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Set No.1

I B.Tech. Regular Examinations, June -2005 ENGINEERING MECHANICS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material Technology, Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Calculate the tension T in the guy wire CD and the compression S in each strut of the shear-leg derrick shown in Figure1. if the vertical load P = 100 kN.

Figure 1: 2. (a) Explain the types of friction with examples. (b) Two equal bodies A and B of weight W each are placed on a rough inclined plane. The bodies are connected by a light string. If A = 1/2 and B = 1/3, show that the bodies will be both on the point of motion when the plane is inclined at tan1 (5/12) 3. (a) Distinguish between cone pulley and loose & fast pulley drive. (b) A shaft rotating at 200 r.p.m drives another shaft at 300 r.p.m and transmits 6KW through a belt, the belt is 100mm wide and 10mm thick. The distance between the shafts is 4000mm the smaller pulley is 500mm in diameter calculate the stress in, i. Open - belt and ii. Crossed belt. Take = 0.3. Neglect centrifugal tension. 4. (a) Find the centroid of the plain lamina shown Figure 2 (b) Find the moment of inertia about the horizontal centroidal axis and about the base A B {As shown in the Figure 3} 5. Determine the mass moment of inertia of a thin equilateral triangular plate of mass m and thickness t about the axis perpendicular to the plane of the plate 1 of 4

Set No.1

Figure 2:

Figure 3:

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Set No.1

and passing through the mass center. Base width= b and height of vertex above base= h. Density of material is w. 6. A ladder AB of 3m length remains in contact with the vertical wall and horizontal oor and the angle of inclination of the ladder with horizontal is 600 . The ladder moves such that its ends remain in contact with the vertical wall at B and horizontal oor at A. If the end A moves with a linear velocity of 0.1m/s, nd the velocity of its upper end B. If the linear acceleration of the end A is 0.05m/s2 , nd the acceleration of the end B and the resultant acceleration of the ladder AB. 7. (a) A homogeneous sphere of radius of a=100mm and weight W=100N can rotate freely about a diameter. If it starts from rest and gains, with constant angular acceleration, an angular speed n=180rpm, in 12 revolutions, nd the acting moment. . (b) A block starts from rest fromA . If the coecient of friction between all surfaces of contact is 0.3, nd the distance at which the block stop on the horizontal plane. Assume the magnitude of velocity at the end of slope is same as that at the beginning of the horizontal plane. {As shown in the Figure 4}

Figure 4: 8. A vertical shaft 100mm in diameter and 1m in length has its end xed to the ceiling. At the other end, it carries a disc of mass 500kg having a radius of gyration of 450mm. The modulus of rigidity for the material of shaft is 80Gpa. Determine the frequency of torsional vibrations.

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Set No.2

I B.Tech. Regular Examinations, June -2005 ENGINEERING MECHANICS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material Technology, Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) A Prismatic bar AB of weight W is resting against a smooth vertical wall at A and is supported on a small roller at the point D. If a vertical force F is applied at the end B, Find the position of equilibrium as dened by the angle. {As shown in the Figure5}.

Figure 5: (b) Two rollers of weights P and Q are connected by a exible string DE and rest on two mutually perpendicular planes AB and BC, as shown in gure6. Find the tension T in the string and the that it makes with the horizontal when the system is in equilibrium. The following numerical data are given. P= 270N, Q = 450N, = 300 . Assume that the string is inextensible and passes freely through slots in the smooth inclined planes AB and BC. 2. (a) Two boxes are placed on an inclined in contact with each other and released from rest. The coecients of static friction are 0.40 and 0.30 under boxes A and B, respectively. Describe what happens. {As shown in the Figure7} (b) Determine the force P required to move the uniform 50 kg plank from its rest position shown if the coecient of static friction at both contact locations is 0.50. {As shown in the Figure8} 1 of 4

Set No.2

Figure 6:

Figure 7:

Figure 8:

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Set No.2

3. (a) Derive an expression for length of an open belt in standard form. (b) A belt is running over a pulley of diameter 1200 mm at 200 r.p.m. The angle of contact is 1650 and coecient of friction between the belt and pulley is 0.3 If the maximum tension in the belt is 3000N, nd the power transmitted by the belt. 4. (a) Find the centroid of the Z section shown Figure9.

Figure 9: (b) Find the moment of inertia about the horizontal centroidal axis. {As shown in the Figure10}

Figure 10: 5. A square prism of cross section 200mm 200mm and height 400mm stands vertically and centrally over a cylinder of diameter 300mm and height 500mm. Calculate the mass moment of inertia of the composite solids about the vertical axis of symmetry if the mass density of the material is 2000kg/m3 . 6. (a) An airplane is ying horizontally with a velocity of 450 km/hr at an altitude of 1960 m towards a target on the ground which is to be bombed. Estimate where the bomb must be released in order to hit the target and the time of 3 of 4

Set No.2

travel of the bomb. What is the velocity with which the bomb will hit the target?. Also nd the angle made by the line of sight of the pilot when the bomb is released. (b) The acceleration of a particle is dened by the relation a =kt-4. Knowing that v=4m/s when t=2sec and v= 1m/s when t=1 sec, determine the constant k. Write the equations of motion when x=0 at t=3secs. 7. (a) A body weighing 20N is projected up a 200 inclined plane with a velocity of 12m/s, coecient of friction is 0.15. Find i. The maximum distance S, that the body will move up the inclined plane ii. Velocity of the body when it returns to it original position. (b) Find the acceleration of the moving loads as shown in gure11. Take mass of P=120kg and that of Q=80Kg and coecient of friction between surfaces of contact is 0.3 .Also nd the tension in the connecting string.

Figure 11: 8. A pendulum having a time period of 1sec. is installed in a lift. Determine its time period when (a) the lift is moving upwards with an acceleration of g/10 (b) the lift is moving downwards with an acceleration of g/20.

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Set No.3

I B.Tech. Regular Examinations, June -2005 ENGINEERING MECHANICS ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material Technology, Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) A ladder supported at A and B, as shown in gure12, a vertical load W can have any position as dened by the distance a from the bottom. Neglecting friction, determine the magnitude of the reaction Rb at B. Neglect the weight of the ladder.

Figure 12: (b) A rigid bar AB is supported in a vertical plane and carries a load Q at its free end as shown in gure13. Neglecting the weight of the bar itself, compute the magnitude of the tensile force S induced in the horizontal string CD.

Figure 13: 2. (a) Two blocks, connected by a horizontal link AB are supported on two rough planes as shown in Figure14. The coecient for friction of block A on the horizontal plane is = 0.4. The angle of friction for block B on the inclined plane is = 150 . What is the smallest weight W of block A for which equilibrium of the system can exist? 1 of 4

Set No.3

Figure 14: (b) Two blocks of weight W1 and W2 rest on a rough inclined plane and are connected by a short piece of string as shown in Figure15. If the coecients of friction are 1 = 0.2 and 2 = 0.3, respectively, nd the angle of inclination of the plane for which sliding will impend. Assume W1 = W2 = 5 N.

Figure 15: 3. (a) Deduce an expression for centrifugal tension of belt drive. (b) The maximum allowed tension in a belt is 1500N. The angle of lap is 1700 and coecient of friction between the belt and material of the pulley is 0.27. Neglecting the eect of centrifugal tension, calculate the net driving tension and power transmitted if the belt speed is 2m/s. 4. (a) Find the centroid of the plain lamina shown Figure16 (b) Find the moment of inertia about the horizontal centroidal axis and about the base A B {As shown in the Figure17} 5. (a) Dene mass moment of inertia and explain Transfer formula for mass moments of inertia (b) Derive the expression for the moment of inertia of a homogeneous sphere of radius r and mass density w with reference to its diameter. 6. (a) A body moves along a straight line and its acceleration a which varies with time t is given by a =2-3t. Five seconds after the start of observation, the velocity is 20m/s. The distance moved by the body 10sec after the start of observation of motion from origin is 85m Determine

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Set No.3

Figure 16:

Figure 17:

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Set No.3

i. the acceleration, velocity and distance from the origin at the start of observation. ii. the time after the start of observation at which the velocity becomes zero and the distance travelled from the origin. (b) A car is uniformly accelerated and passes sucessive kilometre-stones with velocities of 20km/hour and 30km/hour respectively. Calculate its velocity when it passes the next kilometre stone and the time taken for each of these two intervals of one kilometre. 7. (a) A homogeneous sphere of radius of a=100mm and weight W=100N can rotate freely about a diameter. If it starts from rest and gains, with constant angular acceleration, an angular speed n=180rpm, in 12 revolutions, nd the acting moment. . (b) A block starts from rest fromA . If the coecient of friction between all surfaces of contact is 0.3, nd the distance at which the block stop on the horizontal plane. Assume the magnitude of velocity at the end of slope is same as that at the beginning of the horizontal plane. {As shown in the Figure 18}

Figure 18: 8. A homogeneous rectangular plate is free to rotate with respect to a xed axis AB coinciding with one of its edges, along the side of length b=1.25m and inclined to the vertical by an angle = 200 . Determine the period of small rotational oscillations if the length of the other side a=0.90m.

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Set No.4

1. (a) Three identical cylinders, each weighing W, are stacked as shown in gure19, on smooth inclined surfaces, each inclined at an angle with the horizontal. Determine the smallest angle to prevent stack from collapsing.

Figure 19: (b) The boom of a crane is shown in gure20, if the weight of the boom is negligible compared with the load W = 60 kN, nd the compression in the boom and also the limiting value of the tension T when the boom approaches the vertical position. 2. (a) Dene the following i. ii. iii. iv. Friction Angle of friction Limiting friction Cone of friction

(b) A ladder 5m long and of 250N weight is placed against a vertical wall in a position where its inclination to the vertical is 300 . A man weighing 800N climbs the ladder. At what position will he induce slipping? The co-ecient of friction for both the contact surfaces of the ladder viz. with the wall and the oor is 0.2 3. (a) Derive an expression for ratio of tensions of a belt in standard form 1 of 4

Set No.4

Figure 20: (b) The centre of two pulleys of diameter 120mm and 420mm are 300mm apart. They are connected by an open belt. If the coecient of friction for the larger pulley be 0.28, what would be its value for the smaller pulleys simultaneously? 4. (a) From rst principles deduce an expression to determine the centroid of a triangle of base b and height h (b) Determine the centroidal co-ordinates of the shaded area as shown in gure21.

Figure 21: 5. Determine the mass moment of Inertia of the cast iron ywheel as shown in (gure22). (cross section) with respect to the axis of rotation. The ywheel has six elliptical spokes 30 40 mm in cross section. Cast iron weighs 7200 kg/m3 . 6. (a) A stone is thrown from the top of a building upward at an angle of 400 with the horizontal with an initial speed of 30m/s. The height of the building above ground level is 30m. Determine i. The horizontal distance from the point of projection to the point where the stone strikes the ground. 2 of 4

Set No.4

Figure 22: ii. The greatest height reached by the stone above the ground level. iii. The velocity with which the stone strikes the ground iv. Time of ight. (b) A ywheel which is at rest attains a constant speed of 300 rpm after accelerating uniformly for 10 seconds. Determine the number of revolutions made by the ywheel during the period. 7. (a) A homogeneous sphere of radius of a=100mm and weight W=100N can rotate freely about a diameter. If it starts from rest and gains, with constant angular acceleration, an angular speed n=180rpm, in 12 revolutions, nd the acting moment. . (b) A block starts from rest fromA . If the coecient of friction between all surfaces of contact is 0.3, nd the distance at which the block stop on the horizontal plane. Assume the magnitude of velocity at the end of slope is same as that at the beginning of the horizontal plane. {As shown in the Figure23}

Figure 23:

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Set No.4

8. A weight of 10N attached to a spring oscillates at a frequency of 60 oscillations per minute. If the maximum amplitude is 30mm, nd the tension induced in the spring. Also nd the spring constant and the maximum velocity in the spring.

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