Volic Amen. Erfiillc



Diakon: .\llfrceht' cia wir die gottli("hcn, unbeflecktcn Gchcimnisse emphng,~n h.ihcn, rlunken wir- dcm Ilcrrn. Priester:
Untcrsli",(ze. Den "anzen


:'>lund '''.



\Vir ~lallke!l dir, ') mCllschenfrcundlichcr lIcIT, Wohlliiter unserer SCdCIl, daB du UIlS aru Iieut igcn Tage deiucr himmlischcn und unslerhlichen ?>lyslcricn gc\\,iirdigt hast. Machc unscre Wcge gel'adc, hcwahre UIlS .ille in d~illcr Furcht uud hcschutze nnser Leben durrh das Gcbet lind durch die Flirhille uuserer i(iinigin, dcr Gottcsgcbarerin und illllllcrwiihrcnden Jungfrau ?>!ari.) , uud allcr dciner Hciligcn; dcnn du bist unS('I'C lleiligllng, Chrisms unser (;{)tl, uud zu dir scnden wit, Preis {'lnpOl", zum Y;<iVl', nun Solin und z um hciligen C;eisle. [)ioi;on: Lasser uus lBL Fricrk-u g('il('n. Lusset uns den HelTLl bitten. l'ri('sicr: Herr, del' du dicjeniuen segt1l:sl, di(, did; preislOlI, und die heiligst, ,,(iie :1111' dich \'erlraU('l), relte dein Volk' ''', Bewahrv die Fullc dcincr Kirche usw. Fk}Jlt(JIl<'~is: LInd z u d ir scudcn wir Eh]"(' und Dunk em po!".


hy Waller ,luir
\V 11i t chi

II I.North Andover,


L. S. ,L·.

Del' Name des Hcrru sci. Fri,'sic/': Christus, unscr Goll, du hist dil' Erfiil!uug des Gcsetzcs und del" Prophcten. Dcr du die ganzc ,\no)'{lmmg rlcs Va ters ('rfi"lill hasl, crf'ullc unscrc mil Fl'cude uud Frohsinn. Volle: Ich will prciscn den lIeITIl"'. \Vi,', dcinc suudhuf tcu uud un wu rd igcn DieL1c,', cleiue Hcrrlichkcit. Cluistu» unser Goli, zu pn'isl'lI, da

sind g('k(HHIllCll, um wir rleiueu gi;lllichen


und dcin Myslcrium vollzogeu habeu. Wir sind all :ieinen ,\ltar ... gelt'elen uud scuclcn zu dit· Ehrc, Dank and Auhctunj; cm[lo]" s.uut dciucm ,)nfangloscn Vater und dcm allbei~ig:'n, ,lllglLligcn 11tHl lebenrl i.l.(Bl,,("h('ll(iL'n Cl'lste, .iL't~l lind alkzeil und in ,dk Ewigkeit. Amen "".
1'< ·I~

V<'I de ~leeskr. J...cs pri/JllIes :I;)i [. Die' von mir in Zcichcn' gc!-;ctzlell \Vor\{'

sind spiitcrcn




Although in recent years a considerable number of texts of the Muzu rabi« liturgy have heen published, there has been no serious attempt to reconstruct the Breviary on the basis of extant manuscripts, The text of a Toledo Psalter with canticles and hymns was published by Lorenzana ': a similar manuscript from Santo Domingo de Silos was edited for the Henrv Bradshaw Society"; the monks of Silos have recently published the indispensable Leon Antiphnuarv", and the Orotionalc has long been available in Bianchini's edition'. However, thes,' texts an: not sulflcicnt 10 give a clear idea of the Mozurahic choirservices, and if. is still necessary to tum to Cisneros' Breninriutn Goiliicum ". which is at best a confu~ed and uusutisfacturv compilation, 'I'll,' late 'V. C. Bishop's article, The Breviary ill Spain ''. gives an idea or the problem, which can only be clurifled hv a studv of the uumerous manuscripts which contain Ikeviary texts. . , The admirable analysis of Mozarabic liturgical manuscripts illeluded hy DOlH Ferotin in his Libel' Mozarobicus :'iuCf(UllentOI"f11ll f is obviously the starting point for such a study. However, his description of manuscripts conta ining the Psalter and Liber CanticOtl1lH is not sufficicnllv detailed. I am thercf'orc presenting a brier catalogue of the following hooks which conl a in t11('s(' texis:
l Bt"l,i(ltiuw (;oll,icl(ll! ,",ClwdUJ11 reqnlcuu beatissimi l sitlori I~!adrid. 177:;), I·· ·CXXlll, rqll'inled in i'alroiogia Latina, LXXXVI, 7:m .... -\HO. " .I, 1'. Gilson, cd., The Mozarabic Psalter (London, 1\10:;). " Padres BCliedictinos de Silos, cd., AfllipitoJlatiufll MowrabicfJlll de I" Cat edra! de Leun (Leon, 1\l~8). , Liturqin antiquo His punica Gothica Isidoriwl<l i\fo:zar(rbica l'o/dlll!(J mix/a (Rome, !7..161. A new edition of the Oraiionale has been prepared by Revd G. Claveres of Tarr"g[)Il~. under lhe direction of D011l \1ohlhcrg, 'llld will he


gcwor denc Stelle naehlr:iglleh nell ausgr:fLilH worden ixl. I~I Ps. ;):_t ;.'1 Dnrauf folgeu z wui vcrscuiudcnc Dal1kgebele. Sic sind a her xu aBies~~dil'.li gewOnk)lL dnf ich daruuf vcrxichtct hahu, sic dcutsch wiederzugcheu. Dus crst«. das ~lHS duer Hand xtummt. die nichl die der Us. 1St schcint cin kUl"z('s zwcixciligcs Dankuebet au die \Illlkrgolles ZH sein, Diescs (jdH~1 1St jilTlg~ren Dnltuux als die sich ~~l\",ras wuiler untcn unschlieliendc Danksagllng, die Hue Ent.skhullg i-inr-r dritten Hand vcrdnnkl !Inc.! die, sowr-it ich dicselbc c nlz itf'orn kouutc, der Priester sclbst

\"<'1"r;ehlcn hal.

published shortly.





with some changes

regu/Ml1 bcati Hysidori dictum J1OZ(lrabes (Toledo, by Lorenzana, op. cil., and from Lorenzana by Rite»: Four J';ssa!Js ill COlHplimliue l.ilrrruio109Y

Migne, P. L" LXXXVI.
Mozarabic ..!mbrosi(m


Aleuin Club, 1\124), 5i)--.-.97, {Paris, 1912), 677·~962.


w s us .
Mudrid: lliblioteca Naciouul,



:\ cutulogue

of mozaruhic





10001. Psalter

with canticles

and hymns.

From To ledo. Saec, IX····~X. :!. London: British Museum, Add. :;0051. Psalter with canticles, hymns am! minor of!ices. From Santo Domingo de Silos, Sacco X-Xl. :>. Nogent~sur~Marni!: Bibliothcque Smith-Lesouef, 2. Two Psalters with cantides, bound together. From Santo Domingo de Silos. Saec. XI. '1. Abdrid: Academia de b l Iistoria, Aemil, LAbis. Psalter with canticles. FI'om San }lilL\1l de la Cogolla. Sacc. X. ~). Mudrid: Academia de In Historia, Acmil, (i·Jle!'. Psalter with canticles. From San Millun de la Cogolla. Sacco X-Xl.

Santi:'1.;o de Composlclu: Bibliotcca de la Uuiversidud, Diurno of llu- E!llIH~I'Ol' h,rn:UH]o 1. Dated 1055.



are either blank spaces left or missing leaves at this point it may be assumed that the custom was general. A hart with a branch ill its mouth generally forms the initial of' PS. x li, Otherwise there seems to be have been no general Mozurubic tradition for the decoration or the Psalter' and Liber Cunticorl/In. III the following descriptions the original spelling has been preserved unaltered. Capitals arc used wherever they occur in the manuscripts. In noting the contents reference is made whenever possible to published works, the length of each description heing in inverse relation to the quantity of material avu ilublc elsewherr-, MADlUD: nIBLIOTECA NACIONAL. MS. 10001. PSALTEIUUM CUJ\[ CANTICIS ET U\tMNIS Saec. IX----X. From Toledo, where it bore the press mark 35.1. Former press mark in the Bibliotcca Nacional: HIl. ()g. Written by the priest Maurus for the priest Abundantius. Published in Cardinal Lorenzana's edition of the Brcoiarium Gothicutn: reprinted in Patroloqia La/ina, LXXXVL 7:l9-9'1O. 174 leaves, J:15X240 mm., written in double colums of Visigothic minuscule averaging 270X75 mm. eaeh., 29 lines to the page. Gatherings. I" (1-2); II" (3-4); III' (5·-8); IV2 (9-10); V' (11--18); VP (19-2G); VIF (27--34); Vl l I" (:)5-42); IXs (43-50); X' (51-58); XI" (59--G6); XII' (67-74); (75~-82); XIV' (83-90); XV' (91-98); XVI" (99·-106); XVlP (107-114); XVIII" (115-122); XIX' (128-130); XX$ (131-138); XXI' (139-l4H); XXII'" (147-156); XXIII' (157-160); XXIV'o (161-170); xxv- (171-174). The manuscript is not properly foliated, but is paginated in two series: the flrst (in Arabic numerals) from 1 to 215 (i. C. foll, 3'-110') includes the Psalter and Canticles, and the second (in Roman numerals) from I to CXXVI (i. e. foil. I1O -l72') is for the Hymns. In a very few leaves modern foliation has been added. SCI' i P 1. Visigothic minuscule without the ti distinction, but with regular use of i Ionga, the forked Iorrn occurring in certain cases. Dated by Lowe "saec. IX-X ut vid.", Mozarahic neurnatic musical notation. I II U III ina t ion. Large number of decorated initials, formed chiefly of birds, animals and fishes. Highly stylized human heads are frequently introduced. There are no miniatures, although a column and a half was left blank before Cant. i to illustrate the Dominus de Sitia ueuii. Con t e 11 t S. foil. 1T_2", Fly-leaves containing a mass for the 5th Sunday in Advent: cf. Ferotin, Liber Mozarabicus Sacratnentorum,

\hdrirl: Bibliotcc.i del Palacio Itcnl, 2. J. 5. Libcr Sancila, wife or Feruando 1. Dated 1059. ;-;. 1~:1Escol'ial, a. lll..-" PsaILcL Sacc. Xl.


.. of Dalla

l n the pusl seven years I have pho[ugrapiled or collated these manuscripts with a view to making eventually a new text of th~ Mozurabic Psalter and Liber Calilicomm, but the desirability ol publishing now a brief account of them recently became app~rent \~hen mv Iricnd l\nd 'V. S. Porter began a study of the Mozaruhic canticles ar~d their us«. and found lhal tlu- available descriptions were quite inadequate. Mr. Porter has kindly given me a eopy of lhc manuscript of his article in Ephemerides Liturqicae ·W (l\J;l5) 12(}·45, "Cantica mozuruhici officii". wich contains a compurutive tablc 0[' the Mozarahic canticles. I have therefore adopted the numbering of his comparative table and indicate oulv bv that means ."~ for example "Porter 72" ~-~ the canticles which ~IPI;e~!l:in the manuscripts. as details of their origin und lise will he found ill his sludv. Of the eight manuscripts the first is the most complete . .'ldd . .')O851 lacks many Ieuvcs, but is of primary importance because of the richness of Iiturgicul formulae which accompany the psalms. The Nogent-surMarne and the Aeudcuiiu de In Historia manuscripts are all incomplete. The Santiago Diuruo and the Madrid Libel' CUllliconrm are roynl Books of Hours rather than officiul Iiturgicul texts, but both contain unusually large collectious of canticles. The Escorial manuscript is also essentiully a hook of private devotion, hut is included as it contains the complete Psalter. In origin the manuscripts are representative, as one is known to come from Toledo, two from Santo Domingo de Silos and two from Sun Millan de fa CogoUa. :\11 eight an' written in Visigothic minuscule, and all have i\iozarabic initials or varying quality. The most beautifully illuminated is the Santiago Diurno, but its decorations relate rather to its royal owner than to its text. In Part II of the Nogent-sur-Marne manuscript and in Aemi/. ().iter a miniature illustrating the text Dominus de Sino urnict pl't'eedcs the lirst canticle: as in four other manuscripts there








A catalogue of mozarabic




tol. ;)r (1), IN NOMINE DOMINI INCIPIT LlBEB PSALMOnu)'[ SECUNDUlII DAUID PHOPHETA. PHOFETIA DE DO:\IINO UIESU CHBlSTO sam FBCCTU llJSTOBU~l ET INTEIUTU IMPiOIUJM. INCIPIT FHIMtJS PSALl\lUS. Antiphonu. In lege domini fuit uolumtas eius die hac noctc in lege eius meditabitur. Bcatus uir ... (fol, 22") Beuedictus dominus dells Isrulicl a scculo et usque in seculum fiat fiat. EXPLICIT LIBEB Pl\ElIUS. Book I of the Psalter, with antiphons with Mozarabic noumatic notation. P. L., LXXXVI. 7:~9··-7{)(). 1'0L 22" (40),' INCIPIT LIBEl{ SECUNDUS. In fmem psalmus Dauid intcllectus Iiliis Chorce, xli, Antiphona. Sitibit anima mea ad dcum uiuum quando ucuiam et appurebo ante Iucicm dei. Sieut cerbus desidernt ... (f'ol, ;l7') Et rcplebitur magestute eius omnis terra Ilut fiat. FINlT LIBEH SECUNDUS. P.L., LXXXVI, 7G7-788. ro!. :37" (70), INCIPIT LIBEl~ TEHTIUS. lxxii, Dciccerunt ymni Dauid filii Iesse. Psalmus AS:1ph. Confcssio humane inflrmitatis super impiis. Quam bonus deus Israhel ... (Iol, 48") Bcnedictus dominus in cternum Hat fiat. EXPLICIT LIBER TEH.TlCS. P. L., LXXXVL 787-.. 02. 8 ro!. 48' (92), INCIPlT LIBER QUAHTUS, lxxxviiii. Oralio Moysi uiri dei, Iudcorurn obiecti. Antiphons. Sit splendor domini dei nostri super nos. Domine rcf'ugium factus cs nobis... (1'01. ;;'8') Benedictus dominus deus Isrnhel a scculo et usque in seculum et dice! omnis populus fial fiat. EXPLICIT LIBEl{ QUAHTCS, P. L., LXXXVI, 801-8IG. 1'01. 58' (111). INCIPIT LlBEB QUINTUS, Alleluia. Uocutio geIltium. Antiphona. Dicant qui redemti sunt a domino quos red emit de manu inimicorum. Coufiremini domino ... (Iol, 78") ornnis spiritus budd domiuum. P. L., LXXXVI, 815-·-844. On fol. 7/V (150), col. 1, in the initial of Ps, cxlvii, Landa Ilierusalem dOIlliTWIll, is written ABUNDANTIUS PHESBlTEn LIBnUl\l, and in col. 2 in the initial of Ps. cxlviii, Laiulol:« domiIlulll de criis, l\IAtmO PHESBYTEBO SCBlPTOJ{. Iol. 78" (152), Hie psalrnus proprie scriptus in Duuid extra numerum cum pugnator cssct aduersus Goliarn solus, Pusillus cram. ,. opprobrium a filiis Israhel. P. L., LXXXVI, 844 ..·.... 46. 8 1'01. 7IF (1-5;~), i, Antiphoua. Apparuit dominus de monte Faran d cum co sanctorum milia. Dominus de Sina ucnit.,. (fol, 11(),,) 'I'll solus altissimus Ihesu Christe cum sancto spiritu in gloria dei patris, Amen, 77 canticles, published in P, L., LXXXVI, 845-886: Porter 1·~20:1, 21-57:1,58-69 <1,70-77. There are the following indications of liturgical usc: (1'01. 87V-170) Cant x ix, I NCIPIUNT CANTlCl DE QUADBAGESI:MA DICENDI; (fol. 91'"-·.-178) Cant. XX'lL INCIPIUNT . CANTle! DE THADITIONE DOMINI; (Iol. ~W~18;~) Cant, xxxiv,

INClPlUNT CANTICI DE HESUHHECTIONE DOMINI: (1'01. 96' ..~ 187) Cnnt. xi, INCIPIUNT CANTICI DE SANCTIS; (1'01. 97'-~189) Cant. xliii, INCIPIUNT CANTlel DE UNO JUSTO: (1'01. 98v~1921 Cant. xlvii, INCIPIUNT CANTlet DE UlHGINlBUS; (1'01. H9'-HJ4) Cant. li, Canticum Sulomouis in sucrationc hnselice ; (fol. 100'"....1 H6i Cant. Iii, Canticum de restauratione baselice: (Iol. 101 "·""··lH~;:1 ant. lv. C INCIPIUNT CANTlCl DE COTlDIANO. roi. 110" (1), INCIPIT PHOLOGUS YMNOIWi\L Miracula primeua ... Iincm noxiarum obtumus, The initial letters of the Prologue form an acrostic: j\IAUlUCUS OBTANTE CEHANIANO EDIDYT. Published in P. L, LXXXVI, 885 .. 887. ~ fol. INCIPlUNT Yi\INI DE TOTO ClBCULO ANN!. YMNUS DE ADUENTU DOMINI ET SANCTOlW:\1 FESTlUITATE TER MIXTUS QUI IN l\IATUTINUM DICENDUS EST QUANDO ADUENTUS DOMINI INCIPITUB. Gaudete flores martirum ... (fol. 174") Perennis instet gloria. Collection of hymns publishcd in P. L., LXXXVI, 885 ..·~H40: cf', An(({ecta HY11l11ica, XXVI!, 21~2;3.
Bib I i 0 g r a p h y. Arthur spauischcn Psalter", Spanisclu:
melle Aufsiilze

uo- rn,





afrikanische Element del' Gorresqeseltschait: Sp(111iens, II (1930), 19G~228. Liturgic",


im alt.

Arthur Allgcicl', (gHl), 179~2;)6. XXVlI, 21~2;~.



ill del' moz aruhischen
I1!}mnica Medii



C. Blume and G. M. Dreves,


(Leipzig, 1897),

F, Cabrol, "Cantiques", Diclionnaire d'Archeologie Clu-etienne ei de Liturgic (Paris: Lctouzey ct Ane, 1907~193G), II, 1988~1993. Charles Upson Clark, Calleclallca IIispanica (Paris: Honore Champion, 1920), ,16 (no (i2'1), berg, Paul Ewald 188:3), 21. and Gustav Le Loewe, Exempia
Scriplurae VisigoticllC

(Heidel ..
1912), de

Marins Ferotin,



Sactllmenlol'lI111 Espmlo/a


Zacarias Garcia Villada, Palcografia Estudios Historicos, 1923), 113 (no 12G). Gustav Loewe and \V. von Hartel, nienxi~ (Vienna, 1887), I, 2!:JG~287. Fr-ancisco LXXXV!, Antonio. Lorenzana,




l.aiinorum Hispasecundulll



bealissimi lsidor: (Madr-id,

1775), I·~CXXHL




requlam Latina,

E. A. Lowe, Studio. PcllacograpiJicll. A contribution io the histOl'Y of early Latin minuscule WId 10 the dating af Visigolhic MSS (Munich, 1(10), 66 (no 47). Hcprintcd from Kg]. Bayer. Akarlemi« del' Wissenschalten, Sitzunqsberichle, phiL-hist. K1., 1910, 12. Abhundlung, in Early

James Mearns, The Canticles of the Christian Church Eastern and Weslern and Medieua/ Times (Cambridge: University Press, 191'1), 70~74.





A catalogue

of ruozarabic





,\guslin Milbl'es Curlo, Truiudo de Palcografi(( Espaiioh (2nd ed., Madrid: Victoriano Suarez, 1\);)2), 15H, '105, 460 (nv 117). JU'Hl F. Hiaiio, Critical lind lJi!J1iograpi1ical Noles 011 Early Spanish Jlusic

(London, ISS7), 25-2G. Casiano Hojo and German Prado, EI Canlo Mozdr'al>le



teea de Catulunya, 1\)2\1), 18. Fa c s i III i 1c s. Iol, 94,. (partial), Hiano, op. cii., 25. Iol. %,. (partial), Ewald and Loewe, op. cit., Plate XXVll a. roll. <):)'· ... ~ll;'·,Clark, op. cit., Pble 22.

LO:\()ON: BBlTISH .\lUSEUM, ADD. MS. ;30851. PSA.LTEIHUM CUM CANTICIS ET HDINIS Sacc. X-XL From Santo Domingo de Silos. Sold with other manuscripts from the Silos Iihrurv at the Hotel Drouot in Paris on June 1, 1878 (no. 19 of the sate catalogue), where it was bought for WOO francs by Quaritcll for the British Museum, The complete text of the manuscript was published by .I. P. Gilson as vol, XXX of the Henry Bradshaw Society. 202 leaves, :$\lOX~'IO[)nuu., written in double columns of Visigothic minuscule uVl'raging 280XSO mrn. each, 25 lines to the page. Gathl'rings. I" (1--···2); several leaves wanting; II' (3-10); Ill' (11-·~18); IV" (lH··-26); \'" (27-34); VI" (35-42); VII" (43-50); VIII' (51-58); IX' (x 59 co G1 i 62 G364 (5); X" (66-71); XI" (72--79); XII' (80··-87); XIlI' (88-91); gathering wanting; XIV' {\J2--99); XV8 (100 x 101 102 i 10;) 104 x 105); XVI$ (106 107 x x I x x 108 109); XVII' (1l0~~-1l7); XVIII~ (118 119 120 121 I 122 123 x 124); gathering wanting; XIXs (125 126 x x i x x 127 128); XX' (129 x x 130 I 131 x x 132); XXP (133 134 x x i x x 135 136); XXII' (x 137 138 1;:19 I 140 141 H2 148); XXIIF (144-151); XXIV$ (152-159); XXV' (x x 160 Hit j IG2 16il x x); one or more gatherings wanting; XXVI' (164-171); XXVII" (172·~~179); XxVnF (180~187); XXIXs (188-·-~195); XXX' (196 197 198 199 I 200 201 202 x}. S c rip t. The manuscript is written in a beautiful and careful Visigothic minuscule. Dr. Lowe dates it "suec. X-Xl ut vid.", and notes the observance of the ti distinction, regular use of i Ionga (even before tall letters at the beginning of words) and the presence of a prefix to the tops of the tall letters. The captions of the psalms are in red minuscule; those of the larger divisions of the text are in red and black capitals. There is a considerable amount of Mozarabic neumatic notation throughout the manuscript. . I II u 111 ina t ion. There are illuminated initials for each psalm, canticle and hymn; the drawing is fair, but the colour is poorly applied. A good idea of their style may be obtained by consulting the plates of Archer M. Huntington's Initials and Miniatures ... from the Moza-

rabic Manuscripts of Santo Domingo de Silos, although the colours of the reproductions are sometimes too bright; the originals are often almost muddy. Con t c nt s. The text of the entire manuscript has been published so scrupulously hy the late .J. P. Gilson that any detailed analysis of the contents would be superfluous. Although it is so incomplete that many psalms and canticles are wanting, its richness ill liturgical formulae makes it of extraordinary interest. The psalms are accompanied by antiphons (with musical notation) and appropriate prayers, and at the end of the manuscript arc a number of minor offices. I give only the main headings with rel'crenccs to Gilson's edition. 1"01. I". Incipil: Inc nobis uias uite el propter donum gratie tue ... (fol. G') EXPLICIT LIBEl'!. PHIMUS. Gilson, 1-9. rot. (ir, INCIPIT LIBEH. SECUNDUS. xli. In Iinem pro uictoriu doctismi Illiorum Coreph. Psalm us Duuid. Sicut cerbus... (Iol. ;31") FINlT LInEn. SECUNDUS. Gilson, 1O~·-51. fo!. 31". INCIPIT LIBEH. TEl\THJS. lxxii, Psalmus Asaph. Quam bonus deus Israhd... (fol. 47'") FIN!']' LIBEH TERTIUS. Gilson, 52-77. fo1. 47', INClPIT L1BEIl QlJABTlJS. lxxxviiii. Oralio Moysi hominis del. Domine refllgilllH ... [fol, (}l ") EXPLICIT LIBER QUAB.TUS. Gilson, 77~~9\). fo!. (5P, INCIPIT LIBER QUINTUS. cvi, Alleluia. Antiphona, Dicunt qui redemti ... (1'01. 91") secundum multitudincm magnitudinis eius. Gilson, !)\)~-148. fo!' 92r, (LInEn CANTICOlnJ\Ij (Cant. xvii] pedun. tllorum omnes qui detracbant tibi ... (fol. 110") EXPLICIT LIBEB CANTlGilson. 149--185. fo1. 110'. INCIPIT D.INOHUi\J DE TOTO ClH.CULO ANNI. Irnuus IN DIEi"! SANCTI ACISTULl ... (Inl. U\;'F) Iluxorunt reduci non renoIan! fuga. Gilson, 185~2\)!. Ioll. 1G4r-202'" contain tile following offices: AD HOHAS CANO· NICAS, OH.DO QUIETE ANTE LECTULO, ORDO AD ;vIEDlUI\I NOCTIS CELEBIlANDm.r, onno POST NOCTUBNOS, 01\DO DE SANCT[S; OFFICIA DE SANCTIS, UNIUS IUSTI. UNlUS CONFESSOH.IS, DE UlHGINIBUS, DE UNA UIBGINE, DE INFIlU\,llS. DE UNO INFIHMO, DE DEFUNCTOBlJM SACEBDOTUl\I, DE UNO DEFUNCTO, DE PRIMO DmIINICO DE COTIDIANO and IN SECUNDO DOMINICO. Gilson, 21)2·-3(55. Bib I i 0 g r a p h y. Blume and Droves, ltnnlecia Ibjnuiic« Medii Aeui, XXVII, 21i--2B. Cahrul, "Cantiqucs", Dictionnaire d'ilrcheologie Cll1'elicnne ct de Lilurgk,


II, 1\188~ 1993. Clark, CoHee/anen


38 (no 564).


\V a I t c r



i r \'1 hit e hill

_:\ catalogue

of moz n rnbic

liturgic~ll suanuscrip

t s.


l.c Liver JJoz(lmbicll~ SU(Twncn/orwll, 870-·88n. Hisioirc de I'Avva_l}e de Silos (Paris, 18~l7), 276 (no :)1;). Gal'cia Villadu, Pal{~ograriu EspaJiola, 10·"1 (no GS). J.P. Gilson, Tile ;)lo=arabic Psal/er (London: Henry Brndshuw Society, \"01. x x x, 1\)O~). Archur M. Huntington, luiliols wul Minia/ures of Ihe lXIii, X/It tuu! Xlih uII/l1ries [rom ilu: iHOZl1l'l1vic M(uH1scripb of Santo })omin90 de Silos in the Brili.,}) ,\IIISCIUH (New York, 190-1). Lowe, SllIdi" Palueogl"(fpilica, 72 (no 77). E<1\\';\l"d Maunde-Thompson, C(I/(JIOfjllC o{ Additions 10 the M(lnll~cl'ipls ill th» Ilri/isil JIlIscwn in llu: ycw'$ 1871;··-1381 (London, 1882), 120~121. Mc.uns, The Caniiclce of Iile ChristiaIl Church Eastern awl Wcs/erll, 71. Mill.ues Carlo, Trutado de Pu/cogrn[ia Es paiuila, 74, 458 (11" SO). Hojo and 1'1':l{\o, El e(w/I) jJl):urubc, 21. Fa c s i mil c s. fo1. 70< (upper 15 lines of ]'ight eolulllll: full size), Gilson, op. cit., Plate L fo!' ISX, (iowor III lines or right column: full size), Gilson, op. cit., Plate IL 38 initials from various parts of the manuscript, Huntington, op. cit. (in ("OIOlll·S). :\OGE"TSUil-:'1:\.Ilt\E: BlBLlOTHI~QUE SMITH-LESOuBF. PSALTEHIUM CUl\I CANTICIS Sacc, Xl. M.s. 2.

From Santo Domingo de Silos, Sold with other manuscripts from the Silos librnrv at the Hotel Drouot in Paris on June 1, 1878 (n" 26 of the sale catalogue), where it was bought for 1400 francs by M, Lesouef. The manuscript is composed of two incomplete Psalters, hereinafter designated as Part 1 and Part II. The two parts, which are foliated sepurutr-lv. form together a manuscript or 2:14 leaves. Part
11 () leaves,


;\00 X HIO nun .. ,"ritten in single columns of Visigothic minuscule averaging 21 OX 110 mm. Gatherings. l' (1~8); II" (g~-lu); (17~24); IV' (25~32); V' (:-~3--40); VI' (42~-4\}); VII' (50~57); VIII' (5\}~u5); IX· (67-74); X" (75---82): XI' (8;3~\lO); XII' (\}1---\}8); XIII' (\)\}-~10()); XIV" (x 107 108 IO\) [ 110111 112 xi. Leaves are wanting between 106 and 107 and after Iol, 112. The numbers 41, 58 and 6~) were omitted in the foliation, although there are no rnissinj; leaves at these points, while there are two leaves numbered G3. S c rip t. Hegular and careful Visigothlc minuscule of the eleventh century, with correct use of the ii ligature and the i Ionga, Headings in red minuscule. I II u mill a t ion. A small illuminated initial is found at the beginning or each psalm and canticle. For Ps, xli the S of Sicut cabus


clesidct at is formed by a hart with a branch in its mouth. The initial of Cant. i, Dominus de Siu« llenict, is the most elaborate of the first part of the manuscript. The centre or the initial D contains a fish. surrounded hy elaborute interlaces: from the top a highly conventionalized bcardcd' human figure is swung out horizontally across the page, Tile initial 'L 0[" Canticle ii at the bottom of the page forms a base on which the D rests. Con ten Is. fol. I'", Incipit: labiis et moucrunt caput. .. (Ps. xxi, G). Iol. 1\)" Explicit libel' primus, Incipit libel' secundus. xli pro uictoria dnctissimi Iiliorum chorco. Sicut cerhus desidcrat . '. (Iol. 4iFi Explicit libel' secuudus. ["01. 4:3'", lxxii, Incipit liber tcrcius, Psalmus asaph. Quam bonus deus ... (fol. of) Explicit Iibcr tercius. 1"01. (i l", lxxxuiiii, Incipit libel' quartus. Oracio moysi. .Domine rcfugium ... (Iol. 75') Explicit libel' quartus, fol. 7Y, cui. alleluia. Incipit liher quintus. Confitemini ... Iol. 104'", cI (i). hie psalmus extra numerum est quum pugnaui dauid aduersus goliat philisteus. Pusillus eram inter Iratrcs mcos ... (Io]. 104'") F'INIUNT PSAUvlI deo grutias. The antiphons to the psalms and the Groiioucs and Benetlictioucs which generally follow them in the other Silos Psalter (Add . .10851) arc not found in this manuscript, nor is there any musical notation. 1'01. 104'", PIma nobis cantica uariis uatum curminibus emptaque in scriptururum uoluminibus habemus scripta ... (fo1. 105') ct fructum pcnitencie salubriter a dipiscunt. A brief introduction to the Liber Canticoram: published in Speculum, IV (1\)2\)), '~65~4(j6. Cf', ,4emif. B4ter, 1"01. 122". fol. 105', (Canticum i) Dominus de Sina ur-niet ... (fol. 112'") cunctis populis ayt. The first twelve canticles of the Liber Crwticormn, ending abruptly at Cant. xii, 9. Because of the missing leaf between foIL 106 and 107 Cant. iii is wanting and Canticles ii and iv are incomplete. Porter 1··_·_·12. Bib 1 i 0 g)" a p 11 ~'. Millares Carlo, Tratado de Paleogrufia Espanola,
,1(;6 (no 188). lIenri Omont, in Bibliot!u;qllf' de ['(:cole des Charles,




7·12H.'. Waller Muir Whitehill, "A Mozarablc Silos", Speculum, IV (1929), 461-4G8.


from Santo Domingo de

Fa c s i mil e S. Iol. Hl', Whitehill, op. cit., Plate fa!. 105', Whitehill, up. cit., Plate II.

1 From Ornout's description of the Bibliothcque Smith-Lcsouel' thc existence of the manuscript was noted, sight unseen, by Weinberger, in I ahr esberichi IJber die Fortschrilt e der klassischen Aitertutnsunssenschojt , CCIX (1925), l:l; Z. Garcia Villadn, in Revisla de Filotoqi« Es paiio!u, XIV (1927), 1- .. 19, and Douutieu de Bruyne, in Reouc Il"nh/iclille. XXXVI (19241. 7.


W a 1 I er




W b iI eh j I1

A calnlogue

of mozurabic






12,1 leaves, 2\10X210 mru., written in single columns of Visigothic minuscule averaging 205X125 mm. Gatherings. P (1·--8); II' (\)~}); III' (17·· ..·24); IV" (25---;32); .H . V' (:W..··.'lO); VI' (41~ ..48); VII' (49-··56); vnr (57----()-l); IX" (65-72); . X' (1a..··80); (81· ..88); XII' (8\)-96); XIII" (97--··102); XIV" (10;)·-1IO!; XVs (111112 118 x ] x 114115116); XVI' (x 117 118 II\) i 120 121 122x). Leaves me wanting between Ioll. 11;~ and 114,116 and 117, and after 122. Two leaves are numbered 98, while there is one unnumbered between foIl. \)9 and 100. S c rip t. Visigotbie minuscule of the eleventh century with the ti distinction observed but an indiscriminate use of the i 1011ga. The script is less regular than that of part I. The headings are in red, green, blue or 'black capitals. Although probably of the same century the two parts of tbe manuscripts are not quite contemporary. III u l\l ina t ion. As in Part I a small illuminated initial is found at the beginning of each psalm and canticle. Canticle 1. Dominus de Siua ueniet, is likewise marked by the especial richness of its decoration: the 'left half of fol. 77' is occupied hy a miniature illustrating the second verse of the canticle: Ap paruit de monte Pliaron, et cl1m eo sanctoru ni milia. Above is a Christ in l'vIajesty in a mandorlu ; below His feet is a conventionalized mountain, represented by five decorated semi-circles; below are fifteen standing figures representing the sanclorurn milia. The miniature is of especial interest, for with the exception of the Beatu« (British Museum, Add. 11695), the Silos manuscripts, although rich in superb and intricate initials, contain few examples of figure painting. C [) n t c n t s. Iol. F, Incipit: Induxisti nos in luquem ... (Ps.Ixv, 11). fol. 8', EXPLICIT LIBER SECUNDUS. INCIPIT LIBEIl TERTIUS. lxxii Defecenmt ymni dauid filii gcsse psalmus asaph. Quam bonus ... (fol. 27") EXPLICIT LIBEl\ TEHTlL'S. 1'01. 27', INCIPlT LIBEl{ QUARTUS. lxxxuiiii. Oralio moysi liominis de]. Domine refugium... [f'ol. 44') EXPLICIT LIBER QUAH.TUS. fo!. J·4', cui. INCIPIT LIBEn. QUINTUS. ALLELUIA. Contltemini domino quoninrn bonus quoniam in secula ... f'ol. 77', Psalmus hie proprio scriptus in duuid extra numerurn qUUlH pugnauit aduersus goliam, Pusillus cram. .. The text of this additional psalm is the same as in fo!. 104' (Part I). fo1. 77", IN NO:MINE nOllUNJ IHESU CHRISTI INCIPIT LIBER CANTICOl{ U\T DE TOTO ANNI CmCULO. Dominus de Syna ueniet ... The remainder of the manuscript contains the following canticles, seventy five in all; t--4:1. 45, 44, 78. 46-52. 54. 53, 7l1, 56, 57 a,


58-0'.) <1, 70···-7:;. There are the following indicafions of liturgical usc: (fo!. 91 ') Cant. xix. INCIPIUNT CANTICI DE QUADHAGESHvlA; (Iol. \)8') Cant. xxvi, INCIPIUNT CANTle! DE TIUDlTIONE DOMINI; (1'01. 100") Cant. xxxiv, INCIPIUNT CANTICl DE BESUBECTIONE DOMINI; (Iol. l(Wi Cant. xl, INCIPlUNT CAKTICI DE SANCTlS; (fol. 105') Cant. xliii, INCIPlUNT CANTlel UNll)S lUSTI: (fo1. 108') Cant. xlviii (Porter 47), INCIPlUNT CANTH~I DE UIHGINIBUS; (fol. 108") Cant. xlix (Porter 48), INClPlUXT CANTle] DE UNA UIRGINE; (1'01. 110') Cant. Iii (Porter ;)1). De sacrationc uaselice ; (1'01. 111") Cant. liii (Porter 52), Cunticum de libro Tobi in restauratione basclice ; (Iol. I1W) Cant. lvii (Porter 5;'ii, E\CIPlUNT CANTICr DE COTI1)IANO. As in Part I there are ItO antiphons or praY('l',. Iol. 122", Explicit: in umnritudine animco mec, (Cant, lxxv Porter n -, 10). The last leaf of the last gathering is wanting, and this may well have contained 74 and 75, which conclude Ihe Libcr Canticomlll in Add . .'10851. Bib 1 i 0 g rap h y. Same as Inr Part 1. Facsimiles. foJ. 77', Whitehill, op. cit., Plate Ill. \lADlUD; .\CADEl\!lA DE LA HISTOHIA, :VIS. AEZlIlL. PSALTElm;;\I CUM CANTICrS Saec, X.


From San Millall de la Cogolla. Former press mark: F. 20\1. 136 leaves, ;HOX210 mm., written in single columns of Visigothic minuscule averaging 225X140 111m., 25 lines to the page, Gatherings. P (1---4); II" (5·-12); III' (Ia-··20); rv- (21-28): VS (2~)·-86); vr- (37-44); VII' (45~52); VIII" (5:J"()O); IX' (6I~68); XS (()\)-~7(j); XF (77 x 78 79 i 80 81 82 83); XII' (84~-9()); XIII' (\)1--98); XIV' (99-·lOG); XV< (107 108 x x I ios 110 111 112); xvr (11:3-120); XVII' (121·--128); XVIII' (129 130 Ii31 132 I 13:1 134 1:35 x). There is an unnumbered leaf between f'oll. 89 and 90. Fol. 99 and fol. 107 arc mere fragments. The manuscript is in generally poor condition, and out of its binding. Scri P 1. Visigothic minuscule of the tenth century, with the ti distinction and regular lise of i longa. Fo1. 82 is a copy in French minuscule of a missing leaf. I I) u 111 ina t ion. Numerous initials, crudely executed and of slight importance. On certain pages blank spaces were left, which were subsequently filled in with Romanesque miniatures of higher quality. Thus on 1'01. 18" a miniature of St. Michael and the Dragon occupies the space intended originally for the M of Ps, I, Miserere mei. Similarly a spirited combat between two knights on horseback (of





:\ catalogue

of moza rubic




later date) forms the initial A of Ps. lxxvii on fo!. ;'38'". On 101. 113< a standing saint in yellow was begun Ior the initial of the canticle hula tc liuulab unt, but never completed. FoL 91" was left blank for a miniature illustrating Cunl. i, but it was never filled in, and the space was subsequently met! Ior certain hymns in French minuscule. Con t c nl s. 1'01. 1'. Incipit: He declines in ira a seruo tuo ... (Ps. x xvi, H). fo!' 34', EXPLICIT LIBEH. SECUNDUS. The division between books one and two is not marked, although before Ps. xli space has been left for a miniature and for fllling in in capitals the appropriate EXPLICIT LlBEB PRI?IIUS. INCIPIT LIBEH. SECUNlJUS. Because of two missing leaves between f'oll. 4 and 5 all of Ps, xxxiii and parts of Ps. x xxii and Ps, xx xiv are wanting. fo1. iW', INClPIT LIBEl{ TEHTIUS. lxxii, Def'ecerunt laudes Dauid filius Gosse. Psuhnus Asaph. Quam bonus deus Isruhel ... (fol. 4W) EXPLICIT LlBEB TEBTIUS. fol. 4\)", INCl»IT LIBEH QCARTUS. lxxxviiii. Oralio Movsi horninis dci. Domine rcf'ugium ... (1'01. 91 ') Expliciunt psahni. The division between books tour and five is not marked. Iol. 91', cl(ij. Ipse psulmus proprio scripsit Dauid extra numerum quum pugnussct cum Goliat sol us. Pusillus cram . .. The psalm is written in smaller script than the others: the last lines are wanting, as the bottom of the leaf has been cut away. 1'01. \)1", Originally blank: now contains the hymns Beata nobis qoudi«, Ueni creator spiritus and other texts written in French minuscule. fo!. H2', IN NO~HNE DOMINI NOSTHl lHESU CHIUSTl IN,:IPIUNT CANTleI DE TOTO CmCULO ANNI. IN PlUl\1Ulvl DE ADUENTUM DOl\IlNL i. Canticum de libro Deuteronomii. Dominus de Sina ucnit... There are at present 7a canticles, and originally there were more, for the manuscript is incomplete at the end. They occur in the following order: 1-20a, 21-43, 45, 83, 78, 45, 81, 44, 85, 47-52, 54, f)3, 7G, 55-57 a, 58-~68. There are the following indications of liturgical use: (fol, 100") Cant. xiv, Canticum de euangelio secundum Lucan in die sancte Mn rie: (1'0!. 102') Cant. xvii, In apparitio domini ad rnatutinum; (1'01. 104') Cant. xviii, In die allisio infantum ad matutinum et ad missa; (1'01. 105') Cant. xix, ITEM CANTICI DE QUi\.DBAGESE\IA; (fo!. 109'i Cant. xxvi, CANTlCI DE TH.ADlTIONE DOMINI; (fo1. 112") Cant x xxiv, CANTlCl DE RESUHBECTIONE DOl\UNI; (foL 11G') Cant. xl, CANTIC! DE SANCTlS; (1'01. 117") Cant. xliii, CANTlel UNIUS lUSTI; (1'01. 119') Cant. xlvii (Porter 46), ITEM DE nu; SANeTI IOHANNES BABTISTA; (fo!. 120') Cant. xlix (Porter 44), CANTICI DE UNU CONFESSOBE; (1'01. 122') Cant. u (Porter 47), DE UmGINIBUS: (ro!. 122') Cant. Iii (Porter is). ITElI{

DE UNA UlBGfNE; (IG!. 12;q Cant. lv (Porter 51). IN SACHATIONE BASELICE; (fol. 124') Cant. Ivi (Porter 52), IN HESTAUBATIONE BASELICE; (1'01. 125") Cant. Lvii (Porter 54), IN OlWINATIONE EPLSCOPI; (rol. 12Wl Cant. lviii (Porter 53), IN OBDlNATIONE HEGIS; (Io!. 12H'J Cant. lix (Porter 7ti), DE UNO DEFUNCTO: (1'01. 126') Cant. lx (Porter 55), INCIPIUNT CANTlel DE COTIDIANO: (fo1. 131') Cant. lxvi (Porter (51), IN DIE ASCENSIONlS DOMINI SED SANeTl ;\IICAELIS AD '\IATt'TINU?lL There are no uccompanying antiphons or prayers, nor is there any musical notation. fol. t;35", Explicit: plagu pcssimu uchcmentcr (Cant. lxxiii Porter !i8 ~-, 2) . Bib I i 0 g [. a]l h y. Clark, ColleclaIH'a llispanica, ·13 (n» ()03). Ferotin, Le Liller Jiozam/;iclls Sacrunicnloruni, 910--912.
Garcla Villada, Paleo(J1'((fia Espwlolu, 110 (no 105). Loewe and von Hartel, Bibliotiieca Poirw1t LnlinoJ'Wll I1i~pwli('nsi5, 51;,. Mill.ucs Car!o, Trouulo de ]!uleoyra[ia Es puiui!«, ,!(H (no 1(7). Crislobul l'el'cz Pastor, "Indice pOl' t ilulos de los codices proccdentes de los Monaster-los de San Millan de la Cogolla y San Pedro de C,u'delw", Bole/in de la U('(JI ,icU({l'Illiu de la H isioria, LIll (1908), 507~508. F'1 c S i III i 1e s. Iol. 1(l,' (ruiniaturc only), Manuel Gomez-Morello, E! orte I'olluinico espoiio! (Madrirl: Centro de Esludios Hisloricos, 1934), Plate XIV. IoJ. 38. (miniature only), Gomez-Moreno, op. cit., Plalc XIV.


59"~GO', Clark, op, cit., Pbte 52. ACADEMIA DE LA HISTOlHA, 1I1S. AEMIL. PSAL TEIUu:'vI CUM CANneIS


Saec. X-XL
From San Millan de In Cogolla. Former press mark: F. 215. 127 leaves, 205X;315 mm., written in single columns of Visigothie minuscule, 23 line>; to the page. Gatherings. I (A 1 x 2:i 5 67 x}: US (8-15); Il l" (16-23):

1V" (24-31); IX" (64-71);


(:~2-~39); VI" (40~47); VW (48~55); vnr- (56-!i3): X' (x 72 73 7i 7571) 77 78); XC (7!J-85); XIP (87-·-94):



XIII' (%-102); XIV" (1O:~-110); XV" (111~~·-118); XVI" (119-12!i). The manuscript is incomplete at the end. SCI' i P t. Careful and regular Visigothic minuscule, with the ti distinction and regular use of i longa, assigned by Garcia Villada and Millares to the tenth century: it might equally well date from the early years of the eleventh century. There are a few headings in capitals. FoIL I and 7 are copies in French minuscule of lost leaves. with a later attempt to imitate the original Vlslgothic strip! interlined.' l l l u m i n a t i o n. Initials of fail' quality precede each psalm and canticle. The usual hart with a branch in its mouth forms the initial





:\ ~'l.talogue of moxarnbic




of Ps. xli (Iol. ;HV); a standing soldier with spear and round shield forms all I for Ps. xxx iv (f'ol, :I()''). and a standing saint with raised arms makes the initial for Ps, xxv {Iol. 1\Y). The most important decoration in the manuscript is that which illustrates Cant. i, and occupies the larger p:)r~ or f'ol. 12;)". The conception is vcrv similar to tluDominus de SllW uenit of Part II of the Nogent-sllr-:\1arne Psalter. Christ is seated above in a mandorlu: below arc conventionalized mountains: the sanctoruui milia --- to the number of twelve .-. are grouped. ~ however, on either side' of tlu- mountains instead of below them, as in thr- Nogcnl Psalter. Co n t e n t s. Iol. I", Beutu s uir qui non ubiit .'. (fo!. :H") Benedictus dominus deus Isruhel in scculum fiat fiat. EXPLiCIT LIBErt PlUMUS. fo!. ;)4", lNCIPIT LIBEl{ SECUNDUS. xli. In Ilnem psulmus Dauid, Sicut ccrbus desiderat . . . (1'01. 5W) Et rcplobitur maiestutc elm omnis terra fiat fiat. EXPLICIT LIBEH SECUNDUS. Iol. 5\F, INCIPIT LIBEl, TEHTIUS. lxxii. Defccerunt ymni Duuid fHii Gesse. Psulmus Asaph, Quam bonus est ... (Iol. 75') Bencdictus dominus in eternum fiat flat. fol, 75', INCIPlT LIBEH QUAHTUS. lxxxviiii. (lol. 75") Oratio Moysi horninis dei. Domine refugiulll factus es . .. (fol. 90") Benedictus dominus deus Isruhel a scculo et usque in seculum ct dicet omnis populus Iiat fiat. ret. 9oe, INCIPIT LlBEn QUINTUS. cvi. Alleluia, Conflternini domino quoniam bonus ... (1'01. 122') ornnis sp iritus laudet dominurn. 1'01. 122', Hie psalmus extra numerus est cum pugnauit Dauid aduersus Goliat. Pusillus cram ... et abstuli obprobrium a filiis Israhel. EXPLICIT LIDEn. PSALl"IOBC~-1. The psalms have neither antiphons nor accompanying prayers, nor is there any musical notation. fol. 122'·, INCIPIT PBOLOGUS BEAT! YSIDOIH IN LIBH..O CANTICOHUM. Plum nouimus cantica uuriis uatum cnrminibus ... (foI. 12;),') ct regnulU cclcstcm transihit. A longer and more complete version of the prologue which is found in the Nogent-sur-Marne Psalter: published by Anspach, Ttiionis I'! Isitlori norm [ruquicntn et opera, 81)-·-87. Iol. 12W', (Cant i) Dominus de Sina uenit ... As the last gatherings of the manuscript arc wanting, there are only four canticles left: L 2, :3 and 4 (the last incomplete). fol. 126" Explicit: Spiritus eius uelut torrcns (Cant iv, 13). Bib 1i 0 g rap h v. E. Anspach, Tuionis cl Isidori nOtlU fragment(! el opera (Madr-id: Centro de Estudios Histcricos, 19:~0), G~87, 8
Cahrol, "Cautlques", DiciioIln£lil'1'

Garcia Villadu, i><ileogl'afin Espaiioia, 110 (no lOG). Millares Carlo, Traiado de Poteoqraiio. Espaiiola, 4(;1 (no 168). Perez Pastor, "Iudice pOI' titulos de los codices procedentcs de los Monasu-rios de San Millan de la Cogollu y San Pedro de Cardella", Bolclin de /(1 Real :\c(I(/cllli([ de /(1 ll isioria, LIH (1908),508, SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA: DE LA UNIVEBSIDAD, MS. HESERVADO nn.nxo OF THE Ei\lPEHOH. FERNANDO J 1055.



Diurno, written in 1055 for Fernando 1, King of Castile and Leon. and his wife, Dofia Sancha, by the scribe Petrus, and illuminated by Fructosus. Its subsequent history is unknown, but it probably came to the University of Santiago during the nineteenth century from the library of a suppressed monastery. 22{) leaves, ;HOX200 111m., written in single columns of Visigothic minuscule averaging 220X110 mm., 22-~23 lines to the page. Gatherings. I" (12;j 4: x.) 6); Irs (7--14); III" (15-22);








1'1 de Liturgic

1\1'" (23-·-:30); V' (31~'-3i); VI" (38-45); VII' (4(i~53); VIIl' (54~61); IX' (62-()9); X" (70-77); XC (78-85); XIIs (86~93); XIII' (94101); XIV" (102·-·~lm)); XV' (110-117); XVI' (118-125); XVII' (12{)13i»); XVIII" (1:-34 x 135 1:-36 I 137 1:38 13!) 140); XIX' (141-148); XX" (l49--156); XXI' (157-·-lG4); XXIP (165-172); XXIII" (173-· 180); XXIV" (181~-188); XXV" (189-196); XXVP \197-203); XXVII' (20'1205206 x I 207 208 x x); XXVIII' (20!)--2W); XXIXs (217~224). One or more leaves are wanting in the first gathering and one leaf between foIl. 1;)4 and 1:)5; in gathering twenty seven there is no break in the text, and that arrangement of leaves was probably for the convenience the illum inator: otherwise the manuscript is complete. The foliation is modern, and, except for the repetition of 31 and 109, correct. S c rip t. Visigothic minuscule, with the ti distinction and regular use of i-longa, of the greatest beauty and clarity. The carefully selected leaves of parchment and the regularity and decorative quality of the writing combine to make this royal Book of Hours one of the most superb books of the century in Spain. I II u ll1 ina t ion. The sumptuousness of the manuscript is even more apparent in the decoration, for there arc the following full page illuminations: fo1. 1", Alpha and Omega, below which is a standing saint holding a hook.


II, 1988·-199J Ferotin, l.c Liller'



Iol. 0", A geometrical pattern of intersecting triangles, on which are inscribed: FHEDINANDl REGIS SUM LIBEH NECNON E1' SANCIA HEGINA.


\V a I t c r :\1 u i r W hit e h ill

A catalogue of mozarubic

liturgical nmuuscrrpts.


1'01. i)'. The copyist presents his book to Fernando and Dona Sancha: all three ligures are sta!:'ling, the King to the left, the Queen to the i'ight and the copyist in the centre. Above is a draped curtain. The spirit of the drawing is remarkably free in comparison with the customary Spanish elcvcuth century style as exemplified in the Beatus rnn nuscripts: it is thoroughly Romunesquc in feeling. This would seem to be Ihc carliess dutcd example of the naturalistic drawing that within half a century had supplanted the traditional Mozarabic style with which books written in Visigothic script were decorated. Iol. 7', Decorated page in four registers with the text: I N NOMINE DO"UNI INCiPIT LIBEn PSAL),IOBUM DAUID. 1'01. 7'", Full page interlaced B, with the other letters of the I3EATUS UIR in the open spaces. 1'01. 207". Genealogical note on the Kings of Leon written in gold letters on a purple ground. f'ol, 208'", The following inscription, also in gold letters on a purple ground, enclosed by interlaces:





The opening iriitials of the psalms and canticles are Iinelv decorated, with a lavish use of gold that is quite uncommon in ~'isjgothie manuscripts. The D of Ps, ci, Domine e:nmdi orotionem meam is particularly elaborate, and as the leaf that contained Cant. i is wanting it is to be supposed that it was decorated with a miniature that made it worth stealing. Floral and animal ornament predominate, but human figures are introduced in folios 21", 25v, 29", 57\ 6W', ~)8r, 107", 170". 18;F and lHW. A hart forms the initial S of Ps, xli (Iol. 41"). C () Il tell t s, As Doni Ferotin pointed oul, the Diurno is a book of private devotion rather than an official liturgical manuscript, but it contains the entire Psalter, an unusually large number of canticles and several offices of liturgical interest. foL 1r, Full page Alpha and Omega, indicated above. foll, 1'·~_4r, Mozurubic Calendar, two months to each page, published by Doni Ferotin, Libet Ordi]luIJl, 450-495, Liber MozaralJicns Sncramcntorum, xliii-liii, and by P. Atanasio Lopez, Estudios CriiicoHisioricos de Colicin, 7G···82. fo1. 4'", FLOBUS YSlDOilO ABI3A.Tl. Verses printed as inedited by Dom Ferotin in Bibliotliequc de l'£'cole des Cliartes, LXII (1901), :377-;)/\): cf. Liber Ordirwm, xxxii, note 1.

roL 4/, PHEFATIO UIEHO:,\IMI PHESBITEHL Psalterium Horne dudum positus ... Migne, Patroloqia Latina, XXIX, 117.--.120 '. Iol. 5r, Si uis orure pro te ct de peccalis tuis ... (['01. 5\') hos psulmos decanta quorum titulum est alleluia. Indications for the devotional use of the psalms in various circurnstauccs of the Christian life: published by Dorn Fcrotin. Bibliotheque de rf'co{c des Charles. LXII (HlOI), ;~80, and Liber Slos arobicu» SacrflmentofUIll, \):3:2. Ioll. 6' and 6", Indicated above under Illumination. Iol, 70', IN NOl\lINE DOMINI INCIPlT LlBEn PSALMOH.UM DAlJlD. (f'ol. 7') m~ATUS LIB (1'01. S") qui non ahiit ... (fol. 100") et dicit onmis populus fiat fiat. Explicit libel' quartus. The first four books of the Psalter are written together. the divisions heing indicated only indistinctly by larger initials or more beautiful decoration. The titles of the psalms difl'er frequently from Lorenzana 's edition: cl. Lopez, op. cit., 67. fo!. lOW, Incipit libel' quintus. Profeta ad exclnmntionibu« prioris populi et rniserationibus dei siue de conmendatioue ecclesie Iibcrata est per gratiam dei de inimicorum afflictionibus alleluia. Uox apostolorum. Confitemini domino quoninrn bonus ... (1'01. l:H') Ego autem euaginuto, The firth hook, including the extra psalm, Pusillus cram, the last words of which are wanting because of the missing leaf between 1'011. 1;{4 and 135. Iol. 185", Incipit: cornua riuocerotis cornua illius ... (Cant. i, 7). The missing leaf probably contained either an introduction to the Liber Cauticoruui (as in the Nogcnt-sur-Marne MS) or a particularly elaborate miniature, as the last words of Ps, eli and the first six verses of Cant i could not have filled both recto and verso. The Liber Cunticor((Jll contains lOG canticles in the following order: 1--20 a, 21-;{\). 79---·81, 40--42, 82, 57 b, 43-·-45, 8;3---85, 46-52, 54, 5:;, 8G a, 55--57 a, 58~li\j a, 70-7G, 8U-105 and 123 (Four "Canlici romenses"}. There are the following indications of liturgical use: (1'01. 14S',) Cant. xix, Item cantici de quadragesimn dicendus est; (1'01. 15S') Cant, xxxiv, In rcsurrectio domini; (1'01. 1(}2r) Cant. xliii (Porter 40), De sanctis; (1'01. 164Y) Cant xlviii (Porter 4;)), INCIPLUNT CANTleI de unius iusti; (f'ol, J()\)') Cant. Iix (Porter 51), In sncrntionc: (fol. 170') Cant lx (Porter 52), De restauratione: (f'ol, 171'") Cant. lxi (Porter 54), Canticum in ordinatione episcopi: (Iol, 172') Cant. lxiv (Porter ;')5), Canticum de Iihro Exodi DOl\UNICALIS; (foL 174') Cant. lxv (Porter 5(j), CANTIClJM Esaye prophete DE COTlDIE diccndus est; (fol. 17G'") Cant, lxx (Porter 51), Canticum de libro Esdro dicendus in sancfi Micael. 1'01. 1\)W, OBA TIO DE SANCTA THINITATE. Quicurnquo uuIt ... (1'oL 197") salbus esse non poterit. Conuerte domino Iuctum meum in
1 As far as lhe hollom of 1'01. 4< only: fol. 5' opens in the middle of another text. as a [Par is """,ling between roll. .! and 5.


\V a I tel'

~1u i r

W II i t chi

II (x:t:li);

:\ catalogue



liturgical mauuscripts.


gaudium michi et tristitiam cordis mei restaura in letitia spiritus sancti. Amen. The Athanasian Creed. f'ol. Hl/,', OH.ATIO SANeTI AUGUSTINI. Omnipotens sempiterne deus rex rcgum . " (rot 1\)8'") omnes sancti cpiscopi et sancti presbiteri et sunct i diaconi et orunes sancti oclesiastici ct anacorite et eremite et om nes sancti monuci intercedite pro me, Iol. 198'", Sancia Maria, ora pro me, ,. (rol. 199 his V) Iuturis largire custodiam per dominum nostrum, etc. Litany of the Saints. Iol, 1\)\) hi, ", ITEM THES OBATIONES De singulis psalteriis quinquugcno numero. (1) Domine deus orunipotcns rex elerne glorie qui cum cognoscis houtuui esse qui uiam peccatorum spernens . , , (foL 201") cum autem munii'csto ueneris ad iudicandum nos domino miserere mei deus secundum magnum misericordiam tuam et spiritum sanctum tuum ue auferas a me. 1'01. 201 '. ALIA OHATIO de secundo numero quinquageno. Auerte piissime dourine fucicm tuum .. , (1'01. 202") omnes qui HUllC oporantur iniquitatcrn. foL 202", ITEM IIi" ORATIO de quinquageno numero psalmorum, Domine oxaudi orutionem meum et clamor meus ad tc perueniat .. ' (fol. 204") in cimbalis lubiorum quod est sanctum et gloriosum et regnat per inllnita semper sccula seculorum. fo1. 204', OHATIO ad deum deprccandum. Domine exaudi oralioncm meum quia iarn cognosco quod tempus meum prope est, , . (fo1. 20W) Tc dcprecor et supplico ut exuudias deprucationern meam qui uiuis ct regnas in secula scculorum, Amen. foil. 20Gv--207', Blank. fo!. 207" OBITUM DOi\1NI UEHEMUNDI", X KALENDAS lULIAS EllA TLXXVI". Necrology of Fernando's immediate predeccssors on the throne of Leon, written in gold capitals OIl purple ground, Published by Ferotin, Bibliotheqlle de ['Ecole des Cliaries, LXII (1901), il8H, with one error: lines 6·--7 should read UXOR EIUS GELBIRE nn NONAS DECEl\IBruS EnA TLX", not SEPTEMBBES, fol, 208<, Inscription quoted above under Illumination. fo!. 209', 01mO AD MEDIUM NOCTIS, cr. Wagner, Uniersucbuuqeu Z11 den GCS((Ilystexten tler altspcmischen Liturqie, 78-81.
Deus in. Gloria, Deus in adiutorium meum. Sicut cerbus desiderat , , . (Iol, 209v) Ecce quam bonum et quam iocundum ... Ecce nunc benedicite dominum , . , (Epislo!a Pauli apostoli): NOSH',\ conuersatio Irutres in celis est. Landes: Alleluia. Media nocte clamor factus est ... (Jmnus): Quod conuolutis artubus". Credo in deum. Fiat domino. Kirrieleison. Kirie. Kirie. Pater noster. Miscl'«/ionc: Deus miserere -- Tu sana iulh-mos." Surge et lauda in nocte , . , (Up to this point the office is identical with the OR DO AD lIlEDIU?lI NOel IS CELEBHANDm..r of Add. :~O 851: Gilson, 29f)~300) (;alllicllm (xxi): Queso domino deus celi fortis. , . (in full) (Iol. 2111') Cunlicllm Deus in adrutorium meum.

Deus altissimus iuagnanimus .. , (in full) (Iol. 211v) Or'olio Illest[ filii Sirac (xxi.): Miscrcrc nostri deus omnium. , , (in full) (fo1. 212,) Gloria et lion or. Qucso dam inc. Sicut cral. DCHS altlssimus, Misererc nostri deus. Dcindc rccilabis VIlli psalmos et III (llios ctuilicos el sic dicis islos ,.<:SPOllS(lS, I~. PCI' diem clnmaui ... (Gilson, ;)01) g, Uigilat« cl orate dicit dominus. ,. (Gilson, ;)()l) (Iol. 212v) I?, Uigilate ct orate ne intrctis in temtationc. Xl. Uidete ucquaudo adgrauenlur cortla uestra in crapula et ebrictate ct in curis lm ius mundi, ne in. l?-. Anima mea dcsiderat tc deus in uocte de mane uiuilabo ad teo Xi, Sicut cerbus desidcl'al ,1<1 routes aqu.uuui sidcrut anima men ad te deus. de, I}. lJigib dorninc SUPC!' cues , , . (Gilson, :;(1) (Fol. 2U,) H. Domine dellS ad tc leb,!!!i oculos mcos in die tl'ihulationis mee cxaudi me, XI, Dc pro' Iundis «lumuui ad te (10m inc clomine exuudi UOCCll1 meum. in. 1-1, ~ledilatus sum, , , (Gilson, ;l(1) 11- Anima mea cessa i.uu pecare cogitare suhitanca tnlnsposilionc et de ctcrna torrncnta ibi cnim non queritur pcnitcntiu nee lucrum Iaciunt lacrimc dum tempus hahcs conuertcre clama ct die deus mens miscrere mel. ~!. Quarc tristis cs anima mea ct quare me conturbas spera in domino. damn, r~. Ora dorninum ante luccm ct ornnti libi miserctm- ct omnia que pctieris ab co dabit (Iol, 21;),,) tibi dominus. N·. Si simplex Iueris cl l imueris et timucris dcum ae reccdCl'is a malo. ct omnia, Lccllo Iilni EsaiJe /lJ'('jJllCfe: Hcc dieil dominus deus sauctus Israhcl. 5i rcucl'limini". (Gilson, 301) l:'fJis(olu Pauli apostu]! ad tiuotlccini {{'ibw;: Kurissimi subditi estote rlco , , . (Gilson, ;lOl-':)02) Landes: Alleluia alleluia alleluia alleluia alleluia. De proiundis , , . (Gilson, ;,02) Luudes : Laus tihi In us tihi bus tibi domino. Hex clCI'IlC gloric. Be;:ti scrui illi quos quum uencrit dominus inuenerit (Iol, 2H') uig ilanres. rex. Amen dico uohis quoniam prccinget ~c et ministruuit illis. rex, Ymrurs: Surgcntes ad te domine". (Gilson, 302-:l0'1: the Iollowinu hymn, Mcdi1Ull I1octi.~, follows directly without caption) (Iol, 215,) Medi~ noctc , .. Funes pcccatorum , .. Dcprecntus surn . , . Clarnaui ad te Outs cognoscls , .. Tempus michi concede.,. (Gilson, 3(H) (foL 215v) '(jiis;raliollC,S,:) l\~iserc~'e mci domine misererc nobis tihi soli peccahimus ... (published by I'crolln, Libcr Mo::arabrws SHcrmllcll/orllm, 9;l4~935, and Mevcr Die


Prcccs, 73-·~75,no 1:31),


fo!. 215", onno AD CELEBHANDUM NOCTUHNOS, Uenitc ado:emus et procidamus ante dcum ' " (fo1. 216') ct per sinqula» missas siuqul« respousoria decuntentur, Published by Ferotin, Liber Mozarabicus Sacrameniorurn; 9;)5. Cf. Wagner, op, cit., 81-.-89. Iol, 216', INCIPHJNT CALES, ALLELUIA. BESPONSUBIA DE NOCTUBNOS DO:\UNI,

l( Alleluia deduc me . , , (Gilson, 307) [,). Hepleatur os meum deus ... (Gils?n. :309) I~. Al~eluia uide humilitatem". (Gilson, 308) R Congt'cga d?llllflC _. .. (Gtls.on, .l08) (foL 216v) H. Magnus dominus noster alleluia et magna uirtus ems a lleluin alleluia. W. Et sapien tie cius non cst numerus, aile. [~, Benedictus dominus in cler-nun; .. , (Gilson, 308) ,

. 11" feria: !{ In lege domini meditemur ... (This and the three responses follow :\:'c the ~'1111Cas ill Add, 30851: Gilson, 313) I?, Adpreendit« disciplina . .. I?, III dornine susccplor . '. P. Mlsercre mei deus ... ,hhrhuch rn- Lilur~i('wbscnsclwf! 1.1

It Inflrmus sum.

W a lIto r M



W 11i 1 chi

I{,. Scio

A catalogue

of mozurabic




clamureru ... (as in Gilson, :lH,--315) (Iol. 217r) .. H. Confilchor domino ... H. Quam aclmiruhll« ... II [1" feria: I}. Mirific» dorninc ... ("S in Gilson, :llG) I}. Non tirueho mala ... 11. Bcucdicum domino I~. Adiulor ct lihorntoi- ... (Iol. 217\") VII feria: I? COl' numdum (as in Gilson, ::1L7) H. Bcnigne Inc domino I). In le coufidit ... I}. Spes uostru in dco ... \"1<1 [eria: k Miscreatur nobis ... (as in Gilson, :W;) H. De die in dit' . I~. Exuudi me dnmiue ... (fol. 218r) 11. Ad adiubandum me ... (.\obl>(jlo:) I~·. Domine deus uirtutum ... (as in Gilson, :11\)--:)20) H. lJ.lll respicil in tCITa . n. Uiuil anima mea... n. Adiutorium nostrum ...

II I" [criu : [(.. Intcllcge

H. Suspire ego ct gem co ... (fo!. 22'1') !{ Quis michi del ut ueniat domino quia nichil 11. Si adpcndcretur pcccala mea I? Quc est cnim domino Iort.tudo mC'1 (foI. 22'!\") I.). Ecce ego ploruns .

(fol. 218'") Lcciio libr! 1Il('I'emir proplietc: lice dicit dominus. Consurge ct lnuda ... (Gilson, :lI0) Epislol(l Puuli aposloli (lei COl"intios prillw: Frulrcs uigil.ue et orute (Gilson, :llll) Laiulcs: Alleluia alleluia alleluia alleluia alleluia. Labia mea (Gilson, :310) Luwles: Laus tibi laus tibi Iaus tibi domino rex ctcrne gloric (Gilson, 310) Imnwn de douiinico (J(/ ItOclUrllOS: Primo dieruru omnium (Gilson, 310) (fo!. 21\)r) Alitll1l !jlllllWl! 11 [erin: Somno relectis artuhus (Gilson, 317) Aliwn ljIIlnwn Il [ feria: (fol. 219\") Censors p.ucrni luminis (Gilson, :319) }'mnum lIlI feria: Rerum creator oblimc ... (Gilson, :\20) l"mnus de V feria: Tu trinital is unitns ... (Gilson, 314) (fol. 220r) Ymnus VI" feria: Summc deus clcmentie ... (Gilson, :)]5) Ymnus de sabbali: 'I'll rex rcdcrnptor omnium , .. (Gilson, :nG) BenediciiollCS: Bencdlctus cs domine deus ... (fo!. :220\") et laudahilis ct gtoriosus in secula. Amen. (Gilson, :Hl) COllpleloriwn: Clamor noster ad te perucnint ... uurem tuum ad prc~em meum domino. (Gilson, ,HI) Alium conpleloriwll: Cito nos prcucniat mises-icordla tun domino. (Iol, 221r) Fiat miscriconlia tua dominc ... Auortc domine iracundiam tnam a nobis. (Gilson, 311-··· :112) Miscm[iones I feria: Deus misercrc nobis deus miscrere nobis miserere miscrcse Cristc miscrerc cunctis, Tu mcdclla da infirmis , . , (Iol, 222r) Infirmautibus ct dclunctis. (Meyer, Die Preces, 10G-Hl7, numbers 175-178) in toto corde suo cxquirunt cum, alleluia. (Fcrotin, Libcr MOZl11"ai>iclls S(lCmnH'ntorwH, ~J:W)Ymnus: Noctis tempus iam preterit ... (Gilson, :321~<j22: the hymn Gallo C(1nen/c ucnillHlS follows directly without caption) (fo!. 22:l'") Uaslls: Memor fui in node ... (Ferotin, op. cit., 9:lG)

which conclude the manuscript, are the same as the DO\H:\"ICALES QUADl\.\.GESE\lE Add. 30851: Gilson. ;W9 ..-;; 10. III tilt; last section of the Diurno (foil. 20\V····224\") there is full musical notation in the form of Mozaruhic ncums. D ate. The inscription on 1'01. 208" gives the names of the scribe (Petrus) und the illuminator (Fructosus}, and establishes the dale of the manuscript as Era IOn;;, i. e., A. D, 1055. Bib I jog I' a 1> II v. Blume and Droves, Allulectu l1Ylllllic(1 JIedii .Ac!!i,


XXVII, 25. Cahrol, "Cnntiques", ll, 1\)88 -1\)93. Clark, Colkclullc(! Jesus Dominguez H);)O), I, :lfi.




1'1 de Lilul"qic. ' G. Gili,

l1is[Junica, :H (no 511). Bordona, La Minia/lira



Ferotiu, "Deux Munnscri ls Wisigothiques de la Bibliothcque de Ferdinand I«, Hoi de Castil!« et de Leon", BibliolhhIlIC de l"l,'cole des Cluuics, LXl! (1 \J(ll), :j74-:lO:\. Fcrotin, L« Liber Ordinum (Paris, 1901), xxxi--xxxii, '150·--'HI,'i. Ferulin, Le Libcr ;llozw'abicus Sacr(lIHcnlorWll, 9:31-9:lG. Garda Vilhlda, Palwyrafio Espanola, D:J--9G (no B). Alanasio Lopez, Esiudio« Cri[ico-lJisliiricos de Galicia {Santiago de COlllpostela: El Eco Frnnciscnno, 1\l10), G'l-·S:!. . Antonio Lopez Ferreiro, llistoria de la San [a ..l. J1. Jglesiu de Saniiaffa de L01Hposlelo (Sallli~,go de Compostela, 189S-HJOH), [I, 52-1-52(;. Wilhelm :\lcycr, Die Prcces del" nwz(lra[,ischcll Liturgic (Berlin: Wciduiannsche Buchhandlnng, 19H), lOG-lOS. lI[illan~s Carlo, Tratado de Palcogm{ia Espwlol([, n,11J9 (n« 2:\1). Eladio Oviedo y Arco, HEI Gcnuino Marlin Co dax", Boldin d» fa Real ACl1{/emi(l G(llleya, X (191(;-17), 212-2,1:1. Bruce, A. Kingsley Porter, Spanish Homancsque Sculpture (New YOI'k: Harcourt 1\128), I, 51·_·-55. Hi arlO, Critical (!Ild Bibliographical Noles on Early Spanish Music, 2l;-27. Hojo and Prado, EI Canto Mozdl'alJc, 2,1. J. B. Trend, The Music of Sp(lllisil ll istori; [0 lWO (London: Humphrey :1'1 lord, 192[;), 'Hl, 200. il -

fol. 222'", OH.DO POST NOCTUHNOS. Ilis c:epletis e:rsolbebis (llills ires horus ...


1"01. 22:3'", (0) rdo nocturnalis in resurrcctione ad Pentecosten. Ct. Gilson, ;\O{)~;307.


A primo


ll oc modo curn antiion« el uersilJt1s ... (Ferotin, op. cil., g:!() PSll/mus pluudete manibus ... (in full) (fo!. 223\") PsaIIlW.~ Danid: Iubilate deo omnis ten-a ... (in full) Psalm.us J)(wid: Luudate domiuum omnes gentes ... (in full) Gloria ct honor. Omncs gentes. Sicut erat. Iubilate deo. Laudate clominum omnes gcntes ct conlaudate cum ornnes populi.

xloi: Omnes gentes

. Peter \VagnCI', "Untersuchungen zu den Gesangstexten und zur rcspons?:'wlcn Psalmo die de!' altspanischen Liturgic", Spanische Forsdwllgell der Gcrresqcscttsctiait: Gesamrnelle Aufsiil:e z ur l{!I11nrgescilichk Spuniens II (I9:lll), fi7--118. ' Fa c s i m i! c s, Iol. 1", Gomcz-1forcno, HI ark l"Ollllillic() es]!wlol, Plate II. Iol, lj\', Dominguez Bordona, op. cit., I, Plate :H a. Fcrotin, Libel" MozamlJicus Saeramen/Ol"lUIl, Plate IX. A. L. Mayer, EI Bstilo Homdllico ell Espw!u (Madrid: Espnsn-Calpe, Em), 20 l.

gcmeo ...


(Bcsponsoria dominicales quadragesime].
per diem et noctern et non

Suspire ego et
quia longe.

[Iol, 224')


The following six. responsoria:






A cata~ogue of mozarubic Plutarco,




H. Menendez-Pill"l, La Espaiu: del (Madrid: Editorial lH29), U:l. Lopez Fe 1T<Cl 1'0, op. cit., II, 52,L ret. I", [)lIluinguez Bnrdona, up. cit., I, Plate :H h. G(Jlllcz-\lo]"cn(}, up, cit., Plate Ill. fu!' 1\)", (;alTia Vill.ul«, up. cil., Alhum, Fus«. :l~. 1'01. 20K", j''('l'olill, j.iber JI():lIl"i1hiclI~ S(Il"1'((menlol'lIl1l, PlaLe currectly described ns fo!. Gr). G(;llIcz·Tlloreno, op. cit., Plate IV. ro!. 215", Fcrot in, op, cit., Plate VII. Iol, 2l(ir, Hojo and Prado, op. cit., Plate 10. v.uious iuitinls, G{!lnez-MOI'",no, op. cit., Plates III ·-IV.






Liber CWliicol'!UIl, written in 105\) for Dofia Snncha, wife of Fernando I of Castile and Leon, by the scribe Christof'orus. The book later became the property 0[' her daughter, Dona Urracn '. In the fourteenth century it was in tile library of Santa Mnria de Aniago, and later passed to the Colegio mayor de Cuenca in Salamanca", With other books from Salamanca it returned to the private library of the King of Spain, where it is now presurvcd ". 187 leaves, 215X t:W rum .. written in single columns of Visigothic minuscule. 14·--·15 lines to the page (in general 15 in the earlier pages and H in the later ones). Gatherings. F (x 1 2 ;~ I 4 5 6 7i; II" (8---15); III' (16-23); IV" (24-:11); V' (32~;W); VI" (40-47); VIIB (48--55); VIII' (56-63); IX' (G4·---71);X' (72--79); XI' (80----87); X!C (88-95); XIIP (96-103); XIV' (104~1l1'; XV" (112 ..·--11\)); XVI" (120 ..·-127); XVII$ (128-1:35); XVIIl' (1:lG-14a); XIX" (1-14-151); XX" (152---159); XXI" (l60-W7); XXII" (168~175); x.'(lIl' (176-183); XXIV' (184-187) ". The modern binding was so careless that the sequence of the text is seriously conl'used by misplaced leaves. Gathering XVII (128-135) should' come between (96-10;)) and XIV (104-111), and gathering XX (1521(9) should come between XXII (W8-17S) and XXIII (176-18:3). The


~- -;-i;\tl~~--i~;:;~,ula Con{ile/Jor domino deo (fol. 179¥) the lla~~ r;aclw bas been substituted for Sancia. 2 "Isle liber est conuentus sande ~la,.il! de Ani(a!go. Qui, furutus Iucrit in p.i ttlbulo] susp endnntur. lvlartin Pa.": note in XIV century hand on f'ol, F. Cf. Ferotin, Histoire d« I'i\bbaye de Silo.1 (Pur-is, 1097), 226-227. "De la Biblioteca
del Colegio mayor de Cuenca": Iol. 2". 3 The manuscr-ipt is bound in modern hlue morocco, with the mongrum of

XlIl. < The Jllode~'n bil:ding is s_o Ugh1 that the composition of gathering XXIV cannot be determined: It may ortginally have been of eighL leaves like the others.


leaves within gatherings VIII (56·-6a) and IX (li4--71) are misbound: the correct »rder is VIII' (56 57 G6 (\7 G8 ()9 G2 Gi3) and IX' ()c! 58 59 G5 70 GO lil 71). The order or leaves in the manuscript should be as follows: 1·~57, ()G~--()9, ()2·_·(j,!, 58--59, 65, 70, GO~(il, 71·_.. 10;3, 128 ..· 1:35, 104127, 1ij(i-···15 L 1()()--17 5, 152-~15!), tiG-187_ SCI' i P t. Visigothic minuscule, with the ti distinction and regular use of i longa. Although written with fair regularity, the script cannot compare with the Santiago DiurI10 for beauty and cnrofulness of execution. I II u min at i 0 1\. There are illuminated initials at the beginning or each canticle, hut they are quite ordinary examples of the Mozarabic .;!yle not \"(:ry finely executed, and are of slight interest. Con ten 1s. Like the Santiago Diurno this manuscript is a hook of private devotion. J n their general lines the contents of the two books are similar, although this one docs not contain the Psalter. 1'01. 1", IN :\mlINE DCHlINI NOSTH.I IHESU eHlUS,],1 [:\CIPIT LIBEH CANTICOllUM DE TOTO CmCULO ANN1. EHA T NONAGESSIMA SEPTIMA. CANTlCU~1 ESA YE l'IWPHETE. (Io!. 2") Dominus de Svna ucn it ... (Iol. l4P) hec tencte ct hec agile. Finit cum pace. In nomine domini Ihcsu Christi explicit libel' cauticorum. cleo gratias. There are 108 canticles in the following order: 1-20;t, 21--:m. 7\)·-81, 40--'12, 82, 57 b, '!:3~45, 8a·~~~·85,J6·--54, 8G a, 55--:')7 n, 58-· G!)a. 70--7G, 87-··~105 and 12:1 (Four "Cantici romenses"). Two canticles Pcrcoi dies in quo notus suni (Porter 87) and Elcetnosijna iusti quasi siquaculum (Porter 88), which appear here are not found in the Santiago Diurno: otherwise, except for slight differences in order, the canticles of tilt) two manuscripts are identical. There arc several mistakes in the numbering of the canticles; as they arc copyist's errors and without signilicanee the correct rather than the actual numbering of the canticles is used throughout this description. There are the following indications of liturgical lise: (fo1. 29') Cant. xix, INCIPlUNT CANTICI DE QUADH.AGESIME; (fol. 42') Cant. xxvi, Cantici de tradictione; (fol. 50') Cant. xxxiv, INCIPIUNT cantici de resurrectione domini; (fo!. (iWj Cant. xliii (Porter 40), Incipiunl cantici de sanctis; (1'01. GW) Cant. xlviii (Porter 43), Incipiunt cantici de unius iusti; (fol. 7;3') Cant. lvii (Porter 49) Canticum de una ulrgine: (Iol. 75") Cant. lix (Porter 51), Canticurn in sacrationc: (fo!. 77') Cant. Ix (Porter 52) Canticum de libro Tobi et de restaurafione ; (fo1. 79') Cant.lxii (Porter 54) Canticum de aepiscoho; (fo!. 82') Cant. IXI" (Porter 55). INCIPH]NT CANTlCl DE QUOTlDIANO; (fol. 136') Cant. cii (Porter 10;3): ~anticu~ de prophetis ; (foL 140') Cant. cv (Porter 123), Item canner romensis ad medium noctis, There are no antiphons, nor is lhere any musical notal ion in this part of the manuscript.


W a lter



A catalogue

of mozurnbic ;,10)

liturgicul mauuscrlpts. Alleluia alleluia alleluia

191 nlleluia

Iol. 141'. OBDO AD MEDICAl NOCTIS. (fo!. 164'") expectantes domine misericordiam identical with the Ordo ad medium noctis (Toll. 20\),·,,-··215"), except for the nine responses [kinde rccitobis oiiii psolmos ei iii Cllllticis ei Here they are as follows:

Den.'> in adiutorium tuam. This office is of the Santiago Diurno which follow the rubric: sic dicis isl os responses,


cl orate



(fo1. 149') De die dominico: I?-. Pel' diem clamabi (Gilson, :101) ([01. l50,) l)« qllwlraycximc·. H. Uigil<lte cl orate dicit dominus (GiJson, :3(1) (fo1. 150') I}. Acceperuut prudcntcs oleum ... (Gilson, :JOI) I';. Clamor Iact us est ... (Gilson, :1Ol) (I'ol. 151') I}. Mcditutus stun nocte ... (Gilson, :)01) I}, Uigila domino super oucs ... (Gilson, :lOl) (fol. 151v) I}. Uigible ct orutc nc intretis in temtnt ione. X'. liidcle ncquundo ;;dgrauentur corda ucsrra in crapula ct clnict.uc ct in curis huius mundi. ne in. I}. Simile est rcgnum cclo rum ... (Gilson, :WI) (Iol. 1(iO,) !~. Ora dominum anle lucem ct oranti Ubi miserctur et omnia que pcticris hub co dubit tibi dominus. ~rSi simplex Iucris ct rimacris dcum uc rccedens a malo. et omuiu.

alleluia. Labia mea (Gilson, :HO). (fal. 1': ,r) De Qlwdmgesilllc unules: Lnus libi Ian> tihi bus tilii dourine I'CX etcrue glade ... (Gilson, :110) I1!}11lIlUm dominica/e: Primo dicrum omnium ... (Gilson. :nn) Ikncdicliollcs: Bcncdictus cs dourine dells ... (Iol. 172") et l'ludabilis el gloriosus ill sccula. Amen. (Gilson, 311) C1WlIol"es: Clamor noster ad tc perucuiul ... ([01. 17:» Auerte dum inc iracundiam tuam a nobis (Gilson,:n [·--:)]2) .11 iSCl"uliollCS de Jominieo: Deus miserere deus nliscre~c deus miser-ere deus misercre. Ecce nos uigiks tc prccamur Cbristc annue \lolls succurrc defunct is.

fol. 164', OHDO AD CELEBBANDU\I NOCTUHNIS. Ucnite ad()rCIl111S et procidamus ante dcum ... (fol. 1G5') et per ninqulas missas sitiqula responsoria decanteniur, Published bv Ferotin, Liber Mozarnbiens Sncrcuncutorutn, H:J5: identical to Sanl'iago Diurno. roll. 215"--· 21G'". Cf. Wagner, Unt crsuchunqen zu den Gcsanqstextcn dcr altsponischeu Liturqie, 81'---89. fo!. IG5", INCIPIUNT HESPONSUtuA DmnNICALIS NOCTUH:\IS. Cf. Ferotin, Liber Mozarabicu» Sacramentorurn, \)27~!)28. R Alleluia dcduc me ... (Gilson, :)07) (Iol. 1Ii5') g. Repkatur os meum
deus ... (Gilson, :M9) l?c. Alleluia uide humilitatem ... (Gilson, 303) (fo!. lGG) !( Congrcga domino ... (Gilson, :lOS) R Alleluia misericurrfia mea ... (Gilson, :j(jS) ([01. 1()(jv) !( Lctor ego super eloquia ... (Gilson, :3(9). Item responsoriis dominicalcs de IJlwtiragesime: l~. In lege domini meditemur ... (Gilson, :in) 11. InteHege clamorem meum (Gilson, :,H) (Iol, 167r) H. Miriflcn domino ... (Gilson, :,lll) B. Cor mundum (Gilson, :1l7) l?c. Misen'atnr nobis ... (Gilson, 318) g. Domine deus uirtutum ... (Gilson, :)1\). (fo!. [(j7'") In l lv dominico: !~. Adp rehcnd ite dlsclplina (Gilson, :11:,) [? Inlirurus sum ... (Gilson, :H5) (Iol. WSr) J? Non timcbo mula (Gilson, :316) R. Bcnigne fae domino (Gilson, :1l7) I~. Dc die in die (Gilson, ;,18) I? Qui rcspicit in terra (Gilson, 319). (fol. ](;8,-) In mediante responsoriu de dotuinico: I';' Tu domina susccplor meus (Gilson, 3t:l) J? Conlitebor domino ... (Gilson, :)15) I~. Bencdicam domino (Gilson, :H6) (Iol. 169') !{ In te confidit anima mea (Gilson,317) I?,. Exaudi me domino ... (Gilson, ::l18) B. Uiuit anima mea (Gilson, 320). (fol. 16~)'")tcJ/l in Lazaro responsoria I ad IlOc/llrnis: I';' Miscrere mci deus ... (Gilson, :11:J) I';. Quam admirabile est ... (Gilson, 315) R Adiutor et Iiuerntor mens ... (Gilson, ::l(6) [,). Spes nostra in deo (Gilson, :317) (fo!. 170r) g. Ad adiuhandum ... (Gilson, 318) I?~ Adiutorium (Gilson, ;)20). Leciio libri l heremic propliete : Bee dicit dominus. Cousurge ct luudu ... (Gilson, :nO) (fol. 170v) Episio!« Pauli apostoli ad Corintios prima: Frntres

rot. 17;),', O({DO NOCTUIlNALlS IN HESl3RU\EC!'l'IONE DO\11:\1. A primo die pasec usque ad Pcntccostcn ... (Iol. 175r) Laudatc douiinum ()!l1IH'S gl'llk, d conluudutc CUIll ouuu-s populi. Cf. Gilson, :W(i, ·:W7; identical with Santiago Diurno, f'oll. 22:\'"--22:3'. rot. l75', IE FEHIA AD N()CTlJRNIS l{ESPONSOBIA. In lege domini ... (Iol. I[)W) libCnl animas nostras ell' manihus impiorum. deus misercre.

11 [eria ad lloc/llrnis: I? In lege domini ... (This and the three responses which foHow arc the same 'IS in Gilson, :\1:) and the Santiago Diuruo) n. Adpr-cenditc disciplil);l . .. I}. Tu domine susceptor (Iol, 173') I}. Misercrc mci domino . .. I1UIlIIlIWI: Somno rclectis arlllbus (Gilson, :117) Benedictus es, (Jliscraliollcs): Deus miser-ere deus misererc deus miscrere. (Iol, 1;")2r) III [cria: R Intellcgc clumorem ... ('IS in Gilson, :lIt-ill;) l( Inflrmus sum. .. p. Confltchor domino (fo1. 152v) n. Quam admirabile . .. YmIHHlI: Censors patcrni Iuminis (Gilson, :119) Bencdiciicnes: Benediclus cs. (Jlisr'1"o/i()lIes): Deus misercrc deus misercrc deus miscrerc deus miscrcrc. (Iol. 15:;') UIl reria: U. Mirlfica domino ... (as in Gilson, 31G) R. Non l imcbo mala ... l~. Bcnedicam domino ... (Iol, 153v) t,;. Adiulor et liberator ... YIIlIlWll: Herum crcntor obtime ... (Gilson, :l20) (foJ. 15'1') Beucdictus es. .1Ii(sc)roii<lIlcs: Deus misercrc deus miser-ere dens misercre. lnfinnis dcfunctis ... {Meyer, j)ic Preen, 107, n" 17(;). \'" [cria: l~. Cor munduru ... (as in Gilson, :$17) (fo!. 15"1") l{ Benigno Iac domino . .. I}. In te confid it . .. 1-). Spes nostru in dco ... ([01. 155') rmruun: Tu trtuitatis unitas ... (Gilson, :n·!) (fol. 155") Bencdictus es dornine. .llis<:ralioncs; Deus miscrcre deus misererc deus miscrere deus misercre deus miser-ere deus misererc deus miscrere. VI" [cri«: I}, Mlsercatur nobis ... (as in Gilson, :118) I? De die in die ... I~. Exaudi me domino (fol. E)(l,') g. Ad udiubandum me . .. Yrruur.n: Suuunc deus clcmentie (Gilson, 315) (fol. 15G'<) Bencdictiotu:s: Bencdictus cs. (JIiseralioIlfs): Deus miscrcre deus misercre deus miscrere. miscrerc nobis pro peccatis nostris ... (Meyer, Die Preces, 107, no 177) lifi(1s: Deus miscrere deus miscrerc deus miscrcre deus misercre deus misercrc deus miserere deus miscrerc. mici pcccatori ... (Meyer, op. cit., 107, no 178). (foJ. 157r) Sobbaio: B. Domine deus uirtulem ... (as in Gilson, 319-:J:lO) I~. Qui rcspicis in terra .. B. Uihit anima mea R Adiutorium nostrum ... (fol. 157'") 1'mnwn: Tu rex redemptor omnium (Gilson, :JIG} <fol. 158r)





A ealaloguc

of ruoznrabic



121 ~).

Bcncdiciioncs: Bcnedictus cs dominc. Jliscraiiol!cs: III du: snbba!»: Deus misererc nobis deus misercre nobis miscrcre misercrc misercrc Criste misorcrc cuucl is. Tu mcdella da inllrmis ... (Meyer, Die Prcccs, lOii, no 175).

ro1. 158'", OH.DO POST NOCTUW\IS ad gal!i cuntiuus. tu, cxpleiis e.csoluebis a/ius ires oru,~ . .. (r01. 15\)'") Mcmor fuil in nocte nominis lui domino et custodibit legem tuum. Kiric. Kirk, Kirie. Patel' noster. Dens miserc, oiiii lIici/ms. Cr. the identical text of Santiago Diurno (foil. 222'",·-22:3"), published hy Ferol in. Libcr M ozurabicus Sncru mcntorurn, lnG, fo1.159'", Explicitcr liher canticorum et orurum deo gratias. Amen. In xvii" kalcndus iunius era TLXL VIla. Christol'orus indignus scripsit mcmcu!otc. rot. 17W, QUiculllque uull . , . (fol. 17\Y) quam n isi quisque Iidrlitr-r Iirmitnrquc cred idcrit saluus esse IlOIl poterit. The Athanasian Creed, 1'01. 17!)', CONFESSlO. Confitchor domino deo,., (Iol. 180'") Adiutorium nostrum in nomine domini qui fecit celum ct tcrram. Form of confession and absolulion, in which appear the names of DOila Sanchu and her daughter, Doiia Urraca: published by Fcrotin, Btblioilicquc de l'Pcole des Cliarte«. LXll (1 \)()t) , :l85--··:l8G, and Liber M ozambicus SocmmentofU1ll, 02\l. fol. 180", lICe EST LETANL\ ID EST HOGATlONES. Domini' ne ill iru tuu .. , (f'ol. 187") in lege luu et in opcribus nuuunun luururu te aux iliautu semper. Litany followed by various prayers. ]) a t t'. The inscription at the bottom of 1'01. 15\!" gives the uu me or t11('scribe, Christof'orus. and the date of the completion of the manuscr-ip}. 16th May 105\). The date 105\l is also given on fol. 1", nib I i ° g r <l P 11y : Cubrol, "Cantiqucs'', Diciionnaire d'Arch<'oiogie Cllrdticnne et de Liiuroic, II, 19S5-H)~);l.
Clark, Collcc/anea I1ispunica, ,18 (no G3:), E\Vald and Loewe, Excmpi« Scripturac VisigoiiclIc, 25. Ferotiu, "Deux :'!anllscl'its Wisigothiques de hi Bibliothcque de Ferdinand Ivr, Hoi de Castille et de Leon", Biblictliecu« de t'Ecole des Charles, LX.II (EJ01), :lS·I--:m7. . F(;rotill, Lc Libcr Mozl1rabicl1s Sl1Cn1IJH'Il/OC'Wll, \1:2;')···-\):30, Garda Villada, P(!ieoql"a[il1 IO'$J!0110Ia, 115 (n« 1:~5). Loewe and yon Hartel, Bibtiotlicca ]>(1(1'11111 Lalinorlll1l ll ispanicnsis, 1,47-1. Lowe, Siudia Po/acograpilico, 7'1 (n» \):3). l'.'reyer, Die Preccs del' mo:urabischen Liturgie, 10G-··108. Millarcs Carlo, Traiud» de Poicoqralia Esp(1!lola, 7,1, ,1Gl (no IJ1). Riatro, Critical and BilJliographical Notes all Early Spunish Music, 27-,,-28. Hojo and Prado, £1 Canto Moz(il"abe, 2:~ -24, Wagner, "Untersuchungen zu den GCS'1l1gSlCXtCll und zur rcsponsorialen Psalmodie del' altspan ischcn Liturgic", Spanische Forschwzgcn del" GorresyescUsc1rnfl: Gcs(lrnlllcl/e il.ujsiilze WI' j{ulltll"!}cscitichte Sp(miens, II (l!J:W), 67-1n

Fa c s i III i l e s. fo1. 157', Ilojo and Prado, op, cit" Plate foil. 15!J'-lGOr, Ewald and Loewe, 0]1. cit., Plate XXX!!. fa!. lGO', lliallO, op. cil., 28. fol. !til', Wagncr, op, cit., 105. roL HiS'. Wagner, op. cit., 105.

EL ESCOlUAL: MS. a. III. 5. PSAUv[! ET ORATIONES DIUEHSAE Sacc. Xl. Written. according to Doni Ferotin, by a woman. Bequeathed to the Escor iul Library by Don Diego de Mendoza ("!" LHh August 157;")). 142 leaves, 265 X 1;)5 rnm., written in ~ingle columns of Visigothic minuscule averaging 220 X 1ilO nuu., 21 lines to the page. Gatherings. I" (A 1:2;-1 i 4;) 6 7); II' (8 .. .15'; IIi" (1()-2:2i'i'): IV' (2:!,-:)0); v (31"~:)8); VI' (;l!} 40 41 '12 i 4;3 4-1 x 45); VII' (4Go-58): (;)4~(H); IX' (62--691; X' (7077); XF (78·S5); XiI"' (851,i'". (2); XIH' (9::l-9\}l.i'i; XIV' (100-,·,107); XV' (108···115): XVI' (11(5· 128); XVII' (12'1-1;'11); XVIII' (l;r~ 1:3:3 1:34 135 ! 1:3G U, 1:18 x]. TIH: manuscr-ipt is incomplete at the end: a leaf would seem to be wanting between 1'011.44 and ,15, but there is no break in lire lex! at that poin L The numbers 22, 85 and 9\) are repeated in the foliation. S c rip t. Visigothie minuscule of the eleventh century, [ 111l11l i II a t i 0 11. Mozarnhic interlace initials of average quality before most of [he psalms, The initials have been cut out of IoL ;1:1" and fol. 48'. Contents. fol. Av, IN NOI\fINE DOMINI NOSTBI lHESU CnHISTl INClP!T LIBER PSALllIOHUJI,I DAUlD HEGlS ISHAHEL. PIWPIIETA DE IHESU CHH.lSTO SIUE DE FlnJCTU IUSTonUllI ET DE INTEIUTU IMPIOBUM. PSALilIUS ISTE QUU!:'.I GENEBALITEn DE OMNIBUS SANCTIS SIT SPECIALlTEH. DE IOSEP DICIT QUI COHPUS DOMIN[ SEPELLlBIT. ITEM PSALlIIUS ISTE PH.IMUS AD CHRISTI PEHTINET SACIL\MENTUM. IPSE EST ENIM PEH.FECTUS QUI NON BADIn IN CONSILIUM IMPIORUM. I PSALM US, PHOPHETIA IUSTI. Beatus uir qui non hahiit ... (fol. 3G") Benedictus dominus deus Israhel a seculo et usque in seculum fiat fiat EXPLICIT LIBEH PIUMUS.



Iol. ;{()\ lNCIPIT LIBEH SECUNDtJS. XLI PSAUWS INTELLECTUS FILIIS CI'IOBE. Sicut ceruus desiderat .. , (1'01. 64 Et replebitur mniestate eius omuis terra liar fiat. EXPLICIT LIBER SECUNDtJS. fo!. IW, INCIPIT LIBEB TEHTIUS. LXXII DEFECEIWNT HYMNI DAUID FILII GESSE PSALMUS IPSI ASAPH. Quam bonus deus Israhcl ' ., (1"01. 82V) Bcnedictus dominus in eternum fiat fiat. EXPLICIT LIBEH. TEBTIUS.
Y )

w u ne .



1'01. SiV, INCIPIT LIBEl{ QUAHTUS, LXXXVlllI" 01\.'\TIO ?lIOYSI 110.\iF\IS DEI. Domine refugimn , " (ro\. \)9'") ct dicet omnis populus Iiu l Hal. EXPLICIT LIBEIl QUAHTUS rot. \)W, I.\CIP],[, LIBEl{ QUE\TUS. CVI :\LLELUIA, Confitemini domino quonium bonus ... (rot. 184/) Laudatc cum in cyrnbulis iubilntionum omuis spiritus laude! dornimun. EXPLICIT PSAUvlUS NU\IEBO CU. Iol. l::H', lllC PSAL:\!US PIWPHlE SCIUPTUS DAUlD EXTBA \,U?llEH.U\l QCU\[ PUC;XASSET CUM GOLlA\1. Pusillus cram ... (fol. 1:)4'") ct abstuli opprobrium a Hliis Isruhcl. The psalms have ucillu-r antiphons nor prayers accompanying them. The Psalter is complete. fol. 1;)5'", INCIPIU\,T OHATIONES CONPLETUHIAS DE PIUMO PSAL?lIO l:SQUE LO PEH OBDINE DlGESTA. Bcatillca dotnine peccah-iccm me illam .. , (Iol. I Tj") in uisceribus meis ct spiritu pr inr.ipn li con Iirmu me. Group of prayers partially published by Ferotin, Liber Mozarabiclls SacrmnentOfwn, ~)45-946, rot. I;~7'", ITEM ALIA OHATlONES A to USQUE AD CENTESI.\IU:\I. Miserere mri deus secundum magnum misericordiam tuum ... (f'ol. 1:38') Elegi ahicctus esse in dornum tuum magis (end of manuscript). Collection similar to the preceding; cf. Ferotin, op, cit., \HG. D a t e. The manuscript is not dated, but is assigned by Clark. Garcia Villada and Millures to the eleventh century. Dom Ferotin, however, seduced by the theory that it might have been written by Leodegundia. the female scribe of Escorial 1\IS. a. I, 1:1., placed it in the tonth century. An eleventh century date seems more probable pulacograph ica lly, and Dom Ferotin \ assumption that the manuscript was written by a woman rests on slighl evidence. The peccatricetu me illam on fol. 1:-35" is in a prayer which forms an integral part of the text of the manuscript. not in a copyist's subscription: the natural assumption would be that the hook Was written for rather than by a woman. Doiia Sancha's Liber Canticoruin contains feminine forms, but it wus written bv a certain Christoiorus! 13 i b 1 i 0 g 1':\ P h y.- Guillermo Antolin, Caldlogo de lo~ Codices Latinos
de la Iic«! Bihlioicca del Escorio/ (Madrid: lmpr-cuta l Ielcnica, 1910-192:3), 1,71. Clark, Coitectanea ll isnauic«, :32 (no 51G). Ferotin, Lc Libcr J/oz(ll"abicrl$ Sacmmcillorwll, \J·t:l~·~\Hll. Garcia Villada, Pa/eoyrafia Esp((iio/a, '.)7 (no 19). Loewe and VOll Hartel, Biblioiliccu Palr'ulTl Lalinorwn JIispaniensis, L 27-···28, Millarcs Carlc, rralado de Pateoqruiia Espaiio/a, -154 (no 28).

I. Die

Humanismus und Liturgie.
del' HenaissallC(' unci i h r Zie!.

re l i g i o s e Kunst

Goethe schrciht in seiner liolicnisclien Heise VOl! 171)(5am 18. Oktober dicse Notiz in sein Tugchuch ('s ist in BOlogna:
"TriUt man donn gar w icdcr cituual auf cine ;\riJeil von lbpllael, odcr die ihm wcnigstuns mil einiger Wahrscheinlichkeil zugeschrieiJcn wirtl, so is! man gleich vollkonuucn geheilt lind Iroh. So habe ich cine heilige Agalha gdun!len, cin kostbures, ohglcich nicht gall? wo111 erhnll enes Bild. DCl" Kunstler hat ihr cine gcs\lndc, sichcrc Jungfriilllichkcil gegebcll, doch oline Kaltc uud Hoheit. lch habe mil' die Geslalt wohl gemcrkt und werrl« ihr ini Geis! meiuc lphigcnie vorluscn lind nicinc Heklin nichls sagen lassen, was diesc llcilige u icht aussprcchen moeluc."

Del' groBc Klussiz ist l'iihlt die gehcimc Vcrwnndtschuft zwischen cincm Hnilignnbild des Hena issuurx-rnalers und dcm von ihm selbst geschaJfencn Ideulbild del' .ueiucn Menschlichkeit". Hohe und schlicfslichc Konscquenz clef Henaissance Ilicllcn iueinander libel'. Ganz anders klingt das Urtcil. das Leon Bloy del' "Pilger des Absoluten". uber Huff'aels reLigiiise Kunst fiillt " Er HUH zwei Miinucr iihcr die "Verkliirung Christi" sprcchen, und auf das Stichwort des cincn, Rall'nel habedieses Ereignis del' Heilsgescllichtc "mit seiner proiunen Dckoruteursphuutasic so wenig vcrstandcn". gibt del' Gespriichspartncr zur Antwort: "Jeh weill, ... uber ich bin g'll' kcin Iunat ischcr- ,\.nhiinger von Haflael.
Ich hewuuderc alles mi\glkhe in ihm, 'llur den rcligiiiscll Kunstler nicht. Seine cinzige crlriiglichc Mudonnu i~t die in Dresden, und die ist auch nur ein :-'liidchen mit del' 'I'ugcndrose. Okl- seine 'VeddiinUlg' hubc ich folgcnrlc Ilescheidcne Meiuung: Hal seit :l50 Jahrcn ... auch nul' cin cinzigcr Mensch jemuls davor helel) konncn? lkim Anblick dic~(T drci Turner im Badcmantcl. die sich synunctrisch vou ihrcm \Volkcllspl'ungbrclt abgeslollcn habcn, ware es mil' ganz unmnglieh, auch nur das k leinste Gebet xu stumzneln."

So ungeheuer weit diese heiden Urteile voneinander abzuliegen scheinen, das bewundernde GOdhes und dus vernichtende des modernen Iranzosischen Katholikcn -- sic munden viclleicht doch in e i n Gemeinsarncs nus, in jenes wichtigste Kriterium del' ganzen Hcna issancekunst und insbesondere del' religii.isen, dessen gerudo wir uns bewuBt werden miissen, wenn wir uns berniihen wollen. die Stellung jenes Kulturl Leon Bloy in La femme palture;


:n, 2 i l\l:;:ln) "Hi.

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