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Aff & Neg Nukes

Aff & Neg Nukes

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Jan 08, 2009
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05/24/2012

US nuclear hypocrisy undermines nonproliferation credibility
Caldicott, 6
– Founder and President of the Nuclear Policy Research Institute
(Helen, Nuclear Power is not the answer, pg. 139-140)CP

With this situation as background, the Bush administration has adopted some very provocative and dangerous policies-all of
them in direct violation of the Non-Proliferation Treaty which in evitably have led and will continue to lead to the
proliferation of nuclear weapons in other countries. For example, although the Cold War is over, a new semi-autonomous
agency, the National Nuclear Security Administration, was established by Congress in the year 2000 within the Department
of Energy to oversee the de velopment and production of new nuclear weapons . Los Alamos National Labs has just
produced its first trigger for an atomic bomb since the Cold War ended, a sphere of finely honed and lathed plutonium that
nuclear scientists call a "pit." Los Alamos Labs have the capacity to produce 30-40 pits a year, and the plan of one DOE
study is to make 500 new American hydrogen bombs annually, comparable to Cold War rates.
Because hydrogen bombs need tritium radioactive hydrogens for their fusion mechanism, the United States is also now
proceed ing to manufacture tritium at the Tennessee Valley Authority Watts Barr commercial nuclear power plant in
Tennessee, which is then sent to the Savannah River site in South Carolina to be extracted by a new Tritium Extraction Facility. This is the first time
since 1992 that tritium for nuclear weapons has been produced in the United States, and this is one of the few times that commercial and military
enterprises have been combined in the United States.

On the strategic front, the Bush administration has drafted a revised plan allowing military commanders to request
presidential approval to use nuclear weapons to pre-ernpt an attack by a nation or terrorist group deemed to be planning to
use weapons of mass destruction. These military commanders will also be permitted to use nuclear weapons to destroy
known enemy stockpiles
of chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons . The document says that preparations must be made to use nuclear
weapons and to show determination to use them "if necessary to prevent or retaliate against WMD use." The United States has always had a "first-use"
policy against nuclear-armed nations, but now this strategy is also being applied to non-nuclear nations for the first time. The "revised plan" reflects a
preemptive nuclear strategy first enunciated by the White House in 2002.22 Had this strategy been in place before the invasion of Iraq, a
nuclear attack could have been justified to "take out" Iraq's imaginary weapons of mass destruction.
Other disturbing features of this document include authorization of the use of nuclear weapons against states without
WMDs to counter potentially overwhelming conventional adversaries, to secure a rapid end of a war on U.S. terms, or to
"ensure success of U.S. and multinational operations." The draft document also gives the Pentagon permission to deploy nuclear weapons-in
parts of the world where their future use is considered most likely, and it urges troops to train constantly for nuclear warfare. Although Congress voted in
2004 to discontinue research on the earth-penetrating nuclear bunker buster, this draft document calls for its continued development, and the U.S. Senate
voted in July 2005 to revivify the bunker buster.

Michigan 7 weeks

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