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Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________

ID: A

Electromagnetic Spectrum Practice


Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which color of visible light has the shortest wavelength? a. yellow b. green c. blue d. violet 2. A photon is emitted from an atom with an energy of 4.25 x 10-19 J. What is the wavelength of the photon? a. 467 nm b. 2.73 x 10-4 m c. 1.28 x 10-10 m d. 6.42 x 1014 m 5. Which label identifies the amplitude of the wave shown? a. A b. B c. C d. D 6. Visible light, X rays, infrared radiation, and radio waves all have the same a. energy. b. wavelength. c. speed. d. frequency. 7. Which of the following electromagnetic waves have the highest frequencies? a. ultraviolet light waves b. X-rays c. microwaves d. gamma rays 8. What is the approximate frequency of a photon having an energy 5 10 24 J? (h = 6.6 10 34 Js) a. 8 10 9 Hz b. 3 10 57 Hz c. 3 10 58 Hz d. 1 10 10 Hz 9. The frequency of electromagnetic radiation is measured in waves/second, or a. nanometers. b. quanta. c. hertz. d. joules.

3. Which label identifies the trough of the wave shown? a. A b. B c. C d. D 4. Which label identifies the wavelength of the wave shown? a. A b. B c. C d. D

10. Which diagram shows a wave with the shortest wavelength? a. A b. B c. C d. D 11. Which diagram shows a wave with the lowest amplitude? a. A b. B c. C d. D

12. Which diagram shows a wave with the highest frequency? a. A b. B c. C d. D

Name: ________________________ 13. If electromagnetic radiation A has a lower frequency than electromagnetic radiation B, then compared to B, the wavelength of A is a. longer. b. shorter. c. equal. d. exactly half the length of B's wavelength. 14. What is the approximate energy of a photon having a frequency of 4 10 7 Hz? (h = 6.6 10 34 Js) a. 3 10 26 J b. 3 10 27 J c. 2 10 41 J d. 3 10 42 J 15. In the Bohr model of the atom, an electron in an orbit has a fixed ____. a. position b. color c. energy d. size 16. As it travels through space, electromagnetic radiation a. exhibits wavelike behavior. b. loses energy. c. varies in speed. d. releases photons.

ID: A 17. What is the wavelength of an electromagnetic wave that travels at 3 10 8 m/s and has a frequency of 60 MHz? (1 MHz = 1,000,000 Hz) 60,000,000 Hz b. 60 MHz 300,000,000 a. 300,000,000 m/s 300,000,000 m/s m/s c. d. No answer can be 60,000,000 Hz determined from the information given. 18. How does the speed of visible light compare with the speed of gamma rays, when both speeds are measured in a vacuum? a. The speed of visible light is greater. b. The speed of gamma rays is greater. c. The speeds are the same. d. No answer can be determined from the information given. 19. For electromagnetic radiation, c (the speed of light) equals a. frequency minus wavelength. b. frequency plus wavelength. c. frequency divided by wavelength. d. frequency times wavelength.

20. Which type of wave has a wavelength of approximately 10-12 meters? a. microwaves b. ultraviolet light c. Gamma rays d. AM radio

21. Which type of wave has a frequency of approximately 108 hertz? a. AM radio b. ultraviolet light c. X-rays d. TV, FM Radio, Cell phone

Problem 22. Calculate the energies of two radiations. The first radiation is of wavelength 419 nm and the second is of wavelength 614 nm. The value of Plancks constant is 6.626 1034 Js. 23. A radiostation broadcasts a program at 122.9 MHz. Calculate the wavelength of the radiowave at this frequency.

ID: A

Electromagnetic Spectrum Practice Answer Section


MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: OBJ: 2. ANS: NAT: 3. ANS: NAT: 4. ANS: NAT: 5. ANS: NAT: 6. ANS: OBJ: 7. ANS: OBJ: 8. ANS: OBJ: 9. ANS: OBJ: 10. ANS: NAT: 11. ANS: NAT: 12. ANS: NAT: 13. ANS: OBJ: 14. ANS: OBJ: 15. ANS: OBJ: 16. ANS: OBJ: 17. ANS: OBJ: 18. ANS: OBJ: 19. ANS: OBJ: 20. ANS: NAT: D 5.3.1 A UCP.2 | B.1 C UCP.2 A UCP.2 B UCP.2 C 1 D 5.3.1 A 5.3.3 C 1 D UCP.2 D UCP.2 D UCP.2 A 2 A 5.3.3 C 5.1.2 A 2 C 5.3.1 C 5.3.1 D 1 C UCP.2 PTS: STA: PTS: STA: PTS: STA: PTS: STA: PTS: STA: PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: p. 139 SC.HS.4.6.2| SC.HS.4.6.3 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 3 SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2 SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2 SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2 SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2 1 DIF: I REF: 1 REF: p. 139 REF: p. 142 REF: 1

PTS: 1 DIF: L2 STA: SC.HS.4.6.2| SC.HS.4.6.3 PTS: 1 DIF: L2 PTS: 1 PTS: STA: PTS: STA: PTS: STA: PTS: DIF: I

1 DIF: Bloom's Level 3 SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 3 SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 3 SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2 1 DIF: II REF: 1 DIF: L2 DIF: L2 DIF: I REF: p. 142 REF: p. 128 REF: 1 REF: p. 140 REF: p. 139 REF: 1

PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: 1 PTS: STA: PTS: STA: PTS:

1 DIF: L3 SC.HS.4.6.2| SC.HS.4.6.3 1 DIF: L2 SC.HS.4.6.2| SC.HS.4.6.3 1 DIF: I

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 3 STA: SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2

ID: A 21. ANS: D NAT: UCP.2 PROBLEM 22. ANS: The first energy is 4.74 1019 J. The second energy is 3.24 1019 J. PTS: 1 DIF: 3 REF: Page 124 OBJ: 5.1.2 Define a quantum of energy and explain how it is related to an energy change of matter. NAT: B.6 STA: SC-HS-4.6.2 TOP: Define quantum of energy and explain how it is related to an energy change of matter. KEY: Energy levels | Wavelength MSC: 3 NOT: Energy = Planck's constant * frequency. Energy = Planck's constant * velocity/wavelength. 23. ANS: 2.441 m PTS: OBJ: STA: KEY: 1 DIF: 2 REF: Page 121 5.1.1 Compare the wave and particle models of light. NAT: B.1 SC-HS-4.6.2 TOP: Compare the wave and particle models of light. Wavelength MSC: 3 NOT: Wavelength = velocity/frequency. PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 3 STA: SC-HS-4.6.3 | SC-HS-1.1.2