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Indian settlement systems

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India has two main electronic funds settlement systems for one to one transactions: the Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) and the National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) systems. Transactions which are bulk and repetitive in nature are routed through electronic clearing service (ECS) which is further of two categories viz ECS-Credit (one debit and multiple credits e.g. Salary, Dividends) and ECS- debit (one credit and multiple debits e.g. bill payments, SIPs etc.). ECS is currently provided in around 75 centres in India.
Contents
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1 Real-time gross settlement 2 National electronic fund transfer 3 Indo-Nepal Remittance Facility Scheme 4 Service Charge for RTGS 5 Service Charges for NEFT 6 Settlement Timings 7 RBI Holidays for 2012 8 Comparison 9 References

[edit]Real-time

gross settlement

The acronym 'RTGS' stands for real time gross settlement. The Reserve Bank of India (India's Central Bank) maintains this payment network. RTGS system is a funds transfer mechanism where transfer of money takes place from one bank to another on a 'real time' and on 'gross' basis. This is the fastest possible money transfer system through the banking channel. Settlement in 'real time' means payment transaction is not subjected to any waiting period. The transactions are settled as soon as they are processed. 'Gross settlement' means the transaction is settled on one to one basis without bunching with any other transaction. Considering that money transfer takes place in the books of the Reserve Bank of India, the payment is taken as final and irrevocable. Fees for RTGS vary from bank to bank.RBI has prescribed upper limit for the fees which can be charged by all banks both for NEFT and RTGS. Both the remitting and receiving must have core banking in place to enter into RTGS transactions. Core Banking enabled banks and branches are assigned an Indian Financial System Code (IFSC) for RTGS and NEFT purposes. This is an eleven digit alphanumeric code and unique to each branch of bank. The first four letters indicate the identity of the bank and remaining seven numerals

indicate a single branch. This code is provided on the cheque books, which are required for transactions along with recipient's account number. RTGS is a large value (minimum value of transaction should be 2,00,000) funds transfer system whereby financial intermediaries can settle interbank transfers for their own account as well as for their customers. The system effects final settlement of interbank funds transfers on a continuous, transaction-by-transaction basis throughout the processing day. Customers can access the RTGS facility between 9 am to 4:30 pm on weekdays and 9 am to 1:30 pm on Saturdays. However, the timings that the banks follow may vary depending on the bank branch. Time Varying Charges has been introduced w.e.f. 1 October 2011 by RBI. Banks could use balances maintained under the cash reserve ratio (CRR) and the intra-day liquidity (IDL) to be supplied by the central bank, for meeting any eventuality arising out of the real time gross settlement (RTGS). The RBI fixed the IDL limit for banks to three times their net owned fund (NOF). The IDL will be charged at 25 per transaction entered into by the bank on the RTGS platform. The marketable securities and treasury bills will have to be placed as collateral with a margin of five per cent. However, the apex bank will also impose severe penalties if the IDL is not paid back at the end of the day.

[edit]National

electronic fund transfer

The national electronic fund transfer (NEFT) system is a nation-wide system that facilitates individuals, firms and corporates to electronically transfer funds from any bank branch to any individual, firm or corporate having an account with any other bank branch in the country. For being part of the NEFT funds transfer network, a bank branch has to be NEFT-enabled. As at end-January 2011, 74,680 branches / offices of 101 banks in the country (out of around 82,400 bank branches) are NEFT-enabled. Steps are being taken to further widen the coverage both in terms of banks and branches / offices.[1] IFSC or Indian financial system code is required to perform a transaction using NEFT or RTGS. IFSC code identifies a specific branch of a bank. IFSC code can be found out on RBI website. These codes are also known from your bank branch, and it is best to confirm the IFSC code, before going for any transaction.

[edit]Indo-Nepal

Remittance Facility Scheme

Indo-Nepal Remittance Facility is a cross-border remittance scheme to transfer funds from India to Nepal, enabled under the NEFT Scheme. The scheme was launched to provide a safe and cost-efficient avenue to migrant Nepalese workers in India to remit money back to their families in Nepal. A remitter can transfer funds up to 50,000 (maximum permissible amount) from any of the NEFT-enabled branches in India.The beneficiary would receive funds in Nepalese Rupees.

[edit]Service

Charge for RTGS

a) Inward transactions Free, no charge to be levied. b) Outward transactions

- For transactions of 2 lakh to 5 lakh - 25 per transactions plus applicable Time varying Charges ( 1/to 5/-) total not exceeding 30 per transaction. - Above 5 lakh - 50 per transaction plus applicable Time varying Charges ( 1/- to 5/-) total charges not exceeding 55 per transactions. No time varying charges are applicable for RTGS transactions settled up to 12:30 hrs.

[edit]Service

Charges for NEFT

The structure of charges that can be levied on the customer for NEFT is given below: a) Inward transactions at destination bank branches (for credit to beneficiary accounts) Free, no charges to be levied from beneficiaries b) Outward transactions at originating bank branches (charges for the remitter) - For transactions up to 1 lakh not exceeding 5 (+ Service Tax) - For transactions above 1 lakh and up to 2 lakhs not exceeding 15 (+ Service Tax) - For transactions above 2 lakhs not exceeding 25 (+ Service Tax)

[edit]Settlement

Timings

Currently, NEFT operates in hourly batches - there are eleven settlements from 9 am to 7 pm on week days and five settlements from 9 am to 1 pm on Saturdays. Any transaction initiated after a designated settlement time would have to wait till the next designated settlement time RTGS transactions are processed continuously throughout the The RTGS service window for customer's transactions is available from 9:00 hours to 16:30 hours on week days and from 9:00 hours to 13:30 hours on Saturdays for settlement at the RBI end. No Transaction on weekly holidays and public holidays.

[edit]RBI

Holidays for 2012

The declared holidays beside Sunday in the NEFT System for the calendar year 2012 are as under : Thursday, January 26, 2012 - Republic Day Monday, April 02, 2012 - Annual Closing of Banks Friday, April 06, 2012 - Good Friday Monday, July 02, 2012 - Annual Closing of RBI Wednesday, August 15, 2012 - Independence Day Monday, August 20, 2012 - Ramjan Id (Id-Ul-Fitar) (Shawal-1)

Saturday, September 29, 2012 - Half-yearly closing of Banks Tuesday, October 02, 2012 - Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti Wednesday, October 24, 2012 - Dasara / Dashami Tuesday, November 13, 2012 - Diwali Amavasya (Laxmi Pujan) / Kali Puja Tuesday, December 25, 2012 - Christmas

[edit]Comparison
The key difference between RTGS and NEFT is that while RTGS is on gross settlement basis, NEFT is on net settlement basis. Besides, RTGS facilitates real-time ("push") transfer, while NEFT involves eleven settlements from 9 am to 7 pm on week days and five settlements from 9 am to 1 pm on Saturdays. Customers can access the RTGS facility between 9 am to 4:30 pm on week days and 9 am to 1:30 pm on Saturday. Thus if a customer has given instruction to its bank to transfer money through NEFT to another bank in the morning hours, money would be transferred the same day, but if the instruction is given later during the day, money would be transferred next day. RTGS facility is available in over 72000 APPROX branches, while NEFT is available in little over 75000 branches of 100 banks. RBI has recently[when?] discontinued the EFT (Electronic funds transfer).

[edit]References

1.

^ [1], RBI Website.


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Banking in India
Central bank Reserve Bank of India Allahabad Bank


Nationalised banks

Andhra Bank

Bank of Baroda

Bank of India

Bank of Maharashtra

Canara Bank

Central Bank of India

Corporation Bank

Dena Bank

IDBI Bank

Indian Bank Indian Overseas Bank

Oriental Bank of Commerce

Punjab & Sind Bank

Punjab National Bank

Syndicate Bank

UCO Bank

Union Bank of India

United Bank of India

Vijaya Bank State Bank of India

State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur

State Bank of Hyderabad

State Bank of Indore

State Bank of Mysore


Private banks

State Bank of Patiala

State Bank of Travancore State Bank of Saurashtra Axis Bank

Catholic Syrian Bank

City Union Bank

Development Credit Bank

Dhanlaxmi Bank

Federal Bank

HDFC Bank

ICICI Bank

IndusInd Bank

ING Vysya Bank

Jammu & Kashmir Bank Karnataka Bank

Karur Vysya Bank

Kotak Mahindra Bank

Lakshmi Vilas Bank

Saraswat Bank

South Indian Bank


Regional Rural Banks

Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited

Yes Bank ABN AMRO

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group

Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank

Antwerp Diamond Bank

Bank Internasional Indonesia

Bank of America

Bank of Bahrain and Kuwait Bank of Ceylon

Foreign banks

Bank of Nova Scotia

The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ

Barclays Bank

Citibank India

Credit Suisse

Deutsche Bank

HSBC

Royal Bank of Scotland

Standard Chartered North Malabar Gramin Bank


Defunct Banks

South Malabar Gramin Bank

Vananchal Gramin Bank

Allahabad U.P Gramin Bank

Bangiya Gramin Vikash Bank

Paschim Medinipur Gramin Bank Alliance Bank of Simla

Arbuthnot & Co

Bank of Bombay

Bank of Chettinad

Bank of Madras

Bank of Madura

Bank of Rajasthan

Bengal Central Bank

Bharat Overseas Bank

Bank of Calcutta Centurion Bank of Punjab

Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China

Commercial Bank of India

Dass Bank

Grindlays Bank


Interbank network

Imperial Bank of India

Lord Krishna Bank Mercantile Bank of India, London and China

Nath Bank

Oriental Bank Corporation

Palai Central Bank BANCS

Cashnet

CashTree

Cirrus


Related Topics

MITR

NFS

PLUS

RuPay Automated Teller Machine (ATM)

ATM usage fees

De-Materialisation (DEMAT)

Foreign Exchange (FOREX)

Financial Services

Indian Financial System Code (IFSC) Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS)


View page ratings

National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT)

Structured Financial Messaging System (SFMS)

National Payments Corporation of India

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