BASTIEN

PIANo

BASICS

PRIMER LEVEL

Dear teachers and parents:
BASTIENPIANO BASICSis an exciting and comprehensive series for piano study designed to get the young student off to the right start. The learning sequence is carefully graded to assure steady progress in all areas. Theory, Primer is coordinated page-by-page with Piano, Primer and Performance, Primer. The three books should be used simultaneously for thorough reinforcement of each concept. The suggested sequence among the books is listed in the Contents. Theory contains written work and some short pieces to reinforce each concept introduced. Students will have a better understanding of the music they are playing-and will learn it more easily-when theory is integrated as a regular part of the learning process. We offer you our best wishes for achievement and success. Neil A. Kjos Music Company James Bastien Jane Smisor Bastien

BAS'!'I EN PIANO BASICS

PRIMER LEVEL
BY JAMES BASTIEN

Contents
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2 3 4 5 6 7
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~e(> 'it1J(>e'iJ1J1(> __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 2 __ 4 __ __ 5 __ __ __ __ __ __ 6

__ The Piano Keyboard ........... ___ Low and High ................. __ Rhythm in Music .............. __ Stems on Notes . . . . ~. . . . . . . . . . ___ Bar Lines ..................... __ The Music Alphabet ........... __ White Key Names ............. .__ Space Flight Game ............. __ C Position .................... __ ~Time Signature .............. __ ~Time Signature .............. .__ ~ Time Signature ............... ____Review Quiz .................. __ The Staff ..................... __ Clef Signs .................... __ How Notes Move on the Staff .... __ The Grand Staff ............... ____ C Position ....................

6 7
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2 4

14 15 16 18 20 22 24 25 26 30

10
11

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

8 9 10

12

/).o~~ ~e(> lJoo~ "I'itlj, 'iJ o e 1J1o Dynamics ..................... 21 31 13 7 Measuring Intervals: 2nds ....... 22 32 14 8 Measuring Intervals: 3rds ........ 23 33 15 9 The Slur and the Tie ............ 24 34 16 10 Note-Spelling Game .. , ......... 25 Measuring Intervals: 4ths ........ 26 36 18 12 Measuring Intervals: 5ths ........ 27 38 19 13 Melodic and Harmonic Intervals 28 39 14 Rest Signs ..................... 29 40 20 15 The C Chord ................... 30 41 22 16 Middle C Position .............. 32 44 24 18 Two Eighth Notes .............. 33 46 26 19 Sharp Sign ..................... 34 48 27 20 G Position ..................... 36 52 28 22 Staccato Notes ................. 37 56 24 Flat Sign ........... , .......... 38 58 30 26 Matching Games ............... 40 62 32 30

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"To reinforce the feeling of achievement,

the teacher or student

may put a j when the page has been completed.

©1985 Kjos West, 4382 Jutland

ISBN 0-8497-5270-1 Drive, San Diego, California 92117.International

copyright

secured. All rights

reserved. Printed in U.SA

2

The Piano Keyboard
The keyboard has white and black keys. The black keys are sets of2's and3's.

°0

2. Draw a circle around each set of 3 black keys.

3. Fill in all the sets of 2 black keys.

4. Fill in all the sets of 3 black keys.

L..

r-

.__

r-

L-

......

L.....

"-r

r-

L-

roo

L.....

"-

r-

.....

,.....

WP205 Use with pa_f!.e 6 of Piano, Primer Level.

Make up some pieces using sets of black keys. high keys are usually played with the Right Hand. WP205 . Primer Level. Play the sets of 3 black keys down the keyboard with your L. 6.Start at the middle of the keyboard. Start at the middle of the keyboard.Start at the middle of the keyboard.H. On the keyboard. a cat high in a tree. b. Play the sets of 2 black keys up the keyboard with your R. low keys are usually played with the Left Hand.H. a.H. Start at the middle of the keyboard.3 Low and High ----Down-- --Up--- 5. 7. b. Play the sets of 3 black keys up the keyboard with your R. Make up a piece using the sets of 2 black keys. b. Your pieces could be about growling lions. Play the sets of 2 black keys down the keyboard with your L.H. a. or whatever you like. Make up a piece using the sets of 3 black keys. a. Use with page 7 afPiano. On the keyboard.

•. "... ·#··i·:\. IJ the it moon light climb the up high.. Write finger numbers under notes (R. i "..» . ·•·• half note '. . . 10.4 Rhythm in Music Different kinds of notes are used to make rhythm in music. 9. •!... Watch See L. '...:... Clap and count this rhythm.. ~.. ..H..)for your melody. .. Count: half note d ·:...-"... ·· .U. Quarter note I--stem _ -.. ..U...:7..Note head 8. • '... The Moon R. or .. Primer Level. o .. • . while others are held for a longer time. Clap and count this rhythm. ·.. ..."':-. . Ualfnote Count: quar-ter quar-ter quar-ter quar-ter · · ... sky I whole i i i i i II WP205 Use with a es 8·13 of Piano.. . .. ··.'•• '. Draw three quarter notes.... Use any three black keys and make up a melody for this song. .. Some notes are short.H. / _:'_ half note half note ··..)or over notes (L. Draw three half notes.

. Primer Level. and down stems go on the left side. Up stem Down stem 11. o ouarter Use with pages 8-13 of Piano. . Whole note o 13.5 Stems on Notes A stem may go up or down on a note.. o Count: whole note hold it whole note hold it whole note hold it whole note hold it 14.. . WP205 . Clap and count this rhythm. Draw down stems on these notes. Draw up stems on these notes. . 12. Draw three whole notes. r .. . Up stems go on the right side.. Write the names of these notes.... .

Once 2. she tail. Repeat the music from the beginning. She a had I fluff .H. Primer Level.J . double bar line with repeat sign .J J . 15. 4 4 4 8 loud.gin to roll .J . Draw bar lines to separate these notes into measures. The end of a piece has a double bar line. and 2 3 4 3 was we the best cat all called her 2 3 4 8 ev Sas purr! me! 0 4 ere sy. J . 16.U.--. she would be . Draw bar lines in this piece.H~ r-R.ing 'round with play with. When I called her She was lots of L. Play this piece. 4 8 I i I I I i Ir II I 8 4 2 bar line bar line bar line r 3 WP205 Use with pages 8-13 of Piano. Bar line Bar line Double bar line II Measure Measure The repeat sign : is shown by two dots before a double bar line.J .6 Bar Lines Bar lines divide music into measures. bar line bar line bar line double bar line II o r-L. My Spotted Cat R.U. Clap and count this rhythm.ted fur and name out fun to 2 8 cat.J J .yhad 2 2 3 4 3 spot .J J J JJJ 2 bar line bar line bar line bar line 1. Use a double bar line at the end. Draw a double bar line at the end and put two dots before it.

Write the music alphabet backward. you go down the keyboard to the left. WP205 . Use with page 14 ojPiano. How many letters are there in the music alphabet? 18. Play it. _ 19. Write the music alphabet forward. When you play and say the music A alphabet forward. you go up the keyboard to the right. Write the music alphabet forward two times on this keyboard. ______ JL 20. A 21. Play it.7 The Music Alphabet BC 17. Play it. Play it. When you play and say the music alphabet backward. Primer Level. Write the music alphabet backward two times on this keyboard.

Write an A on all the A's on this keyboard. Primer Level. B is to the right of the 3 black key set. Write a C on all the C's on this keyboard.8 White Key Names A is between the 2nd and 3rd keys in the 3 black key set. 23. . Write a B on all the B's on this keyboard. 22. . WP205 Use with page 15 of Piano . Play all the B's on your piano. Play all the C's on your piano. C is to the left of the 2 black key set . Play all the A's on your piano.24.

28. Write an F on all the F's on this keyboard. 26. WP205 . Play all the F's on your piano. G is between the 1st and 2nd keys in the 3 black key set. Write an E on all the E's on this keyboard. E is to the right of the 2 black key set. Play all the D's on your piano. 25. Write a G on all the G's on this keyboard. Play all the G's on your piano. 27. F is to the left of the 3 black key set. Play all the E's on your piano. Use with page 15 ojPiano. Primer Level.9 D is in the middle of the 2 black key set. Write a D on all the D's on this keyboard.

Mission Complete! WP205 Use with page 15 of Piano. Their ship's name is ACE. . Primer Level. Each creature has weird arms and feet and a wild expression on its FACE. He and his crew travel far into outer space.10 Space Flight Game In this game} write the word that has all capital letters on the keyboard. This is Star Ship Commander Fletcher. Once fed}the creatures are brought aboard the Star Ship Ace for the long trip back to Earth. But Commander Fletcher understands that their yelling means they want to be FED. For outstanding work} Commander Fletcher and his men are all given a special medal which they wear like a BADGE. Commander Fletcher's mission is to find the alien creatures who are on a distant planet and locked in a CAGE.

Ide Soon they'll dis .U. Play and name these letters backward. _______ L. they are dim. Draw a double bar line at the end with a repeat sign. When we wake be How they twin . WP205 .U. Write the alphabet letters in the C position.U. 31. Stars at Night ROHoJ 1 eJJ~ 5~J iJJ 2 3 3 3 bar lin:J bar line bar line 2 J ~~ 5 3 bar line 1. Primer Level. 1 what a sight.ap 5 stars at night.H. mer . Play this piece.11 CPosition 1 1 R.Iy. See the wink . 29. fore the dawn. starting with G.ing 2.most gone! me! night! they'll come back next LOHo rrr I' bar line rrr rrrr. pear from sight. how bright! al . _ R. ______ R. _ 30. Draw bar lines in this piece. down on you and oh. L. bar line 0 bar line double bar line with repeat sign Use with oezes 16-17 of Piano.U. Play and name these letters.ri . Write the letters backward.

32. Primer Level. Clap and count this rhythm aloud. The bottom number tells what kind of a note gets one beat. Make up a melody for this song in the C position. tock. Grandfather Clock R. The top number tells how many beats are in each measure.)for your melody.u.ter quar.H.4 2 J J IJ J IJ In It IJ a our keeps hall we and have clock." time goes "tick L. 2 4 J J IJ J IJ IJ :11 34. 2 4 Count: or: J 1 J IJ 2 1 IJ 2 J IJ :11 quar. 2 means two beats in each measure. Clap and count this rhythm aloud.12 Time Signatures The time signature is the two numbers written at the beginning of a piece. Write finger numbers under notes (R.)or over notes (L. . i i Ii i Ii i Ii WP205 Use with pages 18-19 of Piano.ter half note (continue counting) (continue counting) 33.U. Write the counts under these notes. 4 means the quarter note gets one beat.H.

U. Clap and count this rhythm aloud.13 3 means three beats in each measure. 1 2 3 IJ J IJ :11 Count: 1 (continue counting) (continue counting) quar-ter quar-ter half note dot 36.)for your melody.H. dream I'll Ca - i I I II i I II II Use with pages 20-21 ajPiano. WP205 . Write the counts under these notes. my new skates with star in their the shin Ice y blades.H. Clap and count this rhythm aloud. gets three beats. • 11 o My New Ice Skates J IJ R.U. 4 means the quarter note gets one beat. 3 4 J or: quar-ter J 2 J 3 J. Make up a melody for this song in the C position. The dotted half note j. Write finger numbers under notes (R. 3 4 J IJ :11 37. Primer Level. In I L. pades. 35.)or over notes (L.

Clap and count this rhythm aloud. G. 38. 40.mus.po Is L. Primer Level. 4 means the quarter note gets one beat.pot .U. :11 Q".iog thiokhe's straight at us! swell! he smil..iog? 1 can't tell. . Write the counts under these notes. Q:. I he is look . Gee. The Mysterious Hippopotamus 3 1 There's the hip . o 5 I WP205 . :11 Count: 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 (continue counting) or: half note halfnote whole note hold it (continue counting) 39.. 4 j.14 4 means four beats in each measure.a . Clap and count this rhythm aloud. Play this piece in the C position. Count aloud. The whole note 0 gets four beats. I rFr rrr rrrri I 5 Use with pages 22-24 of Piano.

Fill in the sets of 3 black keys.. Write the music alphabet.. Fill in the sets of 2 black keys. --~ - - --- -. 48. Primer Level. Add a double bar line with a repeat sign at the end of each line. 46.- I"'" . Write the names of these notes. Write the counts below the notes. Draw up stems on these notes.._ r-- I- r- '- 42. r- .. I- r- l..... ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 J - ~ J.r- ..- J - J 0 Use with pages 22-24 of Piano. I- r- l- I"'" l- I- . .. 45. o Draw down stems on these notes.._ I"'" I- 43. o J... Write the alphabet letters in the C position.. ~~JJ 4 4 JJj 3 4 J J J J. L.. • • o o • 44.... Write the names of these white keys... WP205 --- --- ...r- r-- .- L.15 ReviewQuiz 41. Divide these rhythms into measures with bar lines. 47.. r- I..

. ------ 1 Number the spaces from the bottom to the top. o o I' I' o " o o II 52. Draw line and space notes on the staff above the letters. Primer Level.. . Use whole notes.16 The Staff The staff has lines and spaces. . II 49. 1 51. How many lines does the staff have? How many spaces does the staffhave? 50. Line notes Space notes II o oo oo . L WP205 S L S S L L S L Use with page 25 ajPiano. Number the lines from the bottom to the top. Notes are written on lines or in spaces. Write L for the line notes and S for the space notes.

17 Clef Signs A clef sign is used at the beginning of each staff.. Primer Level. Treble clef orGclef 2nd line 53. Trace what is shown. Trace what is shown. then draw your own bass clefs.. WP205 . @-I D Bass clef orFclef 4th line 54. Use with page 25 of Piano. «( II • . then draw your own treble clefs.

.Write step._. F IF r Ir F IFF 10 F IF J 9: J F 10 0 IF 0 IF WP205 Use with pages 26-29 of Piano. skip. or repeat. I.J1 . Primer Level.J J II ..18 How Notes Move on the Staff Step 4JJIt. Skip CPosition (R.) 4JJ I~J I ~ Repeat 4J J 14) I 4 ~J J 55. Write how these notes move on the staff..) r r· r 9:~j IJ j J I 56. (L.Write step. skip.H. J IJ J IJ J IJ J IJ J 4 J J IJ J I.H. Notes below the middle line have up stems. Write how these notes move on the staff. Play and name these notes. r IF r . or repeat. Play and name these notes. I J J I J J IJ J II CPosition Notes on or above the middle line have down stems.

Use a ruler to draw the bar lines. t .. •• . ~ . Trace these braces and bar lines to form grand staffs. ' . . v I"'- ~ +-Bae line tJ 1. ·. Draw braces and bar lines to form grand staffs.. ."' J V · · ·. £ . Primer Level. . r. . . Use with page 30 of Piano. f\ ~ ·.. .1 I t: . · \. •• _L ·.. · . WP205 . Brace fI ~ ~ .' l~ · · ... fI nil ·. 57.I • • 58.19 The Grand Staff The grand staff is formed by joining the treble staff and bass staffwith a brace and bar line. . ' ·... Draw treble and bass clef signs. . " " .. · "V · •• ·. I . .' fI r.

U.. Draw the C position notes in the bass clef two times. . f'} R.. I . I I FG 59..... Play and name these notes.•• • . 5 ----rt-' I ~ i I -• .20 CPosition " \..-I I CDE F G Notes on or above the middle line have down stems.. Draw the C position notes in the treble clef two times... •• L. T . I ~ . Draw a treble and bass clef sign. .. ~ "tJ _I .. C D E F G C D E F G 60.- . Primer Level. Notes below the middle line have up stems. Draw a brace and bar line to form the grand staff... Draw a brace and bar line to form the grand staff.. . WP205 Use with pages 30-31 ojPiano. 3 I r ro. ~ rt r.. -.I c. Draw a treble and bass clef sign.JIll" I CDE I I I I I - . .. Play and name these notes. C D E F G C D E F G 61. .. Play them. .U.. Write the names of these notes.-..... .

. . Our School Band I ~ -'o. -- . Trace the first two fsigns.. f means loud.. _..J I t \ Hear s: . . •• L ... _.~. Trace the first two p signs...... ~ t. Its Italian name is piano.. t- pleas-ing 5 .. . the clar .~ - I .ing loud.. . then draw four more.. .. play . Read the words of this song.. J \ ..~ ... 1 boom.~ "- ~ J t......iI =Boom ---. . 1 .. 62. 64. p means soft. to the JIll"'" ear.. -. At the beginning of each line.. Primer Level. _.21 Dynamics Dynamics are loud and soft signs in music.. . 1L 1\ fl ~ Hear the drum-mer I· .. I I . write the dynamic sign that matches the words of that line.... Its Italian name is forte. . .' 63..' goes the sound so clear! - .... WP205 I Use with page 31 of Piano. Play this piece.i - net so soft. then draw four more .....~ -~~.

. _______.. ~: WP205 - . C D F B E o G 66.. Write an interval of a 2nd up from the given letters.. Ir.. Draw a note an interval of a 2nd from the given note. c. Use either hand. On the staff a 2nd is either line to space or space to line. Play these intervals on your piano... Play these intervals on Y0ul piano. . IF Ir . Draw the note above if the arrow is up} or below if the arrow is down. ~ IE Use with page 32 of Piano. Use either hand...22 Measuring Intervals 2nd The distance from one key to the next key is a 2nd. Play and name these notes... Write an interval of a 2nd down from the given letters. I ~ . Ir.. Primer Level. Upby2nds Down by 2nds 4 w 65. 0 G C F B E A 67.

Play these intervals on your piano. Ll Use with page 33 of Piano. or below if the arrow is down. Primer Level.23 3rd One skipped key is a 3rd. 70. Draw a note an interval of a 3rd from the given note. Write an interval of a 3rd up from the given letters. l__3rd__j On the staff a 3rd is either line to line or space to space. c G o A E B 69. Play and name these notes. Up by 3rds Down by 3rds 68. Use either hand. Draw the note above if the arrow is up. Use either hand. WP205 . Play these intervals on your piano. Write an interval of a 3rd down from the given letters.

IJ II II J IJ I II II J I 'I ~ :1: r IF" r· r· r· 0 WP205 Use with pages 34-35 of Piano. Draw a slur over these notes. Play these notes legato.-----.. Draw a slur under these notes. Write the interval names (znd. Write the total number counts for the tied notes on the lines below. J 2 counts notes. 3rd) on the lines below. Play the first note and hold it for the value of both notes.24 The Slur The slur is a curved line over or under two or more different notes that are to be played legato (smooth) connected). Primer Level. Draw a tie to these pairs of 4 -----. Play these notes legato. 71. . IJJJJIJJJ Jrd_ II The Tie The tie is a curvedline which connects notes that are on the same line or space. 72. Draw a slur under these notes.. 73. Play these notes legato.

Ihada o_ whose name was He always begged to be 9: After school I saw his and I knew he was ready to r A I'd throw the ball. My mom's _A oj I would light up} too} and when she saw the fun we had} she'd shout Ya-hoo! Use with pages 34-35 afPiano.25 Note-Spelling Game In this game} write the note names in capital letters on the lines below. WP205 . f):rrLrl and he'd watch by the of the house every day.and off he'd go like a streak in the sky! • My A loved to see us play. Primer Level. and his 4JJ J R A would fly.

II . 75. Play these intervals on your piano. 76. Write an interval of a 4th down from the given letters. ~ t 51 J IJ J I. Write the names of these intervals. Play and name these notes. Play these intervals on your piano. Use either hand. J I J J IiJ J I J J L.26 Measuring Intervals 4th Two skipped keys is a 4th. Write an interval of a 4th up from the given letters. IJ J IJ .\\:h WP205 Use with pages 36-37 ojPiano. Primer Level. 1~-4th--~1 On the staff a 4th is either line to space or space to line. Up a 4th Down a 4th 74.

78. Write the names of these intervals.---__ - 5th ----'I On the staff a 5th is either line to line or space to space. Write an interval of a 5th down from the given letters. Use either hand. Use with page 38 of Piano. 79. Primer Level. WP205 .27 5th Three skipped keys is a 5th. Use either hand. Play and name these notes. 1. Play these intervals on your piano. Down a 5th 77. Play these intervals on your piano. Write an interval of a 5th up from the given letters.

Write the names of these melodic intervals. Id I. Play them. ~: ~ ~ 2nd I ~ 3rd I - ~ 4th I ~ 5th II II 4~j 82.28 Melodic and Harmonic Intervals Melodic intervals are single notes played one at a time. Play them. ~ :eo 2nd I. like notes in a melody. 3rd -e4th II -e5th 0 80. )) p~ tJI(J Harmonic intervals are two notes played to make harmony in music. Play and name these intervals. Draw a half note after the one given to form a melodic interval. II WP205 Use with page 39 of Piano.. . Play them. 2nd 1£ IQ Ii I . Write the names of these harmonic intervals. 3rd IJ Id I] " II 5th 4th 83. Draw a whole note above the one given to form a harmonic interval. Primer Level. 81.

.. fl :"\. sr ~ ~'_V .. -.." 85. .. Draw quarter rests in this melody to complete the correct number of beats in each measure.. ~ ~ ~ 86. ~' v f) . fl Draw the half rests sitting on the 3rd line... ..... ._.. 84. f) ~ (J . "~ '-' fj tJ l/ Draw the whole rests hanging down from the 4th line.. Fill in the first two whole rests... .. -.. ~ .. \. --or whole measure... then draw four more.....1. ~.._ .. 88. Draw whole rests in this melody to complete the LI_ ~ ... ....... Half rest Rest 2 beats... _""...t... .... Draw half rests in this melody to complete the tJ . ....... WP205 Use with page 40 of Piano.Rest 4 beats. fl J correct number of beats in each measure. Primer Level.. . Whole rest t --. Fill in the first two half rests.. J.. 0* •• 89... .... LL . 87.1 tJ -6 _..29 Rest Signs Rest signs are used in music for silence.... . . then draw four more. Trace the first two quarter rests. then draw four more. ....... ~ --._ -- . --- .~ L J.. fl correct number of beats in each measure. -6 '--' . . .... . ) Quarter rest Rest 1beat.1.

Primer Level. -?-C JJJ Broken chords: notes played one at a time. •• L ': \.... 5 -- - . Draw these C chords and rests in the correct rhythm. Solid chords: notes played together..~ .. 5 3 1 "" tJ '-. _j. Play these broken chords.. . Circle the bottom note of each chord. Play them.H.-.c 'A f-p .. ~ " . JJJ I - II . .---. ~: l Ii 11& .30 The C Chord The C chord is formed from three of the keys in the C position: r-R.. Write the names of the chords on the lines below.. Play these chords..' tJ ."' I' J1 -9. 1 3 5 _ : • • I I - - - ~ ~ - • • .c... 92.. f): j II 90... c E G The bottom note names the chord.. fl J "U" .. WP205 I 3 1 Use with pages 41-43 of Piano.. fl :. I II ~: II 11& ! II 91.

':.". .. • .. ~. ~. and 5th... :::. I . r. •• ~. Play the solid chords softer than the broken chords in the music below! Count aloud while you play.. • • . ~J • ~ ~ "- ~ ~ "- "'-' < . -:.. ! 95.~ t. Root oGO o o o Measure the intervals from the bottom note to the middle note (Srdl. 93. • • ~ ~ - ~ ~ . • ~• »: I \ t. WP205 . ~ ~ ~.. ':.. ~ ~ "- ~.. 3rd.. . 5th)._ • r • ~ - ~..J " f-p ~J.. 3rd. -::J. • • r-. ft): II Root 3rd 5th 5): II 94. . .. then from the bottom note to the top note (5th).. ~ .I..J fl J 5 8 1 5 ! 8 ~.. Write the names of the intervals in these chords (root.0'. ~ 5 8 1 1 Ir ~ p 1 '- t. ----~ ~ "- V -.I. ~... .~ '" "- • ~. • • Use with pages 41-43 of Piano. e: • I ..31 The three notes in a chord are root. Primer Level... . ~5th ~3rd . ~ '" -s . • J •• ~ 5 ---. Play and count the rhythm for these C chords.s I "_..

_. 1 2 8 4 5 - 5 4 821 96.. I . Primer Level. Play and name these notes. \ r- -- ~ (l.. I II .- r- - --::J ~ fo""" r- - 6' fT WP205 Use with pages 44-45 of Piano.. c _~lJ D E F G •• \~------------------------------------~------------------------------~ F A B c G Note-Spelling Fun! 97. ~ ~ .J -6 ~ t~ '7 '" . .H.. Play and name these notes in the middle C position.32 Middle C Position To play in the middle C position} place both thumbs on middle C. R.. Draw quarter notes in the middle C position. Write the letter names of these notes to spell words."1'L.H.'0 IJ t. 6· _.

---- -. They are connected with a beam. ... .' "" tJ .......•• (") 6J 11 T - - 2 - J - ~ • be then slow. don't let's work hard and lilt . '-. our class •_. .. _.33 Two Eighth Notes Two eighth notes equal one quarter note. /" f P1.J 11 "T ..- • • I. Use either of the counting systems shown on this page. Clap and count the following rhythm.. ev -'ry day. here we go.. rr Eighth notes may be counted with numbers by saying "and" after the number. In to school...ry now. play! ~ II- • WP205 • Use with oeses 46-47 of Piano. • . 2 4 Count: 1and 2 and or: two eighths quar-ter n II 100. fl Happily 1 J 6. - Hur .. At School ~ . Beam nu LJ Beam 98. Add a beam to these pairs of notes to form two eighth notes. Play this music and count aloud. Primer Level. _. 24 n 111 til til 1 and 2 and r t:J I :11 1 and 2 and 99..... - <.. Off 2.

~... 101. "t··I·· The "square" in the middle of the sharp is placed on a line + or in a space. then draw four more First draw two lines down. ~ 11 I . Primer Level. Play and name these notes.~ II I I ~ '~---- _l ... '" P --• ~ ~ I I t'J ~ ~ "t'Ji - _". fl r ~ J " "'--tJ L ~ J I " . .. Draw a sharp before each note with a # sign over it. ~ ~ I"- ~ I WP205 Use with pages 48-51 of Piano. Play and name these notes. Next. . •• . ~ ......'" "-'..J tJ l...34 Sharp Sign The sharp sign before a note means to play the next key to the right. =#= 102.. draw two heavy lines across.~ 4~ 103.L. Trace the first two sharp signs. . . Draw a sharp before each note.

Write the names of these sharp keys.~ II G# (white key sharp) E# :1: I I I (also C#) (also F#) I The sharp sign lasts for the whole measure. 105. Draw a sharp before each note with a # sign over or under it. Play and name these notes. 106. Use with pages 48-51 of Piano. WP205 . . Draw these sharps on the staff. Play and name them. fJ .35 104.. Play them. Primer Level.

..- .. .r-"" - - 109.- ". .. --.......... .r-"" -. . Write the names of these melodic intervals. Write the names of these harmonic intervals....36 GPosition R..r-"" - T . I ~ .5 I Play and name these notes .. "" ~ < J. . -' I· ~ A n T . I· J \ - - - . Play them..- .H....- . -~ .... -- WP205 Use with pages 52-55 of Piano.. -.-- - - - . 'J A . •• •• ... v '" 1\ C D 4 tJ \ '" . ~ fl ~ ("l ..- - r-"" .. Primer Level. Play them.... ~ " . . ... G A B 107. - ---~ -... ... r~ ~ ~ < ~ fl .fl • . •• ~ G A B c D 108...- - I 1 I ......... Draw quarter notes in the G position...1 I I I I I L..H.

Staccato Notes Staccato notes have a dot over or under them.- - ~ -. Draw dots over or under these G chords. Play these staccato notes. A dot goes over the note if the stem is down. Draw dots over or under these notes..- - . .. WP205 .- I I p I· - - ~ ~ -!II""" -. Play these staccato notes.- ./' /' (J ~>/---~' 110. .r I. Play these staccato chords. A dot goes under the note if the stem is up.• 1 ~ f ../ .- 111. p Use with pages 56-57 of Piano. d I . Play staccato notes short and separated.-.. J \ ~ -• ./ / / / . . Primer Level./' / . Draw dots over or under these harmonic intervals. / / / /' " /" 37 JJ / / / / / ./' () . . I II I 1 I ( " t ~. • • 112. ....

.. P- ~ I 1 - -- \ I . ~... J fl .. 113. _-j. . Trace the first two flat signs) then draw four more.. P9 .-r WP205 Use with pages 58-61 of Piano.- ....~ ~ ~ "J fJ .I" r__. First draw a straight line down.. '-' -. Primer Level.. Play and name these notes. .. .38 Flat Sign The flat sign before a note means to play the next key to the left.'" -.. •• I "t... ..6it. I . J ~ It) I L. ~ -.. The "round" part of the flat is placed on aline or in a space. p I I . I I ... Draw a flat before each note with a ~sign over or under it.I" -~ 115. ~ \ ~.t. .. ~ -I"". . Play and name these notes.. .. - - ... .. ± 114. Draw a flat before each note.... N ext) draw a heavy curved line.J I ~ l~ Pi __ .

Use with pages 58-61 of Piano. Write the names of these flat keys. Draw these flats on the staff.""V tJ " h v f1: I D~ I I I (also A'-) The flat sign lasts for the whole measure.) 118. Primer Level.1. WP205 .39 116. Play them. Play and name them. Play and name these notes. (also (. Draw a flat before each note with a ~ sign over or under it. II . () ~ B~ I Jt . 117.

. 3. 5. 14. 3. 9. P *JJrrrl f WP205 Use with pages 62-63 of Piano...~ 6.H..H.J 15. • i • loud soft staccato notes 15.JJI f):frrrri G position (R. 9: ~ lo·le 11. 13. . ~ tie half rest slur whole rest Gchord 7. 4. n 0 J Game 2 half note quarter note two eighth notes whole note treble clef sign 4 beats to each measure bass clef sign 3 beats to each measure grand staff 2 beats to each measure repeat sign double bar bar lines 1. 8.40 Matching Games Write the number in front of the correct term. C position (R. 3rd 2nd 5th 4th ~ 2. 10. Primer Level. 2.. 6. 2: ~ -e- e I J t 3 4 9: -aII 5.. II :11 1: U ~ sharp sign C chord flat sign 12. ~ F?I I 12.J 16. 16.H. 13. 4.... . Gamel 1. quarter rest 2: (i11 . 11. middle C position (L. 9.J 14. 4 8. 2 7. # ~ *lU.