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IELTS Writing by Mat Clark 1

IELTS Writing by Mat Clark 1

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Published by: Bee Cul on Mar 29, 2012
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'T'op'-iic '11; iG'ranhsl below p-r'ovide the Ilatest~-,,----!i -- --' -- --v.,-. ' ,.,--' ,--' '," ---'. '----,- - 'fig,"ure~ about 'th~ demlg--:ra(~hi:>:-f th ,- -- --- ',.

-& --,', o: p __s 0 -e c

'U'inilea'S'la:les, h1dUjding ;elhnJeaJ group.s and·the [POPU'I'Btion,·t)·ase·d on
I '

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I·'

'.

I.

I

cen,su:sc'that

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waa;·,cflr·r~ed oulandadm'h'listered 'by IU·S, 'Censt.l.s'Blulreau iln 2006~ ..llg-:-'n~- -~"·,l S'U'· 'm:-Im' -a' -r:"1'8, t,h·e-- .11:'-nlfo--·r'm'~···'a,··t··· .... b'-"I,:"S-DI-aofl!lOt'"'I'n g','-:-' "~'n'd', .'·,·rD-p:-'D:-·rt-';i~n,~·,g~·-"I":h'-le':m---B-~III-'-n- ":e'-.........!III.lI·A~ -a-'n-·:'-"d-':·m'~'~a:-·Lr,U"_,_:_.--- ... ·a,',Ur~'D '_
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.-.'

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I

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,I

Wh~te
1H66;

Aslanand
P:ac1fii.o Ilsll,andelr 2.2.3 m iUii10n

:(2:0:0' Imil~~on )
2'00.6
I

1 tS,7.2 m UUon

B.5 mUUon

(300ImUlion)

201 million II 38.7 million

44.,7 rnllilon
IU' ,_"S<'. P-:::',·o'p.-.c " _ .c.,

14.3,lminion

'UI~*,'I,nn nr,iI"iIi,wt· ,,~."__ 'h-_.d'~l_V. __ ~!I Yo'

Decade: totals P,opula.6cm (mil ]I~o:n:s)

35

15

5
O~=~~~-'-~~--"-~~_'_~::i....-JI-....l:5::..:......1l~--=~~~~~

'1990~,lO

11~20 .. 2~..3,O

3,1..40

41..50

51..60'

61-70'

71..80

81-90

~n-l0110

The table, combined, with the bar chart, provides an overview of demographics, of the United States from the early mastcentury to thepresent,

It can be seen in 'the table that thetotal Uf population is now 300 r.niUion,1.5 times larger than 40
years ago, 2.00 million, Hispanics and Asian Americans
expanded much faster fhan other races,

According to the census, 44.7 million Americans are currently Hispanic, more than five times higher
than in I 966" while the Asian population is as large as .~.4JmfIHon" a ten-fold increase over' the 19 661
1

level. By comparison, although white Americans are still in 'the majority, accounting for two thirds of the current US populationcthe growth rate was lower than the general population. Afro~'Am:ericans~ who made 'up'the second largest ethnical group ill 1'966 with a population of 22.,3 million, dropped to
number three". behind whites and Hispanics ..Other ethnical groups take up the remaining 1.3 million.

In the first half of the 20tbcentury,.

the US population grew at different ra tes, ranging fro,':'_'_

million to 20 million a decade, the bar chart suggests. Itaccelerated

since 'the middle of the

I

sotceo n

'with adding at least 20 million to the overall population every ten years ..'The 19908 alone experienced a
growth of more than 30min~on.

To summarise, the US population continued to swell since the early last century and thegreatest
increases occurred to Hispanicsand Asian Americans
{rOI11.

1.966to 2006 ..

the violent crime rate. In 200Q. (rver 1.lent crim:es 'include :fap.llinachart.000. the lowest ever recorded during fhe given period.t erlme Ile\l'el.u$ v"i'Q. out of a. while half as. there were fluctuations in the total crime level. recorded.As to crimes recorded by policeand arrests far 'violent crime.nt Se:nious Vi...___-l. .olent crime ~Gvelsin the US Offenses 5 4".mak. but the overall trend was upbeat.eJltureSi and ..5 offences respectively in 2000..S and 0.8 to 2000 in the USii Ser.5 ~ 3' 2 Crimes recorded by police I D. crimes recorded and arrests fOJ: violentcrimev was not subject to strong fluctuations in the final twc decades of the last century.5 offences in a thous and . there was a trend toward lower violent crime levels.5- -0 I~----=--_----:. as well aaviorimisations reported to police.By about 198..5'- jn t~~)'UsandEi.. many victims were reported te-thepolice.umim.8.. robbery_!! .2 and 2. t11~6 totalvielent crime level declined gradually. lower level between .I' comparl.. bel. . levelling offbelow 0.. by police showed From 1"98:8onwards. steady increase.ious vi'o. S.5 offences over the same period.5 offences per I ._~~~-~-~~~~ t9iB 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1'992 1994 ] 996 1998 :2000 In fhe firstten years. around 4.sons where releva.. thousand Americans committed violentcrime.aggrs'V'sted assault and ho!m'i c'ide .'Topllc 2:: The .aiin f. while .s frrom 197.5 offences per thousand Americans. The arrest rate was the lowest.__~~~~~..e..over 3 offences).. .1 recordhigh. 3. half the figure in 1980 (slig'hUy .low shows seria.arts.etheinfo:rmiati'on by le'l:ec:ling and 'rep'onin'g the m. rose to it Victirnisations rose and fell at B .although. crimes. SOl did victimisations reported to police. both dropped slightly in the last five years and the figureswere 1. 3.. reaching its highest in the year 1994.len. Overall.9~. by the end of the cenmry.

The bar chart reveals that carbon dioxide emissions will expand to varying degrees in different sectors by 2030.ss.Sumlma.se· Igasem:iss.s __ s. '2010'2 anld ·the fiONeast for 203.gl." 'waste combustion.In contrast. each producing an estimated 1 billion carbon dioxide.o.T'olpiiD 3: Th. which is projected to more than double its billion or more tons.n biysei~ecli~n!g and repcn1i.s' p. 1% less than in 2002 .rii:se the inllQ'rmatio. While industry is responsible for the. To summarise.w greenlho1u.30 'I t Waste combustion Transportation I 'B HUon tons 0 6 lO 12 The graphs give past and.. triple the amount in 2002 .n'QI th'e .io'ln.e. account flora bigger share of emissions in 2030~ 48%~ compared to 38% in 200Q.•. ·43%..~. 2002 • DEeD Transition economies 1m Developin. Next comes the consumer sector. W'Qlr'~dwld'e in. highest amount of carbon dioxide emissions.By comparison.r.snt . emission. he col umn . developing couctries are expected to.dwiide Cc!ubon Dicl)dde Etm.ie~.S co'mpar. and other sectors make up amuch tower proportion.nd mi2i. the third largest producer. Industry will continue to be emissions from less than 4 billion to .ho..:lsons wlhe:re r'elev.n.ohartsho.K.0~. OECD' countries are projected to make up a lower proportion. .ws eerben diio:xi.. eountri es Watrll..8 UJJ3 major producer of 'carbon dioxide" rising to more than 1'0 billion tons in 20]0.s.~ 9% down 'Over the same period.8:p.. b:y sector I • 2'00(2' Illi 20.[ssions. 'Iransportaricu. will see a hugegrowth to 6 billion. future data concerningworldwide carbon dioxide.8Ir'QUn d theworld" T .m:ldn 'f~~·tur.h.de .em. As can be seen in the two pie charts... consumer and transportation experience the greatest increases. Countries 'with transition eccnomies are estimated 10 take up the remaining 9% in 2030. developing countries will overtake DECO countries to become the major carbon dioxideemission producer by 203n.s8ii.

followed by coal and natura] gas.. the oil price.. 2000~ oil cost a mere 3. . respectively .) H:ydra~9Iec:tric 6 % Nucle. Kuwait and United Arab follow behmd~. In. . Sum'm. is unlikely 1~(): return to its low levels: in the earlliy. ~u-ro I!OUII. with 1110rethan half theglobal 011 reserves being located in Mid. . 'wher.0 I -..Venezuela.2'%. / r>«: _'__-" .6%" and . According to the firstpie chart.0 fthe givenperiod.. each having 8 1:0 10% of the global reserves . the cClunlr:ie. the consumption of oil was thehighest in 2005. I :0 . 2000 Thetwo pie charts.0/0 Unlted Arab a~/o. Russia and the United States. 2005 . 5CXb The line chart shows a wide variation in the world oil 'prices in the first decade of'the 21 st century.QII res~rves and tile world' .sumlptlo1n.sand ma.S-=:ro'LIId.20. - -..n II A. From 2003 onwards.g: for 37'~o of the 'energy consumed worldwide..i.. the price had surged markedly and finally hit a peak of 60 dollars in about 2006" -Sinee In"€in~ the oil price is 'expected to drop for 'three years or longer. .23'% separately. Saudi Arabia and Canada are the t\VO countries with the largest oil reserv. As suggested above.east countries. WOlrld Oil Prices (2000-. with the nne chart.. give an overview of some aspects of the energy market.'s iith.har.T'op'i:.fU]Counnn.. combined.. I! cam pa!fisonl:s.taking up 28%. . In the two decades to come.arlae the lrrtormatlen by selee'lIng and re'portiing the main f. pr.:Jj Canada 14.s.200108..26) Dollars per barrel 70 so 40 30 I"~ 2:0 1. Nuclear power and hydro-electricity evenly contributed to the remaining 12%. 'grs'phs..3 dollars per barrel...bout worlldwii'deene~gy c:on.ar 60/0 .c:4:: The. ...D'U prhJe$ from 2000 to 2.0'215 w . .n'for'matlon a.rabla n . are on the: list as weU.e lrelevant. and .e'vide i..Iran. J n... or even less in the following three years. Iraq. Four Mid-east countries. down to 48 dollars in 20 level throughout the rest .eatu:re..es-20% versus 14°AJ. Energy cOlnsiumpti:on by type (2DI[)!5..k. ..e~.. oil is very likely to remain as all important energy source.but account for a smaller .

-~~ Sl~~~---~. continue throughout much of the first half ot the 21 st century. ic i. By the middle of this.a.-.ssl.nd p'f.= .950 '£0. 2050) 2. the growth accelerated.Fr01l1 then on. the population was flat at . 2000'" the population topped 6 billion..50 1960 _--_-. 205. . In .. Uke]y to. n _.. to. .ising to 4 bUUQn in 197Uand remaining constant a:t that level til11980. 1. adding another z billion withintwenty years.~--~=-=-~-~~-~-~3 . although the rate at which the population growswill decline. and by 2005. .th~ first 10 yeal·sfi'o:rII.5'%~ In summary" population growth tends.._---_---:~'970 i980 o~--~----~--~--~~--~----~--~----~--~----~--~ 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2Q50 Growth rite (percent) Wodrl PopulafonG rowth Rate (1t950·.ion by sel~ectlng and re'porting the main features and Imake CIQm~p.-.sestimated tha~ the planet will home a population of at. 250/0..----. Since then..o'w pr. averaged out at around I.l.least 9 billion.1950 to I I '960. century. it slowed remarkably.riisons.l.rlld popull:atianfro'm the US Census B'ureaul Sumlm!arise tlhe 'inflorma. 1 11~1-------------------------------------~~---------------1 ..50" when the growth rate is. n lnbillloas World P'opul!atlon (19. The first chart shows the sustained.5 21----- ___ a_. he as low as 0.9. pattern is projected to persist by 20..T10lpic 5. growth of world population.--.s. In .he !estiim'stes .ojec:liion's ol'WQ.0" . before r. there was a wide range in.5·0~2050) lO~~~~~~--~--------~---===~~~~~~~~--~---' 91------------------------~---~-. 7~------~-------------------~----~~------------------~ 6--~~--------~~----------~-1 511~----------~-~~------------------1 ~I--------~-. As shown in the second chart. population growth rate in the second half of the last century. Growth first fluctuated dramatically and then surged to 2'% in 19'10" a l OO-year high . ==--------===--------------------------1 ]1-----1.: T'he d'i:agra:ms: b'e.n'l I.3 billion.I I The two charts presentan overall Vi~N (if how world population did and will change over the period. the world. doubling tile: figure fifty years earlier.--~------~--~--~----~ ____.--. This.where Irele'V8!nt.

opull.':.summarise ther'eisu Its of .elevanrt ..nl1d: rep.fHeaJthabaut thecl¥'BiMieight p..aged 100°1 9m):'".tu..~ 20. ~ I Obese: 'peopI1e.phs below . 15 (i.----~~-~~~-----~---~ BOO I IL=-----~~~-~ 2.8 survey carri.I.ed Q'url by the Department o.Top'ic 6:: 'The' gra.Bited) Number ·ofpeop~e aged 16+ (h~Jl1jl1ion~) 8 iO 1--------- 51-~~~---f 31---21--11--- Obese children in the U'K (..ling .ntholt1::~ands) 700 ~--~~~ 6{JO~-~ 500i1 -~~ . 300!---ilf. :Su'm:m:ar1is1e the inlolr'mati'on by sel:ec.o:rt:i:nlg tihle· maln ".:.e r.0 I---------'-i}: lOO'I-~~ O"b~~"""':::'.:"'" Boys .estim:ia1ed) Number orcbi~dren.r'es8'nd make comparhs..s!.tilon in Br~taj:nwit'h IPlroje~tiion. }! 4001--~.ea.B.sHm.ons wher.ln the UK (e..

including both children and adults. Whilemen are expected to outnumber women by 2010.. . 900 thousand. 'rising almost 30%. boys than girls suffering obesity.20~/o1---------- 10%1---- . 'The children with at least on parent having a weight problem are ITIOre likely toobe obese than those with parents havinga healthy weight. it is another picture. girls will surpass boys .. The survey suggests that girls who are overweight greaterincrease during the period 2003-2010 to 1110re thSJ1 will see 8. although in 2003. UK's obese population will grow in size. 100 thousand more than boys [DOle who have the same problem. over As shown in the third graph. are obese are twice as likely t-o be obese as those in households where one parent is. Overall. children in households where both parents. there were 700 thousand versus about . have a weight problem is estimated to be as high as 0. 5%) and. obese ( 12.:50/0 1--- Both parents obese One parent obese Neither parent obese The first two graphs show a marked rise inobesity in Britain by 2010" The number of men who . five times as t110sn with parents having a healthy weight (5'~o).8 million in 2010. - The increase in the women who have the same problem tends to be smaller. from 4. over 50~/{)higher than in 2003. In children.7 million to 6 million.690 thousand.

... SUimmarise the inlfcnimiatio. frOID 1990bO 1995. a 2% rise was recorded in San Francisco.a-n-f ' COiufjly. and from 1995 to 200().""""'. 2 per cent only.. ·t'b'·· •.8Iri:sons where. with a 3% gain. at' rzITId ae in at 'nearly' 0)5 ..rOI 4% 2%1 0% j-..=..% increase in the: first halfof 1'9'908! To recap. was connnuousr .' ". Ir.'e property market··t .' ected ar average 3.priice.. and a 4% in Beijins~ years. San Francisco and Beijing are two citieswhich increase accelerated Beijing..n. While some experienced a IODS period ofgrowth.'f!) S an Praneiseo Beijing The given tables offer !3! glimpse of the real estate market in five major cities around the world saw housing prices climb throughout the ten-year c over twoperiods...n 'by selectling and' reponin.mp.f·' R'- . in subsequent period.ain in the previous five years .. .vanl~. In.2% -6% 6% 2% .. .to 2000.. $0/0 g. .refl.:':1 in an reeession.. the rest we're subject to price fluctuations..ti.el t-o the housing prices in fi'VB: ctf!es (between 1990 and 1995) r==~~==~-~-----~~~~==~----~=='--------~__". as against its. .. Og. the first five years.'TapiiC: 7': 'Tlh.. in Hong Kong.-cession re __:.a. . ..g the mai'nlealures and lmakl! ICQ. The housing price slipped 6. compared to its 3. seen in San Francisco 'iF . The cnanges 8% '0 !.el. %.ein'f:ormiJ. rr'ty ..'I . '0:': fiiv'e eiti:es around:the wodd nom 1'990 .g ..5 per cent drop..sOlm.di:agra'm:s: pr.pan:SOD. ottine ' B Y COln.. The decrease in the bousing price in Sydney was narrower.n a!l)out 'the housi.. . Hong Kongand Sydney experienced a similar shrmp between 1995 and 200D. but still disappointing. in the housing market in those five cities in the last decade of the last century. there were significant differences.av~:i:de..o..... San Francisco Beijing -.

smoking remained a slower growth in popular among young males.. Britons in the period I 97'0 to 20100.every five years to 3:5% in. Over the final years ofthe last century. it is clear that the lS-to-20-year-old 'man 30 years earlier".siles (betwee'n 'Iheag.e.20 group abated. The following decade saw a dramatic change: the smoking rate among males leapt nearly 13°X.ealures anld make c.d te. In 2000.5~. accounting for over a third of the 15'.'To'piic 8:: The I.70/0 The table reveals how smoking evolved into a fad among I S~to-20-year-old.. the smoking craze inthe 1..ompalfisQ. 10 2.s. higher percentage of smokers by the end of the mastcentury than in the early 1970s . an estimated 27 (jib to 28'% of Pieople in this age group' were reported as smokers.lmOiker.to. . of 1.20 interest in smoking" pushing the smoking rate first to 34% in 1985~ and then to 37'0/0 in 1990~even outmatehing their male counterparts .elow desor'ible~slhe: p'ropcl1ian: of 'S. male population while young females showed a.e b. 1980 Females 50/0' 1985 1990 32% 13o/Q /'. and 5'0/0 in females. albeit still more than three times higher From the table. growing .ns where rellev.sln ma1les 8:n.nt..abl'. In 1'970. rising approximately 8% every five years to 220/0 in 1'980..and reporting 'the malin ". population in Britain bad a much. li980~...g . Over the period between 1980 and 19'90. lower than previous years. with only 10 per cent of males smoking..1 smoking was not very popular ~unong youngsters age-d IS to 20.m.5and 20) in Bri'tain~ Sum:misr'ise the i1nformati:on by ~el:ectiln. either for age males or for females.comparedto females...' 34°.

..In the . France recorded an increase offour million tonnes from 34. civil aviation and shipping] ( and Germany in 1994 and 2004 .se·.6 1. rt RO:CI. Road transport continued to account for the biggest source of emissions ..ws.4 30'. although having higher emissions than either the United Kingdom.. road transport.04:". By comparison.5million tonnes over the same period.. 43...7 million in 1994~while the United Kingdom had a smaller growth.7 The given table provides an overview of carbon dioxide emissions from SOUI-cetS namely. .2 ' 3111:.4 1. As shown in the table.car!b'IDln diiiolxlde lem~. .2 QlrrM'any 10. Germany.6 million tonnes in 2004~ 2. 7 200.2 ttg· IF'I~anrc.I~ dOlmesUr.7 1994 _O~ 01.W shc.d-tr ans...iSS~ODS. France 'Germany. 2. 5 35'0:.3 C).4 1 ~D !D~5 0. road transport was responsible for the majority of .T'op_ic 9: Tlhe: 'tab..'S 2:004 1: .en1.where roadtransport added 3.7 million tonnes. railways. 0..9 and rep'ot1i~_ng'JI'he mainfes'tU're.'hle'lnfDrmiation . tran :eU3 g:n: 1 [European 'U:n'~oln Unite:d King'd:oml 199..2 0. A similar pattern was seen in France. United Kingdom..4.lons 'from tr'llnspo'rt in Ihi'r'&:e Eu.. or France did.g '~nd make MUlij'on ronnel! 'of' carbon _. with the amount rising to :~. road transport produced emissions up to 32.es to the total emissions ' withinten years.c~ompar'isonlswh-ers r-ellevant:.sis. !I--.e 11. COW" main transport in the United Kingdom.2.2 10. both UK and France failed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from 'transport sources during the period 1994 to 2004~.mrna~i.O. saw the amount decrease slightly from. .2 to 46. 2 Su..pc.in COJi1h~8Jst to the decrease in Germany. s.'i 0.:1 47 .. by contrast" was the only country of the three to experience ::1 drop in road transport emissions. 34. while other three transport sources did not show any remarkable growth.6milIiontonD. In all the three countries.2 32. by' ..0 'tt.2million.43~9 20014 32~6 :3fl.eleclin. million more than tell years earlier.7 46...~• ' L. AI.6 32.1 10.6."countries lin 19~94'and -.rdlpearl. 47.~e belD. except civil aviation.. Other three transport sources had a lower emission volume as well.

ldentofflenC8IS Spered. accident offences and unauthorised taking (or theft ) of motor vehicle. recording a." ''1etiiClle UC'i!I.: 190 199 1 UU 22 762 40. in England and Wales from 1994 to 2004. 232 2". Ancthertwo types of offences. initially ranked second in ] 994 but became the main type: of offences by 2004.w'ee. were the least To summarise. after a ten-year period of fluctuations . Dangerous. Wales during the period 1994 to 2004 and speed limit offences deserved . insurance and record keeping offences were themostcommon type of offences and rose to 957 thousand in 2004.n '1994.mees Nlogl~ICIort~raffI:cIlig'nl :I. more than three times the figure ten years earlier.nge't"C ul" a~olleStB 1 or drunke'n.e: . Neglect of traffic signs and directions carne third.levant.231 thousand".076 thousand. offences were two main types of motor vehicle offences in England and.fl'po.and . me]ln featur"es.041 2'iaT'li Un:!ut:i1oris:ed taking er theft of melo.e info"rmation by Ilelect~ng .at around 250 thousand per year. averaging .lopic 10: 'The tabl'e Ibe'low shows motor vehicle olffences ln IEnglla:nd.rtln. 1346 1919 22 100 21.nd 2E: 272: 27'6 :211 245 21:B 213 ' ' 264 ~ The table presents an overall VI lew of various motor vehicle offences.391 11 .DI. licence. and Wales Ibel. 962 188 144 18 I~ ~87' 111 1'11 1I Ac'c:. 37 a:1"l 36 moT' 13:1 Ta8 32 B111 30 :963 21 951' 269 record kee:ping directions om...- 23'1· 18: eo~ 4S 872 881 1I n -1 52 7m.'!. dropping in much of ShU the period 1994 to 2004 but finally hitting common.mari:se th. speed limit offences and licence particular attention because it surged exponentially.g the. In 1994. all-time high at . driving fit.nc:e" ~1n1. 23 ISO 41 874 11 1-001 -~ -- I 18 1. 1~lmftQ1Terlce'~ 2.838 1 .4.careless or drunken drivingwas the fourth main type of offences. anrdl 2:004" Sum. Speed limit offences. enmperlsons wherere. ten-year high at 2. also declining gradually.sultam::::le and 37 129 282. and: make onenee ty'p.

.:gl the.ant.. will emerge from the egg.yihg e:g!gs S~. '. At the final stage. the pupa is.. Caterpillars wil] shed their skin several times throughout this stage. The fully .d ilQ.a.~ke·c=o'mlparisQ'ns. Flying around for new food p~nts butterflies are ready to matefor a new cycle. .of: the butte~. m!ain fllatulr8S :ar.expand fOI" the first its. \ ~- S'tage 4: :P'upmil s~:agf! (2 lNGleks) Ime~eJmo. The pupal stage is possibly one.grovm. .ss known as motamorphosie takes place. of the greatestwonders caterpillar wrapsitself in . until in the natural world.. called "the caterpillar". In general.Qvrs.bvseIIICli'"91 eod 'n!iPQI~i.T'o.pic11:: 'The 'diagr~mbe'~Dw stl. 'They feed on the food plants where they live. ilnf'Q.shedding' \ . Ithe .an adult butterfly.n .age '~roWth of a oate:rpiil'lla!fs .erfly The life cycle of a butterfly starts from egg laying.apupa" a creature at most. wings and take the flight time.)' skin . At this stage. a p:roc.r. TIle female butterfly normally lays eggs on a plant that it thinks is suitable for accommodating and feeding caterpillars.I'V"A!Su:mrn·ari. This stage lasts.(two monln5..f.shedding.~.: la. fo:r twomonths caterpillars are ready for the pupal stage. embryo. transformed intc . the it creates within two hOUrl5LInside the pupa.n.lhe ~iife cycle .rmatiQ'. In each egg" an embryo develops gradually. whJere ~ellev..p'nosisl occurs - Theadullt bu~. skin. this period talkies two to three weeks. In twoweeks. It marks the end of metamorphosis.the adult butterfly wUl break the pupa] case. Stag~. The next stage is.

. At the fm811~~age).iIL~ . -.·r·plastic .sr Iproc:ess~ing. different .f":r. Newspapers and paper towels can b e sent to'..lneanr1'Q fi.It is how the recycling loop keeps operating.he . clasElify and smash r:ecydables I sori drink Newspiapers.rEl 11oa.1...ag1flll:m land w!rile a desCf'ilpti.w urban r. wiU become part of 'the itetllis.J]e:s I Stagethreei:furt'h.aper and durables . Bottles (plasUe ~ass) I S:tage! ens: coillecnng . The rest of recyclables win . . Part of recyclables will be sent to some customers for their own use." U! ~oJi.n of h.n 'o:I'lhls prccesa. .ateri a~ recove:ryfacillities - -~- II Durablss Stage two: sort out recycla.r! vari .rlms (buyers o.T'Opiic 2: WlrHe a dissclrilptiio. used hy households daily. the second stage. Once those...r"9cy'ct81bles fro.-.pe!r towels I comJ:)sny I. material recovery facilities win sortthe reeyclables more carefully. ~eparatedand smas~ed as ]OOPjj me third part of the n~~yclin:.~nfo'rm'anonin the.. Threemain types. _.:1 __ . Forexample. . P'roc 8EH3edi reeyclab~es bus inesses I Eng.ses. 1l.f ahirnlnlurn) Pro.m dif1:er.aslic. .. &.U.) iRocydab~es.di." ~=:..L __ "u Pj3 ..."1. Icleia!ns~~.J .Q.ef'use is assloned for recycllng. _ .~. !( i."._ . If recyclables have already been put in the right rubbish bins.__ _ __' known as further-processing stage. soft drink companies have then-own recycling facilities to take advantage of the soft drink containers collected. .aIl 'the recycled lna'terials...o::..·ers will buy' glass r. The first step is collecting recyclables frOID rubbish bins.be cleaned.1. _.oper (buyers of glass or pl.. '_". ..p:Euty d'evgl. l' paper and pulpmills.ent Paper rubbish bins M. develop .bles by using material "'lOt'· Irecover~t' f aC!I.o.of' recyclables are bottles (plastic or glass )" p. it will save plenty of time that is otherwise required for the second stage. it is expected thathousebolds win put tbem 1:0 appropriate rubbish bins . Items are disposed._ "'. a O. The recycled materials produced are sold t businesses. an important role in the treatment of urban refuse.p . '.~ Uise t.E! "'~... hl.. pa. engineering companies are regular buyers of aluminium. Put in the right bjns Collecting andprocessing recyclables plays. For example.

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