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# how to find decibles I = sound intensity w/m2 I = w / (4pi * d^2) SIL = 10LOG[ I / 10^-12 ]

enter watts (w) eneter distance (d) i = 4000 / (4pi * 50^2) Find DB from set distance SIL - Sound intensity level - Measured in DB SIL=10LOG((W/(4pi*d^2))/10^-12)

I v R P I P R V P I

= = = = = = = = = =

Current(amperes) Voltage(Volts) Resistamce(ohms) Power(Watts) v/r V^2/r V^2/P SQRT(P * R) - (same as) - V^2 = P*R I^2*R SQRT(P/R) - (same as) = I^2 = P/R

resistance of what you connect to the amo is the load When you hook up more than one sub you either hook it up in a series connection or parallel connection. Parrellel is not bridged, and each sub has its own channel. Series connecion: Connect one + to one amp channel then connect that to one + terminal on the sub. (This will be speaker A), Then connect the - terminal of speaker A to the + term inal of speaker B. Then connect the - terminal of b to the - terminal of the amp . Here how to find the load you end up with: For Parallel: 1/Rt=1/Ra+1/Rb where Rt is total resistance(the load) and Ra and Rb are the resisrances of two speakers. If the subs are 4 ohm 1/Rt= 1/4+1/4 = 1/2

Rt = 2ohms Another Parallel: 1 / Rt = 1 / 4 + 1 / 4 + 1 / 4 = 3 / 4 Rt = 4 /3 = 1.33 ohms The more speakers added the more the resistance drops. A series: Rt = Ra+Rb so 2 4 ohm speakers would be an 8 0hm load.

For Parrallel Runs: we know i=v/r so a 4 ohm speaker 25 watts(10 volts) 10/4=2.5 amps so when the amp is at max power (25 watts) into a 4 ohm load, the load will draw 2.5 amps. Make it two 4 ohm speakers (which makes it a 2 ohm load) P=V^2/R P=10^2/2 P=50watts We made the 30 watt speaker into 50 watts by changing the ohms. But that also ch anged the Amps I=V/R so 10/2 = 5 amps We kept the same 10 volts but the current doubled from 2.5 to 5 amps. You must m ake sure your amp can dispate the extra heat. One way to check would be check you amps 2 ohm power ratings as compared to the 4 ohm rating. If the amperege is doubled its ok, it might also say 2 ohm stable.

For Series Runs: Two 4 ohm speakers with a series connection gives us an 8 ohm load. We will use our 25 watt(10 volt) amp again: P=V^2/R P=10^2/8=12.5 watts Its half our original ohms I = V/R I=10/8=1.25 Our current is also half its original value. Series connections arent often used

because the reduce power, but its easier for you amp to drive because there's l ess current. Bridged Connection: This process takes 2 amp channels and combines them to act as a single more powe rful amp channel. How to do this to an amp and wire everything varies but this will explain the effects of it: Typically when you bridge an amp, its Voltage doubles. So from our example our 4 ohm 25watt(10 volt) amp is now a 20 volt amp. This is how it effect the power: P p p p = = = = v^2/R 20^2/4 400/4 100 watts

We got 4 times the original power. Only problem is the amps: I = V/R I = 20/4 I = 5 We're down to 5 amps. This is okay if we can disiapate the heat. The amps worked just the same as the parallel run, except we got twice the power. For other reasons the power usually does not usually quadruple when you bridge a n amp but will typically at least double. Connecting a 2 ohm load to a bridged amp raises the current requirement even more. However, if your amp can handle i t then you will be squeezing a lot of power out of the amp.