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Physics Formulae

Potential Difference (voltage) Electrical Power Energy (battery) Electrical Charge Series Resistance Parallel Resistance Force Density Molecular Density Velocity or Speed Acceleration Momentum V=IxR P=VxI P = I2 x R E=QxV Q=Ixt R = R1 + R2 + R3 + 1 1 1 1 = + + + R R1 R2 R3 F=mxa D=m/V D m = m / Vm v or s= d /t a = v / t a=F/m p=mxv = Current x Resistance = Potential Difference x Current = Current2 x Resistance = Charge x Potential Difference = Current x Time

Hookes Law (springs) Pressure Boyles Law Wave frequency Wave velocity Mechanical Work done Mechanical Power Potential Energy Kinetic Energy

force extension F = kx P=F/A P1V1 = P2V2 f=1/T V=fx Wd = F x d P = Wd / t PE = m x g x h KE = mv2

= Mass x Acceleration = Change of Momentum / Time = Mass / Volume = Mass / Molar Volume = Distance / Time = Change in Velocity / Time = Force / mass = mass x velocity Like Boyles Law, sum of momentum before equals sum of momentum after up to the elastic limit! = Force / Area = Pressure1 x Volume1 = Pressure2 x Volume2 = 1 / Time period = Frequency x Wavelength = Force x Distance = Work done / Time = Mass x Gravity x Height = x Mass x Velocity2

Weight Moment (think spanner) Flemings Motor Rule

W=mxg M=Fxr Left hand

= Mass x Gravity = Force x Radius ThuMb = Motion First finger = Field SeCond = Current

Efficiency Transformer equation Gravity Newtons 3 Laws

= Useful work output Total energy input Primary Coil Voltage Secondary Coil Voltage GmM 1 F 2 F= r2 r

= No. of turns on Primary Coil No. of turns on Secondary Coil Force between 2 planets is proportional to the square of the distance 1. There will be no change of velocity unless theres a net force. 2. F=ma 3. Equal and opposite forces

Mathematic Formulae
Trigonometric relations SOH CAH TOA Sin = Opposite / Hypotenuse Cos = Adjacent / Hypotenuse Tan = Opposite / Adjacent

Sine law Cosine law Pythagoras Percentages Quadratic

a b c = = sin A sin B sin C a2 = b2 + c2 - 2bc cos A a2 = b2 + c2 % New = 1 + Old 100 b b 2 4ac x= 2a

So when A=90, cos 90=0 so Pythagoras

Or %change =

change 100 original

Area - Parallelogram Area - General Triangle Area - Right-angled Triangle Area - Trapezium Area - Circle

a b sin

b h sin b h a+b h 2 since sin 90=1 average sides x height

r2

Area - Conic

r r 2 + h2

Pythagoras to get the slope xrx (cos it involves a circle)

Area - Sphere

4 r 2 ab h 3

Volume - Right Rectangular Pyramid (Volumes: usually cubed and divided by 3) Volume - Right Circular Cylinder

r2 h

Circle area x h

Volume - Conic

r2 h 3

Circle area x h / 3

Volume - Sphere

4 r 3 3

Chemistry Formulae
Percentage mass % Mass = Ar n 100 Mr Ar = Relative Atomic Mass Mr = Relative Formula Mass

Biology Formulae
Photosynthesis CO2 + H2O -> C6H12O + O2 in the presence of light and chlorophyll. Carbon Dioxide and Water, under the action of chlorophyll/light, form Glucose and Oxygen Sugar + Oxygen -> CO2 + H2O + Energy C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6CO2 -> 6H20 + Energy

Respiration