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Aff & Neg Nukes

Aff & Neg Nukes

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05/24/2012

US action key to global shift to nuclear power
Moniz et al., 3
– Physics @ MIT, Director of Energy Studies, Laboratory for Energy and the Environment
(Professor Ernest J, Professor John Deutch, Professor Stephen Ansolabehere, Professor Emeritus Michael Driscoll,
Professor Paul E Gray, Professor John P Holdren, Professor Paul L Joskow, Professor Richard K Lester, Professor Neil E.
Todreas, and Eric S Beckjord, “The Future of Nuclear Power: An Interdisciplinary MIT Study,” Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, 2003, pg. 29)

increase in population and a concomitant large increase in total electricity demand. If the global deployment of nuclear
power is to grow substantially by midcentury, the United States almost certainly must be a major participant. Nuclear
power growth is unlikely to be very large in other key developed countries, such as Japan (with an anticipated population
decline) or France (with a stable population and a power sector already dominated by nuclear power).>

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NUCLEAR POWER KEY TO SOLVE GLOBAL POVERTY

Only nuclear power can be deployed on a large enough scale to combat climate change and poverty
Beller, 4
- Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
(Dr. Denis E, “Atomic Time Machines: Back to the Nuclear Future,” 24 J. Land Resources & Envtl. L. 41, 2004)//markoff

for electrical energy leads [*42] that growth. Other recent trends and forces include demand for cleaner forms of energy in
general and electricity in particular, as well as global pressure for sustainable development and reductions in carbon
emissions, all of which support the need for increasing supplies of nuclear energy. Nuclear power is the only energy source
that can be developed on a massive scale that will meet all the requirements for tremendous increases in generation. For
economic and resource sustainability, new sources of energy must be clean, affordable, reliable, environmental, 2 safe and
secure, and sustainable. Before describing why Western nuclear power meets these requirements, let me tell you why we
need to use more clean electricity and other forms of energy, not less.
Those of us who have it use energy to benefit humankind. We naturally seek to use energy to multiply our labor, increasing
our productivity. In developed nations energy is used to build and light grammar schools and universities, to run hospitals
and police stations, to purify water and produce medicine, to power farm machinery and mass transit, to drive sewing
machines and robot assemblers, and to store and move information. A particular form of nuclear energy, nuclear radiation,
is also used to sterilize mail in the nation's capital, consumer products found on grocery store shelves and elsewhere, and
medical equipment used in every hospital and clinic in the nation. For the betterment of the human condition, the world
needs massive additions of clean and affordable energy supplies. Development depends on energy, we use it to fight
poverty and disease, to create and administer medicine, to grow and distribute food, and to provide the means for people to
learn their way out of poverty, which is the most dangerous "thing" on Earth .>

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NUCLEAR POWER KEY TO SOLVE GLOBAL POVERTY

Expanding nuclear power is vital to solving global poverty and underdevelopment
Domenici, 04
- Senator of the United States (Pete, A Brighter tomorrow: Fulfilling the promise of nuclear energy. pg.
181//DG

The United Nations (UN) is projecting that the world's population will rise from its current level of 6 billion to 7.5 billion by 2020; the Interna-
tional Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) is forecasting a population range of 8 to 12 billion by 2050. No matter what forecaster you
choose to heed, it is generally conceded that the world's population will increase by 33 percent or more by 2050. There is clearly a case for the
development of diverse sources of energy between now and then if the world is to survive.

We face a moral imperative to structure a diverse and environmentally sus tainable system for providing energy for
our nation and the rest of the world. Leaders from six of our country's finest national laboratories wrote to Energy
Secretary Abraham in April 2003, eloquently stating this imperative:
Energy is vital to human civilization. It underpins national security, economic prosperity, and global stability. As
the world's most powerful and prosperous nation, the U.S. must lead the way in developing a diverse energy
system that can In a rapidly growing world energy demand in a way that promotes peace, prosperity, and
environmental quality. This diverse energy system must include a growing component of nuclear energy.' My
perspective on sustainability is derived from my many years in the U.S. Senate, wherein I have devoted much of my time to environmental
and energy concerns. When my Senate tenure started in 1973, the commemoration of Earth Day was three years young. During the ensuing
years, I witnessed great strides toward the improvement of our nation's environment. We are uniquely fortunate to be prosperous enough to
consciously choose to promote environmental concerns and conserve resources. However, we should focus on creating ways not only to
continue these improvements in our own country, but also to assist other nations to improve their ability to protect the world's environment.
The earth is the home we all share. If it is accepted that people are the real wealth of nations, then human de velopment
is about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive lives in
accord with their needs and interests. Human development is about expanding the choices people have to lead
lives they value, and is about much more than economic growth.
While this may sound "theological," it is fact that we need energy to provide us with heat and electricity, to power our industries, our transport,
and our modem way of life, and to maintain our standard of living. Energy is fundamental to meeting the human development challenges facing
the world in the new millennium. Approximately 20 percent of the people in the developing countries, which make up about three-quarters of
the world population, are illiterate; a billion people lack access to potable water sources; and 2.4 billion people lack access to basic sanitation.
Nearly 325 million children do not receive an education at school and 30,000 children per day under the age of five die from preventable causes-
that is, II million children annually.
According to the UN's International Labor Organization, 3 billion people-half of the world's population-live in poverty, with incomes of less
than $2 per day. A quarter of the people in the developing countries earn less than $1 per day, and 60 percent live on less than $2 per day. Even
in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, deprivation looms large, where more than 130 million are
"income poor," 34 million are unemployed, and adult illiteracy averages 15
percent.
Figure 10.1 presents the relationship between the UN's "Human Development Index" and annual per capita electricity use. It shows clearly that
the quality of human life is directly related to consumption of electricity. It can be seen, for example, that the developed countries have a human
development index (HDI) of greater than 0.8, whereas undeveloped Africa ranges between 0.3 and 0.5. Scientist Alan Pasternak from the
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory found that the HOI reached a high plateau when a nation's people consumed about 4,000 kWh of
electricity per capita.? It shows how far undeveloped countries must progress in their quest for a better quality of life for their people. Notice that
in India, for example, with a huge and growing population, their people do not even consume half of the benchmark 4,000 kWh of electricity
needed to reach an acceptable HDI.
One quarter of the world's population, about 1.6 billion people, have no access to electricity, and four out of five people who do not have
electricity live in rural areas of developing countries, particularly in South Asia and subSaharan Africa. This lack of electricity exacerbates and
perpetuates poverty in these countries. Lacking electricity, jobs cannot be created by industrialization of the economy.
It is of interest to note that in 1999, with less than 5 percent of the world's population, the United States generated 30 percent of the world's GDP,
consumed 25 percent of the world's energy, and emitted 25 percent of the world's carbon dioxide. The high electricity consumption rates in the
United States, Canada, and Australia are, in addition to lifestyles, in part due to the large size of the three countries, and possibly the northern
climates in the case of Canada and much of the United States.

By every human measure, the world "runs" on energy, and in the future the world will need more and more energy.
Energy allows labor to be more and more productive and drives the machines that provide for the world's sustain able
development. Sadly, in today's world, only one-quarter of the world's population has electricity, a resource that most
people in developed countries take for granted. The alternative to an adequate and secure supply of energy is lack of
development. History shows this results in people suffering the hor rors of poverty, crime, disease, lack of education,
and ultimately, premature death. An accompanying alternative to lack of development is chaos, vio lence, and
anarchy that can lead to forced redistribution of wealth

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NUCLEAR POWER KEY TO SOLVE GLOBAL POVERTY

Nuclear energy promotes economic stability and wealth – the key to winning the war on terrorism
Kotek, 8
- MANAGER OF NUCLEAR PROGRAMS, WASHINGTON POLICY & ANALYSIS, Inc (John, “HEARING
OF THE OVERSIGHT AND INVESTIGATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
COMMITTEE SUBJECT: U.S. NONPROLIFERATION STRATEGY: POLICIES AND TECHNICAL CAPABILITIES”
6/20, lexis, rday)

Now, the U.S. can do this, and I believe there are powerful reasons why it should. It's easy to forget, for example, that we
live in a world where more than 1.5 billion people don't have access to electricity. And without electricity, necessities like
healthcare, education and jobs suffer. And as we're all too aware, terrorism most often takes root in countries where life is
hard and much of the country is blanketed in darkness each night. Of the countries who the State Department says sponsor
terrorism, none rank among the top 50 on the U.N.'s list of the most developed countries.
So as the world's most powerful and prosperous nation, the U.S. has a unique business opportunity, a chance to solve one of
our most vexing national security problems, and some would say a moral obligation to help address the energy challenges
facing the developing world.
Boosting global access to energy is good for our economy, good for our national security, and good for the world. If we
want to win the war on terrorism, we must help boost global prosperity, and that requires access to energy. Securing
affordable energy supplies for our world, while protecting our environment, will require greater use of inexpensive low-
emission energy resources such as nuclear.

Expanding nuclear power is key to solve global poverty and instability
Rhodes and Beller 00
, Renowned Author + nuclear engineer and Technical Staff Member at the Los Alamos National
Laboratory (Richard + Denis “The need for nuclear power” Foreign Affairs, Jan/Feb)
Denis, Renowned Author + nuclear engineer and Technical Staff Member)

THE WORLD needs more energy. Energy multiplies human labor, increasing productivity. It builds and lights schools,
purifies water, powers farm machinery, drives sewing machines and robot assemblers, stores and moves information. World
population is steadily increasing, having passed six billion in 1999. Yet one-third of that number-two billion people-lack
access to electricity. Development depends on energy, and the alternative to development is suffering: poverty, disease, and
death. Such conditions create instability and the potential for widespread violence. National security therefore requires
developed nations to help increase energy production in their more populous developing counterparts. For the sake of safety
as well as security, that increased energy supply should come from diverse sources.
"At a global evel," the British Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering estimate in a 1999 report on nuclear
energy and climate change, "we can expect our consumption of energy at least to double in the next So years and to grow
by a factor of up to five in the next loo years as the world population increases and as people seek to improve their
standards of living." Even with vigorous conservation, world energy production would have to triple by 2050 to support
consumption at a mere one-third of today's U.S. per capita rate. The International Energy Agency(IEA)of the Organization
for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)projects 65 percent growth in world energy demand by 2020, two-
thirds of that coming from developing countries. "Given the levels of consumption likely in the future," the Royal Society
and Royal Academy caution, "it will be an immense challenge to meet the global demand for energy without unsustainable
long-term damage to the environment." That damage includes surface and air pollution and global warming.

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