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PROYECTO : CONSTRUCCION DE MUROS DE CONTENCION

T1.

Hp =
FSD =
FSV =

4.00 m
1.50
1.75

(gs) =
() =

0.3

1.80 T/m3

(s t) =
f`c =
fy
=
recub. pantalla=
recub. cimentacin=
c =

2.00
175.00
4200.00
4.00
7.50
2.40

Kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
cm
cm
T/m3

Hp

T2

Para concreto vaciado in situ :

Coeficiente Friccion : f = tg =
0.685
debe ser < = 0.6, por lo tanto asumimos :
f =
0.6

Hz

B2.

B1

^
Ka = tg^2 (45-/2)=

0.278

Ka x gs =

0.500

Asumimos T1 =

0.3

Ton/m3
m

1. DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA PANTALLA
Mu = 1.7 M = 1.7 (Ka ss) Hp^3/6
Mu = 0.9 x b x d`2 x fc x w x (1-0.59w)
w = ro x fy/fc =

9.073
siendo d =

Ton x m
Mu
0.9 * b * fc* w *(1-0.59w)

(a)

0.096

Remplazando valores en (a), se obtiene :

Refuerzo flexion Dvarilla =
T2 = d + recub+(Dvarilla/2) =
d (de diseo) =

d =

30.02

45.21

5/8 "
cm

25.22

USAR T2 =

cm

0.5

cm

2. VERIFICACION POR CORTE

Vdu = 1.7 Vd = 1.7 x 0.5 x (Ka x

ss) x (hp-d)^2 =

5.35

Ton

Vu / =

6.30

Vc = 0.53 x ( fc ^.5 ) x b x d =

31.70

Ton

Si As se traslapa en la base : Vce = 2/3 Vc =

21.13

Ton

>

Vu /() =

6.30

OK

3. DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA
Hz = T2 + 5 cm =
Po lo tanto : H = Hp + Hz =

55.00

cm

4.55

3.1.- CALCULO DE B1
-

B1 / H

> =
B1 =

USAR B1 =

FSD . (Ka . gs) / (2 . gm . f)

1.42

+ (T2-T1)/2 =

1.15

=
1.52

0.313

B1 > =

1.42

0.107

B2 > =

0.49

3.2.- CALCULO DE B2
-

B2 / H

>

f x FSV)/(3 x FSD) - B1/(2H)

Valor minimo de B2 =
USAR B2 =

Hz
1.25

=
0.55

PROYECTO : CONSTRUCCION DE MUROS DE CONTENCION

P5
T1.

DATOS

Hp =
Hz =
B1 =
B2 =
T1 =
T2 =
B3
B
P5

4.00
0.55
1.15
1.25
0.3
0.5
0.65
2.40
20 tn

P4

Hp
P2

Ha = 1/2 Ka * Y *h^2
P3
H3

P
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
TOTAL

PESOS (Ton) Brazo Giro(m)

3.17
1.2
2.88
1.6
0.96
1.38
4.68
2.075
5
1.6
16.69
P

Ka = tg^2 (45-/2)=

0.278

5.179

Ma =

7.855

P*X
3.802
4.608
1.328
9.711
8.000
27.449
Mr

B3
Hz

P1

B2.

B1

Ma = Ha * H / 3

H = Hz + Hp

Tn - m

VERIFICACION AL DESLIZAMIENTO Y AL VOLTEO

FSD = Hr/Ha = f * P/ Ha

FSV = Mr/Ma =

1.933

>

1.50

OK

3.494

>

1.75

OK

VERIFICACION DE PRESIONES SOBRE EL TERRENO

Xo

= (Mr-Ma) / P

1.174

e = B/2-Xo =

0.026

B/6=

0.40
e=

0.026

< B/6 =

q1 = P / B (1+ 6 * e /B) =

7.40

Tn/m2

q2 = P / B (1- 6 * e /B) =

6.50

Tn/m2

q mayor =

7.40

Resist. Terreno

0.75 Kg/cm2

0.40 m

<st

7.50

Tn /m2

OK

PROYECTO : CONSTRUCCION DE MUROS DE CONTENCION

DISEO POR FLEXIN DE LA PANTALLA :
En la Base :
Mu = 1.7 M = 1.7 (Ka ss) Hp^3/6

As = Mu / ( 0.9 x f`y * (d - a/2) =

Asumiendo a

4.50

9.07

Ton-m

5.59

cm2

1.58

cm OK

cm

a = As x fy / ( .85 x fc x b ) =

Refuerzo Vertical
Mu =
B1 =
T2 =
d1 =
fy =
fc =
d2 =
Hp =
T1 =
Hz =
B=
q1 =
q2 =

9.07
1.15
0.5
45.21
4200
175
30
4.00
0.30
0.55
2.40
7.40
6.50

Ton x m
m
cm
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
cm

Verificamos el As min :
en T1 (Base) :

Escogemos fierro de :

Asmin = 0.0018* b *d =
Asmin = 0.0018* b *d =
Acero
asumido
5/8 ''

8.14
5.40

cm2/m
cm2/m

Separacin
Asumida
@ 24.58 cm
@ 35.00 cm

2.00 cm

Como la pantalla es de seccin variable, el momento resistente tambin vara linealmente.

se puede trazar lneas de resistencia para determinar los puntos de corte : Mmax/2
Mmax / 2 =

Mu / 2 =

4.54

Ton - m

0.142

( 4 - Hc )^3

Hc =

Hp - [ Mu/2 /0.17]^ 1/3 =

d (de diseo) =

Lc = 0.8256 + 0.4521 =
S1 =
S2 =
Lc =

0.8256
0.4521

m
m

1.280 m

0.35 m
0.18 m
1.28 m

3 de 8

PANTALLA
0.35 m

S1

1.280 =

0.175 m

Refuerzo
Horizontal
Lc
Ast = rt x b x t

1)
2)

rt =
rt =

0.0020

, si

0.0025

, si

f
f

< = 5/8" y fy > = 4200 kg / cm2

> 5/8" o fy < 4200 kg / cm2

Si T2 > = 25 cm : usar refuerzo horizontal en 2 capas.

1 ) Arriba:

T1 =

30.00 cm =

0.002 x 100 x 30 =

S2

6.00
Acero
asumido

2/3 Ast =

4.00 cm2

usar

1/3 Ast =

2.00 cm2

usar

2 ) Intermedio

Ti =

40.00 cm =

f=
f=

0.002 x 100 x 40 =

5.33 cm2

usar

1/3 Ast =

2.67 cm2

usar

3 ) Abajo

T2 =

50.00 cm =

f=
f=

0.002 x 100 x 50 =

@ 32.25 cm

@ 35 cm

1/2 ''

@ 64.50 cm

@ 45 cm

8.00

6.67 cm2

usar

1/3 Ast =

3.33 cm2

usar

f=
f=

cm2/m
Separacin
Asumida

1/2 ''

@ 24.19 cm

@ 25 cm

1/2 ''

@ 48.38 cm

@ 45 cm

10.00
Acero
asumido

2/3 Ast =

Separacin
Asumida

1/2 ''

Acero
asumido
2/3 Ast =

cm2/cm

cm2/m
Separacin
Asumida

1/2 ''

@ 19.35 cm

@ 20 cm

1/2 ''

@ 38.70 cm

@ 45 cm

Refuerzo de Montaje
Espaciamiento usar s = 36 x f
:

@ 1.27 cm

Acero
asumido
1/2 ''

Separacin
Asumida
@ 45.72 cm
@ 45 cm

4 de 8

DISEO DE LA ZAPATA
Ws = gs x Hp =
Wpp = Hz x 1.0 x wc =
q1 =
B2 =

7.20
1.32
7.40
1.25

Ton/m
Ton/m
Tn/m2
m

Z.A.

Z.P
Ws

B2.

A) Zapata Anterior

Wpp

Wu max = 1.7 x q1 - 0.9 x Wpp =

11.40

Tn/m
qd

Mu = Wumax * ( B2 )2 / 2 =

8.905

To-m

As min =

8.14

cm2

5.79

cm2

46.9

cm

q1.

q2.
d
qd

0.0018 x b x d =

As = Mu / ( 0.9 x f`y x 0.9 x d ) =

d = Hz - ( recub + ( D varilla / 2 ) ) =
Acero
asumido
1/2 ''

Rige

Separacin
Asumida
@ 15.85 cm
@ 20 cm

1.29 cm

Acero Transversal
Espaciamiento S = A . b / As
S=
15.85 cm
Valor de S asumido :

S max = 45 cm

20.00 cm

1/2 ''

@ 20.00 cm

Lab = 0.06 Ab . fy / f'c =

Ld = 1.4 Lab =

24.57
34.40

Ld asumido =

35.00

cm

B) Zapata Posterior
qB = ( q1-q2 ) x (B1-T2 ) / (B1+B2) =

0.24

Tn/m

qB = q2 + qB =

6.75

Tn/m

Wu = 1.4 x ( Ws + Wpp ) =

11.93

Tn/m

Mu = ( Wu -1.4 x q2) x ( B1 - T2 )^2 / 2 - 1.4 x qB x ( B1 - T2 )^2 / 6 =

As = Mu / ( 0.9 x f`y x0.9 x d ) =
As min =

d=

0.0018 x b x d =

8.44
Acero
asumido
1/2 ''

cm2

-0.07

Tn-m

46.9

cm

Rige

Separacin
Asumida
@ 15.29 cm
@ 20 cm

1.29 cm

Acero Transversal
Espaciamiento S = A . b / As
S=
15.29 cm
Valor de S asumido :

S max = 45 cm

20.00 cm

1/2 ''

@ 20.00 cm

Lab = 0.06 Ab . fy / f'c =

Ld = 1.4 Lab =
Ld asumido =

24.57
34.40
35.00

cm

5 de 8

DISTRIBUCION DE ACERO

Acero principal :
5/8 ''

35.00 cm

Lc =

1.280 m

Ld =

35.00 cm

Acero de motaje :
1/2 ''

Lab = 0.06 Ab . fy / f'c =

Ld = 1.4 Lab =
Ld asumido =

1/2'' @

45.00 cm

38.10
53.34
35.00

cm

35.00 cm

1/2'' @

45.00 cm

Ld
1/2'' @

25.00 cm

1/2'' @

45.00 cm

1/2'' @

20.00 cm

1/2'' @

45.00 cm

Ld

Acero de principal =
Acero de reparticin =
La =
Ld =

1/2 ''
1/2 ''
15 cm
35 cm

Ld

@ 20 cm
@ 20 cm

Acero de principal =
Acero de reparticin =
La =
Ld =

1/2 ''
1/2 ''
15 cm
35 cm

@ 20 cm
@ 20 cm

6 de 8

2 1/4 ''
1 3/4 ''
1 3/8 ''
1 1/4 ''
1 1/8 ''
1
''
7/8 ''
3/4 ''
5/8 ''
1/2 ''
3/8 ''

18
14
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
2

Area ( cm2 ) Peso ( Kg/m ) Dimetro ( pulg. )

25.810
14.520
10.060
8.190
6.450
5.100
3.870
2.840
2.000
1.290
0.710

20.238
11.348
7.906
6.403
5.060
3.973
3.042
2.235
1.552
0.994
0.560

2.257
1.693
1.410
1.270
1.128
1.000
0.875
0.750
0.655
0.500
0.375

Dimetro ( cm )
5.733
4.300
3.581
3.226
2.865
2.540
2.222
1.905
1.588
1.270
0.952

Gancho de anclaje ( cm )
68.80
51.60
42.97
38.71
34.38
30.48
26.66
22.86
19.06
15.24
11.42