Condicional cero

Este condicional refiere a una situación que es siempre verdadera (verdades universales): If you freeze water, it turns into ice.

If clause Main clause If + Present tense Present tense If you freeze it turns into ice. water


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If you freeze water, it turns into ice. Si congelas el agua, se convierte en hielo. If I work too much, I get tired. Si trabajo demasiado, me canso. If I have time, I usually go to the movies. Si tengo tiempo, generalmente voy al cine. If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy. Si ella come hamburguesas, le da alergia. If they come here, they always bring a present. Si ellos vienen aquí, siempre traen un regalo. If she doesn't know the answer, she keeps silent. Si ella no sabe la respuesta, se mantiene en silencio. If we don't go out on Saturdays, we rent a video and stay home. Si no salimos los sábados, alquilamos un video y nos quedamos en casa.

Condicional 1
Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situación es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If clause If + Present tense If it rains today, •
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Main clause will / can / may / must + verb I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Si llueve hoy, me quedaré en casa. If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow. Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana. If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon. Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta tarde.

Si él no hace su tarea. If clause If + Past Simple If I won the lottery. Si ellos no vie Condicional 2 Refiere a una situación hipotética y se forma según la estructura if + simple past + simple condicional. you'll get a discount. Si ganara la lotería. no debes ir. you may become a millonaire someday. he can not go to the party. If you feel sick. we'll have to go there. you must not go. tú puedes llamarla. Si gastas más de lo que ganas. they can stay home. debes quedarte en cama. Si no quieren salir. If you drink too much. you must wear warm clothes. te convertirás en un hombre pobre. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If you pay now. puede que te conviertas en un millonario algún día. If I won the lottery. If they don't invite you. Si bebes demasiado. • • • • • • • • • If you spend more than you earn. we'll go to the beach. obtendrás un descuento. se pueden quedar en casa. Si te sientes enfermo. Si está caluroso mañana. If they don't come here. If you work hard. If they don't want to go out. If we don't hurry. If it is cold. Si trabajas duro. If she doesn't call you.• • • • • If it is warm tomorrow. you'll become a poor man. • • Main clause would / could / might + verb I would travel around the world. Si pagas ahora. Si ella no te llama. we'll miss our bus. no puede ir a la fiesta. viajaría por todo el mundo. . debes usar ropa abrigada. Si ellos no te invitan. If he doesn't do his homework. iremos a la playa. you can call her. Si está frío. you'll get drunk. I would travel around the world. te emborracharás. you must stay in bed. Si no nos apuramos. perderemos nuestro autobus.

podrían tener mejores sueldos. Main clause would/could/might + have + past participle I would have traveled around the world. she would travel more often. Si el no viviera cerca del río. If I didn't want to go.• • • • • • • If I were in Brazil. no querrías regresar. we could have a picnic. If we didn't have to work today. también -Type III. we would understand them. If they worked for that company. If he were in my place. Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy. Si ellos ganaran la lotería.Refiere a una situación hipotética del pasado y se forma según la estructura : if + past perfect + conditional perfect. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. we could go out. If I saw her. Si yo tuviese más dinero. he couldn't go fishing. Si la viera. Si ella escribiese un libro. Si no quisiera ir. no haría esto. they might have better salaries. sería un best-seller. Si no estuviese lloviendo. it would be a best-seller. If I were you. If she wrote a book. no trabajarían más. If they spoke Spanish. la invitaría a salir. • • • • • • • • • If they won the lottery. iría a Río de Janeiro. te lo diría. me compraría un lindo apartamento. they wouldn't work any more. Condicional 3 Third Conditional. Si ellos hablasen español. If I had more money. I would ask her out. If he didn't live by the river. he wouldn't do this. compraría ese auto. If it were not raining. I would tell you. Si fueras a Brazil. los entenderíamos. Si él estuviese en mi lugar. Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía. If she had more time. you wouldn't want to come back. I would go to Rio de Janeiro. I would buy that car. I would buy a nice apartment. no podría ir a pescar. viajaría más a menudo. podríamos tener un picnic. If clause If + Past Perfect tense If I had won the lottery. podríamos salir. . Si yo fuese tú. Si ella tuviera más tiempo. Si yo estuviese en Brasil. If you went to Brazil.

habrías tenido mucha diversión. habría viajado por todo el mundo. Si él hubiese trabajado más. If I had known the answer. If we had studied harder. Si ella me hubiese explicado el problema. Si tu hubieses ido a Brasil. we would have accepted at once. we might have passed the test. • • • • • • • • • If you had phoned me. te podría haber ayudado. If they had invited us. habrían llegado a tiempo. If they hadn't drunk so much last night. Si hubiésemos estudiado más duro. habríamos aceptado de inmediato. If I hadn't forgotten his number.• • • • • • • • • If I had won the lottery. I would have phoned him. no se habrían sentido enfermos hoy. you would have had lots of fun. Si ellos hubiesen salido más temprano. If I hadn't been so busy. Si no hubiese llovido. habría levantado mi mano. If you had gone to Brazil. I would have seen her. If he had worked more. lo habría entendido. we would have gone fishing. he could have saved more money. If she had come on Saturday. lo habría llamado. Si no hubiesen tomado tanto anoche. Si mi hermana hubiese estado aquí. la habría visto. habría sabido que estabas aquí. podría haver ahorrado más dinero . Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. they would have arrived on time. I would have told him about you. If they had left earlier. I would have known you were here. If I had seen him. they wouldn't have felt sick today. she would have enjoyed this. Si tu me hubieses telefoneado. Si ella hubiese venido el sábado. I would have understood it. Si no hubiese estado tan ocupado. Si hubiese sabido la respuesta. I would have raised my hand. I would have traveled around the world. If my sister had been here. If she had explained me the problem. le habría contado acerca de ti. I could have helped you. Si lo hubiese visto. Si no hubiese olvidado su número. habríamos ido a pescar. If it hadn't rained. habría disfrutado esto. podríamos haber aprobado la prueba. Si ellos nos hubiesen invitado.