4-Port Wireless G Router

User Manual
VERSION 1.0

User Manual

Contents
About this Manual ......................................................... 6 About the Router........................................................... 7
Requirements .........................................................................................7
Software ..........................................................................................................................................7 Hardware.........................................................................................................................................7

Package Contents ...................................................................................8 Device Design .........................................................................................9
Front Panel......................................................................................................................................9 Back Panel.....................................................................................................................................10

Getting Started ............................................................ 11
Planning Your Network.........................................................................12 Remove or Disable Conflicts..................................................................13
Internet Sharing, Proxy, and Security Applications..................................................................13 Configuring TCP/IP Settings ........................................................................................................14 Configuring Internet Properties ..................................................................................................14 Removing Temporary Internet Files ..........................................................................................15

Hardware Setup ....................................................................................16 Connecting to the Internet....................................................................18
Connecting Via the Web Interface..............................................................................................18 Connecting Via the Utility Wizard...............................................................................................22

Connecting Wireless Devices .................................................................23

About the Web Interface ............................................. 24
Accessing the Web Manager .................................................................24 Components..........................................................................................24
Buttons ..........................................................................................................................................24 Commands ....................................................................................................................................25 Menus ............................................................................................................................................25

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User Manual

Setup Menu ................................................................. 33 Basic Menu .................................................................. 34
Home ....................................................................................................35
Connection Information...............................................................................................................35 Router Information.......................................................................................................................35 Local Network Information .........................................................................................................35 Wireless Network Information ...................................................................................................35

Quick Start ............................................................................................35 LAN Configuration .................................................................................36 Diagnostics ...........................................................................................37
Ping Test........................................................................................................................................37 Full Modem Test ...........................................................................................................................38

Advanced Menu........................................................... 39
WAN ......................................................................................................40
New Connection ...........................................................................................................................40 ADSL Modulation ..........................................................................................................................47 Connection Scan ...........................................................................................................................48

LAN .......................................................................................................49
LAN Configuration ........................................................................................................................49 LAN Group Configuration.............................................................................................................51 Assign ISP DNS, SNTP...................................................................................................................53 LAN Clients ....................................................................................................................................54

Applications ..........................................................................................56
Universal Plug and Play...............................................................................................................57 Simple Network Timing Protocol................................................................................................58 Simple Network Management Protocol ....................................................................................60 IGMP Proxy....................................................................................................................................61 TR-068 WAN Access .....................................................................................................................63 TR-069 ...........................................................................................................................................64 NAT Services .................................................................................................................................66 DNS Proxy......................................................................................................................................67 Dynamic DNS Client .....................................................................................................................68 Easy Connect Configuration.........................................................................................................69 Port Triggering ..............................................................................................................................71 Port Forwarding............................................................................................................................72 Bridge Filters.................................................................................................................................74
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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................118 Page 4 of 129 ........................................................................................................................99 Restore to Default........ 106 WPA .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................102 Multiple SSID.....................................................................................116 Status Menu........................................................115 URL Filters ..............................97 System Password ...............................................................................................................................................................76 Quality of Service.................. 109 Wireless Distribution System .108 Access List ..... 112 IP Filters............... 117 Connection Status ...............................113 LAN Isolation........................................................................................................................................................................................104 WEP ...............................................................95 Dynamic Routing .........................................99 Wireless Menu .....................79 Ingress ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1x. 108 Associated Stations ........................................................................................................................................................................103 Wireless Security.. 104 802.................................. 100 Setup ...........................................................................................................................................110 Security Menu................................................................................77 Egress..... 107 Wireless Management ............................................................................................User Manual Web Access Control..........................................................................................95 Static Routing...........................................................................................88 Policy Routing Configuration......................................................................................................................92 Routing ..........................96 Routing Table...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................101 Configuration ............................................................75 SSH Access Control ...........................................................................................................82 QoS Shaper Configuration .........................................................................98 Firmware Update ..................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................125 Modem Status....................................................................126 Product Information........ 126 WDS Report .......................................................................122 DDNS Update Status ................123 DHCP Clients........................................................................................................................................... 128 Page 5 of 129 .........User Manual System Log ................................................................124 QoS Status..............................................................................................................................................................................................................119 Remote Log...........................................127 Help Menu .....................120 Network Statistics ............

and advanced configuration options of the router. Scope and Purpose This manual provides installation instructions and description of the router components and the web interface. Target Audience This manual is designed and developed for users who are required to install and maintain the router. It assumes the user of this manual has basic knowledge and experience in configuring routers. basic operation.User Manual About this Manual This manual provides a description of the components. computer networks. and computer systems. Document Structure The manual is divided into the following sections: Chapter 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 About the Router Getting Started About the Web Interface Setup Menu Basic Menu Advanced Menu Wireless Menu Security Menu Status Menu Help Menu About Page 6 of 129 .

0 Netscape Navigator 3. Software Operating System: Any operating system can be used Browser: Internet Explorer 4.02 Hardware 233MHz processor CD-ROM Drive Ethernet network adapter Page 7 of 129 . This router provides advanced features that allow you to converge your phone. Requirements Your computer must meet the following minimum requirements. and other network appliances into a single network either through wired or wireless connection.User Manual About the Router Congratulations on the purchase of your router. Internet.

please contact your dealer immediately. Product contents vary for different models. Router Ethernet cable Telephone cable 9V Power Adapter Easy Start Guide Resource CD Page 8 of 129 .User Manual Package Contents Package contents are listed below. For any missing items.

Label A POWER Off Action Description No power is supplied to the device Connected to an AC power supply No Ethernet connection Connected to an Ethernet port Transmitting/Receiving data Access point is disabled Access point is enabled Page 9 of 129 Steady light B ETHERNET Off Steady light Blinking light C WIRELESS Off Steady light .User Manual Device Design Front Panel The LEDs on the front panel gives you an idea about the power and connection status.

User Manual Blinking light D DSL Off Blinking light Steady light E INTERNET Off Steady green light Blinking green light Red Transmitting/Receiving data No DSL signal Establishing DSL signal DSL signal is established No Internet connection Connected to the Internet Transmitting/Receiving data Connection attempt failed Back Panel The back panel provides ports to power up and connect the router into the network. Press for 10 seconds to reset. Back Panel Label DSL 1ETHERNET 1-4 RESET 9V DC ON/OFF Antenna Used for… Connecting the telephone cable Connecting with computers/devices through Ethernet cable Resetting the device. Connecting with the 9V power adapter Switching the device on/off Sending/receiving wireless signals Page 10 of 129 .

Page 11 of 129 .User Manual Getting Started Setting up the device is easy. The flowchart below provides an outline of the steps you need to complete the installation. There are brief descriptions beside each step to help you along. Detailed instructions are provided in the subsequent pages.

Sample network diagram To create a network diagram: For wireless devices. it is a good idea to draw out a network diagram to help identify the devices and plan out how to connect these devices. Page 12 of 129 .User Manual Planning Your Network Before moving ahead to setup your network. identify the wireless devices you want to include in the network For wired devices. The illustration below is an example of a network diagram. identify which router port you want to use for each device.

Proxy. proxy software. These should be removed or disabled before you install and configure the router. Sharing Internet Sharing Applications Microsoft Internet Sharing Proxy Software WinGate WinProxy Security Software Symantec Zone Alarm Page 13 of 129 . you need to remove or disable conflicts that may interfere the installation. and firewall applications may interfere with the router installation. remove or disable them according to the manufacturer’s instructions. and Security Applications Internet sharing.User Manual Remove or Disable Conflicts To make sure the router installation moves on smoothly. If you have any of the following or similar applications installed on your computer. Probable conflicts may include: Internet sharing applications Proxy software Security software TCP/IP settings Internet properties Temporary Internet files Internet Sharing.

Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) dialog box.cpl and then click OK This opens the Internet Properties OK. select Never dial a Dialconnection. connection 5. 4. 7. Click Connections tab. your computer. 5.cpl and then click OK This opens the Network Connections in OK. 3. Page 14 of 129 . Click OK to close the Internet Properties dialog box. Protocol (TCP/IP) dialog box. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties This opens the Internet Properties. Properties Properties dialog box. In the Dial-up and Virtual Private Network settings pane. Select Start > Run This opens the Run dialog box. 2.User Manual Configuring TCP/IP Settings Use the default TCP/IP settings to allow the router to provide a network address to the computer. dialog box. Right-click LAN and then select Properties This opens the Local Area Connection Properties. Run. 2. 4. Configuring Internet Properties To set the Internet Properties: 1. Select Obtain an IP address automatically automatically. 6. 3. Enter control ncpa. To set the TCP/IP properties: 1. Click OK to close the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box. Run. Enter control inetcpl. Select Start > Run This opens the Run dialog box.

To remove temporary Internet files: 1. 4. Double-click Internet Options This opens the Internet Options dialog box. 5. Panel. Select Start > Run This opens the Run dialog box. Click OK to close the Internet Properties dialog box. In the Temporary Internet Files pane. Enter control and then click OK This opens the Control Panel OK. Options. 3. 6. click Delete Cookies Cookies. Page 15 of 129 . Delete these filed to purge the Internet cache and remove footprints left by the Web pages you visited. Run. 2. Click Delete Files Files.User Manual Removing Temporary Internet Files Temporary Internet files are files from Web sites that are stored in your computer.

the main computer. If you have another device you need to connect through wire into the router. To setup the hardware: 1. Plug one end of the telephone cable from the POTS Splitter’s ADSL port and then plug the other end into the router’s DSL port Page 16 of 129 .User Manual Hardware Setup When installing the router. and phone jack in the same room. the common practice is to have the router. The room should also have enough electrical outlets to match your needs. Plug one end of the Ethernet cable from the computer’s Ethernet port and then plug the other end into an available Ethernet port. use another piece of Ethernet cable. 2. 3. Plug one end of the Ethernet cable from the router’s ETHERNET port and then plug the other end into the Ethernet port in your computer.

Connect the power adapter from the router’s 9V DC port into the electrical outlet. To setup the telephone POTS Splitter: a. When you enable the phone line for high speed Internet.User Manual POTS Splitter A phone line can carry phone call and Internet signals. Installing a Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS) splitter separates the two signals and eliminates the noise. Locate the phone jack in your house. c. the connection produces high-pitched tones when using the phone. b. Insert the POTS Splitter into the phone jack. Page 17 of 129 . Plug one end of the telephone cable from the POTS Splitter’s TEL port and then plug the other end into the telephone. 4.

You can either use the Web Interface or the Utility Wizard. Connecting Via the Web Interface To connect to the Inter via the Web Interface: 1. Open your browser. Enter 10.100. 2.User Manual Connecting to the Internet There are two ways to connect to the Internet.1. page of the web interface.1 in the address field and then press Enter This opens the Setup Enter. Setup Page Page 18 of 129 .

5. Enter the User ID Password Protocol VP1 and VCI for your account. account information from your service provider. Password.User Manual 3. Internet Login Account Setting page 4. Protocol. These are the ID. Click Step 1: Internet Login Account Setting This opens the Internet Login Account Setting. Click Next. Next Wireless LAN Configuration page Page 19 of 129 . VP1. This opens the Wireless LAN Configuration page. Login Setting page.

Country Standard. 7. Enter an SSID. Select Enable Wireless Security Security. Next.User Manual 6. Click Next This opens the Wireless LAN Security page. 10. 8. Enter an Encryption Key or click Generate to allow the router to create an alphanumeric encryption key for you. Page 20 of 129 . The Encryption key will be used to establish the wireless network connection of wireless devices. and Wireless Channel Channel. Select Yes or No to specify if you want to hide your wireless network name or not. Wireless LAN Security 9.

Click Next. Click Finish Finish. Select Enable Authentication Authentication. Next. System Password page 12. Next 16. Page 21 of 129 . Enter the number of minutes for Idle Timeout Timeout. Password. 14. 15. Enter User Name. This opens the Summary page. Click Next This opens the System Password page.User Manual 11. and Confirm Password Password. 13.

click Yes Yes. Utility. To confirm. 4. this only runs on Windows operating systems. This opens a dialog box asking if you want to save and restart the router. and then click OK This opens the Setup Utility OK. Basic Home page Connecting Via the Utility Wizard The Setup Wizard can also be used to configure your router. INTERNET lights up. Afterwards. Microsoft Windows XP users may be asked to confirm the installation. click Anyway. on the router’s front panel. 3. 2. After a successful connection. Insert the Resource CD into your CD-ROM. Notes: Microsoft Windows 2000 users may be asked to confirm the installation.User Manual 17. the Basic Home page opens to give you a summary of the account settings. If the utility does not launch automatically. Page 22 of 129 . Continue Anyway To use the Setup Wizard: 1. Click OK OK. The router will take about two minutes to save the settings and establish a connection with your Internet service provider.exe Start Run. select Start > Run enter D:\Setup. However. To confirm. D:\ (where D: is your CD-ROM drive). Select your router model and then follow the installation procedure.

please refer to Wireless Menu. you can connect other devices with wireless capabilities. This opens a window to ask for the connection settings. Your router allows you to connect with several wireless devices To the connect with wireless devices: 1. Open the software you use to detect a wireless connection. 2. These settings are defined in your router during setup. For more details about wireless connections. Wireless devices relieve you from the task of laying out cables and allow you to use the Internet connection from your router.User Manual Connecting Wireless Devices After you setup the device settings through the main computer. 3. Turn on your wireless device. Page 23 of 129 . Enter the connection settings.

the log in page will appear.1. Components Buttons.User Manual About the Web Interface The Web Interface is used to configure the router settings.1. In the login page. Open a browser. default password is also admin. When authentication is enabled. commands.100. 2. Clicking Apply will not implement the changes when the router is restarted. Page 24 of 129 . enter the User Name and Password The default user name is admin and the Password rd. and menus make up the browser-based user interface. Enter the router’s IP Address.100. Buttons Apply Click to implement the configuration changes. Accessing the Web Manager To access the Web Manager: 1.1.1 10. Cancel Click to revert to the last saved configuration. 3. The default IP Address is 10.

User Manual Commands Save Setting Click to permanently apply configuration changes. Restart Router Restarts the router Restart Access Point Restarts the wireless connection Menus The web interface includes the following menus: Setup Menu Basic Menu Advanced Menu Wireless Menu Security Menu Status Menu Help Menu Page 25 of 129 .

User Manual Setup Menu The Setup menu is used to complete the initial device configuration. Setup Menu Page 26 of 129 .

User Manual Basic Menu The Basic Menu provides the Home. and Diagnostics links. Quick Start. LAN Configuration. Basic Menu Page 27 of 129 .

At least one LAN group must be defined before implementing advanced LAN configuration features. Advanced Menu Page 28 of 129 . At least one WAN connection must be configured before implementing advanced WAN configuration features.User Manual Advanced Menu The Advanced mode provides advanced configuration settings for existing connections.

Wireless Menu Page 29 of 129 .User Manual Wireless Menu Wireless Menu allows you to configure the wireless settings.

User Manual Security Menu Security Menu allows you to configure security tools like IP Filters and LAN Isolation. Security Menu Page 30 of 129 .

Status Menu Page 31 of 129 .User Manual Status Menu The Status Menu provides the status for different connections or interfaces.

User Manual Help Menu The Help Menu provides documentation about various router features. Help Menu Page 32 of 129 .

User Manual Setup Menu The Setup Menu provides step by step instructions on how to configure the router settings. Please refer to Connecting Via the Web Interface. Setup Menu Page 33 of 129 .

User Manual Basic Menu The options for the Basic Menu include: Home Quick Start LAN Configuration Diagnostics Basic Menu Page 34 of 129 .

firmware version. Ethernet MAC Address. Wireless MAC Address. and Firewall status. build. This pane includes a Connect/Disconnect button. Router Information. Connection Information The Connection Information pane gives you an idea about the status of your Internet connection. Local Network Information The Local Network pane displays the current IP address of the router. Local Network. Quick Start Quick Start gives you the ability to instantly connect to the Internet. Page 35 of 129 . It also provides the DHCP status.User Manual Home The Home page provides a one-page summary about the Connection Information. and Wireless Network settings. NAT status. Router Information This pane provides all the necessary information to determine the model. DHCP Range. When clicked. Wireless Network Information This pane displays the current configuration settings for the router’s access point. and Ethernet status. the router makes an attempt to connect to the Internet using the parameters saved in the router.

while red indicates that the service is disabled.User Manual LAN Configuration LAN Group Configuration allows you to configure settings for each LAN group. Notice that you can also view the status of advanced services that can be applied to a LAN group. LAN Group Configuration Page 36 of 129 . Green indicates that the service is enabled.

make sure you have a valid DSL link. Click Test The test status will appear after running the diagnostic test. you should be able to surf the Internet. Select the Basic Menu and then click Diagnostics Diagnostics. If a test Test. it is a good idea to make sure you can ping the network. If you can ping an IP on the WAN side successfully. Ping Test Once you have your router configured. To run diagnostic test: 1. To perform the test. 2.User Manual Diagnostics Diagnostic Test is used for investigating whether the router is properly connected to the WAN Network. click Help to get the solution. 2. select your connection from the list and press the Test button. Diagnostics. Test. Page 37 of 129 . To perform a ping test: 1. Click Ping Test This opens the Ping Test page. Before running this test. failed. This test may take a few seconds to complete. Select the Basic Menu and then click Diagnostics This opens the Diagnostics page.

it means that the TCP/IP protocol is up and running. To perform a Full Modem test: 1. If the Ping test failed. Select the Basic Menu and then click Diagnostics Diagnostics. Select your connection and then click Test Test.User Manual 3. Full Modem Test This test is used to check if your modem is properly connected to the network. The ping results are displayed in the page. If the ping test was successful. Click Full Modem Test This opens the Modem Test page. you should restart the router. 2. Click Test Test. Page 38 of 129 . Change or leave the default settings of the following fields: Enter the IP address to ping Packet size Number of echo request 4. Test.

Advanced Menu Page 39 of 129 .User Manual Advanced Menu This chapter provides advanced configuration options for your router.

New Connection Your router supports the creation of new connections. There are several types of WAN connections that require different settings. you may need to utilize the static routing capabilities of the modem to pass data correctly. WAN connections types include: PPPoE Connection PPPoA Connection Static Connection DHCP Connection Bridge Connection CLIP Connection Page 40 of 129 .User Manual WAN Wide Area Network refers to the configurations you perform to establish an Internet connection. If you have multiple virtual connections.

With this model. is a method of establishing a network connection/session between network hosts.User Manual PPPoE Connection PPP. PPPoE provides the ability to connect to a network of hosts over a simple bridging access device to a remote access concentrator. each router uses its own PPP stack. or point-to-point protocol. New PPPoE Connection Setup Page 41 of 129 . Access control. billing. PPPoE is a protocol for encapsulating PPP frames in Ethernet frames and is described in RFC 2516. and type of service control can all be done on a per-user rather than per-site basis.

Contact your service provider to determine which encapsulation is being used on your Internet connection. It usually provides a mechanism of authenticating users. It is a method of encapsulating PPP packets in ATM cells that are carried over the DSL line. Logical link control (LLC) and virtual circuit (VC) are two different methods of encapsulating the PPP packet. New PPPoA Connection Setup Page 42 of 129 . PPP. is a method of establishing a network connection/session between network hosts. or point-to-point protocol.User Manual PPPoA Connection PPPoA is also known as RFC 2364.

User Manual Static Connection Static connection type is used whenever a known static IP address is assigned to the router. New Static Connection Setup Page 43 of 129 . Additional addressing information such as the subnet mask and the default gateway must also be specified. These servers resolve the name of the computer to the IP address mapped to it and thus enable you to access other web servers by typing the symbolic name (host name). Up to three domain name server (DNS) addresses can be identified.

User Manual

DHCP Connection
DHCP allows the router to automatically obtain the IP address from the server. This option is commonly used in when the IP is dynamically assigned and is not known prior to assignment.

New DHCP Connection Setup

Page 44 of 129

User Manual

Bridge Connection
A bridge connection does not assign any IP address to the WAN interface. NAT and firewall rules are not enabled. This connection method makes the router act as a bridge for passing packets between the WAN interface and the LAN interface.

New Bridge Connection Setup

Page 45 of 129

User Manual

CLIP Connection
Classical IP over ATM (CLIP) Connection Setup page (CLIP) provides the ability to transmit IP packets over an ATM network. CLIP support encapsulates an IP datagram in an AAL5 PDU frame using RFC 2225 and it uses an ATM-aware version of the address resolution protocol (ATMARP).

CLIP Connection Setup

Page 46 of 129

In most cases. Leave the default value if you are unsure or the service provider did not provide this information. ADSL Modulation Page 47 of 129 .User Manual ADSL Modulation ADSL Modulation allows you to select any combination of DSL training modes. this screen should not be modified.

Click Scan Scan. Connection Scan To perform connections scan: 1.User Manual Connection Scan This feature helps users to detect the PVC settings provided by the service provider. Select WAN > Connection Scan Scan. Page 48 of 129 . Before the router can begin scanning the connection. Select the Advanced Menu Menu nu. 3. 2. the telephone line has to be plugged into the router.

respectively.User Manual LAN The router is preconfigured to automatically provide IP addresses to all the computers in the Local Area Network (LAN).0. Your router allows you to create and configure LAN groups. the DHCP configuration must reside within the same subnet. The default gateway is the routing device used to forward all traffic that is not addressed to a station within the local subnet.1 and 255. If you change your gateways’ IP address and you have DHCP enabled. LAN Configuration Your router’s default IP address and subnet mask are 10.255. LAN Configuration Page 49 of 129 .1. Your ISP will provide you with the default gateway Address.100. you need to edit the subnet mask but remember that the DHCP server is defaulted to only give out 255 IP addresses. This subnet mask allows the router to support 254 users. If you want to support more users.255.

in LAN group 1. 2. To temporarily activate the settings. To make changes permanent. Select the Advanced Menu Menu. click Apply Apply. to the ETHERNET interface because it does not belong to any LAN group. Configure will appear in LAN group 2 to allow the definition of additional configurations. Select ETHERNET in LAN group 1 and then click < Remove No packets will be sent Remove. click Save Settings Settings. Select ETHERNET from Interfaces and then click Add > under LAN group 2 Just like 2. Select LAN > LAN Configuration Configuration. 6. Page 50 of 129 .User Manual To configure the LAN groupings: 1. 5. 4. 3.

while red indicates that the service is disabled. your router acts like a client and requests an IP address from the DHCP server on the LAN side.User Manual LAN Group Configuration LAN Group Configuration allows you to configure settings for each LAN group. LAN Group Configuration Category Unmanaged Field Description Unmanaged is a state when the LAN group is not configured and no IP address has been assigned to the bridge. Netmask The subnet mask of your router. Page 51 of 129 . Obtain an IP address automatically When this function is enabled. IP Address You can retrieve/renew an IP address from the DHCP server using the Release and Renew buttons. Notice that you can also view the status of advanced services that can be applied to a LAN group. Green indicates that the service is enabled.

To learn more.1. if the IP address of the router is 10.100.1 (default).100.2 (or higher). your router has the DHCP server (LAN side) enabled. For example.Domain). If the DHCP server runs out of DHCP addresses.1 (the IP address) or mygateway1.1. The default IP address of the router (as shown) is 10. you must disable one of the two DHCP servers.1.168. The IP address should be different but within the same subnet as the WAN-side IP address. It can be any alphanumeric word that does not contain spaces. Enable DHCP Server Enables/disables DHCP.ar7 (Host Name. users do not get access to Start IP Page 52 of 129 .254. Your ISP provides you with the IP address of the default gateway. End IP The End IP Address is where the DHCP server stops issuing IP addresses. Netmask The default subnet mask of your router is 255. This subnet allows the router to support 254 users.1. Use the following Static IP address IP Address This field enables you to change the IP address of the router.100. hence the max value for the default gateway is 192. The Start IP Address is where the DHCP server starts issuing IP addresses. Default Gateway The default gateway is the routing device used to forward all traffic that is not addressed to a station within the local subnet. This value must be greater than the IP address value of the router.1.User Manual PPP IP Address IP Address Enables/disables PPP unnumbered feature. then the starting IP address must be 192. By default. Host Name The host name is used in conjunction with the domain name to uniquely identify the router.255. SNTP feature when the DHCP server of your router has been enabled. SNTP.255. The ending address cannot exceed a subnet limit of 254. To access the web pages of the router you can type 10.1. If you want to support a larger number of users you can change the subnet mask.0. If you already have a DHCP server running on your network. Domain The domain name is used in conjunction with the host name to uniquely identify the router. please refer to Assign ISP DNS.168. Assign ISP DNS. SNTP Enable/disables the Assign ISP DNS.

The amount of time is in units of seconds.100. The default value is 3600 seconds (1 hour). SNTP only applies when the DHCP server is enabled on the LAN Group Configuration page. SNTP When you enable the DHCP server.User Manual network resources. This can be configured by enabling/disabling Assign ISP DNS SNTP on the LAN Group Configuration page. Enable DHCP Relay In addition to the DHCP server feature. At the end of the Lease Time. Note: ISP DNS. The router has a choice of advertising its own IP address (10. the router supports the DHCP relay function.1. you can increase the Ending IP address (to the limit of 254) or reduce the lease time. and DNS settings of every host on your network. If this happens. your router must reside on the same subnet as all the other hosts. When the DHCP server and relay functions are turned off.1) as the DNS server or providing the DNS that was received from the WAN. When the gateway is configured as DHCP relay.100. The maximum value is 999999 seconds (About 278 hours). it assigns the IP addresses to the LAN clients. the network administrator must carefully configure the IP address. Subnet Mask. Lease Time The Lease Time is the amount of time that a network user is allowed to maintain a network connection to the router using the current dynamic IP address.1) as both the gateway and the DNS server.1. Page 53 of 129 . Relay IP Server and Relay Off The IP address of the DHCP relay server. it is responsible for forwarding the requests and responses negotiated between the DHCP clients and the server. Also. the lease is either renewed or the DHCP server issues a new IP. Assign ISP DNS. When the router is configured as DHCP server. The router provides its own LAN IP address (10. the router dynamically assigns IP addresses to computers in the local network. Do not assign the same IP address to more than one host.

LAN Clients Page 54 of 129 . Any existing static entry falling within the DHCP server's range can be deleted. Each computer either has a dynamic or static (manually-configured) IP address.User Manual LAN Clients LAN Clients allows you to view and add computers in a LAN group. You can add a static IP address (belonging to the router’s LAN subnet) using the LAN Clients page.

Page 55 of 129 . Select a LAN Connection and enter IP Address Hostname and MAC Address Connection. Clients. Select Advanced Menu Menu. Address. Apply 6.User Manual To add LAN Clients: 1. 3. Hostname. 2. Apply. 4. To make changes permanent. 5. Select LAN > LAN Clients This opens the LAN Clients page. Address. click Apply Apply. To temporarily implement the settings. click Save Settings Settings. You can convert the dynamic into a static entry by clicking Reserve and then click Reserve. Click Apply Apply. 7.

User Manual Applications Applications include: Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) Simple Network Timing Protocol (SNTP) Simple Network Management Protocol Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) Proxy TR-068 WAN Access TR-069 NAT Services DNS Proxy Dynamic DNS Client Easy Connect Configuration Prot Triggering Port Forwarding Bridge Filters Web Access Control SSH Access Control Page 56 of 129 .

User Manual Universal Plug and Play Universal plug and play (UPnP). Page 57 of 129 . 5. NAT. To make changes permanent. In the presence of multiple WAN connections. 2. In addition. the default WAN connection. UPnP To configure UPnP: 1. select a connection on which the incoming traffic is present. Select Advanced Advanced. for example. Click Apply to temporarily apply the settings. 4. and firewall traversal allow traffic to pass through the router for applications using the UPnP protocol. the computer should support this feature. click Save Settings Settings. This feature requires one active WAN connection. Select Application > Enable UPnP. UPnP 3. Select the WAN Connection and LAN Connection that will use UPnP from the dropdown lists.

This can be provided by ISP or defined by user. Configure the following fields: Primary SNTP Server The IP address or the host name of the primary SNTP server. 2. Timeout If the router failed to connect to an SNTP server within the Timeout period.User Manual Simple Network Timing Protocol Simple network timing protocol (SNTP) is a protocol used to synchronize the system time to the public SNTP servers. Secondary SNTP Server The IP address or the host name of the secondary SNTP server. This can be provided by ISP or defined by user. it retries the connection. Check Enable SNTP SNTP. It uses the UDP protocol on port 123 to communicate between clients and servers. Page 58 of 129 . This can be provided by ISP or defined by user. Tertiary SNTP Server The IP address or the host name of the tertiary SNTP server. SNTP To enable SNTP: 1.

click Save Settings Settings. To make changes permanent. Page 59 of 129 .User Manual Polling Interval The amount of time between a successful connection with a SNTP server and a new attempt to connect to an SNTP server. 3. 4. DST is not automatically enabled or disabled. Click Apply to temporarily apply the settings. Retry Count The number of times the router tries to connect to an SNTP server before it tries to connect to the next server in line. Time Zone The time zone in which the router resides. You need to manually enable and disable it. Day Light Select this option to enable/disable daylight saving time (DST).

and TRAPS for 4 groups with MIB-II: System. Page 60 of 129 . SNMP Management To access SNMP: 1. 2. Select the Advanced Menu Menu. Select Application > SNMP SNMP. Each SNMP-managed device has at least one agent that can respond to the queries from the NMS. and ICMP. The agent uses MIBs as dictionaries of manageable objects. SETS. The SNMP agent supports three-community names authentication. Interface. which uses the UDP protocol on port 161 to communicate between clients and servers.User Manual Simple Network Management Protocol SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a troubleshooting and management protocol. The SNMP agent supports GETS. The agent is a separate station that can request data from an SNMP agent in each of the different system in the network. SNMP uses a manager MIB (management information base) agent solution to fulfill the network management needs. IP.

A host group is a set of one or more hosts identified by a single IP destination address. A host may belong to multiple host groups. There are no restrictions on a host’s location.User Manual IGMP Proxy IP hosts use Internet group management protocol (IGMP) to report their multicast group memberships to neighboring routers. or a multicast router sending multicast packets to multicast groups on the WAN side. Non-group members may send UDP datagram’s to the host group. There are no restrictions on the number of members that may belong to a host group. your router acts as a proxy for a LAN host making requests to join and leave multicast groups. Similarly. UDP is used to send datagram’s to all hosts that belong to what is called a Host Group. Page 61 of 129 . Your router supports IGMP proxy that handles IGMP messages. multicast routers use IGMP to discover which of their hosts belong to multicast groups. When enabled. The following statements apply to host groups: Anyone can join or leave a host group at will. IGMP Proxy Multicasting is a form of limited broadcast.

Note that using multicasting as opposed to sending the same data to individual devices uses less network bandwidth. You can perform one of the two options: 1. if one device is responsible for acquiring data that many other devices need. 3. You can configure the WAN or LAN interface as one of the following: Upstream The interface that IGMP requests from hosts are sent to the multicast router. Select Advanced Advanced. For instance. The multicast feature also enables you to receive multicast video streams from multicast servers. To configure the IGMP Proxy: 1. The IGMP Proxy page allows you to enable multicast on available WAN and LAN connections. Downstream The interface data from the multicast router are sent to hosts in the multicast group database. Configure the following interfaces: Quickstart LAN group 1 4.User Manual Multicasting is useful when the same data needs to be sent to more than one device. then multicasting is a natural fit. Configure one or more WAN interface as the upstream interface. click Save Settings Settings. Ignore No IGMP request nor data multicast are forwarded. Page 62 of 129 . To make changes permanent. Select Application > IGMP Proxy Proxy. 2. Click Apply to temporarily apply the settings. Configure one or more LAN interface as the upstream interface. 5. 2.

User Manual TR-068 WAN Access The TR-068 WAN Access page enables you to give temporary permission to someone (such as technical support staff) to be able to access your router from the WAN side. 6.5:51003 Page 63 of 129 .10. 2. To access your router remotely. Select the Advanced Menu Menu. Enable WAN Access Update To create a temporary user account for remote access: 1. From the moment the account is enabled the user is expected to log in within 20 minutes. Select WAN Access Access. Select Application > TR-068 WAN Access TRAccess. otherwise the account expires. 51003). if the session remains inactive for more than 20 minutes. 4. Enter a port number In the Port field (for example. the user will be logged out and the account expires.10. 3. 5. Select WAN Update Update. Once the user has logged in. Enter a user name and password in the User Name and Password fields. enter the following URL: http(s)://10.

Click Apply to temporarily apply the settings.User Manual Syntax: Syntax http(s)://WAN IP of router:Port Number 7. 8. intended for communication between a CPE and Auto-Configuration Server (ACS). and also incorporates other CPE management functions into a common framework. TR-069 is CPE Management Protocol from WAN side. The CPE WAN Management Protocol is intended to support a variety of functionalities to manage a collection of CPE. To make changes permanent. including the following primary capabilities: Auto-configuration and dynamic service provisioning Software/firmware image management Status and performance monitoring Diagnostics TRTR-069 Page 64 of 129 . TR-069 The TR-069 page allows you to set up connection parameters that cannot be seen by end users. The CPE WAN Management Protocol defines a mechanism that encompasses secure auto-configuration of a CPE. click Save Settings Settings.

To make changes permanent. 2. click Save Settings. Settings Page 65 of 129 . Leave ACS URL.User Manual To set TR-069: 1. Select the Advanced Menu Menu. 6. 5. Select Periodic Inform Enabled and then enter the Periodic Inform Interval Interval. 7. Enabled. Interval. click Apply Apply. 3. To temporarily apply the settings. the AVS updates the ACS URL Periodic Inform Enabled and Periodic Inform Interval URL. When a connection is established. Select Application > TR-069 TR-069. Click ACS Connect to connect to the ACS. 4.

Select Application > NAT Services. serving as the primary IP address of the router. NAT Services To access NAT: 1. these additional IP addresses can be used to map to servers on the LAN.User Manual NAT Services If the user has more than one public IP address assigned by the ISP. The rest will be mapped to servers on the LAN. Services Page 66 of 129 . One public IP address will be used to provide Internet access to the LAN computers via NAT. 2. Select the Advanced Menu Menu.

Page 67 of 129 . Select Advanced Advanced.User Manual DNS Proxy DNS Proxy determines the primary Domain Name Server and secondary DNS to be used. DNS Proxy To select the DNS Server Priority: 1. click Save Settings Settings. 2. Select the DNS Server Priority Priority: Only Auto Discovered DNS Servers Only User Configured DNS Servers Auto Discovered then User Configured User Configured then Auto Discovered 4. To make changes permanent. Click Apply to temporarily apply settings. Select Application > DNS Proxy Proxy. 5. 3.

Select Advanced Advanced. Configure the following fields: Connection DDNS Server DDNS Client User Name Password Page 68 of 129 . Dynamic DNS Client Note: The User Name/Password entered should be similar to the User Name/Password you have specified during the registration of the DNS hostname. 2. It can be useful in web hosting and FTP services. To enable Dynamic DNS: 1. The Dynamic DNS will be linked with the WAN IP of the router even after the ISP update the WAN IP to another IP address. 3. Select Application > Dynamic DNS Client Client.User Manual Dynamic DNS Client Dynamic DNS allows the user to register with a Dynamic DNS Provider.

e.User Manual Domain Name 4. Click Apply to temporarily apply the settings. Page 69 of 129 . Auto NetBIOS It allows proxy server to use any NetBIOS name which the Auto NetBIOS still allow computer to surf the web with a condition that the router gateway MUST be in Private IP Ranges. To make changes permanent. click Save Settings Settings. 5. Proxy. DNS of user’s computer. TCP/IP. Configuration Easy Connect Configuration Easy Connect features include: Auto IP All valid TCP/IP setting on user’s computer can surf web via the router without the need to change the IP address Auto DNS Any DNS IP address set at user’s computer irregardless whether the address is valid or invalid DNS. Easy Connect Configuration Easy Connect feature allow user to surf web with ease without the need to changes default configuration setting. Auto DNS still allow user’s computer to surf the web. i.

0. For example.255.255. Select Application > Easy Connect Configuration Configuration.255 To access Easy Connect: 1. Private IP Ranges Class A: 10.0. Any Public IP proxy setting will assume the proxy is valid and hence Auto Proxy function will not take place. Auto Proxy will still allow the computer to surf the web.0.168.255.31.0 ~ 10.User Manual Auto Proxy Refers to any valid Private IP proxy setting with any port number.0 ~ 172.16.0.168. Select Advanced Menu.0 ~ 192.255 Class B: 172.255.255 Class C: 192. Page 70 of 129 . Note: The port number to be used must be specified in both the browser and the Auto Proxy Ports. Menu 2. when you enter 1234 on the browser.

Port Triggering To access port triggering: 1.User Manual Port Triggering Port triggering is a specialized form of port forwarding which enables computers behind NAT to be accessed. 2. Select Application > Port Triggering Triggering. Select Advanced Menu Menu. It triggers open an incoming port when a client on the LAN makes an outgoing connection to a predetermined port on a server. Page 71 of 129 .

edit. which is accessed by clicking New IP. Select WAN Connection LAN Group and LAN IP If the desired LAN IP is not Connection. or delete your own port forwarding rules. Port forwarding is configurable per LAN group. To configure port forwarding: 1. available in the LAN IP drop-down menu. Using the Port Forwarding page. You can also create. Port Forwarding A database of predefined port forwarding rules allows you to apply one or more rules to one or more members of a defined LAN group. 2. you can add it using the LAN Client page. Select Advanced Advanced. You can view the rules associated with a predefined category and add the available rules for a given category.User Manual Port Forwarding Port forwarding (or virtual server) allows you to direct incoming traffic to specific LAN hosts based on a protocol port number and protocol. you can provide local services (for example. IP. page IP Page 72 of 129 . 3. Select Application > Port Forwarding Forwarding. web hosting) for people on the Internet or play Internet games. Group.

click Save Settings Settings. To make changes permanent. page. To make changes permanent. 3. The Rule Management page opens for you to create new rules. Protocol. select Enable DMZ This opens the DMZ Settings DMZ. Page 73 of 129 . Map. Address. 8. Continue to add rules as they apply from each category. Select User. This opens the access to the DMZ host from the Internet.User Manual 4. End. User New 5. Start. Group. Click Apply to temporarily activate the settings. you add an extra layer of security protection for hosts behind the firewall. Click Apply to temporarily apply the settings. click Save Settings Settings. This function is disabled by default. 2. Apply. On the Port Forwarding page. To enable DMZ Settings: 1. you can create your own rule in the User category. By enabling DMZ. If a rule is not in the list. 7. and then click New. DMZ Settings Setting a host on your local network as demilitarized zone (DMZ) forwards any network traffic that is not redirected to another host via the port forwarding feature to the IP address of the host. Select the WAN Connection LAN Group and LAN IP Address Connection. Custom Port Forwarding The Custom Port Forwarding page allows you to create up to 15 custom port forwarding entries to support specific services or applications. Protocol Port Start Port End and Port Map and then click Apply 6. such as concurrent NAT/NAPT operation. 4. Enter Rule Name Name. Select the available rules for a given category and click Add to apply the rule for this category.

Add. To make changes permanent. Delete 5. Select Application > Bridge Filters This opens the Bridge Filters page. each frame is examined against every defined filter rule in sequence. Bridge Filters To configure Bridge Filters: 1. enter the source MAC address Destination MAC address and address. When a match is found. 6. 2. Up to 20 filter rules are supported with bridge filtering. Click Apply to temporarily activate the settings. You can delete using Delete. When bridge filtering is enabled. click Save Settings Settings. address. Protocol with desired filtering type. Select Enable Bridge Filters Filters.User Manual Bridge Filters The Bridge Filters allows you to enable. add. Page 74 of 129 . To add a rule. 3. Filters. edit. Select Advanced Advanced. then click Add Note: You can also edit a rule that you created using the Edit checkbox. or delete the filter rules. the appropriate filtering action (allow or deny) is performed. 4.

Configure the following fields: Remote Host IP Remote Netmask Redirect Port 6. Select the connection used in Choose a connection connection. Select Enable Enable. 5. Select Application > Web Access Control Control. 7. 3. 4. Select Advanced Menu Menu. This allows you to access you router remotely. To make changes permanent.User Manual Web Access Control The Web Access Control page allows you to access the router via the web from a remote location like your home or office. Click Apply to temporarily activate the settings on the page. 2. click Save Settings Settings. Web Access Control To configure Web Access: 1. Page 75 of 129 . The WAN address is now added into the IP Access List.

Page 76 of 129 . Control. 4. To make changes permanent.User Manual SSH Access Control SSH Access control allows you to access the router remotely via SSH from the WAN side. 7. Select Application > SSH Access Control This opens the SSH Access Control page. click Apply Apply. click Save Settings Settings. Enter the Remote Netmask Remote Netmask. To temporarily implement the settings. Select Advanced Menu. Select Enable Enable. Enter the IP address of the remote computer you want to use in Remote Host IP IP. Access SSH Access Control To configure SSH Access Control: 1. 2. 6. 5. 3.

User Manual Quality of Service Quality of service allows network administrators to configure the routers to meet the real time requirements for voice and video.) of a packet needs to be translated to CoS when the packet enter the router. When QoS is enabled. and vice versa. etc. Different networks use different QoS markings like: ToS network: ToS bits in the IP header VLAN network: priority bits in the VLAN header DSCP network: uses only 5 bits of the CoS WLAN: WLAN QoS header. How do you make them talk to each other? How can you make sure the priority from one network is carried over to another network? Class of service (CoS) is introduced as the common language for the QoS mappings. There are 6 types of CoS (in descending priority): CoS1 CoS2 CoS3 CoS4 CoS5 CoS6 Page 77 of 129 . The QoS framework is supported on all the above domains. the CoS of a packet needs to be translated back to the domain mapping when the packet leaves the router. priority bits. This is how it works: The domain mapping (ToS bits. the router has full control over packets from the time they enter the router till they leave the router.

Untrusted mode: Does not honor domain mapping. This is the default QoS setting. Traffic Conditioning Agreement (TCA): The TCA needs to be defined for each interface: o Ingress mappings (Domain =>CoS) o Egress Mappings (CoS => Domain) o Untrusted mode (default) Shaper Page 78 of 129 . CoS2-CoS5 are used for assured forwarding (AF) classes. all traffic will be treated as best effort. There are some additional terms you should get familiarize with: Ingress: Packets arriving from a WAN/LAN interface into the router. Egress: Packets sent from the router to a WAN/LAN interface. WLAN user priority). Trusted mode: Honors the domain mapping (ToS byte. CoS6 is for best effort (BE) traffic.User Manual The rules are: 1. CoS1 has absolute priority and is used for expedited forwarding (EF) traffic. They are serviced in a strict round robin manner using the following priority scheme: CoS2 > CoS3 > CoS4 > CoS5 3. If QoS is not enabled on your router. This is always serviced till completion. This is only serviced when there is no other class of service. 2. WME.

The reverse CoS and domain mapping is configured using the Egress. To access Egress select the Advanced Menu and then select Egress. the markings (CoS) need to be translated to the mappings understood by the network domains. Egress.User Manual Egress For packets going out of the router. QoS > Egress There are three Egress modes: No Egress mode Layer 2 Layer 3 No Egress Mode The default Egress page setting for all interfaces is No Egress. Egress Page 79 of 129 . the domain mappings of the packets are untouched. In this mode.

1. 7. User Priority The selections are 0. and CoS6. and CoS6. CoS5. Again. CoS3. Page 80 of 129 . The selections are (in the order of descending priority): CoS1. CoS2. this feature is only configurable on the WAN interfaces as VLAN is only supported on the WAN side in the current release. such as PPP control packet and ARP packet.User Manual Layer 2 The Egress Layer 2 page allows you to map the CoS of an outgoing packet to user priority bits. 2. CoS5. You can define the CoS for all unclassified outgoing packets on layer 2 using this field. 5. 3. 4. LAN interface cannot be selected as VLAN is currently supported on the WAN side only. CoS3. Unclassified Packet Some locally generated packets might not have been classified and thus do not have a CoS value. CoS2. CoS4. CoS4. The default value is CoS1 (recommended). 6. which will then pick up the user priority bits based on the mapping rules you create. Class of Service The selections are (in the order of descending priority): CoS1. Layer 2 Field Interface Description Select the WAN interface to configure the QoS for outgoing packets. which is honored by the VLAN network.

The selections are in the order of descending priority): CoS1. 2. CoS3. Layer 3 Field Interface Description Select the WAN interface to configure the QoS for outgoing packets. CoS3. and CoS6. 6. CoS4. The selections are 0. CoS2.User Manual Layer 3 Egress Layer 3 enables you to map CoS to ToS so that the priority marking of outgoing packets can be carried over to the IP network. Page 81 of 129 . Default Non-IP Locally generated packets (such as ARP packets) do not have a CoS marking. and CoS6. You can define the CoS for all unclassified outgoing packets on layer 3 using this field. CoS2. 1. CoS5. 7. CoS4. 5. 3. Translated TOS The Type of Service field takes values from 1 to 255. 4. LAN interface cannot be selected as VLAN is currently supported on the WAN side only. Class of Service The selections are (in the order of descending priority): CoS1. CoS5. The default value is CoS1 (recommended).

Untrusted mode Page 82 of 129 . There are four Ingress modes: Untrusted mode Layer 2 Layer 3 Static Untrusted Mode Untrusted is the default Ingress page setting for all interfaces.User Manual Ingress Ingress enables you to configure QoS for packets as soon as they come into the router. no domain mapping is honored in the router. The domain mappings are converted to CoS (the common language) so that the priority marking is carried over. All packets are treated as CoS6 (best effort). In this mode.

User Manual Layer 2 Layer 2 allows you to map an incoming packet with VLAN priority to CoS. The selections are (in the order of descending priority): CoS1. and CoS6. The selections are 0. 3. CoS3. This feature is only configurable on the WAN interfaces as VLAN is only supported on the WAN side in the current software release. 7. Select Advanced Menu Menu. 2. Select the quickstart interface. Layer 2 Field Interface Description Select the WAN interface here to configure the CoS for incoming traffic. Select QoS > Ingress Ingress. Page 83 of 129 . 4. Class of Service User Priority To configure Ingress Layer 2: 1. 3. 4. 2. CoS2. 1. Only WAN interface can be selected as VLAN is currently supported only on the WAN side. 5. CoS5. 6. Select Layer 2 2. CoS4.

8.User Manual 5. click Save Settings Settings. This is given to the high priority packets such as video. Click Apply to temporarily activate the settings. Click Apply to temporarily the settings. Select CoS1 in Class of Service and enter 5 in Priority Bits Any packet with priority Bits. Repeat steps 5-7 to add more rules. Notes: Any priority bits that have not been mapped to a CoS default to CoS6. 6. marking 5 is mapped to CoS1. Select CoS2 in the Class of Service and 1 in Priority Bits Any packet that has a Bits. the highest priority that is normally given to the voice packets. which is the second highest priority. 10. Page 84 of 129 . priority bit of 1 is mapped to CoS2. the lowest priority. Up to eight rules can be configured for each interface. To make changes permanent. Any WAN interface that is not configured has the default Untrusted mode. 7. 9.

User Manual Layer 3 The Layer 3 page allows you to map ToS bits of incoming packets from the IP network to CoS for each WAN/LAN interface. Layer 3 Field Interface Class of Service Description For both WAN and LAN interfaces. and CoS6. This CoS field allows you to map incoming layer 3 WAN/LAN packets to one of the following CoS (in the order of descending priority): CoS1. Select the quickstart interface. you can configure QoS for layer 3 (IP) data traffic. Page 85 of 129 . CoS5. 4. CoS3. A static CoS can be assigned to all layer 3 incoming packets (per interface) that do not have an IP header. 2. To configure Ingress Layer 3: 1. such as PPP control packets and ARP packets. CoS4. Select Advanced Menu Menu. ToS Default Non-IP The Type of Service field takes values from 0 to 255. Select QoS > Ingress Ingress. The default is CoS1 (recommended). 3. CoS2. Select Layer 3 3.

Any incoming packet from LAN Group 1 without an IP is mapped to CoS1. which is normally given to the voice packets.User Manual 5. Leave the default value CoS1 in Default Non-IP. Any incoming packet from LAN Group 1 (layer 3) with a ToS of 22 is mapped to CoS1. Repeat step 5-7 to add more rules to LAN Group 1. 7. 9. Page 86 of 129 . Notes: Any priority bits that have not been mapped to a CoS default to CoS6. the highest priority. 8. Any WAN interface that is not configured has the default Untrusted mode. Click Apply to temporarily activate the settings. the lowest priority. 6. the highest priority. To make changes permanent. click Save Settings Settings. Up to 255 rules can be configured for each interface. Select CoS1 in Class of Service and enter 22 in Type of Service (ToS).

4. Select QoS > Ingress Ingress. click Save Settings Settings. Select the quickstart interface. 3. Click Apply to temporarily activate the settings. 7. Page 87 of 129 . receives CoS1 the highest priority. At the ETHERNET Interface. Select Advanced Menu Advanced Menu. Select CoS1 in Class of Service All incoming traffic from the ETHERNET interface of Service. 5.Static page enables you to configure a static CoS for all packets received on a WAN or LAN interface. To make changes permanent. Select Static Static. 6. Any WAN/LAN interface that is not configured has the default Untrusted mode. 8.User Manual Static The Ingress . CoS1. You are configuring QoS on this interface only. 2. Static To configure Ingress Layer 3: 1.

Page 88 of 129 . Max Rate This field is applicable for the HTB Queue Discipline and Low Latency Queue Discipline. HTB Queue Discipline The hierarchical token bucket queue discipline is a rate-based shaping algorithm. Three shaper algorithms are supported: HTB Low Latency Queue Discipline PRIOWRR QoS Shaper Configuration Note: Egress TCA is required if shaper is configured for that interface. All CoSx traffic uses a specific rate to which data will be shaped. This algorithm rate shapes the traffic of a class over a specific interface. both are rate-based shaping algorithms. Field Interface Description The selections are WAN/LAN interfaces except WLAN. For example: If CoS1 is configured to 100Kbps then even if 300Kbps of CoS1 data is being transmitted to the interface only 100Kbps will be sent out. which does not support Shaper feature.User Manual QoS Shaper Configuration The Shaper Configuration page is accessed by selecting Shaper on the Advanced main page. This field needs to be selected before shaper configuration.

Of the three shaping algorithms available on the Shaper Configuration page. So in the example above CoS1 data is not rate limited to 100Kbps but instead all 300Kbps is transmitted.User Manual Low Latency Queue Discipline This is similar to the above algorithm except that CoS1 is not rate limited. The PPPoE1 connection has a total of 300 Kbps of bandwidth. An example of each configuration is given as follows. HTB Queue Discipline enabled Page 89 of 129 . When there is no CoS1 or CoS2 packets. of which 100 Kbps is given to CoS1 and another 100 Kbps is given to CoS2. only one can be enabled at a time. PRIOWRR This is a priority based weighted round robin algorithm operating on CoS2-CoS6. HTB Queue Discipline is enabled. CoS1 queues have the highest priority and are not controlled by the WRR algorithm. Example 1: HTB Queue Discipline Enabled In the example below. CoS6 packets have the whole 300 Kbps of bandwidth. The side effect is that a misconfigured stream can potentially take all bandwidth.

CoS6 has 300 Kbps when there is no CoS1 or CoS2 packets. Low Latency Queue Discipline enabled Page 90 of 129 . CoS2 takes 100 Kbps when there is no CoS1 packets. This is similar to the HTB queue discipline as they are both rate-based algorithm. Low Latency Queue Discipline is enabled.User Manual Example 2: Low Latency Queue Discipline Enabled In this second example. CoS1 is not rate controlled (hence the field is disabled). except that CoS1 is handled differently.

Only percentage can be assigned to the CoS2 . When there is no CoS1 packets.User Manual Example 3: PRIOWRR Enabled In this third example.CoS6. and the other is rate-based. except that one is packet-based. Since PRIOWRR operates only on the number of packets being transmitted. the max rate field has been disabled. CoS3. CoS2. PRIOWRR is enabled. CoS1 is not rate controlled (hence the field is not displayed). This is similarly to the Low Latency Queue discipline. PRIOWRR enabled Page 91 of 129 . and CoS6 has 70 percent. CoS4 each has 10 percent.

Destination Interface DiffServ Code Point The outgoing traffic interfaces for a Policy Routing rule. The IP address of the traffic source. Source MAC. CoS6. Class of Service Source IP Mask Destination IP Mask Page 92 of 129 . DHCP. CoS4. and/or Ingress Interface should be configured. The selections are (in the order of priority): CoS1. additional fields like IP. and N/A. CoS2. Selections include LAN interfaces. The Netmask of the destination.User Manual Policy Routing Configuration The Policy Routing Configuration enables you to configure policy routing and QoS. The IP address of the traffic destination. Selections include LAN Interfaces and WAN interfaces. Examples of Locally generated traffic are: voice packets. CoS3. etc. Policy Routing Configuration Field Ingress Inter face Description The incoming traffic interface for a Policy Routing rule. Locally generated (traffic). This field is required if the destination IP has been entered. WAN interfaces. This field is required if the source IP has been entered. and not applicable. This field cannot be configured alone. packets generated by applications such as DNS. CoS5. The diffServ code point (DSCP) field value ranges from 1 to 255. The source IP Netmask.

This field cannot be configured alone. i. and none.e. Source MAC. additional fields like IP. ICMP. You cannot configure this field without entering the protocol first. The Policy Routing page enables you to route packets on the basis of various fields in the packet. UDP. you need to enter the protocol number in the box next to the Protocol field. Destination Port The destination protocol port or port range. Page 93 of 129 . You cannot configure this field without entering the protocol first. This field is enabled only when Locally Generated is selected in the Ingress Interface field. Source Port The source protocol port. Specify.User Manual Protocol The selections are TCP. The mark for DNS traffic generated by different applications are described below: Dynamic DNS: 0xE1 Dynamic Proxy: 0xE2 Web Server: 0xE3 MSNTP: 0xE4 DHCP Server: 0xE5 IP tables Utility: 0xE6 PPP Deamon: 0xE7 IP Route: 0xE8 ATM Library: 0xE9 NET Tools: 0xEA RIP: 0xEB RIP v2: 0xEC UPNP: 0xEE Busybox Utility: 0xEF Configuration Manager: 0xF0 DropBear Utility: 0xF1 Voice: 0 Currently routing algorithms make decision based on destination address. If you choose Specify. This field is also required if the source port or destination port has been entered. Source MAC Local Routing MAC The MAC address of the traffic source. only Destination IP address and subnet mask is supported. and/or Ingress Interface should be configured.

etc) Source port Destination port Incoming interface DSCP Page 94 of 129 . UDP. ICMP.User Manual The following fields can be configured for Policy Routing: Destination IP address/mask Source IP address/mask Source MAC address Protocol (TCP.

255. The Subnet Mask identifies which portion of an IP address is the network portion. the network address is the first three fields of the New Destination IP. while the last field should be 0. you may need to set up a static route between them. For a full Class C Subnet. A static route is a pre-defined pathway that network information must travel to reach a specific host or network. Static Routing The New Destination IP is the address of the remote LAN network or host to which you want to assign a static route. The Gateway IP address should be the IP address of the gateway device that allows for contact between the Gateway and the remote network or host. and which portion is the host portion. For a standard Class C IP domain.255. the Subnet Mask is 255.User Manual Routing Static Routing If the router is connected to more than one network. Page 95 of 129 . Enter the IP address of the host for which you wish to create a static route here. You can use static routing to allow different IP domain users to access the Internet through the router.0.

routing data will be sent in RIP v2 format using multicasting. routing data will be sent in RIP v1 format. If RIP v1 is selected. If RIP v2 is selected. determines the network packets’ route based on the fewest number of hops between the source and the destination. Selecting In means that the router will only incorporate received RIP information. Selecting both means that the router will incorporate received RIP information and send out updated RIP information. Most networks support RIP v1. Page 96 of 129 . Dynamic Routing The protocol is dependent upon the entire network. The router. The Direction determines the direction that RIP routes will be updated. If RIP v1 Compatible is selected. Selecting Out means that the router will only send out RIP information. The RIP protocol regularly broadcasts routing information to other routers on the network. using the RIP protocol.User Manual Dynamic Routing Dynamic Routing allows the router to automatically adjust to physical changes in the network. routing data will be sent in RIP v2 format using subnet broadcasting.

Packets are routed according to the packet's destination IP address.User Manual Routing Table Routing Table displays the information used by routers when making packet-forwarding decisions. Routing Table Page 97 of 129 .

Note: Remember your account information. To temporarily implement the settings. Enter your password. Enter the number of minutes in the Idle Timeout text field. press RESET at the router’s back panel for 10 seconds. Select Advanced Menu 2. 4. Click System Password This opens the System Password page. click Apply Apply. click Save Settings Settings. you need to set the System Password. To make changes permanent. 7. click Save Settings Settings. Click System Password Password. To change the timeout settings: 1. Password. 5. To restrict access to the web interface.User Manual System Password Anyone who can access the web interface can be considered an Administrator. 3. To change the System Password: 1. Reenter your password in the Confirm Password text box. 4. you will need to reset the router to its default settings. Select Enable Authentication Authentication. Page 98 of 129 . If you forget the User Name and System Password. To make changes permanent. To temporarily implement the settings. To reset. 6. Select Enable Authentication Authentication. 3. click Apply Apply. 6. Select Advanced Menu 2. 5.

User Manual

Firmware Update
When updating the firmware, make sure you are using the correct file. Once the upgrade is complete the router will reboot. You will need to log back into the router after the firmware upgrade is completed.
To update the firmware:

1. Select the Advanced Menu and then click Firmware Upgrade This opens the Upgrade. Firmware Upgrade page. 2. Click Browse and then locate the firmware file. 3. Click Update Gateway The update may take a few minutes. Make sure that the Gateway. power is not turned off during the update process.

Restore to Default
To reset to the default factory settings, press RESET for 10 seconds. This can be found at the router’s back panel. When you reset, all the firmware updates will be lost. To access the web interface again, you need to install the router anew.

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User Manual

Wireless Menu
The Wireless Menu includes the following options: Setup Configuration Multiple SSID Management WDS

Wireless Menu

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User Manual

Setup
The SSID default is Alshamil. SSID is wireless network name for the wireless router. Your wireless client needs this name to establish wireless connection. The wireless setup allows the user to enable or disable the Access Point (AP). Disabling Access Point will prevent the wireless router from emitting any wireless signal.

Wireless Setup

To access Wireless Setup:

1. Select the Wireless Menu. 2. Select Setup Setup.

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Wireless Configuration Configuration To access Wireless Setup: 1.User Manual Configuration For users who want to explore the advanced features. 2. you can click on the Advanced button. Page 102 of 129 . Select the Wireless Menu. Select Configuration Configuration. The options listed can be changed to cater for advance users.

2. SSID Page 103 of 129 . Select the Wireless Menu. Multiple SSID To access Multiple SSID: 1.User Manual Multiple SSID Multiple SSID allows you to use a primary and a secondary SSID. Change the VLAN ID to a number different from zero (between 1 to 4095). The SSID field takes up to 32 alphanumeric characters. Select Multiple SSID.

Wireless Security WEP WEP is a security protocol for WLAN. The router supports three levels of WEP encryption: 64-bit encryption 128-bit encryption 256-bit encryption Page 104 of 129 . This is to prevent unauthorized wireless users from accessing your router. You can configure up to 4 sets of keys for your wireless client.User Manual Wireless Security It is important for user to enforce security in wireless LAN environment. None is selected. By default. WEP provides security by encrypting the data that is sent over the WLAN.

5. Select a Cipher option. 8. 7. To temporarily implement changes. the receiving station must use the same key for decryption. 2. click Save Settings Settings. 6. Page 105 of 129 . Select Enable WEP Wireless Security. Security. 3. 4.User Manual With WEP. Wireless Security . Select the Wireless Menu. Each radio network interface card (NIC) and router must be manually to use the same key. Select WEP WEP. Select Security This opens the Wireless Security page.WEP To configure WEP: 1. To make changes permanent. click Apply Apply. Enter an Encryption Key Key.

EAP messages from the authenticator to the authentication server typically use the remote authentication dial-in user service (RADIUS) protocol. It is a port-based network access control that keeps the network port disconnected until authentication is completed. To make changes permanent. click Apply Apply.User Manual 802. 3. 2. Select Security This opens the Wireless Security page.1x To configure 802. 4. 6. Page 106 of 129 . 802.1x 802. Enter the IP address of your RADIUS server. 5. Security.1x. To temporarily implement changes.1x 802.1x: 1. Select the Wireless Menu Menu. Select 802. Wireless Security – 802. click Save Settings Settings.1x is based on extensible authentication protocol (EAP).1x is a security protocol for WLAN.

User Manual

WPA
WPA is the short term for WiFi Protected Access. WPA is an industry-supported, prestandard version of 802.11i that utilizes the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which fixes the problems of WEP, which includes using dynamic keys. WPA uses a sophisticated key hierarchy that generates new encryption keys each time a mobile device establishes itself with an Access Point. Protocols including 802.1X, EAP, and RADIUS are used for strong authentication. Like WEP, keys can still be entered manually (pre-shared keys); however, using a RADIUS authentication server provides automatic key generation and enterprise-wide authentication. WPA uses temporal key integrity protocol (TKIP) for data encryption. WPA2, also known as 802.11i, uses advanced encryption standard counter mode CBC-MAC protocol (AES-CCMP) for data encryption.

Wireless Security – WPA

To access Wireless Setup:

1. Select the Wireless Menu. 2. Select Security Security. 3. Select WPA. WPA

Page 107 of 129

User Manual

Wireless Management
The wireless management function gives another level of security to your router. It allows you to permit or ban devices by entering the MAC address or selecting devices that are currently connected.

Access List
This feature permits you to permit or ban wireless clients by using the MAC address.

Wireless Management – Access List

To permit or ban a client through the Access List page: 1. Select the Wireless Menu Menu. 2. Select Wireless Management This opens the Wireless Management page. Management. 3. Select Enable Access List List. 4. Enter the MAC address. address 5. Select Allow or Ban Ban. 6. To temporarily implement the settings, click Apply Apply ply. 7. To make changes permanent, click Save Settings Settings.

Page 108 of 129

User Manual

Associated Stations
Clients connected to the wireless router are displayed in this page.

Wireless Management – Associated Stations

To permit or ban a client through the Access List page: 1. Select the Wireless Menu Wireless Menu. 2. Select Wireless Management This opens the Wireless Management page. Management. 3. Select Associated Stations Stations. 4. Select Allow or Ban beside the wireless client. 5. To temporarily implement the settings, click Apply Apply. 6. To make changes permanent, click Save Settings Settings.

Page 109 of 129

Distribution Wireless Distribution System Field WDS Mode Description The following WDS mode are available: Bridge: In Bridge mode. however the links between Router are configured statically and are not maintained. WDS Privacy Checking this field commands WDS manager to use a secured connection between Router in the WDS network. The field takes up to eight characters. Page 110 of 129 . WDS uses management protocol to establish and maintain links between Router. Two or more WDS networks may exist in the same area. Only one WDS root device may exist in WDS network. WDS network allows users of mobile equipment to roam and stay connected to the available network resources. the Access Point BSS is always enabled. In both Bridge and Repeater modes. This field is not applicable for Crude mode. Disabled (Default): WDS inactive. Repeater: In Repeater mode. WDS Name The WDS name is used to identify WDS network. the Access Point basic service set (BSS) service is enabled.User Manual Wireless Distribution System Wireless distribution system (WDS) is a system that interconnects BSS to build a premise wide network. Activate as Root This field must be checked for the root device in WDS hierarchy. Security settings must be the same in all Router in the WDS network. the Access Point BSS is disabled when connection to the upper layer Access Point is established Crude: In Crude mode.

Up to four downlinks can be configured. Page 111 of 129 . Secret Auto Channel Selection Auto Configuration Uplink Connection Downlink Connection The BSS ID of the upper device in the WDS hierarchy. Auto configuration is not supported in the current version. This uplink cannot be configured if root is enabled. The 32-character alphanumeric privacy key.User Manual Note: WDS privacy is not supported in Crude mode. The BSS ID of the lower device in the WDS hierarchy connected to this Access Point. Auto channel selection is not supported in the current version.

User Manual Security Menu The Security Menu options include the following: IP Filters LAN Isolation URL Filters Security Menu Page 112 of 129 .

On the IP Filters page. A database of predefined IP filters allows you to apply one or more filtering rules to one or more members of a defined LAN group. or delete your own IP filter rules. block web access) or any traffic from a host on your local network. you can add it using the LAN Client page. available in the LAN IP drop-down menu. edit. In this page. IP Filters To configure IP Filters: 1. Select category User. 4. which is accessed by clicking New IP IP. New. Select the available rules for a given category. you can block specific traffic (for example. select LAN Group and LAN IP If the desired LAN IP is not IP. 3. User and then click New Page 113 of 129 . You can also create. Select the Security Menu and then click IP Filters Filters.User Manual IP Filters IP filtering allows you to block specific applications/services based on the IP address of the LAN device. If a rule is not in the list. Click View to view the rule associated with a predefined filter. you can create your own rule in the User category. 2. You can view the rules associated with a predefined filter and add the available rules for a given category. Click Add to apply the rule for this category.

8. Continue to add rules as they apply from each category using the Add button. Rules You can view or delete the rules you create. Protocol Port Start Port End and Port Map and then click Apply The rules you create will appear in the Available Rules pane in the User category. 6. click Apply Apply. Map. End. To temporarily implement the changes. To make the change permanent. Page 114 of 129 . Protocol. Apply. 7. Start. The Rule Management page opens for you to create new rules. Enter Rule Name Name.User Manual 5. click Save Settings Settings.

To temporarily implement the changes. click Save Settings Settings. To make changes permanent. select the checkbox for Disable traffic between LAN 2. Select the Security Menu and then click LAN Isolation Isolation.User Manual LAN Isolation LAN isolation allows you to disable the flow of packets between two LAN groups. click Apply Apply. group 1 and LAN group 2 3. 4. Page 115 of 129 . This allows you to secure information in private portions of the LAN from other publicly accessible LAN segments. LAN Isolation To enable LAN Isolation: 1. 2. On the LAN Isolation page.

Page 116 of 129 . Select the Security Menu and then click URL Filters. click Apply Apply. a text string describing a unique location on the Internet. Filters 2. To make changes permanent. To apply URL filters: 1. In the URL Filters page. then access to that website will be denied. select the keyword and then click Remove Remove. Enter the keyword and then click Add Add. 5. click Save Settings Settings. To temporarily implement the changes. 4.User Manual URL Filters URL Filtering allows the router to block access to certain websites by examining its URL. 6. select Enable Enable. If the URL contains a blocked keyword. 3. To remove keywords.

User Manual Status Menu This chapter provides information about monitoring the router status and viewing product information. Your router allows you to view the following status and product information: Connection Status System Log Remote Log Network Statistics DDNS Update Status DHCP Clients QoS Status Modem Status Product Information DWS Report Page 117 of 129 .

User Manual Connection Status Connection Status displays the type of protocol. select the Status. the connection state and the duration of your Internet connection. Status Menu and then click Connection Status Connection Status Page 118 of 129 . the WAN IP address. To view the Connection Status.

the information log will generate log reports to a remote host if remote logging is enabled. Depending on the severity level.User Manual System Log System Log displays the router log. System Log Page 119 of 129 . To view the System Log. select the Status Menu and then click System Log Log.

you must specify a severity level. Log Level. which can be downloaded from the web. 2. which indicates the severity of the event. Each log message belongs to a certain log level. Panic System panic or other condition that causes the router to stop functioning. Select the Status Menu and then click Remote Log Log. Remote Log Settings To enable remote logging: 1. . such as a corrupted system database. Page 120 of 129 . Log messages that are rated at that level or higher are sent to the log server and can be viewed using the server log application.User Manual Remote Log Remote Log allows you to forward all logged information to one (or more) remote computer. When you configure remote logging. Alert Conditions that require immediate correction. Critical Critical conditions such as hard drive errors. The type of information forwarded to the remote computer depends on the Log level. Select a Log Level There are 8 log levels listed below in order of severity.

Warning Conditions that warrant monitoring. To make changes permanent. To make changes permanent. click Save Settings. Select the IP address to be deleted from the Select a logging destination dropdown menu. all log information within this severity level and levels above (meaning.User Manual Error Error conditions that generally have less serious consequences than errors in the emergency. Debug Software debugging message. down menu. Click Apply The IP address will appear in the Select a logging destination dropApply. 2. 4. 3. Notice (Default) Conditions that are not errors but might warrant special handling. . Info Events or non-error conditions of interest. Enter the IP Address where the log will be sent to and then click Add Add. and critical levels. 3. To disable a remote log: 1. more severe levels) will be sent to the remote host. Settings Note: When you select a log level. Specify this level only when directed by a technical support representative. click Apply Apply. alert. Page 121 of 129 . 5. click Save Settings Settings. To temporarily implement the changes.

select the Status Menu and then click Network Statistics Statistics. Network Statistics – Ethernet Network Statistics – DSL Page 122 of 129 . To view the Network Statistics.User Manual Network Statistics The Ethernet and DSL line statuses are displayed in this page.

To view the DDNS Update Status. select the Status Menu and then click DDNS Status. Update Status DDNS Update Status Page 123 of 129 . DDNS is disabled. the DDNS client updates every time the router gets a new IP address.Wireless DDNS Update Status DDNS Update Status displays the WAN connection status. When the DDNS is enabled.User Manual Network Network Statistics . By default.

and lease time.User Manual DHCP Clients DHCP Clients displays the MAC address. DHCP Clients Page 124 of 129 . host name. To view the DHCP Clients. IP address. select the Status Menu and then click DHCP Clients Clients.

QoS Status Page 125 of 129 .User Manual QoS Status This page displays the Quality of Service and the packet statistics. select the Status Menu and then click QoS Status Status. To view the QoS Status.

Modem Status Product Information This page displays the product information and software versions. To view the Product Information.User Manual Modem Status This page displays the model status. select the Status Menu and then click Product Information Information. Product Information Page 126 of 129 . To view the Modem Status. select the Status Menu and then click Modem Status Status.

User Manual WDS Report This page displays the following WDS-related wireless activities: WDS configuration and states WDS management statistics WDS database To view the WDS Report. WDS Report Page 127 of 129 . select the Status Menu and then click WDS Report Report.

PPP Configuration. To access Help.User Manual Help Menu The Help page provides documentation for various topics like Firewall. and Routing Information Protocol. UPnP. LAN Clients. IP QoS. Bridge Filters. Help Page 128 of 129 . LAN Group Configuration. select the Help Menu Menu.

or retransmitted in any form or by any means whatsoever. All rights reserved. including. Product specifications contained in this document are subject to change without notice.User Manual Safety Precautions Do not open. recording. Only qualified technical specialists are allowed to service the equipment. All other company or product names mentioned are used for identification purposes only and may be trademarks of their respective owners. service. whether electronically or mechanically. Copyright © 2007. by way of photocopying. republished. information recording. Observe safety precautions to avoid electric shock Check voltage before connecting to the power supply. or through retrieval systems without the express written permission of the owner. Page 129 of 129 . No part of this document may be reproduced. Connecting to the wrong voltage will damage the equipment. or change any component. but not limited to.

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