Facts and figures

on the Common

Fisheries Policy
Basic statistical data
2012 EDITION
ISSN 1830-9119

Fisheries

Country codes used in this publication
Member States
BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK Luxembourg Hungary Malta The Netherlands Austria Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovakia Finland Sweden United Kingdom

Acceding countries
HR Croatia

Candidate countries
ME IS MK* TR Montenegro Iceland Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey

* Provisional code that in no way prejudges the permanent nomenclature for this country, which will be agreed following the conclusion of the negotiations that are currently taking place under the auspices of the United Nations.

EU-27 EU-25 EU-15 EU-12

European Union of 27 Member States. European Union before the accession of BG and RO. European Union before the accession of BG, CZ, EE, CY, LV, LT, HU, MT, PL, RO, SI, SK. European Union before the accession of BG, CZ, EE, CY, LV, LT, HU, MT, AT, PL, RO, SI, SK, FI, SE.

Text completed in February 2012. More information on the European Union is available on the Internet (http://europa.eu). Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2012. ISBN 978-92-79-22740-0 doi:10.2771/18990 © European Union, 2012 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. Cover picture: © Gettyimages

Printed in Belgium
PRINTED ON WHITE CHLORINE-FREE PAPER

1

Foreword
Dear reader, Scientific knowledge is the basis for any healthy and sustainable fisheries management system. It is our duty to integrate the facts on the ground, statistics and expert opinion into our policy and let these elements influence our choices. This is one of the principles governing the EU Common Fisheries Policy. The Commission does not only rely on science to understand the work it must accomplish and the directions it has to take. Science also serves to help the other stakeholders understand the challenges faced by the fisheries sector or, conversely, the possibilities available to them at any time. We set great store in knowledge, such that the Commission has endeavoured in recent years to improve the quality and availability of scientific advice. As a result, our scientific bodies now issue reliable, independent and top-quality advice based on recognised standards. The system has also become more flexible and transparent. Economic advice is now compulsory and this gives us useful perspectives for evaluating the outcomes of different management paths. Gaps still exist, however, and we also face new challenges as we develop the policy and refine our management choices. As we work towards sustainable management, changing from the management of individual species to an approach that encompasses several stocks and we strive ever harder for an ecosystem-based approach, our essential knowledge base must also develop.

2

Today, as Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, my duty is provide suitable conditions for the scientific advice that we will need tomorrow. I must also ensure that we have access data whenever we need it. In the meantime, I will let the facts speak for themselves. In this new edition of Facts and figures on the Common Fisheries Policy, we present the main findings of current research efforts in Europe. These facts and figures range from data provided from Member States during the drafting of mandatory reports to official statistics provided by Eurostat and FAO, via the EU Fleet Register. I hope that you will find this overview interesting. Maria Damanaki, European Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

3

Contents
1
Responsible and sustainable fishing 4

7

Aquaculture

26

2

Protection of the marine environment 10

8

Fisheries and aquaculture producers’ organisations

33

3

Fishing fleet

12

9

Processing sector

34

4

Employment

16

10

External trade

36

5

Fisheries and aquaculture production

17

11

Consumption of fishery products

44

6

Catches

19

12

Community aid

47

4

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

1. Responsible and sustainable fishing
Responsible and sustainable management of fisheries requires decisions based on sound scientific findings and long-term management. Decisions on total allowable catches (TAC) and fishing quotas are based on scientific advice; we are finding out more and more about the stocks that are fished. Fishing can thus be adapted to the state of stocks. Currently, too many fish stocks are still exploited at levels in excess of their maximum sustainable yield, in other words the optimal volume of catches that can be taken each year without threatening the future reproductive capacity of a fish stock. By aiming for long-term management, the Commission has thus favoured an approach based on the introduction of multiannual plans for specific fisheries or fish stocks. These plans are aimed at ensuring sustainable exploitation and, if necessary, at facilitating the recovery of stocks close to collapse.

State of stocks by TAC area (2011)
(in number of stocks)

Atlantic Total: 124

25 19 10 70

Baltic Sea Total: 10

1 1 6 2

North Sea Total: 20

3 1 2 14

Fish stocks straddling the Atlantic and the North Sea Total: 29

7 7 1 14

5
1 1 1 5

Fish stocks straddling the North Sea and the Baltic Sea Total: 8 Fish stocks straddling the Atlantic, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea Total: 2 Black Sea Total: 2

1 1

1 1

   

The stock is exploited at a level delivering maximum long-term yield. The stock is overexploited compared to the level delivering maximum long-term yield, but remains within safe biological limits or is managed in the context of a long-term plan approved by scientists. The stock is no longer within safe biological limits and is not covered by a long-term plan, or scientific advice suggests that it should no longer be exploited. It is not known whether the stock is within safe biological limits and/or whether it can deliver maximum long-term yield.

Multi-annual plans (2011) *
North Sea cod Southern hake and southern langoustine Western Channel sole North Sea sole and plaice Baltic Sea cod Herring off the west of Scotland

* Stock recovery plans for northern hake and Bay of Biscay sole, which met their objectives, are no longer included on the map. NB: For eel, the Member States are required to set up a multi-annual plan. Source: European Commission, the Common Fisheries Policy – A User’s Guide, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Union, 2009, ‘Multi-annual Plans’ fact sheet. (http:// ec.europa.eu/fisheries/cfp/fishing_rules/multi_annual_plans/index_en.htm).

Source: Compiled from ICES advice. See also map ‘TACs and quotas 2012’ published by the European Commission (http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/cfp/ fishing_rules/tacs/index_en.htm); electronic version available on the European Atlas of the Seas (http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/atlas/maritime_atlas).

6

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs)
Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs) are international organisations formed by States with fishing interests in an area. Today, there are 20 RFMOs covering the majority of the world’s waters. Their role is to guarantee the management, conservation and sustainable exploitation of the living marine species covered by their Conventions. The RFMOs are open both to countries in the region (‘coastal states’) and countries who fish in distant waters. There are two types of RFMO: some only manage highly migratory fish stocks, like tuna (tuna RFMOs) and some manage stocks of fish other than tuna (non-tuna RFMOs). Most RFMOs have the power to set catch and fishing effort limits, technical measures, and control obligations. Regional Fisheries Organisations (RFOs) have a purely advisory role with no management mandate. The EU, represented by the Commission, plays an active role in six tuna RFMOs (including the Agreement on the International Dolphin Conservation Programme – AIDCP, sister organisation to IATTC) and 9 non-tuna RFMOs. The EU is also a member of two advisory RFOs: the Western Central Atlantic Fisheries Commission (WECAFC) and the Fisheries Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic (CECAF).

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

7

RFMOs for highly migratory fish stocks (tuna and associated species)
ICCAT WCPFC IATTC IOTC CCSBT CCSBT WCPFC IATTC ICCAT WCPFC IOTC Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission Indian Ocean Tuna Commission

NEAFC CCBSP NAFO NASCO GFCM CCBSP

RFMOs for non-tuna species
CCAMLR CCBSP GFCM NEAFC Convention on Conservation of Antarctic marine living resources Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation South-East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (in development) South Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement

SEAFO SPRFMO CCAMLR

SIOFA SPRFMO

NASCO NAFO SEAFO SPRFMO SIOFA

Source: European Commission – Eurostat/GISCO. Administrative boundaries: © EuroGeographics, © FAO (UN), © TurkStat.

8

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Fisheries partnership agreements and northern agreements
Fisheries partnership agreements (FPAs) with third countries are negotiated and concluded by the European Commission on behalf of the EU. This agreements aim to allow EU vessels to exploit surplus resources in the third country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ), within a regulated and legally guaranteed environment. The tuna agreements allow European vessels to catch highly migratory fish stocks. The mixed agreements provide access to a wide range of fish stocks, especially ground fish species (mainly shrimps and cephalopods) and/or pelagic species. FPAs emphasise resource conservation and environmental sustainability, and guarantee that all EU vessels are subject to supervisory and transparency regulations. At the same time, a clause concerning respect for human rights is being introduced in each new agreement. In exchange, the EU pays partner countries a financial contribution comprising two different elements: firstly, the payment for access rights to the EEZ and, secondly, financial aid called ‘sector support’, which aims to help develop sustainable fishing in partner countries. The latter aims to strengthen the country’s administrative and scientific capacity by emphasising the sustainable management of fisheries as well as monitoring, control and surveillance activities. The European Union, since the advent of exclusive economic zones in the North East Atlantic in the late 1970’s, has concluded Fisheries Agreements with Norway and the Faroe Islands, and in the early 1990’s with Iceland. The Agreements with Faroe islands and Iceland are based on the annual reciprocal exchange of fishing possibilities in each other’s waters, in line with traditional fishing practices. In addition to the annual reciprocal exchange of fishing possibilities with Norway, this Agreement provides for the joint management of shared stocks (total allowable catches and quotas notably) in the North Sea and Skagerrak Areas. Currently, in the North Sea, the management of all the main joint stocks is regulated by the Union and Norway through long term management plans. These agreements are intrinsically linked to the European Union’s partnership agreement with Greenland.

***

1 21 20 3 4 19 16 2 18 22

9

5 17 6 15 10 7 11 8 9

13 12 14

Multi-species agreements Tuna agreement – (mixed) West Africa 1 Greenland 2 Guinea-Bissau 3 Mauritania 4 Cape Verde 5 Côte d'Ivoire São Tomé 6 and Principe

Tuna agreements – Indian Ocean 7 Comoros 8 Madagascar 9 Mauritius 10 Mozambique 11 Seychelles

Tuna agreements – Pacific Ocean 12 Kiribati 13 Micronesia 14 Solomon Islands

‘Dormant’ agreements* 15 Gabon 16 Gambia 17 Equatorial Guinea 18 Morocco 19 Senegal
* Agreements where no protocol is in force.

Northern agreements 20 Faeroe Islands 21 Iceland 22 Norway

10

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

2. Protection of the marine environment
The Common Fisheries Policy aims to reduce the negative impacts of fisheries on the environment and develop an integrated approach for the protection of the ecological balance of our oceans as a sustainable source of wealth and well-being for future generations. Various actions have been taken, particularly to protect endangered species such as sharks, cetaceans and essential elements of marine ecosystems, such as certain seabed habitats. These actions contribute to the objectives of European environmental policy, particularly in the context of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, the environmental pillar of the European Union’s maritime policy. They are complemented by protection measures put in place under regional fisheries or environmental agreements applicable in European waters. One of the most notable impacts on the environment is the destruction of certain vulnerable habitats through the use of bottom trawls and similar gears. The EU protects its habitats by limiting the use of bottom trawls in certain sensitive areas. In the Mediterranean, bottom trawls are generally prohibited at distances less than three nautical miles from the coast. Exceptions are possible under strict and specific conditions.

Areas where bottom trawls are prohibited
(situation as at 31 December 2011)
Areas where bottom trawls are permanently prohibited Limits of EU waters EU Third countries

11

12

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

3. Fishing fleet
The main objective of the Common Fisheries Policy is to ensure sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources. Fleet capacity management is an essential tool for achieving that aim. The union fishing fleet is very diverse, with vessels ranging from less than 6 meters to vessels greater than 75 meters. Under European Union law, the total capacity of the fishing fleet may not be increased, and if public funds are used to decommission a fishing vessel, the corresponding capacity cannot be replaced. In other words, the reduction of fleet capacity with public financing must be permanent. For the last 19 years, EU fishing fleet capacity has declined at a fairly steady annual average rate, a little below 2 %, in terms of both tonnage and engine power. Despite the EU enlargements in 2004 and 2007, the number of vessels in September 2011 amounted to 83 014, or 23 715 fewer than in 1995.

EU fishing fleet capacity by length category
(situation as at 1 September 2011)
Length 0-6 6-12 12-18 18-24 24-30 30-36 36-45 45-60 60-75 > 75 26 419 43 098 7 041 3 408 1 731 597 441 121 75 83 83 014 20 808 153 215 161 785 254 796 243 936 145 177 175 087 105 029 126 553 309 790 1 696 175 310 969 2 081 137 984 899 900 202 632 593 314 430 411 140 179 123 218 827 367 009 6 400 329 Average age 30 25 26 25 22 24 19 22 19 22 26.6 NB: length refers to total length. Source: EU Fishing Fleet Register. Number of vessels Gross tonnage Engine power in kW

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

13

Evolution of the number of vessels in the EU fishing fleet between 1992 and 2011
   
EU-27: EU-25: EU-15: EU-12: -7.6 % 2007-2011 = -1.5 % average annual reduction -14.3 % 2004-2011 = -2.0 % average annual reduction -29.4 % 1995-2011 = -1.8 % average annual reduction -33.4 % 1992-2011 = -1.7 % average annual reduction

120 110 100 90 80 70

Number of vessels 1/1000

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 01.01.92 01.07.92 01.01.93 01.07.93 01.01.94 01.07.94 01.01.95 01.07.95 01.01.96 01.07.96 01.01.97 01.07.97 01.01.98 01.07.98 01.01.99 01.07.99 01.01.00 01.07.00 01.01.01 01.07.01 01.01.02 01.07.02 01.01.03 01.07.03 01.01.04 01.07.04 01.01.05 01.07.05 01.01.06 01.07.06 01.01.07 01.07.07 01.01.08 01.07.08 01.01.09 01.07.09 01.01.10 01.07.10 01.01.11 01.07.11

NB: The increase in the number of vessels in 1998 is due to the inclusion of vessels registered in the French outermost regions in the EU Fishing Fleet Register. Source: EU Fishing Fleet Register.

14

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Evolution of EU fishing fleet capacity between 1992 and 2011
   
kW EU-27 kW EU-25 kW EU-15 kW EU-12

9 000 8 000 7 000 6 000

   

GT EU-27 GT EU-25 GT EU-15 GT EU-12

Total engine power in kW/1000

5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 01.01.92 01.07.92 01.01.93 01.07.93 01.01.94 01.07.94 01.01.95 01.07.95 01.01.96 01.07.96 01.01.97 01.07.97 01.01.98 01.07.98 01.01.99 01.07.99 01.01.00 01.07.00 01.01.01 01.07.01 01.01.02 01.07.02 01.01.03 01.07.03 01.01.04 01.07.04 01.01.05 01.07.05 01.01.06 01.07.06 01.01.07 01.07.07 01.01.08 01.07.08 01.01.09 01.07.09 01.01.10 01.07.10 01.01.11 01.07.11 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0

NB: The apparent tonnage increase registered between 1999 and 2001 is due to the transition from national tonnage systems to the EU system. On average, a vessel’s tonnage in GT is greater than its tonnage measured in national units. The increase in engine power in 1998 is due to the inclusion of vessels registered in the French outermost regions in the EU Fishing Fleet Register. Source: EU Fishing Fleet Register.

Total tonnage in GT/1000

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

15

The fishing fleet of the Member States (situation as at 1 September 2011)

BE BG DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT MT NL PL PT RO SI FI SE UK EU-27

86 2 342 2 796 1 651 927 2 176 17 144 10 678 7 235 13 199 1 077 735 149 1 067 730 788 8 392 485 186 3 369 1 357 6 445 83 014

% 0.1 % 2.8 % 3.4 % 2.0 % 1.1 % 2.6 % 20.7 % 12.9 % 8.7 % 15.9 % 1.3 % 0.9 % 0.2 % 1.3 % 0.9 % 0.9 % 10.1 % 0.6 % 0.2 % 4.1 % 1.6 % 7.8 % 100.0 %

15 349 7 405 65 001 67 246 14 293 62 502 86 895 406 626 172 246 179 493 4 144 37 960 42 050 8 147 142 066 32 974 101 578 955 1 005 16 314 30 025 201 902 1 696 175

% 0.9 % 0.4 % 3.8 % 4.0 % 0.8 % 3.7 % 5.1 % 24.0 % 10.2 % 10.6 % 0.2 % 2.2 % 2.5 % 0.5 % 8.4 % 1.9 % 6.0 % 0.1 % 0.1 % 1.0 % 1.8 % 11.9 % 100.0 %

48 841 61 698 234 217 158 067 39 089 191 237 503 334 919 755 1 005 735 1 077 265 45 019 55 786 51 102 78 725 305 955 82 082 371 284 6 939 10 943 172 437 172 108 808 712 6 400 329

% 0.8 % 1.0 % 3.7 % 2.5 % 0.6 % 3.0 % 7.9 % 14.4 % 15.7 % 16.8 % 0.7 % 0.9 % 0.8 % 1.2 % 4.8 % 1.3 % 5.8 % 0.1 % 0.2 % 2.7 % 2.7 % 12.6 % 100.0 %

80 85 707 407 124 910 888 1 201 1 684 4 038 9 73 42 26 539 162 631 21 23 79 273 2 077 14 079 Non-trawlers

% 93 % 4% 25 % 25 % 13 % 42 % 5% 11 % 23 % 31 % 1% 10 % 28 % 2% 74 % 21 % 8% 4% 12 % 2% 20 % 32 % 17 %

6 2 257 2 089 1 244 803 1 266 16 256 9 477 5 551 9 161 1 068 662 107 1 041 191 626 7 761 464 163 3 290 1 084 4 368 68 935

% 7% 96 % 75 % 75 % 87 % 58 % 95 % 89 % 77 % 69 % 99 % 90 % 72 % 98 % 26 % 79 % 92 % 96 % 88 % 98 % 80 % 68 % 83 %

Number of vessels Gross tonnage Source: EU Fishing Fleet Register.

Engine power in kW Trawlers

16

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

4. Employment
Employment in the salt-water fishing sector, measured in full-time equivalents, tends to be concentrated in a handful of countries. Spain alone accounts for a quarter of employment in the EU and
(measured in full-time equivalents)

the three countries with the highest levels of employment (Spain, Greece and Italy) account for around 60 %.

Employment in the fisheries and marine aquaculture sector (2009)* Fisheries
ES IT EL*** PT FR UK IE EE** NL LV DK BG PL DE CY SE LT BE MT RO FI SI 35 844 24 397 23 862 17 613 12 823 7 104 2 694 2 004 1 805 1 633 1 546 1 430 1 307 1 142 1 086 1 019 529 335 287 244 229 90 ES UK EL** FR RO IT** BG PT IE DK FI NL CY SE MT PL SI EE DE 6 231 6 000 5 947 3 690 2 542 1 521 1 375 1 227 976 360 347 255 243 222 145 53 32 20 7

Aquaculture

See also the ‘Processing sector’ chapter for employment in this industry. ** Total employment (full-time and part-time) in 2009. *** Total employment (full-time and part-time) in 2008. *

NB: Figures were not available for AT, CZ, HU, LU and SK. Marine aquaculture figures were not available for BE, LT and LV. Source: European Commission, The 2011 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet, (STECF-11-16), Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, 2011 (Report EUR 25106 EN).

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

17

5. Fisheries and aquaculture production
The European Union represents about 4.4 % of global fisheries and aquaculture production, which makes it the fifth producer worldwide. As has been the case each year for the last 20 years, total European Union production decreased slightly compared to previous years. Within the EU, the three largest producers in terms of volume are Spain, Denmark and the United Kingdom.

Main world producers (2009) (catches and aquaculture)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)
China India Peru Indonesia EU-27 Vietnam* United States Japan* Chile Russian Federation Myanmar Norway Philippines Thailand Bangladesh South Korea 49 699 466 34.4 %

7 845 161 5.4 % 6 958 769 4.8 % 6 832 789 4.7 % 6 369 756 4.4 % 4 799 300 3.3 % 4 702 125 3.3 % 4 633 927 3.2 % 4 246 677 2.9 % 3 942 700 2.7 % 3 545 036 2.5 % 3 486 277 2.4 % 3 339 851 2.3 % 3 137 682 2.2 % 2 885 864 2.0 % 2 329 675 1.6 %

The EU and the world (2009) (catches and aquaculture)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)
EU-27 World 6 369 756 4.4 % 144 598 778

* FAO estimate from available sources of information or calculated based on scientific hypotheses. Source: Eurostat for EU-27 and FAO for other countries.

18

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Production per Member State (2009) (catches and aquaculture)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)
ES DK UK FR NL IT IE DE PL SE PT EL LT FI LV EE CZ BE HU RO BG MT CY SK AT SI EU-27 1 029 291 16.16 % 811 877 12.75 % 783 248 12.30 % 676 360 10.62 % 437 654 6.87 % 415 325 6.52 % 316 292 4.97 % 290 304 4.56 % 260 397 4.09 % 211 953 3.33 % 205 732 3.23 % 204 735 3.21 % 176 116 2.76 % 168 223 2.64 % 163 728 2.57 % 98 076 1.54 % Production per acceding country and candidate 24 183 0.38 % 22 294 0.35 % country (2009) (catches and aquaculture) 20 537 0.32 % (volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total) 17 151 0.27 % 16 892 0.27 % IS 7 206 0.11 % 1 169 597 62.67 % TR 4 768 0.07 % 622 679 33.37 % HR 2 584 0.04 % 69 121 3.70 % ME* 2 491 0.04 % 2 981 0.16 % MK 2 339 0.04 % 1 799 0.10 % Total 1 866 177 100 % 6 369 756 100 % * FAO estimate from available sources of information or calculated based on scientific hypotheses. Source: Eurostat for IS and FAO for other countries.

NB: Not relevant for LU. Source: Eurostat.

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

19

6. Catches
The European Union accounts for just under 6 % of total fisheries production worldwide, with a reduction in volume compared to previous years. Although the European fleet operates worldwide, EU catches are taken primarily in the Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. They are mainly made up of sprat, herring and mackerel. The leading fishing countries are Denmark, Spain, the United Kingdom and France, which together account for around half the catches.

Total world catches in major fishing areas (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

              

Pacific, north-west Pacific, south-east Pacific, western central Atlantic, north-east Indian Ocean, east Indian Ocean, west Atlantic, eastern central Pacific, north-east Atlantic, north-west Pacific, eastern central Atlantic, south-west Mediterranean and Black Sea Atlantic, western central Atlantic, south-east Pacific, south-west

20 236 442 11 384 452 11 197 617 8 433 042 6 593 623 4 151 270 3 666 101 2 258 524 2 040 215 1 996 082 1 894 829 1 479 391 1 349 150 1 194 333 573 154

22.8 % 12.8 % 12.6 % 9.5 % 7.4 % 4.7 % 4.1 % 2.5 % 2.3 % 2.2 % 2.1 % 1.7 % 1.5 % 1.3 % 0.6 %

Source: FAO.

20

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Total EU catches in major fishing areas (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

Total catches of world’s leading producers (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

             

Atlantic, north-east Atlantic, eastern central Mediterranean Pacific, south-east Indian Ocean, west Atlantic, south-west Atlantic, north-west Pacific, western central Atlantic, south-east Pacific, eastern central Black Sea Atlantic, western central Pacific, south-west Indian Ocean, east

3 549 810 70.05 % 489 689 448 382 129 834 95 461 91 037 45 764 26 819 21 182 14 620 7 723 5 895 3 843 3 358 9.66 % 8.85 % 2.56 % 1.88 % 1.80 % 0.90 % 0.53 % 0.42 % 0.29 % 0.15 % 0.12 % 0.08 % 0.07 %

                    

China Peru Indonesia EU-27 United States India Japan Russian Federation Chile Myanmar Philippines Norway Vietnam South Korea Bangladesh Thailand Mexico Malaysia Morocco Iceland Canada

14 919 596 6 914 452 5 099 355 5 067 891 4 222 052 4 053 241 3 847 017 3 826 129 3 453 786 2 766 940 2 602 454 2 524 437 2 243 100 1 856 615 1 821 579 1 741 662 1 611 106 1 395 589 1 164 432 1 161 980 939 078

16.8 % 7.8 % 5.7 % 5.7 % 4.7 % 4.6 % 4.3 % 4.3 % 3.9 % 3.1 % 2.9 % 2.8 % 2.5 % 2.1 % 2.0 % 2.0 % 1.8 % 1.6 % 1.3 % 1.3 % 1.1 %

Source: Eurostat.

Source: Eurostat for EU-27 and IS; FAO for other countries.

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

Total catches per Member State (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

                         

DK ES UK FR NL IE IT DE PL SE PT LT LV FI EE GR BE BG HU CZ RO SK MT CY SI AT

777 747 760 725 586 645 439 922 382 094 269 080 253 001 250 347 223 894 203 413 199 006 172 689 163 211 154 596 97 423 82 764 21 719 8 979 6 366 4 112 4 020 1 761 1 587 1 411 1 031 350

15.35 % 15.01 % 11.58 % 8.68 % 7.54 % 5.31 % 4.99 % 4.94 % 4.42 % 4.01 % 3.93 % 3.41 % 3.22 % 3.05 % 1.92 % 1.63 % 0.43 % 0.18 % 0.13 % 0.08 % 0.08 % 0.03 % 0.03 % 0.03 % 0.02 % 0.01 %

14.33 12.72 12.00 Total catches per acceding country and candidate country (2009) 10.86 (volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total) 8.05 IS 1 164 432 69.04 % 5.58  TR 463 917 27.51 %  4.93 HR 55 790 3.31 %  ME* 2 301 0.14 %  4.84 MK 141 0.01 %  4.64 * FAO estimate from available sources of information or 4.42 calculated based on scientific hypotheses. 3.65 Source: Eurostat for IS 3.20 and FAO for other countries.

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

21

NB: Not relevant for LU. Source: Eurostat.

22

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

The 15 main species caught by the European Union (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

European sprat Atlantic herring Atlantic mackerel Sand eels European pilchard Jack and horse mackerels Atlantic horse mackerel Atlantic cod Skipjack tuna Chilean jack mackerel European anchovy Round sardinella Blue whiting European hake Yellowfin tuna

543 389 531 443 346 850 339 270 243 359 172 672 154 813 127 189 114 490 110 731 102 212 86 935 85 158 84 384 72 244 Source: Eurostat.

% 11 % 10 % 7% 7% 5% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1%

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

23

The 3 main species caught per Member State (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

BE European plaice Common sole Crangon shrimps

5 007 4 004 1 585

23 % 18 % 7%

EE European sprat Atlantic herring Northern prawn

47 299 33 168 8 587

49 % 34 % 9%

BG European sprat Sea snails Common carp

4 551 2 214 804

51 % 25 % 9%

IE Atlantic mackerel Atlantic horse mackerel Atlantic herring

61 424 41 041 26 255

23 % 15 % 10 %

CZ Common carp Freshwater bream Northern pike

3 214 183 154

78 % 4% 4%

EL European anchovy European pilchard European hake

14 539 10 071 5 231

18 % 12 % 6%

DK Sandeels 305 561 European sprat 195 174 Atlantic herring 92 049

39 % 25 % 12 %

ES Skipjack tuna Jack and horse mackerels European pilchard

71 637 44 397 44 280

9% 6% 6%

DE Atlantic herring Chilean jack mackerel European sprat

37 453 32 093 29 223

15 % 13 % 12 %

FR Yellowfin tuna European pilchard Skipjack tuna

39 893 39 469 36 952

9% 9% 8%

24

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

IT European anchovy Striped venus European pilchard

54 388 17 328 15 637

21 % 7% 6%

NL Atlantic horse mackerel Atlantic herring Round sardinella

63 275 56 934 42 385

17 % 15 % 11 %

CY Bogue Picarels Surmullet

253 211 70

18 % 15 % 5%

AT Freshwater fishes

350

100 %

LV European sprat Jack and horse mackerels Atlantic herring

49 550 35 134 21 557

30 % 22 % 13 %

PL European sprat Atlantic horse mackerel Atlantic herring

83 416 24 553 22 233

37 % 11 % 10 %

LT Jack and horse mackerels Chilean jack mackerel European sprat

53 671 20 113 19 515

31 % 12 % 11 %

PT European pilchard Chub mackerel Blue shark

60 927 14 961 12 028

31 % 8% 6%

HU Common carp Grass carp Silver carp

3 238 404 367

51 % 6% 6%

RO Goldfish Freshwater bream Pontic shad

1 246 705 234

47 % 18 % 6%

MT Common dolphinfish Swordfish Atlantic bluefin tuna

395 266 263

25 % 17 % 17 %

SI European pilchard European anchovy Common carp

429 210 72

42 % 20 % 7%

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

25

SK Common carp Goldfish Pike-perch

1 241 71 62

70 % 4% 4%

The 3 main species caught per acceding country and candidate country (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

FI Atlantic herring European sprat European perch

90 834 23 177 10 590

59 % 15 % 7%

HR European pilchard European anchovy Red mullet

32 191 15 456 844

58 % 28 % 2%

SE European sprat Atlantic herring Atlantic cod

81 826 76 234 13 188

40 % 37 % 6%

ME Freshwater fishes* European anchovy* Marine fishes *

600 300 200

26 % 13 % 9%

UK Atlantic mackerel Atlantic herring Norway lobster Source: Eurostat.

172 303 67 113 42 900

29 % 11 % 7%

IS Atlantic herring Atlantic cod Blue whiting

331 200 188 976 120 197

28 % 16 % 10 %

MK Freshwater fishes Trouts Common carp

94 44 3

67 % 31 % 2%

TR European anchovy European sprat European pilchard

204 699 53 385 30 091

44 % 12 % 6%

* FAO estimate from available sources of information or calculated based on scientific hypotheses. Source: Eurostat for IS and FAO for other countries.

26

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

7. Aquaculture
Aquaculture is a major activity in many European regions. Aquaculture production in the European Union is in the region of 1.3 million tonnes, while its value amounts to € 3.2 billion. This represents 20.4 % of the total volume of EU fisheries production. Its share of total world aquaculture production is 2.3 % in terms of volume and 4 % in terms of value.
BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK EU-27 576 7 912 20 071 34 131 39 957 654 47 212 121 971 268 565 236 438 162 325 3 356 517 3 428 14 171 5 619 55 561 2 141 36 503 6 727 13 131 1 308 823 13 627 8 540 196 603 1 301 866 % 0.04 % 0.61 % 1.54 % 2.62 % 3.07 % 0.05 % 3.63 % 9.37 % 20.63 % 18.16 % 12.47 % 0.26 % 0.04 % 0.26 % 1.09 % 0.43 % 4.27 % 0.16 % 2.80 % 0.52 % 1.01 % 0.10 % 0.06 % 1.05 % 0.66 % 15.10 % 100.00 % 4 035 19 513 39 267 88 240 94 240 2 235 104 271 397 791 396 739 697 965 474 863 16 464 1 115 6 655 26 495 47 057 84 109 13 879 76 373 34 064 16 990 3 069 1 766 39 582 18 436 540 741 3 245 953 % 0.12 % 0.60 % 1.21 % 2.72 % 2.90 % 0.07 % 3.21 % 12.25 % 12.22 % 21.50 % 14.63 % 0.51 % 0.03 % 0.21 % 0.82 % 1.45 % 2.59 % 0.43 % 2.35 % 1.05 % 0.52 % 0.09 % 0.05 % 1.22 % 0.57 % 16.66 % 100.00 %

Total aquaculture production per Member State (2009)

(volume in tonnes live weight and value in thousands of EUR and percentage of total)

Aquaculture production Value in thousands of EUR

NB: Not relevant for LU. Source: Eurostat.

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

27

EU aquaculture production per product type (2009)
(percentage of total volume)

Total aquaculture production per acceding country and candidate country (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and value in thousands of EUR and percentage of total)
% 7.44 % 0.38 % 2.88 % 0.92 % 88.38 % 100.00 %

28 %

50 %

22 %

HR ME IS MK TR Total

13 371 680 * 5 165 1 658 158 762 179 636 Source: FAO.

39 036 2 290 19 100 5 181 442 585 508 193

% 7.68 % 0.45 % 3.76 % 1.02 % 87.09 % 100.00 %

Total aquaculture production by other major producers (2009)
 Molluscs and crustaceans  Seawater fish (volume in tonnes live weight and value in thousands of EUR and percentage of total)

(including salmon and trout farmed in sea water) (including trout and eels farmed in fresh water)

 Freshwater fish

China India Vietnam Indonesia Thailand Bangladesh Norway Chile Japan Myanmar Philippines Egypt

34 779 870 3 791 920 2 556 200 * 1 733 434 1 396 020 1 064 285 961 840 792 891 786 910 778 096 737 397 705 500 *

% 62.5 % 6.8 % 4.6 % 3.1 % 2.5 % 1.9 % 1.7 % 1.4 % 1.4 % 1.4 % 1.3 % 1.3 %

39 289 099 4 055 368 3 448 242 2 301 602 1 742 849 1 687 661 2 577 584 3 351 561 2 307 031 655 122 1 066 704 895 708

% 52.0 % 5.4 % 4.6 % 3.0 % 2.3 % 2.2 % 3.4 % 4.4 % 3.1 % 0.9 % 1.4 % 1.2 %

* FAO estimate from available sources of information or calculated based on scientific hypotheses. Source: FAO.

28

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

The top 10 species produced in aquaculture in the European Union (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

The top 3 species produced in aquaculture per Member State (2009)

(volume in tonnes and percentage – value in thousands of EUR and percentage of total value)
% 24 % 15 % 14 % 12 % 8% 7% 5% 4% 3% 1% BE Freshwater fishes Rainbow trout Freshwater fishes Rainbow trout BG Rainbow trout Common carp Bighead carp Rainbow trout Common carp Bighead carp CZ
%

Mediterranean mussel Rainbow trout Blue mussel Atlantic salmon Pacific cupped oyster Gilthead seabream Common carp European seabass Japanese clam Turbot

315 171 199 905 179 041 157 647 106 065 96 278 70 761 57 478 34 406 9 019

T 530 46 € 3 835 199

% 92 % 8% % 95 % 5%

The top 10 species produced in aquaculture in the European Union (2009)
(volume in tonnes live weight and percentage of total)

T 2 700 2 488 914 € 8 938 5 705 1 519

% 34 % 31 % 12 % % 46 % 29 % 8%

Rainbow trout Atlantic salmon Gilthead seabream Pacific cupped oyster European seabass Blue mussel Mediterranean mussel Common carp Japanese clam Atlantic bluefin tuna

666 263 533 711 373 751 352 970 282 879 230 013 178 542 134 493 105 979 69 072 Source: Eurostat.

21 % 16 % 12 % 11 % 9% 7% 6% 4% 3% 2%

Common carp Freshwater fishes Silver carp Common carp Freshwater fishes Silver carp

T 17 258 627 601 € 32 316 1 667 904

% 86 % 3% 3% % 82 % 4% 2%

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

29
% 50 % 28 % 18 % % 55 % 36 % 3%

DK Rainbow trout Blue mussel European eel Rainbow trout Blue mussel European eel DE Rainbow trout Common carp Blue mussel Rainbow trout Common carp Blue mussel EE Rainbow trout Common carp European eel Rainbow trout Common carp European eel IE Blue mussel Atlantic salmon Pacific cupped oyster Blue mussel Atlantic salmon Pacific cupped oyster

T 29 391 2 556 1 659 € 72 772 11 683 1 304

% 86 % 7% 5% % 82 % 13 % 1%

EL Gilthead seabream European seabass Mediterranean mussel Gilthead seabream European seabass Mediterranean mussel ES Mediterranean mussel Gilthead seabream Rainbow trout Mediterranean mussel Gilthead seabream Rainbow trout FR Pacific cupped oyster Blue mussel Rainbow trout Pacific cupped oyster Blue mussel Rainbow trout IT Mediterranean mussel Rainbow trout Japanese clam Mediterranean mussel Rainbow trout Japanese clam

T 60 488 33 631 22 383 € 218 671 144 785 11 169

T 21 115 9 887 3 600 € 57 982 19 744 4 493

% 53 % 25 % 9% % 62 % 21 % 5%

T 198 531 23 218 18 459 € 95 721 86 330 64 792

% 74 % 9% 7% % 24 % 22 % 16 %

T 549 45 30 € 1 656 264 163

% 84 % 7% 5% % 74 % 12 % 7%

T 96 518 66 712 35 160 € 334 096 124 922 117 807

% 41 % 28 % 15 % % 48 % 18 % 17 %

T 26 502 12 210 6 488 € 65 368 17 926 13 653

% 56 % 26 % 14 % % 63 % 17 % 13 %

T 76 800 35 802 32 800 € 217 817 94 685 45 988

% 47 % 22 % 20 % % 46 % 20 % 10 %

30

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

CY Gilthead seabream European seabass Rainbow trout Gilthead seabream European seabass Rainbow trout LV Common carp Wels catfish Tench Common carp Wels catfish Tench LT Common carp Bighead carp Trouts Common carp Bighead carp Trouts HU Common carp Catfish Silver carp Common carp Catfish Silver carp

T 2 552 703 69 € 11 484 4 113 545

% 76 % 21 % 2% % 70 % 25 % 3%

MT Atlantic bluefin tuna Gilthead seabream Marine fishes Atlantic bluefin tuna Gilthead seabream Marine fishes NL Blue mussel African catfish European eel Blue mussel African catfish European eel AT Rainbow trout Common carp Brook trout Rainbow trout Common carp Brook trout PL Common carp Rainbow trout African catfish Common carp Rainbow trout African catfish

T 3 441 1 984 101 € 39 432 6 471 805

% 61 % 35 % 2% % 84 % 14 % 2%

T 437 18 13 € 836 81 50

% 85 % 3% 3% % 75 % 7% 5%

T 45 618 4 450 2 800 € 55 795 18 200 4 463

% 82 % 8% 5% % 66 % 22 % 5%

T 3 222 64 51 € 5 785 240 204

% 94 % 2% 1% % 87 % 4% 3%

T 1 246 345 244 € 8 040 2 099 1 484

% 58 % 16 % 11 % % 58 % 15 % 11 %

T 9 931 1 716 1 567 € 19 130 3 795 1 230

% 70 % 12 % 11 % % 72 % 14 % 5%

T 18 133 14 872 1 100 € 36 793 30 922 2 429

% 50 % 41 % 3% % 48 % 40 % 3%

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

31
% 93 % 5% 1% % 84 % 13 % 2%

PT Clam Gilthead seabream Turbot Clam Gilthead seabream Turbot RO Common carp Silver carp Bighead carp Common carp Silver carp Bighead carp SI Rainbow trout Mediterranean mussel Common carp Rainbow trout Mediterranean mussel Common carp SK Rainbow trout Common carp Freshwater fishes Rainbow trout Common carp Freshwater fishes

T 2 340 1 345 1 276 € 14 132 8 118 6 192

% 35 % 20 % 19 % % 41 % 24 % 18 %

FI Rainbow trout European whitefish Freshwater fishes Rainbow trout European whitefish Freshwater fish SE Rainbow trout Blue mussel Rainbow trout Blue mussel UK Atlantic salmon Mussels Rainbow trout Atlantic salmon Mussels Rainbow trout Source: Eurostat.

T 12 738 728 92 € 33 119 5 278 754

T 4 142 2 971 2 352 € 6 008 3 504 2 774

% 32 % 23 % 18 % % 35 % 21 % 16 %

T 6 413 2 125 € 17 361 1 025

% 75 % 25 % % 94 % 6%

T 664 312 177 € 1 594 507 425

% 51 % 24 % 14 % % 52 % 17 % 14 %

T 144 663 31 929 14 929 € 464 611 39 186 24 549

% 74 % 16 % 8% % 86 % 7% 5%

T 636 154 34 € 1 339 341 86

% 77 % 19 % 4% % 76 % 19 % 5%

32

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

The top 3 species produced in aquaculture per acceding country and candidate country (2009)
(volume in tonnes and percentage of total volume – value in thousands of EUR and percentage of total value)
HR European seabass Gilthead seabream Common carp European seabass Gilthead seabream Common carp ME Trouts Mediterranean mussel European seabass Trouts European seabass Mediterranean mussel IS Arctic char Atlantic cod Atlantic salmon Arctic char Atlantic cod Atlantic salmon

T 2 800 2 200 2 058 € 12 062 9 477 3 842

% 21 % 16 % 15 % % 31 % 24 % 10 %

MK Trouts Common carp Freshwater fishes Trouts Common carp Freshwater fishes TR Rainbow trout European seabass Gilthead seabream European seabass Rainbow trout Gilthead seabream

T 1 147 340 53 € 4 107 799 76

% 69 % 21 % 3% % 79 % 15 % 1%

T 450 * 150 * 30 * € 1 575 240 150

% 66 % 22 % 4% % 69 % 10 % 7%

T 80 886 46 554 28 362 € 167 489 162 011 92 164

% 51 % 29 % 18 % % 38 % 37 % 21 %

* FAO estimate from available sources of information or calculated based on scientific hypotheses. T 2 405 1 805 714 € 10 360 5 184 2 563 % 47 % 35 % 14 % % 54 % 27 % 13 % Source: FAO.

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

33

8. Fisheries and aquaculture producers’ organisations
Producers’ organisations are made up of fishermen and fish farmers who choose to join together to take measures aimed at ensuring a rational approach to production and creating the best possible conditions for marketing their products. They are a fundamental part of the common organisation of the market in the fisheries and aquaculture sector. In 2011, there were 228 producers’ organisations in 17 EU Member States.
6 SE 3 DK 3 IE 1 21 UK 1 8 1 BE
Small-scale fishing/coastal fishing/offshore fishing/deep sea fishing Total: 185 organisations in 2011 Aquaculture and other types of fishing Total: 43 organisations in 2011

1

1 EE 3 3 LV LT

3 NL 5 15 DE 2 5 PL 1

26 FR 3 32 13

8 2 39 IT 6 RO

13 PT

NB: In BG, CZ, CY, LU, HU, MT, AT, SI, FI and SK, there are no producers’ organisations. Source: Official Journal of the European Union, C 225, 30/7/2011.

ES 2 1 EL

34

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

9. Processing sector
The overall value of the output of the processing industry amounts to around EUR 20 billions. Spain, the United Kingdom, France, Germany and Italy are the leading countries in terms of production. This sector consists of nearly 3 700 companies for total employment of around 120 000 persons. The mainstay of European production is conserves and preparations of fish, crustaceans and molluscs.

Value of the output of the processing sector (2009)
(in thousands of EUR)
ES UK FR DE IT DK * PL PT NL SE IE BE LT FI LV EL EE RO SK BG AT CZ CY * HU EU-27

Source: Eurostat and, for some countries, as indicated in the tables, European Commission, Report on the evaluation of data collected on the fish processing sector 2011, Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, 2012.

3 837 700 3 089 800 2 708 900 2 076 800 2 008 500 1 644 000 1 260 700 732 600 639 700 423 800 383 500 380 800 238 000 177 100 135 600 133 300 104 400 50 900 36 300 29 600 26 500 26 400 4 800 2 800 20 152 500

* European Commission, Report on the evaluation, op. cit. Value expressed in total income. NB: Figures are not available for MT and SI, and are not relevant for LU.

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

35

Number of persons employed in the processing sector (2009)
Total number of persons employed UK * ES PL FR * DE PT IT LV LT DK * NL SE EE IE BG RO EL BE FI SK CZ AT HU CY * EU-27 19 586 19 430 17 205 14 983 8 389 6 613 5 343 4 728 4 244 3 596 3 335 2 042 1 831 1 763 1 475 1 370 1 193 1 040 907 697 367 130 78 43 120 388

Number of processing companies (2009)
Total number of companies ES IT PL UK FR DE SE PT FI DK * NL LV EL IE LT EE BE RO BG CZ HU SK AT CY * SI EU-27 709 419 337 337 314 233 217 191 142 123 121 96 84 65 63 56 37 35 33 24 10 10 5 3 3 3 667

* European Commission, Report on the evaluation, op. cit. Number of persons working is measured in full-time equivalents. NB: Figures are not available for MT and SI, and are not relevant for LU.

* European Commission, Report on the evaluation, op. cit. NB: Figures are not available for MT and are not relevant for LU.

36

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

10. External trade
Along with Japan and the United States, the European Union is one of the world’s top three importers of fishery and aquaculture products. Norway, China, Iceland and Vietnam are the EU’s main suppliers. Intra-EU trade is also significant. Taking into account all trade, both intra-EU and with third countries, Spain, France and Italy are the leading importing Member States. Denmark, the Netherlands and Spain are the leading exporting Member States.

Trade of fishery and aquaculture products between the European Union and third countries (2010)
(volume in tonnes and value in thousands of EUR)

Imports

Exports

Volume in tonnes Value in thousands of EUR

         

Pelagic fish Salmonids Other fish Crustaceans and molluscs Non-food products Total EU-27

1 103 033 630 879 1 675 602 1 308 165 618 510 5 336 189

2 484 748 3 128 314 4 811 173 5 517 499 616 425 16 558 158

1 038 702 62 877 309 058 127 962 200 475 1 739 074

992 313 339 839 759 251 436 811 243 803 2 772 017

Tuna, sardine, mackerel, herring, anchovy, etc. Salmon, trout. Cod, hake, pollock, haddock, panga, sole, halibut, seabream, etc. Shrimp, spiny lobster, scallop, mussels, cuttlefish, squid, etc. Products not intended for human consumption, fish meal, decorative fish. Source: Eurostat.

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

37

Trade of fishery and aquaculture products between the European Union and third countries (2010)
(value in thousands of EUR) The European Union’s main suppliers
Norway China Iceland Vietnam Morocco Thailand United States Ecuador Argentina India Peru Other third countries 3 678 819 22 % 1 521 839 9 % 913 653 6 % 859 350 5 % 813 925 5 % 809 298 5 % 772 599 5 % 683 120 4 % 615 628 4 % 537 747 3 % 463 958 3 % 4 888 222 30 %

The European Union’s main customers

           
Total: 16 558 158

United States Switzerland Russia Norway China Japan Nigeria Egypt Morocco Hong Kong Ukraine Other third countries

305 930 11 % 251 355 9 % 227 651 8 % 224 404 8 % 212 649 8 % 180 316 7 % 148 964 5 % 111 187 4 % 106 010 4 % 81 221 3 % 59 412 2 % 862 918 31 %

           
Total: 2 772 017

Main Member States importing from third countries
ES SE DE UK IT DK FR NL Other Member States 3 116 904 1 933 886 1 818 711 1 833 947 1 642 110 1 564 466 1 522 090 1 194 586 1 931 458 19 % 12 % 11 % 11 % 10 % 9% 9% 7% 12 %

Main Member States exporting to third countries

        

ES NL DK UK FR DE IT IE Other Member States

560 653 447 088 381 708 342 800 247 870 197 464 92 818 79 629 421 987

20 % 16 % 14 % 12 % 9% 7% 3% 3% 15 %

        

Source: Eurostat.

Total EU-27: 16 558 158

Total EU-27: 2 772 017

38

Imports and exports of fishery and aquaculture products (2010) Total trade: intra-EU and extra-EU

(volume in tonnes and value in thousands of EUR)

Imports

Exports

 Member States  Acceding countries  Candidate countries              

IS IE UK NL BE LU DE AT SI FR PT ES IT MT

NA 88 833 778 294 893 841 288 193 10 143 1 241 130 67 698 17 476 1 047 043 334 184 1 554 576 950 947 24 660 NA: not available.

64 051 166 205 2 676 624 2 036 175 1 407 755 72 490 3 298 250 306 165 57 668 4 256 659 1 062 115 4 776 188 3 815 726 36 035

NA 222 766 493 416 878 373 152 117 1 862 761 991 7 224 5 204 296 654 143 819 1 013 673 126 341 5 377

1 239 074 359 896 1 456 139 2 476 255 796 846 14 103 1 717 599 35 813 16 984 1 123 134 595 722 2 450 963 494 888 44 362

39

Imports

Exports

                 

FI SE EE LV DK LT PL CZ SK HU RO HR ME BG MK EL TR CY

92 270 512 399 36 022 58 388 1 226 263 103 430 431 252 65 039 24 115 22 641 87 732 40 461 3 099 34 267 7 421 171 734 132 005 14 990

278 622 2 224 933 71 786 102 559 2 021 596 246 163 1 011 835 152 364 54 344 54 233 132 276 72 142 9 403 51 458 15 812 441 942 160 268 53 199

57 063 571 295 131 899 116 921 892 303 93 176 217 980 15 606 578 2 661 4 381 24 355 131 11 177 1 780 133 574 60 269 2 713

34 065 1 745 739 137 330 126 607 2 685 474 260 422 552 821 58 844 7 493 11 405 13 013 79 311 472 25 409 7 075 524 033 246 399 12 725

Source: Eurostat.

40

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Imports of fishery and aquaculture products (2010)
(value in thousands of EUR) Total trade: intra-EU and extra-EU

Fresh and chilled products
SE FR ES IT DK DE UK PL Other Member States Total EU-27 9 964 972 1 647 895 1 596 612 ES FR IT DE UK NL PT BE Other Member States

Frozen products
1 817 961 1 718 056 1 575 114 1 092 128 943 175 701 963 624 909 1 446 155 2 885 802

1 157 044 1 129 875 908 828 672 116 593 889 456 114

1 802 598

Total EU-27 12 805 263

Smoked, salted and dried products
DE IT PT SE ES NL FR DK Other Member States Total EU-27 2 367 321 Source: Eurostat. 345 099 282 180 253 293 239 571 192 085 147 768 124 275 266 006 517 044 FR UK IT DE ES NL BE DK Other Member States

Preparations and conserves
878 623 851 461 763 907 662 304 561 526 438 111 320 714 280 309 970 853

Total EU-27 5 727 808

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

41

Exports of fishery and aquaculture products (2010)
(value in thousands of EUR) Total trade: intra-EU and extra-EU

Fresh and chilled products
SE DK UK NL FR ES EL DE Other Member States Total EU-27 6 685 090 1 188 312 1 511 102 ES NL DE DK UK BE FR PT Other Member States

Frozen products
1 347 700 1 120 392 735 015 720 400 557 995 465 374 337 645 307 853 770 762

775 349 681 820 565 214 460 635 450 532 314 890 737 236

Total EU-27 6 363 136

Smoked, salted and dried products
PL DK SE DE NL ES UK FR Other Member States 282 309 252 932 396 061 ES DK NL DE PL FR BE IT Other Member States

Preparations and conserves
506 755 418 209 403 197 363 024

171 133 141 996 95 321 92 813 69 823 198 084

201 059 167 266 156 586 156 016

657 272

Total EU-27 1 700 472 Source: Eurostat.

Total EU-27 3 029 385

42

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Imports of fishery and aquaculture products (2010)
(value in thousands of EUR) Total trade: intra-EU and extra-EU

Pelagic fish
ES IT FR DE UK NL PL PT Other Member States 857 179 850 183 SE DE FR DK PL UK IT ES Other Member States

Salmonids
1 021 205 887 755 715 414 470 080 352 290 307 173 264 705 843 468 1 632 124

320 052 187 572 133 788

475 470 464 319

625 646

669 360

Total EU-27 4 583 568

Total EU-27 6 494 214

Other fish
ES FR DE IT UK NL PT DK Other Member States Total EU-27 10 936 997 Source: Eurostat. 1 501 373 1 419 324 1 365 394 1 365 287 1 160 478 965 858 783 474 695 921 1 679 889 ES FR IT BE UK NL DE PT Other Member States

Crustaceans and molluscs
1 495 420 1 455 918 2 228 047

694 527 626 964 579 306 576 458 364 396 829 548

Total EU-27 8 850 584

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

43

Exports of fishery and aquaculture products (2010)
(value in thousands of EUR) Total trade: intra-EU and extra-EU

Pelagic fish
ES NL DK DE UK PT FR IT Other Member States Total EU-27 3 118 864 421 576 885 063 SE DK PL UK DE FR LT BE Other Member States

Salmonids
828 459 1 454 749

230 420 209 553 209 302 202 316 200 165 173 985

586 484

506 454 469 313 341 714 141 742 112 381 86 215 353 070

Total EU-27 4 294 097

Other fish
NL DK DE ES FR EL SE UK Other Member States Total EU-27 6 111 494 Source: Eurostat. 1 023 526 1 020 577 NL ES DK UK BE FR PT IT Other Member States

Crustaceans and molluscs
814 908 720 003

441 865 438 589 402 933 345 090

859 432 770 814

808 667

202 639 177 606

535 523 515 804 432 692 370 336 484 117

Total EU-27 4 253 629

44

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

11. Consumption of fishery products
Fishery and aquaculture products play a significant role in human diet, both in Europe and worldwide, as a source of protein-rich healthy food. Worldwide, the consumption of these products represents 17.8 kg/person/year or 15.7 % of animal protein intake. Within the European Union, the average consumption of fish is 23.3 kg/person/year. Consumption varies from 4.6 kg/person/year in Bulgaria to 61.6 kg/person/year in Portugal.

Consumption of fishery and aquaculture products (2007)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year)) Supply balance per Member State
PT ES LT FI FR SE MT LU CY IT BE EU-27 IE DK UK EL NL LV EE AT DE PL SI CZ SK RO HU BG

61.6 44.8 40.5 37.1 34.2 32.6 31.7 28.0 27.3 25.4 24.2 23.3 22.7 22.3 21.4 20.9 19.8 17.4 16.4 15.4 15.3 10.9 10.2 9.9 8.1 5.5 5.1 4.6 Source: FAO.

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

45

Consumption of fishery and aquaculture products (2007)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year)) Supply balance per acceding country and candidate country
IS HR TR MK ME

90.6 15.9 8.1 6.3 4.3

Consumption of fishery and aquaculture products (2007)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year)) Supply balance per EFTA country and per major world economy
Japan Norway China Australia United States Canada Russia Switzerland* Brazil India World average 56.7 51.9 29.4 26.4 24.1 23.8 22.5 16.6 6.9 5.4 17.8

* Including Liechtenstein. Source: FAO.

46

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Consumption of fishery and aquaculture products (2007)
(quantity in live weight (tonnes)) Supply balance
EU-27 Rest of the world Source: FAO.

11 499 489 9.7 %

107 038 313 90.3 %

The main species consumed in the European Union

1
DE DK ES FR UK IT LT NL PT PL Alaska pollock Salmon Hake Tuna Salmon Seabass/Seabream Herring Salmon Cod Alaska pollock

2
Herring Plaice Cephalopods Mussels Tuna Tuna Salmon Herring Tuna Herring

3
Salmon Cod Sardine/Anchovy Salmon Cod Sardine/Anchovy Hake Panga Hake Panga

The consumption of fishery and aquaculture products varies from one Member State to the next within the European Union. The table opposite shows the main species consumed (in live weight) for a selection of Member States.

Source: from the report ‘Study on the supply and marketing of fishery and aquaculture products in the European Union’ – Executive summary, by Ernst & Young for the European Commission, Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, 2009.

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

47

12. Community aid
Structural policy in the fisheries sector contributes to the objectives of the CFP while strengthening economic and social cohesion. The European Fisheries Fund (EFF), in operation since 1 January 2007, is the financial instrument of this policy. With a budget of around EUR 4 305 billion for 2007-2013, including 75 % for regions whose development is lagging behind, the EFF helps to finance projects presented by companies, public authorities, or representative bodies. The EFF’s strategic objectives and priority axes are defined by the Council. Axis 1 Adaptation of the Community fishing fleet to the available resources
(aid for permanent or temporary cessation, for small-scale coastal fishing, for investments on board fishing boats, etc.)

Axis 2

Aquaculture, inland fishing, processing and marketing of fishery and aquaculture products

(measures for productive investments in aquaculture, aqua-environmental measures, public health measures, etc.)

Axis 3

Measures of common interest

(protection and development of aquatic fauna and flora, promotional campaigns, transformation of fishing vessels for a different use, etc.)

Axis 4 Axis 5

Sustainable development of fishing areas
(local projects for sustainable development, diversification of economic activities, etc.)

Technical assistance intended to facilitate the implementation of aid from the EFF

(financing the work of public services that manage the funds, etc.)

48

F A C T S

A N D

F I G U R E S

O N

T H E

C O M M O N

F I S H E R I E S

P O L I C Y

2 0 1 2

Community aid to the fisheries sector – Distribution per Member State for the 2007-2013 programming period – Per axis
(in thousands of EUR)

Axis 1 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LT LV HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 11 562 8 001 0 40 365 7 491 15 265 34 766 77 272 439 496 65 021 161 250 5 200 7 553 26 197 0 2 175 16 913 0 140 510 62 865 9 975 2 164 0 3 445 13 666 39 635 1 190 789 27.68 %

Axis 2 3 500 36 004 11 927 37 650 54 913 24 584 0 59 690 307 066 54 179 106 086 3 250 28 111 49 330 24 164 1 708 7 379 5 164 162 873 74 187 105 000 7 141 11 432 16 990 10 933 33 590 1 236 850 28.75 %

Axis 3 7 988 20 002 13 824 36 515 70 236 21 210 6 000 32 320 314 440 88 499 106 086 9 924 9 684 27 354 8 944 4 095 16 903 50 159 095 83 408 30 000 7 574 1 464 14 784 19 133 49 621 1 159 156 26.94 %

Axis 4 1 900 12 001 0 12 461 18 554 19 282 1 501 33 300 50 754 5 700 16 974 1 000 6 694 17 173 0 0 4 987 0 234 910 17 403 75 000 2 164 0 3 606 8 200 11 598 555 161 12.90 %

Axis 5 1 312 4 000 1 355 6 684 2 517 4 228 0 5 250 20 135 2 653 33 947 350 2 672 4 961 1 743 395 2 395 45 36 705 8 622 10 739 2 597 684 624 2 733 3 384 160 731 3.74 %

Total per country 26 262 80 010 27 107 133 675 153 711 84 568 42 267 207 832 1 131 891 216 053 424 343 19 724 54 713 125 016 34 851 8 372 48 578 5 259 734 093 246 485 230 714 21 640 13 580 39 449 54 665 137 828 4 302 686 100.00 %

% per country 0.61 % 1.86 % 0.63 % 3.11 % 3.57 % 1.97 % 0.98 % 4.83 % 26.31 % 5.02 % 9.86 % 0.46 % 1.27 % 2.91 % 0.81 % 0.19 % 1.13 % 0.12 % 17.06 % 5.73 % 5.36 % 0.50 % 0.32 % 0.92 % 1.27 % 3.20 %

Total per axis Total in %

100.00 %

NB: Not relevant for LU. Source: Operational programmes adopted by the European Commission. Latest update: 24.1.2012.

European Commission Facts and figures on the Common Fisheries Policy – Basic statistical data – 2012 Edition Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union 2010 — 48 p. — 14.8 × 21 cm ISBN 978-92-79-22740-0 doi:10.2771/18990

To find out more
European Commission, The Common Fisheries Policy – A User’s Guide, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Union, 2009, 2009 (ISBN 978-92-79-09874-1)  http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/documentation/publications/pcp2008_en.pdf and  http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/documentation/publications/pcp2008_factsheets_en.pdf European Commission, Fisheries and aquaculture in Europe (periodical published five times a year)  http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/documentation/magazine/index_en.htm European Commission, Report on the evaluation of data collection related to fish processing industry 2011, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Union, 2012 European Commission, Study on the supply and marketing of fishery and aquaculture products in the European Union – Executive Summary, 2009  http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/documentation/studies/study_market/index_en.htm European Commission, The 2011 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet (STECF-11-16) Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Union, 2011 (ISBN 978-92-79-22326-6 – EUR 25106 EN)  http://bookshop.europa.eu/uri?target=EUB:NOTICE:LBNA25106:EN:HTML

European Commission websites
Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries:  Common Fisheries Policy: http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries  European Atlas of the Seas: http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeatlas Eurostat=> statistics on fisheries:  http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/fisheries/introduction

KL-AH-12-001-EN-C

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful