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W203 & 463 HVAC

507 HVAC HO 203 & 463 (ACB ICC) 10-30-02

These technical training materials are current as of the date noted on the materials, and may be revised or updated without notice. Always check for revised or updated information. To help avoid personal injury to you or others, and to avoid damage to the vehicle on which you are working, you must always refer to the latest Mercedes-Benz Technical Publication and follow all pertinent instructions when testing, diagnosing or making repair. Illustrations and descriptions in this training reference are based on preliminary information and may not correspond to the final US version vehicles. Refer to the official introduction manual and WIS when available. Copyright Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC, 2002

Reproduction by any means or by any information storage and retrieval system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written authorization from Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC or its successors. Published by Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC Printed in U.S.A.

Course Objectives
This presentation builds upon the information already covered in the Systems Training 1 (507) W220 HVAC presentation.

At the conclusion of this section, the technician will: Identify the climate control system used on W203 & 463 Locate climate control components and serviceable items Describe the function of climate control systems and related components Demonstrate proficiency in operation of AAC and C-AAC by completing shop modules


System I.D. Ventilation Sensors

EIS - Key Memory Temperature Control

Flap Motors

C240 & G500 Pushbutton Module AAC (N22)

Note: EC button symbol is replaced with AC off as of 2003 model


C320 Pushbutton Module C-AAC (N22/7)

C320 Activated Charcoal Filters

Not available on C240 & G500

Location: under passenger side dash


W203 Dust Filter

Replaced every B service Battery has a vent tube installed


463 Dust Filter

Replaced every B service


Blower Motor (A32m1) and Regulator (A32n1)

C240 & G500, 12 manual settings + Automatic

C320, 7 manual settings + Automatic

NOTE: Blower motor is switched off while cranking engine.


W203 Closed Loop Operation with Ignition Off

With ignition switched off, the fresh air / recirculated air flap is positioned at 50% opening. This position allows cabin air to escape when closing the vehicle doors. 50% Reducing the effort needed to close the doors.



Heater Box Flap Actuator Control


Flap Actuator Motors

C240 & G500 Utilizes 6 flap actuator motors

C320 Utilizes 10 flap actuator motors


C240 & G500 Flap Actuator Motor Location

M2/5 - Fresh air / recirculating air flap positioning motor M2/6 - Left blend air flap positioning motor M2/7 - Right blend air flap positioning motor M2/15 - Left and right footwell flaps positioning motor M2/16 - Left and right defroster flaps positioning motor

M2/21 - Fresh air flap positioning motor


C320 Flap Actuation Motor Location

M2/5 - Fresh air / recirculating air flap positioning motor M2/6 - Left blend air flap positioning motor M2/7 - Right blend air flap positioning motor M2/8 - Left defroster flap positioning motor M2/9 - Right defroster flap positioning motor M2/10 - Left footwell flap positioning motor M2/11 - Right footwell flap positioning motor M2/19 - Left fresh air flap positioning motor A32m1 - Blower motor A32m2 - Charcoal filter flap motor M2/20 - Right fresh air flap positioning motor

Flap Actuator Motors

Contains a integral logic printed circuit board.

All W203, 463, 163, R230 & W211 electric flap motors are identical All flap actuator motors are connected via a common 3 wire ribbon cable, called the CAN-KLA. This cable is connected to the pushbutton control module.


Flap Motor Pin Identification

12v Control Data Ground

These four pins are used for coding


Flap Motor Coding

Plastic bridges built into the connector plug act as spreaders forcing shorting pins apart. Since there are 4 pins up to 16 coding variations are available. Plastic bridges 4 pins for coding


Color Coding Plugs on CAN-KLA

(-) (+)

ACC (N22/7)

. . ..

. . ..

. . ..


W203 Fresh Air Vent Function

Bleeds air from center and side air vents. Reduces drafts

Amount of bleed air controlled by adjusting wheel (2).



W203 Center Nozzle Function

6 = cold admix air wheel adds cold air to cabin mixture Note: admix wheel control discontinued on MY2003

Cabin Temperature Regulation


W203 Auxiliary Coolant Pump (M13)

Pump only operates if cabin heating required Controlled through front SAM (N10/1)


W203 Coolant Circuit Legend

1. Coolant pressure cap with 2 stage valve 2. Expansion reservoir 3. Radiator 4. Coolant thermostat 5. Coolant pump 6. Heat exchanger 7. Windshield washer fluid reservoir 8. Heater core 9. Aux. coolant pump

Aux. coolant pump

Duo-valves are not required for temperature regulation


W203 Heater Box Airflow

Fresh or Recirc air--Cooled air-----------Heated air-----------Blended air-----------


W203 & 463 Blend Air Flap Function

(Temperature Regulation)

Blending mode

Cooling mode

Flap Design Changes

W220 Chassis Design (Single flap)

W203 Chassis Design (Multi-flap) - Quieter operation - Improved air blending


Refrigerant Circuit


W203 Refrigerant Circuit Changes

Hi side Low side

Refrigerant press./ temp sensor


W203 Receiver Dryer with Replaceable Element

Follow instructions in WIS before replacing element. Note: Internal hex nut. Do not remove while system is still charged. Special tool to remove
203 589 00 10 00

Sensor Inputs


Ambient Temperature Sensor (B14)

Used in conjunction with the 2 interior temperature sensors for improved cabin temperature regulation.


In-car Temperature Sensors (N70b1) and (N22b1)

The two in-car temperature sensor values are averaged unless the outside temperature sensor (B14) is reading under 50F, then only the N70b1 is used for cabin temperature regulation. An open sunroof in this case can cause excessive heating complaints due to cool air swirling around N70b1. C320 - N22b1 C240 - N22b1


Dew Point Sensor (B31/2)

(C240 & G500)

Measures humidity, ambient temperature and calculates dew point value Keeps cabin air from becoming excessively dry These values are used for controlling the A/C compressor output

* C320 uses a multi-function sensor


Refrigerant Pressure and Temperature Sensor (B12/2)

Refrigerant pressure (B12), and refrigerant temperature (B12/1) have been integrated into 1 sensor Discreet wired to left SAM (N10/1), signal sent via CAN to AAC pushbutton module (N22)

B12/2 is located under the radiator


Sun Sensor (B32/2) C320 Only

4 quadrant design as used on W220

C240 has a false plastic cover

Temperature regulation Blower speed Air distribution


C240 & G500



Painted display panel 6 Flap actuator motors Dew point sensor Single air direction control

LCD display / back lit switches 10 Flap actuator motors Multi-function sensor Independent air direction control Illuminated dash vent controls Sun position sensor Activated charcoal filters


Advanced System Functions


Tunnel Feature
C320 only


W203 & 463 Defroster Changes

Defroster outlet temperature is
influenced by pushbutton temperature settings

Amount of air drying (dehumidify) is

affected by humidity

Air is delivered to footwell flaps for up

to 30 sec. after engine is started then switched to windshield

C320 blower operates at 80% output

C240 blower operates at full speed Both can be overridden with manual switch

EIS Stored Climate Control Settings

The following climate control settings are stored in EIS. The data is stored separately for key #1 and #2.


EIS (N73)

Settings stored:

C240: (if equipped with full electric seats)

Settings stored:

Automatic mode A/C off switch (on/off) Defroster switch Manual air settings Blower speed Temperature setting ACF switch on/off

Automatic mode A/C off switch (on/off)