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TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE

básico

INGLÉS

TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA

Lina Alvarado Jantus

TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA
TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA
TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA
TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA
TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA

EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA SU COMERCIALIZACIÓN

básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA SU COMERCIALIZACIÓN
Este libro pertenece a: Nombre: Curso: Colegio: Te lo ha hecho llegar gratuitamente el Ministerio

Este libro pertenece a:

Nombre:

Curso:

Colegio:

Este libro pertenece a: Nombre: Curso: Colegio: Te lo ha hecho llegar gratuitamente el Ministerio de

Te lo ha hecho llegar gratuitamente el Ministerio de Educación a través del establecimiento educacional en el que estudias.

Es para tu uso personal tanto en tu colegio como en tu casa; cuídalo para que te sirva durante todo el año.

Si te cambias de colegio lo debes llevar contigo y al finalizar el año, guardarlo en tu casa.

© Travelers 8º básico Original text © Lina Alvarado Jantus. Teacher of English Instituto Profesional

© Travelers 8º básico

Original text

© Lina Alvarado Jantus. Teacher of English Instituto Profesional Chileno-Británico.

Reimpresión 2013 © Ediciones Cal y Canto Ltda. Nº de Inscripción: 171.756 ISBN: 978-956-8623-53-1

Reimpresión 2012 © Ediciones Cal y Canto Ltda. Nº de Inscripción: 171.756 ISBN: 978-956-8623-53-1

Reimpresión 2011 © Ediciones Cal y Canto Ltda. Nº de Inscripción: 171.756 ISBN: 978-956-8623-53-1

Reimpresión 2010 © Ediciones Cal y Canto Ltda. Nº de Inscripción: 171.756 ISBN: 978-956-8623-53-1

2009 © Ediciones Cal y Canto Ltda. Nº de Inscripción: 171.756 ISBN: 978-956-8623-53-1

Travelers Magazine section Based on:

2008 © Editorial Macmillan de México, S.A. de C.V. English Corner 1 Student‘s Book, Look it up! section English Corner 2 Student‘s Book, Look it up! section

Methodological support

Ana Manonellas Balladares. Postgraduate Diploma of Education Monash University - Melbourne Australia.

Original illustrations Design General Manager Senior Editor English Editor Design Cover Design Layout Proofreading Illustrations General Production Production Assistant Recording Producer Recording Engineer Photos

© Ediciones Cal y Canto Ltda. © Ediciones Cal y Canto Ltda. Jorge Muñoz Rau. Alicia Manonellas Balladares. Gloria Caro Opazo. María Jesús Moreno Guldman María Jesús Moreno Guldman Cristina Sepúlveda Aravena Thomas Connelly Venus Astudillo Vera Cecilia Muñoz Rau Lorena Briceño González Rodrigo González Díaz Ignacio Arriagada Banco de Fotos Ediciones Cal y Canto.

Nº de Inscripción:

171.756

ISBN:

978-956-8623-53-1

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Impreso RR Donnelley Chile Se terminó de imprimir 238.300 ejemplares en el mes de diciembre de 2012.

TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE

básico

TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus Teacher of English Instituto Profesional Chileno-Británico

INGLÉS

TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE básico INGLÉS Lina Alvarado Jantus Teacher of English Instituto Profesional Chileno-Británico

Lina Alvarado Jantus Teacher of English Instituto Profesional Chileno-Británico

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

3
3
DISCOVER DISCOVER YOUR YOUR BOOK BOOK UNITUNIT 33 DIFFERENT LIVES DIFFERENT LIVES In this unit
DISCOVER DISCOVER YOUR YOUR BOOK BOOK UNITUNIT 33 DIFFERENT LIVES DIFFERENT LIVES In this unit

DISCOVER DISCOVER YOUR YOUR BOOK BOOK

DISCOVER DISCOVER YOUR YOUR BOOK BOOK UNITUNIT 33 DIFFERENT LIVES DIFFERENT LIVES In this unit you
UNITUNIT 33 DIFFERENT LIVES DIFFERENT LIVES In this unit you will… listen and identify specific
UNITUNIT 33
DIFFERENT LIVES
DIFFERENT LIVES
In this unit you will…
listen and identify specific information in an
interview, in a dialog, and in a conversation related
exchange information and express opinions in short
dialogs about:
to life in other countries and communities by:
• life in other countries,
• identifying speakers,
• personal experiences,
• identifying purpose of a message,
• English as an international language.
• extracting specific information,
• write a short paragraph and complete a fact file:
using key words to get the general meaning.
• comparing life in different places,
read and identify main ideas in an Internet article
and in an extract from a book about life in other
• describing a funny celebration and a festival,
• using vocabulary related to the unit.
countries and communities by:
• using key words to identify general meaning,
• identifying reference markers,
• using cognates to predict content,
• distinguishing main and secondary ideas.
GETTING READY
1. In your group, look at the pictures of the
2. Make a list of countries that you think are very
children and answer the following questions.
similar to Chile, and another one of countries
a.
What can you see in the pictures?
that are very different. Share your ideas with
b.
What are the children doing?
other groups.
c. What countries do you think they are from?
d. Are they similar or different from Chile?
64 UNIT 3
65

Getting ready Attractive illustrations to provide a setting and some simple exercises to activate your previous knowledge. You can also examine the objectives of the unit here.

HELP FOR YOU! Lesson 4 BEFORE LISTENING 1. Discuss these statements in your group and
HELP FOR YOU!
Lesson 4
BEFORE LISTENING
1. Discuss these statements in your group and decide whether they are
What should you do if
you have a problem?
Choose an alternative.
true (T) or false (F).
a. If I tell an adult that my friend is taking drugs, I’m a bad friend.
b Boys are more likely to get into trouble than girls.
c. There’s nothing I can do if my friends offer me drugs.
2. Answer Kelly’s question.
a.
Talk to your parents.
b. Call a TV or radio program.
c.
Talk to a friend.
d. Nothing at all.
3. You’re going to listen to a radio program. Guess the problem that will
be discussed.
a. Alcoholism
b. Anorexia
c. Drug addiction
d. Depression
4. Match each word in A (a – e) with its Spanish equivalent in B (i – v)
A
B
a. stay away
i.
deshacerse
b.avoid
ii.
riesgo
c. get rid of
iii. casi
d.sort of
iv. evitar
e. risk
v.
mantenerse alejado
LISTENING
5.
Listen to the recording and check your guess in Exercise 3.
6.
Listen to the recording again and circle the type of text.
a.
An advertisement
b. An advice program
c. A news report
PICTIONARY
7.
Listen to the recording again and match the phrases.
a.
Say
i. the subject.
b.Choose
ii. no, thanks.
c.
Change
iii.your friends.
8.
Listen to the recording once more and number the sentences in
the order you hear them.
b.
You can keep your principles.
a.
Someone offers me drugs.
c. I don’t like drugs.
d. Stay away from drugs.
52 UNIT 2
drug
nervous
offer
turn around

Listening The tasks will help you develop strategies to improve your understanding of spoken messages.

HOW FIT ARE YOU? Lesson 1 BEFORE READING 1. Which of these pictures show people
HOW FIT ARE YOU?
Lesson 1
BEFORE READING
1. Which of these pictures show people in good physical condition?
d
b
a
2. Read Kelly’ s list and tick (✓ ) the main suggestions to be fit.
c
e
a. Do sports regularly.
b. Drink alcohol.
c. Drink
lots of milk.
d. Eat
fast food.
e. Eat
three balanced healthy meals a day (milk,
vegetables, fruits, meat).
f. Follow
a routine of regular exercise (twenty minutes a
day, forty-five minutes three times a week, etc.).
g. Sleep
at least 8 hours a day.
h. Smoke.
i. hours in front of the TV or the computer.
Spend
PICTIONARY
j. Use
drugs.
3. How fit are you? Read the questions and answer Yes or No.
a. Do you eat a balanced diet?
b Do you get enough exercise?
c. Do you get enough sleep?
4. Have a quick look at the text on page 41 and circle all the familiar words in
it. In what categories can you organize them?
Example: activities, food, numbers, etc.
5. Have a quick look at the text on page 41 and choose the correct
option to finish the sentence.
The text is
a. a piece of scientific research.
b. an interview.
c. a questionnaire.
40 UNIT 2
cake
chips
fit
sweets
walk

Reading The tasks will help you develop strategies to improve your understanding of written texts.

PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs. od tsrat wsim
PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT
1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.
od
tsrat
wsim
og
hwas
korw
awcth
lcaen
2. Use the verbs in Exercise 1 to fill in the gaps in the following
sentences. Identify some of the situations in the pictures.
a.
Malcolm
at the café every Saturday.
b.
Florence
her hair every evening.
c.
I
under water in the sea.
d.
My parents
TV every evening.
e.
What do you
in the afternoon?
f.
Matt
his bedroom every weekend.
g.
Sheila
school at 8 am.
h.
Francis
to the cinema on Fridays.
3. Write the sentences in Exercise 2 in the Past tense. Use the time
expressions in the box.
• yesterday
• last Saturday
• last night
• last year
• in 2010
• in the morning
• two years ago
• last weekend
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
10 UNIT 1

Preparation for the unit These activities revise language and skills and prepare you to deal with the contents of the unit.

MINIMINI -- TESTTEST READING 1. Read the text in Lesson 3 again. Are these statements
MINIMINI -- TESTTEST
READING
1.
Read the text in Lesson 3 again. Are these statements true (T) or false (F)?
3
pts
a.
You
should study for three hours before a test.
b.
Making
a study plan helps you know if you are wasting time.
c.
When you feel anxious, you don’t do well in tests.
2.
Match the verbs in box A with a noun in box B.
3
pts
feel
• make
• waste
• anxious
• time
• a timetable
A
B
LISTENING
3. Listen to the recording in Lesson 4 again and circle the words you hear.
1
pts
begin
• change
• decrease
• have
• increase
• keep
• speak
• stay
• turn
• want
• watch
• work
4. Listen again. How many people called the program?
5
pts
a. Two girls.
b. Three boys.
c. A girl and a boy.
LANGUAGE
5.
Rewrite these sentences using must, have to or can.
3
pts
a.
It is possible for you to get a good mark.
You
b.
It's an obligation to stop the car at the red light.
You
c.
The doctor ordered you to stay in bed.
You
5
pts
6.
Complete the sentences using the adjectives in the box.
Example: I feel impatient when I have to wait for a long time.
• angry
• anxious
• bored
• happy
• sad
a. I
when I have a test.
b. I
when I get a good mark.
c. I
when I don’t like a game.
d. I
when I get a bad mark.
e. I
when a friend doesn’t help me.
total
0 - 5
Keep trying
6 - 10
Review!
11 - 15
Well done!
16 - 20
Excellent!
score
20 pts
WELCOME TO MY COUNTRY
55

Mini-test These are short evaluation activities that allow you to analyze your performance. You complete the tasks with a time limit and check your score.

Listening section.

Listening section.

FL
FL

Activities for Fast Learners.

Speaking activities.Listening section. FL Activities for Fast Learners. Pronunciation activities. 4 LANGUAGE FOCUS REFLECTIONS

Pronunciation activities.FL Activities for Fast Learners. Speaking activities. 4 LANGUAGE FOCUS REFLECTIONS Section designed to help you

4
4
LANGUAGE FOCUS REFLECTIONS Section designed to help you revise or discover a particular grammar structure.
LANGUAGE
FOCUS
REFLECTIONS
Section designed to help you revise or
discover a particular grammar structure.
The activities are meant to promote
independent learning.
Questions to help you reflect on your
learning process and to raise your
awareness of how you develop your own
learning strategies to become a more
effective learner.
Comic Strip The adventures of the main characters of the book, at the end of
Comic Strip The adventures of the main characters of the book, at the end of

Comic Strip The adventures of the main characters of the book, at the end of each unit. You read this section on your own, for fun, with no evaluation activities.

SYNTHESIS SYNTHESIS TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE LISTENING – A DRUMMING STAR
SYNTHESIS
SYNTHESIS
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
LISTENING – A DRUMMING STAR
SELF-EVALUATIONSELF-EVALUATION
4.
Drumming wonder Mark Lung, 12, is starting a
5
pts
READING: NATIONAL HOLIDAYS
Chilean tour with the Philharmonic Orchestra this
1. Work in pairs.
week. Listen to the interview and identify the
Answer the following questions
a.
Choose a traditional
following information.
and check your progress in this
Countries around the world have national holidays. They are, of course, on
Chilean celebration.
unit. Tick the box that is
a.
Nº of hours that he plays every day:
different days, but the ways people celebrate are sometimes the same.
b.
Find information about
true for you.
The United States have three holidays that
b.
Person he admires:
are the same in the rest of the
the activities, traditional
world: Easter Sunday, Christmas
Day and New Year’s Day. The national
c.
Favorite composer:
food, music, and dances.
reading
holiday is on July 4th. There are many parades with bands. People cook
d.
Favorite place:
c.
Design a brochure like the
Can I understand instructions?
and eat food outside their houses and after that they have a night of
e.
Dream for the future:
one in Lesson 2, including
all the information you
Do
I understand the general meaning
concerts and fireworks.
of
texts?
Americans also have another national holiday, Thanksgiving Day,
5.
Read these sentences and listen to the recording.
Can I use my previous knowledge to
collected.
the fourth
Underline the incorrect information in some of them.
predict the content of a text?
Thursday in November. On this day, people usually eat some of the foods
d.
Find pictures or make
3
pts
that they served at the first feast: turkey,
Can I identify specific information in
drawings to decorate the
potatoes, pumpkin, etc.
It’s the first time Mark visits the country.
a. text?
a
brochure.
In France, the national holiday is on July 14th. There are big parades with
b. His father is a composer and a pianist.
e.
Read and show the
c. He would like to play the drums on the moon.
soldiers, and airplanes fly in the sky. People dance in the streets and many
brochure to your
events like concerts or operas are free on that day.
LANGUAGE
listening
classmates.
Mexican people celebrate
their independence on September 16th. School
6.
Complete the following sentences with the correct
Do
I understand the teacher?
f.
Exchange brochures with
3
pts
children march in parades and there are bands and mariachi music
frequency adverb.
Do
I understand oral texts?
the other groups.
everywhere. People eat traditional food called chiles en nogada on this day.
Do
I recognize different people
a.
In Chile, children
dance cueca at school
speaking?
1.
Underline the correct alternative to finish the sentence.
2. Revise the contents of this
unit; identify and evaluate
the exercises that helped
you learn.
1
in September. (90 %)
pt
Can I recognize the sequence of
The text is
b.
In Brazil, people
celebrate Carnival
events in a text.
with water. (100 %)
a.
a letter to a friend.
b. a piece of news.
c.
an advertisement .
d. a description.
c.
In the USA, children
miss Hallowe´en
celebrations. ( 0%)
language
2.
Read the text and find information to support or
5
pts
contradict these statements.
Can I give examples?
7.
Connect the beginning of sentences (a. and b.)
a.
National holidays are on the same day in all
Can I use everyday English?
2
pts
with their endings (c. and d.).
Check the Learning Objectives for this
unit on page 9. Use these symbols to
reflect your performance.
countries.
b.
In the United States, there are many parades and
a. People celebrate with parades
fireworks on the fourth Thursday in November.
You can participate in this celebration in winter
b. speaking / writing
c.
Americans usually eat traditional food on
c. or in the second version in summer.
Can I talk and write about
Thanksgiving Day.
d. and traditional music.
celebrations and traditions?
d.
French people don’t have to pay for events on the
Reading
Listening
Can I role-play a situation with
ORAL EXPRESSION
14th of July.
my
partner?
8.
Choose a topic and tell your partner three bits of
e.
American, French and Mexican people celebrate
3
pts
information about it.
Speaking
Writing
their national holiday with parades.
a. project/group work
Independence Day in Chile
3.
Read the text again and match the words in bold with
4
pts
b. Favorite kind of music / singer
one of these pictures (a – d).
Did I like to work in a group?
c.
Traditional dances in Chile
Was the topic interesting?
Did
I work more than my partners?
Great!
Not too bad
Help!
total
d
0 - 6
7 - 13
14 - 21
22 - 26
b
score
a
Keep trying
Review!
Well done!
Excellent!
c
26 pts
UNIT 1
CULTURAL ELEMENTS
34
WELCOME, FRIENDS
35

Synthesis This section allows you to revise the content of each unit and reflect on which exercises helped you achieve the learning objectives.

Test your knowledge A formal test at the end of the unit to evaluate your progress and help you discover what you need to revise.

Self-evaluation Guided analysis of your strengths and weaknesses, to help you check your progress and find ways to improve.

LOOk it up! 1 LOOk it up! 2 My Beautiful Jamaica Firefighter LOOk it up!
LOOk it up! 1
LOOk it up! 2
My Beautiful Jamaica
Firefighter
LOOk it up! 3
A Vampire’s Night Out
LOOk it up! 4
The Invention of the Bicycle
LOOk it up! 5
Her Plans for Next Year
Issue 2 2013
THIS MAGAZINE IS YOURS TO KEEP.
Home Sweet Home
115

Travelers Magazine A magazine for you to read and enjoy, with interesting articles and activities to help you improve your reading and study skills.

PICTIONARY Special picture glossary that helps you with the key words in the text you
PICTIONARY
Special picture glossary
that helps you with the key
words in the text you are
going to read or listen to.
key words in the text you are going to read or listen to. American English British
key words in the text you are going to read or listen to. American English British

American English

British English

Differences between American and British English in spelling and / or pronunciation and / or vocabulary.

Did you know that … Interesting bits of information on the topics of the lesson.
Did you know that …
Interesting bits of
information on the
topics of the lesson.
bits of information on the topics of the lesson. Internet sites with additional information related to

Internet sites with additional information related to the topic.

5
5
PLAN PLAN OF OF THE THE BOOK BOOK CULTURAL ELEMENTS SELF-CARE 8 36 UNIT UNIT
PLAN PLAN OF OF THE THE BOOK BOOK CULTURAL ELEMENTS SELF-CARE 8 36 UNIT UNIT

PLAN PLAN OF OF THE THE BOOK BOOK

PLAN PLAN OF OF THE THE BOOK BOOK CULTURAL ELEMENTS SELF-CARE 8 36 UNIT UNIT 1
CULTURAL ELEMENTS SELF-CARE 8 36 UNIT UNIT 1 1 UNIT UNIT 2 2 8 UNIT
CULTURAL ELEMENTS
SELF-CARE
8
36
UNIT UNIT
1 1
UNIT
UNIT 2
2
8 UNIT 1
GETTING READY
PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT
LESSON 1 - LISTENING
Holidays and celebrations
Language focus - Frequency adverbs
Written production – Letter about Independence Day
Pronunciation – Ordinal numbers
Oral production – Dialog about celebrations
LESSON 2 - READING
A Chilean celebration
Language focus - Connectors
Written production – Paragraph about a celebration
Pronunciation – Years
Oral production – Dialog about Independence Day
MINI-TEST
LESSON 3 - LISTENING
Top of the pops
Written production – An interview
Pronunciation – / b /
Language focus - The Past Continuous
Oral production – Dialog about favorite singer
LESSON 4 – READING
Myths and legends
Language focus - Used to
Pronunciation – The diagraph th
Oral production – A dialog about a legend
MINI-TEST
LESSON 5 – LISTENING
Chile’s national dance
Language focus - Adverbs of sequence
Pronunciation – Some vowels
Oral production – Dialog about a traditional dance
Written production – To complete a short paragraph
KELLY HARDROCK, SCHOOL REPORTER. EPISODE 1
SYNTHESIS
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
SELF-EVALUATION
9
10
GETTING READY
PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT
37
38
12
LESSON 1
- READING
14
40
14
42
14
How fit are you?
Language focus - How much? / How many?
Written production – To complete a short paragraph
42
14
Pronunciation – Questions with How much / How many
Oral production – Dialog about routines
43
43
15
LESSON
LISTENING
17
Who’s
in 2 control?
44
17
Language
– focus
Indirect about
object
a pronoun
45
18
Pronunciation
– Numbers
13
/ 30,
14 / 40, 15
/ 50, etc
addict
46
18
Oral
production
Dialog
computer
46
19
47
20
48
21
50
21
22
MINI-TEST
LESSON 3 – READING
Learning to learn
Language focus – The Future tense
Pronunciation – Accentuation and intonation
Oral production – Dialog about feelings
LESSON 4 – LISTENING
Help for you!
Language focus - Possibility – Obligation - No obligation
51
51
22
52
23
53
25
Pronunciation - / tʃ /
Oral production – Dialog about everyday situations
MINI-TEST
LESSON 5 – READING
Bullying - you are not alone
Pronunciation – / b /
Language focus – If clauses (1)
Oral production – Dialogs beginning with What can I do if
KELLY HARDROCK, SCHOOL REPORTER. EPISODE 2
SYNTHESIS
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
SELF-EVALUATION
54
25
54
26
55
27
56
28
58
30
58
31
58
31
60
31
62
32
62
34
63
34
35
6
DIFFERENT LIVES 64 UNIT UNIT 3 3 GETTING READY PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT LESSON 1
DIFFERENT LIVES
64
UNIT UNIT
3 3
GETTING READY
PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT
LESSON 1 – LISTENING
Experiences in a foreign country
Language focus – Superlatives
Pronunciation – Superlatives
Oral production – Dialog expressing opinions
LESSON 2 – READING
International English
Language focus – Languages
Pronunciation – Languages
65
66
68
69
70
70
71
73
74
Oral production – Dialog about the English language
MINI-TEST
LESSON 3 – LISTENING
Do you like jokes?
Language focus – Requests and permission
Oral production – Dialog about funny jokes
Pronunciation – Dates
LESSON 4 – READING
Festivals around the world
Language focus – Superlatives
Pronunciation - / i, ɪ /
MINI-TEST
LESSON 5 – LISTENING
Do you study hard?
Language focus – Conditionals
Written production – To complete sentences
Pronunciation – Part of a poem
Oral production – Dialogs about future situations
74
75
76
77
78
78
79
82
82
83
84
86
87
87
87
KELLY HARDROCK, SCHOOL REPORTER.
SYNTHESIS
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
SELF-EVALUATION
EPISODE 3
88
90
90
91
YOUR KNOWLEDGE SELF-EVALUATION EPISODE 3 88 90 90 91 PEOPLE AND PLACES 92 UNIT UNIT 4
PEOPLE AND PLACES 92 UNIT UNIT 4 4 GETTING READY 93 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT
PEOPLE AND PLACES 92
UNIT
UNIT 4
4
GETTING READY
93
PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT
94
LESSON 1
- READING
Folk heroes
Language FOCUS - Connectors
Pronunciation – Dates and times
96
99
99
Oral production – A ballad
LESSON 2 – LISTENING
99
A magic role
Language focus -
100
Imaginary situations
101
Pronunciation – Tongue twister with / w /
Oral production – Dialog of invitation
MINI-TEST
LESSON 3 – READING
Florence Nightingale - A woman out of her time
Language focus - Prepositions of place
Oral production – Dialog about biographical data
102
102
103
104
106
107
Pronunciation – A limerick
LESSON 4 – LISTENING
People that changed people
Language focus – Adverbs of manner
Pronunciation – Professions
Oral production – Dialog about a quiz game
MINI-TEST
LESSON 5 – READING
107
108
109
110
110
111
A special place for children
112
Language focus – Prepositions of place
115
Oral production – Dialog about an interesting place
115
Pronunciation – Tongue twister with / j /
KELLY HARDROCK, SCHOOL REPORTER. EPISODE 4
SYNTHESIS
115
116
118
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
SELF-EVALUATION
118
119

ANSWERS

120

BIBLIOGRAPHY

136

THEMATIC INDEX

134

TRAVELERS MAGAZINE

139

GLOSSARY

135

7
7
UNITUNIT 11
UNITUNIT
11
UNITUNIT 11 8 UNIT 1
UNITUNIT 11 8 UNIT 1
UNITUNIT 11 8 UNIT 1
UNITUNIT 11 8 UNIT 1
8
8
UNITUNIT 11 8 UNIT 1

UNIT 1

CULTURAL CULTURAL ELEMENTS ELEMENTS In this unit you will… listen and find specific information in

CULTURALCULTURAL ELEMENTSELEMENTS

In this unit you will…

listen and find specific information in personal reports, an interview, and a telephone conversation about
listen and find specific information in personal
reports, an interview, and a telephone conversation
about traditional celebrations, music, and literature
by:
express ideas in short dialogs and monologs about:
• celebrations, traditional music, and dances,
• myths and legends.
• using previous knowledge to predict content,
write and complete short paragraphs and dialogs:
• recognizing participants in a communicative
situation,
• about celebrations and traditions,
• summarizing a literary text,
• discriminating between main and secondary ideas.
• using language and vocabulary related to
celebrations, traditional music, and literature.
read and find explicit ideas and specific information
in a brochure and a legend about traditions by:
• identifying type and purpose of a text,
• inferring meaning of words from the context,
• recognizing textual elements,
• identifying the sequence of events.

GETTING READY

1. Match the sentences with the people in the photos.

2. Complete with your information.

a. Hi, I’m Peter. I’m from California, in the USA.

b. I’m Ahmed. I’m from Cairo, in Egypt.

c. I’m Akemi. I’m from Kyoto, in Japan.

d. I’m Sadhvi. I’m from Calcutta, in India.

Hello, I’m Paste I’m from , your photo in here
Hello, I’m
Paste
I’m from
,
your
photo
in
here
10 UNIT 1 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.
10 UNIT 1 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.
10 UNIT 1 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.
10 UNIT 1 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.
10 UNIT 1 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.
10 UNIT 1 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.
10 UNIT 1 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.
10
10
10 UNIT 1 PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs. od

UNIT 1

PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT

1. Unscramble the words to form ten verbs.

od

tsrat

wsim

og

hwas

korw

awcth

lcaen

2. Use the verbs in Exercise 1 to fill in the gaps in the following sentences. Identify some of the situations in the pictures.

a. Malcolm

b. Florence

c. under water in the sea.

d. My parents

e. What do you

f. his bedroom every weekend.

g.

h. Francis

at the café every Saturday.

her hair every evening.

TV every evening.

in the afternoon?

school at 8 am.

to the cinema on Fridays.

I

Matt

Sheila

3. Write the sentences in Exercise 2 in the Past tense. Use the time expressions in the box.

yesterday yesterday

last Saturday

last night

last year last weekend

• yesterday • last Saturday • last night • last year • last weekend
 

in 2010 in 2010

in the morning

two years ago

• in 2010 • in the morning • two years ago

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

f.

g.

h.

4. Fill in the blanks in these sentences with in, on or at.

a. Let’s meet

six o’clock.

b. My brother was born

July.

c. I traveled to the USA

2008.

d. The English test is

Monday.

to the USA 2008. d. The English test is Monday. 5. Look at the pictures and

5. Look at the pictures and read the sentences. Are they true (T) or false (F)?

and read the sentences. Are they true (T) or false (F)? a. They’re Japanese. c. She’s

a. They’re Japanese.

Are they true (T) or false (F)? a. They’re Japanese. c. She’s French. e. They’re American.

c. She’s French.

or false (F)? a. They’re Japanese. c. She’s French. e. They’re American. They’re Mexican. He’s Peruvian.

e. They’re American.

Japanese. c. She’s French. e. They’re American. They’re Mexican. He’s Peruvian. She’s English.

They’re Mexican.

She’s French. e. They’re American. They’re Mexican. He’s Peruvian. She’s English. CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS

He’s Peruvian.

French. e. They’re American. They’re Mexican. He’s Peruvian. She’s English. CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS 11

She’s English.

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

11
11

HOLIDAYS AND CELEBRATIONS Lesson 1

HOLIDAYS AND CELEBRATIONS Lesson 1 BEFORE LISTENING 1. Look at the pictures and find the names

BEFORE LISTENING

1. Look at the pictures and find the names of the special occasions. Which of them do you celebrate?

a
a
d
d
b
b
e
e
c
c
f
f

2. Match the pictures below (a – e) with the words in the box.

PICTIONARY Christmas tree folk music party samba water balloon
PICTIONARY
Christmas tree
folk music
party
samba
water balloon
12
12
Christmas tree folk music party samba water balloon 12 UNIT 1 • costumes • military parade

UNIT 1

costumes costumes

military parade

presents

• costumes • military parade • presents

traditional food traditional food

trick or treat

• traditional food • trick or treat
a
a
b
b
d
d
c
c
e
e

3. With your partner, make a list of cognates related to the topic of holidays and celebrations in your notebook.

to the topic of holidays and celebrations in your notebook. 4. Kelly Hardrock, the International school

4. Kelly Hardrock, the International school reporter, talked to some students from all over the world about their favorite celebrations. Can you guess which celebrations they mentioned?

LISTENING

Can you guess which celebrations they mentioned? LISTENING 5. Listen to the recording. Did you guess

5. Listen to the recording. Did you guess any of the celebrations?

to the recording. Did you guess any of the celebrations? 6. Listen to the recording again

6. Listen to the recording again and match the pictures of the children with the celebration they are talking about.

of the children with the celebration they are talking about. Ana, Brazil Francisco, Chile Elizabeth, UK
of the children with the celebration they are talking about. Ana, Brazil Francisco, Chile Elizabeth, UK
of the children with the celebration they are talking about. Ana, Brazil Francisco, Chile Elizabeth, UK
of the children with the celebration they are talking about. Ana, Brazil Francisco, Chile Elizabeth, UK
Ana, Brazil Francisco, Chile Elizabeth, UK Mike, USA • Independence Day • Hallowe’en • Christmas
Ana, Brazil
Francisco, Chile
Elizabeth, UK
Mike, USA
• Independence Day • Hallowe’en • Christmas • Carnival
7.
Listen again and fill in the corresponding slots in the chart. (some
slots will be empty).
Celebration
Activities
Clothes
Special elements
Hallowe’en
Big parties
Tree and
food
8.
Listen and underline the incorrect information in the sentences.
and underline the incorrect information in the sentences. a. Mike’s favorite celebration is Hallowe’en because he

a. Mike’s favorite celebration is Hallowe’en because he loves playing with water.

b.Ana loves the parades during Carnival.

c. Elizabeth doesn’t like Christmas food.

d.In Chile, the most important celebration is Christmas.

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

13
13
AFTER LISTENING LANGUAGE FOCUS Frequency adverbs 1. Read these sentences from the text. a. We

AFTER LISTENING

LANGUAGE FOCUS Frequency adverbs 1. Read these sentences from the text. a. We always enjoy
LANGUAGE
FOCUS
Frequency adverbs
1. Read these sentences from the text.
a. We always enjoy our Carnival games.
b. I never miss this celebration.
c. Children often fly kites this time of the year.
d. Sometimes it rains.
2. Complete the general rule.
We use words like
certain things.
, to express how often we do
3. Complete the scale with a frequency adverb:
always
usually
never
100%
90 – 70%
70 – 40 %
30 – 10%
0 %
Did you know that … one of the most traditional celebrations in Chile is ‘Cuasimodo’?
Did you know that …
one of the most
traditional celebrations in
Chile is ‘Cuasimodo’?
On the Sunday
after
Easter, priests take
the holy sacraments to
the people who can’t go
to church.
REFLECTIONS What are the most serious problems I had when writing in English? When did
REFLECTIONS
What are the most serious
problems I had when writing in
English?
When did I need the
teacher’s assistance?
UNIT 1
14

9. How do you celebrate Independence Day? What special activities do you do? Complete the following letter to a friend.

In Chile, Independence Day is celebrated on the

also

10.

In Chile, Independence Day is celebrated on the also 10. days and off school. People usually

days

and

off school. People usually go to

to eat

and fly

Listen and repeat these ordinal numbers.

We have

to

There are

1 s t , 2 n d , 3 r d , 4 t h

1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , 4 th , 5 th , 11 th , 12 th , 13 th , 14 th , 19 th , 20 th , 21 st , 22 nd , 23 rd

h , 12 t h , 13 t h , 14 t h , 19 t

11.

Read the following dialog and match the underlined parts with the corresponding expression in the box. Listen, check and repeat. Then, role - play the dialog with your partner., 20 t h , 21 s t , 22 n d , 23 r d

really good really good

yes •

• really good • yes
• really good • yes

A: What’s your favorite celebration? B: It’s Independence Day. It’s wicked! A: Do you usually fly kites? B: Sure! I love it!

12.

FL
FL

Choose a celebration and find this information.

a. How your classmates celebrate it.

b. How often they do certain activities to enjoy the celebration.

A CHILEAN CELEBRATION

Lesson 2

A travel guide

BEFORE READING

1. Read what Fernando says and answer his question.

READING 1. Read what Fernando says and answer his question. 2. Look at the pictures and
READING 1. Read what Fernando says and answer his question. 2. Look at the pictures and
READING 1. Read what Fernando says and answer his question. 2. Look at the pictures and
READING 1. Read what Fernando says and answer his question. 2. Look at the pictures and

2. Look at the pictures and identify the type of celebration.

a. Sports

b. Religious

c. Historic

3. Look at the text on page 16 and decide where it comes from.

a.

c.

A PIECE OF NEWS

A scientific article
A scientific article

b.

d.

An encyclopedia entry

4. In pairs, find the meaning of these words in the dictionary.

a. leave (verb)

b. damage

c. reach

d.heritage

e. mass

Traditions and celebrations are very important and vary from country to country. They show us
Traditions
and celebrations
are very important
and vary from country to
country. They show us the
way people live and different
ways of celebrating special
dates. What different kinds
of celebrations do you
know?
PICTIONARY festivity fire mass missionary rescue
PICTIONARY
festivity
fire
mass
missionary
rescue

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

15
15
READING A CHILEAN CELEBRATION One of the most important religious festivities in the south of

READING

A CHILEAN CELEBRATION One of the most important religious festivities in the south of Chile
A
CHILEAN
CELEBRATION
One of the most important religious
festivities in the south of Chile is the festivity
of Nazareno del Caguach. It takes place in
In 1919, a big fire damaged almost all the
church, but the community managed to rescue
the original image.
Chiloé,
(1)
that it doesn’t appear
In 1925, the five communities of the island
on maps. People can reach it after two hours
of navigation from Achao, or they can take a
boat that leaves at around six in the morning
from Dalcahue .
finished the construction of
(3)
which is today part of the World Heritage.
Since then, people celebrate this important
The first traditional celebration began in1778,
when a Franciscan missionary, Hilario
Martínez, brought
(2)
from Spain
and five communities of the island began to
festivity every August 30 and also on the third
Sunday of January, in the summer version of
the festivity.
The celebrations begin at 11 in the morning
with a mass outside the church, accompanied
adore it with special devotion.
by
(4)
. After lunch, there is a
procession. Local people take the statues and
religious figures from the church and parade
them around the town.

Adapted from: Churches of Chiloé. “n.d.” Retrieved June 4th, 2012, from: http://www.interpatagonia.com/iglesiaschiloe/ caguach_i.html

5. Read the text and check your prediction in Exercise 3.

6. Read the text again and answer these questions.

a. How can people get to the island?

b.When did the celebrations begin?

c. What happened in 1919?

d.How do people celebrate?

16
16
get to the island? b. When did the celebrations begin? c. What happened in 1919? d.

UNIT 1

7. Read the text and find information that supports these sentences.

a. You can’t arrive by car or bus.

b.The present church is not the original one.

c. People celebrate this festivity twice a year.

d.Celebrations don’t begin early in the morning.

a year. d. Celebrations don’t begin early in the morning. 8. Put these sentences ( a

8. Put these sentences (a – d) in the blanks in the text (1 – 4).

a. the image of Jesus of Nazareth

b. on an island so small

c. traditional music and singing

d. the present temple

9. Read the text again. Which of the words underlined corresponds to each of the following definitions?

underlined corresponds to each of the following definitions? American English: Encyclopedia British English:
underlined corresponds to each of the following definitions? American English: Encyclopedia British English:

American English:

Encyclopedia

British English:

Encyclopaedia

a.

: worship, love deeply and respect highly.

b.

: harmed, injured.

c.

: a group of people following each other in an orderly way, taking part in a religious ceremony.

d.

: display, exhibit.

AFTER READING

LANGUAGE FOCUS Connectors 1. Read the sentences from the text, paying special attention to the
LANGUAGE
FOCUS
Connectors
1. Read the sentences from the text, paying special attention to the
words in bold.
a.
…the Franciscan missionary Hilario Martínez took the image from
Spain and five communities began to adore …
b.
…the community rescued the image of Jesus because a big fire
damaged almost all the old church.
d.
People can reach Caguach from Achao, or they can take a boat from
Dalcahue.
2. Which of the words introduces:
a. an alternative idea?
b.an additional idea?
c. a reason?
3. Complete this general rule.
When we want to express
ideas, or to combine
, we use a set of words called sentence

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

17
17
REFLECTIONS YES NO Did the exercises help me to understand the text? How did I
REFLECTIONS YES NO Did the exercises help me to understand the text? How did I
REFLECTIONS
YES NO
Did the exercises
help me to
understand the text?
How did I show support
to my classmates?

10.

Match sentences in A and B using and, because, or.

 

A

People can celebrate in August. It is not easy to go to Caguach. There is a mass outside the church. It is not easy to go to Caguach. There is a mass outside the church. People can celebrate in August. It is not easy to go to Caguach.

People can celebrate in August. It is not easy to go to Caguach. There is a
People can celebrate in August. It is not easy to go to Caguach. There is a
 
 
 

B

There is a procession. People can celebrate in summer. It doesn’t appear on maps. People can celebrate in summer. It doesn’t appear on maps. There is a procession. People can celebrate in summer.

  B There is a procession. People can celebrate in summer. It doesn’t appear on maps.
 
celebrate in summer. It doesn’t appear on maps.   11. In your group, talk about an

11.

In your group, talk about an important festival or celebration you know.

 

A: Do you know the name of an important celebration?

B:

Yes, the

 

A: Where is it celebrated?

 

B:

In

,

every

A: What do people do?

 

B:

They

 

12.

With the information you collected in Exercise 11, complete the following paragraph about a festivity or celebration in your area.

 

This festival is celebrated in

(place)

every

(date).

It

is celebrated in honor of

Celebrations include

and

 

People usually

(any

useful information).

13.

Read the paragraph to a classmate.

 

14.

Listen and repeat.

Listen and repeat.

a. The celebrations began in 1778.

b. In 1919, a big fire damaged the church.

 

a. In 1925, the communities finished the church.

 

15.

Listen and repeat this dialog.

Listen and repeat this dialog.

 

A: How do people celebrate Independence Day? B: They eat traditional food, dance the national dance, and fly kites. A: When do people celebrate Independence Day? B: They celebrate it on the 18 th and 19 th of September.

18
18
it on the 18 t h and 19 t h of September . 18 UNIT 1

UNIT 1

16.

FL
FL

Replace the underlined words with your own ideas. Practice and

then role-play the dialog with your partner.

MINIMINI -- TESTTEST

LISTENING

MINI MINI - - TEST TEST LISTENING 1. Listen to the text in Lesson 1 again
1. Listen to the text in Lesson 1 again and circle where Ana and Francisco

1. Listen to the text in Lesson 1 again and circle where Ana and Francisco come from.

2 pts
2
pts
 
 
 
• Argentina • Brazil • Chile • Peru • the USA • Venezuela

Argentina

Brazil

Chile

Peru

the USA

Venezuela

• Argentina • Brazil • Chile • Peru • the USA • Venezuela
2. Listen again and fill in the blanks.

2. Listen again and fill in the blanks.

 
3 pts
3
pts

a. I love

!

b. Families get together for big

 

c. People have

days off.

 

READING

 

3. Read the text in Lesson 2 and write the event that corresponds to each year.

 
3 pts
3
pts

a.

1778:

 

b. 1919:

c. 1925:

 

4. Read the text again and answer the following questions.

 

a. What kind of festivity does the text describe?

 
2 pts
2
pts

b. How does the celebration begin?

 

LANGUAGE

 

5. Complete the following sentences with an adverb of frequency.

 
4 pts
4
pts

a. People

 

eat special food to celebrate Christmas. (100%)

 

b. We

 

miss a party. (0%)

 

c. Students

 

dance the cueca at schools in September. (50 %)

 

d. Children

fly kites in September in Chile. (90%)

6. Connect these pairs of sentences using and, or, because.

 

a. For Hallowe’en, children wear costumes. For Hallowe’en, children play tricks.

 
4 pts
4
pts

b. We can’t get to Caguach early in the morning. The trip takes two hours.

c. People can celebrate in winter. People can celebrate in summer.

d. People can celebrate twice. There is a summer and a winter version of the festival.

0 - 5 6 - 10 Keep trying Review! 11 - 15 Well done! 16
0 - 5
6 - 10
Keep trying Review!
11 - 15
Well done!
16 - 18
Excellent!
total score 18 pts 19
total
score
18 pts
19

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

TOP OF THE POPS

Lesson 3

A new star is visiting our country for the first time and I’m going to
A new star is
visiting our country for the
first time and I’m going
to interview him. Tick the
questions that you think
I’m going to ask him.
PICTIONARY audience gerbil guest
PICTIONARY
audience
gerbil
guest
20
20
going to ask him. PICTIONARY audience gerbil guest 20 UNIT 1 BEFORE LISTENING 1. How many

UNIT 1

BEFORE LISTENING

1. How many types of music do you know? Make a list with your partner.

2. Think about all the familiar words related to music that you know and write
2. Think about all the familiar words related to music that you know and
write them under these headings.
Instruments
People
Types
Other
Guitar
Singer
Rock
Band

3. Match these words (a – d) with the definitions (i – iv).

a. career

b.release

c. impress

d.encourage

to make a record available for people to buy. ii. to give an incentive to do something.

i.

iii. job or profession. iv. to be noticed and admired.

4. Read what Kelly says and follow her instruction.

a.

What’s your name?a.

b.

How old are you?b.

c.

Where did you study?c.

d.

Have you got a girl/boyfriend?d.

e.

Where do you live?e.

f.

Have you got any brothers or sisters?f.

g.

What are your favorite activities?g.

LISTENING

g. What are your favorite activities? LISTENING 5. Listen and check the questions Kelly asked. 6

5. Listen and check the questions Kelly asked.

LISTENING 5. Listen and check the questions Kelly asked. 6 . Listen to the interview and

6. Listen to the interview and choose the correct alternative to complete the sentence.

The reporter is interviewing

a. a movie star.

b. a sports star.

c. a music star.

7.

7. Listen to the interview again and complete the fact file. Name: Lil’Chris Age: Type of

Listen to the interview again and complete the fact file.

Name: Lil’Chris Age: Type of music: Musical instrument:
Name:
Lil’Chris
Age:
Type of music:
Musical
instrument:
Nº of pets: Nº of brothers/sisters Favorite sport: 8. Yes or No?
Nº of pets:
Nº of brothers/sisters
Favorite sport:
8.
Yes or No?

a. He plays hard

b. He has got a

9.

sport: 8. Yes or No? a. He plays hard b. He has got a 9. Complete

Complete the following sentence with Lil’Chris’s plans for the future.

He wants to be

AFTER LISTENING

plans for the future. He wants to be AFTER LISTENING 10. Talk to your partner about

10. Talk to your partner about your favorite music stars. Use the pattern to share and compare your opinions and find out if you have the same tastes.

You:

Who is your favorite singer?

Your partner:

You:

What kind of music does he / she play?

Your partner:

You:

Does he / she play a musical instrument?

Your partner:

No / Yes. He / She plays

11. Write an interview with a real music / movie star you like using the questions in Exercise. 4. Provide real information in the answers.

12.

in Exercise. 4. Provide real information in the answers. 12. Listen and practice. Pay special attention

Listen and practice. Pay special attention to the pronunciation of the letter b.

Bill wants a gerbil. Bill wants to be big. Bill wants to play in a band and record many albums.

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

21
21
LANGUAGE FOCUS The Past Continuous 1. Read these sentences. Pay special attention to the words
LANGUAGE FOCUS The Past Continuous 1. Read these sentences. Pay special attention to the words
LANGUAGE
FOCUS
The Past Continuous
1. Read these sentences. Pay special attention to the words in bold.
a. When Lil’ Chris was younger, everyone was going to Rock School.
b. He had singing lessons while he was taking part in the program.
2. Answer these questions.
a. Which two events can you identify in the sentences?
b. Did they happen at the same time?
3. Choose the correct alternative and complete this general rule:
To express two / three different actions that happened at the same /
different time in the present / past, we use the
tense and
the
tense.
We form the Past Continuous tense with the Present / Past tense of
the verb have / be + verb + -ing / -ed.

13. Fill in the blanks in this paragraph with the Past Continuous of the verbs in brackets.

paragraph with the Past Continuous of the verbs in brackets. American English: Practice (verb, noun) British
paragraph with the Past Continuous of the verbs in brackets. American English: Practice (verb, noun) British

American English:

Practice (verb, noun)

British English:

Practise (verb)

Practice (noun) REFLECTIONS How did I use my previous knowledge to get the main idea
Practice (noun)
REFLECTIONS
How did I use my previous
knowledge to get the main
idea of the text?
How many words did I learn?

14.

When the teacher arrived, the new student (dance)

alone, Jill and Matthew (play)

(do)

Hangman, Bill

his homework, and Sue and Tom (read)

a magazine.

Bill his homework, and Sue and Tom (read) a magazine. Complete the dialog with words from

Complete the dialog with words from the box.

a. Listen and check.

b.Listen and repeat.

c. Role-play it with your partner.

• Great • Really • Guess • Let’s
• Great • Really • Guess • Let’s
• Great • Really • Guess • Let’s

Great

Really

Guess

Let’s

• Great • Really • Guess • Let’s

A:

what! Lil’Chris is giving a show on Tuesday!

B: I know. He’s my favourite singer.

A:

go together!

B:

?

!

my favourite singer. A: go together! B: ? ! You will find more interviews, film reviews,

You will find more interviews, film reviews, games, quizzes and interesting information at:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/default.stm

22
22
film reviews, games, quizzes and interesting information at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/default.stm 22 UNIT 1

UNIT 1

MYTHS AND LEGENDS

Lesson 4

BEFORE READING

1. Since the very beginning of history, human beings have tried to explain certain things or events. Do you know examples of this? Can you identify these pictures?

you know examples of this? Can you identify these pictures? 2. Answer Kelly’s question. 3. Match
you know examples of this? Can you identify these pictures? 2. Answer Kelly’s question. 3. Match
you know examples of this? Can you identify these pictures? 2. Answer Kelly’s question. 3. Match
you know examples of this? Can you identify these pictures? 2. Answer Kelly’s question. 3. Match
you know examples of this? Can you identify these pictures? 2. Answer Kelly’s question. 3. Match

2. Answer Kelly’s question.

3. Match the words in the box with their Spanish equivalents (a – g).

  • beverage • endurance • journey • leaves (noun)   • reward • shelter
  • beverage • endurance • journey • leaves (noun)   • reward • shelter
 

beverage

endurance

journey

leaves (noun)

 

reward

shelter

weak

 
beverage • endurance • journey • leaves (noun)   • reward • shelter • weak  
beverage • endurance • journey • leaves (noun)   • reward • shelter • weak  

a.

bebida

-

b.débil

-

c.

hojas de árbol o de planta

-

d.recompensa

-

e. refugio

-

f. resistencia

-

g. viaje

-

4. Have a quick look at the text on page 24 and circle all the cognates. Then, guess what the story is about.

Can you mention some well-known Chilean myths or legends?
Can you mention some
well-known Chilean
myths or legends?
PICTIONARY aborigine farm (v.) forest hunter tribe
PICTIONARY
aborigine
farm (v.)
forest
hunter
tribe

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

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23
READING YERBA MATE AND THE GUARANI PEOPLE he Guaraní were the aborigines that used to

READING

YERBA MATE AND THE GUARANI PEOPLE he Guaraní were the aborigines that used to live
YERBA MATE AND THE GUARANI PEOPLE
he Guaraní were the aborigines
that used
to live in the Paraguayan forest before the
for something to make her father stronger and
healthier.
Spanish people arrived. They were
nomads
Tupá grew a green plant with white
flowers
and they used to move around the
looking for new lands to farm.
territory
with
his magic
Yari powers.
He taught
and her
One day, when a tribe was about
to move to
a new location, one of the oldest men decided
to stay because he felt tired and weak for the
journey. His daughter Yari stayed with him
because she didn’t want to leave him alone. Soon,
they had very little food left. At
that moment, the
spirit Tupá descended to earth.
He was dressed like a nomadic hunter, and asked
Yari for food and shelter for
the night. Very
generously, Yari offered him hospitality and
the last of their food. Her charity
surprised the
father to prepare tea
using the plant’s leaves.
When Yari’s father
drank the tea, he felt
much better.
Tupá told them to
share the plant with
the rest of the tribe.
Now, this beverage
brings comfort,
health, and
endurance to the Guaraní.
spirit and he offered her a reward. Yari asked

Adapted from: Legends of Yerba Mate. “n.d.” Retrieved June 4th, 2012, from http://guayaki.com/mate/1894/Legends-of-Yerba-Mate.html

5. Read the text and check your prediction in Exercise 4. Support your ideas. 6. Complete this diagram with the different elements of this text.

Type of text: Topic:
Type of text:
Topic:
Characters: , ,
Characters:
,
,
Time / Location:
Time / Location:
Message:
Message:

7. Find the partner for each tile to form complete sentences. Then write the sentences in your notebook in the correct order of events.

Tupá gave Yari a green plant and asked Yari for food Tupá came to earth
Tupá
gave Yari
a green plant
and asked
Yari for food
Tupá came to earth
Tupá told Yari
and offered
Yari a reward
because he
was weak
that gave her father
comfort and health
Tupá was surprised
Yari stayed
with her father
to share the plant
with her tribe
in that
lived
Paraguay
Yari was a girl
Did you know that … Chilean mythology is characterized by a multitude of beliefs of
Did you know that …
Chilean mythology is
characterized by a
multitude of beliefs of
the indigenous people and
others of European origin?
mythology is characterized by a multitude of beliefs of the indigenous people and others of European

UNIT 1

24
24

AFTER READING

AFTER READING LANGUAGE FOCUS Used to 1. Read these sentences from the text. a. The Guaraní
LANGUAGE FOCUS Used to 1. Read these sentences from the text. a. The Guaraní people
LANGUAGE
FOCUS
Used to
1. Read these sentences from the text.
a. The Guaraní people used to live in the Paraguayan forest.
b. They used to move around the territory.
c. Tupá asked Yari for food and shelter for the night.
d. Tupá grew a green plant with white flowers.
2. Which of the sentences in Point 1 refer to
a. a particular situation in the past?
b. a past habit or routine?
3. Complete this general rule.
When we want to talk about past
infinitive of verbs.
, we use
+ the

8. Use the clues to complete this dialog between two friends.

A: Are your habits different now that you’re a teenager?

9.

B: Absolutely! To begin with, I

I

(not like) them anymore.

(like / cartoons), but

A: What about your activities?

B: I

(stay / home) on weekends, but now I (prefer / going out) with my friends.

A: Do you still play football?

B: No, I

(play / football), but now I

(play / basketball). How about you?

A: When I was a child, I Now, I

(listen to / Miley Cirus). (prefer / Justin Bieber).

B: I

(prefer / Justin Bieber).

(prefer / Justin Bieber). B: I (prefer / Justin Bieber). First only listen. Then listen and

First only listen. Then listen and repeat the list of words and the tongue twister. Pay special attention to the pronunciation of the letters th.

Earth

father

health

them

with

then

th • father • health • them • wi th • then Elizabeth’s bir th day

Elizabeth’s birthday is on the third Thursday of this month.

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

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25
REFLECTIONS YES NO Did I have problems to understand the exercises? Did I need the
REFLECTIONS YES NO Did I have problems to understand the exercises? Did I need the
REFLECTIONS
YES NO
Did I have problems
to understand the
exercises?
Did I need the teacher’s
assistance?
26
26
the exercises? Did I need the teacher’s assistance? 26 UNIT 1 10. Myths and legends are

UNIT 1

10. Myths and legends are two ways of explaining things. Read the definitions and identify what the pictures represent.

a. Which one is a legend and which one is a myth?

b. What is the text about yerba mate, a legend or a myth?

a.

What is the text about yerba mate , a legend or a myth? a. I. Legend:

I. Legend: an old story from the past that is presented as

One of the

part of history.

elements is a magic event that

Their

probably

true. generally

not

is

protagonists

human

fabulous

with

or

interact

characters.

fantastic

b.

fabulous with or interact characters. fantastic b. II. Myth: a traditional story about supernatural heroes

II. Myth: a traditional story about supernatural heroes that explains the origin of events or things in symbolic language. The protagonists are usually gods, superior to human beings.

11.

In pairs, complete the dialog between Yari and Tupa.protagonists are usually gods, superior to human beings. 11. a. Listen and check. b. Listen and

a. Listen and check.

b. Listen and repeat.

c. Role-play the dialog with your partner.

Tupa:

What’s

name?

Yari:

My

Tupa:

Why are you alone with your

?

Yari:

Because he didnt

12.

FL
FL

Continue the dialog with ideas from the text. Then, act it

out in front of your classmates.

MINIMINI -- TESTTEST

LISTENING

MINI MINI - - TEST TEST LISTENING 1. Listen to the text in Lesson 3 again

1. Listen to the text in Lesson 3 again and number these sentences in the order you hear them.

a. I want to be as big as possible.

b. A new star of pop music is visiting our country.

c. I didn’t sing before I went to Rock School.

3 pts
3
pts
c. I didn’t sing before I went to Rock School. 3 pts 2 . Listen again.

2. Listen again. Are these statements true (T) or false (F)?

2pts., 2 1 each
2pts.,
2 1 each

a. He didn’t have singing lessons when he was a boy.

b. His parents encouraged him to sing.

c. He doesn’t like animals.

d. He doesn’t like sports.

READING

 
1 pt
1
pt

3. Read the text in Lesson 4 again and choose the correct answer. What kind of text is it?

a.

A piece of news.

b. An extract from a book.

c. An advertisement.

4 pts
4
pts

4. Read the text in Lesson 4 again and answer the following questions.

a.

Where is the story from?

b. Who were the Guaraní?

c.

What did Tupa make grow?

d. What did Yari prepare?

LANGUAGE

 

5. Complete these sentences with your own ideas. Use the Past Continuous tense.

4 pts
4
pts

a. When the telephone rang, I

 

b. When my mother called, my father

c. We

when we met Aunt Shane.

 

d. The students

when the teacher arrived.

 
6 pts
6
pts

6. Complete this paragraph with used to and the verbs in brackets.

When I was I child, I

(cry) a lot and I

(eat) a lot. I

(go) everywhere with my parents. I (play) soccer.

(play) with my friends in the park. We

 
 

I also

(think) that life was very difficult.

 
 
0 - 5 Keep trying 6 - 10 Review! 11 - 15 Well done! 16
0 - 5
Keep trying
6 - 10
Review!
11 - 15
Well done!
16 - 20
Excellent!
total score 20 pts
total
score
20 pts

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

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CHILE’S NATIONAL DANCE

Lesson 5

CHILE’S NATIONAL DANCE L e s s o n 5 BEFORE LISTENING 1. What are the

BEFORE LISTENING

1. What are the elements of a country’s culture? Try this Culture Word Search puzzle and find seven of those elements.

R J G H Z A P D R F H D U P D
R
J
G
H
Z
A
P
D
R
F
H
D
U
P
D
T
L
M
U
F
E
S
T
I
V
A
L
S
X
T
M
W
R
H
O
C
J
G
L
A
N
G
U
A
G
E
O
I
E
O
D
M
U
S
I
C
P
Z
T
J
H
P
D
I
D
B
V
N
X
R
E
L
I
G
I
O
N
F
P
C
L
O
T
H
E
S
R
A
O
I
N
U
M
R
T
Z
X
M
U
O
T
E
V
R
O
B
V
I
W
M
H
J
U
Z
I
L
K
Q
Y
O
P
E
S
T
X
A

2. Match the name of these dances with the corresponding picture (a – e).

  • breakdance • flamenco • samba • maypole • tango
  • breakdance • flamenco • samba • maypole • tango
 

breakdance

flamenco

samba

maypole

tango

  • breakdance • flamenco • samba • maypole • tango
  • breakdance • flamenco • samba • maypole • tango
PICTIONARY circle flowered dress riding boots riding trousers
PICTIONARY
circle
flowered dress
riding boots
riding trousers
28
28
samba • maypole • tango PICTIONARY circle flowered dress riding boots riding trousers 28 UNIT 1

UNIT 1

a
a
b
b
c
c
d
d
e
e

3. Match the words in the box with their Spanish equivalents.

Match the words in the box with their Spanish equivalents. • apron • spurs • wear
• apron • spurs • wear a. espuelas - b.delantal - c. llevar puesto, usar
• apron
• spurs
• wear
a.
espuelas
-
b.delantal
-
c.
llevar puesto, usar ropa
-
I’m preparing a
presentation about the
national Chilean dance. Can
you help me? Which dance is
it? In your notebook, write
what you know about it.
4. Read what Kelly says and answer her question.
LISTENING
5. Listen to the recording and check if you were right about the
national Chilean dance.
6. Listen again and write the correct alternative.
a. The dance was declared official in
i. 1969
ii. 1979
iii. 1959

b.People usually dance it for

i. Christmas

ii. Easter

c. Movements consist of circles and

i. semicircles

ii. triangles

celebrations. iii. Independence Day

iii. rectangles

semicircles ii. triangles celebrations. iii. Independence Day iii. rectangles CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS 29

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29
American English: Pants British English: Trousers 7. Number the elements as they are mentioned in
American English: Pants British English: Trousers 7. Number the elements as they are mentioned in
American English: Pants British English: Trousers 7. Number the elements as they are mentioned in

American English:

Pants

British English:

Trousers

7.

Number the elements as they are mentioned in the recording.American English: Pants British English: Trousers 7. c f h g a b d e AFTER

c

f h
f
h

g

elements as they are mentioned in the recording. c f h g a b d e
elements as they are mentioned in the recording. c f h g a b d e

aelements as they are mentioned in the recording. c f h g b d e AFTER

elements as they are mentioned in the recording. c f h g a b d e

b

as they are mentioned in the recording. c f h g a b d e AFTER

d

as they are mentioned in the recording. c f h g a b d e AFTER
as they are mentioned in the recording. c f h g a b d e AFTER

e

as they are mentioned in the recording. c f h g a b d e AFTER

AFTER LISTENING

LANGUAGE FOCUS Adverbs of sequence 1. Number these events in the order they happened. a.
LANGUAGE
FOCUS
Adverbs of sequence
1. Number these events in the order they happened.
a. Kelly called Ignacio.
b. Ignacio talked about the clothes and instruments.
c. Ignacio mentioned the Chilean national dance.
d. Ignacio talked about the movements.
2. Replace the numbers in the sentences with an adverb from the box.
• After that
• Finally
• First
• Then
3. Complete this rule.
When we talk about actions or events that happen one after the other, we
can indicate the order with a particular type of adverbs or adverb phrases,
such as
,
,
, and
30
30
the other, we can indicate the order with a particular type of adverbs or adverb phrases,

UNIT 1

a. Is it important to know about the traditional music and dances of your country?
a. Is it important to know
about the traditional
music and dances of your
country?
b. What other traditional
Chilean dances do
you know?

8. Fill in the blanks in this paragraph about the cueca.

them their

,

the men invite the women to join them and offer , the couples walk around the

three meters

rhythm of the music and begin to dance.

the three meters rhythm of the music and begin to dance. First only listen and then

First only listen and then listen and repeat. Pay special attention to the vowels.

back

beginning

bird

symbol

, the couples stand facing each other about

the

couples clap their hands to the

9.

each other about the couples clap their hands to the 9. The batter with the butter

The batter with the butter is the batter that is better!

10. Answer Ignacio’s questions in your group.

11. Make a list of traditional Chilean dances and the region they are from.

of traditional Chilean dances and the region they are from. 12. Listen and repeat these questions.

12. Listen and repeat these questions.

a. What is the name of the dance?

b. Where is it from?

c. What clothes do people wear?

d. When do people dance it?

What clothes do people wear? d. When do people dance it? 13. Talk to your partner

13. Talk to your partner to compare the lists you made in Exercise 11 and exchange information. Use the questions in Exercise 12 as clues.

FL
FL

14. With the information you collected, write a short paragraph

about a dance you choose.

This dance is called

dance it

instruments that are used are

and it is from

They wear/don’t wear

that are used are and it is from They wear/don’t wear People The musical REFLECTIONS What
that are used are and it is from They wear/don’t wear People The musical REFLECTIONS What

People

The musical

are and it is from They wear/don’t wear People The musical REFLECTIONS What difficulties did I
are and it is from They wear/don’t wear People The musical REFLECTIONS What difficulties did I
REFLECTIONS What difficulties did I have to understand the text? What were the key words
REFLECTIONS
What difficulties did I have to
understand the text?
What were the key words I
used to get the general ideas?

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

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31

Hardrock,

Kelly Hardrock,

reporter

reporter

EPISODE EPISODE 1: 1:

THE THE COMPETITION COMPETITION

Kelly

T H E T H E C O M P E T I T I O
T H E T H E C O M P E T I T I O
school school UNIT 1
school
school
UNIT 1
32
32
CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS 33
CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS 33

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33
33

SYNTHESIS

SYNTHESIS

1. Work in pairs.

a. Choose a traditional Chilean celebration.

b. Find information about the activities, traditional food, music, and dances.

c. Design a brochure like the one in Lesson 2, including all the information you collected.

d. Find pictures or make drawings to decorate the brochure.

e. Read and show the brochure to your classmates.

f. Exchange brochures with the other groups.

2. Revise the contents of this unit; identify and evaluate the exercises that helped you learn.

Check the Learning Objectives for this unit on page 9. Use these symbols to reflect
Check the Learning Objectives for this
unit on page 9. Use these symbols to
reflect your performance.
Reading
Listening
Speaking
Writing
34
34
your performance. Reading Listening Speaking Writing 34 UNIT 1 TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING:

UNIT 1

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

Writing 34 UNIT 1 TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING: NATIONAL HOLIDAYS Countries around the

READING: NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Countries around the world have national holidays. They are, of course, on different days, but
Countries around the world have national holidays. They are, of course, on
different days, but the ways people celebrate are sometimes the same.
The United States have three holidays that are
the same in the rest of the
world: Easter Sunday, Christmas Day
and New Year’s Day. The national
holiday is on July 4th. There are many parades with bands. People cook
and eat food outside their houses and after that they have a night of
concerts and fireworks.
Americans also have another national holiday, Thanksgiving
Day, the fourth
Thursday in November. On this day, people usually eat some of the foods
that they served at the first feast: turkey, potatoes,
pumpkin, etc.
In France, the national holiday is on July 14th. There are big parades with
soldiers, and airplanes fly in the sky. People dance in the streets and many
events like concerts or operas are free on that day.
Mexican people celebrate their independence
on September 16th. School
children march in parades and there are bands and mariachi music
everywhere. People eat traditional food called chiles en nogada on this day.

1. Underline the correct alternative to finish the sentence.

1 pt
1
pt

The text is

 

a.

a letter to a friend.

b. a piece of news.

c.

an advertisement .

d. a description.

2. Read the text and find information to support or contradict these statements.

5 pts
5
pts

a. National holidays are on the same day in all countries.

b. In the United States, there are many parades and fireworks on the fourth Thursday in November.

c. Americans usually eat traditional food on Thanksgiving Day.

d. French people don’t have to pay for events on the 14th of July.

e. American, French and Mexican people celebrate their national holiday with parades.

3. Read the text again and match the words in bold with one of these pictures (a – d).

4 pts
4
pts
a
a
b
b
c
c
d
d

SELF-EVALUATIONSELF-EVALUATION

Answer the following questions and check your progress in this unit. Tick the box that is true for you.

LISTENING – A DRUMMING STAR

the box that is true for you. LISTENING – A DRUMMING STAR 4. Drumming wonder Mark

4. Drumming wonder Mark Lung, 12, is starting a Chilean tour with the Philharmonic Orchestra this week. Listen to the interview and identify the following information.

a. Nº of hours that he plays every day:

b. Person he admires:

c. Favorite composer:

d. Favorite place:

e. Dream for the future:

composer: d. Favorite place: e. Dream for the future: 5. Read these sentences and listen to

5. Read these sentences and listen to the recording. Underline the incorrect information in some of them.

a. It’s the first time Mark visits the country.

b. His father is a composer and a pianist.

c. He would like to play the drums on the moon.

LANGUAGE

6. Complete the following sentences with the correct frequency adverb.

a. In Chile, children in September. (90 %)

b. In Brazil, people with water. (100 %)

c. In the USA, children celebrations. (0%)

dance cueca at school

celebrate Carnival

miss Hallowe´en

7. Connect the beginning of sentences (a. and b.) with their endings (c. and d.).

a. People celebrate with parades

b. You can participate in this celebration in winter

c. or in the second version in summer.

d. and traditional music.

ORAL EXPRESSION

8. Choose a topic and tell your partner three bits of information about it.

5 pts
5
pts
reading Can I understand instructions? Do I understand the general meaning of texts? Can I
reading
Can I understand instructions?
Do I understand the general meaning
of texts?
Can I use my previous knowledge to
predict the content of a text?
3
pts
Can I identify specific information in
a text?
3
pts
listening Do I understand the teacher? Do I understand oral texts? Do I recognize different
listening
Do I understand the teacher?
Do I understand oral texts?
Do I recognize different people
speaking?
Can I recognize the sequence of
events in a text.
language Can I give examples? Can I use everyday English? 2 pts speaking / writing
language
Can I give examples?
Can I use everyday English?
2
pts
speaking / writing
Can I talk and write about
celebrations and traditions?
Can I role-play a situation with
my partner?
3
pts

a. Independence Day in Chile

b. Favorite kind of music / singer

c. Traditional dances in Chile

Great! Not too bad Help! total 0 - 6 Keep trying 7 - 13 Review!
Great!
Not too bad
Help!
total
0 - 6
Keep trying
7 - 13
Review!
14 - 21
Well done!
22 - 26
Excellent!
score
26 pts
project/group work Did I like to work in a group? Was the topic interesting? Did
project/group work
Did I like to work in a group?
Was the topic interesting?
Did I work more than my partners?
to work in a group? Was the topic interesting? Did I work more than my partners?

CULTURAL WELCOME, ELEMENTS FRIENDS

35
35
UNITUNIT 22
UNITUNIT 22
UNITUNIT 22 36 UNIT 2
UNITUNIT 22 36 UNIT 2
UNITUNIT 22 36 UNIT 2
UNITUNIT 22 36 UNIT 2
36
36
UNITUNIT 22 36 UNIT 2

UNIT 2

SELF SELF - - CARE CARE In this unit you will… listen and find specific

SELFSELF -- CARECARE

In this unit you will…

listen and find specific information in a radio program and in a dialog related to
listen and find specific information in a radio
program and in a dialog related to healthy habits
and self-care by:
express possibilities, obligations, and suggestions by
role-playing communicative situations about:
• healthy habits and self-care,
• using previous knowledge to predict content,
• addictions and teens’ problems.
• identifying intonation patterns,
• relating ideas with sentence connectors,
• discriminating between main and secondary ideas.
write short paragraphs related to addictions and
self-care:
read and identify main ideas and explicit information
in a questionnaire, in an article from a magazine, and
in a web page about healthy habits and self-care by:
• using words related to feelings and moods,
physical activities, and study habits,
• expressing advice and suggestions,
• reporting the results of a survey.
• using key words to identify text organization,
• recognizing type of text from visual clues,
• relating cause and effect,
• identifying logical order of ideas.

GETTING READY

1. Look at the pictures. Which of the people can be considered active? Why?

2. Think about yourself. Do you consider yourself active?

3. In your group, ask and answer Question 2 and find out if you are active teens.

PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT 1. Write C for countable and U for uncountable next to

PREPARATION FOR THE UNIT

1. Write C for countable and U for uncountable next to each word.

booksC for countable and U for uncountable next to each word. sugar chairs bread time milk

sugar chairs bread
sugar
chairs
bread

time

milk meat
milk
meat
pencils butter
pencils
butter

friends

friends flour apples

flour

friends flour apples

apples

friends flour apples

oil

oil cars salt