Inglés Básico

Unidad I Objetivo Terminal

Socialización

Expresar en forma oral y escrita, saludos, presentaciones, despedidas, permisos, disculpas y agradecimientos en el idioma Inglés.

Contenido
Saludos Despedidas Presentarse Presentar a otros   Formales Informales

Presentaciones

 

Expresiones

  

Disculpas Permisos Agradecimientos

Información de la unidad
Las formas de relacionarse entre las personas son muy variadas. En Inglés se utilizan diversas expresiones que permiten el acercamiento o conocimiento entre las personas de manera formal e informal, desde el saludo hasta la manera de presentar a otras personas. En esta unidad el participante se relacionará con esas expresiones, permitiendo ponerlas en práctica entre sus compañeros.

Grammar / Gramática

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Inglés Básico

Formal Greetings / Saludos Formales • • • In the Morning / En la Mañana: In the Afternoon / En la Tarde: In the Evening / En la Noche: At Night / En la Noche Good Evening / Buenas Noches Good Morning / Buenos Días Good Afternoon / Buenas Tardes

Informal Greetings / Saludos Informales • • • • Hi / Hello How are you? How do you do? How do you feel? Hola ¿Cómo estás tú? / ¿Cómo está Usted? ¿Cómo Está Usted? / ¿Cómo le va a usted? ¿Cómo se siente?

Information Questions Preguntas Informativas Fine I’m very well How are you? I’m so so Pretty Good Bien Estoy muy bien ¿Cómo estás tú? Estoy regular Muy bien

Answers Respuestas Thanks Thank you And you?

Y usted? Gracias Y tú?

En el inglés no se establece diferencia entre el usted (you) y tú (you) Farewell Expressions / Expresiones de Despedida • • Good Bye! Bye! Adios Adios

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Inglés Básico

• •

See you Tomorrow See you Later Next Week Soon

Nos Vemos Hasta Mañana Nos vemos más Tarde Hasta la Próxima Semana Hasta Pronto Hasta Luego Hasta Mañana

• •

So long Until Tomorrow

Examples / Ejemplos Informal Dialogue / Dialogo Informal A: B: A: B: A: B: Hello Aurilu Hi Iralis. How are you? I’m fine thanks, and you? Pretty Good See you later See you! Hola Aurilu Hola Iralis. ¿Cómo estás? Estoy bien gracias, ¿y tú? Muy bien Nos vemos más tarde Nos vemos

Formal Dialogue / Dialogo Formal A: B: A: B: Good Morning Mr. Rojas Good Morning Mrs. Smith How do you do? I’m very well, thank you Buenos Días Sr. Rojas Buenos Días Sra. Smith ¿Cómo estas? Estoy muy bien, gracias.

Self Introduction / Presentación de sí mismo • • My name is… I am / I’m… Mi nombre es… Yo soy…

Example:

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Encantada de conocerte Encantado de conocerte también 8 . Nice to meet you B: Nice to meet you too Formal • • Let me introduce you to… How do you do? Permitame presentarle a… Encantado de conocerle (How do you do?. Soy Pedro Hola Pedro.Inglés Básico • • • My name is Aurilu I am / I’m Alfred What’s your name? Mi nombre es Aurilu Yo soy Alfredo ¿Cuál es tu nombre? Introducing others / Presentando a otros Informal • • • • • This is (Susan) She is (Mirian) He is (Carlos) Nice to meet you Nice to meet you too Esta es (Susan) Ella es (Mirian) El es (Carlos) Encantado (a) de conocerte Encantado (a) de conocerte también Example: A: Peter this is Marlene B: Hi Marlene. I’m Peter C: Hi Peter. en este caso es utilizado como una respuesta más que como una pregunta y debe obtener una respuesta con la misma expresión) • • Glad to meet you It’s a pleasure to meet you Encantado de conocerle Es un placer conocerte (le) Pedro esta es Marlene Hola Marlene.

Rojas Buenos Días Sr. Pérez Permítame presentarle a la Srta. Rojas Good Morning Mr. ¿Puede repetir? Accepting apologies / Aceptando disculpas • • • • Don’t worry It’s all right It’s OK No problem No se preocupe Está bien Está bien No hay problema 9 . Cabrera Encantada Encantado Apologize Expressions / Expresiones de Disculpa Giving an Apologize / Dando una disculpa • • • • • Excuse me I’m sorry Pardon Me Forgive me I beg your Pardon Discúlpame / Discúlpeme Lo Siento / Lo Lamento Perdóname Perdóname Perdóname Examples: • • Excuse me for coming late I’m sorry. Let me introduce you Miss Cabrera C: How do you do? A: How do you do? Buenos Días Sr. Can you repeat? Discúlpeme por llegar tarde Lo siento. Perez.Inglés Básico Example: A: B: Good Morning Mr.

May I come in? Excuse me. tu puedes Por Supuesto Seguro Example: A: May I go out? 10 ¿Puedo salir? . you can Of course! Sure Sí.Inglés Básico Example: A: B: Excuse me for coming late That’s OK Discúlpeme por llegar tarde Está bien Expressions for asking permission / Expresiones para pedir permiso • • • • Excuse me May I…? Can I…? Would you mind…? Disculpe ¿Puedo yo? (Formal) ¿Puedo yo? (Informal) ¿Le importaría…? Example: • • Excuse me. Can I go out? Disculpe. tu puedes Sí. ¿Puedo salir? Giving Permission / Concediendo Permiso • • • • Yes. you may Yes. ¿Puedo entrar? Disculpe.

Inglés Básico B: A: Yes. ¿Puedo utilizar tu bolígrafo? Lo siento. tú puedes Gracias Refusing Permission / Rechazando Permiso • • • You may/can not I’m sorry. you may Thanks Sí. no puedes Giving Thanks / Dar las gracias • • • • Thank you Thanks Thanks a lot Thank you very much Gracias (Formal) Gracias (Informal) Muchas Gracias Muchísimas gracias Accepting Thanks / Agradeciendo • • • • • You’re welcome That’s OK That’s all right Don’t mention it Forget it! De nada Está bien Está bien No hay de que Olvidalo 11 . you may not Of course not No puedes Lo siento. no puedes Por supuesto Example: A: B: May I use your pen? I’m sorry. you may not.

sus Her Su. sus El Pronombre Personal IT es utilizado sólo para animales o cosas en singular. sus His Su.Inglés Básico • Not at all! Por nada Example: A: B: A: B: Can you lend me your pencil? Sure Thank you very much You’re welcome ¿Puedes prestarme tu lapiz? Seguro Muchísimas gracias De nada Pronouns / Pronombres Personal Pronouns (Pronombres Personales) I Yo You Tú / Usted He El She Ella It Eso (a) / Esto (a) We You They Nosotros (as) Ustedes Elllos / Ellas Possessives Adjectives (Adjetivos Posesivos) My Mi. animales y cosas. Plural Singular 12 . Además como todos los adjetivos en Inglés. Las formas posesivas utilizadas como adjetivos siempre preceden al nombre que modifican. y en plural se utiliza el pronombre personal They que es usado para personas. tienen la misma forma en el singular y el plural. mis Your Su. sus Our Your Their Nuestro Su. sus Su. sus Its Su.

Speak Point Círculo Completar Venir Entrar Ejemplo Ejercicio Despedidas Ir Salir Saludos Escuchar Señorita Señora Señor Hablar Señalar 13 . Mr. Mrs.Inglés Básico Example: • • • This is my apartment Mary is in her house John is in his car Este es mi apartamento María está en su casa José está en su carro Information Questions / Preguntas Informativas Information Questions Your What´s (what His Name? is) her My His Her Answers / Respuestas Alice name´s (name is) Juan Marlene Vocabulary / Vocabulario Circle Complete Come Come in Example Exercise Farewells Go Go out Greetings Listen Miss.

Inglés Básico Read Use Verbs Write Leer Utilizar / Usar Verbos Escribir Cardinal Numbers from 0 to 10 / Números cardinales de 0 a 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Zero One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Cero Uno Dos Tres Cuatro Cinco Seis Siete Ocho Nueve Diez 14 .

A: B: A: B: A: B: ___________________ evening. I’m Marlene . Good ______________. ___________________ are you? Fine. Use greeting and good bye expressions.Hi. Utilice expresiones de Saludos y Despedidas. teacher.Inglés Básico Exercise 1 Listen. Good _______________. How do you do?. students. Complete este diálogo. My name is Dellys . Rojas. students.Hello. _______________ and you? ____________________ thank you. lea y practique . López. Mr. 15 . Marlene. . Mr.Hi. Informal Greeting (Saludo Informal) Exercise 2 Written practice Formal Greeting (Saludo Formal) Complete this dialogue.Hello. read and practice / Escuche.

.Hi. Rojas this is Mr. Rojas?. this is Marleny . this is Martin. too.How do you do Mr.How do you do Mr. Dellys: Alice: Alice Dellys Exercise 5 16 . . .Mr. Lima . . Rojas. .Martin. teacher. Marleny. Lima? .Marleny.Nice to meet you. Lima this is Mr. Nice to meet you. Exercise 3 Read and practice / Lea y Practique. Formal introduction Presentación Formal Informal introduction Presentación Informal Exercise 4 Complete the conversation with greetings / Complete la conversación con saludos.Inglés Básico A: See ________ ________.Mr.

17 . Exercise 6 Write a dialogue greeting someone / Escriba un dialogo saludando a alguien.Inglés Básico Write a dialogue introducing someone / Escriba un dialogo presentando a alguien.

Thanks a lot Exercise 8 Read and practice / Lea y practique I’m sorry That’s all right Pardon me That’s O. A.K. Excuse me. you can’t Pardon me! May I use your dictionary? Yes. Can I use your pen? B.Inglés Básico Exercise 7 Read and practice / Lea y practique A. 18 . Sorry. you may.

Yes. two. _________.Thanks . six. 19 . _________. nine. Complete los números One. _________.Yes. _________. you can Exercise 10 Fill in the blanks with the possessive adjectives / Llene los espacios en blanco con los posesivos adjetivos. _________. _________.May I come in? .Can I go out? . Example: Mary is in her room Anibal is in __________ house We are in __________ classroom The children are in __________ School Exercise 11 Complete the numbers. / Lea y practique .Inglés Básico Exercise 9 Read and practice. you may .

Roberto. Greeting People / Saludando Personas Complete the dialogue with the next expressions. Castillo. Follow the example. ? (d) B. . Mario (b) (d) ? Dialogue 2 Dr. Fidel. . Siga el ejemplo. How are you? Dialogue 1 Aura: Mario: (a) (c) . and you 20 . Lima: Dr. Castillo: Mr. Dr. / Complete el diálogo con las siguientes expresiones. Thanks. Simón a) Thanks b) Hi. Castillo: (a) Good Morning (b) (c) Mr. Underline the correct answer for each greeting / Subraye la respuesta correcta para cada saludo.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A. Expressions: Thanks – Hi! – Good Morning – Thank you – How are you? Fine – I am very well Example / Ejemplo: Roberto Hi Fidel Hello Roberto: Fine. Lima. Antonio c) Thank you. Example: Hello.

See you (f) _______________ Good (g) _______________ 21 . Guzmán. Miss Castro a) Thank you b) Good morning c) Hello.Inglés Básico 1) Good morning. (e) _______________.K. b) Hello c) Fine.K. Mrs. thanks C. and you? I am (d) _______________. (b) _______________? I am very well. Carlos 2) Hello Pedro a) Fine b) Thanks c) Hi. Complete this dialogue with the greetings and farewell expressions. A: B: A: B: A: B: Good (a) _______________Mr. Rojas 4) Sorry a) Thanks b) It’s O. / Complete el diálogo con expresiones de saludos y despedidas. Campos! Good Afternoon Mr. c) Nice to meet you 5) Forgive me! a) Glad to meet you b) Thank you c) It’s all right 6) I’m very sorry! a) That’s O. Lucy 3) Good morning. Rojas a) Thank you b) Good morning c) Good morning Mrs. thank (c) _______________. OK.

use .? _____________________________________________________________ c) your . Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A) Dialogue 1 a) Hi / Hello b) How are you c) Fine d) Thanks B) 1) 2) 3) b c b Dialogue 2 a) Good Morning b) How are you? c) I am very well d) Thank you 22 .I .May .can .use .? _____________________________________________________________ b) Can ./ Coloque en orden las palabras de abajo para hacer una pregunta.I .Excuse .go . _________.I .May .? Can I go in? a) in . Write the numbers from one to ten / Escriba los números del uno al diez.me .Inglés Básico D.your . _________.in .pencil . _________. _________. _________. Put in order the words below to make a question.come . _________. _________ . _________. Example: I . _________.book .? _____________________________________________________________ E.

three. nine. seven. two. eight. four.Inglés Básico 4) 5) 6) C) b c a a) Afternoon b) How are you? c) You d) Fine / Very well / OK / Pretty Good e) Thanks f) Later g) Bye D) a) May I come in? b) Excuse me Can I use your book? c) May I use your pencil? E) One. five. Greetings Introducing someone Accepting apologies Giving thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23 . six. ten Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten (10) lines dialogue using the following expressions / Escriba un diálogo de 10 líneas utilizando las siguientes expresiones.

Contenido • • Uso del verbo to Be en presente simple Elementos de la oración  Sujeto 24 . en forma oral y escrita utilizando el verbo to be en presente simple.Inglés Básico ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Unidad II Verbo to Be (Presente Simple) Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en Inglés.

(Eso es bueno.) 25 .) You are from Caracas.) It is good. (Yo soy un profesor. tal como sucede en castellano es de quien se habla en la oración. (Tu eres de Caracas. El sujeto de la oración. (Ellos son jugadores. El sustantivo es el elemento referido a personas.) We are in the living room. El adjetivo es el elemento que puede acompañar al sustantivo para describirlo o asignarle una cualidad.are . (El es alto. animales o cosas dentro de la oración.) She is beautiful. Examples: I am a teacher. (Yo soy un estudiante. (Ella es bella. El pronombre es el elemento de la oración que puede sustituir al nombre o sustantivo.Inglés Básico  Pronombres  Sustantivos • Artículos  Definidos (the)  Indefinidos (an. (Nosotros estamos en el recibo.) They are players.is en tiempo presente. a) • Alfabeto en Inglés Información de la unidad El verbo To Be (ser o estar) se presenta en las oraciones de las siguientes formas: am .) You are a student.) He is tall.

ejemplo: I am = I’m 26 .Inglés Básico Grammar / Gramática Personal Pronouns Pronombres Personales I You He She It We You They Plural Singular Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Am Are Is Is Is Are Are Are Contraction Contracciones I’m You’re He’s She’s It’s We’re You’re They’re Nota: El apóstrofe(‘) se utiliza para la contracción de los pronombres con el verbo to be.

I’m not.Inglés Básico Questions with the Verb To Be / Preguntas con el Verbo Ser o Estar Yes. it is No. they aren’t Example: • Are you single? Yes. I’m from Caracas. Sentences Structure / Estructura de la Oración I (Pronoun) Pronombre I (Pronoun) Pronombre She (Pronoun) Pronombre am (Verb) Verbo am (Verb) Verbo is (Verb) Verbo a (Article) Artículo from (Preposition) Preposición beautiful (Adjective) Adjetivo Student (Noun) Sustantivo Brazil (Noun) Sustantivo Los sustantivos en inglés pueden ser masculinos. Yes. he isn’t Yes. femeninos o neutros: 27 . no questions (Preguntas Si / No) • • • • • • Are you a student? Are you from Maracay? Is Jane an artist? Is Paul Tall? Is the class interesting? Are they friends? Possible answers (Posibles Respuestas) Yes. I am No. I am or No I’m not. she is No.

Por ejemplo: • • The red car The red cars El carro rojo Los carros rojos Pero en cambio. "x". si hay que tener en cuenta el género del sustantivo a la hora de sustituirlo por un pronombre personal: • • The boy is here The car is big He is here El niño está aquí Él está aquí. It is big El carro es grande Este es grande El plural de los sustantivos se forma añadiendo "s" a la forma singular: • • Cat Dog – – Cats Dogs Gato Perro – – Gatos Perros Pero si el sustantivo finaliza en "o". "ch". ya que estos no varían de forma. "ss". para formar el plural hay que añadir "-es": • • Box Potato – – Boxes Potatoes Caja Papa – – Cajas Papas 28 .Inglés Básico • • • Son masculinos los nombres de varones y los de animales de sexo masculino Son femeninos los nombres de mujeres y los de animales de sexo femenino Son neutros los nombres de objetos inanimados El género de los sustantivos no afecta ni al artículo ni al adjetivo que los acompañan. "sh".

en cambio. tras una consonante. el plural se forma eliminando esta "y" y añadiendo la terminación "-ies": • • Copy Lady – – Copies Ladies Copia Dama – – Copias Damas Cuando el sustantivo termina en “-f” o “-fe”.Inglés Básico Y si finaliza por "y". el plural se forma eliminando estas y añadiendo la terminación “ves” • • Wife Wolf – – Wives Wolves Esposa Lobo – – Esposas Lobos Algunas palabras en inglés tan sólo tienen la forma plural: • • • Pants Scissors Glasses Pantalones Tijeras Lentes Otras. tan sólo tienen forma singular: • • • • Beauty Oil Gold Fish Belleza Petróleo Oro Pescado 29 .

Por ejemplo: 30 . Se utiliza “a” antes de un sustantivo que inicie en consonante. Por ejemplo: • Ana is a teacher Ana es una profesora Se utiliza “an” antes de un sustantivo que inicie con una vocal o una letra con sonido semivocálico. Por ejemplo: • Ana is the teacher in that school Ana es la profesora en esa escuela Indefinite Article El artículo indefinido en Inglés está representado por “a” o “an”. una” para personas o cosas en general.Inglés Básico Existen también algunos plurales que son irregulares. las” para personas o cosas específicas. ambas significan en castellano “un. A continuación se listan algunos de ellos: • • • • • • • Man Woman Tooth Foot Mouse Child Goose – – – – – – – Men Women Teeth Feet Mice Children Geese Hombre Mujer Diente Pie Ratón Niño Ganso – – – – – – – Hombres Mujeres Dientes Pies Ratones Niños Gansos Articles / Artículos Definite Article / Artículo Definido En inglés se utiliza el Artículo The como el equivalente en español de “El. los. la.

Inglés Básico • Jose is an engineer José es un ingeniero The Alphabet / El Alfabeto Capital Letters and Small Letters / Letras Mayúsculas y Letras Minúsculas Aa Kk Uu Bb Ll Vv Cc Mm Ww Dd Nn Xx Ee Oo Yy Ff Pp Zz Gg Qq Hh Rr Ii Ss Jj Tt 31 .

Example: Rosita is _______is_________ an excellent engineer. 3. 4. 3. 4. Use the Definite or Indefinite article. Fernando and Isabel ________________ doctors. Utilice el Artículo Definido o Indefinido. Complete las oraciones con el Verbo Ser o Estar en Presente Simple. 2. 2. Example: (Maria) 1. They ________________ from Venezuela. 1. Caracas ________________ a big City Pedro and I ________________ Venezuelans John ________________ a good student Exercise 2 Complete the sentences using the personal pronouns. (The Dog) (Mary and I) (Juan) __She__ is a beautiful girl ________________ are good friends ________________ is a nice animal ________________ are neighbors ________________ is my friend (Rose and Helen) Exercise 3 Complete the sentences.Inglés Básico EXERCISES / EJERCICIOS Exercise 1 Complete the sentences with the Verb To Be in Simple Present. Complete las oraciones utilizando los pronombres personales. 32 . Complete las oraciones.

Peter is ________________ Doctor at the Central Hospital. John is ________________ actor. 3. ________________ Supervisor is Pedro Diaz. Practique el alfabeto de forma oral. 33 . 5. He’s ________________ man. 4. John is from ________________ United States Alfred is ________________ engineer Exercise 4 Practice the alphabet orally. 2. He’s a teacher. 7. 6. ________________ Secretaries in my company are beautiful.Inglés Básico Example: Jane is __a__ nurse 1. Practique el dialogo. a g m s y b h n t z c i o u d j p v e k q w f l r x Exercise 5 Practice the dialogue.

A. B. A.r? Yes.o .n . please? José Tovar T .z And your first name? P .a . A. B.a . please? Pedro Yanez Can you spell your name? Y .v .e .Inglés Básico A. B. That’s right 34 . A. Practique el dialogo. What’s your name. B.d -r .e . What’s your name. B.o Exercise 6 Practice the dialogue.

Inglés Básico Vocabulary / Vocabulario Adjectives Bad Beautiful Big Doctor Engineer Fat Good Married Last name Name Nurse Occupations Of Course Second name Secretary Short Single Small Student Tall Teacher Thin Ugly Adjetivos Malo (a) Hermoso (a) Grande Doctor (a) Ingeniero (a) Gordo (a) Bueno (a) Casado (a) Apellido Enfermero Nombre Ocupaciones Por supuesto Segundo nombre Secretaria (o) Bajo (a) Soltero (a) Pequeño (a) Estudiante Alto (a) Profesor(a) Delgado (a) Feo (a) Cardinal Numbers from 11 to 20 / Números cardinales de 11 a 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Eleven Twelve Thirteen Fourteen Fifteen Sixteen Seventeen Eighteen Nineteen Twenty Doce Trece Catorce Quince Dieciseis Diecisiete Dieciocho Diecinueve Veinte Once 35 .

Is Peter tall? Yes. 2. Ask and answer. information about your program. ____________________. ____________________. May I help you? I like some. Example: Mr. Use the correct form of the Verb to Be and the personal pronoun where necessary. (Cindy and John / young) No. Siga el ejemplo. B.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A. Complete el dialogo. (Joseph / tall ) No. We are about 25 people in class 36 . Lares isn’t a bad singer He’s a good singer Alex: Betty: Alex: Betty: Alex: Betty: Hello. please Of course ____________________ the class small? No. Complete the dialogue. he is ? ? ? ? (Lucia / beautiful Yes. Follow the example / Pregunte y responda. Utilice la forma correcta del Verbo ser o estar y el Pronombre personal donde sea necesario. (You and I / friends) Yes. 3. 4. Is this the English Language school? Yes. Example: (Peter / tall) 1.

Inglés Básico Alex: Betty: Alex: ____________________ the teachers experienced? Yes. They are excellent teachers Thank you very much Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación 37 . ____________________.

we are 2. Is Joseph tall? 4. Is Lucia beautiful? 3. they aren’t Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 38 . Are Cindy and John young? No. Betty: Alex: Betty: Alex: Betty: It is (it’s) is We aren’t Are They are Yes. Are we friends? B. he isn’t Yes.Inglés Básico A. she is No. 1.

estructuras que indiquen existencia y cantidad en tiempo presente. de forma oral y escrita. Escriba un párrafo y describa algunos miembros de su vecindario. 39 .Inglés Básico Write a paragraph and describe some members of your neighborhood. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Unidad III Estructuras que expresan existencia y cantidad Objetivo Terminal  Expresar en inglés.

la comida e igualmente para preguntar por el precio o costo de algo. how much Adverbios de cantidad  Contables  No contables • Preposiciones Información de la unidad En inglés existen formas de decir hay. Para preguntar acerca de cantidades y valor se utilizan las estructuras de How many y How much. en plural. estas son: there is y there are. There are se utiliza cuando se desea expresar la existencia de más de una persona. animal o cosa. there are  Estructuras interrogativas  Estructuras afirmativas  Estructuras negativas  Respuestas cortas y largas • • Uso del how many. es decir. How much es utilizado para determinar la cantidad en singular de cosas que no pueden ser contadas como el agua. el aire. animal o cosa. por ejemplo: There are three pencils on the desk (Hay tres lápices sobre el escritorio). por Ejemplo: There is a book on the table (Hay un libro sobre la mesa). es decir en singular.Inglés Básico Contenido • Uso del there is. There is se usa cuando queremos expresar la existencia de una sola persona. por ejemplo: 40 .

Inglés Básico How much water is there in the glass? (¿Cuánta agua hay en el vaso?) How much is this cheese sandwich? (¿Cuánto es este sándwich de queso?) How many es utilizado para preguntar por cantidades en plural (personas. animales. cosas). por ejemplo: How many chairs are there in the classroom? (¿Cuántas sillas hay en el salón de clase?) 41 .

Is there any milk? Sustantivos Contables There are some lemons. There isn’t Plural There are There aren’t Are there? Yes. There isn’t any chicken. there are No.Inglés Básico Grammar / Gramática There is / There are Affirmative Negative Interrogative Short Answers Singular There is There isn’t Is there? Yes. There aren’t any eggs. there aren’t Countable Nouns (contables) Singular Plural a tomato Tomatoes a can of soup cans of soup a chair Chairs one book Books Some / any Countable Nouns Affirmative Negative Interrogative Uncountable Nouns (no contables) cream sugar coffee water Juice Uncountable Nouns Sustantivos Incontables There’s some orange juice. There is No. Are there any sandwiches? How much? / How many? Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns How many apples are there on the How much sugar is there in the table? Prepositions / Preposiciones cup? 42 .

too? 43 . We need two hundred grams of flour Alice: Alice: Alice: Marlene. It’s on the table. There’s some milk and some butter in the fridge too Right. sobre de) at (en. The book is on the table. sorry. There’s some flour in the cupboard Yes. Alice: Marlene: Exercise 2 Yes. Preparing food / Preparando comida Exercise 1 Read and practice the conversation. Oh no! There isn’t any sugar! Yes. there is one OK.Inglés Básico in (en. Marlene: Are there any eggs? Marlene: Are there any lemons there. a un lado de) The students are in the classroom. The man is at the door. there is. I think there are three eggs in the fridge There aren’t any lemons. dentro de) Examples: - on (en. Lea y practique la conversación Marlene: OK. Oh.

Escriba There’s o There are 44 . There isn’t any coffee ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Exercise 3 Write There’s Example: There are two knives in the kitchen. Vea la figura de abajo y haga diez oraciones negativas y afirmativas acerca de ella.Inglés Básico Look at the picture above and make ten negative and affirmative sentences about it. Example: There’s some milk. or There are.

1234- 45 . a big television in the room. luego responda a las preguntas. There are books in the picture.Inglés Básico 123456789Exercise 4 a new camera on the table. two suitcases on the floor. two telephones on the desk. Look at the picture. six people in the family. five CDs in the CD player. two oranges in the box. What is there in the picture? Example: There is a digital camera in the picture. a big clock on the wall. three books on the shelf. Vea la foto. then answer the question.

and then write a list of the things in it. luego escriba una lista de cosas en ella. Vea la foto.Inglés Básico Exercise 5 Look at the picture. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Exercise 6 46 .

there isn’t a cow in the classroom 1. There is a cow in the classroom No. Continue with the rest of the things / Continúe con el resto de las cosas. there isn’t a computer on my list. Are there three doors in the house? 2. Are there secretaries in that office? ________________________ ________________________ 47 . Responda a las preguntas afirmativa o negativamente Example: Is there a cow in the classroom? Yes. No. Exercise Nº 7 Answer these questions. there is a computer on my list. (Use the list from exercise 5).Inglés Básico Ask and answer the questions: Is there…? / Are there…?. affirmative or negative. Pregunte y responda a las preguntas Is there…? / Are there…?. (Utilice la lista del ejercicio 5) Example: Is there a computer on your list? Yes.

Example: 1 2 3 4 How much sugar is there in your coffee? milk is there in the glass? cars are there in the garage? men are there in your house? money is there in your pocket? ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ Exercise 9 Answer the following questions. Example: How many people are there in your family? There are five people in my family 1. Are there any sandwiches on the table? ________________________ 7. How much sugar is there in your coffee? ___________________________________________________________ 2. Complete con Cuanto o Cuántos. Are there any horses in your house? Exercise 8 Complete with: How much or How many. How many bathrooms are there in your house? ___________________________________________________________ 48 . Is there any milk in the refrigerator? 5. Is there a boy in your house? 4. Is there any flour on the table? 8. Responda a las siguientes preguntas.Inglés Básico 3. Is there a lemon in the fridge? 9. Are there any lemons in the fridge? ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ 6.

Inglés Básico 3. How many children are there in that school? ___________________________________________________________ Vocabulary / Vocabulario 49 . How much coffee is there in your cup? ___________________________________________________________ 4.

dentro de Jugo Cocina Cuchillo Limón Almuerzo 50 .Inglés Básico Any Apple At Bathroom Big Black beans Book Box Bread Breakfast Bunch of grapes Butter Camera Can Carrot CD CD player Chair Chicken Clock Coffee Cream Cup Cupboard Desk Dinner Dish Egg Family Floor Flour Fridge Fried banana Fruit Glasses Grams House How much? In Juice Kitchen Knife Lemon Lunch Ninguno (a). ningunos (as) Manzana En Baño Grande Caraotas Libro Caja Pan Desayuno Racimo de uvas Mantequilla Cámara Lata Zanahoria Disco Compacto Equipo de sonido con CD Silla Pollo Reloj de pared Café Crema Taza Gabinete Escritorio Cena Plato Huevo Familia Piso Harina Refrigerador Tajada Fruta Lentes. espejuelos Gramos Casa Cuánto? Cuánta? En.

población Cuadro. foto Plato Papa Arroz Ensalada Emparedado Escuela Huevos revueltos Estante Alguno (a). hongos Cuaderno Oficina Sobre de Naranja Jugo de naranja Lechosa Gente.Inglés Básico Meat Microwave Milk Mushroom Notebook Office On Orange Orange juice Papaya People Picture Plate Potato Rice Salad Sandwich School Scramble eggs Shelf Some Soup Spoon Sugar Suitcase Table Telephone Television Tomato Water Carne Microondas Leche Champiñones. algunos (a) Sopa Cucharilla Azúcar Maleta Mesa Teléfono Televisión Tomate Agua 51 . personas.

Inglés Básico Numbers / Números Thirty Forty Fifty Sixty Seventy Eighty Ninety One Hundred One Thousand Ten Thousand One Hundred Thousand One Million Treinta Cuarenta Cincuenta Sesenta Setenta Ochenta Noventa Cien Mil Diez Mil Cien Mil Un Millón 52 .

Is there any papaya juice for lunch? 53 . Look at the picture and write three questions / Vea la foto y escriba tres preguntas Breakfast / Desayuno Example : Is there any glass on the table? 1. B. 3. 2.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A. Lunch / Almuerzo Example: Is there any fruit on the table? No. Look at the picture and answer the following questions / Vea la foto y responda a las siguientes preguntas. there isn’t any fruit on the table 1.

Is there any salad on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 4. Are there any potatoes on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 7. Are there any black beans on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 5. Is there any corn flakes for lunch? ________________________________________________________ C. Is there any bread on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 9. Is there any carrot on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 8.Inglés Básico ________________________________________________________ 2. Example: How much bread is there in the picture? There’s some bread in the picture 54 . Look at the picture and answer the questions / Vea la foto y responda las siguientes preguntas. Is there any lettuce on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 6. Is there any chicken on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 3.

How many tomatoes are there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 3.Inglés Básico 1. How many potatoes are there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 55 . How much meat is there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 4. How much cheese is there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 2.

there is some carrot on the plate.Yes. 9. 8. 2. 56 .Yes.Inglés Básico Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A. there is some lettuce on the plate.Yes.There is a piece of cheese in the picture. 1.Is there any dish on the table? B.There are two tomatoes in the picture.Yes. 2. 7.No.Is there any juice on the table? 2. 6.Are there any cookies on the table? 3. there are some potatoes on the plate.There is some meat on the table.No. 4. there isn’t any corn flake for lunch. 1. there aren’t any black beans on the plate. 1. there isn’t any bread on the plate. 3.No. there is some chicken on the plate.There are three potatoes in the picture. there is some salad on the plate.Yes. 3. 4.No. C. there isn’t any papaya juice for lunch. 5.

Two parking lots Other facilities / Otras Comodidades .Swimming pool .Bathroom .Air conditioner At the hotel: . there are .Two restaurants .Beach -Bank 57 .Golf fields .CD Player and VCR . there are .there isn’t. Utilice there is .Four tennis court .Gift shops .A television .) The Vacation Hotel In each room: .A radio . (Escriba 15 oraciones negativas y afirmativas acerca del Hotel de Vacaciones.Refrigerator .Two beds . Use there is .Cellular phone .Inglés Básico Written Work / Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write 15 negative and affirmative sentences about The Vacation Hotel.there aren’t.there aren’t.there isn’t.

Identificación de países. nacionalidades. los adjetivos va ubicados antes del sustantivo. ejemplo: Big (grande) Tall (alto) Blue ( azul) A diferencia del español. personas. animals y cosas. Preguntas de información. el salón de clases. idiomas. Contenido • • • • • • Descripción de la casa. Días de la semana. oficina. cosas lugares y Objetivo Terminal  Describir en el idioma Inglés personas. Relaciones familiares. cosas y lugares en forma oral y escrita.Inglés Básico Unidad IV Descripción de personas. Posesivos (‘s). ejemplo: 56 . meses. Información de la unidad En el idioma Inglés usamos adjetivos para dscribir personas. lugares.

Miriam’s students (Los estudiantes de Miriam) Por otra parte si el sustantivo termina en “s” solo agregamos el apóstrofe (‘s). ejemplo: María is intelligent.) Para indagar la procedencia de las personas se pregunta Where are you from? (¿De donde eres?) es muy importante que se use la preposición from en es6a presgunta.) También pueden ir ubicados después del verbo. Es importante no confundir el posesivo (‘s) con la contracción del verbo to be. ya que su omisión cambiaría totalmente el significado de la misma. (El perro de Luis. ejemplo: Miriam’s a student. (María es inteligente.) 57 . (El salón de clase de los estudiantes. este se agrega al sustantivo. ( Miriam es una estudiante. ejemplo: Miriam’s car.Inglés Básico This is a beautiful house. (Esta es una casa bella. (El carro de Miriam) Podemos observar mediante el ejemplo que el sustantivo va en primer lugar y lo que se posee en segundo lugar.) The students’ classrrom. al final de una oración. Ejemplo: Where are you? ( Donde estas?) Where are you from? (¿De donde eres?) El posesivo (‘s) es usado para indicar pertenencia. ejemplo: Luis’ dog.

que se usan para obtener una información determinada. 58 . ejemplo: a) What is your name? (¿Cuál es tu nombre?) Josefina. b) How are you? (¿Como estás?) Fine.Inglés Básico Existen en Inglés las llamadas preguntas de información.

) Nota: Observe que los adjetivos en Inglés no tienen formas plurales. (Ellos son grandes.) They’re big. etc.) They’re big cars.) It’s a big car. green.Inglés Básico Grammar / Gramática Adjectives / Adjetivos Questions / Preguntas What ‘s is are it they Like? Answers / Respuestas It They ‘s is ‘re are beautiful big fast blue new Ejemplo: It’s big. yellow. (Este es un carro grande. (Esto es grande. Questions / Preguntas What color is it? are they? Answers / Respuestas It They ‘s is ‘re are red. 59 . (Ellos son carros grandes.

Inglés Básico Questions / Preguntas What kind is it? are they? Answers / Respuestas It They ‘s ‘re a Corvette Corvettes Nationality Nacionalidad Venezuelan Colombian Brazilian Cuban Portuguese British American / Language / Idioma Country / País Venezuela Colombia Brazil Cuba Portugal England The United States Adjectives / Adjetivos Colors / Colores White Black Orange Green Yellow Gray Red Pink Blue Gold Silver Purple Brown Spanish Spanish Portuguese Spanish Portuguese English English Blanco Negro Anaranjado Verde Amarillo Gris Rojo Rosado Azul Dorado Plateado Morado Marrón Other adjectives / Otros adjetivos 60 .

Inglés Básico Short Long High Beautiful Ugly Fast New Old Bajo / corto Largo Alto Bello Feo Rápido Nuevo viejo Parts of a house / Partes de una casa Bedroom Living room Bathroom Kitchen Dinning room Habitación Sala o recibo Baño Cocina Comedor Classroom / Salón de clases Students Board Desk Teacher Marker Eraser Book Notebook Workbook File Paper Dictionary Pencil Pen Air conditioner Estudiantes Pizarra Escritorio Profesor Marcador Borrador Libro Cuaderno Llibro de tarea Carpeta Papel Dicionario Lápiz Bolígrafo Acondicionador de aire Possesives / Posesivos 61 .

Ana is Robert’s wife. Questions words / Palabras interrogativas What (¿Qué o cual?) When (¿Cuándo?) Where (¿Dónde?) What’s your name? When’s your birthday? Where are you? My name is Miriam. Nota: ver significado de las palabras subrayadas en el vocabulario. José is his grandfather. David is his father and Miriam is his mother. 62 .Inglés Básico Peter’s family José & Cristina Robert Ana David Miriam Patty Carlos Peter Kelly This is Peter’s family. David and Miriam are his parents. Robert is Ana’s husband. She is Peter’s cousin. My birthday is in July. Cristina is his grandmother. Ana is his aunt and Robert is his uncle. I’m at home. Carlos is Peter’s brother and Kelly is his sister. Patty is Robert and Ana ’s daughter.

Inglés Básico Who (¿Quién?) How (¿Cómo?) Who is your mother? How are you? Cristina. thanks Days of the week / Días de la semana Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Domingo Lunes Martes Miércoles Jueves Viernes Sábado Months of the year / Meses del año January February March April Enero Febrero Marzo Abril 63 . Fine.

The kitchen is small. _____________________________________________________________ 64 . There are 7 chairs in the living room. Example: My house is big. There are 3 bedrooms. It′s a beautiful house. They are big.Inglés Básico May June July August September October November December Mayo Junio Julio Agosto Septiembre Octubre Noviembre Diciembre Exercise 1 Write a short paragraph about your house.

They are very beautiful. 1. the file is brown. There are two pictures. There are four small desks and two chairs. Our office is big.Inglés Básico _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Exercise 2 Read the following paragraph and identify the adjectives that describe the office and the classroom. 2. How is your classroom? (Describe your classroom). Exercise 3 Practice the dialogues 1) A: Where are you from? B: I′m from India. and you? A: I′m from Venezuela 65 . There′s a computer and 1 file.

3) A: Laura. Are you from la Habana? B: Yes. Where is Vancouver? ________________________________________________________ Is Canada a city? ________________________________________________________ Is Vancouver on the Atlantic Ocean? ________________________________________________________ Is Vancouver a wonderful city? ________________________________________________________ Exercise 5 Write your family’s names. Vancouver is a city in Canada. Other ethnic groups are east Indians. 1.Inglés Básico 2) A: Where is Nancy from? B: She’s from Canada. The food in Vancouver is varied and delicious. It′s a nice place for a vacation. 2. we are A: And the Garcías?. (Escribe los nombres de tu familia. B: They′re from Mexico.) Grandmother Grandfather Father __________________ __________________ __________________ 66 . 4. It′s clean. It′s on the pacific Ocean. Exercise 4 Read and answer the questions / Lea y responda las preguntas. Almost three quarters of the population are of British ancestry. 3. The city is wonderful. where are you and Ricardo from? B: We′re from Cuba A: Oh.

4. The girls are dancing. 3. 5. 1. Pedro is with his dog. Vocabulary / Vocabulario 67 . The dogs’ food is on the table. 2. The dogs are in the garage.Inglés Básico Mother Brother Sister Daughter Aunt Niece Nephew Uncle Exercise 6 __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ Underline the possessives in the following sentences. Mary’s twenty years old. The girls’ cousin are Fred and Tom. Example: Pedro’s mother is a writer. 6.

6th. 3rd. 8th. 9th. 4th. Reunión País/campo Asiento Avenida Calle Fiesta Cumpleaños Teléfono Ciudad Ancestro Lugar Cita Esposo Esposa Hijo Hija Hermano Hermana Abuelo Abuela Tío Tía Primo Sobrina Sobrino First (primero) Second (segundo) Third (tercero) Fourth (cuarto) Fifth (quinto) Sixth (sexto) Seventh (séptimo) Eighth (octavo) Ninth (noveno) Tenth (décimo) Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación 68 . 7th.Inglés Básico Meeting Country Seat Avenue Street Party Birthday Phone City Ancestry Place Appointment Husband Wife Son Daughter Brother Sister Grandfather Grandmother Uncle Aunt Cousin Niece Nephew Ordinal numbers 1st. 2nd. 10th. 5th.

3. 1. 2. ____________ and ____________ are the days of the weekend. (Complete las oraciones usando el vocabulario de meses y días de la semana. (Complete las siguientes orcaiones. Complete the following sentences. we celebrate Christmas. 1.) Example: The first day of the week is Monday. 2.) Example: My brother’s mother is my uncle. My mother’s father is my My father’s brother is my My aunt’s daughter are my My father and mother are my _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ Part III 69 .Inglés Básico Part I Complete the sentences using the vocabulary about months and days of the week. Part II ____________ ____________ In __________ is after March. 4. 4. is the month with less days. 3.

) Example: Miriam’s students are intelligents. 4. Brazil – Spanish – Japan – Mexico – Venezuelan – England – Japanese 1.) Example: Hugo is from Venezuela. Use el sustantivo en paréntesis. (Complete las oraciones con el posesivo. Sussy’s language is English. 3. (Complete estas oraciones con la palabra correcta. Use the words in the box below. His language is Portuguese. (Miriam) 1. (Julio) friends are nice (The boys) birthday is tomorrow (Luis) plate is clean (The dogs) Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación 70 . 3. She is from Yokosuna is from Hideo Nomo’s language is ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Joao is from ____________. 2. 4. (My father) house is big. 2. Use the noun in parenthesis. _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ car is beautiful. 5. His language is Spanish. Use las palabras que se encuentran en el recuadro de abajo.Inglés Básico Complete these sentences with the correct word. Part IV Complete the sentences with the possessive (‘s).

4. 2. 3. 3. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4. 2. Part II 1. My father’s Julio’s The boys’ Luis’ Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 71 . 2. England Japan Japanese Brazil Part IV 1. Mother Grandfather Uncle Cousins Parents April February December Saturday – Sunday Part III 1. 4.Inglés Básico Part I 1. 5.

Describe your house. Use adjetivos. Use adjectives. (Describe tu casa) 72 .Inglés Básico 1. (Describe un salón de clases. Describe a classroom.) 2.

“-ando.Inglés Básico Unidad V Presente Continuo Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en inglés. Contenido • Uso del Tiempo Presente Continuo  Estructuras afirmativas  Estructuras negativas  Estructuras interrogativas  Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas y Negativas  Respuestas Largas Afirmativas y negativas • La hora Información de la Unidad El presente continuo se forma con el verbo to be + el presente participio del verbo principal de la oración (verbo + ing). utilizando el presente continuo. El “-ing” se forma agregando la partícula ing en la terminación de cada verbo. Ejemplo: Work / Working Read / Reading (Trabajar / Trabajando) (Leer / Leyendo) 73 . El Presente Participio también es llamado gerundio (ing). en forma oral y escrita. El gerundio en Castellano equivale a la terminación “-endo”.

It’s fifteen minutes to five. ( 04:45 ) ( 04:45 ) ( 04:45 ) Cuando faltan minutos para la hora. It’s four thirty. ( 01:00 ) ( 04:45 ) Cuando es la hora y media. It’s four forty five. It’s four forty. se dice: Otras: It’s ten past three. ( 03:10 ) ( 03:10 ) ( 04:20 ) ( 04:20 ) It’s twenty to five. podemos utilizar las siguientes preguntas: What time is it? What’s the time? Y para responder a estas dos preguntas utilizamos la expresión: It’s one o’clock. ( 04:45 ) ( 04:30 ) ( 04:30 ) Cuando faltan 15 minutos para la hora. It’s half after four. It’s ten after three. ( 4:40 ) ( 4:40 ) ( 4:50 ) 74 .Inglés Básico Cuando queremos preguntar la hora en Inglés. se dice: It’s a quarter to five. It’s a quarter to five. It’s twenty past four. se dice: It’s half past four. It’s ten to five. It’s four twenty.

are.V. lunch Negative Structures / Estructuras Negativas Subject + To Be (Am. is) + Not + Verb (-ing) Examples / Ejemplos: Subject I Peter We Verb To Be am isn’t aren’t Negative (Negación) Gerund reading watching having Complement a book T.Inglés Básico GRAMMAR Present Continuos Tense / Presente Continuo Afirmative Structures / Estructuras Afirmativas Subject + To Be + (Am. are. lunch not Interrogative Structures / Estructuras Interrogativas To Be + (Am. is) Subject + Verb (-ing) + Complement + ? 75 . is) Verb (-ing) Examples / Ejemplos: Subject (Sujeto) Verb To Be (Verbo ser o estar) Gerund (Gerundio) Complement (Complemento) I Peter We am is are reading watching having a book T.V. are.

No. + Subject + To Be (Am. No. is) + not Examples / Ejemplos: Affirmative Afirmación No. is) Examples / Ejemplos: Affirmative Afirmación Yes.Inglés Básico Examples / Ejemplos: Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Are Is Are Subject Sujeto you Peter we Gerund Gerundio reading watching having Complement Complemento a book T.V. + Subject + To Be (Am. Subject Sujeto I He We Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar am not isn’t aren’t 76 . Subject Sujeto I He We Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar am is are Negative Short Answers / Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas No. are. Yes. lunch ? ? ? ? Affirmative Short Answers / Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas Yes. are. Yes.

is) + Verb (-ing) + ? Examples / Ejemplos: Wh-Question Pregunta WhWhat Where When Examples / Ejemplos • • • I am studying at INCE. esta letra desaparece delante de "-ing": To come (venir) To write (escribir) coming writing Si el verbo tiene una sola sílaba. (Mi padre está trabajando ahora) We are speaking English clase) in class. y ésta tiene una única vocal y finaliza en una única consonante. are. (Estamos hablando Inglés en El gerundio es formado añadiendo la terminación "-ing" al infinitivo: To listen (escuchar) To hear (oir) listening hearing Si el verbo finaliza con una única "e".Inglés Básico Information Questions / Preguntas Informativas Wh. (Estoy estudiando en el INCE) Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Are Is am Subject Sujeto you Peter I Gerund Gerundio reading playing leaving ? ? ? ? My father is working now.Question + To Be + Subject (Am. entonces esta consonante final se dobla: To cut (cortar) To sit (sentarse) cutting sitting 77 .

esta letra se mantiene y se le añade la terminación "-ing": To study (estudiar) To try (intentar) studying trying Read and practice these dialogues (Lea y practique estos diálogos) Are the children reading a book? (¿Están los niños leyendo un libro?) Yes. ellos están leyendo un libro) 78 . entonces esta consonante final también se dobla: To admit (admitir) To begin (empezar) admitting beginning Si el verbo termina por la consonante "l" detrás de una única vocal. they are reading a book.Inglés Básico Si el verbo tiene dos o más silabas. y ésta última sílaba contiene una sola vocal y finaliza en una única consonante. esta consonante "l" se dobla: To cancel (cancelar) To impel (impulsar) cancelling impelling Si el verbo finaliza en "y". con el acento sobre la última. (Si.

he isn’t. He’s fixing the door. (El está trabajando) Is Juan closing the door? (¿Esta Juan cerrando la puerta?) No. (Ellos están caminando en las calles) 79 . El está reparando la puerta) Where are Peter and Fred walking? (¿Donde están caminando Peter y Fred?) They’re walking in the streets. el no. (No.Inglés Básico Is Juan working or playing? (¿Está Juan trabajando o jugando?) He is working.

(¿Qué está estudiando tu hermano?) (El está estudiando matemáticas) 80 .Freddy: What’s your teacher doing? (¿Que está haciendo el profesor?) He’s talking to the students.Mary: What’s your brother studying? . (El está hablando a los estudiantes) . (¿Que está haciendo Luis?) (El está cocinando) (¿Que está cocinando?) (El está cocinando una parrilla) .Paul: He’s studying mathematics.Anna: . What’s he cooking? He’s cooking a barbecue.Inglés Básico What’s Luis doing? He’s cooking.

we aren’t eating a sandwich Is Helen listening to music? No.Inglés Básico Read and practice / Lea y Practique Is Mary speaking with Ann? Yes. She is. Is the man wearing jeans? Yes. she is answering the questions. I am. Is Luisa answering the questions? Yes. I am working in the school. Read and practice / Lea y Practique Are you working in the school? Yes. she isn’t listening to music. he isn’t. 81 . Is Robert drinking juice? No. he is. Are you writing? Yes. Are you listening to the teacher? No. Are you eating a sandwich? No. I am not.

Is she playing tennis? b. Answer in negative form Example: Is he going home? No. Are they listening to the radio? 82 . he is writing 1. Are you coming to class? 3. Is the teacher writing on the board? 2.Inglés Básico Exercises a. Answer in affirmative form Example: Is the man writing? Yes. he isn’t going home 1. Are the children playing trompo? 2.

Answer according with the word in parenthesis Example What’s the girl drinking? She’s drinking milk 1. Are you speaking French? c. What are you studying now? (English) _____________________________________________________________ 3.Inglés Básico 3. What is she playing? (Volleyball) (Milk) 83 . What are the children flying? (Kite) _____________________________________________________________ 2.

beber comer reparar volar ir abrir jugar montar sentarse hablar pararse estudiar caminar ver.Inglés Básico Vocabulary / Vocabulario VERBS ( Infinitive) (Verbos en Infinitivo) to answer to close to come to do to drink to eat to fix to fly to go to open to play to ride to sit down to speak to stand up to study to walk to watch to wear to work to write responder cerrar venir hacer tomar. observar llevar puesto trabajar escribir GERUND (Gerundio) answering closing Coming Doing drinking Eating Fixing Flying Going Opening Respondiendo Cerrando Viniendo Haciendo Tomando. bebiendo Comiendo Reparando Volando Iendo Abriendo Playing Jugando Riding Montando Sitting down Sentándose Speaking Standing up Studying Walking Watching Wearing Working Writing Hablando Parándose Estudiando Caminando Observando Vistiendo Trabajando Escribiendo NOUNS OR SUSTANTIVES Board Child (Nombres o sustantivos) Pizarrón Niño 84 .

Inglés Básico Children Class Example Exercise Father Garage Garden Gerund Girl Home Jeans Kite Lesson Man Mango Men Mother Nouns Radio Sister Street (s) Student Tea Teacher Telephone TIME (La hora) O’clock To Half Quarter Watch Clock Midday / Noon Midnight Weekdays Weekend Full time Tomorrow The day after tomorrow Yesterday The day before yesterday Minutes Seconds Niños Clase Example Exercise Padre Garage Jardín Gerundio Muchacha Hogar Pantalón de Jean Papagayo Lección Hombre Mango Hombres Madre Sustantivos o nombres Radio Hermana Calle (s) Estudiante Té Profesor (a) Teléfono En punto Para Media Un cuarto Reloj de pulsera Reloj de pared Mediodía Medianoche Dias de la semana Fin de semana Tiempo completo Mañana Pasado mañana Ayer Antes de ayer Minutos Segundos 85 .

Inglés Básico 86 .

evaluation / Autoevaluación Part I Look at the picture and answer the questions. Vea la foto y responda las preguntas Example: Is the girl reading or writing? She’s writing 1. Are they talking or watching TV? _____________________________________ 87 .Inglés Básico Self . Are the children riding their bicycle or walking? _____________________________________ 2.

Is the boy listening to the radio? _______________________________________ 3.Inglés Básico 3. What is Susan doing? _____________________________________ Part II Answer in affirmative form Example: Is Ramon studying the lesson? Yes. What is the boy doing? _____________________________________ 4. Are you answering the questions? _______________ ________________________ 88 . Is Alice opening her book? __________________________________________ 2. he is studying the lesson. Are the teachers speaking English? _______________________________________ 4. 1.

Answer in negative form and describe the action with the word in parenthesis. Example: Is the man reading a Spanish book? (English) No. Is she sitting down? ___________________________________ 4. 89 . he isn’t taking a test.Inglés Básico Part III Answer in negative form Example: Is he taking a test? No. 1. Are you taking a test? ___________________________________ 2. he isn’t. He’s reading an English book. Are they working now? __________________________________ Part IV Look at the picture. Is Pedro studying mathematics? ___________________________________ 3.

Are you playing golf? (fish) _____________________________________ 4. Is the old man playing? (speak) _____________________________________ 3.Inglés Básico 1. Are they working? (play) _____________________________________ 2. Is he writing on the notebook? (board) _____________________________________ 90 .

1. (Escriba la hora. 2. 3. ( 05:45 ) ( 12:00 ) ( 02:10 ) ( 03.Inglés Básico Part V Write the time.15 ) ( 08:30 ) __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ 91 .) Example: What time is it? ( 4:20 ) It’s twenty past four. 4. 5.

4. 2. They‘re playing.Yes.No. 2. They’re watching T.No. She’s reading a book. he is listening to the radio.No. Part V 1.Yes. 2.Yes. I’m fishing. she isn’t sitting down. I am answering the questions. they aren’t. she is opening her book.No. he isn’t. I am not.No. 3.No. He’s riding in the street. he isn’t. Part III 1. 92 . He’s speaking. They are riding their bicycle.V. 3. 2. Part IV 1. Part II 1.Inglés Básico Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación Part I 1.No.No. 4.Yes. I am not taking a test. 3. He’s writing on the board. 3. 4. they aren’t working now. they are speaking English. 4. he isn’t studying mathematics.It’s a quarter to six.

Inglés Básico 2.It’s half past eight. 5.It’s twelve o’clock 3.It’s ten past / after two. 93 .It’s a quarter past / after three. 4.

Inglés Básico Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Describe the picture above. Use the Present Continuous Tense Example: There are two men fishing _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 94 .

Does y verbo to have Objetivo Terminal  Construir en Inglés oraciones interrogativas. Contenido  Uso de los auxiliares Do – Does  Uso del verbo to have  Adverbios de frecuencia  Likes and dislikes  Ocupaciones Información de la unidad Los auxiliares Do y Does. afirmativas y negativas utilizando le tiempo presente simple y el verbo to have.Inglés Básico _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Unidad VI Auxiliares Do. a excepción del verbo to be. son utilizados con diferentes pronombres y nos permiten interrogar o negar en presente simple con los verbos regulares e irregulares. El auxiliar Do debe ser utilizado con los siguientes pronombres: I Do You We They 95 .

Example: Alice studies English every day. ella no estudia Inglés todos Does she study English every day? los días) No. 96 . (Alice estudia Inglés todos los días) (¿Ella estudia Inglés todos los días?) (No. I don’t study English every day Y el auxiliar Does se utiliza con la terceras personas He Does She It Tenemos que destacar que el verbo principal de la oración debe estar en forma simple y cuando la oración está en tercera persona se le agrega al verbo principal la partícula “s” o “es”. she doesn’t study English every day. (Yo estudio Inglés todos los días) Do you study English every day? (¿Tú estudias Inglés todo los días?) No. dependiendo del verbo.Inglés Básico Example: I study English every day.

We. It es omitido en las oraciones afirmativas y se escribe el verbo en su forma simple conservando la siguiente estructura: Example a) They Sujeto (s) b) Mario Sujeto (s) play verbo (v) plays verbo (v) soccer on Sundays. complemento (c) Nota: Con las terceras personas al verbo principal de la oración se le agrega una (s).Inglés Básico GRAMMAR El auxiliar Do utilizado con los pronombres I. They. complemento (c) soccer on Sundays. Uso del auxiliar Do I Do You We They Study English? Do Auxiliar You Subject / Sujeto Study Verb / verbo English? Complement / Complemento 97 . You. He. así como el Does con los pronombres She.

(Tu caminas a diario) Do you walk every day? (¿Tu caminas a diario?) We eat in a restaurant. they do. they play football every day Si. Yes.Inglés Básico Sentences Changing to Questions (Cambio de oraciones afirmativas a preguntas) Examples You walk every day. ellos juegan futbol todos los días. 98 . (Nosotros comemos en un restaurant) Do we eat in a restaurant? (¿Nosotros comemos en un restaurant?) Affirmative form (Oraciones afirmativas): Examples: • Do they play football every day? • (¿Ellos juegan football todos los días?) Yes.

(do not) No.Inglés Básico • • Do you read History books? (¿Lees libros de Historia?) Yes. I read History books. no leo libros de Historia) 99 . Yes. leo libros de Historia) Negative form (Oraciones negativas): Examples: • Do they play football every day? No. they do not (don´t) No. (Si. I don´t. (No. I don´t read History books. ellos no juegan futbol todos los días) • Do you read History books? No. they don´t play football every day. (No. I do.

) Does he work everyday? (¿El trabaja todos los días?) Write books in English? Write books in English? Sentences Changing to interrogative form (Cambio de oraciones afirmativas a forma interrogative) Examples: I play the guitar. (El trabaja todos los días.) Do you study English? (¿Tu estudias Inglés?) b) He works everyday. Ejemplo: a) I study English.Inglés Básico Interrogative form: Para realizar formas interrogativas con los auxiliares Do . (Yo toco la guitarra) 100 . (Yo estudio Inglés. seguimos el siguiente esquema: We Do They I You He Does She It En presencia del auxiliar Does en la oración interrogativa la (s) o (es) al final del verbo se omite.Does.

ellos comen) Yes.Inglés Básico Do you play the guitar? (¿Tu tocas la guitarra?) She writes everyday. she writes in Spanish. she does. (Si. they eat fish. Yes. they do. ella escribe en Español) Negative form (Oraciones negativas): Examples: 101 . (Si. (Si ellos comen pescado) Does she write in Spanish? (Ella escribe en Español) Yes. (Ella escribe todos los días) Does she write everyday? (¿Ella escribe todos los días?) He works every day. (El trabaja todos los días) Does he work every day? (¿El trabaja todos los días?) Affirmative form (Oraciones afirmativas): Examples: Do they eat fish? (¿Ellos comen pescado?) Yes.

( No. they don’t study English. OCCUPATIONS / OCUPACIONES 102 . (No. (No ellos no. she doesn´t clean the house every Saturday. ellos no estudian Inglés) Do you read the newspaper? (¿Tu lees el periódico?) No. yo no leo el periódico) Does she clean the house every Saturday? (¿Ella limpia la casa todos los Sábados?) No. (No.Inglés Básico Do they study English? (¿Ellos estudian Inglés?) No.  They don’t like to speak in class. he doesn´t. I don’t.  We don’t like to eat fish. (No. he doesn´t clean the room. I don’t read the newspaper.) No. (No. they don’t.) No. Express Dislikes (Expresar lo que no nos gusta)  Jhon doesn’t like to watch TV. she doesn´t (does not) No. yo no. (does not) No. ella no limpia la casa todos los Sábados) Does he clean the room? (¿El limpia la habitación?) No. el no limpia la habitación) We can use these expressions to Express Likes and Dislikes (Podemos usar estas expresiones para decir lo que nos gusta o disgusta)  I like to dance Merengue Express Likes (Expresar gustos)  We like to study on weekends  She likes to work in the morning  She doesn’t like to play tennis.

entre las cuales tenemos: Teacher Student Dentist Doctor Nurse Accountant Lawyer Waiter Waitress Actress Engineer Mechanic Architect Housewife Cashier Manager Butcher Baker Farmer Ejemplo: Sara is a lawyer. Robert is an accountant. Profesor (a) Estudiante Dentista Doctor Enfermera Contador Abogado Mesonero Mesonera Actriz Ingeniero Mecánico Arquitecto Ama de casa Cajero Gerente Carnicero Panadero granjero 103 .Inglés Básico En Inglés al igual que en Español existe una gama de ocupaciones.

(También usamos el presente simple para hablar acerca de las cosas que pasan repetidamente) always I / We / They usually often sometimes study English play soccer He / she / it Rarely Never studies French plays volleyball Examples:  I always study English. En el tiempo presente simple el verbo to have presenta las siguientes conjugaciones: 104 .  He often studies English.  She usually plays Volleyball.Inglés Básico Nota: Es necesario colocar el artículo indeterminado o indefinido ( a / an ) antes de una ocupación. y en el tiempo presente simple se utiliza para expresar posesión (tener). VERBO TO HAVE / VERBO TENER En el idioma Inglés el verbo to have se considera como un verbo irregular. Simple Present / Presente Simple We also use the present simple to talk about things that happen repeatedly.  They sometimes play volleyball.

105 .Inglés Básico Affirmative form (Forma afirmativa) I You We They have He She It has Ejemplo: I have a dog. (Mary tiene tres hermanas) Negative form (Forma negativa) Se debe utilizar el auxiliar Do – Does en forma negativa Do not / Don’t o Does not / doesn’t y el to have debe ser expresada en su forma básica (have). I You We They Do not have Don’t have He She It Does not have Doesn’t have Ejemplo: I don’t have problems. (Yo tengo un perro) Mary has three sisters.

Interrogative form / Forma interrogative Debemos recordar que existen dos tipos de preguntas: a) Information question / Preguntas de información WH – Question + auxiliar + subjetc + have + complement ? Palabra interrogativa + auxiliar + sujeto + have + complemento ? Ejemplo : What do you have in your pocket ? I have money in my pocket.Inglés Básico - Miriam doesn’t have problems.Question words. WH . ( Palabras interrogatives WH) What? Where? Who? Why? When? ¿Que o cual? ¿Donde? ¿Quien? ¿Por qué? ¿Cuando? Yes / No questions ( Preguntas Si / No) Para formular estas preguntas debemos seguir el siguiente patrón: 106 .

No.Yes. they have classes. (Respuesta corta afirmativa/negativa) . they do.Yes. ( No.No.Do Peter and Henry have classes? (¿Peter y Henry tienen clases?) Short affirmative/negative answer. Answer the following questions in affirmative and negative form. ellos tienen clases) . (Si. 107 . ( Si. ellos no tienen clases) Examples:  I have a pencil Do I have a pencil? We have a teacher Do we have a teacher? Alice has a car Does She have a car? Carlos has a house Does he have a house?    Exercises Exercise 1 a. (Respuesta larga afirmativa) .Inglés Básico Auxiliar Do / Does + subject + have + complement? (Auxiliar Do / Does + sujeto + have + complemento?) Ejemplo: Question (Pregunta) . they don’t have classes. ellos no) Long affirmative answer. they don’t (No. ellos si) .

3. ________ people eat breakfast at 7:30? 3.V. 2. ________ she go to the movies everyday? 2.V every Sunday. 1. Exercise 2 Complete the sentences with Do or Does. Complete these sentences wiht Do – Does Jackie study French? We have classes everyday? The cat eat cheese? They clean the garage? c.V every Sunday. Write 3 sentences and change to interrogative form . Lander and his wife write a letter to his son? 108 . Do they read in English? b. I watch T. ________ Mr. every Sunday? Yes. 1. 1. Does he dance Joropo music? 2. No.Inglés Básico Example: Do you watch T. I don’t watch T.

I am at work at 7:30 (usually) _____________________________________________________________ Exercise 4 Change to interrogative sentence. Do you have a cat? a. Wilfredo has a ball. I have a bicycle b. Example: I have coffee in the morning (always) I always have coffee in the morning. (Cambie a la forma interrogativa) Example: You have a cat. c. (Subraye el verbo correcto) 109 .Inglés Básico Exercise 3 Rewrite the sentences. We watch a movie on TV (seldom) _____________________________________________________________ 4.. Her husband walks in the afternoon (often) _____________________________________________________________ 2. using the adverb in parenthesis. 1. He goes shopping (sometimes) _____________________________________________________________ 3. Heleny has a sister. We are in bed before 12 (never) _____________________________________________________________ 5. Exercise 5 Underline the correct verb in parenthesis.

I have a notebook. I don’t have a notebook 1. 3.Inglés Básico Example: My mother (have – has) a house 1. Do we have a class? 3. The dog (have – has) a bone. They (have – has) many students. Does Sonia have black eyes? 110 . Exercise 6 Answer the following Questions. 2. No. Does Aquiles have a horse? 2. (Responda las siguientes preguntas. Give affirmative and negative long answers. Use respuestas largas afirmativas y negativas) Example: Do you have a notebook? Yes. Belkis (have – has) two boys.

Inglés Básico Vocabulary Alone Also Always Bone Book Boy Change Clean Dance Eat Every day Friends Go Horse House Love Notebook Often Play Pocket Preference Put Read Say Sometimes Study Thing Usually Walk Wallet Solo También Siempre Hueso Libro Muchacho / niño Cambiar Limpiar Bailar Comer Todos los días Amigos (as) Ir Caballo Casa Amar Cuaderno Frecuentemente Jugar Bolsillo Preferencia Colocar Leer Decir Algunas veces Estudiar Cosa Usualmente Caminar Billetera 111 .

Does he Study every day? Does she have to clean the apartment? 112 . Does Mary live in Maracay? 2. ( Conteste estas preguntas en forma completa y afirmativa) Example: Do you go to school every day? Yes. 4. Do we Speak English? 3.Inglés Básico Watch Work Write Mirar Trabajar Escribir Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación Part I Answer these questions in affirmative complete answers. I go to school everyday. 1.

Inglés Básico

Part II Complete these sentences. (Completar estas oraciones) Example: Does she live alone? No, she doesn´t. She lives with two friends. 1. ___________ your sister ________________ in Caracas? Yes, she ____________. 2. We ________ n’t ________ in a flat. We _____in a house. 3. Where _________ you _________________ ? I __________________ in Maracaibo. Part III Complete these sentences with: Has – have - do – does (Completar estas oraciones con has – have – do – does ) Example: She has a dog. 1. ________________ they work every day? 2. We ________________ five friends. 3. ________ Peter have a beautiful house?. Part IV Underline the correct verb or auxiliary in parenthesis . (Subrayar el everbo o auxiliary correcto) Example:

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Inglés Básico

a. b. c. d.

She (write – writes) in English. Does Peter (play – plays) the piano? What (do – does) he like to Study? Do you (have – has) a blue car? Rosa (have – has) a pen.

Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación

Part I

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Inglés Básico

1. 2. 3. 4.

Yes, she lives in Maracay. Yes, we speak English. Yes, he studies every day. Yes, she has to clean the apartment.

Part II 1. Does – live – does 2. Do – live - live 3. Do – live – live

Part. III 1. Do 2. Have 3. Does Part. IV: a. Play b. Does c. Have d. Has

Written Work / Trabajo Escrito

Write a ten (10) lines paragraph about your preferences. Talk about what you like and dislike. (Escriba un parrafo de diez (10) líneas acerca de tus preferencias. Hable acerca de lo que le gusta y no le gusta) 1.

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Contenido • Tiempo futuro con will  Estructuras interrogativas  Estructuras afirmativas  Estructuras negativas  Contracciones con will 116 . 5.Inglés Básico 2. Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en inglés en forma oral y escrita utilizando el going to y el auxiliar will. Unidad VII Tiempo futuro. 4. 3.

(Ella estará en Maturin el próximo Agosto) Grammar SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE: WILL (Tiempo futuro simple : will) Subject + will + verb + complement (Sujeto + will + verbo + complemento) Look at this: 117 .Inglés Básico • Tiempo futuro con going to  Estructuras interrogativas  Estructuras afirmativas  Estructuras negativas Información de la unidad Las formas simples de como construir el tiempo futuro en Inglés son: Futuro con Will Se construye con el sujeto. seguido por el verbo que determinará la acción futura y un complemento si es necesario. Ejemplo: I will study English tomorrow. luego will. (Yo estudiaré Inglés mañana) She will be in Maturín next August.

) We also use will to talk about predictions in the future. he’ll. (Yo ganaré un premio) I’ll have fun (Yo me divertiré) Nota: En los ejemplos anteriores aparece la contracción afirmativa del auxiliar will (‘ll). (Forma interrogativa) we decide to do something at the moment we talk. we’ll. (Tu sera un doctor importante) I’ll learn English. el cual se usa con todos los pronombres personales: I’ll.Inglés Básico morning I You He she It We They be there do it next soon tonight Examples: You will be an important Doctor. tomorrow afternoon night will week saturday april (Usamos “will” cuando decidimos hacer algo en el momento en que 118 . (También podemos usar “will” para hablar de predicciones en el futuro) Interrogative form. she’ll. (Yo aprenderé Inglés) I’ll meet people from other country (Yo conoceré gente de otro país) I’ll win a price. they’ll. you’ll. We use Will when hablamos) Example: I´ll clean my house this afternoon (Yo limpiaré mi casa esta tarde.

Inglés Básico

Yes/No questions. (Preguntas Si/No) Will + Subject + verb + complement? (Will + Sujeto + verbo + complemento?) Example: Will you sleep late? (¿Dormirás hasta tarde?) Will Henry travel to Europe next month? (Henry viajará a Europa el próximo mes? Information questions. (Preguntas de información) Wh – questions + will + subject + verb + complement? ( Palabra interrogativa + will + sujeto + verbo + complemento? ) Example: What will you learn there? (¿Que aprenderás allá?) Where will be the party tomorrow? (¿Donde sera la fiesta mañana?)

Affirmative and negative answers. (Respuestas afirmativas y negativas) Example: Will you visit your relatives next vacation? (Visistarás a tus familiares las próximas vacaciones?) Yes, I will (Short answer) Yes, I’ll visit my relatives next vacation. (Long answer) No, I won’t. (Short answer) No, I won’t visit my relatives next vacation. (Long answer)

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Inglés Básico

FUTURE WITH VERB TO BE + GOING TO. (futuro con el verbo to be + going to) Subject + to be + going to + complement (Sujeto + to be + going to + complemento) Examples: I’m going to write a letter later. (Voy a escribir una carta más tarde) He’s going to work at the bank. (El va a trabajar en el banco.) It’s going to drink milk. (Va a tomar leche) Interrogative form. (Forma interrogative) Yes/No questions. (Preguntas Si/No) To be + Subject +going to + complement? (To be + sujeto + going to + complemento?) Example: Am I going to write a letter? Is he going to work at the bank? Is it going to drink milk? Information question. (Preguntas de información) Wh – questions + to be + subject + going to + verb + complement? ( Palabra interrogativa + to be + sujeto + going to + verbo + complemento ) Example:

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Inglés Básico

What is he going to do tonight? Where are you going to travel? Affirmative and negative answers. (Respuesta afirmativas y negativas) Are you going to write a letter? (Vas tu a escribir una carta) Yes, I am. (Short answer) Yes, I am going to write a letter. (Long answer) No, I am not. (Short answer) No, I am not going to write a letter. (Long answer)

Exercises
Exercise 1 Give a complete answer in affirmative or negative form. (De una respuesta completa en forma afirmativa o negativa) Example: Will you play football tomorrow? Yes, I will play football tomorrow / No I won’t play football tomorrow. a. Will they learn a new Language?

b.

Will she cook next week?

c.

What will he do next Saturday?

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2.Saturday Work – you – will – next . I will go to Mérida tomorrow. Exercise 5 122 .V. (Lea el siguiente dialogo) Carlos: Alice: We’re going to play tennis this afternoon. Will – move – she – to – Caracas – in – January. (Ordene estas oraciones) Example: Go – will – Mérida – I – To . They – travel – will – next – to – the beach . b.Tomorrow. (Escriba 3 oraciones usando “will”) Example: Teresa will travel to Japan next year. 3. but I’m going to stay at home this afternoon. c.Inglés Básico Exercise 2 Arrange these Sentences. ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Exercise 4 Read the following dialogue. Do you want to go? Thanks.July Exercise 3 Write 3 Sentences Using Will”. a. 1. I’m going to watch T.

? 2. What are they going to do next Weekend? 123 . she isn’t going to go to bed 1. she’s going to go to bed early / No.Inglés Básico Answer the following questions in affirmative or negative form. Are they going to watch T. Are you going to cook dinner this afternoon? 3. early. Is he going to play next Sunday? 4.V. ( Respond alas siguientes preguntas en forma afirmativa o negativa) Ejemplo: Is she going to go to bed early? Yes.

Inglés Básico Vocabulary Next Sunday Next week Soon To come To cook To decide To go To know To play To Stay To think To travel To watch Tomorrow morning Tomorrow night El próximo Domingo La próxima semana Pronto Venir Cocinar Decidir Ir Saber Jugar Quedarse Pensar Viajar Observar mañana Mañana en la mañana Mañana en la noche 124 .

Use futuro con going to) Example: Carlos 1. cook dinner? they do this afternoon? go to the beach next Saturday? B) Ask someone if he or she is going to do the following activities. Play baseball Go to bed early Wash your car 125 . going to study tonight. What 4. (Preguntar a alguien si el o ella va a hacer las actividades siguientes) Example: Cook dinner Are you going to cook dinner tonight? 1. 4. ______ she is going to play soccer.(Complete las oraciones. 3.Inglés Básico Self . Read the newspaper 2. Use future with going to.evaluation / Autoevaluación A) Complete the sentences. Are you 3. Peter 2.

Use wil o going to) Example: Tomorrow we are 1.going to 126 . D) Complete these sentences. Use will or going to. You Look out! That ladder is We’re have a baby. 3. 4. Move to a different city. Travel a lot. going to the beach. 1. get wet. 2. (Complete estas oraciones.Inglés Básico C) Write Sentences using “Will”. Pass the English test. (Escriba oraciones usando will) Example: Learn to speak English I will learn to speak English. Don´t go out now. Going to Are . 4. Be a good student. 2. fall. Don´t smoke that. You Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A) 1. Look. get sick. 5. 2. 3. It’s rain.

5. I will be a good student.Inglés Básico 3. I will move to a different city. 4. 2. 2. Is . Will Going to Going to Going to Will Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten (10) line dialogue talking about future actions. I will pass the English test. 2. 3. C) 1. 3. 3.Going to Are you going to play baseball this evening? Are you going to go bed early this evening? Are you going to wash your car this evening? I will travel a lot. B) 1. 4. D) 1. (Escriba un diálogo de 10 léneas acerca de acciones futures) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 127 .

en forma oral y escrita. utilizando el verbo to be en pasado.Inglés Básico ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Unidad VIII Verbo to be en pasado Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en Inglés. Contenido • Verbo to be en pasado 128 .

there were). were • Uso del:  There was  There were Información de la unidad En esta unidad utilizamos el verbo to be (ser o estar) para expresar acciones realizadas en tiempo pasado (was. Grammar Past tense of to be : was . al igual que podemos expresar una relación de existencia del pasado (there was. were).Inglés Básico  Was.were (Pasado del verbo to be: was – were) here there yesterday last week I You She He It was were was 129 .

Inglés Básico

We You They were

Negative form (forma negative) I he she it we you they Examples: A. Affirmative sentences (Oraciones afirmativas) Subject (Sujeto I She They You + + to be to be + was was were were + Complement complemento) at home yesterday in the library last week in the stadium last night in the park this morning = were + not = weren’t was + not = wasn’t

B. Interrogative question form with was – were (Oraciones interrogatives: was – were)

130

Inglés Básico

to be (¿to be Was Was Were Were

+ +

Subject sujeto I She They You

+ +

Complement? complemento?)

in the house yesterday? in the library last week? in the stadium last night? in the park this morning?

Question form (Oraciones interrogatives) I She was He It We were You they Affirmative answer Yes, I – he – she – it Yes, you - we – they Negative answer No, I – he – she – it No, you - we – they was were wasn’t weren’t

there?

there?

Quantity expressions (expresiones de cantidad) was There Were There wasn’t weren’t

Question form (Oraciones interrogativas) Was There Were Affirmative answer Yes, there was a book on the table. (Si, había un libro sobre la mesa) Yes, there were apples on the table. (Si, habían manzanas sobre la mesa) apples on the table? a book on the table?

131

Inglés Básico

Negative answer No, there wasn’t a book on the table. (No, no había un libro sobre la mesa) No, there weren’t apples on the table. (No, no habían manzanas sobre la mesa) Estas estructuras también pueden ser respondidas en forma corta. Ejemplo: Was there a teacher in class? Yes, there was. No, there wasn’t. Were there books on the table Yes, there were. No, there weren’t. Nota: There was not There were not = = There wasn’t There weren’t

Affirmative answer Was - Were 1. Were you in the house yesterday? (¿Estabas tu en la casa ayer?) a) Yes, I was. b) Yes, I was in the house yesterday. (Si, yo estaba en la casa ayer)
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(Si. Were you in the school last week? (¿Estabas en la escuela la semana pasada? a. Change the following sentences to the interrogative form.Inglés Básico 2. she wasn’t at the university last year. (No. (No. No. No. No. I wasn’t. (Cambie las siguientes oraciones a la forma interrogativa) Example: She was at the disco last Saturday Was she at the disco last Saturday? 133 . I was in the park this morning. b) Yes. No. yo estaba en el parque esta mañana) Negative answer Wasn’t – Weren’t 1. yo no estuve en la escuela la semana pasada) 2. I wasn’t in the school last week. Were you in the park this morning? (¿Estabas en el parque esta mañana?) a) Yes. ella no estaba en la Universidad la semana pasada) Exercises 1. b. I was. she wasn’t b. Was she at el the university last year? (¿Estaba ella en la Universidad año pasado?) a.

_______________________________ 2. Answer in a complete negative form. he wasn’t at the beach last weekend. (Conteste en forma negativa y completa) Example: Was Robert at the beach last weekend? No. _______________________________ 4. _______________________________ 3-The dog was in the park. 1-Was Margaret in the country? ________________________________ 2-Were Pedro and Betsy very happy at the party? ________________________________ 3-Were you in class this morning? ________________________________ 4-Was your father at home yesterday? ________________________________ 134 . _______________________________ 2-The secretary was in the office.The doctors were in the hospital.Inglés Básico 1-Mary and Rose were students last year.

Use was – were – wasn’t – weren’t) Example 135 . Were they in the patio? ________________________________ 3.They (wasn’t weren’t) in Maracaibo. 1. Underline the correct word in parenthesis.The children (were was) in the laboratory this morning. Was the man at the park? ________________________________ 2. they were in class. Use was-were-wasn’t-weren’t. 1. 2. (Complete el diálogo. (Conteste en forma afirmativa y completa) Example: Were the students in class? Yes. Complete the dialogue. Answer in a complete affirmative form. 3. 5.Inglés Básico 3.Margaret (was were) a nurse here. Were you a teacher in the school? ________________________________ 4. (Subrayar la palabra correcta en parentesis) Example: I (was were) a secretary.

.were – wasn’t – weren’t (Complete con was – were – wasn’t – weren’t) Example There were many people at the beach 1... There weren’t pencils on the chairs.There _________ few fruits in the refrigerator. There was a man in the drugstore.Inglés Básico Julia: Andres. 7. 1. Complete with was . ___________________________ 136 . I _______ Julia: _________ Margaret and Peter there? Andres: No.There _________ much money in my pocket. 3. Change into negative sentences. ___________________________ 3. 2.There _________ lots of baseball players there last night. 4. they ___________ 6.. There were four cars in the garage.There _________ some dictionaries here yesterday. (Cambie a la forma negativa) Example There were pencils on the chairs. were you at the party last night? Andres: Yes. There were lots of books here yesterday. ___________________________ 2.

there were many shops. ___________________________ 8. There were many dogs in your house. four restaurants. _______________________________ Exercise 9 A. downtown. Her house was near Jose Felix Ribas Square. Was there a beautiful girl at the meeting? 1. 137 . (Lea el parrafo) Regina lived in La Victoria Aragua State eight years ago. There was a lot of coffee in the pot. _______________________________ 2. There was a child at home. _______________________________ 3. two banks and a theatre on the avenue. There was a big avenue near her home.Inglés Básico 4.. There was a doctor in the hospital. Change to interrogative form. (Cambie a la forma interrogative) Example: There was a beautiful girl at the meeting. _______________________________ 4. She liked her house very much. There were two men standing at the door.Read the paragraph.

.. Complete the conversation.Inglés Básico B.2.How many shops were there on the avenue? ________________________________________________________ Was her house far from downtown? ________________________________________________________ What square was near her house? ________________________________________________________ How many theatres were there? ________________________________________________________ C.Answer the questions about the paragraph. Use was – wasn’t – were – weren’t) Example: 138 . 1. Use was – wasn’t – were – weren’t.4. (Subraye la respuesta correcta) Example: There ( was – were ) many shops near her house.Underline the correct answer. There ( was – were ) a square near her house. 10. 2. (Responda las preguntas acerca del párrafo) Example Was there a big avenue near her home? Yes. There ( was – were ) two banks in the avenue. There ( was – were ) a big avenue in La Victoria.3. there was 1. (Complete la conversación. 3.

3.2.4.How many students were there at the game? (Many) __________________________________________________ 2. Use how many – where – when – what. 11...How many pencils were there on the table? (Three) __________________________________________________ 4. I _____________ with my friend Daysi.books were on the table? ___________ restaurants were there in the avenue? ___________ were you in Margarita Island? ___________ were you this morning? ___________ color was your car? 12. (Conteste estas preguntas con las palabras en paréntesis) Example: How many apples were there in the refrigerator? (Six) There were six apples in the refrigerator..Inglés Básico Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Alice: Where were you last night? I _______ at home.How many parks were there near your house? (Two) __________________________________________________ 3.. 1. Complete with the question words. No. you ___________ I phoned you and you __________ there. Answer these questions with the words in parenthesis. Example: How many 1.How much sugar was there in your coffe? (Little) __________________________________________________ 139 .

Inglés Básico Vocabulary / Vocabulario Beautiful Bolivarian Classroom Country Desk Dictionaries Engineer Farmer Fruit Happy Home House Bello – Bonito Bolivariana Aula de clase País – Campo Escritorio Diccionarios Ingeniero Granjero – Agricultor Fruta Feliz Hogar Casa 140 .

Inglés Básico Lawyer Liberator Library Nurse Park Party People Republic Restaurant School Square Tall University Yard Yesterday Last week Last month Last Sunday Last night Last year This morning Live Help Liberate Be born (Was/Were) Born Abogado Liberador Biblioteca Enfermera Parque Fiesta Gente República Restaurante Escuela Plaza Alto Universidad Patio Ayer la semana pasada el mes pasado el domingo pasado anoche el año pasado esta mañana Vivir Ayudar Liberar Nacer Nació/Nacieron 141 .

Were we in Mérida last sunday? 142 ..Was Susan a nurse? _____________________________ 2. (Conteste en forma afirmativa) Example: Were they in the school? Yes... 1.Were they at the university? _____________________________ 3.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A) Answer in affirmative form. they were in the school.

2. use these forms: was .weren’t) Example: He was a good student last year 1.Maria and Pedro ____________ good lawyers 3.Inglés Básico _____________________________ 4..Was he a farmer? _____________________________ 4..were ..Was the dog in the street this morning? _____________________________ B) Answer in a complete negative form. use estas formas: was ..Were the men in the restaurant? _____________________________ 3. 1..We ________ here yesterday 143 .Were Angel and Dorys engineers? _____________________________ C) Complete the dialogue..wasn’t . she wasn’t an accountant. (Conteste en forma negativa) Example: Was Susan an accountant? No...were .weren’t (Complete el diálogo.Vicente _______ a Mathematic teacher in this school 4..wasn’t .They _______ in class last week.Was Sara a good player? _____________________________ 2.

(Conteste en forma negativa) Example: Was there a tall man near here? No. (Conteste en forma afirmativa) Example: Were you here yesterday? Yes. 1. Was there a cat at the home? __________________________________ 4. Were there students sitting on the chairs? __________________________________ 2. there wasn’t a tall man near here.Were there many workers in the company? __________________________________ 3. Were there any erasers on the desk? __________________________________ 3.Was there a book on the table? __________________________________ 4. Was there a car in the garage? 144 .Were there many classrooms in the school? __________________________________ E) Answer in negative form.Was there a picture on the wall? __________________________________ 2. 1.Inglés Básico D) Answer in affirmative form. I was here yesterday.

. 1. (Lea el siguiente parrafo y conteste las preguntas) Simón Bolivar was the Liberator of Venezuela. He helped to liberate others latinoamerican nations.Was Simón Bolívar the Liberator of Mexico? ___________________________________________________________ 145 .Inglés Básico __________________________________ F) Read the following paragraph and answer the questions.. Peru and Bolivia. He was born in Caracas on July 24th in 1783.. Ecuador.Was Simon Bolivar the Liberator of Ecuador an Peru? ___________________________________________________________ 4..When was he born? ___________________________________________________________ 3. Colombia.Where was Simon Bolivar born? ___________________________________________________________ 2. Example Who was Simon Bolivar? He was the Liberator of Venezuela.

she was a nurse.Inglés Básico Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A) 1. 2.. 3.Yes. they weren’t in the restaurant.No. 146 . the dog was in the street this morning. 4..Yes.No. she wasn’t a good player..Yes. they were at the university. he wasn’t a farmer..Yes. they weren’t engineers.. you were in Mérida last Sunday. B) 1. 4.. 3.No. 2..No..

F) 1. there were many classrooms in the school.Yes. there wasn’t a cat in the house.. 2.He was born on July 24th 1783....Were 2.Were 3. there was a book on the table. 4.Yes..He was born in Caracas...No. there was a picture on the wall. 4.Was 4. 2..Yes. 4..Were D) 1. there weren’t erasers on the desk. there wasn’t a car in the garage..No. he was.Yes.Inglés Básico C) 1.. 3. 147 .No. he wasn’t ..No.No. E) 1.. there weren’t students sitting on the chairs.. 3. 2. there were many workers in the company..Yes.. 3.

148 . using the past form of to be (was – were – there was – there were).Inglés Básico Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten line paragraph about your last vacation.

Inglés Básico Unidad IX Ordenes. between. close to. Contenido Oraciones imperativas Direcciones y/o localización Preposiciones: in. on. en forma oral y escrita. under. ubicación y dirección Objetivo Terminal  Expresar en inglés. oraciones relacionadas con las direcciones y ubicaciones de personas y lugares. behind. 149 .

direcciones y prohibiciones. las cuales se utilizan para dar órdenes y prohibiciones.  En una oración imperativa el sujeto es siempre You. Ej. Ej. pero no se escribe ni se dice. (Siéntese) Be here at 7:30 (Esté aquí a las 7:30) 150 .  El imperativo se usa para dar órdenes.: Where is the house? (¿Donde está la casa?) It’s on second street.Inglés Básico Información de la unidad En esta unidad se tratarán los siguientes puntos:  Las oraciones imperativas. Read the following sentences (Lea las siguientes oraciones): • • Sit down.: Sit down. please (Siéntese por favor) Don’t smoke in class (No fume en clase)  Expresiones para localizar lugares y dar direcciones . (Está en la segunda calle?) Grammar / Gramática Command sentences (oraciones imperativas)  En inglés el imperativo se construye con la forma infinitiva del verbo sin la partícula To.

(No fumes en clase) Do not throw the litter on the street. pick it up. recógelo) Watch out ! (Ten cuidado) AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE Imperatives: Affirmative Base of verb • • • BE CALL SIT Complement here at 7:30 Mary down Negative Do not / Don’t + Base form of verbs 151 .Inglés Básico • • • • • Don’t be late. (No lances el envase en la calle. ( Llama a Mary) Don’t smoke in class. (No llegues tarde) Call Mary.

152 .Inglés Básico Do not throw litter on the street Don’t smoke in class! Locate people and places (Ubicar personas y lugares) Para pedir información acerca de la ubicación de personas y lugares. Bolívar) At the bank. se puede usar where al preguntar. (En el banco) We’re at the supermarket. Question Where is the restaurant ? (¿Donde está el restaurant?) Where is Mary ? (¿Donde está Mary?) Where are you? Answer On Bolívar Av. (En la Av.

The hospital is on Páez Street. Contraction: Where is = Where’s (Donde está?) Example: 1. at. El primero se utilize para referirsen a calles o avenidas y el Segundo se emplea para referirse a establecimientos. afirmativa o negativa) Turn Leave Example: drink wear drive look 153 . (El hospital está en la calle Paez) 2. (La biblioteca está en la avenida Bolívar) Exercises Exercise 1 Fill the blanks with an affirmative or negative imperative sentence. The library is on Bolívar Avenue.Inglés Básico (¿Donde están ustedes?) (Estamos en el supermercado) En las respuestas se usan las preposiciones de lugar: on. (Rellene los espacios con una oración imperativa.

López isn’t here right now. 1. 5. 2. 2. . 3. Where’s the library? Where’s the police station? Where’s the department store? Where’s the school? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 154 . 1. (Responda las siguientes preguntas. 3. Mr. 4. Exercises 2 Answer the following questions. _________ a message. ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ and drive. 4. Use on – at.Inglés Básico Wear the seat belt. at the picture. Use on – at) Example Where’s the post office? It’s on Páez Avenue. carefully. left.

I don’t know. Thanks. (Practique estos diálogos) 1) A: B: A: 2) A: B: A: 3) A: B: A: B: Where’s Jane? I don’t know. Where’s Peter? He’s at the INCE Excuse me. It’s on Libertad Avenue.Inglés Básico _____________________________________________________________ Practice these dialogues. Thank you. Excuse me. is the hotel near here? I’m sorry. is the Mercantil Bank near here? Yes it is. Locations in a building 155 .

3. A: Where’s the exit? B: It’s down the hall on the right.Inglés Básico Nota: Para indicar ubicaciones dentro de un edificio se utilizan las siguientes expresiones: Upstairs Downstairs Over there Down the hall on the right Down the hall on the left In that way Arriba Abajo Por allá Bajando por el pasillo a la derecha Bajando por el pasillo a la izquierda En esa vía / en ese camino Practice these dialogues. 156 . 4. A: Where are the restrooms? B: Over there. A: Where is the cafeteria? B: It’s downstairs. A: Thanks. 2. A: Thanks. (Practique estos diálogos) 1. A: Thanks.

Inglés Básico A: Where are the elevators? B: That way. Look at the map and read the conversation below. (Camine) Turn right.. (Siga derecho) Walk down. A: Thanks. Observe el mapa y lea la conversación de abajo) 157 . (Está en la esquina) It’s between………. (Cruce a la izquierda) It’s on / at the corner. (Expresiones para dar direcciones) How do I get to the school? (¿Como llego a la escuela?) Go straight. (Una cuadra) Exercise 3 Give directions. (Está entre…. Expressions for giving directions. (Dé direcciones.) One block. (Cruce a la derecha) Turn left.

Then turn right at the corner. how do I get to the department store? B. a) Where’s the Japanese Restaurant? 158 . Where’s the school. It’s on the left at the corner of Main Street and Third Avenue. between Lincoln and Main Street. please? B. Go straight. Exercise 4 Answer the following questions. It’s on the Third Avenue. please? B. Walk down third Avenue until you get to Washington Street. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas) 1. A. Excuse me. A. The department store is on the left. How can I get there. Walk one block.Inglés Básico A. Walk down Washington Street up to Third Avenue turn right and walk one block.

It’s between Third Avenue and Fourth Avenue. Una preposición viene antes de un sustantivo. ON. on the right what is it? ______________ _______________________________________________________ Exercise 5 Match each sentence from the left with its corresponding advice. seguido generalmente por un verbo IN. under. a) Go down Third avenue to Lincoln street. BETWEEN Prepositions: 159 . betwee ) para decir donde está algo o donde se realiza una actividad. UNDER. (Seleccione la alternative correcta) 12345I have a headache I worry too much I can’t speak English very well I feel tired everymorning I’m overweight a) go to the dentist b) practice with friends c) go on a diet d) take some aspirin e) take it easy Preposition of place (Preposiciones de lugar): Usamos las preposiciones de lugar (in. on. turn right.Inglés Básico _________________________________________ b) How can I get there please? _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ 2.

The pen is under the sofa. 2. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 160 .Inglés Básico ON UNDER IN Excercise 6 BETWEEN Write sentences using the prepositions given. 4. 3. The car is in the garage. (Escriba oraciones usando las preposiciones dadas) Example: Your hat is on the table. The hospital is between Third and Fourth Avenue 1.

You’re welcome Don’t mention it 161 .Inglés Básico Excercise 7 Practice orally. B. no ! B.Oh.I lost my umbrella.It’s over there on the table Under the table in the closet A. Making substitution from the box What’s the problem? What’s wrong? What’s the matter? Thanks Thank you A.Oh.What’s the problem? A. thanks a lot B.

Inglés Básico Vocabulary Stand up Go to the board Sit down Raise your hand Open your book Close your book Look at the picture Turn right Turn left Get to Go straight Worry Watch out Pick it up Take it easy I don’t know Overweight Tired Umbrella Exit Near Bank Post office Supermarket Gym Disco Hospital Library Theatre Restaurant Police station Párese Vaya a la pizarra Siéntese Levante su mano Abra su libro Cierre su libro Mire el cuadro Cruce a la derecha Cruce a la izquierda Llegar a Vaya derecho Preocuparse Cuidado Levántalo Tómelo con calma Yo no sé Sobre peso Cansado Sombrilla Salida Cerca de Banco Oficina postal Supermercado Gimnasio Discoteca Hospital Biblioteca Teatro Restaurant Estación de policía 162 .

I’m from Guárico.“Take me to the airport. The bank is __________ the post office and the restaurant.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A) Match the sentences 1234You get into a taxi A father to his son A man stops you on the street A student says to his teacher a-“Give me my exam. (Traducir al español este parrafo) My name is Carmen Ruíz. The keys are _________ the table. on Miranda Avenue # 15. (Llene los espacios en blanco con las preposiciones) Example: The car is in the garage. 1. what time is it?” d. please” b-“I love you very much son” c.“Excuse me. C) Fill the blanks with the prepositions. I work at the INCE Guárico. please” B) Translate to Spanish this paragraph. I can get there by bus because it’s far from my house. 2. I live there. 163 .

The knives are _________ the drawer. 6.Inglés Básico 3. 4. The cat sleeps ________ the bed. 5. The bird is ____________ the cage. Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación 164 . The books are _________ the shelf.

b 3. Yo puedo allá en autobús porque está lejos de mi casa. en la Avenida Miranda # 15.4.- On Between Under / on In On In Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 165 . Yo soy de Guárico.a B) Mi nombre es Carmen Ruíz.c 4.6. Yo vivo allá.3. Yo trabajo en el INCE Guárico. D) 1.2.Inglés Básico A) 2.5.

Inglés Básico Write a short paragraph about locations of objects in your office. room or house: 166 .

Inglés Básico Unidad X Auxiliar Did. 167 . exige la presencia del auxiliar Did. Contenido • Uso de auxiliar Did. La respuesta corta. en cambio. afirmar y negar en pasado simple. la oración queda en pasado y el verbo que se use en la oración siempre tendrá que estar en presente simple. Cuando utilizamos el auxiliar Did para interrogar. a) b) c) d) Estructuras interrogativas Esctructuras afirmativas Estructuras negativas Contracciones Información de la Unidad El auxiliar Did se usa en Inglés para interrogar. utilizando el auxiliar Did. Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Mientras que cuando respondemos en forma larga afirmativa. el verbo que se use en la oración siempre tendrá que estar en pasado simple y debemos obviar el auxiliar Did. pasado simple Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en inglés en forma oral y escrita en pasado simple. tiempo pasado simple.

el verbo tendrá que estar en presente simple.Inglés Básico Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Respuesta larga: Yes. y cuando el auxiliar Did se use en una respuesta negativa larga. they didn’t. they did. Respuesta corta: Yes. they saw Patricia at school. Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Respuesta larga: No. they didn’t see Patricia at school. Contracción: Didn’t = Did not 168 . Respuesta corta: No.

Inglés Básico Grammar / Gramática Regular Verbs/ Verbos Regulares 1. 4. Talk + ed = talked infinitive + D Like + D = liked Infinitive – y + ied cry = cried Infinitive + double final consonant + ed Stop = stopped Irregular Verbs/ Verbos Irregulares Infinitive Be Become Begin Bring Build Buy Come Do Drink Drive Eat Find Read Say See Sell Send Shut Sleep Speak Spend Past Was / were Became Began Brought Built Bought Came Did Drank Drove Ate Found Read Said Saw Sold Sent Shut Slept Spoke Spent Infinitive Get Give Go Have Make Leave Learn Know Keep Meet Pay Put Stand Take Teach Tell Think Understand Wear Write Past Got Gave Went Had Made Left Learnt Knew Kept Met Paid Put Stood Took Taught Told Thought Understood Wore Wrote Affirmative and Negative: Subject Verb Complement 169 . 3. Infinitive + Ed 2.

(I) did. No. I didn´t go to the supermarket yesterday. I went to the supermarket yesterday. No.Inglés Básico I You He She We they Questions Auxiliary Verb Did Didn’t Went Didn’t go Did not go To the supermarket To the bank there Yesterday Last Saturday Last night Subject He She We They You I Verb Go Complement There Last week? Last month? Last night? Last year? At 9:00? Yesterday? Examples: Short Answers Yes. Long Answers: Exercises Exercise 1 170 . Yes. (she) Didn’t.

Suddenly their car stops. Pedro: Yes. It’s 10:00 at night. We can call a garage tomorrow. Pedro: Alice. I’m going down to the front desk. Please. I’m not frightened. lock the door. Sorry. Alice: O.K. They have a room for tonight. Alice. be careful. There’s a noise outside. and there aren’t any towels. Come on! Part III They’re in the hotel room. Alice: You were in the bathroom. Open the door. Pedro: Alice! Alice: What’s the matter? What’s wrong with the car? I don’t know . (Lea el siguiente cuento) Part I Alice and Pedro are on vacation. Alice: Yes. Did you put in any gas today? I put some in this afternoon. No. A strange noise. Pedro: I didn’t hear anything. It’s freezing! Stay here. did I scare you?. Pedro goes into the bathroom. but I found a hotel.Inglés Básico Read the following story. 171 . you did! Did you find a phone? Pedro: No. I went around the corner up there and saw it. It’s me. I’m going with you. Alice Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Alice Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Alice: Part II Pedro comes back a few minutes later. They’re on a very dark and lonely country road. What are we going to do? I’m going to find a phone. Alice: Pedro! Did you hear that? Pedro: What? Alice: I heard something. Pedro: Don’t worry.

Ssh! Did you hear that? It’s that same noise again. 7. Did he find a phone? 2.Inglés Básico Pedro: I went outside… and I saw someone in the hall. 6. We’re staying! * Halloween is a popular festival that takes place on October 31. he put some gas today. 3. I’m not staying here. and…. frightening. or funny costumes. Let’s go. Example: Did Pedro put in any gas today? Yes. He was wearing a long black coat. like count Dracula. He had two big teeth. 5. 4. What? There wasn’t anyone there? That’s right. 1. He went around the corner and I went after him. Read again and answer these questions. I didn’t see anyone. dances. What did he find? What did Alice hear? Where was Pedro? What did Pedro see? What did Pedro and Alice see at the front desk? How is this party called? 172 . (Lea de nuevo y conteste estas preguntas) Many people wear strange. look. There are parades. He was there! I saw him. B. It’s a Halloween* party Pedro: And there’s count Dracula! Come on. But there wasn’t anyone there. and parties in many places. Pedro. Alice: Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Part IV They are at the front desk Alice: Pedro. This isn’t funny. Come one.

(Escriba respuestas negativas y afrimativas a estas preguntas) Did you drink coffee with breakfast this morning?  morning. 4. No. I drank coffee with breakfast this 2. Did she drive home this morning? Did they come to work yesterday evening? 173 .Inglés Básico Exercise 2 Write negative and affirmative answers to these questions. Did he walk to school today? 3. Did you eat eggs for breakfast this morning? Yes. I didn’t drink coffee with breakfast this morning.  1.

Did we read the newspaper this morning? Exercise 3 A. Example: I woke up at 8:30 (8:15) I didn’t wake up at 8:15 1. He ran 100 yards (400 yards) 174 . (800 yards) 2. They swam 400 yards. Write negative sentences. The lesson began at 9:00. Use las palabras en parentesis. They drank tea (milk) 4. (9:10) 3. Use the words in parenthesis. Escriba oraciones negativas.Inglés Básico 5.

gracioso Garage/taller Gasolina Pasillo Fiesta de brujas Aquí Saber. una Tener cuidado Llamar Carro Regresar Esquina Conde Campo/ país Oscuro-a Puerta Poco Congelado Recepción Combustible Chistoso. conocer Más tarde Cerrar con seguro Solitario-a Minutos Noche Ruido Abrir Afuera Fiesta Colocar Camino Quedarse Asustar Cuento Dientes Hoy Toalla 175 .Inglés Básico Vocabulary A / an Be careful Call Car Come back Corner Count Country Dark Door Few Freezing Front desk Fuel Funny Garage Gas Hall Halloween Here Know Later Lock Lonely Minutes Night Noise Open Outside Party Put Road Stay Scare Story Teeth Today Towel Uno.

problema Self – evaluation / Autoevaluación A. 3. Use complete answers. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas.Inglés Básico Vacation Very With Wrong Vacación Muy Con Equivocación. 4. 1. Did José have eggs for breakfast? Did you go to school last week? What did they play yesterday? Did your father watch TV last night? B. 2.Answer the following questions. Read (Lea) 176 . Use respuestas completas) Example: What time did María get up this morning? She got up at six o’clock this morning..

coffee. If you write false. and cheese at home. Carol stayed at home yesterday evening. She read a novel until 12 P. 2.m. She went to sleep last night about 10 p. at 7 a. she watched TV for 15 minutes. (Escriba verdadero o falso. Carol is a good student. In the morning she got up early. She went to the library in the morning. Write true or false. Si escribes falso. 1. It was late and she was tired so she went to bed.M. 5. suministra la información verdadera) Example: F Carol was in the library yesterday evening. At 8 a. bread. Then she had juice. 3. Today she had coffee and juice at school.Inglés Básico Last night Carol stayed at home. write the true information.m. She read a novel yesterday. 177 . 4. she went to the library.m. She watched TV today for two hours. It was Saturday and schools are closed on Saturdays.

No. he didn’t watch TV last night. 3. I didn’t go to school last week. he didn’t have eggs for breakfast. 1. he watched TV last night. 5. 4. Yes. B. he had eggs for breakfast.m. 3. T F She went to sleep last night about 12 p. 2. F She had coffee and juice at home. No. Yes. 2. T F She watched TV today for 15 minutes Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 178 .1.Inglés Básico Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A. 4. I went to school last week No. Yes. They played (baseball) yesterday.

Inglés Básico

Write a 10 line paragraph about a what you did yesterday. ( Escribe un párrafo de diez (10) líneas.

179

Inglés Básico

Prueba de revision final Unidades I al X

I. Arrange the following sentences. (Organice las oraciones siguientes) Example: at – at – 3 o’clock – she – ten – is – usually – home She usually is at home at three o’clock. 1) in – August – takes – always – vacation – she ___________________________________________________________

180

Inglés Básico

2) an – has – Helen – to – wear – uniform ___________________________________________________________ 3) she – English- everyday – work – practices – at ___________________________________________________________ 4) the – working – is – in – office – the – secretary ___________________________________________________________ II.

Read about Richard Gere and Cindy Crawford, then write the answers of the following questions. (Lea acerca de Richard Gere y Cindy Crawford, luego escriba las respuestas a las siguientes preguntas) Example: What does Richard Gere do? He’s an actor. 1. What does Cindy Crawford do? _____________________________________________________________

181

/ Yes. I do. 2. 3. 7. Are they married? Where do they live? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ III. 6. 8. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas) Example: Do you go to the beach every weekend? No. Answer the following questions. 4. 4. Name some of his films. 3. I don’t.Inglés Básico 2. Does Alice write books? Do they usually eat in a restaurant? Does he eat chicken everyday? Did he work in the office yesterday? Did you go to school last week? Are you a good student? Is Merly a nurse? What are you doing? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 182 . 1. 5.

He is going to school. They worked late last night. Change to question the following sentences. (Cambie a pregunta las siguientes oraciones) Example: I was born in 1961 When were you born? 1. They are cleaning the office. 4. Are you studying English? _____________________________________________________________ IV. Look at the map. _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ V.Inglés Básico 9. then answer the following question: How can I get to the Police Station? 183 . 2. She plays tennis every Saturday. 3.

Inglés Básico ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 184 .

Inglés Básico Clave de respuesta de la prueba de revisión final Part I 1. She always takes vacations in August Helen has to wear a uniform 185 . 2.

I’m not. Yes. 2. she is. I am. I’m studying. 7. they don’t. Yes. No. Part IV 1. No. 4. 4. I didn’t. Part II 1. No. 4. I am. 3. No. they do. 2. 2. he does. he doesn’t. they are They live in USA Part III 1. Yes. 8. 9. I am not. 6. Yes. playing…. she doesn’t. No. Yes. She practices English at work everyday The secretary is working in the office She is an actress Pretty woman. he didn’t.Inglés Básico 3. Yes. 5. 3. 4. 3. Yes. No. Does she play tennis everyday? Did they work late last night? Where he is going? What are they cleaning? Part V 186 . I did. Yes. he did. Yes. Yanks. she does. she isn’t. No.. etc. No.

Inglés Básico Go straight ahead Washington Street. Walk down Third Avenue. The Police Station is on the right. then turn left on the second block to Lincoln Street. On the second block turn right to Third Avenue. BIBLIOGRAFÍA 187 .

7° semestre.VINEY P. REIN D. Caracas . (1999). (1994).MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN.MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN. Heinle & Heinle. INGLES. Prentice Hall Regents. (1993). . Teacher`s Book 1 . VINEY K. . DIRECCIÓN DE EDUCACIÓN DE ADULTOS (1994).BADALAMENTI V. VINEY K. HENNER Stanchina. Teacher`s Editor.Inglés Básico . HOPKINS. Student Book. VINEY P.MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN. (2000). Main Street. Student Book 1. Look Ahead. DIRECCIÓN DE EDUCACIÓN DE ADULTOS (1994). SCHOENBERG J._________________ (S/F) Spectrum 1. Oxford University Press. J. (1993). True Colors Basic. Caracas . INGLES. POTTER J. INGLES. Grammar Dimensions. Main Street Student Book 2. 8° semestre. 9° semestre.DU VIVIER. 188 . meaning and use. A. form. M. C. . REIN D. DIRECCIÓN DE EDUCACIÓN DE ADULTOS (1994).MAURER. Caracas .

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