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Chapter 7 Solutions

*7.1 W = Fd = (5000 N)(3.00 km) = 15.0 MJ


*7.2 The component of force along the direction of motion is
F cos = (35.0 N) cos 25.0 = 31.7 N
The work done by this force is
W = (F cos )d = (31.7 N)(50.0 m) = 1.59 103 J
7.3 (a) W = mgh = (3.35 105)(9.80)(100) J = 3.28 102 J
(b) Since R = mg, Wair resistance = 3.28 102 J
7.4 (a) Fy = F sin + n mg = 0
n = mg F sin
Fx = F cos kn = 0
n=
F cos
k
mg F sin =
F cos
k
F=
kmg
k sin + cos
F=
(0.500)(18.0)(9.80)
0.500 sin 20.0 + cos 20.0 = 79.4 N
(b) WF = Fd cos = (79.4 N)(20.0 m) cos 20.0 = 1.49 kJ
(c) fk = F cos = 74.6 N
Wf = fk d cos = (74.6 N)(20.0 m) cos 180 = 1.49 kJ
7.5 (a) W = Fd cos = (16.0 N)(2.20 m) cos 25.0 = 31.9 J
(b) and (c) The normal force and the weight are both at 90 to the motion. Both do 0 work.
(d) W = 31.9 J + 0 + 0 = 31.9 J
t2200..00
mg
n
F
d 20.0 m
18.0 kg
fR = kn

2 Chapter 7 Solutions
2000 by Harcourt College Publishers. All rights reserved.

7.6 Fy = may
n + (70.0 N) sin 20.0 147 N = 0
n = 123 N
fk = kn = 0.300 (123 N) = 36.9 N
(a) W = Fd cos
= (70.0 N)(5.00 m) cos 20.0= 329 J
(b) W = Fd cos = (123 N)(5.00 m) cos 90.0= 0 J
(c) W = Fd cos = (147 N)(5.00 m) cos 90.0= 0
(d) W = Fd cos = (36.9 N)(5.00 m) cos 180= 185 J
(e) K = Kf Ki = W = 329 J 185 J = +144 J
7.7 W = mg(y) = mg(l l cos )
= (80.0 kg)(9.80 m/s2)(12.0 m)(1 cos 60.0) = 4.70 kJ
60
l
y

7.8 A = 5.00; B = 9.00; = 50.0


A B = AB cos = (5.00)(9.00) cos 50.0 = 28.9
7.9 A B = AB cos = 7.00(4.00) cos (130 70.0) = 14.0

7.10 A B = (Axi + Ay j + Azk) (Bxi + By j + Bzk)


A B = AxBx (i i) + AxBy (i j) + AxBz (i k) +
AyBx (j i) + AyBy (j j) + AyBz (j k) +
AzBx (k i) + AzBy (k j) + AzBz (k k)
70.0 N sin 20.0
mg 147 N
n
fk 70.0 N cos 20.0
d 5.00 m
15.0 kg

Chapter 7 Solutions 3
2000 by Harcourt College Publishers. All rights reserve

210 libro y 221 sol