'T'op'-iic '11; iG'ranhsl below p-r'ovide the Ilatest~-,,----!i -- --' -- --v.,-. ' ,.,--' ,--' '," ---'. '----,- - 'fig,"ure~ about 'th~ demlg--:ra(~hi:>:-f th ,- -- --- ',.

-& --,', o: p __s 0 -e c

'U'inilea'S'la:les, h1dUjding ;elhnJeaJ group.s and·the [POPU'I'Btion,·t)·ase·d on
I '

'\

I·'

'.

I.

I

cen,su:sc'that

I

waa;·,cflr·r~ed oulandadm'h'listered 'by IU·S, 'Censt.l.s'Blulreau iln 2006~ ..llg-:-'n~- -~"·,l S'U'· 'm:-Im' -a' -r:"1'8, t,h·e-- .11:'-nlfo--·r'm'~···'a,··t··· .... b'-"I,:"S-DI-aofl!lOt'"'I'n g','-:-' "~'n'd', .'·,·rD-p:-'D:-·rt-';i~n,~·,g~·-"I":h'-le':m---B-~III-'-n- ":e'-.........!III.lI·A~ -a-'n-·:'-"d-':·m'~'~a:-·Lr,U"_,_:_.--- ... ·a,',Ur~'D '_
1 .• ..'
_"" 1-.-_,-.",~,,~

-',6

1

! .~,~ '_

I

.

..

,..... '

.-.'

'-_.·1,

.,1""-:,-_,-"1

~-.I!IJ~~-

__ _:__ U

It

__

,~_'_

,-,_I'

_"

..

I

_ _:_

_""~

,I

Wh~te
1H66;

Aslanand
P:ac1fii.o Ilsll,andelr 2.2.3 m iUii10n

:(2:0:0' Imil~~on )
2'00.6
I

1 tS,7.2 m UUon

B.5 mUUon

(300ImUlion)

201 million II 38.7 million

44.,7 rnllilon
IU' ,_"S<'. P-:::',·o'p.-.c " _ .c.,

14.3,lminion

'UI~*,'I,nn nr,iI"iIi,wt· ,,~."__ 'h-_.d'~l_V. __ ~!I Yo'

Decade: totals P,opula.6cm (mil ]I~o:n:s)

35

15

5
O~=~~~-'-~~--"-~~_'_~::i....-JI-....l:5::..:......1l~--=~~~~~

'1990~,lO

11~20 .. 2~..3,O

3,1..40

41..50

51..60'

61-70'

71..80

81-90

~n-l0110

The table, combined, with the bar chart, provides an overview of demographics, of the United States from the early mastcentury to thepresent,

It can be seen in 'the table that thetotal Uf population is now 300 r.niUion,1.5 times larger than 40
years ago, 2.00 million, Hispanics and Asian Americans
expanded much faster fhan other races,

According to the census, 44.7 million Americans are currently Hispanic, more than five times higher
than in I 966" while the Asian population is as large as .~.4JmfIHon" a ten-fold increase over' the 19 661
1

level. By comparison, although white Americans are still in 'the majority, accounting for two thirds of the current US populationcthe growth rate was lower than the general population. Afro~'Am:ericans~ who made 'up'the second largest ethnical group ill 1'966 with a population of 22.,3 million, dropped to
number three". behind whites and Hispanics ..Other ethnical groups take up the remaining 1.3 million.

In the first half of the 20tbcentury,.

the US population grew at different ra tes, ranging fro,':'_'_

million to 20 million a decade, the bar chart suggests. Itaccelerated

since 'the middle of the

I

sotceo n

'with adding at least 20 million to the overall population every ten years ..'The 19908 alone experienced a
growth of more than 30min~on.

To summarise, the US population continued to swell since the early last century and thegreatest
increases occurred to Hispanicsand Asian Americans
{rOI11.

1.966to 2006 ..

As to crimes recorded by policeand arrests far 'violent crime.llinachart. out of a. t11~6 totalvielent crime level declined gradually. The arrest rate was the lowest. both dropped slightly in the last five years and the figureswere 1.arts. there were fluctuations in the total crime level.s frrom 197.e.___-l.000.2 and 2.5'- jn t~~)'UsandEi.etheinfo:rmiati'on by le'l:ec:ling and 'rep'onin'g the m.5 offences per I . steady increase.although.aiin f..over 3 offences)..By about 198.aggrs'V'sted assault and ho!m'i c'ide ...5 offences per thousand Americans.len.umim... crimes recorded and arrests fOJ: violentcrimev was not subject to strong fluctuations in the final twc decades of the last century. rose to it Victirnisations rose and fell at B .'Topllc 2:: The ..5- -0 I~----=--_----:. . levelling offbelow 0. S.lent crim:es 'include :fap. as well aaviorimisations reported to police. bel.__~~~~~._~~~-~-~~~~ t9iB 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1'992 1994 ] 996 1998 :2000 In fhe firstten years.8. Overall.5 offences respectively in 2000. there was a trend toward lower violent crime levels.olent crime ~Gvelsin the US Offenses 5 4"... around 4. 3. many victims were reported te-thepolice.. while . crimes.mak.. robbery_!! .S and 0..5 offences in a thous and ..eJltureSi and . but the overall trend was upbeat. reaching its highest in the year 1994. half the figure in 1980 (slig'hUy .t erlme Ile\l'el.5 offences over the same period. recorded.8 to 2000 in the USii Ser.ious vi'o.9~. while half as. the lowest ever recorded during fhe given period. by the end of the cenmry. the violent crime rate. SOl did victimisations reported to police.5 ~ 3' 2 Crimes recorded by police I D. by police showed From 1"98:8onwards. In 200Q.low shows seria..u$ v"i'Q.I' comparl. 3.nt Se:nious Vi. . . (rver 1. thousand Americans committed violentcrime.sons where releva.1 recordhigh. lower level between .

consumer and transportation experience the greatest increases.n biysei~ecli~n!g and repcn1i. he col umn .io'ln. Industry will continue to be emissions from less than 4 billion to . eountri es Watrll.8 UJJ3 major producer of 'carbon dioxide" rising to more than 1'0 billion tons in 20]0.e. will see a hugegrowth to 6 billion. '2010'2 anld ·the fiONeast for 203.. The bar chart reveals that carbon dioxide emissions will expand to varying degrees in different sectors by 2030. Countries 'with transition eccnomies are estimated 10 take up the remaining 9% in 2030. developing couctries are expected to.w greenlho1u.ss. .T'olpiiD 3: Th. and other sectors make up amuch tower proportion. OECD' countries are projected to make up a lower proportion. highest amount of carbon dioxide emissions." 'waste combustion.~ 9% down 'Over the same period..S co'mpar. To summarise.In contrast.s' p.s.n'QI th'e .ws eerben diio:xi. ·43%.8:p. account flora bigger share of emissions in 2030~ 48%~ compared to 38% in 200Q. As can be seen in the two pie charts.. future data concerningworldwide carbon dioxide.s __ s.de .:lsons wlhe:re r'elev.s8ii.. 1% less than in 2002 .gl.30 'I t Waste combustion Transportation I 'B HUon tons 0 6 lO 12 The graphs give past and.h.. Next comes the consumer sector.Sumlma.se· Igasem:iss. each producing an estimated 1 billion carbon dioxide.nd mi2i.[ssions.snt . 2002 • DEeD Transition economies 1m Developin.ohartsho. the third largest producer.~. While industry is responsible for the. W'Qlr'~dwld'e in. 'Iransportaricu.K.rii:se the inllQ'rmatio.m:ldn 'f~~·tur...•.By comparison.r. emission.0~.dwiide Cc!ubon Dicl)dde Etm..n.ie~.o.8Ir'QUn d theworld" T . triple the amount in 2002 . developing countries will overtake DECO countries to become the major carbon dioxideemission producer by 203n. b:y sector I • 2'00(2' Illi 20.em. which is projected to more than double its billion or more tons.ho.

In.0'215 w .D'U prhJe$ from 2000 to 2.n II A. is unlikely 1~(): return to its low levels: in the earlliy.'s iith..har. Sum'm. ..T'op'i:.. or even less in the following three years. / r>«: _'__-" .0/0 Unlted Arab a~/o..26) Dollars per barrel 70 so 40 30 I"~ 2:0 1..200108.Venezuela.g: for 37'~o of the 'energy consumed worldwide. 2000 Thetwo pie charts.) H:ydra~9Iec:tric 6 % Nucle..:Jj Canada 14. Kuwait and United Arab follow behmd~. with the nne chart.. From 2003 onwards..6%" and .. are on the: list as weU.e~.. each having 8 1:0 10% of the global reserves . the consumption of oil was thehighest in 2005... the cClunlr:ie. give an overview of some aspects of the energy market. 5CXb The line chart shows a wide variation in the world oil 'prices in the first decade of'the 21 st century. Russia and the United States. . ~u-ro I!OUII. the oil price.QII res~rves and tile world' ..2'%.. .ar 60/0 . 2005 .sand ma.3 dollars per barrel. with 1110rethan half theglobal 011 reserves being located in Mid. 'wher. Energy cOlnsiumpti:on by type (2DI[)!5. .es-20% versus 14°AJ. combined. and . oil is very likely to remain as all important energy source.e lrelevant.Iran. Saudi Arabia and Canada are the t\VO countries with the largest oil reserv.arlae the lrrtormatlen by selee'lIng and re'portiing the main f. the price had surged markedly and finally hit a peak of 60 dollars in about 2006" -Sinee In"€in~ the oil price is 'expected to drop for 'three years or longer.k. I :0 .rabla n .bout worlldwii'deene~gy c:on.eatu:re.20. In the two decades to come.. .. . . .. 2000~ oil cost a mere 3..east countries. respectively .0 fthe givenperiod. followed by coal and natura] gas.but account for a smaller .fU]Counnn. 'grs'phs. J n.23'% separately.c:4:: The. Nuclear power and hydro-electricity evenly contributed to the remaining 12%. WOlrld Oil Prices (2000-..s.sumlptlo1n. pr.i.0 I -.S-=:ro'LIId. Four Mid-east countries.n'for'matlon a..taking up 28%... Iraq. As suggested above. down to 48 dollars in 20 level throughout the rest .. - -.e'vide i. I! cam pa!fisonl:s. According to the firstpie chart.

7~------~-------------------~----~~------------------~ 6--~~--------~~----------~-1 511~----------~-~~------------------1 ~I--------~-.least 9 billion. the growth accelerated.ssl. As shown in the second chart. n _.= . n lnbillloas World P'opul!atlon (19.-.50 1960 _--_-. ic i. century. 250/0. In .T10lpic 5.--.Fr01l1 then on.. 1. The first chart shows the sustained. it slowed remarkably.0" .1950 to I I '960. although the rate at which the population growswill decline. the world.--.----.rlld popull:atianfro'm the US Census B'ureaul Sumlm!arise tlhe 'inflorma. .. 205.3 billion.l.sestimated tha~ the planet will home a population of at. ==--------===--------------------------1 ]1-----1._---_---:~'970 i980 o~--~----~--~--~~--~----~--~----~--~----~--~ 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2Q50 Growth rite (percent) Wodrl PopulafonG rowth Rate (1t950·.he !estiim'stes . This.-.5 21----- ___ a_. Uke]y to. 2000'" the population topped 6 billion. there was a wide range in.50" when the growth rate is.where Irele'V8!nt. population growth rate in the second half of the last century.ojec:liion's ol'WQ.th~ first 10 yeal·sfi'o:rII.. adding another z billion withintwenty years. doubling tile: figure fifty years earlier. he as low as 0..ising to 4 bUUQn in 197Uand remaining constant a:t that level til11980..nd p'f.5·0~2050) lO~~~~~~--~--------~---===~~~~~~~~--~---' 91------------------------~---~-.s. Since then. to.9.. By the middle of this.l. 2050) 2.5'%~ In summary" population growth tends.ion by sel~ectlng and re'porting the main features and Imake CIQm~p.n'l I. before r. averaged out at around I. growth of world population.. 1 11~1-------------------------------------~~---------------1 . the population was flat at .: T'he d'i:agra:ms: b'e.o'w pr. In .riisons. . pattern is projected to persist by 20.~--~=-=-~-~~-~-~3 . continue throughout much of the first half ot the 21 st century. and by 2005.-~~ Sl~~~---~.. Growth first fluctuated dramatically and then surged to 2'% in 19'10" a l OO-year high .--~------~--~--~----~ ____.a.I I The two charts presentan overall Vi~N (if how world population did and will change over the period.950 '£0. .

I.:"'" Boys .nl1d: rep..tilon in Br~taj:nwit'h IPlroje~tiion.opull.sHm.ln the UK (e.:.elevanrt ..~ 20. ~ I Obese: 'peopI1e.s!.phs below .ling ..e r.ntholt1::~ands) 700 ~--~~~ 6{JO~-~ 500i1 -~~ .0 I---------'-i}: lOO'I-~~ O"b~~"""':::'. :Su'm:m:ar1is1e the inlolr'mati'on by sel:ec.aged 100°1 9m):'".':...tu.ed Q'url by the Department o. 15 (i.o:rt:i:nlg tihle· maln ".ea.Bited) Number ·ofpeop~e aged 16+ (h~Jl1jl1ion~) 8 iO 1--------- 51-~~~---f 31---21--11--- Obese children in the U'K (.----~~-~~~-----~---~ BOO I IL=-----~~~-~ 2. 300!---ilf.fHeaJthabaut thecl¥'BiMieight p.estim:ia1ed) Number orcbi~dren.r'es8'nd make comparhs.B..summarise ther'eisu Its of . }! 4001--~.ons wher.Top'ic 6:: 'The' gra.8 survey carri.

In children. including both children and adults. have a weight problem is estimated to be as high as 0. girls will surpass boys . five times as t110sn with parents having a healthy weight (5'~o). 900 thousand. 'The children with at least on parent having a weight problem are ITIOre likely toobe obese than those with parents havinga healthy weight. children in households where both parents. it is another picture.7 million to 6 million.20~/o1---------- 10%1---- . . Overall. 'rising almost 30%. boys than girls suffering obesity. from 4. UK's obese population will grow in size. obese ( 12.. although in 2003. over As shown in the third graph. 5%) and.. there were 700 thousand versus about . 100 thousand more than boys [DOle who have the same problem. over 50~/{)higher than in 2003.:50/0 1--- Both parents obese One parent obese Neither parent obese The first two graphs show a marked rise inobesity in Britain by 2010" The number of men who . - The increase in the women who have the same problem tends to be smaller. Whilemen are expected to outnumber women by 2010.690 thousand. are obese are twice as likely t-o be obese as those in households where one parent is. The survey suggests that girls who are overweight greaterincrease during the period 2003-2010 to 1110re thSJ1 will see 8.8 million in 2010.

.. there were significant differences..'I .g the mai'nlealures and lmakl! ICQ.' ected ar average 3..f·' R'- .av~:i:de. but still disappointing.. Hong Kongand Sydney experienced a similar shrmp between 1995 and 200D. with a 3% gain.""""'..ein'f:ormiJ. rr'ty .. . at' rzITId ae in at 'nearly' 0)5 . as against its..=.8Iri:sons where..a-n-f ' COiufjly. and a 4% in Beijins~ years.rOI 4% 2%1 0% j-.ain in the previous five years . Og.. compared to its 3..vanl~. the first five years..pan:SOD. '0:': fiiv'e eiti:es around:the wodd nom 1'990 .'TapiiC: 7': 'Tlh.o. in Hong Kong..di:agra'm:s: pr.el.:':1 in an reeession. and from 1995 to 200(). ·t'b'·· •. $0/0 g.ti.a. 2 per cent only.' ". .n..n 'by selectling and' reponin. In. a 2% rise was recorded in San Francisco. . While some experienced a IODS period ofgrowth. in the housing market in those five cities in the last decade of the last century. was connnuousr ..priice...'e property market··t . seen in San Francisco 'iF .-cession re __:.mp..% increase in the: first halfof 1'9'908! To recap. %...to 2000.sOlm.'f!) S an Praneiseo Beijing The given tables offer !3! glimpse of the real estate market in five major cities around the world saw housing prices climb throughout the ten-year c over twoperiods. . in subsequent period...g . San Francisco and Beijing are two citieswhich increase accelerated Beijing.. ottine ' B Y COln. The cnanges 8% '0 !.n a!l)out 'the housi. San Francisco Beijing -.5 per cent drop.. . The housing price slipped 6...refl.el t-o the housing prices in fi'VB: ctf!es (between 1990 and 1995) r==~~==~-~-----~~~~==~----~=='--------~__".. The decrease in the bousing price in Sydney was narrower.2% -6% 6% 2% . frOID 1990bO 1995. . Ir. . SUimmarise the inlfcnimiatio... the rest we're subject to price fluctuations.

Over the period between 1980 and 19'90.ns where rellev. male population while young females showed a.. the smoking craze inthe 1. Britons in the period I 97'0 to 20100.1 smoking was not very popular ~unong youngsters age-d IS to 20.' 34°. li980~. 10 2. it is clear that the lS-to-20-year-old 'man 30 years earlier".siles (betwee'n 'Iheag..elow desor'ible~slhe: p'ropcl1ian: of 'S.. .and reporting 'the malin ".to.5~. 1980 Females 50/0' 1985 1990 32% 13o/Q /'.m. In 2000.20 interest in smoking" pushing the smoking rate first to 34% in 1985~ and then to 37'0/0 in 1990~even outmatehing their male counterparts . with only 10 per cent of males smoking.. higher percentage of smokers by the end of the mastcentury than in the early 1970s . of 1.comparedto females. either for age males or for females.every five years to 3:5% in..e.g . and 5'0/0 in females..'To'piic 8:: The I.ompalfisQ.5and 20) in Bri'tain~ Sum:misr'ise the i1nformati:on by ~el:ectiln. an estimated 27 (jib to 28'% of Pieople in this age group' were reported as smokers. lower than previous years. rising approximately 8% every five years to 220/0 in 1'980.. smoking remained a slower growth in popular among young males.sln ma1les 8:n. In 1'970. The following decade saw a dramatic change: the smoking rate among males leapt nearly 13°X.s.e b. growing . Over the final years ofthe last century.. population in Britain bad a much.. accounting for over a third of the 15'.nt.ealures anld make c.abl'.d te.20 group abated..lmOiker.70/0 The table reveals how smoking evolved into a fad among I S~to-20-year-old. albeit still more than three times higher From the table.

~• ' L.7 million tonnes. Other three transport sources had a lower emission volume as well..7 The given table provides an overview of carbon dioxide emissions from SOUI-cetS namely. rt RO:CI. !I--. s.3 C).2 ' 3111:.2. civil aviation and shipping] ( and Germany in 1994 and 2004 . United Kingdom.'hle'lnfDrmiation .~e belD..d-tr ans. 34.I~ dOlmesUr.car!b'IDln diiiolxlde lem~. 2. France recorded an increase offour million tonnes from 34. 0. saw the amount decrease slightly from. ..43~9 20014 32~6 :3fl. road transport was responsible for the majority of .where roadtransport added 3. .mrna~i. or France did.4 1 ~D !D~5 0.T'op_ic 9: Tlhe: 'tab.. In all the three countries.'i 0.se·....6 32.4 1.6 million tonnes in 2004~ 2. A similar pattern was seen in France. 5 35'0:. tran :eU3 g:n: 1 [European 'U:n'~oln Unite:d King'd:oml 199. Road transport continued to account for the biggest source of emissions .W shc. AI. by contrast" was the only country of the three to experience ::1 drop in road transport emissions.5million tonnes over the same period..iSS~ODS.2 to 46.4.in COJi1h~8Jst to the decrease in Germany..2million. 7 200.pc. with the amount rising to :~. road transport. As shown in the table.7 million in 1994~while the United Kingdom had a smaller growth.2 10.O.4 30'.6. Germany.ws.rdlpearl..6 1. although having higher emissions than either the United Kingdom. while other three transport sources did not show any remarkable growth. 2 Su.en1.:1 47 .04:".7 46.0 'tt.g '~nd make MUlij'on ronnel! 'of' carbon _.1 10.2 ttg· IF'I~anrc..6milIiontonD...c~ompar'isonlswh-ers r-ellevant:.es to the total emissions ' withinten years.. by' .lons 'from tr'llnspo'rt in Ihi'r'&:e Eu..9 and rep'ot1i~_ng'JI'he mainfes'tU're. 47.. million more than tell years earlier.2 32.e 11.. both UK and France failed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from 'transport sources during the period 1994 to 2004~. By comparison. France 'Germany. road transport produced emissions up to 32.2 0..eleclin."countries lin 19~94'and -.. 43.In the . .2 QlrrM'any 10.7 1994 _O~ 01.'S 2:004 1: . .sis. COW" main transport in the United Kingdom. except civil aviation. railways.

391 11 .- 23'1· 18: eo~ 4S 872 881 1I n -1 52 7m.lopic 10: 'The tabl'e Ibe'low shows motor vehicle olffences ln IEnglla:nd. anrdl 2:004" Sum. Wales during the period 1994 to 2004 and speed limit offences deserved . accident offences and unauthorised taking (or theft ) of motor vehicle.nd 2E: 272: 27'6 :211 245 21:B 213 ' ' 264 ~ The table presents an overall VI lew of various motor vehicle offences. 1346 1919 22 100 21. were the least To summarise.careless or drunken drivingwas the fourth main type of offences.w'ee. and: make onenee ty'p.mees Nlogl~ICIort~raffI:cIlig'nl :I.ldentofflenC8IS Spered. licence. me]ln featur"es..fl'po. 23 ISO 41 874 11 1-001 -~ -- I 18 1.231 thousand". dropping in much of ShU the period 1994 to 2004 but finally hitting common. driving fit.041 2'iaT'li Un:!ut:i1oris:ed taking er theft of melo.4.n '1994. after a ten-year period of fluctuations . all-time high at . In 1994. insurance and record keeping offences were themostcommon type of offences and rose to 957 thousand in 2004.at around 250 thousand per year. enmperlsons wherere. Ancthertwo types of offences." ''1etiiClle UC'i!I.DI.: 190 199 1 UU 22 762 40. initially ranked second in ] 994 but became the main type: of offences by 2004. Dangerous. offences were two main types of motor vehicle offences in England and. ten-year high at 2.mari:se th.levant.g the. Neglect of traffic signs and directions carne third. in England and Wales from 1994 to 2004.and . and Wales Ibel.nc:e" ~1n1.sultam::::le and 37 129 282.nge't"C ul" a~olleStB 1 or drunke'n. Speed limit offences.e: . recording a.rtln. averaging .076 thousand. 962 188 144 18 I~ ~87' 111 1'11 1I Ac'c:.838 1 .e info"rmation by Ilelect~ng . 232 2". 37 a:1"l 36 moT' 13:1 Ta8 32 B111 30 :963 21 951' 269 record kee:ping directions om. speed limit offences and licence particular attention because it surged exponentially.. more than three times the figure ten years earlier.'!. also declining gradually. 1~lmftQ1Terlce'~ 2.

At the final stage.shedding' \ . of the greatestwonders caterpillar wrapsitself in . Caterpillars wil] shed their skin several times throughout this stage.)' skin .~. .p'nosisl occurs - Theadullt bu~. embryo. this period talkies two to three weeks.r. Flying around for new food p~nts butterflies are ready to matefor a new cycle. In twoweeks. m!ain fllatulr8S :ar.expand fOI" the first its.f. the it creates within two hOUrl5LInside the pupa. .. wings and take the flight time. The fully .shedding. TIle female butterfly normally lays eggs on a plant that it thinks is suitable for accommodating and feeding caterpillars. In general. At this stage. will emerge from the egg.erfly The life cycle of a butterfly starts from egg laying.n. ilnf'Q. until in the natural world.n . \ ~- S'tage 4: :P'upmil s~:agf! (2 lNGleks) Ime~eJmo. Ithe . a p:roc.I'V"A!Su:mrn·ari.of: the butte~.~ke·c=o'mlparisQ'ns. called "the caterpillar".age '~roWth of a oate:rpiil'lla!fs .the adult butterfly wUl break the pupa] case.Qvrs.bvseIIICli'"91 eod 'n!iPQI~i..apupa" a creature at most.ss known as motamorphosie takes place. Stag~. skin. It marks the end of metamorphosis. '. whJere ~ellev.grovm.pic11:: 'The 'diagr~mbe'~Dw stl.d ilQ..T'o.(two monln5. fo:r twomonths caterpillars are ready for the pupal stage.a.lhe ~iife cycle . In each egg" an embryo develops gradually. The pupal stage is possibly one..an adult butterfly. the pupa is.:gl the.: la.yihg e:g!gs S~.. transformed intc .ant. This stage lasts.rmatiQ'.. The next stage is. 'They feed on the food plants where they live.

he . . &. 1l..ateri a~ recove:ryfacillities - -~- II Durablss Stage two: sort out recycla.rlms (buyers o.It is how the recycling loop keeps operating.aper and durables .be cleaned..ag1flll:m land w!rile a desCf'ilpti.bles by using material "'lOt'· Irecover~t' f aC!I..lneanr1'Q fi.-.:1 __ .~nfo'rm'anonin the. . a O. Items are disposed..T'Opiic 2: WlrHe a dissclrilptiio."1. P'roc 8EH3edi reeyclab~es bus inesses I Eng. For example. engineering companies are regular buyers of aluminium.L __ "u Pj3 . an important role in the treatment of urban refuse. '_".rEl 11oa. Threemain types. ._ "'. -.of' recyclables are bottles (plastic or glass )" p." ~=:.·r·plastic .. Part of recyclables will be sent to some customers for their own use._ .. The recycled materials produced are sold t businesses.J .E! "'~.U. Put in the right bjns Collecting andprocessing recyclables plays. . hl. soft drink companies have then-own recycling facilities to take advantage of the soft drink containers collected..o::..pe!r towels I comJ:)sny I.~ Uise t.r! vari .Q.di.__ _ __' known as further-processing stage.. At the fm811~~age).sr Iproc:ess~ing.m dif1:er.. used hy households daily. If recyclables have already been put in the right rubbish bins. !( i..ses. the second stage..iIL~ . it will save plenty of time that is otherwise required for the second stage. develop .1. it is expected thathousebolds win put tbem 1:0 appropriate rubbish bins .w urban r.) iRocydab~es.·ers will buy' glass r. . clasElify and smash r:ecydables I sori drink Newspiapers. .ef'use is assloned for recycllng. The first step is collecting recyclables frOID rubbish bins.n 'o:I'lhls prccesa. _ . _.aIl 'the recycled lna'terials. '.ent Paper rubbish bins M. pa. Once those.r"9cy'ct81bles fro. wiU become part of 'the itetllis.~." U! ~oJi.p .. The rest of recyclables win .o...f ahirnlnlurn) Pro.f":r..1.aslic.oper (buyers of glass or pl. l' paper and pulpmills. Forexample.. ~eparatedand smas~ed as ]OOPjj me third part of the n~~yclin:. different .. material recovery facilities win sortthe reeyclables more carefully.".n of h. Bottles (plasUe ~ass) I S:tage! ens: coillecnng . _..p:Euty d'evgl.J]e:s I Stagethreei:furt'h. Icleia!ns~~. Newspapers and paper towels can b e sent to'.

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