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13.

Geometrical Constructions PAPER 2 (2004, Q18) Set square and protractors are not allowed for this question. Diagram 2 in the answer space shows a straight line AB. (a) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, (i) construct a triangle ABC beginning from a straight line AB such that BC = 6 cm and AC = 5 cm, (ii) hence, construct the perpendicular line to the straight line AB passes through the point C. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the perpendicular distance between point C and the straight line AB. [6 marks]

A
Diagram 2

13. Geometrical Constructions (2005, Q10) Set square and protractors are not allowed for this question. Diagram 3 shows triangle DEF.

5 cm D 45o
Diagram 3

(a) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct Diagram 3 using the E measurement given, beginning from the straight line DE provided in the answer space. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in a), measure the distance, in cm, between the point D and the point F. [5 marks] Answer:

13. Geometrical Constructions (2006, Q19) Set squares and protractors are not allowed for part (a) of this question. Diagram 4 shows triangle PQR.

6 cm 120o P Q DIAGRAM 4

(a) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct triangle PQR using the measurement given, beginning from the straight line PQ provided in the answer space. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure PRQ by using a protractor. [5 marks] Answer : (a) (b)

P
Diagram 4

K
(2007, Q18)

J Diagram 7
3

13. Geometrical Constructions (a) Diagram 7 shows a triangle JKL. Measure JKL in Diagram 7, using a protractor. (b) Diagram 8 shows a quadrilateral MNPQ.

120o M

Diagram 8

(i) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct Diagram 8 using the measurements given. Begin from the straight lines MN and NP provided in the answer space. (ii) Based on the diagram constructed in 18(b)(i), measure the length, in cm, of PQ. [5 marks] Answer : (a) (b) (i)

(ii)

(2008, Q17) (a) Diagram 17.1 shows a quadrilateral PQRS.

13. Geometrical Constructions

Diagram 17.1
Measure PQR using a protractor. (b) Diagram 17.2 shows a parallelogram ABCD. The point E lies on AB such that DE is perpendicular to AB. Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct Diagram 17.2, beginning from the lines AB and AD provided in the answer space. [6 marks]

B E A C Diagram 17.2 D

Answer : (a) (b)

B A

(2009, Q11) a) Diagram shows a triangle MNP. Measure MNP using a protractor.

P 5 N

13. Geometrical Constructions

b) Diagram in the answer space shows two straight lines, EF and FG. By using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct i. The line FH, the bisector of EFG, ii. The quadrilateral EFGH such that EH = 4 cm. Answer : a) c) (i),(ii) [5 marks]

G F
(2010, Q17) R Diagram shows a triangle PQR drawn not to scale. Rajah menunjukkan sebuah segi tiga PQR yang dilukis tidak menikut skala. Diagram in the answer space shows a straight line PQ. Rajah di ruang jawapan menunjukkan garis lurus PQ. a) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct Menggunakan pembaris dan jangka lukis sahaja, bina i) triangle PQR to the measurements shown in diagram, segi tiga PQR menggunakan ukuran seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah, ii) the perpendicular line to the straight line PR which passes through the point Q. garis serenjang kepada garis lurus PR yang melalui titik Q. b) Measure the perpendicular distance between straight line PR and

7 cm

60
o

[5 marks] Answer : (a)(i),(ii)

6
P Q

13. Geometrical Constructions

(b)