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005 Mai'dah

005 Mai'dah

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Published by: kesh2421 on Nov 26, 2008
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05/09/2014

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Allah said,

...

ِم َ ْﻥَ ا ُ َ ِ َ ُ َ ْ ِ ُأ

...

Lawful to you (for food) are all the beasts of cattle,

camels, cows and sheep, as Al-Hasan, Qatadah
and several others stated.

Ibn Jarir said that this Tafsir conforms to the meaning of
(`beasts of cattle') that the Arabs had.

We should mention that Ibn Umar, Ibn Abbas and others
relied on this Ayah as evidence to allow eating the meat
of the fetus if it is found dead in the belly of its
slaughtered mother.

There is a Hadith to the same effect collected in the
Sunan of Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah and
narrated by Abu Sa`id who said,

"We asked, `O Messenger of Allah! When we
slaughter a camel, cow or sheep, we sometimes

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find a fetus in its belly, should we discard it or eat
its meat?'

He said,

ﻡُأ ُة َآَذ ُ َﺕ َآَذ نِ َ ْ ُ ْ ِ ْنِإ ُ ُ ُآ

Eat it if you want, because its slaughter was
fulfilled when its mother was slaughtered.''

At-Tirmidhi said, "This Hadith is Hasan.''

Abu Dawud recorded that Jabir bin Abdullah said that the
Messenger of Allah said,

ﻡُأ ُة َآَذ ِ ِ َ ْ ا ُة َآَذ

Proper slaughter of the fetus is fulfilled with the
slaughter of its mother.

Only Abu Dawud collected this narration.

Allah's statement,

...

ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ ْ ُی َﻡ ِإ

...

except that which will be announced to you (herein),

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas said that it
refers to,

"The flesh of dead animals, blood and the meat of
swine.''

Qatadah said,

"The meat of dead animals and animals
slaughtered without Allah's Name being
pronounced at the time of slaughtering.''

It appears, and Allah knows best, that the Ayah refers
to Allah's other statement,

َ ْ ا ُ ُ ْ َ َ ْ َﻡ ُ

ِ ِ ِ ّ ا ِ ْ َ ِ ِهُأ َﻡَو ِ یِ ْ ِ ْ ا ُ ْ َ َو ُم ْ اَو ُ َ ْ
ُ ُ ا َ َآَأ َﻡَو ُ َ ِ اَو ُ َی دَ َ ُ ْ اَو ُةَذ ُ ْ َ ْ اَو ُ َ ِ َ ْ ُ ْ اَو

7

Forbidden to you (for food) are:

Al-Maytah (the dead animals),

• blood,

• the flesh of swine, and

• what has been slaughtered as a sacrifice
for others than Allah, and

that which has been killed by strangling, or
by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or
by the goring of horns - and

• that which has been (partly) eaten by a
wild animal. (5:3),

for although the animals mentioned in this Ayah
are types of permissible cattle (except for swine),
they

become

impermissible

under

the

circumstances that the Ayah (5:3) specifies.

This is why Allah said afterwards, َ ِ ُذ َ َو ْ ُ ْ آَذ َ ِإ
ِ ُ ا َ َ (Unless you are able to slaughter it
(before its death), (5:3) and that which is
sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub (stone
altars)) as the latter type is not permissible,
because it can no longer be slaughtered properly.

Hence, Allah's statement, َ ِإ ِم َ ْ َ ا ُ َ ِ َ ُ َ ْ ِ ُأ
ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ ْ ُ (Lawful to you are all the beasts of cattle
except that which will be announced to you),
means,

except the specific circumstances that
prohibit some of these which will be
announced to you.

Allah said,

...

ٌمُ ُ ْ ُ ﻥَأَو ِ ْ ا ِ ُﻡ َ ْ َ

...

game (also) being unlawful when you assume Ihram.

Some scholars said that;

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the general meaning of `cattle' includes
domesticated cattle, such as camels, cows and
sheep, and wild cattle, such as gazelle, wild cattle
and wild donkeys.

Allah made the exceptions mentioned above
(dead animals blood, flesh of swine etc.), and
prohibited hunting wild beasts while in the state
of Ihram.

It was also reported that the meaning here is,

"We have allowed for you all types of cattle in all
circumstances, except what We excluded
herewith for the one hunting game while in the
state of Ihram.''

Allah said,

ٍد َ َ َو ٍغ َ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ا ِ َ َ

ٌ ِ ر ٌر ُ َ َ ّ ا نِ َ

But if one is forced by necessity, without willful
disobedience, and not transgressing, then, Allah
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (16:115)

This Ayah means, "We allowed eating the meat
of dead animals, when one is forced by necessity,
under the condition that one is not transgressing
the limits or overstepping them.''

Here, Allah states, "Just as We allowed the meat
of cattle in all conditions and circumstances, then
do not hunt game when in the state of Ihram, for
this is the decision of Allah, Who is the Most Wise
in all that He commands and forbids.''

So Allah said;

...

ُ یِ ُی َﻡ ُ ُ ْ َی َ ّ ا نِإ

١

Verily, Allah commands that which He wills.

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