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Condicional cero

Condicional cero

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Publicado porDaniel Caamal Chan

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Published by: Daniel Caamal Chan on Feb 23, 2012
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Condicional cero

Este condicional refiere a una situación que es siempre verdadera (verdades universales): If you freeze water, it turns into ice.

If clause Main clause If + Present tense Present tense If you freeze it turns into ice. water


• • • • • • •

If you freeze water, it turns into ice. Si congelas el agua, se convierte en hielo. If I work too much, I get tired. Si trabajo demasiado, me canso. If I have time, I usually go to the movies. Si tengo tiempo, generalmente voy al cine. If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy. Si ella come hamburguesas, le da alergia. If they come here, they always bring a present. Si ellos vienen aquí, siempre traen un regalo. If she doesn't know the answer, she keeps silent. Si ella no sabe la respuesta, se mantiene en silencio. If we don't go out on Saturdays, we rent a video and stay home. Si no salimos los sábados, alquilamos un video y nos quedamos en casa.

Condicional 1
Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situación es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If clause If + Present tense If it rains today, •
• • •

Main clause will / can / may / must + verb I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Si llueve hoy, me quedaré en casa. If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow. Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana. If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon. Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta tarde.

they can stay home. debes usar ropa abrigada. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. • • • • • • • • • If you spend more than you earn. Si ella no te llama. you may become a millonaire someday. . te convertirás en un hombre pobre. Si gastas más de lo que ganas. Si está caluroso mañana. we'll have to go there. tú puedes llamarla. debes quedarte en cama. • • Main clause would / could / might + verb I would travel around the world. puede que te conviertas en un millonario algún día. te emborracharás. If they don't come here. If she doesn't call you. If you pay now. you'll become a poor man. Si ganara la lotería. we'll miss our bus. perderemos nuestro autobus. If it is cold. Si no quieren salir. viajaría por todo el mundo. If we don't hurry. Si no nos apuramos. no puede ir a la fiesta. I would travel around the world. you can call her. you'll get a discount. If clause If + Past Simple If I won the lottery. If you feel sick. no debes ir. se pueden quedar en casa. he can not go to the party. If you work hard. If you drink too much. Si ellos no vie Condicional 2 Refiere a una situación hipotética y se forma según la estructura if + simple past + simple condicional. Si él no hace su tarea.• • • • • If it is warm tomorrow. If they don't want to go out. If they don't invite you. Si trabajas duro. obtendrás un descuento. you must not go. Si te sientes enfermo. If I won the lottery. Si ellos no te invitan. we'll go to the beach. Si está frío. you must stay in bed. Si bebes demasiado. iremos a la playa. If he doesn't do his homework. you'll get drunk. Si pagas ahora. you must wear warm clothes.

. también -Type III. we could go out. If I didn't want to go. compraría ese auto. If he were in my place. Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía. you wouldn't want to come back. If she wrote a book. If clause If + Past Perfect tense If I had won the lottery. If we didn't have to work today. If she had more time. I would ask her out.Refiere a una situación hipotética del pasado y se forma según la estructura : if + past perfect + conditional perfect. viajaría más a menudo. Si yo tuviese más dinero. If I had more money. sería un best-seller. Si ella escribiese un libro. me compraría un lindo apartamento. no podría ir a pescar. Si yo estuviese en Brasil. he wouldn't do this. he couldn't go fishing. we could have a picnic. If I were you. it would be a best-seller. no querrías regresar. no trabajarían más. podríamos tener un picnic. • • • • • • • • • If they won the lottery. they wouldn't work any more. If they spoke Spanish. la invitaría a salir. she would travel more often. I would tell you. If he didn't live by the river. Main clause would/could/might + have + past participle I would have traveled around the world. I would buy that car. If I saw her. iría a Río de Janeiro. podríamos salir. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy. Si fueras a Brazil. Si no quisiera ir. Si ellos hablasen español. podrían tener mejores sueldos. Condicional 3 Third Conditional. If you went to Brazil. I would go to Rio de Janeiro. no haría esto. we would understand them. they might have better salaries. Si la viera. I would buy a nice apartment. te lo diría. Si el no viviera cerca del río.• • • • • • • If I were in Brazil. If it were not raining. Si no estuviese lloviendo. los entenderíamos. Si yo fuese tú. If they worked for that company. Si ella tuviera más tiempo. Si él estuviese en mi lugar. Si ellos ganaran la lotería.

I would have told him about you.• • • • • • • • • If I had won the lottery. habría disfrutado esto. • • • • • • • • • If you had phoned me. I would have phoned him. Si ella me hubiese explicado el problema. la habría visto. habría viajado por todo el mundo. we would have accepted at once. Si no hubiese estado tan ocupado. Si hubiésemos estudiado más duro. I could have helped you. no se habrían sentido enfermos hoy. If I had known the answer. If she had come on Saturday. I would have known you were here. If my sister had been here. Si ellos hubiesen salido más temprano. habrías tenido mucha diversión. Si ellos nos hubiesen invitado. we might have passed the test. If I had seen him. they would have arrived on time. podríamos haber aprobado la prueba. If you had gone to Brazil. If it hadn't rained. If he had worked more. Si no hubiese llovido. Si tu me hubieses telefoneado. I would have seen her. lo habría entendido. Si mi hermana hubiese estado aquí. Si ella hubiese venido el sábado. lo habría llamado. If she had explained me the problem. If we had studied harder. podría haver ahorrado más dinero . I would have traveled around the world. I would have raised my hand. If I hadn't been so busy. Si hubiese sabido la respuesta. Si tu hubieses ido a Brasil. Si no hubiesen tomado tanto anoche. If they hadn't drunk so much last night. Si lo hubiese visto. Si él hubiese trabajado más. they wouldn't have felt sick today. habríamos aceptado de inmediato. Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. te podría haber ayudado. habríamos ido a pescar. If I hadn't forgotten his number. le habría contado acerca de ti. habrían llegado a tiempo. If they had left earlier. I would have understood it. Si no hubiese olvidado su número. she would have enjoyed this. If they had invited us. habría sabido que estabas aquí. we would have gone fishing. habría levantado mi mano. you would have had lots of fun. he could have saved more money.

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