Condicional cero

Este condicional refiere a una situación que es siempre verdadera (verdades universales): If you freeze water, it turns into ice.

If clause Main clause If + Present tense Present tense If you freeze it turns into ice. water


• • • • • • •

If you freeze water, it turns into ice. Si congelas el agua, se convierte en hielo. If I work too much, I get tired. Si trabajo demasiado, me canso. If I have time, I usually go to the movies. Si tengo tiempo, generalmente voy al cine. If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy. Si ella come hamburguesas, le da alergia. If they come here, they always bring a present. Si ellos vienen aquí, siempre traen un regalo. If she doesn't know the answer, she keeps silent. Si ella no sabe la respuesta, se mantiene en silencio. If we don't go out on Saturdays, we rent a video and stay home. Si no salimos los sábados, alquilamos un video y nos quedamos en casa.

Condicional 1
Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situación es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If clause If + Present tense If it rains today, •
• • •

Main clause will / can / may / must + verb I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Si llueve hoy, me quedaré en casa. If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow. Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana. If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon. Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta tarde.

you must not go. you'll get drunk. se pueden quedar en casa. . debes usar ropa abrigada. iremos a la playa. you'll get a discount. you can call her. Si está caluroso mañana. no puede ir a la fiesta. Si él no hace su tarea. obtendrás un descuento. you must wear warm clothes. viajaría por todo el mundo. If you drink too much. Si no quieren salir. If you work hard. If they don't want to go out. If they don't come here. you'll become a poor man. If I won the lottery. If you feel sick. If she doesn't call you. Si ganara la lotería. • • Main clause would / could / might + verb I would travel around the world.• • • • • If it is warm tomorrow. they can stay home. If you pay now. he can not go to the party. I would travel around the world. Si no nos apuramos. we'll go to the beach. no debes ir. If it is cold. you must stay in bed. Si ellos no te invitan. Si gastas más de lo que ganas. tú puedes llamarla. puede que te conviertas en un millonario algún día. Si está frío. Si ella no te llama. If he doesn't do his homework. If we don't hurry. you may become a millonaire someday. • • • • • • • • • If you spend more than you earn. Si trabajas duro. we'll miss our bus. we'll have to go there. Si te sientes enfermo. debes quedarte en cama. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. Si ellos no vie Condicional 2 Refiere a una situación hipotética y se forma según la estructura if + simple past + simple condicional. te convertirás en un hombre pobre. Si bebes demasiado. If clause If + Past Simple If I won the lottery. Si pagas ahora. If they don't invite you. perderemos nuestro autobus. te emborracharás.

Si yo estuviese en Brasil. te lo diría. también -Type III. la invitaría a salir. If you went to Brazil. If it were not raining. If I saw her. If he were in my place. Si yo fuese tú. If they spoke Spanish.Refiere a una situación hipotética del pasado y se forma según la estructura : if + past perfect + conditional perfect. If clause If + Past Perfect tense If I had won the lottery. viajaría más a menudo. she would travel more often. I would tell you. I would ask her out. Si ella escribiese un libro. Si yo tuviese más dinero. Si ella tuviera más tiempo. Si ellos ganaran la lotería. no haría esto. . If she had more time. If we didn't have to work today. no querrías regresar. I would go to Rio de Janeiro. I would buy a nice apartment. we would understand them. Si no quisiera ir. podríamos tener un picnic. If I didn't want to go. Condicional 3 Third Conditional. I would buy that car.• • • • • • • If I were in Brazil. we could go out. Si ellos hablasen español. we could have a picnic. no podría ir a pescar. podrían tener mejores sueldos. sería un best-seller. Si la viera. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If I had more money. Si él estuviese en mi lugar. no trabajarían más. he couldn't go fishing. they might have better salaries. If I were you. you wouldn't want to come back. los entenderíamos. iría a Río de Janeiro. he wouldn't do this. Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy. podríamos salir. they wouldn't work any more. Si el no viviera cerca del río. If he didn't live by the river. If they worked for that company. • • • • • • • • • If they won the lottery. compraría ese auto. Si fueras a Brazil. Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía. it would be a best-seller. Si no estuviese lloviendo. If she wrote a book. me compraría un lindo apartamento. Main clause would/could/might + have + past participle I would have traveled around the world.

Si ella hubiese venido el sábado. I would have known you were here. habría disfrutado esto. they would have arrived on time. Si tu me hubieses telefoneado. If it hadn't rained. If I hadn't forgotten his number. I would have raised my hand. Si él hubiese trabajado más. If she had come on Saturday. we would have accepted at once. habríamos ido a pescar. Si ellos hubiesen salido más temprano. Si lo hubiese visto. podría haver ahorrado más dinero . we would have gone fishing. habría levantado mi mano. te podría haber ayudado.• • • • • • • • • If I had won the lottery. If my sister had been here. you would have had lots of fun. If you had gone to Brazil. I could have helped you. I would have understood it. Si mi hermana hubiese estado aquí. no se habrían sentido enfermos hoy. lo habría entendido. If we had studied harder. habría sabido que estabas aquí. lo habría llamado. Si tu hubieses ido a Brasil. he could have saved more money. If they had invited us. habríamos aceptado de inmediato. habría viajado por todo el mundo. we might have passed the test. Si hubiésemos estudiado más duro. la habría visto. I would have traveled around the world. I would have phoned him. If they hadn't drunk so much last night. If I had known the answer. le habría contado acerca de ti. If he had worked more. I would have told him about you. Si no hubiese estado tan ocupado. Si no hubiesen tomado tanto anoche. Si ellos nos hubiesen invitado. If I hadn't been so busy. Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. Si no hubiese llovido. habrían llegado a tiempo. Si no hubiese olvidado su número. they wouldn't have felt sick today. If they had left earlier. I would have seen her. If she had explained me the problem. habrías tenido mucha diversión. podríamos haber aprobado la prueba. If I had seen him. Si hubiese sabido la respuesta. she would have enjoyed this. Si ella me hubiese explicado el problema. • • • • • • • • • If you had phoned me.

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