Pasiva CD-CI The doctor is helping my friend She may close the factory You are selling new cars

He had attacked me in the street We were taking pills in that time. The robber observed the house for several days they told the man the bad news how often did they clean the bedrooms last week? the police has solved the crime Present perfect or Simple Past? After he (arrive) home, he (unpack) and (go) to bed early. My grandparents only (know) each other for a few months before they (get) married. I (be) in London for three years. He (be) a teacher before he (become) a musician. When the boss (walk) into the room we (know) someone was going to get fired. Jack (break) his arm when he (fall) off a horse in 1995. I (know) about the problem for months, but I (not/find) a solution yet.

Simple Past or Past Continuous? What (do) when I (call) you last night? I (sit) in a cafe when you (call). When you (arrive) at the party, who (be) there? Susie (watch) a film when she (hear) the noise. Yesterday I (go) to the library, next I (have) a swim, later I (meet) Julie for coffee.

Simple Past or Past Perfect? We had already eaten when John (come) home. Last year Juan (pass) all his exams. When I (get) to the airport I discovered I had forgotten my passport. I went to the library, then I (buy) some milk and went home. I opened my handbag to find that I (forget) my credit card. When we (arrive) at the station, the train had already left.
Pasiva causativa The hairdresser cuts my hair every other month. ________________________________________________________________ I’m going to take my winter coat to the dry cleaner’s tomorrow. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I must ask the mechanic to repair my car for me. __________________________________________________________________________________. They could build a swimming-pool in the garden for me _________________________________________________________________________________. you should ask an optician to check your eye sight for you. ____________________________________________________________________ You mustn’t go to a tattoo ____________________________________________________________________________. I asked a specialist to pierce my ears when I was ___________________________________________________________________________________ the dentist is going to fill my wisdom tooth. ___________________________________________________________________________________ Have you asked somebody to clean this carpet? ___________________________________________________________________________________? FINISH THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES: conditional 1. If you had a carpet on the stairs………………………………………………………………………..

2. They would have paid you more if…………………………………………………………………… 3. My room would be all right if it………………………………………………………………………. 4. I would have taken a photo if…………………………………………………………………………. 5. If the price of petrol goes up…………………………………………………………………………. REPHRASING: USE CONDITIONAL SENTENCES She got angry because her friends didn´t invite her to their party If ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… It´s too late to have the music so loud If ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Susan didn´t train. That´s the reason why she didn´t win the competition. If……………………………………………………………………………………………………… I can´t take this job because I can´t speak three languages If……………………………………………………………………………………………………… The reason why I failed is because I didn´t study hard. If……………………………………………………………………………………………………… If it doesn´t rain we´ll go to the beach. Unless………………………………………………………………………………………………… I´m too young to vote. If………………………………………………………………………………………………… You won´t go to the party if you don´t finish your homework in time. Unless……………………………………………………………………………………………….

IMPERSONAL PASSIVES
1. People say that he was a spy during the Cold War.
2. They know that the robbers took all the money and the jewels. 3. The police think that they were in the building on the night of the crime. 4. People believe that the kidnappers have killed the Prime Minister. 5. We consider that she was the best opera singer in the world. 6. People thought that it was unnecessary to send a telegram to warn them.

7. They believe that the ship has sunk near Alaska. 8. They say that a princess once lived there. 9. They said that the party was fantastic. 10. That newspaper says that the Britney is expecting a baby.

Relative sentences
There were some questions in the exam. I couldn’t answer them. Sue has gone to England for a few days. Her mother lives in Kent. The tourists were allowed into the country. They had their passports with them. This blue car is my brother’s. It is brand new. My grandmother has a large collection of antiques. They are very valuable. I baby-sit for two boys. They are twins. Julia works at the hospital. Her husband is also a doctor. That is the hotel. We used to stay there every summer. Sharon plays basketball. She’s the tallest girl in the class.

2ND CONDITIONAL 1. She can’t come to the party because she is very busy. If she ... I don’t earn much money. It’s a pity I can’t buy a new car. If ... I don’t have a computer so I can’t type the essay on English grammar. If I ... I can’t go on holiday because I can’t afford it. If I … Donkeys haven’t got wings, so they don’t fly. If ... Lisa is worried because her grandmother is ill. If… His marks aren’t good because he doesn’t work hard. His marks ... I’m busy, so I won’t come with you. I ...

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9. They don’t know her, so they won’t invite her to their party. If ... 3RD CONDITIONAL 10. I didn’t open the door because I didn’t know it was you. If I ... 11. I didn’t invite Beth. I had forgotten her telephone number. If ... 12. Wendy didn’t study for her test. Therefore, she failed. If ... 13. I have failed all my exams at university because I didn’t study enough. If ... 14. I didn’t make a note of it in my diary, so I forgot about it. If ... 15. I didn’t go the gym yesterday because my foot hurt. If ...

16. She made a lot of mistakes because she didn’t study hard for the exam. If she ... 17. She divorced him because he was so terrible to her. If he ... 18. Fortunately Jerry didn’t take his car, so he got to work on time. If ...

Complete with the causative “have/get something done”

a) Amy hasn’t washed her hair. She ____________________________________ at the hairdresser’s. b) Amy didn’t vacuum the carpet yesterday. She ___________________________________________. c) Amy doesn’t usually choose the clothes for her concerts. She ______________________________. d) Amy won’t bake a cake for her birthday. She ____________________________________________. e) Amy isn’t writing the lyrics for her new song. She _________________________________________. f) Amy doesn’t sweep the floor. She _____________________________________________________.

CHANGE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES INTO THE PASSIVE VOICE a) Someone turned on a light in the living room. CD

b) The doctor has taken the ill man to hospital. CD

c) They didn’t pay me for my help. CI

d) The computer could do this more easily. CD

e) People say he is very sick. INFINITIVO

f) They have offered me a new job. CD-CI

g) They are decorating my house. CAUSATIVA

h) She is going to invite us to the party. CI

i) People think that my brother is living abroad. INFINITIVO

j) Why did no one inform me of the change of the exam? CI

k) We have warned you. CI

l) Students may not use dictionaries. CD

m) Why have they never read books? CD

n) They waste a lot of time discussing political issues. CD

o) People think that the prisoner escaped during the night. INFINITIVE

p) People know that the Prime Minister is against this law. INFINITIVE

q) They gave me two hours to do my homework. CD

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