Three-Phase Inverters

Six-step inverter
•consists of three single-phase inverter switches each connected to one of the three load terminals •Application is speed control of induction motors, where the output frequency is varied.

•Must not close at the same time. •Resulting VA0. & -Vdc . if not short circuit will across the source.Operation •Each switches is coordinated so that one switch operates at each 60⁰ angle •Switches S1 & S2 is close and is open when other switch is closed.VB0 and VC0 are +Vdc •Line to line output voltages VAB.VBC and VCA are +Vdc. 0.

The switching sequence .

•3 phase load connected in wye connection. the voltage across each phase is line to neutral voltage .

13… .•Output for ungrounded why-connected load has following coefficients n=1.7.5.11.

dc input must be adjusted .•Output frequency can be controlled by switching frequency •Magnitude of output voltage depends on value of dc voltage •In six-step inverter. to control output voltage.

PWM three phase inverters •Advantages is reduced need for filter for harmonic reduction •Able to control amplitude of fundamental frequency •Amplitudes of the triangular wave (carrier) and sine wave (modulating) are compared to obtain PWM waveform. •One switch in pair is closed. other is open •Each pair requires separate sinusoidal reference wave .

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The Fourier coefficients for line-to-line voltages for three phase switching is .

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