'T'op'-iic '11; iG'ranhsl below p-r'ovide the Ilatest~-,,----!i -- --' -- --v.,-. ' ,.,--' ,--' '," ---'. '----,- - 'fig,"ure~ about 'th~ demlg--:ra(~hi:>:-f th ,- -- --- ',.

-& --,', o: p __s 0 -e c

'U'inilea'S'la:les, h1dUjding ;elhnJeaJ group.s and·the [POPU'I'Btion,·t)·ase·d on
I '

'\

I·'

'.

I.

I

cen,su:sc'that

I

waa;·,cflr·r~ed oulandadm'h'listered 'by IU·S, 'Censt.l.s'Blulreau iln 2006~ ..llg-:-'n~- -~"·,l S'U'· 'm:-Im' -a' -r:"1'8, t,h·e-- .11:'-nlfo--·r'm'~···'a,··t··· .... b'-"I,:"S-DI-aofl!lOt'"'I'n g','-:-' "~'n'd', .'·,·rD-p:-'D:-·rt-';i~n,~·,g~·-"I":h'-le':m---B-~III-'-n- ":e'-.........!III.lI·A~ -a-'n-·:'-"d-':·m'~'~a:-·Lr,U"_,_:_.--- ... ·a,',Ur~'D '_
1 .• ..'
_"" 1-.-_,-.",~,,~

-',6

1

! .~,~ '_

I

.

..

,..... '

.-.'

'-_.·1,

.,1""-:,-_,-"1

~-.I!IJ~~-

__ _:__ U

It

__

,~_'_

,-,_I'

_"

..

I

_ _:_

_""~

,I

Wh~te
1H66;

Aslanand
P:ac1fii.o Ilsll,andelr 2.2.3 m iUii10n

:(2:0:0' Imil~~on )
2'00.6
I

1 tS,7.2 m UUon

B.5 mUUon

(300ImUlion)

201 million II 38.7 million

44.,7 rnllilon
IU' ,_"S<'. P-:::',·o'p.-.c " _ .c.,

14.3,lminion

'UI~*,'I,nn nr,iI"iIi,wt· ,,~."__ 'h-_.d'~l_V. __ ~!I Yo'

Decade: totals P,opula.6cm (mil ]I~o:n:s)

35

15

5
O~=~~~-'-~~--"-~~_'_~::i....-JI-....l:5::..:......1l~--=~~~~~

'1990~,lO

11~20 .. 2~..3,O

3,1..40

41..50

51..60'

61-70'

71..80

81-90

~n-l0110

The table, combined, with the bar chart, provides an overview of demographics, of the United States from the early mastcentury to thepresent,

It can be seen in 'the table that thetotal Uf population is now 300 r.niUion,1.5 times larger than 40
years ago, 2.00 million, Hispanics and Asian Americans
expanded much faster fhan other races,

According to the census, 44.7 million Americans are currently Hispanic, more than five times higher
than in I 966" while the Asian population is as large as .~.4JmfIHon" a ten-fold increase over' the 19 661
1

level. By comparison, although white Americans are still in 'the majority, accounting for two thirds of the current US populationcthe growth rate was lower than the general population. Afro~'Am:ericans~ who made 'up'the second largest ethnical group ill 1'966 with a population of 22.,3 million, dropped to
number three". behind whites and Hispanics ..Other ethnical groups take up the remaining 1.3 million.

In the first half of the 20tbcentury,.

the US population grew at different ra tes, ranging fro,':'_'_

million to 20 million a decade, the bar chart suggests. Itaccelerated

since 'the middle of the

I

sotceo n

'with adding at least 20 million to the overall population every ten years ..'The 19908 alone experienced a
growth of more than 30min~on.

To summarise, the US population continued to swell since the early last century and thegreatest
increases occurred to Hispanicsand Asian Americans
{rOI11.

1.966to 2006 ..

there were fluctuations in the total crime level. by the end of the cenmry. crimes.As to crimes recorded by policeand arrests far 'violent crime.2 and 2.5 ~ 3' 2 Crimes recorded by police I D.. steady increase.8 to 2000 in the USii Ser. rose to it Victirnisations rose and fell at B ...eJltureSi and .___-l..nt Se:nious Vi.8. recorded...t erlme Ile\l'el.__~~~~~. . 3. half the figure in 1980 (slig'hUy .low shows seria.5 offences over the same period.olent crime ~Gvelsin the US Offenses 5 4". the violent crime rate. while .I' comparl.5'- jn t~~)'UsandEi. .5 offences per I . crimes recorded and arrests fOJ: violentcrimev was not subject to strong fluctuations in the final twc decades of the last century._~~~-~-~~~~ t9iB 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1'992 1994 ] 996 1998 :2000 In fhe firstten years. (rver 1.'Topllc 2:: The .. but the overall trend was upbeat.ious vi'o. around 4. the lowest ever recorded during fhe given period. while half as.etheinfo:rmiati'on by le'l:ec:ling and 'rep'onin'g the m.s frrom 197.S and 0.. SOl did victimisations reported to police.5- -0 I~----=--_----:.000.5 offences respectively in 2000.9~. many victims were reported te-thepolice. there was a trend toward lower violent crime levels.arts. out of a. .e. lower level between .sons where releva. bel.llinachart. In 200Q. S.mak. both dropped slightly in the last five years and the figureswere 1.. Overall. robbery_!! ..1 recordhigh. as well aaviorimisations reported to police. t11~6 totalvielent crime level declined gradually.although...len.over 3 offences).u$ v"i'Q. 3.aggrs'V'sted assault and ho!m'i c'ide . levelling offbelow 0. thousand Americans committed violentcrime.umim.5 offences in a thous and . The arrest rate was the lowest.By about 198.. reaching its highest in the year 1994.5 offences per thousand Americans. by police showed From 1"98:8onwards.aiin f..lent crim:es 'include :fap.

gl. developing countries will overtake DECO countries to become the major carbon dioxideemission producer by 203n.w greenlho1u.~ 9% down 'Over the same period. 2002 • DEeD Transition economies 1m Developin. consumer and transportation experience the greatest increases. will see a hugegrowth to 6 billion.ie~.•. The bar chart reveals that carbon dioxide emissions will expand to varying degrees in different sectors by 2030..30 'I t Waste combustion Transportation I 'B HUon tons 0 6 lO 12 The graphs give past and.dwiide Cc!ubon Dicl)dde Etm.h.s8ii. eountri es Watrll. '2010'2 anld ·the fiONeast for 203. highest amount of carbon dioxide emissions.S co'mpar.ho.rii:se the inllQ'rmatio. each producing an estimated 1 billion carbon dioxide.By comparison.ss. W'Qlr'~dwld'e in.Sumlma.r. To summarise." 'waste combustion.. As can be seen in the two pie charts.T'olpiiD 3: Th.s __ s.~. and other sectors make up amuch tower proportion.In contrast. account flora bigger share of emissions in 2030~ 48%~ compared to 38% in 200Q. emission. the third largest producer. While industry is responsible for the.8 UJJ3 major producer of 'carbon dioxide" rising to more than 1'0 billion tons in 20]0.n biysei~ecli~n!g and repcn1i. Industry will continue to be emissions from less than 4 billion to . ·43%..K..0~.. he col umn .e. triple the amount in 2002 . future data concerningworldwide carbon dioxide.8:p. OECD' countries are projected to make up a lower proportion.m:ldn 'f~~·tur.. Countries 'with transition eccnomies are estimated 10 take up the remaining 9% in 2030.ws eerben diio:xi.ohartsho. developing couctries are expected to.:lsons wlhe:re r'elev.s' p.[ssions.se· Igasem:iss.snt .n'QI th'e .n.. b:y sector I • 2'00(2' Illi 20. Next comes the consumer sector. 'Iransportaricu.io'ln.o. which is projected to more than double its billion or more tons.de .8Ir'QUn d theworld" T . 1% less than in 2002 ..nd mi2i. .s.em.

k. Kuwait and United Arab follow behmd~. give an overview of some aspects of the energy market. 2005 . pr.. with the nne chart.es-20% versus 14°AJ. 2000 Thetwo pie charts. - -.2'%.i.:Jj Canada 14. / r>«: _'__-" ..e'vide i.'s iith.. 'grs'phs. Nuclear power and hydro-electricity evenly contributed to the remaining 12%.s. J n. are on the: list as weU.. Russia and the United States.T'op'i:.0'215 w .eatu:re. From 2003 onwards. Energy cOlnsiumpti:on by type (2DI[)!5. the consumption of oil was thehighest in 2005. .rabla n .. Saudi Arabia and Canada are the t\VO countries with the largest oil reserv.. .. respectively .) H:ydra~9Iec:tric 6 % Nucle.east countries. the cClunlr:ie. or even less in the following three years.e lrelevant. each having 8 1:0 10% of the global reserves . As suggested above. the price had surged markedly and finally hit a peak of 60 dollars in about 2006" -Sinee In"€in~ the oil price is 'expected to drop for 'three years or longer. According to the firstpie chart.. I :0 .n'for'matlon a.0 fthe givenperiod.. . followed by coal and natura] gas.. down to 48 dollars in 20 level throughout the rest . and ..fU]Counnn.n II A. combined. with 1110rethan half theglobal 011 reserves being located in Mid. the oil price.e~.bout worlldwii'deene~gy c:on. is unlikely 1~(): return to its low levels: in the earlliy..S-=:ro'LIId.sand ma..arlae the lrrtormatlen by selee'lIng and re'portiing the main f.23'% separately. Iraq.26) Dollars per barrel 70 so 40 30 I"~ 2:0 1.c:4:: The.but account for a smaller . .. 5CXb The line chart shows a wide variation in the world oil 'prices in the first decade of'the 21 st century.g: for 37'~o of the 'energy consumed worldwide.... . Four Mid-east countries.D'U prhJe$ from 2000 to 2. .0 I -. oil is very likely to remain as all important energy source.Iran.3 dollars per barrel. .. Sum'm.taking up 28%.ar 60/0 .har.. 'wher.0/0 Unlted Arab a~/o. ~u-ro I!OUII.200108.20.QII res~rves and tile world' . 2000~ oil cost a mere 3.. In. .6%" and ... In the two decades to come.Venezuela..sumlptlo1n. I! cam pa!fisonl:s. WOlrld Oil Prices (2000-.

~--~=-=-~-~~-~-~3 .-~~ Sl~~~---~.T10lpic 5. 1 11~1-------------------------------------~~---------------1 . 2000'" the population topped 6 billion.50 1960 _--_-.5'%~ In summary" population growth tends. Growth first fluctuated dramatically and then surged to 2'% in 19'10" a l OO-year high .= . 205.l.-. it slowed remarkably.. The first chart shows the sustained.. the population was flat at . although the rate at which the population growswill decline.. pattern is projected to persist by 20. and by 2005. doubling tile: figure fifty years earlier. This. population growth rate in the second half of the last century. there was a wide range in. continue throughout much of the first half ot the 21 st century. century. the growth accelerated. In .s.3 billion.50" when the growth rate is.ising to 4 bUUQn in 197Uand remaining constant a:t that level til11980. ==--------===--------------------------1 ]1-----1. .: T'he d'i:agra:ms: b'e.0" ..a.sestimated tha~ the planet will home a population of at.--. By the middle of this.----.-. adding another z billion withintwenty years. 2050) 2.. the world. 7~------~-------------------~----~~------------------~ 6--~~--------~~----------~-1 511~----------~-~~------------------1 ~I--------~-. In .ojec:liion's ol'WQ..l.--~------~--~--~----~ ____. Uke]y to. Since then. growth of world population.--.I I The two charts presentan overall Vi~N (if how world population did and will change over the period. As shown in the second chart.he !estiim'stes ...rlld popull:atianfro'm the US Census B'ureaul Sumlm!arise tlhe 'inflorma._---_---:~'970 i980 o~--~----~--~--~~--~----~--~----~--~----~--~ 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2Q50 Growth rite (percent) Wodrl PopulafonG rowth Rate (1t950·. n lnbillloas World P'opul!atlon (19. .th~ first 10 yeal·sfi'o:rII.1950 to I I '960.nd p'f. 1. averaged out at around I.9.riisons. n _. to.5·0~2050) lO~~~~~~--~--------~---===~~~~~~~~--~---' 91------------------------~---~-. he as low as 0.where Irele'V8!nt. before r.least 9 billion. ic i.n'l I.5 21----- ___ a_.Fr01l1 then on.ion by sel~ectlng and re'porting the main features and Imake CIQm~p.950 '£0. . 250/0.o'w pr.ssl.

B. 15 (i.sHm.':.aged 100°1 9m):'".:.ea.elevanrt ..estim:ia1ed) Number orcbi~dren..fHeaJthabaut thecl¥'BiMieight p.r'es8'nd make comparhs...o:rt:i:nlg tihle· maln ".----~~-~~~-----~---~ BOO I IL=-----~~~-~ 2.8 survey carri..ed Q'url by the Department o. :Su'm:m:ar1is1e the inlolr'mati'on by sel:ec.e r.tilon in Br~taj:nwit'h IPlroje~tiion.tu.Top'ic 6:: 'The' gra. ~ I Obese: 'peopI1e.:"'" Boys .ling . 300!---ilf..s!.ons wher.~ 20. }! 4001--~.summarise ther'eisu Its of .I.phs below .0 I---------'-i}: lOO'I-~~ O"b~~"""':::'.ntholt1::~ands) 700 ~--~~~ 6{JO~-~ 500i1 -~~ .Bited) Number ·ofpeop~e aged 16+ (h~Jl1jl1ion~) 8 iO 1--------- 51-~~~---f 31---21--11--- Obese children in the U'K (.ln the UK (e.nl1d: rep.opull.

In children. 'The children with at least on parent having a weight problem are ITIOre likely toobe obese than those with parents havinga healthy weight. 100 thousand more than boys [DOle who have the same problem.:50/0 1--- Both parents obese One parent obese Neither parent obese The first two graphs show a marked rise inobesity in Britain by 2010" The number of men who . 5%) and. Overall.. five times as t110sn with parents having a healthy weight (5'~o). children in households where both parents. are obese are twice as likely t-o be obese as those in households where one parent is. The survey suggests that girls who are overweight greaterincrease during the period 2003-2010 to 1110re thSJ1 will see 8. boys than girls suffering obesity. . Whilemen are expected to outnumber women by 2010.690 thousand. obese ( 12. 'rising almost 30%. girls will surpass boys . although in 2003.20~/o1---------- 10%1---- . - The increase in the women who have the same problem tends to be smaller.7 million to 6 million. there were 700 thousand versus about . from 4.8 million in 2010. it is another picture. 900 thousand.. including both children and adults. over 50~/{)higher than in 2003. have a weight problem is estimated to be as high as 0. over As shown in the third graph. UK's obese population will grow in size.

5 per cent drop.'e property market··t .g .di:agra'm:s: pr. .. $0/0 g. San Francisco Beijing -. . Og.pan:SOD.priice.. ·t'b'·· •..... there were significant differences.ti. . The decrease in the bousing price in Sydney was narrower.' ".n...a-n-f ' COiufjly. In.sOlm.'f!) S an Praneiseo Beijing The given tables offer !3! glimpse of the real estate market in five major cities around the world saw housing prices climb throughout the ten-year c over twoperiods. The cnanges 8% '0 !..ain in the previous five years .% increase in the: first halfof 1'9'908! To recap... the rest we're subject to price fluctuations. compared to its 3. a 2% rise was recorded in San Francisco.""""'.to 2000.'TapiiC: 7': 'Tlh. in subsequent period... The housing price slipped 6.=..rOI 4% 2%1 0% j-.2% -6% 6% 2% ..a..:':1 in an reeession.. While some experienced a IODS period ofgrowth. was connnuousr .. but still disappointing. '0:': fiiv'e eiti:es around:the wodd nom 1'990 . in the housing market in those five cities in the last decade of the last century. San Francisco and Beijing are two citieswhich increase accelerated Beijing. .. in Hong Kong. frOID 1990bO 1995.n 'by selectling and' reponin.... . seen in San Francisco 'iF . with a 3% gain.el.8Iri:sons where.f·' R'- .refl. the first five years. .' ected ar average 3.av~:i:de. Ir. 2 per cent only..mp.n a!l)out 'the housi... as against its... SUimmarise the inlfcnimiatio.vanl~. Hong Kongand Sydney experienced a similar shrmp between 1995 and 200D. and a 4% in Beijins~ years. . rr'ty . at' rzITId ae in at 'nearly' 0)5 .'I . ottine ' B Y COln.-cession re __:.el t-o the housing prices in fi'VB: ctf!es (between 1990 and 1995) r==~~==~-~-----~~~~==~----~=='--------~__".g the mai'nlealures and lmakl! ICQ... %.o.ein'f:ormiJ. and from 1995 to 200().

it is clear that the lS-to-20-year-old 'man 30 years earlier".20 group abated. male population while young females showed a.5and 20) in Bri'tain~ Sum:misr'ise the i1nformati:on by ~el:ectiln. In 2000.' 34°.e. of 1.70/0 The table reveals how smoking evolved into a fad among I S~to-20-year-old. Britons in the period I 97'0 to 20100.sln ma1les 8:n. In 1'970... li980~. rising approximately 8% every five years to 220/0 in 1'980. Over the final years ofthe last century.e b..m.and reporting 'the malin ".ompalfisQ.. accounting for over a third of the 15'.. higher percentage of smokers by the end of the mastcentury than in the early 1970s . Over the period between 1980 and 19'90. and 5'0/0 in females.ealures anld make c.elow desor'ible~slhe: p'ropcl1ian: of 'S. with only 10 per cent of males smoking. The following decade saw a dramatic change: the smoking rate among males leapt nearly 13°X..to. 1980 Females 50/0' 1985 1990 32% 13o/Q /'. either for age males or for females.ns where rellev. an estimated 27 (jib to 28'% of Pieople in this age group' were reported as smokers..nt..s..every five years to 3:5% in..20 interest in smoking" pushing the smoking rate first to 34% in 1985~ and then to 37'0/0 in 1990~even outmatehing their male counterparts .d te.lmOiker. lower than previous years.comparedto females.'To'piic 8:: The I.5~. smoking remained a slower growth in popular among young males. albeit still more than three times higher From the table. population in Britain bad a much. growing . . the smoking craze inthe 1. 10 2.abl'.siles (betwee'n 'Iheag.g .1 smoking was not very popular ~unong youngsters age-d IS to 20.

. although having higher emissions than either the United Kingdom. both UK and France failed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from 'transport sources during the period 1994 to 2004~.ws.9 and rep'ot1i~_ng'JI'he mainfes'tU're.. 2 Su. 47.es to the total emissions ' withinten years..2 ' 3111:. . France recorded an increase offour million tonnes from 34. Other three transport sources had a lower emission volume as well.c~ompar'isonlswh-ers r-ellevant:. or France did.W shc. 7 200. by' .7 million tonnes.pc.In the . railways. France 'Germany.6 million tonnes in 2004~ 2. while other three transport sources did not show any remarkable growth. 34..'i 0.'hle'lnfDrmiation .."countries lin 19~94'and -.... 2.2 QlrrM'any 10. with the amount rising to :~. rt RO:CI.2.2 10.T'op_ic 9: Tlhe: 'tab. except civil aviation.eleclin. As shown in the table. Road transport continued to account for the biggest source of emissions .6 1. . By comparison. United Kingdom. .2 0.4 1 ~D !D~5 0.car!b'IDln diiiolxlde lem~. civil aviation and shipping] ( and Germany in 1994 and 2004 . In all the three countries.O.rdlpearl.I~ dOlmesUr.... Germany. A similar pattern was seen in France. road transport produced emissions up to 32. by contrast" was the only country of the three to experience ::1 drop in road transport emissions.4 1.g '~nd make MUlij'on ronnel! 'of' carbon _.2 32.1 10.2million.7 million in 1994~while the United Kingdom had a smaller growth. 0.en1. road transport was responsible for the majority of .7 1994 _O~ 01.3 C).mrna~i.~• ' L. COW" main transport in the United Kingdom.5million tonnes over the same period. !I--. AI.'S 2:004 1: .lons 'from tr'llnspo'rt in Ihi'r'&:e Eu. saw the amount decrease slightly from.sis. tran :eU3 g:n: 1 [European 'U:n'~oln Unite:d King'd:oml 199.6milIiontonD. .. million more than tell years earlier.4.7 The given table provides an overview of carbon dioxide emissions from SOUI-cetS namely. 43.43~9 20014 32~6 :3fl..4 30'.0 'tt.in COJi1h~8Jst to the decrease in Germany. s.iSS~ODS.6 32.7 46.2 to 46.. road transport.6.where roadtransport added 3. 5 35'0:.:1 47 .se·.e 11.~e belD.04:".d-tr ans....2 ttg· IF'I~anrc...

w'ee.: 190 199 1 UU 22 762 40.'!.076 thousand.DI. licence." ''1etiiClle UC'i!I. 232 2".. all-time high at . and Wales Ibel. offences were two main types of motor vehicle offences in England and.and . 23 ISO 41 874 11 1-001 -~ -- I 18 1.041 2'iaT'li Un:!ut:i1oris:ed taking er theft of melo.391 11 . me]ln featur"es. In 1994.e: . anrdl 2:004" Sum. 37 a:1"l 36 moT' 13:1 Ta8 32 B111 30 :963 21 951' 269 record kee:ping directions om.levant.sultam::::le and 37 129 282.rtln. ten-year high at 2. accident offences and unauthorised taking (or theft ) of motor vehicle. 1~lmftQ1Terlce'~ 2. averaging . Dangerous. 962 188 144 18 I~ ~87' 111 1'11 1I Ac'c:. Speed limit offences. after a ten-year period of fluctuations .careless or drunken drivingwas the fourth main type of offences.nd 2E: 272: 27'6 :211 245 21:B 213 ' ' 264 ~ The table presents an overall VI lew of various motor vehicle offences.838 1 .- 23'1· 18: eo~ 4S 872 881 1I n -1 52 7m.mees Nlogl~ICIort~raffI:cIlig'nl :I.ldentofflenC8IS Spered. Wales during the period 1994 to 2004 and speed limit offences deserved . recording a. enmperlsons wherere.n '1994. and: make onenee ty'p. also declining gradually.e info"rmation by Ilelect~ng . were the least To summarise.lopic 10: 'The tabl'e Ibe'low shows motor vehicle olffences ln IEnglla:nd.nc:e" ~1n1. insurance and record keeping offences were themostcommon type of offences and rose to 957 thousand in 2004.fl'po.at around 250 thousand per year.nge't"C ul" a~olleStB 1 or drunke'n.. Ancthertwo types of offences.4. in England and Wales from 1994 to 2004.mari:se th.g the.231 thousand". speed limit offences and licence particular attention because it surged exponentially. 1346 1919 22 100 21. more than three times the figure ten years earlier. driving fit. initially ranked second in ] 994 but became the main type: of offences by 2004. dropping in much of ShU the period 1994 to 2004 but finally hitting common. Neglect of traffic signs and directions carne third.

age '~roWth of a oate:rpiil'lla!fs . '.: la.. until in the natural world. The next stage is. embryo. Ithe . In general. At the final stage. of the greatestwonders caterpillar wrapsitself in .T'o. In twoweeks. a p:roc.shedding. transformed intc . .rmatiQ'.lhe ~iife cycle .(two monln5. In each egg" an embryo develops gradually. the pupa is..:gl the. TIle female butterfly normally lays eggs on a plant that it thinks is suitable for accommodating and feeding caterpillars. Caterpillars wil] shed their skin several times throughout this stage. fo:r twomonths caterpillars are ready for the pupal stage..r. whJere ~ellev..n .pic11:: 'The 'diagr~mbe'~Dw stl.I'V"A!Su:mrn·ari. The pupal stage is possibly one.an adult butterfly..shedding' \ . called "the caterpillar".grovm.ant. Stag~. will emerge from the egg.expand fOI" the first its.Qvrs. the it creates within two hOUrl5LInside the pupa.~ke·c=o'mlparisQ'ns. . \ ~- S'tage 4: :P'upmil s~:agf! (2 lNGleks) Ime~eJmo. Flying around for new food p~nts butterflies are ready to matefor a new cycle. ilnf'Q.p'nosisl occurs - Theadullt bu~. skin. The fully .~.)' skin .a. At this stage.n. wings and take the flight time. This stage lasts.erfly The life cycle of a butterfly starts from egg laying.yihg e:g!gs S~.apupa" a creature at most. 'They feed on the food plants where they live.. It marks the end of metamorphosis.bvseIIICli'"91 eod 'n!iPQI~i. this period talkies two to three weeks.the adult butterfly wUl break the pupa] case. m!ain fllatulr8S :ar.of: the butte~.d ilQ.ss known as motamorphosie takes place.f.

Items are disposed." ~=:. it will save plenty of time that is otherwise required for the second stage. material recovery facilities win sortthe reeyclables more carefully. it is expected thathousebolds win put tbem 1:0 appropriate rubbish bins .iIL~ .m dif1:er. For example.lneanr1'Q fi. . .. soft drink companies have then-own recycling facilities to take advantage of the soft drink containers collected.he ... used hy households daily.ateri a~ recove:ryfacillities - -~- II Durablss Stage two: sort out recycla.r! vari .ef'use is assloned for recycllng.f ahirnlnlurn) Pro."1.p . The recycled materials produced are sold t businesses.rlms (buyers o.n of h.ent Paper rubbish bins M.. l' paper and pulpmills.. Once those..bles by using material "'lOt'· Irecover~t' f aC!I.. clasElify and smash r:ecydables I sori drink Newspiapers..T'Opiic 2: WlrHe a dissclrilptiio.·ers will buy' glass r.di. an important role in the treatment of urban refuse.1..U. _ . hl.aIl 'the recycled lna'terials... a O. _.n 'o:I'lhls prccesa._ "'. . The rest of recyclables win . . 1l. .oper (buyers of glass or pl. Put in the right bjns Collecting andprocessing recyclables plays.f":r.sr Iproc:ess~ing. develop .1.) iRocydab~es.pe!r towels I comJ:)sny I.p:Euty d'evgl. .of' recyclables are bottles (plastic or glass )" p.-. ~eparatedand smas~ed as ]OOPjj me third part of the n~~yclin:. !( i.r"9cy'ct81bles fro. pa..ses..E! "'~..__ _ __' known as further-processing stage.aslic. Forexample..It is how the recycling loop keeps operating.rEl 11oa.. engineering companies are regular buyers of aluminium.".o.~ Uise t.·r·plastic .Q. At the fm811~~age).o::. Threemain types.aper and durables .:1 __ . If recyclables have already been put in the right rubbish bins." U! ~oJi.~.. -.. Icleia!ns~~. P'roc 8EH3edi reeyclab~es bus inesses I Eng. '. '_".ag1flll:m land w!rile a desCf'ilpti. the second stage._ . different .. wiU become part of 'the itetllis.w urban r. Newspapers and paper towels can b e sent to'. Part of recyclables will be sent to some customers for their own use. _. &. The first step is collecting recyclables frOID rubbish bins. Bottles (plasUe ~ass) I S:tage! ens: coillecnng .J]e:s I Stagethreei:furt'h.~nfo'rm'anonin the.be cleaned.L __ "u Pj3 .J .

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