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Contenidos

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1 AIROS v3.3 Introduccin 2 AIROS v3.3 Gua de configuracin o 2.1 Navegacin o 2.2 Pgina principal 2.2.1 Informes de estado 2.2.2 Estadsticas de Informacin 2.2.3 Informacin complementaria 2.2.4 Herramientas o 2.3 Vincular el programa de instalacin Page 2.3.1 Configuracin inalmbrica bsica 2.3.2 Wireless Security o 2.4 Red 2.4.1 Modo Bridge 2.4.2 Modo de router o 2,5 avanzada 2.5.1 Configuracin inalmbrica avanzada 2.5.2 Acuse de recibo de tiempo de espera 2.5.3 Ajustes de antena

2.5.4 Umbrales de LED 2.5.5 Wireless Traffic Shaping 2.5.6 QoS 2.6 Servicios 2.6.1 Ping WatchDog 2.6.2 El agente SNMP 2.6.3 Cliente NTP, Web, Telnet y SSH Server 2.6.4 Registro del sistema 2.7 Sistema de Firmware 2.7.1 2.7.2 Nombre de host 2.7.3 Asuntos Administrativos y de slo lectura de cuentas 2.7.4 Idioma de la Interfaz 2.7.5 Personalizacin de Logo 2.7.6 Gestin de la Configuracin

2.7.7 Mantenimiento de dispositivos

AIROS v3.3 Introduccin


El objetivo de diseo de AIROS era la sencillez y el poder. A diferencia del mercado anterior y el actual lder de sistemas operativos mviles o router que son complejos y requieren una inversin en formacin, Ubiquiti se propuso hacer de un avanzado sistema operativo capaz de gran alcance inalmbrico y funciones de enrutamiento, pero fue construido en una interfaz sencilla y clara, intuitiva del usuario Fundacin. Nuestro objetivo es hacer AIROS bastante simple para el operador, el cliente, o de un tcnico nuevo para entender fcilmente, configurar y desplegar. Al mismo tiempo, se est evolucionando rpidamente hacia un camino de conexin en red, nuevas y funciones inalmbricas fuertemente derivados de la interaccin del cliente y la retroalimentacin. Nuestro objetivo es hacer AIROS tanto el sistema operativo ms avanzado del mercado y el ms intuitivo, fcil de implementar.

AIROS v3.3 Gua de configuracin


Esta gua presenta la descripcin detallada del sistema operativo AIROS que est integrado en los sistemas de largo alcance integrados y soluciones inalmbricas de ISP proporcionada por Ubiquiti Networks, Inc. 2,4 GHz (IEEE 802.11b / g) los productos:

Bullet2/2HP; LiteStation2; MiniStation; NanoStation2/loco2; PowerStation2; PicoStation2/2HP.

5 GHz (IEEE 802.11a) productos:


Bullet5/HP; LiteStation5; NanoStation5/loco5; PowerStation5; PicoStation5; WispStation5.

11n (IEEE 802.11n) productos:

LiteStation-SR71.

Todos los AIROS los dispositivos basados en el apoyo de la infraestructura de los modos de funcionamiento siguientes:

Estacin (cliente); Estacin de WDS; Punto de acceso; Punto de Acceso WDS (repetidor).

Todos los AIROS los dispositivos basados en los modos de la red de apoyo siguientes:

Puente transparente; Router.

AIROS Gua de configuracin rpida se describen los pasos de configuracin de la estacin del abonado (el cliente inalmbrico - puente) de casos de uso. Todos los ajustes de configuracin accesible a travs de la interfaz web de gestin se describen en este documento (elementos de un dispositivo especfico se describen por separado). Nota: los ejemplos y las imgenes en este documento representan PowerStation2/NanoStation5 interfaz grfica de usuario que es coherente entre todos los dispositivos basados en AIROS. [Contenido]

Navegacin
Gestin de la Configuracin del men Cada una de las pginas web de gestin (que se enumeran ms abajo) contiene los parmetros que afectan a un aspecto especfico del dispositivo:

Muestra la pgina principal del estado actual del dispositivo y la informacin estadstica. Hay administracin de la red tiles y herramientas de control disponibles en la pgina principal tambin (es decir, la herramienta de alineacin de la antena, la utilidad la prueba de velocidad, la herramienta de estudio del sitio, mientras que operan en el modo de AP). Vnculo de la pgina de configuracin contiene los controles para una configuracin de red inalmbrica, mientras cubra la configuracin inalmbrica bsica que define el modo de funcionamiento, asociando los detalles y los datos de las opciones de seguridad. Pgina de la red cubre la configuracin del modo operativo de la red, configuracin de IP, paquete de rutinas y servicios de filtrado de red (es decir, el servidor DHCP). Pgina de configuracin avanzada se dedica desde hace ms precisa de control de interfaz inalmbrica. Tambin incluye la polaridad de la antena, de trfico y QoS ajustes. Pgina de Servicios abarca la configuracin de los servicios de gestin del sistema (SNMP, es decir, NTP, registro del sistema, Ping Watchdog). Pgina de sistema contiene los controles para las rutinas de mantenimiento del sistema, la gestin de la cuenta de administrador, la personalizacin del dispositivo de copia de seguridad y de configuracin. [Contenido]

Pgina principal

Situacin actual de la AIROS dispositivo impulsado por La pgina principal muestra un resumen de informacin de vnculo de estado, los valores actuales de las opciones de configuracin bsica (dependiendo del modo de funcionamiento), la configuracin de red y las estadsticas de trfico de todas las interfaces.

Administracin de redes y servicios de vigilancia como herramienta de alineacin de la antena, Ping y Traceroute, herramientas de prueba de velocidad son accesibles a travs de la pgina principal tambin.

Informes de estado
Estacin Base SSID: El nombre del grupo 802,11 Servicio (establecido por el punto de acceso de host) el dispositivo est conectado a: Si bien funciona en modo de estacin, muestra el BSSID del punto de acceso cuando el dispositivo est asociado. Mientras que operan en en acceso a modo de punto, muestra el BSSID del dispositivo inalmbrico en s. AP MAC: Muestra la direccin MAC del punto de acceso cuando el dispositivo se ha asociado durante el funcionamiento en modo de estacin. MAC (Media Access Control) es identificador HW nico en la radio cada 802,11. Se compone de dos partes: Un OUI (OUI) Controlador de interfaz de red (NIC) de secuencia. La lista de fabricante de una direccin MAC dada se encuentra aqu: http://standards.ieee.org/regauth/oui/index.shtml Potencia de la seal: muestra la recibi nivel de la seal inalmbrica (del lado del cliente) al funcionar en modo de estacin. El valor que representa coincide con la barra grfica. Utilice la herramienta de alineacin de la antena para ajustar la antena del dispositivo para obtener un mejor enlace con el dispositivo inalmbrico. La antena del cliente inalmbrico tiene que ser ajustado para obtener la mxima seal. Potencia de la seal se mide en dBm (los decibelios que se hace referencia a 1 miliwatt). La conversin se define como dBm = 10log10 (P/1mW). Por lo tanto, 0dBm sera 1mW y72dBm sera .0000006 mW. Una fuerza de la seal de-85dBm o mejor es recomendado para los vnculos estables. Precio TX y RX Precio: muestra el actual 802,11 transmisin de datos (TX) y recepcin de datos (RX) Tasa de explotacin, mientras que en el modo de estacin. Las tasas de datos en 1,2,5.5,11 Mbps (802.11b) y 6,9,12,18,24,36,48,54 Mbps (802.11g, 802.11a) son posibles. Normalmente, cuanto mayor sea la seal, mayor ser la velocidad de datos y por lo tanto mayor ser el rendimiento de datos. Para obtener el rendimiento mximo de datos (54 Mbps) a-70dBm o mejor seal es requerido normalmente. Frecuencia: Esta es la frecuencia de funcionamiento del conjunto 802,11 Service (organizada por AP), el cliente est conectado. Este dispositivo utiliza la frecuencia para transmitir y recibir datos. Para 802.11a operacin, el rango de frecuencias disponibles son de 5.1 y 5.9GHz para 802.11b / g de operacin, 2412-2472MHz. Sin embargo, la gama de frecuencias vlidas variar dependiendo de la normativa local del pas. Para obtener ms informacin sobre el soporte la frecuencia por favor visite la seccin de la conformidad de Ubiquiti Wiki.

Canal: Este es el 802,11 nmero de canal que corresponde a la frecuencia de funcionamiento. El dispositivo utiliza el canal seleccionado para transmitir y recibir datos. Se proporciona ms informacin en la seccin Enlace de la instalacin. Antena: Esto muestra que la opcin de la antena del dispositivo AIROS est utilizando actualmente. La mayora de los dispositivos de Ubiquiti tiene 3 opciones de antena: vertical, horizontal, y de adaptacin de la antena de polaridad (AAP) las opciones. La opcin de antena externa est disponible en varios modelos tambin. Se proporciona ms informacin en la seccin Configuracin avanzada. Ruido de fondo: muestra el valor actual del nivel de ruido en dBm. Ruido de fondo se toma en cuenta al evaluar la calidad de la seal (seal-ruido SNR, RSSI), mientras que el valor medio depende de la intensidad de la seal por encima del ruido de fondo. Seguridad: Esta es la configuracin de seguridad actual. "" Ninguno valor se muestra si la seguridad inalmbrica est desactivada, WEP, WPA o WPA2 valor se muestra si se utiliza el correspondiente mtodo de seguridad inalmbrica. Se proporciona ms informacin en la seccin Enlace de la instalacin. ACK Timeout: muestra el valor actual de tiempo de espera para los marcos de ACK. ACK Timeout se puede configurar de forma manual o auto-ajusta automticamente. El tiempo de espera de ACK (tiempo de espera de trama de confirmacin) especifica el tiempo que el dispositivo AIROS debe esperar un acuse de recibo de un dispositivo socio de confirmar la recepcin de paquetes antes de concluir el paquete debe haber sido un error y necesita volver a enviar. ACK de tiempo de espera al aire libre es muy importante parmetro de rendimiento inalmbrico. Se proporciona ms informacin en la seccin Configuracin avanzada. Transmitir CCQ: Este es un ndice que evala la conexin inalmbrica de calidad al cliente. Tiene en cuenta los errores de transmisin, latencia y el rendimiento, mientras que la evaluacin de la relacin de los paquetes transmitido con xito en contra de la retransmitida los actuales, y teniendo en cuenta la razn de tasas con la tasa ms alta especificado. El nivel se basa en un valor de porcentaje que el 100% corresponde a un estado de enlace perfecto. Calidad de servicio Estado: muestra el ajuste actual de calidad de servicio. Calidad de Servicio (QoS) se puede habilitar a una velocidad de conexin directa a un mejor servicio a los clientes particulares y / o aplicaciones concretas, como VoIP y vdeo que requieren una mayor coherencia, estabilidad y rendimiento menor latencia. Fecha: Este es el total acumulado de tiempo que el dispositivo ha estado funcionando desde el poder durar hasta (hard-reboot) o actualizacin de software. El tiempo se expresa en das, horas, minutos y segundos. Fecha: indica la fecha actual del sistema y el tiempo, expresado en la forma de "aomes-da hora: minutos: segundos". La fecha y la hora precisa del sistema se recupera de los servicios de Internet a travs de NTP (Network Time Protocol). Fecha y hora del sistema se establecer en los valores por defecto incorrecta despus de cada ciclo de reinicio si NTP no est habilitado como la mayora de los dispositivos basados en AIROS no tienen un sistema de alimentacin autnomo para el reloj interno.

Cable LAN: muestra el estado actual de la conexin del puerto Ethernet. Esto puede alertar a operador del sistema tcnico que LAN por cable no est conectado al dispositivo y no hay ninguna conexin Ethernet activa. Host Name: muestra el nombre personalizables (ID) del dispositivo basado en AIROS. Nombre de host estar representada en el popular router pantallas de funcionamiento los sistemas de registro y de herramientas de descubrimiento. LAN MAC: Muestra la direccin MAC del dispositivo AIROS LAN (Ethernet) de la interfaz. LAN IP Address: muestra la direccin IP actual de la LAN (Ethernet) de la interfaz. WLAN MAC: Muestra la direccin MAC del dispositivo AIROS WLAN (Wireless) de la interfaz. WLAN IP Address: muestra la direccin IP actual de la WLAN (Wireless) de la interfaz. Nota: Direccin IP LAN y WLAN direccin IP muestra el mismo valor - la direccin IP actual de la interfaz de puente virtual, mientras que el dispositivo est funcionando en modo de puente. [Contenido]

Estadsticas de Informacin

Estadsticas de la interfaz LAN Estadsticas de LAN: seccin muestra el detallado recibir y transmitir las estadsticas (Bytes, paquetes, errores) de la LAN (Ethernet) de la interfaz. Esta estadstica representa la cantidad total de datos y paquetes transferidos entre dispositivos a travs de la interfaz Ethernet de cualquier manera. Tanto el trfico IP unicast (conversaciones entre dos hosts usando HTTP, SMTP, SSH y otros protocolos) y el trfico de difusin (al abordar todos los hosts en una amplia red dada con una sola direccin de destino IP) se contabiliza. Mientras hay algn trfico de red que se genera o pasa a travs de la interfaz LAN, recibidos y transmitidos Bytes y Paquetes valor ir en aumento. Errores valor representa el nmero total de paquetes transmitidos y recibidos para los cuales se produjo un error en la capa de enlace. Alto valor de los errores pueden indicar fallos de hardware de red o configuracin incorrecta.

Estadsticas de la interfaz WLAN

Estadsticas WLAN: seccin muestra el detallado recibir y transmitir las estadsticas (bytes, paquetes, errores) de la interfaz inalmbrica. Esta estadstica representa la cantidad total de unidifusin y difusin de datos IP transfieren entre dispositivos a travs de la interfaz inalmbrica en ambos sentidos. Mientras hay algn trfico de red que se genera o pasa a travs de la interfaz inalmbrica, recibidos y transmitidos Bytes, paquetes y errores (si existe) el valor ir en aumento.

Estadsticas interfaz PPP Estadsticas del PPP: seccin se muestra la direccin IP de la interfaz PPP y el detallado recibir y transmitir las estadsticas (bytes, paquetes, errores) de la interfaz PPP mientras AIROS dispositivo basado funciona en modo router con la opcin de PPPoE habilitado. La direccin IP de la interfaz PPP se mostrar si se obtiene a travs de la conexin PPPoE establecido, de lo contrario "No conectado", se visualizar un mensaje. Activando el botn Conectar de nuevo abrir la rutina de reconexin PPPoE que requieran secuencia de reinicio del sistema de otra manera. Este control debe ser utilizada para solucionar problemas slo cuando se establece tnel PPPoE, pero la conexin IP est inactivo. Esta estadstica representa el importe total de unidifusin y difusin de datos IP transferidos entre AIROS powered dispositivo y el servidor PPPoE a travs del tnel de PPP en ambos sentidos. Mientras hay algn trfico de red que pasa a travs del tnel del PPP, recibidos y transmitidos Bytes, paquetes y errores (si los hubiera) el valor ir en aumento. Consulte la seccin de la red para obtener ms informacin acerca de la configuracin de PPPoE.

WLAN errores Estadsticas Los errores WLAN: seccin muestra los contadores de 802,11 errores especficos que se registraron en la interfaz inalmbrica: Rx invalid nwid valor representa el nmero de paquetes recibidos con un NWID diferentes o ESSID - paquetes que estaban destinados a otro punto de acceso. Puede ayudar a detectar problemas de configuracin o identificar a los adyacentes existencia de red inalmbrica en la misma frecuencia.

Rx invalid Cripta valor representa el nmero de transmitir y recibir paquetes que se cifra con la clave de cifrado mal y no las rutinas de descifrado. Puede ser utilizado para detectar vlida configuracin de seguridad inalmbrica y los intentos de romper la encriptacin. Rx invalid Frag valor representa el nmero de paquetes perdidos durante la transmisin y recepcin. Estos paquetes fueron retirados debido a la re-montaje de fracaso como se han perdido algunos fragmentos de la capa de enlace de la bolsa. Tx Reintentos excesivo valor representa el nmero de paquetes que no pudo ser entregado a su destino. Paquetes no entregados se retransmite un nmero de veces antes de que se produce un error. Perdidas balizas valor representa el nmero de balizas (gestin de paquetes enviados a intervalos regulares por el Punto de Acceso), que se han alcanzado por el cliente. Esto puede indicar que el cliente inalmbrico est fuera de rango. Otros errores en los valores representa el nmero total de transmitir y recibir los paquetes que se perdieron o fueron desechados por otros motivos. El contenido de la pgina principal se puede actualizar mediante el botn Actualizar. [Contenido]

Informacin complementaria
Informacin complementaria: muestra las estadsticas de uso actual del dispositivo y el estado de los componentes del sistema en un pop-up:

Estado de las estaciones asociadas Estaciones Mostrar: seleccin de las listas de las estaciones que estn conectadas al dispositivo mientras se opera en modo Punto de Acceso. Las siguientes estadsticas para todas las estaciones asociadas est representada en la ventana de estadsticas de la estacin: MAC de la estacin que est asociado; De la seal (dBm) valor representa el ltimo nivel recibe la seal inalmbrica; Ruido (dBm) El valor muestra el valor del nivel de ruido de la seal inalmbrica se recibi; Tx / Rx valor de la tasa representa la tasa de datos de los ltimos paquetes transmitidos y recibidos; Idle (segundos) valor representa el tiempo (en segundos) desde el ltimo paquete fue recibido de la estacin en particular. La informacin en la ventana de estadsticas de la estacin se puede actualizar con el botn Actualizar. Ventana se puede cerrar con el botn Cerrar esta ventana.

Estadsticas de la Estacin de asociados La informacin detallada puede ser recuperado durante la seleccin de MAC en particular de la estacin de asociados: MAC de la estacin que est asociado; Fecha valor representa el total de tiempo de funcionamiento de la estacin se encuentra asociado. El tiempo se expresa en das, horas, minutos y segundos; Seal del valor de la fuerza es el ltimo nivel recibe la seal inalmbrica; CCQ valor representa la calidad de la conexin a la estacin; Tx / Rx tasa representa la tasa de datos de los ltimos paquetes transmitidos y recibidos; TX / RX packets valor representa la cantidad total de paquetes transmitidos y recibidos de la Estacin durante el tiempo de actividad de conexin; Tx / Rx de paquetes Rate (paquetes por segundo) representa el valor medio de la tasa de transmitir y recibir paquetes; Bytes enviados / recibidos valor representa la cantidad total de datos (en bytes) transmitidos y recibidos durante la conexin; Negociadas Precio / ltima seal (dBm) valores de la tabla representan el nivel de la seal inalmbrica recibido junto con los datos de todos los tipos de paquetes recibido recientemente. "N / A" valor es representado como la ltima seal, si no hay paquetes fueron recibidas en esa velocidad de datos en particular. La informacin en la ventana de estadstica se actualiza automticamente. Ventana se puede cerrar con el botn Cerrar esta ventana. Ms estadsticas (Estacin de Uptime, negociadas localmente, Static WDS Bandera, Tx / Rx Marcos, Tx / Rx Bytes) se puede recuperar mientras se hace clic en el botn "+", cerca de la direccin MAC de la entrada de cada estacin.

Detalles de la conexin con el Punto de Acceso asociados Mostrar Informacin de AP: la seleccin se abre la ventana de conexin, mientras que las estadsticas de funcionamiento en modo de estacin. Las estadsticas siguiente enlace se ofrece: MAC de la estacin de punto de acceso est asociado a; Fecha valor representa el total de tiempo de funcionamiento de las estaciones est asociada a la AP. El tiempo se expresa en das, horas, minutos y segundos; Seal del valor de la fuerza es el ltimo nivel recibe la seal inalmbrica; CCQ valor representa la calidad de la conexin con la AP; Tx / Rx tasa representa la tasa de datos de los ltimos paquetes transmitidos y recibidos; TX / RX packets valor representa la cantidad total de paquetes enviados y recibidos durante la conexin; Tx / Rx de paquetes Rate (paquetes por segundo) representa el valor medio de la tasa de transmitir y recibir paquetes;

Bytes enviados / recibidos valor representa la cantidad total de datos (en bytes) transmitidos y recibidos durante la conexin; Negociadas Precio / ltima seal (dBm) valores de la tabla representan el nivel de la seal inalmbrica recibido junto con los datos de todos los tipos de paquetes recibido recientemente. "N / A" valor es representado como la ltima seal, si no hay paquetes fueron recibidas en esa velocidad de datos en particular. La informacin en la ventana de estadstica se actualiza automticamente. Ventana se puede cerrar con el botn Cerrar esta ventana.

Situacin actual del sistema de tabla ARP Mostrar la tabla ARP: seleccin de las listas de todas las entradas de la ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) el cuadro actualmente en el dispositivo. La lista puede ser actualizada con el botn Actualizar. ARP se utiliza para asociar cada direccin IP a la direccin nica de hardware (MAC) de los dispositivos. Es importante tener direcciones IP nicas para cada MAC o de lo contrario no habr rutas ambigua en la red.

Situacin de la salida en la interfaz LAN Mostrar la seleccin de las estadsticas de rendimiento se abre una ventana que continuamente representa el trfico de datos actuales en la LAN, WLAN y las interfaces PPP tanto en forma grfica y numrica. La escala y la dimensin de rendimiento (bps, Kbps, Mbps) cambia dinmicamente segn el valor de rendimiento medio. Las estadsticas se actualizan automticamente. Estadsticas de rendimiento puede ser actualizado manualmente utilizando el botn Actualizar.

Registro del sistema

Mostrar la seleccin de registro se abre la ventana de registro del sistema que enumera todos los eventos del sistema social. Todas las entradas en el registro del sistema se eliminar si se activa el botn Borrar. El contenido de registro del sistema se actualiza si se activa el botn Actualizar. Ventana se puede cerrar con el botn Cerrar esta ventana. "Mensaje de syslog est desactivado, no puede mostrar mensajes del sistema" se muestra si el registro del sistema no est habilitado. Descripcin del sistema de registro de configuracin se proporciona en la seccin de Servicios.

Situacin actual del sistema de tablas de enrutamiento Rutas Mostrar: seleccin de las listas de todas las entradas en el sistema de enrutamiento de mesa, mientras el dispositivo est funcionando en modo router. La lista puede ser actualizada con el botn Actualizar. AIROS examina la direccin IP de destino de cada paquete de datos que viajan a travs del sistema y selecciona la interfaz adecuada para reenviar el paquete a. La eleccin del sistema depende de las reglas de enrutamiento esttico - las entradas, que estn registradas en el sistema de tabla de enrutamiento. Las rutas estticas a determinados hosts, redes o puerta de enlace predeterminada se configuran automticamente de acuerdo a la configuracin IP de todos los AIROS interfaces. AIROS descripcin de la configuracin IP se proporciona en la seccin Enlace de la instalacin.

Situacin actual de la mesa de bridge sistema de Mostrar Puente Tabla: Seleccin de las listas de todas las entradas en la tabla puente de sistema, mientras el dispositivo est funcionando en modo de puente. La lista puede ser actualizada con el botn Actualizar.

Puente de la tabla muestra a qu puerto del puente de la estacin en particular est asociada a - en otras palabras de la interfaz (Ethernet o inalmbrica) el dispositivo de red (definida por la direccin MAC) se puede acceder al sistema de AIROS, mientras que el reenvo de paquetes a ese puerto solamente (por lo tanto el ahorro una gran cantidad de copias redundantes y transmite). Envejecimiento temporizador muestra el envejecimiento de tiempo para cada entrada de direccin (en segundos) - despus de todo el tiempo de espera, sin haber visto un paquete que viene de una direccin determinada, el puente se elimine esa direccin de la mesa de bridge.

Situacin actual de los contratos de arrendamiento de DHCP Mostrar DHCP seleccin Arrendamientos muestra el estado actual de las direcciones IP concedida por el servidor DHCP del dispositivo. Esta opcin est disponible si el servidor DHCP est activada cuando el dispositivo est funcionando en modo router. Muestra el nombre de la interfaz de la que el cliente DHCP dispositivo de interfaz que ha especificado de direcciones MAC est conectado. El tiempo de concesin restante muestra durante cunto tiempo la direccin IP concedida ser vlida y se reserv para el cliente DHCP en particular. La lista puede ser actualizada con el botn Actualizar.

Las entradas de Active Firewall en modo Bridge Mostrar seleccin Firewall listas de entradas de servidor de seguridad activo en la cadena de firewall de la tabla estndar de ebtables filtro, mientras el dispositivo est funcionando en modo de puente. La lista puede ser actualizada con el botn Actualizar.

Las entradas de Active Firewall Router en modo de Entradas de firewall activo en la cadena de firewall de la tabla estndar de iptables filtro aparecen si el dispositivo est funcionando en modo router. La lista puede ser actualizada con el botn Actualizar. PI y el nivel de control de acceso MAC y filtrado de paquetes en AIROS se implementa usando iptables (routing) y ebtables (puente) de firewall que protege los recursos de una red privada de amenazas externas al impedir el acceso no autorizado y la filtracin de determinados tipos de comunicacin en red. Se proporciona ms informacin en la seccin Enlace de la instalacin.

Active Puerto entradas Avanzar en el modo de router Mostrar Puerto de seleccin hacia adelante las listas de puertos activos enviar las entradas en la cadena de PORTFORWARD de la iptables estndar tabla nat, mientras el dispositivo est funcionando en modo router. La lista puede ser actualizada con el botn Actualizar. Port Forwarding crea un tnel transparente a travs de un firewall / NAT, la concesin de un acceso desde el lado de la WAN al servicio de red particular que se ejecuta en el lado de la LAN. Se proporciona ms informacin en la seccin Enlace de la instalacin. [Contenido]

Herramientas
Herramientas: proporciona utilidades de red en un pop-up:

Herramienta de alineacin de la antena Alinear a la utilidad de la antena permite al instalador a punto y optimizar la antena en la direccin de la seal de conexin mxima. Seleccin de la herramienta de la antena Alinear abrir una nueva ventana con indicador de intensidad de seal. Ventana de recarga cada segundo que muestra la intensidad de la seal del ltimo paquete recibido. El "RSSI Range" barra de desplazamiento permite que el alcance del medidor para ser aumentado o reducido. Si se reduce la gama, el cambio de color ser ms sensible a las fluctuaciones de la seal como RSSI deslizante Gama cambia realmente un desplazamiento del mximo valor del indicador y la escala misma. Alinear a la ventana de la antena se puede cerrar con el botn Cerrar esta ventana.

Rendimiento inalmbrico enlace con la estimacin de la utilidad de prueba de velocidad de red La prueba de velocidad: Esta utilidad permite probar la velocidad de conexin desde y hacia cualquier direccin IP accesible en la red de dispositivos AIROS. Debe ser utilizado para la estimacin preliminar de rendimiento entre los dos dispositivos de red.

Si la estimacin de ambos dispositivos estn alimentados por AIROS, la estimacin es ms precisa, de lo contrario slo se ofrece en bruto, mientras que utilizando las rutinas de intercambio de paquetes ICMP. Remote sistema de propiedad intelectual pueden ser seleccionados de la lista que se genera de forma automtica (Seleccionar destino IP) o puede ser especificado manualmente. Las credenciales de acceso (nombre de usuario administrador - de usuario y contrasea) del sistema remoto debe ser proporcionado para la comunicacin entre dos dispositivos alimentados AIROS. Esto es necesario a fin de establecer TCP / IP de prueba de rendimiento basados. ICMP rutina de medicin de rendimiento se pondr en marcha si las credenciales de acceso no son correctos o no suministrado. Puerto remoto en Web de la AIROS dispositivos alimentados deben ser especificados en el fin de establecer TCP / IP de prueba de rendimiento basada en (es decir, el puerto 443 debe especificar si HTTPS est habilitado en el sistema remoto). ICMP rutina de medicin de rendimiento se iniciar si el puerto WEB del sistema remoto es incorrecto. Mostrar opciones avanzadas de control permitir ms opciones de velocidad de ensayo de utilidad. 4 opciones disponibles para la direccin del trfico, mientras que la estimacin del mximo rendimiento: * Estimacin de la entrada (Rx) de rendimiento, mientras que la seleccin de recibir opcin; * Estimacin de la salida (Tx) el rendimiento, mientras que la seleccin de transmitir opcin; * En primer lugar calcular el entrante (Rx) y despus la salida (Tx) el rendimiento, mientras que la seleccin de la opcin de ambos; * Estimacin de la entrada (Rx) y la de salida (Tx) el rendimiento al mismo tiempo, mientras que la seleccin de la opcin dplex. Duracin de la prueba y la configuracin de cantidad de datos especificar el tiempo de ejecucin de la prueba: * Prueba de rendimiento se detendr despus de que el plazo de tiempo especificado (en segundos) si se establece el valor de duracin; * Prueba de rendimiento se detendr despus de que el volumen especfico de datos (en bytes) si es enviado o recibido si se establece el valor de cantidad de datos; * La prueba se detendr despus de cualquiera de los criterios se cumple cuando se especifican los dos (duracin y la cantidad de datos) los valores. La prueba se comenz a utilizar el botn de prueba.

La calidad de la estimacin de enlace inalmbrico con la Red utilidad Ping Ping: Esta utilidad ping a otros dispositivos en la red directamente desde el dispositivo AIROS.

La utilidad Ping debera utilizarse para la calidad del enlace y la estimacin preliminar de la latencia de paquetes entre dos dispositivos de red utilizando los paquetes ICMP. Remote sistema de propiedad intelectual pueden ser seleccionados de la lista que se genera de forma automtica (Seleccionar destino IP) o puede ser especificado manualmente. El tamao de los paquetes ICMP se pueden especificar en el campo de tamao de paquete. La estimacin se realiza despus de que el nmero de paquetes ICMP (especificados en el campo de recuento de paquetes) es transmitido o recibido. Estadsticas de prdida de paquetes y evaluar el tiempo de latencia es siempre una vez finalizada la prueba. La prueba se inicia con el botn Inicio.

Encontrar la ruta a travs de la red con la utilidad de trazado de Traceroute: Permite el seguimiento del lpulo desde el dispositivo AIROS hacer frente a una selecta IP salientes. Debe ser utilizado para la ruta tomada por el hallazgo de paquetes ICMP a travs de la red para el host de destino. Resolucin de las direcciones IP (simblicamente en lugar de numricamente) se puede activar seleccionando la opcin de resolver la direccin IP. La prueba se inicia con el botn Inicio.

Wireless Site Survey utilidad Encuesta de la web: utilidad de bsqueda para redes inalmbricas en la gama en todos los canales de apoyo, mientras el dispositivo est funcionando en modo punto de acceso o la estacin. En la lista de canales en modo Station puede ser modificado. Consulte la seccin Configuracin de Enlace para los detalles en la personalizacin de lista de canales. Site Survey reports MAC Address , ESSID , Encryption type (if any), Signal Strength (dBm), Frequency (GHz) and wireless channel of all the surrounding Access Points which can be found by the AirOs based device. The Site Survey can be updated using the Scan button. Site Survey window can be closed with the Close this window button . [ Content ]

Link Setup Page

The Link Setup Page contains everything needed by the operator to setup the wireless part of the link. This includes regulatory requirements, channel and frequency settings, device mode, data rates, and wireless security.

Basic Wireless Settings

Station Basic Wireless Settings The general wireless settings, such as wireless device BSSID, country code, output power, 802.11 mode and data rates can be configured in this section. Wireless Mode : specify the operating mode of the device. The mode depends on the network topology requirements. There are 4 operating modes supported in AirOS v3.0 software: 1. Station : This is a client mode, which can connect to an AP. It is common for a bridging application to an AP. In Station mode device acts as the Subscriber Station while connecting to the Access Point which is primary defined by the SSID and forwarding all the traffic to/from the network devices connected to the ethernet interface. The specifics of this mode is that Subscriber Station is using arpnat technique which may result lack of transparency while passing-through broadcast packets in bridge mode. 2. Station WDS : WDS stands for Wireless Distribution System. Station WDS should be used while connecting to the Access Point which is operating in WDS mode. Station WDS mode enables packet forwarding at layer 2 level. The benefit of Station WDS is improved performance and faster throughput. Station WDS - Bridge mode is fully transparent for all the Layer2 protocols. Refer to the section Network Settings for detailed Bridge network mode configuration information. 3. Access Point : This is an 802.11 Access Point mode.

AP WDS Basic Wireless Settings 4. Access Point WDS : This is an 802.11 Access Point which allows for layer 2 bridging with Station WDS devices using the WDS protocol. WDS allows you to bridge wireless traffic between devices which are operating in Access Point mode. Access Point is usually connected to a wired network (Ethernet LAN) allowing wireless connection to the wired network. By connecting Access Points to one another in an Extended Service Set using the WDS, distant Ethernets can be bridged into a single LAN.

It is very important that network loops should not be created with either WDS bridges or combinations of wired (Ethernet) connections and WDS bridges. Tree or Star shape network topology should be used in all WDS use-cases (ie if AP2 and AP3 are specified as the WDS peers of AP1, AP2 should not be specified as the WDS peer of AP3 and AP3 should not be specified as the WDS peer of AP2 in any case). Mesh and Ring network topologies are not supported by WDS and should be avoided in all the use cases. Note: Station WDS and AP WDS mode uses the WDS protocol which is not defined as the standard thus compatibility issues between equipment from different vendors may arise. WDS Peers : WDS Stations and/or WDS Access Points connected to the AirOS powered Access Point should be specified in this list in order to create a wireless network infrastructure - Wireless Distribution System (applicable for AP WDS mode only). Enter the MAC address of the paired WDS device in the WDS Peer entry field. One MAC address should be specified for Point-to-Point connection use case, up to six WDS Peers can be specified for Point-to-Multi-Point connection use case. Auto option should be enabled in order to establish WDS connection between Access Points if WDS Peers are not specified (applicable for AP WDS mode only). If Auto option is enabled AirOS powered Access Point will choose WDS Peers (Access Points) according to the SSID setting. Access Point operating in WDS mode should have the same SSID as the WDS Peer in order to establish the connection automatically while Auto option is enabled. This configuration is also known as the repeater mode. Note: Access Point operating in WDS mode and all the WDS Peers must operate on the same frequency channel and use the same channel spectrum width . MAC Clone option makes the Station fully transparent while acting as the laptop or PC which is connected to the AirOS device LAN port (Ethernet interface). MAC of the client computer is cloned and copied on top of the AirOS device, so it can be made to connect to the same device and maintain any MAC ID security based privileges from the server. MAC Cloning option (applicable for STA mode only) is effective for one and the only PC connected to the subscriber station's LAN port as the station will authenticate and associate to the chosen Access Point using the MAC address of the PC. Note: MAC Cloning option is not available if WPA/WPA2 security is enabled due to compatibility issues. SSID : Service Set Identifier used to identify your 802.11 wireless LAN should be specified while operating in Access Point mode. All the client devices within range will receive broadcast messages from the access point advertising this SSID. ESSID : specify the ESSID of the Access Point which the the AirOS should associate to while operating in Station or Station WDS mode. There can be several Access Points

with the same ESSID. If the ESSID is set to "Any" the station will connect to any available AP. Hide SSID control will disable advertising the SSID of the access point in broadcast messages to wireless stations. Unselected control will make SSID visible during network scans on the wireless stations. Control is available while operating in Access Point mode only.

Site Survey tool for the Access Point selection The list of the available Access Points can be retrieved using the Select button. This control activates Site Survey tool which is used for the AP selection. Site Survey will search for the available wireless networks in range on all the supported channels and will allow you to select one for association. In case the selected network uses encryption, you'll need to set security parameters in wireless security section. Select the Access Point from the list and click Select button for association. Click Scan button to refresh the list of available wireless networks. Close this window button closes Site Survey tool window. Site Survey channel scan list can be modified using the Channel Scan List control.

Channel Scan list selection on Nanostation5 Channel Scan List : This will confine scanning only to the selected channels (applicable for Station and Station WDS mode only). The benefits of this are faster scanning as well as filtering out unwanted AP's in the results. Site Survey tool will look for the Access Points in selected channels only. Channel list management for the selected IEEE 802.11 mode and specified Channel Spectrum Width can be enabled by selecting the Enabled option. There are two ways to set the Channel Scan List - enumerating the required channels (separated by comma) in the input field or using the selection options in Channel Scan List window which is activated using the Edit button. Site Survey tool will look for the Access Points in selected channels only if the scan or site survey operation is performed in Station mode. Lock to AP MAC : This allows the station to always maintain connection to a particular AP with a specific MAC (applicable for Station and Station WDS mode only). This is useful as sometimes there can be few identically named SSID's (AP's) with different MAC addresses. With AP lock on, the station will lock to MAC address and not roam between several Access Points with the same ESSID.

Country Code : Different countries will have different power levels and possible frequency selections. To ensure device operation follows regulatory compliance rules, please make sure to select your correct country where device will be used. The channel list, output power limits, IEEE 802.11 and Channel Spectrum Width modes will be tuned according to the regulations of the selected country. Additionally, please consult compliance guide for further explanation of international compliance requirements. IEEE 802.11 Mode : This is the radio standard used for operation of your AirOS powered device. 802.11b is an older 2.4GHz mode while the 802.11g (2.4GHz) and 802.11a (5GHz) are newer standards based on faster Othogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) modulation. For more information, please consult 802.11 compliance guide .

Bullet2/2HP, LiteStation2, MiniStation, NanoStation2/loco2, PowerStation2, PicoStation2/2HP supported IEEE 802.11 modes: B only connect to a 802.11b only network. B/G Mixed connect to a 802.11b or 802.11g network (selected by default). G only connect to a 802.11g only network.

Bullet5/HP, LiteStation5, NanoStation5/loco5, PowerStation5, PicoStation5, WispStation5 supported IEEE 802.11 modes: A connect to a 802.11a network (selected by default).

LiteStation-SR71 supported IEEE 802.11 modes: 11n connect to a 802.11n network (selected by default). 802.11n is compatible with 802.11b or 802.11g modes.

Channel Spectrum Width : This is spectral width of the radio channel. Supported wireless channel spectrum widths: 5MHz is the channel spectrum with the width of 5 MHz (known as QuarterRate mode). 10MHz is the channel spectrum with the width of 10 MHz (known as HalfRate mode). 20MHz is the standard channel spectrum width (selected by default). 40MHz the widest channel spectrum width required to connect to a 802.11a network which supports Static Turbo feature (applicable for Bullet5/HP, LiteStation5, NanoStation5/loco5, PowerStation5, PicoStation5, WispStation5 only). Reducing spectral width provides 2 benefits and 1 drawback. Benefit 1: It will increase the amount of non-overlapping channels. This can allow networks to scale better Benefit 2: It will increase the PSD (power spectral Density) of the channel and enable the link distance to be increased

Drawback: It will reduce throughput proportional to the channel size reduction. So just as turbo mode (40MHz) increases possible speeds by 2x, half spectrum channel (10MHz), will decrease possible speeds by 2x. Channel Shifting : option enables the special channels which have the frequency offset from the standard 802.11b/g and 802.11a channels. This is a proprietary Ubiquiti developed feature. While 802.11 networks have standard channels such as Channel 1 (2412MHz), Channel 2 (2417MHz), etc. spaced every 5MHz apart, channel shifting will allow operation of new non-802.11 channels offset from the standard channels. All the channels can be shifted by 5 MHz (in 802.11a mode) or 2 MHz (in 802.11b/bg/g mode) from the default central channel frequency. The benefits of this are private networking and inherent security. Using channelshifting, networks can instantly become invisible to the millions of wifi devices in the world. Channel : select the wireless channel while operating in Access Point mode. Multiple frequency channels are available to avoid interference between nearby access points. The channel list varies depending on the selected country code, IEEE 802.11 mode, Channel Spectrum Width and Channel Shifting option. Output Power : This will configure the maximum average transmit output power (in dBm) of the wireless device. The output power at which wireless module transmits data can be specified using the slider. When entering output power value manually, the slider position will change according to the entered value. The transmit power level maximum is limited according to the country regulations. If the AirOS based device has an internal antenna (ie NanoStation), Output Power is the output power delivered to the internal antenna. Obey regulatory power option must remain enabled while it will force the transmit output power to be compliant with the regulations of the selected country. In this case it will not be possible to set equivalent isotropic radiated power (EIRP) above the amount allowed per regulatory domain (different maximum output power levels and antenna gains are allowed for each IEEE 802.11a/b/g regulatory domain thus country). For more regulatory information please consult 802.11 compliance guide . Data Rate : This defines the data rate (in Mbps) at which the device should transmit wireless packets. If the Auto check box is enabled, then the rate algorithm will select the best data rate depending on the link quality conditions. If a data rate below 54Mbps is selected while the Auto rate selection is enabled, then the selected data rate will become the maximum data rate that can be used. Use Auto option if you are having trouble getting connected or losing data at a higher rate. In this case the lower data rates will be used by device automatically. Refer to the section Advanced Wireless Settings for the detailed information about rate algorithms . [ Content ]

Wireless Security

This section enables you to set parameters that control how the subscriber station associates to a wireless device and encrypts/decrypts data.

Station Wireless Security Settings Choose the security method according to the Access Point security policy. Subscriber station should be authorized by Access Point in order to get access to the network and all the user data transferred between subscriber station and Access Point will be encrypted if the wireless security methods are used. Security : AirOS supports WEP, WPA, and WPA2 security options. Select the security mode of your wireless network: WEP enable WEP encryption. WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is based on the IEEE 802.11 standard and uses the RC4 encryption algorithm. Enabling WEP allows you to increase security by encrypting data being transferred over your wireless network. WEP is the oldest security algorithm. WPA enable WPA security mode. Wi-Fi Protected Access - WPA (IEEE 802.11i/D3.0) and WPA2 (IEEE 802.11i) with pre-shared key management protocol offers improved security methods as they are new protocols that were created under the 802.11i standard to address weaknesses in the WEP approach. WPA and WPA2 support the following ciphers for data encryption: TKIP - Temporal Key Integrity Protocol which uses RC4 encryption algorithm. CCMP - Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol which uses the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm. The device will use the strongest cipher (CCMP) in Station and Access Point wireless mode by default. If CCMP is not supported on the other side of the link the TKIP encryption will be used - like in situation when the device acts as Access Point with WPA security enabled and at least one wireless station (without CCMP support) is connected to it. WPA-TKIP enable WPA security mode with TKIP support only. WPA-AES enable WPA security mode with AES support only. WPA2 enable WPA2 security mode. WPA2-TKIP enable WPA2 security mode with TKIP support only. WPA2-AES enable WPA2 security mode with AES support only. Authentication Type : field relates only to the WEP security option. One of the following authentication modes should be selected if WEP security method is used:

Open Authentication station is authenticated automatically by AP (selected by default). Shared Authentication station is authenticated after the challenge, generated by AP. WEP Key Length : 64-bit (selected by default) or 128-bit WEP Key length should be selected if WEP security method is used. The 128-bit option will provide higher level of wireless security. Key Type : HEX (selected by default) or ASCII option specifies the character format for the WEP key if WEP security method is used. WEP Key : WEP encryption key for the wireless traffic encryption and decryption should be specified if WEP security method is used: For 64-bit specify WEP key as 5 HEX (0-9, AF or af) pairs (eg 00112233AA) or 5 ASCII characters. For 128-bit specify WEP key as 13 HEX (0-9, AF or af) pairs (eg 00112233445566778899AABBCC) or 13 ASCII characters. Key Index : allows to specify the Index of the WEP Key used. 4 different WEP keys can be configured at the same time, but only one is used. Effective key is set with a choice of 1, 2, 3 or 4. WPA Authentication : one of the following WPA key selection methods should be specified if WPA or WPA2 security method is used (applicable for Station and Station WDS modes only). : PSK WPA or WPA2 with Pre-shared Key method (selected by default). EAP WPA or WPA2 with EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) IEEE 802.1x authentication method. This method is commonly used in Enterprise networks. Note: AirOS Web Management GUI supports only EAPTTLS authentication method. WPA Pre-shared Key : the pass phrase for WPA or WPA2 security method should be specified if the Pre-shared Key method is selected. The pre-shared key is an alpha-numeric password between 8 and 63 characters long. WPA Identity : identification credential (also known as identity ) used by the supplicant for EAP authentication (applicable for STA and STA WDS modes only). WPA User Name : identification credential (also known as anonymous identity ) used by the supplicant for EAP tunneled authentication (EAP-TTLS) in unencrypted form (applicable for STA and STA WDS modes only). WPA User Password : password credential used by the supplicant for EAP authentication (applicable for STA and STA WDS modes only).

Access Point Wireless Security Settings MAC ACL : MAC Access Control List (ACL) provides ability to allow or deny certain clients to connect to the AP (applicable for AP and AP WDS modes only). MAC ACL can be enabled by selecting the Enabled option. There are two ways to set the Access Control List: define certain wireless clients in the list which will have granted access to the Access Point while the access will be denied for all the remaining clients - MAC ACL Policy is set to Allow' . define certain wireless clients in the list which will have denied access to the Access Point while the access will be granted for all the remaining clients MAC ACL Policy is set to Deny . The MAC addresses of the wireless clients can be added and removed to the list using the Add and Remove buttons. Note: MAC Access Control is the weakest security approach. WPA or WPA2 security methods shoud be used when possible. Click Change button to save the changes. [ Content ]

Red
The Network Page allows the administrator to setup bridge or routing functionality. AirOS powered devices can operate in bridge or router mode. The IP configuration as described below is required for device management purposes. IP addresses can either be retrieved from a DHCP server or configured manually. Use the Network menu to configure the IP settings.

AirOS Network Mode selection Network Mode : specify the operating network mode for the device. The mode depends on the network topology requirements:

Bridge operating mode is selected by default as it is widely used by the subscriber stations, while connecting to Access Point or using WDS. In this mode the device will act as a transparent bridge and will operate in Layer 2. There will be no network segmentation while broadcast domain will be the same. Bridge mode will not block any broadcast or multicast traffic. Additional Firewall settings can be configured for Layer 2 packet filtering and access control in Bridge mode. Router operating mode can be configured in order to operate in Layer 3 to perform routing and enable network segmentation wireless clients will be on different IP subnet. Router mode will block broadcasts while it is not transparent. AirOS supports Multicast packet pass-through in Router mode. AirOS powered Router can act as DHCP server and use Network Address Translation (Masquerading) feature which is widely used by the Access Points. NAT will act as the firewall between LAN and WLAN networks. Additional Firewall settings can be configured for Layer 3 packet filtering and access control in Router mode. Disable Network : options can be used for disabling WLAN or LAN interface. This setting should be used with the exclusive care as no L2 or L3 connection can be established through the disabled interface. It will be impossible to access the AirOS based device from the wireless/wired network which is connected to the disabled interface.

Bridge Mode

Bridge mode Network Settings In bridge mode the AirOS based device forwards all the network management and data packets from one network interface to the other without any intelligent routing. For simple applications this provides efficient and fully transparent network solution. WLAN (wireless) and LAN (Ethernet) interfaces belong to the same network segment which has the same IP address space. WLAN and LAN interfaces form the virtual bridge interface while acting as the bridge ports. The bridge has assigned IP settings for management purposes: Bridge IP Address : The device can be set for static IP or can be set to obtain an IP address from the DHCP server it is connected to. One of the IP assignment modes must be selected:

DHCP choose this option to assign the dynamic IP address, Gateway and DNS address by the local DHCP server. Static choose this option to assign the static IP settings for the bridge interface. IP Address : enter the IP address of the device while Static Bridge IP Address mode is selected. This IP will be used for the AirOS device management purposes. IP Address and Netmask settings should consist with the address space of the network segment where AirOS device resides. If the device IP settings and administrator PC (which is connected to the device in wired or wireless way) IP settings will use different address space, the AirOS device will become unreachable. Netmask : This is a value which when expanded into binary provides a mapping to define which portions of IP address groups can be classified as host devices and network devices. Netmask defines the address space of the network segment where AirOS device resides. 255.255.255.0 (or /24) Netmask is commonly used among many C Class IP networks. Gateway IP : Typically, this is the IP address of the host router which provides the point of connection to the internet. This can be a DSL modem, Cable modem, or a WISP gateway router. AirOS device will direct the packets of data to the gateway if the destination host is not within the local network. Gateway IP address should be from the same address space (on the same network segment) as the AirOS device. Primary/Secondary DNS IP : The Domain Name System (DNS) is an internet "phone book" which translates domain names to IP addresses. These fields identify the server IP addresses of where the AirOS device looks for the translation source. Primary DNS server IP address should be specified for the device management purposes. Secondary DNS server IP address is optional. It is used as the fail-over in case the primary DNS server will become unresponsive. DHCP Fallback IP : In case the Bridge is placed in Dynamic IP Address mode (DHCP) and is unable to obtain an IP address from a valid DHCP server, it will fall back to the static IP address listed here. In case the IP settings of the AirOS powered device are unknown, they can be retrieved with the help of the [UBNT_Discovery_Utility Ubiquiti Discovery Utility]. Multiplatform Utility should be started on the administrator PC which resides on the same network segment as the AirOS device. AirOS system will return to the default IP configuration (192.168.1.20/255.255.255.0) If the Reset to defaults routine is initiated.

Spanning Tree Protocol : Multiple interconnected bridges create larger networks using the IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol ( STP ), which is used for finding the shortest path within network and to eliminate loops from the topology. If the STP is turned on, the AirOS Bridge will communicate with other network devices by sending and receiving Bridge Protocol Data Units (BPDU). STP should be turned off (selected by default) when the AirOS device is the only bridge on the LAN or when there are no loops in the topology as there is no sense for the bridge to participate in the Spanning Tree Protocol in this case.

Bridge mode Firewall Configuration Settings Firewall functionality on bridge interface can be enabled using the "Enable Firewall" option. Bridge Firewall rules can be configured, enabled or disabled while using Firewall configuration window which is opened with the "Configure" button. Firewall entries can be specified by using the following criteria: Interface the interface (WLAN or LAN) where filtering of the incoming/passing-through packets is processed; IP Type sets which particular L3 protocol type (IP, ICMP, TCP, UDP) should be filtered; Source IP/mask is the source IP of the packet (specified within the packet header), usually it is the IP of the host system which sends the packets; Source Port is the source port of the TCP/UDP packet (specified within the packet header), usually it is the port of the host system application which sends the packets; Destination IP/mask is the destination IP of the packet (specified within the packet header), usually it is the IP of the system which the packet is addressed to; Destination Port is the destination port of the TCP/UDP packet (specified within the packet header), usually it is the port of the host system application which the packet is addressed to. Comments is the informal field for the comment of the particular firewall entry. Few words about the particular firewall entry purpose are saved there usually. On flag enables or disables the effect of the particular firewall entry. All the added firewall entries are saved in system configuration file, however only the enabled firewall entries will be active during the AirOS system operation. Not operators can be used for inverting the Source IP/mask , Source Port , Destination IP/mask and Destination Port filtering criteria (ie if not is enabled for the specified Destination Port value 443, the filtering criteria will be applied to all the the packets sent to any Destination Port except the 443 which is commonly used by HTTPS).

Newly added Firewall entries can be saved by activating Save button or discarded by activating Cancel button in the Firewall configuration window. All the active firewall entries are stored in the FIREWALL chain of the ebtables filter table, while the device is operating in Bridge mode. Please refer to the ebtables manual for detailed description of the firewall functionality in Bridge mode. The list can be updated using the Reload button. Click Change button to save the changes made in the Network page.

Router Mode
The role of the LAN and WLAN interface will change accordingly to the Wireless Mode while the AirOS powered device is operating in Router mode:

Wireless interface and all the wireless clients connected are considered as the internal LAN and the Ethernet interface is dedicated for the connection to the external network while the AirOS powered device is operating in AP/AP WDS wireless mode; Wireless interface and all the wireless clients connected is considered as the external network and the all the network devices on LAN side as well as the Ethernet interface itself is considered as the internal network while the AirOS powered device is operating in Station/Station WDS mode.

Wireless/wired clients are routed from the internal network to the external one by default. Network Address Translation (NAT) functionality works the same way.

AP-Router mode Network Settings IP Address : This is the IP addresses to be represented by the LAN or WLAN interface which is connected to the internal network according to the wireless operation mode described above. This IP will be used for the routing of the internal network (it will be

the Gateway IP for all the devices connected on the internal network). This is the IP address can be used for the management purpose of the AirOS powered device. LAN/WLAN IP Address : This is the IP addresses to be represented by the LAN or WLAN interface which is connected to the external network according to the wireless operation mode described above. This is the IP address can be used for the routing and the device management purposes. The external network interface can be set for static IP or can be set to obtain an IP address from the DHCP server which should reside in the external network. One of the IP assignment modes must be selected for the external network interface: DHCP choose this option to obtain the IP address, Gateway and DNS address dynamically from the external DHCP server. PPPoE choose this option to obtain the IP address, Gateway and DNS address dynamically from the external PPPoE server. Static choose this option to assign the static IP settings for the external interface. IP Address and Netmask settings should consist with the address space of the network segment where AirOS device resides. If the device IP settings and administrator PC (which is connected to the device in wired or wireless way) IP settings will use different address space, the AirOS device will become unreachable. Netmask : This is used to define the device IP classification for the chosen IP address range. 255.255.255.0 is a typical netmask value for Class C networks, which support IP address range 192.0.0.x to 223.255.255.x. Class C network Netmask uses 24 bits to identify the network (alternative notation "/24") and 8 bits to identity the host. Auto IP Aliasing configures automatically generated IP Address for the corresponding WLAN/LAN interface if enabled. Generated IP address is the unique Class B IP address from the 169.254.XY range (Netmask 255.255.0.0) which are intended for use within the same network segment only. Auto IP always starts with 169.254.XY while X and Y are last 2 digits from device MAC address (ie if the MAC is 00:15:6D:A3:04:FB, Generated unique Auto IP will be 169.254.4.251). IP Aliases for internal and external network interface can be configured. IP Aliases can be specified using the IP Aliases configuration window which is opened while activating the "Configure" button. IP Address is the alternative IP address for the LAN or WLAN interface, which can be used for the routing or device management purposes; Netmask is the network address space identifier for the particular IP Alias ; Comments is the informal field for the comment of the particular IP Alias. Few words about the alias purpose are saved there usually; Enabled flag enables or disables the particular IP Alias. All the added IP Aliases are saved in system configuration file, however only the enabled IP Aliases will be active during the AirOS system operation.

Newly added IP Aliases can be saved by activating Save button or discarded by activating Cancel button in the Aliases configuration window. Gateway IP : is the IP address of the host router which resides on the external network and provides the point of connection to the next hop towards the internet. This can be a DSL modem, Cable modem, or a WISP gateway router. AirOS device will direct all the packets to the gateway if the destination host is not within the local network. Gateway IP address should be from the same address space (on the same network segment) as the AirOS device's external network interface (Wireless interface in the Station case and the LAN interface in the AP case). Primary/Secondary DNS IP : The Domain Name System (DNS) is an internet "phone book" which translates domain names to IP addresses. These fields identify the server IP addresses where the DNS requests are forwarded by the AirOS powered device. Primary DNS server IP is mandatory. It is used by the DNS Proxy and for the device management purpose. Secondary DNS server IP address is optional. It is used as the fail-over in case the primary DNS server will become unresponsive. Enable NAT : Network Address Translation (NAT) enables packets to be sent from the wired network (LAN) to the wireless interface IP address and then sub-routed to other client devices residing on it's local network while the AirOS powered device is operating in AP/AP WDS wireless mode and in the contrariwise direction in "Station/Station WDS" mode. NAT is implemented using the masquerade type firewall rules. NAT firewall entries are stored in the iptables nat table, while the device is operating in Router mode. Please refer to the iptables tutorial for detailed description of the NAT functionality in Router mode. Static routes should be specified in order the packets should pass-through the AirOs based device if the NAT is disabled in while operating in Router network mode. Enable DHCP Server : Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Server assigns IP addresses to clients which will associate to the wireless interface while the AirOS powered device is operating in AP/AP WDS wireless mode and assigns IP addresses to clients which will connect to the LAN interface while the AirOS powered device is operating in Station/Station WDS mode. Range Start/End : This range determines the IP addresses given out by the DHCP server to client devices on the internal network which use dynamic IP configuration. Lease Time : The IP addresses given out by the DHCP server will only be valid for the duration specified by the lease time. Increasing the time ensure client operation without interrupt, but could introduce potential conflicts. Lowering the lease time will avoid potential address conflicts, but might cause more slight interruptions to the client while it will acquire new IP addresses from the DHCP server.

DHCP Fallback IP : In case the external network interface of the Router is placed in Dynamic IP Address mode (DHCP) and is unable to obtain an IP address from a valid DHCP server, it will fall back to the static IP address listed here. In case the IP settings of the AirOS powered device are unknown, they can be retrieved with the help of the [UBNT_Discovery_Utility Ubiquiti Discovery Utility]. Multiplatform Utility should be started on the administrator PC which resides on the same network segment as the AirOS device. AirOS system will return to the default IP configuration (192.168.1.20/255.255.255.0) If the Reset to defaults routine is initiated.

Port Forwarding Settings Port Forwarding : Port forwarding allows specific ports of the hosts residing in the internal network to be forwarded to the external network. This is useful for number of applications such as FTP servers, gaming, etc. where different host systems need to be seen using a single common IP address/port. Port Forwarding rules can be set in Port Forwarding window, which is opened by enabling the Port Forwarding option and activating the Configure button. Port Forwarding entries can be specified by using the following criteria: Private IP is the IP of the host which is connected to the internal network and needs to be accessible from the external network; Private Port is the TCP/UDP port of the application running on the host which is connected to the internal network. The specified port will be accessible from the external network; Type is the L3 protocol (IP) type which need to be forwarded from the internal network. Public Port is the TCP/UDP port of the AirOS based device which will accept and forward the connections from the external network to the host connected to the internal network. Comments is the informal field for the comment of the particular port forwarding entry. Few words about the particular port forwarding entry purpose are saved there usually. Enabled flag enables or disables the effect of the particular port forwarding entry. All the added firewall entries are saved in system configuration file, however only the enabled port forwarding entries will be active during the AirOS system operation. Newly added port forwarding entries can be saved by activating Save button or discarded by activating Cancel button in the Port Forwarding configuration window.

DNS Proxy : The DNS Proxy forwards the Domain Name System requests from the hosts which reside in the internal network to the DNS server while AirOS powered device is in operating in Router mode. Valid Primary DNS Server IP needs to be specified for DNS Proxy functionality. Internal network interface IP of the AirOS powered device should be specified as the DNS server in the host configuration in order DNS Proxy should be able to get the DNS requests and translate domain names to IP addresses afterwards.

Bridge mode Firewall Configuration Settings Firewall functionality on any router interface can be enabled using the "Enable Firewall" option. Router Firewall rules can be configured, enabled or disabled while using Firewall configuration window which is opened with the "Configure" button. Firewall entries can be specified by using the following criteria: Interface the interface (WLAN, LAN or PPP) where filtering of the incoming/passing-through packets is processed; IP Type sets which particular L3 protocol type (IP, ICMP, TCP, UDP, P2P) should be filtered; Source IP/mask is the source IP of the packet (specified within the packet header), usually it is the IP of the host system which sends the packets; Source Port is the source port of the TCP/UDP packet (specified within the packet header), usually it is the port of the host system application which sends the packets; Destination IP/mask is the destination IP of the packet (specified within the packet header), usually it is the IP of the system which the packet is addressed to; Destination Port is the destination port of the TCP/UDP packet (specified within the packet header), usually it is the port of the host system application which the packet is addressed to. Comments is the informal field for the comment of the particular firewall entry. Few words about the particular firewall entry purpose are saved there usually. On flag enables or disables the effect of the particular firewall entry. All the added firewall entries are saved in system configuration file, however only the enabled firewall entries will be active during the AirOS system operation. Not operators can be used for inverting the Source IP/mask , Source Port , Destination IP/mask and Destination Port filtering criteria (ie if not is enabled for the specified Destination Port value 443, the filtering criteria will be applied to all the the packets sent to any Destination Port except the 443 which is commonly used by HTTPS). Newly added Firewall entries can be saved by activating Save button or discarded by activating Cancel button in the Firewall configuration window.

All the active firewall entries are stored in the FIREWALL chain of the iptables filter table, while the device is operating in Router mode. Please refer to the iptables tutorial for detailed description of the firewall functionality in Router mode. PPPoE : Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) is a virtual private and secure connection between two systems which enables encapsulated data transport. It is commonly used as the medium for subscribers to connect to Internet Service Providers. Select the IP Address option PPPoE to configure a PPPoE tunnel in order to connect to an ISP. Only the external network interface can be configured as PPPoE client as all the traffic will be sent via this tunnel. The IP address, Default gateway IP and DNS server IP address will be obtained from the PPPoE server after PPPoE connection is established. Broadcast address is used for the PPPoE server discovery and tunnel establishment. Valid authorization credentials are required for the PPPoE connection: PPPoE Username username to connect to the server (must match the configured on the PPPoE server); Password password to connect to the server (must match the configured on the PPPoE server); PPPoE MTU/MRU the size (in bytes) of the Maximum Transmission Unit ( MTU ) and Maximum Receive Unit (MRU) used for the data encapsulation while tranfering it through the PPP tunnel; PPPoE Encryption enables the use of MPPE encryption. IP address of the PPP interface will be displayed in the Main page next to the PPP interface statistics if it is obtained through the established PPPoE connection, otherwise "Not Connected" message will be displayed. PPPoE tunnel reconnection routine can be initiated using the Reconnect button which is located in the Main page next to the PPP interface statistics. Enable DMZ : The Demilitarized zone (DMZ) can be enabled and used as a place where services can be placed such as Web Servers, Proxy Servers, and E-mail Servers such that these services can still serve the local network and are at the same time isolated from it for additional security. DMZ is commonly used with the NAT functionality as an alternative for the Port Forwarding while makes all the ports of the host network device be visible from the external network side. DMZ Management Port : Web Management Port for the AirOS based device (TCP/IP port 80 by default) will be used for the host device if DMZ Management Port option is enabled. In this case AirOS device will respond to the requests from the external network as if it was the host which is specified with DMZ IP . It is recommended to leave Management Port disabled while the AirOS based device will become inaccessible from the external network if enabled. DMZ IP : connected to the internal network host, specified with the DMZ IP address will be accessible from the external network.

With a multicast design, applications can send one copy of each packet and address it to the group of computers that want to receive it. This technique addresses packets to a group of receivers rather than to a single receiver. It depends on the network to forward the packets to the hosts which need to receive them. Common Routers isolate all the broadcast (thus multicast) traffic between the internal and external networks, however AirOS provides the multicast traffic pass-through functionality. Enable Mcast Routing option enables the multicast packets pass-through between internal and external networks while device is operating in Router mode. Multicast intercommunication is based on Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) . Click Change button to save the changes made in the Network page. [ Content ]

Avanzada
This page handles advanced routing and wireless settings. The Advanced options page allows you to manage advanced settings that influence on the device performance and behavior. The advanced wireless settings are dedicated for more technically advanced users who have a sufficient knowledge about wireless LAN technology. These settings should not be changed unless you know what effect the changes will have on your device.

Advanced Wireless Setting

Advanced Wireless Settings The 802.11 data rates include 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps for IEEE 802.11b mode and 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54Mbps for IEEE 802.11a/g mode. The Rate Algorithm has a critical impact on performance in outdoor links as generally lower data rates are more immune to noise while higher rates are less immune, but are capable of higher throughput. Rate Algorithm : defines data rate algorithm convergence: Optimistic Algorithm is aggressive enough to move to a higher rate but yet tries to conservatively capture the fluctuations of the RSSI. It starts with the highest possible rate and then decreases till the rate can be supported while periodically transmitting packets at higher rates and computing the transmission time. The optimistic rate algorithm always looks to achieve highest throughput while sacrificing noise immunity and robustness. Conservative Algorithm is less sensitive to individual packet failure as it is based on a function of number of successful and erroneous transmission/retransmission over a sampling period. It steps down to a lower

rate after continuous packet failure and steps up after number of successful packets. The conservative rate algorithm provides the best case stability / robustness, but may compromise maximum throughput. It is recommended to select conservative rate algorithm when the signal strength is low due to noisy environment or link distance. EWMA Algorithm is trying to move to a higher rate but is continuously monitoring the packet failure counters. The Exponential Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) Algorithm (also known as minstrel) is a hybrid of the Conservative and Optimistic Algorithm. It is the compromise for most of the wireless network use cases. Noise Immunity option increases the robustness of the device to operate in the presence of noise disturbance which is usually generated by external 802.11 traffic sources, channel hopping signals and other interferers. RTS Threshold : determines the packet size of a transmission and, through the use of an access point, helps control traffic flow. The range is 0-2347bytes, or word off. The default value is 2347 which means that RTS is disabled. RTS/CTS (Request to Send / Clear to Send) is the mechanism used by the 802.11 wireless networking protocol to reduce frame collisions introduced by the hidden terminal problem. RTS/CTS packet size threshold is 0-2347 bytes. If the packet size the node wants to transmit is larger than the threshold, the RTS/CTS handshake gets triggered. If the packet size is equal to or less than threshold the data frame gets sent immediately. System uses Request to Send/Clear to Send frames for the handshake which provide collision reduction for access point with hidden stations. The stations are sending a RTS frame first while data is send only after handshake with an AP is completed. Stations respond with the CTS frame to the RTS which provides clear media for the requesting station to send the data. CTS collision control management has time interval defined during which all the other stations hold off the transmission and wait until the requesting station will finish transmission. Fragmentation Threshold : specifies the maximum size for a packet before data is fragmented into multiple packets. The range is 256-2346 bytes, or word off. Setting the Fragmentation Threshold too low may result in poor network performance. The use of fragmentation can increase the reliability of frame transmissions. Because of sending smaller frames, collisions are much less likely to occur. However lower values of the Fragmentation Threshold will result lower throughput as well. Minor or no modifications of the Fragmentation Threshold value is recommended while default setting of 2346 is optimum in most of the wireless network use cases. SuperG /SuperAG Features: select the options to enable the chosen SuperG (applicable for PowerStation2, LiteStation2, NanoStation2/loco2) or SuperAG (PowerStation5, LiteStation5, NanoStation5/loco5) features which increase the network performance:

Fast Frame utilizes 802.11 frame aggregation and timing modifications which increases the data throughput. Bursting more data frames per given time period are transmitted thus the data throughput is increased. Compression real-time hardware data compression is enabled which allows more data sent per frame. Multicast Data : This option allows the Multicast packet pass-through functionality. Multicast Rate : This option allows Multicast packets to be sent in higher rates (up to the 54 Mbps) than commonly used (1 Mbps at IEEE 802.11b mode, 6 Mbps at IEEE 802.11g/a mode). This is Ubiquiti's AirOS proprietary feature thus it may be incompatible with the devices from other vendors. Both AirOS based devices the sender (Station) and the receiver (Access Point) must have the same Multicast Rate configured in order to achieve better multicast packet throughput performance. Enable Extra Reporting : feature will report additional information (ie Host Name) in the 802.11 management frames. This information is commonly used for system identification and status reporting in discovery utilities and Router operating systems. Enable DFS : DFS is the part of the IEEE 802.11h wireless standard. Enable DFS option allows to enable/disable DFS support (applicable for Bullet5/HP, LiteStation5, NanoStation5/loco5, PowerStation5, PicoStation5, WispStation5 only). DFS may be mandatory in some regulatory domains and should be tuned according to the regulations of the selected country. Please consult compliance guide and official regulations authorities for further explanation of compliance requirements for the country where AirOS based device is installed. Enable Client Isolation : This option allows packets only to be sent from the external network to the CPE and vice verse (applicable for AP/AP WDS mode only). If the Client Isolation is enabled wireless stations connected to the same AP will not be able to interconnect on both layer 2 (MAC) and layer 3 (IP) level. This is effective for the associated stations and WDS peers also.

Acknowledgement Timeout
AirOS has an auto-acknowledgement timeout algorithm which dynamically optimizes the frame acknowledgement timeout value without user intervention. This is a critical feature required for stabilizing long-distance outdoor links. The user also has the ability to enter the value manually. Distance : specify the distance value in miles (or kilometers) using slider or enter the value manually. The signal strength and throughput falls off with range. Changing the distance value will change the ACK Timeout to the appropriate value of the distance. ACK Timeout : specify the ACK Timeout . Every time the station receives the data frame it sends an ACK frame to the AP (if transmission errors are absent). If the station receives no ACK frame from the AP within set timeout it re-sends the frame. The performance drops because of the too many data frames are re-send, thus if the timeout is set too short or too long, it will result poor connection and throughput performance.

Changing the ACK Timeout'' == value will change the Distance to the appropriate distance value for the ACK Timeout. Auto Adjust control will enable the ACK Timeout Self-Configuration feature. If enabled, ACK Timeout value will be derived dynamically using an algorithm similar to the Conservative Rate Algorithm described above. It is not recommended to use Auto Adjust option for long range links if the signal level is low or the high level of interference is present. If two or more stations are located at the considerably different distance from the Access Point the are associated to, the highest ACK Timeout for the farthest station should be set at the AP side. It is not recommended to use Auto Adjust option for Pointto-Multipoint connections as it will not warrant highest network performance in all the use cases.

Antenna Settings

Antenna Polarity Configuration AirOS based devices have a possibility to switch the antenna polarities with a single web management control. This is achieved by using Ubiquiti's patent-pending Adaptive Antenna Polarity (AAP) technology. AirOS devices often have multiple antenna options which can be configured using the Antenna Settings : Vertical and Horizontal antenna polarity which is the most common configuration; Adaptive antenna mode chooses the best polarity dynamically. Adaptive antenna polarity mode which allows for the beam polarities to be switched dynamically on the fly for improved performance in heavy noise environments; External antenna option allows a connection of the higher gain antenna to an external antenna port.

NanoStation2, NanoStation5 has 4 antenna modes: 1. Vertical Polarity; 2. Horizontal Polarity; 3. Adaptive; 4. External.

PowerStation5-Ext has 3 antenna modes: 1. Antenna 1; 2. Antenna 2; 3. Diversity.

PowerStation2-16D has 3 antenna modes:

1. Vertical Polarity; 2. Horizontal Polarity; 3. Adaptive;

NanoStation2-Loco, NanoStation5-Loco has 2 antenna modes: 1. Vertical Polarity; 2. Horizontal Polarity;

MiniStation has 2 antenna modes: 1. Internal; 2. External.

Some AirOS devices (ie Bullet2/2HP, Bullet5/HP, PowerStation2, PowerStation2) has only 1 antenna mode: Vertical, Horizontal or External. In this case Antenna Settings are not displayed in the Advanced page in this case.

LED Thresholds

LED de configuracin de umbrales de The LED's on the back of the AirOS Device can be made to light on when received signal levels reach the values defined in the following fields. This allows a technician to easily deploy an AirOS CPE without logging into the unit (ie for antenna alignment operation). Signal LED Thresholds specify the marginal value of Signal Strength (dBm) which will switch on LEDs indicating signal strength: LED 1 (Red) will switch on if the Signal Strength reaches the value set in an entry field next to it. LED 2 (Yellow) will switch on if the Signal Strength reaches the value set in an entry field next to it. LED 3 (Green) will switch on if the Signal Strength reaches the value set in an entry field next to it. LED 4 (Green) will switch on if the Signal Strength reachse the value set in an entry field next to it. Configuration example: if the Signal Strength (displayed in the Main page) fluctuates around -63 dBm, the LED Thresholds can be set to the values -70, -65, -62, -60. Note: sign "-" character should not be used for the Signal Strength value specification.

Wireless Traffic Shaping


Wireless Traffic shaping feature is dedicated for upstream and downstream bandwidth control while looking from the client (connected on Ethernet interface) perspective.

The traffic can be limited at the AirOS based device in the upload and download direction based on a user defined rate limit. This is layer 3 QoS. Enable Traffic Shaping : control will enable bandwidth control on the device. Incoming Traffic Limit : specify the maximum bandwidth value (in kilobits per second) for traffic passing from wireless interface to Ethernet interface. Incoming Traffic Burst : specify the data volume (in kilobytes) to which Incoming Traffic Limit will not be effective afterwards data connection is initiated. Outgoing Traffic Limit : specify the maximum bandwidth value (in kilobits per second) for traffic passing from Ethernet interface to wireless interface. ' Outgoing Traffic Burst : specify the data volume (in kilobytes) to which Outgoing Traffic Limit will not be effective afterwards data connection is initiated.

QoS
Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) is a component of the IEEE 802.11e wireless LAN standard for quality of service (QoS). The QoS assigns priority to the selected network traffic, prevents packet collisions and delays thus improving VoIP calls and watching video over WLANs. 802.11e / WMM allows for improved latency performance for Voice and Video applications. This is layer 2 QoS and happens at 802.11 frame level. QoS (WMM) Level : choose the type of the network traffic to which the priority will be set or disable the QoS feature. No QoS disable QoS. Auto Priority priority of traffic is assigned automatically according to the type of the passing through data. Video Priority enable priority of the video traffic for all the passing through data. Voice Priority enable priority of the voice traffic for all the passing through data. [ Content ]

Servicios
This page covers the configuration of system management services SNMP and Ping Watchdog.

Ping WatchDog
The ping watchdog sets the AirOS Device to continuously ping a user defined IP address (it can be the internet gateway for example). If it is unable to ping under the user defined constraints, the AirOS device will automatically reboot. This option creates a kind of "fail-proof" mechanism. Ping Watchdog is dedicated for continuous monitoring of the particular connection to remote host using the Ping tool. The Ping works by sending ICMP echo request packets to the target host and listening for ICMP echo response replies. If the defined number of replies is not received, the tool reboots the device.

Enable Ping Watchdog: control will enable Ping Watchdog Tool. IP Address To Ping: specify an IP address of the target host which will be monitored by Ping Watchdog Tool. Ping Interval: specify time interval (in seconds) between the ICMP echo requests are sent by the Ping Watchdog Tool. Startup Delay: specify initial time delay (in seconds) until first ICMP echo requests are sent by the Ping Watchdog Tool. The value of Startup Delay should be at least 60 seconds as the network interface and wireless connection initialization takes considerable amount of time if the device is rebooted.

Failure Count To Reboot: specify the number of ICMP echo response replies. If the specified number of ICMP echo response packets is not received continuously, the Ping Watchdog Tool will reboot the device.

SNMP Agent
Simple Network Monitor Protocol (SNMP) is used in network management systems to monitor network-attached devices for conditions that warrant administrative attention. AirOS contains an SNMP agent which allows it to communicate to SNMP manage applications for network provisioning. SNMP Agent provides an interface for device monitoring using the Simple Network Management Protocol (an application layer protocol that facilitates the exchange of management information between network devices). SNMP Agent allows network administrators to monitor network performance, find and solve network problems. For the purpose of equipment identification, it is always a good idea to configure SNMP agents with contact and location information: Enable SNMP Agent : control will enable SNMP Agent. SNMP Community : specify SNMP community string. It is required to authenticate access to MIB objects and functions as embedded password. The device supports a Read-only community string that gives read access to authorized management stations to all the objects in the MIB except the community strings, but does not allow write access. AirOS supports SNMP v1. Contact : specify the identity or the contact who should be contacted in case a emergency situation arise. Location : specify the physical location of the device.

NTP Client, Web, Telnet, SSH Server


NTP Client : The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a protocol for synchronizing the clocks of computer systems over packet-switched, variable-latency data networks. It can be used to set the AirOS system time. System Time is reported next to the every System Log entry while registering system events if Log option is enabled. Web Server : the following AirOS Device Web Server parameters can be set there: Use Secure Connection (HTTPS) : If checked Web server will use secure HTTPS mode. HTTP mode is selected by default. Secure Server Port : Web Server TCP/IP port setting while using HTTPS mode. Server Port : Web Server TCP/IP port setting while using HTTP mode.. Telnet Server : the following AirOS Device Telnet Server parameters can be set there:

Enable Telnet Server : Enables Telnet access to the AirOS Device. Server Port : Telnet service TCP/IP port setting. SSH Server : the following AirOS Device SSH Server parameters can be set there: Enable SSH Server : Enables SSH access to the AirOS Device. Server Port : SSH service TCP/IP port setting.

Registro del sistema


Enable Log : option enables the registration routine of the system log messages. Enable Remote Log enables the syslog remote sending function while System log messages are sent to a remote server specified by the Remote Log IP Address and Remote Log Port . Remote Log IP Address is the host IP address where syslog messages should be sent. Remote host sould be configured properly to receive syslog protocol messages. Remote Log Port is the TCP/IP port of the host syslog messages should be sent. "514" is the default port for the commonly used system message logging utilities. Every logged message contains at least a System Time and a Host Name. Usually a particular service name which generates the system event is specifies also within the message. Messages from different services have different context and different level of the details. Usually error , warning or informational system services messages are reported, however more detailed Debug level messages can be reported also. The more detailed system messages are reported, the greater volume of log messages will be generated. [ Content ]

Sistema
The System Page contains Administrative options. This page enables administrator to customize, reboot the device, set it to factory defaults, upload a new firmware, backup or update the configuration and configure administrator's credentials.

Firmware
Use this section to find out current software version and update the device with the new firmware. The device firmware update is compatible with all configuration settings. System configuration are preserved while the device is updated with a new firmware version. Firmware version : displays the version of the current firmware of the AirOS system. Upgrade : button opens the Firmware Upload window if activated. Current Firmware : displays the version of the AirOS firmware which is currently operating. Firmware File : activate Browse button to navigate to and select the new firmware file. The full path to the new firmware file location can be specified there. New firmware file is transfered to the system after Upload button is activated. Close this window button cancels the new firmware upload process if activated. Upgrade button should be activated in order to proceed with firmware upgrade routine (new firmware image should be uploaded into the system first). Please be patient, as the firmware upgrade routine can take 3-7 minutes. AirOS based device will be unaccessible until the firmware upgrade routine is completed.

Do not switch off, do not reboot and do not disconnect the device from the power supply during the firmware upgrade process as these actions will damage the device! It is highly recommended to backup the system configuration and the Support Info file before uploading the new configuration. Close this window button closes the firmware upgrade window if activated. This action will not cancel the firmware upgrade process.

Nombre de host
Host Name is the system wide device identifier. It is reported by SNMP Agent to authorized management stations. Host Name will be represented in popular Router Operating Systems registration screens and discovery tools. Host Name : specifies the system identity. Change button saves the Host Name if activated.

Administrative and Read-only Account


In this section you can modify the administrator password to protect your device from unauthorized configuration. The default administrator's password should be changed on the very first system setup: Administrator Username : specifies the name of the system user. Current Password : administrator is required to enter a current password. It is required for Password or Administrator Username change routine. Default administrator login credentials:

User Name: ubnt Password: ubnt

New Password : new password used for administrator authentication should be specified. Verify Password : new password should be re-entered to verify its accuracy. Click Change button to save the changes. Enable Read-Only Account Read-Only Username Password : new password used for read-only administrator authentication should be specified.

Interface Language
AirOs supports multiple languages in the Web Management Interface. Language options change the look and feel of the Web Management Interface while renaming the labels of all the configuration settings and controls according to the translation in particular language. The colors and the layout of all the web elements is not changed after the change of the language. Language selection is saved by activating the Set as default button.

Logo Customization
Use the controls in this section to configure custom logo on the device web management interface. The logo must conform to these limitations:

The volume size of the logo is 50 Kilobytes or less; The maximum height of logo should be 70 pixels; Only .gif format images are accepted.

To upload new logo, enable logo customization and specify the location of logo file: Enable Custom Logo : control will enable logo customization. If the Enable Custom Logo option is not selected the default Ubiquiti logo will be set/restored and the custom logo will be removed. Logo Target URL: the target URL of custom logo can be specified in this field. Target URL is opened when clicking on custom logo. ' Logo File: activate Browse button to navigate to and select the logo file. The full path to the logo file stored locally can be specified there. Logo file is transfered to the system after Upload button is activated.

If the logo file maximum volume size (50 kilobytes) is exceeded the system performance issues may occur. Default logo dimension (in pixels) is 114 (width) X 53(height).

Gestin de la Configuracin
AirOS configuration is stored in plain text file. Use the Configuration Management section controls to backup, restore or update the system configuration file: Backup Configuration : click Download button to download the current system configuration file.

Upload Configuration : click Browse button to navigate to and select the new configuration file or specify the full path to the configuration file location. Activating the Upload button will transfer new configuration file to the system. The settings of the new configuration will be visible in the Link Setup , Network , Advanced , Services and System pages of the Web Management Interface. New configuration will be effective after the Apply button is activated and system reboot cycle is completed. Previous system configuration is deleted after Apply button is activated. It is highly recommended to backup the system configuration before uploading the new configuration. Use only configuration backups of the same type device - configuration backed up from PowerStation2 suits only PowerStation2, but not LiteStation2 or LiteStation5! Behavior may be unpredictable when mixing configurations from different type devices.

Device Maintenance
The controls in this section are dedicated for the device maintenance routines: rebooting, reseting, generating of the support information report. Reboot : activate Reboot control in order to initiate full reboot cycle of the the device. Reboot effect is the same as the hardware reboot which is similar to the power off power on cycle. The system configuration is not modified after the reboot cycle completes. Any non-applied changes will be lost. Reset to Defaults : activate Reset to Defaults control in order to initiate reset the device to factory defaults routine. Reset routine initiates system Reboot process (similar to the power off - power on cycle). The running system configuration will be deleted and the the default system configuration (all the system settings with no exception) will be set. After the Reset to Defaults routine is completed, AirOS system will return to the default IP configuration (192.168.1.20/255.255.255.0) and will start operating in StationBridge mode. It is highly recommended to backup the system configuration before the Reset to Defaults is initiated. Support Info : activate Support Info button in order to get system information file. This file should be provided to Ubiquiti support engineers (upon the request) while investigating all the technical support or configuration issues if any.