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HEAT TREAT OF TITANIUM ALLOYS

1 PURPOSE & APPLICATION


1.1 This procedure provides the requirements for the heat treatment of titanium alloys. 1.2 This procedure applies to all MTI employees who heat treat titanium alloys. 1.3 This procedure meets or exceeds the technical intent of specifications referenced in paragraph 3.2. 3.2.1 Cleaning and Etching of Titanium Alloys, MQ-04-28-00-00 3.2.2 MTI Employee Handbook 3.2.3 ARP 1962 Training and approval of Heat Treating Personnel 3.2.4 ASTM E220 Calibration of Thermocouple by Comparison Techniques 3.2.5 ASTM E 8 Tensile Testing 3.2.6 BAC 5613 Heat Treatment of Titanium Alloys 3.2.7 BAC 5621 Temperature Control for Processing of Material 3.2.8 GSS5150C Heat Treatment of Titanium and Titanium Alloys 3.2.9 DPS 6.33 Titanium Heat Treatment 3.2.10 DPS 1.700 Pyrometry 3.2.11 ASTM-H-81200 Heat Treat of Titanium Safety 3.3.1 Operator shall wear safety glasses and protective clothing in accordance with the MTI Employee Handbook. 3.3.2 Operator shall know the location of any related MSDS and read it in accordance with MTIs Employee Handbook. Training & Certification 3.4.1 Employees performing titanium heat treat operations must be trained, tested and certified. When trained, upon the recommendation of the PM, the Quality Director will issue a titanium heat treat stamp to be used in stamping of titanium heat treat sequences on the production router and other process documentation. Temperature Control Equipment 3.5.1 Thermal treating equipment is instrumented and periodically tested for accuracy and temperature uniformity in accordance with BAC 5621. When hot forming, without post stress relief, the instrument also needs to be tested and calibrated for accuracy. 3.5.2 The minimum instrumentation system for process control shall be Type B, in accordance with the BAC 5621, and the minimum equipment classification shall be Class IV. 3.5.3 Furnaces with lower class certifications may be used provided that load thermocouples are used to ensure that the entire load is within the temperature range of the applicable table. Recovery Time

2 RESPONSIBILITIES
2.1 The Quality Director or designee: 2.1.1 Issues stamps to certified employees 2.1.2 Verifies and audits the process per MTI procedure. 2.1.3 Ensures that the required testing is performed in compliance with this procedure. 2.2 The PM: 2.2.1 Oversees employee training and certification. 2.2.2 Ensures all calibrations and surveys are current. 2.2.3 Reviews heat-treat records and charts for conformance to customer requirements and maintains the records for a period of seven years. 2.3 The Engineer: 2.3.1 Specifies on the router the correct time and temperature range to which the parts are to be heated. 2.4 The Operator: 2.4.1 Maintains his/her personal safety equipment and ensures personal safety. 2.4.2 Maintains the temperature control instrumentation. 2.4.3 Maintains and archives the temperature recording charts. 2.4.4 Ensures traceability of the temperature/time recorder charts on the shop router. 2.4.5 Ensures all calibrations and surveys are current.

3.3

3.4

3.5

3 PROCEDURE
3.1 For alloys not specified in this document, refer to the customer specifications. The engineer must specify all parameters on the part routing. 3.2 Applicable Documents Heat Treat of Titanium Alloys MQ-04-14-00-00 rev 02 3.6

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Date Printed
Apr 3, 2008

3.6.1 The maximum time for heating equipment to recover to a minimum of the temperature tolerance range tolerance should be as follows: 3.6.1.1 Thermal treatment over 1500 F in air 35 minutes. 3.6.1.2 Aging, stress relieving or forming of STA material 2 hours. 3.6.1.3 Annealing, stress relieving, or forming below 1500 F of MA and RA materials 10 hours. 3.7 Fixtures 3.7.1 Fixtures may be used during age or stress relief to minimize distortion. They are not allowed for solution annealing without prior approval from engineering. 3.8 Cleaning 3.8.1 Wear white cotton gloves when handling titanium parts. 3.8.2 Cleaning prior to thermal processing. 3.8.2.1 All parts shall be cleaned and free of fingerprints, dirt, oil, water, and other foreign materials, except scale inhibiting compound. Clean parts per Cleaning and Etching of Titanium Alloys, MQ-04-28-00-00. When multiple thermal processing is used, the pretreat need not be removed between processes. However, the pretreat must be evaluated and touched up if required. 3.8.2.2 All parts cleaned and protected with pretreat must be handled in such a manner as to prevent contamination by oil, grease, or fingerprints. 3.8.2.3 All fixtures that will contact the part shall also be cleaned to ensure that the titanium is not contaminated during treatment. Loose scale, dirt, oil, water, and other foreign material shall be removed. 3.8.3 Cleaning After Thermal Processing 3.8.3.1 All parts shall be descaled and etched per Cleaning and Etching of Titanium Alloys, MQ-04-28-00-00. 3.9 General 3.9.1 Loading parts for the thermal processing shall not damage pretreat coating. 3.9.2 During annealing and stress relieving, flat or nested parts may be stacked to a thickness greater than one inch provided that the thermocouples are attached in the area of the greatest thickness or in the area of the slowest heat up.

3.9.3 Total thickness of the stack rather than part thickness shall be used in Table 3, Tables for Heat Treat of Titanium Alloys, MQ-04-1400-01. 3.10 Stress Relieving 3.10.1 Time-temperature requirements for stress relieving shall be in accordance with Table 3, Tables for Heat Treat of Titanium Alloys, , MQ-04-14-00-01, unless parts are being formed or flattened during stress relief cycle, then Table 1, Tables for Heat Treat of Titanium Alloys, , MQ-04-14-00-01, will be used. 3.10.2 Stress relieving is required on parts that are hot brake formed unless noted on the shop router. 3.11 Metal removal after heat treatment is performed in accordance with Cleaning and Etching of Titanium Alloys, MQ-04-28-00-01 Table 1. 3.12 Hydrogen pick-up testing is not required for MTI processes because furnace temperature ranges and/or furnace types meet or exceed customer specified requirements.

4 REVISION HISTORY Authored by Ray Smith, approved 13 Sep


2002. 4.1 Added requirement to wear white cotton gloves when handling titanium parts. Authored by Ray Smith, approved 19 February 2003. 4.2 Updated to current practice. Authored by Robert Rivera, approved 3 April 2008.

Approvals
3 Apr 2008 Date

Document Custodian

Quality Director

3 Apr 2008 Date

President or Vice President

3 Apr 2008 Date

Heat Treat of Titanium Alloys MQ-04-14-00-00 rev 02

|2| Expires 1 day after printing

Date Printed
Apr 3, 2008