x) is continuous function in [a, b] and f(a) · f(b) < 0, then there exist some c e (a, b)
such that f(c) = 0.
(A*) Statement1 is true, statement2 is true and statement2 is correct explanation for statement1.
(B) Statement1 is true, statement2 is true and statement2 is NOT the correct explanation for statement1.
(C) Statement1 is true, statement2 is false.
(D) Statement1 is false, statement2 is true.
[Sol. Let f(x) = cos (tx) + 2
x
– 3, x e [0, 2]
f(x) = 1 + 1 – 3 = – 1, f(2) = 1 + 4 – 3 = 2.
As, f(x) is continuous function in [0, 2] and f(0) · f(2) < 0.
So, using intermediate value theorem, the equation f(x) = 0 has atleast one real root in (0, 2).
Also, S
2
is obviously true and exaplaining S
1
also. Ans.]
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 5
MATHEMATICS
Q.9 Statement1: If
9 x 2 x
9 x 2 x
2
2
+ +
+ ÷
>
9 a 2 a
9 a 2 a
2
2
+ +
+ ÷
is true for all x e R, then the sum of possible integral
values of a is equal to 2.
Statement2: Let f be a realvalued function defined on R. If f(x) > c is true for all x e R,
(c is some finite real number) then c must be less than or equal to the
minimum value of f(x).
(A) Statement1 is true, statement2 is true and statement2 is correct explanation for statement1.
(B) Statement1 is true, statement2 is true and statement2 is NOT the correct explanation for statement1.
(C) Statement1 is true, statement2 is false. (D*) Statement1 is false, statement2 is true.
[Sol. Let y =
9 x 2 x
9 x 2 x
2
2
+ +
+ ÷
¬ (y – 1) x
2
+ 2 (y + 1) x + 9 (y – 1) = 0
As, x is real, so put D > 0 ¬
2
1
s y s 2
9 a 2 a
9 a 2 a
2
2
+ +
+ ÷
s
2
1
¬ 2a
2
– 4a + 18 s a
2
+ 2a + 9 ¬ a
2
– 6a + 9 s 0
¬ (a – 3)
2
s 0
a = 3.
Hence, S
1
is false, but S
2
is true. Ans.]
PARTB
[MATRIX TYPE] [3 + 3 + 3 = 9]
Q.1 has three statements (A, B, C) given in ColumnI and four statements (P, Q, R, S) given in ColumnII.
Any given statement in ColumnI can have correct matching with one or more statement(s) given in ColumnII.
Q.1 COLUMNI COLUMNII
(A) If
x
2 b ax
Lim
3
0 x
÷ +
÷
=
12
5
, then the value of (b – a) is equal to (P) 0
(B) The smallest integer in the range of function (Q) 2
f(x) =
1 x 2 x
5 x 6 x
2
2
+ +
+ ÷
is equal to (R) 3
(C) If x e [0, 4t], y e [0, 4t], then the number of ordered pairs (x, y) (S) 4
of real numbers satisfying the equation sin
–1
(sin x) + cos
–1
(cos y) =
2
3t
, is
[(A) R ; (B) P;(C) S]
[Sol. (A) We have,
x
2 b ax
Lim
3
0 x
÷ +
÷
=
12
5
(exists)
3
b – 2 = 0 ¬ b = 8 .......(1)
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 6
MATHEMATICS
Now, we get
x
2 ) 8 ax (
Lim
3
1
0 x
÷ +
÷
=
12
5

.

\

0
0
¬


.

\

+ + + +
÷ +
÷
4 ) 8 ax ( 2 ) 8 ax ( x
) 2 ( ) 8 ax (
Lim
3
1
3
2
3
0 x
=
12
5
¬
12
a
=
12
5
¬ a = 5 .......(2)
Hence, (b – a) = 8 – 5 = 3. Ans.
(B) Let y =
1 x 2 x
5 x 6 x
2
2
+ +
+ ÷
¬ yx
2
+ 2xy – x
2
+ 6x – 5 = 0
¬ (y – 1)x
2
+ 2(y + 3)x + (y – 5) = 0
As x is real, so put D > 0
+· +·
Y
(0, 5)
O (1, 0)
x = 2
(5, 0)
X
Graph of f(x) =
x – 6x + 5
x + 2x +1
2
2
y = 1
x = –1
2,
–1
3 ¬ 4(y + 3)
2
> 4(y – 1) (y – 5)
¬ y >
3
1 ÷
[Also, y = 1 is possible when x =
2
1
.]
So, minimum value of f(x) equals
3
1 ÷
, which occurs at x = 2.
¬ The smallest integer in the range of function is 0.
(C) As, sin
–1
(sin x) s
2
t
,
and cos
–1
(cos y) s t
So, sin x = 1, cos y = –1
Possible ordered pairs are

.

\

t
t
,
2
;

.

\

t
t
3 ,
2
;

.

\

t
t
,
2
5
;

.

\

t
t
3 ,
2
5
]
PARTC
[INTEGER TYPE]
Q.1 to Q.4 are "Integer Type" questions. (The answer to each of the questions are upto 4 digits) [4 × 5 = 20]
Q.1 Let f(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
· < s ÷
< <
s < ÷·
x 4 , q x 3
4 x 2 , px
2 x , 5
and g(x) =
¹
´
¦
· < s +
< < · ÷ +
x 1 , 1 x
1 x , 2 x 3
.
If ( ) ) x ( g f Lim
1 x÷
= 5, then find the value of (2p + q). [Ans. 0015]
[Sol. As, ( ) ) x ( g f Lim
1 x
÷
÷
= 5
¬ 15 – q = 5 ¬ q = 10 . ....(1)
and ( ) ) x ( g f Lim
1 x
+
÷
= 5 ¬ 2p = 5 ¬ p =
2
5
.....(2)
Hence, (2p + q) = 5 + 10 = 15. Ans.]
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 7
MATHEMATICS
Q.2 Let a
1
, a
2
, a
3
,.........., a
n
are in arithmetic progression where n > 10. If the sum of its first five even terms
is equal to 15 and the sum of the first three terms is equal to (– 3) then find the seventh term
of arithmetic progression. [Ans. 0004]
[Sol. We have, first term = a
1
and common difference = d
Now, a
2
+ a
4
+ a
6
+ a
8
+ a
10
= 15
¬
2
5
(a
2
+ a
10
) = 15
¬ a
2
+ a
10
= 6
¬ (a
1
+ d) + (a
1
+ 9d) = 6
¬ a
1
+ 5d = 3 ......(1)
Also, a
1
+ a
2
+ a
3
= – 3
¬ a
1
+ (a
1
+ d) + (a
1
+ 2d) = – 3
¬ 3a
1
+ 3d = – 3
¬ a
1
+ d = – 1 .......(2)
From (1) and (2), we get
d = 1, a
1
= – 2
Hence, a
7
= a
1
+ 6d = – 2 + 6(1) = 4. Ans.]
Q.3 If both roots of equation x
2
– 2cx + c
2
+ c – 5 = 0 are less than 5, then find the largest integral
value of c.
[Ans. c < 4, c = 3 largest]
[Sol. We have, f(x) = x
2
– 2cx + (c
2
+ c – 5)
o  x=5
x
f(x)
or
o =  x=5
x
f(x)
Now, conditions for both roots of equation f(x) = 0 to be less than 5 are
(i) D > 0 ¬ 4c
2
> 4 (c
2
+ c – 5) ¬ c s 5 ......(1)
(ii)
5
a 2
b
<
÷
¬
5
2
c 2
<
¬ c < 5 .....(2) and
(iii) f(5) > 0 ¬ c
2
– 9c + 20 > 0
¬ (c – 4) (c – 5) > 0
¬ c < 4 or c > 5 .....(3)
must be satisfied simultaneously.
(1) · (2) · (3)
¬ c e (– ·, 4)
Hence, the largest integral value of c is 3. Ans.]
Q.4 Let g : R ÷ R be defined as g(x) = sgn (x
2
– 5x + 6), then find the number of solutions of equation
sinx = ( ) ) x (sin g cos
1 1 ÷ ÷
.[Note: sgn (k) denotes the signum function of k.] [Ans. 0001]
[Sol. As, g(sin
–1
x) = ( ) ) 3 x (sin · ) 2 x (sin sgn
1 1
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
= 1
We get, sin x = cos
–1
(1) ¬ sin x = 0
¬ x = nt, n e I
But domain of equation is [–1, 1].
The possible solution is x = 0.
Hence, the number of solutions of given equation are one. Ans.]
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 8
MATHEMATICS
Q.5 to Q.8 are "Integer Type" questions. (The answer to each of the questions are upto 4 digits) [4 × 6 = 24]
Q.5 Let a differentiable function f satisfying the functional equation
f(x + y) = f (x) f (y) V x, y.
Suppose f(5) = 2 and f '(0) = 3. find f '(5). [Ans: 0006]
[Sol: f ' (5) =
h
) 0 5 ( ) h 5 (
Lim
0 h
+ ÷ +
÷
f f
f ' (5) =
h
) 0 ( ) 5 ( ) h ( ) 5 (
Lim
0 h
f f f f ÷
÷
f ' (5) =
 
h
) 0 ( ) h (
Lim ) 5 (
0 h
f f
f
÷
÷
= 2 f ' (0) = 2 × 3 = 6 ]
Q.6 Let f, g : R ÷ R be defined by f(x) = 3x – 1 + 1 x 2 + and g(x) =
5
1
( ) ( ) 5 x 2 5 x 3 + ÷ + , then at
how many points y =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
101 3 2
x fog .., ,......... x fog , x fog , x fog . min
is not differentiable.
[Ans: 0003]
[Sol. f(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
÷
>
÷
s ÷
2
1
x x 5
2
1
x 2 x
, g(x) =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
÷
>
÷
s +
2
5
x
5
x
2
5
x 2 x
–1
1
O
¬ f(x) and g(x) are inverse of each other.
y = min {fog(x), (fog(x))
2
, (fog(x))
3
,........., (fog(x))
2011
}
y = min {x, x
2
, x
3
,........, x
101
} ¬ not differentiable at x = 0, ± 1.
Q.7 Let g (x) =
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
´
¦
· < s ÷
< s ÷
< s
< < · ÷ ÷
x 4 , 4 x
4 x 2 , ) 2 x (
2 x 0 , x
0 x , 2 x
2
2
.
If the equation g (x) = k has four real and distinct roots, then find the sum of all possible integral values
of k. [Ans. 0001]
[Sol.
(4, 4)
y
=
x
–
4
(2, 2)
y
=
x
) 0 , 2 (÷
(0, –2)
(2, 0) (4, 0)
(0, 0)
y = x –2
2
+·
+·
Graph of y = g(x), x e (÷·, ·)
Y
X
XIII RT2 [PaperII] Page # 9
MATHEMATICS
From above graph of g(x), the equation g(x) = k has four real and distinct roots if k e [0, 2).
Hence, the sum of all possible integral values of k = 0 + 1 = 1. Ans.]
Q.8 Let f(x) = ( ) ( ) ] 1 x [ b a 2 x sgn · ) 1 ab a ( 4
2
+ ÷ + ÷ + ÷ ÷ , x e R.
If ) x ( f Lim
2 x÷
exists for some real value(s) of a, then find the smallest positive integral value of b.
[Note: [k] and sgn (k) denote the largest integer less than or equal to k and signum function of k
respectively.] [Ans. 0003]
[Sol. As, ) x ( f Lim ) x ( f Lim
2 x 2 x
+ ÷
÷ ÷
=
¬ 4 + (a
2
– ab + 1) + 2(a – b) = 4 – (a
2
– ab + 1) + 3(a – b) ¬ 2a
2
– a (2b + 1) + (2 + b) = 0
Since a e R, so put D > 0.
¬ (2b + 1)
2
– 8 (2 + b) > 0 ¬ 4b
2
– 4b – 15 > 0 ¬ b e 
.

¸
·
(
¸
(
\
 ÷
· ÷ ,
2
5
2
3
,
Hence, the smallest positive integral value of b is 3. Ans.]