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# fck

fyk
p

250
4600

Yc
Ys
Yf

0.003043

1.4
1.1
1.5
As traccion

BLOQUE NIVEL

VIGA

Vano

[T-cm] [cm]
A
464 25
B izq
2024 25
B der
2542 25
C
1092 25
AB
1073 25
BC
2021 25

AS min

AS simple

AS traccion

AS compresion

AS asumido

[cm]
50
50
50
50
50
50

[cm]
45.9
45.9
45.9
45.9
45.9
45.9

[cm2]

[cm2]

[cm2]

[cm2]

[cm2]

3.80
3.80
3.80
3.80
3.80
3.80

3.84
9.69
9.50

19.00
23.44

3.81
8.25

18.97

3.78

## Se realizara el control de la flecha del tramo BC

FLECHA INSTANTANEA
E I d2y/dx2 = -M
E I y = 0,2083 X4 - 3,08 X3 + 7,18 X2 + 33,03 X

x
Xmax =

Val
3.7949

E = 15000*fck^0,5 =

-0.00002

237171 kg/cm2

I e = Ig = b h3/12 =

2371708 T/m2

260417 cm4
X

0.0026 m4

Val
3.7949

103.621

f ip = Y max =

0.0168

3.84
asumir Asc y Ast
asumir Asc y Ast
9.69
9.50
asumir Asc y Ast

f
mm

N
2
4
4
2
2
2

16
25
25
20
20
25

2
2
2
3

Momento critico

Mcr = Fct * Ig / yt
Fct = 2 * fck^,5
Fct =

31.62

yt =

25

Mcr =
Inercia critica

transformacion As compresion
transformacion As traccion

kg/cm2
cm

329403.92

kg-cm =

Es =

2100000

kg/cm2

n=

8.8544

nA's =
nAs =

35.61
170.38

d=
d' =

45.9
4

cm
cm

Linea neutra
(b/2) X2 + nA's (x - d') = nAs (d - x)
12.5

206.0

-7962.80
x

valor
18.3108

0.00000

inercias parciales
I1 = b X3/12 + b X (X/2)^2
I2 = 0 + nA's (X - d')^2
I3 = 0 + nAs (d - X)^2

=
=
=

51161.15
7292.00
129686.09

cm4
cm4
cm4

3294.04

Kg-m

Icr = I1 + I2 + I3

188139.24

cm4

Ma

20210

Kg-m

Ie centro

0.00188

0.0018814 m4

m4

## Reemplazando en la ecuacion de la flecha

E Ie y = 0,2083 X4 - 3,08 X3 + 7,18 X2 +33,03 X
f ip = Y max =

0.0232

PARA UN CALCULO MAS EXACTO SE INTRODUCEN LOS EFECTOS DE LA FISURACION DE LAS SECCIONES DE APOYO
Se ponderaran las inercias de los apoyos y del medio
APOYO IZQUIERDO
Ig =
260416.67
cm4
0.0026042 m4
Mcr =
329403.92
kg-cm
3294.04 Kg-m
As =
25.92
cm2
A's =
8.29
cm2
n=
8.8544
transformacion As compresion
nA's =
73.44
cm2
transformacion As traccion
nAs =
229.49
cm2
d=
45.9
cm
d' =
4
cm
Linea neutra
(b/2) X2 + nA's (x - d') = nAs (d - x)
12.5
302.9
-10827.32
x
valor
19.7107
-0.00019
inercias parciales
I1 = b X3/12 + b X (X/2)^2
=
63815.71
cm4
I2 = 0 + nA's (X - d')^2
=
18126.18
cm4
I3 = 0 + nAs (d - X)^2
=
157401.65
cm4
Icr = I1 + I2 + I3
=
239343.54
cm4
0.0023934 m4

Ma
Ie izq

=
=

25420
0.00239

Kg-m
m4

260416.67
329403.92
10.30
9.82
8.8544
86.95
91.24
45.9
4

cm4
kg-cm
cm2
cm2

APOYO DERECHO
Ig =
Mcr =
As =
A's =
n=
nA's =
nAs =
d=
d' =

transformacion As compresion
transformacion As traccion

0.0026042 m4
3294.04 Kg-m
acero dispuesto (no a compresion)

cm2
cm2
cm
cm

Linea neutra
(b/2) X2 + nA's (x - d') = nAs (d - x)
12.5
178.2
-4535.69
x
valor
13.211
0.00041
inercias parciales
I1 = b X3/12 + b X (X/2)^2
I2 = 0 + nA's (X - d')^2
I3 = 0 + nAs (d - X)^2
Icr = I1 + I2 + I3
Ma
Ie der
LONGITUDES DE INFLUENCIA
del modelo del SAP2000
L izq =
L centro =
L der =

1.47 m
5.62 m
0.91 m

=
=
=
=
=
=

19214.35
7377.06
97495.83
124087.24
10920
0.00128

cm4
cm4
cm4
cm4
Kg-m
m4

Ie izq =
Ie centro =
Ie der =

0.00239
0.00188
0.00128

m4
m4
m4

Ie =

0.00191

m4

0.0012409 m4

X=
E=

3.7949
2371708.25

m
Kg/m2

## Reemplazando en la ecuacion de la flecha

E Ie y = 0,2083 X4 - 3,08 X3 + 7,18 X2 +33,03 X
f ip = Y max =
Sin embargo, la flecha maxima no es fip, sino:

0.0229

ft = fiq + fdg
fiq = fip - fig

## Calculo de la flecha instantanea por carga permanente fig

Inercia de fisuramiento
Ig =
Mcr =

260416.67
329403.92

cm4
kg-cm

Ma izq =
Ma centro =
Ma der =

14850.7
6434.8
4976.9

Kg-m
Kg-m
Kg-m

Icr izq =
Icr centro =
Icr der =

239343.54
188139.24
124087.24

cm4
cm4
cm4

Ie izq =
Ie centro =
Ie der =

0.00240
0.00198
0.00164

m4
m4
m4

Ie =

0.00205

m4

0.0026042 m4
3294.04 Kg-m

## del modelo del SAP2000

Datos ya obtenidos

## Ponderacion de las inercias

del modelo del SAP2000
L izq = 2.05 m
L centro = 5.09 m
L der = 0.86 m

0.0023934 m4
0.0018814 m4
0.0012409 m4

E I d2y/dx2 = -M
E I y = 0,0833 X4 - 1,1283 X3 + 2,485 X2 + 9,6816 X
X

Val
3.7949

28.141

f ig =

0.0058

fiq =

0.0171

fdg = d fig
d = e/(1+50r')
e=

cm

r = A's/bd

LIMITES

A's =
b=
d=
r=
d=

4.02 cm2
25 cm
45.9 cm
0.003504
1.70181

fdg =

0.0099

ft =

0.0269

## muros delgados y/o fragiles. Tambien para evitar vibraciones

La viga soporta carga de muros
La viga no soporta carga de muros (la flecha de comparacion es fip)

de tabla

16.0 mm
20.0 mm
26.7 mm

ft = 26.9
ft = 26.9
fip = 22.88

NO OK
NO OK
OK

As traccion

As compresion
f
mm

20
16
16
20

f
mm

2
2

16
20

16

AsTrac(disp) AsComp(disp)
f
mm
[cm2]
[cm2]

16

4.02
19.64
25.92
10.30
10.30
19.24

0.00
4.02
8.29
0.00
0.00
4.02

BLOQUE NIVEL

fck
fyk
p

0.003043

VIGA

Vano

250
4600

Yc
Ys
Yf
M

1.4
1.1
1.5

[T-cm] [cm]
A
408 25
B izq
2290 25
B der
2980 25
C
1107 25
AB
1036 25
BC
1794 25

AS min

AS simple

[cm]
50
80
80
80
50
50

[cm]
45.9
75.9
75.9
75.9
45.9
45.9

[cm2]

[cm2]

3.80
6.09
6.09
6.09
3.80
3.80

3.36
11.90
15.99
5.51
9.12
18.03

## Se realizara el control de la flecha del tramo BC

FLECHA INSTANTANEA
E I d2y/dx2 = -M
E I y = 0,2083 X4 - 3,08 X3 + 7,18 X2 + 33,03 X

x
Xmax =

Val
3.7949

E = 15000*fck^0,5 =

-0.00002

237171 kg/cm2

I e = Ig = b h3/12 =

260417 cm4
X

Val
3.7949

103.621

f ip = Y max =

0.0168

Momento critico

Mcr = Fct * Ig / yt
Fct = 2 * fck^,5
Fct =
yt =
Mcr =
Es =
n=
A's =
nA's =
nAs =
d=
d' =

Inercia critica

transformacion As compresion
transformacion As traccion

31.62
25
329403.92
2100000
8.8544
1.57
13.90
173.86
45.9
3

Linea neutra
(b/2) X2 + nA's (x - d') = nAs (d - x)
12.5

187.8

-8021.68
x

valor
18.912

-0.00081

inercias parciales
I1 = b X3/12 + b X (X/2)^2
I2 = 0 + nA's (X - d')^2
I3 = 0 + nAs (d - X)^2

=
=
=

56368.10
3519.73
126627.87

Icr = I1 + I2 + I3

186515.69

Ma

17940

Ie centro
=
0.00187
Reemplazando en la ecuacion de la flecha
E Ie y = 0,2083 X4 - 3,08 X3 + 7,18 X2 +33,03 X
f ip = Y max =

0.0234

PARA UN CALCULO MAS EXACTO SE INTRODUCEN LOS EFECTOS DE LA FISURACION DE LAS SECCIONES DE APOYO
Se ponderaran las inercias de los apoyos y del medio
APOYO IZQUIERDO
Ig =
1066666.67
Mcr =
329403.92
As =
16.10
A's =
9.82
n=
8.8544
transformacion As compresion
nA's =
86.95
transformacion As traccion
nAs =
142.56
d=
45.9

d' =

Linea neutra
(b/2) X2 + nA's (x - d') = nAs (d - x)
12.5
229.5
-6891.38
x
valor
16.0305
0.00000
inercias parciales
I1 = b X3/12 + b X (X/2)^2
I2 = 0 + nA's (X - d')^2
I3 = 0 + nAs (d - X)^2
Icr = I1 + I2 + I3
Ma
Ie izq

=
=
=
=
=
=

34328.73
12584.47
127191.91
174105.11
29800
0.00175

Ig =
Mcr =
As =
A's =
n=
nA's =
nAs =
d=
d' =

1066666.67
329403.92
6.28
9.82
8.8544
86.95
55.63
45.9
4

APOYO DERECHO

transformacion As compresion
transformacion As traccion

Linea neutra
(b/2) X2 + nA's (x - d') = nAs (d - x)
12.5
142.6
-2901.39
x
valor
10.5644
0.00000
inercias parciales
I1 = b X3/12 + b X (X/2)^2
I2 = 0 + nA's (X - d')^2
I3 = 0 + nAs (d - X)^2
Icr = I1 + I2 + I3
Ma
Ie der
LONGITUDES DE INFLUENCIA
del modelo del SAP2000
L izq =
L centro =
L der =

1.72 m
5.32 m
0.96 m

=
=
=
=
=
=

9825.46
3746.79
69464.67
83036.91
11070
0.00109

Ie izq =
Ie centro =
Ie der =

0.00175
0.00187
0.00109

Ie =

0.00175

X=
E=

3.7949
2371708.25

## Reemplazando en la ecuacion de la flecha

E Ie y = 0,2083 X4 - 3,08 X3 + 7,18 X2 +33,03 X

f ip = Y max =
Sin embargo, la flecha maxima no es fip, sino:

0.0250

ft = fiq + fdg
fiq = fip - fig

## Calculo de la flecha instantanea por carga permanente fig

Inercia de fisuramiento
Ig cartela =
Ig centro =
Mcr =

1066666.67
260416.67
329403.92

Ma izq =
Ma centro =
Ma der =

13622
6622
5528

Icr izq =
Icr centro =
Icr der =

174105.11
186515.69
83036.91

Ie izq =
Ie centro =
Ie der =

0.00187
0.00196
0.00291

Ie =

0.00204

## del modelo del SAP2000

Datos ya obtenidos

## Ponderacion de las inercias

del modelo del SAP2000
L izq = 2.05 m
L centro = 5.09 m
L der = 0.86 m

E I d2y/dx2 = -M
E I y = 0,0833 X4 - 1,1283 X3 + 2,485 X2 + 9,6816 X
X

Val
3.7949

28.141

f ig =

0.0058

fiq =

0.0191
fdg = d fig
d = e/(1+50r')

e=

A's =
b=
d=
r=

2
r = A's/bd
1.57
25
45.9
0.001368

LIMITES

d=

1.87194

fdg =

0.0109

ft =

0.0300

## muros delgados y/o fragiles. Tambien para evitar vibraciones

La viga soporta carga de muros
La viga no soporta carga de muros (la flecha de comparacion es fip)
16.0 mm
20.0 mm
26.7 mm

ft =
30
ft =
30
fip = 24.95

NO OK
NO OK
OK

As traccion
AS traccion

AS compresion

AS asumido

[cm2]

[cm2]

[cm2]
3.80
11.90
15.99
6.09
9.12
18.03

2371708 T/m2
0.0026 m4

CENTRO

f
mm

N
2
4
2
2
3
4

16
20
25
20
20
25

As compresion
f
mm

20

f
mm

AsTrac(disp) AsComp(disp)
f
mm
[cm2]
[cm2]
4.02
12.57
16.10
6.28
9.42
19.64

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

kg/cm2
cm
kg-cm =
kg/cm2
cm2

3294.04

Kg-m

cm
cm

cm4
cm4
cm4
cm4

0.0018652 m4

Kg-m
m4

## SURACION DE LAS SECCIONES DE APOYO

cm4
kg-cm
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm

0.0106667 m4
3294.04 Kg-m

CARTELA IZQUIERDA

Son las barras del acero As positivo que se extienden hasta el apoyo izquierdo

cm

cm4
cm4
cm4
cm4
Kg-m
m4

cm4
kg-cm
cm2
cm2

0.0017411 m4

0.0106667 m4
3294.04 Kg-m

Son las barras del acero As positivo que se extienden hasta el apoyo derecho

cm2
cm2
cm
cm

cm4
cm4
cm4
cm4
Kg-m
m4

m4
m4
m4
m4
m
Kg/m2

CARTELA DRECHA

0.0008304 m4

cm4
cm4
kg-cm

0.0106667 m4
0.0026042 m4
3294.04 Kg-m

Kg-m
Kg-m
Kg-m
cm4
cm4
cm4

0.0017411 m4
0.0018652 m4
0.0008304 m4

m4
m4
m4
m4

m
m

cm

de tabla

cm2
cm
cm

m
m