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All IP addresses are placed in a particular class based on the decimal values of their first octets.

In the first octet, an IP address can start with a decimal value between 1 and 255. IP class A addresses have first octets with a decimal number from 1 to 127. Example: 27.x.y.z 102.x.y.z IP class B addresses have first octets with a decimal number from 128 to 191.Example: 128.x.y.z 151.x.y.z IP class C addresses have first octets with a decimal number from 192 to 223.Example: 192.x.y.z 223.x.y.z IP class D addresses have decimal values from 224 to 239 in the first octet, and the 4 leftmost bits are 1110.Example: 224.x.y.z 239.x.y.z The last IP address class of addresses is IP class E. IP class E addresses range from 240 to 255 in the first octet, and the 4 leftmost bits are 1111. Example: 240.x.y.z 255.x.y.z The system of IP class addresses has been set up to help ensure assignment of unique IP addresses. DHCP discover, DHCP offer, DHCP request, and DHCP acknowledgment are are four steps in getting an IP address from a DHCP server.