Condicional cero

Este condicional refiere a una situación que es siempre verdadera (verdades universales): If you freeze water, it turns into ice.

If clause Main clause If + Present tense Present tense If you freeze it turns into ice. water


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If you freeze water, it turns into ice. Si congelas el agua, se convierte en hielo. If I work too much, I get tired. Si trabajo demasiado, me canso. If I have time, I usually go to the movies. Si tengo tiempo, generalmente voy al cine. If she eats hamburgers, she gets an allergy. Si ella come hamburguesas, le da alergia. If they come here, they always bring a present. Si ellos vienen aquí, siempre traen un regalo. If she doesn't know the answer, she keeps silent. Si ella no sabe la respuesta, se mantiene en silencio. If we don't go out on Saturdays, we rent a video and stay home. Si no salimos los sábados, alquilamos un video y nos quedamos en casa.

Condicional 1
Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situación es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If clause If + Present tense If it rains today, •
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Main clause will / can / may / must + verb I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Si llueve hoy, me quedaré en casa. If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow. Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana. If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon. Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta tarde.

you may become a millonaire someday. Si está caluroso mañana. Si ganara la lotería. • • • • • • • • • If you spend more than you earn. If we don't hurry. If you work hard. If they don't want to go out.• • • • • If it is warm tomorrow. If it is cold. te emborracharás. we'll have to go there. Si bebes demasiado. obtendrás un descuento. Si ella no te llama. Si él no hace su tarea. we'll miss our bus. debes quedarte en cama. viajaría por todo el mundo. If clause If + Past Simple If I won the lottery. puede que te conviertas en un millonario algún día. he can not go to the party. you must stay in bed. Si ellos no vie Condicional 2 Refiere a una situación hipotética y se forma según la estructura if + simple past + simple condicional. If I won the lottery. you'll get drunk. tú puedes llamarla. If you drink too much. perderemos nuestro autobus. I would travel around the world. If you pay now. they can stay home. . te convertirás en un hombre pobre. you can call her. no puede ir a la fiesta. Si trabajas duro. you must wear warm clothes. • • Main clause would / could / might + verb I would travel around the world. If they don't come here. we'll go to the beach. se pueden quedar en casa. Si no quieren salir. you'll get a discount. debes usar ropa abrigada. If you feel sick. Si gastas más de lo que ganas. Si está frío. If she doesn't call you. Si ellos no te invitan. no debes ir. you'll become a poor man. iremos a la playa. you must not go. Si pagas ahora. Si te sientes enfermo. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. If they don't invite you. Si no nos apuramos. If he doesn't do his homework.

Main clause would/could/might + have + past participle I would have traveled around the world. Si yo tuviese más dinero. we could have a picnic. Condicional 3 Third Conditional. Si no quisiera ir.Refiere a una situación hipotética del pasado y se forma según la estructura : if + past perfect + conditional perfect. también -Type III. Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy. If we didn't have to work today. If it were not raining. Si fueras a Brazil. Si la viera. podrían tener mejores sueldos. viajaría más a menudo. If I didn't want to go. If I saw her. If he were in my place. la invitaría a salir. you wouldn't want to come back. Si él estuviese en mi lugar. Si no estuviese lloviendo. we would understand them. I would tell you. it would be a best-seller. we could go out. me compraría un lindo apartamento. Si yo fuese tú. podríamos salir. iría a Río de Janeiro. • • • • • • • • • If they won the lottery. Si ella escribiese un libro. Si yo estuviese en Brasil. If she wrote a book. he wouldn't do this. sería un best-seller. she would travel more often. If clause If + Past Perfect tense If I had won the lottery. no podría ir a pescar. If they spoke Spanish. compraría ese auto. I would buy a nice apartment. podríamos tener un picnic. no querrías regresar. te lo diría. he couldn't go fishing. If you went to Brazil. Si el no viviera cerca del río. they wouldn't work any more. no haría esto. Si ellos hablasen español. los entenderíamos. I would buy that car.• • • • • • • If I were in Brazil. If he didn't live by the river. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos traducidos. Si ellos ganaran la lotería. Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía. If they worked for that company. If I had more money. they might have better salaries. If I were you. no trabajarían más. . If she had more time. Si ella tuviera más tiempo. I would go to Rio de Janeiro. I would ask her out.

we would have accepted at once. la habría visto. Si hubiese sabido la respuesta. I would have traveled around the world. If they had left earlier. habría sabido que estabas aquí. If you had gone to Brazil. Si tu me hubieses telefoneado. If they had invited us. If they hadn't drunk so much last night. I would have known you were here. no se habrían sentido enfermos hoy. they wouldn't have felt sick today. habría viajado por todo el mundo. Si él hubiese trabajado más. podríamos haber aprobado la prueba. lo habría llamado. Si no hubiese llovido. If he had worked more. Si ellos hubiesen salido más temprano. he could have saved more money. you would have had lots of fun. I could have helped you. Si ellos nos hubiesen invitado. we would have gone fishing. te podría haber ayudado. If it hadn't rained. habrías tenido mucha diversión. If I had known the answer.• • • • • • • • • If I had won the lottery. I would have told him about you. I would have raised my hand. Si tu hubieses ido a Brasil. habrían llegado a tiempo. habríamos ido a pescar. If my sister had been here. If she had explained me the problem. I would have seen her. If I had seen him. Si mi hermana hubiese estado aquí. Si lo hubiese visto. Si no hubiese olvidado su número. le habría contado acerca de ti. habríamos aceptado de inmediato. If we had studied harder. habría disfrutado esto. Si no hubiese estado tan ocupado. they would have arrived on time. Si yo hubiera ganado la lotería. I would have understood it. I would have phoned him. lo habría entendido. we might have passed the test. If I hadn't forgotten his number. she would have enjoyed this. • • • • • • • • • If you had phoned me. Si no hubiesen tomado tanto anoche. If I hadn't been so busy. habría levantado mi mano. If she had come on Saturday. Si ella hubiese venido el sábado. Si ella me hubiese explicado el problema. Si hubiésemos estudiado más duro. podría haver ahorrado más dinero .