IELTS Writing by Mat Clark 1

'T'op'-iic '11; iG'ranhsl below p-r'ovide the Ilatest~-,,----!i -- --' -- --v.,-. ' ,.,--' ,--' '," ---'. '----,- - 'fig,"ure~ about 'th~ demlg--:ra(~hi:>:-f th ,- -- --- ',.

-& --,', o: p __s 0 -e c

'U'inilea'S'la:les, h1dUjding ;elhnJeaJ group.s and·the [POPU'I'Btion,·t)·ase·d on
I '

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I·'

'.

I.

I

cen,su:sc'that

I

waa;·,cflr·r~ed oulandadm'h'listered 'by IU·S, 'Censt.l.s'Blulreau iln 2006~ ..llg-:-'n~- -~"·,l S'U'· 'm:-Im' -a' -r:"1'8, t,h·e-- .11:'-nlfo--·r'm'~···'a,··t··· .... b'-"I,:"S-DI-aofl!lOt'"'I'n g','-:-' "~'n'd', .'·,·rD-p:-'D:-·rt-';i~n,~·,g~·-"I":h'-le':m---B-~III-'-n- ":e'-.........!III.lI·A~ -a-'n-·:'-"d-':·m'~'~a:-·Lr,U"_,_:_.--- ... ·a,',Ur~'D '_
1 .• ..'
_"" 1-.-_,-.",~,,~

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! .~,~ '_

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,..... '

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__ _:__ U

It

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I

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Wh~te
1H66;

Aslanand
P:ac1fii.o Ilsll,andelr 2.2.3 m iUii10n

:(2:0:0' Imil~~on )
2'00.6
I

1 tS,7.2 m UUon

B.5 mUUon

(300ImUlion)

201 million II 38.7 million

44.,7 rnllilon
IU' ,_"S<'. P-:::',·o'p.-.c " _ .c.,

14.3,lminion

'UI~*,'I,nn nr,iI"iIi,wt· ,,~."__ 'h-_.d'~l_V. __ ~!I Yo'

Decade: totals P,opula.6cm (mil ]I~o:n:s)

35

15

5
O~=~~~-'-~~--"-~~_'_~::i....-JI-....l:5::..:......1l~--=~~~~~

'1990~,lO

11~20 .. 2~..3,O

3,1..40

41..50

51..60'

61-70'

71..80

81-90

~n-l0110

The table, combined, with the bar chart, provides an overview of demographics, of the United States from the early mastcentury to thepresent,

It can be seen in 'the table that thetotal Uf population is now 300 r.niUion,1.5 times larger than 40
years ago, 2.00 million, Hispanics and Asian Americans
expanded much faster fhan other races,

According to the census, 44.7 million Americans are currently Hispanic, more than five times higher
than in I 966" while the Asian population is as large as .~.4JmfIHon" a ten-fold increase over' the 19 661
1

level. By comparison, although white Americans are still in 'the majority, accounting for two thirds of the current US populationcthe growth rate was lower than the general population. Afro~'Am:ericans~ who made 'up'the second largest ethnical group ill 1'966 with a population of 22.,3 million, dropped to
number three". behind whites and Hispanics ..Other ethnical groups take up the remaining 1.3 million.

In the first half of the 20tbcentury,.

the US population grew at different ra tes, ranging fro,':'_'_

million to 20 million a decade, the bar chart suggests. Itaccelerated

since 'the middle of the

I

sotceo n

'with adding at least 20 million to the overall population every ten years ..'The 19908 alone experienced a
growth of more than 30min~on.

To summarise, the US population continued to swell since the early last century and thegreatest
increases occurred to Hispanicsand Asian Americans
{rOI11.

1.966to 2006 ..

9~.. many victims were reported te-thepolice.len. thousand Americans committed violentcrime.5 offences per thousand Americans.000.I' comparl. levelling offbelow 0.5 offences respectively in 2000.umim. around 4.'Topllc 2:: The . while .arts.By about 198.olent crime ~Gvelsin the US Offenses 5 4". t11~6 totalvielent crime level declined gradually.__~~~~~.. 3.etheinfo:rmiati'on by le'l:ec:ling and 'rep'onin'g the m. Overall. the lowest ever recorded during fhe given period. bel.5 offences over the same period.over 3 offences). In 200Q.S and 0.5'- jn t~~)'UsandEi.llinachart.low shows seria. half the figure in 1980 (slig'hUy . both dropped slightly in the last five years and the figureswere 1. ._~~~-~-~~~~ t9iB 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1'992 1994 ] 996 1998 :2000 In fhe firstten years.As to crimes recorded by policeand arrests far 'violent crime.. (rver 1. recorded.. by the end of the cenmry.2 and 2. by police showed From 1"98:8onwards. crimes. .ious vi'o. there were fluctuations in the total crime level.8 to 2000 in the USii Ser.lent crim:es 'include :fap. the violent crime rate...e..s frrom 197. while half as. robbery_!! .eJltureSi and . S.___-l.mak.t erlme Ile\l'el. lower level between . but the overall trend was upbeat. as well aaviorimisations reported to police.5 ~ 3' 2 Crimes recorded by police I D.1 recordhigh.5 offences per I . SOl did victimisations reported to police.. reaching its highest in the year 1994.aggrs'V'sted assault and ho!m'i c'ide . .nt Se:nious Vi.although..8.aiin f. The arrest rate was the lowest. 3. steady increase..u$ v"i'Q. rose to it Victirnisations rose and fell at B . there was a trend toward lower violent crime levels..5 offences in a thous and .. crimes recorded and arrests fOJ: violentcrimev was not subject to strong fluctuations in the final twc decades of the last century... out of a.5- -0 I~----=--_----:.sons where releva.

[ssions.•. consumer and transportation experience the greatest increases.In contrast. While industry is responsible for the. W'Qlr'~dwld'e in. developing couctries are expected to.s8ii.nd mi2i.~.snt .se· Igasem:iss.ws eerben diio:xi.gl. future data concerningworldwide carbon dioxide. '2010'2 anld ·the fiONeast for 203.o. triple the amount in 2002 . the third largest producer.ohartsho.ie~.~ 9% down 'Over the same period.:lsons wlhe:re r'elev. To summarise.ho.T'olpiiD 3: Th.n biysei~ecli~n!g and repcn1i.s __ s. OECD' countries are projected to make up a lower proportion. which is projected to more than double its billion or more tons.n'QI th'e . b:y sector I • 2'00(2' Illi 20.By comparison. 'Iransportaricu." 'waste combustion. he col umn .s' p.0~..ss. 2002 • DEeD Transition economies 1m Developin.. Countries 'with transition eccnomies are estimated 10 take up the remaining 9% in 2030.m:ldn 'f~~·tur. developing countries will overtake DECO countries to become the major carbon dioxideemission producer by 203n. and other sectors make up amuch tower proportion.io'ln.Sumlma. .n. each producing an estimated 1 billion carbon dioxide. account flora bigger share of emissions in 2030~ 48%~ compared to 38% in 200Q.de . emission.8:p.w greenlho1u. Next comes the consumer sector..8 UJJ3 major producer of 'carbon dioxide" rising to more than 1'0 billion tons in 20]0.K.30 'I t Waste combustion Transportation I 'B HUon tons 0 6 lO 12 The graphs give past and. eountri es Watrll. As can be seen in the two pie charts.S co'mpar. highest amount of carbon dioxide emissions. 1% less than in 2002 . will see a hugegrowth to 6 billion.em.. The bar chart reveals that carbon dioxide emissions will expand to varying degrees in different sectors by 2030. Industry will continue to be emissions from less than 4 billion to .rii:se the inllQ'rmatio..r.s..h.8Ir'QUn d theworld" T .dwiide Cc!ubon Dicl)dde Etm... ·43%.e.

.s. respectively . Kuwait and United Arab follow behmd~.26) Dollars per barrel 70 so 40 30 I"~ 2:0 1....k. the cClunlr:ie..bout worlldwii'deene~gy c:on. 2000~ oil cost a mere 3. combined. . the price had surged markedly and finally hit a peak of 60 dollars in about 2006" -Sinee In"€in~ the oil price is 'expected to drop for 'three years or longer. Four Mid-east countries. Saudi Arabia and Canada are the t\VO countries with the largest oil reserv.. / r>«: _'__-" ....e~. 'wher. and .rabla n .2'%. As suggested above. From 2003 onwards. I! cam pa!fisonl:s.0 fthe givenperiod.D'U prhJe$ from 2000 to 2. pr. .fU]Counnn. 2005 . . oil is very likely to remain as all important energy source.6%" and .0'215 w ..'s iith.....c:4:: The.sand ma. I :0 .20.i. give an overview of some aspects of the energy market.taking up 28%. down to 48 dollars in 20 level throughout the rest . Energy cOlnsiumpti:on by type (2DI[)!5.Iran. In the two decades to come. .sumlptlo1n.ar 60/0 . Russia and the United States.arlae the lrrtormatlen by selee'lIng and re'portiing the main f.e'vide i.. According to the firstpie chart. 2000 Thetwo pie charts. each having 8 1:0 10% of the global reserves . Iraq..) H:ydra~9Iec:tric 6 % Nucle.Venezuela. Nuclear power and hydro-electricity evenly contributed to the remaining 12%.QII res~rves and tile world' .n II A.3 dollars per barrel.n'for'matlon a. 'grs'phs.S-=:ro'LIId. with 1110rethan half theglobal 011 reserves being located in Mid. . are on the: list as weU. - -.. the consumption of oil was thehighest in 2005.T'op'i:. J n.23'% separately. Sum'm.es-20% versus 14°AJ.:Jj Canada 14. .e lrelevant. the oil price. followed by coal and natura] gas..har.but account for a smaller .g: for 37'~o of the 'energy consumed worldwide.. with the nne chart. In. .0 I -.. is unlikely 1~(): return to its low levels: in the earlliy..200108. ~u-ro I!OUII.. 5CXb The line chart shows a wide variation in the world oil 'prices in the first decade of'the 21 st century. WOlrld Oil Prices (2000-. .east countries. or even less in the following three years.eatu:re..0/0 Unlted Arab a~/o.

century. doubling tile: figure fifty years earlier. the population was flat at . n lnbillloas World P'opul!atlon (19.----.n'l I.3 billion. ..50 1960 _--_-. it slowed remarkably.. ==--------===--------------------------1 ]1-----1.he !estiim'stes . and by 2005. This.50" when the growth rate is.least 9 billion.rlld popull:atianfro'm the US Census B'ureaul Sumlm!arise tlhe 'inflorma.-.1950 to I I '960.l. although the rate at which the population growswill decline.th~ first 10 yeal·sfi'o:rII.ion by sel~ectlng and re'porting the main features and Imake CIQm~p.a.5 21----- ___ a_.5·0~2050) lO~~~~~~--~--------~---===~~~~~~~~--~---' 91------------------------~---~-. In .~--~=-=-~-~~-~-~3 .-~~ Sl~~~---~.. n _. ic i.s.o'w pr.9.where Irele'V8!nt.ising to 4 bUUQn in 197Uand remaining constant a:t that level til11980. averaged out at around I.--. to. 2050) 2. before r. the growth accelerated. Growth first fluctuated dramatically and then surged to 2'% in 19'10" a l OO-year high .: T'he d'i:agra:ms: b'e.5'%~ In summary" population growth tends. growth of world population. pattern is projected to persist by 20. there was a wide range in. the world.I I The two charts presentan overall Vi~N (if how world population did and will change over the period.nd p'f.--.l.riisons. 7~------~-------------------~----~~------------------~ 6--~~--------~~----------~-1 511~----------~-~~------------------1 ~I--------~-. 205. adding another z billion withintwenty years.Fr01l1 then on. ._---_---:~'970 i980 o~--~----~--~--~~--~----~--~----~--~----~--~ 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2Q50 Growth rite (percent) Wodrl PopulafonG rowth Rate (1t950·.0" . 1. 1 11~1-------------------------------------~~---------------1 .. Since then. In .. By the middle of this. population growth rate in the second half of the last century. he as low as 0.= . continue throughout much of the first half ot the 21 st century. The first chart shows the sustained.-..--~------~--~--~----~ ____.sestimated tha~ the planet will home a population of at. As shown in the second chart.ssl.. .ojec:liion's ol'WQ. 2000'" the population topped 6 billion. Uke]y to. 250/0.950 '£0.T10lpic 5..

----~~-~~~-----~---~ BOO I IL=-----~~~-~ 2. 300!---ilf.tilon in Br~taj:nwit'h IPlroje~tiion. 15 (i.ling .Bited) Number ·ofpeop~e aged 16+ (h~Jl1jl1ion~) 8 iO 1--------- 51-~~~---f 31---21--11--- Obese children in the U'K (. }! 4001--~. :Su'm:m:ar1is1e the inlolr'mati'on by sel:ec.e r.I.estim:ia1ed) Number orcbi~dren.phs below ..Top'ic 6:: 'The' gra.B.ntholt1::~ands) 700 ~--~~~ 6{JO~-~ 500i1 -~~ .':..~ 20.s!.tu.fHeaJthabaut thecl¥'BiMieight p.ed Q'url by the Department o. ~ I Obese: 'peopI1e.ea.o:rt:i:nlg tihle· maln ".:"'" Boys .summarise ther'eisu Its of .opull.sHm...ons wher..:.0 I---------'-i}: lOO'I-~~ O"b~~"""':::'..8 survey carri.nl1d: rep.elevanrt .r'es8'nd make comparhs.aged 100°1 9m):'".ln the UK (e.

'The children with at least on parent having a weight problem are ITIOre likely toobe obese than those with parents havinga healthy weight. In children.20~/o1---------- 10%1---- . boys than girls suffering obesity. obese ( 12. over 50~/{)higher than in 2003. The survey suggests that girls who are overweight greaterincrease during the period 2003-2010 to 1110re thSJ1 will see 8. 900 thousand.7 million to 6 million. 100 thousand more than boys [DOle who have the same problem.:50/0 1--- Both parents obese One parent obese Neither parent obese The first two graphs show a marked rise inobesity in Britain by 2010" The number of men who . have a weight problem is estimated to be as high as 0. from 4. five times as t110sn with parents having a healthy weight (5'~o). are obese are twice as likely t-o be obese as those in households where one parent is. Overall.690 thousand. UK's obese population will grow in size. children in households where both parents.. Whilemen are expected to outnumber women by 2010. over As shown in the third graph. it is another picture. 5%) and. - The increase in the women who have the same problem tends to be smaller.8 million in 2010. including both children and adults. there were 700 thousand versus about . .. although in 2003. girls will surpass boys . 'rising almost 30%.

di:agra'm:s: pr. SUimmarise the inlfcnimiatio. seen in San Francisco 'iF .'f!) S an Praneiseo Beijing The given tables offer !3! glimpse of the real estate market in five major cities around the world saw housing prices climb throughout the ten-year c over twoperiods.2% -6% 6% 2% . rr'ty .'I .-cession re __:.a.. San Francisco Beijing -. In.rOI 4% 2%1 0% j-.mp. $0/0 g... in subsequent period.' ected ar average 3. Ir. . '0:': fiiv'e eiti:es around:the wodd nom 1'990 .sOlm.. ..n a!l)out 'the housi... the first five years.g the mai'nlealures and lmakl! ICQ.ein'f:ormiJ.""""'. but still disappointing.ti.refl.:':1 in an reeession. in Hong Kong. and a 4% in Beijins~ years.to 2000. with a 3% gain...'e property market··t .av~:i:de.. .g .. . as against its.priice.' ".el.pan:SOD.. a 2% rise was recorded in San Francisco. and from 1995 to 200()..ain in the previous five years .. Og.. The decrease in the bousing price in Sydney was narrower. ottine ' B Y COln. 2 per cent only. ·t'b'·· •.f·' R'- .el t-o the housing prices in fi'VB: ctf!es (between 1990 and 1995) r==~~==~-~-----~~~~==~----~=='--------~__". was connnuousr . frOID 1990bO 1995....n. The housing price slipped 6.'TapiiC: 7': 'Tlh.% increase in the: first halfof 1'9'908! To recap.. While some experienced a IODS period ofgrowth. at' rzITId ae in at 'nearly' 0)5 ...5 per cent drop. The cnanges 8% '0 !.o. in the housing market in those five cities in the last decade of the last century. compared to its 3.vanl~... .8Iri:sons where. San Francisco and Beijing are two citieswhich increase accelerated Beijing.a-n-f ' COiufjly.. . %.n 'by selectling and' reponin.. Hong Kongand Sydney experienced a similar shrmp between 1995 and 200D. the rest we're subject to price fluctuations.=.... there were significant differences. ..

ealures anld make c.nt. albeit still more than three times higher From the table. li980~. it is clear that the lS-to-20-year-old 'man 30 years earlier". . and 5'0/0 in females. 10 2. Over the period between 1980 and 19'90. Over the final years ofthe last century. higher percentage of smokers by the end of the mastcentury than in the early 1970s .ompalfisQ.g .every five years to 3:5% in.'To'piic 8:: The I. growing .20 interest in smoking" pushing the smoking rate first to 34% in 1985~ and then to 37'0/0 in 1990~even outmatehing their male counterparts .m.to.e.. the smoking craze inthe 1.1 smoking was not very popular ~unong youngsters age-d IS to 20. In 1'970. male population while young females showed a.lmOiker.and reporting 'the malin ". of 1. with only 10 per cent of males smoking. smoking remained a slower growth in popular among young males.e b..5~.. rising approximately 8% every five years to 220/0 in 1'980.abl'.. either for age males or for females. an estimated 27 (jib to 28'% of Pieople in this age group' were reported as smokers.sln ma1les 8:n. In 2000. lower than previous years.. population in Britain bad a much.elow desor'ible~slhe: p'ropcl1ian: of 'S....20 group abated.70/0 The table reveals how smoking evolved into a fad among I S~to-20-year-old.d te..comparedto females. 1980 Females 50/0' 1985 1990 32% 13o/Q /'..siles (betwee'n 'Iheag.5and 20) in Bri'tain~ Sum:misr'ise the i1nformati:on by ~el:ectiln.' 34°. Britons in the period I 97'0 to 20100.s. accounting for over a third of the 15'.ns where rellev. The following decade saw a dramatic change: the smoking rate among males leapt nearly 13°X.

6. AI. COW" main transport in the United Kingdom.In the .4.9 and rep'ot1i~_ng'JI'he mainfes'tU're. although having higher emissions than either the United Kingdom. or France did.2 ttg· IF'I~anrc. with the amount rising to :~... 43.O.4 1 ~D !D~5 0.4 30'. France 'Germany.d-tr ans.'S 2:004 1: .0 'tt.e 11. 0... . tran :eU3 g:n: 1 [European 'U:n'~oln Unite:d King'd:oml 199.W shc.sis. 7 200. while other three transport sources did not show any remarkable growth. road transport.7 The given table provides an overview of carbon dioxide emissions from SOUI-cetS namely.7 million tonnes..2 to 46. 47.. Germany. saw the amount decrease slightly from..~e belD.7 46.6milIiontonD.g '~nd make MUlij'on ronnel! 'of' carbon _. rt RO:CI. by' . s."countries lin 19~94'and -.6 1.I~ dOlmesUr..43~9 20014 32~6 :3fl.4 1.5million tonnes over the same period..~• ' L.3 C)... 2 Su. By comparison. road transport was responsible for the majority of . except civil aviation.lons 'from tr'llnspo'rt in Ihi'r'&:e Eu.7 million in 1994~while the United Kingdom had a smaller growth.2 32. railways. 34.6 32. As shown in the table.eleclin.6 million tonnes in 2004~ 2. road transport produced emissions up to 32.en1.in COJi1h~8Jst to the decrease in Germany..1 10. by contrast" was the only country of the three to experience ::1 drop in road transport emissions.se·.2 0.2 10. Other three transport sources had a lower emission volume as well. !I--. . . In all the three countries. civil aviation and shipping] ( and Germany in 1994 and 2004 .04:".rdlpearl.ws.mrna~i. .'hle'lnfDrmiation .car!b'IDln diiiolxlde lem~.2 QlrrM'any 10.pc. France recorded an increase offour million tonnes from 34.T'op_ic 9: Tlhe: 'tab..:1 47 .where roadtransport added 3...iSS~ODS. Road transport continued to account for the biggest source of emissions .7 1994 _O~ 01. 5 35'0:.2 ' 3111:..'i 0. United Kingdom. 2. both UK and France failed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from 'transport sources during the period 1994 to 2004~.2..c~ompar'isonlswh-ers r-ellevant:. million more than tell years earlier.. A similar pattern was seen in France.es to the total emissions ' withinten years.2million..

dropping in much of ShU the period 1994 to 2004 but finally hitting common.838 1 .041 2'iaT'li Un:!ut:i1oris:ed taking er theft of melo.- 23'1· 18: eo~ 4S 872 881 1I n -1 52 7m. offences were two main types of motor vehicle offences in England and.n '1994.4.careless or drunken drivingwas the fourth main type of offences.: 190 199 1 UU 22 762 40. initially ranked second in ] 994 but became the main type: of offences by 2004. 962 188 144 18 I~ ~87' 111 1'11 1I Ac'c:.e: . 1346 1919 22 100 21.. In 1994.mari:se th..ldentofflenC8IS Spered.sultam::::le and 37 129 282. Wales during the period 1994 to 2004 and speed limit offences deserved .rtln. also declining gradually.nd 2E: 272: 27'6 :211 245 21:B 213 ' ' 264 ~ The table presents an overall VI lew of various motor vehicle offences. me]ln featur"es. and Wales Ibel.w'ee." ''1etiiClle UC'i!I.fl'po. were the least To summarise.mees Nlogl~ICIort~raffI:cIlig'nl :I. Speed limit offences. 37 a:1"l 36 moT' 13:1 Ta8 32 B111 30 :963 21 951' 269 record kee:ping directions om. in England and Wales from 1994 to 2004. enmperlsons wherere. and: make onenee ty'p. licence. 1~lmftQ1Terlce'~ 2. averaging .g the. more than three times the figure ten years earlier.e info"rmation by Ilelect~ng .nc:e" ~1n1. ten-year high at 2. Dangerous.231 thousand".lopic 10: 'The tabl'e Ibe'low shows motor vehicle olffences ln IEnglla:nd.and .levant. driving fit.nge't"C ul" a~olleStB 1 or drunke'n.076 thousand. after a ten-year period of fluctuations . speed limit offences and licence particular attention because it surged exponentially.at around 250 thousand per year.'!. all-time high at .391 11 . 232 2".DI. anrdl 2:004" Sum. recording a. 23 ISO 41 874 11 1-001 -~ -- I 18 1. accident offences and unauthorised taking (or theft ) of motor vehicle. Neglect of traffic signs and directions carne third. insurance and record keeping offences were themostcommon type of offences and rose to 957 thousand in 2004. Ancthertwo types of offences.

ilnf'Q.. a p:roc.shedding' \ .:gl the.an adult butterfly.d ilQ. wings and take the flight time.: la. The fully . .n. At this stage. This stage lasts. Caterpillars wil] shed their skin several times throughout this stage. this period talkies two to three weeks. the it creates within two hOUrl5LInside the pupa.the adult butterfly wUl break the pupa] case. transformed intc . whJere ~ellev..ss known as motamorphosie takes place.~ke·c=o'mlparisQ'ns.I'V"A!Su:mrn·ari.(two monln5.T'o. Stag~.expand fOI" the first its. .erfly The life cycle of a butterfly starts from egg laying.age '~roWth of a oate:rpiil'lla!fs .yihg e:g!gs S~. embryo. until in the natural world. the pupa is. TIle female butterfly normally lays eggs on a plant that it thinks is suitable for accommodating and feeding caterpillars. '. The next stage is.Qvrs. In twoweeks.~. It marks the end of metamorphosis.)' skin .p'nosisl occurs - Theadullt bu~. of the greatestwonders caterpillar wrapsitself in .apupa" a creature at most.of: the butte~.pic11:: 'The 'diagr~mbe'~Dw stl. will emerge from the egg. At the final stage.. \ ~- S'tage 4: :P'upmil s~:agf! (2 lNGleks) Ime~eJmo. called "the caterpillar".shedding. 'They feed on the food plants where they live.r. fo:r twomonths caterpillars are ready for the pupal stage.lhe ~iife cycle .n . m!ain fllatulr8S :ar. Ithe ..bvseIIICli'"91 eod 'n!iPQI~i..ant. Flying around for new food p~nts butterflies are ready to matefor a new cycle. skin. In each egg" an embryo develops gradually. The pupal stage is possibly one.f.a.. In general.grovm.rmatiQ'.

Newspapers and paper towels can b e sent to'....J . l' paper and pulpmills.1.f ahirnlnlurn) Pro. _. . hl...ef'use is assloned for recycllng.. an important role in the treatment of urban refuse.. Put in the right bjns Collecting andprocessing recyclables plays.".E! "'~.bles by using material "'lOt'· Irecover~t' f aC!I. the second stage.ag1flll:m land w!rile a desCf'ilpti. engineering companies are regular buyers of aluminium..) iRocydab~es. develop .lneanr1'Q fi.aper and durables . For example.~ Uise t. The recycled materials produced are sold t businesses. .iIL~ . !( i. .~nfo'rm'anonin the. Forexample.he .p:Euty d'evgl.f":r.J]e:s I Stagethreei:furt'h. a O. Part of recyclables will be sent to some customers for their own use.:1 __ . At the fm811~~age).rEl 11oa.rlms (buyers o. Icleia!ns~~._ .of' recyclables are bottles (plastic or glass )" p.·r·plastic . Bottles (plasUe ~ass) I S:tage! ens: coillecnng . wiU become part of 'the itetllis. P'roc 8EH3edi reeyclab~es bus inesses I Eng.p .-.r! vari . _. clasElify and smash r:ecydables I sori drink Newspiapers. ~eparatedand smas~ed as ]OOPjj me third part of the n~~yclin:.ses.·ers will buy' glass r. it is expected thathousebolds win put tbem 1:0 appropriate rubbish bins ..__ _ __' known as further-processing stage.o.r"9cy'ct81bles fro.Q.L __ "u Pj3 . '_".sr Iproc:ess~ing.di. If recyclables have already been put in the right rubbish bins.1.o::." U! ~oJi..aslic.T'Opiic 2: WlrHe a dissclrilptiio. -....." ~=:. .. it will save plenty of time that is otherwise required for the second stage.~. 1l.. pa..U. Items are disposed.ateri a~ recove:ryfacillities - -~- II Durablss Stage two: sort out recycla. Once those.ent Paper rubbish bins M.n 'o:I'lhls prccesa. . The rest of recyclables win .aIl 'the recycled lna'terials. . used hy households daily.m dif1:er. soft drink companies have then-own recycling facilities to take advantage of the soft drink containers collected. _ . Threemain types. '..It is how the recycling loop keeps operating..be cleaned.n of h. The first step is collecting recyclables frOID rubbish bins.w urban r. material recovery facilities win sortthe reeyclables more carefully. &._ "'.pe!r towels I comJ:)sny I."1. different .oper (buyers of glass or pl.

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