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"Zapata-2"

Prof. Jos Luis Flores Ruz

Febrero/2012

Zapata aislada sujeta a carga axial.


DATOS.
fy= 4200 kg/cm2
f'c= 200 kg/cm2
P E=
25 Ton
c1=
40 cm
c2=
35 cm
Df=
1.20 m
ftu=
Q=
Grupo

20 Ton/m2
2
B

Carga equivalente, rea de la zapata y dimensiones.


a) Carga equivalente. Condicin esttica.
PU=F. C. (PE )
PU=
F.C.=
Pt=PE +W

1.4( 25 ) =
1.4

Pt= 25+ ( 0.3 ) 25 =

;W=0.3PE

35.00 Ton

32.50 Ton

PtU=F. C (Pt)
PtU= 1.4 ( 32.5 ) =
Az=Ptu/ftu=

45.5 / 20 =

45.50 Ton
2.28 m2

l1=l2=-(c1+c2)/4+0.25((c1+c2)^2-4((c1*c2)-Az))^0.5
l1=l2=-( 40 + 35 ) /4 + 0.25 ((40 + 35)^2-4(( 40 * 35 )-22750))^0.5 =
:.

56.68 cm

L1=l2= 57.00 cm
L=c1+2l1= 40+2( 57 )=

154.00 cm

L=155.00 cm

:.

l1= 57.50 cm

B=c2+2l2= 35+2( 57 )=

149.00 cm

B=150.00 cm
Az= 2.33 m2

:.

l2= 57.50 cm

Presiones de Contacto.
qtu=Ptu/(B*L)=

45.5 / (1.5* 1.55)=

19.57 Ton/m2

qnu=Pu/(B*L)=

35 / (1.5* 1.55)=

15.05 Ton/m2

Peralte preliminar.
Mu=qnu l2/2=
15.05(0.575^2 )/2 =
2.49 Ton-m
d= (Mu/14.8f'c)^0.5 + 6 =
( 248857/(14.8 * 200))^0.5+6=
d= 15.00 cm ;

ACM10

Anglica Martnez Martnez

h=

15.17 cm
20.00 cm

"Zapata-2"

Prof. Jos Luis Flores Ruz

Febrero/2012

Revisin por Cortante.


a) Cortante perimetral o de penetracin.
bo=2(c1+c2+2d)=
210.00 cm
Afalla= (c1+d)(c2+d)=
0.28 m2
Vu=qnu(Az-Afalla)=
30.86 Ton
Vu=Vu/(bo d)=
Vcr=F.R.*(f*c)^0.5=
e(%)=

9.80 kg/cm2
10.1 kg/cm2
96.81%

Vu

<

Vcr

Vu

<

Vcr

b) Cortante como elemento ancho.


B>4d
150
>
60
h<60cm
20
<
60
Vu=qnu(l1-d)=
M=qnu(l1-d)2/2=
M/(Vd)<2
1.42

6.40 Ton
1.36 Ton-m
<

Vu=Vu/(b d)=
Vcr=0.5*F.R.*(f*c)^0.5=
e(%)=

2
4.27 kg/cm2
5.1 kg/cm2
84.30%

Diseo por flexin.


As=Mu/(F.R. fy z)=
5.16 cm2
1.33As=
6.87 cm2
Asmn= (0.7*(f'c)^0.5/fy)b*d= 3.54 cm2
ASi=

5.16 cm2

Varillas# 4
1.27 cm2
as (cm2)=
12 (cm)=

=>

no=5.16/1.27=4.08
S = 100 / 4.08=24.53 cm
=>

15.24 cm

hmn=

S=25.00 cm

:.
20.00 cm

10.00 cm
20.00 cm

ACM10

Anglica Martnez Martnez

Prof. Jos Luis Flores Ruz

"Zapata-2"

Febrero/2012

Croquis.

40.00 cm

120.00 cm
10.00 cm
20.00 cm

5.00 cm

#4@25cm
155 cm

150 cm

35

#4@25cm

40

155 cm

ACM10

Anglica Martnez Martnez

TABLA DE VARILLAS DE REFUERZO


Varilla
Nmero
Medida
2
1/4
2.5
1/3
3
3/8
4
1/2
5
5/8
6
3/4
8
1
10
1 1/4
12
1 1/2

as (cm )

(cm)

12 (cm)

hmn (cm)

Peso (kg/m)

0.32
0.49
0.71
1.27
1.98
2.85
5.07
7.92
11.40

0.64
0.79
0.95
1.27
1.59
1.91
2.54
3.18
3.81

7.62
9.53
11.43
15.24
19.05
22.86
30.48
38.10
45.72

15.00
15.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
35.00
45.00
50.00

0.248
0.388
0.559
0.993
1.552
2.235
3.973
6.207
8.938