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# Code No: R05310101 Set No.

1
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) Explain about series circuits and parallel circuits with examples.
(b) Three resistors R1 , R2 and R3 are connected in series with a constant voltage
source of 0V volts. The voltage across R1 is 4V, power loss in R2 is 16W and
the value of R3 is 6Ω. If the current flowing through the circuit is 2A, Find
the voltage V.
[8+8]
2. (a) A 4-pole machine running at 1000 rpm has an Armature with 80 slots having
8 conductors per slot. The flux per pole is 6 × 10−2 wb. Determine the
induced emf as a D.C generator. If the coils are lap connected. If the current
per conductor is 50 Amperes, determine the electrical power output of the
machine.
(b) Write the c.m.f equation of a D.C generator and derive it. [8+8]
3. (a) Discuss the constructional details of single-phase transformer and draw the
diagram neatly.
[8+8]
4. (a) Explain clearly about open-circuit and short-circuit tests in Alternator.
(b) Draw the slip-Torque characteristics of an Induction Motor. Explain it clearly.
[8+8]
5. (a) Derive suitable expression for conductivity of p-type and n-type semiconduc-
tors.
(b) A crystal of pure germanium is sufficiently added with antimony to pro-
duce 1.5 × 1022 antimony atoms/m3 . The electron and hole mobility are
0.38m2 /volt-sec and 0.18m2 /volt-sec respectively, and the intrinsic charge car-
rier density is 2.5 × 1019 /m3 . Calculate
i. the density of electrons and holes in the crystal and
ii. the conductivity of the material. [8+8]
6. (a) Sketch the family of CE input and output characteristics for bipolar junction
transistor and indicate the cutoff, active and saturation regions. Explain the
importance of each region.
(b) Specify a set of circuit values for the fixed bias circuit using BJT that will
establish an operating point at IC = 3mA, VCE = 4.5V, and VCC = 15V.
[8+8]

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Code No: R05310101 Set No. 1
7. (a) Draw the block diagram of 555 timer with pin numbers and explain the im-
portance of each pin.
(b) Sketch the input and output waveforms for a one-shot using a 555 timer trig-
gered by a 10kHz clock for timing capacitor of 5nF and the timing resistor of
5.1kHz. [10+6]

8. (a) Derive the expression for deflection factor of a Cathode Ray Tube (CRT).
(b) A CRT has an anode voltage of 2000V and parallel deflection plates of 2cm
long and 5mm apart. The screen is 30cm from the center of the plates. Find
the input voltage required to deflect the beam trough 3cm. The input voltage
is applied to the deflection plates trough amplifiers having overall gain of 100.
[8+8]

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Code No: R05310101 Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) Derive the formula for the following:

i. RMS value
ii. Average value
(b) Write the formula for the following:
i. Form factor
ii. Average value of a sinusoidal quantity. [8+8]

## 2. (a) Draw the characteristics of a d.c. generator and explain it clearly.

(b) A long-shunt compound generator delivers a load current of 50A at 500v and
has armature, series field and shunt field resistances of 0.05Ω, 0.03Ω and 250Ω
respectively. Calculate the generated voltage and the Armature current. Allow
IV per brush for contact drop. [8+8]

## 3. (a) Explain about the working principle of transformer.

(b) Clearly explain about core type Transformer and shell-type transformer. What
are the main differences between them? [8+8]

## 4. (a) Explain clearly about open-circuit and short-circuit tests in Alternator.

(b) Draw the slip-Torque characteristics of an Induction Motor. Explain it clearly.
[8+8]

5. (a) Compare the volt-ampere characteristics of silicon and germanium diodes and
determine which you would prefer to use for the most practical applications.
Give proper reasoning. Sketch the variation in volt-ampere characteristics of
a silicon diode with temperature change.
(b) In the reverse bias region the saturation current of a silicon diode is about
0.1µA at 200 C. Determine its value if the temperature is increased to 400 C.
Can a silicon diode be used as a switch? Justify your answer. [10+6]

6. (a) Derive the relationship between α, and β from the fundamental equations of
transistor. How do you obtain them from the characteristic curves?
(b) How does the CE configuration provide the large power gain when compared
to that of other configurations? Explain suitably. [10+6]

## 7. (a) Enumerate the effects of negative feedback on the various characteristics of

the amplifier.

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Code No: R05310101 Set No. 2
(b) Describe with necessary derivations, the effect of negative feedback on the
bandwidth and distortion in an amplifier.
(c) The distortion in an amplifier is found to be 3% when the feedback ratio
of negative feedback amplifier is 0.04. When the feedback is removed, the
distortion becomes 15%. Find the open loop and closed loop gains. [4+6+6]

8. (a) What is dielectric heating? How is this different from induction heating?
Explain the factors on which dielectric loss in a dielectric material depend
(b) Describe various types of Electric arc welding processes. [8+8]

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Code No: R05310101 Set No. 3
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) How the Network elements can be classified. Explain it clearly.

(b) In the network shown in figure 1b, find all branch currents and voltage drops
across all resistors. [8+8]

Figure 1b
2. (a) Explain clearly about the various power stages in a D.C. motor.
(b) How the d.c. generators are classified. Explain it with neat circuit diagrams.
[8+8]
3. (a) Write the e.m.f equation of transformer and derive it?
(b) Define efficiency of a transformer. Obtain the condition for maximum effi-
ciency. [8+8]
4. (a) Define slip. Hence deduce the expression for frequency of Rotor current?
(b) Discuss in detail the Predetermination of regulation of an alternator. [8+8]
5. (a) Explain the operation of a full-wave rectifier with capacitor filter using neat
circuit diagram and waveforms.
(b) A 9V - 0 - 9V transformer secondary is used in a full-wave rectifier with
capacitor filter. Determine the output D.C voltage and ripple factor if the
load resistance and the capacitor are 1kΩ and 470µF respectively. Assuming
the diodes to be ideal and the line frequency is 50Hz. Neglect the resistance
of secondary winding of the transformer. [8+8]
6. (a) Explain the ‘Early effect’ with reference to transistor.
(b) Which configuration is called Emitter follower? With suitable circuit diagram,
explain how the input and output characteristics are obtained? [6+10]
7. Explain the following A/D converters with relevant block diagrams:

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Code No: R05310101 Set No. 3
(a) Ramp type, and
(b) Dual slope integration methods. [8+8]

## 8. (a) Describe the process of Resistance welding in detail.

(b) A 20KW single phase, 220V resistance oven employs circular Nichrome wire
for its heating element. If the wire temperature is not to exceed 11270 C and
the temperature of the charge is to be 4270 C, calculate the size and length
of wire required. Assume emissivity and radiation efficiency are 0.9 and 0.6
respectively. What would be the temperature of wire when the charge is cold?
[8+8]

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Code No: R05310101 Set No. 4
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) What is KCL and KVL? Explain it clearly.

(b) For the circuit shown in the figure 1b determine the current through 6 ohms
resistor and the power supplied by the current source. [8+8]

Figure 1b
2. (a) Explain the constructional features of a D.C machine with the help of a neat
sketch.
(b) A 200V d.c. series motor runs at 750 rpm when taking a current of 30A. The
resistance of the Armature is 0.5Ω and of that field is 0.3Ω. If the current
remains constant, calculate the Resistance Necessary to reduce the speed to
250rpm. [8+8]

3. (a) Discuss the constructional details of single-phase transformer and draw the
diagram neatly.
[8+8]

## 4. (a) Explain clearly about open-circuit and short-circuit tests in Alternator.

(b) Draw the slip-Torque characteristics of an Induction Motor. Explain it clearly.
[8+8]

5. (a) Explain the hole movement in an extrinsic semiconductor with neat sketches,
when it is excited by external voltage.
(b) Define in your own words, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, a negative
temperature coefficient and covalent bonding.
(c) Compute the conductivity of a silicon semiconductor, which is doped with
acceptor impurity to a density of 1022 atoms/m3 . Given that ni = 1.4 ×
1016 /m3 , µn =0.145m2 /volt-sec and µp =0.05m2 /volt-sec. [4+6+6]

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Code No: R05310101 Set No. 4
6. (a) Sketch a family of CC input and output characteristics for a p-n-p transistor
and explain how the characteristics are useful for determining input output
resistance of the configuration?
(b) A p − n − p transistor silicon transistor is used in common collector fixed
bias circuit with RC = 0. The circuit component values are VCC = 12V, RE
=1.2kΩ, RB = 33kΩ, and β = 50. Determine the operating point. [10+6]

7. (a) What are the constituent parts of an oscillator? Explain the importance of
each of them.
(b) State and explain the Barkhausen criteria for oscillation. [10+6]

8. (a) Describe the method of dielectric heating with suitable derivation. Mention
important applications of it.
(b) A slab of material 2cm thick and 15sq.cm in area having relative permittivity
of 4 and power factor of 0.04 is to be heated using dielectric heating. The
power required is 200W and a frequency of 30MHz. Determine the voltage
required and the current that will flow through the material. If the voltage
were to be limited to 600V, what should be the frequency for the same power
requirement? [8+8]

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