Condicional cero

Este condicional refiere a una situación que es siempre verdadera (verdades universales): If you freeze water, it turns into ice.

If clause Main clause If + Present tense Present tense If you freeze it turns into ice. water


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If you freeze water, it turns into ice. Si congelas el agua, se convierte en hielo. If I work too much, I get tired. Si trabajo demasiado, me canso. If I have time, I usually go to the movies. Si tengo tiempo, generalmente voy al cine. If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy. Si ella come hamburguesas, le da alergia. If they come here, they always bring a present. Si ellos vienen aquí, siempre traen un regalo. If she doesn't know the answer, she keeps silent. Si ella no sabe la respuesta, se mantiene en silencio. If we don't go out on Saturdays, we rent a video and stay home. Si no salimos los sábados, alquilamos un video y nos quedamos en casa.

Condicional 1
Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situación es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If clause If + Present tense If it rains today, •
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Main clause will / can / may / must + verb I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Si llueve hoy, me quedaré en casa. If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow. Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana. If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon. Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta tarde.

you'll get drunk. you must stay in bed. Si está caluroso mañana. you can call her.• • • • • If it is warm tomorrow. you must not go. If they don't want to go out. Si ella no te llama. iremos a la playa. If you work hard. If he doesn't do his homework. Si él no hace su tarea. Si ellos no vie Condicional 2 Refiere a una situación hipotética y se forma según la estructura if + simple past + simple condicional. • • • • • • • • • If you spend more than you earn. viajaría por todo el mundo. Si te sientes enfermo. se pueden quedar en casa. If it is cold. no puede ir a la fiesta. puede que te conviertas en un millonario algún día. te convertirás en un hombre pobre. Si pagas ahora. you must wear warm clothes. Si no quieren salir. Si no nos apuramos. you may become a millonaire someday. If you pay now. te emborracharás. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. Si está frío. he can not go to the party. we'll have to go there. you'll become a poor man. we'll miss our bus. If she doesn't call you. obtendrás un descuento. we'll go to the beach. debes usar ropa abrigada. . If you feel sick. • • Main clause would / could / might + verb I would travel around the world. no debes ir. If they don't invite you. debes quedarte en cama. If clause If + Past Simple If I won the lottery. If we don't hurry. If they don't come here. I would travel around the world. perderemos nuestro autobus. Si gastas más de lo que ganas. Si ganara la lotería. tú puedes llamarla. Si ellos no te invitan. they can stay home. If you drink too much. you'll get a discount. If I won the lottery. Si trabajas duro. Si bebes demasiado.

Si yo tuviese más dinero. sería un best-seller. If she wrote a book.• • • • • • • If I were in Brazil. Si yo fuese tú. Si yo estuviese en Brasil. he wouldn't do this. también -Type III. Si fueras a Brazil. me compraría un lindo apartamento. Si la viera. If I had more money. . Si el no viviera cerca del río. I would ask her out. I would tell you. If you went to Brazil. we could have a picnic. they wouldn't work any more. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos.Refiere a una situación hipotética del pasado y se forma según la estructura : if + past perfect + conditional perfect. no querrías regresar. If it were not raining. he couldn't go fishing. Si no estuviese lloviendo. podríamos salir. la invitaría a salir. viajaría más a menudo. podrían tener mejores sueldos. I would buy a nice apartment. no trabajarían más. If we didn't have to work today. I would go to Rio de Janeiro. te lo diría. Si ella tuviera más tiempo. If I were you. Si no quisiera ir. If I saw her. Si ellos hablasen español. If he were in my place. compraría ese auto. podríamos tener un picnic. iría a Río de Janeiro. los entenderíamos. Condicional 3 Third Conditional. no haría esto. you wouldn't want to come back. Si ella escribiese un libro. Si ellos ganaran la lotería. • • • • • • • • • If they won the lottery. they might have better salaries. If she had more time. If clause If + Past Perfect tense If I had won the lottery. Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy. If I didn't want to go. If they spoke Spanish. Main clause would/could/might + have + past participle I would have traveled around the world. If they worked for that company. Si él estuviese en mi lugar. I would buy that car. no podría ir a pescar. If he didn't live by the river. she would travel more often. we would understand them. it would be a best-seller. Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía. we could go out.

they wouldn't have felt sick today. Si ellos hubiesen salido más temprano. I would have known you were here. If he had worked more. Si no hubiese llovido. Si ella me hubiese explicado el problema. If she had explained me the problem. Si ellos nos hubiesen invitado. I would have told him about you. Si hubiese sabido la respuesta. no se habrían sentido enfermos hoy. Si él hubiese trabajado más. he could have saved more money. I would have phoned him. they would have arrived on time. habría viajado por todo el mundo. le habría contado acerca de ti. Si tu hubieses ido a Brasil. Si ella hubiese venido el sábado. I could have helped you. podría haver ahorrado más dinero . podríamos haber aprobado la prueba. If my sister had been here. habría levantado mi mano. If I hadn't been so busy. Si hubiésemos estudiado más duro. Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. we would have accepted at once. • • • • • • • • • If you had phoned me. habríamos aceptado de inmediato. te podría haber ayudado. Si mi hermana hubiese estado aquí. If they had left earlier.• • • • • • • • • If I had won the lottery. I would have seen her. habríamos ido a pescar. If you had gone to Brazil. Si no hubiese olvidado su número. we would have gone fishing. we might have passed the test. If they had invited us. If we had studied harder. I would have raised my hand. habría disfrutado esto. I would have traveled around the world. Si tu me hubieses telefoneado. habrías tenido mucha diversión. la habría visto. Si no hubiese estado tan ocupado. If they hadn't drunk so much last night. habría sabido que estabas aquí. you would have had lots of fun. If I had seen him. lo habría entendido. I would have understood it. Si lo hubiese visto. If it hadn't rained. If I had known the answer. habrían llegado a tiempo. she would have enjoyed this. Si no hubiesen tomado tanto anoche. If I hadn't forgotten his number. If she had come on Saturday. lo habría llamado.

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