JAPAN

Save the Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Two Year On:

Greetings from Hironobu Shibuya, CEO

March 2013 marks the Two Year On point in the Emergency and Recovery program being implemented by Save the Children Japan. I wanted to take this opportunity to share with all of you a report of the progress made by Save the Children in the recovery effort. Although there is still much to accomplish in our five-year strategy, children and their families have come a long way since the days immediately following the disaster. We are amazed by the contributions children in Japan have made in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), including making their voices heard in their communities and at the highest levels of government; as well as traveling to Indonesia to participate in the 5th Asian Ministerial Conference on DRR. We are reminded that the resiliency of children and their caregivers who have adapted to difficult changes in their lives, and are now focused on what can be accomplished rather than what was lost, demonstrates the best of the human spirit in overcoming adversity. We celebrate the growth of our local NPO partners, who are not only meeting the needs of children, but have benefited from capacitybuilding that is strengthening the civil society sector in Japan. In Fukushima, we have completed an assessment that is informing our recovery efforts and our longer term commitment to children who continue to see uncertainty in their communities, and in their lives. The great progress achieved in the recovery effort reflects the support so many partners and donors have provided, and on behalf of the children and families of Tohoku, we offer our heartfelt thanks. I am especially proud of the work and growth of our staff, who demonstrate their commitment to the core values and guiding principles of Save the Children by working so hard every day to help ensure children are safe and their rights protected.
Photo: Save the Children, Japan

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JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Update on Program Activities

Community Grants Initiative
Through local NPO capacity-building and the provision of small to medium-sized grants to NPOs who are implementing child-focused activities, Save the Children is strengthening local organizations and civil society in the three program areas of our strategic recovery plan: Education, Child Participation and Child Protection. The Community Grants Initiative has three grant schemes: Kodomo Hagukumi Fund for child protection, education and promotion of child participation; Fukushima Susumu Fund for specific NPOs to support children living in Fukushima and evacuated sites; and Achieve Your Dream Project for sports and cultural activities. SC Japan has provided 345 subgrants through the Community Grants Initiative as of November 2012. This grant-making approach allows local community organizations and associations to propose projects based on urgent unmet needs. On October 28-29, 2012 in Sendai, a forum was held for all grantees to share and learn from each other’s experiences, provide capacity-building training, and to better inform these organizations about Save the Children, Child Rights and Child Safeguarding. Ninety-five percent of participants said the forum was very useful and that they looked forward to learning more. The Community Grants Initiative helps to ensure that the next time a disaster occurs, local communities and organizations are better prepared to quickly assess the most urgent needs and begin responding to support children’s recovery and well-being.

Students of Iwaki Kaisei High School, supported by an SC Japan grant, perform the traditional local dance called “Jangara” to celebrate a national holiday at Onahama Port in Iwaki, Fukushima Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

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JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Creating Child-Friendly Communities / Child Participation
Save the Children recognizes the importance of involving children as active agents of change in the recovery and rebuilding processes in their communities after a disaster. Our Child Participation program is working to create an environment in the affected areas where children’s voices can be heard, and where they can participate in the recovery plans and future policies that affect their lives. Activities include the “Hear Our Voice” surveys in which Save the Children collects children’s thoughts on participating in the recovery process for their communities (over 11,000 participants in 2011, and 14,600 participants in 2012). The Children’s Community-Building Clubs, where children meet regularly to develop their plans to rebuild their towns, also began the Real Time Video project; taking photos and videos of the activities of the clubs and sharing them in real time. The outputs of this project will serve as a monitoring tool; as a resource to share with key stakeholders; and be effective documentation of child participation. There have now been three Tohoku Children’s Community-Building Summits since the disaster – one on November 20, 2011 in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, the next on May 5, 2012 in Tokyo and finally, on December 2, 2012 in Hanamaki, Iwate Prefecture. These events were an opportunity for children from affected and non-affected areas to share their ideas on reconstruction with government and ministry officials, town planners, civil officials and with one another. Members of the Children’s Community-Building Clubs also took part in two major international conferences in 2012: the World Ministerial Conference on Disaster Reduction in Tohoku on July 3, 2012 in Sendai, Japan, and the 5th Asian Ministerial Conference of Disaster Risk Reduction on October 22-25, 2012 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. During both conferences, children met with Ms. Margareta Wahlstrom, Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) of the United Nations for DRR, who was so impressed by their activities that she put their child participation proposal on the UN website so that children from all over the world could begin to exchange their opinions on DRR.

Yunoka, 16, from Ishinomaki, enthusiastically participates in a workshop at the 5th Asian Ministerial Conference on DRR in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

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JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Education
Soon after the disaster, Save the Children provided immediate support through the provision of needed school materials such as back-to-school kits or school lunches where those services were not yet re-established. In our efforts to create a sense of normalcy for students we continue to collaborate with Boards of Education to meet pressing needs, but are providing decreasing levels of school lunches and school equipment for classrooms and playgrounds, and specialized equipment for vocational schools. In the second year of our recovery response, the Education program’s efforts began to shift towards soft components, such as our pilot Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) program activity, and on unmet needs for new beneficiaries such as DRR equipment at special needs schools. The provision of transportation for children will continue so that they can take part in extracurricular activities at other venues, a critical need due to damaged school infrastructure or where temporary housing compounds have been built on school grounds. Scholarships will continue at specialized agricultural and fishery high schools for students whose families’ income was affected by the disaster, supporting these students’ right to a quality education.

Child Protection
Save the Children continues to provide critical support for the psychosocial well-being and recovery of children and their families by establishing safe play areas for children (Play Zones), and through supporting afterschool programs (Gakudos) and other child care service programs. Child protection activities include construction of new and temporary child care centers, rehabilitation of parks, provision of needed toys and furniture to child care centers, child-friendly activities implemented directly or through partners, and research to identify how SC Japan can strengthen and raise awareness of the existing child protection referral mechanism. Program efforts in afterschool activities focused increasingly on the training of Gakudo staff which has become more established through improved local and national relationships with Prefecture and Gakudo Association officials. Training topics include addressing psychosocial stress, children’s resiliency, emotional and constructive support for affected children and families, and how to care for children with special needs. The recently implemented Active Play pilot project is an opportunity for children and caregivers at temporary housing areas to participate in activities that promote positive child development, and presents an opportunity for parents and caregivers to build local peer networks.

Daisuke (far left), 18, a student of Ishinomaki Kita High School enjoys harvesting rice that he has been cultivating since the spring in Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

Save the Children Technical Specialist Miyuki Akasaka plays a card game with elementary students in a Gakudo to learn disaster risk reduction skills in Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

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JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Fukushima
Having to deal with issues such as radiation exposure and internal displacement on a daily basis, children in Fukushima are placed in a unique situation in Japan where they are encountering long-term, multifaceted challenges. Since the disaster, Save the Children has implemented a series of activities such as one-day excursion trips and events inside and outside of Fukushima, so children could play freely outdoors without the worries of radiation, and also to appreciate the natural beauty of their home prefecture. In view of the prolonged and complex situation that surrounds the children in Fukushima, SC Japan made a strategic decision in May 2012 to conduct an assessment to examine the impact the complex disaster has had on the children and to design a more holistic program to address their unique needs. As a result of this assessment, SC Japan will be working more robustly in Fukushima Prefecture from this year, starting with support for child care centers such as Gakudos. In addition, we’ll continue activities that we’ve implemented in other prefectures that also apply to Fukushima, such as the provision of school equipment, access to extracurricular activities, and capacity-building and grants to local non-profit organizations.

Hikari, 4, is excited to play dodge ball for her first time during an SC Japan child and parent indoor play program in Koriyama, Fukushima Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

Beneficiary Numbers
(Net numbers from January 2012 through January 2013)

Education

Children Adults

55,707 4,639 13,651 6,215 7,022 5,612 14,809 5,627

Child Protection

Children Adults

Community Grants Initiative

Children Adults

Creating Child-Friendly Communities

Children Adults

Children

Total

Adults

75,460 21,933

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JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Disaster Risk Reduction
Disaster Risk Reduction is evident in all of our programming as a cross-cutting initiative to ensure that affected communities are better equipped for emergencies in the future in a sustainable and effective way. Save the Children provides DRR equipment such as emergency kits, automated external defibrillators (AEDs) (including training), and disaster prevention hoods to schools, including specialized disaster helmets at special needs schools. In our afterschool Children’s Community-Buildings Clubs, children discussed how to use DRR knowledge in their reconstruction plans for their communities. Our ongoing DRR programming is also accomplished in partnership with local NPOs who have DRR expertise. For example, the Child Protection program partnered with a Japanese NPO, PlusArts, to implement DRR training at Gakudos. PlusArts has developed DRR trainings and materials for children and adults in Japan, based initially on the Kobe Earthquake and tested and implemented these activities both in Japan and internationally. The training provides information and hands-on practice for Gakudo instructors, followed by implementing activities with children. Municipalities value this needed training for their school and Gakudo curriculums, and SC Japan is working with them to ensure that as many recipients as possible receive this training. Since June 2012, SC Japan began implementation of its DRR pilot program at Kazuma Elementary School in Ishinomaki City, Miyagi Prefecture. The pilot project raises children’s awareness about safety, centering on a hazard mapping exercise through their town to document damages and hazards, discussing their findings, and creating a safety and reconstruction map of their community. The project will be implemented in more schools throughout Ishinomaki City in the coming school year, and if the pilot continues to be successful, a teachers’ guide will be developed by Save the Children and disseminated to other schools in the city.

Center for Children and Disaster Risk Reduction (CCDRR)
Save the Children envisions that in the future children throughout the world will be better protected when disasters occur, through improved Disaster Response and Recovery plans and policies, and activities that proactively address both the needs and rights of children, and that the numbers of children and their families who perish in disasters are significantly reduced over time. After March 11, with this vision in mind and inspired by the children of Japan and globally who may at any moment face the loss of family, friends and community due to disasters, Save the Children is developing the Center for Children and Disaster Risk Reduction. CCDRR will be a virtual network aiming to: • Increase the capacity of practitioners (including children) and caregivers to prepare for and respond to disasters through education and training, technical assistance and professional practice; • Raise awareness about issues affecting children’s rights and needs during and after disasters, and develop and support advocacy to inform policy change; and • Improve the overall base of knowledge on child- centered DRR through sound and reliable evidencebased data from focused research. Progress on the Center continues to move ahead this year with the business plan finalized. In October 2012, the CCDRR supported three children from SC Japan’s children’s community-building clubs to attend the 5th Asian Ministerial Conference on DRR in Indonesia. In 2013, the CCDRR will support four projects that will serve children and the DRR community: UNISDR invited Save the Children to produce a child-friendly version of the Global Assessment Report on DRR; development of a child-centered global framework for action to be submitted for adoption as part of the annexes to the Post-Hyodo Framework for Action 2015; project to replicate SC Japan’s CCFC (child participation in community rebuilding) program in five additional countries; and a planning grant to establish a Global Report Card assessing emergency preparedness planning for children at the country level.

Nobuaki, 12, has great fun using a fire extinguisher with his friend at the evacuation training at Hirobuchi Elementary School in Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

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JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Stories from The Field

Momoka Kanehama's Story
Momoka Kanehama is a 15 year old junior high school student from Yamada in Iwate Prefecture. Her home town is famous for fishing as it faces the Pacific Ocean. Two years ago this very town was devastated after the earthquake and tsunami hit the coast. Momoka’s home was destroyed too. Momoka learned of Save the Children at the evacuation center set up in Yamada High School. Her little sister played in a Child Friendly Space operated by Save the Children at the evacuation center and Momoka had accompanied her there. A few days later, one of the SC Japan staff called her to ask whether she would be interested in joining the local Children’s Community-Building Club. Without fully understanding the activities of the club, she decided to join anyway to learn more. First, the club chose its name, established rules, and then the members discussed and wrote their hopes for their community. She remembers this moment well as she learned that, “For communitybuilding, it is important for us to think of ways to improve our community and make concrete ideas out of that vision. I have learned that it is very important to express our thoughts.” Since then, Momoka has actively participated in the club, and she even had an opportunity to meet the children from clubs in other areas, and she introduced her home town to them. Through this experience, she realized the beauty and unique aspects of her community, and she said, “After the disaster, everyone in the town encouraged and supported each other. I learned so many positive things about my town. And I started to love my community even more. “ Momoka challenged herself to be involved more in the community’s recovery process by interviewing the elderly people and local adults living in the temporary housing compounds. She discovered that many in her community 7 found the recovery process to be delayed, and some shared their sad experiences with her. Along with other club members, Momoka went to the local government office to discuss the recovery process and her findings with the mayor and other city officials. Through this activity, she learned the value of communication and she now feels confident speaking out and is excited to share her opinion with more people. Last July, Momoka had the opportunity to express her opinions to the world. She participated in the World Ministerial Conference on Disaster Reduction held in Sendai, Japan and along with her fellow club members, she had a private audience with Margareta Wahlstrom, UNISDR Special Representative. Momoka felt a sense of accomplishment and said, “I felt great happiness and satisfaction when international policy makers, such as Ms. Wahlstrom, said to me that our activities encourage children around the world. With the support of Save the Children, I learned how to communicate my ideas to adults. Also, the club’s members encourage me a great deal. I realized my potential, and I truly feel that I am doing my best to help rebuild Yamada. I have a newfound sense of courage.”

Momoka shares her opinions on the recovery process at the Children’s Community-Building Club in Yamada, Iwate Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Nozomi Sasaki's Story
When the students of Ohdaira Junior High School in Kamaishi City, Iwate Prefecture were volunteering at the temporary shelters after the disaster, they heard many requesting for the Ohdaira Soran dance. Soran is a traditional local dance choreographed to Soran-Bushi, a local folk tune. As a result, a group of students established the Ohdaira Soran Executive Committee to bring the dance – and the hope it brings with it – back to Kamaishi. Members of the Ohdaira Soran Executive Committee describe their mission and purpose by saying, “We want to bring vitality back to our community”; “Instead of just sitting here receiving help, we want to do something helpful as well”; and, “I want more people to realize that we will never give up until Kamaishi City is revitalized. Eventually, our work will help the recovery of Kamaishi City.” What is unique about this committee is that it’s completely student-led with members setting the standards and initiating the activities. For example, the members select their peers for special performances based on each other’s level of performance and passion. Mr. Sugawara, a teacher at Ohdaira Junior High School, said, “We are still having a difficult time dealing with the aftermath of the disaster, but our students are the ones convincing me that they will bring life back to Kamaishi City and everything is going to be fine.” Last April, the Ohdaira Soran Executive Committee was invited by Chigasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture to perform at a nursing home. Fifteen students visited Shonan Bellside nursing home and performed the Soran dance. To select the performers to visit Shonan Bellside, the Committee held a one month intensive practice session and then conducted four try-out sessions. On the day of the performance, the residents at Shonan Bellside started arriving at the hall 30 minutes in advance. “I am very much looking forward to this,” said one of the residents. Once the dance started, the audience started to shout words of encouragement, saying “Dokkoisho dokkoisho” as they clapped their hands. Even as a spectator, the vitality of the students was contagious. “I thank you so much for this sincere performance. You have a lot of courage despite the fact that you have been through such a hardship”; “Please take care of yourself, and keep doing what you are doing,” were among the comments from the residents. Some in the audience 8 were moved to tears. In fact, a gentleman from Yamagata Prefecture said, “it reminded me of the Tohoku area, my old home.” Through the Soran dance, the passion of the members of the Ohdaira Soran Executive Committee touched the hearts of those at Shonan Bellside. After the performance, Nozomi Sasaki, one of the Soran Executive Committee members said, “I want to convey our gratitude through the Soran dance for all the help and support Kamaishi City has received. We shall never stop thanking everyone for all the help, and we will keep moving forward. I came here today hoping to cheer up the residents at the nursing home, but I was the one who was encouraged. The smiles and tears on their faces cheered me up and convinced me that we are doing something meaningful.”

Nozomi is greatly fulfilled when performing her community’s local traditional dance in Kamaishi, Iwate Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

The Ohdaira Soran dance group performing at Shonan Bellside nursing home. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Kesen Koryo Special Needs School
Ofunato city has the largest port in Iwate Prefecture and it used to be busy with the commotion and bustle of shipping containers, but now the port lies quiet with its cracked breakwaters, a result of the disaster two years ago. Kesen Koryo Special Needs School, attended by children age 6 - 18, is located in Ofunato and on the day of the disaster, the high school was closed due to flu season, but because of its location at the summit of a hill, many local residents evacuated to the school. In Iwate Prefecture, special needs schools are not officially designated as evacuation centers, therefore they do not receive government support to properly equip the facilities for this purpose. Additionally, the high school students of Kesen Koryo School were mostly at home due to the school’s closure, therefore, they fled to other evacuation centers. Mr. Umehara, Vice Principal, recalled the accounts from that day that he had heard from his students and their families, “The children with special needs were already uncomfortable when they were in evacuation centers with those they were unfamiliar with, but on top of it all, the staff at the evacuation centers did not know how to support them. A standard evacuation center does not support the needs of children with special needs.” SC Japan recognizes the need to support these special needs schools in the event of another disaster through the provision of DRR equipment, such as disaster prevention helmets and automated external defibrillators (AEDs), as well as training on their use. In December 2012, SC Japan delivered disaster prevention helmets to Kesen Koryo School. The faculty chose specialized helmets which are harder and can also be made compact for portability and storage purposes. The teachers felt that this option was more appropriate for their students, since these helmets are easier for teachers to equip their students as they would most likely be aiding them in making use of the helmets during an emergency. Then in February 2013, SC Japan and our partner, Osaka Life Support Association, went to the school and conducted an AED training. The training taught children when AEDs should be utilized, the mechanics of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and how to use the AED. Eriko Tokuyama, Program Officer at SC Japan, noticed that, “When the training began, the students listened very quietly and seriously. When the trainer asked what they would do if someone collapsed in front of them, the students were quiet with a few muffled responses. The mood drastically 9 changed as the training progressed. The training kits make a ‘peep peep’ sound when resuscitation is carried out successfully. After their initial attempts, they started to get the hang of it and also started to help one another until eventually everyone was able to do it. The room was filled with the echoing sounds of the training kit, but also with cheers of joy for their accomplishment. At the end of the training, when we asked the students if they felt confident to take action in a situation when an AED is needed, all of them raised their hands!” Kana Sano, 18 years old and president of the student body, commented after the training that, “It was a great experience to learn how to use the AED. It is not difficult. I can now use it or ask adults to use it.” As a result of the training, Kana learned DRR skills and felt empowered to take action in situations where she may not have previously. Mr. Anbo, also Vice Principle, saw new hope in the future as a result of the tragedy of the March 11th disaster: “Through the AED training provided by Save the Children, these students recognize how critical their role may be in saving someone’s life. That greatly encourages them to be and to see their part in society.”

Kana, 18, poses for a photo after the AED training with Save the Children Technical Specialist Eriko Tokuyama. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Future Directions

The Recovery Strategy going forward will continue to emphasize Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Child Participation (Child Rights Programming) as cross-cutting approaches in each sector, including raising the profile of children as agents of change. The Creating Child-Friendly Communities program will continue the “Speaking Out” theme, focusing on DRR through SoFT (Speaking out From Tohoku) – our child participation initiative solely focused on the children of Tohoku rebuilding their communities since the disaster – but will also re-engage in SoAP (Speaking out Against Poverty), which will contribute to increased advocacy work on the issue of poverty within Japan. In Education, activities will transition to focusing on DRR, led by continuing the DRR Pilot. Other DRR activities will include working in Gakudos to ensure that communities and local organizations are better prepared for potential future disasters. In Child Protection, the transition to soft component work will expand capacity-building with Gakudos and begin to look beyond the affected areas, as Save the Children strengthens its relationship with the prefectural and local government authorities, and Gakudo Associations. Fukushima activities will somewhat mirror those in other locations, but with special provision for that unique environment and the longer term commitment it

requires. The Community Grants Initiative Program will continue to support local organizations to implement childfocused activities, but will increase its emphasis on building the capacity of the local organizations and associations, consequently strengthening the civil society sector in Japan. Save the Children is committed to working in Japan, addressing the needs of children, their families and communities during the recovery period, and continuing the promotion of Child Rights and Child Participation.

Shared Value Partnerships and Corporate Support
Increasingly, corporations are looking at Shared Value Partnerships (SVP) as a way to partner with NGOs when exploring new markets or reducing costs in their value chain. INGOs like Save the Children are adapting to this new partnership model and changing the way they look at the Corporate Sector – less as discreet support donors and more as highly valued, long-term partners who can help them achieve their goals at scale. An example is Save the Children Japan’s shared value partnership with SONY. Through this partnership, SC Japan was able to scale up recovery services for children in the areas affected by the 2011 disaster. In addition, due to SONY’s seed funding of a global emergency fund, SC Japan also now has a sustainable source of support for emergencies globally as they occur; in 2012, emergency funds were sent to Vietnam, Nepal, Cambodia, and other countries in need. Also during 2012, Save the Children Japan, with SONY support, was able to donate 21 Tele-video conferencing systems to Save the Children International’s Humanitarian Team globally. The equipment will be used to facilitate simultaneous communication among Save the Children staff during humanitarian crises or disasters, and will also serve as a platform for children in DRR to communicate with each other around the world.

Mai, 14, sings a song with her classmates about creating a bright future for Japan in Ofunato, Iwate Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

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JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

Resource and Financial Status

Budget vs. Expenditures for Yr 2
(For the Period of March through December 2012) Total Budget Total Expenditures Balance Remaining

$23,867,304

$20,481,714

$3,385,590

Estimated 5 Year Commitment vs. Yr 1 – Yr 2 Expenditures
(For the Period of March 2011 through December 2012) Estimated 5 YR Commitment YR1 & 2 Expenditures Balance Remaining

$77,393,847
*New Funds Raised in Japan after YR1: $3,584,296

$36,381,826

$41,012,021

Program and Support Costs in Year2

Program Costs by Sectors in Year2
1%

27%

15%
9%

73%
Program Cost Support Cost

Education Child Protection CCFC CI Other Program Cost

44%
31%

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JAPAN Two Year On: Save The Children’s Response and Recovery Program

About Us

We are the world’s leading independent organization for children. Our vision is a world in which every child attains the right to survival, protection, development and participation. Our mission is to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children, and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives. Save the Children Japan was established in 1986. For over 25 years, we have been working for, with and on behalf of children in Japan and around the world. Domestically, our work has focused on promoting child participation with local prefectures and campaigning to address the issue of child poverty in Japan. Abroad, Save the Children Japan is currently running programs in Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Vietnam.

For more information, visit www.savechildren.or.jp or contact info@savechildren.or.jp.

Cover photo: Elementary students from a Gakudo in Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture show their happiness regarding the toys and equipment they received from Save the Children Japan. Photo: Save the Children, Japan Back photo: A two year old boy opens the window of a cardboard house decorated with his drawings. He attends a play activity implemented by a local NPO sub-grantee in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture. Photo: Save the Children, Japan

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