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Cu hi n tp chng 1 1. Trnh by s khi v nguyn l hot ng ca h thng vi ba s. 2. So snh u nhc im ca vi ba s so vi vi ba tng t 6.2.3.

. So snh VIBA svi VIBA tng t Viba tng t Viba tng tc bng tn gc Base Band dng tng t u vo v u ra Multiplex l cc tn hiu dng tng t Mt s u im hthng viba s Viba sc bng tn gc Base Band dng s Nh sdng cc b lp ti to li lung s liu (repeater ) trn ng truyn nn trnh c nhiu tch lu trong h thng s. vic ti sinh ny c th c tin hnh tc bit cao nht ca bng tn gc m khng cn a xung tc bt ban u, Nh tnh chng nhiu tt , cc h thng viba sc th hot ng tt vi t s C/N (sng mang /nhiu ) va phi ( C/N > 30dB, theo khuyn ngh ca CCIR). iu ny cho php s dng li tn s bng phng php phn cc trc giao, tng ph hiu dng v dung lng knh. Cng mt lng truyn dn , cng sut pht cn thit nh hn so vi hthng tng t, gim chi ph thit b, tng tin cy, tit kim ngun . ngoi ra cng sut pht nh t gy nhiu cho cc h thng khc. Mt s khuyt im h thng viba s Khi p dng h thng truyn dn s, ph tn tn hiu thoi rng hn so vi h thng tng t. 133 Chng 6: H thng thng tin viba v vtinh Khi cc thng s ng truyn dn nh tr s BER , S/N thay i khng t gi tr cho php th thng tin s gin on, khc vi h thng tng t thng tin vn tn ti nhng rt km 3, H thng ny d b nh hng bi mo phi tuyn do cc c tnh bo ho, do linh kin bn dn gy nn, c tnh ny khng xy ra cho hthng tng tFM

Cc vn trn c khc phc nhp dng cc tin bkhoa hc kthut mi nh iu ch s nhiu mc dng thit b d phng v s dng cc mch bo v. 3. V s khi v c im ca h thng vi ba s im im v im nhiu im. 4. Trnh by v c im ca phn cp s cn ng b PDH v phn cp s ng b SDH. 5. Trnh by khi nim SDH. V sao mng SDH c s dng rng ri trong mng vin thong. 6. Nu cng dng v yu cu ca m truyn dn. 7. Mc ch ca iu ch nhiu trng thi. 8. u im ca iu ch M-QAM so vi M-PSK. 9. V sao trong thong tin vi ba s phng php iu ch FSK v ASK t c s dng truyn ti thong tin? 10.Ti sao ngi ta thng s dng m Gray trong 16-QAM? 11. V sao m truyn dn CMI thng c s dng cho vi ba bng rng (14Mb/s) trong khi o HDB3 thng s dng cho vi ba s bng hp v trung bnh (<140Mb/s)? 12. S dng phng php iu ch nhiu trng thi (M-PSK) cho tn hiu thoi c m ha PCM vi s bt trong t m l 8. a. Hy tnh bng tn ti thiu ca tn hiu thoi c m ha. b. Hy tnh s trng thi ca M-PSK sao cho bng tn ti thiu ca tn hiu sau khi iu ch bng 16KHz.
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Cu hi n tp chng 2 Trnh by tng quan v cc loi sng v tuyn c th truyn t anten pht n anten thu trong thong tin v tuyn. Loi (hay cc loi) sng no c s dng trong h thng thong tin vi ba s. c c iu ny, trong h thng vi ba s ngi ta thc hin nh th no? Nu cc nhn t nh hng n s lan truyn sng v tuyn. nh ngha Pha inh v nu nh hn ca n i vi cht lng tn hiu truyn dn. V cc lp khc nhau ca tng in li vo ban ngy v ban m. Gii thch s khc nhau gia cc lp vo ban ngy v ban m. Gii thch hin tng tia v tuyn khi gp tng in li b un cong quay v tri t. Cho bit 2 trng hp tia v tuyn b un cong trong trng hp ny? nh ngha pha inh v pha inh la chn tn s. Trong trng hp no th vic tnh ton thit k phc tp hn? Gii thch v sao?

7. Nu cc phng php phn tp gim nh hng ca pha inh: Phn tp khng gian, phn tp tn s v trnh by biu thc ci thin cht lng nh phn tp. 8. nhy ca bn thn mt my thu ph thuc vo 2 yu t chnh no/ Gii thch? 9. Vit biu thc v tnh khuch i ca mt anten parabol c cc thng s nh sau: hiu sut = 0,6; ng knh anten 2,4m, tn s 14GHz. 10. Tnh gc m 3dB ca anten vi cc thng s cho trong cu 9 v tnh khuch i ca anten theo hng lch vi trc chnh mt gc = 2o. 11.Nu cc bin php nng cao kh nng phn tp theo tn s. 12.Nu cc bin php nng cao kh nng phn tp theo tn s. Cu hi n tp chng 3 1. nh ngha ng Fresnel th nht? V sao ngi ta quan tm ng ny khi thit k tuyn thng tin vi ba s? 2. Gi s cng sut n u vo my thu bng 80 dBm trong c d tr 10 dB. Hy tnh nhy my thu trong n v w? 3. Sau khi thit k v tnh ton cht lng tuyn vi ba s, nu xc sut khng s dng tuyn Pu(10) v Pu(60) ln hn xc sut khng s dng tuyn cho php Pucf th cn thay i thng s no c th t c yu cu? Gii thch? 4. Trong thit k tuyn vi ba s, nu tng tn s sng v tuyn (v d f =7 GHz tng thnh 13GHz), th n nh hng n nhng thng s no v nh hng ra sao? 5. Trnh by cc thng s nh gi cht lng tuyn thng tin vi ba s v nu biu thc biu din chng. 6. V sao cc tham s nh gi cht lng tuyn thng tin vi ba s thng gn vi khi nim v xc sut? 7. Nu ngha ca vic s dng xc sut trong khi tnh cc tham s cht lng ca tuyn? 8. Thit k tuyn thng tin vi ba s ni gia trm A v trm B. Bit: c tnh k thut ca thit b: - Tn s trung tm: 13GHz - Tn s trm A: 13,130750 GHz - Tn s trm B: 12,846750 GHz - di ca tuyn: 30,26km; - Cng sut pht: +30 dBm; - Ngng thu BER 10-3 - 79dBm; - Ngng thu BER 10-6 - 76,9 dBm; - ng knh anten ca hai trm u bng 2,4 m; - Loi phi v ng dn sng WC 109; Dung lng 34Mb/s;

- cao trm A so vi mc nc bin: 122 m; - cao trm B so vi mc nc bin: 155 m; - Cho bit cao anten trm a l 40 m.