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Expository An expository documentary is a very factual type of film. It often includes a narration presenting these facts and information.

Many history related documentaries have this included. These documentaries often include many different type of evidence in order to prove something or inform the viewer of what happened at an event. An example of an expository documentary would be Egypts Golden Empire, this documentary presents many facts and information on how the Egyptians built their empire through a narration.

Observational Observational documentaries often have barely any narration within them. The speaking within the film is done in the actual takes (which are long) These documentaries are set in the present tense and you also never really see the directors make an appearance within the film. An example of an observational documentary would be Mail Order Wife. The director of this film funds an New York doormans mail order bride to film the experience and what happens between them. Interactive An interactive documentary can often be a personal film, also when the director (him/herself) will make appearances on screen themselves, the director will also make much of the action occur within the film/project. An example of an interactive documentary is Fahrenheit 911 Directed by Michael Moore. He often makes appearances within his film and is always preset to make actions happen in scenes. An example of his being done within his project is when he goes to congressmen asking whether they would send their sons or daughters to Afghanistan. Essayistic An essayistic documentary has a very simple layout in terms of how it is made. It is almost as simple as someone writing an essay and explaining it. These documentaries usually include personal opinions and or stories from a personal view. Also these documentaries try not to be objective towards a certain subject. A good example of this type of documentary is The Story of Film: An Odyssey. This was broken down into a number of episodes on Channel 4, Mark Cousins (Director) explains and shows the story of film, including personal opinions and many facts.

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Experimental Experimental documentaries do not have any boundaries as to which they are contained within. They range from a huge variety of documentaries. They could contain interviews, real footage, facts, personal opinions and many more attributes. These documentaries could be on completely random subjects, they also dont need to be made by professional film makers. Once such experimental documentary I have found named Once Upon a Tram Ride, which is about a closer look into the life of a protestor in the Hague.

Performative Performative documentaries are a concoction of drama and documentary. These types of documentaries are also heavily placed upon recreations; the reason for this can sometimes be because the subject that is being documented didnt have any real footage being filmed at the time of the event. So directors will often make recreations of what happened in the event to show the viewers what happened. However this doesnt mean that they wont have interviews with the people involved of the event, if there is no real footage of the event, directors will often try to find people who were involved to tell their account of how they felt etc. An example of a performative documentary would be Touching the Void. This subject was all about mountaineers climbing a treacherous route up a mountain and things suddenly go wrong, so as you can imagine there was no real footage of what happened and so the director makes recreations and also interviews the mountaineers.

Oscar Artini

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