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1.

19

4
a
+
3
=

3 2 = 5

4
3
19

+
=
2x + y 1 x + 2 y 3 4

3
2
5

=
2 x + y 1 x + 2 y 3 2

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2.
:

a + = 5

= 1

6751x + 3249 y = 26751

3249 x + 6751y = 23249

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.

3a + 5 = 7
5 4 = 3

() :

() :

5
3
+
x 7 y + 3 = 7
3 x 3 + 5 y + 4 = 7

( 1 ) :
( 2 ) :
5 x 3 4 y + 4 = 3
5 4 = 3
x 7 y + 3

( 3 ) : { 3x + 5 y 7 + 5 x 4 y + 3 = 0

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4.
:

( 2 a + 3 11) x + 3a 2 + 3 = 0

, .

, , 1001
.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.

( 1) x ( + 1) y =

( + 1) x + y = 3 + 3

, ( x, y ) = ( 2,3)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6.

3 x + 5 y = 7

5x 4 y = 3

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7.

2x 1
3
2

5x + 1

1 x 1

3
2

0
x

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8.

y
x 1
2x = 1

2
3
2(1 + y ) + 3 = 3( x 2 ) + 2 y

( Crammer)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9. 22 :

D2 + Dx2 + Dy2 = 2D 6Dx + 4Dy 14

.
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10. )

( x 0 ,
:

2x + y = 4
() :
,
2

x
+
2
y
=

y 0 ) () ,

x0 + 2 y0 = 1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11.

2 x 3 y = 11
() :
x + 5y = 7 +
D , Dx

)
.

Dy

x, y

().

()

) = 2 ,
.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12.

x 12 y = 15
() :
2
x + y = 3
D , Dx

a)

Dy

x, y

().

) () ,
.
)

() :y = 167 x 1 .
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13. () x, y
, :

2 Dx + 3D y = D

4 Dx + 7 D y = 11D
() .
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14. () x, y :

D 2 + D x + 10 + 2D y 8 = 0 .
.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15. (x 2) + (x + 1) = 3 x , , (1)
x, y :

( )

D2 + Dx2 + Dy2 Dx + 4D = 2 + 2 10
)

(1) .

) , ) () .
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16.

= x 2 + 2 x + 3 y 2 :
.x = 2 y =4

.x = 2 y =1

.x = 2 y =

2
3

.
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