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Level 1 Level 1 is the start of your experience with Wing Chun kung fu.

It does not take long


to achieve results and see the effectiveness for yourself. Even a single class teaches useful techniques but the more you come to class, the better you will get. People start taking Wing Chun for self-defense and fitness. While Wing Chun meets these goals, students keep coming back because they enjoy coming to class and appreciate the increase in confidence and energy level. Make Wing Chun a positive, ongoing part of your life. Level 1 Grading Sil Lum Tao (1st section) Basic alternate punching. Stance drill: neutral, side neutral, forward stance. Basic arm movements: (wu sao, heun sao, pak sao, bil sao, fok sao, tan sao, gon sao, bon sao) 2 combative techniques: - straight punch defense - round punch defense 1 self defense technique: - cross wrist grab 1 grappling technique: - arm bar Abdominal breathing Wing Chun Pledge. Counting in Chinese One Yut Two Yee Three Sarm (pronounced sum) Four Say Five Ng (pronounced hmm) Six Lo Seven Chut Eight Bart (pronounced but) Nine Gou (pronounced gao) Ten Sub (pronounced sup) Pledge I believe that constant practice

in the art of Wing Chun will enable me to transcend to a higher mental and physical level. I shall show respect for the Art, my Sifu, Sihings, and Sidis. I shall exercise my utmost tolerance and consideration in dealing with people and general matters in and outside the Academy. Rules 1) Students must respect all orders given by instructors inside the training hall. 2) Your instructor should be referred to as Sihing at all times. Sihing Bill is also acceptable. It is considered very bad form in kung fu tradition to refer to an instructor by a personal name, especially in the training hall. Grandmaster Lewadny is referred to as Sigung. 3) Don't disagree with a senior student. If you want to know why we do things a certain way, keep it short. If a senior gives you a correction, it's best to just do it and then you'll see for yourself why they said to do it. If you want to know more, save questions for water break or after class. More practice time is more useful than explanations in the middle of class. 4) Students are expected to always wear a correct uniform for training. It shows that you belong and that you take Wing Chun seriously. Beginners should get either a full uniform (preferably) or at least a kung fu shirt. See our Store <C:WINDOWSDesktopuniforms.htm> for details on uniforms . Students may wear clean indoor shoes or go barefoot. 5) Students of the Academy are not permitted to teach Wing Chun unless they have received permission from their instructor. 6) Don't talk too much. Talk only if you need help or can point out something to help your partner. Talking should be kept to a minimum while training and should only concern kung fu, not personal matters. 7) Students will bow before entering and leaving the training hall, when starting to work with a new partner or a new technique, and any time a senior student or instructor gives them instruction or a correction.Terminology Sifu Head
Instructor Sihing Instructor below 10th level Sidi Fellow student Sigung My Instructors instructor Shil Lim Tao Little Idea Form (pronounced Sil Lum Dao) Level 1-2 Notes Always refer to your instructor as Sihing, never by a personal name. In kung fu, it is considered bad etiquette to use a name for as instructor. We want to ensure that you get what you are looking for from Wing Chun. We spend most of our class time on the practical selfdefense skills, but we always include stretching and fitness training in every class. The warm up readies your body for physical activity, making Kung Fu safer and allowing you to learn faster. Please notify your instructor of any physical conditions or medication you may be taking. Your instructor will take that into account and help you work around any limitations. What to Bring to Class Consider getting a full kung fu uniform soon. You will feel better and actually learn and perform better with dedicated clothing for this activity. See the store <C:WINDOWSDesktopstore.htm> for uniform pricing. If you do not have a uniform yet, then wear loose clothing thats easy to move around in (preferably black). For footwear, use clean running

shoes or go with bare feet. Remember to pace yourself. Dont eat right before class since we will be doing some conditioning. Please bring water since your body and mind work better when you are properly hydrated. A proper mental attitude allows you to learn faster. Always show respect to instructors and other students since were all working together to learn new skills. We bow when entering/leaving a class and when starting/stopping working with a partner to show respect for what we are doing and the other people involved. The better you get at Wing Chun, the more fun you will find it. However, the best way to learn is by doing instead of talking about it so keep talking in class to a minimum. Advancing The skills are taught in a graduated manner. We start with the basics and build from there. There are ten levels to Wing Chun in which you can advance over time. All new students are Level 0. Wing Chun is one of the easiest self-defense systems to learn. Although any martial art can be effective, Wing Chun was created specifically to be more effective and easier to master than other systems. Your Goal - Your First Grading Goals help you to focus. Set yourself a reasonable goal of achieving Level 1. You will be ready for your first grading after about 3 months, depending on how often you attend class. The more classes you attend and the more you practice at home, the more quickly you can progress. You will be able to learn many useful techniques in just a few classes. However, you decide how quickly you progress. Its okay if you miss a few classes. If you wish to progress faster, private lessons are also available and of course, you can practice at home with your spouse, siblings or whoever will agree to help. Private Lessons Private lessons are a reasonable and affordable option for focused training one on one with your instructor. Because the time is focused solely on you, it is 34 times as effective as regular classes. Some students find it useful to get the basics down in private lessons. Most students do private lessons at various times for focused attention on their skills. Semi-private lessons with 2 students are also available. Click here <C:WINDOWSDesktopschedule.htm> for scheduling and pricing for private lessons. Relax Most importantly, you should relax. Your mind will be more receptive to learning and you will be able to do defenses better from a relaxed but alert state. Of course, youre going to want to do your best but remember to enjoy the class, too. With every class, there will be some review of what we have done before and some new material. If you miss a class or forget what we did in a class, dont worry about it. We review the same material many, many times to learn the defenses really well so that it will work if you need to do it in a real situation. Heres a few suggestions for this level: - Focus on the basic stances & arm positions. Positioning is more important than speed or strength. Stay low in your stance since your power flows up from the ground. - Pick up your feet when you step & lift your knee high before any kick. Keep your elbows in when punching and in most hand movements Its okay to make mistakes now and again, remember to always follow up with 5 punchesLevels: Level 2 At this level, you should start to see techniques are getting easier to learn as you understand the basics.. Practice makes perfect, but remember to relax, too. With more training time, your confidence, skill and energy level are all rising.

Level 2 Grading Sil Lum Tao (1st & 2nd section) Numeric punching. Stance drill with steps. Bil Sao front kick (solo). 3 combative techniques: - straight punch defense. - round punch defense. - double round punch defense. 2 self-defense techniques: - cross wrist grab

- parallel wrist grab 2 grappling techniques: - throw technique - wrist lock Weapons: - 8 basic strikes with stick - 8 basic strikes with double-ended staff Count 1-10 in Chinese. all requirements from previous level Counting in Chinese One Yut Two Yee Three Sarm (pronounced sum) Four Say Five Ng (pronounced hmm) Six Lo Seven Chut Eight Bart (pronounced but) Nine Gou (pronounced gao) Ten Sub (pronounced sup)

Pledge I believe that constant practice in the art of Wing Chun will enable me to transcend to a higher mental and physical level. I shall show respect for the Art, my Sifu, Sihings, and Sidis. I shall exercise my utmost tolerance and consideration in dealing with people and general matters in and outside the Academy.

Rules 1) Students must respect all orders given by instructors inside the training hall. 2) Your instructor should be referred to as Sihing at all times. It is considered very bad form in kung fu tradition to refer to an instructor by a personal name, especially in the training hall. 3) Don't disagree with a senior student. If you want to know why we do things a certain way, keep it short. If a Sihing gives you a correction, it's best to just do it and then you'll see for yourself why they said to do it. If you want to know more, save questions for water break or after class. More practice time is more useful than explanations in the middle of class. 4) Students are expected to always wear a correct uniform for training. It shows that you belong and that you take Wing Chun seriously. Beginners should get either a full uniform (preferably) or at least a kung fu shirt. See our Store for details on uniforms . Students may wear clean indoor shoes or go barefoot. 5) Students of the Academy are not permitted to teach Wing Chun unless they have received permission from their Sifu. 6) Don't talk too much. Talk only if you need help or can point out something to help your partner. Talking should be kept to a minimum while training and should only concern kung fu, not personal matters. 7) Students will bow before entering and leaving the training hall, when starting to work with a new partner or a new technique, and any time a senior student or instructor gives them instruction or a correction.

Terminology Sifu Head Instructor Sihing Instructor below 10th level Sidi Fellow student Sigung My Instructors instructor Shil Lim Tao Little Idea Form (pronounced Sil Lum Dao) Level 1-2 Notes Always refer to your instructor as Sihing, never by a personal name. In kung fu, it is considered bad etiquette to use a name for as instructor. We want to ensure that you get what you are looking for from Wing Chun. We spend most of our class time on the practical self-defense skills, but we always include stretching and fitness training in every class. The warm up readies your body for physical activity, making Kung Fu safer and allowing you to learn faster. Please notify your instructor of any physical conditions or medication you may be taking. Your instructor will take that into account and help you work around any limitations. What to Bring to Class Get a kung fu uniform as soon as possible, either the full uniform or a kung fu shirt. You will feel better and actually learn and perform better with dedicated clothing for this activity. See the Store for uniform pricing. Wear loose clothing thats easy to move around in (preferably black). For footwear, use clean running shoes or go with bare feet. Remember to pace yourself. Dont eat right before class since we will be doing some conditioning. Please bring water since your body and mind work better when you are properly hydrated. A proper mental attitude allows you to learn faster. Always show respect to instructors and other students since were all working together to learn new skills. We bow when entering/leaving a class and when starting/stopping working with a partner to show respect for what we are doing and the other people involved. The better you get at Wing Chun, the more fun you will find it. However, the best way to learn is by doing instead of talking about it so keep talking in class to a minimum. Advancing The skills are taught in a graduated manner. We start with the basics and build from there. There are ten levels to Wing Chun in which you can advance over time. All new students are Level 0. Wing Chun is one of the easiest self-defense systems to learn. Although any martial art can be effective, Wing Chun was created specifically to be more effective and easier to master than other systems. Your Goal Your First Grading Goals help you to focus. Set yourself a reasonable goal of achieving Level 1. You will be ready for your first grading after about 3 months, depending on how often you attend class. The more classes you attend and the more you practice at home, the more quickly you can progress.You will be able to learn many useful techniques in just a few classes. However, you decide how quickly you progress. Its okay if you miss a few classes. If you wish to progress faster, private lessons are also available and of course, you can practice at home with your spouse, siblings or whoever will agree to help. Private Lessons Private lessons are a reasonable and affordable option for focused training one on one with your instructor. Because the time is focused solely on you, it is 3-4 times as effective as regular classes. Some students find it useful to get the basics down in private lessons. Most students do private lessons at various times for focused attention on their skills. Semi-private lessons with 2 students are also available. Click here for scheduling and pricing for private lessons. Relax

Most importantly, you should relax. Your mind will be more receptive to learning and you will be able to do defenses better from a relaxed but alert state. Of course, youre going to want to do your best but remember to enjoy the class, too.With every class, there will be some review of what we have done before and some new material. If you miss a class or forget what we did in a class, dont worry about it. We review the same material many, many times to learn the defenses really well so that it will work if you need to do it in a real situation. Heres a few suggestions for this level:- Focus on the basic stances & arm positions. Positioning is more important than speed or strength. Stay low in your stance since your power flows up from the ground. - Pick up your feet when you step & lift your knee high before any kick. Keep your elbows in when punching and in most hand movements Its okay to make mistakes now and again, remember to always follow up with 5 punches

Level 3
Even though you will be learning some new techniques, the basics you learned in level 1 & 2 will form the basis for everything you learn from now on. Now is the time to make sure you have the basics reasonably perfected. Use Level 1-2 grading comments to improve. Do your best to improve in those areas before learning a lot of new stuff. We will be reviewing and practicing the basic techniques from time to time. You will never leave the basic techniques behind. You will probably find that there is not that much new stuff for level 3 compared to your first grading. Level 3 is both about improving what you have already learned and learning some new techniques.

Level 3 Grading Sil Lum Tao (complete). 2-level punching. Pak Sao front kick (solo)
Lop sao front kick. (solo) 4 advanced arm movements: - jut sao - lop sao - gum sao - fut sao Basic 4-way dissolve (solo) pseudo-entry technique (solo) 4 combative techniques: - straight punch defense. - round punch defense. - double round punch defense. - front kick defense. 3 self defense techniques: - cross wrist grab - parallel wrist grab - double wrist grab 3 grappling techniques: - arm bar - wrist lock - elbow lock Weapons - basic stance drill for pole (horse
stance, right guard, cross step in front to the left, step out to horse, cross step behind to right, step out to horse, right cat stance, right bow stance, back to horse, change to left guard, left cat stance, left bow, back to horse) - 4 staff blocking techniques (pak sao, tan sao, gon sao, low bon sao) - 4 stick blocking

techniques (pak sao, tan sao, gon sao, low bon sao) all requirements from previous levels Just Show Up You dont have to try harder at this level, but you really need to show up. Your skills progress every time you make it to class. Wed like everyone to show up perky and on time, but the most important thing is that you simply show up as often as you can and use private lessons to help improve. Private/ Semi-Private Classes If you wish to progress faster or make up for missed classes, make use of private lessons with Sihing Bill. Considering doing privates and/or working on your own with another student about the same level. Email Sihing Bill <mailto:Bill@dynamicdefense.ca>to schedule a private or semi-private lesson. Etiquette Always refer to your instructor as Sihing, never by a personal name. In kung fu, it is considered bad etiquette to use a name for as instructor. Advancing Level 3 overlaps with the Level 2 material. What you did on Level 2, you are now expected to do better and more confidently. Now that you have the basics down, you can have more fun learning the art.

You will probably be senior to some students and junior to others. Set a good example. A positive attitude rubs off on others in the class and brings everyones energy level up. At this level or above, you should NOT always work with the same partner, even if they are your spouse or best buddy. You dont want to get caught in a rut where your techniques only work against one person. Your kung fu will be better if you work with a variety of partners, each different sizes, strengths and flexibility. New Material Complete Shil Lum Tao Youve got the 1st and 2nd sections down, so the 3rd section is not that much more. All it takes is a little practice (especially at home on your own). Remember the arm positioning and height for the bon sao in the 3rd section. Pseudo-entry Technique It's like doing the straight punch defense before someone attacks you. The idea is that there's a small distance to the opponent you must cover. You want to close the gap without giving the opponent a chance to attack you as you come in. A Wing Chun practitioner is safe when they get in contact with the opponent. Don't hop to move forward. Lift the lead leg up, out and forward in a smooth arc, get the knee high and let the momentum of the knee pull you forward to close the gap. See Sigung on right for an example. 2 level punching A drill well do many times in class so you get used to punching both high and low. From fwd stance, Step fwd, punch high, low, low, high Then step back, punch high, low, low, high 4 advanced hand movements no harder than the ones youve already learned. With these hand movements, youve now got all the hand movements youll need for Wing Chun. 4 way dissolve This should be review. Work on perfecting each technique. 1) Lead Round Punch - side step tan sao punch, turn punch follow up. Make sure to step into the punch and totally face the tan sao. Both your face and your torso must totally face your tan sao so it is on center line. Do not look at first punch. Then step and pivot to face opponent and tan sao hand rides along opponent's arm towards opponent's head. Body pivot contributes to power. Then do 5 punch follow up. 2) Rear Round Punch - side step bil sao punch, turn punch follow up. Make sure to step into the punch and totally face the bil sao. Both your face and your torso must totally face your bil sao so it is on center line. Do not look at first punch. Then step and pivot to face opponent and bil sao hand rides along opponent's arm towards opponent's head. Body pivot contributes to power. Then do 5 punch follow up. 3) Lead Front Kick - pivot step to back stance gum sao, step in check lead elbow & punch, then follow up. Pivot step so that you get on outside of opponent. Rear guard becomes gum sao with wrist pulled back slightly to allow kick to deflect. Don't reach with gum sao. If kick doesn't get to your hand, don't reach for it. After gum sao, step in quickly to check and follow up. 3) Rear Front Kick - pivot step to back stance gum sao, step in check lead elbow & punch, then follow up. Pivot step so that you get on outside of opponent. Lead guard becomes gum sao with wrist pulled back slightly to allow kick to deflect. Don't reach with gum sao. If kick doesn't get to your hand, don't reach for it. After gum sao, step in quickly to check and follow up. Combative & grab defense techniques This is mostly review. For front kick defense, make sure you deflect slightly to the side without reaching or pushing. With each technique, make sure you are faced the right way, you are stepping in the correct place and you always follow up with 5 good punches. Control the center line and keep the elbows in! For double-wrist grab, you must tstep and bring arms to double tan sao at the same time. Grappling techniques a little new material, but should be familiar from knife and grab defenses we practice in class. The simplest use of elbow lock is from knife downward stab defense (both arms crossed and step in to attack arm, then snake around into elbow lock). Stance Drill for Pole This does not actually use the pole, just the stances that you need for the pole. Weapon Blocks This is new material, but not too complex. A little practice once or twice a week should do it. Please buy your own staff and stick to work with. That will make these techniques easy to practice outside regular classes.

General Reminders: - Come to class as often as you can. Drop in on extra nights you hadnt signed up for and consider private classes for focused training. - Keep your elbows in! Youll hear it a thousand times so its good to remember. - Youre here to have fun, right! Enjoy each class and your skills will improve. No special effort is needed and sometimes can just get in the way. New Arm Techniques Jerk Deflection Jut Sao Jerk pull Lop Sao Pinning Hand Gum Sao Swinging Arm Fut Sao

Levels <skills.htm><skills.htm> Level 4

Remember that advanced techniques are not necessarily better than basic techniques. Advanced techniques are harder to learn, but give you more options in dealing with an opponent. Wing Chun is not a big fancy mess. It is a simple, effective self defense system so keep it simple and direct.

Use comments from a recent grading to improve before learning a lot of new stuff. There is a fair bit of new material for level 4. At least half of it should have come up in class before but some of it will be new. Even the totally new material is composed of the same steps and hand movements as basic techniques, so you wont find it too jarring. Dont feel intimidated by the new material. Youve already done great to come this far.

Level 4 Grading Advanced Sil Lum Tao (complete). Advanced stance drill - t-step,
exchange step, back stance 4 advanced arm combinations: - pak sao cheun sao - tan sao gon sao - pak sao gon sao - low bon sao Bon sao lap sao drill #1 (with traps) Parallel arm chi sao #1 & #2 Cross arm chi sao predetermined 3 lop sao and kick techniques 3 kicking patterns (using front, side, round kicks) Intermediate 4-way Dissolve (solo) Weapons - 8 staff blocking techniques (solo) - (pak sao, tan sao, gon sao, low bon sao, high bon sao, bil sao, gum sao, jut sao) - 8 stick blocking techniques (solo) - (pak sao, tan sao, gon sao, low bon sao, high bon sao, bil sao, gum sao, jut sao) 6 combative techniques: - straight punch defense. - round punch defense. - double round punch defense. - front kick defense. - side kick defense. - round kick defense. 4 self defense techniques: - cross wrist grab - parallel wrist grab - double wrist grab (3

variations from Sil Lum Tao) - bear hug defense 4 grappling techniques: - arm bar - wrist lock elbow lock - shoulder lock 4 ground techniques: - circular leg block to one knee and punch (solo) - tan gerk & side kick (partner) - tan gerk & side kick with sweep (partner) - tan gerk & side kick to back kick (solo) all requirements from previous levels Always refer to your instructor as Sihing, never by a personal name. In kung fu, it is considered bad etiquette to use a name for as instructor. New Material Dont let a rough day or running late keep you from coming to class. Wed like everyone to show up perky and on time, but the most important thing is that you simply come to class. Every time you show up, your skills will progress.

Advancing Your next grading should be 4 months from now. Level 3 was about perfecting and smoothing out the basics, but Level 4 gives you many new things to work on. Set a good example. When demonstrating a technique for a junior student, go slow and dont show off.

You should be getting better as both a Wing Chun defender and general attacker. When attacking others, make sure to make eye contact before attacking. Attack deep enough to force the defender to really defend it but dont use full power unless that's what the defender asks for. Also be careful to not get hurt. The attacker is the only one in danger in many of the techniques. As a defender, your maturity should show. Dont be timid with your steps whether stepping away or toward an opponent, pick up your feet and be bold without exaggeration. When punching, make sure you are in range to go right through the opponent but pull your punches and kicks so you dont quite make contact. You are expected to be in control of yourself at all times. Private/ Semi-Private Classes If you wish to progress faster or make up for missed classes, make use of private lessons with Sihing Bill. One or two students at a time with your instructor gives you focused training.

Level 4 Notes
Your techniques should start to flow. When first learning a technique, your defense will probably have pauses while you remember what to do next. Once you learn a defense well, take out all the

pauses and breaks. A pause gives the opponent an opportunity to counterattack. Don't give the opponent a chance to interfere once you start your defense. Smooth does not mean fast. Deliberately go slow when eliminating pauses. Once its smooth and precise, you can go faster or slower. Complete Advanced Shil Lum Tao This will take a little getting used to, particularly the added steps, but not too hard to learn. Remember to practice Basic Sil Lum Tao too and know the differences clearly. Advanced Stepping this should be review. Check with Sihing Bill if youre unsure of anything. Back stance is neutral stance at 90 degrees to normal neutral stance. Remember to circle in and step straight back to get to back stance, don't just pivot. Twist your torso on t-step as opposed to exchange step. Make sure you know the difference between t-step vs exchange step. 4 advanced arm movements fairly easy combinations of the simple movements weve done all along. Both wrists end up together on double armed movements. DO practice these. Ban Sao Lap Sao #1 w/trap This is new. It will take some getting used to but will make your chi sao much better. Practice at least once a week with partner. Parallel Arm Chi Sao #1 & #2 mostly review. Practice, practice, practice. Remember to always keep forward intention, dont pull down on your partners arm and dont block past the center line. Cross arm chi sao predetermined make sure to step enough, follow partners lead, dont let forward stance turn into back stance. Dont jut sao past your center line. 3 Lop sao kick routines This is new material, but not too complex. #1 From right side neutral, opponent is in cross forward stance. Side step lop sao kick, step in pak sao punch. #2 - From right side neutral, opponent is in cross forward stance. Twist to right, lop sao kick with same leg pak sao punch #3 - From right fwd stance, opponent is in cross forward stance. Step up lop sao kick, pak sao punch 3 kicking patterns This is new, but easy. Just needs practice. Focus on visualizing the opponent when done in the air. Always kick where the opponent would actually be or move to. Intermediate 4 way dissolve This is a new way to do 4 attacks youve already got used to doing other ways. You may find these techniques are now actually easier. Lead round punch small step back, rotating the whole body so lead guard becomes pak sao, kick with inside leg. Then either a) step down behind other foot, step out with other foot on 45 with wu sao punch, then turn in and follow up or b) step straight in with punch, follow up. Do not reach with the pak sao, let your step make your whole body turn so that you catch the wrist of punching arm with pak sao. Then bring inside leg up and arc in and front kick. The kick should follow a crescent so that you kick on new center line so that kick comes in at about 30 degree angle to opponent, not straight in at front of opponent. Option b) is more aggressive and dangerous, so followup must be faster. Don't extend rear guard to wu sao if stepping straight in for followup. Rear round punch T-step bil sao front kick, step down step out on 45 degree angle w/ wu sao punch, turn in and follow up. Trust your bil sao to hold the attack. The bil sao is extended towards the attacker with center line facing point of contact (you do not face the opponent's wrist as with some other defenses). Your center line faces the point of contact and your bil sao will make contact with opponent's arm somewhere on your forearm, not necessarily wrist to wrist. Front kick should fly out as soon as in t-step, then turn leg in air so you can step out on 45 degree angle and face wu sao as you wu sao the attacking arm out and punch on central line at same time. Lead front kick t-step pak sao kick check punch follow up. Most students find this easier than the basic step back and gum sao since it is faster and you don't lose contact. However, by staying closer, it is more important that you maintain control and contact with opponent. The kick should flow out as soon as you are in t-step (as a combination). Don't worry about what to hit with the

kick, the opponent's thigh might be the only viable target but that's OK. Rear front kick - t-step other way pak sao kick check punch follow up. The kick should flow out as soon as you are in t-step (as a combination). Don't worry about what to hit with the kick, the opponent's thigh might be the only viable target but that's OK. 6 Combative Techniques 1) Straight punch (use any defense that works well for you, remember simple is good). 2) Round punch (use 4 way-dissolve method unless you are very comfortable with another) 3) Double-round punch (pak sao t-step bill sao front kick step out wu sao punch turn punch follow up) 4) Front kick (t-step pak sao step in check punch follow up) 5) Side kick (step back to fwd stance (no further!) low ban sao sweep down the arm with other hand, step in front kick follow up. The sweep with the hand should open the opponents legs, putting them off balance and allowing an easy groin target front kick. 6) Round kick (Tan sao pak sao, stepping in and facing kick, twist to throw inside front kick step in follow up). Stepping in with the tan sao pak sao should catch the kickers knee, driving it back down and opening them up for a groin target front kick. In first version of this defense, you step to side always. In more aggressive version of this defense, you step in as early as possible at best angle to catch knee and drive it back down, putting opponent more off balance before the kick can get any power at all. 4 Self Defense Techniques Cross wrist grab T-step tan sao pak sao, step in tan Sao turns into punch while pak sao checks Parallel wrist grab bil sao on outside, grab back of grabbers hand, T-step and roll hand in wrist lock & check elbow kick out back of knee hold wrist lock all the way to floor Double wrist grab (3 variations) 1) crossed tan saos, turn one tan sao over into bil sao step forward check punch follow up 2) try to do #1 but meet resistance bringing hands up, so go down instead, circle both hands check cheun sao step in follow up 3) step back (and lower center of gravity) to back stance while both hands up left over right or right over left with lead elbow facing opponent, side kick step down circle down to jut sao check punch follow up 4 Grappling Techniques Arm Bar (simplest from straight punch or double push) Wrist lock (from knife stab or parallel wrist grab) Elbow lock (from downward knife stab) Shoulder lock (from bear hug or full nelson) 4 Ground Techniques 1) Circle leg block to one knee and punch (use the circling momentum instead of hands to bring you up each time, make big circles with legs). 2) tan gerk side kick (dont react too quickly, let kick come in a bit) 3) tan gerk side kick with sweep (scoot up as necessary to get in range for the sweep, pick up the leg and really kick in to back of knee, kick through and use momentum to help you roll over to deliver round kick to head and possibly roll onto back of opponent) 4) tan gerk side kick to back kick (Remember to always look at opponent as switching from side kick to back kick) 8 Stick blocking techniques Pak Sao, Tan Sao, Gan Sao, Ban Sao, Bill Sao High Ban Sao Gum Sao, Jut Sao 8 Staff blocking techniques Pak Sao, Tan Sao, Gan Sao, Ban Sao, Bill Sao Gum Sao, Ban Sao, Jut Sao General Reminders: - Your goal is not just to do techniques, but to do them smoothly and precisely. Give the opponent no opportunity once you start a defense. - Use the circle drill to find out what you need to work on. When surprised by an opponent, you will handle some attacks easily but be flustered by others. Work on the trouble areas until they're mastered too. True confidence comes from handling surprise attacks. - Use proper positioning and your techniques will be stronger without using physical force.

- For all blocks, block on the center line, dont go past center. In combination 2-armed moves, keep wrists together. - simple is good. At this level, you can do fancy stuff and hit hard. Choose not to. Don't do elaborate takedowns or go too fast. Too much speed makes it sloppy and you lose control. New Arm/Leg Techniques Tan Gerk - Like a Tan Sao, but with your leg from ground defense

Level 5

Remember that advanced techniques are not necessarily better than basic techniques. At this level, improve your self-control, distancing and timing. Advanced techniques are harder to learn, but give you more options in dealing with an opponent. Wing Chun is not a big fancy mess. It is a simple, effective self defense system so keep it simple and direct. Use grading comments to correct and improve techniques. There is a fair bit of new material for level 5. Take the initiative to practice the new material after class, in private classes and with other senior students on non-class days. Dont feel intimidated by the new material. Youve already done great to come this far. Always refer to your instructor as Sihing, never by a personal name. In kung fu, it is considered bad etiquette to use a personal name for an instructor.

Level 5 Grading Chum Kil (1st section) Wooden Dummy (10 techniques) Parallel arm chi
sao (8 random slips) (no energy, fok sao down, fok sao across, tan sao up, tan sao across, jut sao down, bon sao up) Cross arm chi sao (8 random slips) Double arm chi sao predetermined Bon sao lap sao drills #2, #3 with traps Entry Technique: - 2 parallel slips - side step bil sao punch - heun sao step in and slightly to outside pak sao punch - 2 cross arm slips - pak sao punch - heun sao jut sao step out (on 22 degree angle) bil sao punch Kicking in advancing pattern (use front, side, round kicks) Advanced 4-way dissolve (solo) 8 combative techniques: - straight punch defense. - round punch defense. - double round punch defense. front kick defense. - side kick defense. - round kick defense. - spinning back fist defense. spinning back kick defense. 5 self defense techniques: - cross wrist grab - parallel wrist grab double wrist grab - bear hug - double choke (from front) 2 Weapon defenses: - knife thrust horizontal club attack 5 grappling techniques: - arm bar - wrist lock - elbow lock - shoulder lock - neck control Weapons - stick disarm drill - Louk Dim Boon Kwun staff form 1st section (9 moves) - 3 applications with an attacker all requirements from previous levels

Level 5

Notes
Continue to work on smoothness and reading an opponent. You should be practicing with mo. When first learning a technique, your defense will probably have pauses while you remember what to do next. Once you learn a defense well, take out all the pauses and breaks. A pause gives the opponent an opportunity to counterattack. Don't give the opponent a chance to interfere once you start your defense. Smooth does not mean fast. Deliberately go slow when eliminating pauses. Once its smooth and precise, you can go faster or slower. Intermediate 4 way dissolve Now the techniques and attacks change. On the round punches, you go to the outside for counter-attack and the round kick and side kick replace the front kicks. Lead round punch pak sao pak sao cheun sao front kick w/ inside leg follow up. Do not reach with the pak sao, let your step make your whole body turn so that you catch the wrist of punching arm with pak sao. You may need to take a side step on second pak sao if you feel the punch is a little too close to your head. Make sure to keep elbow in on cheun sao so it doesn't look like a bil sao. Rear round punch T-step bil sao heun sao to outside front kick, step in and follow up. By going to outside, you have safer follow up and more control. The attacker should give you continuous pressure so that your bil sao doesn't completely stop all the energy of the punch. That makes it easier to meet the attack and then let the energy continue through as you heun sao.

Round kick side step tan sao pak sao combo, circle leg in front kick to groin step in follow up. Tan sao and pak sao should be extended equal amt so that pak sao catches knee of kicking leg and drives it out and down as it comes up. This will open opponent for east front kick to groin, leading to follow up. The front kick should flow smoothly out as you block kick. Side kick - Step back to fwd stance, low ban sao w/rear guard in place, sweep down & out with rear guard, front kick step in follow up. It's hard to resist stepping all the way to back stance, but only step back to fwd stance & extend ban sao to make contact early with kick and push it out & smoothly transition to sweep down and out with rear guard. The sweep is meant to drive kicking leg out, opening the opponent for easy front kick to groin.

Level 6

Remember that advanced techniques are not necessarily better than basic techniques. At this level, work on more random attacks, moving opponents and apply chi sao to everything you do. As before, improve your self-control, distancing and timing. Remember to keep it simple and direct. Sometimes its best to just hit the opponent as opposed to doing a fancy takedown. Use grading comments to correct and improve techniques. Dont feel intimidated by the new material. It all builds on the progress you've made so far..

Level 6 Grading Chum Kil complete Wooden Dummy (20 techniques) Parallel arm chi sao
drills #3, #4 4 Cross arm slips (lead round punch, read round punch, outward pressure, forward lean or push) Parallel arm chi sao predetermined from forward stance (heun sao, palm strike, pak sao, low punch, low bon sao, high punch, bil sao) 8 parallel arm chi sao random slips from forward stance 4 Double arm chi sao controls Kicking in advancing pattern (solo) - front kick to low side kick to high side kick - low round kick to high round kick - high round kick to low round kick - low side kick to high side kick - high side kick to low side kick 8 combative techniques: straight punch defense. - round punch defense. - double round punch defense. - front kick defense. - side kick defense. - round kick defense. - spinning back fist defense. - spinning back kick defense. 6 self defense techniques at random 4 Weapon defenses: - 2 knife defenses (thrust and forward slash) - 2 club defenses (fwd horizontal & diagonal downward swing) 6 grappling techniques at random Weapons - Baat Chum Bart Dao - 1st section (butterfly swords) - 2 short and 1 long application - Louk Dim Boon Kwun staff form 2nd section - 6 applications all requirements from previous levels Level 7 At this level, you should be in control and advanced in your skills. Work on more random attacks, moving opponents and apply chi sao to everything you do. As before, improve your self-control, distancing and timing. Remember to keep it simple and direct. Sometimes its best to just hit the opponent as opposed to doing a fancy takedown. Use grading comments to correct and improve techniques. Dont feel intimidated by the new material. It all builds on the progress you've made so far..

Level 7 Grading Bil Jee 1st section Wooden Dummy (40 techniques) 12 Double Arm Chi
Sao Techniques - 8 controls - 4 palm strike defenses Kicking in advancing pattern w/Attacker to include hook kick and heel kick 14 combative techniques: - straight punch defense. - round punch defense. - double round punch defense. - low round punch defense. - low straight punch defense. - low round punch to high round punch same side. - low round punch to high round punch opposite side. - high round punch to low round punch opposite side. - spinning back fist defense. - jumping back fist defense. - front kick defense. - side kick defense. - round kick defense. - spinning back kick defense. 7 self defense techniques at random 8 Weapon defenses: - 4 knife defenses (thrust, forward, reverse slash, overhead stab) - 4 club defenses (fwd & reverse horizontal strike, fwd & reverse diagonal downward swing) 4 Ground Defenses at random 4 Seated (chair) Defenses at random 7 grappling techniques at random Weapons - Louk Dim Boon Kwun staff form complete - 8 applications - Baat Chum Bart Dao - 2nd section

(butterfly swords) - 3 short and 3 long application all requirements from previous levelsLevel

8
At this level, you should be comfortable and in control at all times, using chi sao in all your techniques. Remember to keep it simple and direct. Sometimes it's best to just hit the opponent as opposed to doing a fancy takedown. Use grading comments to correct and improve techniques before moving on to new material.

Level 8 Grading Bil Jee 1st, 2nd sections Wooden Dummy (60 techniques) 4 Cross arm
chi sao random techniques 4 Parallel arm chi sao random techniques 16 Double Arm Chi Sao Techniques - 8 controls - 4 palm strike defenses - 4 punch defenses 12-way dissolve 14 combative techniques: - straight punch defense. - round punch defense. - double round punch defense. - spinning back fist defense. - front kick defense. - side kick defense. - round kick defense. - spinning back kick defense. - hook kick defense - crescent kick defense - low round kick defense - front kick to side kick same leg - front kick to round kick opposite leg - low to high round kick defense 8 self defense techniques at random 8 Weapon defenses: - 4 Knife defenses (forward& reverse horizontal and upward slashes) - 4 Club defenses (fwd & reverse upward swing, overhead swing, forward thrust) 4 Ground Defenses at random 4 Kneeling Defenses at random 8 grappling techniques at random Weapons - Sticking pole techniques - Baat Chum Bart Dao - 3rd section (butterfly swords) - 8 applications (4 short and 4 long) all requirements from previous levelsLevel 9 At this level, you should be comfortable with all techniques, able to defend any random attack. Use grading comments to correct and improve techniques before moving on to new material.

Level 9 Grading Bil Jee complete Wooden Dummy (80 moves) Kicks Entry Technique
(circle, shuffle, stance change, attack or retreat) Chi Sao (Double arm, Cross Arm, Parallel Arm) 8 grappling techniques at random 7 Ground Defenses at random 7 Chair Defenses at random 7 Kneeling Defenses at random 20 combative techniques: 20 self defense techniques at random All Weapon defenses Knife & Club Weapons - Louk Dim Boon Kwun complete (staff form) - staff applications (8) - Baat Chum Bart Dao complete (butterfly sword form) - sword applications (4 short & 4 long) all requirements from previous levels