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Bautista-Dizon 1 Emmanuel Bautista-Dizon Mr.

Valencich AP English Period 2 October 28, 2012 A Society Worth Changing In Mark Twains Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Twain illuminates the deep rooted traditions and gullible minds of the southerners. During this interval of time, from the 1830s to 1840s, tradition governs an extensive part of their lives, whilst their gullibility transpires through their customs as well as unusual events. Whether the tradition is on personal grounds or a universal commonality, southerners still abide by these traditions. And whether southerners are susceptible to obvious deceptions or a veiled ruse, they believe anything. Twain criticizes the south by implementing satire and irony to argue that southerners allow tradition to direct them, while also being gullible in their beliefs in order to persuade people to open their minds and In a society where tradition governs the peoples lives, Twain integrates irony to claim that southerners do not hold their own belief; they are guided by prior regulations whether it is right or wrong. On personal grounds, the family feud between the Grangerfords and the Shepherdsons provides the reader with a sense that these families fight for a reason that they do not know of. Between a conversation between Buck and Huckleberry, it is affirmed that the two families dont know, now, what the row was about in the first place (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 109). This argues an ironical point of view in which these two families have been fighting for thirty years, yet they do not for what reason they fight for. To come to terms with one another would not be a hard task; it is only hard because they refuse to know why they fight, and how to solve it.

Bautista-Dizon 2 Additionally, the two families attend the same church, and were both preached about brotherly love, while they had their guns between their knees or stood them handy against the wall (110). The fact that their sermon was on brotherly love demonstrates that though these families may be religious, they do not practice what they preach. The irony provided by the familys feud argues that tradition dictates the way southerners live, whether or not they know the reason for the tradition. Moreover, Twain then again uses irony to argue the tradition run lives of the southerners, in this case in regards to racism and slavery. The southerners integration of racism in their everyday lives creates the belief that slavery is the correct approach in society. While on the raft with Jim, Huck begins to reflect on his faults about helping a runaway slave to freedom, knowing he was running for his freedom, and you could a paddled ashore and told somebody (88). According to the southerners, the correct way to handle a situation such as this is to tell someone about the runaway slave. Moreover there is also a point in Huck Finn where Huck writes a letter to Miss Watson about Jim, and how he felt good and washed clean of sin for the first time, yet he tore up the letter while saying Ill go to hell (110). Here Twain uses the irony of Hucks disapproval of the correct approach in society of reporting Jim to the white southerners. He is claiming that although slavery is held as traditional, it does not mean it is correct; however they allow the tradition to exceed their beliefs. At the same time, Twain appeals to the literary humor of satire to shed light on the gullibility of the southerners. Upon the arrival of the duke and dauphin to the Wilks estate, no one suspects them of being con-artists. They believe that Harvey Wilks is in fact from England, while using a false accent, who all but one of the southerners finds to

Bautista-Dizon 3 be authentic and genuine. Doctor Robinson, the one person who knows of the imposters, confronts the king, saying his imitation of an Englishman is the worst imitation he has ever heard, and that he is a fraud (170). In spite of the doctors accusations, the southerners, such as Mary Jane, do not believe the man close to Peter Wilks. This advertently argues that with the sufficient amount of evidence needed to prove the king and dauphin as frauds, the southerners gullibility and susceptibility of their beliefs are easily manipulated by lies. Twain satirizes the south by presenting them as a naive class of people. Though many of them may be educated, they do not have the best of reasoning to distinguish that the dauphin and duke are imposters. From Mark Twains stand point, the antebellum south serves as a paradigm of a culture that needed reform. Using irony and satire, Twain is able to convey various messages through his book. He is able to use the Grangerfords and Shepherdsons feud as well as racism and slavery to convey his message that southerners rely too much on their traditional lifestyle rather than creating their own. He also employs the duke and the dauphin to express that southerners are a gullible class of people. Mark Twains first person narrative provides a well asserted claim that the south needed to make constructive changes. Finally addressing Twains argument, he would inform the south that just because youre taught that somethings right and everyone believes its right, it dont make it right.