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Saul Bellows novella Seize the Day (1956) depicts within one day its protagonist Tommy Wilhelms

past guilt, present agony, and future possibility. Its an epitome of the American myth of successAmerican dream. The possibilities for self-creation, material success, and absolute freedom are the basis of the alluring American myth, but the odds (for success) are more often against than for the eager pursuers. Tommy Wilhelm is both inspired and burdened by the American myth of success. Tommy Wilhelm is a Jew who is facing his various existential predicaments in his mid-forties, living in the chaotic world obsessed with commodity and alienated from others and doubting about self, yet trying to seek his self-worth and keep the value of Jewish ethics in order to create the meaning of his life and himself. This affirms humanity in existential predicaments. Saul Bellow dramatizes his thought of mans existence in the modern time which fully shows the influence of Sartrean (of Jean-Paul Sartre) existentialism over him. The author, in the light of existential humanism of Jean Paul Sartre, analyses Wilhelm, a Jew, with the consciousness of Jewish ethics, defends himself by his action in desperation, which asserts humanity in existential plights. It is in accordance with the dogma of the freedom of choosing in the absurd world which is the kernel of existential humanism by Sartre. Beginning of the novella shows Wilhelm is in existential predicaments. Wilhelm lives in the chaotic world isolated from the society and his family members, being suspicious of himself. Wilhelm starts seeking self-worth in absurdity. He chooses his dreams in the frequent failures and resists the commodity-obsessed world. This is the freedom of choosing in absurdity. Wilhelm, with firm belief in family values, searches for his familys solicitude in conflict. Jewish family values have great impact on Wilhelm. The lack of love from his biological father and his wife forces him in the pursuit of his spiritual father and his lover. This is the freedom of choosing in the existential condition of lack. Wilhelm begins a quest of selfsurpassing in desperation. With belief in community, he recovers himself from alienation. Facing a strangers death and the collapse of his life, he self-creates his significance in the nothingness. This is the freedom of choosing in abandonment and despair. Wilhelm defends his dignity with his action, which reflects the freedom of choosing and his consciousness of the Jewish ethics. In this way, humanity is affirmed in existential crises. Apart from existentialism, there are attacks of postmodernism in the novella. On the second chapter of Seize the Day, we see a struggle between two ways of thinking. First of all, we have Dr. Alder, who wants his soon to be a salesman, who seeks perfection, who believes on tradition and who is afraid of change.

On the other hand, there is Dr. Tamkin, someone with whom Tommy agrees. He is an inventor, and thus has a different way on earning money. We can also see that he is more imaginative, as he mentions the wetsuit and finally, we see deduce that life isn't only the right way, or the wrong way. There are plenty of possibilities that can be unconventional, on which you can earn money and live, as perhaps the author may implying with writing, but there is not way of knowing. When the author is talking about Americans, he states that "Everybody wants to make something. Any American does." Following the contrast between Dr. Tamkin and Dr. Alder, the author believes that people are changing their lifestyle. With the theory of relativity proposed by Einstein, society was affected. People started to change from Dr. Alder's point of view, to Dr. Tamkin's point of view and in my opinion, this is what Wiesel wants to emphasize on this chapter.