Condicional cero

Este condicional refiere a una situación que es siempre verdadera (verdades universales): If you freeze water, it turns into ice.

If clause Main clause If + Present tense Present tense If you freeze it turns into ice. water


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If you freeze water, it turns into ice. Si congelas el agua, se convierte en hielo. If I work too much, I get tired. Si trabajo demasiado, me canso. If I have time, I usually go to the movies. Si tengo tiempo, generalmente voy al cine. If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy. Si ella come hamburguesas, le da alergia. If they come here, they always bring a present. Si ellos vienen aquí, siempre traen un regalo. If she doesn't know the answer, she keeps silent. Si ella no sabe la respuesta, se mantiene en silencio. If we don't go out on Saturdays, we rent a video and stay home. Si no salimos los sábados, alquilamos un video y nos quedamos en casa.

Condicional 1
Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situación es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If clause If + Present tense If it rains today, •
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Main clause will / can / may / must + verb I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Si llueve hoy, me quedaré en casa. If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow. Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana. If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon. Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta tarde.

• • • • • • • • • If you spend more than you earn. If they don't invite you. tú puedes llamarla. If clause If + Past Simple If I won the lottery. . If they don't come here. viajaría por todo el mundo. they can stay home. If you feel sick. Si ganara la lotería. you'll become a poor man. I would travel around the world. no puede ir a la fiesta. Si trabajas duro. you'll get drunk. Si te sientes enfermo. iremos a la playa. If we don't hurry. you must stay in bed. Si pagas ahora. you may become a millonaire someday. If they don't want to go out. he can not go to the party. Si está frío. we'll have to go there. obtendrás un descuento. you must not go. puede que te conviertas en un millonario algún día.• • • • • If it is warm tomorrow. Si ellos no te invitan. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. te convertirás en un hombre pobre. • • Main clause would / could / might + verb I would travel around the world. we'll miss our bus. Si no quieren salir. debes quedarte en cama. perderemos nuestro autobus. te emborracharás. If I won the lottery. If he doesn't do his homework. Si está caluroso mañana. we'll go to the beach. If she doesn't call you. If it is cold. you'll get a discount. Si ellos no vie Condicional 2 Refiere a una situación hipotética y se forma según la estructura if + simple past + simple condicional. debes usar ropa abrigada. you can call her. If you drink too much. se pueden quedar en casa. Si gastas más de lo que ganas. Si no nos apuramos. Si él no hace su tarea. no debes ir. Si bebes demasiado. Si ella no te llama. If you pay now. you must wear warm clothes. If you work hard.

me compraría un lindo apartamento. they might have better salaries. Si ella tuviera más tiempo. • • • • • • • • • If they won the lottery. compraría ese auto. it would be a best-seller. Si ellos ganaran la lotería. you wouldn't want to come back. Si yo fuese tú. Main clause would/could/might + have + past participle I would have traveled around the world. Si no estuviese lloviendo. she would travel more often. no trabajarían más. Si él estuviese en mi lugar. podríamos salir.Refiere a una situación hipotética del pasado y se forma según la estructura : if + past perfect + conditional perfect. iría a Río de Janeiro. I would ask her out. Si no quisiera ir. Si yo estuviese en Brasil. no haría esto. Si ella escribiese un libro. If they spoke Spanish. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If we didn't have to work today. If I didn't want to go.• • • • • • • If I were in Brazil. If he were in my place. Si la viera. we could have a picnic. también -Type III. Condicional 3 Third Conditional. Si ellos hablasen español. If I were you. If I saw her. If they worked for that company. viajaría más a menudo. no podría ir a pescar. I would go to Rio de Janeiro. I would tell you. I would buy that car. he wouldn't do this. If she wrote a book. he couldn't go fishing. los entenderíamos. la invitaría a salir. te lo diría. we would understand them. Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy. podrían tener mejores sueldos. If she had more time. If you went to Brazil. Si fueras a Brazil. If he didn't live by the river. they wouldn't work any more. I would buy a nice apartment. If clause If + Past Perfect tense If I had won the lottery. If it were not raining. podríamos tener un picnic. Si el no viviera cerca del río. sería un best-seller. no querrías regresar. If I had more money. Si yo tuviese más dinero. we could go out. Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía. .

• • • • • • • • • If you had phoned me. habrías tenido mucha diversión. I would have phoned him. Si no hubiese estado tan ocupado. they wouldn't have felt sick today. te podría haber ayudado. I would have known you were here. If she had explained me the problem. habríamos ido a pescar. If he had worked more. If I hadn't forgotten his number. If they had invited us. she would have enjoyed this.• • • • • • • • • If I had won the lottery. If they hadn't drunk so much last night. I would have seen her. habría viajado por todo el mundo. If I had seen him. I would have traveled around the world. we might have passed the test. I could have helped you. we would have accepted at once. habría levantado mi mano. lo habría llamado. Si ellos hubiesen salido más temprano. Si tu me hubieses telefoneado. podría haver ahorrado más dinero . If it hadn't rained. I would have understood it. I would have told him about you. Si ella me hubiese explicado el problema. he could have saved more money. la habría visto. If I hadn't been so busy. le habría contado acerca de ti. If you had gone to Brazil. we would have gone fishing. If she had come on Saturday. Si ellos nos hubiesen invitado. Si no hubiesen tomado tanto anoche. If my sister had been here. Si ella hubiese venido el sábado. If we had studied harder. Si no hubiese llovido. Si hubiese sabido la respuesta. Si lo hubiese visto. they would have arrived on time. Si no hubiese olvidado su número. Si él hubiese trabajado más. Si tu hubieses ido a Brasil. lo habría entendido. you would have had lots of fun. I would have raised my hand. habría disfrutado esto. Si hubiésemos estudiado más duro. Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. If they had left earlier. Si mi hermana hubiese estado aquí. podríamos haber aprobado la prueba. habrían llegado a tiempo. habría sabido que estabas aquí. no se habrían sentido enfermos hoy. habríamos aceptado de inmediato. If I had known the answer.

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