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ASEAN COMMUNITY IN FIGURES

Vision One Vision One Identity One Community

ASEAN COMMUNITY IN FIGURES

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established on 8 August 1967. The Member States of the Association are Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. The ASEAN Secretariat is based in Jakarta, Indonesia. For inquiries, contact: The ASEAN Secretariat Public Outreach and Civil Society Division 70A Jalan Sisingamangaraja Jakarta 12110 Indonesia Phone : (62 21) 724-3372, 726-2991 Fax : (62 21) 739-8234, 724-3504 E-mail : public.div@asean.org General information on ASEAN appears online at the ASEAN Website: www.asean.org Catalogue-in-Publication Data ASEAN Community in Figures 2011 (ACIF 2011) Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, April 2012 315.95 1. Statistics ASEAN 2. Economics - Social - Environment ISBN 978-602-8411-81-3 The text of this publication may be freely quoted or reprinted with proper acknowledgement. Copyright Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) 2011 All rights reserved

FOREWORD

ASEAN Community in Figures (ACIF) 2011 is the fourth in a series of annual publications by the ASEAN Secretariat focusing on key economic and social developments in individual ASEAN Member States and in the ASEAN Community as a whole. The pocket-sized ACIF is intended as a handy reference on selected and most recent economic and social indicators. It contains more than 50 tables and charts on ASEANs general economy, trade, foreign direct investment, tourism, telecommunications, population, labor force, and social development. Brief analysis on some indicators is also included to highlight key trends revealed by the tables and charts. With the establishment of the ASEAN Community Statistical System (ACSS) Committee in November 2011, ASEAN Secretariat will continue to deliver timely, appropriate and relevant statistical information to support the ASEAN Community. This, of course, will not be possible without the expertise and cooperation of the national statistical agencies, officials of the ASEAN Member States and the ASEANstats of the ASEAN Secretariat. These continued efforts will contribute to our goal of improving future editions of ACIF as well as other statistical products and services of the ASEANstats. As such the ASEAN Secretariat welcomes your inputs and feedback. Thank you. Dr. Surin Pitsuwan Secretary-General of ASEAN Jakarta, Indonesia February 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

01 ASEAN and the world


Table 1 Table 2

Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Table 6 Table 7 Table 8

ASEAN: Population, Territory and Economy, 2010 ASEAN and Selected Trading Partners: Population and Economy 2010 and 2011 estimated GDP ASEAN and Selected Trading Partners: Trends of per capita GDP, for periods indicated ASEAN: Nominal GDP, rate of growth, and share of CLMV, for periods indicated ASEAN6: Consumer Price Index (of which: Food, Housing, Transport), 2006-2010 ASEAN: Inflation rate, end of period (in percent), for periods indicated ASEAN: Lending rates (in percent), for periods indicated ASEAN: Exchange rates, average of period (national currency/US$), for periods indicated

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

02 ASEAN trade aggregates

Table 9 ASEAN: Total Trade, for periods indicated Table 10 ASEAN with Selected Trade Partners: Trade Balance, for periods indicated Table 11 ASEAN: Total Trade and Share to the GDP, for periods indicated Table 12 ASEAN: Export and Import, for periods indicated Table 13 ASEAN: Trade Balance, for periods indicated

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

03 ASEAN trade dependency

Table 14 ASEAN with Selected Trade Partners: Total Trade, for periods indicated Table 15 ASEAN with Selected Trade Partners: Total Trade (in percent share), for periods indicated Table 16 ASEAN: Exports to ASEAN+3, 2010 Table 17 ASEAN: Imports from ASEAN+3, 2010 Table 18 ASEAN: Total Trade with ASEAN+3, 2010 Table 19 ASEAN: Exports to Selected Trade Partners, 2010 Table 20 ASEAN: Imports from Selected Trade Partners, 2010 Table 21 ASEAN: Total Trade with Selected Trade Partners, 2010 Table 22 ASEAN: Percent Share of Exports to Selected Trade Partners, 2010 Table 23 ASEAN: Percent Share of Imports from Selected Trade Partners, 2010 Table 24 ASEAN: Percent Share of Total Trade with Selected Trade Partners, 2010

Page

Table 25 ASEAN: Top 20 Export Commodities, 2010 Table 26 ASEAN: Top 20 Import Commodities, 2010 Table 27 Commodities with high-significant share in ASEAN trade, 2010

25 26 27 31 32 33 34 35

04 ASEAN trade liberalisation


Chart 1 Chart 2 Chart 3

Average tariff rates on imports of ASEAN Percent of tariff lines in the CEPT Inclusion List (IL) Percent of items in the CEPT Inclusion List (IL) with 0% tariff

05 ASEAN trade in priority integration sectors

Table 28 Trend of ASEAN exports: Priority integration sectors products Table 29 Trend of intra-ASEAN export: Priority integration sectors products

06 ASEAN foreign direct investment

Table 30 ASEAN: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows, for periods indicated Table 31 ASEAN: FDI inflow, by host country (in US$ million), for periods indicated Table 32 ASEAN: FDI inflow, by source country (in US$ million), for periods indicated

36 37 38

07 ASEAN tourism

Table 33 ASEAN: Tourist arrivals, by host country, for periods indicated Table 34 ASEAN: Growth rates of tourist arrivals (in percent), for periods indicated Table 35 ASEAN: Tourist arrivals, by country of origin, for periods indicated

39 40 41

08 ASEAN telecommunications

Table 36 ASEAN: Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons, for periods indicated Chart 4 ASEAN: Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons, for periods indicated Table 37 ASEAN: Cellular/mobile phone density (number of units per 1000 persons), for periods indicated Chart 5 ASEAN: Cellular/mobile phone density (number of units per 1000 persons), for periods indicated

42 43 44 45

Page

Table 38 ASEAN: Population Distribution by Age Group, 2010 Table 39 ASEAN: Population living under PPP $1 and $2 a day (in percent), 2006-2010 Table 40 ASEAN: Population-based on National Poverty Line (in percent), for periods indicated Table 41 ASEAN: Gini coefficient (in percent), for periods indicated Table 42 ASEAN: Life expectancy at birth by gender (in years), for periods indicated Table 43 ASEAN: Infant mortality rate per 1000 live births, for periods indicated Table 44 ASEAN: Government health expenditure as percentage of GDP, for periods indicated Table 45 ASEAN: Underweight children under 5 years of age (in percent), for periods indicated Table 46 ASEAN: Adult literacy rate, 15 years old and above (in percent), for periods indicated Table 47 ASEAN: Net primary enrolment rate, by gender (in percent), for periods indicated Table 48 ASEAN: Unemployment rate, by gender (in percent), for periods indicated Table 49 ASEAN: Labour force participation rate, by gender (in percent), for periods indicated Table 50 ASEAN: Employment, by sector (in percent), for periods indicated Table 51 ASEAN: Employment, by occupation (in percent), for periods indicated Table 52 ASEAN: Population with access to safe drinking water (in percent), for periods indicated Table 53 ASEAN: Population with access to sanitation facilities (in percent), for periods indicated Table 54 ASEAN: Protected Areas (PA) as percentage of Total Land Area

09 ASEAN social development

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

01

ASEAN and the world

Table 1

ASEAN: Population, Territory and Economy, 2010


Country Total land Total area population
(sq km) (thousand)

Gross Domestic Product at current prices per capita


(US$ Mn) (PPP$ Mn) 2/ (US$) (PPP$)

Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar1/ Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN CLMV3/ ASEAN64/
1/ 2/

5,765 181,035 1,860,360 236,800 330,252 676,577 300,000 710 513,120 331,051 4,435,670 1,425,463 3,010,207

415 15,269 234,181 6,230 28,909 60,163 94,013 5,077 67,312 86,930 168,592

12,402 11,168 6,508 238,849 43,025 189,326 223,015 318,709 107,650 168,351

19,406 28,985 16,105 415,157 76,601 351,686 291,934 585,698 291,260 412,951

29,915 731 3,023 1,045 8,262 715 2,014 43,929 4,735 1,238 3,106 999 3,932

46,811 1,898 4,403 2,585 14,361 1,273 3,741 57,505 8,701 3,351 5,193 2,449 6,269

708,032 1,030,998

598,498 1,858,683 3,107,829 429,907 1,690,332 2,694,878

Myanmar: US$-Kyat exchange rate is based on the parallel rate as used in IMF-WEO April 2011. GDP per capita in PPP$ is GDP converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity (PPP) rates; hence PPP $1 in a country, say Cambodia has the same purchasing power as PPP $1 in all other countries in the world. PPP is an index of purchasing power, showing the purchasing power of US$1 in a country compared to US$1 in the benchmark country (USA). CLMV includes Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam ASEAN6 includes Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand

3/ 4/

Sources : ASEAN Finance and Macroeconomic Surveillance Database and IMF-World Economic Outlook April 2011.

In 2010, CLMVs population comprised more than 28% (168.6 mn) that of the total ASEAN with total GDP (PPP$) representing 13% (413 Bn PPP$) of the total ASEAN. Singapores GDP per capita (PPP$) at US$57,505 registered the highest among the ASEAN Member States, followed by Brunei (at US$46,811) and Malaysia (at US$14,361).
ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

01

ASEAN and the world

Table 2

ASEAN and Selected Trading Partners: Population and Economy 2010 and 2011 estimated GDP
Country/Region Population million Gross Domestic Product US$ billion PPP$ billion 1,859 5,878 5,459 1,007 1,538 1,236 140 14,658 16,282 1.00 0.32 0.34 1.85 1.21 1.50 13.24 0.13 0.11 3,108 9,057 4,107 1,362 3,645 851 115 14,119 14,770 1.00 0.34 0.76 2.28 0.85 3.65 27.04 0.22 0.21 Estimated 2011 GDP US$ billion 2,066 6,516 5,822 1,126 1,704 1,448 153 15,227 17,452

Levels ASEAN 598.5 China 1,341.4 Japan 127.5 Republic of Korea 48.9 India 1,215.9 Australia 22.2 New Zealand 4.4 USA 310.0 EU-27 499.2 Ratio of ASEAN to Trading Partners ASEAN 1.00 China 0.45 Japan 4.69 Republic of Korea 12.24 India 0.49 Australia 26.93 New Zealand 136.99 USA 1.93 EU-27 1.20
Notes

: Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) dollar takes into account the differences in the purchasing power of the US dollar in the countries. EU-27 includes: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.

Sources : ASEAN Finance and Macroeconomic Surveillance Database and IMF-World Economic Outlook April 2011.

In 2010, the total population of the ASEAN Member States was nearly twice that of the USA but only less than half of Indias and Chinas numbers. Total GDP (PPP$) of the ASEAN region was about one-fifth that of the USA and one-third that of China.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

01

ASEAN and the world

Table 3

ASEAN and Selected Trading Partners: Trends of per capita GDP for periods indicated
Country/Region In US $ ASEAN China Japan Republic of Korea India Australia New Zealand USA EU-27 ASEAN China Japan Republic of Korea India Australia New Zealand USA EU-27
Note

1998

2003

2008

2009

2010

Ratio 2010/ 1998 3.22 5.36 1.40 2.67 2.98 2.74 2.21 1.48 1.70 1.86 3.76 1.42 2.22 2.38 1.58 1.53 1.48 1.52

965 817 30,527 7,724 425 20,321 14,559 31,858 19,224 2,799 1,998 23,882 13,413 1,405 25,111 17,613 31,858 19,937

1,332 1,270 33,134 13,451 543 27,140 20,066 38,324 23,585 3,700 3,217 27,222 19,697 1,779 30,856 22,409 38,324 24,305

2,596 3,404 38,216 19,162 1,065 48,828 30,765 47,155 37,045 4,755 6,189 34,009 27,716 2,862 38,282 27,206 47,155 30,789

2,546 3,739 39,459 17,074 1,058 44,999 27,284 45,934 32,963 4,838 6,786 32,199 27,938 3,039 38,751 26,600 45,934 29,662

3,106 4,382 42,820 20,591 1,265 55,590 32,145 47,284 32,615 5,193 7,519 33,805 29,836 3,339 39,699 26,966 47,284 30,388

In PPP international dollar

: EU-27 includes: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.

Sources : ASEAN Finance and Macroeconomic Surveillance Database and IMF-World Economic Outlook April 2011.

After the Asian financial crisis in 1997, the average GDP per capita (PPP$) of the ASEAN grew at a faster pace than EU-27, USA, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

01

ASEAN and the world

Table 4

ASEAN: Nominal GDP, rate of growth, and share of CLMV for periods indicated
Countries 1998 2003 2008 2009 2010

In US $million ASEAN 483,057 CLMV 38,029 ASEAN6 445,027 In percent share to total (%) ASEAN 100.0 CLMV 7.9 ASEAN6 92.1 In annual growth rates (%) Brunei Darussalam -0.6 Cambodia 5.0 Indonesia -13.1 Lao PDR 4.0 Malaysia -7.4 Myanmar 5.8 Philippines -0.6 Singapore -2.1 Thailand -10.5 Viet Nam 5.8 ASEAN -5.9 CLMV 5.2 ASEAN6 -8.8
Notes

721,978 58,051 663,926 100.0 8.0 92.0 2.9 12.6 4.8 5.8 5.8 5.1 3.7 4.6 7.1 7.4 6.6 10.6 5.3

1,515,317 132,309 1,383,008 100.0 8.7 91.3 -1.4 6.7 6.0 7.8 4.8 3.6 3.4 1.8 2.5 6.3 4.9 6.4 4.2

1,504,277 144,013 1,360,264 100.0 9.6 90.4 -1.8 0.1 4.5 7.6 -1.6 4.8 1.1 -0.8 -2.2 5.2 1.3 2.0 1.1

1,858,683 168,351 1,690,332 100.0 9.1 90.9 2.6 5.0 6.1 7.2 7.2 5.3 7.3 14.5 7.8 6.8 7.1 5.5 7.7

: Breakdown may not add up to total due to rounding. GDP growth is based on GDP at constant prices; ASEAN, ASEAN6 and CLMV figures are estimated weighted average using the share of GDP (PPP$) to world total, as used in the IMF WEO Database of April 2011.

Sources : ASEAN Finance and Macroeconomic Surveillance Database and IMF-World Economic Outlook April 2011.

All CLMV Member States managed to record positive growth after the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis. In contrast, Indonesia was most badly hit by the 1997 crisis, contracting double-digit by 13.1%, followed by Thailand (by 10.5%). In 2010, economies of ASEAN Member States that suffered from the 2008 global economic turmoil, particularly Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines and Brunei Darussalam have recovered, posting reversals from downtrend in 2009.
ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

01

ASEAN and the world

Table 5

ASEAN6: Consumer Price Index (of which: Food, Housing, Transport) 2006-2010
Country
Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand

Food Housing 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
99.7 102.2 106.4 108.9 110.0 100.1 100.1 100.4 99.8 99.9

139.9 148.9 167.6 174.1 186.2 148.3 155.6 172.6 175.7 182.9 103.4 106.5 115.9 120.7 123.6 101.5 102.8 104.4 105.9 107.1 131.0 135.4 152.3 161.2 166.1 132.3 134.0 139.6 143.6 146.1 88.1 90.7 97.7 100.0 101.3 86.4 86.7 98.3 100.0 102.0 96.9 95.2 97.1

96.1 100.0 111.6 116.5 122.8

99.9 100.0

Country
Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand
Note

Transport Total 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
100.2 100.6 104.1 104.0 104.2 100.2 101.2 103.3 104.4 104.8 167.1 169.2 181.8 175.1 179.9 141.5 150.5 167.2 171.8 183.8 111.0 113.6 123.6 112.0 113.8 103.6 105.7 111.5 112.1 114.0 162.4 167.0 180.5 180.1 190.0 137.9 141.8 155.0 160.0 166.1 96.7 99.1 103.2 100.0 110.3 95.6 99.2 91.3 93.2 99.4 100.0 102.8

97.9 100.0 106.2

97.8 100.0 105.4 104.5 108.0

: Base year: Brunei Darussalam: (2005=100); Indonesia: prior to May 2008, (2002=100), June December 2008, 2009, 2010, (2007=100); Malaysia: (2005=100); Philippines: (2000=100); Singapore: (2009=100); and Thailand: (2007=100).

Source : ASEAN Finance and Macroeconomic Surveillance Database.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

01

ASEAN and the world

Table 6

ASEAN: Inflation rate, end of period (in percent) for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
Notes

1998 -0.7 11.1 77.5 142.4 5.4 10.0 -1.4 4.3 8.6

2003 2.0 0.5 5.2 12.6 1.2 3.9 0.7 1.7 2.9

2008 2.6 12.5 11.9 3.2 4.4 8.0 4.9 0.4 19.9

2009 2.0 5.3 2.8 3.9 1.1 4.4 -0.6 3.5 6.9

2010 1.5 3.1 7.0 5.8 2.2 2.9 4.6 0.9 7.9

: Base year: Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Viet Nam: (2005=100); Cambodia and Philippines: (2000=100); Indonesia: prior to May 2008, (2002=100), June 2008-December 2010, (2007=100); Thailand: (2007=100); Lao PDR and Myanmar: (2006=100); Singapore: (2009=100). - no data available.

Source : ASEAN Finance and Macroeconomic Surveillance Database.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

01

ASEAN and the world

Table 7

ASEAN: Lending rates (in percent) for periods indicated


Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
Note : - no data available.

1998 6.3 19.6 34.8 18.5 9.7 16.5 14.4 5.9 11.50-12.00 14.4

2003 5.5 21.1 15.1 20.0 6.1 15.0 9.6 5.3 5.50-5.75 8.4

2008 5.5 22.4 15.2 18.9 6.5 8.3 5.4 6.75-7.00 12.0

2009 5.5 23.1 13.7 14.4 5.5 7.1 5.4 5.85-6.25 11.9

2010 5.5 23.0 12.8 9.3 6.3 6.7 5.4 6.12-6.50 -

Source : ASEAN Finance and Macroeconomic Surveillance Database.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

01

ASEAN and the world

Table 8

ASEAN: Exchange rates, average of period (national currency/US$) for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
Note

1998 1.7 3,836 10,014 3,298 3.9 249 40.9 1.7 41.3 13,268

2003 1.7 4,001 8,575 10,554 3.8 737 54.2 1.7 41.5 15,509

2008 1.4 4,079 9,691 8,744 3.3 917 44.5 1.4 33.3 16,303

2009 1.5 4,159 10,356 8,516 3.5 918 47.6 1.5 34.3 17,067

2010 1.4 4,190 9,078 8,256 3.2 842 45.1 1.4 31.7 18,382

: Myanmar US$ - Kyat exchange rate is based on the parallel rate as used in IMF-WEO April 2011.

Source : ASEAN Finance and Macroeconomic Surveillance Database.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

02

ASEAN trade aggregates

Table 9

ASEAN: Total Trade for periods indicated


Indicator Total Trade IntraASEAN Trade ExtraASEAN Trade Unit/Scale Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total trade (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total trade (%) 1998 576,108 -17.5 120,918 -19.4 21.0 455,190 -17.0 79.0 2000 2003 2008 2009 2010

759,101 824,539 1,897,127 1,536,878 2,045,731 21.8 15.5 17.8 470,112 17.0 24.8 -19.0 376,177 -20.0 24.5 33.1 519,805 38.2 25.4

166,846 206,732 25.8 22.0 29.3 25.1

592,255 617,807 1,427,015 1,160,700 1,525,926 20.7 78.0 126.5 68.3 58.1 61,180 14.9 11.5 74.9 114.2 62.7 51.5 80,575 17.8 18.0 75.2 125.4 64.6 60.8 57,946 5.9 -18.7 75.5 102.2 53.9 48.3 84,068 10.4 31.5 74.6 110.1 57.6 52.4 96,152 9.0

Share of trade to GDP (%) 119.3 Ratio to GDP Exports to GDP (%) Imports to GDP (%) Trade Balance Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) 65.6 53.7 57,194 18.1

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

ASEAN trade reached US$2.0 trillion in 2010, an incrase by 33.1%, owing to expansion in trade with both intra-ASEAN and extra-ASEAN partners. Intra-ASEANs share to ASEAN total trade in 2010 stood at 25.4%, slightly higher than 24.5% in 2009. Meanwhile, extra-ASEAN, accounting for threefourths of total ASEAN trade, grew by 31.5%, in 2010 following recovery from the 2008 global economic downturn. Share of exports to GDP rose steadily in tandem with the ratio of imports to GDP. ASEAN continued to register trade surplus for 2010 amounting to US$96 billion as demand for ASEAN export products remained strong.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

02

ASEAN trade aggregates

Table 10 ASEAN with Selected Trade Partners: Trade Balance for periods indicated

Country Japan USA EU-27 China Republic of Korea Australia India Canada New Zealand Russia Pakistan

Unit/Scale Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%) Value (US$ million) Share to exports (%)

1998

2000

2003

2008

2009

2010 -856 -0.8 14,245 14.2 21,488 18.7 -6,014 -5.3 -8,668 -19.3 15,075 42.8 16,614 46.1 536 10.3 1,159 27.3 -3,884 -149.9 3,971 77.7

-11,977 -15,071 -34.5 -29.8 13,678 25,322 21.2 34.3 14,211 24,176 29.0 38.1 -2,009 -3,958 -21.8 -27.9 -1,454 -727 -18.6 -5.0 1,418 198 19.9 2.2 3,467 3,237 66.5 50.2 548 581 23.7 21.5 -106 179 -14.0 14.7 -90 -722 -19.1 -220.8 1,055 2,907 81.9 90.8

-7,005 -2,626 -4,716 -13.2 -2.5 -6.0 21,463 20,091 14,818 30.8 19.5 18.0 18,940 24,093 14,243 31.4 20.7 15.3 -1,517 -21,694 -15,005 -5.2 -24.8 -18.4 335 -5,145 -6,152 2.0 -14.1 -17.9 4,727 16,256 14,229 39.5 47.2 49.0 4,393 12,990 13,929 52.0 42.0 52.5 890 349 1,961 32.4 6.3 35.7 320 1,220 901 21.7 26.9 28.7 -588 -4,322 -3,444 -65.0 -158.0 -207.4 1,421 4,002 3,364 85.5 89.7 87.8

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

ASEAN trade with USA, EU-27 and India remained in surplus; however, in 2010, EU-27 overtook USA in terms of share to exports at 18.7 percent. On the other hand, ASEAN has continued to be in trade deficit with China, Republic of Korea and Japan with share to exports of China and Japan contracting further in 2010.

10

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

02

ASEAN trade aggregates

Table 11

ASEAN: Total Trade and Share to the GDP for periods indicated
Country (In US$ million) Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
Note : - no data available.

1998 576,108 3,200 76,185 138,075 59,156 211,299 88,193 79.8 72.2 191.1 90.2 248.5 78.2 -

2000 759,101 3,237 2,772 95,639 177,802 3,413 72,569 273,033 130,636 133.8 54.0 76.6 57.8 196.9 35.5 97.0 289.5 106.2 -

2003

2008

2009

2010

824,539 1,897,127 1,536,878 2,045,731 4,563 5,022 93,609 482 188,502 6,307 73,728 296,116 156,210 120.8 69.8 108.4 39.8 22.6 181.3 53.7 92.6 308.6 109.3 12,775 8,776 266,218 2,631 338,795 10,415 105,671 657,956 352,534 141,357 125.4 88.4 79.2 51.9 49.8 152.1 45.6 63.5 340.0 129.2 156.2 9,602 8,887 213,339 2,962 280,221 10,191 83,869 515,617 286,267 125,922 102.7 89.3 85.8 39.0 53.1 145.1 40.8 52.0 282.2 108.3 130.7 10,999 10,480 293,442 4,509 363,534 11,798 109,660 699,273 385,041 156,993 110.1 88.7 93.8 41.4 69.3 152.2 27.4 57.9 313.6 120.8 145.8

(In percent share to GDP) 129.5

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

ASEAN total trade rebound in 2010 after a decline in 2009 as a result of the global economic recession which affected ASEANs major trade partners.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

11

02

ASEAN trade aggregates

Table 12

ASEAN: Export and Import for periods indicated


Country 1998 2000 410,141 2,169 1,368 62,124 98,154 1,194 38,078 138,352 68,701 348,960 1,068 1,405 33,515 79,647 2,219 34,491 134,680 61,935 2003 452,557 3,211 2,116 61,058 144 104,983 4,464 36,231 159,900 80,450 371,982 1,352 2,906 32,551 338 83,519 1,843 37,497 136,216 75,759 2008 977,537 10,268 4,359 137,020 828 194,496 6,621 49,025 338,176 174,967 61,778 919,591 2,507 4,417 129,197 1,803 144,299 3,795 56,646 319,780 177,568 79,579 2009 2010

Export (In US$ million) 316,651 Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
Note : - no data available.

810,473 1,070,941 7,152 4,986 116,510 1,237 156,891 6,341 38,335 269,832 152,497 56,691 726,405 2,451 3,901 96,829 1,725 123,330 3,850 45,534 245,785 133,770 69,231 8,615 5,584 157,779 2,433 198,801 7,600 51,432 371,194 195,312 72,192 974,790 2,384 4,897 135,663 2,076 164,733 4,199 58,229 328,079 189,728 84,801

1,924 48,848 77,099 29,496 109,803 49,482 1,276 27,337 60,976 29,660 101,496 38,712 -

Import (In US$ million) 259,457

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

In 2010, all ASEAN Member States recorded positive growth for both exports and imports, except for Brunei Darussalam (with a slight decline in imports).

12

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

02

ASEAN trade aggregates

Table 13

ASEAN: Trade Balance for periods indicated


Country (In US$ million) Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
Note : - no data available.

1998

2000

2003

2008

2009

2010

647 21,511 16,122 -164 8,307 10,770 33.7 44.0 20.9 -0.6 7.6 21.8 -

1,102 -37 28,609 18,507 -1,026 3,587 3,672 6,766 50.8 -2.7 46.1 18.9 -85.9 9.4 2.7 9.8 -

1,859 -791 28,508 -194 21,464 2,621 -1,265 23,684 4,691 57.9 -37.4 46.7 -134.9 20.4 58.7 -3.5 14.8 5.8 -

7,761 -58 7,823 -976 50,197 2,826 -7,620 18,396 -2,601 -17,801 75.6 -1.3 5.7 -117.9 25.8 42.7 -15.5 5.4 -1.5 -28.8

4,701 1,085 19,681 -488 33,560 2,492 -7,199 24,048 18,728 -12,540 65.7 21.8 16.9 -39.4 21.4 39.3 -18.8 8.9 12.3 -22.1

6,232 687 22,116 356 34,067 3,401 -6,797 43,115 5,584 -12,609 72.3 12.3 14.0 14.6 17.1 44.7 -13.2 11.6 2.9 -17.5

(In percent share of exports)

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Philippines and Viet Nam remained to be the net importers among the ASEAN Member States. Lao PDR started to become a net exporter in 2010.

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Table 14

ASEAN with Selected Trade Partners: Total Trade1/ for periods indicated
Country (In US$ million) Intra-ASEAN China EU-27 Japan USA Republic of Korea India Australia Canada Russia New Zealand Pakistan Rest of the World Total
1/

1998

2000

2003

2008

2009

2010

120,918 20,414 83,640 81,410 115,562 17,080 6,968 12,822 4,081 1,035 1,621 1,521 109,033 576,108

166,846 32,316 102,767 116,191 122,218 29,635 9,656 17,589 4,833 1,375 2,248 3,493 149,934 759,101

206,732 59,637 101,683 113,401 117,886 33,548 12,512 19,197 4,612 2,397 2,621 1,902 148,411

470,112 196,884 208,291 214,400 186,243 78,251 48,803 52,593 10,737 9,794 7,837 4,922 408,260

376,177 178,190 171,732 160,893 149,582 74,746 39,119 43,854 9,040 6,765 5,378 4,303 317,097

519,805 232,013 208,585 206,637 186,685 98,628 55,443 55,426 9,870 9,064 7,335 6,256 449,983

824,539 1,897,127 1,536,878 2,045,731

Total trade value ranked according to the 2010 levels (in million).

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

China, EU-27, Japan and USA continued to be ASEANs major trade partners, in addition to increasing intra-ASEAN trade integration. Meanwhile, China was the fastest growing trade partner, an upsurge of more than ten-fold in trade with ASEAN since the Asian financial crisis in 1998.

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Table 15

ASEAN with Selected Trade Partners: Total Trade1/ (in percent share) for periods indicated
Country 1998 2000 2003 2008 2009 2010

(In percent share to total) Intra-ASEAN China EU-27 Japan USA Republic of Korea India Australia Canada Russia New Zealand Pakistan Rest of the World Total
1/

21.0 3.5 14.5 14.1 20.1 3.0 1.2 2.2 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 18.9 100.0

22.0 4.3 13.5 15.3 16.1 3.9 1.3 2.3 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.5 19.8 100.0

25.1 7.2 12.3 13.8 14.3 4.1 1.5 2.3 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 18.0 100.0

24.8 10.4 11.0 11.3 9.8 4.1 2.6 2.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 21.5 100.0

24.5 11.6 11.2 10.5 9.7 4.9 2.5 2.9 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 20.6 100.0

25.4 11.3 10.2 10.1 9.1 4.8 2.7 2.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 22.0 100.0

Percentage of total trade ranked according to the 2010 levels.

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Intra-ASEAN trade comprised one-fourth of ASEANs total trade. China, EU-27, Japan and USA continued to be the four major trade partners of the ASEAN. However, the combined share of EU-27, Japan and USA to ASEANs total trade has dwindled from 48.7% in 1998 to 40.4% in 2003 to 29.4% in 2010.

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Table 16

ASEAN: Exports to ASEAN+3 2010


Country IntraASEAN China Japan Rep. ASEAN+3 of Korea 1.4 0.0 12.6 0.0 7.5 0.1 2.2 14.4 3.6 3.1 45.0 3.19 0.05 27.96 0.00 16.70 0.28 4.95 31.98 8.03 6.86 100.0 6.8 0.9 87.4 1.4 103.7 4.6 27.3 178.5 89.8 28.4 528.9 1.29 0.17 16.53 0.27 19.60 0.87 5.16 33.76 16.99 5.37 100.0

(In billion US$) Brunei Darussalam 1.1 0.6 Cambodia 0.7 0.1 Indonesia 33.3 15.7 Lao PDR 1.2 0.2 Malaysia 50.5 25.0 Myanmar 3.7 0.5 Philippines 11.6 5.7 Singapore 111.3 36.4 Thailand 44.3 21.5 Viet Nam 10.3 7.3 ASEAN 268.0 113.0 (In percent share to ASEAN total exports) Brunei Darussalam 0.40 0.50 Cambodia 0.26 0.06 Indonesia 12.44 13.89 Lao PDR 0.43 0.20 Malaysia 18.84 22.17 Myanmar 1.40 0.45 Philippines 4.31 5.05 Singapore 41.52 32.25 Thailand 16.54 19.00 Viet Nam 3.86 6.44 ASEAN 100.0 100.0
Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

3.7 0.1 25.8 0.0 20.6 0.2 7.8 16.4 20.4 7.7 102.9 3.63 0.09 25.06 0.03 20.05 0.21 7.61 15.98 19.84 7.51 100.0

Exports of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore comprised more than 85% of the ASEAN exports to ASEAN+3. Singapore had the biggest share of exports to intra-ASEAN, China and Rep. of Korea.

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Table 17

ASEAN: Imports from ASEAN+3 2010


Country IntraASEAN China Japan Rep. ASEAN+3 of Korea 0.1 0.2 7.4 0.0 8.9 0.3 4.0 18.1 5.0 9.6 53.6 0.10 0.46 13.88 0.09 16.64 0.47 7.52 33.65 9.30 17.88 100.0 1.7 3.3 87.3 1.9 95.1 3.6 32.5 155.0 93.1 54.9 528.2 0.32 0.62 16.53 0.35 18.00 0.68 6.16 29.34 17.62 10.38 100.0

(In billion US$) Brunei Darussalam 1.2 0.2 Cambodia 1.7 1.2 Indonesia 47.1 16.9 Lao PDR 1.4 0.3 Malaysia 44.8 20.7 Myanmar 2.0 1.1 Philippines 16.3 4.9 Singapore 78.7 33.7 Thailand 42.3 20.0 Viet Nam 16.3 19.9 ASEAN 251.8 119.0 (In percent share to ASEAN total imports) Brunei Darussalam 0.48 0.14 Cambodia 0.67 1.00 Indonesia 18.71 14.24 Lao PDR 0.57 0.28 Malaysia 17.78 17.37 Myanmar 0.79 0.95 Philippines 6.46 4.15 Singapore 31.26 28.34 Thailand 16.79 16.78 Viet Nam 6.49 16.76 ASEAN 100.0 100.0
Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

0.2 0.2 15.8 0.0 20.7 0.2 7.3 24.5 25.8 9.0 103.7 0.24 0.15 15.20 0.04 19.97 0.21 7.04 23.62 24.88 8.65 100.0

Imports of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore represented 81.5% of the total ASEAN imports from the ASEAN+3. Singapore imported the most from intra-ASEAN, China and Rep. of Korea.

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Table 18

ASEAN: Total Trade with ASEAN+3 2010


Country IntraASEAN China Japan Rep. ASEAN+3 of Korea 1.5 0.3 20.0 0.0 16.4 0.4 6.3 32.4 8.6 12.7 98.6 1.51 0.28 20.30 0.05 16.67 0.39 6.35 32.89 8.72 12.86 100.0 8.5 4.2 174.7 3.3 198.8 8.2 59.9 333.5 182.9 83.3 1,057.1 0.80 0.39 16.53 0.31 18.80 0.77 5.66 31.55 17.30 7.88 100.0

(In billion US$) Brunei Darussalam 2.3 0.7 Cambodia 2.4 1.2 Indonesia 80.5 32.6 Lao PDR 2.6 0.6 Malaysia 95.3 45.7 Myanmar 5.7 1.6 Philippines 27.8 10.6 Singapore 190.0 70.2 Thailand 86.6 41.4 Viet Nam 26.7 27.2 ASEAN 519.8 232.0 (In percent share to ASEAN total trade) Brunei Darussalam 0.44 0.32 Cambodia 0.46 0.54 Indonesia 15.48 14.07 Lao PDR 0.50 0.24 Malaysia 18.33 19.70 Myanmar 1.10 0.71 Philippines 5.35 4.58 Singapore 36.55 30.25 Thailand 16.66 17.86 Viet Nam 5.13 11.73 ASEAN 100.0 100.0
Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

4.0 0.2 41.6 0.1 41.3 0.4 15.1 41.0 46.2 16.7 206.6 1.93 0.12 20.11 0.03 20.01 0.21 7.32 19.82 22.37 8.08 100.0

Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore altogether cornered almost 85% of total trade with ASEAN+3; Singapore had the biggest share on trade with intra-ASEAN, China, and Rep. of Korea while Thailand traded the most with Japan.

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Table 19

ASEAN: Exports to Selected Trade Partners 2010


Country Australia Canada EU-27 India New Pakistan Russia Zealand USA

(In billion US$) Brunei Darussalam 0.90 0.00 0.02 Cambodia 0.02 0.27 0.93 Indonesia 4.24 0.73 17.13 Lao PDR 0.28 0.00 0.15 Malaysia 7.47 0.97 21.36 Myanmar 0.01 0.00 0.09 Philippines 0.35 0.33 7.39 Singapore 12.61 1.46 34.77 Thailand 9.37 1.43 21.81 Viet Nam 0.00 0.00 11.37 ASEAN 35.25 5.20 115.04 (In percent share to ASEAN total exports) Brunei Darussalam 2.55 0.02 0.02 Cambodia 0.06 5.27 0.81 Indonesia 12.04 14.07 14.89 Lao PDR 0.79 0.08 0.13 Malaysia 21.18 18.70 18.57 Myanmar 0.02 0.00 0.08 Philippines 0.99 6.41 6.43 Singapore 35.78 28.01 30.23 Thailand 26.58 27.45 18.96 Viet Nam 0.00 0.00 9.89 ASEAN 100.0 100.0 100.0

0.49 0.01 9.92 0.00 6.52 0.96 0.41 13.34 4.39 0.00 36.03

0.37 0.00 0.40 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.03 1.72 0.80 0.00 4.25

0.00 0.00 0.69 0.00 2.34 0.02 0.05 1.18 0.84 0.00 5.11 0.00 0.00 13.46 0.00 45.81 0.38 0.99 23.01 16.34 0.00 100.0

0.00 0.01 0.01 1.90 0.61 14.27 0.00 0.56 0.68 18.95 0.01 0.00 0.03 7.56 0.47 22.78 0.77 20.20 0.00 14.23 2.59 100.46 0.00 0.57 23.53 0.02 26.39 0.25 1.33 18.13 29.78 0.00 100.0 0.01 1.89 14.20 0.56 18.86 0.00 7.52 22.68 20.11 14.16 100.0

1.35 8.61 0.02 0.05 27.52 9.33 0.00 0.00 18.10 21.88 2.66 0.01 1.14 0.77 37.01 40.52 12.19 18.83 0.00 0.00 100.0 100.0

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Singapore exported the highest (ranging from 28% to 40%) to Australia, Canada, EU-27, India, New Zealand and USA ; Exports to Pakistan and Russia were led by Malaysia (by 46%) and Thailand (by 30%), respectively.

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Table 20

ASEAN: Imports from Selected Trade Partners 2010


Country Australia Canada EU-27 India New Pakistan Russia Zealand USA

(In billion US$) Brunei Darussalam 0.05 0.01 0.25 Cambodia 0.02 0.00 0.15 Indonesia 4.03 1.05 8.41 Lao PDR 0.07 0.00 0.04 Malaysia 3.19 0.89 16.86 Myanmar 0.07 0.00 0.08 Philippines 0.90 0.46 4.27 Singapore 3.46 1.05 38.49 Thailand 8.39 1.20 18.85 Viet Nam 0.00 0.00 6.15 ASEAN 20.18 4.67 93.55 (In percent share to ASEAN total imports) Brunei Darussalam 0.24 0.18 0.27 Cambodia 0.08 0.09 0.16 Indonesia 19.99 22.44 8.99 Lao PDR 0.36 0.02 0.05 Malaysia 15.79 19.10 18.02 Myanmar 0.35 0.09 0.08 Philippines 4.47 9.84 4.56 Singapore 17.13 22.59 41.15 Thailand 41.59 25.66 20.15 Viet Nam 0.00 0.00 6.57 ASEAN 100.0 100.0 100.0

0.02 0.05 3.10 0.01 2.48 0.17 0.57 9.25 3.76 0.00 19.41

0.01 0.00 0.74 0.00 0.61 0.01 0.43 0.58 0.71 0.00 3.09

0.00 0.02 0.10 0.00 0.15 0.01 0.18 0.09 0.59 0.00 1.14

0.00 0.01 0.80 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.47 3.37 1.42 0.00 6.47

0.24 0.13 7.85 0.01 17.52 0.03 6.29 34.95 15.72 3.49 86.22 0.28 0.15 9.11 0.01 20.32 0.03 7.29 40.54 18.23 4.04 100.0

0.11 0.40 0.05 0.00 0.27 0.09 1.51 0.18 15.98 23.81 9.14 12.37 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.01 12.79 19.79 12.73 6.33 0.86 0.38 0.79 0.02 2.91 13.81 15.98 7.21 47.67 18.63 8.03 52.02 19.36 23.08 51.76 21.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Thailand was the highest importer from Australia, Canada and Pakistan. Singapore imported the most from EU-27, India, Russia and USA. Indonesia was the biggest importer of New Zealand goods.

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Table 21

ASEAN: Total Trade with Selected Trade Partners 2010


Country AustraliaCanada EU-27 India New Pakistan Russia Zealand USA

(In billion US$) Brunei Darussalam 0.95 0.01 0.27 0.51 Cambodia 0.04 0.28 1.08 0.06 Indonesia 8.28 1.78 25.54 13.02 Lao PDR 0.35 0.01 0.20 0.01 Malaysia 10.65 1.86 38.22 9.00 Myanmar 0.08 0.00 0.17 1.13 Philippines 1.25 0.79 11.66 0.98 Singapore 16.07 2.51 73.27 22.59 Thailand 17.76 2.63 40.66 8.15 Viet Nam 0.00 0.00 17.52 0.00 ASEAN 55.43 9.87 208.58 55.44 (In percent share to ASEAN total trade) Brunei Darussalam 1.71 0.09 0.13 0.92 Cambodia 0.07 2.82 0.52 0.11 Indonesia 14.93 18.03 12.24 23.48 Lao PDR 0.64 0.05 0.09 0.01 Malaysia 19.22 18.89 18.32 16.24 Myanmar 0.14 0.04 0.08 2.03 Philippines 2.26 8.03 5.59 1.76 Singapore 28.99 25.45 35.13 40.74 Thailand 32.04 26.60 19.49 14.71 Viet Nam 0.00 0.00 8.40 0.00 ASEAN 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

0.38 0.00 1.13 0.00 1.54 0.01 0.46 2.30 1.51 0.00 7.34

0.00 0.02 0.79 0.00 2.49 0.03 0.23 1.27 1.43 0.00 6.26

0.00 0.25 0.03 2.03 1.41 22.12 0.00 0.57 1.09 36.47 0.01 0.03 0.50 13.84 3.84 57.73 2.19 35.92 0.00 17.72 9.06 186.68 0.00 0.29 15.56 0.01 12.06 0.08 5.53 42.33 24.14 0.00 100.0 0.14 1.09 11.85 0.31 19.53 0.02 7.42 30.93 19.24 9.49 100.0

5.16 0.01 0.07 0.28 15.43 12.67 0.00 0.00 21.00 39.77 0.16 0.46 6.26 3.73 31.30 20.27 20.62 22.81 0.00 0.00 100.0 100.0

Among the ASEAN Member States, Thailand recorded the highest in ASEAN trade with Australia and Canada. Singapore recorded the highest in ASEAN trade with EU-27, India, New Zealand, Russia and USA; and Malaysia showed the highest in ASEAN trade with Pakistan.

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ASEAN trade dependency

Table 22

ASEAN: Percent Share of Exports to Selected Trade Partners 2010


Country IntraASEAN China Japan Rep. Australia Canada of Korea EU-27

Brunei Darussalam 12.32 Cambodia 12.58 Indonesia 21.14 Lao PDR 47.30 Malaysia 25.39 Myanmar 49.21 Philippines 22.47 Singapore 29.98 Thailand 22.70 Viet Nam 14.31 ASEAN 25.02
Country India

6.62 1.16 9.95 9.17 12.60 6.68 11.09 9.82 10.99 10.08 10.55

43.36 1.60 16.34 1.11 10.38 2.87 15.22 4.43 10.45 10.70 9.61

16.66 0.44 7.97 0.03 3.78 1.68 4.33 3.88 1.85 4.27 4.20

10.43 0.39 2.69 11.47 3.76 0.09 0.68 3.40 4.80 0.00 3.29
USA

0.01 4.91 0.46 0.18 0.49 0.00 0.65 0.39 0.73 0.00 0.49
Rest of the world

0.21 16.68 10.86 6.27 10.74 1.21 14.38 9.37 11.17 15.75 10.74
Total

New Pakistan Russia Zealand

Brunei Darussalam 5.67 Cambodia 0.14 Indonesia 6.28 Lao PDR 0.00 Malaysia 3.28 Myanmar 12.62 Philippines 0.80 Singapore 3.59 Thailand 2.25 Viet Nam 0.00 ASEAN 3.36

4.24 0.04 0.25 0.00 0.47 0.01 0.06 0.46 0.41 0.00 0.40

0.00 0.00 0.44 0.00 1.18 0.26 0.10 0.32 0.43 0.00 0.48

0.00 0.27 0.39 0.02 0.34 0.09 0.07 0.13 0.39 0.00 0.24

0.15 34.09 9.04 23.14 9.53 0.03 14.69 6.14 10.34 19.71 9.38

0.32 27.70 14.20 1.32 18.06 25.27 15.47 28.10 23.48 25.17 22.24

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Apart from ASEAN, China was the top export destination of Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, while Japan was the top export destination of Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia and Philippines. Australia was the top export market of Cambodia and Lao PDR. For Myanmar, the top destination of export apart from ASEAN was India.

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ASEAN trade dependency

Table 23

ASEAN: Percent Share of Imports from Selected Trade Partners 2010


Country IntraASEAN China Japan Rep. Australia Canada of Korea EU-27

Brunei Darussalam 50.60 Cambodia 34.35 Indonesia 34.74 Lao PDR 68.68 Malaysia 27.19 Myanmar 47.47 Philippines 27.94 Singapore 23.99 Thailand 22.28 Viet Nam 19.27 ASEAN 25.83
Country India

7.01 24.20 12.49 16.14 12.55 26.92 8.47 10.28 10.53 23.52 12.21

10.27 3.20 11.62 2.17 12.58 5.25 12.54 7.47 13.61 10.58 10.64

2.28 5.06 5.49 2.22 5.42 6.02 6.93 5.50 2.63 11.31 5.50

2.01 0.32 2.97 3.54 1.93 1.70 1.55 1.05 4.42 0.00 2.07
USA

0.35 0.08 0.77 0.04 0.54 0.10 0.79 0.32 0.63 0.00 0.48
Rest of the world

10.60 2.96 6.20 2.14 10.23 1.88 7.33 11.73 9.93 7.25 9.60
Total

New Pakistan Russia Zealand

Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN

0.93 1.07 2.29 0.36 1.51 3.97 0.97 2.82 1.98 0.00 1.99

0.52 0.06 0.54 0.01 0.37 0.28 0.73 0.18 0.38 0.00 0.32

0.02 0.35 0.08 0.00 0.09 0.22 0.31 0.03 0.31 0.00 0.12

0.00 0.24 0.59 0.02 0.25 0.02 0.80 1.03 0.75 0.00 0.66

10.05 2.65 5.79 0.49 10.64 0.65 10.79 10.65 8.28 4.11 8.84

5.37 25.46 16.43 4.20 16.71 5.53 20.83 24.94 24.27 23.95 21.73

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Apart from ASEAN, China was the top supplier of imported goods to Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam; while Japan was the top supplier of imported commodity to Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand. For Singapore, her top supplier of imported goods was USA (apart from ASEAN).

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ASEAN trade dependency

Table 24

ASEAN: Percent Share of Total Trade with Selected Trade Partners 2010
Country ASEAN China Japan Rep. Australia Canada of Korea EU-27

Brunei Darussalam 20.62 Cambodia 22.75 Indonesia 27.42 Lao PDR 57.14 Malaysia 26.21 Myanmar 48.59 Philippines 25.38 Singapore 27.17 Thailand 22.49 Viet Nam 16.99 ASEAN 25.41
Country India

6.70 11.93 11.12 12.38 12.58 13.88 9.70 10.04 10.76 17.34 11.34

36.19 2.35 14.16 1.60 11.37 3.72 13.80 5.86 12.01 10.63 10.10

13.55 2.60 6.82 1.04 4.52 3.23 5.71 4.64 2.23 8.08 4.82

8.61 0.36 2.82 7.82 2.93 0.66 1.14 2.30 4.61 0.00 2.71
USA

0.08 2.66 0.61 0.11 0.51 0.04 0.72 0.36 0.68 0.00 0.48
Rest of the world

2.46 10.27 8.70 4.37 10.51 1.45 10.64 10.48 10.56 11.16 10.20
Total

New Pakistan Russia Zealand

Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN

4.64 0.58 4.44 0.17 2.48 9.54 0.89 3.23 2.12 0.00 2.71

3.44 0.05 0.39 0.00 0.42 0.10 0.42 0.33 0.39 0.00 0.36

0.01 0.17 0.27 0.00 0.68 0.24 0.21 0.18 0.37 0.00 0.31

0.00 0.25 0.48 0.02 0.30 0.06 0.46 0.55 0.57 0.00 0.44

2.30 19.40 7.54 12.71 10.03 0.25 12.62 8.26 9.33 11.28 9.13

1.41 26.65 15.23 2.65 17.45 18.24 18.31 26.62 23.87 24.51 22.00

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Apart from ASEAN, China was the top trading partner of Malaysia, Myanmar and Viet Nam; while Japan was the top trading partner of Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand.

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Table 25

ASEAN: Top 20 Export Commodities1/ 2010


HS Commodities Codes 8542 2710 8471 2711 2709 8473 1511 4001 2701 8541 8443 7108 8708 8517 8528 8703 2603 1006 8523 8536 Value Share (US$Mn) (%) 9.1 5.8 3.8 3.2 2.7 2.5 2.4 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 43.3 56.7 100.0

Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies 97,644 Petroleum oils, not crude 61,945 Automatic data processing machines; optical reader, etc 40,779 Petroleum gases 34,107 Crude petroleum oils 28,699 Parts/acc. of computers & office machines 26,646 Palm oil & its fraction 26,057 Natural rubber, in primary form or plates 20,512 Coal, briquettes, ovoids & similar solid fuels 19,852 manufactured from coal Diodes/transistors & similar semiconductor devices, etc 17,109 Printing machinery; machines used for ancillary to printing 12,926 Gold, unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms 11,468 Parts & access of motor vehicles 10,140 Electric appliance for line telephony 9,854 (incl. current line system) Television receivers (incl. video monitors & projectors) 8,613 Motor cars & vehicles for transporting persons 8,606 (except public transport motor vehicles) Copper ores and concentrates 7,658 Rice 7,351 Prepared, unrecorded media (no film) for sound etc. 6,679 Electrical appliances for electrical connection 6,593 (i.e. fuse, switch, etc), not exceeding 1000 volt Top 20 export commodities 463,240 Others 607,701 Total 1,070,941

1/

Based on 4-digit Harmonised System codes.

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Note that the top 20 export commodities represented less than 50% of total export value, which means that the ASEAN has diversified its export products to meet new global demands.

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ASEAN trade dependency

Table 26

ASEAN: Top 20 Import Commodities1/ 2010


HS Commodities Codes 8542 2710 2709 8471 8473 8517 7108 8703 8708 8541 8443 8529 8704 4001 8802 8431 8536 1006 8411 8479 Value Share (US$Mn) (%) 9.5 8.5 3.3 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 39.2 60.8 100.0

Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies 92,766 Petroleum oils, not crude 82,656 Crude petroleum oils 31,731 Automatic data processing machines;optical reader, etc 20,605 Parts & accessories of computers & office machines 20,548 Electric appliance for line telephony (incl curr line system) 17,747 Gold, unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms 12,694 Motor cars & vehicles for transporting persons 12,202 (except public transport motor vehicles) Parts & accessories of motor vehicles 11,058 Diodes / transistors & semiconductor devices; etc 10,188 Printing machinery; machines for uses ancillary to printing 8,043 Part suitable for use solely/principally with televisions 7,664 Motor vehicles for transport of goods 7,601 Natural rubber in primary form or plates 7,403 Aircraft, powered; spacecraft & launch vehicles 7,105 helicopters, satellites Parts of machinery (for lifting, handling, loading, 6,929 unloading, scraping, boring, extracting, leveling) Electrical appliance for electrical connection 6,858 (i.e. fuse, switch, etc.), not exceeding 1000 volt Rice 6,344 Turbo-jets, turbo-propellers and other gas turbines 6,198 Machines and mechanical appliances having individual 5,477 functions, not specified or included elsewhere Top 20 import commodities 381,817 Others 592,973 Total 974,790

1/

Based on 4-digit Harmonised System codes.

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

The top 20 import commodity items made up less than 40% of total import value.

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ASEAN trade dependency

Table 27

Commodities with high-significant share in ASEAN trade 2010


Trading HS partner country Codes
Australia & New Zealand 2715 9304

Share (%)
85.5 79.7

Exports Commodity
Bituminous mixtures from natural asphalt, natural & petroleum bitumen, mineral tar Other arms (e.g. spring, air or gas guns & pistols, truncheons), excl. those of heading 93.07

HS Share Codes (%)


0204 0104 5101 0201 98.0 95.4 88.9 87.3

Imports Commodity
Meat of sheep or goats, fresh, chilled or frozen lamb Live sheep and goats

Canada China

no share above 75% Uranium or thorium ores and 99.6 2612 concentrates 2606 2702 0714 96.9 95.3 95.1 Aluminum ores and concentrates Lignite w/n agglomerated, excluding jet Manioc, arrowroot salem (yams) etc Manganese ores and concentrates etc

2602

92.1

4005

88.4

Compounded rubber, unvulcanised, in primary forms Chemical wood pulp, dissolving grades Chemical Wood Pulp Sulphite Excl Dissolving Grades Lead ores and concentrates Titanium ores and concentrates

4702 4704 2607 2614

85.9 84.5 84.0 81.6

Wool, not carded or combed Meat of bovine animals, fresh or chilled 1004 84.7 Oats 1502 84.5 Bovine, sheep & goat fats 0102 83.2 Live bovine animals 2608 81.8 Zinc ores and concentrates 1104 80.2 Cereal grains, worked; cereal germs, worked no share above 75% 5304 100.0 Sisal & other agave textile fibers, raw, processed, not spun; tow & waste of these fibers 5002 96.2 Raw silk (not thrown) 2611 94.5 Tungsten ores and concentrates 9501 92.5 Wheeled toys ridden by children: dolls carriages/ strollers tricycles, scooters, pedal cars 0714 89.6 Sweet potatoes, cassava, arrowroot, salep, artichokes, high starch or inulin roots & tubers, fresh, dried, sliced, pellets; sago pith 0502 87.5 Pig, hog, boar bristles & hair;badger hair and other brushmaking hair;waste bristles & hair 6603 85.6 Parts, trimmings & accessories for umbrellas, walking sticks, whips etc 2003 85.1 Mushrooms and truffles prepared or preserved but not by vinegar or acetic acid 6601 82.5 Umbrellas & sun umbrellas & other umbrellas 2602 81.6 Manganese ores a concentrates including manganiferous iron ores

Note

: The table lists particular commodities with share of above 75% of total ASEAN export/import of the respective commodities to/from selected dialogue partner countries. Example: 98.0% of ASEAN import of meat of sheep or goat - fresh, chilled or frozen came from Australia and New Zealand.

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

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27

03

ASEAN trade dependency

Table 27 (continued)

Commodities with high-significant share in ASEAN trade 2010


Trading HS partner country Codes
China 7401

Share (%)
81.6

Exports Commodity
Copper mattes; cement copper precipitated copper Chromium ores and concentrates Coconut, abaca, ramie & other vegetable fibers, raw, processed, not spun Niobium, tantalum, vanadium & zirconium ores & concentrates columbium Iron ores & concentrates, including roasted iron pyrites

HS Share Codes (%)


0704 79.9

Imports Commodity
Cabbages, cauliflower, kohlrabi, kale & similar edible brassicas, fresh or chilled broccoli, brussels sprouts Silkworm cocoons suitable for reeling Precious metal ores and concentrates Baby carriages; parts thereof strollers Coconut, abaca, ramie & other vegetable fibers, raw, processed, not spun; Aluminum ores and concentrates Raw furskins & pieces suitable for furriers use, nes Glands & extracts, secretions for organotherapeutic uses; heparin & its salts; other Bulbs, tubers; chicory plants & roots | corms, crowns & rhizomes Peat (including peat litter), agglomerated or not Olive oil & its fractions, not chemically modified Rye in the grain Uranium or thorium ores and concentrates Files, rasps, pliers, metal cutting shears, bolt cutters, punches and similar handtools Postage or revenue stamps, firstday covers, postal stationery

2610 5305 2615 2601

80.3 79.2 77.7 76.6

5001 2616 8715 5305 2606

79.5 78.4 78.3 78.3 78.1 96.2 93.5

EU

3001 3913

99.2 95.7

8902 1510 0208 8712 6801 2922 0903 5901

93.9 93.5 89.1 87.6 87.0 81.1 80.4 80.0

Glands & extracts, secretions for organotherapeutic uses; heparin & its salts; other Natural & modified natural polymers nesoi (not elsewhere specified or included) in primary forms alginic acid, hardened proteins Fishing vessels; factory ships & vessels for processing or preserving fishery products Other oils from olives not chemically modified Other meat & edible offal, fresh, chilled or frozen rabbit, hare, frogs, deer, quail Bicycles & other cycles (not motorized) delivery tricycles Setts, curbstones and flagstones, of natural stone (not slate) Oxygen-function aminocompounds Mate Textile book covering fabric; tracing cloth; paint canvas; buckram & similar stiffened textile fabric (hat foundations) Postage or revenue stamps, firstday covers, postal stationery

4301 3001

0601 2703 1509 1002 2612 8203 9704

92.8 89.3 85.3 81.7 80.8 80.6 77.8

9704

79.5

Note

: The table lists particular commodities with share of above 75% of total ASEAN export/import of the respective commodities to/from selected dialogue partner countries. Example: 81.7% of ASEAN import of rye in the grain came from EU.

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

28

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03

ASEAN trade dependency

Table 27 (continued)

Commodities with high-significant share in ASEAN trade 2010


Dialogue SITC partner country Codes
Japan 8520 7501 2830

Share (%)
99.95

Exports Commodity

SITC Share Codes (%)


2838 7111 7107 100

Imports Commodity

Magnetic tape & other sound recorders 99.946 Nickel matte,nickel oxide sinters 99.935 Sulfides; polysulfides

7111

2616 8113 2846

97.164 Base metals, silver, gold, not further worked than semifinished 91.697 Precious metal ores and concentrates 88.291 Cermets & articles thereof, including waste a scrap 84.477 Rare-earth metal compounds of yttrium or scandium 83.807 Yarn spun from silk waste not put up retail sale 81.539 Railway or tramway sleepers (cross-ties) of wood 79.257 Sugars, chemically pure, sugar ethers & esters & their salts 76.806 Base metals clad with silver not further worked than semimanufactured 76.687 tural calcium phosphates, natural aluminum calcium phosphates & Naphosphatic chalk 100 Rye in the grain 89.303 Collectors items of zoological, botanical, mineralogical, anatomical, historical, archeological, etc 84.556 Hats & other headgear, plaited or assembled strips any material

2604

Fulminates, cyanates and thiocyanates 99.803 Base metals, silver, gold, not further worked than semifinished 96.746 Base metals clad with silver not further worked than semimanufactured 90.165 Nickel ores and concentrates

9614 7001 7115

79.38

5005

9012

4406 2940 7107

2618

Smoking pipes & bowls, cigar & cigarette holders; parts thereof 76.919 Cullet & other waste & scrap of glass; glass in mass 76.9 Other articles of precious metal or of metal clad with precious metal 75.472 Microscopes (not optical); diffraction apparatus; parts and accessories 75.241 Granulated slag from iron or steel manufacture slag sand

2510

USA

1002 9705

2702 2303

80.63

Lignite, agglomerated or not, excluding jet 79.416 Residues of starch, sugar or brewing manufacture beetpulp, bagasse, corn gluten

6504

Note

: The table lists particular commodities with share of above 75% of total ASEAN export/import of the respective commodities to/from selected dialogue partner countries. Example: 81.5% of ASEAN export of railway or tramway sleepers, of wood, were shipped to Japan.

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

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03

ASEAN trade dependency

Table 27 (continued)

Commodities with high-significant share in ASEAN trade 2010


Trading HS partner country Codes
USA 7114

Share (%)

Exports Commodity

HS Share Codes (%)

Imports Commodity

82.658 Articles of goldsmiths/ silversmiths wares and parts thereof 9303 80.88 Sport shotguns & rifles etc, very pistols etc 0409 80.149 Honey natural 6703 76.003 Human hair, dressed, thinned, bleached, worked; wool or other animal hair or textile materials, for use in wigs India 8601 99.765 Rail locomotives..powered by external electrical source or accumulators (batteries) 3201 87.252 Vegetable tanning extracts; tannins & their salts 0501 83.281 Human hair, unworked & waste of human hair 8107 80.05 Cadmium & articles thereof, including waste & scrap Pakistan no share above 75% ROK 2851 100 Other inorganic compounds; liquid & compressed air; amalgams not of precious metal 5507 97.387 Artificial staple fibers, carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning Russia no share above 75%
Note

0501 7401

97.725 Human hair, unworked 85.611 Copper mattes; cement copper precipitated copper

no share above 75% 7118 76.509 Coin

no share above 75%

: The table lists particular commodities with share of above 75% of total ASEAN export/import of the respective commodities to/from selected dialogue partner countries. Example: 80.15% of ASEAN export of natural honey were shipped to USA.

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

30

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

04

ASEAN trade liberalisation

Chart 1

Average tariff rates on imports of ASEAN


in Percent
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 ASEAN, 0.96 ASEAN6, 0.05 ASEAN6, 3.64 CMLV, 2.47 ASEAN, 4.43 CMLV , 7.51

CLMV
Note

ASEAN

ASEAN6

: In 2009, AMSs apply the ASEAN Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature (AHTN) 2007, except Cambodia apply AHTN 2002. * CEPT - Common Effective Preferential Tariff.

Source of data : ASEAN Tariff Database.

Average tariff rates on imports in ASEAN6 dipped at 0.05% in 2010 while of CLMV stood at 2.47%.

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04

ASEAN trade liberalisation

Chart 2

Percent of tariff lines in the CEPT* Inclusion List (IL)


in Percent
100 98.1 83.1 75 99.5 99.1 98.6

50

52.1

25

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

ASEAN6

CLMV

ASEAN

Note

: In 2009, AMSs apply the ASEAN Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature (AHTN) 2007, except Cambodia apply AHTN 2002. * CEPT - Common Effective Preferential Tariff.

Source of data : ASEAN Tariff Database

The percentage of tariff lines in the CEPT inclusion list of CLMV have increased steadly; hence, narrowing the gap between ASEAN6 and CLMV over the years. As of 2010, both ASEAN6 and CLMV have placed more than or nearly 99% of their tariff lines under the CEPT Scheme.

32

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04

ASEAN trade liberalisation

Chart 3

Percent of items in the CEPT* Inclusion List (IL) with 0% tariff


in Percent
100

Number in IL
80,000

70,000 75

60,000

50,000 50

40,000

30,000 25

20,000

10,000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

bar chart: in percent line chart: in absolute

ASEAN (%) ASEAN

ASEAN6 (%) ASEAN6

CMLV (%) CMLV

Note

: In 2009, AMSs apply the ASEAN Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature (AHTN) 2007, except Cambodia apply AHTN 2002. * CEPT - Common Effective Preferential Tariff.

Source of data : ASEAN Tariff Database.

The number of items in the CEPT inclusion list with zero tariff in ASEAN6 increased significantly in 2003 and 2010. The growth in CLMV was more modest. In percentage terms, the growth in ASEAN6 showed a break in 2005 and 2006; but it was due to the rapid increase of the number of items in the CEPT IL.

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05

ASEAN trade in priority integration sectors

Table 28

Trend of ASEAN exports: Priority integration sectors products


Priority Integration Sector Agro-based Unit/Scale Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share to total (%) 2003 11,761 29.9 2.6 6,845 24.0 1.5 10,151 6.1 2.2 6,830 13.5 1.5 21,924 17.9 4.8 193,766 96.4 42.8 11,387 76.3 2.5 2008 38,232 45.5 3.9 21,815 10.1 2.2 13,452 -15.6 1.4 12,665 2.4 1.3 35,608 1.6 3.6 96,158 -33.3 20.1 43,233 19.9 4.4 2009 29,554 -22.7 3.6 18,228 -16.4 2.2 10,433 -22.4 1.3 11,417 -9.9 1.4 29,981 -15.8 3.7 156,517 -20.2 19.3 33,009 -23.6 4.1 2010 38,930 31.7 3.6 25,664 40.8 2.4 11,037 5.8 1.0 13,554 18.7 1.3 39,100 30.4 3.7 195,399 24.8 18.2 45,795 38.7 4.3

Rubber-based

Wood-based

Fisheries Textiles and apparel Electronics

Automotive

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

In 2010, export share of electronic products was less than half its share in 2003. The export performance of all the seven priority integration sectors products have improved vis-a-vis the 2009 export receipts.

34

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05

ASEAN trade in priority integration sectors

Table 29

Trend of intra-ASEAN export: Priority integration sectors products


Priority Integration Sector Agro-based Unit/Scale Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share in total Export of Intra ASEAN (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share in total Export of Intra ASEAN (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share in total Export of Intra ASEAN (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share in total Export of Intra ASEAN (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share in total Export of Intra ASEAN (%) Value (US$ million) Growth (%) Share in total Export of Intra ASEAN (%) Value (US$ mn) Growth (%) Share in total Export of Intra ASEAN (%) 2003 1,268 23.6 1.1 680 66.0 0.6 729 15.0 0.6 536 4.0 0.5 2,052 37.9 1.8 45,096 104.3 39.0 3,827 94.0 3.3 2008 4,405 42.0 1.8 2,761 6.1 1.1 961 (17.1) 0.4 1,099 8.5 0.4 3,689 2.7 1.5 47,453 (32.6) 19.0 13,939 26.7 5.6 2009 3,566 (19.0) 1.8 2,603 (5.7) 1.3 716 (25.5) 0.4 924 (16.0) 0.5 3,186 (13.6) 1.6 36,402 (23.3) 18.2 11,344 (18.6) 5.7 2010 5,514 54.6 2.1 3,307 27.0 1.2 795 11.0 0.3 1,099 18.9 0.4 3,933 23.4 1.5 52,586 44.5 19.6 15,738 38.7 5.9

Rubber-based

Wood-based

Fisheries

Textiles and apparel

Electronics

Automotive

Source : ASEAN Trade Statistics Database, as of October 2011.

Intra-ASEAN trade of products under the priority integration sectors are insignificant in terms of value, except for those under the electronics sector which comprised around 40% of ASEAN total electronics trade in 2003, although its share declined to 19.6% in 2010.
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06

ASEAN foreign direct investment

Table 30

ASEAN: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows for periods indicated


Categories
In US$ million Total Intra-ASEAN Rest of the World Unspecified In percent share to total Total Intra-ASEAN Rest of the World Unspecified
p/

2003

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010p/

24,511.8 2,711.6 21,632.2 168.0

56,647.6 7,875.8 47,174.8 1,597.0

75,650.3 9,625.5 65,057.8 967.0

47,075.6 9,449.3 37,317.3 309.0

38,266.0 5,270.7 32,995.3 0.0

76,207.9 12,279.2 63,928.7 0.0

100.0 11.1 88.3 0.7

100.0 13.9 83.3 2.8

100.0 12.7 86.0 1.3

100.0 20.1 79.3 0.7

100.0 13.8 86.2 0.0

100.0 16.1 83.9 0.0

Preliminary : Starting 2009, some countries entry on Unspecified item were included in Others.

Note

Source : ASEAN Investment Statistics Database, as of 30 September 2011 (based on country submission).

In 2010, Foreign Direct Investment into the ASEAN yielded two-fold growth at US$76.2 billion, regaining its 2007 level at US$ 76 billion. The share of intra-ASEAN to the total FDI inflows was 16% traceable to ASEAN efforts of integration.

36

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

06

ASEAN foreign direct investment

Table 31

ASEAN: FDI inflow, by host country (in US$ million) for periods indicated
Host Country 2003 2006 434 483 4,914 187 6,072 428 2,921 29,349 9,460 2,400 56,648 3,498 53,149 2007 260 867 6,928 324 8,538 715 2,916 37,033 11,330 6,739 75,650 8,645 67,006 2008 239 815 9,318 228 7,248 976 1,544 8,589 8,539 9,579 47,076 11,597 35,478 2009 370 539 4,877 319 1,381 963 1,963 15,279 4,976 7,600 38,266 9,421 28,845 2010p/ %Share 2010p/ 629 783 13,304 333 9,156 450 1,713 35,520 6,320 8,000 76,208 9,565 66,643 0.8 1.0 17.5 0.4 12.0 0.6 2.2 46.6 8.3 10.5 100.0 12.6 87.4

Brunei Darussalam 3,123 Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Total ASEAN CLMV ASEAN6
p/

84 -596 20 2,473 291 491 11,941 5,235 1,450 24,512 1,845 22,667

Preliminary : 1. 2. CLMV includes Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam. ASEAN6 consists of Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

Notes

Source : ASEAN Investment Statistics Database, as of 30 September 2011 (based on country submission).

In 2010, Singapore was the major recipient of the ASEAN FDI inflows, with 46.6% share of the total ASEAN FDI, followed by Indonesia and Malaysia at 17.5% and 12.0%, respectively. Viet Nam, accounted for the bulk of FDI in CMLV at US$8 billion. In the same year, FDI inflows to the ASEAN6 accounted for 87% of total ASEAN FDI inflows.

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

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06

ASEAN foreign direct investment

Table 32

ASEAN: FDI inflow, by source country (in US$ million) for periods indicated
Source Country Intra-ASEAN Australia Canada China EU-27 India Japan New Zealand Pakistan Republic of Korea Russia USA Unspecified Total
p/

2003 2,712 155 82 201 6,866 104 3,903 83 2 552 n.a 1,363 168 24,512

2006 7,876 467 252 1,035 13,387 -282 10,413 -209 10 1,256 1 3,041 19,401 1,597 56,648

2007 9,626 1,491 391 1,741 18,611 1,453 8,844 99 21 2,714 31 8,340 22,288 967 75,650

2008 9,449 787 661 1,874 7,010 547 4,129 -82 6 1,596 81 3,518 17,499 309 47,076

2009 5,271 776 504 4,158 9,132 811 3,763 263 9 1,347 157 4,087 7,989 38,266

2010p/ %Share 2010p/ 12,279 1,765 1,641 2,861 17,066 2,584 8,386 93 31 3,770 61 8,578 17,093 76,208 16.1 2.3 2.2 3.8 22.4 3.4 11.0 0.1 0.0 4.9 0.1 11.3 22.4 0.0 100.0

Rest of the World 8,489

Preliminary : Starting 2009, some countries entry on Unspecified item were included in Others. EU-27 consists of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom. - no data available.

Notes

Source : ASEAN Investment Statistics Database, as of 30 September 2011 (based on country submission).

EU-27, intra-ASEAN, USA and Japan remained to be the top providers of ASEAN FDI inflows for 2010. EU-27 contributed 22.4%, followed by intraASEAN (16%), USA (11.3%) and Japan (11%).

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07

ASEAN tourism

Table 33

ASEAN: Tourist arrivals, by host country for periods indicated


Host Country In thousand Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN ASEAN6 CLMV ASEAN ASEAN6 CLMV
Notes : 1. 2.

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

127 1,422 5,002 1,095 16,431 660 2,623 8,942 11,517 3,468 51,288 44,643 6,645 100.0 87.0 13.0

158 1,700 4,871 1,215 18,472 653 2,688 9,752 13,822 3,583 56,914 49,763 7,152 100.0 87.4 12.6

179 2,015 5,506 1,624 20,236 732 3,092 10,288 14,464 4,150 62,285 53,764 8,521 100.0 86.3 13.7

226 2,125 6,429 2,005 22,052 661 3,139 10,116 14,597 4,254 65,605 56,561 9,045 100.0 86.2 13.8

157 2,162 6,324 2,008 23,646 763 3,017 9,681 14,150 3,772 65,680 56,976 8,705 100.0 86.7 13.3

214 2,508 7,003 2,513 24,577 792 3,520 11,639 15,936 5,050 73,753 62,890 10,863 100.0 85.3 14.7

In percent share to total

CLMV includes Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam. ASEAN6 consists of Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

Source : ASEAN National Tourist Office compiled in the ASEAN Tourism Database, as of 30 September 2011.

In 2010, tourist arrivals to the ASEAN reached almost 74 million. Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore remained to be the favorite tourist destinations. ASEAN6 cornered about 85% of the total tourist arrivals while CLMV provided the remaining 15%, mainly attributed to Viet Nam.

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07

ASEAN tourism

Table 34

ASEAN: Growth rates of tourist arrivals (in percent) for periods indicated
Host Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN ASEAN6 CLMV
Notes : 1. 2.

2005 7.0 34.7 -6.0 22.4 4.6 0.5 14.5 6.8 -1.9 18.4 4.5 2.5 20.1

2006 24.3 19.6 -2.6 10.9 12.4 -1.1 2.5 9.0 20.0 3.3 11.0 11.5 7.6

2007 12.9 18.5 13.0 33.6 9.6 12.1 15.0 5.5 4.6 15.8 9.4 8.0 19.1

2008 26.4 5.5 16.8 23.5 9.0 -9.7 1.5 -1.7 0.9 2.5 5.3 5.2 6.2

2009 -30.3 1.7 -1.6 0.2 7.2 15.4 -3.9 -4.3 -3.1 -11.3 0.1 0.7 -3.8

2010 36.1 16.0 10.7 25.1 3.9 3.8 16.7 20.2 12.6 33.9 12.3 10.4 24.8

CLMV includes Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam. ASEAN6 consist of Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

Source : ASEAN National Tourist Office compiled in the ASEAN Tourism Database, as of 30 September 2011.

In 2010, tourist arrivals to the CLMV grew considerably by 24.8, after a -3.8% decline in 2009; while in ASEAN6, tourist arrivals incrased by 10.4% in 2010.

40

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

07

ASEAN tourism

Table 35

ASEAN: Tourist arrivals, by country of origin for periods indicated


Country of Origin Intra-ASEAN EU-27 China Australia Japan Republic of Korea USA India Rest of the World TOTAL ASEAN Levels (In Thousands) 2009 2010 31,694 6,680 4,202 3,029 3,214 2,449 2,553 2,104 9,756 65,680 34,820 6,971 5,416 3,465 3,351 3,286 2,680 2,478 11,285 73,753 Percent Share to Total 2009 2010 48.3 10.2 6.4 4.6 4.9 3.7 3.9 3.2 14.9 100.0 47.2 9.5 7.3 4.7 4.5 4.5 3.6 3.4 15.3 100.0

Source : ASEAN National Tourist Office compiled in the ASEAN Tourism Database, as of 30 September 2011.

From 2009 to 2010, intra-ASEAN was still the biggest source of tourist arrivals, accounting for nearly 50 percent share to total ASEAN, followed by EU (9.5%) and China (7.3%).

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08

ASEAN telecommunications

Table 36

ASEAN: Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons for periods indicated


Country 1998 2000 90.4 0.5 9.2 1.1 213.9 0.0 20.1 481.7 37.4 2.5 25.1 2003 199.3 2.5 37.6 3.3 345.0 0.2 49.3 429.1 95.5 37.8 58.7 2007 446.8 4.9 57.9 16.4 557.0 2.2 59.7 680.0 200.3 207.6 118.3 2008 460.0 5.1 79.2 35.5 558.0 2.2 62.2 690.0 182.0 239.2 130.0 2009 490.0 5.3 87.0 60.0 559.0 2.2 90.0 690.0 201.0 265.5 143.5 2010 500.0 12.6 91.0 70.0 553.0 0.0 250.0 700.0 212.0 275.6 172.8

Brunei Darussalam 63.5 Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN 0.2 2.5 0.1 69.0 0.0 11.3 100.2 8.3 0.1 3.2

Source : Recalculated from MDG website.

Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore showed extremely high internet subscriber per 1000 person, followed by Viet Nam, Philippines and Thailand.

42

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

08

ASEAN telecommunications

Chart 4

ASEAN: Internet subscribers/users per 1000 persons for periods indicated

ASEAN Viet Nam Thailand Singapore Philippines Myanmar Malaysia Lao PDR Indonesia Cambodia Brunei Darussalam 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800

The trend of internet subscriber in all countries, except Myanmar exhibited sharp increases since 1998; particularly Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam.

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08

ASEAN telecommunications

Table 37

ASEAN: Cellular/mobile phone density (number of units per 1000 persons), for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN 1998 151.7 5.1 10.7 1.2 89.0 0.1 23.7 260.1 16.5 3.5 16.7 2000 350.0 10.4 18.0 2.0 220.0 0.3 84.4 590.2 50.4 9.9 42.3 2003 507.3 35.2 86.0 19.8 444.1 1.2 277.7 830.6 345.7 33.4 176.5 2008 958.5 291.0 618.3 325.9 1,025.9 7.4 753.9 1,381.5 920.1 803.7 824.1 2009 1,053.7 448.4 670.8 529.2 1,078.5 10.5 824.3 1,391.1 959.9 1,130.3 873.9 2010 1,090.7 576.5 917.2 645.6 1,213.2 12.4 856.7 1,436.6 1,008.1 1,753.0 1,118.1

Source : Recalculated from MDG website.

The number of cellular/mobile phone units per 1,000 persons continued to increase in ASEAN Member States. Only Myanmar showed an extremely low cellular/mobile phone density.

44

ASEAN Community in Figures 2011

08

ASEAN telecommunications

Chart 5

ASEAN: Cellular/mobile phone density (number of units per 1000 persons), for periods indicated

ASEAN Viet Nam Thailand Singapore Philippines Myanmar Malaysia Lao PDR Indonesia Cambodia Brunei Darussalam 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

In 2010, cellular/mobile phone density showed sharp increase in all AMSs except Myanmar.

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09

ASEAN social development

Table 38

ASEAN: Population Distribution by Age Group, 2010


Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR3/ Malaysia Myanmar2/ Philippines Singapore3/ Thailand Viet Nam1/ ASEAN4/
1/ 2/ 3/ 4/
1/

0-4 8.9 12.6 9.2 14.2 11.4 11.7 11.7 5.3 6.3 7.5 9.5

5-19 26.6 33.8 26.5 35.8 29.5 29.8 31.7 19.6 22.0 28.7 27.8

Age Group in percent 20-54 55-64 57.2 45.1 52.5 41.9 47.8 46.1 46.6 55.3 54.6 50.9 50.4 4.1 4.6 6.6 4.4 6.6 6.5 5.7 11.0 9.2 5.7 6.6

> 65 3.2 3.8 5.2 3.8 4.7 5.9 4.3 8.8 8.0 7.2 5.7

Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Applying 2007 age structure. Applying 2008 age structure. Applying 2009 age structure. Total ASEAN exclude Singapores non-residents population.

Sources : Brunei Darussalam Key Indicators, 2009; Statistical Handbook of Viet Nam, 2009; and data submission from the rest of ASEAN Member States.

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ASEAN social development

Table 39

ASEAN: Population living under PPP $1 and $2 a day (in percent) 2006-2010
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
Notes

PPP $1 NA 28.3 18.7 33.9 0.0 2.7 NA 17.2 13.1

PPP $2 NA 56.5 50.6 66.0 2.27 45.0 NA 26.5 38.5

: PPP $2: Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified (2006-2010). - no data available. NA Not applicable.

Sources : PPP $2 taken from World Bank data bank at http://databank.worldbank.org. PPP $1 Philippines and Thailand from country submission; other countries from World Bank.

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ASEAN social development

Table 40

ASEAN: Population-based on National Poverty Line (in percent) for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam 2000 NA 37.0 19.1 36.0 8.5 26.6a 26.0 NA 21.0 28.9b 2003 NA 34.7c 17.4 33.5 5.7c 32.0 24.9 NA 11.2c 19.5c 2005 NA 33.0 16.0 30.0 5.7 26.0 NA 9.6d 16.0d 2007 NA 30.1 16.6 27.6e 3.6 26.4d NA 8.5 14.5e 2010 NA 26.0 13.3 24.0 3.8 24.0 NA 8.1f -

a 2001; b 2002; c 2004; d 2006; e 2008; f 2009. Notes : - no data available. NA Not applicable. Sources : Country submission and the World Bank data at http://databank.worldbank.org

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ASEAN social development

Table 41

ASEAN: Gini coefficient (in percent) for periods indicated


Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singaporea Thailand Viet Nam 2003 0.413 0.403c 0.320 0.326 0.485b 0.300d 0.461 0.460 0.418b 0.420b 2005 0.413 0.419 0.343 0.379 0.440 0.470 0.425 0.378 2006 0.357 0.456 0.476 0.418 0.378 2007 0.442 0.376 -

a Measures the degree of inequality in monthly income from work per household member among employed households; b 2002; c 2004; d 2001. Note : - no data available.

Sources : Brunei Darussalam MDGs 2005 (1997/98 HES); Cambodia, CSES 2004; Malaysia, Department of Statistics; Myanmar, Household Income and Expenditure Survey, 2001; Philippines, Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES), National Statistics Office; Thailand, National Statistical Office; Singapore, Singapore Department of Statistics; Indonesia Analisis Dan Penghitungan Kemiskinan 2006, BPS; Lao PDR, Lao Expenditure and Consumption Survey (LECS) 3 (2002/3), National Statistics Centre (NSC); Viet Nam, Viet Nam Households Living Standards Survey (VHLSS).

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ASEAN social development

Table 42

ASEAN: Life expectancy at birth by gender (in years) for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodiaa Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmarb Philippines Singaporec Thailand Viet Nam Female 2008 2009 79.8 62.8 72.8 66.4 76.8 63.8 74.1 83.2 72.1 76.4 78.3 63.4 70.1 68.0 76.1 65.8 71.7 83.7 77.3 76.6 Male 2008 76.6 59.2 68.8 63.6 72.1 59.4 69.7 78.4 65.8 72.5 2009 77.1 60.8 66.9 65.4 71.6 62.7 64.9 78.9 70.4 72.7 Both Sexes 2008 2009 77.7 61.6 70.5 66.2 73.6 63.8 68.0 80.8 73.6 74.4 77.8 62.1 70.7 66.7 73.8 64.2 68.2 81.4 73.8 74.6

a Figures not consistent with data by sex because of different sources; b Data from HDR were obtained because data provided are only for urban-rural; c Residents only. Sources : Country submission, National Statistics offices publications/websites and World Development Indicators, World Bank. 2010 Figures: Brunei Darussalam Singapore Indonesia Female 78.8 84.1 Male 76.5 79.3 Both Sexes 81.8 70.9

For all ASEAN Member States, female life expectancy years at birth are higher than male. The CLM showed the lowest life expectancy for both female and male.

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ASEAN social development

Table 43

ASEAN: Infant mortality rate per 1000 live births for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singaporea Thailand Viet Nam
a Residents only. Note : - no data available.

2005 7.4 65.6 32.3 70.0 6.6 45.1 26.0 2.1 8.0 17.8

2007 7.6 70.0 34.0 64.4 6.2 74.0 23.0 2.1 6.0 13.0

2008 7.0 69.0 31.0 61.8 6.4 71.0 26.0 2.1 13.0 12.0

2009 7.4 7.0 2.2 -

2010 6.1 44.9 2.0 7.0 15.8

Sources : Brunei Darussalam, Ministry of Health, Dept of Immigration and National Registration; Lao PDR, NSC website; Philippines, National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) and Family Planning Survey, NSO; Indonesia, BPS Laporan Perkembangan Pencapaian MDG; Singapore, Immigration & Checkpoint Authority (ICA); Department of Statistics (DOS), Administrative Records; Thailand, National Statistics Office; Malaysia, Department of Statistics; Myanmar, based on Vital Registration System, CSO; Cambodia, First Revision Population Projections for Cambodia 1998-2020, NIS/UNFPA; Viet Nam, General Statistics Office.

CLM still recorded relatively high infant mortality rate per 1000 live births, in the rate of 62 to 71.

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ASEAN social development

Table 44

ASEAN: Government health expenditure as percentage of GDP for periods indicated


Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam 2005 2.5 6.4 2.1 4.3 4.1 2.1 3.6 3.0 3.5 6.0 2007 2.3 5.9 2.5 4.0 4.5 2.0 3.5 3.0 3.7 7.1 2008 2.3 5.7 2.3 4.0 4.3 2.0 3.7 3.3 4.1 7.2 2009 3.0 5.9 2.4 4.1 4.8 2.0 3.8 3.9 4.3 7.2

Source : World Development Indicators, World Bank.

Most AMSs increased government health expenditure in 2009, Cambodia and Viet Nam spent the highest among the AMSs.

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ASEAN social development

Table 45

ASEAN: Underweight children under 5 years of age (in percent) for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
a interpolated data; b 2006. Note : - no data available.

2005 2.0 35.6 24.5 37.0 8.1 32.0 25.0 9.3b 25.2

2007 1.8 18.4 25.7a 22.6

2008 1.7 26.2a -

2009 1.6 26.7a -

2010 2.0 28.0 17.9 32.0 27.0a 20.0

Sources : Brunei Darussalam: Ministry of Health, Brunei Darussalam Key Indicators 2008; Cambodia: CDHS 2000 and 2005; Indonesia, BPS, Laporan hasil Survey Garam Yodium; Lao PDR: MICS 2006; Malaysia: ADB Key Indicators 2007, 2008; Myanmar, Multi Indicators Cluster Survey, Dept of Health Planning; Philippines: FNRI, National Nutrition Survey; Thailand: NSO; Viet Nam: Ministry of Health.

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ASEAN social development

Table 46

ASEAN: Adult literacy rate, 15 years old and above (in percent) for periods indicated
Country
Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam

Female Male Total 2005 2007 2010 2005 2007 2010 2005 2007 2010
91.5a 71.2 87.5 63.2 98.3 93.7 92.7 91.5 95.9b 91.5 67.7 88.0 66.6 98.5 94.6 93.7 93.8 92.6 90.2 93.7d 70.9c 89.1c 90.3d 89.5d 95.8c 92.0d 90.5d 95.8a 87.8 94.3 82.5 98.5 94.5 97.4 95.6 93.0 95.8 85.8 94.9 80.0 98.5 94.9 93.1 97.7 95.9 95.1 96.8d 85.1c 95.4c 94.6d 94.7d 95.0c 97.5d 95.2d 92.7c 78.7 90.9 72.7 91.6c 94.1 92.6c 95.1 93.5 93.0c 94.9 95.3d

76.3 77.6dd 91.9 73.4 91.9 93.4 96.0 94.1 92.9 92.5d 92.0d 95.4c 95.9 92.8d

a 2002 data; b 2004; c 2008; d 2009. Note : - no data available.

Sources : Brunei Darussalam, (2003) Population Census 2001, Dept. Of Economic Planning and Development and Brunei Key Indicators, 2008; Indonesia, BPS; Malaysia, Department of Statistics; Myanmar Dept. Of Education Planning and Training; Philippines, Functional Literacy, Education, and Mass Media Survey (for 2003); Singapore, Dept. of Statistics; Thailand , (2005) Bureau of Policy and Strategy; Viet Nam, GSO, UNDP HDR 2005 for 2003 for Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand (2003 data), Philippines (2005); Cambodia, ASEAN Stat Yearbook 2006-2010 and Cambodia Socioeconomic Survey 2004; Thailand data by sex, 2005 data taken from ADB Key Indicators 2010; UNDP Human Development Reports. ADB Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific, 2008 for 2007 figures except for Malaysia.

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ASEAN social development

Table 47

ASEAN: Net primary enrolment rate, by gender (in percent) for periods indicated
Country
Brunei Darussalama Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysiab Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam

Female Male Both Sexes 2007 2008 2009 2007 2008 2009 2008 2009 2010
96.9 87.8 93.6 77.8 96.0 121.6 91.9 96.6 96.5c 93.3 86.7 93.9 80.7 94.0 82.7 92.7 96.6 92.5 93.4 94.2 83.5 96.4 89.4 96.2 91.7 93.9 81.8 96.2 97.6 97.9c 93.3 90.4 94.1 84.1 94.1 84.5 90.7 97.2 93.9 92.4 94.5 84.8 97.2 90.7 97.3 93.3 94.0 82.4 94.1 83.6 85.1 97.1 88.0 88.3 92.9 100.0 94.4 94.4 84.1 96.8 87.0 94.8 94.8 92.7 97.0 84.6 85.7 -

a Gross primary enrolment is used; b does not include private schools; c 2006. Note : - no data available.

Sources : Brunei Darussalam, Govt. and Private Schools Administrative Data; Cambodia, Planning Dept. Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport; Indonesia, BPS; Lao PDR, UN Statistics, MDG Indicators; Malaysia, Department of Statistics; Myanmar, Department of Education Planning and Training; Philippines, Department of Education Basic Education Information System; Singapore, Ministry of Education; Thailand, National Statistical Office; Viet Nam, UN Statistics Division, MDG Indicators.

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ASEAN social development

Table 48

ASEAN: Unemployment rate, by gender (in percent) for periods indicated


Country
Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines e Singapore b Thailand Viet Nam
a

Female Male Both Sexes 2005 2008 2009 2005 2008 2009 2008 2009 2010
5.6d 2.7d 14.7 1.2 3.7 4.6 7.3 4.5 1.7 2.4d 5.1 1.8 9.7 3.7 4.6 6.0c 3.5 1.3 5.0 4.7 4.2d 1,9d 9.3 1.3 3.4 3.7 7.4 3.9 1.9 1.9 2.8 1.5 7.6 3.2 3.7 6.4c 3.0 1.3 4.1 2.6 3.7 1.6 8.4 3.3 4.0 6.8 3.2 1.3 4.7 3.5 7.9 3.7 7.3 4.3 1.0 4.6 2.7 7.1 3.2 7.5 3.1 -

a Aged 15 to 64 years; b Resident Unemployment rate (annual average) Resident refers to Singapore citizen and Singapore Permanent Resident; c 2007 data; d 2004 data; e National Statistics Offices (NSO) definition of unemployment for 2005 differs from that of 2003. Note : - no data available.

Sources : Compiled from data submission; Brunei Darussalam, Dept. of Economic Planning and Development; Cambodia, Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey (CSES); Indonesia, BPS-Statistics Indonesia; Lao PDR Population and Housing Census 2005, NSC; Malaysia, Department of Statistics; Myanmar , Labour Force Survey, Dept. of Labour; Philippines, Labour Force Survey (LFS) October round, PNSO; Singapore, Labour Force Survey; General Household Survey and Population Survey, Dept of Statistics and Ministry of Manpower; Thailand, The Labour Force Survey and Report of the Labour Force Survey, NSO, Ministry of Information and Communication Technology; Viet Nam, NGKT2006.

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Table 49

ASEAN: Labour force participation rate, by gender (in percent) for periods indicated
Country
Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam
a 2004 data; b 2007 data. Note : - no data available.

Female
2005 57.6 70.7a 50.7 45.9 49.1 49.8 52.0 64.3 2008 56.7 76.0 51.1 45.7 50.1 48.2b 55.6 16.1 2009 57.5 55.2 2005 78.0 78.9a 85.6 80.0 81.1 79.8 74.4 81.1 -

Male
2008 77.7 80.8 83.5 79.0 82.5 78.3b 76.1 20.3 2009 77.4 76.3 -

Both Sexes
2005 68.3 74.6a 66.8 63.3 65.0 64.8 63.0 72.5 51.2 2008 67.8 78.3 67.2 62.6 66.2 63.7 65.6 18.1 55.5 2009 68.2 67.2 62.9 64.0 65.4 -

Source : ASEAN Statistical Yearbook 2008 and 2010.

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ASEAN social development

Table 50

ASEAN: Employment, by sector (in percent) for periods indicated


Sector Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Darussalam (2009) (2004) (2010) 60.30 9.50 2.60 14.50 2.60 0.40 9.70 0.40 100.00 38.35 12.78 5.17 20.79 5.19 1.61 14.75 1.38 100.00 Lao PDR Malaysia (2009) 13.90 16.10 8.90 24.10 5.40 8.10 22.40 1.10 100.00

Agriculture, Fishery & Forestry 4.09 Manufacturing 5.74 Construction 27.72 Wholesales & Retail Trade, 27.26 Restaurants, & Hotels Transportation, Storage, 5.04 Communication Finance, Insurance, Real Estate 8.03 and Business Services Public Services 11.38 Others (Mining & Quarrying, 10.75 Electricity, Gas & Water, Unknown) Total 100.00 Sector

Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam (1996) (2010) (2010)1/ (2009) (2006) 33.64 8.40 5.41 22.63 7.40 4.52 17.10 0.90 100.00 14.85 5.30 20.92 14.84 19.33 22.85 1.92 100.00 40.39 13.65 5.50 22.84 2.96 3.07 11.12 0.47 100.00 51.92 14.35 5.64 12.77 2.53 1.08 10.16 1.55 100.00

Agriculture, Fishery & Forestry 66.58 Manufacturing 8.76 Construction 2.10 Wholesales & Retail Trade, 9.72 Restaurants, & Hotels Transportation, Storage, 2.62 Communication Finance, Insurance, Real Estate 7.86 and Business Services Public Services 1.51 Others (Mining & Quarrying, 0.85 Electricity, Gas & Water, Unknown) Total 100.00
1/ Refers to residents only. : - no data available.

Note

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Table 51

ASEAN: Employment, by occupation (in percent) for periods indicated


Occupation Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand (2004) (2009) (2009) (2010)1/ (2009) 20.80 7.50 9.50 17.30 11.90 7.40 13.50 5.50 17.80 16.40 34.95 17.08 12.25 12.55 8.12 2.78 3.94 17.49 35.77

Professionals, technical and 3.10 related workers Administrative, executive and 0.20 managerial workers Clerical and related workers 4.80 Sales workers and services 17.90 workers Agricultural, animal husbandry 51.40 and forestry workers; fishermen and hunters Production and related workers, 22.60 transport equipment operators and laborers Others Total 100.00
1/ Refers to residents only. : - no data available.

21.20

38.90

19.67

18.99

11.80 100.00

0.50 100.00

3.50 100.00

12.91 100.00

Note

Source : ASEAN Member States statistical yearbook and websites.

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Table 52

ASEAN: Population with access to safe drinking water (in percent) for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesiaa Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippinesa Singapore Thailand Viet Nam 2003 99 34c 77 95 79 80 100 96c 2005 99 63 80 51 d 99 bd 78 bd 80 100 98 d 85 bd 2006 99 65 80 60 95 80 93 100 90 92 2010 100 69 44* 82 86 100 94 -

a Percentage of households; b The figure is the one produced and provided by the country, but adjusted by the international agency for international comparability-that is to comply with the internationally agreed standards, definitions and classifications (age group, ISCED, etc) - MDG Indicators, UN Stats; c 2002 data; d 2004 data. * In 2010 Indonesia applied UNs concept that drinking water excludes bottled water. : - no data available.

Note

Sources : Brunei Darussalam, Public Works Department, Cambodia, Ministry of Environment, Cambodia Intercensal Population Survey 2004; Indonesia, BPS; Lao PDR, NSO APIS; Malaysia, Myanmar (2005 figure) and Viet Nam, UN MDG Indicators; Myanmar, Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey, 2003 Dept. of Health; Philippines, NSO APIS; Singapore, Public Utilities Board; Thailand National Statistics Office.

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Table 53

ASEAN: Population with access to sanitation facilities (in percent) for periods indicated
Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesiaa Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippinesa Singapore Thailand Viet Nam 2003 80 22c 98 90 86 100 97b 2005 23 80 30c 98 83 86 100 98c 61c 2006 28 80 48 94 82 78 100 90 65 2010 80 42 51 49 90 100 99 -

a Percentage of households; b 2002 data; c 2004 data. Note : - no data available.

Sources : Brunei Darussalam, Dept. of Statistics; Cambodia, Cambodia Inter-censal Population Survey; Indonesia, BPS-Statistics Indonesia; Lao PDR, UNDP, HDR 2006; Malaysia, UN Statistics Division, MDG Indicators; Myanmar, National Sanitation Week, Dept. of Health; Philippines, NSO APIS; Singapore, Public Utilities Board; Thailand National Statistics Office.

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Table 54

ASEAN: Protected Areas (PA) as percentage of Total Land Area


Country Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam ASEAN
# *

Land Area (km2) 5,765 181,035 1,890,754 236,800 330,252 676,577 300,000 710 513,120 329,315 4,464,328

Total PAs as of 2008 (km2) 1047* 42,592 247,269 36,992 22,178 49456*# 54,491 34 108,958 25,417 537,931

% of PA to Total Land Area (as of 2008) 18.2* 23.5 13.1 15.6 6.7 7.3* 18.2 4.8 21.2 7.7 13.2

Protected Area Systems described both 3.93% of notified and 3.37% of proposed. Protected areas in Myanmar which have not been categorised into International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classification. updated by AMSs.

Sources : ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, compiled from WDPA database (Fish, Lucy. 2008. Personal communication with UNEP-WCMC GIS manager on WDPA 2009 2009 pre-release).

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Other ASEANstats Publications: 1. ASEAN Statistical Yearbook 2012 2. ASEAN Economic Community Chartbook 2011 3. ASEAN Community Progress Monitoring System: PAN-ASEAN Indicators Volume 1, 2007 4. ASEAN Community Progress Monitoring System: Country Indicators and Monitoring Tools. Volume 2, 2007 5. ASEAN Brief Progress towards the ASEAN Community 2007 We welcome your comments, queries and data requests. You may visit, call or email us at: ASEANstats, The ASEAN Secretariat 70A Jl. Sisingamangaraja, Jakarta 12110, Indonesia Tel: 62-21-7262991, 7243372 Ext.275/188/385/216/184 Fax: 62-21-7398234, 7243504 Email: stats@asean.org. Website: www.asean.org/aseanstats

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