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‘als No portion of tis material maybe produced, in fom oy ay mass, witout perms a Wiis the publisher.
4418, The assembly consits of two A36 stl sods and a
rigid bar BD. Each rod has a diameter of 0.75 i. I force
of 10 kip i applied to the bar as shown, determine the
vertical displacement ofthe load,
Hore, Fry ~ 0 ip. Referring tothe FAD showa in Fg
C+EMy= 0) Fep@)~10(125)0 Fen ~ 625 kip
GHEMy= 0; 1005) Fak2) 0 Fan = 3.75 kip
“The crossscctional area ofthe rods A = % (073) = 1406250 in Since points
Aand Care fixed, &
ay = Fatkas 375200) goorapsin,  ha5; o7ste
AE O1406D5n [29.4009]
Feolen 625012)
% =o17s6in 
AE. ananase [290009]
From the peometry shown in Fig.5
125
4, = 0007025 + 7 nor7se — o00725) = 0.01361 in. 4
Here,
aot prop
AEs Oi0K25r [29.410]
(a.
Thus @)
(44) Be = de + Bre = Otten + 0.000366 = 002808  Ams.
4 >
7
bp O0070aGiN. y)
5,7 0.017567.
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4410, The ssiembly conte of two A26 steel sods and a
rigid bar BD. Each rod has a diameter of 0.75 in. Ira force
of 1 kipis applied to the bar. determine the angle of it of
the bar.
Here, Fee = 10 kip. Referring tothe FAD shown in Fig. 2,
C+EMe= 0, Fe (2) —
G+EMp=0; 10075) ~ Pag2)=0 Fag = 375kip
101125) = 0 Fp = 625 kip
‘The omsctionl ae ofthe ois A = (078) = 145 Sins pointe
Aand Care fixed then,
3752012)
——— = 0.007025 in
Treas [200007]
From the geometry shown in Fig,
(00786 ~ ooarons
22)
fia fen
25 orp
G,70:01756 in.
»)
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%4.20, ‘The rigid bar is supportad by the picoanected
od CB that has a crosssectional area of S00 mm? and i
‘made of A:36 steel, Determine the vertial displacement of
the bar at B when the loads applied.
Force In The Rod. Referring to the FBD of member AB,Fig.a
Diptacement. Toe inital length of rod BC is Lye = VE
S0.0(10°5)_
05(10*) [20010°)]
250(10")
From the poomotry shown in Fi,
1(3) — 1,
(2) s007
50109)
3nd sinsoa
= 4167 (109) m = 4.17 mm Ans.
S45)C4) kN
am
B
(6a),
7
bg8250005)(4
(by
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“421. A spring supported pipe hanger consists of two
‘springs which are orginally unstretched and havea sifness
of k= 60 KN/m, three 304 stainless ste! rods AB and CD,
which have © diameter of 5 mm, and EF, which has a
‘diameter of 12 mm, and a rigid beam GFF. If the pipe and
the uid it caries have a otal weight of 4 kN, determine the
displacement ofthe pipe when itis attacked to the support.
Internal Force inthe Rod
FBD (a)
C4 2M4= 0. Fen(0S)~ 40250 Fen = 200KN
TER) 0; Fan + 2004=0 Fay ~2004N
FBD(b)
41EF,= 0 Per ~ 2.00 ~ 2.00
Displacement:
Farber 400110050)
AarE ~ F(O012FUKI)
; Peolco ___ 210050)
10 = Beto = Ao ~ FOOSE)
c= By + Bop ~ OITA + 02858 ~ 05332 am
59 Bp 01374 mm
= 0.3058 mm
Displacement of the spring
Fy _ 200
bp = = HAO = 0338338 m = 33.3333 mm
Bu ~ Be Bp
0530 4 3383 = 9mm Ans
fe
138ED! PARIS: “S90 SE yg 238
=f
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‘als No portion of tis material maybe uproduced, in form oy ay ass, tout posi a Wises the publisher.
422, A springsupported pipe hanger consists of two
‘springs, which are orginally unstretched and have a
slifness of = 60 kN/m, three 304 sales stel rods, AB
snd CD, which havea ciameter ofS em, and EF, which has
a diameter of 12 mm, and a rigid beam GH. I the pipe i
Aisplaced $2 mm when itis filled with fui, determine the
sweat ofthe Mud.
Intemal Force in the Rods:
FBD (a)
CotMa= 0 Fess) =M029 =0 Fenn
Hr=0 Fat %w=0 ew
FBD (b)
w
= w
Ferber W750)
AnrE HOU UVHIO
= saasoss(109
han = toy ~ Zeobee . £050
a= Boo Roe HOMINID
= ox0s64409 Ww
fe = 0+ Ago
= HSH] W + OSHC
= os3316009
Displacement ofthe spring
od
fg FE = aE 10) — 008833
Bur ~ Be + Bop
82 = 01333160109) W + 00088330
W ~ 9685 N = 9.608
fo Fe oh
Et
Ans.
e
a
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423, The rod has a slight taper and length Ltt is PS
‘suspended from the ceiling and supports toad Pat its end.
Show that the displacsment of it end due to this load is
8 = PL/(rEran). Neglect the weight ofthe material. The :
‘modulus of elastin i E
nbs (e—ne n
: L
AQ) = Bqb + =e)
Pde _ PL ceed eee
AGE ae
reff er det at:
FE GaN a nets DE AL a AY
f
Je ‘
© xt ite
%
*424, Determine the relive diplcement fon en of ,
ihe tapered plate wh espe! tthe ether end when its
subjected to an axial load P. A+a—y
dh + (dz ~ dix
wag Heh, AA ae
'
Puyds Ppt de
we E Dig
— 2h te Ay
ft
ies Ele
.
raat i, 
a_i,
Fa
mana
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4.28. Determine the clongation ofthe A26stel member 20m
‘when tis subjected to an axl force of 30 kN. The member aan
Js 1D mm thick. Use the result of Prob. 424
2KN
001m
Using the result of prob 424 by substituting di
and = 05m
otra al
~ agony aay" (a)
~ 0.360(10°3) 1 ~ 0350 ma Ans.
(0.02 mds = 0.075 m
426, ‘The castings made ofa material that has a specific
‘weight and modulus of elasticity E I itis formed into a
pyramid having the dimensions shown, determine how fae
its end is displaced due to gravity when i fs suspended in
the vertical pestion.
Internat Forces:
1 1
4t3F, PQ) —rAc=0 Pte) =FyAz
Displacement
“Pla de
AGE
yar
Lime
% fede
Aas.
i
tows I
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4427, The circular bac has a viable eadius of + = ng"
and is made of a material having a modulus of elasticity
Of E Determine the displacement of end A when iti
‘subjected to te axial force P.
Displacements: The, crosssectional area of the bar as a function of x is
AQ) =r = are We have
Pods Pte
AGE aE
~ aa
=agaalts
4.28, ‘The pedestal is made ina shape that has radius
lotined by the function 7 = 2/(2 + y'*)M, whore y is
fn fet. If the modulus of elasticity for the material i
E ~ 14(i0?) psi, determine the displacement of ite top
‘when it supports the SOI lad
rovay
AGE
500, Lf: dy
ov h se
= omsraco~ fa + ay spay
 auras + (22) +49
1974(10"(4533)
8947109)
0107 ia. Ans.
som
soe
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+429. The support is made by cutting off the two
r
‘ppoite sides of oper tht has ais he rial
Eto th support sr determine how far shores
then tsuppors sla The modulo casio = _
$
Geena ,
A> WP ~ w(r cos 6F ~ m ricos@ ee
yenaan spare FT paeaemm
Displacement
Py) dy *
AVE ,
P. [nos d6 P 
4E [oseee  (ete Si] P saityt
2 = m”
z an 200) +4
Eta cece + tn 
oa
6 = tin see 1448" + ta 14.48°))
oaE
osite
WHE Ae
Ato
Geomaey
40) arn
Displacement
“PU dy
AQ)VE
_2p pi _dy _ li mtyllt
slay FEL 2] lo
is
= Sg lin 1.567
int]
143oS Sbettene SRORR "S/ARISA: °F Eye 288
=f S
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£30, The weigh of the Kentledge exerts an axial foree of
P= 1500 KN on the 30)mm diameter high slrength
concrete bore pile I the distribution ofthe resisting skin
friction developed from the interaction between the soil
and the surface of the ple is approximated as shown, nd
the rosisting bearing foreo Fis roquired to be. 2000,
Aetermine the maximum itensity N/m for equilibrium,
‘Also, find the corresponding elastic shortening ofthe pile.
Neglect the weight of the pile.
Internal Loading: By considering the equilibrium ofthe pile with reference to is
entice feebody diagram shown in Fg. a. We have
see, Auiiatere asso A
Tm
20.83y kN jon
‘The normal force developed inthe pile as a function of y can be determined by
considering the equilibrium ofa section ofthe pile show in Fi.
+12F, = 0 Feeassyy— py =0 (PQ) = 1042y? RN
[Deplacement: The cosssectional area ofthe pe is A
We have
(08) = 002254 we
i
= [sence oy
= 16930109)
= 2977010") = 289m Am
Poy)
“
MF
Z(eo.b3y) xk
@)
lam
ay
(3)
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4M, The column is constructed from highstrength
‘conc and six A26stel reinforcing rods Ifitissubjected
{oan axial force of 30 kp, determine the average normal
stress in the concrete and ia each rod. Each rod has
‘inmeter of 075i,
Equations of Equilibrium:
HTEF,— 0, 6Py + Paw ~0~ 0 m1
Compatibility:
Bon
Pal3)2) Poa 3\12)
FOI eHAT — FE) — eGarsy a0)
Pag ~ 0.064085 Pas a
Solving Eqs [1] and (2 ies:
P= 1388 kip
Average Normal Sires:
Pe 1.388 .
oe gary Ans
ont 21610
© Aon 36) ~ off) 075)
“4.3% The column is codsiructed from highstrength
‘concrete and sx A36stel reinforcing rods If its subjected
{oan axial force of 30 kip, determine the required diameter
‘of each rod so that onefourth ofthe loa is cared bythe
‘eancrete and threefourths by the see
Equitibrieme: The force of 30 kip is required to distribute in such a manne that 314
‘ofthe force scarred by steel and 1 ofthe free is eatied by concreta. Hence
reon)25h9r~H00) 7509
Comparibty:
Ba = Boom
Pal Peal
Baba Ton Eon
DSAcak,
TSE
8°) — off) #] 2010")
a
Atlin Am.
1451S Sebettnee SRORR "S/AR/SS: °F OE Bye 205
=f=
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inner diameter o(70 mm. Ey, = 200 GPa, B.
HTEF/= 0 Pe + Pag ~ 90
be
Pay ~ 2.5510 Pom
Solving Eqs (1) and (2) yeas
Py = STATE, Poyg = 22.53KN
Pa __ STAT (IO)
Ay FOO
Pan 2253400)
“4.33, The soo pipe is filled with concrote and subjected
toa compressive fore of 8D KN. Determine the average
formal stess in the concrete and the steel due to this
Foading. Te pipe has an outer diameter of 8 mm and an
GPa,
Pet. Pan
Han? — Oar) GOH GO) ~ HOT) CH) GP
= fe. AW) seep
Sa5MPa
rH
@
Ans
developed in the pst andthe tube
Equations of Equilibrium:
+TER,= 0; Pat Pe 5= Olt
Compaibitty:
Ba ~ be
) Pa)
Pa = WO0738 Pay
Solving Ege [1] nd (2 ye:
434, The 204 stainless steel post A has @ diameter of
4~ 2in, and is suerounded by a red brass C83400 tube B.
‘Both rest on the rig surface. IC force of 5 kip is applied
to the rigid cap, determine the average normal stress
FEAR — KF — F049 00)
a
Ans
Bap
Pe
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ARS. The 34 stainless soe post Ais surrounded bya red
brass C400 tube A. Both rest om the rigid surface, Ita
force of § kip i applied to the rigid cap, determine the
required diameter d of the steel post so thatthe load i
shared equally between the post and tube eo
Equitibriame Tne force of Skips shared equally by the brass and stel. Hence
Pa Puy ~ P~ 250 kip
Compatibility: Friern,
pe — PHIAH\KI0,
()eas
d= 2239, Ans.
—— ————
Sea a em
hema cane te =
eee eee
er,
Fe ~ Fo +15 +75 — 100 100 =0
Fe~Fo=0 o
& 0=a9o
15005) 5025) ‘
FOF ONT Hoos AON
Fels) (03)
> ROUSLONADY — FoDe! yo)
Fy = 1078 &N
From Eq (0)
Pan _ 1073900)
a — Fee S80 Am
_ 2100)
ODS)
1ST89kN
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“4.57. The composite a consists of 4 20mm diameter
A.36 steel sepment AB and SOmmdiameter red bras
CRYOO end segments DA and CB. Determine
the displacement of A with spect to B due to the
Seti
& Tehanas se ani
150(107(500) ___50(40V250) 
Fame) Fea :
Fos) Pals pct,
FOIA) FoMeoy\a0} Mer
a a eae
ease =
bun = Panteam _ 4211(00°(500)
ae “Agee HOO POMIPY
0335 mm
4.34 Tho A.2ostet column, having a eros sectional ares er
of I8in’, is encased in highstrength conerte as shown. If
fn axial force of 60 kip applied to the columa, determine iho
{he average compresine sre inthe conerete aad inthe ¥
steel. How far does the enlumn shorten? Tt hasan original
length of
$12Fy= 0; Pat Pom == 0 w
P.s8N12) P(8)(12)
Ta@9)0} — TOG) — 181420)005
Pg ~ 0.98539 Pa e
3p = Bom
Solving Eqs (1) and (2) yields
Pap 29.795 kip; Pam ~ 30205 kip woke,
2795
Loss iia
Pan __ 30208
foe Ha” Hg = 182 am 
ith cit bd cd os fee
Pale _ 2975002) _ sep
2° AE ~ TH29)0")
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4.20, The Ad set column is encased in high trong rip
onc as shown Ian anal fore of 60 kp tapped to
thecolum, determine the rouired area ofthe stel 0 that wit coin
the force shared equally fotwea the sect and concrete z
How fr doce he column sores? It hasan otal ent
on

“The force of 60 kipis shared equally by the conerete and steel Hence
skip
PL___PL.
Pe fee
Fon Eee Aas
‘a, — Aen _ (916) = Ay] 42000)
WE 2000)
82a? Am.
ae
Pal __38M12)
“4.40, ‘The sgid member i held in the poston shown by
thre A36 steel ie rads. Each rod hasan unstretched length
‘of 0.75 m anda cose sectional area of 125 men. Determine
the fores ia the rod fa frabuckls on rod EF wadsrgoes
‘one full tur, The lead of the ser is 15 mm, Noslect the
‘size ofthe tunbuckle and assume that itis ried, Note:The
ead would cause the rod, when unfovded,to shorten 1.3 mim
when the turnbuckle is rotated one revolution
CHEM =O Tae) + Teo
Tas = Teo =T o
+t, Tre 2r=0
Tor= 2 ®
Rod EF shorts
 Smm causing AM (and DC) to elongate. Tas:
00015 ~ Sye + Ser
(125}(10}(200(10") ~ (125\(10)(200)(10")
2asr = 39500 by
aad a
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+441. The concrete post i reinforced sing six steel
‘reinforcing rods, each having a diameter of 20 mm.
Determine the siresin the conerete and the stel fhe post
4s subjected to an axial load of 900 KN. Ey = 200GPa,
E.=250Pa.
Refering tothe FRD ofthe uppeeportioa af the cut concrste post shown in Fig a
AIRF, =0 Pg + 6Pp 900 = 0 o
Since the sel rods ad the eonerete at firmly bonded, their deformation mast be
the ame. Ths
eon = Ba
Poul _ Pale
Few Fou AEs
——— Peg
[a.25(0375) — 6¢§)(002% J[2scio%)] — ¢y(o024 [20000°)]
Pon ~ 6552 Px e
Solving Eqs (1) and @) yields
Pa =DLASKN Paw = TI310KN
Tus,
Pa 73.0010)
og Fot — TAO) — 8AM Ans
Aon GIS(OSTS) — NOE
= Fe 11500)  ape Ans
FOE)
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4442, The post ix constructed from concrete and sx A36 own
steel reinforcing rods I itis subjected to an anil force of us
‘900 KN, determine the required diameter of each rod so that 2
‘onefifth ofthe loads carried bythe steel and fourfiths by ~
the concrete Ey = 200 GPa, Be = 25 GPa.
“The normal fore in cach stel rod is
400)
SOR sok
“The normal force in concrete is es
4
Pon = $000) = 7204N
‘Since the steel rods and the concrete are firmly bonded their deformation must be
these. Ta
fn Be
Pool _ Pale
Fon Fou Aaa
zany aoe
[o2sc37s) — og) ][asae] 54 [2mae]
495d = 0.09875,
4A The assembly consists of two red brass COD
‘copper alloy rods AB and CD of diameter 30 mm, stainless
2304 steel alloy rod EF of diameter 40 mm, and a rigid cap O.
I the supports at A, C and P are egid, determine the
sverage normal stress developed in rods AB, CD and EF.
Equation of Equilibrium: Due to symmetry, 4g ~ Feo ~ F. Referring tothe fee
body diagram ofthe assembly shown in Fie.
S3R = 0 2F + Fer Asoo]
CompaityEquntons Using tne method of superpson Fi
(hsm
o
(er/2)(300) 
FoaHaonaT;
Fer
Substituting this result into Eq (1),
P= 1875838N
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$43, Condnned
Normal Stress: We have
Ans.
Ans.
FOUOIN
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"444, The to pipes are made of the same material aad
are coanocted as shown. I the erss sectional area of BCS
‘Asad that of CD is 2A, determine the reactions at B and D
‘when afore Pis applied at the junction C.
Equations of Equilibrium:
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“eds No portion of is material may be reproduced, aa for or by any means without pormisioa a weg fom the pblsbe.
+445, The bolt has 4 diameter of 20 mam and passes
through tube that hasan inner diameter of 0 mm and an
‘ter diameter of 60 mm. I the bolt and tube are made of
‘4:39 steel, determine the normal sess in the tube ad bolt
when a foroe of 2DKN is applied to the bolt. Assume the end
caps are rigid.
Refering to the FBD of eft portion ofthe cu assembly. Fig. a
SER, 0; 4010)  FeF0 w
Heres requited thatthe bolt nd the tube have the seme deformation. Thus
aa
F150) F060)
Fone — aos lamer] Rom Lame]
F 20m F, ®
Solving Eqs (1) and (2) yields
Fy = WAT ON F, ~ 298,10)
Tos
Fy _ 1W.17(10)
oo) AMP a=
F,__ 298300)
=F, ~ Fos = 005) ~ HSMP ba
40009 N
—
ROR
(@)
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446. Ifthe gap between C and the rigid wall at D i
iniially 0.15 mm, determine the support reactions at A and
when the force P~ 200 KN i sppliod. The asembly
fsmade of A3b steel.
Equation of Equilibrium: Referring to the feebody diagram of the assembly
shown in Fig
A3F,=0, 200007) Fy Fy=0 o
Company Equation: Using the method of sopexpotio, Fe,
(+) b=a a,
cas 2040’) [Foamy ___Fan)
FO0F Rj" OAS DO0NTI * FHOMDS*\(200NTH)
y= 20%6S0SN = 2044N im
Substituting this result into Eq (2),
Fy
17963495 N = 180 EN Ams.
20000) N
no
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447. Two A.36 stool wires are used to support the 6505
‘engine. Originally, AB #32 in. ong. and A’ is 32.008 in.
long. Determine the force supported by each wice when the
‘engine is suspended from them. Each wire has a rss
‘sectional area of 0 a
41BF,= 0; Taw + Tan ~ 660=0
Bae = Bug + 08
Tan2) Tw 2.008)
anenae — ConeNae
BOT gy — 32.008T gg ~ 2320
008
Tap  26116
Tgp ~ 28910
Tae
448, Rod AB has a diameter d and fits sauply between
the rigid supports at A and B when it is unloaded. The
‘modulus of elasticity is & Determine the support reactions
at A and B if the rod is subjected to the linearly distributed
ie
‘Equation of Equilibrium: Referring to the freebody diagram of rod AB shown ia Sa
re
seen abn Fn
ums Egan ig he mod of sapere Fb
(5) ona,
‘nua
wyAS Sehetteee SHORD /S/ARIRA: S OB Bye AEP
a
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‘is No porto ths material maybe reproduced, in any fora cr by any meats, without permission ia wring fo te publish
n
B
Bf 2,
oB [eas
= &o(x)*
o£())
pl.
Fane
Substituting this rosult into Ea (2),
Fa ~ Be
7
Ans.
Ans.
157ok Sbettene SAORR "S/ARISA: Se OE Byes HR:
=f S
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+440, The tapered momber is fixed connected at its ends
‘A and B and i subjected to afoad P = Tip atx ~ 30%,
Determine the reactions at the supports The material i
2a, thick and is made fom 2014Te aluminum.
Fat Fa~
a=
a
B= 005 HOKE) *
x
ofp tie aotty of, ats
40 Fg lo(3 — 0405 29 — 40 Fg (3 — 005x)/8 ~ 0
—F (0.2876) + 040547 Fy ~ 0
Fy 14000 Fy
‘Thus feom Fa. (1),
F 4 = 409kip
Fy ~ 291 kip
CY
o
Ans
Ans}04 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:20 DM Dage 159 ——o—
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450, The tapered member is fixed connected at its ends
‘Aand 8 andis subjected toa load P. Determine te oeation
"of the load and is greatest magnitude so that the average oh
normal sires inthe bar doesnot exceed eat ~ 4 4 The 4
‘member i i. thick,
1s
oO *
y=3— 00s =
SER =O Fat Fe tat
awk oat ae
Fade Fads 4
Foams HAVE * J FS OMs THEY
"ae a
al aatass Pf at
P40) la (3 ~ 0425 =i ~ Pf 40) Ia (3 — 0025s) = 0
suas)
1S
“Therefor,
F4= 364kip
P= eoAkin Aas.
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451. The cgi bar supports the usiform distributed load
‘0 6 hp/ft. Determine the free in each cable i each cable q
has a crosssectional area of O15 i, and E~ 31(10) ks
Liye = (9) + (8485)? — 2(9)(8.4853) cox 0" °
“Thus timinating cos
~LiycAO019612) + 1.5910 = ~Liyc{O065478) + 1001735
Biyc(O.M19642) ~ 0,0065473 Liver + 0.589256
Lie ~ 0333 Lye + 30
Bat,
Lac = VB + bey be = VB + Bae
Neglet squares or 8p since small strain occurs,
Liye = (VB + b5p)? = 45 + 2V 5 be
Lie = (VE + Bye P = 45 + VB Bae
45 + 2VBbqe = 03345 + 2VB dye) + 30
2VB b9¢ = 03332VB ne)
Fc = ae
‘Tous,
From Ea. (1).
Tep = 71.1682 kip = 212kip
Tex = 9.06 kip
RE
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*4.52, The sigid bac is originally hocizontal sad is
‘supported by two eable each having crosssectional ate
of 05in?, and E~31(10) ksi. Determine the slight
‘tation ofthe bar when the uniform load sapped.
See solution of ro 41.
Teo ~ 21162249
ine = TeoVE__ mieVi
PE BOS(STAP) — 0.0531)10°)
Using Es. Q) of Prob 4S, 7
eet) Lae 3i— 3
(VB + 0.175806)? ~ (9)? + (8.4852)? — 2(9)(8.4852) cos 6°
o— s508
= 0.175806
Ths,
0 = 45838" — 45° = 0838" Ans.
“453. The press consists of tno reid heads that are held in
together by the wo A36 steel Fin.diameter rods A 6061
“Tossolialuminum cylinder is placed in the press snd the
screw i adjusted $0 that it just preses up against the
‘lnder. It is then tightened onehalf tra, determine
the average normal stress inthe rods and in the evinder. Te
‘The singlethreaded screw oa the bolt has a lead of 001 in.
[Note:The lead represents the distance the serew advances
along its axis for ane complete tur ofthe sre.
ARR A0 Wy Fy=0
5g = ons ~ 5
F412) F.A10)
Besranaey ~~ saFUDATy
Sotvig,
F, = 122kip
Fy ~ 3086p
Am.
Am
161oe BebeEtean SHORR "S/ARISA: Se OE Bye A
=o
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4S4. The press consists of two rigid heads that are held
together by the two A36stecl Findiameter rds A 6O61
“Tosolidalumioum cylinder is placed ia the press and the
screw is adjusted so that it just presses up against the
‘linder. Determine the angle through which the serow can
be turned before the rade or the specimen begin to yield
‘The singletheadd screw oa the bolt ha lead of D0 i,
[Note The lead represents the distance the screw avancos
along its axis for one complete tur of the screw.
SER,0; 2F,—Fy0
5p dy
02) F.10)
Hosem) ~*~ FayraH AT}
Assume sol yields fie,
qesp) eT TEehe
was
a GP Ast
4450 Es < 37 ksi steel yields fst as assumed. From Ea (1),
4 = 0010000,
Thus,
“9 _ on90)
3a ~~o0r
6 98
scree
das
1, habia paen
Po”
rH
Ans
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455. The three suspender bars are made of A.36 steel
and have equal crosssectional areas of 450 mm.
Determine the average normal stress in each bar ifthe gid
‘beam is subjected tothe loading shown.
Hin
Referring tothe FAD of ta igi beam, ip. 2,
APSF, =O) Fag + Fae + Fer ~ S10 ~ 80(10) = 0 o
GEEMp =O) Faet2) + Feel) ~ 50(10°}(1) ~ 8001043) = 0 2
Referring tothe goometry shove in Fg.
sgn)
te
Fan _ 358500) 96 Py Ans.
a
im Tim Pim ‘Tim
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4.86, ‘The ssid bar support the 800th load, Determine
the normal sressin each A36stoc cable each cable has
‘rosescctional area of OM in
Referring to the FD ofthe rigid bar, Fi.
costes te )o9+ Feo($)09 — mc =o ,
1 mth ah fs BC nt ae a= VTP
eevee ameaaawamaeie
tne = Foc: _ Fac (13) Feolben _ Feol20)
Se a Ae aE AE
‘Refering to the geometry shown in Fig, the vertical displacement ofthe pots on
908 ly ~ 2. Thus,
the i iy ~ Frias Ds ;
the vertical displacement of points B and D are
RAE
Fev QD/AE _ 100 Fen
a5 AE
‘The similar triangles shown in Fig.cpive
(tak _ (sh
oe
Tat) 6 “aae*)
ites ®
Solving Eas (1) and (2), yields
Fen ~ 6147310 Fy ~ 4546910
Tus
1473
ee oa Ans
s0
AP — sanity ps = 14s Ans,
164
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456 Comtinved
re 600 Ib04 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:20 DM Dage 166 ———
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“457. The rigid bar is originally horizontal and is
supported by two A36 steel cables each having erss
‘sectional are of 0.04 in, Determine the rotation ofthe bar
‘wen the S09 fond is applied.
Referring to the FBD of the riid bar Fig,
com,
Fc ( 8) + Feo($)6 — me
‘The unstretched length of wires BC and CD are Lac = Vi +S
Ley ~ VIET TE ~ 20.1. Ta stretch of wies BC and CD ace
ge = Fibs _ Foe (03) Feolen _ Feo(20)
SAE > AE aE” AE
Fa
Reterring to the geometry shown in Fig, the vertical displacement ofthe points on
3
2 3
For points B and D, cosy = #2 and cosy = 2.Thus
the rid boris 3, = 2
the vertical deplacement of points 8 aad D are
Foc _ Fac (I3AE _ 169 Fe
(eee = Sostq ~ Tas TRAE
(60), Sa. — Fe @DVAE _ 100 Fen
eh Seip CAE
‘The similar Wiangles shown in Fig gies
(te), _ (Goh,
3
00 Fac) 1 (10
s(aaé) “ie aae")
as
Fae ~ jap Feo e
Solving Eqs (1) and (2), yells
Foy = 6147316 Figg ~ 4546010
Ts
(on), —_mmouer
2h 50.09 [29.0 Ay]
Ten
nis ny 180 :
0 Rae NE)  ones bn
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45% The horizontal beam i assumed to be rigid a
‘supports the distributed load shown, Determine the vertical
reactions atthe supports Each support consist ofa woolen
post having a diameter of 120mm and an unloaded
(original length of 140 m. Take By = 12GPa,
G+EMy= 0 Fell) ~ FAQ)  0
+13,
4
O Fy t Fat Fe270
By be~ 8a
srt FES P8: 8p — 4 — De
3FeL Pal _ 2Fel.
AE AE AE
Fp — Fa 2
Solving Eqs (1)+(3) yields:
Fa
®
@
Ans
Ans
Ans.
Anim
4459, The horizontal heam is assumed to be dgid and
‘supports the distributed load show. Determine the angle
‘of tl of the beam after the load is applied. Each support
‘consists ofa wooden post having a diameter of 120 mma
an unloaded (original) length of 140m. Take Ey ~ 12 GI
cr
& Fell)  FQ)
Fat Ppt Fe710
Ba ~ 84 = 28
Bol Fab _ Pek
AE AE AE
Fg Fa2Fe
Solving Eqs (1)+(3) yields
Fy=SIRSTAN: Fy =96028KN; Fe= ILSTIOKN
_ Fak _ SIRSTAO'VLA0)
AE HOAP RAI)
Fel _UsT1a(u)(1.40)
‘AE H0I2)12010)
_ 0194 — 00597
a
8 = 00199(104) rad = 1.14009
Pn = 00507(10)
ae
0.1194(10°9)
tune (10)
ow
e
®
Ans
8uNim
a
dase) v27 8
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“£0, ‘The assembly consists of two posts AD and CF oan
smade of A26stecl and having a crosssectional area of
1000 man, and 2 2014To aluminum post BE having 3 crss 05m
sectional area of 1500 mm? If central load of 400 KN i
Applied to the rigid cap, determine the normal sree in each __
port. There i «small pap of O.1 mm between the post BE  q a
fad the rigid member ABC.
Equation of Equilibrium. Due to symmetry, F4p = Fer = F. Refortng to the
FBD ofthe rigid ap, Fie,
TER) — 0) Foe + 2F — 400,10") ~0 w
Compatbiay Equation Retering tthe initia final position of rods AD (CF)
and BE. Fig,
8= 01 + bee
F400) __ 4, , Far 0999)
Tao yaaa] * Tsa0Afaac0y]
F = 18035 Pye + 510) o
Solving Eas) acd 2 yield
Fae = 61S6(0)NF = 167 7200)N
Nowa Sires
F_161.7200)
a 100)
_ Fag _ ASAIO") _
ou = AE = Sy OM Ans
68 MPa Ans.
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+4461. The distributed loading is supported by the theee
suspender bars AB and EF are made of aluminum and CD
is made of steel. If each bar has a crosesectional rca of
450mm", determine the maximum intensity w of the
tistibuted loading so that an allowable tes Of (sow)
ASOMPs ia tho stool and. (dujoq)a ~ 94 MPa" ia the
lumiaum is aot excooded. F,,~200GPa, Ey ~ 70 GPa,
‘Assume ACE i rigid,
GHEME= 0 Frp(lS) ~ Paa(lS) = 0
Fee = Fan =F
0; 28+ Feo aw = 0 o
te
Compatibility condition
by = 8
PL Feol.
AGHA) Aenea? —F~ 995Feo wm
Assume fuilure of AB and EF:
(ates A
oa ras n0
230
rom Ea. (2) Fe = (20887.14 N
From 9 (1) = 68.5 KN jen
Assume fire of CD:
Fen (ata
~ 180(10/)(450\10)
~ s1000.N
rom Eq. (2) F = 28380N
From Bq (I)w = 4594N/m (controls) Ans.
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442. The rigid links supported by a pin at Aa stel wire
‘BC having an unstretched length of 200 mim and cross
sectional area of 225mm, and a short aluminum block
having an unloaded length of 50 mm and crosssectional
ates of 40 mmr. If the lnk s subjected to the vertical load
‘howa, determine the average nol tess inthe wigs nd
the block. Ey ~ 200 GPa, B,, ~ 70GPa,
Equations of Equitibriams
G+EMa= 0; 480(250) ~ Fyc(150) — F180)
130 ~ Fac Fy =0 a
Comparibitiy:
Frye = 040179 Fy 2
Solving Bas [1] and [2] ys:
Fp=S3503N Fy =21497N
Agen
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4.43. The sig link s supported by a pin at Aya atel wice
BC having an unstretched leagth of 200 mm and eross
‘sectional area of 225 mm’, and a short aluminum block
having an unloaded length of 0 mm and cro sectional arc
‘of 4 mm Ifthe ink subjected to the vertical load shown,
‘determine the rotation of the ink sbout the pin A. Report
the answer in eadians Ey = 200 GPa, Ey ~ 70GPa,
Equations of Equilibrium:
G+EMa= 0; 450(250) ~ Fyc(150) ~ Fy(t50
780 Poe ~ Fy =0 1
Comparibitity:
F (200)
225(10 ROOF) KK
a
Solving Eqs [1] and (2 yields:
Po = 53503 Fc = 2497
Displacement:
Foley 5350450)
b. S505) 9 ons4 mi
Anes WUO}CTONIT
tang — 22 000554
0150
6 = 63.7(10% rad ~ 0.00365" Ans
ler
aon
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length of 1247 mm, whereas posts A and C havea length of
125 mm, If the cape on the top and bottom can be
considered igi determine the average normal stress in
fch post The posts are made of sluminam and have 2
28 of 40 ma Ey) ~ 70 GP
+464, The center post B of the asembly as an orginal TTI
= Pa( 10h) + Pe(100) =0
a
2
H1BFy= 0 +A,
54 = 8 + 00008
F (128) Fa(04247)
m0 OHCOYIP) — 00 LO*YTOV CAF)
0125 F — 0.1247 = 84 o
Solving Eqs (2) and (3)
TSI60KN
Py = 8S4TN
_ 757261105
1000)
81710
0 00°)
on = 214MPa Ans.
“£465. The asembly consists of an A36 steel bolt and a
‘Cx3400 red brass tube. I the aut s drawn Up sae against
the tube so that L = 75mm, then turned an additional
Aamownt 20 that it advances DAZ mm on the bot, determine
the force ia the bolt and the tube, The bolt has adiameter of ed
77mm and the tube has a cros sectional area of 100 mn
sein llea tab aagbeiali
‘bolt is the same. =)
roti i
eetiege
om ——20) Pas)
ogo uOI_U) © HOOT HAHA
P= 116483 N ~ 1.16kN Ans,
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466, ‘The asembly consists of an A36 sect Bolt aad a
‘C33400 ced brass tube. The aut is drawn up saug against
the tbe so that £ ~ 75am, Determine the avanimum
ditional amouat of advance of the nut on the bolt 0 that
‘none ofthe material wil yield. The bot has a diameter of
Tram and the tube has a cross setional sea of 100 ma,
Allowable Normal Sires:
Pe
(ou = 20 (1) = See
P
(6) = 700(108
Pe 700KN
Since Py. > Pes by comparison he brass wil yield fist
Compariil
a= 8 rh
Tooi075)_—,—ToN(0"\75),
* FoomFawaey
iat
Ans.
C—_—
_
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4467. The thece susponder bars are made of the same
‘material and have equal crosssectional areas A. Determine
the average normal tess in each ba ifthe rigid beam ACE
is subjected tothe force P.
CHEMa= te Rend) + Fea ~ PS
Pe
Feat Fee ==
+13F,= 0; Pap + Feo Fax ~P
@
oaa tt is
aint a
gat iss
4.6% Astcelsurveyor's tapes tobe used to measure the
length ofa line. The tape has a rectangular ross section of
(005i. by 02:n.and length of 100 ft when Ty = 6O°F and
the tension or pull on the tape is 20 fh. Determine the
tras leagth of the line if the tape shows the reading t0
‘be 46225 ft when used with apullof 35 lbatT; ~ VF. The
round on which itis placed is Mat. ay ~ S.40(10°)/R,
Ea ~ 2900") bs
3, = ATL = 9.6(10*}(00 ~ 60)(46325) = O13346 8
PLS ~ 20946325)
AE ~ (02005200)
= 463.25 + 0.133416 + ons961 = 463.41 4 Ams.
ouns96
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+408. Three bors cach made of diferent materials sce
‘connected together and placed betweea two walls whea the
temperature is T; ~ 12°C. Determine the force exerted
‘on the (cgid) supports when the temperature becomes
T,= 18°C. The material properties and crosesectional
toa ofeach bar ae given inthe figure
(#4)
ar8
0 = 12105603) + 21 410(6)(02) + 17 CO*\ yO)
__ Fos) OOD)
2 }GOH}AO)— &oGN>\AOH}G7 120)00)
F ~ 4003 ~ 4204N
4M, ‘The rod ismade of A%6stecl and has a diameter of Jk —1000M/a, = O01
(025in1 th rods ft loag when the springs are compresed
(05 inand the tempecature of the rods T= 40°F determine
the fore inthe rod when its temporature is T = 16°F 1a
ei
(3) am
0010)
FOI 10}
= 660(104)(160 — 40)(2\12) —
= 001869 in,
F = 10040001869 + 018) = 0519 kip
471. A 6fUlong steam pipe is made of A36 steel with
oy = 40ksi. It ie connected dicctly to two turbines A
and B as shown. The pipe bas an outer diameter of 4 in.
fand a wall thickness of 0.25 i, The connection was made
at T= 10. If the turbines’ points of attachment are
fssumed rigid, determine the force the pipe exerts on
the turbines when the steam and this the pipe each a
temparatuee of T; ~ 275°F.
Compaudin:
0 es
(4) br By
Foc) 7
0 a 9a — 02) — gq AMD =e
~——
P= 6nip Am
1S
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“47. A 6fcJong steam pipe is made of A.36 steel with
cay = 4kst Kis connected directly to two turbines A and
2a shown. The pips has an outer diameter of 4 in. and 2
wall thickness of 0.25 in. The connection was made at
1, = 70°F. If the turbines” points of attachment are
assumed to have astffaes of k ~ 8010) kip/in, datemine
the force the pipe exerts on the turbines when the steam
and thus te pipe reach a temperature of 7) = 275°F.
ceeaases s
reer
: anor i
sana 975m — aH 4
= 00143, . + a
F = kx = 8400'V000148) ~ 2p Ans _——ee
“£73. The pipe is made of A36 steel and is connected to
the collars at and 8 Whea the temperature is °F. there
{is m9 axial load inthe pipe If bot gas traveling through the
Pipe causes its temperate to rise by AT = (4) + 13x),
‘where.cs in feet, determine the average normal stress inthe
a 2
pipe The inner diametor is inthe wall hickncss i015 ia. ae
Comparibitity:
ohm wien fe [fare
) [wo is yar Fe)
= oa(i04) [a0 1s pax  EO
0 = 6ea(10 “fax + =e) ws
Paws
Average Norma Sires
BABA ores Ans,
lps
pe
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4474, ‘The bronze C86100 pipe hes an inner radius of
(5 in, and a wall thickness ‘of 02 i. If the eas flowing
through it changes the temperature of the pipe uniformly
from 7, = 20°F at A to Ty ~ 60°F at B, determine the
‘nial free itexeis onthe wall The pipe was ited between
the walls when T = 60°F. 4 ae 3
Tempera Grane ee
110) = 00+ (52) = 0 — 75 Se
=
Compaubitey:
aE re —I
9 = 944(10") [ (e200 — 1752) — as — asa i
a= se0(104) ("040 ns ae — ea —
rnp am ile
4.78. ‘The 40ongA.26stee rails om train track ae lid ais sae
err
mucosa ee Sa aaeaaiE
oe ee —
Bee ents ee
force inthe rls ifthe temperature were to rise to
TT, ~ 10°F? Tho crossscctional area of each rails 510.
Thermal Expansion: Note tat since adjaent rik expand, each cil wl te =k em
3 Sj
inte tegen etch nd Bor thst : '
B= aATL ~ 601090 — (20)}40(12) "ley
Seale ee sa eS
tea dé
Compas sae
(5) ons = 6,— 6
apees Fea)
sess = 600510 — Canary — FAO
P= 1954p ns
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‘east No potion of ts material may be reproduce, aa fora or by any means Without pormision a weg fom the blab.
“446 The device is ured to measure a change ia
temperature. Bars AB and CD are made of A:36 steel and
2014To aluminum alloy respectively. Whea the temperature
is at 75°F ACE is inthe horizontal position. Determine the
vertical displacement of the pointer at & when the
temperature ites to 50°F
‘Thermal Expansion:
(Sr)eo = @wdT Len = 12810190 — 75)(1.5) = 1.44(10) i.
(5e)an = medPLay = 640(109(150 ~ 75)(.5) = 027825110) in,
Frome eet ofthe ded ar AE how ib
rko~ (ae
ae (ip [se Jo25
= o.7425(10) +
E 44007) ~ 0}
= 0.0081 in
A477. The bar has crossectional area A, length Ly
modulus of clasticity £, and. coefficient of thermal a
expansion a The temperature ofthe bar changes uniformly a ®
long its length from Tat Ato Tat Bs that at any point
‘calong the bar T'= T+ 2(Tq ~ T/L. Determine the Fa ny
force the bar exerts on the rigid walls Initially no axa force
isin the barand the bar has a temperature of T,
+ 0~ by  8 a Be,
However, " Gh
ky = adyde ~ ofT, +
ts, at
=a esto
Fron Ba
a,ry
p=t*£c,1) Ans.
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The Ah sel od hat meter of 5 ad is
Heh aachd to the rid sapors st A and 8 when ©
Tear tite pete becomes Ts ~ 27 and an _—
‘lowe of P= S00GN sapped ois cee, deri me CF
ievescion A an 8
Referring othe FBD of the rod, Fig.
DER. = 0 Fe — Pa + 2000) 0 o
When the rod is wocondrsined at B, it has a free contraction of
By = ay ATL = 12(10*)(80 — 20)(1000) = 0.72 mm. Also, under force P and Fy
‘th tonsrined at, the deformation ofthe rd ae
_ Phe __ 200(30°)(500)
AE ~ 0055200107]
F (00)
"x00s)[20007)]
‘Using the method of super postion, eb
(4) 0ssae aren,
0072 02545 + 25968010" Fp
Fg ~ 182.74(10) N ~ 183 KN Ans,
5
25465(10°9) Fy
‘Substitute the result of Fy into Bq (1),
Fg = 82741) N= ASSN Ans,
Pe200 KN P200 kN
ity §§ =>
(a) é 1
Pez00 kit
&
6
&,
—
i
+
(b)
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‘edst No potion of tis material may be reproduce, aa for or by any means Without pormisioa a weg om the blab.
4279, The A.36 stot cod has a diameter of 50 nm and is
lightly attached to the rigid supports at A and B when la £ 4
T, ~ MPC, Determine the force P that must be applied to
the collar a its midpoint 0 that, when T3 = ¥'C, the
reaction at Bis zero. aie te
aoe, tre aaa tes coca 5
Br = ay ATL = 12(10*)(50 — 30)(1000) = 024mm Also, under force P with
‘unconstrained at B, the deformation of the rod is 4
fe 7
eigen
Fo0s?(200007] lI &
Since Fy is required to be zero, the method of superposition, Fig, b, gives
ah eeey —
jiaazeagese
+ Op
>
IS8.50(10)N = 188 KN Ans.
480. The rsd block has a weight of 80 kip nd is to be
supported by posts A and B, which are made of A36 steel,
and the post C. which is made of C3400 red brass. fal the
‘okt have the sme original ength before they are loaded,
‘etermine the average normal stress developed in each post
‘ven post Cis heated so that its temperature i increased
‘by 20°F Each post has a crosssectional area of 8 in”, ase ey
ownons of Eoin
CHIMe=% FA) FAO=0 FAP
+12F,=0; 2 +FeM=0 1m oor
Compatiin:
ay Bole ~ Bedr = br
Fe gaa(2}om Pe eR
ROT sama
83616 Fe — 4100 F 196 a
Song ny
F=msitip — Fe=2a8tip
ici
ern og EBB assis ji
1501 se
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als No portion of tis material aay be oproducd, in form oy ay eas, without poms a Wifes the publisher.
“481. The thros hare ars made of A36 steel and form:
pinconnected truss If the truss is constructed when
SO'F, determine the force in each bar when
f3k—+— 304
ras OF)an = Cran + r)40 ”
However. das = Sa 2085
Substitute into Ea. (1)
figs 53
Seis —$ndan= rant Oran
ere Fats2)
3 [ssnaonyti ~ soya) SD)
axa ge — soo «Eatin
(20186 ~75F an + an @
. ae
sue Ee ant Fe
i a($ru)=0
Hash. tact) 2
‘Solving Eqs (2) and (3) yes
Fay = 6549 Ans
Fac = Fag = 409kip Ans
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4482, The throc bars are made of A36stel and forma pia
‘connected truss Ifthe tris is constructed when 7, ~ SPF.
determine the vertical displacement of joint A. when
1, = 10°F. Each bar has acrosesctionl atca of i
Gran — Gan = Cran + Bran w
However, dar ~ 6am 008;
San
Fon cond
Substitute into Eg. (1)
$0r)an~ Orden + ran
5
Gnas
“Teac rst
Sfoair suse — sexs)
F ald X12)
209107)
23925 — 625P 4p = 15212 + 4 Pap
AB 4p + 625F 45 = 8613 @
= 6.630 9150" — SUPE, 12) +
Metric ete tta ats ty Sr)
tn (SP)
Egy ~ VF 4 @
Solving Eqs (2) and (3) yields
Fay ~ 68086kip: Fay ~ 10.8939 kip
i). @dan+ Oran
10993944)
2E9KI0)
= 0.07 in. t Ans
= 6.107%) 50° — SOr\4} 2) +
a
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‘als No pmtin of this material maybe produced, in form oy ay meas, tout posi a Wit os te publisher.
AD is made of copper. Before the 150 force is applied,
‘AB and AC are each ia long and AD is 40 in long. It
the temperature is increased by 80°F, determine the
foree in each wire ceded to support the Toad. Take
Eq = 10) ks, Ey TIO") ES, ay — 8109),
2g, ~ 9.10 9)/°F. Each wits has a cross sectional seca of
12?
~ Pagcos
m
Compatibitey
Bachr ~ 80(10*) (8060) ~ 0.03840 in,
ache _ 003840
aos? ~ cos 5
‘(Bandr ~ 9.60( 10°) (80)(40) ~ 0.03072 in
By ~ Gacy, ~ Bandy ~ 05431 — 049072 ~ 1.02359.
Grobe ~ Bacde, + %
ach, ~ ~ 005481,
Fyp(Q) F() aces
ToIDaA 7G ~ CORREA UFR Ae
(19138 4p ~ 023798 = 285858 ey
Solving 1] nd (2 yi
Fye~ Fan F = 100% Am.
Fy= 108 Am.
“Re
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“edst No potion of tis meal may be reproduced, aa fora ot by any means without pormision a weg om the publsbe.
484 ‘The AMIOOHTG! magnesium alloy tube AB is san 2000
capped witha rgd plate EThe gap between F and end Cot 5
{the 6061T6 aluminum alloy solid circular rod CD is 0.2 mm Secon
when the temperature is at 3° C. Determine the normal a
‘tress developed inthe tube and the rod if the temperature
‘se 0 Ml” C Nolet the thicknes of th rig cap.  ac,
Damm
om 490
Compatibity Equation: If tube AB and red CD are uacoastainc, thy wil aye &
free expansion of (8r)ap ~ dag T Lap ~ 26(10*)(80 — 30)(30) = 039 mand
(onlco = eadT Len = 24(10*)(80 — 30)(450) = 054mm Referring to the
deformation diagram ofthe tube and the rod shown in Fi,
(rn  (5r)aa] + {(Ar)eo  (Br}eo)
£00)
02 = 039 ——___F0)_) ,
‘ome? — oo?) aaTya0)
F M0160"
Normal Stes
ug = = 2 = as MPa Ams,
‘(000s  0025)
oo BOS _ ¢soupa Ams
ows)
P= 1074241N
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+485. The AMIOO4TOI magnesium alloy tube AB is
‘capped witha rigid plate. The gap between E and end C of
the 06176 aluminum alloy solid circulae rod CD is 0.2 mea
when the temperature is at 30° C. Determine the highest
temperature to which it can be ened without casing
felling either n the tube or the rod. Neglect the thickness
tthe nid cop.
c= Eg HABE ae
007Sia,
ozsia,
4 0,
sin
Toe
5.126, A solid shaft is subjected tothe torque T, which
‘causes the material to yield. I the material is elastic plastic,
show thal the torque can be expec in erms of he angle
Of twist¢ ofthe shaft as T = 47y(1 ~ 8/46"), where Ty
Dividing Eq (1) by Eq. (2) yields:
eae
cay
‘Use ig. 526 rom the text.
$e° from te text and Eg. (3)
we)
w
@
@
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$127. A solid shaft having a diameter of 2 in is made
fof clasticplastic material having 2 yield seat of
sy=I6kst and shear modulus. of G~ 12(10) ksi,
‘Determine the torque required to develop an elastic core
the shaft having a diameter of 1 in. Also, what is the
plastic torque?
‘Use Eg. 5.26 from the txt
B43 95) 20% ea) —
T= be — py?) = ur) — 05%]
= 3246 kipin, = 2.71 kip Ans.
Use Eg. 527 from the text
ee ee
Tp = Ene! = Zeon)
= 3351 kipin. = 2.79 kip Ans.
SIDR Determine the torque nseded to twist a short
‘3mmdiameter tel wite through several revolutions itis
‘made from steel assumed to be elas plastic and having a
Yield stress of ry ~ 80 MPa. Assume that the material
‘becomes fly plastic.
‘When the material becomes fuly plastic thea, from Ea. 527 in the text,
rp a2Etg «2K ans Stetina SRORR: "S/ARISA: 9659 TE Ry AE
=¥=
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+5120, ‘The solid shaft is made of an elastic perfectly
plastic material as shown, Determine the torque F needed
fo form an elastic core in the shat having a radius of
@
(psitm = 160 + 103.33 = ~567 MPa
160 + 20657 = 467 MPa
r= 20m. Ihe shat 3m tone through what sogle *
Goes one endothe hat wit wth respect tothe other end?
‘When the torque removed, determine the resid sess
Aistrbation inthe shaft and the permancot ange of wit
0s)
we
sti Pau Tongue: Applying E526 fom th text ye)
T=2E(40— ot)
= F120 640) — 0"
= DOP (aoe) — 002]
= 2077640 Nem = 208kN+m Ans y sok
() = 0 ad = 38° Ams
00
When the reverse T= 207164 Nmis applied, YW
sea)
ms ~ “GP stn
TL _ ams) é
#76 ~ Fone Kana we
“The permanent angle of twist ix ra,
en 68
= 0600 — 03895 = 02125 nd = 122° Ams
Residual Shear Stes
4 Fe _ 2077641006)
ne Fray = 807 Ms
Te _ 20776.40.0)
ne = Fag AMPA
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$130, ‘The shaft is subjected to a maximum shear stain
of 0.0088 rad, Determine t i
ifthe material has strain har
stress stain diagram. :
rom the shear strain digram, "
pr 2. T
Too ~ Toss? fy = 025m. r(ksi)
2
From the sear stesatnia gr, 
A
eet 5.4 010006 ome 7)
ran [ray peat
wan [ap dns ae [cas + 81009 dp
ft aftee
= 17230 kipin, = 144 ip ft Ans
~ 2al6o!
5.1L. An 80mm diameter solid circular shafts made of
an elasticperfectly plastic material having a yield shear
‘tess of ry ~ 12SMPa_ Determine (a) the maximum elastic
4,(woe)9(u")
= 1256637 Nm = 126KNm Ans.
Se(om)ien( ur)
1675S.16Nm
1O8kNm Ans.
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25.122 ‘The hollow sa has the crs ston shown and
is mado ofan elaticperecty pase material having @
yield shear stress of zy. Determine the ratio of the plastic
torque T othe maximum clas trgue Ty a
‘Maximum Elastic Torque. In tis case the torsion formula is stil applicable.
Fe stot
rent [pe
li
(5)
lee
‘The ratio‘
S131, The shaft consists of two sections that are rigidly
‘coanected. If tho material is elastic plastic as shown,
determine the largest torque T that can be applied 10 the
Saf. Also, draw the shearsress distribution ver a radial
line for each section, Neglect the fest of stress
concentration,
(07Sin. diameter seement wil be fll plastic: From By. S27 ofthe text:
_ ae
14)
zeit
 LM as99
= rnszoivein = owen Am
For Lin, diameter segmeat
Te _ 13283005)}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 309 ——o—
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SAM, The hollow shaft is made of an clasti perfectly
plastic material having a shear modulus of G and a yield
shear stresof ry Determine the applied torque, when the
‘materia ofthe inner surface isabout to yield (plasi orga).
‘Alo find the correspondig angle of twist andthe maximum
shear strsn, The shaft has length of F.
Plaste Torque. Using the general equation with +
Ten deey [Pap
2
aR led =ai) te %
Angi oT When he mail abut lathe ner src, =p
ae aatmatst tv olde oer rte He Yous
im
&
(@)
ah
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S138, The hollow shalt as inner and outer diameters of
6 mm and 8) mm, respectively. It is made of an elastic
perfectly plastic material, which has the r~y diagram shown,
‘etermine the eactions tthe fixed Supports A and C,
Equation of Equilibrium, Reforing to the fee  body diagram ofthe shaft howa in
Fea,
2M, = 0; T+ Te 15(105) —
my (ed)
won
Elastic Analysis Is required that 4
nj Ths the compatibility equation is
nya = One
TaLan _ Tebne
iG IG
TAOS) = TAOAS)
Te=Ma 2
Solving Eas (1) and (2),
Ty = 30Nm
“The maximum clastic torque and plastic torque in the shaft canbe determined fom
Hoos" — ow
or
trode
Tea ae [rae
(02) 7 ein
[2010 ~ s24658Nm
Sine Te > Ty, the resus obiained using the clastic analysis area valid
Plastic Amal. Assuming that Sepment BCs ly laste,
Te = Ty = 929911Nm = 934Nom Ans
Subang hires into Ey (2,
T= SWONm = $70 kNm Ams16060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 311 ——
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SAR6, Comtinsed
Since Ty