Condicional cero

Este condicional refiere a una situación que es siempre verdadera (verdades universales): If you freeze water, it turns into ice.

If clause Main clause If + Present tense Present tense If you freeze it turns into ice. water


• • • • • • •

If you freeze water, it turns into ice. Si congelas el agua, se convierte en hielo. If I work too much, I get tired. Si trabajo demasiado, me canso. If I have time, I usually go to the movies. Si tengo tiempo, generalmente voy al cine. If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy. Si ella come hamburguesas, le da alergia. If they come here, they always bring a present. Si ellos vienen aquí, siempre traen un regalo. If she doesn't know the answer, she keeps silent. Si ella no sabe la respuesta, se mantiene en silencio. If we don't go out on Saturdays, we rent a video and stay home. Si no salimos los sábados, alquilamos un video y nos quedamos en casa.

Condicional 1
Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situación es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If clause If + Present tense If it rains today, •
• • •

Main clause will / can / may / must + verb I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Si llueve hoy, me quedaré en casa. If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow. Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana. If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon. Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta tarde.

iremos a la playa. you must wear warm clothes. Si está caluroso mañana. If they don't invite you. If we don't hurry. Si no quieren salir. If you pay now. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. obtendrás un descuento. Si no nos apuramos. Si bebes demasiado. they can stay home. tú puedes llamarla. debes quedarte en cama. Si te sientes enfermo. If it is cold. you may become a millonaire someday. te convertirás en un hombre pobre. te emborracharás. I would travel around the world. If you work hard. se pueden quedar en casa. puede que te conviertas en un millonario algún día. no puede ir a la fiesta. you can call her. Si gastas más de lo que ganas. . we'll have to go there. Si ellos no te invitan. you'll become a poor man. Si está frío. If you drink too much. we'll miss our bus. you'll get a discount. Si ganara la lotería. Si pagas ahora. If she doesn't call you. he can not go to the party. • • Main clause would / could / might + verb I would travel around the world. If I won the lottery. Si él no hace su tarea. If you feel sick. debes usar ropa abrigada. we'll go to the beach. Si ella no te llama. Si trabajas duro. you'll get drunk. If clause If + Past Simple If I won the lottery. no debes ir. If they don't want to go out. • • • • • • • • • If you spend more than you earn. perderemos nuestro autobus.• • • • • If it is warm tomorrow. If he doesn't do his homework. you must not go. Si ellos no vie Condicional 2 Refiere a una situación hipotética y se forma según la estructura if + simple past + simple condicional. you must stay in bed. If they don't come here. viajaría por todo el mundo.

Si yo estuviese en Brasil. I would go to Rio de Janeiro. • • • • • • • • • If they won the lottery. también -Type III. . If I were you. no querrías regresar. podríamos salir. Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía. If he didn't live by the river. If he were in my place. he wouldn't do this. compraría ese auto. they might have better salaries. Si yo tuviese más dinero. sería un best-seller. you wouldn't want to come back. it would be a best-seller. she would travel more often. los entenderíamos. Condicional 3 Third Conditional. I would ask her out. Si el no viviera cerca del río. Si ellos ganaran la lotería. no podría ir a pescar. Si él estuviese en mi lugar. Main clause would/could/might + have + past participle I would have traveled around the world. I would buy a nice apartment. la invitaría a salir. I would buy that car. Si la viera. Si yo fuese tú. If it were not raining.• • • • • • • If I were in Brazil. If we didn't have to work today. If I saw her. we could go out. Si ella escribiese un libro. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. Si ellos hablasen español. If she wrote a book. he couldn't go fishing. Si fueras a Brazil. podríamos tener un picnic. I would tell you. Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy. If I had more money. If you went to Brazil. they wouldn't work any more. we could have a picnic.Refiere a una situación hipotética del pasado y se forma según la estructura : if + past perfect + conditional perfect. If they worked for that company. If she had more time. podrían tener mejores sueldos. Si ella tuviera más tiempo. viajaría más a menudo. no trabajarían más. If I didn't want to go. Si no quisiera ir. If they spoke Spanish. iría a Río de Janeiro. Si no estuviese lloviendo. me compraría un lindo apartamento. If clause If + Past Perfect tense If I had won the lottery. we would understand them. te lo diría. no haría esto.

If we had studied harder. Si él hubiese trabajado más. I would have known you were here. Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. If they had invited us. I would have seen her. If they had left earlier. Si no hubiese olvidado su número. Si ellos nos hubiesen invitado. habrían llegado a tiempo. podríamos haber aprobado la prueba. If she had come on Saturday. Si hubiese sabido la respuesta. she would have enjoyed this. lo habría llamado. I would have raised my hand. If you had gone to Brazil. habría sabido que estabas aquí. Si ellos hubiesen salido más temprano. they would have arrived on time. Si hubiésemos estudiado más duro. Si no hubiese estado tan ocupado. Si no hubiese llovido. Si no hubiesen tomado tanto anoche. no se habrían sentido enfermos hoy. If I hadn't forgotten his number. If he had worked more. • • • • • • • • • If you had phoned me. habría levantado mi mano. habríamos ido a pescar. he could have saved more money. If they hadn't drunk so much last night. we might have passed the test. te podría haber ayudado. Si ella me hubiese explicado el problema. Si ella hubiese venido el sábado. we would have gone fishing. I could have helped you. I would have phoned him. Si tu hubieses ido a Brasil. we would have accepted at once. If she had explained me the problem. If it hadn't rained. I would have understood it. they wouldn't have felt sick today. Si tu me hubieses telefoneado. If I hadn't been so busy. Si mi hermana hubiese estado aquí.• • • • • • • • • If I had won the lottery. habría viajado por todo el mundo. I would have traveled around the world. le habría contado acerca de ti. If I had seen him. Si lo hubiese visto. habrías tenido mucha diversión. la habría visto. you would have had lots of fun. I would have told him about you. If I had known the answer. habría disfrutado esto. lo habría entendido. podría haver ahorrado más dinero . habríamos aceptado de inmediato. If my sister had been here.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful