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Diccionario para Ingenieros

Diccionario para Ingenieros

ESPAOL-INGLES E INGLSESPAOL Louis A. Robb


Miembro de LA SOCIEDAD AMERICANA DE INGENIEROS CIVILES

SEGUNDA REIMPRESIN MXICO, 1998

COMPAA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. DE C.V. MXICO

Engineers' Dictionary
SPANISH-ENGLISH and ENGLISH-SPANISH
By Louis

A.

Robb
Member of AMEBICAN 8OCIETY OF CIVIL ENGmEBHS

Ttulo original: ENGINEER'S DICTIONARY SPANISHENGLISH AND ENGLISH-SPANISH Edicin autorizada por: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Copyright by John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Diseo de portada: Selene Corona Vallejo Diccionario para ingenieros: Espaol-Ingls e Ingls-Espaol Derechos reservados respecto a la edicin en espaol: 1956, COMPAA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. de C.V. Renacimiento 180, Colonia San Juan Tlihuaca, Delegacin Azcapotzalco, Cdigo Postal 02400, Mxico, D.F. Miembro de la Cmara Nacional de la Industria Editorial Registro nm. 43 ISBN 968-26-1118-0 (Segunda edicin, cambio de portada) ISBN 968-26-0894-5 (Primera edicin) Queda prohibida la reproduccin o transmisin total o parcial del contenido de la presente obra en cualesquiera formas, sean electrnicas o mecnicas, sin el consentimiento previo y por escrito del editor. Impreso en Mxico Printed in Mxico Primera edicin: 1956 Segunda edicin: 1997 Primera reimpresin: 1998 Segunda reimpresin: 1998

Esta obra se termin de imprimir en septiembre de 1998 en los talleres de Impresos y Acabados Marbeth, S.A. de C.V. Privada de lamo No. 35, Col. Arenal C.P. 02980, Mxico, D.F.

% ~\X\ LV-*

PREFACIO
Cuando los originales del Engineers' Dictionary quedaron listos en 1943, la segunda guerra mundial estaba en su apogeo y esto llev a la casa editora y al autor a convenir de que el libro no deba exceder de unas cuatrocientas cincuenta pginas. Algn material debi ser retirado y aunque el libro resultante trataba detenidamente de ingeniera civil, no pudo contener muchos trminos usados en otras ramas de la ingeniera. Poco tiempo despus de su publicacin yo me retir del trabajo activo de ingeniera y desde entonces he tenido amplias oportunidades para dedicarme a la compilacin de un diccionario ms extenso. El material que debi ser retirado se ha agregado ahora y se ha estudiado una gran cantidad de material nuevo. He consultado con muchos amigos de la Amrica Latina y en cada viaje he trado conmigo publicaciones tcnicas de diversas clases como fuente de trminos espaoles. Constantemente he escudriado las revistas de ingeniera y los libros nuevos publicados en ambos idiomas. El campo de accin sigue siendo la ingeniera y las referencias frecuentes a la qumica, la geologa o la metalurgia no significan que estas materias estn totalmente abarcadas en este libro. Cada una de ellas necesitara un volumen aparte. Los trminos incluidos de estas u otras materias son aquellos regularmente requeridos en un trabajo o estudio de ingeniera. Igual criterio se ha seguido en la seleccin de algunos pocos trminos de finanzas, seguros y transportes. Al ampliar la obra mis principales propsitos han sido los siguientes: Abarcar la ingeniera elctrica y mecnica en manera mucho ms amplia. La radio que no se mencion para nada en la primera edicin ha recibido cuidadoso estudio. Se han incluido trminos importantes de la televisin. Poner al da todos los ramos de la ingeniera civil. Se ha dado especial atencin a la mecnica de los suelos, a la fotogrametra y al proyecto y construccin de aeropuertos. Incluir los trminos ms importantes correspondientes a minera, arquitectura naval, explotacin forestal, industria azucarera y campos petrolferos. Una nueva adicin es la indicacin de gnero de los substantivos en espaol. El objeto de un diccionario tcnico es proporcionar informacin que no se encuentra en otra parte. Se supone que el diccionario de Webster incluye todas y cada una de las palabras del idioma ingls, an las ms tcnicas, pero no abarca las frases que figuran en glosarios oficiales de las sociedades de ingeniera. Muchas de las palabras de este libro se encuentran tambin en los mejores diccionarios generales ingls-espaol. Buttress se encuentra en cualquiera de ellos, igualmente que thread, pero no buttress thread. Aguja y tambin infernal se encuentran, pero no aguja infernal. La mayora de mis esfuerzos se han v

vm

PREFACIO

concentrado en el registro de significados o equivalentes de locuciones que no pueden expresarse con una sola palabra. La nomenclatura de piezas de maquinaria requiere un constante uso de buen criterio. Cada fabricante tiene su propia lista de piezas para cada mquina y algunas mquinas constan de tantas que llegan al millar. Las partes principales de una mquina deben enumerarse y con ellas, fuera de los trminos como cojinete, leva, tornillo, resorte, rodillo y vlvula, deben identificarse con un nombre la gran mayora de las piezas componentes. A pesar de algunos consejos adversos recibidos, yo creo todava que las definiciones estn fuera de lugar en un diccionario tcnico bilinge. El interesado que busca en un libro como ste el trmino slip-ring motor quiere encontrar el equivalente aceptado en espaol y no una descripcin del motor. Las definiciones aumentaran mucho el volumen del libro. La prctica seguida ha sido la de definir un trmino solamente al carecer de un equivalente satisfactorio y en algunos casos para evitar ambigedades. Es obvio que existen en este libro muchas palabras, tanto en espaol como en ingls, que tienen otros significados adems de los anotados. Se han omitido los significados no tcnicos, as como aquellos que pertenecen a la botnica, zoologa y otras ciencias de inters muy relativo para el ingeniero. Algunos de los trminos de la obra original han sido criticados llamndolos "mal espaol". Un crtico me ha dicho que la incorporacin de tales trminos a un diccionario tiende a perpetuarlos y a perjudicar el idioma. Mi punto de vista es que la exactitud de los trminos tcnicos en cualquier idioma es establecida por los tcnicos que los crean y los usan, y la tarea del compilador del diccionario es la de registrar su uso. En esta obra se trata de dar a los tcnicos de habla inglesa de la Amrica del Norte la terminologa de ingeniera usada en los pases de habla espaola de Amrica y viceversa. Trminos tomados de publicaciones oficiales, de especificaciones de ingenieros y de libros de texto se consideran expresiones usadas y "aceptadas". Para muchos miles de trminos en ingls no hay equivalente en "buen espaol" si se sigue el criterio de la Real Academia. Esta es la razn de la diferencia entre unos 125,000 trminos en el diccionario de la Academia y de unos 500,000 en el de Webster. Los equivalentes en espaol de marcas de fbrica o de comercio en ingls presentan un problema. La simple aseveracin de que estos nombres no pueden traducirse no soluciona el problema, porque muchas traducciones son de uso corriente en los pases de habla espaola. Muchos de estos trminos ya se han incorporado a otros diccionarios en espaol o en espaol-ingls. Hay propietarios de marcas de fbrica o comercio quienes han creado expresamente equivalentes en espaoj para usarlos en su propaganda. Yo he seguido la prctica de incluir todo trmino de esta clase que he encontrado en buen uso tcnico. Debe notarse que muchos trminos en ingls de esta clase se han hecho tan conocidos que con la sancin de Webster regularmente se escriben sin mayscula. Para la mayora de estos trminos hay equivalentes en espaol igualmente bien establecidos. Muchos amigos que me proporcionaron consejos en la preparacin de la obra original me han ayudado de nuevo. Estoy particularmente agradecido al seor George C. Bunker con quien he pasado muchas horas en Caracas. Adems de concederme amplio tiempo, me present a ingenieros venezolanos de quienes obtuve material de gran valor. Para muchos trminos de ingeniera sanitaria,

PREFACIO

IX

tanto en ingls como en espaol, tengo que agradecer al seor Edmund B. Besselievre de la Dorr Company y al seor Toms R. Yglesias de la ciudad de Mxico. El seor Juan de Dios Tejada de la Habana me facilit su consejo experto en muchas cosas. El vocabulario de exploracin geofsica tanto en ingls como en espaol me fue suministrado por ingenieros de la Socony Vacuum Oil Company. L. A. R. Nueva York Septiembre, 1949

PREFACE
Under the war conditions of 1943, when the original Engineers' Dictionary was in preparation, pubsher and author agreed that the book ought to be kept down to about 450 pages. Some material had to be laid aside, and although the resulting book dealt thoroughly with civil engirieering, it could not go very far with the terms of other fields. Shortly after publication of the original book I retired from active work and have since found ampie time to devote to the compilation of a much more comprehensive dictionary. The tems formerly laid aside have been worked in and a mass of new material has been studied. I have consulted many friends in Latin Amrica and from each trip have brought back technical publications of many kinds to be worked over for my Spanish terms. I have constantly combed the engineering periodicals and the newest books in both languages. My field is still engineering. Frequent references to chemistry, geology, or metallurgy do not mean that these subjects are covered. Each of them would need a volume of its own. Terms of these and other sciences here included are those which are regularly needed in connection with engineering work. The same criterion has governed the selection of a very few of the terms of finance, insurance, and transportation. In enlarging the book my principal objectives have been three: 1. To cover electrical and mechanical engineering much more thoroughly. Radio, of which the first edition had nothing, has been given thorough study. Important terms of televisin have been included. 2. To bring all branches of civil engineering up to date. Special attention has been given to photogrammetry, soil mechanics, and airport construction. 3. To include the important terms peculiar to mining, shipbuilding, logging, sugar milling, and oil-field operations. A new feature is the notation of gender with all Spanish nouns. The purpose of a technical dictionary is to furnish information not found elsewhere. Webster's is supposed to include every word in the English language no matter how technical, but it does not cover the phrases that are Usted in official glossaries of the engineering societies. Many of the words in this book will be found also in the best Englsh-Spanish general dictionaries. Broad is found anywhere and so is irrigation, but not broad irrigation. Buttress is found and so is thread, but they cannot be combined into an equivalent for buttress thread. Most of my effort has gone into pinning down the phrases. The listing of machine parts calis for the constant use of judgment. Every manufacturer has his own list of parts for each machine, and some machines have parts running into the thousands. The principal members of a machine xi

xu

PREFACE

must be listed, and with these, plus terms like bearing, cam, bolt, spring, roller, and val ve, equivalents of the vast majority of part ames may be written easily, In spite of some advice to the contrary I still believe that definitions are out of place in a two-language technical dictionary. The user who turns to slipring motor in a book such as this wants the accepted Spanish equivalents of that term and is not looking for a description of a slip-ring motor. Definitions would add greatly to the book's bulk. My practice has been to define a term only in default of a satisfactory equivalent or occastonally to avoid ambiguity. Obviously there are many words here, both Spanish and English, that have meanings other than those given. Nontechnical meanings have usually been ignored, as have those which belong to botany, zoology, or other sciences that do not concern the engineer. Some of the terms in the original book have been criticized as "bad Spanish." One critic tells me that the listing of such terms in any dictionary tends to perpetate them and does an injury to the language. My own view is that the correctness of technical terms in any language is established by the technical men who crate them and use them, and the job of the dictionary maker is to record this usage. This book aims to give the North American technical man the accepted engineering terminology of Spanish Amrica, and vice versa. Terms taken from official publications, from engineers' specifications, and from textbooks are "accepted" terms. For many thousands of English technical terms there are no "good Spanish" equivalents, if the Royal Academy is to be the criterion. This is the principal reason for the difference between some 125,000 entries in the Academy dictionary and 500,000 in Webster's. Spanish equivalents of English trade ames are a problem. The simple statement that proprietary ames cannot be translated does not cover the situation because they are regularly being translated in Spanish-speaking countries. Many such terms have already appeared in other dictionaries, both straight Spanish and English-Spanish. There are owners of English trade ames who have deliberately created Spanish equivalents for use in their advertising. My rule has been to include every term of this kind that I have found in good technical use. It is to be noted also that there are a great many trade ames in English that have become so well known that, with Webster's approval, they are regularly written without the capital letter. For most of the terms in this class there are Spanish equivalents equally well established. Many friends who advised with me in the preparation of the original book have again been helpful. I am particularly grateful to Mr. George C. Bunker with whom I have spent many hours in Caracas. Besides giving freely of his own time he introduced me to Venezuelan engineers from whom I obtained material of great valu. For terms of sanitary engineering, both in English and in Spanish, I have to thank Mr. Edmund B. Besselievre of the Dorr Co. and Mr. Toms R. Yglesias of Mxico City. Seor Juan de Dios Tejada of Havana gave me his expert advice on many questions. The vocabulary of geophysical exploration, both English and Spanish, was furnished by engineers of the Socony Vacuum Oil Co. L. A. R. New York Septembet, 1949

ABREVIATURAS
A AC B C Col Ch a aa adv ag ais al an ap arq as ase auto az bm ca cab cal carp cb cf en co com conc cons cont ct c cuch cv ch dac di di dib Argentina Amrica Central Bolivia Cuba Colombia Chile adjetivo acondicionamiento del aire adverbio agregados aislamiento alcantarillado arquitectura naval aeropuerto arquitectura aserradero ascensor automvil ingenio de azcar bomba camino cable caldera carpintera caballete calefaccin construccin naval camin comercial concreto construccin contabilidad cemento cbico cucharn cableva chapera disposicin del agua de cloacas Diesel dimetro dibujo Ec Es EU F M Pan ds ec ed ef elc em en es est exc / fe fin fma for ft fund geof geog geol gr her herr hid il inst irr is kilo lab lad leg lev lib Ecuador Espaa Estados Unidos Filipinas Mxico Panam dique seco equipo de construccin edificio explotacin forestal elctrico elaboracin de maderas engranaje escalera estructural excavacin femenino ferrocarril finanzas fotogrametra ingeniera forestal ferretera fundicin geofsico geografa geologa, petrografa gra herrera herramienta hidrulica ingeniera de iluminacin instrumento irrigacin ingeniera sanitaria kilogramo (s) laboratorio enladrillado legal levantamiento libra (s)
XI11

Par Pe PR RD U V loco lu m mad mam maq mat mee med met mg mh min miner mo mot mr inri ms mtl mv mz nut nav of op or ot pa pav pb pet Pi pint pl pr

Paraguay Per Puerto Rico Repblica Dominicana UruguayVenezuela locomotora lubricacin masculino madera manipostera maquinaria matemtica mecnico medida metalurgia motor de gasolina mquina-herramienta minera mineraloga, cristalografa % molda je motor elctrico marea meteorologa mecnica de suelos material mquina de vapor mezcladora nutico navegacin oficina obras portuarias orugas obras de tierra purificacin de agua pavimentacin plomera petrleo pilotaje pintura pala preposicin

xiv pte r ra re ref rfg

ABREVIATURAS
a seg si sol sx te tel to top tr ts

puente pulg pulgada(s) quina qumica


ro

rfr

roe rs

radio remache refuerzos refrigeracin refractarios rociador automtico rosca

substantivo seguro sierra soldadura sondeo de exploracin tractor telfono, telgrafo techo topografa transportacin tablestacado

tub tn tv
V

turb

v ve vi vol

tubera tnel turbina televisin verbo vlvula ventilacin vidrio voladura

ABBREVIATIONS
A
B C CA Ch Col a ac

Argentina Bolivia Cuba Central Amrica Chile Colombia adjective air conditioning accounting adverb aggregates airport architecture automobile bridge blasting building boiler blacksmithing bucket brickwork cable carpentry construction equipment chemistry cast iron centimeter(s) commercial concrete construction crawler cement cubic cableway dry dock derrick Diesel diameter drafting earthwork electrical elevator

DR Dominican Republic Ec Ecuador M Mxico Pan Panam Par Paraguay Pe Per


eng

Ph PR Sp U US V mech met mi min miner mot


mrl

Philippines Puerto Rico Spain Uruguay United States Venezuela

engine

mechanical metallurgy mile mining mineralogy, crystallography motor meteorology machine tools material mixer noun naval architecture nautical navigation office piping paving plumbing petroleum piling photogrammetry preposition painting pump port works quart(s) river radio road rivet reinf orcing steel roof refrigeration refractories railroad sawmill

act adv
ag ap ar

auto
bdg bl bo bs bu bw cab ce

exc F fdy fin fo for

bldg

carp che
ci cm

com conc cons


cr

ct cu cy dd de di diam dwg ea elec elev

excavation Fahrenheit foundry financial forms forestry gal gallon(s) ge gsoline engine geog geography geol geology,petrography geop geophysical gi girder gl glass ht heating (building) hw hardware hyd hydraulics il illuminating engineering in. nch(es) inl insulation ins insurance inst instrument irr irrigation kilo kilogram(s) lab laboratory Ib pound(s) lbr lumber leg legal lg logging loco locomotive lu lubrication m meter (s) machy machinery mas masonry math mathematics meas measure
XV

mt
mtl

mx n na naut nav
of P pav pb pet Pi pmy pr pt pu pw qt r

ra rd re reinf rf rfg rfr rr sa

XVI

ABBREVIATIONS shipbuilding sewage disposal steam engine second(s) sanitary engineenng shovel automatic sprinkler soil mechanics sheet metal sheet piling square stair structural surv
sw t tb te tel th ti tk ti top tr su

sb sd se sec sen sh sk sm sml sp sq st str

sugar mili surveying sewerage tool test boring tractor telephone, telegraph thread tide truck trestle topography transportation

tu tun tv
V

turb

va ve w wp wr ww

truss tunnel turbine i televisin ' verb valve ventilation welding water purification wire rope woodworking

ESPAOL -INGLS

ababan ababan m, an Argentine lumber (semihard). abac m, Manila hemp. abaco TO, (ar) abacus; (min) washtrough, buddle; (conc bldg)(M) drop panel; (A) graph, chart, nomograph. abajadero TO, downgrade. abajador TO (min) (Es) (M), tool boy, tool carrier. abajar, to lower, let down; to fall, descend. abajo adv, down, below, under. abalanzar, to balance. abalizar, to buoy; to place beacons; abalizarse (nut), to tafce bearings. abamperio m (elc), abampere. abancalar, to terrace, bench. abanderado m (lev), flagman. ---- delantero, head flagman. ---- trasero, back flagman. abanderar, to register a vessel. abanico m, fan; anything fan-shaped; small derrick or crane; (rr)(C)(PR) switch target. ---- aluvial (r), alluvial fan. ---- de deyeccin (geol), debris cone. ---- eductor, exhaust fan. abaniqueo m (auto), shimmy. abarbetar, (naut) to lash, stop; (cab) to serve, seize. abarcn TO (Es), clamp, cramp, anchor; iron ring. abarloar (nut), to berth, dock, bring alongside. abarquillamiento m (est), cripping. abarquillar, to warp, curl; abarquillarse, to buckle, warp. abarrancar, to form gullies; abarrancarse, to run aground. abarrotar, (cons) to place a waler or strongback; (naut) to batten; to stow (cargo). abarrotes m, dunnage. abastar, to furnish, supply. abastecedor m, supplier. abastecer, to furnish, supply. abastecimiento TO, supply, furnishing. ---- de agua, water supply. ---- de combustible, fueling. abastecimientos, abastos TO, supplies. abasto de agua, water supply. abatanador TO (M), wooden maul. abatible, descending; collapsible. abatidero m (Es), drain, gully, gutter. abatimiento TO, lowering; (str) disassembling; (bldg) demolition; (conc) slump; (naut) leeway; (machy) disassembly, teardown; batter, rake; (pu) (M) drawdown. abatir, to lower; to knock down, disassemble; to demolish, raze; (naut) to make leeway; to batter, rake, slope. abculombio TO (elc), abcoulomb. abecedario (TO) de estarcir, stencil for lettering. abecedario para marcar, marking stamp. abedul m (mad), birch. abelita/, abelite (explosive). aberracin /, aberration. --- cromtica lateral (fma), lateral chromatic aberration. --- cromtica longitudinal (fma), longitudinal chromatic aberration. ----de coma (fma), coma. ----de esfericidad, spherical aberration.

aboquillado
--- de refrangibilidad, chromatic aberration. abertura/, an opening, aperture; open country ' between mountains; cove, small bay. -- de chispa (elc), spark gap. ---- de dosificacin (di), metering passage. ---- de la raz (sol), root opening. - libre, clear span, net opening. aberturas de aligeramiento (en), lightening holeB. abete m (mad), fir, deal. abetinote TO, rosin. abeto TO, fir, spruce, hemlock. ---- balsmico, balsam fir. ---- blanco, white fir, white spruce. ---- Douglas, Douglas fir, Oregon pine, red fir, yellow fir. ---- negro, black spruce; black hemlock. -rojo, red fir, Douglas fir, Oregon pine, red spruce. abetunar, to oat or imprgnate with pitch. abey TO, Jacaranda (and other tropical hardwoods). abfaradio TO (elc), abfarad. abhenrio TO (elc), abhenry. abierto, open. abigarrado, (miner) variegated, mottled (soil). abisagrar, to hinge. abisal (geol), abyssal. abiselar, to bevel, chamfer. abismal TO, shingle nail, clasp nail; o (geol) abyssal, abysmal. - de tejar, slating nail. abismo TO (geol), abyss. abitaque TO, a timber; joist. abitar, to make f ast on a bitt. abitn m (nut), bitt. abladera /, howel, cooper's adz. ablandador TO (met) (agua), softener. ablandar, to sof ten; to temper (mortar); ablandarse, to soften, become soft. ablandecer, to soften. abmho (elc), abmho. abocardado, countersunk; bellmouthed. abocardador (TO) de tubos (cal), tube expanden abocardar, to splay; to countersink; to counterbore. abocardo TO, countersink, countersinking drill. ---- de cabeza chata, flathead countersink. ---- de fondo plano, (t) counterbore. ---- tipo caracol, snal-head countersink. ---- tipo rosa, rosehead countersink. abocinado, bellmouthed. abocinador TO, flarer, flaring tool. ----de tubos (cal), tube expanden abocinar, to fiare, form with a bellmouth. abohmio m (elc), abohm. abolladura /, dent. abollar, to dent. abombar, to crown, arch, camber; abombarse, to buckle; to warp, bulge; (rd) to mush-

abonado, abonada a, subscriber, customer, consumer (electric current); (rr) commuter. abonar, to fertilize; (act) to credit. abonar m (com), note, abono TO, fertilizer; (rr) commutation. aboquillado, bellmouthed.

aboquillar aboquillar, to splay. abordaje m, abordo m, fouling of two vessels, colusin, abordar (nut), to make a port; to berth at a dock; to foul (another vessel). abovedado TO, crown of a road. abovedadora /, road shaper, subgrader. abovedar, to arch, vault, crown. aboyar, to buoy. abra/, (top) gap, pasa; (geog) cove; (min)(geol) fissure; (Col) window sash; (surv) clearing for line of sight. abrasin/, abrasin, (hyd) scour. abrasivo m a, abrasive. ---- de acero, erushed steel. abrazadera /, clamp, clip; clevis; cleat; keeper (lock); (reinf) (Pe) column hoop. --- antideslizante, (rr) anticreeper; (elec)'grade clamp. ---- contrafuga (pet), leak clamp. ---- de anclaje, rail clamp (crane); (elec) strain clamp. ---- de ballesta (auto), spring shackle. ---- del cabezal (torno), headstock clamp. ---- de carril (fe), rail brace; rail clip. ---- de compresin, pincheock. ---- de contacto (sol), contact jaw. ---- de la coraza (elc), armor clamp. ---- de la excntrica (mv), eccentric strap. ---- de guardacarril (fe), guardrail brace. ---- de hincar (pet), drive clamp. ---- de masa (elc), ground clamp. ---- de porcelana (elc), porcelain cleat. ---- de reparacin, repair clamp. ---- de servicio (tub), service clamp. ---- de silla (tub), saddle clamp. ---- de taladrar, (p) drilling crow; (str) od man. ---- para cable, cable clip. ---- para cao, pipe clamp; (A) hose band. ---- para manguera, hose band or clamp. ---- para retenida, guy clamp or clip. ---- para viga I, beam clamp. ---- terminal (elc), dead-end clamp. ---- universal (mo), Universal clamp (trademark). abrazadera-aislador, cleat insulator. abrazar, to clamp, clip, abrebrechas TO (ec), trailbuilder, Gradebuilder, Bullgrader. abrehoyo m (pet), reamer, hole opener. abretrochas TO (ec), trailbuilder. abretubos TO , (pet) pipe swage; (bo)(M) tube expander. ---- de rodillos, roller swage. abrevar, to water (horses); to wet down a wall before stuccoing; (pu) to prime, abreveredas TO (ec), trailbuilder. abridor (TO) de llantas (auto)(M), tire spreader. abridura/ (min)(M), enlargement of a gallery. abrigo TO, protection, cover; windbreak; harbor; (min) width of a vein of ore. abrir, to open, unlock, unfasten. abrojos TO (nut), reef, hidden rocks. abromado, honeycombed by the teredo, wormeaten. abromarse, to become worm-eaten.

acarreo abronzado m (min)(M), ame applied to several different ores of copper. absaroquita/ (geol), absarokite. abscisa/ (mat), abscissa. absoluto, absoluto (all senses). absorbechoque TO, shock absorber. absorbedero TO (Es), leaching cesspool; sewer catch basin. absorbedor TO, absorbedora /, absorber. absorbedor de choque, shock absorber, absorbencia /, absorption; absorbeney; absorptivity. --- especfica, specific absorptive index. absorbente TO, absorbent; a absorbent, absorptive. absorber, to absorb; (chem) to occlude. absorbible, absorbable. absorcidmetro TO, absorptiometer. absorcin/ (hid)(elc)(qum), absorption. ---- atmosfrica (ra), atmospheric absorption. ---- del suelo (ra), ground absorption. absorsor m (A), absorber. abuinche TO (Col), kind of machete. abulonar (A), to bolt. abultar, to bulk, swell. abvoltio TO (elc), abvolt. acabado TO, finish (surface); finishing coat. ---- a frota mecnica (conc), machine finish. ---- brillante, glossy finish. ---- en fro, cold-finished. ---- ligado (conc), bonded finish. ---- mate, fat or dull finish. ---- satinado o semimate (ft), satin finish. acabadora/, finishing machine; finishing tool. ---- de frota (ca), float finisher. ---- de subrasante (ca), subgrade planer. acabadora-pisonadora (ca), tamping finisher. acabar, to finish (all senses). acafelar (Es)(Col), to plaster; to wall up a door or window. acaj m (C)(PR)(RD)(M), ame applied to various trees yielding construction lumber. acalabrotado, cable-laid (rope), hawser-laid; (elec cab) rope-laid. acamado, on the flat; horizontal. acampanado, bellmouthed, beshaped. acampanar, to fiare, splay. acampar, to carap; to build a camp. cana TO /, a West Indian construction timber. acanalado, corrugated, fluted, grooved, troughed. acanalador TO, channeling machine; groover; rabbet plae. acanaladora /, channeling machine, quarrying machine; (t) crease, acanaladura/, groove, channel; (ar) flute; (elec) raceway, gutter. acanalar, to groove, channel, corrgate, flute; to canalize. acantilado TO, cliff; a steep. acantita/, acanthite (silver ore). acaparar (com), to monopolize, crner, control. acarreadizo, portable; shifting (sand). acarreador TO (tr), carrier. acarrear, to haul, transport, cart, carry, convey. acarreo TO, hauling, cartage, transportation, haul. ----extra (ot), overhaul.

acarreo
river drift. ---- fluvioglacial (geol), fluvioglacial drift. ---- hidrulico, sluicing, hydraulicking. --libre (ot), free haul. acarreos, material carried by a stream, bed load; (geol) drift; (min) float ore. --del escurrimiento (hid), silt runoff. ---- de glaciar, glacial drift. acarreto m (M)(PR), cartago, hauling. acartelado, bracketed, cantilever, corbeled. acartelamiento m, knee brace; corbel, oversailing. acastillaje m (en), freeboard; upper works. accelador m (is), Accelator (trademark). accelofiltro m (dac), Accelofilter (trademarl:). accesibilidad /, accessibility. accesible, accessible. acceso m, an approach; access. ---- dirigido desde tierra (ap), ground-controlled approach. accesorio m, fitting, attachment, appurtenancc; a accessory. ---- cargador (ec), loader attachment. - de acceso (elc), access fitting. ---- do barrenar (em), boring attachment. ---- de cruce inferior (elc), crossunder fitting. ---- de dos vas (tub) (C), Y branch. ---- de escoplear (em), mortising attachment. ---- para fresar (torno), milling attachment. ---- solar (trnsito), solar attachment. accesorios, fittings, accessories. ---- abocinados (tub), fiare fittings. ---- de brida (tub), flanged fittings. ---- de bronce (v), brass trimmings. ---- de cadena, chain attachments. ---- de caldera, boiler fittings. - de caera, pipe fittings. --de circulacin (tub), circulatisg- boiler fit tings. ---- de compresin (tub), compression fittings. ---- de conducto (elc), conduit fittings. ---de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep fittings. de gra, derrick fittings or irons. ---- de insercin (conc), insers. ---- de norma (auto), standard equipment. ---- de orejas (tub), drop fittings. ---- de pie (tub), base fittings. ---- de reborde (tub), beaded or banded fittings. ---- de seccin completa (tub), full-flow fittings. ---- de tornillo (tub), screwed or threaded fittings. ---- de torno, lathe attachments. de tractor, tractor equipment. ---- de tubera, pipe fittings. ---- de unin (tub), unin fittings. ---de va (fe), track accessories. ---- de voladura, blasting accessories. ---- drenables (tub), drainage fittings. ---embridados (tub), flanged fittings. ---- para rbol de boca de pozo (pet), Christmastree fittings. --para cable, cable attachments or fittings or accessories. ---- partidos (elc), split fittings. ---- pendientes (tub), drop fittings. ---- soldables (tub), welding fittings; solder-joint fittings.
--- fluvial, silt, alluvium; river transportaron;

aceite
--- tipo de perilla, ball-pattern handrail fittingB. accidentado, (top) hilly, broken; (Sp) (A) (Ch) injured in an accident. accidental (mat) (fsica), accidental. accidente m, accident. accidentes geolgicos, geologic structural projections. accidentes topogrficos o del terreno, hills and valleys. accin /, action. ---- de anillo (ms), ring action. - disparadora (ra), trigger action. ---- rpida, de, quick-acting. ---- simple, de, singlo-acting. acciones, shares of stock. ---- ordinarias, common stock. ---- preferidas o privilegiadas, preferred stock. accionado, driven, actuated, operated. ---- a vapor, steam-driven, ---- elctricamente, motor-driven. ---- por correa, belt-driven. ---- por engranajes, gear-drivon. accionamiento m, operation, drive. ---- a mano, hand operation. ---- por banda, belt drive. ---- por cadena, chain drive. ---- por tornillo sin fin, worm drive. accionar, to drive, actate, oprate. accionista m /, stockholder. acebo m (mad), holly. acebollada (mad), showing shakes. acebolladura/ (mad), shake. aceitado m, oiling, lubrication. aceitador m, oiler (man); oil cup, lubricator. ---- a presin, force-feed lubricator. ---- cuentagotas, sight-feed lubricator. . ---de lnea (perforadora), air-line oiler. aceita je m, oiling, lubrication. aceitar, to oil, lubrcate. aceite m, oil. ---- aislante, insulating oil. ---- antracnico, anthracene oil. ---- bruto, crude oil; oil in bu'k. ---- cocido (pint), boiled or drying oil. ---- combustible, fuel or furnace oil. ---- crudo, raw oil; crude oil. r de alquitrn, tar oil. ~ de alumbrado, illuminating oil, kerosene. ----de azufre, oil of vtriol, sulphuric acid. ----de ballena, train or whalc oil. ----de calefaccin, furnace oil. ----de carbn, kerosene, coal oil. ----de crter (auto), crankease oil. ----de castor (lu), castor oil. ----de colza, rape or colza oil. ----de creosota, creosote oil, dead oil. --- de engrase, lubricating oil. ----de esperma de ballena, sperm oil. ----de esquisto, shale or sehist oil. de grasa de cerdo (A), lard oil. --- de horno, furnace or fuel oil. --- de lmpara (M), kerosene. - de linaza o de lino, linseed oil. - de linaza blanqueado, bleached oil. - de maz, corn oil. --- de manteca, lard oil.

aceite
----de nabina, rape oil. ----de palo, tung or China wood oil. ----de perilla, perilla oil. ----de pescado, train or fish or menhaden oil. --- de ricino, castor or rincinus oil. --- de taladrar, drilling oil. --- de trementina, oil of turpentine. --- de vitriolo, oil of vitriol, sulphuric acid. --- esencial, essential or volatile oil. ---- fluidificante (ca), flux oil. ---- graso, fatty oil. ---- imprimador (ca), priming oil. ---- isolante (Ec), insulating oil. ---- lampante (Es), light oil; kerosene. ---- lubricante de motor, motor oili ---- mate (pint), flatting oil. ---- mineral, mineral oil, petroleum. ---- mineral de foca, mineral seal oil. ---- mineral de manteca, mineral lard oil. ---- muerto, dead or creosote oil. ---- para mquinas, machine or engine oil. ---- para temple (met), quenching oil. ---- quemado (auto) (C), crankcase oil. ---- secante (pint), boiled or drying oil. ---- soluble, soluble or cutting oil. ---- voltil, volatile or essential oil.

acero
acea/ (Es), water wheel; water-power mili, acepilladora /, planer, surfacer. ---- cerrada, closed planer. ---- de banco, bench planer. : ---- de engranaje recto, spur-geared planer. ---- de engranajes cnicos, bevel-gear planer. ---- de herramienta mvil, traveling-head planer. ---- de lado abierto, openside planer. ---- de tornillo sin fin, worm-geared planer. ---- limadora, shaping planer. ----para curvas, radius planer. ----vertical, wall or vertical planer. acepilladura /, planing. acepilladuras, wood shavings, cuttings, turnings. acepillar, to plae, dress, face, mili; to brush. aceptacin / (com), acceptance. --- libre, clean or general acceptance. aceptador m, aceptante (com), acceptor. aceptar, to accept. aceptor m (qum)(ra), acceptor. acequia /, irrigation diteh, canal; (Pe) brook. ---- derivada, branch canal. ---- evacuadora, return ditch. ---- madre o maestra o troncal, main canal. acequiador m, irrigation workman, ditch digger. acequiaje m, irrigation dues. acequiar, to ditch. acequiero m (irr), canal tender, ditch-maintenance man. cer m, maplo. acera/, sidewalk, footwalk; (Sp) face of a wall. ---- de transporte, moving sidewalk. aceracin (/) superficial (met), chilling. acerar, (met) to chill, harden; (mas) to face with stone; (Col) to stucco; to lay a sidewalk. acera /, steel mili. acero m, steel. ---- al carbono, carbn steel. --- al cobre, copper-bearing steel. ---- al hogar abierto, open-hearth steel. ---- al manganeso, manganeso steel. ---- al nquel, nickel steel. ---- Bessemer, Bessemer steel. ---- cementado, casehardened or blister steel. ---- cobaltocromo, cobalt-chrome steel. ---- colado, cast steel. ---- colado de crisol, crucible cast steel. ---- cromado, chromium steel. ---- cromonquel, chrome-nickel steel. ---- cromovanadio, chrome-vanadium steel. ---- de aleacin pobre, low-alloy steel. ---- de aleacin rica, high-alloy steel. de alta velocidad, high-speed steel. ---- de alto carbono, high-carbon steel. ---- de arado superior, improved plow steel. ---- de construccin, structural steel. ---- de crisol, crucible steel. ---- de fcil tallado, free-cutting steel. ---- de herramientas, tool steel. ---- de horno elctrico, electric steel. ---- de liga, alloy teel. ---- de lingote o de tochos, billet or new-billet steel. ---- de nitruracin, nitrided steel. ---- de textura orientada, grain-oriented steel ---- desplegado, expanded steel (pole).

---vulcanizado, factice, vulcanized oil. aceitera/, oiler, oilcan; oil cup. ---- a presin, squirt can. ; ---- con gota visible, sight-feed oil cup. ---- cnica, pyramid oiler. ---- de lnea, air-line oiler (drill). ---- de mecha, wick oiler. ---- de resorte, oil gun. ---- ferrocarrilera, railroad oiler. aceitera /, oil house. aceitero m, oiler (man); a Cuban hardwood. aceitSero (M), oil-bearing. aceitillo m (PR), a hardwood. aceitn m, (lu) olive oil. aceitosidad /, lubricity. aceitoso, oily. aceleracin/, acceleration. ---- casual (fma), random acceleration. ---- de entrada (hid), entrance acceleration. ---- de gravedad, acceleration of gravity. ---- negativa, deceleration, negativo acceleration, retardation. acelerador m, (auto) (chem) (mas) (sk) (pmy) accelerator; (met) energizer. ---- de fraguado, accelerator of cement setting. ---- de mano (auto), hand throttle. ---- de pedal (auto), foot accelerator. ---- de reaccin (qum), catalyst, accelerator. ---- de taladrado, drill speeder. acelerante m (qum), accelerante. acelerar, to accelerate. acelergrafo m, accelerograph (earthquake). acelerograma m, accelerogram. acelermetro TO, accelerometer. - integrador, integrating accelerometer. ---- registrador, recording accelerometer. acendrar, to refine. acntrico,' acentric. acentuacin / (ra), accentuation. acentuador tn (ra), accentuator.

acero
flnge steel. ---- empavonado, blue steel. encerrado, rimmed steel. encobrado, copper-bearing steel. ---- fundido, cast steel. ---- harveyizado, Harveyized steel. ---- inmanchable o inoxidable, stainless or rustless steel. ---- intermedio, mdium steel. ---- mangansico, manganeso steel. ---- mediano, mdium or medium-carbon steel. ---- moldeado, cast steel. ---- muerto, kled steel. ---- para nitruracin, nitriding steel, nitralloy. ---- perfilado, structural shapes, rlled steel sections. ---- rpido, high-speed steel. ---- relaminado, rerolled steel. ---- semimuerto, semikilled steel. ---- Siemens-Martin, open-hearth steel. ---- suave, soft or mild or low-carbon steel. ---- tapado, capped steel. ----ultrarrpido, high-speed steel. acerocromo m, chromium steel. aceronquel m, nickel steel. acerrojar, to bolt (door); (str) (C) to bolt. acetaldehido m (lab), acetaldehyde. acetato m, actate. ---- butflico, butyl actate. ---- cprico, cupric or copper actate. ---- de alfa-naftlamina, alpha-naphthylamine actate. ---- de uranio o de uranilo, uranyl actate. actico, acetic. acetilnico, acetylenic. acetileno m, acetylene. acetiluro de cobre, copper or cuprous acetylide. acetina/, acetin. acetol m, acetol, acetyl carbinol. acetona /, acetone, dimethyl ketone. aciberar, to grind, pulverize. acclico (elc), acyclic. aciculita /, needle ore, aikinite. aciche m, paver's hammer. acidez /, acidity. acidificar, to acidify, (pet) to acidize. acidmetro m, acidimeter. cido m a, acid. ---- actico glacial, glacial acetic acid. ---- brico, boric or boracic or orthoboric acid. ---- carblico, carbolic acid, phenol. ---- carbnico, carbonic acid. ---- clorhdrico o hidroclrico, hydrochloric or muriatic acid. ---- de acumulador, battery acid. ---- fnico, carbolic acid, phenol. ---- hidridico, hydriodic acid, hydrogen iodide. ---- lodoso (pet), sludge acid. ---- nitrohidroclrico o nitromuritico, nitrohydrochloric acid, aqua regia. ---- sulfrico, sulphuric acid, oil. of vitriol. ---- tnico, tannic acid, tannin. cidos grasos, fatty acids. acidular, to acidlate, (pet) to acidize. acimut m, azimuth.
---- dulce, mild or soft or low-carbon steel, (sb) ---- asumido, assumed azimuth. ---- de atrs, back azimuth. ---- de cuadrcula, grid azimuth. ---- de frente, forward azimuth. ---- terrestre (fma), ground azimuth. ---- verdadero, true azimuth.

acope

acimutal, azimuthal. acitara/, partition wall; curtain wall. aclarador m, clarifier. aclarar, to clarify. aclstico, aclasto, aclastic (optics). acle m (F), a construction lumber. aclimatar, to acclimatize. aclnico, aclinic. acmita/ (miner), acmite (pyroxene). ac m (V), a construction lumber. acodadera /, stonecutter's chisel. acodado m, a bend; a bent to an angle. ----abierto (tub), eighth bend. ---- recto (tub), quarter bend. acodalamiento m, shoring, trench bracing. acodalar, to shore, brace; acodalarse, to jam. acodamiento m, bend, elbow; shoring, trencb bracing. acodar, to bend; to shore, brace; to square up (surv) to offset. acodillado, bent to an angle; (str) crimped. acodilladora / (en), joggling machine. acodillar, to bend to an angle; acodillarse, to jackknife. acojinar, to cushion. acolchado, n riprap, apron, hearth; a (cab) strand-laid* acolchar, to cushion; to lay (rope). acolchonar, to cushion. acollador m, calker; calking tool. acollar, to calk with oakum. acombar, to warp, buckle. acometer, (p) (sw) (min) to branch. acometida/, (p)(sw) house connection; branch. --- de cable, electric service connection. acometimiento m, house connection. acomodado a mano, hand-placed (rock fll). acomodamiento w (cab)(M), lay. acomodar, to place, arrange, ft in. acomodo m, (V) assembly, framing. acompaado m (Col), conduit, pipe trench. acompaar, (Ch) to ful holes in a wall, to chink, aconcharse, to run aground; (Ch) to deposit sediment. acondicionador m (aa)(dac)(pa)(pet), conditioner. ----de agua, water softener or conditioner. ----de cienos (dac), sludge conditioner. ----de lodo (pet), mud conditioner. ----de radiacin o de tubos (aa), surface-type conditioner. ----de roco (aa), spray-type conditioner. ----enterizo o unitario (aa), unit conditioner. acondicionamiento m, conditioning. acondicionar, to condition; to repair, overhaul. acopacin / (mad), cupping. acopado, hollowed out, cupped, cup-shaped. acopar, to cup, hollow out; (min) to batter (side timbers). acope m (min), Jbatter of side timbers.

acopiar acopiar, to store, stock. acopio m, atorage, (hyd) pondage. ---- de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge storage. ----en las riberas (hid), bank storage. --- muerto, dead storage. ----para uso (hid), conservation storage. acoplado m, (A) trailer; (U) tow of barges. --- directamente, direct-connected. acoplador m, a coupling, coupler. --- ajustable (ra), lose coupler. --- de unin (tub), unin coupling acopladura /, coupling, joint, connection. acoplamiento m, coupling, splice, joint, connection; (A) clutch; (carp) accouplement. a bayoneta, bayonet coupling. --- al ras, flush joint. --- cadena (ra)(A), link coupling. --- capacitivo (ra), capacitive or electrostatio coupling. --- cerrado (ra), cise coupling. --- cnico, cone coupling. --- corriente (tub), standard coupling. --- crtico (ra), critical or optimum coupling. --- de ajuste, flexible coupling. --- de bobina de reactancia (ra), choke coupling. --- de bridas (maq), flange coupling. ---- de casquillos de caucho, rubber-bushing coupling. --- de compresin, compression coupling. --- de dilatacin, expansin joint. --- de disco flexible, flexible-disk coupling. ---- de doble cono, double-cone coupling. ---- de engranajes fijos, fixed-gear coupling. ---- de garras, clutch or jaw or claw coupling. ---- de insercin (tub), inserted joint. ---- de manguito, sleeve coupling. ---- de pestaa, flange coupling. ---- de planchitas empaquetadas, cushioned-plate coupling. ---- de reaccin (ra), choke coupling. ---- de resistencia (ra), resistance coupling. ---- de rosca (tub), serewed or threaded joint. ---- de rosca escalonada (tub), step-thread joint. ---- de Sellers, cone or Sellers coupling. ---- dbil (ra), weak or lose coupling. ---- dentado, clutch or jaw coupling. ---- electromagntico, magnetic clutch. ---- en cascada (elc), cascade connection. --- entrevlvula (ra), intervalve coupling. --- eslabn (ra)(A), link coupling. ---- estrecho (elc), cise or tight coupling. --- flexible a correa, belt-type or flexible-band coupling. --- flexible de ajuste doble, doubler-slider coupling. --- flojo (ra)(Es), weak or lose coupling. --- fluido (auto)(A), fluid drive. --- hidrulico, fluid drive. --- impulsor, impulse coupling. --- intervalvular (ra), intervalve coupng. --- ptimo (ra), optimum or critical coupling. --- por impedancia (ra), impedance coupling. --- por resistencia-capacidad (ra), resistancecapacitance coupling. --- recalcado interior (tub), internal upset j oint. --- resistivo (ra), resistiva or resistance cou; ing.

8
---- semirrs (tub), semiflush joint. ---- sin rosca, threadless coupling. ---- universal, universal joint.

acuamotoi

acoplar, to couple, join, connect, hook up. acople m (A), acoplo m (C), a coupling. acorazado a, armored; enclosed; (elec) ironclad. acorchado, lined with cork. acordamiento m, pieza de, transition piece. acordar, to make level or fluah; (ra) to tune. acordelar, to lay out with a chalk Une. acordonado, cord (tire). acordonar (ca)(Ch)(U), to windrow. acortar, to shorten; acortarse, to contract, shrink, shorten. acorvar, to bend. acostarse, to get out of plumb. acostillado, ribbed. acotacin /, elevation or dimensin marked on a plan; boundary mark or monument; (C) elevation. acotamiento m, setting boundary monuments; dimensioning; (M) shoulder of a road. acotar, to mark elevations, dimensin; (surv) to mark out, set monuments. acotillo m, sledge, striking hammer. acre m, acre, acrecencia/, acrecimiento m (geol)(for), accretion. acreedor m, creditor. acrepi m, acre-foot. acrepulgada/, acre-inch. acribar, to screen, sift. acribillar, to perfrate, riddle. acrisolar, to assay; to refine. acromtico, achromatic. aermetro m, oleometer, acrometer. acta /, memorndum of action signed by parties thereto. actas, minutes of a meeting. actnico, actinio. actinio m (qum), actinium. actinismo m, actinism. actinodielctrico, actinodielectric. actinoelectricidad /, actinoelectricity. actinofnico, actinophonic. actinografa /, actinography. actingrafo m, actinograph. actinograma m, actinogram. actinolita, actinota / (miner), actinolite (amphibole). actinologa/, actinology. actinometra /, actinometry. actinomtrico, actinometric. actinmetro m, actinometer. actinomicetales (is), Actinomycetales. activable (is), activable. activador m (qum), activator, promoter. activar, to actvate. activo tn, assets; a (chem) active. ---- circulante, working capital, liquid asaeta. ---- invisible, good will. actuador ra, actuator. actuante m (Es), actuator. actuar, to actate, drive, oprate, acuagel m (pet), aquage. acuamotor m (Es), hydraulic ram.

acuarela
acuarela /, water color, wash drawing. acutico, aquatic. acuatizaje m (ap), landing on the water. acueducto m, aqueduct, conduit, flume; water system, waterworks. cueo, aqueous. cueoglacial (geol), aqueoglacial. cueogneo (gcol), aqueoigneous. acuerdar, to lay out with a ehalk line. acuerdo m, agreement; resolution, decree. acuerdo, pieza de (tub), fitting; transition piece. acuicierre m, acuiclusa /, aquiclude (geohydrolacuf ero, water-bearing. acuifuga/, aquifuge (geohydrology). acumulacin/, accumulation; (geoi) accretions. acumulador m, (mech) aecumulator; (elec) storaga battery or cell'; (ac) cumulator. --- cido de plomo, lead acid or lead-lead acid cell. ---- compensador, floating battery. - do alta gravedad, high-gravity battery. ---- de baja gravedad, low-gravity battery. ---- de hierro-nquel, nickel-iron or Edison storage battery. ---- de plomo-cinc, lead-zinc cell. ---- de vapor, steam aecumulator. ---- empastado (elc), pasted battery. ---- flotaste, floating battery. --- hidrulico, hydraulic aecumulator. ---- hidroneumtico, hydropneumatic aecumu lator. ---- Plant, Plant battery. acumuladorista m (M), battery-maintenance man. acumulativo, cumulative. acuador (m) de balasto (fe), ballast tamper. acuamiento m (geol), thinning out of a vein. acuar, to wedge, chock, key; to jam; to tamp (ties); acuarse, to jam. acuoso, aqueous. acuosoluble, soluble in water, acuotubular (cal), watertube. acstica /, acoustics. acstico, acoustic. acutngulo, acute-angled. achaflanar, to bevel, chamfer, splay. acharolar, to japan; to varnish. achatador m (her), flatter. achatar, to flatten. achicador m, bailer. - de lodo (pet), mud socket. - de stanos, cellar drainer. achicadura /, unwatering, bailing, drainage, draining. achicar, to unwater, bail out, drain. achiflonado (min)(Ch), sloping. achiguar (A)(Ch), to bulge, buckle. achique m, unwatering, bailing, draining. acholle m (irr)(M), excess water that runs off. achololear (irr)(M), to run off (excess water). achololera / (irr)(M), ditch to collect excess water. achurada / (dib) (M), hatching. achurar (dib)(M), to hatch. ad valcrem, ad valorem.
ogy).

aditivo
adala /, dale, spout, trough. ---- de bomba, pump dale. adamantino (miner), adamantine. adamelita/ (geol), adamelite, plagioclase-granite adaptador m, (mech)(ra) adapter; (p) transition piece, fitting. ----de antena (ra), antenna adapter or eliminator. ---- de onda (ra), wave adapter. ---- de vlvula (ra), valve adapter. ---- para tubera (pet), casing adapter. adaptar, to fit. adaraja/, bondstone; (conc) bondingkey; toothing. adelantador (ni) de fases (elc), phase advancer. adelantar, toad vanee (all senses). adelante, ahead; forward. adelanto m, progress; ad vanee payment; (se) (geop) lead. adelgazador m (pint), thinner. N adelgazar, to make thin; to taper, ski ve; to soften (water); to tliin (paint); to cut back (asphalt). adema/ (min), shore, prop. ademado m, timbering, bracing, shoring; (M) well casirig. ---- de cajn, cribwork. ademador m, timberman, shorer. ademadora /, ax used in mine timbering. ademar, to shore, timber. ademe m (min), strut, shore. ---- de prestado, temporary timbering. adentar, to tooth. adentelladura /, toothing. adentellar, to tooth; (conc) to form bonding adentro adv, inside. aderezadura /, (mech) dresser; buzz planer. aderezar, to fit out, rig, equip; to dress, rectify aderezo m, dressing (belt, etc.). adeudar (cont), to debit. adherencia /, adhesin, bond. adherente, adhesive. adherirse, to adhere, cohere. adhesin/, adhesin, bond; (w) freezing. adhesivo, adhesive. adiabtico, adiabatic. adiactnico, adiactinic. adiatrmico, adiathermic. adicin/, addition. adicionante m (conc)(M), admixture. adicional m (conc) (A), admixture, adinola / (geol), adinole. adintelar (Col), to place a lintel. aditamento m, a fitting, attachment, accessory (auto) equipment; (conc) (Col) insert. ----de muela (torno), grinding attachment. ---- de taladrar (eni), boring attachment. ----para fresar (torno), milling attachment. aditamentos - de cadena, chain attachments. ----de tractor, tractor equipment. --- de tubera (Col), pipe fittings. aditivo m, additive; (elec) addition agent; a additive. --- de combustible, fuel dope.
keys.

aditivo
----en polvo (conc), powdered admixture. adjudicar, to award, let (contract). adjudicatario m, successful bidder. administracin /, administraron, management; manager's office; headquarters. ----delegada, agency form of contract, cost plus. --- judicial, receivership. administrador m, manager. --- auxiliar, assistant manager. --- de obras, construction manager. --- interino, acting manager. --- judicial, receiver. admisin /, (eng) admission, intake. --- total (turb), full admission. admitancia/ (elc), admittance. --- de entrada (ra), input admittance. --- electrdica (ra), electrode admittance. adobar, to apply dressing (belt, etc.). adobe TO , adobe, mud construction; unburned brick; kiiid of loess; (bl) mudcap. adobera/, mold for adobe brick; adobe brickyard. adobera /, adobe brickyard. adobo TO, belt dressing; cable compound. adobn TO , (Ch) one pour of adobe wall; (V) large brick. adoqun TO, stone paving block. ---- de asfalto, asphalt block. ---- de madera, wood paving block. adoquinado TO, block paving. ---- grantico, granite-block paving. adoquinador TO, paver. adoquinar, to pave with blocks. adosar, to abut against, back up to. adovelado (arco), built of voussoirs. adrales TO, sideboards or racks of a truck. ---- sobresalientes, flareboards. adrizar (nut), to trim, right. adsorbedor TO (aa), adsorber. adsorbente, adsorbent. adsorber, to adsorb. adsorcin, adsorption. aduana /, customhouse. aduanar, to enter in the customhouse; to pay duty; to put in bond. aduanero m, customs official. aduja/, coil (rope). adujadas /, coils. adujar, to coil. adulzar, to soften (metis or water), adveccin/, advection. advectivo, advective. adyacente (mat), adjacent, contiguous. aeracin/, aeration. ---- de dos etapas, two-stage aeration. ---- graduada (dac), tapered aeration. ---- por vertedero, weir aeration. aerar, to arate, aereador TO, aerator. --- a difusin, diffusion aerator. --- a roco, spray aerator. --- a salpicadura, spl&sh aerator. --- de aspiracin mecnica, forced-draft aerator. --- de batea de coque, coke-tray aerator. --- de boquilla, nozzle aerator. --- de cascadas o de escalones, cascade or step aerator.

10

aeroplano

---- de cono mltiple, multicone aerator. ----de corriente descendente, downdraft aera: tor. de escobilla, brush aerator. ----de paletas, paddle aerator. ----de placas deflectoras, baffle-plate aerator. aerear, to arate. areo, aerial. aerfero, containing air. aerificar, to aerify. aeriforme, aeriform. aeroacetilnica, air-acetylene (welding). aeroacondicionamiento m (A), air conditioning. aeroalternador TO (U), alternator driven by a windmill. aerobacter (is), aerobacter. aerobase /, air base, aviation base, aerbico, aerobic. aerobio m, aerobe. aerobiosis/ (is), aerobiosis. aerocartgrafo m (fma), aerocartograph; aerial photographic surveyor. aerocreto, aeroconcreto TO (Col), (conc) Aerocrete (trademark). aerocroquis m (fma), mosaic. aerodinmica /, aerodynamics. aerodinamicista, aerodynamicist. aerodinmico, streamlined; aerodynamic. aerdromo TO, airport. aeroelctrica, planta (M), wind-driven generating plant. aeroembolismo m (A), the bends, caisson disease. aeroexpreso TO (tr), air express. aeroeyector TO (hid)(Es), air lift. aerofaro TO, airway beacon. aerofiltracin /, aerofiltration. aerofiltro TO, aerofilter. aerfono m, aerophone. aerfora/ (min), aerophore. aerofotografa /, aerial photography, aerophotography. aerofotogrfico, aerophotographic. aerofotograma m, aerial photogram. aerofotogrametra /, aerial photogrammetry, aerosurveying. aerofotogramtrico, aerophotogrammetric. aerofof-otopografa /, topography by aerial photography. aerogasolina /, aviation gasoline. aergeno a, aerogenic. aergenos TO (is), aerogenes. aerografa /, aerography. aerogrfico, aerographic. aergrafo TO (ra), aerograph. aerograma TO, aerogram; (pmy) aerial mosaic. aerohidrodinmico, aerohydrodynamic. aerolita /, aerolite (aluminum alloy). aeromagntico, aeromagnetic. aeromecnica /, aeromechanics. aeromecnico, aeromechanical. aerometra /, aerometry. aermetro TO, aerometer. aeromotor m, aeromotor; (Sp)(U) windmill. aeronafta /, aviation gasoline. aeronivelacin / (A), aerial leveling. aeroplano TO, airplahe.

aeropoligonacin
aeropoligonacin/ (fma), aerial traversing. aeroproyeccin/ (fma), aeroprojection. aeroproyector m (fma), aeroprojector. aeropuerto m, airport. ----aduanero, airport of entry. ----de control, control airport. --- de enlace, feeder airport. --- de todo tiempo, all-weather airport. --- martimo, seaplane base, marine airport. aeropulvenzador m, compressed-air atomizer. aerosimplex (fma), aerosimplex. aerosol m (aa), aerosol. aerosttica /, aerosttica. aerosttico, aerostatic. aerotcnico, aerotechnical. aero topgrafo m (fma), aerotopograph. aerotransporte m, air transport. aerotriangulacin /, aerial triangulation, aerotriangulation. aerova/, airway. ---- de cable, aerial tramway. afallamiento m (geol)(M), faulting. afanita/ (geol), aphanite. afantico, aphanitic. afeitanar, to cut off rivetheads. aferrar, to bind with iron clamps; to grapple; to anchor, moor; aferrarse (maq), to seize, freeze. afianzador m, fastener. afianzar, to tie, make fast; to bond (employee). afiladera /, sharpener, whetstone. afilado, (t) sharp. ---- a mquina (herr), machine-dressed. afilador (m) de barrenas, drill sharpener. afiladora (/) de brocas, bit grinder. afilar, to sharpen, whet, grind. afiln m, sharpening stone. afinacin/, affination; finishing; refining. afinado m, finish (surface). afinadora/, (rd) finisher; surfacer. afinar, to finish; to refine; to reglate, adjust. afinidad/ (qum), affinity. ---- electrnica, electrn affinity. afino m, refining; (met) fining. afirmadero m (Ch), strut, shore. afirmado m, road surfacing, pavement; (V) roadbed. afirmar, to make fast; (ea) to compact; (rd) to pave. aflojar, to loosen, slack; aflojarse, to get lose, work lose, loosen up, start. afloramiento m, outcrop; (conc)(A) bleeding. aflorar, to crop out, outcrop; to emerge (ground water). afluencia/ (hid), runoff, inflow. afluente m a, tributary. afluir, to flow in. aflujo m, inflow, runoff; afflux. afolador m, calking iron, calking chisel; calker. afolar (cal), to calk. afondar, afondarse (nut), to sink. aforador m, stream gage; gager; appraiser. -- de aduana, customs appraiser. ---- de alambre y pesa, wire-weight gage. ---- de cadena, chain gage. ---- de cinta, tape gage.

11

agente

- de flotador, float gage. de gancho, hook gage. --- de resalto, standing-wave flume. --- registrador, recording gage. aforar, to measure; (r) to gage; to appraise. aforo m, (r) gaging, measurement; appraisal; classification (freight). ---- americano (A), American wire gage. ---- con disolucin salina (hid), salt-dilution method of gaging. ---- de Birmingham (A), Birmingham wire gace. ---- por flotadores (hid), float gaging. ---- por inercia-presin (hid), inertia-pressure method of gaging. ---- por molinete (hid), current-meter gaging. ---- por velocidad de sal (hid), salt-velocity method of gaging. ----qumico (hid), chemical gaging, salt-dilution method. aforrar, to line, sheathe; (fo) to lag; (cab) to serve. aforro m, lining, sheathing, lagging; (cab) serving. aftita/, aphtit (aUoy). aftitalita / (miner), aphthitalite, glaserite, arcanite. agar m (lab), agar. ---- de bilis, bile agar. ---- nutritivo, nutrient agar. agar-agar, agar-agar. agargantado (Es), grooved. agarrabolsas / (fe), mailbag catcher, mail crane. agarradera/, handle, grip, haft; clamp. - D, D handle (shovel); spade handle (elec switch). ----de cinta (lev), tape grip. de pistola, pistol grip. --- de puerta, door pul. ----de serrucho, saw pad. - de ventana, sash lift. agarradero m, clamp; handle, grip; (naut) anchoring ground. ----de cable, cable clip. - de puerta, doorknob; door pul. agarrador m, handle, grip; (re) passer; (lg) dogger. ----de riel (herr fe), gripper. --- de tensin (lev), tensin handle (for tapo). --- de tubo (pet), tubing catcher. agarradora/ (ef), skidding grab. agarradurmientes m (fc)(M), tie tongs. agarrar, to grip, grapple; agarrarse (maq), to seize, freeze, drag (brake). agarratubos m (pet), tubing catcher. agarre m, (re) (mech) grip. agarrotar (ef), to choke. agencia (/) de colocaciones, employment ageney, labor exchange. agente m, agent. --- cataltico, catalytic agent. --- comprador, purchasing agent. --- de aduana (C), customhouse broker. --- de carga (fe), freight agent. --- de equipajes (fe), baggage agent. - de va (fe) (A), roadmaster, supervisor. --- expedidor, forwarding agent.

agente
---- meterico, atmospheric agency. ---- qumico, chemical agent. ---- reductor (qum), reducer, reducing agent.

12

aguas
---- de complemento (cal), make-up water. ---- de consolidacin (ms), water o compaction. ---- de constitucin (qum), water of constitution. ---- de elaboracin, procesa water, (conc) mixing ---- de enjuague (M), (wp) wash water. ---- de expulsin (geol) (A), water of compaction. ---- de fondo (pet), bottom water. ---- de formacin (geol) (A), connate water. ---- de gravedad (irr)(ms), gravitational or ---- de hidratacin (qum), water of hydration. ---- de imbibicin (irr), water of absorption or ---- de lavado (filtro), wash water. ---- de noria (M), well water. ---- de pie, spring water. ---- de reemplazo o de rellenar (cal), make-up ---- de salida, tail water (powerhouse). ---- de tormenta, storm water. ---- delgada, soft water. --- dulce, fresh water; (su) sweet water. ---- estancada, standing or stagnant water. ---- fretica, ground or suspended water. ---- fretica a gravedad (irr), gravity ground ---- fretica afluente, influent ground water. ---- fretica efluente, effluent ground water. ---- fuerte, aqua fortis, nitric acid. --- gorda o gruesa, hard or brackish water. ---- libre (ms)(irr), free water. ---- llovediza o llovida o pluvial, rain water. --- muerta, still or stagnant water; slack water. --- pelicular (ms), pellicular water. --- pluvial de albaal, storm sewage. --- potable, drinking or potable water; domestic --- regia, aqua regia, nitrohydrochloric acid. --- singentica (geol) (A), connate water. --- solidificada (ms), solidified water. --- sublvea, water in the bed of a stream. --- subterrnea adherida, attached ground --- subterrnea aislada, perched ground water. ----subterrnea endicada (A), perched ground

agitador m, agitator, mixer. ---- de chorro, jet agitator. agitar, to agitate, stir. aglomeracin /, agglomeration. aglomerado m, (geol) agglomerate; coal briquet. aglomerante m, binder, matri::. ---- para machos (fund), core binder. aglomerar, to agglomerate. aglutinador m, binder, cementing material, aglutinante m, cementing material; (elec) binder. aglutinar, to agglutinate; to cement, bind; aglutinarse, to cake. agoja/ (min), drain. agojo m, a Philippine lumber. agolparse (M), to jam. agnico, agonic. agotador m, exhauster. agotamiento m, dcplction; exhaustion; drainage; running down. ---- de metales, fatigue of metis. agotar, to drain, unwater, evacate; to exhaust, run down. agradacin/ (geol), aggradation. agramilar, to mark with a marking gage, to mark out. agrandahoyos m (pet), reamer, hole enlarger. agregado m, (conc) (rd) (geol) aggregate, road metal. ---- coloidal (pet), admixture. ---- en polvo (conc), powdered admixture. ---- escalonado o graduado, graded aggregate. ---- grueso, coarse aggregate. ---- premezclado (conc), premixed aggregate. - tal como sale, run-of-bank aggregate. agregados (mee)(A), attachments, accessories. agremiado m, unin man; a unionized. agremiar, to unionize. agrietamiento m, (geol) jointing; (lbr) checking. agrietarse, to crack, (lbr) to check. agolletar, to fasten with a shackle. agrimensor m, surveyor, land surveyor. --- de minas, mine surveyor. agrimensura /, land surveying. agrio, brittle; harsh; sour. --- al fro (met), cold-short. agrnomo m, agricultural engineer, agronomist. agrumador m (pa), floceulator, floc former. agrupacin/, grouping, banking; (ra) ganging. agrupar, to group, bank. agua /, water. --- basta o bruta, raw or untreated water. --- blanda, soft water. --- capilar (ms) (irr), capillarj- water. --- connata (geol), connate or fossil water. --- corriente, running or flowing water; waterdistribution system. --- cruda, raw or unfiltered water; hard water. --- de albaal, sewage. --- de alimentacin (cal), feed water. --- de cal, limewater. --- de cantera, quarry water. de cohesin (ms), cohesive water. de cola, le water.

water.

gravity or free water.

of imbibition.

water.

water.

water supply.

water.

water. --- subterrnea fijada (A), attached ground water. subyacente (pet), bottom or edge water. ----superior (pet), top water. ----surgidora o surtidora, artesian water. ---- vadosa (geol) (A), vadose water. --- viva, running or flowing water. aguas --- abajo, downstream. ---- altas, high water. ---- aprovechables, water resources. ----arriba, upstream. bajas, low water. ----blancas (Es)(A)(Pe), storm-water drainage. ----broncas (M), flood waters. - caseras (Es)(Pe), domestic sewage, ----cloacales combinadas, combined sewage. ----cloacales de infiltracin, ground or infiltration water.

aguas
- cloacales industriales, industrial or trade wastes. --- cloacales pluviales, storm sewage. --- cloacales sanitarias, sanitary or house or domestic sewage. ---- cloacales separadas, seprate sewage. ---- corrientes (A), municipal water supply. ---- de cabecera (PR), (r) headwaters. ---- de fregadero (al), sink water. ---- de retroceso (PR), tail water (powerhouse). ---- estiales, low water. - excluidas (Pe), sewage. ---- fecales, sewage, sanitary sewage. ---- industriales, industrial wastes or sewage. -- inmundas, sewage. ---- juveniles (geol), juvenile waters. ---- metericas, rain or storm water; meteoric waters. ---- mnimas, low water. ---- negras, sewage, domestic or house sewago. ---- pluviales, rainf all. ---rejuvenecidas (geol), rejuvenated water. residuales domiciliarias, house or dornestio sewage. --- residuales industriales, industrial wastes. ---- servidas, sewage. ---- servidas caseras, house sewage. ---- someras (A), surfac water. ---- suspendidas, suspended water. ---- telricas (A), ground or well water. --- vertientes (hid), runoff. aguabresa/ (Es), soil pipe. aguacero m, heavy shov/er, downpour, cloudburst. ----presumido (hid), design storm, assumed rainfall. aguachinar (Es), to satrate (soil). aguada /, water station; flood; (pt) kalsomine; (CA) watering trough. aguadero m, water statjon. aguador m, waterboy, water carrier. aguaducho m, conduit; flood. aguaje in, tiderace; tidal wave; hydraulic bore; (C)(Ec) heavy shower; (M) well; (M) watering trough; (M) cistern. agualotal m (AC), bog, swamp. aguallita / (Pe), shallow water. agualluvia /, rain water. aguamanil m, washbasin. aguanieve /, sleet. aguantador m (re), dolly; bucker-up. aguantar, to resist, support; (re) to buck up. aguantatubos m (pet), pipe hook. aguante m (mee), endurance, strength. ---- al calor, heat endurance. aguan m, hydraulic engineer. aguar, to water, dilute; aguarse, to be drowned out. aguarrs m, turpentine. ---- mineral, turpentine substitute. aguatal m (Ec), pool; swamp. aguatero m (A), water cart; water carrier. aguatocha /, piimp. aguatorre /, water tower. aguay, agua m, an Argentine hardwood. aguazal m, swamp, bog, mursli.

13

agujero

aguce m (herr), sharpening. agudeza /, sharpness. agudizar, to sharpen. agudo, sharp, acute; sharp (curve). agera /, irrigation ditch. aguiero m (Es), round shoring timber. aguiln m, (de) boom, jib, mast arm; (rf) beveled tile at hip or valley; (rf) diagonal horizontal tie. ---- acodado, gooseneck boom. ---- activo, live boom. ---- de gra, crane boom; derrick boom. ---- de pala, shovel boom. ---- para carga pesada (en), heavy-lift or jumbo boom, -para pala de cable de arrastre, dragline boom, aguja /, needle; (rr) switch point; (hyd) needle beam; (carp) brad, finishing nail; (inst) hand, needle; (cons) shore, spreader; (min) small branch vein; (surv) marking pin, arrow; (fo) spreader. ---- area, aerial frog (trolley wire). ---- de agrimensor, surveyor's marking pin, arrow. ---- de brjula, compass needle. ---- de cadeneo (lev), marking pin, arrow. - de cambio o de carril o de chucho (fe) switch point or blade. ---- de carril Cortado (fe)(Es), stub switch. ---- de Gillmore (lab), Gillmore needle. ---- de inclinacin, dipping needle. ---- de manmetro, had of a pressure gage. ---- de marcar, scriber. ---- de marear, mriner's compass. ---- de medicin, (surv) tally pin, arrow; (ge) i ; metering pin. ---- de pared (ed), needle. ---- de plasticidad (ms), plasticity needle. ---- de polvorero, blasting needle. ---- de velero, sail needle. ---- de Vicat (lab), Vicat needle. .- descarriladora (fe), derail switch. - dosificadora, metering pin (carburetor). ---- imanada, magnetic needle. ---- indicadora, (eng) bouncing pin. ---- infernal, plug and feathers, wedge and shims. ---- para marcar, center punch. --trazadora (planmetro), tracing point. agujas, (min)(Sp) poling boards. ---- de arrastre (fe), trailing-point switch. ---- de encuentro o en contrapunta (fe), facingpoint switch. ---- de resorte (fe), spring switch. ---- enclavadas (fe), interlocked switch. ----verticales (hid), needle beams. agujal m (Col), hole in a wall left by form bolt or spreader. agujereador m, drill. ----de banco, bench drill. --- de columna, post drill. agujereadora /, punch; drill, boring machine, agujerear, to bore, drill, perfrate; agujerearse, to form a pipe (earth dam); to form holes, agujero m, hole. - aceitero (A), oilhole.

T
agujero 4 1 ahusamiento m, taper. ajustador
ahusar, to taper, skive; to batter. ailsita/ (geol), ailsyte (microgranite). --- ciego, blind hole. aire m, air. ---- de acceso, handhole, manhole. ----a presin (M), compressed air. --- de culebra (vol), snake hole. --arrastrado, entrained air. --- de engrase, oilhole. ----comprimido, compressed air. --- de hombre, manhole (boiler, tank, etc; not ----detonante, firedamp. used for street manholes). ----libre, al, outdoors. ---- de inyeccin, grout hole. ----libre por minuto, free air per minute (com---- de lubricacin, oilhole. pressor). de mano, handhole. airear, to arate; to ventlate. de muestreo (is), sampling hatch. aislacin/, insulation; (A) waterproofing. --- de nudo, knothole. --- de humedad, dampproofing. ---- de paso, manhole (tank, etc.). --- de relleno, fill insulation. ---- de perno, bolthole. --- de sonido, soundproofing. ---- de prueba, test hole. --- reflectora, reflective insulation. - de remache, rivet hole. --- trmica, heat insulation. ---- de sonda, drill hole, boring. aislado de papel, paper-insulated. manual, handhole. aislador m, insulator. ---- oblongo, (str) slotted hole. - a botn clavado, nail khob. ---- para espiga (ais), pinhole. ---- abrazador, cleat insulator. ---- para pasador (est), pinhole. ---- corriente, standard-duty insulator. - para poste, posthole. ---- de amarre, strain insulator. ---- pasante, through hole. ---- de anclaje, terminal strain insulator. ---- de botn partido, split-knob insulator. ---- piloto, pilot hole. ---- de cadena, string or suspensin insulator. ---- por roscar, tapping hole. ---- de campana, bell or petticoat insulator. ---- sin salida (A), blind hole. ---- de caperuza, hood insulator. agujeros de aliviamiento (en), lightening holes. ---- de carrete, spool insulator. agujeros de gua (mh), guide holes. ---- de derivacin mltiple, take-off insulator. agujetero m (mo)(V), through bolt to hold a ---- de espiga, pin insulator. bulkhead. agujista m (fe), switchman. agujn (dib), pricker. ---- de fabricacin hmeda, wet-process insula tor. agujuela /, brad, finishing nail. agusanado, worrn---- de horquilla y macho, clevis-and-tap insula eaten. aguzadera/, whetstone. aguzador m, drill tor. i sharpener. ---- de ojillo y horquilla, eye-and-clevis insulator. ---- de lpices, pencil sharpener. ---- de perilla, knob insulator. aguzadora (/) de pernos, bolt pointer. aguzar, to sharpen, whet, point; (pet) to dresa ---- de semianclaje, semistrain insulator. ---- de tres campanas, triple-petticoat insulator. (bit). ---- distanciador o de pie, standoff insulator. aherrumbrarse, to rust. ahilar, to line up, align. ahitar (lev), to set monuments. ahocinarse (r), to ---- mural, wall insulator tube. cut a gorge. ahogadizo, nonfloating, heavier than ---- para horquilla, fork-bolt or clevis insulator. water. ahogado, submerged, drowned; lacking air ---- para viento, guy-strain insulator. ---- prensado en seco, dry-process insulator. for ---- seccionador, section insulator. combustin; (M) embedded. ahogador m ---- tensor, turnbuckle or strain insulator. (auto) (M), choke. ahogar, to submerge, drown, ---- tipo de niebla, fog-type insulator. flood (carburetor) ; ---- tubular, leading-in insulator, wall insulator (M) to embed; ahogarse, to be submerged; tube. (eng) to stall. aislamiento m, insulation; isolation; (A) waterahondar, to deepen, dig, sink (shaft). ahonde m, proofing. deepening, sinking. ahorcaperro m, running aislante m, insulating material, insulant. bowline; hitch. ahorcarse, to jam. ahorquillado, ---- de cambray, cambric insulation. forked. ahuecado, hollowed out. ---- de ebonita, hard-rubber insulation. ahuecador (m) metlico (ed), metal floor pan. ahuecamiento m, cavity, void, hollow. ahulado m, ---- de pergamino, parchment insulation. aislar, to insulate, isolate. (CA) waterproof fabric; a rubberajarafe TO, tableland; flat roof. covered. ajomalar, to employ by the day. ahusado m, taper, (fdy) draft. ajustable, adjustable. ----al revs (herr), back taper, longitudinal ajustado, tight, cise; fitted; adjusted. relief. ajustador m, machinist, fitter, mechanic; adjust---- de entrada (herr), entering taper. ing tool; (mech)(carp) adjuster; (ins) ad--- Jamo, Jamo taper. juster. ---- Morse, Morse taper. ---- a cero (elc), zero adjuster. ---- de banderola, transom operator.

ajustador de batiente (carp), stop-bead adjuster. --- de claraboya, skylight operator; transom operator. de tuercas, nut runner or tightener or setter. ---- de ventana batiente, casement adjuster. ajustadora /, any adjusting device. ajustaje m, fitting, adjusting; (A) machining. a justar, to fit, adjust, make true; (surv) to balance; ajustarse a, to fit into; ajustarse sobre, to fit over. ajuste m, adjustment, fitting, setting; (machy) a fit; (C) piecework, small contract. --- a golpe ligero, tapping fit. --- a inglete, miter joint. --- a martillo, driving fit. --- a prueba de vapor, steam fit. --- ahusado, taper fit. --- apretado, tight or cise fit. --- clavado, drive fit. ---- con holgura, lose fit. ---- corredizo, sliding fit. ---- de fase (tv), phasing. ---- de llave, wrench fit. --- de presin, press fit. -- de rotacin libre, running fit. ---- del trazado, balancing the survey. ---- empotrado en caliente, shrink fit. ---- escogido, selective fit. ---- estrecho, press fit, shrink fit. ---- forzado, tight or forc or press or drive fit. ---- forzado mediano, mdium forc fit. ---- holgado, lose or free fit. ---- libre, easy or light fit. ---- por contraccin, shrink fit. ---- preciso, fine fit. ---- sin holgura, snug or wringing or tunking or push or working fit. ajustes, (p) (machy) fittings. ajustero m (.Col), small contractor; pieceworker. ajustn m (Ec), tight fit. al costado (nut), alongside. ala /, wing (dair* or bldg); leg (angle); flange (I beam); blade (propeiler); leaf of a hinge; leaf of a folding door. --del corazn (fe), wing rail (frog) ---- de mosca (Es), brad; tack. alabandina, alabandita/ (mineral de manganeso), alabandite, manganblende. alabe m, (turb) bucket; (turb) gate, vane; (mx) blade. ----director o del distribuidor (turb), wicket gate, guide vane. ---- regulable, adjustable blade. alabearse, to warp. alabeo m, warping, wind; (rd)(V) crown. alacena /, locker, closet. alacrn ra, swivel; (Col) clamp. aladrar, to plow. aladrero m (min)(Es), timberman. aladro m, plow. alagadizo, hable to be inundated. alagado m, inundated land. alagar, to inndate, swamp, flood; alagarse (nut)(B), toleak. alagunar (Ch), to inndate, flood. alambicar, to distilt.

15

alambre

alambique m, a still. acorazado o de casco, shell still. ----de tubos, pipe or tube still. ----de vaco, vacuum still. ----desintegrador (pet), cracking still. ----despojador (pet), stripping still. ----destufador (pet)(M), sweetening still. ----desulfurador (pet), sweetening still. - discontinuo, batch still. --- para redestilacin (pet), rerun still. alambiquero m, (pet) stillman; (C) distillery. alambor m, bevel cut, splay. alambrado m, wiring; wire mesh; wire fence. --- de botn y tubo, knob and tube wiring. --- de festn, festoon wiring. - descubierto, exposed or open wiring. --- encerrado, concealed wiring. alambrador m (A), wire-fence erector. alambra je m, wiring; wire fencing. alambrar, to wire. alambre m, wire. ---- a prueba de intemperie (elc), weatherpreor wire. ---- agrio o brillante o claro, bright wire. ---- baado de cobre, coppered wire. ---- cargado, live wire. ---- cinta, flat wire. ---- cobrizado, copper-clad wire. ---- de aporte (sol), filler wire. ---- de atar (ref), tie wire. ---- de campanilla (elc), bell wire. ---- de contacto, trolley or contact wire. ---- de cuadro indicador (elc), annunciator wire. ---- de disparo (vol), leading wire. ---- de edificacin (elc), building wire. - de entrada (elc), lead-in wire. - de espinas, barbed wire. de guardia (elc), guard or ground wire. ---- de masa (elc), ground wire. ---- de pas, barbed wire. ---- de puente (vol), bridge wire (in the exploder) ---- de relleno, (wr) filler wire. ---- de soldadura, wire solder; welding wire. ---- desnudo, bare wire. ---- dulce, sof t or annealed wire. enterizo (elc), solid wire. ---- espigado (AC), barbed wire. ---- espinoso (Es), barbed wire. ---- estirado en fro, eold-drawn wire. ---- estirado medio duro, medium-hard-drawn wire. ---- forrado de algodn, cotton-covered Wire. ---- forrado de asbesto, asbestos-insulated wire. ---- forrado de caucho, rubber-covered wire. ---- forrado de plomo, lead-sheathed wire. ---- forrado de vidrio, glass-covered wire. ---- fundente, welding wire. ---- fundente de latn, brazing wire. ---- fusible, fuse wire, a wire fuse. ---- mejor de lo mejor (elc), best best (BB) wire. ----nudo, bare wire. ---- para artefactos (elc), fixture wire; appliance wire. --- pescador (elc), fish wire. --- piloto (elc), pilot wire.

alambre
---- por reestirar, redrawing wire. ---- soldador, welding wire; wire solder. ---- tejido, wire fabric or netting. ---- trefilado, stranded wire. ---- trenzado, braided or stranded wire.

16

alcayata albitana / (en), apron, stemson; propeller post. albolita/(mam), albolite. albolln m, drain, sewer. albortante m (M), lighting post. albufera/, tidal lagoon. albuhera /, pond, reservoir. albmina/, albumin. albuminoide m, albuminoid. albuminoideo a, albuminoid. albumosa / (is), albumose. albura /, sapwood. --- de primavera, springwood. --- de verano, summerwood. alburno m, alburnum, sapwood. alcachofa/ (bm), strainer, footvalve and strainer. alcalescencia /, alcalescence. alcalescente, alcalescent. lcali m, alkali. alcalimetra/, alkalimetry. alcalmetro m, alkalimeter. alcalinidad /, alkalinity. alcalinizar, to render alkaline. alcalino, alkaline. alcalinotrreo a, alkaline-earth. alcalizador m (az), liming tank. alcalizar, to alkalize, render alkaline; (su) to lime. alcance m, reach; range; drift (tackle); (rr) rearend colusin; (com) balance; (rd) overtaking; (ra) coverage; (ac) blow, throw. --- de cavadura (pl), digging reach. --- de descarga (pl), dumping reach. ----de planeo (ap), gliding range or distance. ----de la vista (ca), sight or visibility distance. alcanca / (M), bin, hopper; (min) chute, mili hole; (conc) tremie. alcantarilla /, culvert; sewer, drain; conduit; (elec)(Sp) cable duct; (M) basin, cistern. ----anidable, nestable metal culvert. ---- arqueada, arch culvert. ---- de alivio, relief sewer. ---- de cajn, box culvert. ---- de chapas mltiples, multiple-plate corrugated culvert. ---- de descarga, outfall sewer. ---- de platabanda (V), box culvert. ---- de pozo, drop-inlet culvert. ---- interceptadora, intercepting sewer. ---- maestra, trunk sewer. ---- para ganado (fe), cattle pass. ---- pluvial, storm-water sewer. ---- sanitaria, sanitary sewer. ---- visitable (Es), sewer big enough for a man to enter. alcantarillado m, sewerage. ---- separativo, seprate system of sewerage. ---- unitario, combined system. alcantarillaje TO, sewage. alcantarillar, to sewer, drain; to build culverts. alcanzar, to reach; to overtake. alcaparrosa/, coppera. alcarria /, plateau. alcatifa /, layer of cinders or other nlling under floor or roof tiles, alcayata/, spike; (C) staple; (surv) spad. ---- de cao, pipe hook, leader hook; gutter spike. ---- de rosca (fe), screw spike.

alambrecarril m (A), aerial tramway. alambrera /, wire netting. alambrn m (met) (M), wire rod. lamo, poplar. alamud m, door bolt. alanita/ (miner), allanite. alar m, eaves; (Col) sidewalk. alargadera /, lengthening bar for compass; lengthening bar for drill; (chem) adapter. alargamiento m, elongation, expansin. --- al fallar, ultmate elongation. alargar, to lengthen, extend, elongate; alargarse, to expand, lengthen, stretch. alarife m, masn; builder. alarma /, alarm. --- de falta de agua (cal), low-water alarm. --- de incendio, fre alarm. alasquita/ (geol), alaskite (granite). alastrar, to ballast. albaal m, sewer, drain; (C) sewage. --- de alivio, relief sewer. --- de rebose, reef or overflow sewer. --- derivado, branch or lateral sewer. --- domstico o de servicio, house sewer, service s connection. --- madre, main sewer. ---pluvial, storm sewer. --sanitario, sanitary sewer. albaalero m, sewer builder; sewer cleaner. albaear, to do masn work. albail m, masn, bricklayer. --- de cemento, cement masn. , ,: albailera /, masonry. ciclpea, cyclopean concrete. --- de piedra bruta, rubble masonry. ----de piedra labrada, ashlar masonry. ----en hileras, ashlar masonry. ----en seco, dry masonry. albarda /, packsaddle. albardilla /, coping, capstone; small packsaddle; (C) riding saddle. - de cumbre (ed), saddle stone. albardillado, crowned; troughed. albarddn m, (bldg)(Ca) coping; (hyd)(A) check dam; dike; ridge; (M) saddle. albarrada /, mud wall; dry stone wall. albarradn m, dike, small earth dam. albayaldar, to coat with white lead. albayalde m, white lead. ---- anaranjado, orange lead, mineral orange. ---- de plomo, white lead. ---- rojo, red lead. albedn m, gutter, drain. albedo m (fma), lbedo. albelln tn, sewer. alberca /, pool, pond; basin, tank. albercn m, reservoir. albergue m, bunkhouse, barracks, dormitory. alberquero m, tank tender, reservoir custodian. albina/, salt pool or marsh; (miner) apophyllite. albita/ (miner), albite (feldspar).

alcayata
- de va, track spike. alczar m (an), poop deck, quarter-deck. alce m, raising. alcohol m, alcohol; (min) galena. ----amlico, amyl alcohol. - desnaturalizado, denatured alcohol, methylated spirit. ----etlico, ethyl or grain alcohol. ----metlico, methyl or wood alcohol. ---- proplico, propyl alcohol. alcor m, hill. alcornoque m, cork tree. alcorozado m (ed)(M), space between beams on a wall; filling between beams. alcotana/, pick, mattock; stonecutter's hammer. ---- de dos hachas, asphalt mattock. alcribs m, tuycre. alcuba/, dome, cupola; vaulfc. alcubilla/, covered reservoir; basin, pond. alcumita/, Alcumite (alloy) (trademark) alcuza /, oilcan. aldaba /, latch, catch, retainer. ---- de candado, hasp. ---- de contraventana, shutter bar. ---- de picaporte, latch hasp. ---- de resorte, spring latch. ---- de seguridad, safety latch. ---- dormida, deadlatch. aldaba /, crossbar on a double door; horizontal timber against a wall; pate or sill of a partition. aldabilla / (ft), hook, latch. aldohexosa / (az), aldohexose. aleacin/, alloy. ---- a base de aluminio, aluminum-base alloy. ---- cuaternaria, quaternary alloy. ---- de imprenta, type metal. ---- de nquel al plomo, leaded nickel alloy. ---- de punto bajo de fusin, low-melting alloy. ---- delta, delta metal. ---- no ferrosa, nonferrous alloy aleaje m (U), alloy alear, to alloy. alecrn m, an i Argentino lumber very hard and heavy. alefriz m (carp), rabbet. alegrador m, reamer, broach. alegrar, to ream, broach. alejamiento m, receding, separation. alejamientos y desviaciones (lev)(M), latitudes and departures. alema /, duty of irrigation water, alemontita/ (miner), allemontite, arsenical antimony. alerce m, larch, tamarack, hackmatack. alero m, eaves; (bldg)(dam) wing; (bdg) wing wall. alern m, aileron; damper. alesador m (A), operator of a drill (shop) alesadora/, drill. alesaje m, bore (cylinder). alesna /, awl. alesnado, sharp-pointed. aleta/, (mech) lug; fin, gil; leaf (hinge); (mx) blade; (turb) vane; (na) quarter. --- amortiguadora, damping vane.

17

alicaten
----de hlice, piropeller blade. ----de semforo (fe), semaphore blade. ----desviadora (turb), redirecting blade. ----directriz o distribuidora (turb), wicket gate,

guide vane. aletas de enfriamiento, cooling fins. alevante m (min)(M), overhand stope. aleviadorra (hid), alleviator. alfa-naftol m, alpha-naphthol. alfagra/ (Es), channel, gorge. alfaja /, door or window frame; batten; timber 10 by 14 cm; (Col) roofing board. alfametilnaftaleno, alfametilnaftalina, alphamethyl naphthalene. alfaque m, shoal, bar. alfarda /, (carp) light wooden beam, scantling; rafter; irrigation dues. alfardar, to join in an irrigation development. alfardn m (C), girder, heavy beam. alfarera/ (V), brick rnasonry; tilework. alfar jar, to wainsoot. alfarje m, wainscot; paneling. alfarja, same as alfaja. alfizar m, splay of door or window. alfiler m (M), peg, pin. -de Pars (Es), wire nail. alfilerillo m, finishing nail, brad. ^- cortado, cut finishing nail. ---- de alambre, wire finishing nail. alfombrado ro (mam)(V), base course, mat. alga/, alga. algas, algae. algceo, algal. algaida /, sand dune. algarrobo m, carob wood. lgebra/, algebra. algebraico, algebraic. algecida m, algaecide. algodn m, cotton. ---- colodin, collodion cotton. ---- de calafateo, calking cotton. ---- explosivo, guncotton. ---- mineral (A), slag wool. ---- plvora, guncotton, nitrocotton; cotton powder. ---- plvora nitrato (vol), tonite. . trenzado (elc), cotton braid. algoso, full of algae. alguaza/, hinge. alicatado m (C), wall of brick laid on edge. alicates m, pliers; tongs; pincers. ---- aislados, insulated or electrician's pliera. ---- de ngulo, diagonal pliers. ---- de articulacin movible, slip-joint pliers. ---- de ayustar (cab), splicing tongs. ---- de combinacin, combination pliers. ---- de corte lateral, side-cutting pliers. ---- de crisol (lab), crucible tongs. ---- de expansin, slip-joint pliers. ---- de garganta, open-throat pliera. ---- de gasista, gas pliers. ---- de guardalnea, lineman's pliera. ---- de punta plana, flat-nose pliers. ---- de punta redonda, roundnose pliers. ---- narigudos, long-nose pliers. ---- punzonadores, punch pliers.

18
alidada/, alidada. --- de anteojo, telescope alidade. --- de anteojo fijo, fixed-tube alidade. --- de explorador, exploration or expedition ali dade. --- de gelogo, geological alidade. --- de mirilla, peep-sight alidade. - de pnulas, open-sight alidade. --- de topgrafo, engineering alidade. --- para plancheta, plane-table alidade. aligacin/, tie; bond; alloy. aligerar, to lighten. alijador TO, lighterman. alijadora/, lighter; sander. alijar, to lighten; to sandpaper. alije m, unloading, lightening of a ship. alijo TO, unloading; (C) locomotive tender. alimentacin /, feed (all senses), feeding. --- a sinfn, worm feed. --- al vaco o por aspiracin, vacuum feed. --- con gasto constante (pa), constant-rate feed. ---- de retroceso (ra), feedback. ---- directa (pa), dry feed, direct feed (chlorine). ---- en seco (pa), dry feed. ---- forzada, forc feed. ---- mecnica, power feed; mechanical stoking. --- visible (lu), sight feed. alimentado a petrleo (cal), oil-fired, oil-burning. alimentado por gas, gas-red. : alimentador TO, feeder; feed wire; stoker. ---- basculante, jog feeder. ---- con descarga por detrs, rear-cleaning stoker. ---- de bandeja, tray feeder. ---- de carbn, stoker. ---- de correa, belt feeder. ---- de criba corrediza, traveling-grzzly feeder. ---- de descarga lateral, side-cleaning stoker. -- de disco rotatorio, rotary-disk feeder. ---- de dosificacin (pa), proportioning feeder. ---- de enlace (elc), tie feeder. ---- de hogar, mechanical stoker. ---- de parrilla corrediza, traveling-grate stoker. ---- de pelcula (fma), film-metering device. ---- de la red (elc), network feeder. ---- de vaciado superior, overfeed stoker. oscilante, reciprocating feeder. ---- pesador, weighing or weigh feeder. ---- sin fin, screw feeder. alimentar, to charge; to feed. alimento TO (mee), feed, feeding. alindar, to mark boundaries. ; alinderar (AC), to mark boundaries. alineacin/, alignment. ---- y rasante, line and grade, line and level. alineador TO, aligning tool. alinear, to line, line up, align. alisador TO, finishing tool; smoothing iron (asphalt); smoothing blade (road machine); (fdy) sleeker, smoother; (A) reamer. alisadora /, surfaeing machine; dresser. ---- de caminos, road scraper. alisaduras /, shavings, turnings. alisar, to plae, face, smooth up, surface. alisa tubos TO (pet), casing scraper. alisios TO, trade winds. astador (m) de tiempo, timekeeper.

almaina

alistonar, to lath; to cleat. alita/ (ct), alite. aliviadero TO, spillway, wasteway; sluiceway; weep hole. --- de agua sobrante (al), storm overflow. ----de crecidas, (r) floodway; (sw) storm overfiow. --- de cresta libre, open spillway (no gates). --- de fondo, sluiceway, undersluice. - de lluvia (Es), inlet to a storm sewer. --- de pozo, shaft spillway. --- de seguridad, emergeney spillway. --- de superficie, wasteway, spillway. --- lateral, side-channel spillway. --- superior (irr), overchute. vertical de arena (ot), sand drain. aliviador TO, spillway; relief valve. alivianar (PR) (A), to lighten. alivio m, easing, relief. --- de esfuerzos, stress relief. --- de expansin, expansin relief. --- de vaco, vacuum relief. aljaba (/) de electrodos (sol), electrode carrier. aljarafe TO, fat roof. aljez TO, gypsum, plaster of Pars. aljezar TO, gypsum quarry. aljibe TO, pool, tank, cistern; tank barge. aljofifa/, mop. aljofifar, to mop. aljor TO, gypsum. aljorozado TO (V), scratch coat of lime and mud. aljorozar, to plaster; to smooth up. alma /, core (dam); (str) web, stem (T); (cab) center, core; (lbr) heart; drill core; scaffold pole. ---- calada o de celosa (est), lattice web. ---- combada (ts), arched web. - de andamio, scaffold pole. ---- de camo, (wr) hemp center. ---- de ensayo, test or sample core. ---- de riel, web of a rail. ---- fibrosa, (wr) fiber core. ~ llena (est), solid web, pate web. almacn TO, warehouse, storehouse, storeroom; store; magazine (camera). afianzado, bonded warehouse. ---- de agua, cistern, tank. ---- de plvora, magazine. almacenador TO, warehouseman. almacenaje TO, storage, warehousing; warehouse charges. almacenamiento TO, storage. ---- de desbordamiento (hid), valley storage. ---- de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge storage. ---- en las riberas (hid), bank storage. ---- momentneo (hid), instantaneous storage. ---- muerto, dead storage. ---- para uso (hid), conservation storage. almacenar, to store, stock. almacenero, almacenista TO, storekeeper, warehouseman. almdana, almdena, almdina/, stone hammer, spalling hammer. almada/, raft. almagra /, almagre TO, red ocher, ruddle. almaina /, stone hammer.

almanque
almanque m (Col), putlog. almarbatar, to frame (timber). almrtaga /, litharge. almatriche TO, irrigation ditch. almenado, dentated. almenara /, (irr) return diteh; (Col) surge tank. almendrilla /, fine coal; fine gravel; (geol) conglomrate of fine stones; small file. almendrn m (Es), conglomrate of large stones. almidn m, starch. ---- yodado (is), starch-iodine. almilla / (carp), tenon. almirez m (lab), mortar. y mano, mortar and pestle. almoceda/ (Es), water rights; irrigation rate. almohada/, cushion. ---- del escobn (en), hawse bolster. almohadilla /, pad, cushion. -- de apisonar, tamping pad. ---- de tope, buffer block. ---- filtradora (V), filter block. almohadillas de freno, brake blocks. almohadillas de friccin, (eng) friction blocks. almohadillado m (sol), padding. almohadillar, to cushion. almohadn m, lowest voussoir in a semicircular arch. ---- de agua, water cushion. almohatre m, sal ammoniac. almojaya/, putlog; outlooker. algeno (geol), allogenic, derivative. alojamiento m (mee), seat, bearing, socket. alosar, to lay tiles. aloxito TO, aloxite (abrasive). alpax TO, alpax (alloy) alpende m, tool house. alquilar, to rent; to alkylize. alquiler m, rent, rental. alquilizar, to alkylize. alquitarar, to distill. alquitrn TO, tar, pitch. ---- cortado, cutback tar. ---- de carbn, coal tar. -- de gas, gas tar, gashouse coal tar. - de gas de aceite, oil-gas tar. ---- de gas d agua, water-gas tar. ---- de hornos de coque, coke-oven tar. ---- de hulla, coal tar, coal-tar pitch; gas tar; coke-oven tar. ---- de hulla diluido, eoal-tar cutback. ^- de lea, Stockholm tar. ---- de madera, pine tar. ---- de petrleo, oil tar; petroleum pitch. ---- de turba, peat tar. ---- mineral, asphalt. ---- rebajado, cutback tar. ---- vegetal, coal or wood tar. alquitranado m, tarpaulin; application of tar, tarring. alquitranadora /, tar-spraj'ing machine. alquitranare TO, tarring. alquitranar, to treat with pitch; to coat with tar. alquitranoso, tarry. alta / (min), hanging wall. - ley, de, high-grade (ore). ---- multiplicacin, de, high-geared.

19

altoparlante
---- nitidez (tv), high definition. ---- polarizacin, de, high-test (sugar). ---- resistencia a corta edad (ct), high early ---- tarea (C), high duty. ---- volatilidad, de, high-test (gasoline).

strength.

altas (en), upper works. ---- aguas, high water. altar m (horno), bridge wall, fire bridge. ---- de agua, water bridge. ---- de humero, flue bridge. altavoz m, loudspeaker. alteracin/ (geol), alteration. alternacin, alternation. alternado, alternating. . alternador m (elc), alternator. ---- de imanes permanentes, magneto alternator. ---- de inducido giratorio, revolving-armature alternator. ---- de inductor e inducido fijos, inductor alter nator. ---- de inductor giratorio, revolving-field alter nator. alternador-transmisor (ra), alternator transmitter. alternador-volante, flywheel alternator. alternancia/ (elc)(A), alternation, alternance. alternar las juntas, to break or stagger joints. alternativo, (elec) alternating; (eng) reciprocating. alterno, alternating; altrnate. alternogenerador m (Es), alternating-current generator. alternomotor m (Es) (A), alternating-current motor. altibajos m, broken or uneven ground. altigrafo TO, altigraph. altillano m (Col), plateau. altillo TO, small hill; penthouse, bulkhead; (A) small addition on top of a one-story building; (A) (Col) garret. altimetra /, altimetry, running levis, topographical survey. altmetro TO, altimeter. ---- de agrimensor, surveying altimeter. ---- registrador, recording altimeter, altigraph. altiplanicie/, plateau, tableland. altiplanimtrico, t .pographical. altiplano m, plateau. altitud/, altitude, elevation. alto m, height; hill, elevation; (geol) hanging wall; (bldg) floor, story, upper floor; (rr) (auto) a stop; a high. ---- calor, de, high-heat (cement). --- carbono, de, high-earbon (steel). ---- explosivo, high explosive. ---- horno, blast furnace. ---- rendimiento, high duty. altos m (A), first floor above the ground. altoparlante m, loudspeaker. ----a condensador, capacitor loudspeaker. < ----de conductor mvil, mving-conductor loud speaker. --- dinmico, moving-coil or dynamic loud speaker. --- electromagntico, magnetic-armature loud speaker.

altoparlante condenser or electrostatic loudspeaker. altozano m, small hill. altura/, elevation, altitude, height; (hyd) head; (str) depth; (r) stage. ---- cintica (hid), dynamic head. ---- de aspiracin (hid), suction head; suctiou lift. ---- de carga (hid), head. ---- de descarga o de impulsin (bm), discharge head. ---- de despejo o de franqueo, clearance height. ---- del instrumento o del ojo (lev), height of instrument. ---- de paso, headroom. ----de presin (hid), pressure head. ----de succin (bm), suction head. ---- de tiro (aa), draft head. ----dinmica (hid), velocity head. ---- efectiva, (str) effective depth; working depth (gear). ---- esttica (hid), static head. ----hidrulica (al), hydraulic grade. ---- libre, vertical clearance, clear height, head room; freeboard. ---- manomtrica total (bm), total head. ---- metacntrica (an), metacentric height. ---- piezomtrica (hid), piezometric head. ---- til (est), eff ective depth. alud m, avalanche, snowslide. alumbrado m, lighting; a lighted; treated with alum. ---- a tubo de gas, gas-tube lighting. ---- de caveto, cove lighting. ---- de contorno, outline lighting. ---- de festn, festoon lighting. ---- reflejado, indirect lighting. ---- semiindirecto, semi-indirect lighting. alumbrar, to light, illuminate; to treat with alum; to emerge (ground water). alumbre m, alum. ---- crmico, chrome alum. ---- de amonio, ammonia alum. ---- para filtros (V), filter alum. ---- potsico, potash alum, potassium aluminum sulphate. alumbrera /, alunite quarry. almbrico, containing alum. almina /, alumina, aluminum oxide. aluminato m, alumnate. ---- diclcico (ct), dicalcium alumnate. ---- sdico (pa), sodium alumnate. ---- triclcico (ct), tricalcium alumnate. alumnico, aluminic. aluminfero, ^containing aluminum, aluminiferous. aluminio m, aluminum, aluminium. aluminita / (miner), aluminite (aluminum sulphate) . aluminizar, to aluminize. aluminofrrico, aluminoferric. alumlnosilicato m, aluminosih'cate. aluminoso, aluminous. aluminotermia / (met), aluminothermy, aluminothermics. aluminotrmico, aluminothermic.
----electrosttico,

20

amarra alundo m (rfr), alundum. alunita / (miner), alunite, alum rock. aluvial, aluvional, alluvial. aluvin m, alluvial deposit, alluvium; flood of silt; (A) flood, inundation. aluvionamiento m (A), silting up. aluvionario (A), alluvial. lveo m, bed of a river, channel. alveolado (M), honeycombed. alza/, rise, lift; shim; (hyd) flashboard, leaf of a bear-trap gate; (hyd)(Sp) stop log; (Sp) fulcrum. --- de tablero basculante (hid), automatio flashboard, shutter weir, hinged-leaf gate. ---- de la vlvula, valve lift. alzacarros m, car-lifting device. alzacoche m, automobile lift. alzada/, (dwg) elevation; face of a building. ---- extrema, end elevation. alzado m, (ar) elevation; (Sp) superstructura. ---- de costado, side elevation. ---- delantero, front elevation. ---- en corte, sectional elevation. ---- trasero, rear elevation. alzador m, any lifting device. alzadura /, hoisting, raising. alzaguara/ (Es), spring (water). alzaprima/, crowbar, lever, pinch bar. --- de traviesa (fe), nipper. alzaprimar, to pry, move with a lever. alzar, to hoist, raise, lift. alzatubos m, pipe jack. alzavlvula m (auto), tappet. alzaventana m (auto), window opener. allanador m (her), a flatter. allanar, to grade, level; to flatten; (met) to planish. allane m (M), leveling, grading. allegador m (Es), fire hook, poker, amacizar, to compress; to make solid. amacrtico, amacratic (lens). amachambrado (PR)(Es), tongued and grooved. amachetar, to chop with a machete, amadrinar, to couple, join. amaestrar, (mas) to set grounds; (hw) to masterkey. amainador m (min), man who handles bucket at top of shaft. amainar, to lower, slack off; (min) to land the bucket of ore. amaine m, lowering, slacking off. amalgama/ (met)(miner), amalgam. amalgamador m (met), amalgamator. amalgamar, to amalgmate. amantillar (gr), to top, peak, luff. amantillo (gr), topping lift, topping or peaMng line. amanzanar (A)(U), to lay out land in blocks. amaos m, tools, ectuipment, outt. amaraje m, landing on the water (seaplane). amarar, to land on the water. amarillo m a, yellow. ---- benzo (is), benzo yellow. - de cinc, zinc yellow (pigment). ---- de montaa (miner), yellow earth or ooher. amarra /, tie, lashing; mooring; (Ch)(M) cable clip.

amarra
^ de aleta (nut), quarter fast. ---- de bote (nt), painter. ---- de popa (nut), stern fast. ---- de proa (nut), bow or head fast. ---- de puerto, mooring. - de travs (nut), breast fast, breast line. amarras para correa, belt hooks or clamps. amarradera/ (Col), mooring line; sling. amarradero m, mooring post; mooring berth. amarraje m, wharfagc; (cab) serving. amarrar, to tie, lash, splice, belay, make fast; to moor; (cab) to serve, seize. amarrazones/ (nut), ground tackle. amarre m, tie, splice, lashing; anehorag, mooring; (cnc) (M) (Pe) bond. ---- a pata de ganso, bridle mooring. amartillar, to hammer. amasada / (M), batch of mortar. amasadero 7w, pugmill, clay mili. amasar, to mix (mortar); to puddle (ful); to pug, temper. amasillar, to putty. amatol m, amatol (explosive). amberita/, amberite (explosive). mbito m, ambit, contour. ambulante, traveling (derrick), walking (dragline). ameba/, ameba. amelga / (irr), ridge, dike. amelgar, to set boundry monuments; to furrow. amellar, to notch. amerar (Es), to seep, percolat. amiantista m, asbestos worker, amianto m, asbestos, amianthus. amiba /, amoeba. amibiano, ambico, amoebic. amibicida m a, amoebicide. amicrn m (qum), amicron. amida /, amido m, (chem) amide. amigdaloide a (geol), amygdaloid. amilasa / (is), amylase. amilo m (qum), amyl. aminocido m (is), amino acid. -aminodimetilanilina (pa), p-aminodimethylaniline. am m, owner; employer; superintendent, foreman. amohosarse (A)(Ch), to rust. amojonar, to set monuments. amojosearse (A)(Ec), to rust. amoladera/, grindstone, grinder. amolado ni, grinding. - de avance longitudinal, end-feed grinding. --- de avance normal, in-feed grinding. --- de avance pasante, through-feed grinding. amoladora /, grinder. --- de armazn oscilante, swing-frame grinder. --- de asientos de vlvulas, valve grinder. - de banco, bench grinder. --- de brocas, bit grinder. --- de espigas, shank grinder (drill). -- de pie, floor-stand grinder. --- de puntas, center-type grinder. i hmeda, wet grinder. --- sin puntas, centerless grinder. amolar, to grind, sharpen.

21

ampermetro amoldar, to mold, shape. amollar (cab), to slack, ease off. amoniacal, ammoniacal. amoniacin/, ammoniation. amonaco m, ammonia. ---- albuminoideo (is), albuminoid ammonia. amoniador m (pa), ammoniator. ----de alimentacin directa, direct-feed ammo niator. amnico a, ammonium, ammonic. amonio m, ammonium. amonizacin /, ammonization, ammonieation. amontonador m, amontonadora /, stacker, piler. amontonador de carbn, coal trimmer. amontonar, to pile, pile up. ---- el fuego, to bank the fire. ---- en camellones (ca), to windrow. amordazar, to clamp. amorfo, amorphous. amortiguacin /, deadening; absorbing; (mech) (elec) damping. ---- crtica (elc), critieal damping. de las crecidas (r), flood control. ---- peridica (elc), periodic damping, underdamping. amortiguador m( (mech) shock absorber, damper, dashpot; (carp) door check; (hyd) stilling pool; (auto) mufiler; (elec) damper; (auto) snubber; (chem) buffer. ---- de chispas, spark arrester. ---- de choque, shock absorber; bumper. ---- de energa, energy absorber; (hyd) stilling pool, tumble bay. ----de escape, (eng) exhaust head, exhaust silencer. de los faroles (auto), headlight dimmer. ---- de golpes de agua, water-hammer suppressor. ---- de luz, (auto) dimmer. ---- de oleaje (hid), surge suppressor; surge snubber. ---- de ruido, silencer, muffler. ---- de sacudidas (auto), harmonio balancer. ---- del sonido, sound absorber. ---- de torsin, torsin damper. amortiguamiento (m) de sonido, soundproofng. amortiguar, to cushion, deaden, essen; to damp; to absorb (shocks); (chem) to buffer. amortizacin /, amortization. amortizar, to amortize; to redeem; to refund. amovible, removable, demountable. amparar, to protect; (leg) to hold harmless; (min) to satisfy conditions for working a claim. ampelita/, ampelite (coal). amper m (Es), ampere. amper-espira/ (Es), ampere-turn. amperaje m, amperage. ---- de carga, charging rate (battery). ---- efectivo, virtual amperes. ampermetro m, ammeter, amperemeter. ---- calrico (Es), hot-wire ammeter. ---- de abrazadera, i^lamp ammeter. ---- de alcance mltiple, multirange ammeter. ---- de bolsillo, pocket ammeter. ---- de expansin o de hilo caliente, expansin or hot-wire or thermal ammeter.

ampermetro
---- dinamomtrico, dynamometer arameter. indicador, indicating ammeter. - para tablero, switchboard-type ammeter. ---- registrador, recording ammeter. ---- trmico, thermal ammeter, thermoammeter. ---- termocupla, thermocouple ammeter. amperio m, ampere. ---- internacional, international ampere. amperio-hora /, ampere-hour. amperio-pie m, ampere-foot. amperio-vuelta/, ampere-turn. amperios-vueltas transversales, cross ampereturns. amperivuelta /, ampere-turn. ampermetro m, ammeter, ampermeter. ---- trmico, thermal or hot-wire ammeter. ampliacin / (fma), enlargement. ---- angular (fma), angular magnification. ---- del plazo, extensin of time (contract). ampliadora /, enlarging outfit (photo). ampliar, to enlarge, amplify, extend. amplidina / (ra), amplidyne. amplificacin /, (elec) amplification, gain; (optics) magnification, amplification. ---- de potencia, power amplification. ----de tensin, voltage amplification. ----dinmica (geof), dynamic magnification. --- multigradual o en cascada, cascade amplifi cation. - transportadora (ra), carrier amplification. amplificador m, magnifier; booster; amplifier. --- a vlvula, vacuum-tube amplifier. --- clase A(AB, B, BC, C) (ra), class-A(AB, B, BC, C) amplifier. --- de audiofrecuencia (ra), audiofrequency or audio amplifier. --- de desviacin (tv), deflection amplifier. --- de energa (ra), power amplifier. --- de enfrenamiento, brake booster. --- de exploracin (tv), scanner amplifier. --- de faja (ra), band-pass amplifier. --- de oratoria (ra)(A), speech amplifier. --- de poder (A), power amplifier. --- de realimentacin inversa (ra), degenerative or inverse-feedback amplifier. --- de sonido, loudspeaker. --- equilibrado (ra), push-pull amplifier. --- previo (Es) (A), preamplifier. --- realimentado, feedback amplifier. --- reflejo (ra), reflex amplifier. --- separador (ra), buffer amplifier. amplificar (elc), to amplify. amplitud / (mat) (elc) (ra), amnlitude. --- de la marea, tidal amplitude; range of the tide. ampolla /, blister, bulb, ampoule; (A) lamp bulb. --- de congelacin (ca), frost boil. --- de vlvula (ra), envelope. ampollarse, to blister. ampolleta /, incandescent lamp; bulb, ampoule. ampolloso (min), porous, containing cavities. amura / (an), bow, fore part of ship. --- bulbosa, clubfoot, bulb bow. amurada / (an), inside face of the shell plating. amurallar, to wall; to build into a wall. amurar (A), to embed in a wall.

22

anchico

anabergita/ (miner), annabergite, nickel bloom. anablico (is), anaboic. anacarado (miner), pearly (luster). anaclinal (geol), anaclinal. anaerbico (is), anaerobic. anaerobio m, anaerobe. anaerobiosis /, anaerobiosis. anaerognico (lab), anaerogenic. anaglfico (fma), anaglyphic. anglifo (fma), anaglyph. anaglifoscopio m (fma), anaglyphoscope. analtico (ptica), anallatic. analatismo m (lev), anallatism. analcima, analcita / (miner), analcime, analcite. analcitita/ (geol), analcitite, analcimite. anlisis m /, analysis. ---- de cedazo o de tamices, screen or sieve anal ysis. ---- de comprobacin, check analysis. ----de hornada (mt), ladle analysis. ---- electroltico, electroanalysis. ----inmediato, proximate analysis. ----ponderal, gravimetric analysis. analista m /, analyst. analtico, analytical. analizador m, analyst; (mech) analyzer; (ra) analyzer; (tv) scanner. --- de armnicos (ra), harmonio analyzer. --- de distorsin (ra), distortion analyzer. --- de ondas (ra), wave analyzer. --- de ruidos (ra), noise analyzer. --- de tambor (tv), drum scanner. analizar, to analyze; (tv) to sean. analoga (/) de la placa, slab analogy. anlogo m, analogue. anaquel m, shelf. anaranjado de metilo (lab), methyl orange. ancaramita/ (geol), ankaramite. ancaratrita / (geol), ankaratrite. ancla/, (naut)(mech) anchor. ---- de asta giratoria, swivel anchor. ---- de campana, mushroom anchor. ---- de espiar, kedge anchor. ---- de hlice, screw anchor (for guy). ---- de pared (ed), wall anchor. ---- de seta, mushroom anchor. ---- de tierra, guy or earth anchor. ---- de tornillo, screw anchor. ---- de va (fe), anticreeper. ---- sin cepo, stockless anchor. ancladero m, anchorage, anchoring ground. anclaje m, anchorage; anchoring; anchorage charges. anclar, to anchor. anclote m, anchor. anclotillo m, small anchor, kedge. anco m (min) (Pe), a silver ore. ancn m, bay, cove; (PR) small lighter. anconada /, large cove, bay. anconaje m (PR), lighterage. ncora/, anchor. encoraje m, anchorage. ancorar, to anchor. ancorera-/, anchor shop. ancorero m, anchor maker. anchico m, an Argentine hardwood.

ancho ancho ni, width, breadth; a wide. ---- de faja (ra), band width. ---- de va (fe), gage. ---- tipo (fc)(M), standard gage. anchura /, width, breadth. anchurn m (nin), chamber, stall, room. andada/, trail, path. andadera /, traveler, traveling derrick, traveling scaffold. andadero ni, footwalk. andador ni, footwalk; (A) motor scooter, andalucita / (miner), andalusite. andamiada /, scaffolding. --- de carenaje (ds), gridiron. andamiador m, scaffold builder, stagebuilder. andamiaje ni, scaffolding, staging. andamiar, to scaffold. andamio m, scaffold; (bdg)(Ec) falsework. --- acartelado, bracket scaffold. - ambulante o corredizo, traveler, traveling scaffold. ---- colgante, hanging scaffold. ---- de bscula (Col), scaffold on outlookers tied back to wall above. ---- de caballetes, horse scaffold. ---- de parales, pole scaffold. ---- suspendido, swinging or hanging scaffold. ---- tubular, pipe scaffold. ---- voladizo o volado, flying or cantilever or utrigger scaffold. andana /, row, file, line, tier. andarache m (min)(Es), scaffold. andarivel ni, aerial tramway, cableway, ropeway; cable guardrail; single whip; cable ferry; cable railway; (C) ferryboat. andn m, (rr) platform; sidewalk on a bridge; walkwy; towpath; (top)(Pe)(B) terrace; (ap) loading apron. ---- de cabeza (fe), end platform. ---- de entrevia (fe), island platform, ---- de llegada (fe), arrival platform. ---- de salida (fe), departure platform. de trasbordo, transfer platform. ndito m, sidewalk; piazza. andullo m (nut), fondor, inat. anegable, subject to inundation. anegacin /, inundation. anegadizo, liable to be overflowed; nonfloating. anegar, to submerge, flood, inndate; (pu) to drown; anegarse, to be floodcd; to sink; to bocome waterlogged. anelctrico, anelectric. anemogreo, anemographic. anemgrafo ni, anemograph, recording wind gage. anemograma ni, anemogram. anemometra /, anemometry, wind gaging. anemomtrico, anemoinctric. anemmetro m, ancmoincter, wind gage. ---- indicador, indicating ancmoincter. -- registrador, recording anemometer. anemometrgrafo m, anomonictrograph, recording wind gage. anemoscopio m (inri), anemoscope. anerbico (is), anaerobio. anerobiosis /, anaciobiosis.

23

ngulo

aneroide m a, aneroid. ----altmtrico, altitude aneroide barometer. --- de topgrafo, surveying aneroid. aneroidgrafo m, aneroidograph. anetadura/ (nut), puddening. anexo m (M), addition to a building, ell, wing. anfibio ni a (ap), amphibian. anfbol m (miner), hornblende, amphibole. anfiblico, amphibolic. anfibolfero, containing amphibole. anfibolita/ (geol), amphibolite. anfibolosquisto m (geol), hornblende schist. anfotero (qum), amphoteric. angaletar (A), to miter. angalete m (carp)(A), miter box. angarillas /, handbarrow. angarillear (Ch), to move material in handbarrows. angla/, (geog) cape. anglesita/, anglesite, native lead sulphate. angostar, to narrow, contract. angosto, narrow, cise, angostura/, gap, pass, narrows, gorge; throat. ---- de la marea, tiderace. angra /, cove, srriall bay. angstrom m (fsica), angstrom. anguena / (min) (Es), a silver ore. anguilas /, launching ways. angular m, (Sp)(C)(Pe) steel angle, angle iron; any rolled steel shape ;a angular, sharp (sand). ---- canal, channel iron. ---- ele (C), steel angle; angle iron. ---- T, T bar, T iron. ---- Z, Z bar. ngulo m, angle. ---- ascendente (lev), angle of elevation. --- atiesador (est), stiffening angle. ---- comprendido, included angle. ---- con bordn o con nervio (est), bulb angle. ---- de arista redonda (est), round-back angle. ---- de asiento (est), shef or seat angle, erecton seat. ----de ataque, angle of attack; (mt) working angle. ---- de aterrizaje (ap), landing angle. ---- de atraso (elc), angle of lag. ---- de avance, (se) angle of lead, angular advance; (elec) angle of lead or of lag. ---- del bisel (sol), groove angle, bevel angle. ----de contingencia (fe), angle of intersection. ---- del chafln (sol), groove or bevel angle. ---- de deflexin (fc)(M)(AC)(Ec), deflection angle. ---- de deriva (fma), angle of crab. ---- de desfasamiento (elc), phase angle. ---- de despojo (mh), clearance angle. - de desviacin, deflection angle; angle of de. viation; (cab) fleet angle. ---- de entrada (mh), entering angle. - de espacio libre labial, lip-relief angle (twisi drill). --- ' de esviaje, angle of skew; (cab) fleet angle. --- de filo (mh), tool angle, angle of keenness. --- de friccin, angle of friction or of repose. -- de frotamiento interno, angle of interna! friction,

ngulo
----- de la hlice (herr)(rs), helix angle. ----de la herramienta (mh), tool angle, angle o ----de incidencia, angle of incidence. ----de inclinacin lateral (mh), side-rake angle. ----de juego (mh)(A), relief angle. ----de llegada (ra), angle of arrival. ----de planeo (ap), angle of glide, obstruction ----de la ranura (sol), bevel or groove angle. ----de rayo (ra), beam angle. ----de rebajo o de relieve (mh), relief angle. ----de reposo, angle of repose or of friction. ----de resbalamiento (A), angle of repose. --- de resistencia al corte (ms), angle of shear-

24

nodo
---- abrazadera (mh), clamp ring. ---- aceitador (lu), oil ring. ---- anual (mad), growth ring. ---- colector (elc), slip or collector ring. ---- conector (carp), ring connector. ---- de albura (mad), sap ring. ---- del asiento (v), seat ring. ---- de bolas tipo empuje (cojinete), thrust ball ---- de cierre, lock ring (tire). ---- de cierre hidrulico (bm), lantern ring. ---- de crecimiento (mad), growth ring. ---- de mbolo, pistn or packing ring. ---- de empaque, washer, packing or junk ring; ---- de empuje, thrust collar. ---- de engrase (lu), oil ring. ---- de estancamiento (lu), seal ring.

keenness.

ratio.

race.

ing resistance. --- de retraso (elc), angle of lag, phase angle. --- de rincn vivo (est), square-root angle. --- de rozamiento, angle of friction. --- de rumbo (geof), angle of strike. --- de salida, (ra) angle of departure; (geop) angle of emergence. --- de separacin (mh), front clearance. --- de sesgo, angle of skew. - de varenga (en), reverse frame. --- de vista (fma), angle of view or of coverage. --- descendente (lev), angle of depression. - desigual (est), angle with unequal legs. --- entrante, re-entrant angle. --- horario, hour angle. --- igual (est), angle with equal legs. --- incluso, included angle. --- labial (A), lip angle (twist drill). --- lateral de cada (mh), side rake. - paralctico, angular parallax, parallactic angle. --perifrico (fc)(V), deflection angle. --- recto, right angle. --- subtenso (lev), subtense angle. --- sujetador (est), clip angle. --- superior de inclinacin (mh), back-rake angle. --- tangencial (fe), deflection angle. --- trancanil (en), stringer angle. --- trasero de cada (mh), back rake. --- vertical (lev), vertical angle, angle of elevation, altitude or site angle. ngulos ----adyacentes, adjacent angles. ----alternos, altrnate angles. --- de ensamblaje (est), connection angles. --- en cruz (est), starred angles. ----espalda con espalda, angles back to back. angulosidad /, angularity. anguloso, angular; sharp (sand)./ anhdrico, anhydrous. anhdrido TO, anhydride. anhidrita/ (miner), anhydrite. anhidro, anhydrous. anidable, nestable. anidado, nested. aniego m, aniegue m (M), inundation, flooding. anilina/, aniline. anilla /, ring. anillar, to form rings or hoops. anillo m, ring, hoop, collar, rim.

(str) filling ring.

- de estopas o de guarnicin, (eng) junk or packing ring. ---- de frotamiento (mot), slip ring. ---- de la garganta (turb), throat ring. - de goteo (lu), drip ring. ---- de grasa (lu), grease ring. ----de guarapo (az), juice ring. ----de horquilla, clevis ring. de levas, cam ring. ----de lubricacin, oil ring. ---- de prensaestopas, (eng) junk ring. de remate (est), cap ring. ---- de resorte, snap ring (pistn). ---- de respaldo (sol), backing ring. ----de retenidas, (de) guy ring. ----de retculo (inst), cross-hair ring. ----de rodadura, bearing race, raceway. ----de rodete, turbine case. ---- de salida (turb), discharge ring. ----de traviesas (turb)(U), speed ring. ----desgastable, wearing ring. ----distribuidor (turb), speed or stay ring. ----fiador, retainer (ball bearing). --- fraccionado (mad), false ring. --- guardapolvo, dust ring. ----limpiador de aCeite (lu), wiper ring. --- llenador (est), filling ring. --- micromtrico, micrometer collar. , --- portabolas, cage of a ball bearing, ball race. --- portante (turb), case ring. --- portapaletas (turb), guide-vane ring. ----regulador (turb), gate or shifting ring. --- restregador (mbolo), scraper or wiper ring. --- rozante (mot), slip ring. --- salpicador (ra), splash ring. ----seguidor (hid), follower ring (gate). --- sincronizador (auto), synchronizing ring. --- sujetador (mh), shell chuck. nima/, (cab) center, core; web (drill); (mech) bore. anin m, anin, anisomtrico, anisometric. anisotrpico, anistropo, anisotropic. andico (elc), anodic, anodal. anodizar, to anodize. nodo m (elc), anode. --- acelerador (ra)(tv), accelerating anode. --- partido, split anode.

nodo
anofeles, anopheles (mosquito). anofelino, anopheline. anolito m (elc), nolyte. anomala /, anomaly (all senses). anortita/ (miner), anorthite (feldspar). anortosita/ (geol), anorthosite. anotador m, recorder, note keeper. anotar, to take notes. anotrn (ra), anotron. antagonista, antagnico (mee), reactive, antagonistic. antebaha / (M), entrance to a bay. antecmara /, (hyd) forebay; lobby, anteroom; (di) antechamber. ---- de compresin (M), air lock. antecedentes m, prelimiiiary data. antecrisol m, forehearth. antedrsena/, entrance to a dock; first of a series of basins. antedique TO, entrance to a dry dock. anteesclusa /, entrance to a lock. anteespol&n m, wbrks to protot a mole or jetty. anteestudio m, preliminary study. antefondo m, step protecting the floor of a lock. antefornalla /, front part of firebx. antegrada/ (en), lower end of launching ways. antehogar TO, front part of firebox. antena/ (ra), antenna. Adcock, Adcock antenna. . : ' aperidica, deadbeat or aperiodic antenna. ---- artificial, artificial or dummy antenna. ---- Beverage, wave or Beverage antenna. ---- binomia, binomial array. ---- cargada, loaded antenna. ---- compensadora, balancing aerial. ---- de abanico, fan antenna. ---- de argolla, loop antenna. ---- de capacitancia, eondenser or capacitor an tenna. - de capas, tier array. ---- de cuadro, radio loop, loop antenna. ---- de cuarto de onda, quarter-wave antonna. ---- de doblete, doublet antenna. -"- de fajas mltiples, multiband antenna. ---- de haz (Es), beam antenna. de inversin, antenna reflector. ---- de jaula, cage antenna. -- de lazo, loop or coil antenna. ---- de media onda, half-wave antenna. ---- de molinete, turnstile antenna. ---- de onda, wave or Beverage antenna. ---- de plena onda, full-wave antenna. ---- de reflexin, antenna reflector. ---- de techo plano, flat-top antenna. ---- de toda onda, all-wave antenna. ---- de vientre (Es), loop antenna. --- dipolo, dipole anterina, (Sp) doublet an tenna. ---- direccional, antenna array, beam or directional antenna. ---- direccional transmisora, directive antenna. -- emisora, transmitting antenna. --- en V, folded-wire or V antenna. --- espina de pescado, fishbone antenna. - falsa, artificial antenna.
---- retenedor, holding anode.

25

anticongelador
---- fantasma, pharitom or dummy antenna. ---- ficticia (A), dummy antenna. ---- giratoria, rotary-beam antenna. ---- indicadora de direccin (ap), direction finder. ---- larga, long-wire or harmonio antenna. ---- mltiple, multiple-tuned antenna. ---- paraguas o sombrilla, umbrella antenna. ---- rmbica, diamond antenna. ---- sintonizada, tuned antenna.

antenas entongadas, stacked array. anteojo TO, telescope (transit or level). ---- astronmico o de imagen invertida o de ocular simple, astronomical telescope (inverted image). buscador (fma), telescopio finder. --- de ereccin o de imagen recta, erecting or terrestrial telescope. ---- de foco exterior, external-focusing telescope. ---- de inversin (Es), erecting telescope. ---- de puntera (fma), sighting telescope. ---- meridiano, meridian instrument. ---- solar (lev), solar telescope. anteojos de camino, goggles. antepagar, to prepay. antepais TO, foreland, antepecho TO, railing; parapet; panel or apron or filler wall; spandrel; (min) bench. antepozo m (A) (Es), pump pit for semiartesian well. antepresa/ (Es), upstream cofferdam. antepresupuesto TO, preliminary estmate. anteproyecto TO, preliminary design. antepuerto TO, outer harbor, anchorage outside an artificial port. ---- fluvial, protective works above a river port. antesolera / (hid), upstream hearth. antestudio TO, preliminary study. antetecho m (Ch), overhang of a roof, eaves. antetrn TO, forecarriage. anteumbral TO (hid), upstream sill. antiablandecedor, nonsoftening. anticido, acid-resisting. antiaferrador, antiagarrador (maq), nonseizing. antialabeo, nonwarping. antialcalino, antalkaline. antianofelino, antianopheline (mosquito). antiaraador, nonscoring. antiarcos (elc), nonarcing. antibiosis/ (is), antibiosis. anticapacitivo (elc), anticapacitive. anticatalizador TO (qum), anticatalyst. antictodo TO (ra), anticathode, anode. anticlstico (mat), anticlastic. anticlinal TO (geol), anticline; a anticlinal. ---- compuesto o mltiple, anticlinorium. ---- interrumpido, arrested anticline. ---- recostado, recumbent anticline. ---- tumbado, overturned anticline. anticlinorio TO (geol), anticlinorium. antcloro TO (qum), antichlor. anticoagulante, anticoagulant. anticohesor TO (ra), anticoherer. anticombustible TO, any fire-extinguisbing ebemical. anticondensacin, anticondensation. anticongelador m, deicer, anti-icer.

anticongelante
anticongelante, antifreeze. anticontraccin, nonshrink. anticorrosivo, rust-resisting, anticorrosive, noncorrosive. anticorto-circuito (elc), antishort. antichirrido, antisqueak. antiderrapante (M), nonskid. antideslizante (m) para correas, belt dressing. antideslumbrante (vi), antiglare. antidesvanecedor (ra), antifading. antidetonancia / (mg), antiknock valu. antidetonante m, antiknock, antidetonant, fuel dope; o antiknock. antiebullicivo (cal), antipriming. antieconmico, unprotable. antiendurecedor, nonhardening. antiengrane (A), antiseize. antiespuma (cal), antifoam, nonfoaming. antiesttico (ra), antistatic. antifase/ (elc), antiphase, oppositephase. antifluctuacin (elc), antihunting. antifriccin, antifriction. antignico (lab), antigenic. antgeno m (lab), antigen. antigiratorio (cab), nonspinning. antigolpeteo (mg), antiknock. antihalo (fma), antihalation. antiherrumbroso, rust-resisting. antihigroscpico (A), nonhygroscopic, moistureproof. antiinductivo (elc), anti-induction. antilarvario, larvae-destroying. antilogaritmo m, antilogarithm. antimagntico (A), nonmagnetic. antimalrico (C), antimalarial. antimicrofnico (ra), antimicrophonic. antimoniado, containing antimony, antimoniureted. antimonial, antimonial, antimoniato m, antimonate. antimnico a, antimony, antimonic. antimonfero, containing antimony. antimonio m, antimony. --- arsenical (miner), allemontite, arsenical an timony. - blanco (miner), valentinite, white antimony. --- gris (miner), stibnite, gray antimony. --- pirofrico, explosivo antimony. --- rojo, red antimony; kermes mineral. antimonioso, antimonious. antimonita / (miner), antimonite, stibnite. antimonito m (qum), antimonite. antimoniuro m, antimonide. antincrustante m, boiler or antiscale compoun'd; o preventing scale formation; (pt) antifouling. antinodo m (ra), antinode. ---- de la corriente, current antinode or loop. antinormal, antinormal. antioxidante, antirust, rust-resisting, antioxidant. antipaldico, antimalaria. antiparalela/ (mat), antiparallel. antiparalelo a, antiparallel. antiparsito (elc), antiparasitic. antiparras /, goggles. antipatinador m, antiskid device.

26

aparato

antiprico (C), fire-resisting. antirrajadura, antisplitting. antirrechinante, antisqueak. antirresbalidizo, nonslip, nonskid. antirresonancia / (ra), antiresonance. antirresonante, (A) soundproof. antisalpicadura, nonsplash (funnel). antisptico, antiseptic; (pt) antifouling. antisifonaje, antisiphon. antisimtrico, antisymmetrical. antissmico, earthquake-proof, antiseismic. antisonoro, soundproof. antisuero m (lab), antiserum. antitrmico, nonconductiiig of heat. antivaho (A), antiglare (glass). antizumbido (elc), antihum. antlerita /, antlerit, native copper sulphate. antorcha/, welding torch; plumber'a torch. ----a soplete, blowtorch. ----cortadora, cutting torch. ----de arco elctrico (sol), are torch. --- de guitarra o de pared, banjo or wall torch. --- para camino, highway or road torch, fusee. --- soldadora, welding torch. antraceno m, anthracene. antraelfero (geol), anthraciferous. antracita /, anthracite or hard coal. antractico, anthracitic. antracitoso, anthracitoua, containing anthracite. anulador (TO) de energa, stling pool, any device for dissipating the energy of falling water. anular a, annular. anunciador m (elc), annunciator. anunciar, to advertise. anuncio m, announcement; advertisement. aojada/ (Col), skylight. apaciguador (m) de arco (sol), are pacifier. apagabrasas m (loco), live-coal extinguisher. apagachispas m, spark extinguisher or arrester. apagada al aire, airslaked (lime). apagador m, quencher, extinguisher; slaker; (elec) (M) light switch. ---- a espuma, foam fire extinguisher. ---- de arco (elc), are quencher. ---- de cal, lime slaker. ---- visible (M), surface switch. apagafuego, apagaincendios, apagallamas m, firo extinguisher. apagar, to extinguish, quench; to slake (lime); (elec) to switch off. apainelado, ellipticl (arch); (Col) paneled. apalancar, to pry, move with a lever. apaleadora / (C), power shovel. apalear, to shovel. apamate m, a Venezuelan lumber. apancle, apantle m (M), irrigation ditch; flume. apantallar (ra), to shield, screen. apantanar, to flood, inndate. aparadura / (en), garbel, pate of the garboard strake. aparar, to dress with an adz, to dub. aparatista (Es), instrument maker. aparato m, apparatus, device, fixture. ---- de distribucin (elc), switchgear. ---- de mando, control mechanism. ---- de seguridad, safety device.

aparato de timoneo (en), steering gear. dibujador, drafting machine. --- restituidor (fma), restitution machine. ----rotulador (dib), lettering machine. .--- tensor, take-up tackle, tightening device. aparatos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures. apare dar, to wall up. aparejador m, rigger: one who lays out the work; (lg) fitter, marker. aparejar, to rig; to lay out; (pt) to prime, size, fill; (mas) to bond; (lbr) to rough-dress. aparejo m, block and fall; chain block; tackle, rigging; purchase; (pt) priming, sizing, filler; (mas) bond; (mas) laying out; paeksaddle. - a cadena, chain block. - atesador o de compensacin, take-up tackle. -- cruzado (lad), cross or Dutch bond. ---- cudruple, four-part tackle. - de dibujo, drafting machine. ---- de lantia, single whip. ---- de maniobras (pet), draw works. ---- de molinete, capstan puUey blocks (for linemen). ---- de perforacin (pet), drilling rig. ---- de retenida (en), vang purchase, guy tackle. de sogas biseladas (lad), clipped or secret bond. -de vlvula (mv)(M), valve gear. -^^-diferencial, diferential hoist, chain block. ----espigado (lad), herringbono bond. ^-^- flamenco u holands (lad), Flemish bond. ^ingls (lad), English bond. ---- ingls y cruzado (lad), block-an<i-cross or cross-and-English bond. quntuplo, five-part line. ^r tensor, take-up or tensin tackle. apartadero m, (rr) siding; (rr) turnout; (rd) wide place for passing; (canal) wide spot where boats may tie up. ---- de paso, passing siding, turnout. - muerto, dead-end siding. ---- particular, prvate siding. apartaderos solapados (fe), lap sidings. apartado m, (min) ore separation; (M) smelting; post-office box. apartador m, ore picker; smelter. apartamiento (vi) meridiano, meridian distance. apartar, to sort, seprate, classify; (rr) to sidetrack. apartarrayos m, lightning arrester. apatita/ (miner), apatite. -- flor, fluorapatite. apeadero m (fe), small station. apeador m, land surveyor. apadura, surveying. apear, to fell (trees); to chock (wheel); to survey; to shore, timber, brace; (Col) to support; (M) to underpin. apelotonar, to form into balls. apelmazar, to compress. apeo m, a survey; timbering, shoring; cutting trees; (M) underpinning. aperador m, wheelwright; foreman; (min) storekeeper. aperar, to repair wagons.

27

aportacin

aperiodicidad /, aperiodicity. aperidico (elc), aperiodic. apernar, to bolt; to pin. aperos m, tools, equipment, outfit. apertura /, act o opening. apestaar (Es), to flange. apilador m (ef), decker. apiladora /, stacker, portable elevator. apilar, to pile, stack. apilonar (C)(PR)(M), to pile, pile up, stack. apiadura / (ef), a jam. apiamiento (m) del espectro (elc), spectrum crowding. apiar, apiarse, to jam, clog, stick, stall. apique m, mine shaft. apiri m, laborer in a mine. apisonado m (V), roadbed, subgrade. apisonador m, rammer, tamper. ---- de relleno, backfill tamper. , ---de vapor, steam roller. apisonadora/, tamper; roller. ---- de neumticos, rubber-tire roller. ---- de patitas de carnero, sheepsfoot or tamping roller. ---- niveladora (ca), tamping and leveling ma chine. apisonar, to tamp, compact, ram. apitn m, a Philippine lumber. apizarrado, containing slate. apizarrar, to do slatework. aplanadera /, straightedge; mason's float; road drag. aplanador m, roller; grader; (bs) flatter; (mas) float. aplanadora /, roller; grader; mason's float; dresser. - a vapor, steam roller. ---- automotriz, motor roller. - con pies de cabra o de pezua, sheepsfoot or tamping roller. ---- mecnica (ec), power float. ---- pata de cabra, sheepsfoot roller. aplanar, to level, grade; to smooth up; (mas) to float. aplantillar, to work to a tmplate, aplastamiento m, collapsing; crushing; (pi) brooming; (conc) (Pe) (U) (A) slump. * aplastar, to flatten; to crush, (pi) broom; aplastarse, to collapse. aplayar (r), to overflow. aplicador m (ca) (lab), applicator. aplicar, to place against, apply to. aplita/ (geol), aplite. aplobasalto m (geol), aplobasalt. aplogranito m, aplogranite. aplomar, to plumb; to coat with Iead; aplomarse, to collapse. aplomo m, verticality; plumb line; a plumb, vertical. apocromtico, apochromatic (lens). apomecmetro m (lev), apomecometer. apopado (nut), down by the stern. aporiolita/ (geol), aporhyolite. aporreador m (Ch), sledge, maul, striking hammer. aportacin /, (hyd) inflow, runoff; (w) weld metal used in one operation.

aportadero aportadero m, anchorage in a port. aportar (nut), to arrive in port. aporte TO (hid), runoff, inflow. aporticado (est) (A), rigidly framed (columns and connecting beam or truss). aportillar, to make an opening in; aportillarse, to collapse. apostadero TO, naval station. - de hidroaviones, seaplane base, air harbor. apotema / (mat), apothem. apoyadero TO, strut, shore, support. apoyado libremente (viga), simply supported. apoyaherramienta TO, tool rest. apoyapi m (auto), footrest. apoyar, to support; apoyarse en, to abut against, rest on. apoyo TO, support, bearing, eradle. --- Colgante, shaft hanger. ----de dilatacin, expansin bearing. ----de oscilacin (est), rocker bearing. --- de pasador, pin bearing. --- de rodillos (pte), roller or expansin bearing. apozarse (Col) (PR), to back up (water), to form pools, apreciacin /, appraisal, valuation; estmate; (inst) smallest reading. appreciador TO, appraiser. apreciar, to valu, appraise; to estimate. aprecio TO, appraisal, valuation. aprendiz, apprentice. aprendizaje TO, apprenticeship. apresar (Es), to dam. aprestado TO, dressing. aprestador m (pint), primer. aprestar, to make ready; (pt) to prime, size. apresto TO, outfit, equipment; (pt) priming. ' ----a soplete (pint), fame priming. --- para correas, belt dressing. apretado, tight, cise; compact. apretador TO, tightener. --- de corredera, zipper. --- de tuercas (Ch), nut runner or setter. apretar, to tighten, to set (brake); (sh) to crowd; to crimp (blasting cap). apretatubo TO, hosecock, pincheock. apretn TO (min), pressure. apretura/, tightness; (top) gorge, narrows. aprietacable m (A), cable clip, aprietacadena m, chain tightener. aprietatuercas TO, nut runner or setter. aprieto m, (min) pressure; (machy) seizing. aproene (Col), aproches (M) TO, approach. apropiacin/ (C), appropriation. aprovechamiento TO, development, utilization, exploitation; reclamation. --- forestal, logging, lumbering. --- hidroelctrico, hydroelectric development. aprovisionamiento (TO) de agua, -water supply. aprovisionar, to furnish, supply. aproximacin/, approximation; approach. aproximado a, approximate. apuntador m, timekeeper; note keeper, recorder. apuntadora/ (mh), pointing tool. apuntalamiento m, shoring, timbering, trench bracing; falsework. apuntalar, to shore, brace, prop.

28

rbol

apuntar, to take notes; to sketch; to point; (inst) to sight. apunte TO, rough sketch; memorndum, note. apuntillado m (mih), wedging, shimming. apurar, to purify; to finish; to hurry. aquastato TO, Aquastat (trademark). aquebradizar, to embrittle. aquerita / (geol), akerite. arabana/ (az), araban, arabinosa/ (az), arabinose. arado TO, plow. ---- de caminos, road plow. ---- de nieve, snowplow. ---- desarraigados rooting or rooter plow; grub hook. ---- descargador (fe), train plow, ballast plow. ---- mltiple, gang plow. ---- quitanieve, snowplow. araguaney, araguato m, Venezuelan lumber trees. aralejo TO, a West Indian hardwood. arancel m, tariff. ---- aduanero, schedule of customa duties. ---- consular, list of consular fees, arandela/, washer, gasket; burr. ---- abierta, slip washer, C or slotted washer. ---- acopada, cup washer. achaflanada o ahusada, bevel washer. ---- cortada, cut washer. ---- de aceite, oil retainer. ----de cabo, grommet. de cimacio o de gola, ogee or cast-iron washer. ----de cojn, cushion washer. ----de empaque o de guarnicin, packing washer. ----de empuje, thrust washer. --- de grifo, bibb washer. ----de placa, pate washer. --- elstica o de resorte, spring washer. --- espadadora o separadora, spacing washer, separator. --- fiador o de seguridad, lock washer. --- fijadora, check or lock washer. --- lubricadora, oiling washer. --- nervada, ribbed cast-iron washer. --- partida, split washer. -taza (A), cup washer. araa / (mee), spider, yoke, crowfoot. araar, to score, scratch. arar, to plow. araucaria /, a South American pine. araz TO, a South American hardwood. arbitracin /, arbitrationv arbitrador, arbitro TO, arbitrator. arbitraje TO, arbitration; arbitrage. arbitrar, to arbitrate. rbol TO, tree; mast; (machy) shaft, axle; mandrel; (bldg) center post of a spiral stairway. --- acodado, crankshaft. --- balanceador (mgKA), rocker-arm shaft. --- cardn, cardan shaft. --- cigeal, crankshaft. --- compensador, compensating axle. --- de anclaje (ef), spar tree, head spar. --- del balancin, balance arbor. --- de boca de pozo (pet), Christmas tree.

rbol
---- de cabezal, head shaft. ---- de camas (A), camshat. ---- de cola (ef), tail tree. ---- de conexiones (pet), Christmas tree. ---- de contramarcha, countershaft. ---- de desembrague, clutch-shifter or clutch---- del diferencial (auto), live axle. ---- de direccin (auto), steering shaft. ---- de distribucin, camshaft. ----de excntricas (C), camshaft.

29 --- adintelado, flat arch. --- apainelado, elliptical arch. --- articulado, hinged arch. --- birrotulado, two-hinged arch. --- capialzado, arch behind a lintel. --- carbnico (ele)(A), carbn are.

rea

throwout shaft.

-- de impulsin, driving shaft. - de levas, camshaft. -- de mando (auto) propeller shaft. --- de reenvo (Es), countershaft, secondary shaft. ----de sierra, saw mandrel. .--- de torsin, torque shaft. --- de transmisin, driving shaft, (auto) propel ler shaft. --- gigantesco, big tree, sequoia; redwood. --- gra (ef), apar tree, head spar or tree. --- motor, driving shaft or axle; crankshaft. --- partido, split shaft. --- propulsor, driving shaft, (auto) propeller shaft. arbolar, to plant trees; to set a mast. arbolln m, sewer, drain. arborizacin /, arborestacin / (M), forestation. arbotante m, semiarch supporting a vault, strut of a flying buttress; outlooker, hoisting beam. arca/, box. --- de agua, cistern. -'de herramientas, toolbox. arcada /, arcade, series of arches. arcaduz m, conduit; eleyator bucket. arce m, maple. sacarino o de azcar, sugar maple. arcn m (Es), curb around a shaft or well; riverbank. arcilla/, clay --- batida, puddled clay. -- cocida, burnt clay. --- de batn, fuller's earth. --- de cohesin o de liga (ms), bond clay. --- de filtro, filter clay. --- de ladrillero, brick clay. -- de pedernal, flint clay. de pudelaje (M), clay puddle. --- descoloradora, bleaching clay. --- endurecida (V), clay stone. --- esquistosa, shale. --- ferruginosa, iron clay, clay ironstone. laminar (V), shale. --- refractaria, fire clay. --- refractaria apedernalada, flint clay. arcillar m, deposit of clay; v to spread clay; to mix with clay. arcillita / (V), clay stone. arcilloarenoso (geol), argilloarenaceous. arcillocalcreo (geol), argillocalcareous. arcilloso, clayey, argillaceous. arco TO, arch; are; (elec) are. ---- a regla, flat arch. ---- acarreador de trozas (M), logging arch.

- carpanel, three-centered or elliptical arch. * crucero, rib at intersection of groined arches, --- cubierto (sol), shielded are. --- de aligeramiento, relieving arch. --- de ngulo constante, constant-angle arch (dam). --- de asa de canasta (M), three-centered arch. - de centro pleno, semicircular or full-centered arch. de cuatro centros, fourcentred arch. ---- de declinacin (inst), declination are. ---- de descarga, relieving arch. ---- de dos articulaciones, two-hinged arch. ---- de encuentro, groined arch. - de enjuto abierto, open-spandrel arch. - de filete, fillet arch. -de la hlice (en), propeller arch, bridge piece, tuck pate. ---- de llama (elc), flaming are. de medio punto, semicircular or full-centered arch. - de radio constante, constantradius arch (dam). -de sardinel, rowloek (brick) arch. de segmento, segmental arch. - de sierra, hacksaw frame. ----de tres articulaciones o de triple charnela o de triple rtula, three-hinged arch. ---- de tres centros, three-centered arch. ---- descubierto (sol), unshielded are. ---- en esviaje, skew arch. - escarzano o rebajado, segmental arch. -forestal (te), logging arch. ---- inverso (ra), arc-back, backfire. ---- mltiple, mltiple arch (dam). ---- nervado, ribbed arch. ---- para troncos (te), logging arch. ---- parlante (ra), speaking are. - protegido (sol), shielded aro. ---- rampante, rampant arch. ---- rectilneo, flat arch. ---- reticulado, framed arch. ---- rotulado, hinged arch. ---- sesgado, skew arch. ---- sonoro (elc), singing are. ---- taquimtrico (inst), stadia are. ---- tricntrico o zarpanel, three-centered arch. ---- trirrotulado, three-hinged arch. ---vuelto, inverted arch. arcn m, bin, bunker; caisson. ---- carbonero, coalbin. arcosa/ (geol), arkose (sandstone). archivador m, filing cabinet. archivar, to file (documents). archivero m (M), filing cabinet. archivos m, (of) files. arder, to burn. rea/, rea; (meas) are. ---- alimentadora o colectora (hid), drainage or catchment rea, watershed.

T"
rea
---- de calentamiento (ap), warming-up rea. ---- de captacin o drenaje (hid), catchment ---- de escurrimiento (hid) (Col), drainage rea, ---- de inundacin, flooded rea; flood plain. ---- de retencin (irr), check. ---- de sobrerrecorrido (ap), runover rea.

30

armadura

rea, watershed. watershed.

de soporte (est), bearing rea. ---- de sustentacin, bearing rea. ----de viraje (ap), turn-around. ---- exploradora (tv), scanning spot. ----vertiente (hid), watershed, drainage rea. reas extremas (ot), end reas. arena /, sand. ----acarreadiza, blow sand. - corrediza, quicksand. --- cuarzosa, quartz sand. --- chancada, crusher aand. -- de aristas vivas, sharp sand. --- de cantera o de mina, pit sand. --- de conchas, shell sand. --- de duna, blow or dune sand. ---- de escape (pet), thief sand. ---- de fundicin, molding or foundry sand. ---- de granos angulosos, sharp sand. ---- de mar o de playa, beach sand. ---- de revocar, plastering sand. - de slice, silica sand. ---- fluida o movediza, quicksand. ---- fluvial, river sand. ---- gasfera, gas sand. ---- gorda o gruesa, coarse sand. ---- molida, rolled' or manufactured sand. ---- normal, standard sand. ---- oriental (A), sand from Uruguay. - petrolfera, oil sand. productiva (pet), pay or producing sand. ---- recia, coarse sand. ---- refractaria, fire or refractory sand. ---- rodada, buckshot sand. --- -verde (fund), green sand. arenceo, sandy, arenaceous. arenador TO, sander; sand box; (lpco) sand dome; (A) sandblast outfit. renadora / (ca), sand spreader, sander. arenal TO, deposit of sand, sand pit or bar; (M) sand dune. arenar, to sand. arenera/ (M), sandblast outfit. areneo m, sanding, sandblasting. arenero m, sand box; sand trap, settling basin: grit chamber; (loco) sand dome, arenilla/, fine sand, molding sand; grit. arenillas (min)(M), tailings. arenisca /, sandstone. arcsica, arkose. ----verde, greensand. arenisco, arenoso, sandy. areometra /, (chem) hydrometry, areometry. reomtrco, areometric. aremetro, hydrometer, areometer, (su) spindle. aretillo TO, a Cuban hardwood. argallera/ (Es), grooving saw, croze. argamasa/, (mas) mortar. argamasar, to lay in mortar, to cement.

argamasn m, lump of mortar. rgana/ (Es), derrick, crane. arganeo m, anchor ring. argnteo, argental; silver-plated. argntico, argentic. argentfero, containing silver, argentiferous, silver-bearing. argentino, argental, silvery. argentita/, argntite (silver ore). argentoso, argentous. argilolita /, clay stone. arga/, clay. argirita, argirosa / (miner), argyrite, argyrose, rgentite. argiritrosa / (miner), argyrythrose, pyrargyrite. argo m (qum), argn. argolla/, ring; staple; shackle. arge m, windlass, capstan. aridez/, aridity. rido m, (conc)(rd) aggregate, road metal; a arid. --- fino, fine aggregate, sand. --- graduado, graded aggregate. grueso, coarse aggregate. ariegita/ (geol), ariegite (pyroxenite). arietazo m (hid), water hammer. ariete m, ram; water hammer. ---- a vapor, steam ram. ---- hidrulico, hydraulic ram; water hammer. arigue m (ed)(F), post, stud. arista/, edge; salient angle; curb. ---- cortante, cutting edge. ---- cortante del fuste (herr), body-eutting edge. ---- cortante de la punta (herr), point-cuttng edge. ---- de encuentro, groin, intersection of groined arches. -hidrogrfica (V), watershed divide. ---- matada, beveled edge. ---- metlica de defensa, curb bar; crner bead. ---- viv(a, sharp edge; draft edge. aristero m (to)(A), hip. aristn m, line of intersection of groined arches; reinforced crner. aritmtica /, arithmetic. aritmtico, arithmetical. aritmmetro TO, calculating machine. armada/, erection, assernbly; navy. armada/, raft. armado, built-up, framed, assembled; reinforced; trussed. ---- con pasadores, pin-connected. armador m, erector, framer; shipowner. --- de buques, shipfitter, shipbuilder; shipowner. ---- de puentes, bridgeman, steel erector. armadura /, erection, assembly; bent, framework; truss; armature (magnet), keeper; mounting; (conc) reinforcement; (V) concrete forms; (elec)(C) armature. --- A, A frame. ----articulada, pin-connected truss. ----atiesadora, stiffening truss. --- Baltimore, Baltimore truss. --- Burr, Burr truss. --- comprimida (conc), compression reinforcement. contraquebranto (en), hog frame.

armadura
cruzada (conc), two-way reinforcement. de arco y cuerda, bowstring truss. de cubierta, roof truss. de dos pndolas, queen-post truss. - de enrejado, lattice truss. --- de lnula, erescent truss. --- de malla (conc), mat reinforcement; mesh reinforcement. --- de pasadores, pin-connected truss. --- de pendoln, king-post truss. --- de rigidez, stiffening truss. --- de segueta (C), hacksaw frame. ---- de surgencia (pet)(V), Christmas tree. ---- de tablero inferior, through truss. ----- de tablero superior, deck truss. ---- de tijera, scissors truss. ---- de viga, trussing of a beam. ---- en abanico, fan truss. ---- en arco, arch truss. -- en espiral (conc), spiral reinforcement. ---- en K, K truss. ---- enana (V), pony truss. ---- Howe, Howe truss. ---- Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania or Petit truss. ---- Petit, Petit truss. ---- Pratt, Pratt truss. ---- rebajada, pony truss. ---- rechoncha (V), pony truss. ---- selectiva, selective assembly. - superior (A), through truss. ---- tejida (conc), mesh reinforcement. ---- triangular, triangular or Warren truss, Warren girder. ---- volada, cantilever truss. ---- Warren, Warren girder or truss, triangular truss. --Warren de doble interseccin, double tri angular truss. ---- Whipple, Whipple truss, dotible-intersection Pratt truss. armadura /, assembling shop. armaje TO, erection, assembly; (A) framework. armar, to assemble, erect, frame; to reinforce; to truss. armario m, cabinet. ---- de cortacircuito (elc), cutout box. ---- de dibujos, plan file. -- de herramientas, tool cabinet. armazn /, framework, skeleton, frame, chassis; floor system of a bridge; (V) concrete reinforcement. ---- A, A frame. ---- contraladeo (est), sway frame. ---- de orugas, (cr) track frame, crawler frame. ---de sustentacin, cribwork, crib. ---- del timn (en), rudder frame. ---- para serrucho (A), hacksaw framo. ---- para troncos (te), logging arch. armella/, eyebolt; staple. ---- de resalto, shoulder eyebolt. armnico m a (mat) (elc), harmonio. aro m, hoop, ring; (auto) tire rim. ---- del aguiln (gr), boom band. ---- de barril, barrel hoop. ---- de base plana (auto), flat-base rim. --de caja (auto), hollow rim.
---------

31

arrancador
--- de compresin (mbolo), compression ring. ---- de mbolo, pistn or packing ring. ---- de freno, brke ring. ---- de guarnicin, packing ring. ---- de neumtico (auto), rim. ---- de pistn, pistn ring. ---- de resorte, snap ring (pistn). ---- de ventilacin (auto), ventilated pistn ring. ---- dentado, ring gear. ---- desmontable (auto), demountable rim. ---- empaquetador, packing ring. ---- portabolas o de rodillos, ball race (bearing), ---- rasca-aceite (auto) (A), scraper ring. ---- rascador, scraper ring. ---- regulador de aceite (auto), oil-control ring.

roller cage.

arpeo m, cant hook; grapnel. arpeos de pie, climbing irons, climbers. arpillera/, burlap, bagging. arpn m (pet), spear. ---- de circulacin y desprendimiento, releasing and circulting spear. ---- de disparo, trip spear. ---- desalojador, releasing spear. ---- pescacable, rope spear. ---- pescatubos, casing spear. ---- pescavlvulas, valve spear. arponado, pronged, ragged (bolt). arqueador m, ship surveyor. arquear, to arch; to survey a ship; arquearse (an), to hog. arqueo m, arching; measurement of a vessel; tonnage of a vessel; (com) audit; appraisal of assets. ---- bruto, gross tonnage. ---- de registro, registered tonnage, tona register. ---- neto, net tonnage. arquera /, series of arches, arcade. arquitecto m, architect. ---- naval, naval architect. ---- paisajista, landscape architect. arquitectnico, architectural. arquitectura /, architecture. ---- civil, architecture. ---- hidrulica, hydraulic engineering. ---- militar, military engineering. ---- naval, naval architecture. arquitectural (M)(Es), architectural. arquitrabe m, architrave; (C) beam; (Col) lintel. arrabio m, pig iron; an ingot. arramblarse, to be covered with sand by a flood. arrancaalcayatas m (fe), spike puller. arrancaclavos m, claw bar, nail puller. arrancada/, starting. arrancador m, puller; grubber, ripper; (auto) self-starter; (elec) starting compensator; (pet) fishing tool. --- a botn, push-button starter. --- automtico, self-starter. --- Bendix, Bendix drive. --- de estator (elc) (A), field starter or control ler. --- de postes de cerco, fence-post puller. --- de races, grubber. --- de rotor (A), armature starter. --- de yerbajos, weed eradicator.

arrancador por inercia, inertia starter. arrancaengranajes m, gear puller. arrancaescarpias m (fe), spike bar. arrancapernos m, spike puller. arrancapilotes m, pile puller or extractor. arrancar, to start; to pul, draw; to root out; to spring (arch); (min) to mine, dig. arrancarraces m (ec), rooter, ripper. arrancasondas m, drill extractor. arrancatablas m (ts), plank puller. . arrancatocn m, stump puller. arrancatubos m, pipe puller, tube extractor. arranque m, (machy) starting; beginning, intake (canal); spring line (arch); (rr) lead; (rr) turnout; (min) breaking ground; (min) mining, digging. ---- domiciliario, service connection to a main. ---- en fro, (eng) cold starting. ---- prctico o real (fe), practical lead. ---- terico (fe), theoretical lead. arrasador m (Ch), leveling or finishing machine. arrasar, to level; (bldg) to wreck, demolish, raze. arrastradero m (ef), skidding or snaking trail. arrastradora (/) de troncos (ef), log haulcr. arrastrar, to haul, move, pul, draw, drag; (hyd) to scour, wash out; (r) to carry in suspensin; (hyd)(chem) to entrain; (Ig) to skid, snake, twitch, yard. arrastratubos m, pipe puller. arrastre m, haulage, hauling, carrying, dragging; washout; drag mili; slope of an adit; (ra) pulling; (ra) tracking. -- capilar, caplary entrainment. ---- de agua (cal), priming. -- de mbolo (auto), pistn drag. ---- de fondo (r), bed load. arrastres, suspended matter in a stream, st. arrecife m, ridge of rock, ledge, reef; causeway. ---- barrera o de barra, barrier reef. ---- costero, fringing reef. arreglador (TO) de averas (seg), average adjuster or surveyor. arremolinado m (r), eddy. arremolinarse, to eddy, swirl, form whirlpools. arrendador m, lessor. arrendamiento m, lase. arrendar, to rent, lase. arrendatario m, lessee, leaseholder. arrestachispas m, spark catcher. arrestallamas m, fame arresten arriada/, flood. arriar, to lower; to slack off; (cab) to pay out; arriarse, to be flooded. arriba adv, above, overhead, upstairs. --- de la corriente, upstream. arricete m, reef of rocks. arrimadero TO, berth at a dock; ferry slip. arrimadillo m, wainscot, dado. arrima je TO, lighterage; (Ph) loading platform. arrimar, to place against; (naut) to dock, berth. arrimo m, curtain wall; party wall. arriostramiento m (est), bracing. ---- contracimbreo o contraladeo, sway bracing. ---- contraviento, wind bracing. ---- de portal (pte), portal bracing.

32

artefactos terbracing. arriostrar, to brace, stay. arroba /, weight of 25 Ib; measure varying from ZY% to K gal. arrojar (exc), to cast, dump; to Traste. arrolladizo, rolling. arrollado en derivacin (elc), shunt-wound. arrollado en serie (elc), series-wound. arrolladura/ (mad), shake. arrollamiento m (elc), winding. ---- anular, ring winding. ---- compensador, compensating winding. ---- de arranque, starting winding. ---- de cuerdas, chord or short-pitch or fraotional-pitch winding. ---- de lazo, lap winding. ---- de marcha, running winding. ---- de tambor, drum winding. ---- diametral, full-pitch winding. ---- inducido, armature winding. ---- inductor, field winding. ---- ondulado, wave or undulatory winding. ---- regulador, regulating winding. arrollar, to roll, wind, reel. arromar, to blunt, dull. arroyada /, channel of a small stream, gully, brook. arroyado, gullied. arroyo, brook, stream, creek; small valley, gully, draw; gutter. ---- consecuente (geol), consequent stream. ---- obsecuente (geol), obsequent stream. ---- resecuente (geol), resequent stream. ---- subsecuente (geol), subsequent stream. arroyuelo TO, small brook or valley. arrufadura/ (an), sher. arrufo m (an), sheer; sagging. arruga /, corrugation, wrinkle. arrugas de doblez (tub), bending creases. arrugado, corrugated, fluted. arrugamiento m (geol), small fold. arruma/ (en), a hold, cargo compartment. arrumaje TO, stowage, stowig. arrumar, to stow. arrumbamiento m, (surv)(nav) bearing; (geol) strike. arrumbe, arrumbre m (Ch), rust. arrumbrarse (Ch), to rust. arsenal TO, shipyard, dockyard; navy yard arsenal. arseniato TO, arsenate, arseniate. arsnica!, arsenical. arsnico m a, arsenic. --- blanco, white arsenic, arsenic trixido. --- piritoso (miner), arsenical pyrites, arsenopyrite. --- rojo, red arsenic, realgar. arsenioso, arsenious. arsenito TO, arsenite. arseniuro TO, arsenide. arsenopirita (mineral de arsnico), arsenopyrito arsenical pyrites. artefacto TO, device, apph'ance, fixture. artefactos de alumbrado, lighting fixtures. artefactos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures.
--- secundario o de contratensin (pte), coun-

artesa
artesa/, trough, tray, launder, mortar tub; (Col) river basin. ---- de almacenamiento (Col), storage basin or reservoir. de amortiguacin (hid) (Col), stilling pool. ----de criba, screen pan. de despumacin o de espumas (dac), skimming or scum trough. --- de lavado (pa), wash trough. - de rebose (az), save-all, catchall. --- de salpicadura (lu), splash trough. --- de va (fe), track pan. --- de volteo (mz), dumping chute. ---- oscilante (min), eradle. artesano m, artesan, skilled workman, mechanic. ---- de banco, bench worker, benchman. artesianismo m (Pe), condition of artesian water. artesiano, artesian. artesn m, tub, mortar box; panel; (min) washtrough. artesonado m, paneling, wainscoting. articulacin /, joint, hinge, articulation, knee joint. ----- cardn, cardan joint. --de cruceta (A), universal joint. ---- esfrica o de rtula, ball-and-socket joint. ---- giratoria, swivel joint. ---- universal, universal joint. articulado, jointed, articulated. ---- con pasadores, pin-eonnected. articular, to hinge, articlate, joint. artfice m, artisan, skilled workman; maker. artificial, artificial. artificio m, device, appliance. artillero m (min) (Es), blaster, powderman. artisela/, rayn. as (m) de gua, bowline knot. as/, handle, haft, bail; (M) thimble. ---- de cubo, bail (bucket). asbestiforme (miner), asbestiform. asbestina/ (pint), Asbestine (trademarl;). asbestino, made of asbestos, asbestine. asbesto m, asbestos. ----acolchonado, (inl) asbestos blanket. - de corcho, mountain cork. '---- en cartn, asbestos board. asbesto-cambray barnizado (ais), asbestos-varnished eambric. ascensin recta, right ascensin. ascenso m, rise; promotion. --- muerto (an), dead rise. ascensor m, elevator. --- de acera, sidewalk elevator. --- de carga, freight elevator. --- de tambor, drum-type elevator. --- de traccin, traction-type elevator. --- hidrulico, plunger elevator. --- sin engranaje, gearless elevator. ascensorista m f, elevator operator. ascua /, anything incandeseent or red-hot. asegurado m, the assured. asegurador m, fastener, anchor; insurer. aseguradores contra incendios, fire underwriters. asegurar, to fasten; to insure. asenta ble (hid), settleable. asentado m (auto)(A), running in.

33

asfalto

asentado de canto (mam), face-bedded. asentador m, stonemason; chisel; (pet) settler. ---- de chavetas, key-seating chisel. de vlvulas, valve grinder. asentamiento m, settlement; (conc) (A) (C) slump. ----con vibracin (conc), vibratory slump. ----normal (eonc), standard slump. asentar, (str) to set, seat; (act) to enter; (mas) to bed; (t) to hone; (machy)(A) to run in; asentarse, to settle. aseo (ni) urbano, street cleaning. aserradero m, sawmill. --- a sierra sin fin, band mili. --- mltiple, gang mili. --- para chapa, veneer mili. --- para durmientes, tie mili. ---- transportable, portable sawmill. aserradizo, fit to be sawed into lumber. aserrado por cuartos, quartersawed, edge-grain. aserrado (m) (simple, tangent-sawing, plain-sawing, bastard-sawing. aserrador m, sawyer, sawmill worker; (Ec) sawmill. aserradora /, power saw. ---- de banda, band saw, band mili. ---- de banda para repasar, band resaw. ---- de cantero, stone saw. ---- en caliente, hot saw. ---- en fro, cold saw. aserradura /, sawing; a saw cut. aserraduras, sawdust. aserrar, to saw. ----a contrahilo, to saw across the grain. ----al hilo o a lo largo, to ripsaw. ----metales, to haeksaw. aserrn m, sawdust. aserro m (C)(M), sawmill. aserruchar, to saw. asesor TO, consultant; (ins) adjuster. --- de averas, verage or insurance adjuster. --- legal, counsel. --- tcnico, technical adviser. asfaltador m, asphalt paver. asfaltaje m, asphalting. asfaltaT, to asphalt. asfalteno (M), asphaltene. asfltico, asphaltic. asfaltfero, eontaining asphalt. asfaltina /, asphaltene. asfaltita / (pet),. asphaltite. asfalto m, asphalt. ---- adelgazado (M), asphalt cutback. ---- artificial, artificial or oil asphalt. cortado, asphalt cutback. de alta penetracin (ca), high-penetration asphalt. ----de cura rpida, rapid-curing asphalt. de curado lento, slow-curing asphalt. de petrleo, petroleum asphalt. de roca, rock asphalt. ---- diluido, cutback asphalt. fluxado (ca)(M), flux asphalt. insuado, blown asphalt. ---- lacustre, lake asphalt. ----mineral, rock asphalt. ----natural, native asphalt.

asfalto
---- plstico, asphalt putty. -rebajado (ca), flux asphalt, asphalt cutback. ---- rebajado de curacin mediana, medium-curing cutback. ---- refinado al aire, air-blown asphalt. ---- refinado al vapor, steam-blown asphalt. ---- rellenado, filled asphalt, asphalt enamel. asidero TO, handle. asiento TO, (str) bearing, seat; (conc) slump; settlement (foundation); (hyd) settlement, settling; site; (act) entry; (A) saddle of a lathe. ----del aguiln (gr), boom-seat casting. ----de los aguilones (en), boom or mast table. ----de cola (auto), rumble seat. ----de deslizamiento (maq), sliding bearing. ----de expansin (pte), roller or expansin bear ing. --- de montaje (est), erection seat, ----de puente, bridge seat. --- de recambio (v), renewable seat. --- de zaga (auto), rumble seat. --- longitudinal (en), trim. --- mineral, mining regin. --- postizo (v), renewable seat, valve insert. asignacin/, salary; appropriation. asimetra/, asymmetry. asimtrico, asymmetrical, unsymmetrical. asincrnico, asincrono (elc), asynchronous. asincronismo TO, asynchronism. asintonizar (ra), to detune. asntota/ (mat), asymptote. asinttico, asymptotic. asismicidad /, aseismicity. assmico, aseismic. asistente, assistant, helper. asnado m, mine timber. asnas /, rafters. asnilla/, strut, shore; (bldg)(Sp) needle. asnillo m, carpenter's horse; shore. asociacin /, association, company, unin. ---- de fabricantes, manufacturers' association. ---- obrera, labor unin. ---- patronal, employers' association. ---- profesional obrera (Ch), trade-union. asomo m (geol), outcrop, inlier. asotonar, to dig a cellar. aspa/y vane, wing, flight; (mx) blade; (min) intersection of two veins. aspas, X bracing. aspereza /, roughness; (conc) harshness. spero, rough; (conc) harsh. aspern TO, grindstone; fiagstone, stone slab; sandstone. ---- de diamante, diamond wheel. asperonar (M), to grind (tools). asperosidad/ (M), roughness. aspersor TO, sprinkler. aspillera /, opening in a wall. aspiracin/, suction, draft. ---- de polvo, dust exhaust. -- mecnica, forced draft. ---- normal, natural draft. aspirador TO, suction pipe; draft tube; exhauster; aspirator. ---- de aserrn, sawdust collector.

34

ataltidai

--- de polvo, vacuum cleaner, dust exhauster. aspirar, to suck, draw in. asqustico (geol), aschistic. asta/, pole; (t) handle, shank; (mas) header. ---- de canto (lad), bull header. - de suspensores (cv), carrier horn. ---- , muro de, wall 1 brick thick. ---- y media, muro de, wall 1^ bricka thick. astaticidad /, astaticism. asttico (elc), astatic. astatizar, to astatize. astial m (Es), side wall of a sewer; (min) side wall of a gallery. astil m, shank, handle; beam of a scale. astilla/, chip, splinter; spll. ---- de cantera, quarry spall. ---- de laminacin (met), spl, lap. ---- muerta (an), dead rise. astillar, to splinter, (pi) broom; astillarse, to spall; to splinter, (pi) broom. astillero TO, shipyard, dockyard, naval station; rack for pipe or bars. ---- de torre (pet), finger board. astilloso, splintery, easily chipped; (met) sply. astrgalo m (arq), astragal. astronmico, astronomic, astronomical. asurcar, to furrow. atabe TO (pb)(Es), cleanout opening; vent. atabladera /, drag, road planer. atablar, to screed, smooth off. atacadera/ (vol), bulling bar, tamping stick. ----de bloque, tamping block. --- de barro (min)(tn), bull, clay iron, claying bar. atacador m, tamping stick or bar. atacamita /, atacamite (copper ore), atacar (vol), to tamp, ram, stem. atado m, a bundle. atador (TO) de troncos (ef), load binder, stretcher jack. atadora (/) de listones, lath binder. atadura /, tie, fastening. atagua/, (hyd) cofferdam; (mech) guides. --- celular, cellular (sheet-pile) cofferdam. --- de cajn, open caisson. --- de cofre, crib cofferdam. --- de encofrado y relleno, puddle-wall coffer dam. de tablestacado simple, single-wall sheet-pile cofferdam. --- encajonada, box cofferdam, open caisson. --- metlica (M), cofferdam of steel sheet piling. ataguiar, to cofferdam. atajadero m (hid), small gate; (irr) divisin gate; diversin dam. atajadizo TO, bafile wall. atajador TO (mee), arrester. ----de golpe de ariete, water-hammer suppressor. atajar, to obstruct; to dike. atajo m, dike; (A) cofferdam; (M) cutoff wall; trail, path; barrier. atalajar, to haul; to couple; to harness, hitch up. atalaje TO, harness; coupling; hitching up. ataludadora/ (ca), backsloper, sloper blade. ataludar, ataluzar, to slope; to batter.

atanor atanor m, draintile. atapialar (Ec), to build mud walls. ataque m, tamping of powder; (Pe) breaking ground. ataques (min), deads, rubbish. atar, to tie, bind, lash. atarazana /, shipyard. atarjea /, drainpipe, small culvert; (M) small sewer; (Pe) reservoir. ---- domstica, house connection to a sewer. atarquinamiento m, silting up, covering with mud. atarquinarse, to silt up. atarrajar, to thread, tap. atarugar, to plug; to wedge. atascadero m, mudhole, bog. atascado (cab), foul. atascamiento (TO) de hielo, ice jam. atascar, to stop ^ip, obstruct; (bl)(A) to tamp powder; atascarse, to stick, jam; to bog down; (eng) to stall. atasco TO, jamming, sticking. atauja/ (AC), conduit, drain. ateje m, a hardwood of the West Indies. atejo m (Col), bundle. atemperador m (aa), attemperator. atemperar (aa), to temper; to condition. atenuacin/ (elc), attenuation. atenuador m (elc), attenuator, pad; (ra)(A) fader. atrmico, athermic. aterrajado cnico, taper thread. aterrajar, to thread, tap; (fdy) to strickle. aterraje m (ap)(A), landing. aterrar, to fill with earth; to demolish; aterrarse, to silt up. aterrizaje m ,(ap), landing. ---- a ciegas, blind or instrument landing. ---- a favor del viento, down-wind landing. ---- aplastado, pancake landing. ---- con velocidad crtica, stall landing. ---- de precisin, spot or precisin landing; accuracy landing. ---- en tres puntos, three-point landing. ---- planeado, glide landing. aterronarse, to become lumpy, to cake. atesador m, stiffener; take-up tackle. ---- de correa, belt tightener. atesar, to tighten; to stiffen. atibar, (min) to pack, fill up; (Col) to load, stow. atices m (min) (Col), lagging, spilling. atierre m, filling with earth; silting up; (min) slide of waste material, atierres (min), deads. atiesacadena m, chain tightener. atiesador m, stiffener; takeup tackle. -- de apoyo, (gi) bearing stiffener. --- de mamparo (en), bulkhead stiffener. --- extremo, (gi) end stiffener. atiesar, to tighten; to stiffen. atirantar, to guy, stay; to trusa. atizador m, poker, slice or clinker or slash bar fire hook; stoker. atizar, to trim a fire. atizonar, to bond with headers; to embed in a wall.

35

augita

atmmetro m, atmometer. atmsfera /, atmosphere. ----tipo, standard atmosphere. atmosfrica/ (ra)(M), static, atmospheres. atmosfrico, atmospheric. atoaje m, towing, towage; a tow. atoar, to tow. atolladero m, bog; (machy) pocket, dead end. atollar, atollarse, to stick, clog, jam. atmico, atomic. atomizador m, atomizer. --- de pintura, paint sprayer. atomizar, to atomize. tomo m, atom. tomo-gramo, gramatom. atorarse, to jam, stick. atornillador m, screwdriver. ---- de empuje, automatic or spiral screwdriver. atornilladora (/) de tuercas, nut runner or tightener. atornillar, to screw; (C) to bolt atoro m, obstruction, jam. atracadero TO, wharf, landing place, berth; ferry slip. ---- paralelo, marginal wharf. atracar (nut), to berth, dock, bring alongside. atrapador TO, trap; (ra) catcher. ---- de agua, steam trap. ---- de mandbulas, alligator grab. ---- de ondas (ra) (A), wave trap. ---- de polvo, dust collector. atrapadora (/) de arena (pet), sand trap. atrapancleos m (pet), core catcher. atrapar, to trap. atraparripio m (pet<), junk catcher. atraque TO, landing place, wharf; mooring. atrasarse, (elec) to lag; (rr) to be late, atraso m (elc), lag. ---- de imanacin, magnetic lag. ---- histertico, hysteresis lag. atravesado TO, (mas)(M) header, bondstone; a crosswise. atravesao TO, header, cap, crosspiece; (bdg) floor beam; (C) crosstie. atravesar, to cross, pass through; to place crosswise; (tv) to traverse. atravieso m (top)(Ch), gap, pass. atrecho m (PR), trail, path. atril m (lab), rack. atronadura/ (mad), check. audibilidad/ W, udbility. audible, audible. audfono TO, headphone, earphone. audio o (ra), audio. audioamplificador TO (ra), audio or audiofrequeney amplifier. audiofrecuencia/ (ra), audiofrequeney. audimetro TO, audiometer. audin (ra), audion. audiooscilador m (ra), audio or audiofrequeney oscillator. audioseal/ (ra), audio signal. auditor m (M), auditor, auditora/ (M), auditing. augita / (miner), augite, pyroxene.

augita augita-prfido (geol), augitophyre, augite-porphyry. aullido m (ra), howl. ----de borde, fringe howl. aumentador m, aumentadora /, booster; increaser; augmentar; magnifier. --- de presin, pressure booster. ----de velocidad, speed increaser. - de salto (hid), fall increaser. aureola/ (geol), contact zone, aureole, auricular m (tel), earpiece; a aural. --- de mano (ra), hand receiver. auriculares (ra), headphone. aurfero, goldbearing. austemplado m (met), austempering. austenita/ (met), austenite. austenitico, austenitic. austral, southern, austral. aus m (PR), a construction lumber. ausuba /, ausubo m (PR) (RD), a hardwood. augnico (geol), authigenic. autoabridor, self-opening. autoactuador, self-acting. autoaeracin /, selfaeration. autoafilador, self-sharpening. autoaguzador, self-sharpening. autoajustador, self-adjusting. autoalargador, self-lengthening. autoalimentador, self-feedjng. autoalineamiento m, self-aiignment. autoamolador, self-sharpening, self-grinding. autoarrancador m, self-starter. autobajador, self-lowering. autobasculante, selftipping, self-dumping. autobias (ra), self-bias. autobomba /, motor fre engine. autobote m, motorboat, powerboat. autobs m, motorbus. ----de trole, trolley coach or bus. autocalafateador, sel-calking. autocalibrador, self-calibrating. autocamin m, motor truck, autotruck. autocapacidad / (elc), self-capacitance. autocarenaje m, self-docking. autocargador, self-loading. autocarril m, automobile on a railroad track; (rr)(Ec) motorcar. autocartografo m (fma), autocartograph. autocataltico (pet), autocatalytic. autocebadura /, self-priming. autocentradox, solf-nentering. autocerrador, self-locking. autoclstico (geol), autoclastic. autoclave/, autoclave; retort. autocoagulacin /, self-coalescence. autocohesor m (ra), autocoherer. autocolimacin / (fma), autocollimation. autocompensador, selfcompensating. autoconduccin / (elc), autoconduction. autocontrolado, self-excited (oscillator). autoconvertidor m (elc), autoconverter. autctono (geol), autochthonous. autodepuracin / (r), self-purification. autodesplazable, self-moving. autodina/ (ra), autodyne. autodinamico, autodynamic.

36

autopropulsor

autodinar (ra), to autodyne. autodino a (ra), autodyne. autoelevador, self-raising. autoencendido m, self-ignition. autoendurecedor, self-hardening. autoengrasador, self-lubricating. autoenrasillante (ed), self-furring. autoequilibrador (elc), self-balancing. autoestable, independently stable, self-supporting. autoestibante (nut), self-stowing. autoestrada / (A)(M)(Es), automobile road. autoexcitacin/ (elc), self-excitation. autoferro m (U), autpmobile on a railroad track. autofiltrador, self-filtering (lens). autofocador, autofocusing, self-focusing. autofundente, self-fluxing. autogenerador, self-generative. autogentico, autogensico, (geol) autogenetic. autogenizador m (sol), autogenizer. autgeno (sol), autogenous. autogiro m (ap), autogiro, autogyro. autgrafo m (inst), autograph. autoheterodino (ra), autoheterodyne. autoignicin /, self-ignition; spontaneoua combustin. autoigualador, self-equalizing. autoimpedancia/ (elc), self-impedance. autoimpulsor m (auto) (Es), self-starter. autoindicador, self-indicating. autoinduccin/ (elc), self-induction. autoinductancia / (elc), self-inductance, coefficient of self-induction. autoinductivo, self-inductive. autoinductor m (elc), self-inductor. autoinflamacin /, self-ignition; spontaneous combustin. autolavador, self-scrubbing, self-washing. autoligador, self-bonding. autolimpiador, self-cleaning. autolubricacin /, self-oiling. autolubricador a, self-oiling. automtico, automatic. automezclador m (conc), truck or transit mixer. automotor m, (rr) motorcar; (A) motor vehicle; a self-moving, automotive. automvil m, automobile. ---- de plaza (A), taxicab. ---- de va, automobile on a railroad track. automovilario a, automotive, automobile. automultiplicador, self-energizing (brake). autonafta /, motor spirit. autonivelador m (ca), motor grader. automnibus m, motorbus. autooscilacin/ (ra), self-osclation. autooscilador m (ra), self-oscillator. autooxidacin / (quim), autooxidation. autopatrol m (ca)(A)(V), motor patrol. autopatruUera / (ca), motor patrol. autopista/ (A), automobile road. autopolarizacin / (ra)(A), self-bias. autoportante (A), self-supporting. autopositivo (fma), Autopositive (trademark). autopotencial m (geof), self-potential. autoprensor m, clamshell bucket. autopropulsor, self-moving, automotive.

autoprotector autoprotector, self-protecting. autopurificacin /, self-purification. autorrecocido TO, self-annealing, autorrectificador (ra), self-rectifying, autorreductor, self-reducing. autorregadora /, street-sprinkling truck. autorregistrador, selfrecording. autorregulador, self-regulating. autorroscante, self-tapping (screw). autorrotativo, self-rotating. autosellador, selfsealing, autosifonaje TO, self-siphoning, autosostenido, self-supported. autotanque m (Es), tank truck. autotcnica /, automotive engineering, autotcnico TO, automotive engineer. autotrabador, self-locking. autotransformador m (elc), autotransformer, balancing coil. autotransporte m, motor transport. autotrfico (dac), autotrophic. autovehculo m (A), motor vehicle. autoventilador, self-ven tilating. autova/, automobile highway; TO (A), gasolinedriven handcar3 autovolcante, self-tipping, self-dumping. autozorra / (A), handcar with power, auxiliar, n helper, assistant, auxiliary: a auxiliary. auxiliares m (tub), specials, fittings. avalancha/, avalanche; (A) flood. avaliz m (A)/beacon. avalorar, to appraise. avaluador TO, appraiser. avaluar, to appraise; to evalate. avalo TO, appraisal, valuation. avance TO, (mech) feed, advanee; (tun) heading; (rr) lead, frog distance; (se) lead, lap; (elec) lead, pitch. ---- a mano (mee), hand feed. angular (elc), angular pitch. -con frente entero (tn), full-face tunneling. de la admisin (mv), admission lead. --- del encendido (mg), advancing the ignition. ---- del escape (mv), exhaust or inside lead. - de fase (elc), phase lead or displacement. de trabajo (fe), practical lead. ---- por friccin (mh), friction feed. ---- por gravedad, gravity feed. --- prctico (fe), practical lead. --- terico (fe), theoretical lead. 1 ---y banco (tn), heading and bench. avantrn TO, front truck of any piece of rolling stock, forecarriage. avanzada (/) de onda (elc), wave front. avanzador TO, feeder. avanzar, to advance; (mech) to feed; (tun) to drive. ----la chispa (auto), to advance the spark. avejigar, to blister. avellanado y cincelado (re), countersunk and chipped. avellanador TO, countersinking bit. avellanar, to countersink. avellano m (A), a softwood. avenamiento TO, drainage, draining, subdrainage.

37

zoe

avenar, to drain. avenida/, flood; avenue. aventador TO, blower, fan. ---- de arena, sandblast outfit. avera/, damage, breakdown; a damaged article, a second; (ins) average. ---- gruesa, general or gross average. ---- particular o simple, common or particular average. averiar, to damage. aviar, to equip, fit out; to finance, advance money to. avin TO, airplane. ---- marino, seaplane, hydroplane, flying boat. ---- terrestre, landplane. avos TO, tools, equipment, outfit. avisador m, indicator; warning sign; alarm; (ra) (Sp) monitor. ---- de bajo nivel (cal), alarm gage. ---- de incendio, fire alarm. aviso w, advertisement; notice; advice. ---- de embarque, shipping notice. avivador TO (Es), rabbeting plae; molding plae. axial, axil, axial. xico (Es), axial. axinita / (miner), axinite. axonomtrico (dib), axonometra. ayacahuite w, a Mexican pine. ayudante, helper, assistant. ayu TO, an Argentine wood (semihard). ayunque TO (M), anvil. ayustadera /, marlinespike. ayustador m, splicer. ayustadora /, cable-splicing rig. ayustar (Cab), to splice. ayuste TO, splice. ---- corto, short or tuck splice. ---- de cuatro inserciones, four-tuck splice. ---- de maderero, logging splice. ---- de ojal, eye or loop or thimble splice. ---- largo, long or endless splice. azada/, spade; hoe; (C) adz. ---- para cunetas, drain spade. ---- para hoyos, post spade. ---- para zanjas, ditch spade. azadn TO, (t) hoe, grub hoe, spud; (ce) trenca hoe, backdigger. ---- de pala, scuffle or weeding hoe. ---- mecnico (ec), trench hoe, backdigger. ---- para arcilla, pneumatic clay spade. azadonar, azadonear, to spade. azafrn m (en), rudder frame. azanca / (min) (Es), subterranean spring. azarbe TO, irrigation ditch (return). azarbeta /, subsidiary irrigation ditch. azarcn TO, red lead. azimut m, azimuth. ---- asumido, assumed azimuth. ---- de cuadrcula (fma), grid azimuth. ---- terrestre (fma), ground azimuth. ---- verdadero, true azimuth. azimutal, azimuthal. azoato TO, nitrate. azocalar (Ch), to build (a wall) with heavy base or water table. zoe m, nitrogen.

azogar azogar, to slake (lime). azogue TO, quicksilver, mercury; (M) silver ore. azoguera /, amalgamation works. azoico, (geol) azoic; (chem) nitric. azoladora / (fe), adzing machine. azolar, to adz; to dub. azolvarse, to silt up; to become obstructed. azolve m, silt. azolvos TO, silt; obstructions. azotea /, roof, fat roof, (bldg) terrace. aztico, nitric. azcar m /, sugar. --- amarla, brown sugar. --- aprovechable, available sugar. --- blanco, white or refined sugar. --- concreto, concrete sugar. --- crudo, raw sugar. --- de alta polarizacin, high-test sugar. --- de caa, cae sugar. --- de centrfuga, centrifugal sugar. --- invertido, invert sugar. --- mascabada o morena o terciada, brown sugar. --- reductor, reducing or invert sugar. --- refino, refined or white sugar. --- turbinado (C), centrifugal sugar. azucarero m, sugar-mill worker, sugarhouse foreman; sugar technologist. azuchar, to shoe piles. azuche Vn., pile shoe. azud /, diversin dam, weir. --- de encofrado, crib dam. --- para peces, fish weir. azuela/, adz. --- curva, spout adz. ---- de cotillo completo, full-head adz. --- de espiga o de ribera, spur-head or ship carpenter's adz. ---- de medio cotillo, half-head adz. ---- ferrocarrilera, railroad adz. azufre m, sulphur. azufroso, sulphurous. azul m a, blue. ---- de bromoclorofenol (lab), bromochlorophenol blue. ---- de bromof enol (lab), bromophenol blue. ---- de bromotimol (dac), bromothymol blue. ---- de metileno (dac), rnethylene blue. ---- de Prusia (dib), Prussian blue. ---- de timol (dac), thymol blue. azulado por recoccin, blue-annealed, azulejar, to set glazed wall tiles. azulejera /, glazed tiling. azulejero m, tilemaker; tile setter (wall). azulejo TO, glazed tile; (A) wall tile. ---- antisonoro, acoustical tile. azumagarse, (Ch) to rust; (lbr)(Ec) to decay. azurita/, azurite, blue copper ore, blue malachite. azutero TO, custodian of a diversin dam or irrigation intake.

38

balance bacilo m, bacillus. ---- coli, colon bacillus, Baclus coli. bacteriano, bacterial. bacterias /, bacteria. ---- autotreas, autotrophic bacteria. ---- coliformes, coliform bacteria. ---- nitrificantes, nitrifying bacteria. bactericida /, bactericide. bacterifago m (is), bacteriophage. bacteriologa /, bacteriology. bacterilogo TO, bacteriologist. bacteriosttico, bacteriostatic. bculo m (M), transit rod, range pole. bachadora/ (M), road-patching machine. bache TO, rut; mudhole; pothole; (C) sump. bacheado (TO) en fro (ca), cold patch. bachear, to patch a road. bacheo TO (ca), patching, filling ruts. badn TO, gutter; gully; (A) paved ford. badilejo TO, bricklayer's trowel. bagacillo m (az), trash, fine-cut bagasse. bagazo TO, bagasse; (min) mud from drill hole. bahareque TO, wall of cae plastered with mud and chopped straw. baha /, bay, harbor. bahorrina/ (dac)(M), sludge. bailar (auto) (A), to shimmy. bailoteo m (auto), shimmy. baja/, fall, drop; discharge (employee). --- definicin (tv), low definition. --- frecuencia, low frequeney. --- ley, low grade (ore). bajada /, descent, slope, downgrade; downspout; (p) riser; (min) ladderway. ---- de antena (ra), leadin, down-lead. ---- de inmundicias (pb), waste stack; soil stack. ---- pluvial (ed), leader, downspout. bajamar /, low tide (sometimes used to mean ebb). ---- ms baja, lowest low tide. ---- media, mean low tide. ---- media ms baja, mean lower low water. bajante TO, low water; leader, downspout; (p) stack; standpipe. - de aguas de lluvia, leader, downspout. ---- de aguas negras, soil stack. ---- de aguas servidas, waste stack. ---- de ventilacin, vent stack. bajar, to lower; to descend; to drop, fall. bajareque, see bahareque. bajial m, low ground subject to overflowing. bajo m, sand bar, shoal; lowland. bajo m, sand bar, shoal; (min)(M) footwall, floor; a low; adv below; pr under. --- calor de endurecimiento (ct), low heat of hardening. ---- octanaje, de, low-octane (rating). bajos m, ground floor. bajomando TO (auto), underdrive. bajura/ (PR), lowland. bakelita/, bakelite. bala/, ball; bale. balance TO, balance; (act) balance sheet. ---- calrico, heat balance. ---- de comprobacin (cont), trial balance. ---- del oxgeno (dac), oxygen balance.

babazas /, slime (wr sr mains). babeta/ (to)(A), flashing. babor m (nut), port, larb^ird. bacilar, bacillary.

balance
balanceador (m) armnico (auto), harmonio balancer. balancear, (mech)(elee)(act) to balance; balancearse, to rock, roll, wobble. balanceo m, balancing; oscillation, rocking, swinging; (naut) rolling. balancn m, working beam, balance beam; bascule; handle; rocker arm; beam o a scale; whiffletree; spreader; pump jack; (A) swinging scafold; (A) eccentric-arbor press. ----compensador, equalizing beam. --- de bomba, pump brake. del freno, brake beam. --- de tiempo (mg)(A), timing lever. --- tracable (pet), spudder arm. balancines de la brjula (en), gimbals. balancinero m (A), operator of an eceentrio arbor press. balandra/, small sailing vessel; (A) scow. balanza/, scale, balance; (min) blind shaft. ---- analtica (lab), anarytical balance. ---- de humedad (ms), moisture scale. ---- de induccin (elc), induction balance. ---- de plataforma, platform scale. ---- de precisin, analytical balance. ---- de resorte o de tensin, spring balance. ---- de torsin, torsin balance. balanza-balde m, weighing bucket. balanza-tolva /, weigh hopper. balao m, a Philippine lumber. balastaje m, ballasting. balastar, to ballast. balastera /, ballast pit. balasto m, ballast; road metal; (U) conglomrate used for road building. balastrar (M), to ballast. balata /, balata (also used for various gum-yielding trees and sometimes used to mean rubber); (V) a hardwood; (M) brake lining. balate m, terrace; border of a trench. balaustrada /, balustrade. balaustre m, baluster; (Ec) bricklayer's trowel. balcn m, balcony; (M)(Pe) sidehill cut; (Ch) car platform; (pet) derrick platform. balconcillo m (pet), monkey board, derrick platform. balconera /, balcony construction; balcony material. halconero m (M), erector of iron balconiea. baldada/, bucketful. balde m, bucket, pail. ---- arrastrador (A), drag scraper. ---- basculante, dump or contractor's bucket. ---- cargador (mz) (A), skip loader. ---- de arrastre, dragline bucket; drag scraper. ---- de ascensor (B), elevator bucket. ---- de extraccin, mine bucket. ---- de hormign (A), concrete bucket. ---- de maniobra (ec), rehandling bucket. ---- de pozo (exc), shaft bucket. ---- de transportadora (A), conveyor bucket. ---- excavador (A), digging bucket.
---- de la sacarosa (az), sucrose balance. ---- de saldos (oont), tral balance.

39

banco
---- grampa (A), clamshell or grab bucket. ---- volcador o de volteo, dump or contractor's

bucket. baldeadora/, flusher. baldear, to bail out; to wash, flush. baldeo m, bailing; washing, flushing. baldo m, uncultivated land; publie land. baldosa /, floor tile, paving tile. --- de techar (A), roof tile. --- de vidriado mate, matt-glazed or dull-glazed tile. ---- gres, clay floor tile. baldosado m, tile paving. baldosar, to lay floor tiles. baldosn w, floor tile. ---- de ladrillo (Col), a brick 20 x 20 x 4 cm. balero m (M), ball bearing. ---- de rodillos, roller bearing. balicero m (lev)(M), rddman. balinero m, ball race; ball bearing. balines m, small balls (bearing); shot. balita/ (F), measure of about 0.69 acre, baliza/, buoy; survey pole; marker, beacon. ---- a farola (A), light beacon. ---- de acercamiento (ap), approach beacon. ---- delimitadora (ap), boundary marker. ---- fija, beacon, range marker. ---- luminosa, gas buoy; light beacon. balizador m, buoy tender. balizaje m, buoying; system of beacons; beaconage. balizar, to buoy; to mark with beacons. baln m, (lab) balloon; balloon tire. balsa /, pool, pod; raft; balsa, corkwood; (A) ferryboat; (V) flatboat; (min) hanging seaffold used in shaft timbering. ---- de clasificacin (ef), sorting jack. ---- salvavidas, life raft. balsada /, raft load, boatload. balsadera /, ferry. balsaje m, rafting; ferrying. blsamo m (Es)(V), (lbr) balsam. ---- del Canad, Canad balsam. balsear, to raft; to ferry. balseo m, rafting; (Ch) ferry. balsero m, ferryman. balsn m (M), backwater, pool. ballesta/, laminated spring. ----de arco o de media pinza, semiellipticaJ spring. ----de cayado, three-quarter elliptical spring. --- doble, elliptical spring. bambolear, to sway, wobble, (auto) shimmy. bamboleo m, sway, swinging, wobbling, (auto) shimmy. bamb m, bamboo. banca/, bench; banking; brokerage. bancada/, bench; (machy) bedframe, solepiece, bed (lathe); (machy) (A) bearing; (min) stope. bancal m, berm, bench, terrace; sandbank. bancarrota /, bankruptcy. bancaza/, bedplate; heavy bench. --- del torno, lathe bed. banco m, (fin) bank; (geol) stratum; (carp) bench; (cons)(M) bent; (r) sand bar; level ground.

banco
---- aserrador, saw table. ---- barrera, barrier beach. ---- de arena, sandbank, sand bar. ---- de balasto (fe), ballast pit. ---- del camino (Ec), roadbed. ---- de coral, coral reef.

40

barco
banquear, to level; to bench; (Col)(V) to excvate; (pmy) to bank (airplane). banqueo m, leveng, grading, benching; a bench; (pmy) banking; (Col)(V) excavation. ---- de prstamo (ot)(V), borrow pit. banqueta/, berm; sidewalk; haunch, shoulder of a road; banquette. banquilla (/) de aserrar (M), sawbuck. banquillo m (to), cricket, cant, saddle. banquina/, berm, shoulder; (A) wall footing. banquisa/ (A), pack ice. banquito m (A), rail clip, banadera/, bathtub. baado m (A)(U), marsh, wet land. ---- de asfalto, asphalt-dipped, asphalt-coated. ---- de cinc, zinc-coated. ---- en caliente, hot-dipped. ---- en estao, tin-dipped. baar (pint), to dip. baera /, bathtub. bao m, bath; bathtub; bathroom; coating (paint, etc.). ---- congelador, freezing bath. ---- de aceite, oil bath. ---- de ducha o de lluvia o de regadera, shower bath. de inversin (fma), reversing bath. ---- endurecedor (fma), hardening bath. ---- fijador (fma), fixing bath. ---- Mara (lab), water bath, double boiler. ---- para tubos, pipe dip. bao m (an), beam, cross tirnber, deck beam. ---- de bodega, hold beam. ---- de horquilla, fork beam. ---- del peto de popa, transom beam. ---- maestro, midship or main beam. ---- sesgado, cant beam. baos de los rceles, panting beams. baquelita /, bakelite. baquelizar, to bakelize. baqueta/ (vol)(Es), tamping stick. bara/, bar (unit of pressure). baranda /, barandado m, barandaje m, barandal tn, railing, handrail, balustrade, banister. barandilla/, railing; sideboard of a wagn; (PR) stake of a flat truck. ---- de resguardo, highway guardrail. barba (/) de taladro, burr (steel), fin. barbacana /, narrow opening in a wall; weep hole; (hyd)(A) gate opening. barbeta/, lashing; (cab) seizing, serving; (naut) gasket, stop. barbetar (cab), to serve, seize. barbilla / (carp), beveled end of a timber for framing; tenon. barbota je m, barboteo m (lu), splash. barca /, boat, barge. --- carbonera, coal barge. --- chata, flatboat, scow. --- de gra, derrjck barge. --- tanque, tank-barge. barcada /, bargeload, boatload. barcaza /, lighter, barge, flatboat. --- alijadora, lighter. - perforadora, drilling barge. barco m, vessel, boat, barge.

de cota fija Qev), bench mark. de desperdicio (ot)(M), spoil bank. ---- de doblar (re), bending table, fabricating bench. ---- de emisin, bank of issue. ---- de estirar, drawbench. ---- de grava, gravel bank. ---- de hielo, ice floe. ---- de interruptores (elc)(PR), switchyard. ---- de liquidacin, clearinhouse. ---- de nivel (lev), bench mark. de pruebas, test stand, testing bench. de sierra, saw table. ---- de soldar, welding Blab or table. ---- de taller o de trabajo, workbench. ---- hipotecario, mortgage bank. banda /, belt, band; (CA) window sash; iron tire; (M) belt course; side of a ship; (cr) track. ---- cruzada, crossed belt. ---- de cadena (M), chain belt. ---- de cuero, leather belt. ---- del embrague, clutch band. ---- de esteras o de oruga, crawler belt. ---- de freno, brake band. ---- de guardia (ra), guard band. ---- de hule, rubber belt. --- de ro, riverbank. ---- de rodamiento, tread band (tire); (cr) track. ---- de sintonizacin (ra), tuning band. : ---- de transmisin, driving or transmission belt. --- de transmisin libre (ra), pass or filtertransmission band. ---- del ventilador (auto), fan belt. ---- eslabonada (M), endless belt. ---- lateral inferior (ra), lower side band. ---- lateral superior (ra), upper side band. ---- maciza (Es), solid tire. ---- portadora (elc), carrier band. ---- transportadora, belt conveyor. ---- V, Vbelt. bandaje m, tire (rubber or iron); rim. del inducido (elc), armature band. , macizo, solid tire. bandarria, see mandarria. bandeador m (C), tap wrench. bandear, to sway, weave, oscillate; (Ch) to perfrate. bandeja /, tray. --- cogegotas, drip pan. --- de burbujeo (pet), bubble tray. --- de resudacin (pet), sweating pan. bandeo m, sway, weaving. bandera/, (rr)(surv) flag. banderero m (M), flagman. bandern m, signal flag. banderola/, (rr) switch target; (bldg)(A) transom; (surv) flag. ----a balancn (A), pivoted transom.

barco
costero o de cabotaje, coasting vessel. de carga, cargo boat, freighter. - de transbordo, ferryboat. petrolero, oil tanker. barco-puerta/, caisson of a graving dock, caisson gate. baricntrico, barycentric. baricentro m, barycenter. bario m (qum), barium. barita/, baryta. baritel m, windlass. baritina/ (miner), barite, barytes, barytine. barjuleta /, tool bag. barlovento m, windward. barniz m, varnish. ----aislador, electric or insulating varnish. ----al aceite o al leo, oil varnish. ---- craso o graso, oil varnish. ----de alcohol, spirit varnish. ----de alto aceite, long-oil varnish. --- de aparejo o de apresto, sizing. ----de bajo aceite, short-oil varnish. ----de inmersin, dipping varnish. --- de intemperie, spar varnish. ----de laca, shellac. ----de rociar, spraying varnish. ----exterior o marino, spar or exterior varnish. ---- japons, japan drier; japan varnish. mate, fat varnish. r para secado al horno, baking varnish. ----secante, drier. barnizador m, varnisher. barnizar, to varnish. barodinmica /, barodynamics. barodinmico, barodynamic. bargrafo m, barograph, recording barometer. barograma m, barogram. baromtrico, barometric. barmetro m, barometer. ----altimtrico, altitude barometer. - aneroide, aneroid barometer. ----de mercurio, mercurial barometer. ----registrador, recording barometer. barometrgrafo m, barometrograph, barograph. baroscopio m, baroscope. barotermgrafo m, barothermograph. barotermmetro m, barothermograph. barquear, to transport by boat, to ferry. barquero vt, boatman, ferryman, lighterman. barqun m, bellows. barra/ bar, rod; sand bar. ' alimentadora, feed rod. ---- angular (fe), angle bar, splice bar. ---- arrugada (ref), corrugated bar. ---- atiesadora (est), sag rod. - cabecero (ref), header bar. -colectora (elc), bus bar. colectora de compensacin, equalizer bus. ---- colectora de control, control bus. ---- colectora para fallas, fault bus. ---- colisa (mh)(), swivel bar. ---- comercial, merchant bar. ---- corrugada (ref), corrugated bar. - cuadrada giratoria (pet), grief stem, kelly. cuadrada torcida (ref), square twisted bar.

41

barra
- cuello-de-ganso (herr), gooseneck bar, wrecking bar. - de alinear (fe), lining bar. - de arco (met), arch bar. - de argolla (cst), eyebar, loop rod. - de arge, capstan bar. - de asiento (compuerta), seat bar. - de atalaje, drawbar. - de brida (fe), splice bar, angle bar, fishplate. - de celosa (est), lattice bar; web member. -de conexin, (eng) connocting rod, pitman; (elec) connection bar. - de contratensin (ptej), counterbrace, counterdiagonal. - de corredera, (se) valve stem. - de corto circuito (elc), shorting bar. 1 de cremallera, rack bar. - de cua (met), wedge bar. - de chucho (fe), bridle or switch or head rod4 -de distribucin (elc)(C), bus bar. - de emergencia (ft), panic bar. - de emparrillado (cal), grate bar. - de empedrador, paving bar. - de enclavamiento (fe), detector bar. - de enganche, drawbar. -de enrejado (est), lattice bar. - de entibar (re), dolly bar. - de estancamiento (compuerta), seal bar. - de guarnicin, curb bar; comer bead. - del inducido (elc), armature bar. - de mina (min), hand drill. -de ojo (est), eye?ar. - de orejas (ref), lug bar. - de parachoques (auto), buffer bar. - de parrilla (cajl), grate bar; clinker bar. - de percusin (pet), sinker bar. -de recalcar, iwag bar (saw). de remolque, towing bar. - de ro, shoal, bar. - de rosca, threaded rod. - de suspensin, hanger. -de taras (bscula), tare bar. del tejido (V), (tu) web member. - de tiro o de traccin, drawbar. - de torsin (auto), torque arm. de-trabazn o de unin (ref), bond bar dowel. - de ua, claw bar, nail pullor. - de ventana, muntin, window bar. - deformada (ref), deformed bar. desviadora (fe), deflecting bar. - en U (met), U bar. -I (met), I bar. - imanada, bar magnet. indicadora (fe), detector bar. -lisa (ref), plain or smooth bar. - mnibus (elc), bus bar. - para encintado, curb bar. - patrn, test bar. -perforadora (pet), sinker bar. - plana acanalada, channel fat. - plana bruida, ground fat. - plana con cantos de fleje, band-edge flat - punta-de-cua, wedg-point crowbar. - punta-de-espoln, pinch-point crowbar. -punzn (vol), punch bar.

barra
---- radial (auto), radius rod. -rodadora (ca), spray bar. - sacadavos, stripping bar, nail puller; wrecking or claw bar. ---- subtensa (lev), subtensa bar. ---- T, T bar, T iron. -- taladradora, boring bar. ---- tirante, tie rod. ---- torneada (met), turned bar. ---- tractora (fc)(mh), drawbar. ---- trancanil (en), stringer bar. ---- trazadora (planmetro), tracing arm. ---- tumbadora (fe), tumbling rod. ---- V, V bar. ---- Z, Z bar. barras ---- de armadura, reinforcing bars. ---- de barreno, drill steel. ---- de deslizamiento, guides (gate). ---- de enlace (est) (C), lacing bars. ---- de yunque (az), anvil bars. ---- espadadoras (ref), spacing bars. ---- portavstago (pet), carrier bars. ---- repartidoras (ref), distributing bars, spacing bars. barraca/, barrack, bunkhouse; warehouse, shed. ---- de hierro (Ch), hardware store. ---- de maderas (Ch), lumber shed, lumberyard. barracn m, barracks. barraganete m (en), bulwark sty. barraje m, dike, barrage, diversin dam. brrales m (Ch), sideboards of a wagn. barramina / (Ec), drill. barranca /, cliff, bluff; gorge, ravine; (A) river bank; (A)(U) downgrade. ---- abajo (A), downgrade, downhill. ---- de falla, fault scarp. de falla con erosin, fault-line scarp. barranco m, precipice, cliff; gorge. barrancn, m, gorge, canyon. barrancoso (top), broken, rough. barranquilla / (M), gully. barraquero m (A), warehouseman. barreal m, clay pit. barredera/ (ot)(Ec), drag scraper. barredor m, sweeper (man). ---- de locomotora, pilt, coweatcher. barredora / (maq), sweeper. ---- de goma, squeegee. ---- de tractor (ca), tractor sweeper. ---- elctrica (M), vacuum cleaner. ---- patnilladora (ca), patrol sweeper. ---- remolcada, drawn road broom. barrena/, drill, auger, gimlet, drill bit; crowbar. ---- adamantina (M),-adamantine drill. ---- batidora, churn drill. cola de pescado, fishtail bit. ---cortandeo, core bit. ---- de arrastre (pet), drag bit. ---- de cablevcable or well or churn drill. ---- de canalete recta, pod auger or bit. ---- de canteador, stonecutter's or plug drill. - de caracol, twist drill, auger bit. ---- de cateo, earth borer. ---- de cesto (pet), basket bit. ---- de cincel, chisel bit.

42

barrenos
---- de columna, column drill. ---- de corchos (lab), cork borer. ---- de cruz, star bit or drill. ---- de cuatro alas (pet), four-wing bit. ---- de diamantes, diamond drill. ---- de discos (pet), disk bit. ---- de filo en cruz, star drill. ---- de friccin (pet), drag bit. ---- de gua, center bit. ---- de gusano, worm auger. ---- de limpieza (sx), cleanout auger. ---- de mano, hand drill, jumper. ---- de ojo, ring auger. ---- de pecho, breast auger. ---- de perforacin desviada (pet), directional ---- de rodillos (pet), roller bit. ---- de tierra, earth auger, posthole digger, well ---- espiral, twist drill, auger bit. ---- iniciadora (pet), spudding bit. ---- para berbiqu, brace bit. ---- para cabulas, dowel bit. ---- para hoyo de poste, posthole auger.

bit.

or soil auger.

para macho, tap drill. ---- para mortajas, slotting auger. ---- para pozos, well drill. ---- picadora (sx), chopping bit. ---- piloto, pilot drill or bit. ---- principiadora (pet), spudding bit. ---- rompepavimento, pavement breaker, bullpoint. ---- sacandeos o sacatestgos, coro drill. ---- salomnica, twist drill; screw auger. ---- tubular, core drill; calyx drill. barrenas, drill steel. barrenador m, drill runner; auger, drill. barrenadora/, drill. ---- de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade. barrenar, to drill; to blast; barrenarse (tn)(M), to hole through, connect up. barrendera/ (maq), sweeper. barrendero m, sweeper (man), barrenero m, drill runner. barrenillo m, boring insect. ---- de caa, cae borer. - de muelles, wharf borer. barrenista m, drill runner. barrenita (/) de mano, gimlet. barreno m, drill; drill hole, borehole; (Col) drilled well. ' ---- cebado (vol)(M), missed hole. ---- de alivio (min), block hole. ---- de entechado, grout hole. ---- de voladura, blasting hole. ---- fallido (vol)(M), missed hole. barrenos ---- de alivio (tn), relief holes. ---- de corte (tn)(M), cut holes. ---- de cuele o de franqueo (min), cut holes. ---- de destrozo (min)(tn), breakers, breakingdown holes. --- de ensanche (min) (tn), holes for enlarging shots. ---- del permetro (tn), rim holes. ---- limitadores (vol), line holes.

barrer
barrer, to sweep; (di) to scavenge. barrera/, fence, barrier, barricade; (rr) crossing gate; clay pit; (hyd) diversin dam. - colectora (e), bag or sack boom. ---- corrediza (fe), sliding gate. ---- cortafuego, firebreak, fire stop. ---- de bscula (fe), hinged and counterweighted crossing gate. ---- de cable (ca), cable guardrail. ---- de cinta (ca), trafile tape. ---- de clasificacin (ef), sorting boom. ---- de detrito (hid)(A), drift barrier. ---- de guardia (ca), guardrail. ---- de gua (ef), sheer or fender or glancing boom. ---- flotante, log boom. ---- guardacamino, trame or road guard, highway guardrail. ---- guardacruce (fe), crossing gate. ---- interceptadora (ef), catch or trap boom. ---- para basuras (r), drift barrier. ---- parahielos (r), ice screen. barrero m, clay mixer; clay pit; mudhole. barreta /, crowbaj;; bullpoint; small bar; (min) moil. ---- con espoln, pinch bar. ---- de pinchar (A), pinch bar. ---- de punta, bullpoint. ---- de punta recalcada (vol), bulge-point driving iron. ---- de soldadura (V), welding rod. ---- de ua, claw bar. ---- desquiciadora (Ec), bar for loosening rock. pata-de-cabra, claw bar. --- rompedora, bit of a paving breaker, bull point. barretas, (M) drill steel. barretear, to bar, work with a bar. barretero m, miner, drill runner in a mine; man who works with a bar. barretn m, heavy crowbar; (Col) miner's pick. barrida/ (ciudad), district, ward, quarter. barrial m, clay pit; mudhole. barrica/, cask, barrel. barricada/, barricade. barrida/, sweeping; (di) scavenging. barrido m (tv)(ra), sweep. barriga/, bulge, belly. barril m, barrel; measure of about 20 gal. ---- de frotacin, tumbling barrel. barrilada /, capacity of a barrel. barrilete m, clamp; pawl, dog; keg. ---- de leva, cam clamp. barrilla/ (min)(B), toncentrates; metallic copper mixed in ore. barrio m (ciudad), district, ward, quarter; suburb. barro m, mud, clay, silt; sludge; earthenware; adobe; (pet) slush. ---- amasado, clay puddle. ---- cloacal (dac), sludge. ---- cocido, trra cotta, burnt clay. ---- de barreno, drill sludge. ---- digerido (dac), digested sludge. ---- esmaltado, glazed clay or trra cotta. ----refractario (C), fire clay.

43

bastidoi

barros activados (dac), activated sludge. barroso, muddy, clayey, silty. barrote m, heavy bar; grate bar; rung; (A) door bojt; (rr)(C) angle bar; (sb) hatch bar hatch batten. barrotn m, batten of a hatch; hatch bar; (rr) carline; (sb) carling. barya / (fsica), barye. basa /, base, pedestal. basada j (en), launching eradle. basal (V), basal. basltico, basaltic. basaltiforme, basaltifofm. basalto m (geol), basalt. ---- analctico, analcite basalt. ----prismtico, columnar basalt. vitreo, basalt glass, vitrobasalt, hyalobasalt. basaltoide, basaltoid, basaltiform. basamento m, base; pedestal; (A) footing, foundation. bscula /, scale (for weighing); (rr) (Ec) crossing gate. ----de balancn, beam scale. --- de plataforma, platform scale. --- de pozo, pit seale. --- de va, track scale. --- enclavable, dormant scale. bscula-puente m, weighbridge. bscula-tolva/ (ag)(A), weighing bteher. bscula-vagones m, car dumper. basculador m, dumper; rocker; (min) tippleman; any tipping device. --- de caja (co), body rocker. --- de carros, car dumper. bascular, to tip, tilt. base/, basis; base (all senses); rail flange. --- compound (mh), compound rest. - de aviacin, air or aviation base. --- de comparacin (lev), comparator base. --- de comprobacin (lev), check base. --- de cuchilla (motocaminera), blade base. --- de hidroaviones, air harbor, seaplanc base. --- de riel (fe), base of rail. --- de rodado (A), wheel base. --- de ruedas, wheel base. --- de la soldadura, root of weld. --- de tope (pet), landing base. --- naval, naval base. --- negra (ca), blaek base. ---- sanitaria (ed), sanitary base. bases del concurso, bidding conditions. bases de licitacin, bidding conditions, information for bidders. basicidad/, basicity. bsico (qum)(geol)(met), basic. basitas (geol) (A), basic rocks. bastarda, bastard (file). bastidor m, frame, bedframe; chassis; (Col) window sash. ---- auxiliar (auto), subframe. --- de carril (te), crawler or track frame. --- de puerta, door buck, doorframe. --- de rodaje, truck frame. ---- de rodillos (met), stand of rolls. ---- de sierra para metales, hacksaw frame. ---- de ventana, window frame.

bastidor
---- inferior, underframe. basto, rough, unfbiished; coarse. bastn m, (rr) staff (block system); (su) proof stick, sampler. bastrn m, (t) spokeshave. basural m (Ch), garbage dump. basuras /, trash, rubbish, dirt, refuse; garbage; river drift. basurero m, garbage dump. batalla /, wheel base, distance between axles. batayola / (en), handrail. bate m (fe), tamping pick. batea /, trough, launder; tray, mortar tub; (V) paved dtch; (V) paved ford; (rain) batea; (auto) oil pan; (A) paved gutter crossing a road. ---- de coque, coke tray (aerator). ---- de pilada (conc), batch box. bateador m (fe), tamping bar, tamper. bateadora /, power tamper. ---- unitaria, unit tamper. batear, to tamp (ties). bateo m, tamping. batera /, battery (all senses). ---- A (ra), A or filament battery. ---- andica (ra), anode or pate battery. ---- B (ra), pate or B battery. ---- C (ra), grid or C battery. ---- compensadora (elc), floating battery; buffer battery. ---- de acumuladores, storage battery. ---- de calderas, battery of boilera. ---- de camiones (M), fleet of trucks. ---- de filamentos (ra), A or filament battery. ---- de inmersin (elc), plunge battery. ---- de mazos, stamp mili. ---- de pantalla (ra), aereen battery. ---- de pega (min), blasting battery. ---- de pisones, stamp mili. ---- de placa (ra), B or pate or anode battery. ---- de polarizacin negativa (ra), bias cell. ---- de rejilla (ra), grid or C battery. ---- elevadora (elc), booster battery. batey m, ground occupied by a sugar mili and appurtenances; (PR) rea in front of a country house. batidera/, beater, maul; (Sp) mortar hoe. batido m, (ra) beat; a hammered, wrought. ---- en fro, cold-hammered. batidor m, beater, agitator; (A) mixer; (min) dolly; (met) shingler. batiduras / (met), mili or hammer scale. batiente m, jamb; gate sill; lock sill; (dam) apron, hearth, (dd) apron; (carp) Btop bead. ---- de esclusa, miter or lock sill. batir, to beat, hammer, pound, tamp; to stir. batista barnizada (ais), varnished cambric. batmetro m, bathometer. baud (tel), baud. bauxita/, bauxite (aluminum ore). bayoneta /, . (mech) bayonet; (auto) bayonet gage (oil level). bedano tn, mortising chiseL Beggiotoa (is), Beggiotoa. begohmio tn (elc), begohm.

44

tridimensional bejuco tn, rattan. bel (elc), bel. belio m (elc)(A), bel. benceno tn, benzene. bencidina /, benzidine. bencina/, gasoline; benzine. beneficiable (min), workable. beneficiador tn, operator of a mine or smelter; processor; cultivator. beneficiar, to smelt, refine; to work a mine; to beneficate (ore); to process. beneficio m, smelting, ore reduetion, beneficiation; working of a mine; profit. ---- de explotacin, operating profit. ---- d madera, lumbering. ---- de minerales, smelting. bentonita/, bentonite. bentontico, bentonitic. bentos (is), benthos. benzol tn, benzol, benzene. berbique, berbiqu tn, carpnter's brace; (U) crankshaft. ---- acodado, angular bitstock. ---- de engranaje, angle brace. ---- de herrero o de pecho, breast or fiddle drill. ---- de matraca, ratchet brace. ---- de ribera, ship carpenter's brace. - para rincones, comer brace. ---- y barrenas, brace and bits. berilio tn (qum), beryllium. berlinga /, pole, round timber, spar. berma / (ot), berm, (rd) shoulder. berroquea / a, granito. besar, a, block and block, chockablock, twoblocks. betanaftol tn (qum), beta-naphthol. betatrn tn (ra), betatrn, rheotron. betonera / (Ch), concrete mixer. betumen m, bitumen. betuminadora / (ca)(Es), bituminous distributor. betn tn, bitmen, pitch, (C) stucco. ---- judaica o de Judea, asphalt. betunar, to coat with pitch; (C) to stuceo. bias (ra), bias. ---- C o de rejilla, grid bias, C bias. biasar (ra)(A), to bias. biaxil, biaxial, bixico (Es)(A)(V), biaxial, bibern tn (lab), nipple. bibir m (mad), greenheart. bicable, a double-cable. bicarbonato tn, bicarbonato. bicilndrico, (eng) double-cylinder. bicloruro tn, bichloride. ---- de estao, tia or stannous chloride. ---- de mercurio, mercurio chloride, corrosivo sublmate. bicncavo, biconeave, doubleconcave, concavoooncave. bicnico, biconical. biconvexo, biconvex, double-convex. bicromato tn (qum), bichromate. bicrn tn (med), bicron. bichero tn, boat hook. bid, bidet tn (pb), bidet. bidimensional, twodimensional.

bidireccional
bidireccional (elc), bidirectional. bidn m, steel drum; (C) drum of a hoist; a tin, large can. biela /, (eng) connecting rod, pitman. ---- motriz, connecting or main driving rod. ---- paralela o de acoplamiento (loco), coupling or side rod. bienes tn, property. ---- inmuebles o races o sedientes, real estte. ---- muebles, personal property. ---- semovientes, cattle. bienhechura / (C), improvements (real estte). bifsico (elc), two-phase. bifilar (elc), two-wire, bifilar. bifluoruro m (qum), bifluoride. bifurcacin/, junction of streams; croteh; (p) Y branch; (rr)(C)(Sp) junction. ---- de ramal paralelo (tub), upright Y branch. ---- doble (tub), double Y branch. ---- en U (tub), U branch. bifurcador tn (aa), bifurcator. bifurcarse, to fork, branch. bigorneta/, emall anvil; tinsmith's stake. ---- de acanalar (ch), creasing stake. ---- de arista viva (ch), hatchet stake. ---- de costura (ch), seaming or grooving stake. ---- de pico, beakhorn stake. bigornia/, anvil. bigote de gato (ra)(A), cat whisker. bigotera /, (dwg) bow compass, bow dividers; slag tap (blast furnace). bigrilla (ra)(A), double-grid. bihilar (elc), twowire. bijguara /, a Cuban hardwood. bilabarqun tn (Ec), carpenter's horse. bilateral (elc)(mee), bilateral, bilis/ (lab), bile. ---- lactosa, lactose bile. bimbalete m (M), strut; ridgepole; pump jack. bimetal tn, bimetal. bimetlico, bimcallic. bimrco (ra), bimorph. bimotor, two-motor, bimotor. binario (qum)(mat), binary. binaural, binaural. binocular a, binocular. biiodo tn (ra) (mat), binode. binomio (mat), binomial. bioactivacin / (dac), bio-activation. bioaeracn/(dac), bio-aeration. biofiltracin / (is), biofiltration. biofiltro, biofilter. biofloculacin / (is), biofloceulation. biogentico (is), biogenetic. bilisis/, biolysis. bioltico (dac), biolitic. biolgico, biolgica!. bioprecipitacin /, biopreeipitation. bioqumica /, biochemiatry. bioqumico, biochemical. biorreduccin / (dac), bioreduction. biosa/ (az), biose, disaccharide. biotita / (miner), biotite, black mica. biotrn m (ra), biotron. bixido tn (qum), dioxide. --- carbnico, carbn dioxide.

45

bituminoso
---- de estao, tin dioxide, stannic oxide. bipi tn, bipod. bipolar, bipolar, two-pole. biposte, bipost (lamp). biprima (mat), double prime (x"). biriqu TO (Ec)(AC), carpenter's brace. birlo tn (M), stud bolt. birrectngulo, birectangular. birrefringencia / (fma), birefringence. birrefringente, birefrngent. birrotulado, two-hinged. bisagra /, hinge, butt hinge. ---- a municin, ball-bearing hinge. ---- acodada, offset hinge. ---- con levante, rising hinge, skew hinge. ---- de bolitas, ball-tip door butt. de friccin, friction hinge. ---- de muelle, spring hinge. ---- de paleta o de ramal, strap or joint hinge. ---- de pasador fijo, fast-pin butt. - de pasador suelto, loose-pin butt. ---- de resorte, spring hinge. ---- de superficie, flap or surface or full-surfaco hinge. '- de tiro ancho, wide-throw hinge. de tope, butt hinge. ---- desmontable, loose-pin butt. ---- en T, T hinge. ---- inerte, dead hinge. ---- medio superficial, half-surface or half-mortise hinge. bisecar, to bisect. biseccin/, bisection. bisectriz/, bisector. bisel m, a bevel, chamfer; (Ibr) wane. ---- al hilo (mad), bevel rip. ---- a inglete, bevel miter. ---- de trozar (mad), bevel cutoff. biselado, beveled; (Ibr) waney. biseladora /, chamfering tool. biselar, to bevel, chamfer, skive. bisilicato tn (qum), bislicate. bismutina / (miner), bismuthine, bismuthinite, bismuth glance. bismutnita /, bismuthinite, native bismuth sulphide. bismuto tn (qum), bismuth. -- blenda (miner), bismuth blende, eulytite. bisulfato (tn) de sodio, sodium bisulphate. bisulfito tn, bisulphite. bisulfuro tn, disulphide, bisulphide. bita/ (nut), cleat, bitt. ---- de' amarre, mooring bitt. ---- de remolque, towing bitt; towing poat. bitcora/ (en), binnacle. bitadura /r turn of a rope around a bitt. bite tn (A), bead (on a board). bitn tn, bitt; double-head chock. ---- de fondeo, riding bitt. ---- de remolcar, towing bitt. bitoque tn, (M) faucet, cock; (CA) sewer, bitultico, bitulithic. bitumstico, bitumastic. bitumen tn (U) (M), bitumen, bituminfero, containing bitumen. bituminoso, bituminous.

bituvia bituvia/ (ca), Bituvia (trademark). bivalencia/, bivalehce. bivalente (qum), bivalent. biviario, two-lane (highway). bizcocho m (Col), a salmn brick. blanco m, gear blank; blank forcn; a white. ---- de antimonio, antimony white (pigment), antimony trioxide. --- de barita (pigmento), baryta white, barium sulphate. ---- de bismuto (pigmento), bismuth white. ---- de cinc (pigmento), zinc white. ---- de China, Chnese or zinc white. de Espaa, whiting, Spanish white. ---- de plomo, white lead. ---- de yeso, whiting. blando, soft. blandura /, softness. blanquear, to whitewash; to bleach. blanquillo m, an Argentine lumber (semihard). blastograntico (geol), blastogranitic. blastoporfrtico (geol), blastoporphyritic. bleck o bleque (A), a term applied to all tar and asphalt producs. blenda / (miner), blende, sphalerite. ---- cadmf era, greenockite, cadmium blende.
---- crnea (M), hornblende. ---- de zinc, zinc blende. ---- roja, ruby blende (sphalerite).

46
---- manual (fe), manual blocking.

boca
---- condicional o facultativo (fe), permissive

blocking.

blindado, armored, ironclad; (elec) shielded. blindaje m, armor; (elec) shielding; (Sp) tunnel lining. ---- antimagntico, magnetic screen or shield. ---- cerrado (elc), nterlocking armor. ---- del radiador (te), radiator guard. blondn m (Es), cableway. bloque m, block. ---- amortiguador, cushion block.
---- calibrador, gage block. ---- comparador (lab), block comparator. ---- de barrenar, boring block. ---- de batir (ch), dolly block. ---- de casas (PR), city block, block of houses. ---- de cilindros, cylinder block. ---- de clavar, ailing block, wood brick. ---- de doblar (ref), bending block.

de enrasillar (ed), furring block. ---- de estampar (her), swage block. ---- de fallas (geol), fault block. ---- de fusibles (elc), fuse block. ---- de golpeo (pb), driving block, turnpin, tampion. ---- de motor, engine block. ---- de patas (fe), heel block, heel raiser. ---- de recalcar (si), swage block. ---- de relleno (ed), filler block. ---- desabollador (ch), dolly block. ---- para triscar (si), setting block. ---- partido de enrasillar, split furring tile. ---- portaherramienta (mh), tool block. ---- refractario de construccin, structural tile. ---- seccional (fe), block (signal). bloquear, to block (all senses); (M) to chock; (min) (B) to block out. bloqueo m (fc)(ra), blocking. ----absoluto o definitivo (fe), absolute blocking.

bloquera / (Es), concrete-block machine. bobina/, (elec) coil; (elec) bobbin. ---- apagachispas, blowout coil. ---- captadora (ra), pickup coil. ---- con ncleo de hierro pulverizado, dust-core coil. ---- con temblador, vibrator coil. ---- de acoplamiento (ra), coupling coil. ---- del campo, field coil. ---- de carga, loading coil. ---- de cesto (ra), basket coil. ---- de compensacin, compensating coil. ---- de chispas, spark coil. ---- de choque (A) (Col), choke or impedance coiL ---- de desenganche, relase coil. ---- de devanado universal (A), honeycomb coil. ---- de disparo, tripping coil. ---- de encendido o de ignicin, spark or ignition coil. ---- de enfoque (ra), focusing coil. ---- de ensayo, exploring coil. ---- de extincin, blowout coil. ---- de inductancia, inductance coil, reactor, in ductor. ---- de mxima, overload relase coil. ---- de ncleo de hierro, iron-core coil, ---- de oposicin, bucking coil. ---- de panal, lattice-wound or honeycomb coil. ---- de prueba, exploring coil. ---- de reaccin, choking or reactance or imped ance or retardation coil, reactor, kicking coil. ---- de reactancia, reactance coil, inductor. ---- de regeneracin, feedback or tickler coil. ---- de retencin, retaining or holding coil. ---- de la voz (ra), voice coil. ---- deflectora o desviadora (ra), deflecting coil. ---- en derivacin, shunt coil, (inst) potential coil. ---- excitadora, exciting coil. ---- exploradora, exploring or search coil, explorer. ,. ---- inductora, induction coil. ---- nido de abeja (ra), honeycomb coil. ---- sintonizadora (ra), tuning coil. ---- trmica (tel), heat coil. ---- tipo canasto/(ra), basket-weave coil. ---- vibratoria, vibrator or trembler coil. bobinado m, bobinaje m (elc), winding. bobinadora /, winding machine. bobinar, to wind. bobo m (PR) (V), a lumber used in building. boca /, mouth, entrance; nozzle; (tun) portal; (hyd) intake; (top) gap, pass, saddle; (t) peen, nose. ---- de agua, hydrant. ---- de aspiracin, air inlet. ---- de cada (al), drop inlet. ----de calle, inlet to a storm sewer. ----de carjbn (en), coaling hatch. ----de carga, fire door of a boiler. ----de cepillo, a (mam) (V), finished with a wooden float.

boca
--- de corazn (fe), toe of a frog. ---- de corneta, bellmouth. --- de desage, drain inlet. ---- de descarga, outlot, discharge opening. ---- de entrada, intake, inlet; portal; manhole. ---- de incendio, fire hydrant, fireplug. ---- de inspeccin, manhole. ---- de limpieza, cleanout hole; sluiceway. ---- de manmetro, gage hatch. --- de pez, fishmouth (splice). ---- de pozo (pet), wellhead. ---- de puerto, entrance to a harbor. ---- de registro, manhole, manhead. ---- de ro, mouth of a river. ---- de salida, outlet. ---- de tormenta (A)(U)(Po), inlet to a storm. water sewer. ---- de visita, manhole. ---- escotilla, hatchway. - tipo de hongo (aa), mushroom outlet. bocacalle /, street intersection. bocacaz m, opening in a flumeor dam. bocal m, mouth, entrance; (top) gap; strait, narrows (harbor); (min) pit head. bocallave /, keyhole; keyhole pate; (A) socket wrench. bocamejora/ (min), auxiliary shaft. bocamina /, entrance to a mine. bocana / (Col), mouth of a river. bocarte m, crusher, stamp mili; drag mili. bocartear, to crush. bocarteo m, crushing. bocateja/, first tile n a course; hollow under a roof tile; (V) eaves. bocatoma/ (hid), intake. bocazo m (vol), blowout, pop shot. bocel m, molding plae; convex molding. boceldora /, molding plae. bocelar, to form moldings. bocelete m, small molding plae, boceln m, large molding plae; (rf)(Col) ridge roll. 'ocina/, bushing; bell end of a pipe; (auto)(ra) horn; (C) hubcap; bellmouth; (sb) Ftern tube; (hyd)(A) morning-glory (spillway). ----de bruma, foghorn. ----exponencial (elc), exponential horn. bocinad-vertedero (hid), morning-glory spillway. bocoy m, large barrel, hogshead; (C) measure of about 175 gal. bochorno m, sultry weather; (min) (M) afterdamp; chokedamp, blackdamp. bodega /, warehouse, storehouse; (naut) hold; cellar; (Ch) boxear. -^ de herramientas, tool house. ----de tramo (fe), section tool house. bodegaje m, storage charges, warehousing. ----en hmedo, wet storage (battry). -**-* en seco, dry storage (battery). bodeguero m, storekeeper. bogie m (fe), truck. ----de arrastre, trailing truck. ----giratorio o de un solo eje, pony truck. ----piloto, pilot truck. bogue m (Es), Boghead coal. boicot, boicoteo m, boyeott.

47

bomba

boj m, boxwood. boje m, a hardwood of Cuba and Puerto Rico. bola/, ball. ----rompedora, skull cracker, wrecking ball, ba3 breaker. ----y cuenca, ball and socket. bolas del regulador (mv), governor balls. bolardo m, bollard, mooring post1. boleo m, boulder; deposit of boulders; (sb) camber, roundup. boletera/ (fe), ticket office. boletero m (fe), ticket agent. boleto m, ticket. boln m, ball; shot. bolina/, sounding line; (naut) bowline. bolo m, (lbr)(C) bole; (Ph) machete. tolmetro m (elc), bolometer. boln m, cobble, boulder; Tubble stone. bolsa /, bag, sack; pocket; stock exchange; pocket of rieh ore. ----de aire, air pocket, (eng) air lock. ---- de atacadura (vol), tamping bag. -^ de compensaciones (C), clearinghouse. de contraccin (met), pipe contraction cavity. ----de corteza (mad), bark pocket. ----de resina (mad), pitch pocket. ----de valores, stock exchange. --- de vlvula, valve bag. ----de vapor (mg) (pet), vapor lock. bolsada/, pocket, cavity; pocket of rich ore. bolsn m, (geol) bolsn; (min) pocket of rich ore. bolsonero (min)(B), in rich pockets. bomba/, pump; fire ngine; bomb; (V) mudhole. --- a mano, hand pump. --- a nafta, gasoline-driven pump. --- al vaco, vacuum pump. --- a vapor, steam pump. --- alimentadora, feed or boiler-feed pump. --- alternativa, reciprocating pump. --- aspirante, suction pump. --- barrera, dredging or mud pump. --- calorimtrica, bomb calorimeter. ---- centrfuga difusora, diffuser-type centrifuga) pump. ---- centrfuga voluta, volute-type centrifugal pump. ---- colgante (exc), sinking pump. ---- contadora, metering pump (gasoline). ---- contra incendios, fire pump; fire engine. ---- chupadora, suction pump. ---- de accin simple, single-acting pump. ---- de aceleracin (auto), aecelerator pump. ---- de aletas, vane-type rotary pump. ---- de aletas deslizantes, sliding^vane pump. ---- de aspiracin doble, double-suction pump. ---- de aspiracin simple, single-suction pump. ---- de balancn, beam pump. ---- de barrido (di), scavenge pump. ---- de carena, bilge pump. ---- de carrera regulable, variable-displacement pump. ---- de cigea, crank-action pump. --- de cigea y volante, crank-and-flywhee. pump. ---- de cilindro corredizo (pet), traveling-cylin* der pump.

bomba de concreto, Pumpcrete (trademark). de chorro, jet or water-jet pump. de desplazamiento positivo, positiva displacement pump. - de difragma, diaphragm pump. de doble efecto, double-acting pump. - de doble paso o de dos escalones o de dos etapas o de dos grados, two-stage pump. - de dosaje, measuring pump. de dragado, dredging pump. - de efecto nico, single-acting pump. - de mbolo, pistn pump. - d mbolo buzo o de mbolo macizo, plunger pump. - de engranaje de oreja triple, three-lobe rotary pump. - de estribo, stirrup pump. - de fango, mud pump. - de gasto variable, variable-discharge pump. - de hlice, propeller or screw pump. - de impulso, impulse pump. - de impulsor Abierto, open-impeller pump. - de impulsor cerrado, closed-impeller pump. - de impulsores opuestos, opposed-impeller pump. - de inflar (A)(U), tire pump. - de inmersin, submersible or deep-well turbine pump. - de lbulos, lobar-type rotary pump. - de lodo, mud jack; sludge pump; dredging or mud pump; (pet) slush pump. - de morbero (M), plunger pump. - de ocho grados, eight-stage pump. - de oxigeno, oxygen bomb. - de paletas deslizantes, sliding-vane rotary pump. - de paletas oscilantes, } swinging-vane rotary pump. - de paso mltiple, multiple-stage pump. de paso recto, straightway pump. de pique (auto)(A), accelerator pump. - de pistn, pistn pump. de potencia, power pump (reciprocating pump driven by external power). de presin (pet), pressure bomb. - de resorte, spring-actuated pump. - de rodete doble, double-runner pump. - de rosario, chain pump. - de salvataje, salvage or wrecking pump. - de sentina, bilge pump; sump pump. - de simple efecto, single-acting pump. - de succin al extremo, end-suction centrifugal pump. - de succin lateral, side-suction centrifugal pump. - de sumidero, sump pump. - de trasiego, transfer pump. - de turbina, turbine pump. - de vaivn (A), reciprocating pump. - desarenadora, sand pump. - doble, dplex pump. - giratoria, rotary pump. - impelente, forc or pressure pump; impeller pump. impulsora de diafragma, diaphragm forc pump.

48

boquilla
---- inatascable, clogless pump. ---- insertada (pet), insert pump, casing pump. ---- inyectora de combustible, fuel-injection ---- manual, hand pump. ---- medidora, measuring pump; (auto) metering ---- multigradual, multistage pump. ---- para pozos profundos, deep-well pump. ---- quintupla, quintuplex pump. ---- rarificadora (ra), vacuum pump.

pump.

or dispenser pump.

-recproca (Pe), reciprocating pump. ---- recogedora (pet), pickup pump. ---- reforzadora, booster pump. - rotativa, rotary pump. ---- rotativa de engranaje interior, intemal-gear pump. ---- sumergible, submersible or deep-well turbine pump. ---- surtidora de gasolina, service-station or gasoline-dispensing pump. ---- suspendida (exc), sinking pump. ---- triple, triplex pump. bombas gemelas, dplex pump. bombaje m, pumping. bombardeo electrnico, electrn bombardment. boxnbeable, pumpable. bombeado m, pumping; arching, crowning; a arched, crowned; dished. bombeador m, pumpman, pumper. bombear, to pump; to crown; to caraber; bombearse, to bulge, spring. bombeo m, pumping; crowning; bulging; camber. bombero m, pumpman; fireman. bombilla /, incandescent lamp; bulb. bombillo m, small pump; (p) trap; (C) lantern globe; (C) incandescent lamp; (C) radio tube. bombn m, pump used in sugar milis. bonanza /, large deposit of rich ore. bonderita /, Bonderite (rustproofing) (trademark). bonderizar, to bonderize (rustproof). bonete m (v), bonnet. bongo m, scow, flatboat. bonguero, boatman, bargeman, lighterman. bonificacin/, bonus; (irr)(M) reclamation. bonificar (cont), to credit. bonista (C), bondholder. bono m, (fin) bond. ---- a corto plazo, short-term bond. --- colateral, collateral-trust bond. --- de primera hipoteca, first-mortgage bond. --- hipotecario, mortgage bond. boquera /, head gate; sluice gate; outlet; (Sp) cesspool. boquerel m, nozzle. boquern m, large opening; (top) gap, pass. boquete m, gap, pass; opening in a wall; (elec) (A) air gap. boquilla /, small opening; chuck, collet; socket; bushing; nipple; nozzle; (tel)(hyd) mouthpiece; (w) tip; (top) gap, pass; (mas) chink. ---- ahusada (mh), spring collet, draw-in collet. ---- aisladora, insulating bushing. aspiradora, aspirating nozzle.

boquilla
--- de agua, needle nozzle. - de anillo a escuadra, squarc-ring nozzle. de anillo agudo, undercut-ring nozzle. --- de Borda (hid), Borda's mouthpiecc. --- de borne (elc), terminal bushing. --- de brida, flanged nozzle. --- de calorfero, radiator bushing. --- de collar, ring chuck. --- del electrodo (sol), electrode tip. - de engrase, oilhole. de flujo, flow nozzle. -- de forro, liner bushing. --- de guia, jig bushing. --- de inundacin (aa), flooding nozzle. --- de manguera, hose nozzle. --- de pulverizadora, spray or airbrush nozzlo. --- de quijadas convergentes (mh), collet or draw-in or push-out chuck. - de reborde hembra (tub), outside head bushing. --- de reborde macho, inside head bushing. --- de sujecin (herr), chuck. --- de tuerca adora (elc), lock-nut bushing. --- entrante (hid), Borda's or re-entrant mouthpiece. --- fibrosa (elc), fiber bushing. --- inyectora de combustible, fuel-injection nozzle. --- lanzaarena, sandblast nozzle. --- mezcladora, mixing nozzle. --- muestreadora (vapor), sampling nozzle. --- para macho, tap chuck. --- para soldar (tub), soldering bushing. --- rodadora, spray nozzle. --- sin cabeza, headless bushing. --- sin reborde (tub), face bushing. boratera/ (A)(B)(Ch), brax deposit. borato m (qum), borato. brax m, brax. borbollar, borbotar, to gush, boil up. borbolln m, spring; boiling up. borboteo m, gushing, bubbling, boiling up. borbotn m, boil in sand, a spring. borda / (en), bulwark; gunwalc. borde TO, edge; dikc, levoe. ----de ataque, upstreani or leading or entering edge. ----de desviacin (irr), border check. ----de encauzamiento, levee. ---de entrada, leadiug edge. ----de obturacin, masking edge. ----de retacadura, calking edgo. --de salida, downstream or trailing or leaving edge. de solapa (en), sight edge. ----de la soldadura, toe of welc ----laminado, rolled edge (stecl plato). recortado, sheared edge (steel pate). bordeadora /, tube expander, beading tool, (bo) flue roller; (irr) ridger. ----de discos (rr), disk ridger. bordear, to flango; to edge. bordillo m, curb, shoulder. ---- de labio (ca), lip curb. bordo m, dikc; edge; side pf a ship. ---- de contencin, levee,

49

botella
-de encauzamiento, levee. --- libre (hid) (en), freeboard. -provisional (Mj, cofferdam. bordn m, flange of a wheel; bulb on an anglc orT. boreal, northern. brico (qum), boric, boracic. boma (elc), sce borne, borne TO, (elec) terminal, binding post; a hardwood. --- de contacto, contact terminal. --- de masa (auto), ground terminal. borneadero m (nut), berth; turning basin. bornear, (naut) to swing, turn; bornearse, te warp. bornita /, bornite, purple copper ore. boro m (qum), boron. boroln m, Borolon (abrasive) (trademark). borra/(min), barren rock. --- de algodn, cotton vasto; cotton linters. borrador TO, rough draft; eraser. --- ds tinta, ink eraser. borradura /, erasure. borrar, to erase borrasca/, un unproductive or worked-out mine. borrico TO, (carp) sawhorse; donkey. borricn TO, scaffold horse, large sawhorse. borriquete TO, sawhorse, carpenter's horse. boruro m (qum), boride. bosque TO, forest. bosquejar, to sketch. bosquejo m. sketch. bota (/) de ascensor (B), elevator boot. botas de goma, rubber boots. botada/, launcliing. botadero m (ot), dump, spoil bank. botador TO, (carp) nail set; (re) backing-out punch; (sb) setbolt; tappet. --- de vlvula, valve tappet. botafango vi, mudguard. betaganado ?n, coweatchor, locomotive pilot. botaguas m (ecl), water table; flashing; rain shed; hood over a door; leader boot; weathering. botalodo TO (Plt), mudguard. botaln TO, derrick boom; (V) stakc. --- de pala, shovol boom. --- para cable de arrastre, dragline boom. botalonear (V), to stake out. botar, to dump; (exc) to waste; to launch; (re) to back out. --- al agua, to launch. botarel TO, buttress, counterfort. botavaca m (Plt), (loco) pilot, coweatcher. botavara/, boom, gaff; boat hook; wagn polo. botazo TO (en), fender, rubbing strip. bote m, boat; container; (M) bucket, skip; (sh) (M) dippcr. --- de draga (M), dragline bucket. --- de lata, tin container. --- de paso, ferryboat. ----de valva de almeja (M), clamshell bucket. ----salvavidas, lifeboat. --- volador, flying boat. bote-sifn, siphon can. botella/, bottle. --- aspiradora (lab), aspirator bottte.

botella cuentagotas (lab), dropping bottle. de lavar (lab), wash bottle. -de presin (lab), pressure bottle. de sondeo, sounding bottle. ----para filtrar, filter flask. botero m, boatman. boterola /, dolly; rivet set or snap. botiqun m, medicine chest. ---- de emergencia, first-aid-kit. ---- de urgencia, first-aid kit; first-aid station. boto, blunt. botn m, button; doorknob; crankpin; (chem) bead; (lbr) knot; (M) snap team of mules or bulls; (mech)(C) boss. ----del alumbrado (auto), light button. --- de arranque, (auto) starter pedal; (elec) starting button. --- de avance transversal (mh), cross-feed knob. --- de bocina (auto), horn button. --- de la calefaccin (auto), heater button. - del cebador (auto), ehoke button. ' de contacto, push button; contact button. --- de embrague (mh), clutch knob. del estrangulador de aire (auto), choke button. --- de manubrio, (eng) crankpin. --- de pestillo o de puerta, doorknob. --- de presin, push button. --- de la puesta en marcha (auto)(A), starter button or pedal. ---- de sintonizacin (ra), tuning knob. --- de tope (cv), button stop. ---- de tranco (ca), trafnc-marking button. -partido (elc), split knob (insulator). ---- pulsador, push button. ---- reflector (ca), reflecting button. ---- y tubo (elc), knob and tube (work). botones de herramentero, toolmakers' buttons. botonera /, panel of push buttons. bournonita /, bournonite, wheel ore. bveda/, vault; arch; (geol) dome, cupola; (A) crown of a road. ---- corrida, barrel arch or vault. ---- de aligeramiento, relieving arch. ---- de aristas, groined arch, cross vault. ---- de, centro pleno, semicircular arch. de crucera, groin vault. ---- de descarga, relieving arch. ---- del fogn (cal), fire arch. ---- del hogar, fire arch. ---- de medio can, barrel arch; semicircular arch. de medio punto, semicircular arch. ---- de panderete (Es), timbrel or Guastavinoarch. ---- de segmento, segmental arch. ---- en can, barrel arch or vault. ---- escarzana, segmental arch. ---- esfrica, dome. ---- rebajada, flat arch. ---- tabicada (Col), arch of brick laid on the flat. bovedilla /, arch between steel floor beams; closed body of a truck; (sb) poop, stern overhang, counter, fantail. bovedn m (Pe), chamber in a mine. boya /, buoy; float. -- cilindrica, can buoy.

50

brazos
---- cnica, nun buoy. ---- de amarre o de anclaje, mooring buoy. ---- de asta, spar buoy. ---- de campana, bell buoy. ---- de cuarentena, quarantine buoy. ---- de doble cono, nun buoy. ---- de espa, warping buoy. ---- de gongo, gong buoy. ---- de medio canalizo, mid-channel buoy. ---- de palo o de prtiga, spar buoy. ---- de pito o de silbato o de sirena, whistling ---- de tambor, can buoy. ---- luminosa, gas buoy, light buoy.

buoy.

sonora, bell buoy. boya-farol, gas or lighted buoy. boya-tonel, can buoy. boyante, buoyant. boyar, to buoy; to float. bracero m, laborer, workman. braga/, sling; spreader for hoisting. bramante (m) aislador, insulating twine. bramil m, chalk Iine; a line marked with chalk. branca / (Col), pier, pilaster. brancal m, frame of a wagn; (PR) wagn shaft. brandal m, backstay, tieback. branque m (en), stem. brasero m, brazier, fire pot, salamander. --- de gasolina, plumber's torch. braunita /, braunite (ore of manganese). braza / (nut), fathom. brazada/ (Col)(V), fathom. --- de piedra (M), a cubic measure used in selling building stone. brazaje m, depth of water. brazal m, irrigation ditch. brazo ,m, arm; leg of an angle; branch of a tree; branch of a stream; mast arm. ---- , a, by hand. ---- de adrizamiento (an), righting lever or arm. ---- de ataque (pl) (M), dipper stick. ---- del cigeal, (eng) crank arm. ---- de comps, leg of a compass. ---- del cucharn (pl), dipper stick. ---- de direccin (auto), steering arm. del mbolo, pistn rod. de gobierno (auto), control arm. ---- de gra, (crane) boom, jib; (de) stiffleg. ---- del mun de direccin (auto), steeringknuckle arm. ---- de palanca, lever arm, leverage. ---- de pared, wall bracket. ---- de romana, beam of a scale. ---- de ruptura (auto), breaker arm. ---- montador (tn), erector arm. ---- oscilante, rocker arm; (pet) swing arm. ---- para lmpara, lamp bracket. ---- para retenida (poste), guy arm. ---- polar, pole arm (planimeter). ---- rastrlador (is), raking arm. ---- rgido, (de) stiffleg. ---- trazador, tracer arm (planimeter). ---- volado (pte), cantilever arm. brazos, labor (men). ---- de cucharn a horcajadas (pl), straddle-type dipper sticks.

brazola brazola/, coaming; curb. ---- de escotilla, hatch coaming. - de registro, manhole coaming. brea /, pitch, tar, brea, petroleum asphalt. ----de alquitrn (M), coal-tar pitch. -- de carbn o de hulla, coal tar. --- de hulla residual, coal-tar pitch. ----de primera destilacin, straight-run pitch. --- de tierra, earth pitch. --- mineral, asphalt, mineral pitch; maltha, mineral tar. brear, to coat with pitch. breccia/ (geol), breccia. brecha /, a breach, opening, crevasse; (geol) breccia. ---- de dislocacin (A), crush or friction or fault breccia. ----de fallas o de friccin o de trituracin, fault or crush or friction breccia. ---- de talud, talus breccia. brechacin/ (geol), brecciation. brechiforme, brecciated. brechero m (ec)(M), trailbuilder. brechoide (B), brecciated. brechoso, brecciated. breque m, brake; (Pe) baggage car. brequero m (Col), brakeman. brete m (fe) (A), cattle pass, cattle ramp. briaga /, sling; (Col) hoisting rope. brida /, (p) flange; clamp; splice pate; bridle (cable); bridle (harness); (rr) splice bar; (mt) dog. ---- angular (fe), angle bar. ---- ciega (tub), blind flange; blank flange. ---- corrediza (tub), slip-on flange. ---- curva (tub), saddle or tank or boiler flange. ---- de acoplamiento, companion flange; coupling flange. ---- de arrastre (mh), clamp dog. ---- de collar (tub), neck or collar flange. ---- de copa (tub), hat flange. ---- de deslizamiento (V), slip-on flange. ---- de enchufe (tub), socket flange. ---- de junta montada (tub), Van Stone or lapped-joint flange. ---- de obturacin (tub), blind flange. ---- de orificio (tub), orfice flange. ---- de piso (pb), waste nut, floor flange. ---- grapa (A), lathe dog. ---- lisa (tub)(M), blank flange. ---- loca, lose flange. ---- para artefacto (pb), fixture flange. ---- para martillar (tub), peening flange. ---- para plato (torno), chuck pate. ---- postiza (C), lose flange. ---- re ductor a, reducing flange. ---- roscada, screwed flange. soldada, welded flange. ---- tapadera (tub), blind flange. ---- tapn (tub), barrel flange. bridas gemelas o de unin, flange unin, companion flrtges. bridar, to flange. brigada/, party, squad, gang; (tk) fleet. ---- de campo, field forces or party. ---- de dibujantes, squad of draftsmen.

51
---- de tractores, fleet of tractors. ---- del trnsito (lev), transit party. ----sanitaria, sanitary squad.

broca

topogrfica (A), survey party. brillante, bright (wire); glossy (finish). brillantez/ (il), brilliance, luminosity, subjective brightness. brillo m, (miner) luster; (il) brightness; glosa; (ra) glow. ---- anacarado, pearly luster. ---- ceroso, waxy luster. ---- craso, greasy luster. ---- de betn, pitchy luster. ---- grasiento o mantecoso, greasy luster. ---- grasoso (B), greasy luster. ---- mate, dull luster. ---- nacarado, pearly luster. ---- resinoso, resinous luster. ---- sedoso, silky luster. ---- subjetivo (il), subjective brightness, lumi nosity, brilliance. - terroso, earthy luster. ---- vitreo, vitreous luster. brinco (m) hidrulico, hydraulic jump. briqueta/, foriquet. briquetar, briquetear, to briquet. briqueteadora /, briqueting press; briquet mold. brisa /, breeze, light wind. ---- elctrica, electric wind. ---- ligera, light or gentle wind. ---- moderada, modrate or fresh wind. brisera / (C) (PR), windshield. brisero (Col), windshield. brisote m, strong wind. brstol m (dib), Bristol board. brizna/, splinter, chip. broca/, drill, drill bit; (A) driftpin. ---- buriladora, router bit. ---- centradora, center bit or drill. ---- de acanalado doble, double-flute drill. ---- de acanalado recto, straight-flute drill. ---- de acanalado simple, single-flute drill. ---- de acanaladura triple, three-fluted drill. ---- de alambre, wire drill. ---- de alegrar, rea ner. ---- do avellanar, < ountersinking bit. ---- de barrena, drill bit. ---- de canal de aceite, oil-tube drill. ---- de canaleta recta, pod bit. ---- de cuchara, pod drill, spoon or pod bit ---- de diamantes, diamond bit. ---- de doble corte, dual-cut drill. ---- de espiga ahusada, taper-shank drill. ---- de espiga recta, straight-shank drill. ---- de manguito, shell drill. ---- de paso corto, high-spiral or high-helix drill. ----de trinquete, ratchet drill. ----desmontable, detachable bit. ----destornilladora, screwdriver bit. ----espiral o helicoidal, twist drill. - estrellada, star bit. --- pasadora (est), driftpin. --- piloto, pilot bit. --- postiza o recambiable, detachable bit. --- salomnica, twist drill.

brocal brocal m, rim; mouth of a shaft; curb around a shaft; (M) sidewalk curb; (min) collar; (exc) pit boards, well curb. brocantita / (miner), brochantite (copper sulphate). brocha/, brush. - de alambre, wire brush. ^. de blanquear, whitewash brush. ---- para pintura, paintbrush. __ para ventanas, sash tool, fitch, brochada/, brush stroke; brush coat. brochal m, header beam. brochar, to brush. broche m, hasp. broches para correa (C)(A), belt hooks or lacing. brochn, whitewash brush. broma/, teredo, shipworm. bromado, worm-eaten. bromato m (qum), brmate. bromhidrato m, hydrobromide, hydrobromate. bromhdrico, hydrobromic. brmico, bromic. bromito m (qum), bromite. bromo m (qum), bromine. bromofenol m (is), bromophenol. bromuro m, bromide. ---- metlico, methyl bromide. bronce m, bronze; brass; (min) iron pyrites. ---- al estao, tin bronze. ---- al estao-plomo, leaded tin bronze. ---- amarillo, brass. ---- anticido, acid bronze. ---- cromado, chromium bronee. ---- de alto plomo, high-lead bronze. ---- de aluminio, aluminum bronze. ---- de campanas, bell metal, hard bronze. ---- de can, gun metal. ---- de carbn (min), coal brass or blende. ---- de nquel-estao, nickel-tin bronze. ---- duro, hard bronze, hard or bell metal. ---- fosforado, phosphor bronze. ---- hidrulico, hydraulic bronze. ---- mangansico, manganeso bronze. ---- silicado, silicon bronze. ---- Tobin, Tobin bronze. bronces (fe), car brasses. bronceado, brass-plated, bronzed. broncera /, bronze work, brasswork; bronze or brass shop. ---- de obra, structural bronze work. broncero m, broncista m, brassworker, bronzesmith. brookita/, brookite (titanium ore). broqueles m (tn)(Es), poling boards. broquero m (mh)(M), bit dresser. brotadero m, spring (water). brotar, to crop out; to emerge (ground water). brotazn m, an outcrop. brote m (C), outcrop. ---- de filtracin, seepage outcrop. broza/, brushwood; (Ch) mine waste; (Pe)(B) poor ore. brucita /, brucite, native magnesium hydroxide. brjula /, compass, magnetic needle. ----de agrimensor, surveyor's compass, circumferentor.

52

bulbo
----de artesa, trough compass. ----de azimut, azimuth or amplitude compass. ----de bolsillo, pocket compass. ----de declinacin, declination compass. ----de gelogo, geologist's compass. ----de inclinacin, dipping compass, dip needle. --- de induccin, induction or earth-inductor

bruidor m, burnisher. bruir, to burnish, polish. brusca/ (en), camber, roundup, brusco, sharp (curve or grade). bruto, gross; crude. bruza /, coarse brush. bucear, to dive. buceo m, diving, submarino work. bucharda/ (mam), bushhammer; erandall. buchardar, to bushhammer. bufarse, to swell, heave. buhardilla/, garret; (A) skylight. buja/ (tub)(maq)(M), bushing. bujarda/(mam), bushhammer. buje m, bushing, sleeve. ---- al ras (tub), flush bushing. ---- de ballesta (auto), spring bushing. ---- de contratuerca (elc), lock-nut bushing. ---- de reborde (tub), shoulder bushing. ---- de reduccin (tub), bushing. ---- de tubo-conducto (elc), conduit bushing. ---- maestro, master bushing. ---- para manguera, hose bushing. ---- para soldar (tub), soldering or welding bush ing. ---- partido, split bushing. buja/, spark plug; candle; candle power. ---- caliente, hot spark plug. ---- de encendido o de inflamacin, spark plug. ---- decimal (il), decimal candle. ---- elctrica, electric or Jablochkoff candle. ---- esfrica (il), spherical candle power. ---- fra, cold spark plug. ---- Hefner (il), Hefner candle. hemisfrica (il), hemispherical candle power. ---- hora, candle-hour. ---- internacional, international or British stand ard candle. ---- luminosa o lumnica, candle power. - mtrica, meter-candle. ---- normal o patrn, standard candle. ---- plomada (tn), plumb candle. buja-pie, foot-candle. bulrcama / (en), rider. bulbo m, (A) bulb (lamp); (ra) (M) tube.

--- de minero, mine dial, mining compass. --- de nonio, vernier compass. --- de reflexin, prismatic compass. --- de selvicultura, forester's compass. --- de senos, sine galvanometer. --- de tangentes, tangent galvanometer. --- de topgrafo (M), surveyor's compass. ---- giroscpica, gyrocompass, directional gyro. --- goniomtrica, radio compass. ---- martima, mariner's compass. ---- minera, mining compass. ---- repetidora, repeater compass. ---- suspendida (min), hanging compass.

compass.

bulbo
al vaco (M), vacuum tube. ---- de amplificacin (ra) (M), amplifier. de fuerza (ra) (M)\ power tube. ---- de presin (ms), bulb of pressure. ---- electrnico (M), electrn tube. ---- fotoelctrico (A), phototube, photoclectric tube. --- indicador de sintona (ra)(M), tuning indicator tube. ---- mezclador (ra)(M), mixer tube. buln ra, bolt, (A) machine bolt. ---- comn, machine bolt. ---- de ajuste (est), fitting-up bolt. ---- de anclaje, anchor bolt. ---- de arado, plow bolt. ---- de cabeza de hongo y cuello cuadrado, carriage bolt. --- de cabeza perdida, countersunk bolt; fiathead stove bolt. ---- de cabeza ranurada, stove bolt. ---- de carrocera (A), carriago bolfc. -- de eclisa (fe), track bolt. ---- del mbolo, (ong) pistn pin. ---- de fijacin (A), stud bolt, setscrcw; clrimp bolt. ---- de grillete, shacklo bolt. ---- de montaje (est), ereetion bolt. ---- de ojo, eyebolt. ---- de pistn, (eng) pistn pin. ---- de va (fe), track bolt. '--- nervado (est), rib bolt. ---- ordinario, machine bolt. ---- para cangilones, elevator bolt. ---- para peldaos, step bolt. ---- torneado, turned bolt. ---- zurdo, bolt with left-hand thread. blonado ra, bolting, fitting up. bulonar, to bolt. bullir, to boil. buque m, boat, vessel; (CA) doorframo. ---- carguero, cargo boat, freighter. ---- cisterna, tanker. ---- costanero o de cabotaje, coasting vessel. ---- fanal o faro, lightship. -- frigorfico, refrigerator ship. ---- petrolero, oil tanker. burbuja/, blister; bubble. burda /, backstay, tieback. burel m, marlinespike, fid. bureta / (lab), buret. buril m, small chisel, graver. burilada /, chisel cut. buriladora/, graver; router. burilar, to chisel, carve. burlete m, weather strip; (p) joint runner, gasket. burnetizar (mad)(M), to burnettize. Jburro m, sawhorse; trestle bent; (min) windlass; donkey; (sb) vang; (PR) stepladder; (C) cheek plato. buscacloaca ra, sewer-pipe locator. buscador ra, (inst) finder; (ra) (A) cat whisker. de fajas (fma), strip finder. de visin directa (fma), direct-vision view finder. buscafalias m (elc), fault localizer, faultfinder. buscahuella ra (auto), spotlight.

53

caballn
buscapolos m (elc), pole finder. buscatubo ra, pipe finder. busco m (hid), gate or lock or miter sill; toe wall. butano m, butane. buterola /, dolly, rivet set. buzamiento m, (geol) dip; (min) pitch. ---- arriba, updip. buzar (geol), to dip. buzarda / (en), breasthook. buzo ra, diver; plunger. buznm, bin, bunker; letter box; (B) chute; (Pe) manhole. ---- de compensacin (ag), surge hopper. ---- de inspeccin (al)(Pe), manhole. ---- de metralla, scrap bin. ---- para carbn, coal bunker, coalbin. buzones cargadores (conc), mixer bins. buzonera/, (M) drain.

cabalgadura, pack animal. cabalgar, to lap over. caballaje m (C), horsepower. caballera /, a land measure about 33J4 acres in Cuba, 10G acres in Mxico, 194 acres in Puerto Rico, about 111 acres in Central Amrica; saddle liorse. caballeriza/, stable. caballero m (ot), spoil bank. caballete ra, trostle bent, A frame; horsehead; (M) gantry; (A) truss; sawhorse; ridge of a roof, ridgepole, ridge roll; (va) yoke; (mech) saddle; (oa) ridge, small dike; (rd) windrow. ---- A, A frame. -- de los aguilones (en), boom eruteh. - de andamio, scaffold horse. - de aserrar, sawhorse. - de cableva, cableway tower. ---- de extraccin (min), headframe. de maniobra, (rr) svvitcli stand; floor stand (gate). ---- de mltiples tramos, multiple-story bent. ---- de pilotes, pile bent. ---- en H, H frame. ---- en marco, framed bent. ---- oscilante, rocker bent. ---- portapoleas (pet), crown block. caballo ra, horse; horsepower; sawhorse; wood roof truss. ----de carga, pack horse. ----de fuerza o de vapor, horsepower. ----de fuerza al freno, brake horsepower. ----de montar, saddle horse. ----de tiro, draft horse. ----elctrico, electric horsepower. ----mtrico, metric horsepower. caballo-hora, horsepower-hour. caballos --- ai eje, shaft horsepower. --- de establecimiento (Es), installed horse power. ----de rgimen (mot), horsepower rating. caballn ra, dike, levee. ----desviador (ca), water bar.

cabecear
cabecear, to rock; to pitch (ship); (M) to cap; (lbr) (M) to end-match. cabeceo m, (naut) pitching; (M) stone revetment. cabecera/, headwall; intake; capital city. cabeceras / (Col), headwaters. cabecero m, header beam; cap, lintel; head block; (mas) header, bondstone; yoke o a window frame. --- de caballete, cap of a trestle bent. --- de esclusa, lock head. --- de pilotes, pile cap. --- de pozo (al), manhole head. --- de puerta, doorhead, lintel. cabecilla / (elc)(U), binding post, terminal; m (F), foreman. cabellera/(fma), coma. cabestrillo m (carp), strap, diagonal tie. cabeza /, head (rivet, bolt, nail); head of water; head of horses; (gi) flange; addendum (gear). ---- avellanada (re), countersunk head. ---- caliente (met), sinkhead, hot top, feedhead. ---- cilindrica ranurada, fillister head (screw). ---- , de, on end. ---- de la biela, (eng) big end. ---- de botn alto (re), acorn head, high buttonhead. ---- de cementacin (pet), cementing head. ---- de circulacin (pet), circulating head. ---- de mbolo, pistonhead. ---- de empaque (pet), stufng box. ---- de esclusa (hid), lock head. ---- de la fbrica (re), manufactured head. ---- del filtro (az), filterhead. ---- de golpear (pet), driving head. ---- de hervidores (cal) (A), header. ---- de hincado (pet), drivehead, driving cap. ---- de hongo, mushroom head (column); buttonhead (rivet or bolt). ---- de mina, entrance to a mine. ---- de negro (M), niggerhead, boulder. ---- de perforacin (pet), drilling head. ---- del pilote, butt of a pile. ---- de pozo (pet), wellhead; casing head. ---- de remache, rivethead. ---- de seta (re), buttonhead. ---de sonda (pet), drilling head. ---- del timn (en), rudderhead. ---- de tornillo, screw,head. ---- de tubera (pet), tubing head. ---- de vlvula (A), valve bonnet. ---- embutida (re), countersunk head. ---- encajadora (pet)(M), drivehead. ---- fijadora (tornillo)(A), fillister head. ---- fuera de la cuerda (en), chordal addendum. ---- fungiforme, mushroom head (column). ---- inferior, (gi) bottom flange. martillada (re), driven head. ---- para llave, wrench head (bolt). ---- perdida (re), countersunk head. ---- superior, (gi) top flange. ---- trasera (perforadora), back head. ---- (Para otros tipos de cabeza vase remache y perno.)

54

cable

cabezada/, bridle, halter; (C) headwaters; (top) highest part of a regin; (min) header beam; (nat) pitching. cabezal m, cap, header, lintel; bridle; header brick; (mt) headstock. ---- alzador (gato), lifting head. ---- de balancn (pet), beamhead. ---- de cajn (cal), box header. ---- de cerco (cal), ring header. ---- de conducto de servicio (ele), service head. ---- de conexin mltiple (tub), branch T. ---- de control (pet), control head. ---- de choque (fe), bumper, bumping post or block. ----de entrada (az), inlet head. ----de entubamiento (pet), casing head. ----de nivelacin (inst), leveling head. ----de pozo, wellhead, (pet) casing head. ----de pozo con prensaestopa (pet), bradenhead. ----de seguridad (pet), safety head. de sujecin (mh), workhead. --- de taladrar (mh), boring or drilling head. ----de torno (mh), lathe head, headstock. de tubera de revestimiento (pet), casing head. --- de tubo de produccin (pet), tubing head. --- de tubos, (p) branch T; (bo) tube header; (C) tube sheet. --- divisor (mh), dividing or ndex head. --- fijo (mh), headstock. --- giratorio (mh), toolhead. --- mezclador (sol), mixing head. --- mvil (mh), tailstock, poppethead. --- obturador (pet), packing head. --- para barrenar (mh), drilling head. --- para tubera de perforacin (pet), drilling head. --- portacuchillas (as), adz or cutter block, cutter cylinder. --- portatronco (as), head block. --- transfrente (as), transer block. cabezales (az), mili cheeks, housing. cabezo m, submerged rock, reef. cabezn m, boulder, niggerhead; (Col) eddy, whirlpool. cabezorro m, bolt with large head. cabezota m, rubble or one-man stone, (conc) plum. cabida /, contents; capacity, space. cabilla /, steel bar, dowel, driftbolt, treenail; (naut) belaying pin; pintle; (conc) reinforcing bar. ---- de reparticin (ref) (M), distributing bar. ---- de tensin (ca), tensin dowel. ---- estriada (ref) (V), deformed bar. ---- U, U bolt. cabilln m, ladder rung. cabina/, elevator car; (tk)(sh) cab; cabin of an airplane. cabio m, joist; trimmer beam; lintel; rafter. cabio m, lintel; rail of a door. cable m, cable, rope, line; (elec) cable. ---- acorazado (elc), armored cable. ---- agitador (pet), jerk line. ---- alimentador (elc), feed cable. ---- antigiratorio, nonspinning wire rope.

cable
-armado, armored cable; multiple-conductor cable. -arrollado con encaje, (wr) locked-coil cable. -atesador, tightening or take-up line. -blindado, armored cable. carril (cv), track cable. cerrado (Es), locked-coil cable. cinta, flat wire rope. concntrico (elc), concentric-lay cable, corredor, running rope. de abac, Manila rope. de aceit (elc), oil-filled cable. de acercamiento (cv), inhaul cable. de acero, wire rope or cable. de achique (pet), swabbiiig line. de alambre, wire rope. de alambres ajustados, (wr) locked-wire cable. de alambres pareados (elc), paired or nonquadded cable. de alejamiento, (cy) outhaul cable; (lg) haulback. de algodn, cotton rope. de almas mltiples, multiple-eore cable. de alzar, hoisting line. de aproximacin (cv), inhaul cable. de arrastre, dragline, hauling cable. de arrollado liso, (wr) smooth-coil cable, de avance (pl), crowd line. de botones (cv), button line. de cadena, chain cable. de camo, Manila or hemp rope. de carga, load or carryihg cable. de cierre (cuch), closing or digging line. de cola, tag line. de compensacin, take-up line. de conductor mltiple (elc), multiple-conductor cable. de conductores de sector (elc), sector cable, de conductores encerrados (elc), shieldedconductor cable. de conductores gemelos (elcc), twin wire. de conductores separados (elc), split-conductor cable. de cordones planos, flattenedstrand wire rope. de corrida, running rope. de la cuchara (pet), bailing line. de descarga (cuch), dumping or trip line. de elevacin, hoisting or fall or load line. de empuje (pl), crowd line. de espira cerrada, (wr), locked-coil cable. de extraccin, cable on a mine hoist. de gas (elc), gas-filled cable. de giro (gr), sluing line. -de henequn, sisal rope. de izar, fall or hoisting or load line. de labor, running rope. de ladeo (tn) (nut), bull line. de levante (M), hoisting line. de mando, operating cable. de nudos (cv), button line. de recorrido (cv) (A), hauling or endless line.

55

cabo

de refrenamiento, snubbing line. de remolque, hawser, towing line, towline; (type of wire rope) hawser, mooring line.

- de retencin, guy cable; (bu) holding Une. ---- de retroceso, (sh) backhaul rope; (lg) haul back, receding line. ---- de las tenazas (pet), tong line. ---- de torcido concntrico (elc), concentriclay cable. --- de traccin, (wr) haulage cable; (cy) hauling or endless line; (ce) dragline. --- de traslacin, (cy) hauling or endless line; (lg) straw or grass line. ---- de va (cv), track or main cable. ---- de volteo (cuch), dumping line. ---- , de un solo, (bu) single-line. ---- gra (Es), cableway. ---- guardacarretera, highway guard cable. ---- Manila, Manila rope. ---- mensajero, carrying or messenger or load cable. ---- metlico de alma fibrosa, fiber-core wire rope. ---- muerto, standing rope; (pet) dead line. ---- para encarrilamiento (fe), wrecking rope. ---- para intemperie (elc), weatherproof cable. ---- para maniobras (fe), switching rope. ---- para vientos, guy cable. ---- portador, (cy) main or load cable; suspensin cable. ---- preformado, preformed wire rope. ---- protegido (elc), shielded cable. ---- rastrero, hauling cable. ---- rosario (cv)(A), button line. -- soltador (cuch), tripping line. ---- suspendedor (pte), suspender cable. ---- sustentador, carrying or load cable. ---- telefrico, aerial tramway. ---- tractor o sin fin (cv), hauling or endless line. ---- transbordador, cableway. trenzado (elc), stranded or braided cable. vaciador (cuch), dumping Une. cableado m (cab), lay. ---- corriente, regular lay. cruzado, (cab) regular lay; plin lay (rope). paralelo, lang lay. cablear (cab), to twist, to lay. cablecarril m, cableway; aerial tramway. ---- corredizo, traveling cableway. ---- giratorio, radial cableway. cablero m (M), rigger. cablerriel m (cv), track cable. cableva m, cableway; aerial tramway. - de arrastre (ef), cableway skidder. ---- de cable templado, Tautline cableway (trademark). - flojo, slackline cableway. ---- radial, radial cableway. ---- trasladable, traveling cableway. cabo m, rope, strand; foreman; handle; cape; end ---- ciego (A), cap nut. ---- de cuadrilla, straw boss, assistant

foreman. ---- de hacha, ax handle. ---- de labor, running rope. ---- de mecha (A), shank of a drill. --de pico, pick handle. ---- de pistola, pistol grip. ---- de retenida, guy cable; guy strand. ---- guardacamino (ca), guardrail strand. ---- Manila, Manila rope.

cabo
---- mensajero, suspensin or messenger strand. ---- muerto, standing rope, guy cable. ---- para vientos, guy strand.

56

cada
---- de adujadas, coil chain. ---- de agrimensor, surveyor's chain (66 feet). ---- de aisladores (elc), chain insulator, insula---- de ajuste, toggle chain, (lg) bunk chain. ---- de amarrar, mooring chain. ---- de cable o de contretes, cable or stud-link ---- de distribucin (auto), timing chain. ---- de dragado, dredge chain. ---- de empuje (pl), crowding chain. ---- de engranaje, pitch chain. ---- de escalera, ladder chain. ---- de eslabn con travesano, stud-link chain. ---- de eslabn torcido, twist-link chain. ---- de eslabones cortos, close-link chain. ---- de eslabones planos, flat-link chain. ---- de fondeo, mooring chain. ---- de Gall, Gall's chain. ---- de Gunter, Gunter's or surveyor's chain. ---- de herramientas (pet), string of tools. ---- de mando, transmission or driving chain. ---- de medir, surveyor's or Gunter's chain; engi---- de montaas, mountain range. ---- de oruga, crawler belt. ---- de paso corto, short-pitch chain (fat link). ---- de paso largo, long-pitch chain.

cabotaje m, pilotage; coastwise shipping, cabotage. cabrestante m, winch, crab, capstan; A frame, breast or house derrick. ---- corredizo (hid), traveling gate hoist. ---- de cadena, chain block. ---- manual, hand-power winch. ---- para remolcar, towing winch. cabrestante) m (pet), winch-head man, cathead man. cabria /, winch, capstan, windlass, crab; crane, derrick; A frame, gallows frame, house derrick; (lg) jammer; oil derrick. ---- chinesca, differential windlass. ---- de aguildn, jib crane. ---- de manivela, crank windlass. ---- de martinete, pile-driver leads. ---- de pies rgidos, stiffleg derrick. ---- de tres patas, shear legs, tripod derrick. - de vientos, guy derrick. ---- izadora de compuerta (hid), gate hoist. ---- remolcadora (te), towing winch. ---- transportadora de troncos, logging arch. cabriada/ (A), truss; pile-driver leads. cabrial m, rafter. cabrilla/, sawhorse, sawbuck; trestle horse. cabrio m, joist; rafter. cabrin m, chock. cabs m (fc)(M), caboose. cabuya /, sisal or hemp rope. cabuya m, an Argentine hardwood. cabuyera /, rigging, outfit of ropes or cables; ship chandlery. cabuyero TO, ship chandler. cacaraa/, pitting (rust). cacaraado, pitted. cacera /, channel, canal, irrigation ditch. cacerola/ (lab), casserole. cachacera / (az), mud tank, blowup. cachar (mad), to split; to rip. cachaza / (az), scum, froth, foam, mud. cacheta/ (ft), ward of a lock. cachete m, splice pate, scab, fishplate; jaw or cheek pate. cachimba/, (A) shallowwell, spring; (M) miner's lamp; (Pe) house connection to a sewer. cachimbo m, (V) nozzle; (V) inlet. cachizo (mad), fit to be sawed. cachorro, cachorrero m (vol)(A)(Ch), very light blast. cachucho m (Ch), bucket; coil pan in nitrato plant. cachuela/ (Pe), rapids of a river. cadahalso m, shed. cadalso m, scaffold, staging. cadena/, chain; log boom; (cons) tie, brace, reinforcement, buttress. --- afianzada, stud-link chain. --- antiderrapante (M), tire chain. --- antideslizante, tire chain. --- articulada, block chain; pitch or pintle chain. --- comprobada, proof coil chain. con juntas de pasador, pin-connected chain.

tor string.

chain,

neer's chain.

de produccin, assembly or production Une. ---- de rocas, reef, ridge of rock. ---- de rodillos, roller chain. ---- de seales (en), telegraph chain. ---- de transmisin, chain belt, driving chain. ---- de troncos, log boom. ---- enroscadura (pet), spinning chain. ---- lubricadora, oiling chain. ---- motora, driving chain. ---- para hojas de ventana, sash chain. ---- -para ingenieros (lev), engineer's chain (100 feet). ---- para neumtico, tire chain. ---- rotatoria, rolle chain. ---- silenciosa, silent chain. ---- sin soldar, weldless chain. ---- sorda, silent chain. ---- transportadora, chain conveyor. cadenas de cola (ef), tag chaina. cadenada/ (lev), length of one chain. cadenear (lev), to chain. cadeneo m, chaining. cadenero m, chainman. ---- delantero, head chainman. ---- trasero, rear chainman. ---- zaguero (A), rear chainman. cadenetas/ (Ch), bridging between joists. cadenilla (/) de tiro (elc), pul chain. cadmiado, cadmium-plated. cadmio m, cadmium. caedizo m, lean-to; a unstable, ready to fall; deciduous (tree). caer, caerse, to fall, drop; to fail. cagafierro m, slag, scoria. caico m (C), reef, shoal. cada/, fall, drop; (hyd) head; (geol) dip; (str) failure; (min) slip, fall of rock; (bldg) roof leader.

cada . bruta (hid), gross head. --de agua, waterfall. - de friccin, (hyd) friction drop. - de tensin de la reactancia (elc), reactanco drop, quadrature component. . ---efectiva (hid), effective head. - esttica (hid), static head. -IR (elc), IR drop. . ---pluvial, rainfall. ---- por impedancia (elc), impedance drop. ---- til (hid), useful head. cados (min), fallen material. caimn m, Stillson wrench; (M) ore chute; (pct) tongs. caipn m (RD), a timber tree. cairel m (en), rail, caja/, box, case; car body, truck body; (carp) mortise, recess; (elec) cabinet; (machy) housing, casing; (elec) outlet box, junction box; (rd) section excavated for pavement; (min) thickness of a vein; (com) cash; safe, cashbox; cashier's office; fund; (Ch) river bed. ---- basculante, dump body. ---- chica, petty cash. ---- de abonado (elc) (agua), service box. ---- de acceso, inspection box; (elec) pul box. ---- de la aguja (inst), compasa box. ---- de ahorros, savings bank. ---- de alimentacin (az), feed well. ---- del alma (sx), core box. - de amortizacin, sinking fund. -. de arranque (elc), starting box. ---- de ascensor, elevator shaft. de avance (mh), feedbox. ---- de banjo (auto), banjo housing. - de bscula, scale box (weighing). - de bobinas (auto), coil box. -de bolas (cojinete), ball cage, retainer. ---- de bomba, pump casing. ---- de borne (elc), terminal housing. -----de cadenas (en), chain locker. de cambio, (auto) gear case, gearbox; (mt) speed box. --- de cambios rpidos (torno), quick-chanj;e gearbox. -*r de caracol (turb), scroll case. *de carretilla, wheelbarrow tray. -- de carro, car body; wagn body. -r- de caudales, safe. r- de cepillo (herr), plae stock. ---- de cerradura (ft), lock case. - de cigeal (auto), crankease. -^ de contacto (elc), receptacle, socket. s de contador, meter box, (elec) meter trough. ---- de contrapeso (ventana), weight box. de cortacircuito (elc), cutout box. ---- de la chapaleta (v), clack box. ---- de chumacera, journal box, pillow block; axle box. ---- da dcadas (elc), decade box. ---- de derivacin, (elec) junction or tap box; service box; (sd) diverting box. ---- de derrame (az), overflow box. ---- del diferencial (auto), differential case or housing.

57

caja - de distribucin, (se) valve chest; (elec) distribution or junction box. - del eje, journal box, axle box. - del embrague (auto), clutch case. - de empacadura (M), stuffing box. -de empalme (elc), junction or splice or joint box. - de empaque (M), packing case. - de empaquetadura, stuffing box. -de enchufe (elc), receptacle, outlet. -de engranajes, gear case, gearbox; (auto) transmission. - de engrase (fe), journal box, axle box. - de entrega (irr), delivery box. - de escalera, stair well. - de esclusa, sluice box. - de estopas, stuffing box. - de extraccin, mine cage. - de fuego (cal), firebox. - de gasto visible, sight-flow box. - de grasa, grease case. - de herramientas, toolbox, tool chest. - de humo, smokebox, breeching. - de incendio, hydrant. - de ingletes (carp), miter box. - de jubilaciones, pensin fund. - de lavado (al), flush tank. - de menores, petty cash. - de muestras (sx), core box. - de orificio (hid), orfice box. - de paso (elc), pul box. - de pilada (mam), batch or mortar box. - de puente trasero (auto), rear-axle housing. - de la puerta (M), door buck. - de registro, manhole (street). - de resistencias (elc), resistance box. - de retiros, retirement fund. - de rodillos (cojinete), roller race. - de salida (elc), outlet or conduit box. - de salida doble, double or two-gang outlet box. - de salida simple, single or one-gang outlet box. de salida triple, triple or three-gang outlet box. -de sebo (U), grease cup. de seccionamiento (elc), sectionalizing box. de seguridad, safe; safe-deposit box. de servicio, (elec) service box; (irr) delivery box. de sulfitacin (az), sulphur box. de transferencia (co), transfer case. de transmisin (auto), gear or transmission case. de unin, junction box. de vagn, car body. de vlvula, valve chest; valve box. de vlvula al cordn, curb box. de vapor (mv), steam chest. de velocidades, (auto) gear or transmission case; (mt) speed box. de ventilacin, air or ventilation sliaft. de visita, manhole, inspection box. del volante (auto), flywheel housing. de volteo, dump body. derivadora (irr), delivery box.

caja
--- distribuidora (ca), spreader box, eradle. --- esparcidora (ca), spreader box. --- espiral (turb), scroll case. --- estancadora (maq), gland. --- fuerte, safe. --- grasera (fc)(Ch), journal box. ---- partida, split casing. ---- pequea (Ec), petty eash. ---- playa (co)(A), flat body. ---- portacuchilla acabadora (mh), finishing box

58
---- en rosca (A), light draft. ---- mximo, extreme draft. ---- medio, mean draft.

caldear

tool. ----portacuchilla desbastadora (mh), roughing box tool. ---- repartidora (irr)(M), divisin box. ---- volcable o volquete, dump body. ---- y espiga, (carp) mortise and tenon; (p)(M) bell and spigot. caja-dique m, cofferdam. cajear, to mortise, recess. cajera /, groove, channel, recess, key seat. ---- colectora (lu), collecting groove. ---- de chaveta (maq), keyway, key seat. ---- del eje, journal box, pillow block. ---- de lubricacin, oil groove. cajero m, cashier; box maker. cajn m, packing case; caisson; bin; skip, sealepan; car body; locker; (Ch)(V) gorge, canyon; (Col) concrete forms; (elec) cabinet; (Ec) box culvert. ---- cargador, loading skip. ---- de aire comprimido, pneumatic caisson. ---- de carro, wagn body; car body. - de embalaje, packing case. ---- de madera (exc), scale box. ---- de volteo, dump body. ---- esqueleto, crate. ---- neumtico o sumergible, pneumatic caisson. cajones de agregados, aggregate bins. cajonero m, (exc) man who handles skips or scalepans, (min) bottomer, onsetter. cajuela/, groove, recess. cal /, lime. ---- area (Es), quicklime; high-calcium lime. ---- apagada, slaked lime. ---- blanca, high-calcium lime. ---- custica, caustic lime, quicklime. grasa, rich or high-calcium lime, ---- gruesa (A), quicklime. ---- hidratada, hydrated or slaked lime, masn 'a hydrate. ---- libre, free lime. ---- muerta, slaked or hydrated lime. ---- pobre, lean or magnesium lime. ---- tal como sale, run-of-kiln lime. ---- viva, quicklime, caustic lime. ---- y canto, stone masonry. cala /, cove, small bay; hold of a vessel; (naut) draft; test core, test boring; test pit. ---- de prueba, test" boring, boring core. calabozo m (C), kind of machete. calabrote m, hawser. calado m, (naut) draft, depth; (C) stencil, openwork; (elec) (A) angular displacement. ---- de popa, draft aft. ---- de proa, draft forward. --- en plena carga, load draft.

- sin carga, light draft. calador m, calking iron; drill for taking samples. ---- para rboles (for), increment or accretion borer. caladura/, boring. calafate m, calking chisel or iron. calafateador m, calker (man); calking tool. ---- agudo, butt or sharp iron. ----angosto, spike iron. ----de cubierta, dumb or deck iron. --- de estopa, yarning iron. calafatear, to calk; (mas) (Col) to point. calafateo m, calking. calaje m, (elec) angular displacement; (t) setting (angle). calamansanay m, a Philippine lumber. calamina / (miner) (met), calamine. calaminas (Ch) (B), galvanized corrugated sheets. calandria/, (chem) calandria; (machy) calenden calaa / (Es), guard railing, parapet, bulkhead. calar, n limestone quarry; v to perfrate; to wedge; to treat with lime; to make core borings; to sink (caisson); (naut) to draw; a calcareous. calavera/ (auto)(M), taillight. calaverita/, calaverite (gold ore). calca /, a copy. --- heliogrca, sun print, blueprint. calcado m, tracing. calcador m, tracer. calcantita /, chalcanthite, native copper sulphate. calcar, to trace, copy. calcreo, calcareous. calce m, wedge, liner, shim; underpinning; iron tire. calcico a (qum), calcic, calcium. calcina /, (Sp) concrete. calcinador m, calciner; (min) roaster. calcinar, to calcine, burn, roast (ore). calcio m, calcium. ---- clorurado, calcium chloride. calcita / (miner), calcite, calcspar. calco m, a tracing; (V) original drawing on transparent paper. ---- a lpiz, pencil tracing. ---- heliogrfico (A), blueprint. ---- litogrfico, lithotracing. calcocita, calcosina/, chalcocite (copper ore). calcopirita /, chalcopyrite, yellow copper ore, yellow pyrites. calculador m, calculating machine; estimator, computer. ---- circular, circular slide rule. ---- de red (elc), network calculator. calcular, to compute, calclate; (str) (C) to design. calculista, computer, estimator; (str)(C) designer. clculo m, computation; calculus. calda/, heating; a heat (steel). caldeador m, heater. caldear, to heat; to weld.

caldn caldn m, an Argentine wood used for paving blocks, caldeo m, heating; welding. a martillo, hammer welding. 1 a rodillo, roll welding. - de herrero, blacksmith welding. -- por induccin, induction heating. caldera /, boiler; tar kettle; (min) winze; (min) sump. : ---a combustin de aceite, oil-fired boiler. ---- acuotubular, watertube boiler. ---- acuotubular rpida, expresa boiler. ---- de calefaccin, heating boiler. ---- de calor de desecho o de calor residual, waste-heat boiler. -de colector mltiple, multidrum boiler. ----de cuatro pasos, four-pass boiler. ---- de hogar contenido, integral-furnace boiler. ---- de hogar exterior, external-firebox boiler. ---- de paso nico, once-through-type boiler. ---- de retorno de llama, return-tubular boiler. ---- de tiro descendente, downdraft boiler. ---- de tornallama, return-tubular boiler. --- de tres colectores, three-drum boiler. ---- de tubo directo, through-tube boiler. ---- de tubos al aire, exposed-tube boiler. ---- de tubos de agua o de tubos hervidores, watertube boiler. ---- de tubos de humo o de tubos de llama, firetube boiler. ---- de tubos sumergidos, submerged-tube boiler. ---- de vaco, vacuum boiler. ---- elctrica, electric steam generator, electric boiler. - enteriza con hogar, integral-furnace boiler. ---- escocesa, Scotch boiler. ---- humo tubular (M), fire-tube boiler. ~ ---- gneotubular, fire-tube boiler. ---- instantnea o rpida, flash boiler. ---- locomvil, portable boiler on wheels. ---- multitubular escocesa, Scotch marine boiler. ---- semifija, semiportable boiler. ---- tipo locomotora, locomotive-type boiler. --- tubular de retorno, return-tubular boiler. ---- tubular sin retorno, through-tube boiler. ---- vaporizadora de mercurio, mercury boiler. calderada /, water capacity of a boiler. calderera/, boilermaking; boiler shop. calderero, calderista m, boilermaker. calderilla/(min), blind shaft. caldero m, boiler; caldron; (met) ladle. ---- de brea, tar kettle. ---- de colada, ladle. caldo m (lab), broth. de formiato ricinolado, frmate ricinoleate broth. --de lactosa y bilis verde brillante, brilliant green bile lactose broth. ---- lactosado violeta cristal, crystal violet lac tose broth. calefaccin/, heat, heating. a panel radiante, radiant-panel heating. --a tubera simple (ed), one-pipe heating system. ---- a vaco, vacuum heating system. ---a vapor, steam heating.

59

calibrador

a vapor de muy baja presin, vapor heating. --- de punto, spot heating. --- por aire aspirado, draw-through hot-blast heating. --- por aire soplado, blow-through hot-blast heating. ---- por vapor de escape, exhaust-steam heating. calefaccionar, to heat. calefaccionista m, heating contractor. calefactor m, heater. - de panel, panel radiator. calefn (m) elctrico (A), electric heater. calentada/, a heat (steel). calentado al blanco, white-hot. calentado al rojo, red-hot. calentador m, heater. ---- a presin, pressure feed-water heater. ---- a roco, spray-type feed-water heater. ---- a soplo de aire, air-blast heater. -a vaco, vacuum or primary feed-water heater. ----a vapor de escape, exhaust-steam feed-water heater. ---- a vapor vivo, live-steam feed-water heater. ---- atemperador (aa), tempering heater. ---- de agua de alimentacin, feed-water heater. ---- de cambiava (fe), switch heater. ---- de contraflujo, counterflow feed-water heater. ---- de chorro de aire (aa), blast heater. de dinamita, dynamite thawer. ----- de escape directo (cal), through or thoroughfare heater. ---- de espacio, space heater. ---- de paso mltiple,multiflowfeed-water heater. ---- de serpentn, coil-type heater. ---- de superficie (asfalto), surface heater. ---- desaereador, deaerating feed-water heater. ---- inducido, induced or draw feed-water heater. ---- unitario, unit or space heater. calentamiento (m) suplementario (sol), concurrent heating. calentar, to heat; calentarse, to heat up, run hot. calera/, limekiln; limestone quarry. calera/, limekiln. calero m, operator of a limekiln; a calcareous. calesa/(min)(M), bucket. calesn m, cart, wagn; concrete buggy. caleta/, cove, small bay, inlet; (PR) short street. caletero m, coasting vessel; (V) stevedore. caleza/(Ch), ore bucket. calibita/ (mineral de hierro), chalybite, siderite. calibracin/, calibration. calibrador m, gage, calipers; sizer; (rr) cloaranct tmplate; (rr)(V) track gage. ---- a cursor, slide caliper. ---con arco, wing calipera. ---- convertible, inside and outside calipers. ---- de ahusamiento, taper gage. ---- de alambre, wire gag. ---- de rboles, tree compasa. ---- de cinta, feeler ribbon. ---- de corteza, bark-measuring instrument. ---- de cubo, socket gage. ---- de engranajes, gear-tooth caliper. ---- de espigas, shank gage (drill). - de mechas, drill gage.

calibrador
--- de muescas, groove gage. --- de roscas, screw-pitch gage. --- macho, male gage. --- para dientes, gear-tooth caliper. --- para espesor, outside calipers; slip gage. --- para interior, inside calipers. --- para planchas, sheet gage.

60

calle
---- de estras, fluted reamer. calita/, calite (alloy). caliza/, limestone. ---- cavernosa, cavern limestone. ---- magnesiana, magnesian limestone, dolomite. calizo, calcareous, containing lime. calmar (met), to kill, deadmelt. calor m, heat. ----aprovechable, useful heat. ----concomitante (sol), concurrent heating. ---- de desecho, waste heat. ----de fraguado (conc), heat of setting. ---- de hidratacin, heat of hydration. ----de humedecimiento (ms), heat of wetting. ----de remojo (aa), heat of wetting. ----de rozamiento, frictional heat, ----de sublimacin (aa), heat of sublimation. ---- especfico, specific heat. ---- latente de fusin, latent heat of fusin. ----moderado de endurecimiento (ct), modrate heat f hardening. ----sensible (aa), sensible heat. calora /, calorie. grande, large or great calorie, kilogramcalorie. ----pequea, small calorie, gram-calorie. calora-gramo, gram-calorie, small calorie. calora-kilogramo, kilogram-calorie, great calorie. calrico, calorie. calorfero m, radiator, heater; a giving heat. ----de aire, hot-air furnace. --- de tubera, pipe-coil radiator. ----de vapor, steam radiator; heating boiler. --- directo-indirecto, direct-indirect radiator. --- mural, wall radiator. --- seccionado de fundicin, sectional cast-iron radiator. , < --- tapado, concealed radiator. calorfico, calorific. calorfugo, nonconducting of heat, heat-resisting. calorimetra/, calorimetry. calorimtrico, calorimetric. calormetro m, calorimeter. --- de estrangulacin, throttling calorimeter. --- de separacin, separating calorimeter. calorita / (aleacin), calorite. calorizar (met), to calorize. calota/ (tn)(A), top heading. caloventilador m (M), heating fan. caluma/ (top)(Pe), gap, pass, gorge. calza /, wedge, chock, shim, liner; (str) shoe; (C) brake block; (t) tip. calzada /, paved roadway, causeway; (A) improved road; (Ph) wagn road. calzador m (vol) (A), tamping stick. calzar, to wedge, chock, scotch, shim; to key; (rr) to tamp ties; (t) to tip. calzo TO, wedge, chock; shim; foot block; frictiou block; (machy) shoe. --- de detencin (fe), scotch block. --- de puerta (ft), binder. calzos de estiba (C), dunnage. calzn m (tub), Y, bifurcation. callapo m, (min)(Ch) strut; (B) handbarrow. calle /, street. -- urbanizada (Es), street paved and curbed.

calibraje m, gaging, calibration. calibrar, to gage; to caliper; to calbrate. calibre m, gage, bore, caliber; (inst) gage, jig; calipers; (rr)(M) gage. --- a colisa, slide caliper. --- a vernier, vernier caliper. --- americano, American or Browne and Sharpe wire gage. --- corredizo, sliding calipers, caliper rule. - de altura, surface gage. --- de anillo, ring gage. --- de articulacin ajustable, lock-joint calipers. --- de articulacin fija, firm-joint calipers. --- de Birmingham, Birmingham wire gage. --- de centro, center gage. --- de circunferencia, circumference gage. --- de comparacin, master or reference gage. --- de comprobacin, check or setting gage. --- de copa, socket gage. --- de dientes limpiadores (si), raker gage. --- de espesor, outside calipers; thickness gage. --- de estirar, drawplate. --- de juego mximo, not-go gage. --- de juego mnimo, go gage. --- de lmites, limit gage. --- de macho, plug gage. --- de nonio, vernier calipers. --- de profundidad, depth gage. --- de ranuras, groove gage. --- de resorte, spring calipers. : ----de superficie, surface gage. --- de taller o de trabajo, working gage. --- de tolerancia, limit gage. --de traspaso, transfer calipers. --de triscado (si), tooth-set gage. determinado o especfico, definite gage. --- escalonado, step gage. --- exterior, snap gage; outside caliper. --- hembra, receiving gage. --- hermafrodita, hermaphrodite calipers. --- indicador, indicator calipers; indicating gage. --- interior, male gage. --- maestro o patrn, master or standard gage. ----micromtrico, micrometer calipers. --- normal, standard gag. ----para guardarriel (fe), guardrail gage. --- para troncos, log calipers. ----Stubs, Stubs wire gage. --- trazador, marking caliper. calicanto m, stone masonry. calicata/ (A), test pit. caliche m, caliche (stiff whitish clayey soil); (B) (Ch) soil that produces sodium nitrate. calichera/ (Ch)(Pe), nitrate deposit; residue of the caliche after production of the salitre, calidra / (M), a special kind of hydrated lime. calientarremaches m, rivet heater. caliente, hot, warm. calisuar m (A), reamer.

callejn
callejn m, lae, alley; (top) pass. - del eje (en), shaft tunnel, shaft alley. callejuela/, small street; (M) traffic lae, cama/, bed, bedplate; stratum; cog; cam; body of a flt truck or car. ---- de mortero, bed of mortar. . ---de roca, bedrock, ledge rock. carnada /, stratum, layer. camagn m, a Philippine lumber. cmara/, chamber, room; camera; (auto) inner tube; (min) stall, room, chamber. --- aerofotogramtrica, camera for aerial photography, aerocamera. ---- ampliadora, enlarging camera. ---- anublada (lab), fog room; cloud chamber. ---- captadora (hid) (Pe), intake chamber. ---- cartogrfica, mapping camera. ---- cernidora (is)(Pe), screen chamber. ---- compensadora (com), clearinghouse. ---- cudruple (fma), four-couple or our-lons camera. . -- de aire, air chamber. ---- de aire comprimido, pneumatic caisson. ---- de ngulo ancho (fina), wide-angle camera. - de aspiracin, (eng) suction chamber. . -- de bajada (ve), downtake chamber. --de bifurcacin (al), junction chamber. - de calma (hid), stilling well or box. --r de carga (hid), surge tank or chamber; forebay. - de cascajo (dac), grit chamber. ---- de comercio, chamber of commerce. ---- de compensacin, (hyd) surge tank or cham ber; (com) clearinghouse. - de la compuerta (ds), caisson chamber. ---- de confluencia (al), junction chamber. de copiar, copying camera. de decantacin, settling basin. ---- de descompresin (tn), decompression chamber. - de digestin (dac), digestin compartment, sludge-digestion chamber. ---- de dosificacin (dac), dosing chamber. - de empalme (elc), splicing chamber. de equilibrio (hid), surge tank. ---- de esclusa, lock chamber. ---- de horizonte (fma), horizon camera. ---- de limpia (al) (U), automatic flush tank. ---- de mando, control room. ---- de mquinas, engine room. ---- ds oleaje (hid), surge chamber. ---- de pelcula continua (fma), contnuous-strip camera. ---- de pleno (ve), plenum chamber. ---- de presin (hid), forebay. ---- de pulverizacin (auto)(U), mixing chamber. ---- de reduccin, reduction camera. ---- de reparticin (irr), divisin box. ---- de retencin (dac) (Pe), detention chamber, ---- de roco (aa), spray chamber. --- de salida (hid), afterbay. --- de subida (ve), uptake chamber. --- de trabajo, working chamber. --- de tranquilizacin (hid), stilling chamber. --- de turbina, wheel pit. --- de turbulencia (di), turbulence chamber.

61

cambio
--de vapor (mv), steam chest. ---- de vertedero (hid), weir chamber. ---- de visita, manhole, inspection chamber. ---- desripiadora (dac), grit chamber. ---- desviadora, diversin chamber. ---- doble (fma), two-couple or two-lens camera ---- espiral (turb), scroll case. ---- estereofotogramtrica, stereocamera. ---- fotogrfica, camera. ---- granangular, wide-angle camera. ---- hmeda (lab), fog room. ---- limpia (al)(U), flush tank. ---- mltiple (fma), multiple-lens camera. ---- nnupla (fma), nine-lens camera. proyector a, projection camera. ---- quntupla (fma), five-lens camera. -----rectificadora (fma), rectifying camera. ---- registradora (fma), recording camera. ---- separadora (hid), screen chamber. ---- sptica (dac), septic tank. ---- simple (fma), single-lens camera. ---- televisora, televisin camera. ---- tomavistas (fma), view camera. ---- triple (fma), three-lens camera. camarn m, elevator car; shaft cage. camarn m (Ch), wheels and axle used to handle logs. camarote (en), stateroom. cambar m (A), a softwood. 6ambiacorrea m, belt shifter. cambiador m, changer; switchman; (elec) switch; (rr)(Ch)(M) switch; belt shifter. ---- de calor (M), heat exchanger. ---- de frecuencia (ra), frequeney changer. ---- de polos (elc), pole changer. ---- de toma (elc), tap changer. ---- de torre (fe), towerman. . de velocidad, speed-changer, variable-speed transmission. cambiar, to change, exchange; to switch. ---- engranajes (auto), to shift gears. ---- marcha (maq), to reverse; to change speed. cambiava m (fe), turnout; switch; (C)(M)(PR) switchman; (M) turntable. ---- de aguja, point switch. ---- de desvo doble, Y switch. ---- de resorte, spring switch. ---- de tope, stub switch. ---- de traspaso doble, diamond switch, double crossover. ---- en Y, Y switch. ---- saltacarril, jumper switch. --tndem, tndem switch. ---- tumbadora, ground throw, ground-lever switch. cambio m, change; (rr) switch; (auto) shift; (com) exchange. ---- areo, overhead frog (trolley). corredizo (fe), slip switch. ---- corrido (fe), flying switch. ---- de aguja (fe), point or split or tongue switch ---- de arrastre (fe), trailing-point switch. ---- de banda (ra) (A), band switch or selector. ---- de bases (qum)(Pe), base exchange. de cruzamiento (fe) (A), slip switch. ---- de descarrilar (fe), derail switch.

cambio
---- de marcha, (eng) reversing. ---- de rasante, break in grade. ---- de resorte (fe), spring switch. ---- de taln (fe), trailing-point switch. ---- de tope (fe), stub switch. ---- de trazo (fe), change of line, relocation. ---- de tres tiros (fe), three-throw switch. ---- de velocidad (auto), gearshift. ---- de va (fe), switch; turnout. ---- de va triple (fe), three-throw switch. ---- digital (auto), gearshift on the steering wheel. ---- enfrentado (fe), facing-point switch. ---- extranjero o exterior (fin), foreign exchange. ---- ingls (fe)(A), slip switch. ---- qumico, chemical change. ---- volumtrico (ms), volume change.

62

campana
---- cuba, tank truck. ---- chato, fat truck. ---- de adrales, flat truck with racks. ---- de auxilio, wrecking car. ---- de barandas (A), flat truck with racks. ---- de caballete, straddle truck. ---- de cama plana, flat truckj ---- de disparo (geof), shooting truck. ---- de escalera, (elec rr) tower truck. ---- de estacas, stake-body truek. ---- de expreso, express or pickup truck. ---- de extensin, reach truck. ---- de gra, truck crane. ---- de maroma (M), dump truck. ---- de medio carril, half-track. ---- de pilada o de revoltura (conc), batch truck. ---- de plataforma, flat truck. ---- de registro (geof), recording truck. ---- de reparto, express or pickup or delivery ---- de taladro (geof), drill truck. ---- de teleros o de varales, flat truck with stakes. ---- de volteo, dump truck. ---- elevador o levantador, lift truck. ---- esparcidor (ca), distributor truck. ---- materialista (M), truck for hauling concreto ---- mezclador (conc), truck mixer. ---- multicelular (conc) (A), multiple-batch truck. ---- plano, flat or platform truck. ---- playo (A), flat truck. ---- regador, sprinkler truck. ---- remolcador, tow truck. ---- tanque, tank truck. ---- tractor, truck tractor. ---- volquete, dump truck.

cambista m, switchman; money changer. cmbium m (mad), cambium. camboat m, an Argentine lumber (semihard). cambray m, cambric. ---- barnizado (ais), varnished cambric. ---- impregnado, empire cloth, cambric insulation. camelia / (met), camelia. camelln m, sawhorse; (top) ridge; windrow, (irr) border. ---- distribuidor (hid), spreader ridge. camilla /, stretcher; han'dbarrow. caminamiento (lev)(Es), traversing. caminante, foot passenger. caminero m, road workman; (rr)(A) track laborer; a pertaining to roads. caminillo m (C), runway, footwalk. camino m, road. ---- afirmado, paved roadway, mproved road. ---- carretero, wagn road. ---- carrozable (Ec), wagn road. ---- de acceso, access road. ---- de acceso controlado, controlled-access road, through highway, parkway. --- de acceso ilimitado, local-service road, service drive. --- de acceso limitado, through or limited-access highway, freeway, parkway, thruway. ---- de arrastre (ef), skid road. ---- de fomento, feeder road. ---- de recua (V), trail. ---- de remolque, towpath. ---- de simple vertiente, hanging road. ---- de sirga, towpath. ---- de tierra, dirt or unimproved rbad. ---- de troncos, corduroy road. ---- de un agua, hanging road. ---- en balcn, benched road. ---- mejorado, improved road. ---- natural, unimproved or dirt road. ---- real o troncal, highway, main road. ---- vecinal, local or subsidiary road. camin m, truck. ---- a horcadas, straddle truck. ---- agitador (conc), truck mixer; truck agitator. ---- andamio, (elec rr) tower truck. ---- automvil, motor truck. ---- basurero, garbage truck. ---- batidor (conc), truck agitator; truck mixer. ---- cisterna (A), tank truck.

truck.

materials.

camionada /, truckload. camionaje m, trucking, truckage. camionero m, truckman, truck driver; truck owner, hauling contractor. camioneta /, light truck. camisa /, jacket, lagging; sleeve, bushing; drill chuck. ---- de agua, water jacket. ---- de caldera, boiler lagging. ---- de nudo (M), coupling sleeve. ---- del pistn (auto) (A), pistn skirt. ---- de polvo (ag), dust jacket. ---- de vapor, steam jacket. ---- hmeda (auto), wet-type cylinder liner. ---- seca (auto), dry-type cylinder liner. camn m, felloe, felly. campamento m, camp. campana/, bell; anything bell-shaped; (p) hub, bell; (elec) petticoat (insulator). ---- de aire, air chamber, air receiver. ---- de bucear o de buzo, diving bell. ---- de freno (A), brake drum. ---- de goteo (elc), drip petticoat. ---- de lodo, mud socket (drilling). ---- de nieblas, fog bell. ---- de pesca (pet), socket. ---- de soldar (tub), welding bell. ----de vidrio (lab), bell glass or jar. ----neumtica (M), pneumatic caisson. --- y espiga (tub), bell and spigot.

campanilla campanilla (/) elctrica, electric bell. campaa/, level country; field (work). campista m, miner who works on shares, tributer. campo m, field (all senses); mining camp. ---- de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark. ---- de aviacin o de decolaje, airpark, airfield. ---- de fuerzas (elc), field of forc. ---- de imagen (fma), image field. ---- de la lente (f ma), field of view. ---- de radiacin (ra), radiation field. ---- fijo (elc), stationary or constant field. ---- gasfero, gas field. ---- giratorio (elc), rotating or revolving field. ----petrolero o petrolfero, o field. ---- productor (pet), producing field. ----raso, open or fat country. ----visual, field of view dr of visin. can m, cor bel, bracket, bolster; column cap; shoulder; pawl, dog. canal m, canal, channel, gullet; chute, flume, race; (min) ground sluice; (ra) channel; (elec) raceway, wireway, ----alimentador, feeder canal, headrace. --- asociado (ra), associated channel. ----auxiliar (elc), auxiliary gutter. ----cribador, screen chute. --- de acceso (hid), head canal, approach chan nel. --- de aduccin, headrace, head canal. --- de agotamiento, drainage canal. --- de alcantarillado, drainage or sewer canal. --- de barras colectoras (elc), busway. --- de carga (Es), headrace, open penstock, pentrough. --- de combinacin (elc), combinaton raceway. --- de conduccin, aqueduct canal. --- de corriente portadora (elc), carrier chan nel. --- de derivacin, diversin channel. --- de descarga, spillway channel, wasteway; tailrace. --- de desfogue (M), tailrace. --- de escurrimiento (ms), flow channel. --- de flotacin, log sluice. --- de fondo abierto (elc), open-bottom race way. --- de fuga, tailrace; spillway channel. --- de lodo (pet), mud ditch. --- de llegada, headrace; channel of approach. --- de mareas, tideway. --- de piso metlico celular (elc), cellularmetal-floor raceway. --- de radiodifusin, broadeasting channel. --- de riego, irrigation canal. --- de trada, headrace. --- derivado, branch canal. --- descubierto, open channel. --- desviador, diversin channel. --- dosificador (is), dosing flume. --- en balcn (M), bench flume. --- evacuador, spillway channel, wasteway; (irr) return ditch. --- madre (irr)(Pe), main canal. --- maestro, main canal. --- martimo, ship canal. --- medidor, measuring flume.

63
raceway.

canaln
---- medidor de Parshall, Parshall flume. ---- metlico superficial (elc), surface metal ---- para alambres (elc), raceway, conduit. ---- para barras conductoras (elc), busway. ---- para lanchones, barge canal. ---- troncal (irr), main canal. ---- vertedor, trough spillway, chute spillway;

spillway channel. canal /, conduit, pipe, duct; channel iron; roof gutter; groove, slot. ---- de aluminio (est), aluminum channel. ---- de bajada (ed), leader, downspout. ---- de barra (est), bar-mili channel. ---- de cables, cable duct. ---- de cruzamiento (fe), frog channel. ---- de desage (Pe), sewer pipe. ---- de enrasillado (ed), furring channel. ---- de humo (M), flue. ---- de lluvia (to), gutter. ---- de pestaa, flangcway. ----de ventilacin, ventilation duct. ---- para construccin de carros, car-building channel. ---- para construcciones navales, shipbuilding channel. ----U (M), channel iron. canalado, corrugated, fluted, grooved. canalador m, channeler; rabbeting plae. canaladura/, corrugation, fluting. canalera/(Es), roof gutter. canalera /, system of duets or ditches. canalero m (irr), custodian of a canal; (M) irrigation subscriber. canaleta/, chute; groove, corrugation; roof gutter, eaves trough; (A) street gutter; (conc) spout. --- de aforos venturi, Venturi flume. --- de carga, loading chute. --- de descarga, dumping chute. --- de reparticin (irr), head flume. --- de toma en marcha (fe), track pan. --- plegadiza, jackknife chute. canalistas m (Ch), irrigation subscribers. canalizacin /, canalization; flume; piping; system of duets; (elec) wiring; (elec) layout of conduits; (ra) channeling. --- de circunvalacin simple (elc), single runaround wiring. --- de desages, sewer system. --- de red doble (elc), double-grid wiring. ---- de red simple (elc), single-grid wiring. --- descubierta (elc), exposed work. --- elctrica, electric wiring; system of conduits for electric wiring. ---- maestra, mains. --- oculta (elc), concealed work. canalizar, to oanalize; to channelize. canalizo m, flume, channel; fairway, gut. --- de control, control flume. --- de evacuacin, sluiceway; (irr) return ditch. ---- medidor, measuring flume. canaln m, flume; gutter, eaves trough; (elec) gutter; waste pipe; (M) chute. ---- armado o ensamblado (to), box or built-up gutter.

canaln
----de garganta, throat flume. --- de media ladera, bench flume. ---- de Parshall, Parshall flume. ----medidor, control or measuring flume. ----suspendido (to), hanging gutter.

64
---- cncavo, n-curve edger. ---- convezo, out-curve edger. ---- de acera, curb tool. ---- de peldaos, step edger. ---- en bisel, bevel edger. ---- mltiple (as), gang edger.

caera

canasta/, basket; (hyd) strainer. canastilla/, (M) bucket; (M) car o aerial tramway. canastillo (hid), trashrack. canasto m, basket; (A) small mortar bucket. cancagua / (Ch), a stiff sandy soil. cncamo m, eyebolt; bolt. arponado (M), ragged bolt. ----de cuello, shoulder eyebolt. ----de ojo, eyebolt. --- de remache, rivet ringbolt. cancel m, screen; (CA) prtition. cancha/, yard; level tract of land; airpark; wide stretch of a river; (U) path, road. --- de almacenaje, store yard. ----de aterrizaje, landing field, airfeld, airpark. ----de equipo (cons), equipment yard. --- de secamiento (dac)(Ch), sludge-drying bed. canchal m, deposit of boulders, (M) moraine. canchamina /, yard around a mine shaft. canchaminero m (Ch), laborer in a mine yaid. canchero, yard foreman. candado m, padlock; latch. ----de aldaba, hasp lock. ---- de combinacin, combination padlock. candela/, fiare, torch. candelera m, support, eradle; stanchion. candeln m (RD), a hardwood. candencia /, incandescence. candente, incandescent, red-hot. candil (m) de minero, miner's lamp. candileja/, (il) fotlight; (rr) fusee. canecillo m, corbel, bracket. canel m (Es), cannel coal. caney m, small bay; (C) bend of a river. canga / (A) (B), a soil containing iron. cangagua / (Col), a soil used for making adobe brick. cangahua/ (Ec), hardpan. cangalla /, mine refuse, tailings. cangiln m, bucket; (Col)(V) rut; (Ec) mudhole; (PR) small waterfall. ---- basculante, tip bucket. ---- de arrastre, dragline bucket. ---- de elevador, elevator bucket. ---- volquete, dmp or contractor's bucket. cangrejo m (mee), any grappling device, (pet) casing spear. canguiln m (Ch), bucket. canilla/, faucet, spigot, bibb, cock; reel, spool. ---- para manga, hose bibb. ---- surtidora, faucet. canoa/, flume, trough; launch, canoe; (CA) roof gutter. canon m, list; rate; tax; royalty. ---- de arrendamiento, rental rate. ---- de riego, irrigation rate. cantal m, stony ground; spall. cantalita/ (geol), cantalite. canteador m, canteadora/, (t) edger; edging saw; pitching tool.

cantear, to lay on edge; to cut stone; to pitch (stone); to edge. cantera/, quarry. ---- de arena, sand pit. ---- de grava, gravel pit or bank. ---- de lastre, ballast pit. ---- de prstamo (ot), borrow pit. cantera /, stonecutting; quarrying; cut stone, ashlar masonry; stonecutting yard. cantero m, stonecutter, quarryman; (A) raised rea held by curbs. cantidad/, quantity. ---- negativa, minus quantity. cantilever m, cantilever. cantimplora /, weep hole. cantina/, commissary store, canteen; saloon. cantizal m, stony ground. canto m, edge; thickness of a board; ashlar stone; pebble, boulder. ---- , de, on edge. ---- de corte, cutting edge. ---- laminado, rolled edge (steel pate). ---- recortado, sheared edge (steel pate). - rodado, boulder, cobble, pebble. ---- sin labrar, rough ashlar. ---- vivo, square edge. cantonera /, curb angle or bar, crner bead, any piece reinforcing a comer or edge; (Sp) angle iron. cantorral m, gravelly or stony ground. caa/, shank, handle; shaft; (naut) tiller; cae, reed; stem, stalk; rod. ---- brava, bamboo. ---- del ancla, shank of an anchor. ---- de azcar, sugar cae. ---- de barrena, drill shank. ---- de Bengala o de Indias, rattan. ---- de columna, shaft of a column. ---- de mina, mine gallery. ---- del timn, tiller. ---- de volar, blasting hole. ---- dulce o melar, sugar cae. caada/, ravine, gorge, gulch; (C)(PR) brook; (A) inlet> estuary. caadn, canyon, gorge. caahuate m, lignum vitae. caamazo m, burlap; canvas. caamelar m, sugar plantation. caamiel /, sugar cae, camo m, hemp, jute; (CA) hemp cord; (Ec) burlap. ---- de calafatear, calking yarn. ---- de empaquetar, hemp packing. ---- de las Indias, jute. - de Manila, Manila hemp, abac. ---- embreado, tarred marline. ---- trenzado, braided hemp. caera/, piping, pipe, conduit; pipework. - bridada, flanged pipe.
cantil m, cliff.

caera
-^ de acueducto, water mains. _ _ . de aduccin, supply line, aqueduct. , ___ de arcilla vitrificada, sewer pipe, glazed tile pipe. __ de barra enclavada, Lock-bar pipe (trademark). ---- de carga, penstock, forc main. ___ de conduccin (hid), aqueduct, supply line. de duelas de madera, wood-stave pipe. .--- de entubacin (pet), casing pipe. ---- de fundicin, cast-iron pipe. - de fundicin liviana, soil pipe, lightweight cast-iron pipe. ---- de hierro centrifugado, centrifuga! cast-iron pipe. ---- de hierro forjado legitimo, genuine wroughtiron pipe. .--- de macho y campana, bell-and-spigot pipe. - derivada, branch pipe line. ---- extrapesada, extra-heavy pipe. ---- forzada o de presin, pressure conduit, pen stock. - maestra o matriz, mains. - remachada en espiral, spiral-riveted pipe. roscada, screwed pipe. ---- sin costura, seamless tubing. ---- surtidora, aqueduet, supply pipe. ---- universal, Universal cast-iron pipe. caero m, caista m, pipeman, plumber, pipe fitter, steam fitter. caito (m) pasador, pipe sleeve. cao m, pipe, conduit; gutter; roof leader; small tream; (pw) channel; (A) hose; (C) sump, floor drain, street inlet to a sewer. --- arenero (loco), sand pipe. ---- aspirante (bm), suctiore pipe, (A) suction hose. ---- de absorcin (A), perforatcd well pipe. ---- de acotamiento, service connection. ---- de alimentacin, feed or inlet pipe. ---- de bajada (ed), downspout, leader. ---- de bridas, flanged pipe. ---- de chimenea, stack. ---- de desborde, overflow pipo. ---- de drenaje, drainpipe, draintile. ---- de expulsin (bm) (A), discliarge pipe. ---- de impulsin (bm), discliarge pipo. ---- de perforacin, drill pipe; drive pipe. ---- de servicio (A) (C), service connection. ---- de subida, riser. ---- de tornillo, screwed or threaded pipe. ---- expelente, (eng) exhaust pipe; (pu) dis cliarge pipe. ---- pluvial (ed), leader, downspout. can m, pipe, tube; gorge, canyon; barrel of an arch; barrel of a gun; barrel of a hydrant; (Col) tree trunk; (min) drift, gallery. ---- de ascensor, elevator shaft. -- de caldera, boiler tube. --- de cemento, cement gun. --- de columna, shaft of a column. --- de chimenea, chimney flue. --- de escalera, stair well. de escobn (en), hawsepipe.
---- conductora (pet). Une pipe. ---- corriente, standard pipe.

65 ---- de llave, shank of a key. ---- de ventilacin, air shaft. ---- electrnico (ra), electrn gun. ---- lanzacemento, cement gun. ---- para tubos (ed), pipe shaft. ---- perforador (pet), perforating gun.

capacidad
de expansin (en), expansin trunk.

cauela / (vol) (M), fuse. caoba/, mahogany. ---- falsa, bastard or false mahogany. caobilla/ (C) (PR), an inferior variety of mahogany. caobo m, mahogany tree. caoln m, kaoln, China clay caolnico, kaolinic. caolinita/ (miner), kaolinite, kaoln. capa /, layer; stratum; ply; (pt) coat; (mas) course; coat of plaster; (min) seam, vein(C) slicker, oilskin coat. ---- acufera, water-bearing stratum, aquifer. ---- aisladora de humedad (A), waterproofing course. ---- Appleton (ra), Appleton or F layer. ---- azotada (U), scratch coat (plaster). ---- barrera (ra), barrier or blocking layer. ---- blanca (yesera), finishing or white or putty or skin or skim coat. ---- caf (M), brown coat (plaster). ---- de acabado, finishing coat; (plaster) white or putty coat. ---- de baldeo (ca), flush seal. ---- de base (ca;, base course. ---- de conglomerante (ca)(Ch), binder course. ---- de cubierta (ca), cover stone or coat. ---- de defensa o de desgaste, wearing coat or surface. ---- de desgrose (A), scratch coat of plaster. ---- de emparejamiento o de enrase (ca), leveling course. --- de Heaviside (ra), Heaviside layer, ionosphere. - de imprimacin (pint), priming coat. ---- de ladrillos, course of brick. ---- de ligazn, binder course. ---- d mortero, bed of mortar. ---- de pega (ca) (V), tack coat. ---- de reflexin (geof), reflecting layer or horizon. de rodamiento (ca), wearing surface. ---- de sellado (ca), seal or carpet coat. ---- de velocidad (geof), speed or velocity bed. F (ra), F or Appleton layer. ---- fretica, ground water, water table, aquifer. ---- gasfera (pet), gas cap. ---- pegajosa (ca)(M), tack coat. ---- rayada, scratch coat (plaster). ---- sellante (ca), seal coat. ---- superficial (ca), surface course. cap ra (PU), a hardwood. capacidad/, eapaeity; (elec) capacitance. ---- al ras (ec), struck eapaeity. ---- asignada, rated eapaeity. - colmada (ec), heaped eapaeity. ---- corporal (ra), body capacitance. ---- de asiento (ms)(M), bearing eapaeity. ---- de conduccin, (hyd) flow eapaeity; (elec) current-carrying eapaeity.

In-

capacidad
---- de ganancia, earning power. ---- de modulacin (elc), modulation capability. ---- de soporte del terreno, bearing power of soil. ---- directa (ra), straight-line capacitance. ---- dispersa (ra), stray capacitance. ---- distribuida (ra), distributed capacitance. ---- electrosttica, permittance, electrostatic ca-

66

caracterstica
----de turno, shift boss. --- de la va, track foreman. --- general, general foreman, walking boss.

pacity.
---- encubridora (pint), hiding power, covering ---- entre electrodos (ra), interelectrode capac ---- grilla-placa (ra), grid-plate capacitance. ---- inductiva especfica (elc), permittivity, spe---- interruptora (elc), interrupting capacity.

capacity.

itance.

cific inductive capacity, dielectric constant.

-parsita (ra), stray capacitance. ---- portante, carrying capacity, bearing power. ---- rebosada (V), heaped capacity. ---- trmica, heat or thermal capacity. capacmetro m (A), capacitance meter. capacitador m (elc), capacitor, condenser. ---- compensador (ra), buffer capacitor. ---- de acoplamiento, coupling capacitor. ---- de bloqueo, blocking capacitor. capacitancia / (elc) (mee), capacitance. ---- acstica (ra), acoustic compliance or capac itance. ----de entrada (ra), input capacitance. ---- de salida (ra), output capacitance. ---- interelectrdica (ra), interelectrode capac itance. ----lineal, straight-line capacitance. propia, self-capacitance. ----rejilla-catado, grid-cathode capacitance. ---- rejilla-placa, grid-plate capacitance. ---- vagabunda, stray capacitance. capacitivo (elc), capacitive. capacitmetro m, (ra) (A) capacitance meter, (M) condenser meter. capacitor m (elc), capacitor, condenser. - de dcadas (ra), decade condenser or capacitor. ----de placas ajustables, variable or adjustable capacitor. --de placas paralelas, parallel-plate capacitor. ---- filtrador (ra), smoothing capacitor. ---- regulable, variable capacitor. capacho m, bucket; (sh) dipper; brick hod. ---- con descarga por debajo, bottom-dump bucket. - de elevador, elevator bucket. - de extraccin, mine bucket. ---- de pala, shovel dipper. ---- de tiro, dipper of a pullshovel or trench hoe. - de torre (conc), tower bucket. ---- pesador, weighing bucket. ---- tipo cascara de naranja (Ch), orange-peel bucket. caparrosa /, copperas. capataz m, foreman. ---- de brigada, squad boss. ---- de carpinteros, foreman carpenter. ---- del desencofrado (mo), stripping foreman. ---- del patio, yard foreman. ---- del tramo (fe), section foreman.

caperuza /, pipe cap; hood. capialzado m, flashing over door or window. capilar, capillary. capilaridad/, caplarity. capilla /, bonnet, hood, cowl. ---- de vlvula (mg)(Es), valve chamber. capillo m (met), cupel. --- de prensaestopas (pet), packing gland. capital m, capital (money). ---- activo, working capital; (Ch) capital assets. ---- de explotacin, working capital. ---- en giro, working capital. ---- fsico (Ch), capital assets. ---- integrado o realizado, paid-up capital. ---- pasivo (Ch), capital liabilities. ---- social, capital stock. capital/, capital (city). capitalista, s a, capitalist. capitalizar, to capitalize. capitn m, captain; foreman. ---- de patio, yard foreman. ---- del puerto, harbor master, captain of the port. capitana (/) del puerto, office of the harbor master. capitel m, capital, column head, (conc) column cap. cap m (auto), hood. caporal m (V), foreman. capota/, hood; auto top; cowling (airplane). capote TO, hood; (Col) topsoil. cpsula/, capsule, bottle cap; cartridge shell; lid, cover; (lab) dish. ---- de carbn (tel), carbn button or capsule. ---- de evaporacin (lab), evaporating dish. ---- detonante, exploder, blasting cap. ---- detonante de tiempo, delay blasting cap. ---- fulminante,, blasting cap, exploder. captacin/, (hyd) catchment, impounding; diversin; (r)(A) capture; (ra) pickup. captador (m) de polvo, dust collector. captar (hid), to impound, collect; to divert. captura / (r), capture. capuchina / (Col), door or window latch. capuchn m, (auto) valve cap; (pi) driving cap; chimney cap. capul m (Pe), kind of timber used in mines. cara /, face; cheek. ---- anterior (dib), near side. ---- brillante (cuero), flesh side. ---- dq campana, bell face (hammer). ---- de la flor o de pelo (cuero), hair or grain side. ---- de la raz (sol), shoulder, root face. ---- de rueda, tread of a wheel. ---- posterior (dib), far side. caracol m, spiral; (turb) scroll case; (A) worm gear. caracterstica / (mee) (elc) (mat), characteristic. ---- andica (ra), pate characteristic. ---- de desprendimiento (ra), emission character istic. ---- de grilla (ra), grid characteristic.

caracterstica
__ de traspaso (ra), transfer characteristic. caramero m (V), drift carried by a flood. carato (vi) de cemento (V), cement grout. cartula / (M), dial o an instrument. carbodinamita / (vol), carbodynamite. carbohidrato m (is), carbohydrate. carbohidrgeno m, carbohydrogen. carblico, carbolic. carbolneo m, carbolineum (wood preservative). carbolita/ (abrasivo), Carbolite (trademark). carboln m (abrasivo), Car boln (trademark). carbn m, coal; charcoal; carbn. - activado (pa), activated carbn. --- aglomerante o aglutinante, caking coal. --- animal, bone charcoal, bone black. antracitoso, anthracite. --- bituminoso, bituminous coal. --- brillante, glance coal. --- conglomerante, caking coal. - de ampelita o de buja, cannel coal. - de astilla, splint coal. . de forja o de fragua, blacksmith coal. --- de gas (V), gas carbn. --- de huesos, animal charcoal, bone black. -- de lea o de madera, charcoal. .--- de llama corta, smokeless or hard coal. . de llama larga, soft coal. --- de piedra, coal. .- d retorta, gas carbn. - entrozado (M), broken coal. --- graso, bituminous or soft or gas coal. ----lustroso, pitch coal. - mate, cannel coal. ---- mineral, coal. - no aglutinante, noncaking or free-bunung coal. para calderas, steam coal. -- pezoso, pitch coal, ----seco, dry or nonvolatile coal. ----semigraso, semibituminous coal. --- tal como sale, run-of-mine coal. ---- vegetal, charcoal. carbonacin/ (pa)(Pe), carbonation. carbonado m, carbn or black diamond. carbonatacin /, carbonation. carbonatador m, carbonator. carbonatar, to carbonate. carbonato m, carbonate. ----cido de sodio, acid sodium carbonate, bicarbonate of soda. ---- amnico, ammonium carbonate. ----de calcio, calcium carbonate, carbonate of lime. --- magnsico, magnesium carbonate, (miner) magnesite. --- sdico anhidro, soda ash, anhydrous sodium carbonate. carboncillo m, fine coal, slack. carbonear, to char, carbonize; to load coal. carbonera/, coalbin; coal mine; (bl)(A) coyote hole. carbonera/, coalyard. carbonero m, coal miner; coaldealer; coal handlr; a pertaining to coal. carbnico, carbonic. carbonfero, coal-bearing, carboniferous; coalcarrying.

67

cardnico

carbonilla /, fine coal, pulverized coal; cinder. carbonita/(miner)(vol), carbonite. carbonizador m, carbonizer. carbonizar, to carbonize; to char. carbono m, (chem) carbn. ---- de temple (met), temper carbn. carbonmetro m, carbonometer. carbonoso, carbonaceous. carborundo m, carborundum (abrasive). carburacin /, carburetion, carburizing. - doble, dual carburetion. ---- por agente slido (met), pack carburizing. ---- por pulverizacin, spray carburetion. carburador m, carburetor. ---- a succin ascendente, updraft carburetor. ---- de barboteo (Es), surface carburetor. ---- de corriente descendente, downdraft car buretor. ---- de chorro, spray carburetor. ---- de evaporacin, surface carburetor. ---- de flotador, float-feed or constant-level car buretor. ---- de inyector, jet or injection carburetor. ---- de pico compuesto, compound carburetor. ---- de pulverizador, spray carburetor. ---- de surtidor (Es), spray carburetor. ---- de tiro descendente, downdraft carburetor. carburante m, carburetant. carburar, to carburize, carburet. carburizador m, carburizer. carburizar, to carburize, caseharden; to carburet. carburo m, carbide. ----cementado, cemented carbide. ---- de hierro, iron carbide, cementite. ----de silicio, silicon.carbide, carborundum. carburmetr m, carburmeter. crcamo m, sump; wheel pit; (min) drain; (min) flume. --- de succin, suction pit. carcasa/, casing; framework. --- de motor (elc), motor frame. --- espiral (turb), scroll case. crcava /, gully, ditch, gutter. carcavn m (top), gorge. carcax"m (M), carcass (tire). crcel/, clamp, cramp; vise; (hyd) gate groove; timber frame in a shaft; notch, (min) hitch; (il) crcel. --- de banco, bench vise. --- para sierra, saw clamp. --- para taladradora, drill or jig vise. crcel-hora (il), carcel-hour. carcoma/, wood borer, timber worm; duat made by the borer. --- blanca (mad), white rot. --- roja (mad), red rot. carcomerse, to become worm-eaten; to decay; to be undermined. carcomida /, decay; corrosin; (cono) honeycomb. carcomido m, (Pe) wormhole; o worm-eaten, (lbr) wormy; corroded; decayed; honeycombed. carda (/) para limas, file card or brush. cardn, Cardan (joint). cardnico, Cardanic.

cardenillo cardenillo m, verdigris. cardiar (V), to ream. cardinal (mat), cardinal. carear, to face, smooth up; to mili. carena/, ship repair, careening; ship's bottom. carenaje m, ship repair; careenage. carenar, to careen; to repair a ship, to dock for repairs. carenero m, dockyard, shipyard; graving dock. carenote m (en), bilge keel, rolling chock. careta /, mask, face shield. --- antigs, gas mask. --- de soldador, welding mask, face shield. carga /, load, loading; freight, cargo, lading; (hyd) head; (conc) charge, batch; (elec) charge, load; (met) heat, charge; (ra) loading. --- a granel, bulk cargo. --- absoluta (hid), absolute head. --- accidental, Uve load. --- admisible, allowable load. --- alar (ap)(A), wing loading. --- bruta (an), dead-weight tonnage. conectada (elc), connected load. - de altura (hid), elevation head. --- de arranque en fro (cf), pickup load, warming-up allowance. --- de aspiracin (bm), suction head. de atraque (vol)(A), sternming, tamping. --- de barreno, blasting charge. --- de buque, cargo. --- de calefaccin (aa), heat load. - de camin, truckload. ---- de carro, wagonload; carload. --- de cucharn, bucketful; (sh) dipperful. de descarga (bm), discharge head. de energa (hid), energy head. -- de enfriamiento (aa), cooling load. ---- de ensayo, test load. ---- de entrada (hid), entrance head. --- de faja (ms), strip load. --- de flexin (est), beam loading. --- de fractura, breaking load. ---- de friccin (hid), friction head. --- de funcionamiento (hid), operating head. ---- de hormigonera, batch of concrete. --- de llegada (hid), head of approach, velocity head. --- de ocupacin (aa), oceupaney load. --- de presin (hid), pressure head. --- de prueba, test load, trial load. --- de punta, (str) column loading; (elec) (A) peak load. --- de rotura, breaking or rupture load. - de rueda, wheel load. --- de seguridad, safe load. --- de servicio o de trabajo, working load. --- de succin (bm), suction head. - de utensilios (aa), appliance load. --- de vaco (hid), vacuum head. --- de velocidad (hid), velocity or dynamic head. --- dinmica, moving load; dynamic head. - efectiva, (hyd) effective or net head; (tr) pay load. --- espacial (ra), space charge.

68
dead load.

cargo
--- especfica, unit load. ---- esttica, (hyd) static head; (str) static or ---- explosiva, blasting charge. ---- fraccionada (est), partial loading.

- fundamental (elc), base load. ---- hidrulica, head. ---- inductiva (elc), inductive or lagging load. ---- lmite, safe or allowable load. ---- muerta (est), dead load. ---- neta (an), cargo dead-weight tonnage. ---- pagada, pay load. ---- permanente (est), dead load. ---- plena, full load. ---- por lotes, less-than-carload freight. -- por vagones, carload freight. ----presumida o prevista o supuesta, assumed loading, design load. ----propia (est), dead load. ---- remanente, residual charge, electric residuo. ----rodante, moving or rolling load. ---- tipo (est), standard loading. ---- transversal (est), beam loading. ---- til, pay or useful load; live load. ----viva, live load. cargada /, a load. cargadero ra, loading platform; freight station; charging opening. cargado sobre vagn, loaded on cars, FOB (free on board). cargador ra, loader; mucking machine; mucker (man); (bo) stoker; (elec) charger; shipper, freighter. ---- a parrilla articulada (cal), chain-grate or link-grate stoker. --- autoalimentador, force-feed loader. --- de acumuladores o de bateras, battery charger. ----de alimentacin superior (cal), overfeed stoker. --- de cadena sin fin (cal), chain-grate stoker. --- de cangilones o de cubos, bucket loader, portable elevator. --- de carbn (cal), stoker. --- de hogar, mechanical stoker. --- de hormigonera (mz), skip loader. --- de mandil, apron loader. --- de parrilla corrediza (cal), traveling-grate stoker. --- de retorta lateral (cal), side-retort stoker. --- de retorta nica (cal), single-retort stoker. --- de retortas mltiples (cal), multiple-retort stoker. ---de tractor (ec), tractor shovel; tractor loader. distribuidor o esparcidor, spreader stoker. --- por debajo, underfeed stoker. --- porttil, wagn loader, portable conveyor. --- sacudidor (mz), shaking skip loader. cargadora /, any loading or stoking apparatus. --de troncos (ef), logger. --- de tnel, tunnel shovel, mucking machine. cargamento m, load, cargo, loading. cargar, to load; to charge; to stoke; (act) to debit, charge. cargo ra, cargo, freight; office, position; (act) charge.

cargmetro cargmetro m, Loadometer (trademark). cargueo m (Ch), loading. carguero m, carrier; beast of burden; loader, charger; (A) cargo boat. carguo m, cargo, load. cariado, disintegrated, rotten. caries (?) seca, dry rot. carleta /, (t) file. carlinga/ (en), mast step. carnalita /, earnallite (ore of magnesium and potassium). carneta/ (AC), notebook, field book. carpa /, tent; (Ch) tarpaulin. carpanel, see arco carpanel. carpero m (lev)(Eo), man who looks after tents. carpeta/, coating; pavement; (U)(M) slab. ---- asfltica, sheet asphalt. . -- bituminosa (ea), skin coat of bituminous material. ---- de desgaste, wearing surface. ---- de fundacin, foundation slab or mat. carpintear, to do carpenter work. carpintera/, carpentry; carpenter shop. ---- a vapor (A), shop carpentry. de armar (V), structural carpentry. - de blanco, trim, millwork. --- de encofrado, form carpentry; form carpen ter shop. - de modelos, patternmaking. ---- de obra, structural carpentry. ---- de taller, shop carpentry, millwork. ---- mecnica, millwork; mili, carpenter shop. - metlica, light ironwork in a building, especially doors and windows. ---- naval, ship carpentry. carpintero m, carpenter. ---- ademador, timberman. ---- armador, erecting carpenter, framer. ---- de banco, shop carpenter. ---- de buque o de navio o de ribera, shipwright, ship carpenter. ---- de carreta o de prieto, wheelwright. ---- encofrador o de moldaje, form carpenter. ---- maestro, foreman or master carpenter. ---- modelador, patternmaker. carraca /, ratchet brace, ratchet. ---- estiradora de alambres, fence ratchet. carrada/ (Es), carload; wagonload. carrasca/, carrasco m, pin oak, swamp white oak; woodland. carrascal m, woodland; (Col) gravel bed. carrera /, strongback, waler, stringer, ranger; (Col) girder; (carp) wall pate, sill; purlin; girt; highway; (Col) avenue; (machy) stroke, throw, travel^ (mas) courso; (dock) stringpiece, backing log. ---- al aterrizar (ap), landing run. ---- ascendente, upstroke (pistn). ---- de admisin, (eng) admission or intake stroke. ---- de aspiracin, (eng) suction stroke. ---- de barrido (di), scavenging stroke. ---- de compresin, (eng) compression stroke. ---- de la compuerta (hid), gate travel. ---- de defensa (muelle), fender. de descarga (bm), delivery stroke.

69

carretero
---- del distribuidor (mv), valve travel. ---- del mbolo, pistn stroke or travel. ---- de encendido, (eng) ignition or working ---- de erogacin (bm)(A), delivery stroke. ---- de escape, (eng) exhaust stroke. ---- de la excntrica, throw of the eccentric. ---- de expulsin, exhaust stroke, (di) scaveng ---- de filtracin (pa)(U), filter run. ---- de fondo, groundsill. ---- de fuerza, power stroke. ---- de ladrillos, course of brick. ---- de la leva, lift of the cara. ---- de la marea, range of the tide. ---- del martinete, drop of a pile hammer. ---- de pared (carp), wall pate. ---- de retroceso, back stroke. --- de soga (lad), stretcher course. ---- de techo, ceiling joist. ---- de tizones (lad), header course. ---- de trabajo, working stroke (pistn). ---- descendente, down stroke. ---- motriz, (eng) working or power stroke. ----portacabio (to), binding rafter.

stroke.

ing stroke.

carrero m, teamster, truckman; operator of a handear. carreta/, cart, wagn. ---- de remolque, trailr. ---- volquete, dumpeart. carretada/, cartload, wagonload. carretaje m, cartage, drayage. carretal m (Es), rough ashlar stone. carrete m, reel, coil; spool; (elec) coil. ---- de autoinduccin (elc), self-induction coil. - de encendido (auto), ignition coil. - de induccin (ele), induction coil. - de pelcula (fina), film spool. ---- de resistencia (elc), resistance coil. ---- en derivacin (elc), shunt coil, (inst) potential coil. --- excitador (elc), exciting coil. ---- extintor de chispas (elc), blowout coil. ---- inducido (elc), armature coil. ---- inductor, induction coil. ---- terminal (ais), dead-end spool. carreteable (ca), fit for hauling. carretear, to cart, haul; (ap) to taxi. carretel m, reel, spool; winch head, (pet) cathead. carreteo m (ap), taxiing. carretera/, highway, road. ----biviaria, two-lane highway. ----cuadriviaria, four-lane highway. ----de acceso, access road. ----de accesos limitados, limited-access faiguway, freeway. --- de cuatro vas, four-lane highway. --- de dos trochas, two-lane highway. --- de trochas mltiples, multilane highway. --- de va libre, express highway. --- expresa, through or express highway, free way. --- matriz o troncal, main or through highway. carretera-parque (B), parkway. carretera /, wagn shop; whoelwright work. carretero m, truckman, teamster; wheelwright.

carretilla carretilla/, wheelbarrow; sma car; hand truck; tramway bucket; cableway carriage; (rr) truck; trolley; (A)(U) small wagn; (lg) bummer, skidder, dolly, drag cart. ---- a horcada, straddle truck. - alzadora, lift truck. ---- concretera, concrete barrow. ---- corrediza, I-beam trolley; cableway carriage. ---- de atrs (loco), trailing truck. ---- de cuerpo de acero, steel-tray wheelbarrow. ---- de equipaje, baggage truck. ---- de mano, hand or warehouse truck. ---- de riel (fe), pony car. - de suspensin, cableway carriage. de va (fe), track barrow. ----elctrica (vol), electric squib. ---- elevadora, lift truck. pesadora, weigh larry. --- portante (fe), pony truck. ---- portatubos (pet), casing wagn. ----tubular, tubular-frame wheelbarrow. carretillada /, wheelbarrow load. carretillero m, wheelbarrow man; (min) trammer. carreto m (Col)(V), a hardwood. carretn m, wagn, cart, truck; (PR) reel; (M) concrete buggy. ----corredizo, cableway carriage. ----cuba, tank wagn. - de carriles o de orugas, track or crawler wagn. --- de remolque, trailer. ----de volteo, dumpeart, dump wagn. herramental, tool wagn. ----regador, sprinkling wagn. --- semicarril, half-track. ----tanque, tank wagn. carretonada/, wagonload, truckload, cartload. carretonaje m, cartage, trucking, hauling. carretonero m, truck or cart driver, teamster. carricuba m, sprinkling cart, tank wagn. carril m, rail; track, trame lae; treadway; narrow road; (V) rut. --- a garganta, grooved or streetcar rail. --- americano, T rail. --- conductor, third rail, contact or conductor rail. --- contraaguja, stock rail. ----de aguja, switch or point rail. ----de alambre, aerial tramway. --- de alivio (fe), easer rail. ----de arranque (fe), lead rail. - de bscula, weigh rail. --- de cambio, switch rail. --- de canal, grooved or streetcar rail. ----de cremallera, rack rail. --- de desecho, scrap rail. ----de hongo o de patn, T rail, standard railroad rail. --- de muelle, spring rail (frog). ----de puerta corrediza, track for sliding door. --- de ranura, grooved or streetcar rail. --- de toma, third or conductor rail. ----dentado, r? ik rail. --- doble T, girder rail. --- gua, guardrail. ----maestro, stock or running rail.

70
----partido (tranva), slot rail. , --- nico, monorail. --- Vignola, T rail, standard railroad rail.

cairo

carriles de oruga, crawler tread. carriles para recolocacin, relayers. carrilada/, flangeway; treadway. carrilano m (Ch), worker on a railroad, trackman. carrileo m (V), scraping a road to fill ruts. carrilera/, track; rut; (rr)(C) siding; (Col) grafcing; (te) track. ---- de carena, track of a marine railway. ---- de gra, crane runway. ---- de oruga, crawler tread. ---- de transbordador, runway of a transfer table. ---- decauville, narrow-gage track. ---- industrial, industrial railway. carrilero m (Ch), railroad worker. carrillo m, small cart; tackle block; I-beam trolley; (Sp) sheave, pulley. ---- de contacto (fe elc), contact plow. carriola/ (Col), purlin. carrito m, small car; concrete buggy; cableway carriage; sliding-door hanger; traveler, trolley; (lg) bummer, dolly, skidder; (ea) (V) scraper. ---- cargador (ef), loading carriage. ---- corredizo, cableway carriage; lathe carriage; traveler, trolley; (lg) skidding carriage. r de cigea, small car moved by hand power. ---- de mano, handear. ---- para ruedas, wheel dolly. ---- portador (mh), lathe carriage. carro m, car; wagn, truck, cart; automobile. ---- aguatero, watering cart. ---- andamio (fe elc), tower car. ---- automotor (fe), motorcar. ---- barrenador, drill carriage; wagn drill. ---- basculador, dump car. ---- basurero, garbage car; trash car. ---- bodega (Ch), boxear. ---- caja (M), boxear. ---- cauchero (Ch), nitrate car. ---- carbonero, coal car. ---- cargador, charging carriage. ---- cerrado, boxear. ---- correo, mail car. ---- cuba, tank car; tank wagn. ---- de aparejo o de auxilio, wrecking or derrick car. ---- de aserradero, sawmill carriage. ---- de cajn, boxear; (C) gndola car. ---- de carga, freight car. ---- de costado bajable, drop-side car. ---- de despejo, clearance car. ---- de dos vertientes, gable-bottom car. ---- de embudo (C), hopper-bottom car. ---- de equipajes, baggage car. ---- de escalera (A), tower car (elec rr). ---- de expreso, express car. ---- de extraccin, mine car. ---- de gra, wrecking or derrick car; crane truck. - de hacienda (A), cattle car. ----de herramientas, tool car; tool wagn. -- de mangueras, hose cart. ----de mano, handear, push car.

carro
---- de perforadoras, drill carriage, jumbo. ---- de plancha (C), flatcar. ---- de plataforma, flatcar.

71
bill.

campal
---- de pago, receipt. ---- de porte, freight bil; bul of lading; (A) way---- de privilegio, franchise, concession. ---- de venta, bil of sale. ---- dinamomtrica, dynamometer card. ---- diurna (tel), day letter. geogrfica, map. ---- geogrfica area, aerocartograph. ---- hidrogrfica, chart. ---- magntica, magnetic chart. ---- marina (A), chart. ---- nocturna (tel), night letter. ---- planialtimtrica (A), contour map.

-- de remolque, trailer. -- de riego, sprinkling cart. ----de socorro, wrecking car. ----de taladros, drill carriage. ---- de tolva, hopper-bottom car. ----de torno, lathe carriage. ----de torre (fe elc), tower car. --- de trampas, drop-bottom car. ----de traslacin, transfer car or carriage. ---- de volteo, dump car. --- de vuelco, dump car; tip cart. ----decauville, narrow-gage dump car. --- dormitorio (M), sleeping car. --- elevador, lift truck. ----entero, por, in carlead lots. --- estafeta, mail car. ----ganadero, cattle car, stockear. --- gndola, gndola car. - herramental, tool car. ----inferior, undercarriage. --- lastrero (Ch), ballast car. --- motor (fe), motorcar. --- nevera, refrigerator car. --- pagador, pay car. --- para trozos, sawmill carriage. --- petrolero (Ch.), tank car. --- pipa, water cart. ---- plano, flatcar. - portaherramienta (mli), tool carriage, toolslide. --- portasierras (as), saw carriage. --- raso, flatcar. ---- reja, cattle car. ---- salitrero (Ch), nitrato ca>\ --- saln, chair car. --- separador, idler car. --- tanque, tank car; water cart. --- trailla (ec), wagn seraper. --- transversal (mh), cross carriage. --- tranva o urbano, streetcar. --- volcador, dump car; dump wagn. carro-montacargas, lift truck. carro-soporte, lathe saddle. carros completos, por, in carload lots. carrocera / automobile body (not usually applied to trucks); (M) truck body. --- de turismo, touring-car body. --- de volteo (M), dump body. --- transformable, convertible body. carrocero m (Es), wheelwright. carrosage m (auto), inclination of the ront wheels. carroza / (en), companion, companion head. carruaje m, any kind of vehiclo. carrucha/ (AC), reel; sheave, pulley. carta /, ehart, map; letter, document. ----caminera (Ch), road map. ---- certificada, registered letter. colorimtrica (lab), color chart. ---- constitucional, incorporation papers, charter, ----de ciudadana, naturalizaron papers. ---- de crdito simple, clean letter of credit. ---- de fletamento, charter party.

cartabn TO, square; rule; gage; (dwg) triangle; (str) gusset pate; peak of aroof; (A) splay. ----con transportador, protractor triangle. ---- corredizo, slide caliper. ----de inglete, bevel square. ----de profundidad, depth gage. ----de rotulacin (dib), lettering angle. ----dilatable (Es), bevel protractor; protracto triangle. --- para madera (A), board rule. cartabonear (A), to work with a square. cartn m (V), a hardwood. cartela /, bracket, cor bel, consol, bolster; knee brace, gusst. --- aguantadora (en), toe bracket. --- atiesadora (en), tilting bracket; stiffener bracket; tangeney bracket. ---- de tangencia (en), tangeney bracket. crter TO, housing, casing, cover. --- del diferencial (auto), differential case. --- de engranajes (auto), gearbox. --- del motor (auto), crankease. cartera /, (Col) notebook, field book. cartografa /, cartography. ---- area, aerial photographic surveying, airplane mapping. cartografiar, to survey, make maps. cartogrfico, cartographic. cartgrafo TO, cartographer. cartmetro TO, chartometer. cartn" w, cardboard, millboard, heavy paper; (M) gusset pate, bracket. ---- alquitranado, tar paper. ---- comprimido o de Fuller, pressboard, Fuller board. ---- de asbesto, asbestos board. ---- de bagazo, celotex. ---- de fibra, fiberboard. ---- de paja, strawboard. ---- de yeso, plasterboard, wallboard. ---- embetunado, tar paper. ---- fieltro (U), roofing paper or felt. ---- piedra, papier-mch. ---- tabla (C), wallboard. cartoteca/ (V), map file, cartucho TO, cartridge. ---- de dinamita, dynamite cartridge. ---- de fusible (elc), fuse cartridge. ---- filtrante, filter cartridge. ---- fusible (elc), cartridge fuse. cartulina/, Bristol board. carupal TO, a Veneauelan lumber.

r
casa
casa/, house; firm. ---- central, main or home office. ---- constructora, construction company. de azotea, penthouse. ---- de bombas, pump house. ---- de calderas, boilerhouse. ---- de cambio, money-exchange office. ---- de cartas (en), chart house. - de comando, control house. ---del comando (en), bridge house. ---- de comercio, business concern. ---- de las compuertas (hid), gatehouse. --de departamentos, apartment house. ---- de distribucin (elc), switch house. ---- de fuerza, powerhouse. ---- de liquidacin, clearinghouse. ---- de mquinas, enginehouse; powerhouse. ---- de los molinos (az), mili house. - de los tachos (az), boiling house. ---- -de tramo (fe), section house. ---- matriz, main office. ---- redonda (fc)(M), roundhouse. cascada/, waterfall, cascade. cascadas (C), rapids. cascajal, cascajar m, gravel pit or bed. cascajero m, gravel bed; worked-out mine. cascajo m, gravel; quarry waste; (rr) ballast; (sd) grit; (A) rubble aggregate, cobbles. cascajoso, gravelly. cascara/, casing, shell; bark. ---- de naranja, (bu) orange peel. cascarn m, shell, casing; (ar) vault; (A) deposit of scale. casco TO, shell, casing; cask; (naut) hull; (V) central part of a city. ---- de buzo, diver's helmet. ---- de caldera, shell of a boiler. ---- de cojinete, bearing shell. ---- del radiador (auto), radiator shell. ----de soldador, welding helmet, head shield. cascote m, debris, rubbish; rubble; (A) brickbat; (exc) muck. cascotear (Col), to level up with rubbish. caseoso (ms)(M), compressible, easily deformed. caseta/, small building; cabin; (tk)(sh) cab. ----de balanza, scale house, weighhouse. de cabezal (min), head house. ----de control (elc), switch house. - de guardaagujas (fe), switchman's shanty. --- del guardacrucero (fe), crossing watchman's shanty. ----de mando, control house. ----de mando de compuertas (hid), gatehouse. ----herramental, tool house. ----telefnica, telephone booth. casetn m (ds) (M), caisson gate. casilla /, small building, shed; privy; post-office box; (loco) cab; (elec) cubicle; cabinet; (Ec) water closet; (Sp) column in a notebook. ---- de aceites, oil house. ---- del cambiador (fe), switchman's shanty. ---- de compuertas (hid), gatehouse. ---- de correo, post-office box. ---- de herramientas, tool house. ---- del maquinista (loe ;, cab.

72

castillete
casillero m, rack (for pipe, etc.); (C) bin. casimba/, well; spring. casiterita/, cassiterite (tin ore). caso (m) fortuito, forc majeure, contingeney, act of God. casquete m, cap; shell; helmet. ---- de burbujeo (pet), bubble cap. --- del cabezal (torno), headstock cap. ---- de espiga (ca), dowel-bar cap. ---- de hincar (pi), drive cap. ---- de soldador, welding helmet. ---- de tubo, pipe cap. ---- de unin (v), unin bonnet. ---- de la vlvula, valve bonnet. ---- guardahumo, smoke helmet. ---- sellador (v), seal cap. casquijo m, gravel, gravel bar. casquillo m, ferrule; gland; sleeve, bushing; socket; pipe cap; base of an incandescent lamp; horseshoe; (min) blasting cap, exploder. ---- abierto (cab), open socket. ---- acuado (cab), wedge socket. ---- cerrado (cab), closed socket. ---- conectador (elc), hickey. ---- del alma (sx), core barrel. ---- de bayoneta, bayonet-socket base (lamp). ---- de boca cuadrada, square-drive socket. ---- de calafateo (tub), calking ferrule. ---- de doce estrias, twelve-point socket. ---- de empaque, packing follower. ---- de gua (mh), guide bushing. ---- de motn, coak. ---- de ocho estras, eight-point socket. ---- de prensaestopa, gland. ---- de puente (cab), bridge socket. ---- de rosca, screw base (lamp). ---- de soldar (tub), soldering bushing, sweating thimble. ---- de tubo-conducto (elc), conduit bushing. deslizante, slip bushing. ---- destornillador, screwdriver socket. ---- escalonado (cab), stepped socket. ---- escariador, reaming shell (drill). ---- estriado, (t) socket. ---- flotante, floating bushing. ---- para cabilla (ca), dowel socket. ---- partido, split bushing. ---- por soldar (tub), welding neck; stub end. ---- reductor, pipe bushing. ---- universal, universal socket. casquillos (fe), car brasses. castaeteo m (herr), chatter. castao m, chestnut wood. castauela /, lewis; lewis bolt; stone bolt, split bolt; (naut) cleat. ---- de cantera, lewis. castillejo m, scaffolding, trestlework; pedestal; bed frame. castillete m, scaffold; trestle bent; A frame; horse; pile-driver leads; gallows frame; oil derrick; (min) headframe. ---- armado, framed bent. ---- de cableva, cableway tower. de pilotes, pile bent. ---- de transmisin, transmission tower.

castillete
----provisorio (pte), falsework. castillo m, (min) headframe; (sb) forecastle. ----de popa (en), poop deck. ~ de proa (en), forecastlo. castina /, flux. casucha/, shanty; (sh) cab. data/, test pit; testing, test boring, exploration. cataclstico (geol), cataclastic. catadora /, earth auger, any tool for exploring the ground. catalejo m, telescope. catalina / (Es) (C), sprocket, gear wheel. catlisis/ (qum), catalysis. cataltico, catalytic. catalizador m, catalyst, catalytic agent. --- de lecho fijo (pet), fixed-bed catalyst. ---- usado, spent catalyst. catalizar, to catalize. catlogo m, catalogue. catalpa/ (mad), catalpa. catar, to explore the ground, dig test pits; to sample. catarata/, waterfall, cataract; (se) cataract. Catarina/ (M), sprocket. catarocas/ (geol) (A), cataelastic rocks. catastral, cadastral. catastro m, inventory of real estte in a district; census, cadastre. cateador m, prospector; sampler, trier. catear, to make borings, explore the ground, prospect; to sample. catenaria/, catenary. ---- hidrosttica, hydrostatic catenary, elstica. cateo)m, prospecting, exploration; sampling. cateto m, leg of a right triangle. catetmetro m (lab), cathetometer. catetrnm (ra), cathetron. catigu m, an Argentine wood (semihard). catin m (elc), catin, kation. catinico, cationic. catdico, cathodic. ctodo m (elc), eathode. ---- a calefaccin directa, directly heat&i eathode. ---- de calentamiento indirecto, indireeily heated or equipotential eathode. ---- de charco (de mercurio), pool-tilas eathode. ---- virtual (ra), virtual eathode. catodgrafo m, cathodograph, radiograph. catolito m (elc), catholyte. catptrico, catoptric (light). catraca/ (A), ratchet. cauce vi, channel, river bed. ---- de alivio, floodway. ---- de derivacin, diversin channel. ---- de escape, tailrace. -- de evacuacin, spillway channel. ---- de llegada, headrace. ---- libre, open channel. caucin/, security, guaranty. -- de licitador, bid security. caucionar, to bond (employee). caucho m, rubber; (V) automoble tire. ---- endurecido, hard rubber. --- regenerado, reclaimed rubber. - silvestre, native or wild rubber. cauchotado (A), rubberized, waterproofed.

73

cebo

cauchotar, to treat with rubber. caudal m, volume of flow. ---- afluente, runoff, inflow. ---- crtico, critical flow. ---- de avenida, flood flow. ---- de estiaje, low-water flow. ---- graduado o regularizado, regulated flow. ---- instantneo, momentary flow. ---- medio, mean flow. ----slido, material in suspensin in a stream. ----subcrtico, streaming flow. --- supercrtico, shooting or supercritical flow. caudaloso, of great volume, running full, in flood causticador m, causticizer. causticar, to causticize. custico, caustic (all senses). cautil m (AC), soldering iron. cautn m, soldering iron. cava /, pit, excavation. cavadizo, easily excavated. cavador m, excavator. ---- de agujeros de postes, (t) posthole digger. --- de zanjas, trench machine, ditcher. cavadora/, excavator. ---- cargadora, elevating grader. ---- de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade. ---- de capachos, bucket excavator. ---- de desages, drainage ditcher. cavadura/, excavation, digging. cavar, to excvate, dig. cavazanjas, mquina, trench machine. cavazn/ (Es), excavation. caven m, a Chilean hardwood. caverna /, cavern, hollow. cavernoso, full of cavities, porous, containing voids. caveto m, quarter-round concave molding. cavidad/, cavity. cavitacin /, cavitation. cayo m, small island, cay, key; shoal. caz m, fiume, canal, race. ---- de descarga, tailrace. ---- de trada, headrace. ---- vertedor, spillway channel. cazaclavos m, nail puller, claw bar. cazadera/, (min) hitch. cazangueo m (M), clearing land. cazarremaches m, rivet set or snap. cazo m, ladle, bucket, dipper. ---- de cola, gluepot. ---- de colada, pouring or charging ladle. ---- de fundidor, casting ladle. ---- para asfalto, asphalt dipper. cazoleta/, bucket of a turbine; pan; dolly; (Sp) water-closet bowl. ---- del diferencial (auto), housing of the differential. cazonete m, toggle. cebadero m, opening for charging a furnace. cebador m, (auto) priming cup; choke; (pu) primer. cebadura /, priming. cebar, (bl) to prime; (pu) to prime; (bo) to feed, charge; cebarse (vol)(M), to misfire. cebo m, (bl)" primer, fuse; (rd) binder; (bo) charge.

cebo
---- d gelatina (vol), gelatin primer. - elctrico, exploder. ---- fulminante, blasting cap, exploder. ---- retardado, delay blasting cap. cebolla/ (bm), strainer for footvalve. cedazo m, screen, sieve, strainer, riddle. ---- corredizo, traveling screen. ---- de arrastre, drag screen. ----de banda, band screen. ---- de disco, disk screen. ----giratorio, revolving screen. ----para peces (hid), fish screen. ----sacudidor, shaking screen. ----vibrante, vibrating screen. ceder, to yield, give way, fail; to assign. cedro m, cedar. cdula/, certifcate, official document; schedule; (En) (A) bond. --- de cambio, bil of exchange. --- de investigacin (tr), tracer. --- hipotecaria (A), mortgage bond. cegar, to wall up; to plug, stop up. cegesimal a, centimeter-gram-second. ceiba /, ceibo m, tropical tree that yields kapok. ceja/, flange; (M) tire bead; (C) trail, path. celador m, watchman; maintenance man. celaje m (Es), skylight; transom. celda /, cell; bin. - de batera (A), battery cell. --- de energa, (eng) energy cell. ---- fotoelctrica, photoelectric cell. celita /, (ct) (conc admixture) cellite. celoidina / (fma), celloidin. celosa /, (str) latticing, lacing; window blind, lattice. ---- de ventilacin, louver. clula/, cell; cubicle. ---- fotoelctrica (A), photoelectric cell, photocell. ---- fotoemisora, phototube. ---- talofido (ra), thalofide cell. celular, cellular. celuloide m, celluloid. celulosa /, cellulose. celulsico, cellulosic. celuloso a, cellular. cementacin/ (mam)(met), cementation. cementador m (pet), cementer, cementing outfit. cementadora /, (Sp) cement gun; (pet)(Ec) cementing equipment. cementar, to cement; to carburize, caseharden. cementero a, pertaining to cement. cementista m, cemelt worker, cement masn. cementita / (met), cementite. cemento m, cement. - a granel, bulk or lose cement. ---- artificial (Es), Portland cement. ---- armado, reinforced concrete. - asfltico, asphalt cement. ---- de alta resistencia a corto plazo (M), highearly-strength cement. ---- de alta resistencia inicial, high-early-strength cement. --de alta velocidad (M), high-early-strength cement. ----de alto calor, high-heat cement.

74

central
--- de alto horno, slag cement. ---- de bajo calor, low-heat cement. ---- de calor moderado de fraguado, moderate---- de empizarrar, slater's cement. ---- de escoria, slag cement. ---- de fraguado lento, slow-setting cement. ---- de fraguado rpido, quick-setting or high---- de goma, rubber cement. ---- de slice, silica cement. ---- modificado, modified cement. ---- natural, natural cement. ---- para empaquetadura, gasket cement. ---- para pisos de vidrio, vault-light cement. ---- plstico para techos, roofing cement. ---- Portland, Portland cement. ---- puzolnico, pozzolanic cement. ---- reforzado (Col), reinforced concrete. ---- refractario, high-temperature or refractory, ---- resistente a los sulfatos, sulphate-resisting ---- romano (Es), natural cement. ---- sin arena, neat cement. ---- suelto, bulk or lose cement.

heat-of-hardening cement.

early-strength cement.

cement.

cement.

cementoso, cementitious. cenagal m, swamp. cenagoso, swampy. cenicero m, ashpan, ashpit. cnit m, zenith. cenital, zenithal. ceniza /, ash. ---- de soda, soda ash, anhydrous sodium car bonate. cenizal m, ashpit, ash dump. cenizas, ashes, cinders. --- de plomo, litharge, lead ash. --- volcnicas, volcanic ash. centelleo -m (ra), flicker. centesimal, centesimal. centesimo m o, hundredtn. centirea/, centiare, centare. centibara /, centibar. centgrado, centigrade. centigramo m, centigram. centilitro m, centiliter. centimetrado (A), dividedintocentimeters(tape). centmetro m, centimeter. centinormal, centinormal. centipoise, centipoise. centner m, centner. ---- mtrico, metric or double centner. centrador m, centralizar, centering device. --- de embrague (auto), clutch pilot. --- fijo (mh), steady rest. centradora /, (mt) spotting tool. centraje m, centering. ---- propio, de, self-centering. central/, plant, station; powerhouse; sugar mili telephone exchange; a central. ---- auxiliar, stand-by power plant. azucarera, sugar mili. ---- de bombeo (Col), pumping station. - de energa o de fuerza, power plant, powerhouse.

central
---- de escorrenta (PR), river-run power plant. ---- de hormign (A), concrete-mixing plant. ---- de transformacin, transformer station, sub---- elctrica a vapor, steam-electric powerhouse. ---- electrgena o generadora, generating or

75

cerca
---- biselador, chamfer plae. ---- bocel, plae for making haK-round moldinga. ---- cncavo, hollow plae. ---- convexo, round plae. ---- de achaflanar, bevel plae.

station.

central station, electric powerhouse. ---- elevadora, pumping plant; hoisting installation. ---- hidrulica, water-power plant. ---- medio encerrada (elc), semioutdoor station. ---- telefnica, telephone exchange. ---- trmica, steam power plant. ---- termoelctrica, steam-electric power plant. central m (C), sugar mili. centrar, to center. cntrico, central, centric. centrfuga, centrifugadora /, centrifugo, centrifuga!. centrifugar, to centrifugo. centrfugo a, centrifuga!. centrpeto, centripetal. centro m, center. ---- a centro, center to center. ---- de la carga o de distribucin (elc), load cen ter, center of distribution. ---- de deformacin (fma), center of distortion. ---- de estacin (fma), camera station. ---- de figura (mat), center of figure. ---- de flotabilidad (an), center of buoyancy. ---- de flotacin (an), center of flotation. ---- de giro, center df gyration. ---- de gravedad, center of gravity. ---- de inercia o de masa, center of inertia or of mass. ---- de momentos, center of moments. ---- de perspectiva (fma), perspective center. ---- de presin, center of pressure. ---- de rotacin, center of gyration. ---- de simetra, center of symmetry. ---de la vista (fma), center of visin. ---- demogrfico, center of population. ---- fotogrfico (fma), photographic or pate cen ter. ---- geomtrico, center of figure. ---- momentneo, instantaneous center. ---- muerto, dead center (twist drill). ---- substituto (fma), substituto center. centroidal, centroidal. centroide m, centroid. centropunzn m (C), center punch. ceolita/ (miner)(pa), zeolite. cepa/, butt end; stump; (Ch) trestle bent; (M) footing, cutoff wall. cepillado por cuatro caras (mad), dressed four sides. cepillado por un canto (mad), dressed one edge. cepilladora/, planer, plae; jointer. ---- de banco oscilante, reciprocating-table planer. ---- desbastadora, jack plae. cepilladuras /, shavings. cepillar, to plae, face, dress; to brush. cepillo m, plae; brush. ---- acabador, smooth plae. ---- acanalador, fluting plae.

- de alambre o de acero, wire brush. ---- de albail (V), float. ---- de alisar, smooth plae. ---- de angaletar (A), miter plae. ---- de estrgalos, beading plae. ---- de banco, bench plae. ---- de cantear, edge plae. ---- de contrafibra, block plae. ---- de costado, side plae. ---- de encabezar escalones, nosing plae. ---- de ensamblar, dovetail plae. ---- de gramil, rabbet plae with fence. ---- de hierro doble, double-iron plae. ---- de juntas, jointing plae. ---- de madera (V), mason's float. ---- de mediacaa, half-rond or reed plae. ---- de molduras, molding plae; beading plae. ---- de ranurar, grooving or rabbet or plow or dado plae. ---- de refrentar, cross-grain plae. ---- dentado, tothing plae. ---- desbastador, jack plae. ---- limador, shaping planer. ---- macbihembrador, matching plae. ---- mecnico, planer, jointer. ---- mecnico de banco, bench planer or jointer. ---- metlico, wire brush. ---- raspador, scraper plae. ---- rebajador, rabbet or plow or sash plae. ---- redondo, compass plae. ---- universal, cpmbination plae. cepillo-juntera,;jointing plae. cepillo-rasqueta, scraper plae. cepo m, waler, ranger, ribbon, stringpiece, strongback; cap of a bent; stock of an anvil; stock of an anchor; shell of a tackle block; clamp, vise. cequin m (Ch)(V), irrigation canal, cera/, wax. - amarilla (pet), yellow wax. ---- de parafina, paraffin wax. ---- para correas, belt wax. cermica de construccin, hollow tile, structural trra cotta. cermico, ceratnic. cerargirita /, cerargyrite, horn silver, native silver chloride. cerca /, fence. ---- alambrada, wire fence. ---- alemana (C), worm or snake fence. ---- de estacas, paling fence. ---- de lienzos (O)(PR), fence built in panels between posts. ----de nacer, fence of wire on posts that have taken root. -de pie (C)(PR), paling fence. ---- de piedra, stone wall. defensa de cable (ca), cable guardrail. ---- en zigzag, worm fence. ----paranieve, snow fence. ---- viva, hedge.

cercado
cercado tn, fence, fencing. --- eslabonado, chain-link fencing. cercar, to fence. cerco m, fence; hoop; frame; (auto) rim; iron tire. --- de alambre, wire fence. --- de barril, barrel hoop. --- de puerta, doorframe. --- de rueda, tire. --- de ventana, window frame. cerco-gua (hid), gate frame. cercha/, rib of an arch center; (Pan)(U) trusa; (Col) tmplate; screed; (M) stair string; (dwg) spline; (rr) clearance gage. cerchmetro tn (fe) (A), clearance gage. cerchn tn, arch centering. cerda/ (inst), hair of the reticle. creo a, wax, waxy. ceresita /, Ceresit (trademark) (waterproofing). cerezo tn, cherry wood. cerillo tn, a Cuban lumber. cernedor tn, screen, sieve. cerner, to screen, sift. cernido (m) hmedo, wet screening. cernidor tn, screen, sieve; (Col) buddle; sifter. cerniduras /, screeninga. cernir, to screen; (Col) to buddle. cero tn, zero. ceroso, waxy. cerrable (elc), sealable. cerradero tn, keeper or strike of a lock; padlock eye; staple; any locking device. --- angular, angle strike. cerrado, closed; sharp (curve). cerrador tn, window shutter; locker; any closing or locking device. cerradura/ (ft), lock. --- a tambor (A), cylinder lock. --- de aplicar (A), rim lock. --- de arrimar, rim lock. --- de caja, rim lock; safe lock. --- de cilindro, cylinder lock. --- de cilindro paracntrico, paracentric lock. --- de combinacin, combination lock. --- de dos cilindros, dplex lock. --- de dos vueltas, double-throw lock. --- de embutir, mortise lock. --- de molinillo (Es), cylinder lock. --- de muelle o de resorte, spring or snap lock. --- dormida, dead lock. --- rebajada, rabbeted lock. --- recercada (M), rim lock. cerraja / (Es), lock. cerrajear, to do locksmith work. cerrajera /, locksmithing; locksmith's shop; builder's hardware; light ironwork; ironworks. cerrajero tn, locksmith; architectural ironworker. cerramiento tn, closure; bulkhead; fence; partition; curtain wall; (min) dam, dike. cerrar, to cise; to fasten, lock; to endose; to obstruct, block; to seal. --- con llave", to lock. --- el trazado, to cise the survey. cerrillada /, range of low hills. cerrillar, to mili, knurl. cerro tn, hill.

76

cicuta
cerrojo tn, door bolt, bolt of a lock, latch; (C) machine bolt. ---- acodado, neck bolt. ---- cilindrico Tle aplicar, barrel bolt. ---- de aplicar, surface bolt. ---- de caja, case bolt. ---- de caja tubular, barrel bolt. ---- de embutir, mortise bolt, flush bolt. ---- de pie o de piso, foot or floor or bottom bolt. ---- de resorte, latch, spring bolt. ---- dormido, dead bolt. certeneja / (Ch), hole scoured in the bed of a stream. certificado tn, certifcate. ---- de acciones, stock certifcate. ----de ensayo, test certifcate. - de incorporacin, corporation charter, incorporation papers. ----de nacimiento, birth certifcate. cerusa /, white lead, ceruse, cerussite. cerusita /, cerussite (lead ore). cesante a, unemployed; discharged. cesantear, to discharge (men). cesantes s, unemployed, discharged workers. cesanta/, unemployment, discharge. cesio m (qum), cesium. csped m, sod, grass, turf. cespol tn, cespul tn, (pb) floor drain, cesspool (sd)(M) cesspool; (pb) trap. cesta /, basket; bucket; strainer. ----de aspiracin (bm), strainer for foot valve. ----pescarripio (pet), junk basket. cesto tn, basket. ----de la centrfuga (az), centrifugal basket. ----de pesca (pet), junk basket. cestn tn, gabion, bundle of brushwood filled with stone used in bank protection or stream diversin, cestonada /, revetment of gabions. cetano m (pet), cetane. cianita / (miner), cyanite, kyanite, disthene. cianizar, to cyanize. cianoficeas (is), Cyanophyceae. ciangeno tn (qum), cyanogen. cianuracin/ (met), cyaniding. cianrico, cyanuric. cianuro tn, cyanide. cciclo, eyelic. ciclo tn (elc) (mee) (qum), eyele. --- cerrado o completo, closed or complete eyele. ----compuesto, (eng) mixed eyele. ----de cuatro tiempos (mg), four-stroke eyele. ----de enfriamiento invertido (aa), reverse-refrigeration eyele, heat-pumping. ----de filtracin (pa), filter eyele. ----de imanacin, magnetic eyele. cicloidal, cycloidal. cicloide /, eyeloid. cicloinversor tn (elc), cycloinverter. ciclmetro tn, eyelometer. cicln tn, cyclone. ciclnico, cyclonic. ciclpeo (mam), cyclopean. cicltomo (mat), eyelotomic. Cicuta / (mad), hemlock.

r
ciego 7 7 ,--- de prueba, test cylinder. cinchar
---- graduado (lab), gradate cylinder. ---- maestro (auto), master cylinder (brake). ciego, blind (flange, nut, window, etc.); blank ---- primitivo (en), pitch cylinder. (flange, etc). ---- sacancleos, core barrel (drill). cielo m, ceiling; top. ---- triturador, crushing roll. ---- abierto, a, on the surface, in open cut. cilindros ---- del hogar (cal), crown sheet. ---- de conformar, forming rolls. - descubierto, a, on the surface. ---- de enderezar, straightening rolls, (sb) man ---- raso, flat or flush ceiling, plastered ceiling. gle rolls. ---- raso acstico, accoustical ceiling. ---- de expansin (pte), expansin rollers. cinaga /, swamp, marsh. ---- de forjar, forging rolls.

ciencia/, science. --- terminadores (met), finishing rolls. cienegal m (PR), swamp. cilindroide m, cylindroid. cienmilsimo m, one hundred-thousandth. cilonita/, Zylonite (trademark). cienmilmetro m, one hundredth of a millimeter. cima/, crest, summit, peak, top. cienmillonsimo m, one hundred-millionth. cimacio m, ogee; (M) spillway bucket. cieno m, mud; sludge. ---- vertedor, rollway (dam). ---- activado (dac), activated sludge. cimborrio m, dome; (min) roof, ceiling. ---- de acumulador (elc), battery mud. cimbra/, arch centering. - digerido (dac), digested sludge. cimbrar, to center (arch); cimbrarse, to sway, - elutriado (dac), elutriated sludge. vbrate. ---- hmico (dac), humus sludge. cimbreo m, sway, vibration. cienteo, scientific. cimbrn m (A), vibration. ciento, cien m a, hundred. cimbronazo m (V), earthquake. cierracompuerta m (hid), gate-closing device. cimentacin/, foundation, footing. cierrapuerta m, door check. ---- de cajn, pneumatic-caisson foundation. cierre m, closure, sealing, lockinj;. ---- de emparrillado, grillage foundation. ----a tornillo, screw lock. ---- de zampeado, mat foundation. ----del cojinete (maq), bearing seal. ---- escalonada, stepped footing. ----de lnea (pet), line blind. ---- sobre pilotes, pile foundation. ----del trazado (lev), closure. cimentar, to lay a foundation, to found. ----de vapor (mg)(M), vapor lock. cimento m (geol), cementing material. ----definitivo (presa), final closure. cimiento m, foundation, footing; foundation ----hidrulico, water seal. material; cement. ----relmpago, zipper. --- - de retallo, stepped footing. cierro ira, inclosure; fence. ensanchado, spread footing. cifra (/) global, lump sum (contract). ---- romano (Pe), hydraulic lime. cigea /, crank; sweep; winch, windlass, cap- cimmetro m (ra), cymometer. . stan; (C) handear, automobile on a rail-road cimoscopio m (elc), cymoscope. track. cinabarita/ (Es), cinnabar. cigeal m, crankshaft. cinabrio m, cinnabar (mercury ore). ----de compensacin, balanced crankshaft. cinc m, zinc. ----de cuatro codos, four-throw crankshaft. ---- no gastable (elc), wasteless zinc. ----de dos codos, two-throw crankshaft. cincado, galvanized, zinc-plated, zinc-coated. - de siete cojinetes, seven-bearing crankshaft. ----a fuego, hot-galvanized. ----equilibrado, balanced crankshaft. cincar, to galvanize, zincify. ----simple o de un codo, single-throw crank cincel m, chisel, cutter, graver. shaft. -- arrancador, floor or box chisel. ----voladizo, overhanging crankshaft. ----de filo en cruz (cantero), cross chisel. cilanco m, slack or stagnant water, backwater. ----de fundidor, flogging chisel. ciliado a (is), ciliate. ----de pico redondo, roundnose chisel. cilindrada/, pistn displacement, cylinder capac-ity. ----de uas (Es), stonecutter's chisel. cilindradora /, road roller. ----dentado (cantero), tooth chisel, bumper. cilindraje m, rolling, compacting. --- debastador, drove chisel, boaster, drove, cilindrar, to roll, compact. boasting chisel. cilindreo m, rolling. --- hendedor, splitting chisel. cilindrico, cylindrical. cincelador m, chipping hammer; chipping chisel; cilindro m, cylinder; roller, roll. stonecutter. ----apisonador, tamping roller; paving roller. cincelar, to chisel, carve; to chip. ----compresor, road or paving roller. cincfero, containing zinc, zinciferous. - de bomba, pump cylinder; working barrel. cincita /, zincite, red zinc ore, red oxide of zinc ---- de caldera, shell of a boiler. cinco sextos, five sixths. ----de caminos, road roller. cincha/, girth, belt. ----de culata en T, T-head engine cylinder. ---- de seguridad, safety belt. - de curvar, bending roll. cinchar, to cinch; to hoop, band. de frenaje, brake cylinder. - de laminar, roll in a steel mili.

n
cincho cincho m (M), belt, hoop, band, iron tire; (min) frame for shaft timbering. - de plomo, lead shield (far screw). - para herramientas, tool belt. cinemtica /, kinematics. cinemtico, kinematic. cintica/, kinetics. cintico, kinetic. cinglador TO, blacksmith's hammer; (met) shingler; (met) squeezer. ---- de quijadas, alligator or crocodile squeezer. ---- rotativo o de leva, rotary or cam squeezer. cinglar, to shingle (iron). cinguera / (A), sheet-metal work, sheet-metal shop. cinguero m (A), sheet-metal worker, tinsmith. cinta /, belt; tape; strip; (carp) batten, waler, ribbon; (str) girt; sliver (rope). --- aisladora (elc), insulating or friction or binding tape. ---- barnizada (elc), varnished tape. ---- conectora (carp), ribbon connector. ---- de acero, steel tape. ---- de agrimensor, measuring tape. ---- de bolsillo, pocket tape (measuring). ---- de cordones, corded tape (measuring). - de dimetros (ef), diameter tape. --- del embrague, clutch band. ---- de empalme (elc), friction or insulating tape. --- de encajonar, box strapping. ---- de freno, brake band; brake lining. ---- de friccin, friction band; (elec) friction or binding tape. --- de gnero (med), cloth tape. --- de hierro, strap or band iron. --- de lienzo, linen tape. --- de limpieza (al), cleaning tape. --- de medir, tape line, measuring tape. --- de resorte, spring-winding tape (measuring). de selvicultor, circumference or forester's tape. --- de tela (lev), cloth tape. --- de tela reforzada (lev), metallie tape. --- de transporte, belt conveyor. --- de urdimbre metlica (C), metallic tape. --- de vidrio (elc), glass tape. --- fusible (elc), fuse link. --- metlica (lev), metallic tape; (A)(Sp) steel tape. --- metlica articulada (Es), chain belt. --- mtrica, measuring tape. --- pescadora (elc), fish wire, snake, pul wire, fish tape. --- vitrificada (olc), glass tape. cintada / (lev), tape length, tape measurement. cinteada/ (geol), band, streak. cintero TO, (Sp) hoisting line; (3urv) tapeman. --- delantero, head tapeman. --- trasero, rear tapeman. cintillo m (PH), sidewalk curb. cintra /, arch "centering. cintrar, to center (arch). cintrel TO, tmplate for an arch. cintura /, throat of a chimney; belt. cinturn TO, belt. 78
--- de guardalnea, lineman's belt. --- de seguridad, safety belt.

crculo

-- para herramientas, tool belt. cipo TO (Es), boundary monument; milepost. ciprs TO, cypress. circn TO (miner) (rfr), zircon. circonia / (rfr), zirconia. circnico, zirconic. circonio m (qum), zirconium. circuito m (elc), circuit. --- aceptor (ra), acceptor circuit. --- amortiguador, damping circuit. --- andico (ra), anode or pate circuit. --- atenuador de las altas (ra), bass-boosting circuit. --- ctodo-tierra (ra), cathode f ollower. --- combinado, compound circuit. --- compuesto (tel), composited circuit. --- de absorcin (ra), absorption or tank circuit. --- de acoplamiento por resistencia, resistancecoupled circuit. --- de admisin (ra)(A), acceptor circuit. de aproximacin (fe), approach circuit. --- de descarga (tv), discharge circuit. --- de disparo (ra), trigger circuit. --- de entrada, input circuit. --- de lnea (fe), line circuit. --- de media onda (ra), half-wave circuit. --- de placa (ra), pate or anode circuit. --- de plena onda (ra), full-wave circuit. --- de prueba, test circuit. --- de rejilla (ra), grid circuit. --- de salida, output circuit. --- de sangra (ra), bleeder circuit. --- de va (fe), track circuit. --- de va libre (fe), clearing circuit. --- de vuelta, return circuit. --- derivado, branch circuit. --- desviador (tv), deflection circuit. --- en puente, bridge circuit; jumper circuit. - equilibrado, balanced circuit. --- fantasma, phantom circuit. ----inducido, secondary circuit. ----inductor, primary circuit. --- oscilador (ra), oscillatory circuit. ----oscilante barredero (ra), swecp circuit. -receptor (ra), receiving circuit. --- rechazador o repulsor (ra), rejector circuit. --- reflejo (ra), reflex circuit. --- restaurador (tv), rstorer circuit. --- tanque (ra) (A), tank circuit. --- trampa (ra), trap circuit. circulacin/, circulation. --- a gravedad (cf), gravity circulation. --- forzada, forced circulation. circulador m, circulator. circular, v to circuate; a circular. crculo m, circle. --- anual (mad), annual ring. - azimutal, azimuth circle. --- cenital (trnsito), vertical circle. --- de ahuecamiento (en), dedendum circle. - de aterrizaje (ap), circle marker. --- de cabeza (en), addendum circle. --- de esfuerzos, circle of stress. --- de Mohr, Mohr's circle.

circulo
--de talud (ms), slope circle. ---- primitivo (en), pitch or rolling circle. ---- taquimtrico (inst), stadia circle. circumpolar, circumpolar. circunferencia /, circumference. ---- de ahuecamiento o de raz (en), dedendum or root circle. ---- de base (en), base circle. ---- de rotura, circle of rupture. - de tensin (A), circle of stress. ---- primitiva (en), pitch circle. circunferencial, circumferential. circunscribir (mat), to circumseribe. cisco m, coal dust, culm, slack; (V) cinders. ---- de coque, coke breez. cisterna /, tank, cistern. citacin (/) a lidiadores, cali fpr bids, invitation to bidders. citara/, brick wall 1 brick thick; (Col) partition wall. citarilla/, thin partition wall; (M) thin partition block. citarn m, (C) wall 2 bricks thick; (Col) header. citrato (m) frrico amnico (lab), ferric ammonium citrate. ciudad/, city. ciudadela/ (en)(A), bridge deck. cizalla /, a shear. de dentar (si), gummer shear. ---- de escuadrar, squaring shear. ---- de guillotina, guillotine or gate shear. ---- de palanca, lever or alligator shear. - hendedura, splitting shears. ---- mltiple, gang shear. ---- para chapa, sheet-metal shear. para metralla, scrap shear. para planchas, pate shear. cizallador m, shearer (man). cizallamiento m, shearing stress; shearing. cizallar, to shear. cizalleo m, shearing; shearing stress. clara/ (A), spacing, span. claraboya/, skylight; transom; clearstory. ---- de bveda, vault light. ---- sin masilla, puttyless skylight. claridad/, (il) brightness; (tv)(Sp) brilliance. clarificador m, clarifier. ---- de batea (pa), tray clarifier. ---- de batea mltiple (pa), multiple-tray clarifier. ---- intermitente, intermittent clarifier. elariear, to clarify. clarifloculador m (is), Clariflocculator (trademark). clarigestor m (is), Clarigester (trademark). clarin m, crayon. claro m, clear space; clear span, bay, opening; o, bright (wire); clear (glass); light (color). ---- de compuerta, gate opening. ---- de puente, span of a bridge. ---- de puerta, doorway. - de ventana, window opening. clasificador m (is)(min)(ag), classifier; screen. ---- cnico, cone classifier. ---- de arrastre, drag classifier.
---- de pie (ms), toe .circle. ---- de punto medio (ms), mid-point circle.

79

clavo
de cedazo, screen classifier. de paletas o de rastrillo, rake classifier. ---- de rastro de vaivn, reciprocating-rake clas sifier. ---- de rebose, overflow classifier. ---- de taza, bowl classifier. ---- en espiral (arena), spiral classifier. ---- hidrulico, hydraulic classifier, jig. clasificar, to classify, grade; to screen; to rate. clstico (geol), clastic. clavador m, (sur"-) (Ec) stake driver. ---- de cabillas, (t) driftbolt driver. ---- de pernos, bolt driver; spike driver. ---- de postes de cerco, fence-post driver. clavaestacadas m, sheeting hammer. cjavar, to nail, spike; to drive piles; (sh) to crowd. ---- a firme (pi) (C), to drive to refusal. ---- hasta el rebote (pi), to drive to refusal. clavazn /, stock of nails. clave /, key, keystone; (conc) bonding key; quoin; (V) lintel; (dwg) legend. ---- de trabazn (conc), bonding key. clavellino m, a South American lumber. clavera /, nail hole. clavete m, small nail, tack. clavetear, to tack, nail. clavija/, pin, peg, dowel, driftbolt; cotter; pintle; (elec) plug; (elec) stud. ---- a cuchilla (elc), knife plug. ---- de la cigea, (eng) crankpin. -de conexin (elc), terminal stud; attachment plug. ---- de contacto (elc), plug. ---- de correccin (inst), adjusting pin. ---- de desconexin (elc), disconnecting plug. ---- de divisin (mh), jndex pin. ---- de dos patas, cotter pin. ---- de escala, ladder rung. ---- de expansin (M), expansin bolt. ---- de infinidad (elc), infinity plug. ---- de piso (elc), floor plug. ---- de trepar, pole step. ---- hendida, cotter pin, split pin, spring cotter. ---- sincronizadora (elc), synchronizing plug. ---- tndem (elc), tandem-blade plug. clavito m, brad, small nail, tack. ---- cortado, cut finishing nail. ---- de cabeza cnica, flooring brad. ---- de Pars, wire brad. ---- para contramarcos, casing nail. clavo m, nail, spike; (min) chimney; (min)(M) rich body of ore. ---- agrio, bright nail; (C) cut nail. ---- arponado de techar, barbed roofing nail. ---- comn de alambre, common wire nail. ---- corriente, common nail. ---- cortado, cut nail. ---- cuadrado (C), cut nail. - de alambre, wire nail. ---- de barquilla, boat spike. ---- de cabeza acopada, eupped-head nail. ---- de cabeza embutida o perdida, countersunk nail. ---- de cabeza excntrica, offset-head nail. - de chilla, lathing nail. ---- de doble cabeza, double-headed nail.

elavo
de fundicin, foundry nail. de listonaje, lath nail. de muelle, dock spike. ---de punta de aguja, needle-point au. --- de punta diamante, diamond-point nail. --de punta excntrica, side-point nail. --- de punta roma, blunt-point nail. --- de ripiar, shingle nail. ---- de rosca, screw nail, drive screw. --- de techar, roofing nail. --- de tinglar, clout nail. ---- de va, track spike. ---- de 1 pulg, twopenny nail. --- de \\/\ pulg, threepenny nail. --- de lVfc pulg, fourpenny nail. --- de 1% pulg fivepenny nail. --- de 2 pulg, sixpenny nail. --- de 2Vi pulg, sevenpenny nail. --- de 2 Vi pulg, eightpenny nail. --- de 23/4 pulg, ninepenny nail. --- de 3 pulg, tenpenny nail. --- de 3Vi pulg, twelvepenny nail. ---- de 3VJ pulg, sixteenpenny nail. --- de 4 pulg, twentypenny nail. --- de 4V2 pulg, thirtypenny nail. --- de 5 pulg, fortypenny nail. --- de 5Vi pulg, fiftypenny nail. --- de 6 pulg, sixtypenny nail. --- de 8 pulg, eightypenny spike. --- espaol (C), cut nail. --- fechado, dating nail. ----francs, wire nail; (C) finishing nail. harponado, barbed nail. - ingls (C), cut nail. ----lancero (M), toenail. ----marcador (min), spud, spad. ----para bisagra, hinge nail. ---- para hormign, concrete nail. ---- para lanchan, barge spike. ---- para remachar, clinch nail. ---- rielero, track spike. clavo-pija, fetter-drive lag screw. clavo-tornillo, drive screw. clica / (ft) (A), keeper of a lock. clima TO, climate. clima artificial (M), air conditioning. climtico, climatic. climatologa /, climatology. clingrafo TO, clinograph. clinometra /, clinometry. cimmetro m, clinometer, slope level, angle meter. cllnquer m (M), clinker. clismetro m (M), slope gage. clistron m (ra), klystron. clitmetro m, clinometer. en va je m (geol), cleavage, stratification. ---- de disyuncin, fracture cleavage. ---- de flujo, flow cleavage. cloaca /, sewer: ---- colectora, intercepting sewer. ---- de alivio o de rebose, relief or overflow sewer. ---- de descarga, outfall sewer. ---- del edificio, house drain.
---- de embarcaciones, boat spike. ---- de filo de cincel, chisel-point nail.

80 a sewer.

cloroamonaco
----de empotramiento (V), house connection to ----de presin, depressed sewer. ----derivada, branch sewer; lateral sewer. ---- domiciliaria, house sewer. ----emisara, outfall sewer.

- escalonada, flight sewer. ----interceptadora, intercepting sewer. ----maestra o mxima o troncal, trunk or main sewer. ----ovoide, egg-shaped sewer. ----pluvial, storm sewer. --- secundaria, submain sewer. --- tubular, pipe sewer. --- unitaria (C)(A), combined sewer. cloacal, pertaining to sewerage. cloaquista m (A), man who lays sewer pipe. cloche TO (V), eluteh. cloque m, grapnel, grappling iron. cloracin /, chlorination. --- al punto de saturacin (is), break-point chlorination. ----con residuo combinado aprovechable (pa), combined residual chlorination. con residuo libre aprovechable (pa), free residual chlorination. ----simple (pa), plain chlorination. dorador TO, chlorinator. ---- al vaco, vacuum chlorinator. ----de alimentacin directa, direet-feed chlo rinator. ---- de mano, manual chlorinator. ----de vaco visible, visible-vacuum chlorinator. cloramida/ (qum), chloramide. cloramina / (pa), chloramine, ammonia chlorine. cloraminacin /, chloramination. cloramoniar, to treat with chloramine. clorar, to chlorinate. clorato m (qum), chlorate. clorhidrato TO, hydrochlorate. clorhdrico, hydrochloric. drico, chloric. clorificar, to chlorinate. clormetro TO, chlorimeter. clorinacin/, chlorination. clorinador TO, chlorinator. clorinar, to chlorinate. clorinmetro m, chlorometer. dorita/ (miner), chlorite. clortico, chloritic. cloritizacin /, chloritization. clorito TO (qum), chlorite. dorizacin /, chlorination. dorizador m, chlorinator. dorizar, to chlorinate. doro TO, chlorine. ---- amoniacal, proceso (pa), chlorine-ammonia process. ---- combinado disponible, combined available chlorine residual. ---- libre disponible, free available chlorine re sidual. ---- residual o restante (pa), chlorine residual. doroalimentador m (pa), Chlorofceder (trademark). cloroamonaco m (is), chloramine.

clorocresol
clorocresol m (is), chlorocvesol. clorof enol m (is), chloropheuol. clorofceas (is), Chlorophyceae. clorofila/, chlorophyll. clorometra /, ehlorometry. clormetro m, chlorometer. cloroplatinato m, chloroplatinate. ---- de amonio (lab), ammonium chloroplatinate. ---- potsico (is), potassium chloroplatinate. cloroso, chlorous. clorurar (qum)(met), to chloridize. cloruro TO, chloride. ---- urico, gold chloride. ---- de amonio, ammonium chloride, sal ammoniac. ---- de cal, chloride of lime, bleaching powder. ---- de hidrgeno, hydrogen chloride, hydrochloric acid. ---- sdico, sodium chloride, common salt. coagulacin /, coagulation. ---- de flujo ascendente (is), upflow coagulation. coagulador TO, coagulator. coagulante TO, coagulant; o coagulant, flocculent. coagular, to coaglate; to clump; coagularse, to coaglate, form floc; to clot, clump. cogulo TO, floc, coagulum, clot. coaltar TO (Es), tar, pitch. coaltarizar, to coat with pitch. coaltitud /, coaltitude, zenith distance. coasegurador TO, coinsurer. coaxial, coaiil, coaxial, cobaltfero, containing cobalt. cobaltina, cobaltita / (miner), cobaltite, cobaltine. cobalto TO, cobalt. ---- arsenical (miner), smaltite. ---- gris, smaltite, gray cobalt. cobaltoso, cobaltous. cobertizo TO, shed; penthouse; (Col) lean-to; (ap) hangar. ---- de trasbordo, transfer shed. --- de trenes, train shed. ---- para carros, carbarn, car shed. ---- para nieve, snowshed. cobertura/, cover, covering. cobijadura / (geol)(A), overthrust; alluvial deposit. cobola /, a Costa Rican pine. cobre TO, copper. ---- abigarrado, bornite, purple copper ore. --- amarillo (miner), copper pyrites, chalcopyrite. ---- ampolloso, blister copper. ---- ailado, covellite, ndigo copper; azurite, blue copper ore. --- azul, azurite, blue copper ore, blue malachite. de acarreo (geol), drift copper. ----del ctodo (met), cathode copper. ---- de cementacin, cement copper. ----gris, tetrahedrite, gray copper ore. ---- negro, blister or black copper. ---- piritoso, copper pyrites, chalcopyrite. ---- rojo, red copper ore, cuprite. ---- tenaz, tough-pitch copper. ---- verde (miner), malachite, green malachite. ---- vitreo, vitreous copper, torbei nite.

81

codo
cobreado, copper-plated. cobrera/, copper work; copper shop. pobrero TO, coppersmith. cobrizado, copper-plated. cobrizo, containing copper; copper-colored. coca/, kink. coccin/, baking, roasting, burning (brick). cocer, to bake; to boil. cociente TO, quotient. ---- diferencial, differential coeflicient or quo tient. coco m (is), coccus. cocobolo TO, cocobolo (hardwood). cocodrilo m (mee), grab; squeezer. cocha/ (B)(Ec), lake, pond. coche m, (rr) car, coach; closed automobile. ---- automotor (fe), motorcar. ---- comedor, dining car. ---- de estacin (auto), station wagn. ---- de observacin, observation car. ---- de pasajeros (Ch), passenger car. ---- de remolque, trail car. ---- de tranva, streetcar, trolley car. ---- de turismo (auto), touring car. ---- dormitorio, sleeping car. ---- motor, (rr) motorcar. ---- saln, chair car. cochecito lateral, sidecar (motoreyele). cochera /, carbarn; garage. cochern TO, enginehouse, roundhouse. cochinilla/ (mad), wood louse. cochino m (met), pig. cochitril TO, crib. cochura/, baking, roasting. codal m, strut, spreader, spur, trench brace; frame of a saw; try square. del eje (en), shaft strut. codaste TO (en), sternpost; stern frame. ---- popel, rudderpost, sternpost. ---- proel, sternpost, propeller post, body post. codeclinacin /, codeclination, polar distance. codera/ (nut), breast fast. cdigo TO, code. ---- de edificador, building code. ---- de seales, signal code. Cdigo Elctrico Nacional, National Electrio Code. cdigo Morse (tel), Morse code. codillo TO, knee, elbow, bend. codmero m (pet), codimer. codo m, (cons) knee; (machy) crank; (p) elbow, bend. ---- abierto, long elbow. ---- angular, miter elbow. ---- cerrado, short elbow. --- compensador, expansin bend. ---- con base o con soporte, base elbow. --- con derivacin o con salida lateral, side-outlet elbow. --- con lomo o de copa, bossed elbow. --- de campanas, bell-and-spigot quarter bend. de curva alargada o de radio largo, longradius elbow. --- de doble ramal, double-branch elbow. --- de enchufes, socket-end elbow (for welding).
coceo m (M), thrust.

codo
---- de inglete, miter elbow. - de orejas, drop elbow. ---- de palanca (maq), crank. ---- de pendiente o de rosca inclinada, pitch elbow. ---- de reduccin, reducing elbow. ---- de retorno unido, return bend-close type. ---- de servicio, service or street elbow. ---- de tangente larga, long-tangent elbow. - de toma particular, service elbow. ---- de tres salidas, three-way elbow. ---- de unin, unin elbow. ---- de Vfef eighth bend. ---- de Vi quarter bend. ---- de 5%, sixty-fourth bend. ---- de 1V4 thirty-second bend. ---- de 22Vk sixteenth bend. ---- de 45, eighth bend, 45 elbow. ---- de 60, sixth bend. ---- de 72, fifth bend. ---- de 180, return or half bend. ---- doble, offset; return bend; three-way elbow. ---- en escuadra, right-angle bend. - en octavo, eighth bend. ---- en U, return bend. ---- falso (as), false knee. ---- macho y hembra, service or street elbow. ---- obtuso (A), eighth bend. ---- para baranda, railing elbow. ---- para inodoro (pb), closet bend. recto con desplazamiento, single-offset quarter bend. ---- reductor, taper or reducing elbow. ---- suave, long-radius elbow. coeficiente m, coefficient. ---- completo de traspaso de calor (aa), pver-all coefficient o heat transfer. ---- de absorcin (ptica), absorption factor, co efficient of absorption. --- de acidez (geol), acidity coefficient, oxygen ratio. ---- de acoplamiento (elc), coupling coefficient. ---- de afluencia (hid), runoff coefficient. - de amortiguacin, coefficient of damping (vibration). --- de amortiguacin viscosa (ms), coefficient of viscous damping. --- de amplificacin (ra), amplification factor or constant. - de aprovechamiento (elc), load factor. ---- de aspereza (hid), coefficient of roughness. -de autoinduccin (elc), coefficient of selfinduction, self-inductance. ---- de cada de tensin (elc), drop factor. ---- de cambio de volumen (ms), coefficient of volume change. --- de cargamento (tr), load factor. ---- de caudal (hid), coefficient of discharge. --- de compactacin (ms), coefficient of consolidation. --- de conductividad trmica, coefficient of thermal conductivity. --- de consolidacin, (ea) coefficient of shrinkage, shrinkage factor; (sm) coefficient of consolidation.

82

coeficiente
-de deformacin (ms), deformation coefficient. - de derrame (hid), runoff coefficient. - de descargue (hid), coefficient of discharge. - de deslizamiento, sliding factor (dam). de desviacin (ra), deflection factor. de diagrama, (eng) diagram factor. - de dilatacin, coefficient of expansin. de dispersin (elc), leakage factor. de elasticidad, modulus of elasticity. de entrada (ve), coefficient of entry. de escamas (pa), coefficient of scale hardness. de escorrenta (hid), runoff coefficient. de escuadreo (an), block coefficient, coefficient of fineness of displacement. de escurrimiento superficial (hid), surface runoff coefficient. de explotacin (fe), operating ratio. de extincin (qum), extinction coefficient, specific absorption ndex, de filtracin (ms), coefficient of percolation. del filtro (fma), filter factor. de finura, coefficient of fineness. de flecha (est), deflection coefficient. de friccin o de frotamiento, friction factor, coefficient of friction. de friccin de deslizamiento, coefficient of sliding friction. de gasto (hid), coefficient of discharge. de hinchamiento (ms), coefficient of swelling. de inflacin (ms)(A), coefficient of swelling. - de luminosidad (il), luminosity factor. de modulacin (elc), modulation factor or index. de mortalidad, death rate. de operacin (fe), operating ratio. f de pandeo (est), buckling coefficient. de permeabilidad, (hyd) percolation coefficient; (sm) coefficient of permeability. de Poisson, Poisson's ratio. - de precipitacin, rainfall coefficient. - de produccin, load factor (compressor). de productividad (pet), productivity index. de propulsin (an), propulsive coefficient. de reactancia (elc), reactive factor. de rectificacin (ra), rectification factor. de recuperacin o de rechazo (pi), coefficient of restitution. de recuperacin elstica (ms), coefficient of elastic recovery. - de reflexin, (ra) reflection coefficient; (il) reflection factor. de relajamiento (met), relaxation factor. de remoldeo (ms), remolding index. de rendimiento (aa), coefficient of performance. de resistencia, coefficient of strength. de restitucin (ms) (fma), coefficient of restitution. de retardo, (hyd) coefficient of retardation; (wp) drag coefficient. de retraso (hid), coefficient of retardation. de riego, duty of irrigation water. de rozamiento, coefficient of friction.

de rugosidad (hid), roughness coefficient.

coeficiente
--- de seguridad, factor of safety. de sequedad (irr), wilting coefficient. --- de superficie (ag), surface coefficient, surface-aiea factor. --- de trabajo, factor of safety. --- de transmisin, (ht) coefficient of transmission; (il) transmission factor. --- de traspaso superficial de calor (aa), film coefficient of heat transfer. ----dielctrico, diclectric constant. ----espumante, foaming coefficient (water). ----resistivo (elc)(A), coefficient of resistance. ----uniforme (ms)(C), uniformity coefficient. coeficientes del Almirantazgo (an), Admiralty constants. coercitividad / (elc), coercivity, coercive forc. cofa / (en), top, crow's-nest. cofactor m (mat), cofactor. cofsico, cophasal. cofre m, box; crib; bin; (A) concrete form; (auto) (M) hood. cogedero m, handle, grip; bail. - indicador de tensin (lev), tensin handle, spring balance, cogegotas m, drip pan. coger, to grasp; to collect; to cise up, obstruct; (mas) (Col) (V) to point. cogollo m, small end of a pole or pile, coherencia/ (mat), coherence. coherente m, binder; a cohesive, coherent. cohesin/, cohesin, bond. --aparente (ms), apparent cohesin. ---- verdadera (ms), tre cohesin. cohesivo, cohesive. cohesor m (ra), coherer. cohete m (min), blasting fuse; blast lile; (M), dynamite cartridge. cohetear (min)(M), to blast. coig m, a South American softwood. coihue m, a Chilean hardwood. coincidencia /, coincidence. coincidente, coincident. coincidir, to coincide; to match (riytet holes). cojear, (eng) to knock. cojn m, cushion, pad; pillow block. --- del embrague, clutch cushion. --- de vaco (conc), vacuum mat. ----roscado para soldar (tub), welding pad. * cojinete m, bearing, pillow block, journal box; bushing; (th) die. ----a municiones, ball bearing. -- a rulemn, roller bearing. ---- acabador (rs), sizer die. ---- autoalineador, self-aligning bearing. ---- autolubricador, oilless or self-lubricating bearing. ---- axial, axial or thrust bearing. ---- cerrado, solid bearing. ---- cnico, cono bearing. ---- de agujas, noedlo bearing. ---- de alineamiento, alignment bearing. ---- de anillo esfrico, spherical-race bearing. ---- de asiento (A), stop bearing. ---- de bancada, base or mam bearing. ---- de bolas axial, thrust-type ball bearing.

83

cola
de bolas con adaptador, adapter-type ball bearing. ----de bolas con anillo de resorte, snap-ringtype ball bearing. de bolas de contacto angular, angular-contact ball bearing. ---- de bolas de empuje, thrust-type ball bear ing. de bolas de empuje doble, two-direction thrust ball bearing. ---- de bolas de proteccin doble, doubleshielded ball bearing. ---- de bolas de proteccin simple, single-shielded ball bearing. de bolas doble, double-row ball bearing. ---- de bolas radial, radial ball bearing. ---- de bolillas, ball bearing. ---- de casco recambiable, replaceable-shell bearing. ---- de cola, tail bearing. --- de collares, collar bearing. ---- de descanso, pillow block. ---- de doble efecto, two-direction (roller) bear ing. ---- de efecto simple, single-direction (roller) bearing. ---- de empuje, thrust or axial bearing. ---- de engrase automtico, self-lubricating bear ing. ---- de fila nica, single-row (ball) bearing. ---- de filas mltiples, mutirow (ball) bearing. ---- de gua, pilot pr guide bearing. ---- de manguito, sleeve bearing. ---- de piedra (inst)> jewel bearing. ---- de resorte (mh), spring die. ---- de rodillos ahusados, tapered roller bearing. ---- de rodillos esfricos, spherical roller bearing.: ---- de rodillos rectos, straight roller bearing. ---- de rolletes, roller bearing. ---- de rolletes cnicos, tapered roller bearing. ---- de roscar, die for threading, screw pate. ---- de suspensin, suspensin bearing. ---- de terraja^ die for threading. ---- de tope (U), thrust bearing. --- enterizo, unit or solid pillow block. --- exterior, outV oard bearing. --- flotante, floating bearing. --- partido, split pillow block. --- piloto, pilot bearing. --- radial, radial or annular bearing, --- radioaxial, radial-thrust bearing. --- recalentado, hot bearing. cok m, coke. --- de petrleo, petroleum coke. --- de retorta, gas coke. --- para altos hornos, blast-furnace coke. cola /, glue; tail; (t) tang, fang, shank; stub, stump. ---- aislante, insulating glue. ----animal o de huesos, animal glue. ----de agua fra o de casena, cold-water 01 casein glue, casein eement. ----de barrena, shank of a drill. ----de carpintero, joiner's glue. --- de golondrina (carp) (jr.ee), swallowtail, dovetail.

cola
---- de martillo, peen of a hammer. ---- de milano o de pato, dovetail. ---- de pescado, isinglass; fish glue; fishtail (bit). ---- de rata, rattail (file); driftpin. ---- marine, marine glue. ---- para madera laminada, plywood glue.

84
1 ----

colocadora
--- de desage, (pb) main soil pipe, house drain ---- de escamas (pet), scale trap. --- de espumas (dac), scum collector. --- de fango, mud trap. --- de grasa, grease trap. ---- de humedad, moisture separator or trap. ---- de lodos, sludge collector. ---- de prtiga (fe elc), pole trolley. ---- de polvo, dust collector.

de corriente (elc), curren t collector. (Pe) sewer.

colas (min), tailings, chats. colada /, (met) melt; (conc) pour; (conc) lift; (conc) batch. ----de prueba, trial batch. coladera/, strainer; (M)(PR) leaching cesspool; (M) sewer, drain. coladera-punta, well point. coladero m (min), winze, ore chute. colado en el lugar (conc), poured in place. colador m, strainer. ----a presin, pressure strainer. ----de cao pluvial (to), leader strainer. --- de cesta, basket-type strainer. ----de coque, coke strainer. ---- de lodo (pet), mud screen, shale shaker. ---- para hojas (hid), leaf screen. colagn m (M), conduit, canal. colanilla /, door bolt. colapez/, isinglass; fish glue. colapsible (M), collapsible. colapso m (M), failure, collapse. colar, to pour; to strain; to cast; (tun)(M) to drive, bore; to sink (shaft): colarse, to seep, percolate; to sift. ----en basto, to rough-cast. colatitud/, colatitude. colato de sodio (lab), sodium cholate. colctar m (abrasivo), colcothar, rouge. colcha / (ais), quilt, blanket. colchado m (cab), lay. ---- a la derecha, right lay. . ---- a la izquierda, left lay. ---- corriente o cruzado, regular or plain lay. lang o paralelo, lang or cable lay. colchar, to lay rope. colchn m, cushion, mattress; (elec cab) bedding. amortiguador (hid)(Col), stling pool. ---- de agua, water cushion, stilling pool. ---- de barro (hid), clay blanket. ---- de cieno (dac), sludge blanket. ---- filtrador (pa), filter blanket. - hidrulico (M), stilling pool. colear, to yaw, buck; (auto) to shimmy. colectivo m (tr)(A), small public bus. colector m, collector; catch basin, trap; intercepting sewer; (irr) return ditch; (elec) commutator; (elec) collector; (min) collector; (p) (Pan) manifold. ---- cloacal, main sewer. ---- de aceite, oil trap; drip pan; (auto) oil pan. ---- de aguas blancas (A), storm-water sewer. ---- de aire, air trap. ---- de aire comprimido, air receiver (compressor). ---- de alivio (M), relief sewer. - de arco (fe elc), bow trolley. ---- de avenidas (Es), storm sewer. de barro, mud trap, catch basin. ---- de cascajo, grit collector. ---- de condensado, condnsate or steam trap.

- de sedimentos (cal), mud drum. - de tormentas (Es), storm sewer ---- de tubos, manifold header. de vapor (loco), steam drum. pantgrafo, pantograph trolley ---- pluvial, storm-water sewer. ---- sanitario, sanitary sewer. ---- visitable (Es), sewer large enough for a man to enter. colector-cabezal, header of a boiler. clera (m) asitico, Asiatic cholera. colero m, gluepot; (min) (M) (Pe) labor foreman. coleta /, burlap. colgadero TO, hanger. colgadizo m, shed, lean-to; a hanging, suspended. colgador m, hanger. ---- autoalineador, self-aligning hanger. ---- de artefacto (elc), fixture hanger. - de cable, (cy) fall-line carrier; (elec) cable hanger. ---- de canaln (to), gutter hanger. ---- de mensajero (elc), messenger hanger ---- del revestidor (pet), liner hanger. ---- de tubo, pipe hanger. ---- de vigueta, joist hanger. colgante m, hanger, pendant; a suspended, hanging. ---- de servicio (elc), service drop. giratorio, swivel hanger. colgar, to hang. coli-aergenes (is), coli-aerogenes. colibacilo m (is), colon bacillus, Bacillus coli. coliforme, coliform (bacteria). colillas / (min), tailings. colimacin /, collimation. colimador m, collimator. colimetra / (pa) (U), coliform density. colina/, hill. colineacin / (mat), collineation. colineal, collinear. colisa/, slide; (eng) link. ---- de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link. colisin/, colusin. colmado, heaped up. colmatacin /, colmataje m, filling; earth fill; (A) silting up. colocabilidad / (conc) (M), placeability. colocado en fro (ca), cold-laid. colocador m, setter, placer, positioner; (sa) setworks. - de ladrillos (C), bricklayer. ---- de vagones, car spotter. ---- de va (maq), track layer. colocadora /, setter, placer. - neumtica, pneumatic concrete placer.

colocar
colocar, to place, lcate, set; to invest. colodin m, collodion. colofonia /, resin. cologaritmo TO, cologarithm, coloidal, colloidal. coloide TO, colloid. colonia/, (Pll) sugar plantation; (A) farm; (lab) colony. color TO, color, color de recocido, temper color. amarillo, yellow. amarillo claro, light yellow. amarillo de paja, straw color. amarillo oscuro, dark yellow. amarillo plido, aiat yellow. azul, blue. azul brillante, bright blue. azul oscuro, dark blue. azul puro, full blue. blanco, white. castao amarillento, brown yellow. castao purpreo, purple brown. castao rojizo moteado, spotted red brown. cereza claro, light cherry. negro rojizo, black red. pajizo oscuro, dark straw. pajizo plido, pal straw. prpura, purple. rojo cereza mediano, mdium cherry red. rojo cereza oscuro, dark cherry red. rojo cereza puro, full cherry red. rojo de sangre oscuro, dark blood red. salmn, salmn. salmn claro, light salmn, color patrn, standard color, colorante TO, coloring matter. colorimetra /, colorimetry. colorimtrico, colorimetric. colormetro TO, colorimeter. colpa/, copperas; (min)(Pe) a silver ore. columna/, column. ---- cerrada, box column. ---- combinada, combination column. ---- compuesta, (str) builfc-up column; (conc) composite column. ---- de agua (fe), water column. ---- de asiento esfrico, round-end column. ---- de barras Z, Z-bar column. ---- de burbujeo (pet), bubble column. ---- de caja, box column. ---- de celosa, latticed column. ---- de direccin (auto), steering column. ---- de equilibrio (hid), surge tank. ---- de extremo fijo, fixed-end column. ---- de fraccionamiento, fractionating tower. ---- de fundicin, cast-iron column. --- de plancha y ngulos, plate-and-angle col umn. --- de planchas atiesadoras, battened column. --- escalonada (est), stepped column. --- fnix, Phoenix column. --- H, H column. --- Lally, Lally column. --- positiva (elc), positive column. -- reguladora (hid), surge tank, standpipe. ----tubular, steel-pipe column.

85

combustleo
--- zunchada (conc), hooped column. columnar (geol) (miner), columnar. columnata /, row of columns, colonnade. columpio TO, bascule, any device with a swinging motion. coluvial (geol), colluvial. collado m, hill; saddle, gap, pass. collar m (mee), collar, collet. ----de bolas, ball race (bearing). ----de cementar (pet), cementing collar. ----de circulacin (pet), mud collar. ----del excntrico (mv), eccentric strap. ---- de hincar (pi), drive sleeve. ---- de mstil (en), mast collar. ---- de perforacin (pet), drill collar. ---- de terraja (mh)(A), threading die. ---- de tope, stop collar. ---- de vaciado (tub)(V), joint runner. ---- micromtrico, micrometer collar. ---- para rueda (fe), wheel seat. ---- poratescobillas (elc), brush ring. collarn TO, collar. ---- de empuje, thrust collar. ---- del prensaestopas, gland. collera/ (fe)(A), a length of track between two pairs of opposite joints. coma / (fma), coma. cornaln m (elc)(C), come-along clamp. comando m, control. ---- a distancia, remote control. ---- digital, finger-tip control. comarca /, regin, territory. comba/, warp, wind, bulge; camber; (rd) erown; (Pe) maul, sledge; (auto) (A) caster; (ra) (Sp) antinode, loop. ---- de canto (mad), crook, ---- de plano (mad), bow. combada de oxgeno disuelto (is), oxygen sag. combadura/, warping, bulging; camber; sag. combar, to camber; to bend; (Ch) to strike with a maul; combarse, to sag, warp, bulge; (na) to hog. combersa/ (to)(A), valley. combs m, waist of a ship. combinacin/ (mat)(qum), combination. combinado qumicamente, chemically combined. combinador m (elc), controller. ---- de gobierno, master controller. ---- magntico, full-magnetic controller. combinarse, (qum), to combine. combo m, maul, sledge. comburente m a, combustible. combustibilidad /, combustibility, combustible TO, fuel; o combustible. ---- de seguridad, safety fuel. ---- tipo, reference fuel. combustin /, combustin. ---- a presin invariable, constant-pressure com bustin. ---- a volumen constante, constant-volume com bustin. ---- espontnea, spontaneous combustin. ---- fraccionada, fractional combustin. ---- fumvora, smokeless combustin. - retardada, afterburning. combustleo m, fuel oil.

combustleo
---- de calefaccin, furnace oil. ---- Diesel, Diesel oil. ---- para buques, bunker oil.

86
--- interior, inside calipers. --- micromtrico, micrometer calipers. --- para huecos, inside calipers. --- portalpiz, pencil compass. ---- universal, universal compasses.

compreso

comejn m, termite. comerciable, marketable; merchantable (grade). comisara/, commissary. comisariato m (Ec), commissary. comisario (m) de averas (seg), average surveyor. comisin /, committee, commission; (surv)(C) party, corps; (com) commission. ---- de estudios (C), survey party. compacidad / (ot)(V)(PR), compaction, compactness. compactacin/, compacting, consolidating. compacto, compact, dense. compaa /, company, corporation. ---- annima, .tock company, corporation. ---- aseguradora, insurance company. ---- colectiva, partnership. ---- fiadora, bonding company. ---- por acciones (C), stock company. comparador m, comparator; comparer. ---- de banco, bench comparator. - de bloque, block comparator. ---- de color, color comparator. ---- de pie, pedestal comparator. compargrafo m (fma), comparagraph. compartidor m (A), official charged with the distribution of irrigation water. compartimiento m, compartment, (rr) stateroom. ---- de calderas (en)(A), boiler room. - de mando (co), driving compartment. ---- de mquinas (en)(A), engine room. comparto m (irr)(A), divisin box. comps m, compass, dividers, calipers. ---- con arco, wing compass or dividers; quadrant compass. ---- de agrimensor, surveyor's compass. ----de biseccin, bisecting dividers. ----de calibres (Es), calipers. ----de corredera (Es), slide caliper. ----de cuadrante (Es), wing compass or dividers. ----de divisin, dividers. ----de divisin a resorte, hairspring or spring dividers. ----de espesor, calipers, outside calipers. - de espirales, volute compass. de exterior, outside calipers. ----de gruesos, calipers, outside calipers. ----de mar, mariner's compass. ----de marcar, scribing compass. ----de muelle, bow pencil or pen or dividers. ----de precisin, hair compass, hairspring di viders. ----de proporcin, proportional dividers. ----de punta fija o de punta seca, dividers. de reduccin, proportional dividers. ----de regla (B), beam compass. - de trazar, draftsman's compass. ----de tres piernas, triangular compass. ----de vara, beam compass, trammel. - deslizante, beam compass. --- divisor, dividers. --- giratorio, rotating or drop spring or rivet compass. --- hermafrodita, hermaphrodite caliper.

compensacin/, compensation; balancing; takeup. --- de bajos (ra), bass compensation. ---- de la brjula, compass compensation. ---- de la pendiente (fe), grade compensation (for curvature). ---- de tierra (ra)(Es), counterpoise. ---- de tierras (ot), balancing cuts and filis. ---- por accidentes de trabajo, workmen's com pensation. compensador m, compensator (all senses); equalizer, adjuster. ---- armnico (auto), harmonio balancer. ---- de arranque (elc), starting compensator. ---- de freno, brake adjuster. - de impedancia (elc), impedance compensator. ---- de prdida de tensin (elc), line-drop com pensator. ---- de ruedas (auto)(A), wheel balancer. ---- elevador (elc), balancer-booster. compensar, to compnsate (all senses); to balance, equalize. competencia /, competence, fitness, capacity; competitive bidding, competition; (r) competence. competente (geol), competent. complejo m a, complex. ---- fundamental (geol), basal complex. complementario (mat), complementary. complemento m (mat), complement. complexo a, complex. componente m /, component (all senses); (chem) constituent. ---- desvatada (elc), wattless component. ---- electromagntica (ra), magnetic component. ---- en fase (elc), inphase component. ---- harmnica (elc), harmonio component. ---- negativa de secuencia (elc), negative sequence component. ---- nula de secuencia (elc), zero sequence com ponent. ---- positiva de secuencia (elc), positive se quence component. ----vatada (elc), active or inphase component. componer, to repair, overhaul. composicin/ (qum)(mat), composition. composturas /, repairs. compound a (mv)(elc), compound. ----cruzado, cross-compound. ----en tndem, tandem-compound. compoundaje m, compounding. comprador m, buyer. compregnado, compregnated (plywood). compresibilidad /, compressibility. compresible, compressible. compresmetro m (A), compression gage. compresin /, compression. --- de dos etapas, two-stage compression. compresivo, compressive. compreso, compressed.

compresmetro
compresmetro m, compression gage, compressometer. compresor m, compressor. - de ngulo, angle compressor. ---- de anillo (herr), piston-ring compressor. ---- de chorro (aa), jet compressor. ---- de un grado, sirigle-stage compressor. -. de volumen (ra), volume compressor. --- en lnea recta, straight-line compressor. ---- multigradual, multistage compressor. compresores gemelos, dplex compressor. compresora /, compressor. ---- a correa, belt-diiven compressor. ---a motor, motor-driven compressor. ----axial, axial-flow compressor. ----centrfuga de aletas radiales, radial-blade centrifugal compressor. ---- de aletas corredizas, sliding-vane rotary compressor. ---- de cinco grados, five-stage compressor. ---- elevadora, booster compressor. ---- mvil, portable compressor. ---- neumtica (M), air compressor. ---- rociadora, spraying compressor. ----rotativa, rotary compressor. compresorista m, operator of a compressor. comprimible, compressible. comprimir, to compress, compact. comprobacin (/) del trnsito (Ec), tracing (a shipment). comprobador m, checker; tester. ----de contadores, meter tester. comprobante m, voucher. ----de venta, bil of sale. comprobar, to check, verify; to prove. compuerta /, (hyd) gate; (bldg) half door; (tk) gate; (V) bulkbead in a concrete forni. ----abatible (co), down-folding gate. ----acuada (v), wedge gate. ----aforadora, metergate. - basculante, tilting gate. ----Broome, Broome or caterpillar gate. ----cilindrica, rolling or roller gate; ring gate. ----de abanico (M), Tainter or radial gate. ----de abatimiento, bear-trap gate; drum gate. ----de aguja, neodle valve. ----de aletas ajustables (aa), multiple-louver damper. ----de alzas, bear-trap gate, roof weir. ----de anillo, ring gate. --- : de anillo corredor (Col), ring-follower gate. ----de anillo estancado!", ring-sea!, gate. ----de anillo seguidor, ring-follower gate. ----de arco (min), are or radial gate. ----de arco inferior (min), underswung are gate. ----de arco superior (min), overhung are gate. ----de arranque, head gate. ----de basuras, skimming gate. ----de bifurcacin (irr), bifurcation gate. ----de buzn (ag), bin gate. --de cabecera, hcad gate. ---- de cierre anular, ring-seal gate. ---- de cizalla, shear gate. ---- de cola (co), tail gate. ----de cua, wedge gate (valve). ----de chapaleta o de charnela, flap gate.

87
gate.

compuesto
--- de desage o de evacuacin^ sluiee or waste

--- de deslizamiento, sliding gate. --- de doble cua, double-disk gate (valve). -- de esclusa, sluiee gate; lock gate, floodgate. ---- de guillotina, shear gate; sliding gate. ---- de limpia, sluiee gate (dam). ---- de marea, tide gate, floodgate. ---- de orugas, caterpillar or Broome gate. ---- de paso, shutoff gate. ---- de perforacin (pet), drill gate. ---- de postigo (turb), wicket gate. ---- de purga, sluiee gate. ---- de retencin, backwater gate. ---- de rodamiento, roller gate. ---- de rodillos, fixed-wheel gate, truck-type gate; Stoney gate; coaster gate. ---- de ruedas fijas, fixed-wheel gate. ---- de sector, sector gate; drum gate. de sector rodante, rolling sector gate. ---- de segmento, segmental or Tainter gate. ---- de servicio (irr), delivery gate. ---- de tablero engoznado, hinged-leaf gate, shutter weir. ---- de tambor, drum gate. ---- de tiro, damper (flue). ---- de tolva (ag), bin gate. ---- de toma, intake or head gate. ----de urgencia, emergeney gate. ----de vagn (Es), truck-type or fixed-wheel gate. --deflectora (aa), deflecting damper. ----derivadora (irr), delivery gate, turnout, divi sin gate. ----desarenadora, sand or sluiee gate. ----descargadora, sluiee or waste gate. ----deslizable (A), coaster gate; ----desripiadora (Ch), sluiee gate. ----desviadora, diversin gate. ----elevadora o levadiza, rising gate. ----estranguladora (aa), throttling damper. ----flotante (ds), caisson. ----medidora (irr), metergate. ----partidora (irr), bifurcation or divisin gate. ----piloto, filler gate. ----radial, radial or Tainter gate; (min) are gate. ----radial inferior (min), underswung are gate. ----radial superior (min), overhung are gate. ----rodante, roller gate; rolling sector gate. ----trasera (co), tail gate. - trasera cargadora, tail-gate loader. ----tubular (Es), gate valve. compuertas ----de demasas, spillway gates. ----de derrame, spillway or crest gates. ----del umbral, crest gates. compuesto m, a compound; a compound, (str) bilt up. ----aditivo (qum), addition compound or product. ----aislador, insulating compound. ----de cortar (mh), cutting compound. ----de curacin (conc), curing compound. ----de enfriamiento, cooling compound; (mt) cutting compound. ----de pulir, lapping or buffing compound-

compuesto
---- de retacar, calking compound. ---- de sellar (elc), sealing compound. ---- de soldar, soldering paste; brazing com

88

condensador
---- fresco, green concrete. ---- graso, rich concrete. ---- grueso, harsh concrete., ---- magro o pobre, lean concrete. ---- premezclado, ready-mixed or plant-mixed ---- premoldeado, precast concrete. ---- reforzado, reinforced concrete. ---- simple, plain concrete. ---- tieso, stiff concrete. ---- trabajable, workable concrete.

pound.

com pound. ---- inflamable (vol), flash compound. ---- para banda, belt dressing. ---- para cable, cable compound or dressing. ---- para enchufes (tub), joint compound. ---- para engranajes, gear compound. ---- para roscas, thread paste. ---- para terminador de cable (elc), pothead compound. ---- qumico, chemical compound. ---- sellador de juntas (ca), joint-sealing com pound. computador m (inst)(M), computer. computar, to compute, calclate. computista m, computer. cmputo m, computation. comunicacin /, communication. concadenamiento m, linkage. concavidad/, concavity. cncavo m, cncava /, cavity, hollow. cncavo o, concave, dished. cncavo-convezo, concave-convex. concentracin /, concentration. ---- en seco (min), dry concentration. ---- hidrogeninica (pa), hydrogen-ion concen tration. ---- por venteo (min), dry blowing. concentrado m, a concntrate; a concentrated. concentrador m, concentrator. concentrar, to concntrate. concentricidad /, concentricity. concntrico, concentric. concesin/, concession, grant; (mech) allowance. ---- social, corporate franchise or charter. concesionar (M), to grant a concession. concesionario m, holder of a concession, licensee, grantee. conconete m (M), small irrigation ditch. concordancia (/) de fases (elc), phase coincidence. concrecin/ (geol), concretion. concrecional, concretionary. concrecionar, to sinter. concretar, to concrete. concretera/ (C), concrete mixer. concreto wt, (cons) concrete; (su) concrete, concrete sugar. a soplete (AC), gunite. ---- acorazado, armored concrete. ---- agrio, harsh concrete. ---- aguado, sloppy concrete. ---- armado, reinforced concrete. ---- ciclpeo, cyclopean concrete. ---- de cenizas, cinder concrete. ---- de clavar, nailing concrete, Nailcrete (trademark). ---- de escorias, slag concrete; (C) cinder con crete. ---- en masa, mass concrete.

---- de tarrajar, thread dope. ---- desincrustante, boiler compound. ---- impermeabilizador, waterproofing

concrete.

concurrente (mat)(seg), concurrent. concursante, bidder. concurso m, meeting, assembly. ---- de acreedores, creditors' meeting. ---- de competencia (A), competitive bidding. concusin /, concussion. concha /, shell, casing; boiler scale; (V) mili scale; (V) scale of rust; (ce)(M) scalepan, skip. ---- de almeja, (bu) clamshell. conchabador m (A), labor contractor. conchabero m (Col), taskworker, pieceworker. conchfero, containing shells. conchudo, shelly, shaly. condensable, condensable. condensacin /, condensation. condensado m, condnsate. condensador m (mee) (elc) (fma), condenser, (elec) capacitor. ---- a vaco, vacuum condenser. ---- acorazado, shell-and-tube condenser. ---- atmosfrico (aa)(rfg), atmospheric con denser. ---- cermico (elc), ceramic capacitor. ---- compensador (ra), balancing condenser. ---- de acoplamiento (ra), coupling capacitor or condenser. ---- de aire (elc), air condenser. ---- de bajas prdidas (ra), low-loss condenser. ---- de bloqueo (elc), stopping or blocking con denser. ---- de casco, shell-and-tube condenser. ----de contraflujo (aa), counterflow condenser. ---- de corrientes opuestas, countercurrent con;' denser. ----de corrientes paralelas, parallel-flow con denser. ----de chorro, jet condenser. - de chorro mltiple, multijet condenser. ---- de dcadas (ra), decade condenser or capaci tor. ----de derivacin (ra), by-pass condenser. ----de doble flujo, double-flow or two-pass con denser. --- de electrolito pastoso, dry electrolitic capac itor. --- de filtro (ra), filter capacitor. --- de inundacin, flooded condenser. --- de inyeccin, jet condenser. --- de pasaje (A), by-pass condenser. --- de paso (elc), by-pass condenser. --- de paso mltiple, multiflow condenser. --- de placa (elc), pate condenser. ---- de reflujo, reflux condenser. ---- de rejilla (ra), grid condenser.

condensador
----de roco, shower condenser. ----de superficie, surface condenser. ----de un paso, single-flow condenser. ----de vapor acuoso, vapor condenser. - fraccionador, fractionating condenser. ----mltiple (ra), gang condenser. ----neutralizador (ra), neutralizing capacitor. ----patrn, standard capacitor. radial, radial-flow condenser. ----regulable (elc), variable or adjustable con denser. ----rotatorio (elc), rotary or synchronous con denser. ----sintonizador (ra), tuning condenser. ----sumergido (aa)(rfg), submerged condenser. ----variable (ra), trimmer or variable condenser. condensar, to condense. condensita / (elc), Condensite (trademark). conduccin /, conduction; transportation, cartage; (auto) driving. ----de calor, thermal conduction. --- delantera (auto)(M), front drive. --- electroltica (qum), electrolytic conduction. ----final (auto) (M), final drive. ----rasante (PR), gravity conduit. conducir, to carry, conduct, convey; (auto) to drive. conductancia /, conductance. --- andica (ra), pate conductance. --- de dispersin (elc), leakage conductance, leakance. --- de entrada (ra), input conductance. --- de grilla (ra), grid conductance. --- electrdica (ra), electrodo or grid or pate conductance. --- especfica (is), specific conductance. ---- molar (qum), molar conductance, molecular conductivity. ---- unitaria de conveccin (aa), unit convection conductance, film coefficient for convection. conductibilidad /, conductivity. ---- calorfica, thermal conductivity. conductividad /, conductivity. ---- magntica, magnetic conductivity, permeability. --- molecular, molecular conductivity, molar conductance. --- trmica, thermal conductivity. conductivo (elc), conductivo. conducto TO, conduit, flume, aqueduct; duct; flue; chute; (elec) conduit. ---- celular (elc), conduit (street). ---- de abastecimiento (hid), supply line, aque duct. ---- de aceite, oil duct or groove; oil pipe. ---- de aduccin, supply line, aqueduct, supply pipe; supply duct. ---- de alambres, wireway, raceway, electric con duit. ---- de arcilla vitrificada, clay conduit. ---- de banqueta (hid), bench flume. --- de barro vitrificado, vitrified-tile conduit. ---- de basuras (hid), trash chute. ---- de caja (hid), box flume. ---- de calibracin (hid), rating flume.

89

conductor

---- de captacin (Pe), intake pipe. ---- de cuatro pasos (elc), four-way cable duct. ---- de desage, sewer, drain. ---- de desembanque (presa), silt sluice. ---- de desfogue (hid), sluiceway, wasteway. ---- de entrada (ds), filling culvert. ---- de espuma (az), foam canal. ---- de evacuacin, outlet pipe; sluiceway. ---- de fibra (elc), fiber conduit, fiber-duct race way. de humo, flue. ---- de impulsin (hid), forc main. ---- de irrigacin, irrigation canal. ----de servicio (elc), service conduit. ----de tormenta (Es)(A), storm-water sewer. ----de troncos (ef), log slide, dry slide, slip, log chute. ----de vaciamiento (ds), emptying culvert. ----de ventilacin, ventilation duct. ----de va nica (elc), single-duct conduit. ----eductor (aa), exhaust duct. ----elctrico, electric conduit, raceway. ----fibroso flexible (elc), loom, flexible tubing. ----forzado (hid), pressure conduit, penstock. ----metlico flexible (elc), flexible metallic con duit, flexible raceway. ----metlico superficial (elc), surface metal raceway, metal molding, wireway. --- mltiple (elc), multiple-duct conduit. ----para barras colectoras (elc), busway. --- para hielo (hid), ice chute. --- para zcalo (elc), baseboard raceway. --- pluvial, storm-water sewer; roof leader. --- por gravitacin (hid), gravity conduit. --- portacable (elc), cable duct. --- simple (elc), single-duct conduit. > --- sin fondo (elc), open-bottom raceway. superficial de alambres (elc), wireway, surface raceway, molding. ---- superficial de madera (elc), surface wooden raceway, wood molding. ---- surtidor, supply pipe. conductomtrico (qum), conductometric. conductmetro m, conductometer. conductor m, (elec) conductor; (rr) conductor (auto) driver, chauffeur; (Sp) motorman operator of a machine; conveyor, carrier (w) lead; a (elec) conductive. ---- a tierra, ground wire, grounding conductor. ---- a tierra de la red, system grounding conduc tor. ---- compuesto (elc), composite conductor. ---- de alimentacin, feed wire, feeder. ---- de arrastre, drag conveyor. ---- de artesas, pan conveyor. ---- de bagacillo (az), trash conveyor. - de bagazo (az), bagasse carrier. ---- de bateas, pan conveyor. ---- de caa (az), cae carrier. - de cinta en espiral, ribbon conveyor. ---- de contacto (elc), contact conductor. ---- de correa, belt conveyor. ---- de cubetas, bucket conveyor or elevator. ---- de cubiletes (C), bucket conveyor. ---- de entrada (elc), lead-in wire.

conductor trance conductor. --- de estera (C), apron conveyor. --- de gusano, screw conveyor. --- de husillo (C), spiral conveyor. --- de locomotora, engine driver, locomotive engineer. --- de obras (A)(Ch), construction manager; resident engineer. --- de paletas, flight conveyor. --- de rastrillo (C), drag conveyor. --- de retorno, (elec) return conductor; (ce) return conveyor. ---- de segmento (elc), segmental conductor. ---- de tablillas, slat or flight conveyor. ---- de toma (elc), collector conductor. --- de tornillo (C), screw conveyor. ---- espiral, screw or spiral conveyor. conductores de compensacin (elc), compensatory leads. conductores de derivacin (elc), shunt leads. condulete m (elc)(V), Condulet (trademark). conectador m, connector; (elec) outlet. ---- de elementos, cell connector. ---- de manguera, hose connector. ---- elctrico de carriles (fe), rail bond. conectar (mee) (elc), to connect. conector m, connector (all senses). ---- a presin (elc), pressure or solderless con nector. -- a tierra (elc), grounding connector. ---- angular (carp), elbow connector. ---- cerrador (elc), locking connector. ---- corrugado (carp), corrugated joint fastener. ---- de anillo dentado (carp), toothed ring con nector. ---- de anillo partido (carp), split-ring connector. ---- de bridas, flanged connection. ---- de caja (elc), box connector. ---- de cordn (elc), cord connector. ---- de derivacin (elc), tap connector. ---- de entrada (tub), service or house connection. ---- de perno partido, split-bolt connector. ---- de rosca, threaded connection. ---- de torones (cab), strand connector. ---- ele (carp), elbow connector. en cruz, cross connector. ---- sin soldadura (elc), pressure or solderlesa connector. conexin/, connection, joint. de campo o de montaje (est), field connection. ---- de estrella (elc), star or Y or wye connec tion. ---- de rosca, threaded connection. ---- domiciliaria (tub) (elc), house service. ---- empernada, bolted connection. ---- en cascada (elc), cascade connection. ---- en delta (elc), delta connection. ---- en serie paralelo (elc), series-parallel or multiple-series connection. ---- en T (elc), branch or T joint, T or Scott connection. --- en tringulo (elc), delta connection. ---- en V (elc), V or open-delta connection. --- estrella-estrella (elc), star-star connection. --- para tubera, pipe coupling; pipe fitting.
----de entrada de servicio (elc), service en-

90

conmutador
---- particular (tub) (elc), house connection. ---- perfecta a tierra (elc), dead earth or ground. ---- por enchufe, (elec) plug connection; (p) bell---- tringulo-estrella (elc), delta-star connec

and-spigot joint.

nection. configuracin / (qum) (top) (mat), configuration. confitillo m (M), pea gravel or stone. conflacin /, smelting, ore reduction. confluencia /, confluence, junction of streams; (rr) junction. confluente m o, tributary, confluent. confocal, confocal. conformador m, grader, road shaper; driftpin; (mt) shaper; contour machine; forming machine. --- de bastidor incunable, leaning-frame grader. --- de motor, motor grader. --- de ruedas incunables, leaning-wheel grader. conformadora/, grader; shaper; former. --- de arrastre, pul grader. --- de caminos, road scraper or grader, eubgrader. --- elevadora, elevating grader. conformante (mat), conformal. conformar, to shape. conforme m, approval; o (math) conformal. congelar, congelarse, to freeze. conglomerdico (geol)(A), comglomeratic. conglomerado m (geol), conglomrate; a conglomeratic. --- de boleos, boulder conglomrate. --- de chinos, cobble conglomrate. --- de fallas, fault conglomrate. --- de granito (A), granplithic (floor) ---- de peas (V), cobble conglomrate. --- de peones (V), boulder conglomrate. --- de trituracin, crush conglomrate. --- fundamental, basal conglomrate. conglomerante m, binding material. conglomertico, conglomeratic. conglutinador m, coalescer. conglutinarse, to coalesce, coaglate, cake. congosto m, canyon, gorge; pass. congruente (mat), congruent. conicidad/, taper; conicity. cnico, conical. cnicohelicoidal, conico-helicoidal, spiral bevel. conifera / (mad), conifer. conifero, coniferous. coniforme, cone-shaped. conjugado, conjgate. conjuntador-disruptor m (auto), rnake and break. conjunto m (mee), assembly. --- de fusible, fuse unit. --- de la impulsin final, final-drive assembly. ---- de varias salidas (elc), multioutlet assem bly. --- motriz (auto) (A), power plant. conmutador m (elc), transfer or change-over switch; commutator. -- al vaco (ra), vacuum switch. --- antena-tierra (ra), lightning switch. ---- de bandas (ra) (M), band selector or switch.

---- tringulo-tringulo (elc), delta-delta con

tion.

conmutador
__ de cilindro, drum switch. .__ de cuatro terminales, four-way switch. --de cuchillas, knife switch. . de derivaciones, tap switch. . de dos direcciones, two-way switch. ___ de escobillas, brush switch. ___ de gobierno, master switch. ___. de polos, reversing switch. . _ - de tres direcciones, three-way switch. ___ de vuelta (mot), direction switch. --- giratorio, dial switch. - inversor, reversing switch. ___ para rayos (ra), antenna or lightning switch. --- reductor (auto), dimmer switch. conmutar, to cummutate; tothrow over (elec switch). conmutatriz / (elc), converter. COnO m, cone. - aluvial, alluvial cone, cone delta. ---- basculable (ap), tipover cone. ---- de depresin de bombeo, cone o pumping depression. ---- >de deyeccin (geol), debris cone. ---- de espigas (tub) (V), reducer with spigot ends. ---- de pulverizacin, spray cone. --- de revenimiento (conc)(M), slump cone. -= de silencio (ap), cone of silence. - de viento (ap), wind sock. ---- dispersor (hid), diff using cone. ---- entre cono (geol), cone-in-cone. - hidrulico, hydraucone. ---- Imhoff (dac), Imhoff cone. --- primitivo (en), pitch cone. ---- recto, right cone. --- roscado (mo)(A), cone nut. --- sacabarrena (pet), horn socket. conocimiento m, bil of lading; voucher. ---- corrido o directo, through bil of lading. ---- de almacn o de depsito, warehouse receipt. ---- de embarque, bil of lading. --- limpio, clean bil of lading. --- martimo, ocean bil of lading. --- negociable, order bil of lading. ---- no traspasable, straight bul of lading. ---- tachado, foul bil of lading. ---- terrestre, inland bil of lading. ---- uniforme (fe), (US) uniform bil of lading. conoidal, conoidal. conoide m, conoid. conquilfero (Es), containing shells. consecuente (mat)(geol), consequent. consejo m, commission, board, council. de administracin, board of directora. --- de aseguradores, board of underwriters. ---- de sanidad, board of health. directivo, board of directors. conservacin/, maintenance; conservation, conservaney. --- de la va (fe), track maintenance, mainte nance of way. --- del lecho (fe), roadway maintenance. --- de material mvil (fe), maintenance of equipment. de va y obras (fe), maintenance of way and structures.

91

construccin conservador m (elc), conservator, expansin tank. conservadora/ (maq), maintainer. caminera, road maintainer. ---- de cuchillas mltiples, multiple-blade main tainer. conservar, to maintain. - la derecha (ca), to keep to the right. consignacin /, consignment, shipment; appropriation, ---- , en, on consignment. consignador m, consignor. consignar, to consign. consignatario m, consignee. consistencia/, consisteney. consistente, consistent (material). consistmetro m, consisteney meter, consistometer. consola/, bracket, consol. ---- colgante, shaf t or drop hanger. ---- de andamiaje, scaffbld bracket, builder's jack. ---- para poste, post hanger. consolidar, to compact, consoldate; consolidarse, to settle, become compact. consolidmetro m, consolidometer. consonancia/ (elc), consoiiance, resonance. consonante (elc), consonant, resonant. constantn, constantana, constantano m f, constantan (alloy). constante/a, constant. ---- de amortiguacin (ele), damping constant. ---- de elasticidad, spring constant (vibration). ---- del elemento (az), cell constant. ---- de fase (ra), phase or wave-length constant. ---- de gravitacin, gravitational constant. ---- de refraccin, constant of refraction, specific refractiv power. ---- de rejilla (ptica), gratiiig constant. ---- del retculo (lev), stadia-interval factor. ---- de sintona (ra), tuning constant. ---- de tiempo (elc)*' tim constant. ---- taquimtrica (lev), stadia constant. constantes de calibracin (fma), cahbration constants. constitucin/ (geol)(qum), constitution. constitutivo, constitutive. constituyente m (qum), constituent. constriccin /, constriction. construccin /, construction; structure. ---- a tope, end construction (hollow tile). ---- de combustin lenta (ed), slow-burning or mili construction, heavy timber construction. ---- de puentes, bridge building. ---- esqueltica (ed), skeleton construction (walls carried on frame). ---- incombustible, fireproof construction. ---- naval, shipbuilding. ---- por etapas, stage construction. ---- resistente al fuego, fire-resistive construc tion. ---- reticulada, framed structure. ---- Seale (cab), Seale construction. ----vial, road building. ---- Warrington (cab), Warriiigton construction

constructor constructor m, constructor. --- de ascensores, elevator constructor. --- de buques, shipbuilder. de carros, carbuilder. --- de rasantes (ec), Gradebuilder. --- de veredas (ec), trailbuilder. naval, shipbuilder; naval architect. --- vial, road builder (man). constructora (/) de caminos (ec), Roadbuilder. construido en el lugar, built-in-place. construir, to construct, build, erect. consultor m, consultant; a consulting (engineer). consumidor m, consumer. consumo m, consumption; (elec) current drain. --- unitario, specific consumption. contabilidad/, accounting. contabilista, contable, accountant. contactador m (elc), contactor. contacto m, contact (all senses). --- corredizo (elc), sliding contact. ---- de inversin (elc), reverse contact. --- de resorte (elc), spring contact. de rosca (elc), screwed contact. --- de tope (elc), butt contact. --- perfecto a tierra (elc), dead earth or ground. --- por humedad (elc), weather contact. --- rodante, rolling contact. --- rozante (elc), sliding contact. contactos del distribuidor (mg), distributer points. contactos del ruptor (mg), breaker points. contactor m, contactor. ----de enfriamiento superficial (aa), surfacecooled contactor. --- de leva, cam contactor. --- de reposicin (elc), reset contactor. contador TO, accountant; meter; counter. --- a cantidad, quantity meter. --- a carga diferencial (hid), head meter. ---- compuesto (agua), compound meter. ---- de altura, altimeter. --- de amperios-horas, ampere-hour meter. --- de rea variable (hid), variable-area meter. --- de caldera, boiler (steam) meter. --- de constriccin (hid), constriction meter. --- de consumo, service meter. --- de corriente, (hyd) current meter; (elec) ampere-hour meter. ---- de costos, cost accountant. ---- de choque (hid), impact meter. ---- de demanda mxima, demand meter. ---- de desplazamiento (agua), displacement-type meter. ---- de disco rotatorio, rotary-disk meter. ---- de mbolo, piston-type water meter. --- de enchufe (elc), socket-type or detachable meter. ----de energa desvatada (elc), reactive kva meter. --- de estacionamiento (auto), parking meter. --- de expansin de la arena (pa), sand-expansion recorder. --- de exposiciones (fma), exposure counter. -- de factor de potencia (elc), power-factor meter. * de factor de reactancia (elc), reactive-factor meter.

92

contraatagua - de flujo o de gasto, flowmeter. de frefrecuencia, frequency meter, (ra) quency indicator. de hlice, propeller meter. de kilometraje, speedometer. ---- de motor (elc), motor meter. ---- de orificio con placa delgada, thin-plate or fice meter. ---- de paletas, vane meter (water). ---- de prueba, testing meter. ----de radiacin (ra), radiation counter. ----de reloj, clock meter. --- de revolturas (conc), batch meter. ----de tantos (M), batch meter. ----de tarifas mltiples o de tipo mltiple (elc), multirate meter. ----de tiempo, timing device. --- de turbina, turbine-type meter. - de vatio-horas, watt-hour meter. --- de Voltamperios reactivos, varmeter. --- de volumen (hid), volume or quantity meter. --- de vueltas, revolution counter, speed indica tor. --- indicador, indicating meter. --- indicador de sintonizacin (ra), tuning meter. --- integrador a intervalos, intermittent integrating meter. --- maestro, master meter. --- positivo (hid), positivo or displacement meter. --- pblico o titulado, certified public accountant. --- registrador de demanda, recording demand meter. --- removible (elc), detachable or socket-typ meter. --- tipo ilativo (hid), inferential meter. --- vertedor (hid), weir meter. contadura/, accounting; accounting ornee. contaminacin /, contamination. contaminador m, contaminant. contaminar, to contamnate, pollute. conten m, curb contenido m, content. contera /, ferrule; pile shoe. contingencias /, contingencies. continuante m (mat), continuant. continuidad/, continuity. Continuo m (mat), continuum; o continuous. contorneador m (mh), router. contornear, to saw around, cut a profile; to routj to trace a contour; to scribe; to streamline. contorno m, outline, contour. --- baado (hid), wetted perimeter. --- de deslizamiento (ms), shear pattern. --- de inundacin (hid), flowage line. contra, against, counter, opposite to. contra-amperios-vueltas /, badfc ampere-turns. contraaguja m (fe), guardrail at a switch. contraalabeo m (sol), prespringing, initial distortion. contraalcanca / (min), counterchute. contraantena / (ra), counterpoise. contrarbol m, countershaft. contraatagua /, secondary eofferdam; buttresa to strengthen a eofferdam.

contrabalancear
contrabalancear, to counterbalance. contrabalancn ni, balance bob. contrabalanza /, counterbalance. contrabisagra /, leaf of a hinge. de jamba, jamb leaf. ---- de puerta, door leaf. contrabordo m (M), curb. contraboterola/ (re), dolly, holder-on. contrabveda /, inverted vault or arch. contrabranque m (en), apron, stemson. contrabrazo m (auto), drag link. contrabrazola / (en), headledge. contrabrida /, counterflange; follower (Dresser coupling). contracabeza /, lip forming fiangeway of a grooved rail. contracalibre m, mating gage. contracanal m, branch canal, contracan m (min)(M), drift in the footwall. contracarril m (fe), guardrail. ---- de resalte (fe), easer rail. contraccin /, contraction. - completa (hid), full contraction. -eliminada (hid), suppressed contraction. ---- lateral (hid), end contraction. ---- por desecacin (conc), drying shrinkage. --- superficial (hid), surface contraction. contracercos m, door and window trim. contracielo m (rnin)(M), raise, upraise. --- d acceso, manway raise. " escalonado, stope raise. ---- piloto, pilot raise. - ramal, branch or cutout raise. ---- ventilador, ventilation raise. contracimiento m, wall or paving to protect a foundation. contraclave /, voussoir next to the keystone. contraclavija/, gib, key, fox wedge. contracodaste m (en), propeller post, sternpost. contracodo m (tub), S bend. contraconducto (min), counterchute. contracorazn m (fe), wing of a frog. contracorriente /, countercurrent, eddy, reverse current; a contracorriente, upstream. contracuaderna/ (en), reverse frame. contracuchilla /, fixed blade of a shear. contracuneta /, intercepting ditch at top of a slope, counterdrain, berm ditch. contracua /, gib. contracurva/, reverse curve, contrachapada, madera (M), plywood. contrachaveta/, gib. contrachoque m, bumper, buffer. contradegello m (her), bottom fuller. contradepsito m (Es), reservoir below a dam. contraderivacin/ (elc), back shunt. contradiagonales/, (tu) counterbracing. contradique m, supporting dike, spur dike, counterdike; (A) cofferdam. contradurmiente m (en), clamp. contraeje m, countershaft, jackshaft; tail shaft. ----de velocidades (auto), transmission counter shaft. contraelectromotriz, counter electromotive. contraembalse m (A), equalizing reservoir. contraempuje m, courterthrust.

93

contrapeldao
contraensayo m, check analysis. contraerse, to contract, shrink. contraescaln m (es), riser. ---- atiesador, false riser. contraescarpa / (hid), hearth, apron, countci* scarp. contraestampa/ (est), dolly, bucker. contraestay m (nut), preventer. contraexplosin/ (auto), backfire. contrafianza /, indemnity bond. contrafibra /, cross grain. contrafilo m (herr), back edge. contrafiln m (min), counterlode, countervein. contraflecha/, camber. contraflujo m, reverse current, countercurrent, counterflow, eddy. contrafondo m (A), front. contrafoso m, counterdrain. contrafrente m (A), back. contrafriccin, antifriction. contrafuego, fireproof, fire-resisting. contrafuerte m, counterfort, buttress; (top) spur; (M) abutment. ----de gravedad, massive buttress (Ambursen dam). contragalera/ (min), countergangway. contragolpe m, return stroke (pistn); kickback. contragrada / (es), riser. contragradiente /, reverse grade, contragua/, stiffener for elevator guides; (hyd) steel lining in gat guides; counterguide. contrahierro m (cepillo), top iron, frog. contrahilo m (mad), end grain; cross grain. contrahuella/ (es), riser. contraincendios, fireproof, fire-resisting; for fire fighting. contraladeo m (est), sway brace. contralecho m (M), lower bed of an ashlar stone. contralecho, a (mam)(Es), laid with natural bed vertical. contralistonado m (ed), counterlathing. contralor m, controller, auditor; (elec)(A) controller. contralora /, auditing; auditor's office, contramaestre m, foreman; master mechanic; (naut) boatswain. contramanivela /, drag link. contramarcar, to matchmark. contramarcos m, door or window trim. contramarcha/, (eng) reverse, reversing. contramarchar, (eng) to run in reverse. contramarea /, tidal countercurrent. contramartillo m (re), dolly, bucker. contramatriz /, top die. contramecha /, counterbore. ---- piloto, counterbore pilot. contramina/, adit; drift connecting two mines, contramotor m, opposing motor; haulback motor, contramuro m (A)(Col), wall built against another. contraonda/ (ra)(A), back wave. contrapar m, eaves board; rafter. contrapaso m (Pe), stair riser. contrapeado m (Es), plywood. contrapeldao m (es), riser. - de rigidez, false riser.

contrapendiente
contrapendiente/, reverse grade, acclivity; (Es) (A) downgrade following an upgrade. contraperno (V), stop screw. contrapesador (TO) de ruedas (auto), wheel balancer. contrapesar, to counterweight. contrapeso TO, counterweight; counterpoise, (ra) balancing capacity. ---- de las tenazas (pet), tong counterbalance. - de ventana, sash weight. Contrapilastra /, astragal, molding covering a door joint. contrapiso TO, subfloor; (A)(rd) subgrade. contraplaet /, anchor pate. contraplacado TO, plywood. ---- metlico (A), plymetal. superprensado, superpressed or high-density plywood. Contraplancha /, (str) splice pate; (w) backing strip. ---- de escurrimiento (to), counterflashing. contrapolea / (Es), tail pulley. contrapozo m (min), raise, upraise. contrapresa /, (Sp) downstream cofferdam; (A) stilling-pool weir. contrapresin /, back pressure. contraproducente, unprofitable. contraprueba /, check test. contrapuerta /, lining inside of firebox door; storm door. contrapunta/ (mh), back center; tailstock, poppethead. con cono, cone center. ---- con palanca de mano (mh), hand-lever tail stock. contrapunzn TO, counterpunch. contraquebranto m (c), hog frame, longitudinal trussing. contraquilla/ (en), keelson; false keel. contrarrampa / (Es)(A), upgrade following a downgrade. Contrarrasante m (C), adverse grade. contrarreguera /, subsidiary irrigation ditch; ditch connecting ends of parallel irrigation ditches, contrarremachador m (re), holder-on, dolly. contrarremachar, to clinch; (re) to buck up. contrarrestar, to resist (stress); to counteract. contrarriel m (fe), guardrail. contrarrobln TO, burr, riveting wagher. contrarroblonador m (re), holder-on, bucker, dolly. contrarroda/ (en), stemson, apron. contrarrotacin /, counterrotation. contrasalmer TO, arch stone next to the skewback. contraseguro TO, reinsurance. contrastar, to assay; to compare with a standard (weights and measures). contraste m, an assay; comparison with a standard; (tv) contrast. contrata /, a contract. contratajamar m (pte), downstream nosing. contrataladrar, to counterbore. contrataladro m, counterbore. contratalud TO, counterslope, (rd) foreslope. contratante s, contracting party.

94

control
contratapa /, auxiliary top or cover. contratar, to contract (a job). contratensin / (elc) (A), counter electromotive forc. contraterrapln m (A), any structure to hold a fill. contratiro TO, back draft; (min)(M) auxiliary shaft. contratista m, contractor. ---- acarreador, hauling contractor. --- calefaccionista, heating contractor. --- camionero, hauling or trucking contractor. ---- de la comisara, commissary contractor. - de edificacin, building contractor. electricista, electrical contractor, electragist. --- general, general contractor. ---- sanitario (ed), plumbing contractor. contrato TO, contract. ---- a costo ms honorario, cost-plus or fee contract. ----a destaj, taskwork contract; (Ec) unitprice contract of limited extent, duration, and number of men employed. ---- a precio determinado, fixed-price contract. ---- a precio global o a suma alzada, lump-sum contract. ---- a precios unitarios, unit-price contract. ---- de enganche, contract for furnishing workmen. ---- de fletamiento, charter party. de trabajo, employment contract. ---- por medida, unit-price contract. contratope TO, rear stop, back bumper. contratorcimiento m (sol), counterdistortion. contratuerca/, lock or set or jam nut; nut lock; (U) lock washer. contravapor m, back-pressure steam. contravstago TO, pistn tail rod. contravena, contraveta / (min), counterlode, countervein. contraventamientos m (U), wind bracing; guys. contraventana/, window shutter; storm sash. contraventanas a prueba de incendio, fire shutters. contraventar, to brace; to guy. contraventeo TO, wind bracing; set of guys. ---- de portal, portal bracing. contraviaje m (Col), skew, bevel. contravidriera /, window blind; storm sash. contravidrio TO, glazing molding. contraviento TO, a guy; wind bracing. contravoltaje m (A), counter electromotive forc, contrete TO, stay bolt; (Ec) shore, strut. control m, control. a cable (te), cable control. ---- a cristal (ra), crystal control. ---- a distancia, remote control. ---- al tacto, finger-tip control. ---- automtico de volumen (CAV)(ra), auto matic volume or automatic gain control. de avenidas (r), flood control. ---- de las bajas (ra), bass control. ---- de brillo (tv), brightness control. ---- de contraste (tv), contrast control. ---- por tensin regulable (elc), adjustablevoltage control. --- remoto, remote control.

controlador controlador TO, controladora /, controller (all senses). --- de gasto (pa), rate controller. ---- de velocidad, speed controller. controlar, to control; to check, verify. controler m (elc), controller. conveccin/, convection. convectivo, convective. convector m (elc) (cf), convector. convenio TO, agreement, contract. convergencia /, (surv) (math) convergence, convergency; (auto) toe-in. convergente, converging. conversin/ (mat)(elc), conversin. conversor w, conversora/, converter (all senses). convertible, convertible. convertidor m (elc) (met), converter. ---- Bessemer, Bessemer converter. ---- de arco (elc), are con verter. ---- de fases (elc), phase con verter. --- de frecuencia (elc), frequeney changer or converter ---- de onda (ra), wave con verter. ---- de refuerzo, booster converter. ---- de torsin, torque converter. ---- en cascada (elc), cascade converter. ---- pentarrejilla (ra), pentagrid converter. ---- rotativo (elc), rotary or synchronous con verter. convertir (qum) (elc) (met), to convert. convexidad/, convexity. convexo, convex. convoy TO, (A) (M) (Sp) railroad train. coordenadas /, coordinates. ---- cartesianas, Cartesian coordinates. ---- en el espacio, space coordinates. ---- esfricas, spherical coordinates. ---- planas polares, plae polar coordinates. ---- terrestres (fma), ground coordinates. coordinatgrafo TO, coordinatograph. coordinatmetro m (fma), coordinatometer. copa/, cup; anything cup-shaped. - de inflamacin (di), ignition cup. ---- enfocadora (ra), focusing cup. copador m (herr), fuller; creaser. ---- inferior (her), bottom fuller. --superior (her), top fuller. copal TO, copal. copete TO, crest. copia/, copy. ---- al carbn, carbn copy. ---- al f erroprusiato, blueprint. ---- azul, blueprint. ---- de contacto (fma), contact print. ---- heliogrfica, blueprint, sun print. ---- negrosina, vandyke print. copiloto m (fma), copilot. copula /, small cup. ---- de aceite, oil cup. ---de cebar, priming cup. ---- de engrase, grease or oil cup, lubricator. ---- de grasa, grease cup. copla/ (Ch), a coupling. coplano m, (pmy) coplane; a coplanar. ---- bsico (fma), basal coplane. copie m, a coupling.

95

cordn copln m (C), a coupling. coque TO, coke. --- de alquitrn, pitch coke. --- de alto horno, blast-furnace coke. --- de fundicin, foundry coke. --- de gas o de retorta, gas coke. --- de petrleo, petroleum coke. coquificar, coquizar, to coke. coquimbita / (miner), coquimbite, white copperas. coral m, coral, corlico a (V), coral, coralfero, coralgeno a, coral, coralina/, corallin; a coral. coraza /, armor, protective covering. ---- reticulada (elc), basket-weave armor. ---- trabada (elc), interlocking armor. corazn TO, core; heartwood; (rr) frog, (A) frog point. --- con carril de muelle engoznado (fe), hingedspring-rail frog. --- con insertados de acero endurecido (fe), anvil-faced frog. ---- con pata de liebre mvil (fe), spring-rail frog. ---- de arcilla (hid), puddle core. ---- de cable, (wr) center strand, core. ---- de plancha (fe), pate frog. ---- de prueba (sx), drill core. ---- de punta mvil (fe), movable-point frog. ---- de riel fijo (fe), fixed-rail frog. ---- de rieles ensamblados (fe), built-up frog. ---- medio (fe), crotch frog. ---- rojo (mad), red heart. corazonar (sx), to core. corbata/, (sb)(A) collar; (auto)(M) cnvas protector of inner tube. corchado m (cab), lay. ---- cruzado, regular lay. ---- directo, lang lay. corcheta/ (Es), rabbet in a doorframe. corchete TO, cramp; catch, latch; belt clamp. corcho TO, cork. cordaje TO, cordage, rope. cordel TO, rope, cord; belt course; a measure of length (20.35 m); a measure of rea (414 centiares); formerly in Cuba a measuring tape. ^ de marcar, chalk line. cordelera /, rigging; riggmg yard; ropewalk; cordage. cordelero TO, ropemaker; (surv)(C) tapeman, chainman. cordera /, storehouse for rigging. cordillera /, mountain range. ---- divisoria, divide. cordita/, cordite (explosive). cordn TO, cord, strand of rope; belt lacing; sidewalkcurb; (atr) chord, flan ge; (mas) course. belt course; (p) spigotend; (carp)(w) bead, (A)(C) mountain chain; (A)(Ch) windrow. ---- comprimido (viga), comprossion flange. ---- de alambre, wire strand. ---- de alambre con eje fibroso, fiber-center wire strand. ---- de andariveles, (wr) tramway strand. ---- de cerros, range of hills.

cordn
I i !
----de lampara (elc), lamp cord. - de oropel (elc), tinsel cord. ----de servicio recio (elc), hard-service cord. ----de suspensi&n (elc), drop cord. ----de traslapo (sol), overlap bead. ----de vereda, curbstone, sidewalk curb. ----guardapretil (pte), barrier curb. ----inferior, (tu) lower chord, (gi) bottom flange. ----para correa, belt lacing. ----para tranvas, (wr) tramway strand. ----plano, (wr) flattened strand. ----reflector (ca), reflecting curb. ----sobrepasable (ca), surmountable curb. ----superior, (tu) upper chord, (gi) top flange. coribronce m (M)(B), chalcopyrite (copper ore), corindn m (miner), corundum, corindn, cornamusa / (en), cleat, bitt. ----de gua, chock. ---de remolcar, towing bitts. ----escotera, chock, snatch cleat. corneana / (geol), hornfels. corneta (/) de niebla, foghorn. cornija/, cornice. cornijal m, crner post. cornijn m, street comer of a building. cornisa/, cornice; (pet)(V) crown block. cornisa, en (ca)(V), built up on a sidehill. cornisn m, street comer of a building; (M) coping. corolario m, corollary. corona/, annular space; ring gear; (elec) corona; crest (dam); (auto) rim; tubular drill bit; crown of a road; (pet) (V) crown block. cortante (pet), boring head. ----de arco, crown of an arch. ----de diamantes, diamond bit. ----de rodillos (cojinete), roller race. ----dentada, sprocket, gear; crown wheel; ring gear; calyx. ----fija (turb), speed ring. ---- para municiones, shot-drill bit. coronacin/, crest. coronadora/ (lab), capping machine. coronamiento m, crest, coping, top. coronar, to top out; to cap. corporacin /, corporation. corral m, corral, yard for stock. ---- de almacenamiento, store yard. ---- de maderas, lumberyard. corraln m, yard, store yard. corrasin/ (geol), corrasion. correa/, belt, strap; purlin, girt. ---- alisadora (ca), finishing belt. ---- articulada, link or chain belt. ---- cncava, trough belt. ---- conductora, belt conveyor. ---- corrugada, cog belt. ---- cruzada, crossed belt. de cadena, chain belt. ---- de siete capas, seven-ply belt. ---- de trallas, whipcord belt. ---- dentada, cog belt. ---- en aspa, crossed belt. ---- en cua, V belt. ---- en V-mltiple, multiple-V belt. ---- seleccionadora, sorting belt.

96

corrido
---- sin fin, endless belt. ---- transmisora, driving or transmission belt. ---- transportadora, belt conveyor. ---- trapezoidal, V belt.

co
CQ

correaje m, belting. ---- articulado de cuero, leather link belting. ---- compuesto, composition belting. ---- de alambre tejido, woven-wire belting. ---- de cuero crudo, rawhide belting. de suela, leather belting. correccin/, correction; (inst) adjustment. ---- de estacin (lev), station adjustment. ---- de los lados (lev), side adjustment. ---- del polgono (lev), figure adjustment. ---- por flecha (lev), correction for sag. ---- prismoidal (ot), prismoidal correction. corredera/, track, slide; (V) screed; slide valve; skid; (surv) target; (inst) cursor, slide; (mas) screed board; door hanger; (naut) log Une; (mt) ram; (r)(A) rapids. ---- a municiones, ball-bearing hanger (door). ---- de cableva, cableway carriage. ---- de calibre, slide of a caliper rule. ---- de cuadrante oscilante (mv), slide block. ---- de gua (ef), fender skid, sheer skid, glancer. ---- de mira, target of a level rod. ---- de parrilla, gridiron valve. ---- de regla, slide of a slide rule. ---- de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link. -reguladora del cortavapor (mv), cutoff or expansin valve. correderas, guides; skids. ---- de compuerta (hid), gate guides. ---- de la cruceta (mv), crosshead guides. corredero, corredizo a, sliding, traveling. corredor m, passage, corridor; broker. ---- de aduana, customhouse broker. ---- de cambios, foreign-exchange broker. ---- de lnea (pet), line walker, pipe-line inspec tor. --- de maquinaria (cons), equipment broker or dealer. ---- de va (fe), trackwalker. ---- martimo, ship broker. corredura/, flow; overflow. corregible (inst), adjustable. corregir, to correct; (inst) to adjust. correlacin/ (geol)(mat), correlation. correntada /, corrental m, swift flow of a river. correntilneo (M), streamlined. correntmetro m, current meter, correntn m (PR), strong current. correntoso, flowing strongly, torrential. corren m, heavy strap or belt, (M) clevis. correoso, tough. correr, to run; to flow; to travel, slide; correrse (pint), to sag. ---- niveles, to run levis. ---- una lnea (lev), to run a line. correspondencia/ (fma), correspondence. corretaje m, brokerage. corrida/, run, travel; (mas)(Ch) course; (min) (Ch) outcrop; (min)(M) strike of a vein; (min)(B) drift; (surv) a run (of levis). corrido, continuous; lineal, running.

comente
corriente /, current, flow; atream, river; electric current; (C) slope of a roof; o regular, coramon, standard, plain. - abajo, downstream. ---- alterna (c.a.), alternating current (a.c). alterna simple, single^phase current. ---- alternada, alternating current. ---- andica (ra), anode or pate current. ---- arriba, upstream. ---- avanzada (elc), leading current. ---- baja (r), low water. ---- catdica (ra), cathode current. ---- con rotor fijo (mot), blocked-rotor current. ---- con rotor libre (mot), free-rotor current. ----conductiva (elc), conduction current. ---- continua (elc), continuous or nonpulsating direct current. cruzada, crosscurrent. de adelanto (elc), leading current. ---- de atraso (elc), lagging current. ---- de cierre (elc), sealing current. ----de desplazamiento (elc), displacement or dielectric current. ---- de disparo (elc), drop-out current. ----de escape o de fuga o de falla (elc), leakage or fault current. ---- de funcionamiento (elc), pickup current. --de grilla (ra)(A), grid current. ---- del haz (ra), beam current. ---- de ionizacin (ra), gas or ionization cur rent. ---- de la marea, tidal current, tide. ---- de placa (ra), anode or pate current. ---- de rayos andicos (ra), anode-ray or positiveray current. ----de rejilla (ra), grid current. ---- de remolino (A), eddy current. - desvatada (elc), wattless or idle current. ---- desviada (elc), stray current. ---- directa (cd.), direct current (d.e.)---- directa con fluctuaciones (elc), ripple cur rent. ---- efectiva (elc), effective or root-mean-square current. ---- en tringulo (elc), delta current. en vaco (elc), no-load or idle or reactive current. ---- espacial (ra), space current. ---- especifica (elc), current density. ---- fretica (r), subsurface flow, water-table stream. ---- inductiva (elc), induced current. ---- invariable o permanente (elc), constant current. ---- momentnea (elc), transient current; instantaneous current. ---- momentnea mxima (elc), rated shorttime current. ---- oscilatoria (elc), oscillating current. ---- parsita (elc), eddy or parasitic or Foucault current. ---- portadora (elc), carrier current. ---- pulsativa (elc), pulsating current. ---- reactiva (elc), idle or reactive current. ---- retrasada (elc), lagging current. ---- sangradora (ra), bleeder current.

97
monic current.

cortador
---- sinusoidal (elc), sinusoidal or simple har---- sublvea (r), underflow. ---- subsiguiente (elc), follow current. ---- subterrnea aislada (r), subsurface perched ---- trmica, thermocurrent. ---- terminadora (elc), finishing rate or current. ---- vaga o vagabunda (elc), stray current. ---- vatada (elc), active or watt current.

stream.

-vectorial (elc), vector or complex sinusoidal current. corrientes dispersas (elc), leakage current. corrientes terrestres (geof), earth currents. corrimiento m, sliding; landslide; run; (elec) creepage; (geol)(A) thrust. - de fase (ra)(A), phase shift. corroer, to corrode. corromper, (M) to pollute, contamnate, corromperse, to rot, decompose. corrosible, corrodibe. corrosin/, corrosin. ---- con esfuerzo, stress corrosin. corrosividad /, corrosivity. corrosivo, corrosivo. corroyente, corrosive; abrasive. corrugacin/, corrugation; rut. corrugado, corrugated. corta/, cutting; (lg) felling. cortaalambre m, wire cutters, nippers. cortaarandelas m, washer cutter. cortabarras m, bar cutter. cortabilidad / (met), cuttability. cortabulones, cortacabillas TO, boltcutter. cortacable m, wire-rope cutter. cortacadena m, chain cutter. cortacao m, pipe cutter. cortacircuito m (elc), circuit breaker, switch, cutout; cutoff. ----de disparo instantneo, instantaneous-trip circuit broaker. --- de fusible, fuse cutout. ---- de fusible de cada, drop-out fuse cutout. ----de fusible de expulsin, expulsin cutout. ----de fusible restablecedor, reclosing fuse cut out. --- de tiempo, time-delay circuit breaker. ----para sobretensiones, overvoltage cutout. ----trmico, thermal cutout. cortaclavos m, nail clippers. cortacorrea m, belt cutter. cortacorriente (elc), current breaker. cortacristal m, glass cutter. cortachapa TO, sheet-metal cutter. cortada/ (exc), cut, through cut. cortadera/, blacksmith chisel. ---- en caliente, hot chisel. cortado a medida, cut to length. cortado a troquel, die-cut. cortador m, cutter, clipper; (sa) slasher. ----a diamante (mh), diamond cutter. ----de agujeros ciegos (elc), knockout cutter. --- de banco, bench cutter. ----de brechas (ec), Gradebuilder, trailbuilder. --- de cable, wire-rope cutter. ----de carbn (min), coal cutter.

r
cortador
---- de carriles (fe), track chisel. --- de hoja metlica, sheet-metal cutter. --- de malezas, brush or weed cutter. ---- de raices (ec), root cutter. ---- de ramas (ef), knotter, limber, knot "bumper, ---- en caliente, hot cutter. ---- en fro, cold cutter. ---- mltiple, gang cutter.

costalera
---- cerrado, (Ec) cut more than 2 m deep. ---- con arco de carbn, carboneare cutting. ---- con arco metlico, metallic-arc cutting. ---- de acabado (mh), finishing cut. ---- de cua (tn)(min), wedge cut, V cut. ---- de desbaste, roughing cut. ---- de empotramiento, fixed-end shear (stress). ----de pluma (carp) (A), bevel cut. ---- de prstamo, borrow pit. ----de prueba (mh), trial cut. ---- en balcn (M), sidehill cut. ----en bisel, bevel cut. ----en cajn (exc)(A)(M), through cut. ----en trinchera (A), through cut. ---- especfico, specific shear (stress). ----esquilante (mh)(A), shearing cut. ----longitudinal (dib), longitudinal section. ----pasante (exc), through cut. ----perimetral (A), perimeter shear. ----piramidal (tn)(min), pyramid cut. --- tpico (dib), typical section. --- transversal, cross section. --- X (cristal ra), X cut, Curie cut. --- Y (cristal ra), Y cut. --- y relleno, cut and fill.

busher, swamper.

cortadora/, cutter, chisel. ---- de engranajes, gear cutter. ---- de ranuras, slot or keyway cutter. cortadura/, cutting, shearing; shearing stress. ---- con arco metlico, metal-are cutting. ---- de penetracin, punching shear (stress). ---- doble, double shear (stress). ---- horizontal, horizontal shearing stress. ---- oiiacetlnica, oxyacetylene cutting. ---- por llama, flame-cutting. ---- simple, single shear (stress). cortaduras, cuttings. cortaespoleta TO, fuse cutter. cortafierro TO, cold chisel. cortafiletes, mquina, thread-cutting machine. cortafro m, cold chisel or cutter. ---- con punta rmbica, diamond-nose chisel. ---- de herrero, cold cutter. ---- quitarrebabas, burr chisel. ---- ranurador, cape chisel. cortafuego TO, fire wall or stop; (elec) fire cutoff. cortahierro m, cold chisel or cutter. ---- de ranurar, cape chisel. ---- para canaletas, lantern chisel. cortahoyo lateral (pet), sido rasp, side hole cutter. cortaladrillos m, front chisel, bricklayer's chisel. cortamatas m, brush or bush hook. cortamecha m (vol), fuse cutter. cortametal, sierra, hacksaw. cortamuestras TO, sample cutter. cortante, cutting, sharp. cortancleos TO, core bit or drill. cortaperno TO, boltcutter. cortar, to cut. ---- al hilo (carp), to rip. cortarraces TO, (t) root cutter. cortarremacb.es, rivet buster or cutter. cortarriel m (fe), track chisel. cortarroscas /, threading machine, cortatraviesa TO (fe), tie cutter. cortatubo TO, pipe cutter; tube cutter. ---- de caldera, boiler-tube cutter. ---- de pozo (pet), casing cutter. ---- de tres cuchillas, three-wheel pipe cutter. cortavapor m (mv), cutoff. cortavidrios TO, glass cutter. cortaviento TO, windbreak, windshield. cortavolandera m, washer cutter. corte TO a cut; a section; cutting edge; shearing stress. ---- a faldeo simple (A), see corte a ladera entera. ---- al hilo en bisel (mad), bevel rip. ---- a ladera entera, cut on a hiside for full width of roadbed. ----a media galera (A), sidehill cut with overhanging roof. ----a media ladera, sidehill cut.

corteza/, bark; crust; rind (sugar cae). cortina /, curtain; (hyd) core wall, (A) cutof wall; (M) dam, nonoverflow dam. --- de acero articulada, rolling steel shutter. ---- de agua, water curtain. ---- de arcos mltiples (M), multiple-arch dam. --- de cabeza (M), roundhead-buttress or diamond-head-buttress dam. ---- de enrocamiento (M), rock-fill dam. ---- de inyecciones, grout curtain. ---- de machones (M), buttress dam. ---- enrollable, rolling shutter. ---- impermeable, (hyd) core wall. ---- metlica de enrollar, rolling steel shutter. ---- vertedora (M), spillway dam. cortina-puerta, rolling steel door. corto, short. ---- circuito (elc), Bhort circuit. ---- circuito cabal, dead short circuit. ---- circuito directo, dead short circuit. cortocircuitadora /, short-circuiting device. cortocircuitar (A), to short-circuit. corundita/ (rfr), Corundite (trademark). corundo m, corundum, native alumina. corvadura/, curvature. corvo, bent, curved. cosecante TO, cosecant. coseno m, cosine. ---- verso, coversed sine, versed cosine. coser, to make a seam; to lace (belt). cosinusoide/ (Es), cosine curve. cosmtico TO, belt dressing. coso TO, wood borer, timber worm. costa /, coast, shore. ---- de barlovento, weather shore. ---- de sotavento, leo shore. ---- martima, seacoast. costado TO, side. ---- vapor, free alongside (FAS). costal TO, bag, sack. costalera/ (M), burlap.

costanera
costanera/, slope; (lbr) slab; (carp) scab, flitch, fishplate. costaneras (ed), siding. costanero a, pertaining to the coast; sloping. coste TO, see costo, costear, to pay the cost of. costeo TO, financing, gaying for. costero TO (mad), slab; flitch; o (C) coastwise. costilla /, (str) rib; (tun) poling board; (bldg) furring strip; lagging strip (arch); (Col) rafter. costillaje TO, furring; ribbing; frame of a ship; (tun) lagging. costo m, cost. - efectivo, actual cost. --- en plaza, market price. --- ms honorario fijo, cost plus fixed fee. --- ms porcentaje, cost plus percentage. --- ms sobrecosi (M), cost plus fee. --- menos depreciacin, cost less depreciation. --- neto, prime cost, net cost. --- primitivo, original cost. --- , seguro y flete (CSF), cost, insurance, aond freight (CIF). --- unitario, unit cost. costra/, scale; crust; (met) scab. --- de caldera, boiler scale. --- de forjadura (met), forge or hammer scale. ---- de fundicin, skin of a casting. --- de herrumbre, rust scale. --- de laminado (met), ml or roll scale. costroso, scaly. costura/, seam, joint. --- con solapa, lap seam. ----de pelo (met), hair seam. --- de soldadura, welded seam. --- por recubrimiento, lap seam. cota/ (top), elevation. ----de altura o de nivel, elevation. ----de comparacin, datum. ---- de referencia, datum plae, datum. ----de retenida (hid), storage level. cotacin /, elevation. cotana /, mortise. cotangente /, cotangent. cote TO, half hitch. cotillo TO, poli (ax or hammer); striking face. cotizacin/ (com), quotation. cotizar, to quote. coto TO, boundary monumont. cotunita /, cotunnite, native lead chloride. covacha /, a void, small cave. covelina, covelita / (miner), covellite, ndigo copper. coyunda/ (C)(AC), rope. coz/, big end of a pole or pile; (min)(M) hitch. craquear (pet)(A), to crack. Craqueo m (pet) (A), cracking, crter m (elcc)(geol)(sol)(pet)(vol), crter, crece/(Ch), flood. crecer, to increase; (r) to rise. crecida /, flood. creciente/ (r), flood, rise. ---- de la marea, flood tide. crdito TO, (act) credit. ---- confirmado, confirmed credit.

99

criolita
----irrevocable, irrevocable credit. crditos pasivos, liabilities. crema de almina (lab), alumina cream. cremallera /, rack, rack rail, cograil. ----de girar (gr), swinging rack. ----en segmento, segment rack. ----reguladora (di), control rack. ----y pin rack and pinion. cremona /, large door bolt. crentrix (is), crenothrix. creosota/, creosote. creosotado a presin, pressure-creosoted. creosotar, to creosote. crepitacin/, crepitation, crackUng; (ra)(A) motorboating. cresa /, maggot. cresol TO (qum), cresol, cresolftalena/ (lab), cresol phthalein. cresta/, crest. - de la corriente andica (ra), peak pate current. ---- de gas (pet), gas cap. ---- divisoria (top), divido. ---- normal (hid), standard crest. ---- vertiente o vertedora (hid), spillway crest. crestera / (top), ridge, watershed Une. crestn TO, outcrop; (top) crest. creta /, chalk. cretceo, chalky, cretaceous. cretcico (geol), Cretaceous. creyn (TO) de marcar, marking or lumber crayon criadero m (min), seam, vein, deposit. ---- de mosquitos, mosquito-breeding rea. ---- de petrleo, oil pool. criba/, screen, strainer, grizzly, riddle; cribbel. ---- corrediza, traveling screen. ---- de ala, wing screen. ---- de aspiracin (bm), strainer for foot valve. ---- de barrotes, bar screen. ---- de cesta, basket screen. ---- de correa, band screen. ---- de jaula, cage screen. ---- del lodo (pet), shale shaker, mud screen. ---- de persiana (pozo), shutter screen. ---- de' tambor, drum screen. ---- de vaivn, shaking screen. ---- giratoria, revolving screen. ---- graduadora, gradation screen. ---- hidrulica (min), jig. ---- lavadora, scrubbing or washmg screen. ---- para basuras (hid), trash screen. cribado TO, screoning. ---- con lavado, wet screening. ---- en seco, dry screening. cribador TO, sifter, screen tender. cribadora/, screen. cribar, to screen. cribn TO, grizzly. cric TO, jack, crick; ratchet. ---- de cremallera, ratchet jack. ---- de palanca, lever jack. --- de tornillo, screw jack, jackscrew. ---- hidrulico, hydraulic jack. criofico (is), cryophilic. crigeno, eryogenic. criolita/, cryolite (aluminum ore).

criptocristalino
criptocristalino (geol), cryptocrystalline. criptol TO (elc), kryptol. criptn m (qum), krypton. crique m, (A) ratchet; pawl; jack; (CA) brook. enseno m (pet), chrysene. criscola / (miner), chrysocolla. crisol m, crucible, melting pot; hearth of a furnace. crisolada /, charge of a crucible. crisotilo m (miner), chrysotile (asbestos). cristal TO, glass; flint glass; a pane of glass; crystal. ---- armado, wire glass. ---- cilindrado, pate glass. - de corte AT (ra), AT-cut crystal. ---- de reloj (lab), watch glass. ---- de roca, flint glass; rock crystal. ---- de seguridad, nonshattering or safety glass. ---- deslustrado o esmerilado, ground glass. ---- estriado, ribbed glass. ---- irrompible (M), safety or nonshattering glass. cristalinidad /, crystallinity. cristalino, crystalline. cristalizador TO, crystallizer. ---- al vaco (az), vacuum crystallizer. cristalizar, to crystallize. cristaloblstico (geol) (miner), crystalloblastic. cristalografa/, crystallography. cristalogrfico, crystallographic. cristoln TO, crystolon (abrasive). criterio TO, criterion. crtico, critical. crocidolita /, crocidolite, blue asbestos. croeota /, crocoite, red lead ore. croch m (V), eluteh. cromado, chromium-plated. cromatar, to chromate. cromtica/, chromatics. cromtico, chromatic. cromato TO, chromate. --- de bario, barium chromate or chrome. --- de plomo, lead chromate, (miner) crocoite cromel TO, chromel (alloy). crmico, containing chromium, chromic. cromita /, chromite (chrome ore). cromito m (qum), chromite. cromo TO, chromium, chrome. cromforo m (elc) (qum), chromophore. cromognico, cromgeno (is), chromogenic. crommetro TO, chromometer. cromonquel, chrome-nickel (steel). cronfero m (elc), chronopher. cronografa /, chronography. cronogrfico, chronographic. crongrafo m, chronograph. cronometra /, chronometry. cronomtrico, chronometric. cronmetro TO, chronometer. cronoscopio m (elc), chronoscope. croquis TO, sketch. cruce TO, crossing; (rr) crossing frog; (p) cross. a nivel o de va, grade crossing. - caminero, highway or grade crossing. ---- en arco (tub), crossover. ---- en trbol (ca), clover-leaf intersection.

100

cruzamiento

- inferior, undergrade crossing. ---- superior, overhead crossing. cruces de rigidez (M), bridging (wood floor). crucero TO, batten, crosspiece; (elec) crossarm; (p) cross; (rr) frog; crossing frog; road crossing; cleavage (stone); (min) cross heading, crosseut; cross timber; (miner) cleavage. ----a nivel, grade crossing. ----bsico (miner), basal cleavage. ----cbico (miner), cubic cleavage. ----de carril continuo (fe), continuous-rail frog. ----de combinacin (fe), a set of slip switches and movable-point crossings. ----de puntas movibles (fe), movable-point crossing. ----en hoja de trbol (ca), clover-leaf intersec tion. ----embridado (tub), flanged cross. --- para soldar (tub), welding cross. ----reductor (tub), reducing cross. ----roscado (tub), screwed cross. cruceros laterales (est), lateral bracing. cruceta/, crossarm; crosshead; crosspiece. --- abierta o de alas (mv), wing-type crosshead. ----atravesada (elc), buck arm, reverse arm. --- cerrada (mv), box-type crosshead. ----de cabeza (mv), crosshead. --- de cuatro espigas (elc), four-pin crossarm. ----de poste (elc), crossarm. ----del timn (en), crosshead. crucetas, X bracing; bridging (wood floor). cruciforme, cruciform. crudeza /, hardness of water. crudo, crude; raw (untreated); hard (water). cruja/, corridor, passage; (bldg)(M) bay. crujido TO, creaking, crackling. cruz/, (p) cross; (min) crossing of two veins. --- con salida lateral (tub), side-outlet cross. --- de campanas (tub), all-bell cross. --- de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep cross. --- de limpieza (tub), blowoff cross. --- de San Andrs (Es)(V), X bracing. --- de seis pasos (tub), double cross. --- embridada (tub), flanged cross. --- , en, at right angles. --- filar (inst), cross hairs. --- intercaladura (tub), cutting-in cross. --- pata escalera (tub), stair-railing cross. --- para lavabo (pb), basin cross. --- para soldar (tub), welding cross; solder-joint cross. --- para tabiques (tub), partition cross. --- reductora (tub), reducing cross. --- reticular (inst), cross hairs. --- roscada (tub), screwed cross. --- sanitaria (tub), sanitary cross. cruzada/ (min), crosseut. cruzadilla/ (AC), grade crossing. cruzamiento TO, crossing; (rr) crossing frog, frog. --- areo, aerial frog (trolley wire). --- con cambiava (fe), slip switch. --- de carril engoznado (fe), swing-ra frog. --- de plancha (fe), pate crossing, pate frog. --- enlazado (fc)(C), slip switch. --- ensamblado (fe), built-up frog.

cruzamiento

101

cuarto
---- armado (min), truss set. ---- calculador (elc), ealculating board. ---- con mando de frente (elc),live-front switch ---- corredizo (elc), draw-out-type switchboard. ---- de carretillas (elc), truck-type switchboard. ---- de conmutadores (elc), switchboard, panel ---- de contador (elc), meter panel. ---- de distribucin, switchboard. ---- de enchufes (tel), plug switchboard. ---- de entibacin (min)(tn), drift frame, square ---- de estacin (fe) (A), widened right of way to ---- de frente muerto (elc), dead-front switch ---- de fusibles (elc), fuseboard. ---- de gobierno, control board. ---- de instrumentos, instrument board. ---- de propuesta, bidding schedule. ---- de puerta, doorframe. ---- de pupitre (elc), desk switchbjard. ---- de seales, signal board. ----estadimtrico (lev), stadia table. ----indicador, annunciator. ---- provisional (min), false set. ---- rgido (est) (U), rigid frame.

: -- remachado (fe), riveted pate crossing. cruzar, to cross; to place crosswise. cuacuaversal (geol), quaquaversal. cuaderna/, frame (especially of a ship). ---- invertida (en) (A), reverse frame. ---- maestra, midship frame. cuadernas (en) ---- de escuadra, square frames. de los receles, panting frames. ---- inclinadas, inclined frames. ---- sesgadas, cant frames. cuadernal m, tackle block; (M) block and tackle. cuaderno m, notebook, field book. ----de hojas sueltas, loose-leaf notebook. de nivelacin, level book. cuadra/, stable, box stall; city block, square; a measure of length150 varas in Chile and Argentina, 100 varas in Uruguay, Paraguay, and Ecuador. ----de popa (an), quarter. ----de proa (an), forward quarter. cuadradillo m, grillage. cuadrado m, square; (math) square; o square. cuadral m, knee or diagonal or angle brace. cuadrangular, quadrangular. cuadrngulo m, quadrangle; a quadrangular. cuadrantal, quadrantal. cuadrante m, quadrant; dial of an instrument. ----azimutal, azimuth dial. - oscilante (mv), Stephenson link. cuadrar, (math) (carp) to square. cuadrtico, quadratic. cuadratura /, squaring; measuring reas; (math) (elec) quadrature. ----de espacio (elc), space quadrature. ----de tiempo (elc), time quadrature. cuadrcula /, grillage; anything in checkerboard pattern. ----de azimut (fma), azimuth grid. --- de perspectiva (fma), perspective grid. ----de tanteo (fma), trial grid. ----de trazar (fma), plotting grid. cuadriculado m, checkerwork; a in squares. cuadricular, v to graticulate, mark off iu squares; a in squares. cuadrifilar (A), four-wire. cuadriltero m a, quadrilateral. cuadrilongo, rectangular. cuadrilla /, gang, party, squad. ----aserradora (ef), saw crew. ----caminera, road gang. ----de arrastre (ef), skidding crew. de colocacin (conc), placing gang. ----de dibujantes, squad of draftsmen. ----de perforacin (pet), drilling crew. - de reparaciones, repair gang. - de salvamento, wrecking gang. ----de sanitacin, sanitary squad. - de tramo (fe), section gang. ----de tumba (ef), felling crew. ----de urgencia (fe), wrecking crew. cuadriviaria o (ca), four-lane. cuadro m, square; timber frame; table of figures, tabulation; (elec) switchboard; (tv) frame; (min)(B) shaft; (min) case, frame, set. anunciador, indicator board.

board.

board.

set.

include a station with its sidings, etc. board.

cudruple m, (pet) fourble; a quadruple. cudruplex (elc), quadruplex. cuadruplo m a, quadruple. cuajada /, a Costa Rican lumber. cuajar m, (C), a wood used for construction. cuajarse, to coaglate, clot; to cake. cualitativo, qualitativo, cuantiar, to appraise.i cuantitativo, quantitative. cuantmetro m, quantometer. cuarcfero, quartziferous. cuarcita /, quartzite, quartz rock. cuarctico, quartzitic. cuarta /, quart; quarter; lineal measure of J^ vara. ----caa, quarter round. cuartedura/, crack, split. cuartear, to split; to divide into blocks; to quarter; cuartearse, to crack, split, (lbr) to check. cuartel m, barracks; city district; (sb) hatch cover. cuarteo m, crack, fissure; splitting, dividing into parts, quartering; (min)(M) piecework. cuartern m, panel; (M) measure of 25 liters, (Ch) diagonal brace in a partition. cuarteta/ (C), a measure of rea, about 2 acres. cuartillo m, a liquid and dry measure having various vales; in Argentina about 1 US qt; in Mxico about 1% qt dry and about \ qt liquid; in Spain about 1 qt dry or liquid; in Costa Rica 4.6 liters. cuarto m, quarter; room; a quarter. --- bocel, quarter-round molding. --- de calderas, boiler room, fireroom, (sb) stokehold. --- de caa, quarter round. de galn, quart.

r
cuarto
---- de mando, control room ---- de mquinas, engine room. ---- de los tachos (az), pan room. ---- de vuelta, quarter tura. ---- hmedo (lab), fog room. ---- oscuro (fma), darkroom. 102

cuchara de la bovedilla (en), poop deck. --- de castillo (en), forecastle deck. --- del cilindro (mv), cylinder lagging. --- del diferencial (auto)(U), differential housing. ---- de escotilla (en), hatch cover. ---- de filn (min), hanging wall. ---- de las lanchas (en), boat deck. ---- de lona, tarpaulin, canvas cover. ---- de los mamparos (en), bulkhead deck. ---- de motor (auto), hood. ---- de paseo (en), promenade deck. ---- de popa (en), after deck. ---- del puente (en), bridge deck. ---- del sollado (en), orlop, orlop deck. ---- de tubera, pipe insulation. --- de un agua, lean-to roof. --- flotante, floating roof (tank). --- guardanieve, snowshed. ---- rasa (en), flush deck. cubierto tn, cover, roof, shed. cubilete tn (lab), beaker. cubilote TO (met), cupola. cubo m, pail, bucket, skip; cube; cubical contents; hub; socket; boss; brick hod; (math) cube; (Ch) volume of excavation or concrete. --- de aguiln, boom bucket (paver). --- de almeja, clamshell bucket. --- de andarivel, tramway bucket. --- de arrastre, dragline bucket. --- de bayoneta, bayonet socket. --- de desmontes, volume of excavation. --- de extraccin, mine bucket. --- de garras (pet), spider. - de la hlice (en), propeller boss. de incendio, fire bucket. --- del inducido (elc), armature hub. ----de pala, shovel dipper. ----de rosario, elevator bucket. ----de trailla (ec), bowl of a scraper. ----volcador o de volteo, tip or dump bucket. cubreasiento m (auto)(M), seat cover. cubrecadena m, chain guard. cubrecostura m (en), seam strap. cubrechasis tn (ra), chassis cover. cubrejunta tn, splice pate, butt strap, fishplate, scab; astragal; (sb) edge strip, seam Btrip, seam strap; (p) joint runner. ---- longitudinal (en), seam strap, edge strip. cubreneumtico tn (auto), tire cover. cubreplaca tn (est), cover pate. cubrerrueda tn, mudguard. cubretablero tn (auto), cowl. cubrir, to cover. cuchara /, spoon; bucket; dipper, scoop, ladle; (mx)(A) skip loader; (A)(C) mason'a trowel; posthole shovel; (pet) bailer; molder's spoon; (turb) bucket. ---- agarradera, grab bucket, clamshell. ---- automtica, clamshell. ---- cogedora (Es), grab bucket, clamshell. ---- de albafl, trowel. ---- de arrastre (Es), drag scraper. ---- de biela (auto), connecting-rod dipper. ----de colar, ladle.

cuartn tn, girder, large beam, timber; (C) parcel of land; (min) boulder; (M) flagstone. cuarzo tn, quartz. ---- bastardo, bastard or bull quartz. ---- citrino, citrine quartz. cuarzo-monzonita, quartz-monzonite. cuarzoso, quartzose. cuaternario tn (mat), quateraion; a (math) (geol) quaternary. cuaternio tn (mat), quateraion. cuaterno (mat), quaternary. cuatrifilar a, four-wire. cuatro tn a, four. ---- capas, de, four-ply. ---- codos, de, four-throw (crankshaft). ---- etapas, de, four-stage. ---- inserciones, de, four-tuck (splice). ---- pasos, de, four-way (valve). ---- pisos, de, four-story (building). ---- tiempos, de, four-cycle (engine). ---- vas, de, four-lane (highway). cuatropear (M), to break joints. cuba/, tank, vat, tub; cask; tank car; bucket of a turbine; conveyor bucket; stack of a blast furnace. ---- del flotador, float chamber (carburetor). cubaje tn, volume, cubical contents. cubertura/, cover; (auto) cowl. cubeta/, bucket, pail; basin; leader head; water-closet bowl; (A) spillway bucket; keg; tub; ; cuvette; (geol)(V) basin. ---- autoprensora, clamshell bucket. ---- del carburador (mg), float chamber. ---- de elevador, elevator bucket. ---- del termmetro, bulb of a thermometer. ---- scalo do, sand pump. . --- volcadora, dump or contractor's bucket. cubeta-draga, dragline bucket. cubetada/, bucketful. cubicacin/, cubical contenta, cubage; computation of volumes. cubicaje tn, cubical contents, volume, cubage, displacement. cubicar, to cube; to compute volumes; (min) to block out. cbico, cubic, cubical. cubculo tn (elc), cubicle. cubierta /, cover, covering, lid; roof, roof covering; (sb) deck; (str) cover pate; (mech) caaing, hood; (A)(U) tire shoe; (exc)(M) overburden; face slab (dam). ----de aire libre (en), weather deck. ----a copete o a cuatro aguas, hip roof. a dos aguas, peak roof. ----biolgica (is), biological film. ----corrida (en), flush deck. ---- de abrigo (en), shelter deck. ---- del alczar.(en), quarter deck. ---- de arqueo (en), tonnage deck. ---- de bordo libre (en), freeboard deck.

cuchara
---- de cuatro gajos (M), orange-peel bucket. ---- de cuerno (lab), horn spoon. ---- de desnatar, skimming ladle. ---- de fundicin, casting ladle. ---- de polvorero (vol), blasting spoon.

103

cuentapasos

- de vaciar (fund), pouring ladle. ---- desabolladora (ch), spoon. ---- limpiapozos (pet), cleanout bailer, swab. ---- muestreadora (sx), sample spoon. ---- para horadar, tunneling scopp. ---- para hoyos, telegraph or post spoon. taladradora (mh), shell bit. ---- vertedora (pet), dump bailer. cuchara-draga (Ec), dragline bucket. cucharada/, bucketful, (sh) dipperful. cuchareo m (pet), bailing. cuchara m (A), pointing trowel. cucharn m, bucket, dipper, scoop, skip; scraper. ---- aplanador (pl), skimming dipper. ---- bivalvo (M), clamshell bucket. ---- cargador (mz), skip loader, charging skip. --cogedor, scraper bucket, scraper. ---- de almeja excavador, digging clamshell. ---- de almeja para remanejo, rehandling clam shell. ---- de arrastre, dragline bucket; drag scraper. ---- de botaln, boom bucket (paver). ---- de colada, ladle. ---- de conchas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket. ---- de descarga por debajo, bottom-dump or ' drop-bottom bucket. ---- de draga, dredge dipper; dragline bucket. ---- de extraccin, ore or mine bucket. ---- de gajos de naranja (M), orange-peel bucket. ---- de garfios (M), grab bucket. ---- de garras o de mordazas, clamshell bucket. ---- de granada, orange-peel bucket. ---- de maniobra, rehandling bucket. ---- de pala, shovel dipper. ---- de quijadas, clamshell or grab bucket. ---- de trailla (ec), bowl of a scraper. ---- de tres gajos, three-blade orange-peelbuckct. ---- de un cable (ec), single-line bucket. ---- de valvas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket. ---- desencapador (pl), skimmer scoop. ---- excavador, digging bucket. ---- para cajn, caisson bucket. ---- para muestreo, sampling scoop. ---- para remanipuleo, rehandling bucket. ---- prensor (M), grab bucket. - recogedor, scraper bucket. -----tipo casco de naranja, orange-peel bucket. ----volcador, dump bucket. cuchilla/, blade, knifo, cuttingtool; wall scraper; moldboard; (Pan) road scraper; (top)(Col) (U) ridge. ----de acepillar, planer knife. ---- de arado, colter. ----de cepillo, plae iron. ----de contacto (elc), blade of a switch. ---- de dos mangos, drawknife. ---- de interruptor (elc), switch blade. --- de moldurar, molding knife. ---- de rajar (si), slitter knife. ---- empujadora o niveladora (ec), bulldozer, Bullgrader, Roadbuilder; moldboard.

para ingletes, miter knife. para masilla, putty knife. para yeseros, wall scraper. ---- quitahielo, sleet cutter. ---- separadora (top)(U), divide. - zanjeadora, ditcher. cuchillas de caa (az), cae knives. cuchillo m, knife, blade; scraper; (Col) rafter; (top) ridge. ---- a dos manos, drawknife. ---- de vidriero, putty knife. ---- para rayos, spokeshave. ---- perimetral, cutting edge (caisson). cuchillo-serrucho, saw knife. cuchilln m (Ch), broadax. cuele m (min), driving (drift), penetration; sinking (shaf t); (M) blasting hole. cuelga /, (Col) (Ch) slope, grade (especially river or canal). cuelgaballesta m (loco) (auto), spring hanger. cuelgacable m (elc), cable hanger. cuelgamuelle m (auto) (A), spring hanger. cuelgatubo m, pipe hanger. cuello m, collar, neck, throat; (machy) journal; gland (stuffing box); (Col) collar beam; (pet) pipe coupling. ---- de cisne o de ganso, gooseneck. ---- de empuje, thrust collar. ---- terico (sol), theoretical throat. ---- Venturi, Venturi throat. ---- verdadero (sol), actual throat. cuenca /, basin, drainage rea, watershed; valley; (geol) trough, graben. ---- alimentadora (hid)(A), watershed, catchment rea. ---- carbonfera, cOal basin. ---- cerrada (geol), closed basin. ---- colectora o de captacin, drainage or catcnment rea, watershed. ---- de drenaje (A), drainage rea. ---- de fallas (geol), graben, fault trough. ---- de retencin, detention basin. ---- de sedimentacin (geol), sedimentary basin. ---- fluvial, river basin.' ---- hidrogrfica o tributaria, watershed, drain age rea. ---- hullera, coal basu ---- imbrfera (A) (U), drainage rea, water shed. ---- petrolfera, oil pool. ---- pluviomtrica (Col), catchment rea, water shed. ---- recolectora (A), drainage rea, watershed. cuenco m, pool, basin. ---- amortiguador (hid), stillmg pool. ---- de esclusa, lock chamber. cuenta (/) de gastos, expense account. cuentas a cobrar, accounts recoivable. cuentas por pagar, accounts payable. cuentaemboladas m, piston-stroke counter. cuentagotas rn (lab), dropping tube. --- de engrase, sight-fecd lubricator. cuentakilmetros m, speedometer (kilometers). cuentaniillas m, speedometer (miles). cuentapasos m, pcdometer, odometer, passometer.

cuentarrevoluciones
cuentarrevoluciones m, speedometer, tachometer, revolution counter. cuentavueltas m, tachometer, counter. cuerda/, cord, Une, rope; chord; cord of wood; (gi) flange; (PR) land measure o about 1 acre; (M) screw thread; (Ec) beam, joist; (sb) ledge. ---- de algodn, cotton rope. ---- de alinear o de marcar, chalk Une. ---- de camo, Manila rope. de correa, belt lacing. --- de plomada, plumb iine. --- de seal, signal cord. --- inferior, (tu) lower chord, (gi) bottom flange. --- izquierda (M), left-hand thread. --- larga (fe), long chord. --- mecha (vol), fuse. --- para ventanas, sash cord. --- superior, (tu) upper chord, (gi) top flange. cuerillo m, a Costa Rican lumber. cuerno m, horn. --- de amarre (elc), outrigger. --- de arco (elc), arcing horn. --- de colgadores (cv), horn of a cableway carriage. --- de yunque, horn of an anvil. cuero m, leather. --- cromado, chrome-tanned leather. --- crudo o verde, rawhide. --- de cochino, pigskin. --- de montaa, mountain leather (asbestos). --- de suela, sol leather. --- de vaca, cowhide. cuerpo m, body; corpa, party. ----central (en), middle body. ----compuesto (qum), chemical compound. ----de agrimensores, survey party. de arco, arch ring. ---- de bomba, pump barrel; pump casing. ---- de cabrestante, barrel of a capstan. de caldera, boiler shell. ---- de carretilla, wheelbarrow oray. ---- de columna, shaft of a column. ---- de mbolo, pistn barrel. ---- de fundicin guarnecido de bronce (v), iron body bronze-mounted. ---- de ingenieros, engineer corps. ---- de polea, shell of a tackle block. ---- de popa (an), afterbody. de proa (an), forebody. ---- de remache, shank of a rivet. ---- de la vlvula, valve body. dividido (bm), split casing. ---- espiral, (turb) spiral casing, scroll case; (pu) volute casing. ---- maestro (an), middle body. ---- mineral, ore body. ---- muerto, deadman; (pw) permanent mooring. ---- simple (qum), element. cuesco m, core. cuesta/, slope, hill, grade. ---- abajo adv, downgrade. ---- arriba adv, upgrade. cueva/, cave; cellar. cuezo m, hod, mortar box; trough, basin.

104

cuprosilicio

culata/, butt; haunch; (ge) cylinder head; yoke, (Col) rear wall; (C)(PR) side wall. ---- abovedada (mg), domed head. ---- antiturbulente (mg), nonturbulent head. - de tubos, pipe header. ---- de turbulencia (mg), high-turbulent head. ---- en F (mg), F head. ---- en L (mg), L head. ---- en T (mg), T head. culatazo m, kick, recoil. culateo m, backlash, recoil, kick. culatn m, shank. culombmetro m, coulomb meter, coulometer. culombio m (elc), coulomb. culote m, base, butt, bottom. cultivadora / (ec), cultivator. cumarona / (pint) (ais), cumar, coumarone resin. cumbre /, crest, summit, ridge, peak, top. cumbrera /, ridge; cap; ridgepole; ridge cap, ridge roll; crown of an arch. ---- para poste (elc), ridge iron. cumulante m (mat), cumulant. cumulativo, cumulative. cuna/ (mee), eradle. ---- de botadura (en), launching eradle, sliding ways. cuneta/, ditch, gutter; (na) waterway. ---- de escape (ca), rundown, escape gutter. ---- de guardia, intercepting ditch, counterdrain, (rd) berm ditch. cuneteadora / (maq) (A), ditcher. cua/, wedge, chock; key, gib; frog of a plae; paving stone; gad; (pet) slip. ---- aislante (elc), insulating wedge. ---- con agujas, plug and feathers. ---- de cantero, stone wedge. ---- del colector (elc), commutator bar. ---- de grada (en), a slice. - de talla transversal (pet), crosseut slip. ---- de trozador (ef), bucking wedge. ---- de tumbar (ef), falling wedge. ---- enteriza (v), solid wedge. ---- para hender, splitting wedge. ---- para tubera (pet), casing slip. ---- partida (v), split wedge. ---- sacamecha (mh), drift or center key. cuas gemelas (M), gib and cotter. cuar, to wedge. cunero m, (C) keyway, key seat; (pet) man who places wedges. cuete m, keg. cuota (/) de agua, water rate. cuota de flete, freight rate. cupla /, a coupling; (A) torque. ---- antagnica (A), countertorque. ---- de reduccin, reducing coupling. ---- momento (A), torque. cupo m, tax rate; quota. cupn m, coupon; (U) short rail. cprico, copper-bearing, cupric. cuprfero, copper-bearing. cuprita /, red copper, cuprite, ruby copper ore. cupromanganeso m, cupromanganese (alloy). cupronquel m (aleacin), nickel bronze, cupronickel. cuprosilicio m, cuprosilicon (alloy).

cuproso
cuproso, copper-bearing, cuprous. cpula/, dome, cupola; (geol)(B)(V) dome. r- de arena (loco), sand dome. __ . de caldera o de vapor (loco), steam dome. cura/ (conc), curing. cura m, a Central American hardwood. curacin/, (conc) curing; (lbr) seasoning; (mot) aging. ---- hmeda (lab), fog curing. curado m, curing. ---- al agua (conc), water curing. ---- con saturacin (lab), fog curing. - en masa, mass curing. curar, (conc) to cure; (lbr) to season. curiche m (B), lake, pool. currentilneo, streamlined. curso m, stroke, throw, course, travel; (sb) strake. ---- del mbolo, pistn travel. ---- fluvial o de agua, watercourse, stream. cursor m, (machy) slide; indicator (sliderule). del objetivo (inst), objective slide. ---- en ngulo (mh), angular slide. ---- portaherramienta (mh), toolslide. r~ transversal (mh), cross slide. curtido al cromo, chrome-tanned, curtido al roble, oaktanned. curtidura, curtiembre /, tannery. curupaina, curupay m, a South American hardwood. curva/, curve, bend. ---- abierta, (rr) easy curve; (p) long sweep. ---- adiabtica, adiabatic curve or line, adiabatic. - aguda o brusca, sharp curve. ---- cerrada, (rr) sharp curve; (p) short sweep. --- compensadora con doble desplazamiento (tub), double-offset expansin U bend. --- compensadora en U (tub), expansin U bend. *~ compuesta, compound curve. ---- de acuerdo, (rr) transition curve; $MHidrail) ramp, easement. --- do altura-gasto (r), stage-discharg curve. --- de cabidas (hid), capacity curve. de deformacin-esfuerzo, deorsMktion or stress-strain curve. --- de dilatacin (tub), expansin bend. --- de enlace, (rr) transition curve; junction curve; (handrail) ramp, easing, --- de gastos (hid), flow curve. - histresis (elc), hysteresis loop. --- de nivel, contour line. <" de oxgeno colgante (is), oxygen sag. --- de paso (tub), crossover. de paso con salida atrs (tub), back-outlst crossover. --- de persistencia (hid)(A), duration curve. --- de pie (tub), base elbow. de recorrido-tiempo (vibracin), travel-time curve. --- de remanso (hid), backwater curve. --- de retorno abierto (tub), return bend-open type. -*- de retorno cerrado (tub), return bend-close type. ** de ribera, flow line (reaervoir).

105

chalcocita

-- de transicin, (rr) transition or easement curve. - de velocidades en una vertical (hid), vertical-velocity! curve. ---- de 45 (tub), eighth bend. ---- de 90 (tub), quarter bend. - de 180 (tub), half bend. ---- clstica, elstica, elastic curve. ---- en U (tub), U bend. ---- en U ancha (tub), return bend-open type. en U con desplazamiento (tub), single-offset Ubend. ---- en TJ con doble desplazamiento (tub), dou ble-offset XJ bend. ---- en U estrecha (tub), return bend-close type. ---- en U para soldar (tub), welding return. entrpica, entropy diagram. ---- estrecha o forzada o fuerte, sharp curve. ---- hipsomtrica (A), contour line. ---- inversa, reverse curve. ---- irregular (dib), French or irregular curve. ---- isbata, depth contour. ---- isocora, isochor. ---- loxodrmica, rhumb lino, loxodromic curve. ---- senoidal, sine curve. ---- suave, easy curve. -tipo hoz (pct), siclde bend. ---- vertical cncava (ca), sag vertical. ---- vertical de cumbre (ca), summit vertical. curvas ---- del arquitecto naval (dib), ship curvee. ---- freticas, grund-water contours. ---- para va (dib), railroad curvea. curvabarras m, bar bonder. curvacin/, curvature. curvadora/, bonder. curvar, to bend, curve. < crvameles m, rail bender. curvatubos m, pipe bender. curvatura/, curvature; bending ---- escalar, scalar or specific curvature, por arrugas (tub), wrinkle bending. ---- por pliegues (tub), crease bending. curvgraf o m (C), French or irregular curve. curvilneo, curvilinear. curvmetro m, curvometer. curvo, curved. cspide/, crest, apex, peak, vrtex; cusp. cuya w (C), a hardwood.

chacarrandal, chacarrandn, chacarranday, Venezuelan lumber. chafirro m (AC), machete, knife. chafln m, bevel, chamfer; (M) knee brace; (rf) cricket, eant. ---- abierto (en), open bevel. ---- cerrado (en), closed bevel. chaflanador m, beveling tool. chaflanar, to chamfer, bevel. chalana/, scow, lighter, flatboat. ---- cisterna, tank barge. ---- de compuerta, dump scow, hopper barge. ---- de paso (V), ferryboat. chalcocita/, chalcocite (copperore).

F
chalupa chalupa/, launch, boat, small vessel; (M) ore bucket, skip. chamarasca/, brushwood. chamba/, (Ec) sod, turf; (Col) ditch; (M) occupation. chambear, (Col) to dig trenches; (Ec) to sod. chambranas/ (carp), trim. chamburgo m (Col), pool, backwater. champa/ (A), sod (especially that used to reinforce border of irrigation ditch). champan m, large flatboat. chanca/, crushing. chancado m, crushed stone. ---- sin cribar, crusher-run aggregate. chancadora/, crusher. ---- de cilindros, roll crusher. ---- de cono, cone crusher. ---- de discos, disk crusher. ---- de mandbulas o de quijadas, jaw crusher. ---- de martillos, hammer mili. ---- giratoria, gyratory crusher. ---- reductora, reduction crusher. chancar, to crush. chanchorona /, an Argentine wood (semihard). chanfle m, bevel, chamfer; (A) quarter round (concave). chanflear, to beveL chango TO (pet)(M), derrickman. changote TO, steel billet, bloom. chanto m (Es), flagstone. chapa/, sheet, pate; veneering; (C) brass check door lock; (auto)(C) license pate. ---- abovedada o combada, buckle pate. ---- acanalada o corrugada, corrugated sheet. ---- aplomada o emplomada, terneplate. ---- calada, perforated pate. ---- canaleta (A), corrugated sheet. ---- de caldera, boiler pate. ---- de cinc, sheet zinc. ---- de circulacin (auto) (C), license pate. ---- de guarda (puerta), finger pate. ---- de nudo (est), gusset pate. ---- del ojo, keyhole escutcheon. ---- de palastro, pate steel; sheet iron. ---- de pared (elc), wall or switch pate. ---- de patente (auto), licenae pate. ---- de relleno (est), filler pate. ---- de unin, splice pate. ---- desplegada, expanded metal. ---- escamada (U), checkered pate. ---- estampada, stamped or pressed metal. ---- estriada, checkered pate. ---- etiqueta o de identidad, ame pate. ---- lisa, flat sheet metal. ---- matrcula (auto), license pate. ---- metlica, sheet metal; (C) sheet brass. ---- nodal (est), gusset pate. ---- ondulada, corrugated sheet metal. ---- para llave (elc), switch or wall pate. ---- plomo-estao, terneplate. ---- rayada, ribbed pate. ---- tubular (cal), tube sheet. chapaleta /, flap val ve; clapper of a check valve. chapapote m (M), tar; asphalt. chapapotear, to coat with tar. chaparrn TO, cloudburst, downpour.

106

cheque

chapeado m, veneering; plywood. --- de latn, brass-plated. chapear, to veneer; to une with metal; (C)(PR) to clear land, grub. , chapeo m (C), clearing, grubbing. chapera/ (Es), ramp of boards with cleats. chapera /, pate work; sheet-metal work. chaperno TO, a Central American lumber. chapista m, sheetmetal worker, tinsmith. chapistera /, sheetmetal work. chapistero TO, sheet-metal worker, tinsmith tinker. chapita /, brass check. chapitel TO, capital (column). chapoteo TO, splash. chapuro m (AC), asphalt; tar. chaquear (A)(B), to clear land. chaqueta/, casing; jacket. ---- de agua, water jacket. ---- de caldera, boiler lagging or insulation. ---- de cilindro, cylinder lagging. ---- de polvo, dust jacket (screen). chaquiro TO, a Colombian pine. charca/, charco m, pool, pond, puddle. charcal m (AC), pond. charnela /, hinge, knuckle, articulated joint. ---- de direccin (auto), steering knuckle. ---- de piso, floor hinge. charol TO, a coating; varnish; patent leather. ---- japons, japan. charolar, to varnish, japan; to coat. charpado TO (carp), scarf. ---- en caliente, hot-scarfed. charpar, to scarf. charquear (min), to bale out, unwater. charquero TO (min), drainage ditch. charral m (AC), thicket.nderbrush. chasis TO (auto)(ra), chassis; (pmy) plateholder chasquear (maq), to clatter. chata /, flat truck; flat barge. ---- alijadora, a lighter. ---- barrera, mud scow. chatarra /, junk, scrap iron. chatarrera /, junk shop or yard. chatarrero TO, junk dealer. chato, flat. chauti TO (M), clay. chautoso (M), clayey. chaveta /, cotter, key, gib, wedging piece. ---- cncava, saddle key. ---- de cabeza, gib-head key. ---- embutida, sunk key. ---- hendida o de dos patas, cotter pin, cotter. ---- y contrachaveta, gib and cotter. chavetero TO (U), key seat. chaza/, (Pe) inner basin of a port; (Ch) cooper's driver. chazo TO (Col), nailing block, wood brick. checar (M), to check; to crack. chedita /, cheddite (explosive). cheje TO (AC), link. cheque m, check; (C) check valve. --- aprobado o certificado o intervenido, certified check. --- de viajero, traveler's check. ---- propio o de administracin, cashier's check.

chequeador

107

Chuzo

chisporroteado; TO (vol), spitter. chisporrotear, chequeador m (AC), checker. chequear, (Col)(CA)(C) to check, verify; (CA) to to spark; (bl) to spit (fuse). chisporroteo TO, (elec) sparking; (w) spatter, draw a check or draft. sputter. chequeo m (C), checking. chiva TO (min)(M), claw bar. cherardizar (Es), to sherardize. chivato m (B), helper, apprentice. chicana /, baffle. chocar, to collide; (naut) to foul. chicotes m, packing, junk. choco m (Ch), stump. chfer, chicuite m (min), small bucket. chicharra /, ratchet; electric buzzer; (B) jack- chauffeur. chompa/ (V), churn or hand drill, chompn TO (V), haad hammer. drill. chopo TO, poplar. choque TO, chicharrn m (C), a hardwood. impact, shock, colusin. chicharrones (az), tailings. ---- de agua o de ariete, water hammer. chichn m (C), (mech) boss. chifln TO, flurae; strong draft of air; chamber in a ---- elctrico, electric shock. mine; (min) slide of lose stone; (min) chorizo TO, mud wall; mixture of mud and straw for plastering a wall. chorreadero inclined gallery; (Ch) rapids; (CA) water-fall; m (min)(M), ore chute. chorrear, to (Col) spring (water); (M) nozzle. spout, gush; to drip. chorreo TO, --- de agua (M), water jet. spouting, gushing. chorro m, jet; ___ de arena (M), sandblast. stream. ^contrado (hid), vena chigre m (Es), crab, winch. contracta. chigua/ (Ch), bulge, beUy. ---- de arena, sandblast. chileno m (min), edge or Chile mili. marcha en vaco jet. chiluca/ (M), kind of porphyry used as building ---- de municiones o de (mg), idling shot blast. ---- de perdigones, stone. ---- de vapor, steam jet. chilla/, clapboarding; lathing; thin board. choy TO (M), kind of soft shale. --- de metal, metal lath. shed, shanty. chillado m, weatherboarding, clapboarding; lathing. chozo TO,TO, squall, shower. chubasco chillar, to creak, squeak. chuchero m (fc)(C), switchman. chillido TO, squeaking; (ra) howl. chucho m, (rr) switch; (elec) switch; (rr)(C) sidchilln TO, small nail, lathing nail. ing; (rr)(C) turnout. ---- real, spike. ---- biselado (fe), lap switch. chimbuzo m (Ec), funnel. de aguja (fe), point or split switch. chimenea /, chimney, stack; fireplace; (min) ---- de arrastre (fe), trailing switch. ---ascending gallery, drawhole, shaft. ---- de cuchilla (elc)(C), knife switch. --- de aire, air shaft. ---- de descarrilar (fe), derail switch. - de equilibrio (hid), surge tank. ---- de tope (fe), stub switch. ----de extraccin (min), drawhole. - de tres tiros, three-throw switch. --- de visita, inspection shaft. ---- enfrentado o en contrapunta (fe), facing china /, small stone, cobble. switch. chinarro m, pebble; cobble. ---- muerto (fc)(C), dead-end siding. chinata/ (C), pebble; cobble. chulano TO (min), upward drill hole. chinateado TO, paving of small cobbles. chumacera/, bearing, pillow block, journal box; chinche m, chincheta /, thumbtack. . rowlock (boat). ----de ranura, slotted thumbtack. ---- a rodillos, roller bearing. ----estampado, stamped-steel thumbtack. or radial chino TO, cobble; (PR) boulder; (min) iron or ---- anular, annular bearing. bearing. ---- de balines, ball copper pyrites. ---- de bolas encerrada, double-shielded ball chipodeado (mam)(M), rock-faced. bearing. chiquero m (C), crib, cribwork. ---- de camisa, sleeve bearing. chirca/, an Argentine lumber (semihard). ---- del contravstago (mv), tail bearing. chirle TO (Col), grout; whitewash. ---- de empuje, thrust bearing. chirriar, to squeak, creak. ---- del timn (en), rudder bearing. chirrido m (maq), squeaking; (ra) birdie. ---- exterior, outboard bearing. chispa /, spark. ---- partida, split bearing. ---- apagada (elc), quenched spark. ---- recalentada, hotbox, hot bearing. ---- atrasada (auto), spark retarded. chumba /, chumbe TO (miner)(B), zinc blende ---- avanzada (auto), spark advanced. sphalerite. - de entrehierro (elc), jump spark. chumero, chunero TO (AC), helper, apprentice. -piloto (elc), pilot spark. chupadero TO, suction pipe, chupador TO, (pu) chispas de hielo (hid), frazil ice. strainer for foot valve; (lab chispear, to spark; (PR) to spray, sprinkle. nipple; (pet) swab. chupar (bm), chispeo m, sparking. to suck, draw. chupn TO, plunger; chispero TO, spark arrester; blacksmith. (A)(C) foot valve. chuzo TO, pike pole; chispmetro m (elc), measuring spark gap. (Ch) crowbar. ---- disparador, triggering gap.

r
dacita 108

defasaje

decagonal, decagonal. dacita / (geol), dacite. decgono m, decagon. dactico, dacitic. decagramo tn, decagram. dactilgrafa/, typist. decalado, decalaje m (elc)(herr), angular disdactilografista m /, typist. placement. dactilgrafo m, typewriter; typist. dado m, die; (mas) small pier; capstone; (M) decalador (wt) de fase (elc), phase shifter. decalaje de escobillas (elc), brush shifting. jackbit. decalescencia /, decalescence. decalescente, ---de barrena (M), jackbit. decalescent. decalina/, decalin, ---- de operacin (v)(V), operating nut. decahydronaphthalene. decalitro m, decaliter. - de resorte (rs), spring or prong die. decmetro m, decameter. decano m (qum), ---- de roscar, die. decane. decantable (hid), settleable. dados decantacin/ (hid), sedimentation, settling, de---- de amortiguamiento (hid), baffle blocks. cantation; pouring. ---- deflectores (hid), baffle piers or blocks, den --- contracorriente (is), countercurrent decantis. tation. decantador m, settling tank, catch ---- para tornillos (rs), bolt dies. basin, (sw) ---- para tubera (rs), pipe dies. silt basin; (su) settler. daga/ (PR), machete. ---- de arena, sand trap or separator, catch basin. dagame m, a hardwood of Central Amrica and the decantar, to deposit silt, settle; to pour; to drain West Indies. off. dala/, dale, spout, trough; (M) slab. decapitacin / (geol) (A), stream capture. dama /, dam of a blast furnace; (A) mound of decarbonatador m (mg), decarbonator. earth left under an engineer's stake. decarbonatar (M), to decarbonate. damar m, dammar. decarbonizar, to decarbonize. decarburacin / damero-estampa (A), swage block. (M), decarburation, decarbonidaar, to damage. zation. dao m, damage. decrea/, decare. decauvle, narrow-gage daos y perjuicios (leg), damages. (especially portable dar, to give. track and side-dump cars). deceleracin /, ---- alcance, to overtake. deceleration, negative accelera bocazo (vol), to blow out. tion, retardation. ---- contra, to collide with, strike against. deciamperio m, deciampere. ---- contramarcha o contravapor (maq), to re decirea /, deciare. verse. decibelmetro m, decibel meter. ---- cuele (tn)(M), to drive. decbelo m, decibel. ---- cuerda (inst), to wind. deciestreo m, decistere. ---- de baja, to discharge (men); (Ch) to scrap. decigramo m, decigram. ---- en un bajo (nut), to run aground. decilitro m, deciliter. - fondo (nut), to anchor, drop anchor. decimal 8 a, decimal. ---- fuego, to put off a blast; to blow in a furnace. --- peridico o repetidor, recurring or periodic ---- inters (A), to bear interest. decimal. ---- manija (auto)(A), to crank. decimtrico (ra), decimetric. ---- manivela (auto), to crank. decmetro m, decimeter. ---- mechazo (vol), to misfire. dcimo m a, tenth. decinormal, --presin (cal), to get up steam. decinormal. ---- vapor (cal), to steam. declinacin/ (brjula), declination, variation,, - viaje, to taper. declinatorio m, declination compass. ---- vueltas, to revolve, slue. declingrafo, declinograph. declinmetro m, daraf (elc), daraf. declinometer. declive m, slope, grade, incline, dardo m (pet), dart. pitch. drsena /, basin, dock, inner harbor. ---- de subida, upgrade. ---- de flote, wet dock, basin. declividad /, slope. ---- de maniobra, turning basin. declorinacin/ (Pe), dechlorination. ---- de marea, tidal basin. decolaje m (ap), take-off. ---- para embarcaciones menores, marina, boat decolar (ap), to take off. haven, boat harbor. decrecer, to ebb (tide); to fall (level of river); to dato m, datum. decrease. datos, data. decremento m, decrement. datolita/ (miner), datolite, humboldtite. decrmetro m, decremeter. davina /, miner's safety lamp. decrepitacin /, decrepitation. dbil, weak. dedal TO, cap, ferrule. debilitar, to weaken. dedo (TO) de contacto (elc), contact finger. decaamperio m, deca-ampere. defasaje m (elc)(A), phase difference. dcada/, decade. decaedro m, decahedron. decaestreo m, decastere.

defecacin
defecacin /, defecation. defecador m, defeeator. defecante m, defecant. defecar, to defcate. defecto m, defect, flaw. defectuoso, defective. defensa /, guard, fender, protection. ---- de la escotilla (en), coaming. ---- de orillas, shore protection. ---- fluvial o de riberas (r), bank protection. ---- martima (A), sea wall. dficit m, dficit; shortage. definicin / (fma) (tv), definition. ---- amplia (tv), high definition. ---- escasa (tv), low definition. definitivo, final, definitive. deflacin / (geol), deflation. deflagrador m (Es), blasting machine. deflagrar, to deflagrate. defleccin / (est) (ra) (Es) (A), deflection. defleccionar (est) (A), to defiect. deflectmetro m, deflectometer. deflector m, baffle, deector; bucket (dam). ---- de aceite (lu), oil thrower. ---- de descarga, belt plow. ----fumvoro (cf), smokeless arch. ----separador, separating baffle. deflegmador m, deflegmator. deflegmar, to deflgmate. deflexin/, (str)(surv) deflection. - de la aguja, magnetic deviation. defloculante m (is)(M), defioceulant. deflocular (C)(M), to deloceulate. deforestar, to deforest. deformacin/, deformation, strain; distortion. ----anelstica (A), plstic flow. ----armnica (ra), harmonio distortion. --- de amplitud-frecuencia (ra), attenuation dis tortion, amplitude-frequency distortion. --- de corte, shearing strain. --- del envolvente (ra), envelope distortion. --- da fase (ra), phase disortion. --- en fro, cold deformation. ----lindera o de lmite (ms), boundary deforma tion. --- plana, plae deformation. --- plstica, plstic deformation, (A) plstic flow. deformar, deformarse, to deform, distort. deformmetro m, deformeter. degausaje m (en), degaussing. degeneracin / (ra), degeneration, negativo or inverse feedback. degolladura/ (lad)(Es), vertical joint. degradable, erosible (soil). degradacin /, erosin; disintegration; (chem) (geol) degradation. degradador m (mam), mortar chisel. degradar, (chem)(geol) to degrade; (mas) to rake joints. degello (m) inferior (her), bottom fuller. degello superior (her), top fuller. delantal m (mee) (auto) (hid), apron. --- de embarcar (ap), loading apron. - de soldador, welder's apron. --- impermeabilizante (M), face slab of a dam. delantera/, front end, front part.

109

denudacin

delantero m, (st) nosing; a front. delator de fallas (elc), fault localizer. delegado m, delgate (unin). deletreo, deleterious. deleznable, unstable (ground), crumbly, brittle (soil). deleznamiento ra, slaking (soil). delfn m, mooring post, dolphin, pile cluster. delga /, thin sheet; commutator bar. delgadez /, slenderness. delgado a, thin, light. delicuescencia /, deliquescence. delicuescente, deliquescent. delincacin /, delineation. delineador, delineante m, draftsman, designer. delinear, to design, draw. delta m (r), delta;/ (elc), delta, deltaico, deltaic. demanda/, demand, load. ---- bioqumica de oxgeno (is), biochemical oxygen demand. ---- de cloro (is), chlorine demand. ---- de recalefaccin (aa), reheating load. ---- de transmisin (a), transmission load. ---- mxima (elc), peak load, ---- por aparatos (aa), appliance load. ---- por infiltracin (aa), leakage load. ---- por ocupacin (aa), oceupaney load. demarcacin/, laying out; (A) fencing. demrito m (cont), depreciatipn. demodulacin/ (ra), demodulation. demodulador m (ra)(A), demodulator. demoledor m, building wrecker. demoledora /, demolition tool. demoler, to demolish, raze, (bldg) wreck. demolicin/, wrecking, demolition. demora/, delay; (rr> demurrage; (naut) bearing ----del envolvente (ra), envelope delay. demulsibilidad /, demulsibility. demulsionar, demulsificar, desemulsionar, to demulsify. dendri ti cismo m (sol), dendriticism. dendrmetro m (ef), dendrometer. denominador m, denominatpr. densidad/, density. --- de corriente (elc), current density. --- de flujo dielctrico, electric induction, dielec trie flux density. --- de flujo magntico, magnetic flux density magnetic forc or intensity. --- en masa (ms), bulk density. densificacin/ (ms), densification. densimetra/, densimetry. densimtrico, densimetric. densmetro m, densimeter; hydrometer. densitmetro m, densitometer. denso, dense, thick; (conc)(A) stiff. dentado m, toothing, indentation, (hyd) dental (conc) bonding key; a dentated, toothed indented. dentador m (si), gummer. dentar, to tooth, notch, indent. dentellado, toothed, notched, dentated. dentelln m, eutoff wall (dam); toothing of a brick wall. denudacin /, denudation.

r
denuncia 110 derrame
derecho m, grant, concession; law; a straight; denuncia m (min), denouncement. right (hand). ----de accidente, accident report. -- de bosque o de monte, timber rights. denunciar (min), to denounce. departamento m, compartment; department; - de paso o de va, right of way. derechos, taxes, duties, fees; rights. apartment; (rr) statcroom. ---- aduaneros o arancelarios, customs duties. ----de calderas, boiler room. ---- consulares, consular fees. ----de caminos, highway department. dependencia /, branch office; department, bu-rcau. ---- de agua, water rights. - de almacenaje, storage or warehouse charges. deplecin/ (A), dcpletion. ---- de anclaje, anchorage dues. deposicin / (met) (sol) (gcol), deposition. ---- de atraque, wharfage. ----electroltica, electrodeposition. ---- de baliza, beaconage. --electrnica (met), sputtering. ---- de barrera (ef), boomage. depositacin / (hid)(A), sedimentation. depositar, to deposit; depositarse, to settle ---- de depsito, storage dues. de entrada o de importacin, import or cus(dregs). toms duties. depsito m, storehouse, warehouse; store; bin; tank; ---- de esclusa, lockage, locking charges. reservoir; sediment, precipitate; deposit; ---- de exportacin, export duties. (geol) deposition. de faro, lighthouse dues. ---- alimentador, distributing reservoir. ---- de gra, cranage, crane charges. ---- aluvial, alluvial deposit. ---- de lanchaje, lighterage. ---- compensador, regulating reservoir. ---- de mineraje, mining royalty. ---- compresor, pressure tank. - de muelle, wharfage. ---- de acarreos (hid), silt deposition. ---- de patente, patent royalty. ---- de acumulacin, storage reservoir. ---- de puerto o de quilla, harbor dues, keelage. ---- de aduana, customs warehouse. ---- de aire comprimido, air receiver (compres- ---- de remolque, towage, towing charges. ---- de riego, irrigation rights; irrigation dues. sor). ---- de salida, export duty. ---- de baldeo (al), flush tank. ---- de salvamento, salvage. --de captacin, impounding reservoir. ---- de tonelaje, tonnage dues. de carbn, coalbin. ---- petroleros, oil rights. ---- de carga (hid) (Es), forebay. ---- de compensacin, (ag) surge bin; (hyd) reg ---- portuarios, port charges, harbor dues. deriva/, (naut) (geop) (pmy) drift; (naut) leeway. ulating reservoir. derivacin/, diversin; by-pass; branch, service ---- de detencin, detention basin. connection; overflow; (elec) shunt; (math) ---- de distribucin, distributing reservoir. derivation. ----' de explosivos, magazine. central (ra), center tap. ---- de incrustaciones, deposit of scale. ---- corta (elc), short shunt. ---- de limpia (al) (Es), flush tank. ---- del abonado (elc), service connection. --- -de locomotoras (fe), enginehouse, round---- de cable partido (elc), split cable tap. house. ---- de enrollado mltiple (elc), multiple-wrap ---- de maderas, lumberyard. cable tap. ---- de minerales, mineral deposit. ---- de nudo (eldc), knotted tap joint. ---- de rebose (ag), overflow bin. ---- de servicio (tub), house connection or serv - de retencin (dac)(Pe), detention basin. ice. ---- decantador o de sedimentacin, settling enrollada (elc), wrapped tap joint. basin. ---- larga (elc), long shunt. ---- fiscal, government warehouse. ---- maestra (elc), master service. ---- franco, warehouse in a free port. ---- particular (tub), house service. regulador, regulating reservoir; standpipe. derivada/ (mat), derivative. ---- unitario (sol), rate of deposition. derivado m, (chem) derivative; branch. depreciacin /, depreciation. derivados de coque, coke by-produets. ---- acumulada, accrued depreciation. derivador (m) de seguridad (vol), safoty shunt. ---- de desuso (elc), shelf depreciation. derivar, to divert; (elec) to shunt; to branch off; depreciar, depreciarse,- to deprecate. (naut) to drift; (elec)(chem) to derive. depresin/, (top) depression, hollow; gap, pass; ---- las juntas (Ch), to break joints. (hyd) (V) (Pe) drawdown; (surv) depression. derivativo o (qum)(mat), derivative. depresor TO, depressor (all senses). derivmetro ?n (fina), drift meter. deprimido m (hid), drawdown. derramadero m, (hyd) apron; spillway; (M) valdepurador m, cleaner, purifier; filter. ley of a strearn. ---- centrfugo (aa), centrifugal cleaner. derramamiento m (hid), runoff. ---- de cok, coke scrubber (gas). derramarse, to overflow; to run off. ---- de vapor, steam scrubber or purifier. derrame m, (hyd) runoff, flow, effluent, overflow: depurar, to purify. (bldg) water table; splay of a window or derecha /, right hand. doorjamb; (C) drip, overhang. - slido (s)(A), silt load.

derrapada
derrapada/ (auto)(M), skid, skidding. derrapar (auto)(M), to skid. derretido m, (su) a melt; (cons) grout; a melted, molten. ---- de cemento, (C) cement grouting. derretdor m, melter. derretir, to melt, use; derretirse, to melt, thaw; to fuse. derribarboles m (te), treedozer. derribador m, felling ax; building wrecker. derribar, to wreck, demolish; to fell. derribo m, wrecking, demolition, felling. derribos, building rubbish, debris. derrisco m (top)(C), gorge. derrocadora/ (A), rock breaker. derrocamiento m, demolition; (A) rock excavation. derrocar, to tear down, demolish derrochar, to waste. derroche m, waste. derrota /, ship's course. derrotero m (nut), course, route. derrubiar, to erode, wash away. derrubio m, erosin, undercutting, scour, undermining; material eroded. ---- glacial (A), glacial drift. derrumbarse, to fail, collapse; to slide (earth). derrumbe m, fall, failure; slip, landslide; cave-in; (sm) slump, flow; (min) cave, run. - por deslizamiento (muro), sliding failure. ---- por volcamiento (muro), tilting failure. desabollador m, tool for straightening sheet metal. desabollar, to straighten out dents or bulges. desabsorcin /, desorption. desaceitado, lacking lubrication. desacelerar (M), to decelrate. desacentuador m (ra), deaceentuator. desacidificar, to neutralize acids. desacoplar, to uncouple, disconnect; (ra) to decouple. desacople m, uncoupling, throwout. desacoplo, desacoplamiento m (ra), decoupling. desactivar, to deactivate. desacuar, to remove wedges; to unseat. desadoquinar, to tear up pavement. desaereador m, deaerator. desafilado, (t) dull. desafilarse, to beeome dull. desaforrar, to remove sheathing; (cab) to unserve. desagarrar, to relase a clamp or eluteh. desagotar, to unwater, drain. desagote m (C)(M), unwatering, draining. desagregacin /, disintegration. desagregado, disintegrated. desagrupacin/ (ra), debunching. desaguable, drainable. desaguadero m, drainpipe, drain; (M) sewer. desaguador m, a drain; drainer; dewaterer. - de basuras (hid), trash sluice. desaguadora (/) de stanos, cellar drainer. desaguar, to drain, unwater; to discharge; desaguarse, to drain, drain off. desaguazar, to drain. desage m, drainage; a drain, drainpipe; gutter.

111

desatascar

--cloacal, sewer; sewerage. ----de azotea (pb), roof drain. ----de desperdicios (hid) (M), wasteway. ----de fondo, sluiceway, undersluice. --- de piso (pb), floor drain. ----domiciliario (pb), house drain. ----filtrante (pa), filter drain. --- inferior, subdrainage, underdrainage. --- pluvial, storm-water sewer. --- superficial, surface drainage. desahogado (hid), unsubmerged. desahogador m, relief valve or trap. desahogar, to vent, relieve pressure; (Sp) to drain. desahogo m, vent, discharge, relief of pres-/ sure. desahuciar, (Ch)(Ec) to discharge (men). desahucio m, (Ch) (Ec) discharge (men); (Pan) exhaust. desaire m (A), venting. desairear, to deaerate. desaislacin /, removal of insulation. desajustarse, to get out of order. desajuste m, bad order, breakdown. desalabear, to straighten. desalineado m, drift (rivet); a out-ofline, untrue, unfair (holes). desalinearse, to get out of line. desalmacenar, to take out of a warehouse. desalojamiento m (M), displacement. desalojar, to dislodge, clear away. desamoldar (conc), to strip forms. desanchar (min)(M), to resue. desanche m (min)(M), resuing. desangramiento m (eonc)(M), bleeding. desaparejar, to dismantle, strip, unrig. desapernar, to loosen bolts; to remove bolts. desaplomado, out-of-plumb. desapretar, to loosen. desapuntalar, to remove shores. desarbolar, to dismast. desarborizacin /, deforestation. desarenador m, sand trap, grit chamber, catch basin, (sw) silt basin; sluiceway, sand sluice. desarenar, to remove sand, desand. desamable, collapsible, detachable, demountable. desarmado, knocked down, dismantled. desarmador m, (Ec) claw bar, stripping bar; (M) screwdriver. --- de cruz (M), screwdriver for recessed-head screws. desarmar, to dismantle, disassemble; (fo) to strip. desarme m, dismantling. desarraigador m (ec), rooter. desarreglado, out-of-order. desarreglo m, bad order. desarrollar, to unroll; to develop. desarrollo m, development. ---- de potencia, power development. desarticular, to disjoint. desasfaltar (pet), to remove asphalt, deasphalt desasiento m, unseating (pressure). desatascar, to remove an obstruction.

desaterrar

112

descomposicin

desaterrar, to remove silt; to clean up rubbish; (min) to remove deads. desatierre m (min), removal of rubbish; a dump. desatorar, to remove obstructionB; to clear away spoil or rubbish. desatornillador m (AC), screwdriver. desatornillar, to unscrew. desazolvar (M), to remove silt. desazolve m (M), desilting. desazufrar, to desulphurize, (pet) sweeten. desbacterizacin / (A), sterilization. desbalanceo m (V), unstable equilibrium. deshanque TO, (M) stripping top soil; (Ec) sidehill excavation. desbaratar, to wreck, demolish. desbarate m (Ch), rubbish from a demolished building. desbarbador m, chipping chisel. desbarbadora /, snagging wheel; chipping hammer. desbarbar, to chip, trim, smooth off, snag. desbarnizar, to remove varnish. desbarrar, to remove sludge or silt. desbastador m, hewer; any trmming or shaping tool; (sa) trimmer; dresser. debastar, to dress roughly, trim, scabble, snag; to hew. desbaste m, hewing; roughdressing. desbisagrar, to unhinge, desbocarse, (machy) to race; (bl)(Pe to blow out. desbordarse, to overflow. desboscar, to cut down trees, deforest, clear. desbosque m, clearing (land), cutting trees. desbroce TO, clearing (land), grubbing, (lg) swamping; brushwood, branches. desbrozador m (ef), swamper, busher. desbrozar, to clear (land), to grub, (lg) to swamp. desbrozo TO, clearing (land); brushwood. desbutanizador m (pet), debutanizer. descabezamiento TO, tensin on a rivet; cutting off rivethead. descafilar, to clean mortar from brick. descalcador TO, reeming iron, ravehook, rpping iron. descalcar, to remove calking. descalce TO, removing wedges; undermining. descalibracin/ (M), faulty calibration. descalzar, to remove underpinning; to remove wedges or chocks; to undermine. descamador m (herr), scaler. descamarse, to scale off. descaminarse, to run off a road. descamino TO, running off a road. descansadillo, descansapi m (auto), footrest. descansillo TO, stair landing. descanso TO, bearing, pillow block; stair landing; level stretch in a steep stream; (Ch) water closet; (str)(A) bearing. ---- de bolas, ball bearing. ---- de rodamiento o de rodillos, roller bearing. descansos, (rr)(Pe) car braases. descantear, to chamfer, splay; to round off. descantillado /, (t) chipper. descantilladuras /, chips, spalls. descantillar, to chip off, spall; to bevel the edges

descantilln TO (Col), tmplate; straightedge. descapotar (Col), to strip topsoil. descarbonatar, to decarbonate. descarbonizador m (az), decarbonizer. descarbonizar, to remove carbn; to decarbonize. descarburar, to decarbonize. descarga/, unloading, dumping; (hyd) discharge, outlet; (machy) exhaust; (elec) discharge. --- espontnea (elc), self-discharge, local action. ---- inferior, bottom dump (car). ---- lateral, side dump (car). --- luminiscente (elc), glow discharge. --- oscura (elc), dark discharge. --- radiante (elc), brush discharge. --- superficial (elc), surface leakage. --- trasera (co), rear dump. descargadero TO, unloading platform. descargador TO, (hyd) wasteway, outlet, escape; (elec) lightning arrester; (elec) (steam) discharger; unloader (compressor). ----a disco (elc), disk discharger. ----de acumulador, battery discharger. ---- de carros, car unloader. ----de chispa apagada (ra), quenched gap. ---- de fondo (presa), sluiceway, silt sluice. ---- electrosttico, electrostatic arrester. descargadora (J) de vagones, car unloader. descargar, to unload; to discharge; (eng) to exhaust; descargarse, to discharge; to run down (battery). descargo TO, unloading; (com) discharge. descargue TO, unloading. descarrilador m (fe), derail switch. descarrilarse, to run off the track. descarrilo TO (A), derailment. descascararse, to spall, scale, flake. descebarse (bm), to lose prime. descentrado, out-of-line, off-center, eccentric. descimbrar, to strike centers (arch). descimentar, to undermine. descincado TO, dezincifcation. desclavador TO, claw bar, nail puller. desclavar, to pul nails. desdavijar, to remove a pin or cotter. desclorar, to dechlorinate. desclorinacin /, dechlorination. desclorinador TO, dechlorinator. descoagulante, clot-dissolving. descobrar, to,decopperize. descohesin /, decoherence. descohesor m (ra), decoherer. descolchar (cab), to unlay. descolmatar, to desilt. descoloracin/ (pa), color removal. descolorante TO, decolorizer. descolorar, to remove color, bleach, decolorize. descombrar, to muck, remove spoil, clean up. descombro m, muck, excavated material, rubbish. descomponer, to decompose; to break down; to take apart; (math) to resolve; descomponerse, to decompose, decay, rot; to get out of order. descomponible, decomposable. descomposicin /, decomposition.

r
descomposicin
----de fuerzas, resolution of forces. ---- trmica (pet), cracking.

113 desenlodar

de tintorera (is), dye wastes. desembaldosar, to take up tilo pavement. desembalsar (A), to discharge from a reservoir. descompostura /, bad order, breakdown. descompresin /, decompression. descompresor m, desembancar, to remove silt. desembanque m, silt removal. desembarcadero m, landing place, decompressor. descompuesto, out-of-order; disintegrated. desconcentrador m, deconcentrator. wharf. ---- flotante, landing stage tr float. desconchamiento (m) a soplete (met), flamedesembarcar, to unload; t disembark. scaling. desconchar, to strip off; (met) to chip, scarf; desembarco, desembarque m, unloading; debarkation. desembarrar, to olear of mud or desconcharse, to spall, scale off; to exfosilt. desembocadura/, outlet, mouth, outfall. late, flake. desconectador m, disconnect, disconnecting desembocar (r), to disoharge, empty. desemboque m, mouth, outlet. desembragar, to awitch, disconnector. relase a clutch. desembrague m, clutch relase, ---- fusible, disconnecting fuse. throwout. por sobrecarga, overload relase, desconectar, to disconnect; (elec) to cut out. desempaador m, windshield cleaner. lescnexin /, disconnecting. desempapar, to desaturate. desempaquetar, to ---- a tensin mnima (elc), undervoltage re remove packing. desempatar, to disjoint, take lase. descongelacin / (aa), defrosting. descongelador apart. desempedrar, to tear up paving. desempernar, to remove bolts. desempleo m, m, defroster. descongelar, to thaw. descontacto unemployment. desemplomar, to remove lead. m (M), breaking contact. descontaminacin /, decontamination. descontinuidad /, discontinuity. desempotrar, to loosen something fixed or embedded. descontinuo, discontinuous. descorregido (inst), desenastar, desencabar, to remove a handle. out-of-adjustment. descortezador m (ef), barker, desencadenar, to remove chains. desencajar, to rosser, peeler, spudthrow out of gear, unmesh, disjoint. der. descortezadora /, bark mili. descortezar, to strip desencapadora / (ec), stripping shovel, skimmer scoop. desencapar, to strip bark; to strip topsoil. descostrador m, boiler (topsoil). compound. descostrar, to remove scale; desencapillar, to strip, unrig, dismantle. descostrarse, to desencastrar, to free something embedded; to spall; to scale. disconnect a mortise joint. descrecer, (ti) to ebb; to fall (level of river). descripcin/ (lev), description. descuajar, to : grub. descuaje m, grubbing. descubierto, desencebarse (bm)(Es), to lose prime. exposed, open. desencespedar, to strip sod. ---- , al, above ground, in sight, in the open air, desenclavar, to pul nails; to relase a clutch. in open cut. desenclavijar, to remove a dowel or pin. descubridor (m) de tubos, pipe locator. desencofrar (conc), to strip forms. deschavetar, to remove a key or cotter. desencolar, to remove gluing or sizing. desdoblar, to straighten out, open up, take apart. desencorvar, to straighten. desecacin /, drying, desiccation; (lbr) seasondesenchufar, to unmesh; to unsocket; to unnest. ing; (M) drainage. desecador m, drier, desenergizar, to ie-energize. dehydrator, desiccator. desenfangar, to ^esilt, remove mud. ----a roco (aa), spray drier. desenfocado, out-of-focus. ---- de cienos (dac), sludge drier. desenfrenar, to relase brakes. ---- de contacto (aa), contact drier. desengalgar, to remove a chock or wedge. de tambor rotativo (aa), rotary-drum drier. desenganchar, to unhook, disconnect, disengage, ---- instantneo, flash drier. relase, uncouple. desecante m a, desiccant, desenganche m, unhooking, uncoupling; (elec) desecar, to dry, season, desiccate; (M) to drain, relase. dewater. : de retraso (elc), time relase. desecativo m, drier. desechar, to scrap. desecho desengoznar, to unhinge. m, scrap, junk; (surv) offset; (rd) dedesengranar, to throw out of gear, disengagej tour. unmesh. desechos, spoil, waste, rubbish; Scrap; rejects desengrasador m, grease remover. (screen); (min) deads; (min) tailings, chats. desengrasar, to degrease. ---- de curtido (is), tannery wastes. desengrase m, degreasing. de chancado, crusher waste. desengrilletar, to unshackle. --- de fundicin, foundry scrap. desenjarciar, to unrig. --- de hierro, scrap iron. desenladrillar, to take up brick pavement. --- de lavandera (is), laundry was^es. desenlame m (M), removal of mud. desenlodar, to desilt, remove mud.

desenlosar
desenlosar, to take up flagstones. deserunangar, to remove a handle or hat. desenmohecer, to clean off rust. desenraice m, grubbing. desenraizadora / (ec), rooter. desenraizar, to grub. desenrollar, to unreel, unwind, uncoil, unspool. desenroscar, to unscrew. desenrosque m, unscrewing. desensamblar, to knock down, disassemble. desensibilizador m (fma), desensitizer. desensibilizar (fma), to desensitize. desensortijar, to remove kinks. desentablar, to strip off boards. desentarimar, to remove planking. desentarquinar, to desilt. desentechar (AC), to unroof. desentejar, to strip ofF roof tiles. desentornillar, to unscrew. desentubar, to remove boiler tubea. desenyerbar, to strip, remove grass. desenyesar, to tear off plaster. desequilibrado, unbalanced. desequilibrio m, unstable equilibrium, unbalance. ---- de impedancia (ra), mismatch. desescamador m, scaling chiseL desescamar, to remove scale. desescarchador m, defroster. desescombrador (m) de alcantarilla, culvert cleaner. desescombrar, to clear away rubbish; to muck. desescombro m, cleaning up; mucking. desespumar, to remove scum. desestaar, to detin. desexcitar, to de-energize. desfasado, desesfaje m (elc), phase displacement; (ra) outphasing. desfasador m, phase shifter. desfasamiento m (elc), phase difference. desfatigar, to relieve stress. desferrificar, desferrizar, to deferrize. desfibradora/, shredder, disintegrator. desfiladero m (top), gap, pass, defile. desflemadora /, dry kiln. desfloculador m (is), deflocculator. desflocular, to deflocculate. desflorarse (V), to disintegrate, break up. desfogar, to vent; (hyd) to drain off, sluce. desfogue m, relief (pressure); vent; outlet; (hyd) (M) wasteway, sluice. desforestacin /, deforestation. desforrador de cable (elc), cable stripper. desforrar, to remove sheathing or lining. desfrenar, to relase brakes. desganchar, to unhook. desgarrador m, ripper (road). desgarramiento m, (est) crippling; (V) shattering, breaking up. desgarrn m, rent, tear, cut. desgasicador m, degasifier. desgasificar, to degasify. desgastar, to erode, wear, abrade; desgastarse, to wear, wear out. desgaste m, erosin, abrasin, wear, detrition. desgoznar, to unhinge.

114

deslindar

desgracia/, accident. desgrasar, to degrease. desguace m (mad), rough-dressing. desguarnecer, to strip off fittings, dismantle. desguarnir, to unreeve; to strip rigging. desguazar (mad), to rough-dress. deshacerse, to disintegrate. deshelador m, deicer. --- de dinamita, dynamite thawer. deshelar, to thaw; to deice; to unfreeze; deshelarse, to thaw. desherrar, to strip ironwork. desherrumbrar, to clean off rust. deshidratador m, dehydrator, dewaterer. --- de gas (pet), knockout. deshidratar, to dehydrate, dewater. deshidrogenacin /, dehydrogenation. deshidrogenar, to dehydrogenize, dehydrogenate. deshielo m, thawing, thaw. deshierbar, to grub. deshierbe m, grubbing. deshilachador (az), cae shredder. deshincar, to pul (piles). deshojador m (hid), leaf screen. deshollinador rn, soot catcher. deshollinar, to remove soot. deshumectador m (aa), dehumidifier. deshumectar, deshumedecer (aa), todehumidify. deshumedecedor m (aa), dehumidifier. - de roco, spray-type dehumidifier. deshumidificar (A), to dehumidify. desifonar (A), to siphon. desigual, unequal. desigualdad /, inequality. desimanador m, demagnetizer. desimanar, desimantar, to demagnetize. desincrustador ra, boiler-tube cleaner; scaling hammer. desincrustante m, boiler compound. desincrustar, to remove scale. desinfectante m a, disinfectant. desinfectar, to disinfect, sterilize. desinflado, flat (tire). desinflar, to deflate. desintegracin/, disintegration; (pet) cracking. ---- cataltica, catalytic cracking. ---- trmica, thermal cracking. desintegrador m, disintegrator; (pet) cracking unit. ---- de caa (az)(C), cae shredder. desintegrar, to disintegrate. desintonizar (ra), to detune. desionizar, to deionize. desisobutanizar (pet), to deisobutanize. desjuntar, to disjoint, take apart. desladrillar, to tear up brick paving. deslamar, to desilt, remove mud; (min) to deslime. deslastrar, to remove ballast. deslatar, to strip off laths or battens. deslavable, erosible, erodible. deslavar, to erode, wash away; to wash, rinse. deslave m, erosin; eroded material; (min) tailings. desler, to dilute. deslindar, to mark bondaries; to survey.

deslinde
deslinde TO, marking boundaries. deslingar, to unsling. desliz m, slipping, slip. deslizaderas /, slides; (hyd) gate guides; (sb) slippers; (lg) slip skids. deslizadero TO, chute; (sb) slipway, launching way. deslizamiento plstico (A), plstic flow. deslizar, to slide, slip; (rr) to creep (rails). deslubricado (A), lacking lubrication. deslumbramiento TO, glare. deslustrado, dull (finish); ground (glass). desmagnetizador TO, demagnetizer. desmagnetizar, to demagnetize, de-energize. desmangar, to remove a handle. desmaniguar (C)(PR), to clear land. desmantelar, to dismantle. desmejorar, to damage, impair; desmejorarse, to deterirate. desmenuzable, friable; unstable. desmenuzadora/, pulverizer, crusher, shredder. desmenuzar, to crush, pulverize; desmenuzarse, to crumble, disintegrate. desmezclado (conc), separated, unmixed. desmineralizador m (pa), demineralizer. desmineralizar, to demineralize. desmochar, to cut off, crop; (Col) to unroof. desmochos TO (met), crop. desmodulacidn / (ra), demodulation, detection. --- por rejilla, grid detection. desmodulador m (ra), demodulator. desmoldador m, stripper (forms). desmoldar, to strip forms. desmontable, detachable, removable, collapsible, demountable. desmontado, knocked-down, dismantled. desmontador TO, demounter. ----de neumticos (herr), tire remover. desmontaje TO, dismantling, demounting, disassembly, teardown. desmontar, to dismantle, disassemble, take apart; to demount; to clear (land); to excvate, dig, cut. desmontavlvulas TO, valve lifter. desmonte TO, clearing; excavation, cut; dirt moving. ---- y terrapln, cut and fill. desmontes (min), deads. ---- de cantera (Ch), quarry refuse. desmoronadizo, crumbly, easy disintegrated, unstable (soil). desmoronarse, to crumble, disintegrate. desmultiplicacin/, reduction (gear). desmultiplicador TO, reduction gear. desmurar, to wreck walls. desnatador TO, skimmer, (su) foam scraper. desnatar, to skim, remove scum. desnevado m, a thaw. desnitrificar, to denitrify. desnivel TO, difference of elevation, fall, drop, (hyd) head. - bruto, gross head. ---- de funcionamiento, operating head. ---- efectivo, net or effective head. ---- til, useful head. desnivelacin /, difference of eloVation.

115

desplantar

desnivelarse, to get out of level. desnudo, bare (wire). desocupacin /, unemployment. desocupados, the unemployed. desodorante m, deodorant. desodorar, desodorizar, to deodorize. desoxicolato de sodio (lab), sodium desoxycholate. desoxidar, to deoxidize. desoxigenar, to deoxygenate, deoxidize. desozonizar, to deozonize. despachador TO, sender; dispatcher. --- del petrleo, oil dispatcher. --- de trenes, train dispatcher. despachante de aduana, customhouse broker. despachar, to ship; to fulfill (an order). despacho TO, office; shipping, shipment; dispatch. --- de billetes, ticket office. --- de equipajes, baggage room. --- de telgrafos, telegraph office. --- telegrfico, telegram. despachurramiento m (est), crippling. despalmador TO, dockyard. despalmar, to clean a vessel's bottom; to roughdress. desparanaje m (pet), dewaxing. desparafinar (pet), to dewax, remove paraffin. desparedar, to throw down a wall. desparramador TO, distributer; spreader. desparramar, to spread. desparrame TO, spreading (fill). despasar (cab), to unreve; to fleet. despasioso (r), sluggish. despedazado, shattered, broken. despedida/, discharge (men). despedir, to discharge (men), lay off. despegar, to seprate, detach, disunite; despegarse, to take off (airplane). despegue TO, separation, detachment; take-off (airplane), despejar, to strip (topsoil), clear; (math) to solve for, despeje TO (mh)(A), clearnce. despejo TO, clearing, stripping; clearance. despensa /, storeroom. despensero TO, sti rekeeper. despeadero TO, < .liflf, precipice. desperdicio TO, spoil, excavated material; waste. desperdicios, wastes. --- auranciceos (is), citrus wastes. --- de algodn, cotton waste. --- de cantera, quarry spalls; quarry waate. ----de hierro, junk, scrap iron. --- de lana, wool waste. --- industriales (is), industrial wastes. desperfecto TO, damage, injury. despezar, to taper. despez TO, taper, (fdy) draft. despido TO (Ec), discharge (employee). despiezo TO, taper; (Col) laying out or bonding of stones in masonry coiistruction. despilar, to remove pillars in a mine; to remove shores. despilarar (min), to throw down pillars. desplantar (M), to excvate; to set, place, lay out.

r
desplante 116 desviacin
desplante m (M), excavation; subgrade. desplayado m, flats left by receding water. desplazador m (mee), displacer. --- de engranajes (auto), gearshift. desplazamiento m, (geol) (elec) (pmy) (na) (se) displacement; (rr)(U) change of Une, relocation; (surv) offset; (mt) setover; (ra) drift. ---- cargado (an), loaded displacement. ---- de construccin (an), molded displacement. ---- de fase (elc), phase displacement or difference. - de paralaje (fina), parallactic displacement. ---- de relieve (fma), relief displacement. ---- en plena carga (an), loaded displacement. ---- en rosca o sin carga (an), light displacement. ---- sin plancheado (an), molded displacement. desplazar, to displace. desplegador m (herr), spreader. despliegue m, unfolding; spreading. ---- en abanico (geof), fan spread. ---- en cruz (geof), cross spread. desplomar, to batter, incline; desplomarse, to get out of plumb; to collapse. desplome m, batter; (M) overhang; collapse; (conc) slump. desplomo m, deviation from the vertical. despojado (maq), backed off. despojar, (mech) to back off; (pet) to strip. despojo m (mee), backing off. despojos, debris, rubbish, spoil. -- de albaal, sewage. ---- de hierro, scrap iron, junk. despolarizador, despolarizante m (elc), depolarizer. despolarizar, to depolarize. desprender, to detach, unfasten; to give off, emit; desprenderse (ot) to slip, slide, sag, slough. desprendible, detachable. desprendimiento m, loosening; (ra) emission; landslide, slip; (sm) slump, flow. ---- de rejilla (ra), grid emission. ---- r terminico (ra), thermionic emission, Edison effect. despropanizadora / (pet), depropanizer. despulido, ground (glass). despumacin/, skimming; despumation. despumador m (is), foam collector. despuntes m, cuttings; short ends of bars or stapes. desquebrajada (M), shattered (rock). desquiciar, to unhinge; to dislodge, break lose. desquijerar, to tenon. desraizar, to grub. desrecalentador m, desuperheater. desrielar, to derail. desripiador m (dac), grit chamber. desripiar, to remove gravel. desroblar, desroblonar, to cut out rivets. desrocamiento m (A), rock excavation. destajador m, striking hammer. destajero, destajista m, pieceworker; (min) tributer. destajo m, taskwork, piecework; (min) tribute destapadero m (elc), knockout. ---- a palanquita, pry-out. destapar, to uncover, strip. destechar, to unroof. destejar, to remove roof tiles. destellador m (elc), flasher. destemplar, to anneal; destemplarse, to lose temper. destemple m, annealing; (pt) distemper. destilacin /, distillation. - al vaco, vacuum distillation. ---- intermitente (pet), batch distillation. ---- pirognica (pet), cracking distillation. destiladera /, destilador m, a still. destilado m, distillate. destilar, to distill. destilera/, distilling plant; (pet) fefinery. destinatario m, consignee. destitucin/, discharge (men). destituir, to discharge (men). destorcer, to untwist, (cab) unlay. destornillador m, screwdriver; wrench. ---- a crique, ratchet screwdriver. ---- acodado o descentrado, offset screwdriver. ---- automtico, spiral screwdriver. ---- de berbiqu, screwdriver bit. ---- de golpe o de percusin, impact screwdriver. destornillar, to unscrew. destrabador m (pet), bumper jar. destral m, hatchet. destripador m (az), cae shredder. destrgiro, clockwise. destroncar, destronconar (M) (V), to clear land; to pul stumps. destroncadora/ (ec), treedozer; stump puller. destronque ra, clearing, grubbing; stump pulling. destrozar, to destroy; to shatter. destruccin /, destruction. destructor m, destructor, destryer. - de basuras, refuse destructor. ---- de malezas, weed killer. ---- del vrtice (hid), whirlpool breaker. destruir, to destroy, demolish; destruirse (mat), to cancel. destufacin/ (pet), sweetening. destufador, desulfurador m (pet), sweetener, sweetening still. desulfurar, to desulphurize, desulphurate, (pet) sweeten. desusarse, to become obsolete. desuso m, obsoleteness. desvanecedor m (ra), fader. desvanecimiento (ra), fading. desvaporar, to let off steam. desvaporizar, to devaporize. desvatado, desvariado (elc), wattless. desvegetacin/ (M), stripping of vegetation. desventador m, vent. desventar, to vent. desviacin/, diversin; deviation (compass); deflection (angle); (surv) departure; (rd) detour; (str)(C) deflection; (pet) drift (machy) runout; (elec) displacement (brush), shift; displacement (crank); (ra) drift, deflection. --- del arco (sol), are blow. - de las escobillas (mot), brush displacement or shift.

desviacin
flection. desviadero m (fe), siding; turnout. desviador ra, deflector, baffle; diversin da.m; diverter; by-pass. ---- de correa, belt shifter. ---- del rayo (auto), headlight deflector. desviaje ra, diversin. desviar, to divert; to deflect; (rr) to switch; desviarse, to deviate; to branch off. desvo m, diversin; by-pass; (rr) siding, turnout; (rd) detour; (ra) drift. ---- de atajo (fe), catch siding. ---- de las escobillas (elc)(A), brush shifting. ---- de frecuencia (ra), frequeney drift. ---- muerto, dead-end siding, spur track, stub track. ---- transversal (fe), crossover. ---- volante (fe), flying switch. desvimetro ra (pet), drift meter. desvitrificacin /, devitrification. desvolcanarse (Col), to collapse; to be destroyed. desvolvedor m, tap wrench; (Sp) monkey wrench. desvulcanizador ra, devulcanizer. desvulcanizar, to devulcanize. desyerbador ra, grubber. desyerbar, to grub. desyerbe ra, grubbing. desyuye ra (A), grubbing. detallar, to detail. detalle ra, detail. deteccin/ (ra)(M), Jetection, demodulation. --- por diodo, diode detection. ---- por placa, pate detection. --por rejilla, grid detection. ---- por vlvula terminica, tube detection. detectador ra (elc)(Col), detector. detector ra, (elec) detector; (rr)(A) detector bar. ---- a diodo (ra), diode detector. ---- a ley de cuadrados (ra), square-law detector. ---- a vlvula, vacuum-tube detector. de cristales (ra), crystal detector or rectifier. ----de escapes o de fugas, leak or water-waste detector. --de gas (pet), gas detector. ---- de polarizacin negativa de rejilla (ra), gridbias detector. ---- lineal (ra), linear or pate detector. ---- terminico (ra), valve detector. detector-zapata (fe) (A), detector bar. detencin/, stop, delay, standstill, (mech) dwell. detenedor m (mee), arrester, catch. ---- de ariete, water-hammer suppressor. ---- de llamas, fame arrester. ---- de polvo (aa), dust arrester. i deterioro ra, wear and tear; deterioration. determinacin (/) en blanco (lab), blank determination. determinacin hidrogeninica, hydrogen-ion determination. determinado (mat), determnate. determinante m / (mat), determinant. ---- continuante, continuant. cumulante, cumulant.
---- electromagntica (ra), electromagnetic de-

117

da

detonacin/, detonation; (auto) knocking, pinking. detonador m, blasting machine; blasting cap, detonator, exploder. ---- comn, blasting cap. de explosin demorada, delay blasting cap. ---- elctrico, exploder. ---- elctrico de tiempo, delay electric blasting cap. ---- instantneo, instantaneous blasting cap. ---- retardado, delay blasting cap. detonadora /, blasting machine. detonancia/ (mg), knocking, detonation. detonante, highly explosivo, detonating. detonar, to detonate, explode. detrtico (geol), detrital. detrito (m) de falda (A), talus. detritor ra (dac), Detritor (trademark). detritos ra, detritus, (tun) muck. deuda/, debt. ---- a largo plazo, long-term debt. ---- consolidada, funded debt. ---- flotante, floating debt. devanadera/, reel, spool. devanado m (elc), winding.. ---- amortiguador, damper or amortisseur wind ing. ---- anular o de anillo, ring winding. ---- de arranque (mot), starting winding. ---- de cadena, chain winding. ---- de canto, edge winding. ---- de compensacin, compensating winding. ---- de cuerdas, chord or short-pitch or fractional-pitch winding. ---- de espiras mltiples, banked winding. ---- de fase partida, split-phase winding. ---- de marcha o de trabajo (mot), running wind ing. ---- de tambor, diiim winding. ---- diametral o de paso entero, full-piteh wind ing. ---- en derivacin, shunt winding. ---- en jaula, squirrel-cage winding. ---- en paralelo, parallel or mltiple winding. ---- en serie, series or wave winding. ---- en zigzag, zigzag winding. ---- estabilizador, stabilizing or tertiary winding. ---- imbricado, lap or mltiple winding. ---- inducido, armature winding. ---- ondulado, wave or undulatory winding. ---- regulador, regulating winding. ---- reticulado, baeket winding. ---- simple, single winding. devanador ra, reel, spool. devanadora/, winding machine; reel. devanar, to reel; to wind. devatado (elc) (A), wattless. dextrgiro, dextrogiratorio, turning clockwise. dextrorrotatorio (az), dextrorotatory. dextrorso, clockwise; toward the right. deyeccin/ (geol), debris. deyecciones humanas, human excrement, fecal matter. da ra, day. ---- de la marea, tide day. ---- de pago, payday.

da

118

diferencial

feriado, holiday. ---- hbil (A), working day. ---- laborable o til, working day. das de gracia (tr), days of grace. diabasa / (geol), diabase. diabsico, diabasic. diablo m, (M)(A) rail bender; (Col) jack; (Ch) (M) pair of wheels for moving logs; (Sp) warehouse truck; (pet)(M) go-dev. diaclasa / (geol), diaclase. diaclasado, fractured, diaclastic. diaesquistoso (geol), diaschistic. diafona/ (tel), cross talk. difono m, diaphone (siren). diafragma m, diaphragm; (bdg)(M) backwall. ---- iris, iris diaphragm. diagmetro m (elc), diagometer. diagonal / a, diagonal. diagonales cruzadas, X or diagonal bracing. diagrfico, diagraphic. digrafo m, diagraph. diagrama m, diagram. ---- de acumulacin (hid), mass diagram. ---- de corte (ms), shear pattern. ---- de fuerzas, forc diagram. ---- del indicador, (eng) indicator diagram. ---- de volmenes (ot), mass diagram. ---- estereogrco (geol), block diagram. ---- vectorial, vector diagram. diagrmetro m, diagrammeter. dilaga/ (miner), diallage (pyroxene). dialagita / (geol), diallagite. diamagntico, diamagnetic. diamagnetismo m, diamagnetism. diamante m, diamond. T borde o negro, bort, black or carbn diamond. ---- cortavidrio o de vidriero, glazier's diamond. diamantina/, diamantine (abrasive). diametral, diametrical, diametral. dimetro m, diameter. ---- conjugado, conjgate diameter. ---- de huella (M), tread diameter (sheave). ---- del paso (rs), pitch diameter. ---- de rodamiento, tread diameter (sheave). ---- exterior, outside diameter, (th) major di ameter. ---- mximo (rs), major or outside diametr (screw); full diameter (nut). ---- mayor (rs), major diameter. ---- menor (rs), minor diameter. ---- mnimo (rs), minor or core diameter (screw); inside diameter (nut). --- primitivo (rs)(en), pitch or effective di ameter. dianegativa / (fma), dianegative. dianegativo a (fma), dianegative. diapositiva /, diapositive. diapositivo a, diapositive. diario m, log book; (act) journal. diastasa / (is), diastase. diatomceo, diatomaceous. diatomea /, diatom. diatomita /, diatomite, diatomaceous or infusorial earth; diatomite (explosive). dibromoquinona / (is), dibromoquinone.

dibujador, dibujante m, draftsman. dibujar, to draw, draft. - en escala, to draw to scale. dibujo m, drawing, plan; design, pattern. ---- a mano alzada (C), freehand drawing. ---- a mano libre o a pulso, freehand drawing. ---- acotado, dimensioned drawing. ---- de construccin en fbrica, shop drawing. ---- de detalle, detail drawing. ---- de ejecucin o de trabajo, working drawing. ---- de lneas, line drawing. ---- de montaje, erection plan. ---- de rodamiento (auto), design of the tire tread. ---- de taller, shop drawing. ---- en perspectiva, perspective drawing. ---- lavado, wash drawing. ---- patrn, standard plan or drawing. dibujos del contrato, contract plans. diclcico a, dicalcium. dicalita, Dicalite (trademark), diatomaceous silica. dicloramina/ (qum), dichloramine. diclorodifluorometano m (rfg), dichlorodifluoromethane. dicromato potsico, potassium bichromate. dieciseisavo m, one-sixteenth. dielctrico m a, dielectric. diente m, tooth, cog; (conc) bonding key; (hyd) cutoff wall, toe wall; (hyd) dental. ---- americano (si), great American tooth. ---- biselado (si), gullet tooth. ---- cepillado (en), machine-cut tooth. ---- comn (si), peg or common or tenon or plain tooth. cortante (si), cutting tooth. '- de diamante (si), diamond tooth. ---- de empotramiento (hid), cutoff wall. ---- de envolvente normal (en), involute stand ard tooth. ---- de envolvente truncado (en), stub involute tooth. ---- de lanza (si), lance tooth. -- de lobo (si), gullet tooth. ---- en M (si), lightning tooth. ---- fresado, machine-cut tooth.
---- limpiador o raspador (si), raker or drag ---- postizo (si), bit, inserted tooth. ---- tipo campen (si), champion tooth. ---- triangular (si), mili tooth.

tooth.

dientes de choque (hid), baffle piers or blocks. diezmilsimo TO, one ten-t,housandth. diezmilmetro m, one-tenth of a millimeter. diezmillonsimo m, one ten-millionth. difsico (elc)(A), two-phase. diferencia/ (mat), difference. ---- de tensin (elc), electric potential differ ence. ---- en ms, plus difference. ---- en menos, minus difference. diferenciable (mat), differentiable. diferenciacin /, differentiation. diferenciador m (ra), differentiator. diferencial /, differential (all senses); (M) chain block; a differential.

diferencial

119

dique

de cuatro satlites (auto), four-pinion differential. diferir, to defer, ppstpone; extend, prolong; to differ. difraccin /, diffraction. difractar, to diffract. difundir, to diffuse. difusibilidad /, diffusibility, (conc) (ehem) diffusivity. difusin/, diffusion; (ra) broadcasting. difusivo, diffusive. difuso, diffused. difusor TO (dac), diffuser, disperser. --- oscilante (dac), swing diffuser. difusora/ (ra), broadcasting station. Digestin/, digestin. --- del fango o de los lodos (dac), sludge diges tin. --- por etapas (dae), stage digestin. digestor TO, digester. --- de basuras, garbage digester. --- de cienos (dac), sludge digester. dilatacin/, expansin, enlargement. dilatador, dilatante, dilatant. dilatancia /, d-ilatancy. dilatar, dilatarse, to dilate, expand. dilatmetro TO, dilatmetcr. dilucin/, dilution. diluente TO, diluent; (pt) thinner. diluido, dilute, thin, weak. diluir, to dilute; to cut back (asphalt). dilutor TO, diluter. diluvial (geol), diluvial. diluvio TO, flood; heavy rain. diluvin TO (geol), diluvium. dimensin/, dimensin (all senses). - a escala, scaled dimensin. --- acotada, figured dimensin. extrema, over-all dimensin. dimensional, dimensional. dimensionar, to proportion, dimensin; to size. dimetlico, dimetallic. dimetilketol (az), dimethyl ketol. dina/, dyne. dingrafo m, dynagraph. dinmetro TO, dynameter. dinamia/, dyne. dinmica/, dynamics. dinmico, dynamic. dinamita /, dynamite. - amoniacal, ammonia dynamite. ---- corriente, straight dynamite. ---- de alto amonaco, high-ammonia dynamite. ---- de baja densidad, low-density dynamite. - de base explosiva, extra dynamite. ---- de nitroglicerina, nitroglycerin dynamite. - gelatina, gelatin dynamite. ---- para explotacin forestal, logging dynamite. ---- para sismgrafo, seismograph dynamite. dinamitar, to blast. dinamitero TO, blaster, powderman. ---- ssmico (geof), seismic shooter. dnamo TO /, dynamo. - dinamomctrico, electric-cradle dynamometer. dnamo-freno, eddy-current brake.

dnamo-motor, motor generator. dinamoelctrico, dynamoelectric. dinamomtrico, dynamometric. dinammetro TO, dynamometer. --- a friccin de agua, water brake. --- de aletas, fan-brake dynamometer. --- de corriente parsita, eddy-current brake. --- de friccin fluida, fluid-friction dynamom eter. --- de retraso magntico, magnetic-drag brake. --- de torsin, torsin dynamometer. --- de transmisin, transmission dynamometer. ---- elctrico de cuna, electric-cradle dynamom eter. --- friccional, absorption dynamometer. ---- hidrulico, hydrodynamometer. dinamotor m (elc), dynamotor. dinatrn TO (ra), dynatron. dinodo TO (ra), dynode. dintel TO, lintel, cap, doorhead. dintelar, to place a lintel. diodo TO (elc), diode. dipsido TO (miner), diopside (pyroxene). dioptra /, sight of an instrument; alidade. dioptra /, diopter (unit of lens power). diptrico, dioptric. diorita/ (geol), diorite. --- miccea, mica diorite. ---- nefelnica, nephelite-diorite. --- orbicular, corsite, napoleonite. diortico, dioritic. dixido TO (qum), dioxide, bioxide. --- carbnico, carbn dioxide, carbonic-acid gas. --- de azufre, sulphur dioxide, sulphurous anhydride. --- de silicio, silicon dioxide, silica. diplex (ra), diplex. diplococos (is), diplococci. dipolar, dipolar. dipolo m a (elc), dipole. --- magntico, magnetic doublet or dipole. dipolos entongados, stacked dipoles. dipotsico a, dipotassium. dique m, dike, levee; dam; (geol) dike, rib; (A) dock; (C)(Sp) dry dock. --- a cabeza redonda (A), round-head-buttress dam. --- a contrafuertes, buttress dam. --- a gravedad, gravity dam. --- a vertedero, spillway or overflow dam, weir. --- aligerado (A), hollow dam. --- d? afloramiento, subsurface dam. ---- de arco mltiple, multiple-arch dam. --- de ataje (A), cofferdam. --- de aterramiento (A), desilting dam. --- de captacin, impounding dam. --- de carena o de buque, dry or graving dock. ---- de cierre, bulkhead or nonoverflow dam. --- de contencin de arrastres, desilting dam. --- de defensa, levee, dike. --- de desvo, diversin dam. --- de embalse o de represa, impounding or storage dam. --- de encauzamiento, levee. ---- de escollera o de enrocamiento, rock-fl dam. --- de gua, training dike.

dique
---- de machones de cabeza redonda, round-

120

disparo

head-buttress dam. ---- de retardo, retard, current or stream retard. ---- de retencin, bulkhead or nonoverflow dam; check. ---- de ribera (U), levee. ---- de tierra, earth or earth-fill dam. ---- de utilizacin mltiple, multiple-purpose dam. ---- de zanja, ditch check. ---- derivador o de toma, diversin dam. ---- distribuidor (A), diversin dam. ---- en arco, single-arch dam, arch dam. ---- notante, floating dry dock. ---- insumergible, nonoverflow or bulkhead dam. lateral, saddle dam; wing of a dam. ---- marginal, levee. ---- nivelador, diversin dam. - provisorio, cofferdam, temporary dam. ---- repartidor (A), diversin dam. ---- seco, dry or graving dock. ---- seco de carena, graving dock, graving dry dock. ---- sumergible o vertedor, spillway dam, weir, overflow dam. ---- tajamar (A), cofferdam. ---- tipo muro alivianado (A), roundhead-buttress dam. direccin /, management; manager's office; (A) department, divisin, section; board of directors; address; (auto) steering; direction; instruction; (geol) strike. ---- de edificacin, building department. de vialidad, highway department. ---- general, headquarters. ---- reversible (auto), reversible steering gear. direccional, directional. directiva /, board of directors. directividad / (ra), directivity. directivo TO, director (member of the board). directo, direct; straight. director TO, director, manager, chief; (ra) director. de obras, construction manager. --- ejecutivo, executive director. --- general, general manager. directorio TO, board of directors. directrices/ (turb), guide vanes. directriz /, directrix; arch tmplate; (turb) guide vane. dirigir, to manage, direct; (auto) to steer; to direct (letter). disacrido TO (lab), disaccharide, biose. disco TO, disk. ----aKmentador (mh), dial feed. ----analizador (elc), scanning disk. centrador con ranura, crotch center (lathe). ---- compensador (bm), balance disk. ---- del mbolo, pistonhead. ---- de estrella (ra)(Es), spider. ---- de levas, cam ring. ---- de mando del embrague (auto), clutchdriving disk. ---- del nonio (inst), vernier pate. ---- de taladrar, drill pad (lathe). -- distribuidor (mv), wrist pate.

---- explorador o de orificios (tv), scanning disk. ---- motor (auto), driving disk. ---- para engranaje, gear blank. < ---- para tubera (pet), casing disk.

disconformidad / (geol), disconformity. discontinuidad /, discontinuity. discontinuo, discontinuous. discordancia/ (geol), unconformity, discordance. discordante (geol), unconformable, discordant. discreto o (ma-t), discrete. discriminacin/ (ra), discrimination. discriminador m (ra), discriminator. discriminante m a (mat), discriminant. discurrimiento TO (U), flow. disector (TO) de imgenes (tv), image dissector. disentera /, dysentery. --- amibiana, amoebic dysentery. --- bacilar, bacillary dysentery. diseador m, designer. disear, to design; to sketch. diseo TO, design; sketch. disgregacin/, disintegration, separation. disgregador TO, cutterhead (dredge). --- de cienos (dac), sludge disintegrator. disilicato m (qum), disilicate. disilcico, disilicic. disimetra /, dissymmetry. disimtrico, unsymmetrical. disimilacin/ (is), dissimilatibn. disipacin de placa (ra), anode dissipation. disipador TO, (hyd) disperser; a dissipative. --- de energa (hid), energy disperser. - de neblina (ap), f og disperser. disipar, to dissipate (heat), disperse. dislocacin /, a slide; (geol) dislocation, heave, offset; fault. --- ascendente (geol), upthrow. --- descendente, downthrow. -longitudinal (A), strike fault. --- rumbeante (A), strike fault. --- transversal, cross fault. dislocado (geol), faulted, displaced. disociacin/ (qum), dissociation. disdico a (qum), disodium. disoluble, dissoluble. disolucin/, solution; disintegration; dissolution. --- de sal, mtodo de (hid), chemical or titration or salt-dilution method. --- disolutivo a, solvent. disolutor TO (az), melter. disolvente TO, solvent, dissolvent; a dissolvent. disolver, disolverse, to dissolve. disonancia/ (elc), dissonance. disparada/ (maq), racing. disparador TO, tripper, reiease; blaster, powderman; (geop) shooter. --- de electrones, electrn gun. --- de tensin nula, no-voltage relase. disparadora/ (pet), blasting machine. disparar, to trip, relase; to explode; (bl) to shoot, fire, put off; dispararse (maq), to race. disparejo, uneven. disparo TO, discharge, explosin; (bl) shooting trip. --- en abanico (geof), fan shooting.

dispersador

121

dobladora

dispersador w (dac), disperser. - de chorro, jet disperser. dispersin /, dispersin; (elec) leakage; (elec) dissipation. . anmala (tv), anomalous dispersin. ---- anormal (tv) (Es), anomalous dispersin. electrdica (ra), electrode dissipation. __ magntica, magnetic leakage, leakage flux. .--- snica de la niebla (ap), sonic fog dispersal. -trmica de la niebla (ap), thermal fog dispersal. dispersivo, dispersive. dispersor m (dac), disperser, diffuser. --- de energa (hid), energy disperser or dissipator. -- tipo de hongo (aa), mushroom air diffuser. disposicin/, disposal; disposition, arrangement. --- del agua de cloacas, sewage disposal. --- del albaal (C), sewage disposal. - de las basuras, garbage disposal: refuse or waste disposal. dispositivo m, device, appliance, fixture, mechanism; arrangement, layout; facility. - de evacuacin (hid), outlet works'; blowoff arrangement. --- de gobierno (te), control or power control unit. ----de mando, control mechanism. --- de retroceso, (eng) reversing gear. ---- de seguridad, safety device. de sobrecorriente (elc), overcurrent device. -i derivadof (vol), shunt attachment. dispositivos de distribucin (elc), switchgear. de salida (hid), outlet works. --- -de servicio (elc), service equipment. * de toma (hid), intake works. ---- para torno, lathe attachments. disrupcin /, disruption. disruptivo, disruptive. distancia/, distance. ---- cenital, zenith distance. ---- de agrupacin (ra), drift space. - de decolaje o de despegue (p), take-off distance. ---- de enfoque (fma), focal length. ---- de interrupcin (elc), break distance. ---- de visibilidad (ca), sight or visibility dis tance. ---- disruptiva (elc), spark gap. ---entre ejes, wheel base. ---- explosiva (elc), spark gap. ---- exterior (fe), external distance. ---- focal posterior (fma), back focal distance. ---- polar, polar distance, codeclination. ---- progresiva (lev), cumulative distance. ---- tangencial (fe), tangent distance. ---- taquimtrica, stadia distance. distanciamiento m, spacing, pitch. distanciomtrico, telemetric. distancimetro m (Es)(A), telemeter. distorsin /, distortion. ---- de atenuacin-frecuencia (ra), attenuation or amplitude-frequency distortion. -- del campo (elc), field distortion. -de retardo (ra), delay distortion.

distorsionar (M), to distort. distribucin /, distribution. del encendido (mg), ignition timing. de sector (mv), link motion. por circuito cerrado (elc), loop distribution. por derivaciones mltiples (elc), tree system of distribution. ------ por parrilla (elc), network system of dis tribution. Stephenson (mv), Stephenson's link motion. distribuidor m, distributor (all senses); spreader; (se) slide valve; (turb) speed ring; (reinf) distributing bar; (p) manifold. a presin (ca), pressure distributor. cilindrico o de mbolo (mv), pistn valve. de encendido (auto), distributor, timer. distribuir, to distribute. distributivo, tfistributive. disuelto m (qum), solute; a dissolved. disyuncin/ (geol), fracture. disyuntor m (elc), circuit breaker, disjunctor, cutout. de contracorrientes, reverse-current circuit breaker. de dos vas, double-throw circuit breaker. - de mxima, overload circuit breaker. de mnima tensin, undervoltage circuit breaker. de tapn, plug cutout. de va nica, single^throw circuit breaker. en aceite, oil circuit breaker. en el aire, air breaker. divergencia/, divergence; (auto) toc-out. divergente, divergent, diverging. divergir, to diverge. dividendo m (mat)(fin), dividend. divisas /, foreign exchange or currency. divisible, divisible. divisin/, (math)(rr) divisin; (mech) indexing. continental, continental divide. diferencial (maq), differential indexing. simple (maq), direct indexing. divisor m, (math) divisor; (dwg)(A) dividers. de fase (elc), phase splitter. de frecuencia (elc), frequeney divider. de fuerza (auto), power divider. de muestras (lab), sample splitter. de voltaje, voltage or potential divider. divisora (/) de tensin, voltage or potential divider. divisoria/ (top), divide. continental, continental divide. de las aguas, divide, ridge. de las aguas freticas, ground-water divide. divorcio (m) de las aguas (top), divide, ridge. dobla/ (Pe), night shift. dobladillo m (ch), hem. doblado, bent. al fuego o en caliente, hot-bent. en fro, bent cold. doblador m, (t) bender; (ra) doubler. de frecuencia (ra), frequeney doubler. de rieles, rail bender. de tubos-conductos (elc), hickey, condui bender. dobladora /, bending machine.

'I I

dobladora
----de chapas, cornice brke.

122

duralu
--- a balde (A), clamshell dredge. --- a cuchara, dipper dredge. --- ambulante o andadora o caminante, walking

'

t.

doblar, to bend; to double; to snub (belt); (auto) to' turn doble, double, dplex. asta, muro de, wall 2 bricks tbick. -----campana (tub), double hub. ---- citara, wall 2 bricks thick. decmetro (A), a rule 20 cm long. ---- efecto, de, double-acting. ---- escuadra (dib), T square. ---- extrafuerte (tub), double-extra-strong. ---- fondo (en), double bottom. ---- T, I beam; (p) cross. ---- trenza, double-braid (insulation). ---- turno, double shift. doblegarse (est), to buckle. doblete TO (elc)(fma), doublet. doblez m, bend, kink. documentos de embarque, shipping documenta. dile m, dolly; rivet set. doladera/, broadax; howel. dolador TO, stonecutter; hewer; trimnier. dolar, to hew; to trim. dolerita/ (geol), dolerite. --traqutica (geol), trachydolerite. dolobre TO, stone hammer; spalling hammer. doloma/ (geol)(miner), dolomite. dolomita/ (M), dolomite. dolomtico, dolomitic. dolomitizar, to dolomitize. dominante (mat)(elc), dominant. domo m (arq)(geol)(miner), dome. ---- de vapor (loco), steam dome. ---- salino (geol), salt dome. donqui TO (AC), cargo hoist, wiach, donsantiago m, rail bender. dormido TO, mudsill, sleepr; (sb) deadwood. dorso TO, back edge, heel. dos aguas, a, peaked (roof). dos bocas, de, double-ended (wrench). dos capas, de, two-ply; two-coat. dos colas, de, double-tang (file). dos etapas, de, two-stage (pump). dos tandas, de, double-shift. dos vueltas, de, double-throw (lock). dosadora/ (A)(Pe), dosing or proportioning apparatus. dosaje TO, mixture, proportioning. dosificacin/, dosing; (conc) proportioning, mixture, dosificador TO, proportioner, dosing apparatus; (conc) (A) batcher. dosificar, to proportion a mixture, dotacin/, duty (water), irrigation requirement; supply; crew, personnel. -corriente (auto)(maq), standard or regular equipment. ---- de agua (U), water supply. ---- unitaria de riego (irr), water duty, allowance per unit of rea, dovela/, voussoir. ---- de ladrillo, arch brick. dovelaje TO, set of arch stones. dovelar, to cut arch stones. dozavado, twelve-sided. draga/, dredge; dragline outfit; drag.

dragline. --- aspirante o a succin, suction or hydraulic dredge, sand dredger. --- cavadora, dragline excavator; slackline cableway. ---- de almeja, glamshell dredge. ---- de arcaduces o de cangilones o de escalera o de rosario, ladder or bucket or elevator dredge. --- de arrastre, slackline cableway, slacklinedragline; power drag scraper. ---- de bomba centrfuga, suction dredge. ---- de cucharn, dipper dredge. ---- de cucharn de quijadas, clamshell dredge. ---- de palanca (M), dipper dredge. ---- de tolvas, hopper dredge. de valvas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket. dragado (TO) hidrulico, hydraulic dredging. dragadora/, dredge. dragaje TO, dredging. dragalina/ (Es), dragline. dragalnea/ (M), dragline excavator. dragar, to dredge; (naut) to drag. dren TO, drain. ---- inferior, underdrain. drenabilidad /, drainability. drenable, drainable. drenaje TO, drainage. ---- de poblaciones, sewerage. drenar, to drain. dualina/, dualin (dynamite). ductibilidad / (A)(M), ductility. dctil, ductile. ductilidad /, ductility. ductilmetro TO, ductiloheter. ducto (m) de cables (M), cable duct. ducha /, shower bath. duela /, stave. ---- para piso (M), flooring board. duelas para cielo (M), ceiling. duelera/, set of staves; hewing, trimming, roughdressing. dulce, fresh (water); soft (steel); (chem) sweet. dulcita / (lab), dulcitol, dulcite. dulzura/ (Pe), softness (water). dulzurar, to remove salt (water), duna/, dune. dunita /, (geol) dunite; dunnite (explosive). duodecimal, duodecimal. duodiodo TO (ra), duodiode, double diode. duolateral (ra), duolateral. duotriodo TO (ra), duotriode, double triode. duplicador (TO) de voltaje (ra), voltage doubler duplicadora/ (mh), duplicator. dplice, dplex, double. duplo TO, double. duque de Alba, (pw) cluster of piles, durabilidad /, durability. durable, durable, sound. duracin (/) de servicio, service life. duradero, durable, duralita/, Duralite (trademark). duraluminio TO, duralumin (alloy).

t,

duramen
duramen m, duramen, heartwood. dureza/, hardness; hardness of water. a indentacin, indentation hardness. . ---Brinell, Brinell hardness. ---- carbonatada o de carbonatos (pa), carbonate hardness. ---- carbontica (pa)(V), carbonate hardness. ---- del escleroscopio, scleroscope hardness. ---- de jabn (pa), soap hardness. ---- de sulfates (pa), sulphate hardness. i -- escleromtrica (miner), scratch or sclero scope hardness. ---- no carbonatada (pa), noncarbonate hard ness. durmiente m, mudsill, groundsill, ground pate, solepiece; (hyd) gate sill; (rr) tie, crosstie; (sb) clamp. ---- de aguja (fe), switch tie. ----de caballete, sill of a trestle bent. ---- de cambio o de chucho (fe), switch tie. ----de gra, derrick sill. --- de palo (fe), pole tie. --- de puente (fe), bridge tie. durmientes de desvo (fe), switch timber. durmientes de grada (en), ground ways. duro, hard. --- al rojo, red-hard. durmetro m, durometer.

123

eje

ebanista m, joiner, cabinetmaker. ebanistera /, joining, cabinetmaking; (V) trim, millwork. bano m, ebony. ebonita/, ebonite. ebonizar, to ebonize. ebullicin/, ebullition, boiling. eclmetro m, clinometer. eclisa / (fe), splice bar, fishplate. --- angular o cantonera, angle bar. - de alivio o de resalte, easer joint bar. de deslizamiento, creeping plates. 1 ---elctrica (Ch), rail bond. eclisar, to place splice bars. economato m, commissary store. econmetro m, econometer. economa/, economy; saving. economista de petrleo, petroleum economist. economizador m, economizer. --- de combustible, fuel economizer. --- de petrleo, oil saver. economizador (a) de trabajo, laborsaving. ecuacin/, equation. --- de estado (aa), equation of state. --- de primer grado, simple equation. ecuador m (geog) (mat), equator. echado m (geol)(M), dip. echar (exc), to cast. ' a andar, (machy) to start. ---a pique (nut), to wreck; to sink. ---- abajo, to wreck, demolish. --- carbn, to stoke. --- el ancla, to drop anchor. -- el escandallo, to take soundings. u remiendo, to pateh.

edafolgico, edaphological. edificacin/, building; a building. edificador m, builder. edificar, to build, construct, erect. edificatorio, pertaining to building. edificio m, a building. ---- de administracin (ap), administratior building. ----de combustin lenta, slow-burning building (mili construction). ---- de madera, frame building. ---- incombustible, fireproof building. educcin /, eduction; (eng) exhaust; (pu) discharge. eductor m, eductor, exhauster; steam ejector. edulcorar (A), to soften (water). efectivo (mec)(elc), effective. efecto m (mee) (elc), effect. --- ametralladora (ra)(A), shot effect. --- de arco (ms), arching effect. --- de borde (ra), fringe effect. --- de chimenea (aa), stack or chimney effect. ---- de parpadeo (ra), flicker effect. ---- doble, de, double-acting. ---- Edison (ra), Edison effect (thernionic emission). ---- Joule (elc), joulean effect. ---- Kelvin (elc), skin or Kelvin effect. ---- pelicular (elc), skin effect. ---- simple, de, single-acting. ---- termoelctrico, thermocurrent, thermoelectric effect. ---- nico, de, single-acting. ---- til de transmisin, transmission efficieney, ---- volante (ra), flywheel effect---- Volta (elc), contact tensin, Volta effect. efectos, ---- elctricos (C), electrical supplies. marinos, marine hardware or supplies. ---- sanitarios (C), plumbing fixtures. eficaz, effective. . eficiencia/, efHciency. eficiente, efficient. eflorescencia/, efHorescence; (min)(Pe) outerop. eflorescerse, to effloresce. efluente m, effluent, outflow. efluvio m (elc), efuvium. efusivo (geol), effusive, extrusive. egin m (M), scab, cleat, chock, bracket. egreso m, egress, exit. eidgrafo m (dib), eidograph. eje m, axis; shaft, axle, sheave pin; core. ---- acanalado, spline shaft. ---- acodado o cigeal, crankshaft, crank axle. ---- auxiliar, countershaft. ---- baricntrico (est), centroidal or gravity axis. ---- cardnico, cardan shaft. ---- compensador, compensating axle. ---- completamente flotante, full-floating axle. ---- de ajuste (as), set shaft. ---- de atrs, rear axle. ---- de cambio (auto), shifter shaft. ---- de camo (cab), hemp center. de carretn, axletree. de centro bajo (auto), drop-center axle. ---- de colimacin, line of collimation.

eje
---- de contrapunta (mh), talstock spindle. ---- de coordenadas, axis of coordinates. ---- de direccin (auto), steering shaft. ---- de doble reduccin (auto), double-reduction ---- del mbolo, (Sp) pistn rod; (auto) pistn pin. ---- de la excntrica, eccentric shaft. ---- de excntricas (mg)(A), camshaft. ---- de la hlice (en), propeller shaft. ---- de henequn (cab), hemp center. ---- de impulsin, driving shaft or axle. ---- de inclinacin (fma), axis of tilt. ---- de levas, camshaft. ---- de lnea, Une shaft. ---- de mando, driving axle. ---- de manivelas (C), crankshaft.

124 ing.

electrofresis
---- de los agregados (conc), aggregate process---- de maderas, woodworking.

axle.

1-,

'

- de momentos, center of moments. - de oscilacin, axis of oscillation. de propulsin (auto), propeller shaft. ---- de sierra, saw arbor, saw mandrel. ---- de transmisin, driving or line or transmission shaft. ---- de vaina, quill shaft. ---- de la va (fe), center line of track. ---- de visacin (lev), line of sight. ---- delantero, front axle. ---- director, steering axle. ---- dividido, split shaft. ---- exterior (trnsito), outer spindle. ---- fibroso, fiber center (wire strand). ---- fiducial (fma), fiducial or pate or photograph axis. ---- flotante (auto), floating axle. ---- fuera de bordo (en), tail shaft. ---- impulsado, driven shaft. ---- interior (trnsito), inner spindle. ---- intermedio o de transmisin intermedia, countershaft, jackshaft. --- libre (est)(A), axis of inertia normal to latticing. ---- loco, idler shaft. --- maestro (maq), line shaft. ---- magntico, magnetic axis. --- material (est)(A), axis of inertia parallel to latticing. ---- mayor, major axis. --- menor, minor axis. --- momentneo, instantaneous axis. --- motor, driving shaft, driving or live axle. --- muerto, dead axle, (tk) trailing axle. --- neutro, neutral axis. - oscilante, roekshaft. ----partido, split shaft. ----polar (fma), polar axis. ----portahlice (en), propeller shaft. ----separador, isolating shaft. ---- ssmico, seismic axis. ---- tres cuartos flotante, three-quarter-floating axle. ---- vivo (M), live axle. eje-balancn, rocking axle. eje-mandril (A), lathe mandrel. ejercicio m, fiscal year. ejin m, scab, cleat, chock, bracket. elaboracin/, manufacture, fabrication, processing.

elaborar, to work (material), process; to manufacture; (Ch) to fabrcate. elastancia / (elc), elastance. ---- especfica, elastivity. elasticidad /, elasticity, resilience, spring. ---- elctrica, electric elasticity, elastivity. elstico m, (auto) a spring; a elastic. elastita /, Elastite (trademark) (expansin joint). ele/, angle iron; pipe elbow. ---- cerrada, short elbow. ---- con derivacin, side-outlet elbow. ---- de base, base elbow. ---- de curva abierta, long-radius elbow. ---- de lomo, bossed elbow. ---- de reduccin, reducing elbow. electricidad/, electricity. ---- dinmica, dynamical or voltaic electricity. ---- esttica, statical electricity. electricista m, electrician. ---- de obras, erecting or installing electrician, wireman. elctrico, electric. electrificar, electrizar, to electrify. electroacero m (M), electric steel. electroacstico, electroacoustic. electroafinidad/, electroaffinity. electroanlisis m, electroanalysis. electroanalizador m, electroanalyzer. electrobomba /, motor-driven pump. electrocapilar, electrocapillary. electrocintico, electrokinetic. electrocloracin /, electrochlorination. electrocomunicacin /, electrocommunication. electrocorrosin/, electrolytic corrosin. electrochapeado m, electroplating. electrodeposicin /, electrodeposition, electroplating. electrodinmica /, electrodynamics. electrodinmico, electrodynamic. electrodinammetro m, electrodynamometer. electrodo m, electrode. ---- acelerador (ra), accelerating electrode. ---- baado (sol), washed or bare or lightly coated electrode. ---- cubierto (sol), covered electrode. ---- de calomelanos, calomel electrode. ---- de enfoque (tv), focusing electrode. ---- de placa, pate electrode. ---- de tierra, grounding electrode, ---- desnudo (sol), bare or lightly coated elec trode. ---- revestido con fundente (sol), flux-coated electrode. ---- semirrevestido (sol), semicoated electrode. electrodos copanos (ra), coplanar electrodes. electroesherardizacin / (met), electrosherardizing. electroesttica /, lectrostatics. electroesttico, electrostatic. electrofiltracin / (geof), filtration. electrfono m, electrophone. electrofresis /, electrophoresis.

lectroforjado
electroforjado, electrofraguado, Electroforged (trademark). electrofusin/, electrofusion. electrogalvnico, electrogalvanic. electrogalvanizar, to electrogalvanize. electrogenerador m, electric generator. electrgeno, generating electricity. electrogrfico, electrographic. electrohidrulico, electrohydraulic. electroimn m, electromagnet. electrolero m, electrolier. electrlisis /, electrolysis. electroltico, electrolytic. electrlito m, electrolyte. electrolizar, to electrolyzo. electrolon m, Electrolon (trademark) (abrasive). electromagntico, eleetromagnetic. electromagnetismo m, electromagnetism. electromecnica /, electromechanics. electromecnico m, worker on electrical machinery; a electromechanical. electrometalurgia /, electrometallurgy. electrometra /, electrometry. electromtrico, electrometric. electrmetro m, electrometer. de balanza, balance or absolute electrometer. ---- de cuadrante, quadrant electrometer. ---- de torsin, torsin electrometer. electromotor m, electric motor; a electromotive. electromotriz, electromotive. elcctromvil m, electric automobile; a (A) motordriven. electrn m, electrn. electronegativo, electronegative. electroneumtico, electropneuniatic. electrnica /, electronics. electrnico, electronic. electrosmosis /, electroosmosis. electroosmtico, electroosmotic. electropolar, electropolar. electropositivo, electropositivo. electropropulsin / (an), electric drive. electroqumica /, electrochemistry. electroqumico, electrochemical. electrorreceptivo, electroreceptive. electrorreduccin /, electroreduction. electrorrefinacin /, electrorefining, electrolytic refining. electroscpico, electroscopio. electroscopio m, electroscope. electrosemforo m (A), electrically operated semaphore. electrosiderurgia/, electrometallurgy of iron and steel. electrsmosis /, electrosmosis, electroosmosis. electrosoldadura /, electric welding. electrosttica /, electrostatics. electrosttico, electrostatic. electrotecnia /, electrical engineering, electrotechnology. electrotcnica /, electrotechnics, electrical engineering. electrotcnico m, electrical engineer; a electrotechnical. electrotrmica /, electrothermics. electrotrmico, electrothermal, electrothermic.

125

eliminador

electrotermstato m, electrothermostat. electrotitulacin/, electrotitration. elemento m, (chem) element; (elec) element, cell; (str) member. ---- de acumulador (elc), storage cell. ---- de cadmio (elc), cadmium or Weston cell. ---- de caldeo, heating element. ---- del objetivo (fma), lens element. ---- de resistencia (elc), resistor element. ---- motor (tel), motor element. ---- obturador (pet), pack-off element. ---- testigo (elc), pilot cell. elementos de urgencia (elc), emergeney cells. elementos hidrulicos, hydraulic elements. elevacin/, elevation, altitude; (dwg) elevation; lift. acotada (top), spot or figured elevation. ---- delantera, front elevation. ---- desarrollada, developed elevation. ---- en corte, sectional elevation. ---- en el extremo, end elevation. ---- lateral, side elevation. - posterior, rear elevation. elevado m (M) (PR), elevator. elevador m, elevator, lift; hoist; booster. - cargador, elevating charger. ---- del aguiln (pl), boom hoist. ---- de automviles, automobile lift. ---- de bagacillo (az), trash elevator. ---- de baldes (V)(B), bucket elevator. ---- de caja de camin, truck-body hoist. ---- de cangilones o de capachos, bucket eleva tor, ladder. ---- del carbn animal (az), char elevator. ---- de carga, freight elevator. ---- de cenizas, ash hoist. -- de cienos (dac), sludge elevator. ---- de la compuerta (hid)(M), gate hoist. ---- de correa, belt elevator. ---- de cristal (auto), window opener. ---- de cubos, bucket elevator. ---- de cuezos, hod hoist or elevator. ---- de efecto directo (co), direct-lift hoist. ---- de la potencial (elc), booster. ---- de leva y rodillo (co), cam-and-roller hoist. ---- de tensin (elc), booster. ---- de tubera (pet), tubing elevator. elevador-reductor (elc), reversible booster. elevadora (/) conformadora (M), elevating grader. elevar, to elvate, hoist, raise. ---- al cuadrado (mat), to square. ---- a potencia (mat), to raise to a power. elevatorio a (Pe), elevating, raising. eliminacin /, elimination. ---- de las basuras, garbage disposal. ---- de olores (is), odor removal. ---- de sabor (pa), taste removal. eliminador m, eliminator. ----de aceite, oil separator or eliminator. ---- de antena (ra), antenna eliminator or adapter. ---- de arena (ec), sand eliminator. ----de bateras (ra), battery eliminator. ----de golpe de ariete, water-hammer suppressor.

eliminador
de remanso (hid), backwater suppressor. elinvar m, elinvar (alloy). elipse /, ellipse. elipsgrafo m, ellipsograph. elipsoidal, ellipsoidal. elipsoide m, ellipsoid. elptico, elliptical. elongacin /, elongation. elongmetro m (Es), extensometer. elutriacin /, elutriation. elutriador m, elutriator. elutriar, to elutriate. eluvial (geol), eluvial. eluvin m (geol), eluvium. emanacin/, (chem) emanation; (bl) fumes. embadurnar, to butter (brick). embalaje m, packing (for shipment). embalamiento m, (eng) racing, run-up. embalar, to paek; to bale; (machy) to race, spin; embalarse, (machy) to race. embalastar, to ballast. embaldosar, to pave with tile; to flag. embalsadero m, marsh; pool, embalsado m (A), marsh; pool, embalsar, to impound, dam, pond. embalse m, impounding (water); reservoir; (Sp) dam. ---- de acumulacin (A), storage reservoir. ---- de almacenamiento o de reserva, storage reservoir. --- de aprovechamiento mltiple, multipurpose reservoir. ---- de compensacin, equalizing reservoir. ---- de detencin, detention basin. ---- de retencin, flood-control reservoir. de uso simple, single-purpose reservoir. r- regulador, regulating reservoir. ---- retardador, retarding basin or reservoir. embancamiento m (Ec), embankment. embancarse, to silt up (reservoir). embanque m, silting; deposit of silt; (Ec) embankment. embanquetar (M), to lay a sidewalk. embarbillar (carp), to join, frame, assemble. embarcacin/, boat, vessel. ---- de alijo, lighter. embarcadero m, loading platform, wharf; ferry; ferry slip; (lg) yard, landing. ---- flotante, landing stage. embarcador m, shipper; shipping agent. embarcar, to ship; to load. embarnizar, to varnish. embarque m, shipment, loading. embarrado m, mud plastering; rough plastering. embarrancarse, to stick in the mud; (naut) to run aground. embarrar, to plaster with mud; to rough-plaster; to pug. embarrilar, to pack in barris. embarrotar (nut), to batten. embasamiento m, footing; base course, plinth course. embayonetar (est)(A), to crimp. embeber, to imbibe; (Col) to embed. embecadura/, spandrel (arch). embestida/ (pl), crowding.

126

embrague

embetunar, to imprgnate with pitch; to bituminize. embisagrar, to hinge. emblandecer, emblandecerse, to soften. emblecar (A), to treat with tar or asphalt. embobinar (elc)(M), to wind. embocadero m, embocadura /, mouth, outlet. embolada/, pistn stroke; pistn displacement. mbolo m, pistn. --- amortiguador, damping pistn. --- buzo de empaque central (bm), centerpacked or inside-packed plunger. ----buzo de prensaestopa exterior (bm), outside^ end-packed plunger. --- compensador, balance pistn; (turb) dummy pistn. --- de cierre hidrulico, water-packed pistn. --- de cubeta, cup-type pistn. de disco, disk pistn. ---- distribuidor (mv), pistn valve. --- economizador (auto), economizer pistn. --- equilibrador (bm), balancing pistn. ---- macizo, plunger, ram. mbolos opuestos, opposed pistons. embolsador m, bagging machine, cement packer. embolsar, to put in bags. embonado m (V), leveling course of mortar under roof tiles. embonar, to repair; to reinforce. embono m (en), liner, filler. emboque m, mouth. emboquillado m, mouth, portal; (mas) pointing or chinking joints. emboquillar, to splay; (mas) to point or chink joints. embornal m, scupper. embotar, to blunt, dull. embragar, to throw in a clutch; to sling. embrague m, clutch. ---- a ido (auto)(A), fluid drive. ---- amortiguador, cushion clutch. ---- de anillo, rim or ring friction clutch. ---- de avance o de marcha (pl), travel clutch. ---- de banda o de cinta, band clutch. ---- de cojn, cushion clutch. ---- de compresin, compression clutch. --- de direccin, steering clutch. ---- de disco flotante, floating-disk clutch. ---- de disco seco, dry-disk clutch. --- de disco nico, single-disk clutch. ---- de discos mltiples, multiple-disk clutch. --- de expansin interior, internal-expanding clutch. --- de frotamiento, friction clutch. --- de garras, claw or dog clutch. --- de giro (pl), swinging clutch. --- de manguito, sleeve or coupling clutch. --- de mordazas o de quijadas, jaw clutch. - de placa seca, dry-plate clutch. --- de placa triple, three-plate clutch. --- de platos, disk or pate clutch. --- de rodillos, roller clutch. --- de rueda libre (auto), overrunning or freewheeling clutch. dentado, toothed or dental clutch. ----deslizante, slip clutch.

embrague
embreadora / (en), pitch payer. embrear, to coat or imprgnate with tar. embridar, to flange. embr o chalar, to frame with a header beam. embudador TO, oil hole to hold a funnel. embudiforme (A), funnel-shaped. embudo m, funnel; leader head; (M)(C) hopper; (C) bin; (top) hollow. ---- acodado, offset funnel. ---- de abatimiento de presin, cone of pressure relief (ground water). ---- de azotea, leader head. ---- de caa (az), cae hopper. ---- de depresin del nivel fretico, cone of water table depression. ---- ensacador (az), bagging bin. ---- separador (lab), separatory funnel. ---- sumidero (hid)(A), shaft or glory-hole spillway. embujar (maq)(C)(A), to bush. embulonar (A), to bolt. embutidera /, rivet set; nail set. embutido, countersunk; embedded; flush. ---- y emparejado (re), countersunk and chipped. embutidor TO, nail set; pile follower; rivet set, driving die; punch. ---- de tapones (fe), tie-plug punch. embutir, to embed; to countersink; (carp) to let in. emergencia/, emergence; emergeney. emisario m, outlet, outfall. emisin/ (ra), emission. ---- espectral (il), spectral emission. emisividad /, emissivity. emisor m (ra), transmitter, emitter. emisora /, broadeasting station. emitir, to emit; (ra) to broadeast, beam. empacable, nestable. empacar, to pack (for shipment). empadronar, to take a census; to register irrigation subscribers. empajar, to cover with straw. empalizada /, paling fence. empalizadas (A), trench sheeting. empalmador TO, connector, clamp; splicer. empalmadora (/) de correa, belt lacer. empalmadores (m) para correa, belt clamps or hooks. empalmar, to splice, join, connect. empalme TO, (carp) jont; (elec) splice; (rr) junction; (cab) splice; (p) coupling, joint; (mech) connection, joint; (rd) intersection, junction. - a cola de rata (elc), rat-tailed joint. ---- a media (carp), halved joint. ---- a rosca, threaded connection. a tope, butt joint. ---- amilanado o de cola de milano, dovetail joint. ---- biselado, miter joint. ---- borde (C), butt joint. ---- britania (elc), Britannia joint. ---- carretero, road intersection. - corto (cab), short splice.
---- espiral, coil clutch. ---- maestro, master clutch.

127
---- cubierto (elc), shielded joint. ---- charpado (elc), scarf joint. ---- de aletas (elc), lug splice.

emparrillado

-- de compresin (elc), compression splice. ---- de cruz (elc), cross joint. ---- de derivacin (elc), tap joint or splice. ---- de enrollado mltiple (elc), multiple-wrap cable splice. ---- de enrollado simple, single-wrap cable splice. ---- de espiga y mortaja (carp), mortise-andtenon joint. --de reduccin (elc), reducing joint. ---- de solapa, lap joint. ---- de vas (fe), junction. ---- derecho (elc), straight-line splice. ---- doblado (elc), back-turn splice. ---- en cruz de enrollamiento paralelo (elc), double cross joint. ---- invisible (ca), blind intersection. ---- largo (cab), long or endless splice. ---- para artefacto (elc), fixture splice. ----para manguera, hose coupling. ----retorcido (elc), twist splice. ----termoelctrico, thermojunction. empalomado TO (Es) (Col), diversin dam of dry masonry. empalletado (TO) de choque, fender or colusin mat. empandarse, to deflect, sag. empandado TO (V), paneling. empantanar, to swamp, submerge; empantanarse, to stick in the mud, bog down. empaetar, to plaster. empaete TO, plaster, stUcco. empapar, to soak, satrate. empaque TO, gasket, packing, oakum; (elec cab) bedding; (str) filler pate. --- acopado, seating cup (oil-well pump). --- de cara completa (tub), full-face gasket. --- de cojn (elc), cushion gasket. --- de hule- con insercin de tela, cloth-insertion packing. --- de vastago, rod packing. --- para calafatear (M), calking yarn. empaquetadura/, packing, gasket. --- con insercin de alambre, wire-insertion packing. --- de camo, hemp packing. --- de cinta, gasketing tape. --- de cuero crudo, rawhide packing. --- de laberinto, labyrinth packing. --- de lino, flax packing. --- del lodo (pet), mud seal. --- de mecha, wick packing. --- laminar, sheet packing. --- metlica fibrosa, fibrous metallic packing. --- retorcida, twist packing. --- tubular, tubular gasketing. empaquetar (mee), to pack. emparchar, to patch. emparedar, to wall up. emparejadura/, straightedge, screed. emparejar, to grade, level off; (rr) to surface; (re) to chip; to screed; to rough-plaster. emparrillado m, grillage, grating, grate, grid; (rrj gridiron tracks.

emparrillado
---- de bscula, tilting grate. ---- de piso, floor grating. ---- oscilante, shaking grate.

128

encalar

empastar, to paste; (M) to grass. empatar, to splice, join. empate m, joint, splice, seam. ---- a inglete, miter joint. ---- de solapa, lap joint. ---- de tope, butt joint. ---- para cadena, connecting or repair link. ---- para cinta (lev), tape splice. empatillar (A), to splice, join. empavonado, blue (steel). empedrado m, stone pavement. empedrador m, paver. mpedrar, to pave with stone. empegar, to coat with pitch. empelotarse (C), to spall. empernar, to bolt, spike, dowel, pin; (str) to fit up. empilar (V), to pile, pile up. empinado, steep; high. empinarse, to slope up; to stand at a steep slope. empino m, crown of an arch. emprico, empirical. empizarrar, to roof with slate. emplantillado m (Ch), floor paving. mplasto m, patch (tire). emplazamiento m (PR), location, site. emplazar (A), to set, place, lcate. empleado m, employee; office employee. emplear, to employ. empleo m, employment. emplomado, poured or coated with lead. emplomador m, leadworker. emplomadura /, leadwork. emplomar, to lead. empolvarse, to become dusty. empotrado, embedded; fixed (beam). ---- por una extremidad, fixed one end. empotramiento m, abutment; embedding; (p)(V) branch outlet; (V) service connection to a sewer. mpotrar, to embed, to fix in a wall; (carp) to let in; (B) to mortise. mpotre m (V), house connection to a sewer; tap in a main. empozarse, to form pools, become stagnant. mpresa/, undertaking, enterprise; company. ---- constructora, construction company. ---- de acueducto o de agua potable, water compublic-utility company. ---- de servicios pblicos, transportation company. --- de transporte, carrier, pany. ---- fiadora, bonding company. ---- fiscal, a government enterprise. ---- , por, by contract. empresas municipales, municipal utilities. empresario m, contractor; employer. emprstito m, borrowed fill; a loan. empujador m, pusher. ---- de carros, car mover or pusher. ---- de tubos, pipe pusher. empujadora/, pusher.

builder. empujar, to push. empujatierra /, bulldozer, empuje m, thrust, push, pressure; bearing (rivet or pin); (sh) crowding. ---- a cable (pl), cable crowd. ---- de cadena (pl), chain crowd. ---- hidrosttico (pet), water drive. ---- por gas (pet), gas drive. empuadura (/) de pistola, pistol grip, emulsificadora /, emulsifier. emulsiflcar, to emulsify. emulsin/, emulsin. ---- de penetracin (ca), penetration or quicb breaking emulsin, emulsionadora/, emulsifier. emulsionar, to emulsify. emulsivo, emulsive. emulsoide m, emulsoid. emulsor m, emulsifier; (hyd)(Sp) air lift. enaguazar, to flood; to satrate. enajenacin (/) forzosa, expropriation, condemnation. enchanchar, to widen. enangostar, to narrow. enarcar (Es), to arch. : enarenacin /, sanding; plastering of lime and sand. enarenar, to sand; to deposit sand, silt up. enastar, to put a handle on. encaballar, to lap. encabar (C) (PR), to put a handle on. encabezado m (PR), foreman. encabezador TO, heading tool. ---- de pernos, bolt-heading tool. ---- de remaches, rivet header. encabezamiento m, heading; title of a drawing. ---- en fro, cold-heading (bolt). encabezar, to cap; to place on end; to frame end to end; to head (bolts). encabillar, to dowel, pin. encabriar, to place rafters. encachado m, (tun) lining; paving of a culvert; (C) riprap. encachar, to line with concrete; to riprap; to pave a stream bed or culvert. encadenado m, (mas) bond; (A) bracing; (V) buttress, retaining wall. encadenar, to chain; to brace; to buttress; (mas) to bond. encajable, nestable. encajar, to rabbet; to gear; to fit. encaje m, rabbet, recess; socket; fitting; (Col) gear; (Sp) bell end of a pipe. ---- chaflanado (Col), bevel gear. encajonado m, cofferdam; boxing; o narrow, confined by steep hillsides. encajonar, to box, pack; to cofferdam; to confine; encajonarse (r), to run in a canyon. encalado m (V), finishing coat of plaster, whito or skim coat. encalar, to treat with lime; to whitewash.

---- de almeja, bull clam shovel. ---- de ngulo, angledozer. ---- de trailla, scraper pusher. ---- niveladora, bulldozer, Bullgrader, Road-

encalladero encalladero m, shoal, sandbank. encallar, to run aground, strand. encamacin/ (min), timbering; lagging. encamisar, to place lagging, lining, sleeve, or bushing. encanalar (Es), to conduct (water); to-canalize. encanalizar (Es), to canalize. encandilamiento m (auto)(M), glare, dazzling. encaada/ (B), canyon. encaado m, (Sp) gutter; (Sp) conduit; (V) framework of cae. encaar, to pipe; to drain. encape m (min)(B), overburden. encapillar (tn)(min), to enlarge a heading. encapsular (lab), to capsule. encarcelar, to clamp. encargado m, man in charge. --- del trnsito (lev), transitman, instrumentman, --- de va (fe), roadmaster, supervisor. encarriladera / (fe), wrecking frog, rerailing device. encarrilador m, wrecking frog, car replacer, encarrilar, to rerail, place on the rails. encarnizamiento m (cab), kink. encasquillar, to bush; to ferrule; to shoe horses. encastillada, castcllated (nut). encastrar, to embed; to let in; (wr) to socket. encastre m, groove; socket; insert; (U) recess. ----abierto (cab), opon socket. --- acuado (cab), wedge socket. ----cerrado (cab), closed socket. --- cerrado para puente (cab), closed bridge socket. ----con gancho (cab), hook socket. ----con gancho giratorio (cab), swivel-hook socket. --- 'de mun (nut), gudgeon, gudgeon socket. ----de puente (cab), bridge socket. ----escalonado (cab), stepped socket. ----giratorio (cab), swivel socket. encauchar, to treat with rubber. encauzar, to guide (stream), to canalize. encenagamiento m (A), deposit of mud. encendedor m, (bl)(di) igniter; (ge) sparker, igniter; (ra) igniter, exciter. ---- a hilo caliente (vol), hot-wire fuse lighter. ---- de mecha (vol), fuse igniter. ---- de tiempo (vol), delay igniter. encender, to ignite; encenderse, to ignite, take fire. encendido m, ignition; (bl)(Sp) firing. ---- a cabeza ardiente, hot-bulb ignition. ---- anticipado, preignition. ---- doble, dual ignition. ---- espontneo, self-ignition, spontaneous igni tion. por compresin, compression ignition. ---- por chispa, spark ignition. por tubo incandescente, hot-tube ignition. encepar, to place a cap or header. encerado m, tarpaulin, oilskin. encerar, to make stiffer (mortar). encerrable, (elec) sealable. encerrado, enelosed; sealed. encerrojamiento m (fe), interlocking.

129

enchavetor

encespedar, to sod, turf, grass. encima/ (qum), enzyme; adv overhead, on top. encina /, encino m, oak. encingar (Ch), to place galvanized sheet-metal work. encintado m, curb; (elec) taping. encintar (elc), to tape, enclavamiento m, nailing, spiking; (mech)(rr) (elec) interlocking. ---- de aproximacin (fe), approach locking. ---- de tiempo (fe), time locking. ---- de trfico (fe), traffic locking. ---- de tramo (fe), section locking. ---- de trazado (fe), route locking. ---- indicador (fe), indication locking. enclavar, to nail, spike; to lock, interlock; to drive (well); enclavarse, to lock. enclavijar, to dowel, pin. encobrado, copperplated; copper-bearing. encobrizado, copperplated. encofrado m, forms; planking, sheeting, framing; eribwork. ---- deslizante, traveling forma. encofrador m, form carpenter. encofrar, (conc) to form; to plank. encoger, encogerse, to contract, shrink. encolado m (pint), sizing. encoladora /, gluing machine. encolaje m, sizing; gluing. encolamiento m (A), glue, cementing material. encolar, to glue; to size. encorchetar, to clamp. encordar, to lash (occasionally means to reeve). encorozar, (Ch) to smooth up a wall; (Col) to ful in between beams on a wall. encorvado en fro, bent cold. encorvador (m) de rieles, rail bender, jim-crow. encorvar, to bend, curve; encorvarse, to deflect, buckle. encostalado m, lathing; lagging in a mine or tunnel. encostrarse, to form scale. encribado m, eribwork, blocking. encristalado m, glazing. encrucijada /, street intersection, road crossing. --- con glorieta, rotary intersection, road crosai ing with traffic circle. encuadrado m (tv), framing. encuadrar, to square; to frame. encubado m (min), cribbing, tubbing. encuelladero m (pet), monkey board. encuellador m (pet), man who couples pipe, der. rickman. encuentro m, joint; junction; intersection. encuesta (/) sanitaria (V), sanitary survey. encuar, to wedge, key. enchapado con cadmio, cadmium-plated. enchapado de plomo, leadcoated. enchapar, to veneer; to line with sheet metal; (A) to pate; (conc)(V) to build up by plastering. enchaquetado, jacketed. encharcado, swampy. encharcarse, to become swampy, form pools, (sd) to pool, enchavetar, to key.

hinar

130

engargantar
---- hidrulica, water power. - inversa, reverse power. permanente, firm or primary power; primary energy. ---- primaria, firm power; primary energy. ---- provisoria, dump power; secondary power. ---- radiante, radiant energy. ---- secundaria, secondary energy; secondary or surplus power. ---- trmica, steam-generated power. energizar, to energize. ensimo (mat), nth (power). enfajinado m (r), fascine work, bank protection of branches; (M) stone riprap. enfangar, to cover with mud; enfangarse, to silt up. enfardadora (/) de sacos, cement-bag baler. enfermedad (/) hdrca (Ec)(V), water-borne disease. enfermedad profesional, occupational disease. enferradura /, ironwork; (Ch) reinforcing steel. enfilar, to line up, align, range. enfocar, to focus. enfoque m, focusing. ---- a gas o inico (ra), gas or ionic focusing. enfoscado m (M), coat of plaster. enfoscar, to patch or fill with mortar. enfrenar, to brake. enfrentado y perforado (tub), faced and drled. enfrentar, to face. enfriadero m, cooler. enfriado, cooled. ---- a lquido, liquid-cooled. ---- por agua, water-cooled. ---- por aire, air-cooled. enfriador m, cooler; coolant; (pet) chler. ---- intermedio, intercooler. ---- unitario (aa), unit cooler. enfriamiento m, (eng)(ac) cooling; refrigeration. ----atmosfrico o evaporativo, atmospheric or evaporative cooling. ---- de elaboracin, process cooling. ---- de punto (aa), spot cooling. --- de roco, spray cooling. ---- de superficie (aa), surface cooling. ---- indirecto (aa), indirect cooling or refrigera tion. enfriar, to cool; enfriarse, to cool, cool off. enfurgonar (PR), to load a box car. engalabernar (Col), to frame timbera together. engalgar, to chock, scotch. enganchador m, coupler; labor agent; (lg) hooker, hook tender; (min) bottomer, onsetter. ---- de correa, belt stud. enganchar, to hook, couple, engage; to employ, to recruit labor. enganche m, coupling, coupler; hooking on; hitch; recruiting (labor). ---- completamente flotante, full-floating hitch. ---- de gancho, snatch hitch ---- de garras, jaw or M.C.B. coupler. ---- de vuelta, anchor hitch. ---- giratorio, swivel hitch. - para remolque, towing hitch; trailer hitch. ---- universal, universal hitch. engargantar, to mesh, engage.

hinar, to pave with cobbles. huchar (fc)(C), to switch. hufar, to telescope; to nest; to mesh; to plug in. hufe m, bell end of a pipe; bell-andspigot joint; (elec) plug; (cab) socket. abierto (cab), open socket. cerrado (cab), closed socket. de aprieto (mh), grip socket. de campana, (p) bell-and-spigot joint; (pet) bell socket. de pesca (pet), overshot. de puente (cab), bridge socket. desalojador (pet), releasing socket. desprendedor (pet), releasing socket or overshot. fusible, fuse plug. hembra, bell end of pipe, macho, spigot end of pipe; (elec)(A) plug. y cordn o y espiga (tub), bell and spigot, hub and spigot. Lentado m, (conc) keyway; (mas) toothing; (hyd) toe wall; a toothed, dentated. tentar, to key, tooth; to mesh. Lerezador m, straightener; rectifier. de cocas, (wr) kink iron. de diamante, diamond dresser. de pozos (pet), hole conditioner. de ruedas (auto), wheel straightener. lerezadora/, straightener; rectifier. lerezar, to line, straighten; (elec) to rectify; (pmy)(A) to rectify. licamiento m, dike, levee. licar, to build dikes. Loble m (min), shift of double length. loclinal m (geol), endocne; a endoclinal. todino (ra)(Es), endodyne. loenzima/ (is), endoenzyme. lolado m (ed) (Ch), soffit of a door or window bpening. loparsito (is), endoparasite. luido m (A), brush coat of grout or a waterproofing material; finishing coat of plaster. lulzar, to soften (water); to sweeten (oil). lurecedor m, hardener (all senses). lurecer, to harden; to indurate; endurecerse, to harden, get hard. - a martillo, to hammer-harden. lurecido, hardened. - al aire, air-hardened. - a martillo, hammer-hard. - superficialmente (met), casehardened lurecimiento m, hardening; hardness. - de trabajo (met), work hardness. - por deformacin (met), strain hardening. - por induccin (met), induction hardening. - por precipitacin (met), precipitationhardening. jrga /, energy, power. - absorbida, input. - continua, firm power; primary power. - de base (U), firm power; primary power. - de deformacin, strain energy. - de salida, output. - especfica (hid), specific energy. - firme (M), firm power.

engargoladura enlace 131 engargoladura/, matcher, groover. intermedio o loco, idle gear. engargolar, to groove; to make a male-and-femaestro, master gear. male joint. moldeado, molded gear. engarzar, to hook, couple. multiplicador, increaaing gear, over-gear. engasamiento m (pet)(M), gassing. planetario o satlite, planetary gear. engastador (m) de tornillo, screw chaser. receptor (A), driven gear. engastar, to embed, incase. recto, spur gear. engaste, setting, bedding. reductor, reducing gear. engatillar, to clamp, cramp. sol, sun gear. engendrador m (mat), generator. tallado, cut-tooth or machine-cut gear. ---- de engranajes, gear generator. trabador (auto), locking gear. engendrar (mat), to genrate. transmisor, drive gear. engomado, rubberized; gummy (oil). engranajes (mh) engomarse, to gum (oil). de cambio rpido, quick-change gears. engoznar, to hinge. de reversin (A), change gears. engramar, to grass, sod. traseros, back gearing. engrampar, to clamp; to staple. engranar, to gear, engage; engranarse, to mesh, engranado directamente, direct-geared. engage; (A) to seize, stick. engrane m, engranaje m, gearing; a gear. gear; meshing; (machy)(A) seizing. engranzar ---- angular o cnico, bevel gear. (A), to surface with gravel or crushed ---- cilindrico, spur gear. stone. ---- circumferencial, girth gear. engranzonar (V), to surface with gravel. ---- cnicohelicoidal, spiral bevel gear. engrapadora /, any clamping device. ---- de aumento, increasing gear. engrapar, to clamp, cramp. engrasadera/, ---- de avance, feed gear. grease cup. engrasador m, greaae cup; - de baja (auto), low gear. grease gun; oiler. ---- de cambio (de velocidad), change or change---- a pistola, grease gun. speed gear. de compresin, grease cup. ---- de contramarcha (auto), reverse gear. de gotas visibles, sight-feed lubricator. < --de corona, crown wheel; face gear. de pistn, grease gun. ---- de dientes escalonados, stepped or stagengrasaje m, lubrication, greasing. gered-tooth gear. engrasar, to greaae, lubrcate, ---- de dientes helicoidales angulares, double engrase m, lubrication, greasing. helical gear. ---- por anillos, ring lubrication. ---- de dientes postizos, mortise gear. por gravedad (auto), gravity lubrication. de distribucin (mg), timing or distributer por mecha, wick lubrication. gear. por presin, forced lubrication. ---- de espina de pescado, herringbone gear. engravar, to surface with gravel. --de Ginebra, Geneva motion. engravillar, to surface with grits or stone screen---- de giro (gr), bull gear. ings, < --de inglete, miter gear. engredar, to treat with clay. engrilletar, to --de inversin (mh), tumbler gear. attach a socket, clevis, or shackle. engrosar, to --de linterna, pin gear. upset (bar); engrosarse, to swell. engrudo m, ---- de lbulos, lobe gear. belt dressing; paste, enguijarrar, to surface with --de mando, driving gear. gravel; to pave with ---- de manguito, quill gear. cobbles. ---- de marcha atrs o de retroceso (auto), re enhuacalado m, (M) cribwork; crating. verse gear. enhuacalar, to crate. enhuecar, to hollow out. ---- de paso corto, fine-pitch gear. enjarciadura /, rigging. enjarciar, to rig. enjarje ---- de reduccin simple, single-reduction gear m (lad), toothing. enjaular (min), to load in the ing. cage. enjuagar, to rinse; (C) to flush; (M) to ---- de reversa (auto)(M), reverse gear. backwash ---- de rosca o de tornillo sin fin, worm gear. (filter). ---- de rotacin (gr), swinging gear. enjugador m (pet), stripper. enjunque m, pig -- de transposicin, transposing gear. iron ballast, kentledge. enjuta/, spandrel ---- de triple reduccin, triple-reduction gear. (arch). enjutado m (Es), spandrel filling. ---- desplazable, sliding gear. enjutar, to dry. enjuto, dry; (conc) lean. enlacar ---- diferencial planetario, planet differential. (M), to shellac. enlace m, interlocking; lacing; - doble helicoidal, herringbone gear. linkage; bond; ---- en bisel, bevel gear. (rr) crossovcr; (rr) ladder track; (p) con---- espiral, spiral or helical gear. nection. ---- fresado, machine-cut gear. domiciliario (tub) (A), house connection. ---- helicoidal, helical or worm gear; screw wheel. ---- hipoidal, hypoid gears. ---- impulsado o mandado, driven gear. impulsor o motor, drive gear, driver.

enlaces

132 ensayar
enrejar, to place gratings or grills; (str) to lace, lattice. enrejillado m, grating, grid. enrieladura/, rail laying; rails in place. enrielar, to lay rails; to put on the rails. enripiar, to surface with gravel. enrocamiento m, rock fill, stone riprap; enrockment. ---- acomodado, rock fill hand-placed. ---- vertido, rock fill dumped, dump fill. ---- volteado (M), rock fill dumped. enrocar, to fill with rock; to riprap. enrojecido al fuego, red-hot. enrollable, rolling (shutter). enrollado m (elc), winding. enrollador m, reel; (met) coiler. enrollamiento m (elc), winding. ---- apilado (A), banked winding. ---- superpuesto (A), banked winding. enrollar, to wind, reel, c. enromar, to blunt, dull. enroscar, to thread; to screw up. enrosque m, threading; screwing up. ensabanado m, scratch coat of plaster. ensacar, to put in bags. ensamblado, dovetailed, built-up, framed. ensamblador m, joiner; framer. ensambladura /, assembling machine. ensambladura/, joint. - a cola de milano, dovetail joint. ---- a media madera (carp), halved joint. ---- a tope, butt joint. ---- de caja y espiga, mortise-and-tenon joint. ---- de inglete, miter joint. ---- de lengeta, tongue-and-groove joint. ---- de pasador, pin-connected joint. -i enrasada, flush joint. ---- solapada, lap joint. ---- soldada, weldment. ensamblaje m, assembling, joining, joint, framing. --- a medio inglete, half-miter joint. --- charpado, scarf joint. --- de lengeta postiza, splined or loose-tongue joint. --- de media madera en bisel, beveled halving. --- de rebajado dentado, tabled joint. --- selectivo (maq), selective assembly. ensamblar, to assemble, frame, join, connect. ensamble m, joint, assembly. ensanchador m, widener; reamer, broach, drift; (bo) tube expander; (str) driftpin; (pet) enlarger. --- de entrecarril de expansin (fe), ra-joint expander. ---- de fondo (pet), underreamer. --- de neumticos (auto), tire spreader. ensanchadora (/) de caminos, road widener. ensanchadora-acabadora, widening finisher. ensanchar, to widen, enlarge; to ream. ensanchatubos m, pipe expander. ensanche m, widening, extensin, enlargement. ensardinado m (Ch), rowlock, course of brick on edge. ensayador m, assayer, tester; testing machine, ensayar, to assay, test.

enlaces de correa, belt lacing. enladrillado m, brick paving, brickwork; bricklaying. ---- reforzado, reinforced brickwork. enladrllador m, bricklayer; brick paver. enladrillar, to lay brick, to pave with brick. enlagunar, to flood, inndate. enlajar, to lay flagstones. enlamar, to cover with silt. enlatar, to roof with tin; to lath; to lag; to cleat. enlazadora (/) de correas, belt lacer. enlazar, to join, connect, splice. enlechar, to grout. enlegamar, to cover with mud; enlegamarse, to silt up. enlistonado (ni) metlico, metal lathing. enlistonar, to lath; to clat, batten; to lag. enlodamiento m, silting up; covering with mud; (machy) fouling. enlodar, to place mud; to seal with mud; enlodarse, to become muddy. enlodazar, to cover with mud. enlosado (m) hueco (V), hollow-tile construction. enlosador m, tile paver. enlosar, to pave with flags or tiles. enlozar, to enamel, glaze. enlucido m, plaster coat; sidewalk finish. enlucidor m, plasterer. enlucir, to plaster. enllantar, to put a tire on; to rim. enmaderacin/ (Ch), boarding, forma. ---- de zanjas, trench timbering. enmaderador m, timberman, shorer. enmaderar, to plank, board, timber. enmadrar (Col), to confine a river, canalize. enmangar, to put a handle on. enmasillar, to putty. enmechar (carp)(M), to rabbet; to mortise. enmendar, to fleet, (tackle); to revise (plans). enmienda (/) de planos, revisin of plans. enmohecerse, to rust. enmontado, wooded (country). enmuescar, to notch, mrtise. enmurado, built into a wall. enquiciar, to hnge. enrajonar, to build a wall with rubble; to riprap; (C) to chink joints. enrallado m (Col), tie beam of a wood truss. enramado m, mattress of branches. enrarecer, to rarefy. enrasador de tierra (irr), land plae. enrasar, to make level, grade; to rough-plaster; to screed, smooth up; to fur; to dub out. enrase m, leveling up, grading. enrasillado m, furring; filling on top of floor arches. enrejado m, (str) grillage; (str) latticing, lacing; (hyd) trash rack, bar screen; grizzly; (V) (Col) lap of roof tiles; a foul (rope); (M) kinked. ----de alambre, wire netting, wire mesh. del radiador (auto), radiator shutter. ---- simple (est), lacing. enrejalar (Col), to lay brick with open spaces between.

ensaye

133 entresecad

ensaye m, test, assay. o ___ por arbitro, umpire assay or test. ensayo m, test, assay. entoscar (A), to fill or surface with tosca. _ _ al choque, impact test. entrada/, entrance; (hyd) intake, inlet; (rd) ap__ al freno, brake test. proach; (min) entry; (com) cash receipts; point of a ..__. al jabn (pa), soap test. drill or reamer; (conc) embedded end of a beam; '. a tinte, dye test. encased part of a lock. __ a la traccin, tensile test. de operacin, operating income. __ . de adherencia (ref), pull-out test. entradas brutas, gross receipts. .__ de arrastre (is), elutriation test. entradas y salidas, receipts and expenditures. __ e asiento (conc), slump test. entramado m, fioor framing, framework; stud-ding; . de campaa, field test. cribwork; (Col) grillage. __ de candi (az), candy test. -continuo (est)(A), continuous frame. __ . de desgaste por rozamiento, abrasin test. entrante m, recess, rabbet, step; (top) hollow; o re__ . de doblado, bending test (bar). entrant. __ de envejecimiento (met), aging test. entrecanal /, space between cais; spacing of __ de extendido (conc) (A), slump or consist- grooves or corrugations. ency test. entrecarril m (fc)(V), gage. - de flexin, bending test (beam). compensador (fe), expansin gap. __ de golpe, shock test; impact test. entrecavado, partly excavated. ---- de golpeo, rattler test. entrecierre m, interlock; partial closing. __ . de maza caediza, drop test. entrecinta /, (tu) collar beam. ---- de remoldaje (conc), remolding test (for entrecorteza/, bark showing in interior of timber. workability). entrecruzado, intercrossed. - por gotas (az), spot test. entrecubiertas m (en), between decks. ensebar, to grease. entrediente m (si), gullet. ensenada /, cove, small bay, embayment. entreds m (C), filler, spacer, separator; pipe ensenarse (r), to embay. nipple. ensortijamiento m, kink. entreeje m, distance between axles, wheel base. ensortijar, ensortijarse, to kink. entrefino, medium-fine. enstatita/ (miner), enstatite. entrega/, delivery; (Col) the part of a beam ementabicar, to partition; to wall up. bedded in a wall. entablar, to sheath with boards, to plank. entregar, to deliver; to embed. entablerar (carp)(M), to panel. entrebierro m (elc), clearance, air gap. entablillado m (V), tiling on flat roof. para ondas, surge gap. entablillar, to batten, cleat. entrejuntar, to put together, assemble, fit up. entablonado m, planking. entrelaminado (geol), interbedded. ---- de contencin, bulkhead. entrelazar, to interlace; to interlock; to hook up entalpia /, enthalpy, heat content. (power plants). entalladura/, mortise, notch, groove, dap; (mas) entremezclar, to intermix. (C)(M) pointing. entrenzado m (est), lacing, latticing. entallar, to notch, dap, mortise; to carve, make entrepao m, panel; shelf. a cut; (mas)(C)(M) to point. entreperfil m (Es), distance between cross secentamborado m (V), door or window trim. tions. entarimar, to sheath with boards. entreplastra /, spacing of pilasters. entarquinamiento m, deposit of mud or silt. entrepiso TO, (bldg) mezzanine; (M)(A)(V) upper entarquinarse, to silt up (reservoir). floor; (A) floor structure (in a reinforced-concrete entarugar, to plug; to lay wood blocks. or steel-frame building the wear-ing surface is piso, entechar, to roof. the cinder-concrete fill contrapiso, and the floor entejar, to lay roof tiles. structure entrepiso) ; (min) intermedate gallery entenalla para empalmar (C), splicing clamp. between two main levis. entenallas /, small vise. de losa plana (A), flat-slab (concrete) floor. entepar (A), to sod. nervurado (A), ribbed floor. entrico (is), enteric. entrepuentes m (en), between decks. enteritis/ (is), enteritis. entrerranuras m (A), space between grooves, land. enterizo, in one piece, solid, integral. entrerrpido, medium-fast. entero m, integer, whole number; a whole, inte- entrerreborde (maq), interflange. gral, complete. entrerrenglonar (tv), to interlace. entibado m, timbering; cribwork, blocking. entrerrieles m (fe) (Es), distance between tracks. entibador m, timberman; (re) bucker, dolly. entrerrosca/ (tub), nipple. entibadora (/) neumtica (re), holder-on. con tuerca, hexagon-center nipple. entibar, to timber, shore, prop; (re) to buck up. corta, short nipple. entibo m, shore, prop. de largo mnimo, cise nipple. entintar (dib), to ink in. larga, long nipple. entizar (Ch)(Pe) to plaster. para tanques, tank nipple (special toread), entornillar, to throad. entresecado, partly seasoned.

T
entresuelo 134 equipo
epidiorita / (geol), epidiorite. epidoto m, epidota/ (miner), epidote. ---- calizo, lime epidote, zoisite. - mangansico, piedmontite, manganese epi dote. epipolar (fma), epipolar. epipolo m (fma), epipole. poca/ (geol), epoch. ---- de crecidas, flood season. ---- de lluvias, rainy season. - de magras (A), season of low water. ---- de sequa, dry season. epsomita /, epsomite, native Epsom salt. eptodo m (ra) (Es), heptode. equingulo; equiangular. equiaxil, equiaxial. equicohesivo (met), equicohesive. equidepresin / (fma), equidepression. equidimensional, of equal dimensions, equiaxed. equidistancia/, spacing, pitch; equidistance. equidistante, equidistant. equidistribucin / (M), equal distribution. equigranular, equigranular. equiltero, equilateral. equilibrador m, balancer; equilibrator. equilibrante m, equilibrant. equilibrar, to balance, counterbalance; to equilibrate. equilibrio m, equilibrium, balance. ---- al deslizamiento (Col), stability against sliding (dam), ---- de calor, heat balance. ---- de oxgeno (is), oxygen balance. ---- de sucrosa (az), sucrose balance. ---- dinmico, dynamic or running balance. * estable, stable equilibrium. ------- esttico, static or standing balance. ---- indiferente, neutral equilibrium. - inestable, unstable equilibrium. ---- plstico (ms), plstic equilibrium. equilibristato m (le), equilibristat. equimolecular, equimolecular. equinoccio (m) otoal, autumnal equinox. equinoccio vernal, vernal equinox. equipar, to equip, t out. equipo m, equipment, plant, outfit, rig; kit; gang, shift. ---- clasificador (ag), screening equipment. ---- de da, day shift. ---- de dosificacin (conc), batching plant. ---- de emergencia, wrecking gang. - de ingenieros, engineering party or corps. ---- de machaqueo, crusher plant. ---- de noche, night shift. ---- de ocasin (ec), used equipment. ---- de perforacin, drilling rig. ---- de reparaciones, repair gang. ---- de trabajo, construction plant. ---- de tumbadores (ef), falling crew. ---- de urgencia, wrecking crew. ---- dragador, dredging equipment. - mudador de tierra, earth-moving equipment ---- normal o de norma (auto), standard equip ment. ---- proporcionador (conc), batcher plant. ---- rodante (fe), rolling stock, equipment.

entresuelo m, mezzanine; (min)(M) intermedate gallery between two main levis; shallow basement. entresurco m, spacing of furrows. entretenimiento m (Es), (machy) maintenance. entrevlvula (ra), intervalve. entreventana /, mullion, pier between windows. entrevia / (fe), gage; (Sp)(C) space between tracks. ----angosta, narrow gage. ----normal, standard gage. entrevigado m, space between beams. entrevigar (Es), to fill in between beams. entroncar (fe), to join, make a junction. entronque m, (rr) junction; (C) sewer or water connection to a main. entropa /, entropy. entubacin /, piping, tubing, wcll casing; (M) piping (earth dam). entubado (m) de pozos, well casing. entubar, to pipe; entubarse (M), to pipe (earth dam). entuercadora / (herr), nut runner or setter or tightener. entumecerse, to swell. enturbiarse, to become turbid. envagonar (Pe)(PR), to load a car. envarillado m, (A) grill; (A)(M) concrete reinforcement. envasar, to pack (for shipment). envase m, packingv boxing; a container. envejecimiento m, aging (all senses). ----por sumersin (met), quench aging. ----por deformacin (met), strain aging. envergadura / (ap), span or spread of an airplane. enverjado m (est)(Es), latticing; web member. enviajado m, skew. enviar, to send, ship, forward. envigado m, floor framing, system of beams. envigar, to set beams. envo m, shipment. envoltorio m (A), housing, container, envoltura/, casing, jacket, housing; lagging. ----de guitarra (auto), banjo housing. ----de neumtico (M), tire shoe. envolvente m, casing, jacket; (math) envelope. ---- aislador, insulation, lagging. ----de caldera, boiler shell; boiler lagging. ---- del embrague (auto) (U), clutch housing. ---- del volante (auto), flywheel housing. enyerbar, to sod, grasa. enyesado m, plastering. enyesador m, plasterer. enyesar, to plaster. enzarzado m, frame of stakea and header used in river-bank protection. enzima/ (qum), enzyme. enzmico, enzymic. enzolvar (hid)(M), to silt up. enzunchar, to hoop, band. elico (geol), aeolian. eosina / (is), eosin. eosinato m (lab), eosinate, eosate. epicentral (geol), epicentral. epicentro m, epicenter.

equipo
---- suavizador, softening plant (water). equipotencial, equipotential. equivalencia /, equivalence. equivalente m a, equivalent. ----centrifugo de humedad (ms), centrifuga moisture equivalent. --- de humedad en el campo (ms)(C), field moisture equivalent. ----mecnico del calor, mechanical equivalent of heat. era /, paved or graded rea, working rea; mixing board. ereccin/, erection. erector m, erector, steelworker; erector (optics). ergio m, erg. erigir, to erect, set up, build. eritrina/ (miner), erythrite, cobalt bloom. eritrosina/ (lab), erythrosin. erogacin/, expenditure; (pu)(A) delivery. de combustible (A), fuel consumption. erosin/, erosin. erosional, erosonal. erosionar, to erode. erosivo, erosive. errtico (geol), erratic. error m (mat), error. --- de cierre (lev), error of closure. --- restante (mat), residual error. ---- sistemtico (mat), constant or systematic error. erstedio m (elc)(A), oersted. erupcin/, eruption. eruptivo, volcanic, eruptive. esbeltez (/), relacin de (est), slenderness ratio. esbozar, to sketch. esbozo m, sketch. escabroso, rough, rugged (ground). escafandrista wz, diver. escafandro m, diving suit. escafilar, to trim brick. escala /, ladder; scale (of a drawing); scale (draftsman's); gage; port of cali. -iabsoluta (temperatura), absoluto or Kelvin scale. --- de aguja (hid), point gace. ---- de arquitecto (dib), an architect's scale (feet and inches). ---- de cable, rope ladder. ---- de calado (nut), draft gage. ---- de cinta (hid), tapo gage. de dureza, scalo of hardness. --- de emergencia, fire escape. ---- de esclusas, flight of locks. -- de flotador (hid), float gage. ---- de gancho (hid), hook gage. ---- de garfios, hook ladder. ---- de gato (nut), rope or Jacob's ladder. --- de graduacin total (dib), chain scale. ---- de ingeniero (dib), an engineer's scale (deci mal). --- de listones, cleat ladder. ---- de mareas, tide gage. - de millas, scale of miles. - de octanos, octane scale. --- de peces o de pocilios (hid), fish ladder, fish way.

135

escantillar
---- de plomada (hid), plumb-bob gage. ---- de sueldos, wage scale. ---- fluviomtrica o hidromtrica, stream or ---- fraccionaria (dib), fractional scale, repre---- grfica (dib), graphic scale. ---- platino cobalto (pa), platinum cobalt scale. ---- real (en), acemmodation ladder. ---- registradora diferencial (hid), recording dif-

staff gage.

sentative fraction.

escala-transportadora, protractor scale. escalador m (A), escalator. escaladores, climbers. escalafn m, scale of wages; register of employees. escalar, v (dwg) to scale; a scalar. escaleno (mat), scalene. escalera /, stair, stairway, ladder. --- de caracol o de husillo, spiral stairway. --- de cuerda, rope ladder. --- de escape o de salvamento, fire escape. --- de escapulario, ladder fixed in a shaft or manhole. --- de ganchos, hook ladder, --- de ida y vuelta o de media vuelta, half-turn stairs. --- de largueros corredizos, extensin ladder. --- de mano, ladder, stepladder. --- de papagayo, pole with peg steps. --- de peces (hid), fishway. --- de portaln (en), acemmodation ladder. --- de tijera, stepladder; trestle ladder. --- mecnica o mvil, escalator. --- rampante (A), ramp with cleats, chicken lad der, crawling board. --- rodante (A), escalator. sin fin (C), escalator. --- voladiza, hanging stairs. escalerilla/, rack (for pinion); car step. --- para cables (elec), cable rack. escalerista m (A), stairbuilder. escalero m (Es), man who reads the stream gaga escalmetro m, escalgrafo m (dib) (A), triangular scale. escalinata/, small stairway; outside stairway. escalines (Ch), manhole steps. escaln m, step, rung, stair tread; gradin; (exc) bench; (dd) altar; (min) stope. ---- de banco (min), underhand stope. ---- de barra, manhole step. ---- de cielo (min), overhand stope. ---- de denudacin (geol) (A), escarpment produced by erosin^ ---- de fractura (geol) (A), fault scarp. escalonado, stepped; graded (gravel). escalonamiento m, steps; (elec) notching; (ag) rock ladder. escalonar, to form in steps; (surv) to offset. escama /, boiler scale, scale of rust, flake. escamaciones /, incrustations, scale. escamarse (Pe), to form scale, scale off. escamoso, scaly, flaky; (geol) platy. escandallar, to take soundings. escandallo m, sounding lead. escantillar, to gage, to measure; to lay out.

---- salmonera (hid), fishway, salmn ladder.

ferential gage.

T
escantilln
escantilln m, straightedge, screed, strickle, screed board; rule; gage; tmplate; level board; (rr) gage bar. ----de Birmingham, Birmingham wire gage. ---- de bisel, miter rod. ---- para puntas (mh), center gage. ---- para roscas, screw-pitch gage. ---- vibratorio (pav), vibratorv screed. escape m, leak; exhaust; outlet; escapement (rr)(M) siding; (pu) slip. ---- de fondo (Col), sluiceway (dam). ---- de incendio (M), fire escape. ---- de rejilla (ra)(A), grid leak. escapolita / (miner), scapolite, wernerite. escarabajo m, beetle; (fdy) air hole. ---- de corteza (mad), bark beetle. ---- de podricin seca (mad), powder-post beetle escaramujo m, barnacle. escarbador m, plugging chisel. ---- de juntas, bricklayer's jointer. escarbar juntas (lad), to rake jointa. escariado m, reaming, broaching. ---- de desbaste, rough reaming. ---- de superficie, surface broaching. ---- rstico (A), rough reaming. escariador m, reamer. ---- acabador, finishing reamer. ----acanalado o arrugado, uted reamer. ---- ahusado o cnico, taper reamer. ----ajustable, expansin reamer. ---- centrador, center reamer. ----cilindrico, straight reamer. ---- corona (A), shell reamer. ----chato, fat reamer. ---- de cabeza cortante, rose reamer. ----de canal espiral o de estras espirales, spiralfluted reamer. ----de empuje, push broach. ---- de espiga cilindrica, straight-shank reamer. ----de espiga cnica, taper-shank reamer. ---- de estras rectas, straight-fluted reamer. ----de fondo (pet), underreamer. ----de lomo, ridge reamer. ----de mandril, chucking reamer. ----de pared de pozo (pet), wall scraper. ---- de trinquete, ratchet reamer. ----desbarbador o quitarrebabas o de rebaba, burring reamer. ---- escalonado, stepped or roughing reamer. ----esfrico, ball reamer. ---- estructural, bridge reamer. ----hueco, shell reamer. ---- paralelo, straight or full-bottoming reamer. escariadora /, broaching machine, reamer. escariar, to ream, broach. escarificador m, harrow, scarifier, ripper, rooter ---- de dientes, tooth harrow. ----de discos, disk harrow. escarificar, to scarify, harrow. escarpa /, batter; escarpment; (M) sidewalk. ---- de fractura (geol)(A), fault scarp. escarpado, steep; battered. escarpar, to escarp, slope. escarpe m, scarp, escarpment; (M) batter; (hyd) apron; (A) scarf. escarpelo w,

136

escollera

escarpia/, spike; (surv) spad; (Sp) staple. ---- con filo de cincel, chisel-pointed spike. - cortada, cut spike. ---- de filo paralelo, reverse-point spike. ---- de madera, tie plug, wooden spike. - de va, track spike. escarpiador m (fe), spiker. escarpiar, to spike. escarzano, segmental (arch). escasear (Es), to bevel. escatol m (is), skatole. escayola/, scagliola; (Col) white coat of plaster. esclergrafo m (pet), sclerograph. escleromtrico, sclerometric. esclermetro m, sclerometer. escleroscopio m, seleroscope. esclusa/, sluice; air lock; navigation lock. ---- contra la marea, tide lock. ---- de cuenco, navigation lock. ---- de desviacin, diversin sluice. ---- de emergencia, emergeney lock. ---- de escape (tn), escape lock. ---- de salida, tail lock. ---- en T (tn), T lock. ---- neumtica, air lock. ---- para armadas (r), log sluice. ---- para escombros (tn), material lock. esclusa-hospital, hospital or medical lock. esclusada /, lockful, volume of water in a lock. esclusa je TO, lockage; sluicing. esclusar, to lock (vessel); to eluice. esclusero m, lock tender. escoba/, broom. - caminera, road broom. ---- de arrastre, drag broom. ---- de caucho, squeegee. ---- de piazava, bass broom. ---- mecnica, sweeper, power broom. escobn m (en), hawsehole. escobilla/, brush; (elec) brush. ---- de alambre, wire brush. ---- de alambres (elc), wire commutator brush. ---- de carbn (elc), carbn brush. ----de prueba (elc), pilot brush. ----de tela metlica (elc), wire-gauze brush. ----desincrustadora (cal), flue brush or cleaner. ----grafitica (elc), graphite brush. ----limpialimas, file card or cleaner. ---- limpiatubos (cal), flue brush or cleaner. escobilln m, boiler-flue cleaner; push broom; (pet) swab. escobina /, chips, sawdust, fings. escoda /, stonecutter's hammer. escodar, to cut stones. escofina/, rasp, rasp-cut file; (C) bastard file. ----bastarda, bastard file. ----cortapared (pet), side rasp. ----de herrador, farrier's rasp. ----de picadura simple, float-cut file. - dulce, smooth rasp. ----encorvada, riffler. --- para madera, wood rasp. escofinar, to rasp, file. escollera/, rock fill; riprap; breakwater. - acomodada o a mano, rock fill placed by hand.

escollera
dida, rock fill dumped. escollerado m, rock fill, riprap. escollo m, reef; (M) breakwater. escombramiento m (V), dirt moving. escombrar, to muele, remove spoil; to clean up rubbish. escombrera/, dump, spoil bank; spoil, muck. escombro (m) glacial (A), glacial drift. escombros, spoil, muck, rubbish, debris, dirt; quarry waste; (min) deads; river drift. esconce m (Es), rabbet. escopladura /, chisel cut. escopleadora /, mortising or gaining machine. ---- de broca hueca, hollow-chisel mortizer. escopleadura/, notch, mortise; chiseling. ---- con llama de gas, flame-gouging. escoplear, to mortise, notch, dap; to chisel. escoplo m, chisel, socket or framing or mortising chisel. ---- ancho de torno, slick chisel. ---- angular, crner chisel. ---- biselado, bevel chisel. ---- calafateador de estopa, yarning chisel. -- con rabo, tang chisel. ---- de acabar, inishing chisel. ---- de descortezar, bark spud. de ebanista, cabinet chisel. ---- de espiga hueca, socket chisel. ---- de mano, pocket or paring chisel. ---- de torno, turning chisel. ---- de vidriero, glazier's chisel. ---- degradador, mortar chisel. ---- para bisagras, butt chisel. ---- perforador, chisel bit. ---- ranurador, cope chisel. ---- separador, parting chisel. escoplo-punzn, firmer chisel. escoraje m (ds), shoring. escorar, (dd) to shore; (ti) to reach the low point. escoras/ (ds), shores. escoria/, slag, clinker; (A)(C) cindera. de cemento, eement clinker. ---- de fragua, anvil dross, hammer slag. ---- de fundicin, slag. ---- de hulla, clinker. ---- filamentosa, mineral wool. escorias de alto horno, blast-furnace slag. escorial m, slag dump; deposit of volcanic ash; lava bed. escoriar, escoriarse, to slag, clinker. escorifleador TO, scorifier. escorificar, to reduce to slag, clinker, scorify. escorredero m (Es), drainage ditch. escorredor m (Es), drainage ditch; sluice gate. escorrenta/, (hyd) (PR) (Pe) runoff. escota/, stone hammer; miner's pick. escotadura/, notch, recess; opening, trap door. ---- de aforo (hid), gage notch. escotar, to notch, cut out. escote m, notch. ---- de descarga, (M) measuring weir. escotera/ (nut), chock. - con rodillo, roller chock. --- de espiar, warping chock. --- de remolcar, towing chock.
---- arrojada o vertida o a granel o a piedra per

137

escudete

escotilla/, shaft (elevator); hatchway, trap door. --- de bodega (en), cargo hatch. --- de calderas, boiler hatch, fiddley. --- de camarote, companion hatchway, booby hatch.' ---- de mquinas, engine hatch. ---de muestrear (dac), sampling hatch. escotilln m, trap door, hatchway. ---- de cargar, loading trap. escotillones de acera, sidewalk doors. escrepa/ (ot)(M), scraper. ---- de arrastre, drag scraper. ---- de empuje, bulldozer. ---- de empuje en ngulo, angledozer. ---- de ruedas, wheeled scraper. ---- fresno, fresno scraper. ---- hidrulica, hydraulically operated scraper. escritorio m, desk; (A)(Ec) office. escritura/, contract; deed; policy; legal instrument. ---- de constitucin, corporation charter. ---- de fundacin, incorporation papers, certif cate of organizacin. ---- de propiedad, title deed. ---- de seguro, insurance policy, ---- de venta, bil of sale; (C) deed. ---- matriz, notary's original document. ---- pblica, contract registered with the official notary. ---- social, incorporation papers; partnership agreement. escrpulo m, pennyweight. escuadra /, square; angle iron; (dwg) triangle; knee, crner brace, gusset pate; (sb) bracket, beam knee; (Ch) gang (men). ---- , a,,square, at right angles. -abordonada o con nervio (est), bulb angle. ---- de agrimensor (Es)(A), goniometer. ---- de ajustar (carp), framing square. ---- de dimetros (carp), center square. ---- de ensambladura o de unin (est), gusset pate. ----, de espaldn (carp), try square. ---- de espejos (lev), angle mirror. ----de inglete (carp), miter square. - de reflexin (Es), reflecting goniometer. ----en T (dib), T square. ----falsa (carp), bevel square. --- , fuera de, out of square. --- para cabrios (carp), rafter square. --- prisma (lev), angle prism. --- rebordeada (est)(A), bulb angle. --- universal de dibujo (Es), drafting machine. escuadra-transportador (dib) (A), bevel protractor. escuadras del cordn, (gi) flange angles. escuadras de ensamblaje (est), connection angles. escuadrar, to square. escuadreo m, squaring; sectional rea, escuadra /, a section; sectional rea, escuchador (m) de prueba (ra), monitor, escudete m, (tun) shield; (str) (Sp) gusset pate; (hw) escuteheon pate; (elec) canopy; (elee) wall pate, faceplate. ----de borrar (dib), erasing shield.

T
escudete
---- de cerradura, rose (lock). ----de expansin, expansin shield (bolt). ---- de pulsador (elc), push-button pate. ---- de receptculo (elc), receptacle pate.

138

esmerilador
---- de tensin, tensile stress. ---- de trabajo, working stress. ---- de traccin, tractive effort; tensional stress.

escudilla/, rose (lock). escudo m, shield; escutcheon pate; (elec) canopy. ---- de perforacin, tunnel shield. ---- ensanchador, expansin shield (bolt). escudriamiento m (tv), scamng. escurrente m, effluent. escurrideras / (M), water running off from irrigated land. escurridero m, drain hole, outlet; weathering; drip; leak. escurrimiento m, (hyd) runoff; (M) piping (erth dam); (elec) creepage. ----crtico (hid), critical flow ----especifico (irr), specific yield. ----plstico, plstic flow, (conc) creep, time yield. ----pluviomtrico (Col), runoff. ---- slido, silt runoff. escurrirse, to run off, drain; to leak. esencia/, essence; (Sp) gasoline. ---- de petrleo (Es), gasoline; kerosene. ----de trementina, oil of turpentine. mineral, (Sp) mineral oil; mineral spirits. esencial, essential. esf ale rita / (miner), sphalerite, zinc blende. esfeno m, esfena/ (miner), sphene, titanite. esfera/, sphere; dial of a gage. esfericidad /, sphericity. esfrico, spherical. esferoidal, esferodrico, spheroidal. esferoide m, spheroid. esferoidizar (met), to spheroidize. esfermetro m, spherometer. esforzar (U), to stress. esfuerzo m, stress; effort. ---- admisible, safe or allowable stress. 1 compuesto, compound stress. ---- cortante de penetracin, punching shear. ---- cortante doble, double shear. ---- cortante simple, single shear. ---- de adhesin (re), bond stress. ---- de aplastamiento, crushing stress. ---- de apoyo, bearing stress (beam). ---- de cizallamiento, shearing stress. ---- de compresin, compressive stress. ---- de contraccin (conc), shrinkage stress. ---- de corte perimtrico, perimeter shear. de dobladura (cab), bending stress. ---- de empuje, bearing stress on rivets or pins. ---- de extensin, tensional stress. ---- de flexin (est), bending stress. ---- del hincado (pi), driving stress. ---- de impacto de rodaje (ap), rolling impact stress. ---- de lmite (ms), boundary stress. ---- de manipulacin, handling stress. ---- de montaje (pte), erection stress. ---- de prueba, proof stress. ---- de rotacin, torsional stress. ---- de ruptura, breaking stress, ultmate or rupture strength. ---de seguridad, safe stress.

' de traccin diagonal, diagonal tensin. ---- de tronchadura (Es), shearing stress. - de zuncho, hoop or tangential stress. ---- dielctrico, electric or dielectric stress. ---- electrosttico, electrostatic pressure or stress. ---- en la fibra, fiber stress. ---- especfico, unit stress. ---- flexor (est), bending stress. ---- lmite de trabajo, allowable working stress. - lindero, boundary stress. - principal, principal stress; (A) diagonal tensin. --- rasante, (Sp) longitudinal shear; (M) shear. ---- restante, residual stress. ---- tangencial, tangential or shearing stress; hoop stress. ---- tractor, tensile stress* tractive effort. -- unitario, unit stress. ecguazable (r), fordable. esherardizar (met), to sherardize. eslabn m, link. ---- con mallete o de travesano, stud link. ---- de acoplamiento (ra), link coupling. ---- de ajuste, hunting link. ---- de arrastre (auto) (M), drag link. ---- de compostura, missing or repair link. ---- de retencin, grab link, slip grab. ---- de seguridad (turb), breaking link. ---- de solapa, lap link. ---- fusible (elc), fuse link. -- giratorio, swivel. --interruptor (elc), disconnecting link. --- pivotante, swing link. ---- reparador, connecting or chain-repair link. eslabonamiento m, linkage. eslinga/, sling. ---- de brida de dos partes, two-leg bridle sling. de brida doble, double bridle sling. ----de cables mltiples, multiple-part sling. ---- de cadena, chain sling. ---- de doble suspensin, basket hitch. ---- de igualacin, equalizing sling. ---- estranguladora, choker sling or hitch, anchor hitch. ---- sin fin, endless-rope sling. eslingaje m, slinging charge (ship's cargo). eslingar, to sling. eslora/ (nut), length. ---- de clasificacin, classification length. ---- de flotacin, water-line length. ---- entre perpendiculares, length between perpendiculars. ---- total, over-all length. esmaltar, to enamel. esmalte m, enamel. ---- de asfalto, filled asphalt, asphalt enamel. esmaltina, esmaltita/ (miner), smaltite. esmeril m, emery. esmerilado m, grinding. -- al aire o sin puntas, centerless grinding. ---- en hmedo, wet grinding. esmerilador m, emery whecl, grinder. --- de vlvulas, valve grinder.

esmeriladora
esmeriladora/, grinder; honing machine. ---- de banco, bench grinder. ---- de pie, pedestal grinder. ---- de roscas, thread grinder. ---- de velocidad graduable, adjustable-speed grinder. ---- para brocas, bit grinder. ---- para mandril de torno, chucking grinder. ---- sin centros, centerlesa grinder. esmerilaje m, grinding. esmerilar, to grind; to polish with emery. esmitsonita /, smithsonite, zinc spar. espaciado m, spacing, (re) pitch. espaciador TO, separator, spacer, packing block. ---- del balancn (pet), beam spacer. ---- de barras (ref), bar spacer. ---- del empaque, packing spacer. espacial, spatial. espaciamiento m, spacing; extent, space. espaciar, to space; (mech) to index. espacio m, space. ---- libre, clearance. ---- libre labial (A), lip relief (twist drill). ---- muerto, clearance. ---- nocivo, clearance (cylinder). ---- oscuro catdico (elc), cathode or Crookes dark space. espadilla /, (conc) (A) blade tamper. espadn m (fe)(Es), switch blade. espalda /, back. ---- con espalda, back to back. espaldn m, shoulder, heel. espaoleta /, door bolt. esparavel m, plasterer's hawk, mortarboard; piasterer's float. esparcidor m, spreader, finisher. ---- corredizo (dac), traveling distributer. ---- de asfalto, asphalt spreader. ---- de cascajo (ca), chip spreader. ---- de hormign, concrete spreader. ---- giratorio, rotary distributer. esparcidora/, spreader, finisher. acabadora, spreader-finisher. ---- de cola, glue-spreading machine. esparcimiento (m) de banda (ra)(A), band spread. esparcir, to spread, distribute, esprrago m, pin, peg; (w) stud; (C) stay bolt; (A) stud bolt. esparramar (A), to spread. esptico, spathic, sparry. espato m (miner), spar. ---adamantino, adamantine spar, corundum. ---- azul, blue spar, lazulite. ---- bruno, brown spar (dolomite or magnisite). ---- calcreo o calizo, calcite, calc-spar, calcareous spar. ---- de hierro, siderite, sparry iron. ---- de Islandia, Iceland spar (calcite). ---- de manganeso, manganeso spar (rhodonite or rhodochrosite). ---- ferrfero, siderite, sparry iron, chalybite. ---- flor, flor spar, fluorite. ---- lustroso, satn spap (calcite or gypsum). ---- pardo, brown spar; dolomite, magnesite. ---- pesado, heavy spar, barite.

139
---- romboidal, rhomb spar, dolomite.

espiga

esptula /, mason's float; trowel; putty knife, spatul; molder's spoon; (auto)(M) tire iron. especialidades (/) para vapor, steam specialties. especificacin /, specification. - modelo o normal, standard specification. especificar, to specify. especfico, specific. espcimen m, specimen. espectral, spectral. espectro m, spectrum. ---- de faja, band spectrum. ---- de frecuencias portadoras (elc), carrier spectrum. ---- lineal, Une spectrum. espectrofotoelctrico, spectrophotoelectric. espectrofotometrico, spectrophotometric. espectrofotmetro TO, spectrophotometer. espectrgrafo m, spectrograph. espectrometra /, spectrometry. espectrmetro m, spectrometef. espectromicroscopio m, spectromicroscope. espectrorradiomtrico.spectroradiometric. espectrorradimetro m (il), spectroradiometer. espectroscopia /, spectroscopy. espectroscpico, spectroscopic. espectroscopio m, spectroscope. ---- monocromtico, monochromator. especular, specular (iron). espejo m, mirror; (Pan) stair riser; (C) seat of a slide valve. ---- de agua, water surface. ---- de falla o de friccin (geol), sh'ckenside. ---- de horizonte (inst), horizon glass. ---- de popa (en), escuteheon. ---- retroscpico o retrovisor (auto), rear-vision mirror. espejuelo m, (Ch) fine gravel, grits; (PE,) a hardwood; (miner) selenite, (Ch) calcite. espeque m, lever, handspike. espera / (carp), dap, notch, rabbet, mortise, gain. espesador m (is), thickener. ---- de batea, tray thickener. ---- de cieno (dac), sludge thickener. espesar, to thicken. espesartita / (geol), spessartite. espeso, thick, heavy, dense. espesor m, thickness, gage (sheet), depth (slab). ---- de arco (en), circular thicknesa. ---- de cuerda (en), chordal thickness. espesura/, density; thickness. espetn m, poker; iron pin. espa/, warping cable; (mech) telltale. espiar (nut), to warp. espiche m, peg, dowel. espidmetro m (M), speedometer. espiga /, pin, peg, needle, dowel, (sb) setbolt; tenon; (t) shank, fang; (p) spigot; (re) shank. - ahusada (herr), taper shank. ---- cilindrica (herr), straight shank. ---- con oreja, lugged shank. ---- cuadrada cnica, square taper shank. ---- de aislador (elc), insulator pin.

espiga
---- de balsar, raft dog. ---- de la bisagra (ft), hinge pin. ---- de la excntrica (mv), eccentric pin. ---- de reborde (barrena), lug shank. ---- de la vlvula (Es) (C), valve stem. ---- estriada, fluted shank (drill). ---- gua, guide stem. --- para trinquete, ratchet shank. ---- pareja, straight shank (drill). ---- roscada, dowel screw.

140

estacin

y campana o y enchufe (tub), bell and spigot. espigadora /, tenoner; (pav) dowel-setting machine. ---- doble, double-end tenoner. ---- simple, single-end tenoner. espigar, to dowel, pin; to tenon; to shank. espign m, jetty, wing dam, pier dam, spur dike; pier, dock. espigueta /, blasting needle. espiguilla/, herringbone (bond). espilita / (geol), spilite. espina f, barb; thorn; splinter. ---- de arenque o de pescado, herringbone (gear). espinazo m, (Col) crown of a barrel arch. ---- de pescado, herringbone. espinela / (miner), spinel. espinillo m, an Argentine hardwood. espintermetro m (elc), measuring spark gap. espiocha /, mattock, pick. espira/, turn, loop; spiraL ---- cerrada (cab), locked coil. espiractor m (pa), Spiractor (trademark). espiral / a, spiral; (miner) gyroidal. de diez cuerdas (ca), ten-chord transition curve. de transicin (ca) (fe), transition curve. espirilos m (is), spirilla. espritu (m) de petrleo, mineral or white spirits. espita/, cock, faucet; spout. --- de prueba (cal), try cock. ---- de purga, drain cock. espoleta/, (elec)(bl) fuse; (auto)(U) hood. de tiempo, time fuse. --- elctrica (vol) (M), exploder. --- fulminante (M), blasting cap. espoln m, cutwater; wing dam, jetty, pier dam, groin; mole; starling, fender; (top) spur. espolvorizar, to spray with powder. esponja /, sponge. esponjamiento m, swelling. esponjarse, to swell. esponjoso, spongy. esporas / (is), spores. esporfero, containing spores, spore-forming. esporulacin/ (is), sporulation. esporulario, sporular. espuela /, spur; (rr) siding; (C) climbing iron; (t) point, tooth. espuma/, scum; foam, froth. --- apagadora, fire foam. espumadera /, skimmer; spray nozzle; (loco) scum cock. espumadora /, foam generator. espumante m (min), frother. espumar, to foam; to froth; (bo) to prime. espurio (ra), spurioua.

esqueleto m, crate; blank form; (conc) coarse aggregate; (str) frame skeleton. esquema m, sketch, plan, diagram; scheme, plan. --- almbrico (elc), wiring diagram. --- de las cargas, load diagram. esquemtico, diagrammatic, schematic. esquifada /, vault, groined arch. esquife m, skiff; barrel arch; (M) scalepan, skip. esquilar (mh) (A), to shear. esquileo ra (A), shearing. esquina /, crner. esquinal m, knee brace; crner post. esquinera /, crner post or piece; knee brace, gusset. esquirol m, strikebreaker. esquisto m, shale, slate, schist. --- aluminoso, alum shale or schist. --- arcilloso, clay slate, killas. --- clortico, chlorite schist. --- de barro, mudstone. --- micceo, mica schist. ---- petrolfero, oil shale. --- talcoso, tale schist. esquistoideo, schistoid. esquistosidad /, schistosity. esquistoso, slaty, shaly, schistic, schistose. esquistosomas (is), schistosomes. esquistosomiasis / (is), schistosomiasis. esquizomicetos (is), schizomycetes. estabilidad /, stability. --- al deslizamiento o al resbalamiento, stabil ity against sliding (dam). ---- al giro o al vuelco, stability against overturning (dam). ---- de volumen (ct), constaney of volume. estabilizacin(/) de suelos, soil stabilization. estabilizador m, estabilizadora /, stabilizer. ---- de arco (sol), are stabilizer. estabilizar, to stabilize. estable a, stable. , establecimiento m, (A)(U)(Ch) plant, installation. ---- : de aguas corrientes (A), waterworks. ---- de depuracin (A), purification plant. ---- del puerto, establishment of the port. ---- siderrgico (A), steel mili. establo m, a stable. estaca/, stake, paling; pile, sheet pile. ---- de cerca, fence post. ---- de declive (M), slope stake. ---- de rasante, grade stake. ---- directriz, guide pile. ---- indicadora (lev), witness stake. ---- limitadora de talud, slope stake. ---- volada (tn), spile. estacas de avance (tn), poling boards, spilling. estacada/, sheeting, sheet piling; fence. --- flotante, log boom. estacar, to stake out. estacin/, station, plant; season; survey station. ---- cabecera (fe)(A), terminal station. --- carbonera, coaling station. --- central (elc), central station, generating plant, powerhouse. --- de aforos (hid), gaging station. ---- de bombeo, pumping plant.

estacin
~- de carga, freight station. , _ . de fuerza, power plant, powerhouse. __ de machaqueo (Es), crushing plant. __ de radiofacsmile, facsmile broadcast sta tion. __ . de secas, dry season. __ de servicio, service station. __ de toma (fma), camera or exposure station. __ de transbordo (fe), transfer station. __ de transformacin al aire libre (elc), outdoor substation. __ . del trnsito (lev), transit point. ---- de viajeros, passenger station. __ depuradora, purification plant. __ difusora, broadeasting station. ---- ferroviaria, railroad station. ---- filtradora, filter plant. ---- fluviomtrica o hidromtrica (hid), gaging station. . _ generatriz, central station, powerhouse. ---- gravimtrica (geof), gravity station. ---- lluviosa o pluvial, rainy season. ---- naval, naval station. ---- pluviomtrica, rain-gaging station. ---- radiofaro, radio range station. ---- recolectora (pet), gathering station. ----transmisora (ra), sending station. estacionamiento m, (auto)(ap) parking; (conc) (A) curing; (lbr)(M)(A) seasoning. estacionar, (auto) to park; (A) to berth (ship); (A)(M) to season (lumber); (surv)(Sp) to set up. estacionario, stationary. estacn m, large stake; pile; (M) pole. estacha /, hawser, towline. estadal m, a measure of length about 3.3 m; a square measure about 11.2 sq m; (M) evel rod. --- de corredera, level rod. --- enroable, flexible level rod. ----estadimtrico, stadia rod. estadalero m (M), rodman (level). estada/, stadia. estada/, demurrage; stay; (naut) lay days. estadigrafo m (inst), stadiagraph. estadimtrico, a. stadia, stadiametric. estadio m, stadium; furlong. estadimetro m, stadiometer. estadstica/, statistics. estado m, state, condition; (r) stage; statement, report; staff; state (US, M, etc.); (meas) 2 varas. --- de cuenta, statement of account. --- de pago, estimate for payment (contract). estafilococos (lab), staphylococci. estai m (C), stay. estajar (est), to crimp. estaje m, (str) crimping; (CA) piecework, taskwork. estajear (AC), to do work by the task or piece system. estajero m (AC), taskworker, pieceworker. estalagmmetro m (lab), stalagmometer. estallabilidad /, explosibility. estallable, explosible. estalladora /, blasting machine.

141
---- de empuje, push-down machine. ---- de vuelta, twist-type machine.

estao

estalladura/, (auto) blowout;-(bl) blast, shot. ---- de roca (min), rock burst. estallar, to explode, burst. estambor m (en), stempost. estampa/, (re) dolly; (bs) swage;rivetset;stamp. ---- de collar, collar swage. inferior, bottom swage. ---- superior, top swage. estampas de empatar, seaming dies. estampado profundo, deep drawing. estampadora /, stamping machine. estampar, to stamp; to swage. ---- en caliente, to hot-swage. estancado, stagnant; dammed. estancamiento m, damming; backing up (water) ; waterproofing. estancar, to dam; to make watertight; estancarse, to back up (water), to stagnate. estanco, watertight, airtight, weathertight. --- al aceite, oiltight. --- al agua, watertight, waterproof. --- al aire, airtight. --- al gas, gastight. --- al goteo, driptight. --- a la humedad, moisturetight. --- a llamas, flametight. --- al polvo, dust-tight. ---- al vapor, steamtight, vaportight. estndar (V)(M), standard. estandardizacin / (M)(A)(V), standardization. estannato m (qum), stannate. estnnico (qum), stannic. estannita / (miner), stannite, tin pyritea. estannito m (qum), stannite. r estannoso (qum), stannous. estannuro m (qum), stannide. estanque m, reservoir, basin. ---- almacenador, storage reservoir. ---- amortiguador, stilling or cushion pool. ---- de acumulacin (A), storage reservoir. ---- de clarificacin o de deposicin, gettling tank or basin. ---- de distribucin, distributing reservoir. ---- de enfriamiento, cooling pond. ---- de lixiviacin, leaching tank. ---- de rociada, spray pond. ---- decantador, settling basin. ---- mezclador, mixing tank. ---- para colas (min), tailings pond. ---- regulador, regulating reservoir. ---- sptico, septic tank. estanquedad /, watertightnesa. estanquero m, reservoir attendant. estantal m (Es), buttress, pilaster. estante m, post, upright; buck. ---- de probetas (lab), test-tube rack. ---- para cerca (V), fence post. estantera /, shelving, rack. estaado, tin-plated. estaador, estaero m, tinworker. estaadura /, tinwork. estaar, to tin; to tin-plate; to solder; to bland estafero, containing tin. estao m, tin.

estao
(cassiterite). ---- emplomado, terne (pate). ---- en lingotes, pig tin. ---- fosforado, phosphor tin. ---- leoso (miner), cassiterite, wood tin. ---- piritoso (miner), stannite, tin pyrites. ---- vidrioso (miner), tinstone, cassiterite. estaoso (qum), stannous. estaquear, to stake out. estaqueo m, staking out. estaquero m (lev), axman. estaquilla /, peg, pin, dowel; stake. ---- de aislador (elc), insulator pin. ---- de nivel, grade stake. estaquillar, to stake out. estarcido m, stencil. estarcir, to stencil. esttica/, statics; (ra)(M)(C) static. ---- grfica, graphical statics. estticamente indeterminado, statically indeterminate. esttico, static. estticos m (ra)(A), static. estatizar (Ch), to convert to government owncrship or operation. estator m (elc)(turb), stator. estatscopo, estatoscopio m (V), statoscope. ---- registrador, recording statoscope. estaurolita/ (miner), staurolite, cross-stone. estay m, stay; stay bolt. este m, east. esteatita/ (miner), steatite, soapstone. estefanita /, stephanite, brittle silver ore. estei m (C), stay. estelita / (met), stellite. estemenara/ (en), futtock. estemple m, timber bent in a mine or tunnel; strut, stull, stemple. ---- de alas, wing stull. ---- en V invertido, saddleback stull. estenodo (ra), stenode. estengrafo, estengrafa, stenographer. esteo m (M), strut, shore. estepa /, steppe, tract of arid land. estera/, mat; (mech) apron; (C) slat conveyor. ---- de aterrizaje (ap), landing mat. ---- de refuerzo (conc), mesh reinforcement. ---- de tablillas (C), slat conveyor. para voladuras, blasting mat. esteras, crawlers, caterpillar tread. esterbn m, Sterbon (abrasive) (trademark). estreo m (med), stere; a stereoscopic, stereo. estereoautgrafo m (fma), stereoautograph. estereocartgrafo m (fma), stereocartograph. estereocomparador m (fma), stereocomparator. estereocompargrafo m (fma), stereocomparagraph. estereofnico (ra), stereophonic. estereofotografa / (frna), stereophotography; stereophotograph. estereofotograma m, stereophotogram. estereofotogrametra /, stereophotogrammetry. estereofotogramtrico, stereophotogrammetric. estereogonimetro m (fma), stereogoniometer, stereoscopic goniometer.
---- de acarreo o de placer (miner), stream tin

142

estopa

estereografa/ (dib), stereography. estereogrfico (fma)(dib), stereographic. esteregrafo m, stereograph. estereograma m, (pmy) stereogram; (geol) block diagram. estereolevantamiento m, stereosurveying. estereomtria/ (mat), stereometry. estereomtrico, stereometric. esteremetro m, stereometer. estereomicrmetro m, stereomicrometer. estereoplangrafo m (fma), stereoplanigraph. estereoscopia / (fma), stereoscopy. estereoscpico, stereoscopic. estereoscopio, esterescopo m (fma), stereoscope. estereosimplex (fma), stereosimplex. estereotelmetro m (fma), stereotelemeter. estereotoma/, stereotomy (stonecutting). estereotopogrfico (fma), stereotopographic. estereotopgrafo m (fma), stereotopograph. estereotopmetro m (fma), stereotopometer. estereotrazado m (fma), stereoplotting. estereotrazador m (fma), stereoplotter. ---- radial, stereo-radial plotter. estril, sterile, (pet) dry (well). esterilizador m, sterilizer, sterilizing agent. esterilizar, to sterilize. esterilla /, mesh; matting. ---- de alambre, wire mesh. ---- de aterrizaje, landing mat (airfield). estero TO, estuary, inlet; (A)(M) swamp; (V) pond; (Ch) small stream. estiaje m, (r) low water; (A) low tide. estiba/, stowage; (A) loading. estibador TO, stevedore, longshoreman, dock laborer. estibar, to stow; to load cargo. estibnita/ (miner), stibnite, gray antimony. estilete m, style, pencil of a recording instrument; (dwg) stylus, tracer. estilo TO, style, gnomon, estilladura/ (PR), split, crack; spall. estillarse (PR), to crack; to spall; to splinter. estimacin /, an estmate, estimating. ---- grosera (A)j rough estmate. estimador m, estimator. estimar, to estmate, appraise. estimativo, estimated. estirado, drawn (tubing); expanded (metal); stretched. ---- en caliente, hot-drawn. ---- en duro, hard-drawn. ---- en fro, cold-drawn, hard-drawn. estirador m, stretcher. estiraje TO, stretching. estiramiento m (A) (V), elongation. estirar, to draw, stretch. ---- por presin, to extrude. estireno m, styrene. estivador m (A), stevedore. estiva je m (A), stowing, stevedoring. estoa /, slack tide, stand of the tide. estopa/, oakum, calking yarn; (C) cotton wasta - alquitranada (M), tarred marline. ---- de acero, steel wool. --de algodn, cotton waste.

estopa
--- de lana, wool waste. de plomo, lead wool. estopar, to pack. estopera/ (C)(M), stuffing box. e^topero m, calking iron or chisel. estoperpl ra, wick; (M) spike; (Sp) clout nail. estopn m (vol), exploder. estorbar, to obstruct, be in the way. estrada /, paved roadway, causeway. estrangulador m, throttle; (auto) choke; (lg) choker. ---- de aire (auto), choke. - de botn (auto), push-buttom throttle. ----manual, hand throttle. estrangulamiento m (top)(A), gap, pass. estrangular, to throttle; to wiredraw (steam); (auto) to choke. estratificacin/, stratification, stratum, bedding. ----cruzada (geol), cross-bedding. ---- entrecruzada (A), cross-bedding. estratificado, stratified. estratigrafa /, stratigraphy. estratigrfico, stratigraphic. estrato m, stratum. estratmetro m (sx), stratameter. estratosfera /, stratosphere. estrave m (en), forefoot. estrechar, to narrow; estrecharse, to contract, narrow. estrecho m, strait, gut, neck; gap, pass; a narrow, cise; sharp (curve). ----de la marea, tiderace. estrechura / (top), gap, narrows. estrella/, (mech) star, spider, yoke; (elec) star. --- polar, north star. estrellado, (lbr) checked; (miner) stellate. estrematgrafo m (fe), stremmatograph. estrenar (maq), to run in. estreno m (maq), running in. estreptococos m (lab), streptococci. estra/, groove, fluting; (gool) stria. ----de lubricacin, oil groove. estriacin/ (geol), striation. estriado, fluted, ribbed; checkered (pate); ser rated (gasket); knurled. estriadora /, machine to cut grooves; knurling tool. estriadura/, fluting; (geol) striation. estriar, to groove, flute, knurl, score. estribacin/, counterfort; (top) spur. estribar en, to rest on, abut against, be based on. estribo m, abutment; buttress; (reinf) stirrup, hoop; (bldg) joist hanger, bridle iron; (auto) running board; (rr) car step; stirrup (saddle). --- de aguiln (gr), boom bail. ----de la biela (pet), pitman stirrup. ----de fleje (ref)(A), hoop. --- de mstil (gr), mast bail. --de pared (ed), wall hanger. --- de tiro (elc), pulling-in iron. --en U, U abutment. estribor m (nut), starboard. estringa/ (M), stringer. estrobar, to place grommets; to furnish with a becket.

143

eucalipto

estrobo ra, grommet; becket; (C) sling. estroboscpico, stroboscopic. estroboscopio m (ra), stroboscope. estrobotrn m (ra), strobotron. estroncio m (qum), strontium. estropajear (M), to mop. estropajo TO, mop. estropeado, broken down. estropeo m, damage; rough handling. estructura /, structure; (conc) forms; (geol) formation. ---- abajo (pet), downstructure. armada o reticulada, framed structure. ---- arriba (pet), upstructure. ---- costrosa (suelo), crusted structure. de migas (suelo), crumb structure. ---- de terroncillos (suelo), cloddy structure. ---- esqueltica, skeleton construction. ---- harinosa (suelo), floury or fluffy structure. ----inferior, substructure. ---- superior, superstructure. estructuras de descarga (hid), outlet works. estructuracin/ (U), construction. estructural, structural. ----comerciable (mad), merchantable structural. ----de corazn (mad), heart structural. ----de primera calidad (mad), prime structural. estrujar, to extrude. estuacin / (mr), flood, rising. estuarino (gool), estuarine. estuario m, estuary, inlet. estucar, to stucco. estuco TO, stucco. estuche TO, case, box. estudiar, to study; to plan, design. estudio TO, study, consideration; designing, planning, devising; survey; design. --- de desperdicios de agua, water-waste survey, --- de trazado, location survey. --- definitivo (fc)(M), final location. --- geoelctrico, geo-electric survey. --- gravimtrico (geof), gravity survey. --- pitomtrico, pitometer survey. --- sanitario, sanitary survey. - sismogrfico, seismograph survey. estufar (mad) (M), to season, kiln-dry. estuque m, stucco. estuquista m, plasterer, cement masn. esviaje TO, skew. esviar, to skew. etapa/, station, stop; stage of the work; (machy) stage. --- amplificadora (ra), amplifier stage. ---- de entrada (ra), input stage. ---- desmoduladora (ra), demodulator stage. ---- detectora (ra), detector stage. --- impulsora (ra) (A), driver stage. ---- mezcladora (ra), mixer stage, first detector ---- preamplificadora (ra), driver stage. etapas mltiples, de, multiple-step. ter m (qum)(fsica), ether. ---- de petrleo, petroleum ether. eternita /, Eternit (trademark). etilo TO, ethyl. etiqueta/, label, tag, eucalipto TO, eucalyptus.

eudimetro

144

expansor

eudimetro 'tn flab), eudiometer. eupateoscopio m (aa), eupatheoscope. eutctica /, eutectic. eutctco a, eutectic. eutectoide (met), eutectoid. evacuador m, (hyd) wasteway, escape, (A) spillway; (mech) evacuator. evacuar, to empty, exhaust, evacate; (sw) to carry off, discharge. evaluacin /, valuation, appraisal; evaluation; computation. evaporacin/, evaporation. svaporador m, evaporator. ---- a temperatura alta, high-heat-level evapora tor (245 F). ---- a temperatura baja, low-heat-level evapora tor (210 F). ---- de cudruple efecto (az), quadruple-effect _ evaporator. ---- de efecto mltiple (az), multiple-effect evap orator. ---- de rejilla, grid-coil evaporator. ---- de tubos acodados, bent-tube evaporator. ---- instantneo, flash evaporator. evaporadora /, evaporator, (lab) evaporating dish. evaporar, evaporarse, to evaprate. evaporativo, evaporatorio, evaporative. evapormetro m, evaporation tank, evaporimeter, atmometer. evaporizar, evaporizarse, to evaprate. evapormetro m, evaporometer, atmometer. evapo-transpiracin / (irr), evapotranspiration. eventualidades /, contingencies. exactitud/, accuracy. exaedro m, hexahedron. exagonal, hexagonal. exgono m, hexagon; a hexagonal. exanitrodifenilamina /, hexanitrodiphenylamine (explosive). exapolar (elc), six-pole. exaracin / (geol) (A), glacial erosin. excavacin /, excavation, cut, digging. ---- a cielo abierto, open cut. ---- a granel (M), mass excavation. ---- a media falda o a media ladera, sidehill ex cavation. ---- de corte pasante, through cut. ---- de ensayo, test pit or excavation. ---- en balcn (M), sidehill excavation. ---- en masa, mass excavation. ---- en zanja, trench excavation. excavador m, excavator (man), digger. ---- de agujero, (t) posthole digger. excavadora/ (ec), excavator; (A)(M)(Col) power shovel. ---- a cangilones, trench machine, bucket ex cavator. ---- acarreadora, carryall scraper. ---- ambulante, traveling excavator. --- ambulante de cable de arrastre, walking dragline. --- cargadora (M), elevating grader. --- de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade. --- de arrastre, powpr scraper. --- de cable, cableway excavator.

line cableway, slackline-dragline. de cable de arrastre, slackline cableway or excavator. ----de cable de traccin, dragline excavator; power scraper. ---- de capachos o de rosario, bucket excavator. ---- de cuchara, power shovel. - de mordazas (Es), clamshell bucket. ---- de tiro (A), backdigger, pullshovel. ---- de torre, tower excavator. ---- de tractor, tractor shovel or excavator. ---- de zanjas, trench digger, ditcher. ---- elevadora (M), elevating grader. ---- explanadora (Es), elevating grader. ---- funicular, slackline cableway. ---- neumtica, clay digger, pneumatic clay spade. ---- para profundidad (A), ditcher, backdigger. ---- teleferica de caballetes, trestle excavator. excavar, to excvate, dig. excedente m (cont), surplus. excntrica / (maq), eccentric. excentricidad /, eccentricity; (mt) seto ver. excntrico a, eccentric. exceso (m) esfrico (mat), spherical excess. excitacin/ (elc), excitation. - compuesta, comppund excitation. ---- en derivacin, shunt excitation. ---- en serie, series excitation. ---- por choque (ra), impact or shock excitation. ---- propia, self-excitation. ---- pulsativa (ra), impulse excitation. excitador m (elc), exciter. - piloto, pilot exciter. excitar, to excite, energize. excitatriz /, exciter. excitrn m (elc), Excitron (trademark). exclusa/ (hid), lock; sluice. excrecin/, excretion. excrementicio, excremental, excrementitious. excremento m, excrement. excretorio (is), excreta!. excretos m, excreta. excusado m, water closet, toilet room, privy; ("V) toilet, water-closet (fixture). exfiltracin /, exfiltration. exfoliacin /, scaling, exfoliation. exfoliar, to exfoliate. exhalar, to emit vapor. exhaustar (C) (PR), to exhaust. existencia, en, in stock. existencias /, stock, storage. xodo m (ra), hexode. exoenzimas/ (is), exoenzymes, ectoenzymes. exgeno, exogenic, exogenous. exoln m, exolon (abrasive). expandidor m, expander. ---- de aros de mbolo, piston-ring expander. -para tubos (A), boiler-tube expander. expandir, to expand. expansible, expansible. expansin /, expansin. expansionarse (C)(Es), to expand. expansivo, expansive. expansor m (A)(M), expander.

---- de cable aflojable o de cable areo, slack-

expansor
- de volumen (ra), volume expander. expedidor m, shipper; shipping agent, forwarder. expediente m, file of papers, docket. --- de construccin (A), documenta of an application for building permit. expedir, to ship, forward. expeler, to eject, expel. expensar (M), to pay the cost of, inance. experiencia /, experience; experiment, test. experimentado, experienced, expert. experimentador m, experimenter. experimental, experimental. experimentar, to test; to experiment; to experience. experimento m, experiment. experticia/ (V), expert testimony or advice. experto m a, expert. explanacin/, grading; subgrade, roadbed. explanada /, level space. explanadora/, grader; scraper. ---- caminera, road grader. ---- cargadora o elevadora, elevating grader. ---- de armazn incunable, leaning-frame grader. ---- de arrastre, pul grader. ---- de cuchilla, road scraper, blade grader. ---- de empuje, bulldozer. ---- de motor, motor grader. ---- de rueda recta, straight-wheel grader. ---- de ruedas incunables, leaning-wheel grader. explanar, to level, grade. explayar, to extend in rea. exploracin /, exploration, prospecting; (tv) scanning. ---- a salto de lnea (tv)(Es), line-jump scan ning. ---- alterna de lineas (tv)(Es), alternate-line scanning. ---- cercana o fina (tv), cise scanning. ---- elctrica (geof), electrical prospecting. ---- entrelazada (tv), interlaced or alternate-line scanning. ---- geofsica, geophysical survey. ---- progresiva (tv), progressive or sequential scanning. ---- ssmica, seismic prospecting. sismogrfica, seismograph survey. explorador m, prospector; (ra) exploring coil, explorer; (tv) scanner. explorar, to explore. exploratorio, exploratory. explosmetro m (min)(al), Explosimeter (trademark). explosin /, explosin. ---- de retroceso (auto)(A), backfire. explosivo m o, explosive. ---- aprobado o permisible, permissible explosive. ---- deflagrante, deflagrating explosive. ----destructor o instantneo o violento, high or disruptive explosive. ----detonante, detonating explosive. ----lento o no detonante, low or nondetonating explosive. ----lento detonante, low powder. explosor m, exploder; (A)(M)(Sp) blasting machine; (elec) spark gap.
---- de aros, piston-ring expander.

145

extracorta

explotable, workable. explotacin/, operation, working; (min) a working. ---- fiscal (Ch), Government operation. --- forestal, logging. ---- hidrulica (min), hydraulicking. ---- maderera, logging, lumbering. ---- particular, prvate operation. explotador m, operator of an enterprise. explotar, to oprate, work; to exploit; (A)(C) to explode; (M) to blast. exponencial (mat), exponential. exponente m, exponent. exposicin/ (fma), exposure. exposmetro m (fma)(V), exposure meter, expreso w- (tr), express. ---- areo, air express. exprimir, to express, press out. expropiacin /, expropriation. expropiar, to expropriate, condemn. expuesto (fma), exposed. expulsancleos m (pet), core pusher. expulsin /, expulsin, ejection; (eng) exhaust; (pu) discharge. expulsor TO, expeller. exsicacin /, exsiccation. extendedor m, extendedora /, spreader. ---- de balasto (fe), ballast spreader. ---- de cuchilla (ca), blade spreader. ---- de tornillo (ca), screw spreader. extender, to stretch; to spread; to lay out; to swage (saw); to draw (check); to draw up (contract). extensibilidad /, extensibility. extensible, extensible. extensin/, extensin; tensin; (A) elongation. ----de avenamiento (hid)(Col), drainage or catchment rea.
---- de plazo, extensin of time (contract).

extensmetro m, extensometer. extensor m, extensin piece. ---- de cubiertas (A), tire spreader. exterior, externo, outside, external, exterior, extincin/, extinguishing, extinction. extinguidor m, extinguisher; (elec) quencher. ----a espuma, fr am fire extinguisher. ----aprobado, labeled fire extinguisher (approved by Underwriters). extinguir, to extinguish. extintor m, extinguisher. a granada, grenade fire extinguisher. --- de incendio, fire extinguisher. extirpador m (ec)(Es), rooter. extra, extra. --- mejor del mejor (alambre), extra best best (EBB). --- selecto (mad), extra select. extra-alta (ra), utrahigh (frequeney). extraccin /, removal of ore from a mine, "win' ning, exploitation; yield, output of a mine" (tun) mucking; (su) extraction. - de agregados (conc), aggregate procuring. ---- de raz (mat), extraction of a root. extracelular (is), extracellular. extracorriente / (elc), extra current. extracorta (ra), ultrashort (wave).

extractivo
extractivo (M), extractive. extractor m, extractor, puller. --- de buje, bushing puller. --- de cojinetes, bearing puller. --- de engranaje, gear puller. --- de grasa, grease extractor. --- de muestras, sampler. --- de neblina (pet), raist extractor. --- de ncleos, core extractor (drill). ---- de pin, pinion puller. --- del revestidor (pet), liner puller. ---- de ripio (pet), junk catcher. - de rueda (auto), wheel puller. de vlvulas, valve remover. extrads m, extrados. extraelevada (ra), ultrahigh (frequency). extraer, to extract; to pul (piles). extrafino, extra-fine. extraflexible, extra-flexible, extra-pliable. extrafuerte, extra-strong, heavy-duty. extragrueso, extra-thick, extra-heavy. extrable (min), minable. extraliviano, extra-light. extrapesado, extra-heavy. extrapolacin /, extrapolation. extrapotente, high-power. extrarresistente, extra-strong. extraviarse, to get out of line. extremidad /, extremo ra, end. extremo a extremo, out-to-out, over-all. extremo (m) muerto, dead end. extrusivo (geol)(M), extrusive. exudacin/ (ca), bleeding. exudar, to exude. eyector m, ejector, eductor. ---- a chorro de agua, water-jet eductor. ---- a chorro de vapor, steam-jet ejector. ---- cebador (bm), priming ejector. ---- condensador, ejector condenser. ---- de agua a vapor, steam-operated water ejec tor. ---- de aguas negras, sewage ejector. ---- de cenizas (en), ash ejector. ---- de fusible (elc), fuse ejector.

146

factor

fbrica/, factory, mili, shop; plant; masonry; a building. ---- central (elc), central station. ---- de acero, steelworks. ---- de azcar, sugar mili. ---- de cantera, ashlar masonry. ---- de cemento, cement mili. ---- de electricidad, electric power plant. ---- de gas, gasworks, gas plant. ---- de hierro, ironworks. ---- de ladrillos, brick masonry; brick factory. ---- de piedra bruta, rubble masonry. ---- de sillera, ashlar masonry. ---- generatriz, central station, powerhouse. ---- siderrica, steel mili. fabricacin/, fabrication, manufacture. fabricante m, manufacturar, fabricator. fabricar, to fabrcate, manufacture; to construct; to process.

fabriquero m (Es), manufacturen facsmile, facsmil m, facsmile. factor m, factor (all senses); (rr)(Sp) freight or baggage agent. ---- compensado de filtracin (hid), weighted filtration factor. ---- contra el deslizamiento, sliding factor (dam). ---- de absorcin, absorption coefficient. ---- de abultamiento (ms), bulking factor. ---- de amortiguacin (ms)(elc), damping fac tor. ---- de amplifcacin, magnification factor (vibration). ---- de amplitud (elc), amplitude or crest or peak factor. ----de rea superficial (ag), surface-area factor, surface coefficient. ----de capacidad (elc), capacity or use factor. ----de capacidad de la estacin, plant capacity factor. - de carga (elc), load factor. --- de carga de la planta, plant load factor. --- de carga de la red, system load factor. --- de deformacin (elc), distortion factor (wave). --- de demanda (elc), demand factor. --- de desviacin (elc), deviation factor. --- de diafona (ra), cross-talk factor. --- - d e dispersin (elc), leakage or dissipation factor. --- de disponibilidad (elc), availability factor. - de diversidad (elc), diversity factor. --- de eficiencia eritmica (il), erythemal factor. --- de empuje (ms), earth-pressure factor. --- de encaramiento (aa), exposure factor. --- de escala (fma), scale factor. --- de escurimiento (hid) (Col), runoff coeffi cient. --- de espacio (elc), space factor. --- de estabilidad (ms)(elc), stability factor. --- de evaporacin (cal), factor of evaporation. --- de explosivos (exc), powder factor. --- de filtracin (hid), creep ratio, percolation factor. --- del filtro (fma), filter factor. --- de flexin, bending factor, kern distance. --- de funcionamiento, operation factor. --- de gasto, load factor (water meter). --- de infiltracin (aa), leakage factor. --- de marea, tidal constant. --- de mieles (az), molasses factor. --- de percolacin (hid), filtration factor, creep ratio. ---- de potencia (elc), power factor. ---- de produccin, output factor. ---- de propagacin (ra), propagation or transfer factor. ---- de reflexin (il), reflectance, reflection factor. ---- de reflexin espectral, spectral reflection fac tor. ---- de reflexin especular, regular reflection fac tor. ---- de rendimiento, performance factor, load factor (compressor). ---- de resistencia (ms), bearing capacity factor. ---- de rigidez, stiffness factor.

factor de segundad, factor of safety. ---- de seguridad final, ultmate factor of safety. - de simultaneidad (elc), demand factor. ---- de transmisin difusa (il), diffuse transmission factor. ---- de transmisin directa (il), regular transmission factor. ---- de transmisin espectral (il), spectral transmission factor. ---- de utilizacin, (elec) utilization factor; (tr) load factor. --- gravado de percolacin (hid), weighted filtration factor, factora/, factory; agency; (Ec) foundry. ---- naval (Es), shipyard. factorial (mat), factorial. factorizar (mat), to factorize. factura /, bil, invoice. ---- comercial, commercial invoice. -- consular, consular invoice. ---- de embarque, shipping memorndum. -- simulada o pro forma, pro forma invoice. facturar, to bil, invoice; to enter on a bil of lading; to check baggage. facultativo (is), facultative. fachada /, facade, front of a building. ---- de caldera, boiler front. fadmetro ra, Fadeometer (trademark). faena/, work; (Ch) gang, shift. faenero m, common laborer. faetn m, (ce) carrying scraper; (conc) buggy; (auto) phaeton. faja/, strip, belt, band; (rd) lae; (ra) channel. --- central (ca), separation strip, parkway. ----de aceleracin (ca), accelerating lae. ----de apoyo, column strip (flat-slab construction). --- de aterrizaje, flight strip, flightstop, landirig strip, airstrip. --- de comunicacin (ra), communication band, band of emission. ----de control (fma), control strip. ----de deceleracin (ca), decelerating lae. ----de doblar (ca), turning lae. ----de estacionamiento, (rd) parking lae; (ap) parking apron. --- de frecuencias, radio channel, frequency band. --- de frecuencias de lmite (ra), frequency range. - de guardia (ra), guard band. ---- de ondas (ra), wave band. ---- de pasar (ca), passing lae. ----de servicio (ra), service band. ---- de transicin (ca), transition strip. ---- divisora (ca), parting strip, parkway, separa tion strip. ---- expropiada (fe), right of way. ---- lateral (ra), side band. ---- libre (ra), clear channel. ---- volada (fma), flight strip. fajado m, mine timber. fajadora / (ca), striping machine. fajar, to band; to stripe. fajina /, fascine, bundle of brushwood, fagot; work, task.

147

fanal

fajinada /, revetment of brushwood. fajinante m (Pan)(F), common laborer. falca/ (en), washboard, wasteboard. falda/, slope, hillside. --- del mbolo, pistn skirt. faldear, to make a sidehill excavation. faldeo m, sidehill cut; slope of a hill. - a media ladera (A), sidehill cut and fill. --- simple (A), cut for full width of roadbed. faldn m, slope of a roof; (mech) skirt. ---- del vertedero (hid)(PR), spillway apron. falencia/ (A)(Ch), bankruptcy. falsa --- acacia (mad), locust. --- escuadra (carp), bevel square. escuadra en T, T bevel. --- explosin (auto) (A) (U), backfire. --- lengeta (carp), spline. --- quilla (en), false keel. falsarregla / (carp), bevel square. falseado (maq), out-of-line, untrue. falsear, to bevel; falsearse, (V) to buckle, sag, give way. falseo m, beveling, bovel. falsete m, chamfered comer, falso, false. --- chasis (auto)(U), subframe. ----flete (nut), dead freight. --- pilote, pile follower. falla /, failure, breakdown; (geol) fault; (elec) fault, failure. ----acostada (geol), thrust or overthrust fault. ----corriente (geol), strike fault. ----de estratificacin (geol), bedding fault. ---- de tiro (vol), misfire. ----diagonal (geol)(A), inclined fault. ----distributiva o escalonada (geol), step or distributive fault. ---- escarpada (geol) (M), fault scarp. - estructural, structural failure. ---- girada (geol), rotary or pivotal fault. ---- giratoria (geol), rotational fault. ---- invertida (geol), reverse fault. ---- por deslizamiento (muro), sliding failure. ---- por empuje (geol)(M), thrust fault. --- por empuje iinerior, underthrust fault. --- por volcamiento (muro), tilting failure, over* turning. --- ramificada (geol), branching fault. ---- secundaria (elc), secondary fault. ---- simple (geol), normal fault. ---- transversal (geol), dip or cross fault. fallado, faulted. fallamiento m, faultage, faulting. fallar, to fail; (ge) to miss. falleba/, door bolt, cremone or espagnolette bolt. ---- de emergencia o de salida, exit or panic bolt. fallido (vol)(M), missed (hole). fallir (V), (com) to fail. fallo m (C), flaw, defect; (met) blowhole. fanal m, lamp, lantern, (Sp) headlight. ---- de arrumbamiento (ap), bearing projector. ---- de aterrizaje (ap), landing light. - de destellos, flashlight (lighthouse). ----de trfico, trame light. --- giratorio, revolving light (lighthouse).

fanal

148

frreo

---- trasero o de cola, taillight. fanega /, a dry measure having many different vales between 50 and 150 liters; (M) land measure of about 8.8 acres. fanegada, fanega de tierra, land measure of various vales: (Pe) 1.6 acres, (V) 1.7 acres. fangal m, marsh, bog. fanglomerado m (geol), fanglomerate. fango m, mud, muck, silt; sludge. - activo (dac), active sludge. ---- mineral (min), slimes. fangos activados (dac), activated sludge. fangoso, silty, muddy. fanotrn m (ra), phanotron. faqua (carp)(V), batten. faraday (elc), faraday. fardico (elc), faradio. faradmetro m (elc), faradmeter. faradio.m (elc), farad. faradizacin/, faradization, faradism. faralln m, cliff, bluff, headland; (min) outcrop. farda / (carp), (Col) dap, notch, gain, rabbet; (Sp) mortise. fardo m, bale, bundle. farero m (pet), derrickman. faro m, lighthouse, beacon; headlight. ---- alternante, alternating light. ---- buscador (auto), spotlight. --- de aeropuerto, airport or airport-location beacon. ---- de banquina (auto)(A), spotlight. ---- de destellos, flashing light. ---- de direccin (ap), bearing projector. ---- de luz continua, fixed light. ---- de peligro (ap), hazard beacon. ---- de perforacin (M), oil derrick. ---- de ruta, course light. ---- de ruta area, airway beacon. ---- flotante, lightship. ---- giratorio (ap), rotating beacon. localizador o de identificacin o de referencia (ap), landmark beacon. ---- localizador de pista (ap), rumvay localizing beacon. ---- marcador (ap), marker beacon. ---- omnidireccional (ap), omnidirectional bea con. ---- para niebla (auto), fog light. ---- titilante, flashing beacon. farol m, lantern, lamp. de acercamiento (ap), approach light. ---- de aterrizaje (ap), landing light. ---- de cambio (fe), switch lamp. ---- de enfilacin, range light. ---- de frente, headlight. ---- de marcha atrs, backing light. ---- de pista (ap), contact or rumvay light. ---- de reflector contenido (auto), sealed-beam headlight. ---- de seal (fe), signal lamp. ---- de trfico, trame light. --- delimitador (ap), boundary light. --- trasero o de zaga (auto), taillight, tail lamp. farola /, large lantern or light, headlght.

farolero m, lamp tender. farolito sealero (auto), stop light. farolito trasero (auto), taillight. fase/ (elc)(qum)(met), phase. ---- avanzada (elc), leading phase. ---- continua (qum), continuous phase. ---- dispersa (qum), dispersed phase. --- -opuesta (elc), opposite phase, antiphase, ---- partida (elc), split phase. ---- retrasada (elc), lagging phase. fases desequilibradas (elc), unbalanced phases. fases equilibradas, balanced phases. fasmetro m (elc), phase meter. fastial, see hastial. fatiga/, stress; fatigue. ---- admisible, allowable stress. ---- con corrosin, corrosin fatigue. ---- cortante o al corte, shearing stress. ---- de apoyo, bearing stress (beam). ---- de compresin, compressive stress. ---- de contraccin, contractile stress. ---- de empuje, bearing stress (rivet). ---- de flexin, bending stress; bending fatigue. ---- de metales, fatigue of metis. ---- de ruptura, breaking stress, ultmate strength. ---- de seguridad o de trabajo, safe or working stress. ---- de tensin o de traccin, tensile or tensional stress. ---- especfica o unitaria, unit stress. ---- principal, principal stress, (A) diagonal ten sin. ---- superficial, surface fatigue. fatigmetro m (M), strain meter. fatigar, to stress. faz /, front, face. ---- de laboreo (min), working face. fecal, fecal. fecaloide (is), fecaloid. feldesptico (geol), feldspathc. feldespatizacin /, feldspathization. feldespato m (miner), feldspar. ---- calizo, lime feldspar. ---- de barita, baryta feldspar, hyalophane. ---- de cali lime feldspar, anorthite. ---- potsico, potash feldspar, orthoclase. ---- sdico, soda feldspar, albite. -- vitreo, sanidine, glassy feldspar. felsita / (geol), felsite, petrosilex. felstico, felsitic. fenestra/ (Col), window. fenestraje m, fenestration. fnico, carbolic, phenic. fenol m (qum), phenol. fenolftalena / (is), phenolphthalein. fenlico, phenolic. fenolizar, to phenolize, phenolate. fenmeno m, phenomenon. feno safranina / (fma), phenosafranne. ferberita/, ferberite (tungsten ore). fermentador m (lab), fermenter. fermentar, to ferment. ferodo, Ferodo (trademark) (brake lining). ferrato m (qum), irrate. frreo, containing iron, made of iron, ferrous.

\M

ferrera

149

fieltro

terrera /, ironwork; iron shop. ferrete TO, steel marking stamp. ferretear, to bind with iron; to mark with a steel stamp. ferretera /, hardware; hardware store; ironwork. --- de edificacin, builder's hardware. --- de postera, pole-line hardware. --- gruesa, heavy hardware. --- marina, marine hardware. --- para ebanistera, cabinet hardware. ferretero TO, hardware dealer. ferricinico, ferricyanic. frrico, ferric. ferrfero, containing iron. ferriprusiato m (C), blueprint. ferrita/ (geol)(met), ferrite. ferrtico, ferritic. ferritizacin /, ferritization. ferrito TO (qum), ferrite. ---- diclcico (ct), dicalcium ferrite. ferroacero TO, semisteel. ferro-barco (fe) (A), car float. ferroaleacin /, iron alloy. ferroaluminato tetracalcico m (ct), tetracalcium aluminoferrite. ferroaluminio w, ferroaluminum. ferroaluminosilicato TO, ferroaluminosilicate. ferroboro TO, ferroboron. ferrocarril TO, railroad, railway. ----areo, elevated railway. --- de circunvalacin, belt line. ---- de cremallera, rack railway. ---de va angosta, narrow-gage railway. ---- de va normal, standard-gage railway. ---- fiscal o del estado, government railroad, state railway. ---- funicular, cable railway. ---- subterrneo, subway. ---- troncal, trunk-line railway. ---- urbano, street railway. ferrocarrilero TO, railroad man; a pertaining to railroads. ferrocerio TO, ferrocerium (alloy). ferroconcreto, ferrohonnign m, reinforced concrete. ferrocromo TO, ferrochromium. ferrofsforo TO, ferrophosphorus. f erroinductancia / (elc), ferroinductance. ferroinductivo, ferroinductive. ferroinductor TO, ferroinductor. ferromagnesiano, ferromagnesian. ferromagnsico (A), ferromagnesian. ferromagntico, ferromagnetic. ferromanganeso TO, ferromanganese. ferromolibdeno TO, ferromolybdenum. ferronquel TO, ferronickel. ferroprusiato m (C), blueprint. ferrorreactancia / (elc), f erroreactance. ferrorreactor m (elc), ferroreactor. ferrorresonante (elc), ferroresonant. ferrosilicio TO, ferrosilicon (alloy). ferroso, ferrous. ferrotitanio TO, ferrotitanium (alloy). ferrotungsteno TO, ferrotungsten. ferrovanadio TO, ferrovanadium. ferrova /, railroad.

ferrovial, pertaining to railroads. ferroviario TO, railroad man; o railroad. ferrugneo, containing iron. ferruginoso, ferruginous. ferrumbre/ (C), rust. ferrumbroso (Ch), rusty. frula/, ferrule; tap (water main). ----embridada (tub), floor pate. fiador TO, fastener, retainer, toggle, catch; bondsman, surety, guarantor. ----acodado, elbow catch. ---- atravesado (cadena), toggle. ----de boterola, rivet-set retainer. ----de cadena (en), chain stopper. ----de freno, brake dog. ---- de tuerca, nut lock. ----de ventana, window fastener, sash fast, window lock. fianza/, bond (surety). - de almacn, warehouse bond. ----de averas, average bond. ----de cumplimiento, performance bond. --de fidelidad, fidelity bond. ----de licitador, bid bond. ----de pago, payment bond. fibra/, fiber; vein (ore); grain (wood). atravesada, cross grain. --- corta, shortleaf (pine). --- de plomo (M), lead wool. --- extrema, extreme fiber. --- fina, fine grain. ----gruesa, coarse grain. ----larga, longleaf (pine). ----ms alejada, extreme fiber. --- recta, straight grain. ----vulcanizada, vulcanized or hard fiber. fibras de vidrio, fiber glass. fibrina/ (is), fibrin. fibrocemento TO, fiber cement. fibroso, fibrous. ficticio (elc), fictitious. ficha/, brasa check; card; (elec) base plug; (A) (M) surveyor's pin, marking pin; (A) door butt. ----de cuchillas paralelas (elc), parallel-blade plug. ----de trabajo (V), time sheet. ---- hembra (elc)(A), jack. ---- tndem (elc), tandem-blade plug. fichero m, card index. fidelidad/ (elc), fidelity. fiducial (mat), fiducial, fiebre (/) tifoidea, typhoid fever. fieltro TO, felt. ----antisonoro, acoustical felt. ---- asfaltado, asphalt felt, roofing felt. ----calorfugo, Fire-felt (trademark). ---- de aislacin, insulating fet. ---- de asbesto, felted asbestos. ---- de calafatear, calking felt. ---- de crin o de pelo, hair felt. ---- de empizarrar, slating felt. ---- de hilacha o de trapo, rag felt. ---- embreado, tarred felt. --filtrador, filter felt. ---impermeable, roofing or waterproofing felt.

fieltro
---- para subrasantes (ca), subgrade felt. fierro m, iron. - angular, angle iron. ---- canal, channel iron. ---- dulce (Pe), wrought iron. ---- forjado, wrought iron. ----fundido, cast iron. ----soldado (Ch), wrought iron. ---- viejo o de desecho, junk, scrap iron. fierros, (CA) tools. figueroa /, an Ecuadorian lumber. figura/ (dib), figure. fija/, trowel; (Pe) blade tamper. fijacin/, fastening; (chem) fixation. fijado m (fma), fixing. fijador m, fastening, binder, keeper; (pmy) fixer. ----de tuercas, nut runner or setter. fijar, to fasten; to fix. fijo, stationary, fixed. fila/, row, line, range. divisoria (top)(V), divide. filamento m, filament. filamentoso, filamentous. lstica /, marline, calking or rope yarn. --- alquitranada o embreada, marline. --- de plomo, lead wool. filetaje m (A), threading. filete m, thread; fillet. --- a la derecha, right-hand thread. --- a la izquierda, left-hand thread. --- bastardo, bastard or buttress thread. --- de tornillo, screw thread; bolt thread. --- de tornillo sin fin, worm thread. --- de tubo, pipe thread. --- insertado, screw-thread insert. --- macho, male thread. --- matriz, female thread. --- Sellers, Sellers' thread. --- tallado, cut thread. --- trapezoidal, buttress thread. --- triangular, V thread. --- troquelado, pressed thread. --- Whitworth, Whitworth thread. fileteadora/, threading machine; chasing tool. filetear, to thread, chase. fileteo m, threading. filita/ (geol)(miner), phyllite. filo m, cutting edge; (top) ridge. --- de cincel, chisel point. --- de corte, cutting edge. filn m, vein, seam, lode, (min) reef. --- atravesado, cross vein or lode. --- ciego, blind vein or lode. --- compuesto, compound vein. --- de contacto, contact vein. en cua (min), gash or rake vein. --- escalonado, step vein. --- inclinado, rake vein. --- paralelo (a la estratificacin), bed or bedded vein. --- principal, master or champion or motherlode. --- sin afloramiento, blind vein. --- transversal, cross vein or lode. filtrabilidad /, filtrability. filtrable, filtrable. filtracin/, filtration; seepage, creep; leak.

150

financiar

filtrado m, fltrate. filtrador m, filter. filtraje m (A)(C), filtration. filtrar, to filter; filtrarse, to seep, leak. filtro m (hid)(elc), filter. ---- a gravitacin, gravity filter. ---- a presin, pressure filter. ---- al vaco, vacuum filter. ---- acstico (ra), acoustic filter. ---- con sobrecarga (ms), loaded filter. ---- de banda (ra), band or band-pass filter. ---- de bolsa (met) (aa), bag filter. ---- de borde, (eng) edge filter. ---- de canecillo (az), cantilever filter. ---- de carbn animal (az), char filter. ---- de cortina automtica (aa), multipanel or automatic-curtain air filter. ---- de cuerdas (dac), cord filter. ---- de direccin (ra), directional filter. ---- del efluente (dac), efHuent filter. ---- de entrada (geof), input filter. ---- de escurrimiento, trickling filter. ---- de faja (ra), band or band-pass filter. -- de fuerza bruta (ra), brute-force filter. ---- de gravedad, gravity filter. -- de guarapo (az), juice strainer. ----de luz (fma), filter. ----de malla (auto), filter sereen.i --- de paso alto (ra), high-pass filter. ----de paso bajo (ra), low-pass filter. ----de paso de banda (ra) (A), band-pass or band filter. ----de pulsaciones (ra) (A), ripple filter. - de rascadura (ra)(Es), scratch filter. ----de regadera, sprinkling filter. --- de resistencia-capacidad (ra), resistancecapacity filter. --- de ruido de pa (ra), scratch filter. --- de salida (geof), output filter. --- de tambor, drum filter. -- de todo paso (ra), all-pass filter. --- de un cuarto de onda (ra), quarter-wave filter. --- desaceitador, oil-removal filter. --- desbastador (pa)(A), roughing filter. --- desferrizador (pa), iron-removal filter. --- desodorizador (pa), odor-removal filter. --- eliminador (ra), band-elimination filter. --- goteante (M), trickling filter. --- intermitente de arena (dac), intermittent sand filter. --- invertido (hid), inverted or reverse filter. --- pasa-altos (ra) (A), high-pass filter. --- pasa-bajos (ra)(A), low-pass filter. --- percolador (dac), trickling or percolating filter. ---- rpido de arena (pa), rapid sand filter. --- rociador (dac), sprinkling filter. ---- rotativo (az), rotary-leaf or rotary filter. ---- seco (aa), dry-type filter, air mat. --- suavizador (pa), softening filter. filtro-prensa de alimentacin central, centerfeed filter press. financiar, to finance.

---- intermitente (dac), intermittent filtration. ---- por etapas, stage filtration.

financista financista m, financier, nancial backer. fineza/, fineness. finito, finite. fino, fine. finos m, fines. finura/, fineness, grain. -- del molido (ct), fineness of grinding. firme m, roadbed, foundation course; a firm, solid, stable, compact. fiscal, pertaining to the treasury or the government; fiscal. fiscalizacin/, control, supervisin, inspection. fiscalizador m, inspector, supervisor. fiscalizar, to control; to inspect. fisco m, national treasury. fsica/, physics. ---- de suelos, soil physics. fsico m, physicist; a physical. fsil, fissile. fisilidad / (geol), fissility. fisura/, seam, fissure. fisurarse (A) (M), to crack. fito, see hito. fitoplancton m (is), phytoplankton. flagelos m (is), flagella. fiama /, fame. flamante, brand new, unused; spick and span. flambear, to buckle; to deflect. flambeo m, buckling, deflection. flanco m, side; slope of a wall; (geol) limb; (t) (th)(gear) flank; sidewall (tire). flanche m (pet)(V), flange. flanquear, to flank. flatachar (A), to trowel; to float. flatacho m (A), mason's float; trowel. flecha /, deflection, sag; middie ordinate; rise (arch); crown (road); pole (wagn); (M) shaft, axle; (M) spade of a concrete vibrator; (A) derrick boom. ---de propulsin (auto) (M), propeller or drive shaft. ---- motriz (auto)(M), propeller shaft. flechita/ (dib), arrowhead. fleje m, band, iron strap, hoop; (met) strip. fletador m, freighter, charterer. fletamento, fletamiento m, charter, affreightment. fletante m, one who owns any means of transport for hire (boats, trucks, beasts of burden, etc.). fletar, to charter, hire; to freight, affreight. flete m, freight; freight rate; freight charges. ---- debido o por cobrar, freight collect. ---- pagado, freight prepaid. fletero m, freight carrier; owner of means of transport for hire. flexarse, to bend, deflect. flexibilidad /, flexibility, pliability. flexible, flexible. flexmetro m (Es), deflectometer. flexin/, bending, flexure. ---- compuesta, compound flexure. -- pura o simple, pur bending. flexional, flexural. flexionarse, to deflect, bend, buckle. flexmetro m, flexometer.

151

flujo

flexor a, bending. flexura/, flexure, bending; (geol)(A) folding. floculacin /, flocculation. floculador m (is), flocculator. floculante m, flocculant. flocular, to flocculate; a (C) flocculent. floculento a, flocculent. floculo m, floc. flocus m (pa)(Pe), floc. flogopita /, phlogopite, brown mica. flojedad/, slack; looseness. flojo, slack, lose; unstable (ground). flor de, a, flush with, level with. flor de agua, a, awash. flor de lluvia (A), shower head. flores --- de antimonio (miner), antimony bloom, white antimony, valentinite. ---- de cinc, zinc oxide, flowers of zinc. r de cobalto, cobalt bloom, erythrite. ---- de nquel, nickel bloom, annabergite. flota (/) de madera (Pan), mason's float. flotabilidad/, buoyancy. ---- de reserva (an), reserve buoyancy. de servicio (an), working buoyancy. flotable (r), navigable for rafts. flotacin/, (naut)(min) flotation; buoyancy. --- selectiva (min), selectivo or differential flotation. flotador m, float. ---- de bastn (hid), rod float. ---- tubular (hid), tube float. flotaje m, flotation, floating. flotante m, float; a floating. flotar, to float. fluctuacin/ (ra), fluctuation. fluencia/ (Es)(Pe), flow. fluidal (geol)(A), fluidal. fluidez /, fluidity, liquidity. fluidificante m "flux. fluidificar, to liquefy, flux, fluidize. fluidmetro m, fluidimeter. fluido m, fluid; o fluid; (geol) fluidal. ---- de cortar, cutting fluid. ---- de perforacin (pet), drilling fluid. ---- enfriador (met), quench fluid. fluidmetro m, Muidometer (trademark); (C) flowmeter. flumetro m (Ch), flowmeter. fluir, to flow, (pt) to sag. ---- en fro, to cold-flow. flujo TO, flow; flux; (met) creep. de arco (sol), are stream. ---- de dispersin (elc), leakage flux. ---- de la hlice (ap), propeller wash. ---- de la marea, flood tide. ---- electrosttico o elctrico, electric or electrostatic flux. ---- eritmico (il), erythemal flux. - inductor o magntico, magnetic flux. ---- laminar (hid), laminar or viscous flow. ---- luminoso, luminous flux or power; floodlight. ---- turbulento (hid), turbulent or sinuous or tortuous flow. --- viscoso (hid), laminar or viscous or stre&mline flow.

flujdmetro

152
----de la rosca, root of thread. ----de la soldadura, root of weld.

frmula

flujmetro m, fluxmeter. flor m (qum), fluorine. --- espato (miner), flor spar, fluorite. fluoracin /, fluorination. fluorapatita/ (miner), fluorapatite. fluorescencia /, fluorescence, (pet) bloom, (pet) cast. fluorescente, fluorescent. flurico (qum), fluoric. fluorita, fluorina/ (miner), fluorite, flor spar. fluoruro m,- fluoride, fluorate. flus m, flue, tube. ---- de acero enterizo, seamless tubing. ---- de caldera, boiler tube. flusera /, set of boiler tubes. fluvial, pertaining to rivers, fluvial. fluvio-elico (geol), fluvio-aeolian. fluvioglacial (geol), fluvioglacial. fluvigrafo m (hid), recording stream gage; fluviograph. fluviolacustre (geol), fluviolacustrine. fluviomarino (geol), fluviomarine. fluvimetro m (hid), current meter; fluviograph; flowmeter. ---- registrador, recording current meter. fluviovolcnico (geol), fluviovolcanic. fluxmetro TO, (A) fluxmeter; (M) flushometer. fluyendo, flowing. focal, focal. foco m, focus; focal point. ---- catdico (ra), cathode spot. ---- elctrico (A)(M), incandescent lamp. ---- incandescente (M)(Col)(Pan), incandescent lamp. ---- piloto (M), pilot lamp. ---- principal (inst), principal focus. ---- real, real focus. ---- virtual, virtual focus. fogn TO, firebox, furnace. fogonadura/ (en), mast hole. fogonazo (m) de retorno (sol), backfire. fogonera (/) automtica, mechanical stoker. fogonero, foguista, m (cal), fireman, stoker. foguear (M), to stoke a furnace. fogueo m (M), stoking. foliacin/(geol), foliation. foliado, foliated. fomentar, to promote (a project). fomento m, development; promotion. f omita /, foamite (fire extinguisher). fon, phon (unit of loudness). fondaje m (hid)(C), sediment. fondeadero TO, anchorage, berth. fondear, to anchor, drop anchor. fondeo TO, anchoring, mooring. fondo TO, bottom, far end, base, bed; fund; depth; (tv) background. ---- de amortizacin, sinking fund. ---- de barril, barrelhead. ---- de la caldera, boiler head. ---- del cilindro, cylinder head, back cylinder head. ---- del mbolo, pistonhead. ---- de laboreo (tn)(min), working face. ---- de renovacin, replacement fund. ---- del ro, river bed.

- doble (en), double bottom. ----rotativo, revolving fund. fondos, funds. fnico, phonic. fonoadaptador m (ra), phono adapter. fonocaptor TO (elc), phongraph pickup. fonoelctrico, Phonoelectric (trademark). fonforo (tel), phonophore. fonolita/ (geol), phonolite, clinkstone. fonmetro TO, phonometer. fontanera /, pipework, piping, plumbing. fontanero m, pipeman, plumber. foquito m (A), small incandescent lamp. forcejear, to forc. forcita/ (vol), forcite. forestacin/ (M), forestation. forestal, pertaining to forests. forja/, forge; forging. ---- con martinete, drop-forging. ---- con martinete a vapor, steam-hammer forg ing. ---- con matriz abierta, smith or open-die forg ing. ---- con presin o de prensa, press-forging. ---- de banco, bench forge. ---- de herrero, blacksmith forge. ---- de recalcar, upsetting forge. ---- de soldar, welding or brazing forge. ---- de tiro hacia abajo, downdraft forge. forjabilidad /, malleability, forgeability. forjable, malleable, forgeable. forjado, forged, wrought. ---- a martinete o a troquel, drop-forged. ---- en caliente, hot-forged. ---- en fro, cold-forged. forjador m, blacksmith, forge smith. forjar, to forge; to rough-plaster; (Col) to fill between beams on a wall. ---- a presin, to press-forge. forma /, form, shape; (conc) form; (Col) roof trusa. formabilidad /, formability. formacin / (geol), formation, country; (elec) forming, < formador TO, shaper; former. formadora (/) de engranajes, gear shaper. formaldehido TO, formaldehyde. formaleta /, small form, centering, form for concrete pipe; (C) straightedge. formar, to form. frmica/ (elc), Frmica (trademark). formn TO, chisel, mortising or firmer or framing chisel. ---- con chanfle, cant chisel. ---- de ngulo, comer chisel. ---- de cubillo, socket chisel. ---- de cuchara, bent; entering chisel. ---- de espiga, tang chisel. ---- de filo oblicuo, side or skew chisel. ---- de punta de lanza, spear-point chisel, ---- de punta redonda, roundnose chisel. ---- de tornero, turning chisel. frmula/, formula; (A) blank form. ----de Chzy (hid), Chzy formula.

r
frmula
----de Manning (hid), Manning'3 formula. - del prismoide, prismoidal formula. ---- de la seccin media (ot), average-end-area formula. --- dinmica (pi), dynamic formula. ---- esttica (pi), static formula. formulario TO, blank form. ----de contrato, contract form. ----de fianza, form of surety bond. - de propuesta, bidding form or blank, proposal form. fornalla/, firebox, furnace; (C) ashpit (furnace). fornaza /, small furnace. forrar, to line, sheath, cover, ceil, coat, face, lag. forro TO, lining, lagging, sheathing; bushing. ----aislante, insulation. --- centrifugado (tub), spun lining. - de cilindro, cylinder liner. ----de cojinete, bearing sleeve, bushing. ----de chimenea, flue lining. de chumacera, bushing, liner. ----de freno, brake lining. --- 'hmedo (di), wet-type cylinder liner. forros de zanja, sheeting, sheet piling.-forsterita / (miner), forsterite (magnesium silicate). fortalecer, to strengthen. fortaleza /, strength. fortificacin/ (min), system of supports, timbering. fortificar, to strengthen, brace, buttress, shore. forzar, to forc, fosa/, pit; drain; (met) sow. ---- de excreta, cesspool. ----sptica, septic tank. fosfatar, fosfatizar, to phosphate, phosphatize. fosftico, phosphatic. fosfato m, phosphate. fosfito TO, phosphite. fsfor m (ra), phosphor. fosforado, phosphated. fosforar, fosforizar, to phosphorate, phosphorize. fosforescencia /, phosphorescence. fosforescente, phosphorescent. fosforescer, to phosphoresce. fosfrico, phosphoric. fosforita/ (geol)(miner), phosphorite. fsforo m, phosphorus; (ra)(Sp) phosphor. fosforoso, phosphorous. fosfuro TO, phosphide. foso TO, trench, ditch, pit. - colector (pet), gathering pit. ---- de abastecimiento de combustible (ap), fueling pit. ---- de aserrar, saw pit. ---- de caldeo (met), soaking pit. ---- de cenizas, ashpit. - de cintura, marginal or intercepting ditch. ---- de colada (fund), casting pit. - del lodo (pet), mud ditch. ---- d prstamo (ot), borrow pit. - de recalentar (met), soaking pit. ---- de servicio (ap), service pit. ---- de succin (bm), suction pit. --de volante, flywheel pit. --sptico (Es), septic tank.

153

fotolmpara

fostenta/ (ais), Fosterite (trademark). fot TO (il), phot. fotoactivo, photactive. fotoareo (M), pertaining to aerial photography. fotoalidada/ (fma), photoalidade. fotobulbo m (A), phototube. fotocalcar, to blueprint. fotocalco TO, sun print; photographic copy; photoprint. ---- azul, blueprint. ----blanco, white print. fotocarta /, photomap. fotocartografa /, photographic mapping, photomapping. fotocartgrafo TO, photocartograph. fotoctodo m (ra), photocathode. fotocelda/ (M)(A), photoelectric cell. fotoclula /, photocell, photoelectric cell. fotoclinmetro TO, photoclinometer. fotoconductividad / (elc), photoconductivity. fotoconductivo (ra), photoconductive. fotocopia/, photocopy, blueprint. ----azul, blueprint. ----blanca, white print. ----negra, blackprint. ----parda, brownprint. fotocopiar, to blueprint, make a photocopy. fotocroquis (fma), mosaic, photosketch. fotodesintegracin /, photodisintegration. fotoelasticidad /, photoelasticity. fotoelstico, photoelastic. fotoelectricidad /, photoelectricity. fotoelctrico, photoelectric. fotoelectrn m, photoelectron. fotoemisivo, fotoemisor (ra), photoemissive. fotoesttico (M), photostatic. fotoesteregrafo m (fma), photostereograph. fotfono TO, photophone. fotognico, photogenic. fotgeno m, photogen (oil). fotogoniometra / (fma), photogoniometry. fotogonimetro TO (fma), photogoniometer. fotograbado m, photoengraving. fotografa/, photography; a photograph. --- compuesta (fma), composite photograph. fotografiar, to photograph. fotgrafo (fma), photographer, cameraman. fotograma m (fma), photogram. fotogrametrfa /, photogrammetry, photographic surveying. --- area, aerosurveying, aerial photogram metry. --- cercana, cise photogrammetry. --- por imagen nica, single-image photogram metry. --- por imgenes dobles, two-image photogram metry. --- terrestre, terrestrial photographic surveying. fotogramtrico, photogrammetric. fotogrametrista TO, photographic surveyor, photogrammetrist. fotogrmetro TO, photogrammeter, phototheodolite. fotolonizacin /, photo-ionization. fotolaboratorio TO, photographic laboratory. fotolmpara/ (A), photoelectric cell.

fotoluminiscencia

164
---- escalonada (geol)(A), step fault. --- mellada (miner), hackly fracture.

frecuencia

fotoluminiscencia /, photoluminescence. fotomapa m, photoplan, photomap. fotomecnico, photomechanical. fotometra /, photometry. fotom trico, photometrical, photometrio. fotmetro TO, photometer, (V) exposure meter. ---- de dispersin, dispersin photometer. ---- de globo, sphere photometer. ---- integrador, integrating photometer. ---- por destellos, flicker photometer. fotomicrografa /, photomicrography. fotomicrgrafo m, photomicrograph. fotomicroscopio TO, photomicroscope. fotn TO (ptica), photon. fotoperspectgrafo m (fma), photoperspectograph. fotoplano m (fma), photoplan. fotorreproduccin /, photoreproduction. fotorresistencia /, photoelectric resistance, photoresistance. fotorrestitucin / (fma), photorestitution. fotorrestituidor TO (fma), photographic restitution machine. fotosensible, photosensitive. fotosntesis/ (qum), photosynthesis. fotosinttico, photosynthetic. fotostatar, to photostat. fotosttico, photostatic. fotstato TO, photostat. fototaquimetra (Es), photogrammetry. fototaqumetro TO, phototheodolite with stadia hairs. fototelegrafa /, phototelegraphy. fototeodolito TO (fma), phototheodolite. fototopografa /, photographic topography, photogrammetry. fototopogrfco, phototopographic. fototopgrafo TO, phototopographer. fototriangular, to phototriangulate. fototubo TO, phototube, photoelectric tube. --- a gas, gas or soft phototube. --- multiplicador, multiplier or electron-multiplier phototube. fotovlvula/ (A), phototube. fotovoltaico, photovoltaic, photoelectric. fotrnico (il), Photronic (trademark). fracasar, to be unsuccessful; to fail; to be wrecked. fracaso TO, failure; breakdown. fraccin /, fraction. --- continua, continued fraction. ----impropia, improper fraction. ----propia, proper fraction. ----representativa (dib), representativo frac tion, fractional scale. fraccionado, fractional, divided; broken. fraccionador m (pet), fractionator. fraccionamiento de viscosidad (pet), viscosity breaking. fraccionar, to break down, divide into parts; to fractionate. fraccionario, fractional. fractura/, fracture, breaking. ---- astillosa (miner), splintery fracture. ---- concoidea (miner), conchoidal fracture. ---- de copa (met), cup fracture.

fracturar, to fracture, fragata/ (C), boxear, car body. frgil, brittle; frail. fragilidad/, brittleness; frailty. --- custica, caustic embrittlement. --- en caliente, hot-shortness. fragmentacin /, fragmentation. fragmentar, to break up, shatter. fragmentario, fragmentoso (geol), fragmental. fragua /, forge; blacksmith shop; (ct) setting. --- baja, bloomery. --- de recalcar, upsetting forge. - de soldar, welding or brazing forge. final (ct), final set. --- inicial (ct), initial set. fraguado TO, forging; (ct) setting. ---- trmico, thermosetting. fraguador TO, blacksmith, forge smith. fraguar, to forge; (ct) to set; to cure (asphalt); (Col) to grout. frage TO, setting, set. franco, open, free, clear; exempt. a bordo o sobre vagn (FAB)(tr), free on board (FOB). --- bordo (an)(A), freeboard. ---- de avera simple (seg), free of particular average. de derechos, duty-free. ---- de porte, prepaid (carriage). --- fuera del buque, free overside. ---- sobre muelle (tr), free alongside (FAS). franja/, strip, band. --- capilar (A), capillary fringe. franklinita /, franklinite (ore of manganese). franquear, to span, clear; to clear away. franqueo TO, postage; prepayment; clearance, (machy) relief, backing-off; (tun)(min) unkeying. --- lateral, side clearance. --- superior, headroom, vertical clearance. franquicia/, franchise; tax exemption. frasco m, flask, bottle, vial. --- de filtrar, filter flask. - gotero (lab), dropping bottle. --- separador (lab), parting flask. frasquito m (lab), vial. fratacho m (A), mason's float. frats TO, plasterer's trowel, mason's float. fratasar, to trowel, to float. fretico, phreatic, subsurface. freatimetro TO (A), device for gaging ground water. freatofitas/ (hid), phreatophytes. frecuencia /, frequeney (all senses). ---- amortiguadora (ra), quenching frequeney. ----angular o de radin (ra), angular or radian frequeney. ---- audible (ra), audio frequeney. ---- crtica (fsica), threshold or critical fre queney. ---- de corte (ra) (A), cutoff frequeney. - de cuadro (tv), frame frequeney. --- 'de imagen (ra), image frequeney; (tv) pic.ure frequeney.

frecuencia
---- de lnea (tv), Une frequency. ---- de visin (ra), video or visual frequency. ---- heterodina o de pulsacin (ra), beat or

155
--- muerto, dead front (switchboard). --- vivo, live front (switchboard).

fresar

heterodyne frequency. nominal, rated frequency. ---- patrn, standard frequency. ---- portadora (elc), carrier frequency. ---- portadora fijada o portadora asignada (ra), center or resting frequency. ---- propia (ra), natural frequency or wave length. ---- superelevada (ra), superhigh frequency. ---- ultraelevada, ultrahigh frequency. ---- vocal (ra) (A), voice frequency. frecuencmetro m, frequency meter. ---- de lengetas, vibrating-reed frequency meter. ---- heterodino, heterodyne -wavemeter. ---- registrador, frequency recorder. fregadero m (pb), sink. fregador m (Pan), sink. frenada/ (A), braking. frenaje m, braking. ---- de recuperacin o de regeneracin, regenerative braking. ---- reosttico, resistance or rheostatic braking. frenar, to brake. frenero m, brakeman. freno m, brake. ---- a corrientes parsitas, eddy-current brake. ---- al cardn (auto) (A), transmission brake. - al vaco, vacuum brake. ---- aerodinmico, air brake (airplane). ---- de aceite, oil brake. ---- de aire, air brake. ---- de almohadillas, block brake. ---- de automultiplicacin de fuerza, self-energizing brake. ---- de banda o de cinta, band brake. ---- de crculo completo, full-wrap brake. ---- de direccin, steering brake. ---- de discos mltiples, multidisk brake. ---- de doble zapata, two-shoe brake. de electroimn, electromagnetic brake. ---- del embrague (auto), clutch brake. -- de estacionamiento (auto), parking brake. ---- de expansin interior, internal-expanding brake. ---- de friccin, friction brake; Prony brake. ---- de patn (fe), slipper brake. ---- de pedal o de servicio (auto), foot or service brake. ---- de seguridad o de urgencia, emergeney brake. -- de timn (en), rudder brake. ---- dinamomtrico, dynamometer or Prony brake. ---- manual, hand brake. -- medidor de potencia, absorption dynamom eter. ----neumtico, air brake. ----para puerta, door cheok. frente m, face, front, (min) heading. ---- corrido (min), longwall. ---- de ataque, working face, forebreast. ---- de manzana, city block (distance between stroets).

frentear, to face, mili, machine. frenteo m, facing, milling. frentero m (min), miner employed at the working face. frentista m (A)(U), cement masn for stucco work. fren (rfg), Freon (trademark). fresa/, bit, milling tool, miller; (C) reamer; (A) countersinking bit. ---- cilindrica helicoidal, slabbing cutter. ---- cola de pescado, fishtail cutter. ---- cortadora, cutter bit. ---- de corte lateral, side milling cutter. ---- de cuchillas postizas, inserted-blade cutter. ---- de dientes escalonados, staggered-tooth cut ter. ---- de dientes grandes, coarse-tooth cutter. ---- de disco, side cutter, ---- de espiga, end mili. ---- de ranurar, gaining head. de refrentar, face cutter. ---- de roscar, thread milling cutter, thread-cutting tool. ---- desbastadora, roughing or stocking cutter. ---- en cruz (pet), cross cutter. ---- escariadora, end mili. ---- escariadora hueca, shell end mili. --- estriadora, fluting cutter. ---- madre, hob. --- mltiple, gang cutter. ---- partidora, parting tool. ---- perfilada, profile or formed cutter. ---- perfilada simple, fiy cutter. ---- ranuradora, cotter mili. --- recortadora, cutting-off tool (Iathe). ---- rotativa de ranurar, dado or grooving or gaining head. ---- semiesferica, rose mili or cutter. fresas de disco acopladas, straddle mili. fresa-taladradora, boring and turning mili. fresabilidad/, maehinability. fresable, machinable. fresado m, milling. --- a gas, gas or fame machining. --- a mquina, machine-cut. --- angular, angular milling. --- de frente, face milling. --- en espiral, spiral milling. --- y taladrado (tub) faced and drilled. fresadora /, milling machine; hobbing machine; shaper; (C) reamer; (A) countersinking bit. --- acepilladora, planer-type milling machine, rotary planer, planomiller, milling planer. ----de banco, bench miller. ----de desbastar, rougher, roughing reamer. --- de engranajes, gear miller or hobber. ----de puntos, spot-facer. ----de roscar, thread miller. --- de superficie, slab miller. ----para levas, cam cutter. ----ranuradora, spline milling machine. fresar, to face, mili, machine; to hob; (C) to ream; (A) to countersink. ----la cara de atrs, to back-face.

fresar

156

funcionar

---- para las tuercas, to spot-face. fresno m (mad), ash. friabilidad/, friability; brittleness. friable, brittle; friable. friccin /, friction. ---- cintica, kinetic or sliding friction. ---- de arranque, starting or breakaway friction. ---- de deslizamiento, sliding friction. - de rodamiento, rolling friction. ---- de zafar, breakaway friction. ---- esttica, static or starting friction. --- pelicular (A), skin friction. frigocentral/ (A), refrigeration plant. frigorfico m, cold-storage plant; meat-packing plant; a frigorific. frigorgeno, producing cold. frisado TO, (V) same as friso, friso TO, wainscot, dado; (V) scratch coat or brown coat of plaster. froga/ (Col), rubble filling between ashiar faces. frogar (Col), to fill joints; to grout the stones in a wall. frontal a, front, head. frontera/ (Es), front wall. frontis TO, fascia; facade. frontispicio m, facade, front wall. frontn TO, pediment; (min) working face, forebreast. frota /, cemcnt mason's float. frotador TO, rubber; (elec)(U) contact brush. frotamiento m, friction, chafing, rubbing. --- de deslizamiento, sliding friction. --- de rodadura, rolling friction. frotar, to rub; to chafe. ftalato de potasio (lab), potassium phthalate. itlico (qum), phthalic. fucsina / (is), fuchsin. fuego TO, fire. fuellar, to blow with a bellows. fuelle TO, bellows, blower; connection between car vestibules; (C) automobile top; bellows of a camera. fuente/, fountain; spring; source. ---- aceleradora (mg), accelerating well. ---- artesiana, artesian spring. ---- de abastecimiento o de provisin, source of water supply. ---- de afloramiento, gravity spring. ---- de beber, drinking fountain. - de carga, feed well. ---- de contacto, contact spring. ---- de energa A (B, C)(ra), A (B, C) power supply. - de fisura, fracture or fissure spring. ---- de hondonada, depression spring. ---- desarenadora (A), sand trap. ---- luminosa (il), luminous source. ---- surtidora, source of supply. fuentes fluviales, (PR) water resources. fuera adv, out, outside. ---- de ajuste, out-of-adjustment. ---- de aplomo, out-of-plumb. ---- de bordo, outboard. --- del camino, off-the-road (hauling). --- de centro, off-center, out-of-center. --- de escuadra, out-of-squarc.

de fase, out-of-phase. de juego (C), out-of-gear. de lnea, out-of-line. de redondo, out-of-round. --- de servicio, out-of-service. --- de toma, out-of-gear, unmeshed. fuerte, strong, powerful; sharp (curve); heavy (grade). fuerza /, forc, power. --- al freno, brake horsepower. --- a vapor, steam power. ----caballar, horsepower. --- capilar, capillary forc. --- centrfuga, centrifugal forc. --- coercitiva (elc), coercive forc. continua, firm or primary power. --- contraelectromotriz, back electromotive forc. --- de agua, water power. ----de arrastre, tractive forc. de brazos, hand power; man power. --- de elevacin, lifting power. ----de filtracin (ms), sepage forc. - de levantamiento, uplift (dam). - de sangre, animal power. ----discontinua, dump or secondary power. ---- electromotriz, electromotive forc. ----electromotriz aplicada, impressed or applied electromotive forc. --- hidrulica, water,power. ---- hidromotriz (A), water power. ---- indicada de caballos, indicated horsepower. ---- magntica, magnetic strength or forc or intensity. --- magnetomotriz, magnetizing or magnetomotive forc. ---- mayor, forc majeure, act of God. ---- motriz, power, motive power. ---- permanente, firm or primary power. --- portativa (ra) (A), carrier power. ---- primaria, primary power. ---- provisoria, dump power. ---- termoelectromotriz, thermoelectromotive forc. ---- tractora, tractive forc. fuetazo TO, whipping of a cable. fugas/, (hyd) leakage; (elec) fault. fulcro TO, fulcrum. fulgor azul (ra)(A), blue glow. fulguracin /, fulguration. fulgurita / (geol) (vol), fulgurite. fulmicotn TO, guncotton. fulminante TO, blasting cap, exploder, detonator, fulminar, to cause to explode; to discharge. fulminato TO, fulminate. fulmnico, fulminic. fumfugo, smokeless. fumvoro, smoke-consuming, smokeless. funcin/ (mat), function. ---- de simple valuacin, single-valued function. ---- de valuacin mltiple, multiple-valued func tion. ---- escalar, scalar function. ---- vectorial, vector function. funcionamiento TO, operation. funcionar, to run, work, oprate.

funcionario
funcionario m, official, officer. : funda /, case, sheath. - de cemento (PR), cement bag. - de neumtico (auto), tire cover. _ para herramientas, tool roll. fundacin /, foundation. ---- corrida, continuous footing. __ de cajn, pneumatic-caisson foundation. ----- ensanchada, spread footing. ---- escalonada, stepped footing. fundamental/, (ra) fundamental; o fundamental (all senses). fundamentar, to lay a foundation. fundamento m, foundation, footing; (geol) basement. fundar, to found. fundente m, welding compound, flux. ---- para soldadura, soldering or welding flux. . -- para soldadura de latn, brazing flux. fundera/, foundry; casting. fundible, fusible. fundicin/, foundry; casting; a casting; smelting works. ---- al coque, coke iron. ---- a presin o a troquel, die-casting. - argntea, silvery iron. ----atruchada, mottled iron. ---- blanca, white cast iron, white iron. ---- bruta (A), pig iron. ---- centrifugada, centrifugal casting. ---- de acero, steel casting; steel foundry. ---- de aleacin, alloy cast iron. ---- de hierro, iron founding; iron foundry; cast iron. ---- de hierro gris, gray-iron casting. ---- de hierro maleable, wrought-iron casting. ---- de latn, brass casting; brass foundry. > ---- de liga, alloy cast iron. ---- de segunda fusin, gray cast iron. ---- escoriosa, cinder pig iron. ---- gris, gray-iron casting; foundry pig. ---- maleable, malleable casting, malleable cast iron. ---- trochada, mottled iron. fundido, cast; fused, melted. ---- centrfugamente, centrifugally cast. ---- en arena, sand-cast. ---- en bloque (auto), cast-in-block. ---- en foso de colada, pit-cast. fundidor m, foundryman, founder; melter. fundir, to cast; to melt, smelt; to blow out (fuse); fundirse, to melt, fuse. fungicida ra, fungicide. fungiforme a, mushroom (column head). fungisttico, fungistatic. funicular m, cable railway; a funicular. ---- areo, aerial tramway. furgn m, baggage car; truck with closed body, van; (M) boxear; (A) baggage, expresa, or mail car. ---- de carga (A), freight car. ---- de cola, caboose. de equipajes, baggage car. furgonada /, carload, truckload. furnia/ (C), sump. furo m, orifice; (top) channcl.

157

galera

fuselado m, fairing, streamlining; a streamlined. fuselaje m, fuselage. fusetrn (elc), Fusetron (trademark) (time-lag fuse). fusibilidad/, fusibility. fusible m, fuse; (C) rail bond; a fusible. ---- de accin retardada, time-delay or time-lag fuse. ---- de bayoneta (C), knife fuse. ---- de cartucho a casquillo, ferrule-type cartridge fuse. ---- de cartucho a cuchillo, knife-blade-type cartridge fuse. ---- de cinta, link or strip fuse. ---- de cuchilla, knife fuse. ---- de desprendimiento, drop-out fuse. ----de recierre, reclosing fuse. ---- de tapn, plug fuse. ---- de tiempo, time-lag fuse. ----renovable, renewable fuse. fusiforme, fusiform, spindle-shaped; streamlined. fusin/, fusin. fusionar (A), to fuse. fuslina/ (Es)(A), smelter. fuste m, shaft of a column; shank of a rivet or bolt.

gabari, gabarit, gabarito m (fe), clearance gage; track gage. gabarra/, scow, barge. ----de gra, derrick barge. gabarraje m, lighterage, gabarrero m, bargeman. gabera/ (Col), brick mold. gabinete m, laboratory, office, study; (rr) stateroom, (rr)(M) drawing room; (ra)(M) cabinet. gabin, m (r), gabion. gablete m, gable. gbrico, gabbroic. gabro m (geol), gabbro. gafa/, cant hook; (C) gaff. ----de palanca, cant hook. gafas de soldador, welding goggles. gaita /, a Puerto Rican lumber. gajo m, leaf of an orange-peel bucket; branch mountain chain. gal (geof), gal. galactita /, fuller's erth. galpago m, centering (arch); saddle; pig, ingot, sow; (sb) hatch batten. galena/, galena (lead ore). galnico, galenic. galeota/ (en), carling, beam carline, girder. galera /, wagn, van; jack plae; (CA) shed, shanty. galerada /, wagonload. galera/, gallery, heading, (min) drift. ---- captante (hid), collecting gallery. ---- cntrica de avance (tn), center drift. ---- de agotamiento (min) draining adit. ---- de arrastre (min), haulageway; slushinc drift.

galera
de ataque (tn)(min), heading. ---- de avance, heading; pilot bore. de avance superior (tn), top heading. --- de captacin (hid), nfiltration or collecting gallery. ---- de carga (min), loading drift. ---- de coleccin, (hyd) collecting gallery; (min) gathering drift. ---- de desarrollo (min), development drift. ---- de descarga, sluiceway (dam). ---- de direccin, (tun) advance heading; (min) driftway. ---- de empino (tn), crown drift. ---- de escombrar (min), mucking drift. ---- de evacuacin (hid), sluiceway, undersluice, silt sluice. ----de extraccin (min), adit. --- de pala de arrastre (min), slushing drift. ----de revisin, inspection gallery. --- de servicio (min), service drift. --- de servicios (Es), street tunnel for pipes and conduits. --- de sondeo, exploration gallery. --- de toma (hid), intake tunnel. --- desarenadora (presa), silt sluice, under sluice. --- filtrante, filtration or nfiltration gallery. --- inferior de avance (tn), bottom drift or heading. --- lateral de avance (tn), side drift or heading. galerna /, galerno TO, gale. galern TO (M)(AC), barracks; shed. galgas/ (M), calipers. galibador m (en), loftsman. galibar, to work to a tmplate. glibo TO, tmplate, jig; straightedge; clearance diagram. --- de ajuste (en), lofting tmplate. --- de caja, box jig. --- de fijacin, holding jig. --- de inclinacin, slope gage; (sb) declivity board. --- de muones (mh), trunnion jig. --- de perfil normal (fe), clearance gage. --- de silletas (fe), tie-plate gage. --- para guardacarril (fe), guardrail gage. galn m, galln. --- imperial, imperial galln. galpn TO, storehouse, inclosed shed, shanty. -- de cargas, freight shed. --- de removido (A), transfer shed. galponista m (A), erector of iron sheds. galvnico, galvanic. galvanismo TO, galvanism. galvanizacin (/) por inmersin en caliente, hot or hot-dip galvanizing. galvanizado al fuego o en caliente, hot-galvanized. galvanizar, to galvanize. galvanorecocido, galvannealed. galvanometra /, galvanometry. galvanomtrico, galvanometric. galvanmetro TO, galvanometer. ---- amortiguado, deadbeat galvanometer. ---- de aguja, needle galvanometer. ---- de bobina mvil, moving-coil galvanometer.

168

gancho

--de cuerda, string galvanometer. ---- de dinamitero, blasting galvanometer. ---- de espejo o de reflexin, reflecting galva nometer. ---- de senos, sine galvanometer. ---- de tangentes, tangent galvanometer galvanoplastia /, galvanoplastics, electrotypy, electrometallurgy. galvanoplstico, galvanoplastic. galvanoscopio m, galvanoscope. gallego TO (az)(C), cae leveler or kicker. galleta/, cement pat; soil cake; target (rod). galletera /, kind of brickmaking machine. gallito m (M), faucet, bibb. galln TO, sod. gama /, range, limits. - de onda (ra) (A), wave band. gambota/ (en), counter timber. gambusino TO, skilled miner; prospector. gamella /, yoke for oxen; plasterer's hawk; trough; washtub; (Ch) chute; (min) pan. --- de lavar (min), washtrough. ----fija (min), sleeping table. gamma /, gamma. ganancia/, profit, earnings; (ra)(A) gain. --- bruta, gross profit. ----lquida, net profit. ganancias ----de explotacin, operating profit. ----no distribuidas, undivided profits. ----y prdidas, profit and loss. gancho TO, hook. -agarrador (ef), rafting dog, tail hook; grab hook. ----centrador (pet), wall hook. ----de abrazadera, clevis hook. ----de amarrar, mooring hook. ---- de arrastre (co)(tc), pul hook. - de cable de izar, hoist hook. ---- de carga, cargo hook. ---- de cerrojo, safety hook (hoist). ---- de clavija, pintle hook. - de deslizamiento, slip hook. ---- de disparo, trip hook. ---- de estibador, box hook. ---- de estibar, cargo hook. ---- de estrangulacin (cab), choker hook. ---- de gaza, (lg) choker hook. ---- de grillete, clevis hook. --- de maderero, dog hook. ---- de mosquetn o de resorte, snap hook. - de motn, hook of the fall block, hoist hook. ---- de ojo, eye hook. ---- de pared (pet), wall hook. ---- de retencin de cadena, grab hook. ---- de seguridad, safety hook. ---- de traccin, pul hook, (lg) draw hook. ---- de volteo (M), cant hook. ---- giratorio, swivel hook. ---- para trozas, swamp hook. sacatapa, manhole hook. ---- soltador, relase or pelican hook, (lg) dump hook. --- y hembra o y picolete, hook and keeper, hook and eye.

ganchos
ganchos de correa, belt hooks or clampa. .- de fardo, bale hooks. . -- escaladores, climbing irons. .--- gemelos, match or sister hooks. ----para bidn, can hooks. gandingas/ (min), concentrates. ganga/, gangue. --- cuarzosa, vein quartz. gnguil m, dump scow. ganza/, false key, picklock; skeleton key; (Sp) hook wrench. garabatillo TO, small vise, clamp. garabato TO, grapnel, grappling iron. garaje m, garage, garandumba/(A), barge, lighter. garante m, guarantor, bondsman. garanta/, guaranty. garantizar, to guarantee. garbancillo m, (M) buckshot coal; (Sp) fine gravel, grits. garbanzo m (M), pea coal. garfio TO, hook, (C) gaff; cant hook. garfios de trepar, climbing irons, climbers. garganta /, (mech) groove, channel;. (top) gap, narrows, gorge; gullet (saw); (w)(mech) throat; (tun)(A) bench. -- del Venturi, Venturi throat. grgol m, groove, notch, gain. garita /, cab of a shovel or truck; watchman's box; (A) elevator car. ---- de mstil (en), crow's-nest. - de seales (fe), signal tower. --- de soldar, welding booth. --- de vista completa (pl), full-vision cab. garitea/ (Ec), flatboat. garlancha/, spade; (Col) blade tamper. garlopa/, jaek or jointing or fore plae. garlopn TO, jack or fore or trying plae, garnierita/, garnierite (nickel ore). garra /, clutch, catch, claw, grip. --- de cable (elc), cable grip. --- de compresin, compression clutch. ----de friccin, friction clutch. -- de seguridad, safety clutch. - de zapata (or), grouser. garras para correa, belt hooks or clamps or lacing. garrancha/ (Col), hook. garrapato m (A), a hardwood. garrocha/ (M), pike pole. garrote TO, (Ch) (M) brake. garrotero m (M), brakeman. garrucha /, sheave, pulley; (M) tackle block. ---- agarradora, grip sheave. ---- cabecera (pet), crown sheave. 'Cerradora (cuch), closing sheave. ---- de bisagra (M), snatch block. ---- de cadena, chain block or hoist. ---- de la cuchara (pet), sand sheave. ---- del entubado (pet), casing sheave. ---- de garganta farpada, pocket or chain wheel. ---- de gua, guide or deflecting sheave, fair-lead block. ---- de rayos, spoke sheave. ---- deslizante, sliding or fleeting sheave. ---- desviadora, deflecting or knuckle sheave.

159
---- diferencial (M), differential hoist. ---- igualadora, equalizing sheave. ---- posterior (pet), heel sheave.

gastar

garrucho TO, cringle. gas m, gas. ---- acetileno, acetylene gas. ---- cloacal, sewer gas. ---- comburente, combustin gas. ---- combustible, fuel gas. ---- de aceite (C), oil gas. ----de agua, water gas. ---- de aire, air gas. ---- de alto horno, blast-furnace gas. ----de alumbrado, illuminating gas. ---- de boca de pozo, casing-head gas. ----de carbn, coal gas. ----de cieno (dac), sludge gas. ----de desperdicio, waste gas. ----de digestin (dac), digester gas. ----de la formacin (pet), formational gas. ----de horno de coquzacin, coke-oven gas. ----de hulla, coal gas. ----de los lodos (dac), sludge gas. ----de los pantanos, marsh gas. de madera, wood gas. ----de petrleo, oil gas. ----licuado de petrleo, liquefied petroleum gas. ----natural, natural or casing-head or oil-well gas, green gas. ----pobre, producer or genrator gas. ----residual o seco (pet), dfy r residue gas. ----rico, illuminating gas, --- -verde (pet), green or natural gas. gases de desecho, waste gases. gases de escape, exhaust gases. gasa (/) de alambre, wiregauze. gaseiforme, gaseous, gasiform. gaseoso, gaseous. gasero, gasfiter, gasista TO, gas fitter, pipeman. gasfitera /, pipework, gas fitting. gasfero, containing gas. gasificar, to gasify. gasoducto m (A), pipe line for gas. gasgeno TO, gazogene; gas producer. --- de acetileno, acetylene genrator. ----de tiro descendente, downdraft producer. ----escorificador, slagging producer. gasoleno TO, gasoline. gasleo TO, gas oil. gasolina/, gasoline. - de alto octanaje, high-oetane gasoline. ----de alta volatilidad, high-test gasoline. ----de destilacin directa, straight-run gasoline. ----de destilacin final, end-point gasoline. ----estabilizada, stripped gasoline. ----mezclada, blended gasoline. ----natural, natural or casing-head gasoline. ----reformada, cracked gasoline. gasolinera /, (M) filling station; (C) gasoline launch. gasometra /, gasometry. gasomtrico, gasometric. gasmetro m, gasometer, gas tank; gas meter, gastable, erosible (soil). gastar, to wear, wear out, wear away; to use up to spend; gastarse, to wear, wear out.

gasto
gasto m, volume of flow, discharge; expenditure; consumption; wear. ---- crtico, critical flow. ---- de crecida, flood flow. - de derrame (hid), runoff rate. ---- instantneo, momentary flow. ---- slido (hid), bed load, material insuspensin. ---- supercrtico, supercritical flow. gastos, charges, costs, expenses. ---- de administracin, administration expenses. ---- de conservacin, maintenance charges. ---- de embarque, shipping charges. ---- de establecimiento (Es), capital or fixed charges. ---- de explotacin, operating expenses. ---- generales, general expense, overhead. ---- imprevistos, contingencies. gata/, (naut) cat; (Ch)(Pe) jack; (Ch) crank. gatillo m, cramp; pawl, dog, trip, trigger, latch. ---- con anillo, ring dog. ---- de banco (en), slab dog. -- de descarga, trip latch. gatillos con cadena, chain dogs. gato m, jack; (M) rail bender; (Col) bridging between joists. ---- a crique, ratchet jack. > acodador, shoring jack. - ademador, shoring jack; mine jack. - alzatubos (pet), pipe jack. - autobajador, self-lowering jack. - corredizo, traversing or wheeled jack. - de auxilio, wrecking jack. ---- de cadena, chain jack. ---- de cremallera, ratchet or rack-and-pinion jack. de garaje (auto), service jack. - de gusano, screw jack. ---- de husillo (C), screw jack. ---- de lodo, mud jack. ---- de manivela, windlass jack. ---- de oreja, claw jack, ground-lifting jack. -- de palanca, lever jack. ---- de perforador (pet), oil-well jack. ---- de pie alzador, foot-lift jack. ---- de puente, bridge jack. ---- de remolque, towing jack. ---de rosca o de tornillo, screw jack, jackscrew. ---- de tirar, pulling jack. ---- de tornlo corredizo, traversing screw jack, swing jack. --de tornillo engranado, geared screw jack. ---- de tornillo invertido, inverted screw jack. --- de velocidad regulable, variable-speed jack. --- de va, track jack. --- empujador de tubos, pipe pusher. -- encarrilador (fe), wrecking jack. --- hidrulico, hydraulic jack. --- levantatubos (pet), casing jack. --- minero, mine jack. --- para carrete, cable-reel jack. --- para muones, journal jack. para postes, pole jack. --- para zanja, trench jack, adjustable trench brace. -- puntal, trench jack. gausiano (mat), Gaussian.

160

geodsico

gausio, gaussio m (elc), gauss. gavera/, (Pe) form for mud wall; (V)(Col) brick mold; (V) box for measuring concrete aggregates. gaveta /, drawer, locker, (auto) glove compartment. gaviete m (nut), cathead. gaviln m, center screw of a carpenter's bit; tholepin. gavin m (r), gabion. gaza/, loop; (cab) bend; (reinf) hook; (lg) choker. gel-cemento m (A), cement gel. gelatina/, gelatin. ---- amoniacal (vol), ammonia gelatin. ---- ; aprobada (vol), permissible gelatin. ---- explosiva, explosive or blasting gelatin, gel atin dynamite. ---- explosiva corriente, straight gelatin. ---- nutritiva (is), nutrient gelatin. gelatinizar, to gelatinize. gelatinoso, gelatinous. gel m, an Ecuadorian lumber. gelignita /, gelignite, gelatin dynamite. gema/ (carp), wane. gemelo, twin, dplex, double. gemelo (m) de ballesta (auto), spring shackle. gemelos de campaa, field glasses. genemotor m (ra), genemotor. generador m, generator. - al arco (ra), are generator. ---- a viento (elc), wind charger, wind-driven generator. ---- asincrnico, induction generator. --- compound plano, flat-compound generator. ---- de acetileno, acetylene generator. --- de armnicos, harmonio generator. ---- de colectores mltiples, multicommutator generator. --- de corta derivacin, short-shunt generator. ---- de espuma, foam generator. --- de gas, gas producer. --- de imanes permanentes, permanent-rnagnet generator. --- de ondas (elc), surge or impulse generator. --- de seales (ra), signal or all-wave generator, all-wave oscillator. --- de sobrecorrientes (elc), surge generator. --- de tensin constante, constant-potential gen erator. ---- de tercera escobilla, third-brush generator. --- de toda onda (ra), signal generator, all-wave generator. --- de vlvula (ra), tube generator. --- de velocidad gobernada (fe), controlledspeed generator. --- entrerrpido, medium-speed generator. --- magnetoelctrico, magneto, magnetoelectric generator. - tipo paraguas, umbrella-type generator. generador-volante, flywheel generator. generar, to genrate. generatriz/, generatrix; (elec) generator gnero m, fabric, cloth; carcass (tire). genol m (en), futtock. geodesia/, geodesy. geodsico, geodtico, geodetic, geodesic.

geodesta 1 16 glicol m (qum), glycol.


nitrate. gliclico, glycolic.

gndola
----de etileno, ethylene glycol. ---- etilnico dinitrato (vol), ethylene glycol di-

geodesta TO, geodesist. geoelctrico, geo-electrical. geofsica /, geophysics. elctrica, electrogeophysies. geofsico TO, geophysicist; a geophysical. gefono m, geophone. geofotogrametra /, terrestrial photogrammetry. geogrfico, geographical. geohidrologa /, geohydrology. geologa /, geology. geolgico, geological. gelogo TO, geologist. ---- consultor, consulting geologist. ---- petrolero, petroleum geologist. geometra/, geometry. ---- analtica, analytical or coordnate geome try. ---- descriptiva, descriptive geometry. ---- tridimensional, solid geometry. geomtrico, geometric, geometrical. geosttico, geostatic. gerencia /, mLnager's oflS.ce; administration, management. gerente TO, manager. ---- de compras (M), purchasing agent. ---- suplente, acting manager. germen TO, germ. germicida, germicida!. gestor m, promotor; agent, representative. gibsita/ (miner), gibbsite. gigante TO, giant, monitor. gilbertio m (elc), gilbert. girable, rotatable. giraescariador TO, reamer wreneh. giramachos TO, tap wreneh. girar, to revolve, turn, slue, swivel, swing, rotate; to draw (draft). --- loco, to spin (wheels). giratorio, revolving, gyratory, rotary. giro TO, revolving, sluing; turn; (machy) revolution; overturning (dam); (sh) swinging; (com) a draft; trade, Une of business. ----a la derecha (auto), right turn. ----a la izquierda (auto), left turn. ----a la vista, sight draft. ----de maderas, lumber business. girogravilladora / (Es), rotary gravel screen. girmetro TO, gyrometer. girn TO, strip of wood, scantling; (Pe) length of a city block. giroscpico, gyroscopic. giroscopio TO, gyroscope. girosttica /, gyrostatica. girosttico, gyrostatic. girstato TO, gyrostat, gis m, crayon. glacial, glacial. glaciar TO, glacier. glaciofluvial (geol), glaciofluvial. glacis m, glacis. glndula /, occasionally used meaning packing gland. glaseado TO, glazing; a glazed. glicerina/, glycerin. glicerol TO (qum), glycerol. glicina/ (fma), glycine.

' globo TO (il), globe. globular, globular. glbulo TO, globule. glbulos reflectores (ca), reflector beads. glorieta/, trame circle. glosador TO (M), auditor, gneis TO (geol), gneiss. gnisico, gneissic. gneisoide, gneissoid. gnomon m, gnomon; carpenter's square. gnomnico, gnomonic. goa/, pig (iron), bloom; sow. gobernalle TO (en), rudder. gobernar, to control, gobierno TO, government; management, direction; control. ----a distancia, remote control. goetita/, goethite (iron ore). gola/, ogee; (A) spillway bucket. golfo TO, gulf. golilla /, washer; (Ch) pipe flange; (Sp) sleeve, collar. ----de cojinete, bearing race. golpe TO, blow, shock; (eng) stroke; (C) throw. ----de ariete o de agua, water hammer. ---- de aspiracin, suction stroke. ---- de compresin, compression stroke. ----de compuerta (M), water hammer. ---- de expulsin, exhaust stroke. ---- de retardo, backlash. --- de retroceso, return stroke; backlash. ----elctrico, electric shock. golpeador TO, striker (with a hammer). golpear, to strike, pound; (eng) to knock. golpeo TO, striking, pounding; (eng) knock. ---- por encendido, spark knock. golpetear, (eng) to knock, hammer. golpeteo TO, knocking, pounding, (tel) thump. ---- del mbolo, pistn slap. gollete TO, (mech) throat, neck; journal. goma/, gum; rubber tire; eraser. ---- aisladora (elc), splicing gum. ---- de baln, balloon tire. ---- de borrar, eraser. - de la caa (a?),-cae gum. ---- de cuerdas, cord tire. ---- de empalme (elc), splicing gum. ---- de tela, fabric tire. ---- elstica, rubber. ---- esponjosa de borrar (dib), sponge rubber. ---- floja, fat tire. ---- laca, shellac. ---- mineral, mineral rubber. ---- recuperada, reclaimed rubber. gomaguta/ (dib), gamboge. gomar, to treat with rubber. gomera/ (A), tire-repair shop. gomero (m) vulcanizador (A), tire vulcanizer. gomoso, gummy. gndola /, (rr) gndola car; (ce) (M) narrow-gage dump car; mnibus.

gonigrafo
gonigrafo m (Es), plae table. goniometra /, goniometry. goniomtrico, goniometric. gonimetro m, goniometer, angle meter. ---- de aplicacin, contact goniometer. -- de refleccin, reflection goniometer. gordo, (conc) rich; hard (water); oily; bulky. gorrn m, gudgeon; male pivot; j ournal, trunnion; kingpin. ---- del eje, journal. ---- de manivela motriz, crankpin. gorupo m, hawser bend. gota/, drop; (pt) tear. goteadero m, drip. gotear, to leak; to drip. goteo m, leakage, leaking; dropping. gotera/, leak; (Ec) gutter; (top)(Sp) channel. gotero m, drip (sill); weep hole. gotern m, condensation gutter (skylight); drip. gozne m, hinge, strap hinge. ----amortiguador de piso, checking floor hinge. ----de paleta, strap hinge. ----de piso, floor hinge. --- de placa, pate hinge. ----en T, T hinge. grabador m, grabadora /, graver, cutting tool. grabar, to engrave; to carve. grada/, step; gradin; stepladder; harrow; shipway, slip; (min) stope; (dd) altar; (lg) jumbo, go-devil; (bldg)(V) wall pate. - al revs (min), overhand stope. ----abierta (min), open stope. de astillero, shipway, launching way. ----de dientes, tooth harrow. ----de discos, disk harrow. --- de espiguilla (min), herringbone stope. --- de hataje (en), slipway. ----de relleno (min), filled stope. --- derecha (min), underhand stope. -- ramal (min), branch stope, stope cutout. gradacin /, (pmy) gradation; (ag) (Col) gradation. gradar, to harrow. gradera/, series of steps; stadium, grandstand. gradiente m /, grade, slope, gradient; (Ch) upgrade. ----de la energa, energy gradient. --- de potencial, potential gradient. de la presin (ms), pressure gradient. --- de tensin (elc), voltage gradient. ----de velocidad (hid), velocity gradient. --- gravimtrico (geof), gravitational gradient. ----hidrulico o piezomtrico, hydraulic gradi ent. gradilla /, brick mold; stepladder; (lab) tube rack. gradino m, stonecutter's chisel, graver. gradimetro m, gradiometer. grado m, grade, class, rate; (machy) stage; (math) degree. --- antidetonante, antiknock rating (gasoline). ----de agudeza (fc)(V), degree of curve. ----de calor, degree of heat. --- de curvatura (fe), degree of curve. --- de latitud, degree of latitude. ----de octano, octane rating (gasoline).

162
--- de pureza (met), fineness. ---- de velocidad, rate of speed. ---- , de un (bm), single-stage. ---- elctrico, electrical degree. ---- nico, de, single-stage.

granada

gradmetro m, gradometer. graduable, adjustable. graduacin /, gradation, graduation, grading; (Ec) grading, leveling; (machy) staging. ---- cetnica, cetane rating. ---- de presin (turb), pressure stagiag. ---- de velocidad (turb), velocity staging. ---- octnica, octane rating (gasoline). graduador m, gage; graduator; adjuster. graduadora / (mh), graduator. graduar, to gradate; to classify; (ag) to grade; (mech) to ndex; (Ec) to level, grade; to adjust; (machy) to stage. grfica/, graphics; diagram, graph. ---- del indicador, (eng) indicator card. ---- de las mareas, tidal graph. ---- psicromtrica, psychrometric chart. graficismo m (Es), graphics. grfico m, diagram, graph, chart; a graphic, graphical. ---- fluviomtrico o hidrulico, hydrograph. grafio m, stonecutter's chisel; (M) ruling pen. grafitar, to apply graphite; to graphitize. grafitico, graphitic. grafitizar (A), to apply graphite; to graphitize. grafito m, graphite. ---- escamoso, flake graphite. ---- fabricado, artificial graphite. grafitoso (V), graphitic. grafoxntrico, graphometric. grafmetro m, graphometer. grafosttica /, graphostatics. grafosttico, graphostatic. Gram-negativo (lab), Gram-negative. Gram-positivo (lab), Gram-positive. grama/, grass. gramil m, (carp) marking or scratch gage; router; (Sp) gage line of rivets; (str)(M) gage distance. ---- doble, mortise gage. ---- para bisagras, butt gage. ---- para mortajas, mortise gage. ---- para rebajar, rabbet gage. granular, to mark out, lay out. gramin (qum), gram ion. gramo m, gram. gramo-metro, gram-meter. gramocalora / (M), calorie, small or gram calorie. grampa/, clamp, clip, cramp; staple. ---- a cadena, chain vise. de elstico (auto), spring clip. ---- de guardacarril (fe), guardrail clamp. ---- de mariposa, thumb clamp. --- -para cable, cable clip; cable clamp. ---- para cerca, fence staple. ---- para manguera, hose clamp. ---- para moldes, form clamp. grampas para correa, belt clamps or hooks or lacing. granada (/) extintora, grenade fire extinguisher.

granadillo

163

gremio
--- de cuerda (elc), cord grip. --- del freno (pet), brake staple. --- de madera, hand screw, carpenter's clamp.

granadillo m (V), a hardwood. granalla/, granulated metal; shot. - de carbn (tel), carbn granules. granangular, wide-angle (camera). granate m, garnet. granatfero (geol), containing garnet. grancillas /, stone screenings. granel, a, lose, in bulk. granetazo m, punch mark. grnete m, punch, center punch. ---- a campana, bel! or self-centering center punch. ----espaciador o de resorte, locating center punch. granetear, to mark with a center punch, graniprfido m (geol)(V), granophyre. grantico, granitic. granitfero, granitiferous. granitiforme, granitiform. granitita/ (geol), granitite. granitizacin /, granitization. granito m, granite. --potsico, potash granite. granitoide m, granitoid. granitoideo a, granitoid. granitullo m (A), small granite paving block. graniza/ (A), grits, small gravel. granizo m, hail. grano m, gxain; grain (weight). ---- abierto (C), coarse grain. ---- cerrado, cise grain. --fino, fine grain. ---- gordo (C), coarse grain. ---- grueso, coarse grain. granoblstico (geol), granoblastic. granodiorita / (geol), granodiorite. granofrico, granophyric. granofi.ro m (geol), granophyre. granogabro m (geol), granogabbro. granoltico (pav), granolithic. granolito m, granolith. granosidad /, granularity. granoso, granular. granudo (Es)(M), granular. granulacin/, granulation; (ag)(A) grading. granulado, granulated. granulador m, granulator. granuladora/ (A), sand crusher or roll. granular, granular. granulita/ (geol), granulite. granultico, granulitic. granulitizacin /, granulitization. granulo m, granule. granulometra / (M), grading, graduation. granulomtrico, granulometric. granulosidad /, granularity. granuloso, granular. granza /, stone screenings; (C) gravel; (A) crushed stone. granzn m, stone screenings; gravel, grits; (V) run-of-bank gravel. grapa/, clip, clamp, cramp; staple; (sa) dog. ---- de anclaje (elc), dead-end clamp. --- de aserradero, mili dog. --- de banco, bench clamp. --- de cada (as), drop dog.

de prueba (elc), test clip. -r de tensin (elc), strain clamp. ---- golpeadora tpet), drive clamp. ---- para cable, cable clip; cable clamp. ---- para pendientes (elc), grade clamp. grapas para banda, belt hooks. grapn m, cramp iron, clamp, dogbolt. ---- de hincar (ts), sheeting cap, plank cap. grasa/, grease; slag. ---- animal (lu), animal fat. ---- de cerdo, lard. ---- de copa, cup grease. ---- de jabn de aluminio, aluminum-soap grease. ---- de jabn de cal, lime-soap grease. ---- grafitica, graphite grease. ---- lubricante, cup or lubricating grease. ---- miccea, mica grease. ---- para cable, cable compound, rope grease. ---- para caja de engranajes, transmission grease. ---- para copula de presin, cup grease. ---- para jes, axle grease. ---- para engranajes, gcar compound. ---- para inyector, gun grease. ---- vegetal, vegetable fat. grasera (/) de compresin, grease cup. grasero m (M), slag dump. grasicnto, greasy, oily. graso, oily; (conc) rich; fat (mixture), grata/, rasp; wire brush. gratificacin/, bonus toan employee. grauvaca/(geol), graywacke. grava /, gravel. v ---- de boleos, boulder gravel. ---- de cantera o de mina, pit gravel. ---- de guijas (V), granulo gravel. ---- de playa, beach gravel. ---- en bruto (M), pit-run gravel. ---- fluvial, river gravel. ---- graduada, graded gravel. ---- provechosa (min), pay gravel. ---- sin cribar o tal como sale, run-of-bank or unscreened gravel. gravadora/ (Es), gravel screen. gravedad/, gravity. ---- especfica, specific gravity. gravera /, gravel pit or bank. gravfico (M), gravitational. gravilla/, fine or pea gravel; grits. gravilladora/ (Es), gravel screen. gravimetra/, gravimetry. gravimtrico, gravimetric. gravmetro m, gravimoter, gravity meter, gravitacin/, gravitation, gravity. gravitacional (M), gravitational. gravitar, to gravitate. gravitmetro m, gravitometer. ---- registrador, recording gravitometer. gravoso (M), gravelly. greda /, loam, clay, marl, fuller's earth. ---- arenosa, sandy loam. gredal m, clay pit. gredoso, clayey, loamy. gremio m, labor unin; craft unin; trade, craft.

gremio
---- del oficio, craft unin. ---- industrial, industrial unin. -- obrero, trade-union; labor unin. grenoquita/, greenockite (cadmium ore). gres m, pug, clay mixture for making sewer pipe, brick, etc. ---- vidriado, glazed tile (pipe), glazed trra cotta. greta/ (M), litharge. grieta /, crack, seam, chink; (Ibr) check; (geol) joint. ---- capilar, hair crack. --- de contraccin, shrinkage crack. ---- de desecacin (mad), season check. ---- pasante (mad), through check -- trmica (vi), fire crack. grietarse, to crack. grietoso, cracked, seamy. grifa /, (Ec) pattern, tmplate; (A) straightening tool. grifera /, stock or assortment of cocks or bibbs. grifo m, cock, faucet, bibb; (Pe) hydrant. ---- de aparejamiento (auto), priming cock. ---- de cierre automtico, self-closing faucet. - de cilindro, cylinder cock. ---- de compresin, compression cock. --- de corporacin, corporation cock. de desage, mud or drain cock. ---- de desahogo, blowoff cock. ---- de descarga del sedimento, mud valve. ---- de despunte (az)(C), sampling cock. ---- de detencin (Es), check valve. ---- de otador (pb)(Es), float valve. ---- de macho, plug cock. --- de mar (en), sea cock or valve. ---- de prueba (cal), try or gage cock. ---- de purga, drain or blowoff cock. de resorte, spring faucet. ---- de tres conductos, three-way cock. ---- descompresor (auto)(Es), priming cock. ---- indicador de nivel, gage cock. ---- para incendio, fire plug. - para manguera, hose bibb. ---- purgador de espumas, scum cock. grilla/ (A), grill, grate; (elec) grid. ---- de control (ra), control grid. ---- supresora (ra), suppressor grid. grilla-pantalla (ra), screen grid. grillaje m (A)(Col), grillage. grillero m (A), grate cleaner. grillete m, shackle; socket; clevis. ---- abierto (cab), open socket. ----cerrado (cab), closed socket. ---- con perno roscado, screw-pin shackle. ---- de guardia (e), eye-guard shackle. ---- de media vuelta, half-turned shackle. ---- de motn, block shackle. ---- de perno ovalado, oval-pin shackle. ---- de puente (cab), bridge socket. ---- de resorte, snap shackle. ---- de seguridad, safety shackle. ---- en horquilla (cab), open socket. ---- escalonado (cab), stepped socket. -- forma corazn, heart shackle. ---- giratorio, swivel shackle. - para ancla, bending or anchor shackle.

164

gruesa

gris m (min), firedamp. grismetro m, testing device for firedamp. grisunita/, grisounite (explosivo), grisuoso, containing firedamp. grisutina/, grisoutine (explosive). grosor m, thickness; (ag) coarseness. gra/, crane; derrick; hoist. --- alimentadora (fe), water crane. --- amontonadora, tiering or stacking crane. --- arrumadora, stevedoring or roustabout or cargo crane. --- atirantada, guy derrick. --- automvil o autocamin (U), truck crane. --- con pie de gallo (M), stiffieg derrick. - corredera o corrediza, traveling crane; traveling derrick. --- de aguiln, derrick; jib crano. --- de armador, erector's derrick. ---- de arrastre (M), dragline excavator. -- de auxilio (fe), wrecking crane. ---- de bote (en), davit. ---- de brazo, jib crane. ---- de brazos rgidos, stiffieg derrick. -- de caballete, gantry crane. ---- de cable radial, radial cableway. ---- de cable trasladable, traveling cableway. ---- de cadena (A), chain block, differential hoist. de camin, truck crane. ---- de carriles, crawler or caterpillar crane. ---- de columna, pillar crane. ---- de contravientos de cable, guy derrick. ---- de edificacin, builder's derrick. ---- de esteras (C), crawler crane. ---- de grada, shipbuilding crane. ---- de martillo, hammer-head crane. ---- de mnsula, bracket crane. --- de montaje, erectors' derrick. ---- de muelle, dock or wharf crane. ---- de orugas, crawler crane. ---- de palo, gin pole. ---- de pared, wall or j i b crane. ---- de pescante, jib crane. ---- de piernas rgidas (M), stiffleg derrick. ---- de prtico o de portal, gantry or bridge or portal crane. - de poste, pillar crane; gin pole. ---- de puente, traveling crane; bridge crane. ---- de retenidas, guy derrick. - de rotacin completa, crane; (ce) whirler. ---- de salvamento (fe), wrecking crane. ---- de tijeras, shear legs, shears. ---- de torre, tower derrick. ---- de tractor, tractor crane. ---- de transbordo (fe), transfer crane. ---- de trpode, tripod derrick. ---- diferencial, differential hoist. ---- fija, derrick. ---- gigante, titn crane. ---- hidrulica o hidrante (A), (rr) water crane. track standpipe. ---- locomotora o locomvil, locomotive crane. ---- transportadora de troncos, logging aroh. viajera, traveling derrick. gra-pontn, derrick barge, floating crane. gruesa /, a groas.

grueso
grueso m, thickness; a thick, dense, heavy, coarse; hard (water); harsli (concrete). grujidor m, glazier's nippers. grumo TO, floc, clot, bunch. grupo TO, group; set, battery. ---- compensador (elc), balancing set. - de cabeza de pozo (pet), wellhead assembly. -- de calderas, battery of boilers. - de carga, battery-charging set. ---- de motor y generador, motor generator set. ---- del obturador (fma), shutter assembly. ---- del ventilador, fan assembly. ---- electrgeno o generador, generating set. motobomba, pump and engine. ---- motopropulsor, electric drive; (auto) (A) power plant. ---- motor (auto), power plant. guabiroba /, an Argentine lumber (semihard). guachipeln m (AC), a hardwood. guadaa (/) para arbustos, brush scythe. guafe TO (C), small wharf. guaico, see huaico. gualdera /, stair string, etringer, carrage; (machy) shroud. ----de conten (es), curb string, closed string. ----del motn, cheek of a tackle block. --- de pared (es), wall string. gualdrn TO, weather strip. gualtaco m (Ec), a hardwood. gualle m (Ch), a hardwood. guanteletes m, gauntlets. guantes (TO) de soldador, welder's gloves. guarac m (Col), basalt. guaral TO (Col)(V), light rope. guarapariba/ (V), cedar. guarapo m (az), juice. ----alcalizado, limed juice. - crudo, mili or raw juice. guaraturo TO (V), flint; quartz. guarda/, guard; ward of a lock or key. guarda TO (fe), conductor, brakeman, guard. --- forestal, forest warden. guardaaguas m (ed), flashing. guardaagujas m (fe), switchman. guardaalmacn m, storekeeper. guardaaludes nu, shed to protect railroad track from landslides. guardaanimales m (fe), cattle guard. guardaarenas TO, sand trap, catch basin. guardabanda m, belt guard. guardabandera m (lev), flagman. guardabarrera m (fe), crossing watchman, gate tender. guardabarro TO, mudguard, (auto) fender. guardaborde m, curb bar. guardabosque m, forest warden. guardabrisa TO, windshield; (C) windbreak. guardacabio m (ed), eaves board. guardacable m, cable guard. guardacabo m (cab), thimble. --- de estacha, hawser thimble. ----de igualazin, equalizing thimble. --- de maderero, logging thimble. --- enterizo, solid thimble. --- torminal (elec), dead-end thimble. gaardacadena TO, chain uard.

165

guardapolvo

guardacambio TO (fe), switchman. guardacamino m, road or highway or trafile guard. guardacanto m, curb bar; comer bead, nosing; (plywood) banding, railing. guardacarretera TO , highway or road or traffic guard. ---- de placa, steel-plate highway guard. --de resorte, spring-steel highway guard. ---- de tiras mltiples, multistrip highway guard. guardacarril m (fe), guardrail. guardacrter TO, crankease guard. guardacellisca m (elc), sleet hood. guardacenizas TO, ashpan. guardacomejn TO, termite shield. guardacorrea TO, belt guard. guardacrucero m (fe), crossing watchman. guardacuerpo TO, railing. guardachispas TO, spark arrester. guardachoques TO (auto), bumper. guardadrsena TO, custodian of a dock or basin. guardaderrumbes TO , structure for protection against caye-ins. guardadique, custodian of a dat, guardaengranaje TO, gear guard. guardaescaln TO (es)(A), safety tread. guardaestanque TO (Ch), reservoir custodian, guardafango TO, mudguard. guardafarol TO, lamp guard. guardafierros m (M), tol keeper. guardafiltro TO, filter attendant. guardafreno TO (fe), brakeman. guardafuego m, (for) fireguard; (elec) fire cutoff; o fire-resisting. guardagalpdn m (U), storekeeper. guardaganado m (fe), cattle guard; (Ioco)(M) pilot, cwcatcher. guardagrasa m, grease retainer. guardagua (TO) de vlvula (auto), valve-guide keeper. guardaherramientas m, tool keeper. guardahielo TO (hid), ice aprqn. guardahilos m (elc), lineman. guardahormigas m, ant guard. guardahumo m, smoke helmet; smoke stop, guardajunta m (ca), joint shield. guardalado TO, parapet, railing. guardalmpara /, lamp guard. guardalastre TO (fc)(Ch), curb to retain ballast. guardalneas m, lineman. guardalodos TO, mudguard. guardalluvia TO, hood over door or window. guardamano TO (sol), handshield. guardamina m, mine guard, guardamonte TO, forester, forest warden. guardamotor TO, protective device for a motor. guardamuela TO, guard over a grinding wheel. guardanieves TO, snowshed. guardaojal TO, metal grommet. guardapjaros TO (elc), bird guard. guardapis TO (fe), foot guard. guardapolea TO, pulley guard. guardapolvo TO, dust guard; dust seal or shield; overalls; (Sp) flashing or hood over door or window.

guardaposte
guardaposte m, wheel guard; strain pate; guy shim. guardapretil m (pte), curb to protect parapet. guardapuente m, bridge guard. guardapuerta /, storm door. guardarradiador m (auto), radiator guard. guardarrana m (fe), guardrail at a frog. guardarratas m (nut), rat guard. guardarraya / (M)(C)(PR), boundary monument; boundary Une. guardarretenida m (elc), guy guard; guy-wire protector. guardarriel m (fe), guardrail, guard timber, guide rail. ---- exterior (fe), guard timber. guardarrienda/ (A), guy guard. guardarrosca m, thread protector. guardarruedas m, wheel guard; (V) guardrail. guardasierra m, saw guard. guardasillas /, chair rail. guardatestigo m (sx), core barrel. guardatiempo m (Ec), timekeeper. guardatierra m (M), wing wall. guardatoma m (hid), intake custodian. guardatrn m (A), brakeman, conductor. guardavaca/ (fe), cattle guard. guardaventana /, window guard; storm. window. guardaventilador m, fan guard. guardava m (fe), trackwalker; (A) crossing watchman, flagman. guardaviento m, windshield. guardavivo m, crner bead, curb bar, edge protector. guardavolante m, flywheel guard. guardera / (C), shield; (machy) shroud. ---- contra hormigas (C), ant guard. guardin m (Ec)(U), watchman, custodian, policeman. guardn m (en), rudder chain or cable. guaribo m (M), a softwood. guarismo m, figure, number, cipher. guarnecer, to trim, fit out; to stucco; to line (brake); to bush (bearing). guarnecido m, stucco, (A) brown coat of plaster. ---- de bronce, with brass trimmings. guarnicin/, packing; gasket; lining; (carp) trim; (M) curb; (mech) insert. ---- de amianto, asbestos packing. ---- de cerradura, lock trim. ---- del embrague, clutch lining. ---- de freno, brake lining. - de motn, strap of a tackle block. ---- de sellar (elc), sealing gasket. ---- espiraloide, labyrinth packing. guarniciones, fittings, trimmings. ---- de conducto (elc), conduit fittings. ---- de grapa (elc), clamp fittings. ---- divididas (elc), split fittings. ---- terminales de conducto (elc), raceway ter minal fittings. guarnir, to reeve; to rig; to trim. guarrusca/ (Col), machete. guata/, (Ch) buckling, warping, deflection; (A) cotton waste. guataca/ (C), hoe. --- neumtica (C), clay spade, air spade.

166

guimbalete

guatamb m, a South American wood. guaya / (V), wire rope. guayabi, guayaib m, a South American hardwood. guayacn m, guayaco m, lignum vitae, guaiacum. guayarote m (PR), kind of cedar. guayo m (C)(Ch), a hardwood. gubia /, gouge (carpenter's and ironworker's). --- acodada, bent gouge. --- con espiga hueca, socket gouge. -- con rabo, tang gouge. ---- de maceta, firmer gouge. ---- de mano, paring or scribing gouge. ---- de torno, turning gouge. gubia-punzn, firmer gouge. gua/, (mech) guide, fairleader; (bl) fuse; (geol) branch vein; (min) leader; (rr) waybill; (rr) timetable; permit. colorimtrica (lab), color chart. ---- de campaa (A), waybill. ---- de carga (tr), waybill. ---- de cortar al hilo (em), rip gage. ---- de depsito o de almacn, warehouse receipt. --de embarque (A), bil of lading. ---- de equipaje (fe), baggage receipt. ---- de espigar, doweling jig. - de filn (min), pay streak; leader : ----- de limar (si), filing guide. ---- de ondas (ra), wave guide. ---- de rotular (dib), lettering guide. de sierra, saw guide or gage. ---- de trozar (em), outoff gage. ---- de trozar ingletes, miter cutoff gage. ---- de la vlvula, valve guide. ---- del vastago de mbolo, piston-rod guide. ---- en V, V way. ---- para biselar, chamfer gage. guas ---- colgantes (pi), swinging or hanging leads. ---- del contrapeso (ase), counterweight rails. ---- del martinete, pile-driver leads. guabarrena m (pet), whipstock. guacuchilla/ (elc), blade guide. guiadera (/) de cojinete, bearing race. guiaderas, guides. guiar, to guide; (auto) to drive. guasondas m (pet), whipstock. guija /, pebble. guijarral m, gravel bed. guijarreo, guijarroso, guijeo, guijoso, gravelly. guitarrillos m, pebbles. guijarro m, pebble, cobble, boulder. guijo ra, gravel; (machy) journal, gudgeon; (su) (C) roll shaft; (Ph) a construction lumber. guillame m, rabbet plae, fillister. ---- de acanalar, fluting plae. ---- de costado, side fillister. ---- de inglete, chamfer plae. ---- hembra, hollow plae. ---- macho, grooving plae. guillotina/, a shear; double-hung window. ---- de palanca (M), lever shear. ---- para pernos (M), bolt clippers. guimbalete m, pump jack; cornice brake; sweep of a bit brace.

T"

guimbarda

167

hectovatio

guimbarda /, rabbeting or router or housing plae. guinchador m (A), hoist runner, hoisting engineer. guinchar (A), to handle (cargo) with a hoisting engine. guinche m (A)(U)(Col), hoisting engine, winch, windlass; crane. --- carril, locomotive crane. ---- colgante, trolley hoist. ----corredizo, traveling hoist. ----del ancla (en), anchor winch. de compuerta, gate hoist. de mano, windlass, winch. ----locomvil, locomotive crane. --- trasladable (A), traveling hoist. guinchero m (A) (Col), hoist runner. ginchero m (C), hoist runner. guinda / (C), slope of a roof. guindaleta /, small rope, cord. guindaleza/, hawser. guindaste m (AC), jib crane. guindo m, an Argentino lumber (semihard). guindola/, boatswain's chair; life preserver. guin m, (A) an upright; stake for sighting; (Ch) rafter. guiris m, mining expert. guirnalda/ (nut), fender, rubbing strip, dolphin. gunta/, gunite. gunitista m, cement-gun worker. gusanillo m, gimlet, twist drill, gusano m, drill bit; worm; (V) spiral reinforcement. gusto m, taste. gutapercha /, guttapercha. gutaperchado (A), rubbercovered.

haber m, (act) credit. habilitacin/, outfit, equipment; fitting out. habilitado m (Es) (V), ofBcial who handlesmoney, paymaster. habilitar, to equip, fit out, rig. hacer, to make; to do. ----agua (nut), to leak. ----asiento, to settle. ----efectivo, to cash, collect. ----escala en, to cali at, stop at. estacin (lev), to fix a transit point; to set up the transit. ----masa (elc), to ground. ----quiebra, to go into bankruptcy. ----saltar (vol), to fire, shoot. hacienda/, treasury; landed estte; works, plant; plantation, farm; (A) cattle, livestock. -- de azcar (PR), sugar mili. - de beneficio o de fundicin, smelter. ----de cianuracin, cyanide plant. ---- pblica, publie treasury. hacinador m, stacker. hacinar, to stack, pile, hacha /, ax. ----ancha, broadax. ---- de dos filos, double-bit ax. ----de mano, hatchet, hand ax.

de marina, ship carpenter's ax. -- de media labor, half broadax. de monte o de tumba, falling or felling ax. mecnica, power ax, wood splitter. para descortezar, peeling ax. hachador m (A), axman. hachagubia/ (M), ax used in mine timbering. hachazo m, blow of an ax. hachazuela/ (M), adz. hachear, to hew, cut with an ax. hachero m, axman, woodcutter. hacheta/, hatchet. hachn m (fe), fusee. hachuela/, hatchet; (C) adz. ancha, broad or shingling hatchet. de banco, bench hatchet. de entarimar, flooring hatchet. de listonador, lathing hatchet. de martillo, hatchet with hammer face. de media labor, half or lathing hatchet. de oreja o de ua, claw hatchet. hachurar (dib)(Ch), to hatch. hachuras/ (dib)(Ch), hatching, hachurea. halador (m) de vagones, car puller. halaje m, hauling, haulage. halar, to haul, pul. halavagones m, car puller. halita /, halite, native or rock salt. halo m (fma), halation. hangar m, hangar; (A) warehouse, shed. de nariz (ap), nose hangar. hardenita/ (met), hardenite. harina/(ca), flour. fsil, fossil flour, kieselguhr, diatomaceous earth. mineral (ca), mineral filler. harinoso, floury (soil). harmnico m a (elc)(mat), harmonio, harnear (Col)(Ch), to sift, screen. harnerero m, screen tender. ----harnero m, screen. ----corredizo, traveling screen. ---- de alas, wing screen. ----giratorio, revolving screen. ----vibratorio, shaking sereen. hastial rn, front wall; gable, pediment; (Sp) side wall of a brick sewer. ----de piso (min) (B), footwall. --- de techo (min)(B), hanging wall. hastiales (min), side walls of a gallery. haya/, beech. haz m, bundle; fagot. --- de marcha (auto), driving or country beam. --- de radio, radio beam. --- de rayos, bundle of light rays, cone of rays. --- de trfico (auto), trame beam (of light). --- electrnico, electrn stream; radio beam. --- lumnico, bundle of light rays. haz/, surface; fagade. hebra/, grain (wood) ; vein of ore; thread; (cab) (Ch) strand. hectrea/, hectare. hectogramo m, hectogram. hectolitro m, hectoliter. hectmetro m, hectometer. hectovatio m, hectowatt.

hecho

168

herramientas

hecho, made. -----a mano, handmade. ---- a mquina, machine-made. ---- en sitio, built-in-place. hechura /, workmanship, making. hechurar (A), to make. helada/, frost. heladera /, refrigerating plant; icebox. helar, helarse, to freeze. helero m, glacier. heliantina/ (lab), helianthin, methyl orange. hlice /, screw propeller; helix. ---- de aletas fijas (turb), fixed-blade propeller. ---- de aletas regulables (turb), movable-blade propeller. hlices gemelas, twin screws. hlico, helical. helicoidal, helicoidal. helicoide m, helicoid. helicptero m, helicopter. helio m (qum), helium. heliografa/, heliography; blueprint, sun print. heliogrfico, heliographic. heligrafo m, heliograph, heliotrope. heliograma m, heliogram. heliosttico, heliostatic. helistato m, heliotrope, heliostat. heliotropista m, operator of a heliotrope. heliotropo m, (inst) heliotrope; (miner) heliotrope, bloodstone. hematita, hematites/, hematite (iron ore). hematites parda, brown hematite, limonite. hematites roja, red hematite, hematite. hemattico, hematitic. hembra /, pipe cap; nut; a (mech) female. ----de cerrojo (ft), keeper, staple, bolt socket, lock strike. ---- de cerrojo de aplicar, surface strike. ---- de cerrojo de arrimar, rim strike. ---- de cerrojo de embutir, mortise strike. ---- de fleje acodado, strap staple. ---- de gorrn (nut), gudgeon. ---- de terraja, die for male thread. ---- de tornillo, nut. hembras del timn (en), rudder gudgeons. hembrilla /, eyebolt. hemicelulosa / (is), hemicellulose. hemiciclo TO, hemieyele. hemicristalino, hypocrystalline, hemicrystalline. hemielipsoidal, hemiellipsoidal. hemihidrato TO (qum), hemihydrate. homimorfa / (miner), hemimorphism. hemimrfico, hemimorphic. hemimorfita / (miner), hemimorphite, calamine. hemisfrico, hemispherical. hemisferio TO, hemisphere. henchidor m, (wr) filler wire. henchimiento TO (en), boss. hendedor TO, splitter; (lg) froe. hendedura /, split, crack, crevice; (Ibr) check; (min) cleat; cleavage. ---- de desecacin, season check. hender, to split, rive; (Ibr) to rip; henderse, to split, (Ibr) to check. hendibilidad/, fissility. hendible, easily split, fissile, cleavable.

hendidura /, split, crack, seam, (Ibr) check. henequn TO, sisal, henequn. henrio m (elc), henry. heptano m (qum), heptane. heptodo m (ra), heptode. heptxido TO (qum), heptoxide. herido m (Ch), a trench. hermanar (mee), to mate. hermeticidad /, watertightness. hermtico, watertight, airtight, hermetic. --- al aceite, oiltight. ---- al agua, watertight. --- a la luz, lighttight. --- al polvo, dust-tight. --- al vapor, vaportight, steamtight. hermetizar (A), to make tight, waterproof. herrador m, horseshoer, blacksmith, farrier. herradura/, horseshoe. herraje TO, ironwork, hardware. --- de los aseguradores (ed), underwriters' hardware, herrajes, iron fittings. ----del aguiln, (de) boom irons. ----de gra, derrick fittings. ----de posteria, pole-line hardware. ----marinos, marine hardware. ----para casquillo, socket attachments. ----para construcciones (A), builder's hardware. herramentaje TO, outfit of tools. herramental TO, toolbox; kit of tools. herramentero m, tool boy. -- llevabarrenas, drill nipper. herramentista TO, operator of a machine tool. herramienta /, tool. ---- abocinadora, flaring tool. ---- acabadora (mh), finishing or necking tool. ---- acodada (mh), bent or offset tool. ---- alisadura (mh), smoothing tool. ---- amolada (mh), ground tool. ---- calzada (mh), tipped tool. ---- centradora (mh), centering tool. ---- cortadora, cutting tool. ---- de ahuecar (mh), trepanning tool. ---- de caja (mh), box tool. ---- de cuchillas postizas (mh), inserted-cutter tool. ---- de filetear, chasing tool. - de filo ancho (mh), broad-nose or stocking tool. ---- de pesca (pet), fishing tool. ---- de punta simple (mh), single-point tool. ---- de puntas mltiples, multipoint cutting tool. ---- de recortar (mh), cutting-off tool. ---- de refrentar, facing tool. ---- descentrada (mh), offset tool. ---- desviadora (pet), deflecting tool. ---- esquilante (mh)(A), shearing tool. - manual, hand tool. ---- mecnica, machine tool; power-driven tool. ---- moleteadora, knurling tool. ---- percusora, percussion tool. ---- ranuradora (mh), slotting or splining tool. ---- -rebajadora (mh), cutting-down tool. ---- tajante (mh)(A), cutting tool. herramientas --- de dotacin (auto), tools supplied with the car,

herramientas
-- de fogn (cal), fire tools. ---- de fragua, blacksmith tola. ' --- de percusin (pet), cable tools. --- de yunque, anvil tools. ---- deflectoras (pet), deflecting toob. ---- torneadoras, lathe toob. herranza/ (Col), blacksmith work. herrar, to shoe horses, do blacksmith work. herrera/, blacksmithing; blacksmithshop;ironwork. ---- artstica (A), ornamental ironwork. ---- de ngulos (en), anglesmithing. ---- de obra, structural ironwork. herrero m, blacksmith. ---- armador, iron erector. ---- carrocero, blacksmith for wagons. . --- de arte, maker or erector of ornamental ironwork. ---- de grueso, structural ironworker; black smith. ---- de obra, structural-iron orector, steelworker. herrn m, iron rust. herrumbre /, rust. herrumbroso, rusty. hertziano (elc), hertzian. hertzio m, hertz (unit of frequeney). hervidero m, water leg of a boiler. hervidor m, small boiler; water leg. . ---- de aceite, oil boiler. ---- de inmersin (elc), immersion heater. hervir, to boil. hervor fn, boiling, ebullition. hesita/ (miner), hessite, telluric silver. heterodina / (ra), heterodyne. heterodina je m (ra)(A), heterodyning. heterodinar, to heterodyne. heterodino a, heterodyne. heterogneo, heterogeneous. heterosttico, heterostatic. heterotreo, heterotrophic. heumita/ (geol), heumite. hezadrico, hexahedral. hexaedro m, hexahedron. hexafsico, six-phase. hexagonal, hexagonal. hexgono m, hexagon; a hexagonal. hexabidrato m (quii), hexahydrate. hexahdrico, hexahydric. hexametafosfato m, hexametaphosphate. hexametilentetramina / (is), hexamethylenetetraraine. hexngulo, hexangular. hexano m (qum), hexane. hexapolar (elc), six-pole. hexavalente (qum), hexavalont. hexodo m a (ra) (tel), hexode. hialino a, hyaline. hialobasalto m (geol), hyalobasalt, basalt glass. hbrido (elc) (geol), hybrd. hicoria /, hickory. hidrcido m, hydracid. hirante m, hydrant. --- anticongelante, antifreezing hydrant. --- de incendio, fire hydrant. hidratable, hydratable. bidratacin /, hydration.

169

hidroltico

hidratado, hydrated; hydrous. hidratador m, hydrator. hidratar, to hydrate. hidrato m, hydrate. ---- de calcio, calcium hydrate or hydroxide. ---- de cloro, chlorine hydrate. ---- de sodio, sodium hydrato or hydroxide, caustic soda. hidrulica /, hydraulics. ---- aplicada, applied hydraulics. hidraulicidad /, hydraulicity. hidrulico m, hydraulic engineer; a hydraulic. hidraulista m (Es), hydraulic engineer. hdrico, hydric. hidridico (qum), hydriodic. hidroarenisca/ (Es), an artificial sandstone. hidroavin m, seapiane, hydroplane, flying boat. hidrobarmetro m, hydrobarometer. hidrobiologa /, hydrobiology. hidrobiolgico, hydrobiological. hidrobrmico, hydrobromic. hidrocaliza/ (Es), an artificial limestone. hidrocarbonato m, hydrocarbonate. hidrocarburo m, hydrocarbon. hidrocinico, hydrocyanic. hidrocianuro, hydrocyanide, hydrocyanate. hidrocintico, hydrokinetic. hidroclorato m, hydrochlorte. hidroclrico, hydrochloric. hidrocloruro m, hydrochloride. ---- de bencidina (is), bonzidino hydrochloride. ---- de hidroxilamina (is), hydroxylamine hydro chloride. hidrocodmero m (pet), hydrocodimer. hidrodifusin /, hydrodiffusion. hidrodinmica /, hydrodynamics. hidrodinmico, hydrodynamic; streamlined. . hidroelectricidad /, hydroelectricity. hidroelctrico, hydroelectrie. hidroextractor m, centrifugal drier, hydroextractor. hidrfilo, absorbent, hydropllic. hidrfono m, hydrophone. hidroformacin / (pet), hydroforming. hidrforo m, hydrophore. hidrfugo m, waterproofiag compound; a waterproof. hidrogenado, hydrogenous. hidrogenar, to hydrogenize, hydrogenate. hidrogeneracin / (elc), hydrogeneation. hidrogenin m, hydrogen ion. hidrgeno m, hydrogen. ----sulfurado, sulphureted hydrogen, (min) stinkdamp. hidrognosia /, hydrognosy, hidrografa /, hydrography. hidrografar, to make a hydrographic survey. hidrogrfico, hydrographic. hidrgrafo m, hydrograph; hydrographer. ----de retroceso, recessional hydrograph. ----unitario, unit hydrograph, unitgraph. hidrograma m (A)(M), hydrograph. hidrolasa/ (is), hydrolase. hidrlisis/ (qum), hydrolysis. hidrolita /, hydrolyte. hidroltico, hydrolytic.

hidrolizar
hidrolizar, to hydrolyze. hidrologa /, hydrology. hidrolgico, hydrologic. hidrologista m, hydrologist; hydraulic engineer. hidrlogo m, hydrologist. hidromtico, hydromatic. hidrotnecnica /, hydromechanics. hidromecnico, hydromechanical. hidrotnensor m, stream gager. hidromensura /, stream gaging. hidrometalurgia /, hydrometallurgy. hidrmetra m (Es), stream gager. hidrometra /, measurement of flow, stream gaging; (A)(C) hydrometry. hidromtrico, hydrometric. hidrmetro m, stream gage, current meter; (A) (C) hydrometer. hidromotor, hydromotor. hidroneumtico, hydropneumatic. hidroplano m, seaplane. hidroprensa /, hydropress. hidroquinona /, hydroquinone. hidroseparador tn, hydroseparator. hidrosilicato m, hydrosilicate. hidroso, hydrous. hidrosttica /, hydrostatics. hidrosttico, hydrostatic. hidrostato m, hydrostat. hidrosulfato TO, hydrosulphate. hidrosulfito m, hydrosulphite. hidrosulfuro m, hydrosulphide. hidrotaqumetro m, hydrotachymeter. hidrotasmetro m, hydrotasimeter. hidrotecnia /, hydraulics, hydraulic engineering. hidrotcnico tn, hydraulic engineer; o hydrotechnical. hidrotermal, hidrotrmico, hydrothermal. hidrotimetra /, hydrotimetry. hidrotimtrico, hydrotimetric. hidrotmetro, hydrotimeter. hidrotita/, Hydrotite (trademark)(pipe joints). hidrotratador m, Hydrotreator (trademark). hidrxido m, hydroxide, hydrate. - calcico, calcium hydroxide or hydrate, slaked lime. , --- de aluminio, aluminum hydroxide, (miner) gibbsite. ----de magnesio, magnesium hydroxide, (miner) brucite. ----de potasio, potassium hydroxide, caustic potash. ---- de sodio, sodium hydroxide, caustic soda. hidroxil m, hydroxyl. hidroxilar, to hydroxylate. hidroyector m, ejector. hidruro m, hydride. hielo m, ice. --- de anclas (hid), anchor ice. --- de cloro (pa), chlorine ice or hydrate. --- de chispas, frazil ice. --- de fondo, anchor ice, ground ice. --- flotante,1 drift ice. --- seco, dry ice. hierro m, iron; iron of a plae; any iron implement. --- al carbn de lea, charcoal iron.

170
--- al coque, coke iron. --- al molibdeno, ferromolybdenum. --- al nquel, ferronickel.

hietal

-- acerado, semisteel. ---- afinado, refined iron. ---- alfa, alpha iron. ---- angular, angle iron, (sb) angle bar. ---- arsenical, arsenopyrite, mispickel. ---- batido, wrought iron. ---- beta, beta iron. ---- casual (ct) (az), tramp iron. - cochino, pig iron. ---- colado, cast iron. ---- cromado, (miner) chromite. ---- crudo fundido, chill cast pig. ---- cuadrante (Es), Phoenix-column segment. ---- de canal, channel iron. ---- de carbn vegetal, charcoal iron. ---- de cepillo, a plae iron. ---- de desecho, scrap iron, junk. ---- de doble afinacin, double-refined iron. de fragua, wrought iron. ---- de fundicin, cast iron. ---- de lingote, ingot iron; pig iron. ---- de marcar, a branding iron. ---- de paquete (Es), ingot iron. ---- de parrilla, grate bar. -- de primera fusin, pig iron. ; ---- de recalcar, calking tool. ---- delta, delta iron. ---- doble T, I beam. ---- dulce, wrought iron; ingot iron. ---- dulce de fusin, malleable cast iron. ---- en bruto, pig iron. ---- ele (A), angle iron with unequal lega; any angle iron. -- esptico, spathic iron, siderite. ---- especular, specular iron, spiegeleisen. ---- espinela (miner), iron spinel, hercynite. ---- fangoso, bog iron ore, limonite. ---- forjable, malleable iron. ---- forjado o fraguado, wrought iron. ---- forjado legtimo, genuine wrought iron. ---- fundido o moldeado, cast iron. ---- gamma, gamma iron. ---- guardaborde, curb bar. ---- 1, I beam. ---- laminado, rolled iron. ---- magntico, magnetite, magnetic iron ore. ---- mangansico, ferromanganese, ---- ondulado, corrugated iron. ---- pantanoso, swamp ore, limonite. pardo (miner), limonite, brown hematite. ---- perflado, structural shapes. ---- semiacerado (Pe), semisteeL ---- soldador, a soldering iron. ---- T, T iron, T bar. ---- tableado (Es), flat iron. ---- U, channel iron. ---- U cuadrado, square channel. ---- vaciado, cast iron. ---- viejo, scrap, junk. ---- Z, Z bar. hietal, hyetal, pluvial.

---- acanalado, corrugated iron.

- al titanio, ferrotitanium.

hietografa
hietografa /, hyetography, science of rain distribution. hietgrafo m (mrl), hyetograph. hietologa / (mrl), hyetology. hietolgico, hyetological. hietmetro TO, hyetometer, rain gage. hietometrgrafo TO, hyetometrograph, self-registering rain gage. higiene /, hygiene. ---- pblica, public health. higinico, hygienic. higienista, hygienist. higienizar, to make sanitary, hygienize. higrgrafo m (mrl), hygrograph. higrometra/ (mrl), hygrometry. higromtrico, hygrometric. higrmetro TO, hygrometer. ---- de cabello, hair hygrometer. ---- registrador, hygrograph. higroscopicidad /, hygroscopicity. higroscpico, hygroscopic. higroscopio m (mrl), hygroscope. higrosttica /, hygrostatics. higrstato TO (aa), hygrostat, humidistat. higrotrmico, hygrothermal. higrotermgrafo TO, hygrothermograph. higuern TO, a South American softwood. hijuela /, subsidiary irrigation ditch; branch sewer; small vein of ore. hila/ (Es), a measure of irrigation water (about lOj-^j liters per sec). hilas/ (C), cotton waste. hilacha (/) de algodn, cotton waste. hilacha de acero, steel wool. hilada /, layer, course, (conc) lift. ---- atizonada o de cabezal (mam), header course. ---- de coronacin (mam), coping. ---- de faja (mam), stretcher course. ---- voladiza (mam), cor bel course. hilaza (/) de asbesto, asbestos yarn. hilera/, purlin; ridgepole; (mas) course; (met) wire-drawing plant; kind of brickmaking machine. ---- a diamante (met), diamond dies. hilo TO, wire; thread; (M) strand; (C) screw thread; small vein of ore. ---- de contacto (elc)(Ch), contact wire. ---- de guardia (elc), guard wire. ---- de masa (auto), ground wire. ---- de plomada, plumb line. ---- de velas, sail twine. ---- de Wollaston (inst), Wollaston wire. ---- fusible (elc), fuse wire. ---- piloto, pilot wire. hilos ---- aplastados (cab)(M), flattened strand. ---- del retculo o en cruz (inst), crosa hairs. ---- estadimtricos (M), stadia wires. ---- taquimtricos, stadia wires. ---- taquimtricos desvanecedores, disappearing stadia hairs. hinca, hincada/ (pi), driving. hincador TO, driver. --- de postes de cerco, fence-post driver. --- de tubo, pipe driver. laceadora /, driver.

171
---- de tablestacas, sheeting hammer.

hoja

hincadura (/) de pilotes, pile driving. hincapilotes TO (A), pile driver. ---- de cada, drop hammer. hincar, (pi) to drive; (mt) to bite, cut, sink. a rechazo, to drive to refusal. hincharse, to swell; (rd) to mushroom. hinchazn/, swelling, bulking. hiprbola/, hyperbola. hiperblico, hyperbolic. hiperboloide TO, hyperboloid. hipercompound (elc), overcompounded. hiperesttico (A)(V), statically indeterminate. hipereutectoide (met), hypereutectoid. hiperfocal, hyperfocal. hiperfrecu enca / (ra), hyperfrequency. hipersensibilizado, hypersensitized. hipocicloide /, hypocycloid. hipoclorador TO, hypochlorinator. hipoclorito m, hypochlorite. hipocloroso, hypochlorous. hipocrstalino, hypocrystalline. hipoeutectoide (met), hypoeutectoid. hipoidal a (maq), hypoid. hipomvil (A), horse-drawn. hiposulfto (TO) de sodio, sodium hyposulphite, hypo. hipoteca /, mortgage. ---- posterior, jnior mortgage. ---- refundente (C), refunding mortgage. hipotecar, to mortgage. hipotenusa /, hypotenuse. hiptesis /, hypothesis, hipsografa /, hypsography. hipsogreo, hypsographic. hipsgrafo TO, hypsograph. hipsometra /, hypsometry, hipsomtrico, hypsometric. hipsmetro TO, hypsometer. histeresmetro m (elc), hysteresis meter, hysteresimeter. histresis /, hysteresis. dielctrica, dielectric hysteresis or absorption. ---- elstica o mecnica, mechanical or elaslie " hysteresis. ---- magntica, magnetic hysteresis or fricton. ---- viscosa, viscous hysteresis, magnetic creeping. histertico, hysteretic. histograma m, histogram. hita /, brad, nishing nail. hito TO, survey monument; guidepost. - de lmite, boundary monument. hitn m (min), driftbolt, spike. hocino TO, gorge, narrows, canyon. hodgrafo TO, odograph. hodmetro TO, odometer. hogar TO, fu.'nace, firebox. - abierto, de, open-hearth (steel). - escoriador, slag hearth. hoja/, leaf; sheet; ply; blade; pane (glass), light; w.'ndow sash; leaf of a door; leaf of a spring (A) land of a twist drill. ---- ancha, de (rbol), broadleaf, deciduous. - batiente, casement sash, hinged window.

hoja
---- calibradora, thickness gage, feelcr. ---- corta, shortleaf (pine). ---- de aluminio, aluminum foil. ---- de'balance (A), balance sheet. ---- de computaciones, work sheet. ---- de cuchillo, knife blade. ---- de elstico, leaf of a spring. --- de empuje (ec), bulldozer, Bullgrader, Roadbuikler. --- de empuje a cable, cable-controlled bull dozer. --- de empuje angular, trailbuilder, Roadbuilder, angledozcr, Bullgrader, Gradebuilder.Dozecaster. ---- de estao, t i n foil. --- de estao emplomado, terneplate. --- de lata, tin plato. --- de latn, sheet brass. --- de madera, veneer. --- de oro, gold leaf or foil. --- de pedido (V), order blank. --- de plomo, load foil. --- de ruta (tr), waybill. --- de sierra, saw blade. --- de trbol (ca), clover-leaf (intersection). --- larga, longleaf (pine). --- maestra, main leaf (spring). --- metlica, sheet metal; metal leaf, foil. --- niveladora (ec), scraper blade. --- para taludes (ca), sloper blade, backsloper. --- punzante (ec), Stinger blade (trademark). --- topadora (ec), bulldozer. hojalata/, tin, pate; sheet metal. --- al coque, coke tin pate. hojalatera /, tinsmithing, sheet-metal work; sheet-raetal shop. hojalatero m, tinsmith, sheet-metal worker. hojarasca /, dead leaves, trash, rubbish. hojear (M), to slice a log for veneering. holgura/ (maq), play. holoclstico (geol), holoclastic. holfano, Holophane (trademark). holmetro m, holometer, pantometer. holostrico, holosteric. holozoico (i.-s), holozoic. holln m, soot, lampblack. hollinarse, to foul (spark plug), to become sooty. hollinero m, soot catcher, chimney cap. holliniento, sooty. hombre viejo m (fc)(C), od man, rail bender. hombrillo m, bench on a sidehill; shoulder of a road. hombro m (carp), shoulder. homoclinal m (geol), homocline; a homoclinal. homogeneidad /, homogeneity. homogneo, homogeneous. homogenizar, to homogenize. homologa/ (mat)(qum), homologue. homologa /, homology. homlogo, homologous. homopolar (elc), hornopolar. homosista, homoseismal, coseismal. honda/, sling. hondo m, depth; bottom; a deep, low. hondonada/ (top), low land; (U) saddle, depression.

172

hormigonera

hondura/, depth; (top) depression, hongo m, (bldg) mushroom head of a column; (str) button head of a rivet; (ir) head of a rail; fungus. hongos, fungi. honorario m, fee. hora /, hour. horas extraordinarias, overtime. horadador m, driller. horadar, to drill, bore, perfrate; (tun)(A) to drive. horado m, drilled hole, through hole. horca/, gallows frame; fork. horcajadas, a, straddling. horcajo m, confluence, junetion of streams; voke; fork. horizontal, horizontal. horizontalidad /, horizontality. horizontalizar (V), to make horizontal. horizontar (Es), to level, make horizontal. horizonte m, stratum, horizon. ----acufero, water-bearing stratum. -artificial (inst), artificial horizon. ----de correlacin (geof), correlation horizon. ----de imagen (fma), horizon trace. ----de reflexin (geof), reflecting layer or hori zon. ----imaginario (geol), phantom horizon. ----real, true horizon. ----sensible o visible, apparent or local or visible horizon. horma/, mold, form; dry wall; (Col) bed of sand under tile pavement. hormiga (/) blanca, termite, white ant. hormign m, concrete. ----acorazado, armored concrete. ----armado, reinforced concrete^ ----bituminoso, bituminous concrete. ----ciclpeo, cyclopean or rubble concreto. ----clavable o clavadizo (A), nailing concrete. ----de acero (Es), facing concrete. ----de alquitrn, tar concrete. ----de aserrn, sawdust concrete. ----de carbonilla (A), cinder concrete. ----de fbrica (A), ready-rnixed concrete. ----elaborado, ready-mixed concrete. ----en masa, mass concrete. ----enjuto o magro, lean concrete. - gordo o graso, rich concrete. ----mosaico, road surface made by binding mac adam with cement grout. pobre, lean concrete. - reforzado, reinforced concrete. ---- simple, plain concrete. ---- tosco (A), harsh concrete. hormigonada /, a pour, a lift. hormigonado aparte (PR), precast. hormigonaje m, concreting. hormigonar, to concrete. hormigonera /, concrete mixer. ----ambulante (A), transit mixer. automvil o de camin, transit or truck mixer. ---- no volcable, nontilting mixer. ---- para edificacin, building mixer. ---- pavimentadora, paving mixer.

hormigonera
---- por cargas, batch mixer. ----- remolcable, trailer mixer.

173

huella

--- volcadora, tilting mixer. hormigueros m (conc), honeycomb. hornablenda/ (miner), hornblende, amphibolo. ---- esquistosa, hornblende schist. hornablndico, hornblendic. hornablendfero, containing hornblende. hornablendita / (geol), hornblendite. hornada/, (met) a melt; (conc)(A) a batch. hornaguera/, coal. hornalla/ (A), brickkiln; furnace. hornaza /, small furnace. hornfelsa/ (geol), hornfels. hornillo m, small furnace, fir pot; (min)(Sp) chamber for a blast. ---- de destemplar, anneaing furnace. ---- de estaador, tinner's furnace. ---- para soldar, plumber's furnace, gasoline torch. horno m, furnace, kiln, oven. ---- a petrleo, oil furnace. ---- abierto (met)(C), open hearth. ---- convertidor (met), converting furnace. ---- crematorio, incinerator. ---- de arco voltaico (met), electric-arc furnace. - de balanceo, rocking furnace. ---- de base corrediza, car-bottom furnace. ---- de caja, box-type furnace. ---- de cal, limekiln. ---- de calcinar, calcining furnace. --- de calentadores elctricos, resistor furnace. - de calor ascendente, updraft kiln. . -- de calor descendente, downdraft kiln. .--- de cmara mltiple, chamber kiln (brick). --- de carbn animal (az), char kiln. --- de carga completa, batch-type furnace. --- de carro, car-type furnace. --- de cementar (met), cementation furnace. --- de cemento, cement kiln. --- de cocer, baking oven. - de cok, coke oven. --- de combustin arriba, overfired furnace. - de combustin lateral, side-fired furnace. --- de combustin por debajo, underfired fur nace. - de conductor, conveyor furnace. - de copela, cupeling furnace. --- de crisol, crucible or pot furnace. ---- de cuba o de cubilote, shaft furnace. ----de ensayar, assay furnace. ---- de escorificacin, slag furnace. ----de forjar, forging furnace. - de foso, pit furnace. ---- de fundicin, smelting furnace, (M) blast furnace. ---- de hogar abierto, open-hearth furnace. ---- de hogar de rodillos, roller-hearth furnace. ---- de hogar rotatorio, rotary-hearth furnace. ---- de induccin, induction furnace. ---- de ladrillos, brickkiln. ---- de manga, cupola furnace. -- de mufla, muffle furnace. ---- de ncleos, core oven. de pudelar (met), puddling furnace. de quema (U), incinerator.

incinerador de basura, garbage incinertor. ---- para machos (fund), core oven. ---- para subproductos, by-product coke oven. ---- peridico, periodic kiln. ---- Siemens-Martin, open-hearth furnace. horqueta/, yoke; fork of a road; fork of a stream. ---- de trole, trolley harp. - y tornillo exterior (v), outside screw and yoke. horquilla /, fork; yoke; clevis; wishbone (construction). ---- con guardacabo (elc), thimble clevis. ---- de anillo, clevis ring. --- de balasto (fe), ballast or stone fork. ---- de cambio (auto), shifter yoke or fork. ---- de correa, belt fork. ---- de desembrague (auto), eluteh-release yoke. ---- de pletina (elc), bent-strap clevis. ---- estructural, bridge elevis. ---- guardacable (elc), thimble clevis. ---- para medidor (agua), meter yoke. ---- para riel, rail fork. ---- portaaislador, insulated fork or clevis. ---- terminal (elc), dead-ending clevis. ---- universal (elc), universal clevis. horquillado, forked. horsteno m (geol), chert. hortegn m (PR), a hardwood. hoya/, basin, drainage rea, watershed. ---- de inundacin, floodd rea. ---- hidrograca o hidrolgica o surtidora o tribu tara o de captacin o de drenaje, catchment or drainage rea, watershed. hoyada / (top), depression. hoyador m (C), posthole digger. hoyar (C)(Ch), to dig holes. hoyo m, hole, pit. ---- de colada (fund), casting pit. ---- de disparo (geof), shot hole. ---- de poste, posthole. -- para cenizas, ashpit. hoz/, (t) sickle; (top) pass, defile, gap. huacal m, crate; (M) cribwork. huaico m (A)(Pe), obstruction in a river made by material washed from the hills. huaipe m, cotton waste. --- mineral, mineral wool. huairona/ (Pe), limekiln. huaro m (Pe), cable ferry. huebnerita/, huebnerite (tungsten ore). hueco m, void, hollow, cavity; a hollow. --- del ascensor, elevator shaft. --- de escalera, stair well. huelga/, strike. --- patronal, lockout. huelgo m (maq), play, allowance. --- negativo, negative allowance. --- positivo, pqs.itive allowance, neutral zone. huelguista, striker. huella/, stair tread, run; trail, track, rut; widfch of tread of a vehicle; (miner) streak; (Sp) tread of a tire.

---- de recalentar (met), soaking furnace. ---- de reverbero, reverberatory or air furnace. ---- de soldar, welding furnace. ---- de zamarras (met), bloomery.

huella
-antirresbaladiza o de seguridad (es), safety tread. huincha (/) aisladora (Ch), insulating tape. huincha de acero (Ch)(B), steel tape. huinchada/ (Ch), tape measurement. huinche m (Ch), hoisting engine. ---- a bencina, gasoline hoist. - de buque, cargo hoist. ---- de cablevia, cableway engine. ---- de extraccin, mine hoist. ---- de tambor nico, single-drum hoist. huinchero m (Ch), hoist runner, hoisting engineer. huingaro m (M), pick. hule m, rubber; oilcloth. hulla/, coal. ---- aglutinante, caking coal. ----antracitosa, anthracite. ---- blanca, water power (white coal). ---- brillante, hard coal. ---- conglutinante, caking or coking coal. - de caldera, steam coal. ---- de fragua, blacksmith coal. - grasa, soft coal. ---- magra, noncoking coal. ---- seca, dry or nonvolatile coal. hullera /, coal mine, colliery. ---- a tajo abierto, strip mine. hullero TO, coal miner; a pertaining to coal. hullfero, coal-bearing. humato (TO) de calcio, calcium hmate. humear, to smoke, emit smoke; to fume. humectar, to wet, dampen, moisten. humedad/, humidity, dampness, moisture. ---- absoluta (mrl) (aa), absolute humidity. r1 capilar, capillary moisture. - de cantera, quarry water. '
---- de equilibrio (mad), equilibrium moisture ---- equivalente de campo o del terreno (ms), ---- equivalente de centrfuga (ms), centrifuge ---- especifica (aa), specific humidity, humidity

174

iluminmetro

hundir, to sink; hundirse, to settle; to sink, founder; to cave in. huracn TO, hurricane. hurgn m.slice bar, poker, clinker bar, fire hook, slash bar. hurgonear, to trim a fire. husillo m, shank; stud, mandrel, spindle, sheave pin; small drum. ---- de la contrapunta (mh), tailstock spindle. ---- de perilla, knob spindle. --de torno, lathe spindle. ---- fijo (mh), dead spindle. ---- giratorio (mh), live spindle. --simple, de (mh), single-spindle. huso TO, drum, winch head. ----de torno, lathe spindle.

content.

field moisture equivalent. moisture equivalent.

humedecedor m, humidifier; dampener. ---- a vapor, steam humidifier. ---- de artesa, pan humidifier. humedecer, to humidify, dampen, moisten. hmedo, wet, damp. humero TO, flue; breeching, smokejack. hmico, humic. humidifcador m (A), humidifier. humidificar (A), to humidify. humidistato m (aa), humidistat, hygrostat. ---- de accin graduada, gradual-acting humid istat. ---- positivo, positive or quick-acting humid istat. humo m, smoke; fume; (min) damp. - de acetileno, acetylene black. humotubular (M), fire-tube (boiler). humpe wiv(min), chokedamp, blackdamp. humus TO, humus. hundido m (geol) (M), dip.

---- relativa (mrl)(aa), relative humidity.

ratio.

South American hardwoods. icnografa /, ichnography, ground plan. icnogrfico, ichnographic. iconometra /, iconometry. iconmetro TO, iconometer. iconoscpico, iconoscopio. iconoscopio TO, iconoscope. idear, to design; to plan. idiosttico (elc), idiostatic. idocrasa / (miner), idocrase, vesuvianite. idoneidad /, competence, capcity. igaraps m, branches of a river (especially the Amazon). gneo, igneous. gneotubular (cal), fire-tube. ignicin/, ignition. - a contratiempo (auto), backfire. --- por compresin, compression ignition. ---- por chispa, spark ignition. ignifugar (Es), to fireproof. ignfugo, fire-resisting. ignitor TO (ra), ignitor. ignitrn m (elc), ignitrn. igualacin (/) de impedancia (ra), impedance matching. igualador w, equalizer. ---- de atenuacin (ra), attenuation equalizer. ---- de caminos, road planer. ---- de dientes (si), jointer. - de gasto, flow equalizer. - de retraso (ra), delay equalizer. igualar, to equalize; to level, smooth off; to joint (saw). igualdad /, equality; uniformity; evenness; (math) equation. ilmenita/ (miner), ilmenite. iluminacin/, illumination; lighting. ---- de ctodo fro, cold-cathode lighting. ---- de caveto o por bovedilla, cove lighting. ---- difusa, diffused illumination. ---- proyectada, floodlighting; spot lighting. ---- unitaria, specific illumination. iluminador TO, illuminator, illuminant; a illuminant. iluminar, to light, illuminate. iluminmetro m (il), illuminometer, luminometer.

ibirain TO, ibiraper TO, ibirapit TO, ibirar m,

imadas
imadas/ (en), launching ways. imagen/ (tv)(fma), image. ---- falsa o fantasma (tv), ghost image. latente (fma), latent image. ---- real (ptica), real image. -virtual (ptica), virtual image. imn m, magnet. - amortiguador o frenante, damping magnet. ---- anular, ring magnet. ---- apagador, blowout magnet. ---- compensador, compensating magnet. - de herradura, horseshoe magnet. ---- inductor, field magnet. ---- laminado, compound magnet, magnetic battery. ---- levantador, lifting magnet. imanacin /, magnetization. --transversal, cross magnetization. imanador m, magnetizer. imanar, imantar, to magnetice, imbibicin /, imbibition. imbornal m, scupper; sewer inlet. imbornales de varenga (en), limber holea. imbricado, imbricated, lapped. impaccin/, impact. impacto m, impact. ---- de aterrizaje (ap), landing impact. impactor m, impactor. impalpable, impalpable. impar, uneven (number), odd. impedancia/ (elc), mpedance. ---- amortiguada, blocked or damped mpedance. andica o de placa (ra), pate or anode impedance. ----caracterstica o de sobretensin, characteristic or surge mpedance. ---- cintica (tel), motional mpedance. - de entrada (ra), input mpedance. de salida (ra), output mpedance. - de traspaso, transfer mpedance. ---- electrdica (ra), electrode mpedance. ---- equilibrada (ra), matched mpedance. -propia (A), self-mpedance. --reflejada, coupled or reflected mpedance. ---- terminal, terminating mpedance. impedancias conjugadas, conjgate impedances. impederreventones m (pet)(V), blowout preventer. impedmetro m, mpedance meter, impedometer. impeler, to drive. impenetrable al polvo, dusttight. impermeabilidad /, impermeability, watertightness. impermeabizacin /, waterproofing, dampproofing. impermeabilizador m, waterproofer. impermeabilizante TO, waterproofing material. impermeabilizar, to waterproof. impermeable, impermeable, impervious, watertight. impermeables TO, oilskins, waterproof clothing. mpetu m, mpetus. impetuoso (r), flashy. implementos m, tools. implcito (mat), implicit. impolarizable, nonpolarizing.

175

incendiario

imponente, investor. importe m, amount; price, valu. imposta/, skewback; impost; (Sp) belt course. impotable, impotable. impregnado de aceite, oil-impregnated. impregnar, to imprgnate. impresin/, print; printing. ---- a contacto, (photo) contact printing; contact print. -a proyeccin (fma), projection printing. ---- azul, blueprint. ---- fotogrfica, photoprinting; photoprint. ---- sepia (fma), sepia print. impreso (m) litogrfico, lithoprint. impresora /, printing machine. ---- a contacto, contact printer. ---- reductora (fma), reducing printer. ---- restituidora (fma), restitution printer. ---- transformadora (fma), transforming printer. imprevistos m, contingencies. imprimador m (pint)(ca), primer. imprimar, to prime. improbacin/, disapproval, rejection. impuesto TO, tax. ---- a la renta, income tax. ---- sobre ventas, sales tax. impulsar, to drive, actate, oprate. impulsin/, discharge; impulse; drive; momen tum. ---- a barra de acoplamiento (loco elc), rod drive. ---- a horquilla (loco elc), yoke di-ive. ---- a vanina (loco elc), quill drive. ---- a varillaje (loco elc), linkage drive. ---- de cadena, chain drive. ---- final (auto), final drive. ---- por agua (pet), water drive. ---- por correa, belt drive. ---- por cuatro ruedas, four-wheel drive. ---- por maroma, rope drive. impulso TO, impulse; momentum. impulsor TO, impeller, (pu) runner; tappet. ---- abierto (bm), open impeller. ---- de admisin simple (bm), single-inlet impel ler. , ---- de bujes, bushing driver. ---- de paletas alabeadas (bm), warped-vane impeller. ---- de la vlvula (mg), tappet rod. ---- encerrado (bm), shrouded or fully enclosed impeller. ---- semiencerrado (bm), semienclosed impeller, impulsores opuestos (bm), opposed impeliera. impurezas /, impurities. impurificar, to contamnate. inaccesible, inaccessible. inactivacin/ (qum), inactivation. inactivo, inactive. inalmbrico, wireless. inanublable, shadowproof. inastillable (vi), nonshattering, splinterproof. inatascable, obstructionproof. clogless (pump). incandescencia /, incandescence. incandescente, incandescent. incapacidad (/) absoluta, total disability. incendiario m (vol), squib.

Incendio

176

indicadoi de cambio (fe) (A), switch signal. de cambio de frecuencia (ra), frequeneydeviation meter. del canal (ra), channel indicator. de cartula, dial indicator. de carga, load indicator; (auto) battery gage. de caudal (hid), flow indicator. de columna (tub), post indicator. de consistencia, consisteney meter. de convergencia (auto), toe-in gage. de deriva (fma), drif t indicator. de desviacin (pet), drift indicator. de direccin, direction indicator, (ap) directional marker. de escapes, leak detector. de esfuerzo, stress meter. de estabilidad (pa), stability indicator. de exceso de velocidad, overspeed tachometer. de falta de oxgeno (dac), oxygendemand meter. de fases (elc), phase indicator. de flecha, deflection gage. de foco del farol (auto), beam-indicator light. de fuga (elc), fault localizer. de gasolina (auto), fuel gage. de gasto (hid), rate-of-flow gage, flow indicator. de golpeo, (eng) knock meter. de humedad, moisture meter. de humo, smoke detector. de inclinacin, inclination gage; (pmy) tilt indicator. de llama, fame detector. de nivel, level gage; (bo) gage glass. de prdida de carga (hid), loss-ofhead gage. de prdida por histresis (elc), hysteresis meter. de prdidas a tierra (elc), ground or leakage detector. de peso, weight indicator. de peso suspendido (pet), line scale. de />H (is), pH indicator. de polos (elc), pole or currentdirection indicator. de presin, pressure gage. de profundidad (pet), depth meter. de radio de viraje (auto), turning-radius gage. de rayo (auto), beam-indicator light. de relacin, ratio gage, ratiometer. de sentido, (elev) direction indicator; (ra) sense finder. de sintonizacin (ra), tuning indicator. de suma, summator. de techo (ap), ceiling-height indicator. de tensin, tensin indicator; (elec) voltage indicator.

incendio TO, fire. incidencia / (mat), incidence, incidente a (mat), incident. incienso TO, a South American hardwood. incinerador m, incinerator. --- de basura, destructor, garbage incinerator. ---- de cieno (dac), sludge incinerator. ---- de hogar mltiple, multiple-hearth incinera tor. incinerar, to incinrate, incipiente, incipient. inciso, incised. incunable, tilting, incunable. inclinacin/, dip, grade, inclination, slope, piten, rake; (pmy) tilt, tip. ---- magntica, magnetic dip or inclination. inclinarse, to slope, rake; (geol) to dip. inclinmetro m, clinometer, inclinometer; dip meter, inclusin/ (mee) (sol) (geol), inclusin. ---- de escoria (sol), slag inclusin. ---- gaseosa (sol), gas inclusin. inclusivo, inclusive, incgnita /, unknown quantity. incoloro, colorless. incombustibilizacin /, fireproofing. incombustible, fireproof, incombustible. incompresible, incompressible. incondensable, incondensable. iconductible, nonconducting. mcorgelable, frostproof, nonfreezing. inconsistente, unstable (ground), lose, not compacted. incorporar, incorporarse, to incorprate, incorro'ible, rust-resisting, rustproof, nonrusting. incremental, incremental. incrementar, to increase. incremento m, increment; (ra) gain. --- para calibre (rs), gage increment. --- para paso (rs), pitch increment. incrustacin/ (cal), scale, incrustation. incrustado, embedded; incrusted. incrustante m, incrustant; a scale-forming. incrustar, to embed; to form scale. incubacin/ (is), incubation. incubadora /, incubator. incumba/ (Col), skewback. incurrente (hid), influent. indemnidad /, indemnity, indemnizacin /, indemnity, indernnification, comp snsation. indemnizar, to indemnify. indentacin /, indentation, dentation. indentar, to indent, to form teeth. indesarreglable, foolproof. indeterminado, indeterminate. indicacin/ (inst), reading. indicador m, indicator, gage; annunciator; (chem) indicator, sign. --- continuo de estabilidad (pa), continuous stability indicator. --- de aceite, oil gage. --- de agujeros, hole spotter. --- de alineacin, alignment gage. de af.aebradizacin, embrittlement detector.

de tierra (elc), ground detector. de tiro, dra<"t gage. de torsin, torsin meter. de tubera, pipe locator. de vaco, vacuum gage. de velocidad, speedometer; speed indicator; velocity gage.

r
indicador - de velocidad admisible (fe), speed-limit indicator. "--- de viraje (auto), turn indicator. ---- de viscosidad, viscosimeter. . -- de vuelo (fma), flight indicator. ---- integrador, integrating indicator. ---- para campaneo (fe), ring sign. ---- para silbato (fe), whistle sign. ---- registrador, recording gage. totalizador, integrating indicator. ndice TO, (math) (mech) (inst) index; (inst) hand. - antidetonante, antiknock rating. ---- cetnico, cetane number. ---- coliforme (is), coliform index. ---- de acidez, acid number or valu. ---- de cobre (qum), copper index or number or valu. - de compresin, (sm) compression index; (ge) compression ratio. ---- de concentracin (ms), concentration index. ---- de dureza, hardness number. ---- de escurrimiento (hid) (Col), runoff coefficient. ---- de fijacin (est), restraint index. ---- de flujo (ms), flow index. ---- de hincharniento (ms), swelling index. ---- de intemperismo, weathering index (coal). ---- de rigidez (est), stiffness index. ---- de sedimentacin (dac), sludge index. ---- de tarjetas, card index. ---- de tenacidad, toughness index. ---- octnico (mg), octane number or index. ---- plstico, plasticity index. indicios TO (qum), traces. indirecto, indirect. indisoluble, indissoluble. indivisible, indivisible. indol TO (is), ndole. indos m (hid) (V), invert. induccin / (elc), induction. ---- de incremento, incremental induction. ---- elctrica, electric induction, dielectric flux density. ---- electrosttica, static or electrio or electrostatic induction. ---- frrica o intrnseca, intrinsic or ferric induc tion. ---- magntica, magnetic induction or flux den sity. ---- propia (A), self-induction. ---remanente, residual induction. inducido m (elc), armature. ---- al tambor, drum armature. ---- de anillo, ring armature, gramme ring. ---- de barras, bar-wound armature. ---- de devanado cerrado, closed-coil armature. ---- de disco, disk armature. inducir (elc), to induce. inductancia / (elc), inductance. ---- de sintonizacin (ra), tuning inductance. inductividad/ (elc), inductivity. inductivo, inductive. inductfono m (tel), inductophone. inductmetro m (elc), inductometer. inductor TO, (elec) field, inductor; a inductive. ---- de ncleo de aire, air-core inductor. 177
---- de tiro, draft inducer. ---- giratorio, revolving field.

ingeniera

variable, variometer, variable inductor. industria/, industry. ---- azucarera, sugar industry. ---- extractiva, (Ch) mining industry; (M) mining, petroleum production, lumbering. ---- maderera, lumber industry, lumbering. industrial TO, manufacturer; a industrial. industrializacin/, industrialization; (V) manufacture, production. ineficiente, inefficient. inelstico (M), inelastic. inercia /, inertia. inerte, inert. inertes m (conc), aggregates. inescarchable, nonfrosting. inestabilidad /, instability. inestabilizar, to destabilize. inestable (est)(qum), unstable. inestanco, not watertight. inexacto, inaecurate. inexplosible, nonexplosive, explosionproof. infeccin /, infection. infeccionar (Pe), to contamnate, pollute. infeccioso, infectious. inferior, lower, bottom; inferior. infiltracin/, (hyd) infiltration, percolation, (ac) leakage, infiltration, inleakago. infinidad /, infinity. infinito, infinite. inflador TO, tire pump. inflamabilidad /, inflammability. inflamable, inflammable, ignitible. inflamacin/, firing; (eng) ignition. ---- de chispa, spark ignition. ---- espontnea, spontaneous combustin or igni tion. por bola caliente, hot-bulb ignition. ---- por tubo incandescente, hot-tube ignition. inflamar, to ignite; inflamarse, to take fire, ignite. inflar, to nflate. inflexin /, contraflexure. influencia/ (elc), influence. influente (hid), influent. influjo TO, inflow; flood tide. informacin/, information; report; investigation. informe TO, report. infraccin/, nfringement (patent). infradino (ra), infradyne. infraestructura/, substructure; (rr)(A) roadbed. inframedida, undersize. infranormal (A), undersize. infrapuesto, underlying. infrarrojo, infrared> ultrared. infrasnico (ra), infrasonic. infratamao (M), undersize. infrayacente (V), underlying. infringir, to infringe (patent). infundible, infusible, infusible. infusorio, infusorial. infusorios TO, infusoria. inga m, an Argentine lumber (semihard), ingeniar, to devise, design, engineer. ingeniera /, engineering. ---- de campo, field engineering.

ingeniera
- econmica, engineering economics. ---- marina, marine engineering. ingenieril a (M)(C), engineering. ingeniero m, engineer. ---- agrnomo, agricultural engineer. ---- asesor o consultor, consulting engineer. ---- automotor (A), automotive engineer. ---- auxiliar, assistant engineer. ----civil, civil engineer. ----consejero (Es), consulting engineer. ----de alumbrado, illuminating engineer. ----de minas, mining engineer. ----de montes, forester, forestry engineer. ----de nivel (Ec), levelman. --- de sanidad, sanitary engineer. ----de suelos, soils engineer. ----del trnsito, transitman. ----diseador, designing engineer. - electricista, electrical engineer. ----encargado, engineer in charge. ----scal (Ch), government engineer. forestal, forester. ----hidrulico, hydraulic engineer. ----jefe o mayor, chief engineer. -- localizador, layout engineer. ----matriculado, licensed engineer. ----mecnico, mechanical engineer. ----minero, mining engineer. ----naval, marine engineer. ----paisajista, landscape engineer. ----petrolero, petroleum engineer. ----principal, chief engineer. ----proyectista, designing engineer. ----residente, resident engineer. ----sanitario, sanitary engineer. ----tasador, valuation engineer. --- trazador, locating engineer; layout engineer. ----vendedor, sales engineer. --- vial, highway engineer. ingenio m, mili, plant; sugar mili; (min) smelter. - azucarero, sugar mili. inglete m, miter. ingrediente m, ingredient. ingreso m, ingress, entrance. ingresos, revenue, receipts, earnings. inhabilitado, out-of-order, broken down. inhalador m, inhalator. inhelable, frostproof. inherente (elc), inherent. inhibidor m ($um), inhibitor. inhibitorio, inhibitive. ininflamable, noninflammable. ininvertible, nonreversible. injerto m (tub), T; Y; branch. ----a gasto completo (hid), full-flow tap, pipe tap. ----a presin, pressure tap. ----de brida (hid), flange tap. ----de radio (hid), radius tap. ---- doble (tub), cross. - doble oblicuo, double Y branch. ---- oblicuo, Y. ----recto, T. inmanchable, stainless (steel). inmersin/, immersion.
---- de iluminacin, illuminating engineering.

178

instantneo

---- en caliente, hot-dipping. --en fro, cold-dipping. ---- regenerativa (met), regenerative quenching. inmiscibilide-.l/, imrniscibility. inmiscible, inmiscible. inmovilizador m, locking device. inmuebles m, real estte. innavegable, not navigable. inoculacin/ (is), inoculation. inodoro m, water closet (fixture); (V) trap; a inodorous, odorless. ---- a la turca (A), hole in floor with places for feet. ---- de borde lavador, flushing-rim water closet. ---- de evacuacin sifnica (A), siphon-jet water closet. ---- de sifn inyector o sifnico de chorro, si phon-jet water closet. ---- de tolva larga, long-hopper closet. inorgnico, inorganic. inosita / (lab), inositol, inosite. inoxidable, rustless, rust-resisting, nonrusting. inquilinato m, leasehold. inscribir (mat), to inscribe. inscripciones (dib) (C), lettering. inseguro, unsafe. insercin /, insertado m, insert. insertadora (/) de vlvulas, valve-inserting machine. inserto m, insert; a inserted. insolubilidad /, insolubilty. insoluble, insoluble. insolvencia /, insolvency. insolvente, insolvent, bankrupt. insonoro, soundproof. inspeccin /, inspection. inspeccionar, to inspect. inspector m, inspector. --- adjunto (V), assistant inspector. inspirador m (mee), inspirator. instabilidad /, instability. instable, unstable. instalacin /, installation; an installation, a plant. ---- colectora (pet), gathering plant. ----cribadora, screening plant. ----de aforo (r), gaging station. ----de calefaccin (ed), heating system. ----de construccin, construction plant. ----de fuerza, power plant. ----de tratamiento, processing plant. ----depuradora, purification plant. ----dosifcadora (conc), batching plant. --- evacuadora (pet), disposal system. ----generadora, electric power plant. --- sanitaria (ed), plumbing. ----siderrgica, steelworks. --- suavizadora, water-softening plant. instalaciones portuarias, port works. instalador m, erector. --- de caeria, pipeman, plumber. --- de lneas (elc), lineman. --- electricista, installing or erecting electrician. --- sanitario, plumber. instalar, to install, erect, place, set. instantneo, instantaneous; momentary.

instrumental
instrumental m, set of instrumenta; a instrumental. instrumentalista m, instrument maker. instrumentista m, (surv) instrumentman; (Sp) instrument maker. instrumento m, instrument. ---- graneo o registrador, recording or graphic instrument. --indicador (elc), indicating instrument. ---- investigador (ra), tracing instrument. instrumentos de agrimensura, surveying instruments. instrumentos de dibujo, drafting instruments. insulita (ais), Insulite (trademark). insumergible, nonoverflow (dam). integracin/ (mat), integration. integrador m, integrator, totalizer. intgrafo m, integraph. integral/ (mat), integral; a unit, whole, integral. integrar, to intgrate. Integro, entire, whole, complete. intemperie /, bad weather. ---- , a la, outdoors, exposed to the weather. intemperismo m, weathering. intemperizacin /, weathering. intemperizarse, to weather. intensidad /, intensity. ---- aparente del haz (il), apparent beam candle power. ---- de buja, candle power. ---- del campo de perturbaciones (ra), noise feld intensity. ---- de campo elctrico, electric intensity or field strength or forc. ---- de espacio libre (ra), free-space intensity. ---- de olor (pa), threshold number. ---- especfica de radiacin (il), radiance, specific radiant intensity. ---- luminosa horizontal (il), mean horizontal candle power. ---- luminosa unitaria (il), specific luminous in tensity. ---- magntica, magnetic intensity or forc or flux density. intensificador m, intensifier (all senses). interaccin /, interaction. intercalacin/ (geol), intercalation. intercalado (geol), interbedded. intercalar (elc), to cut in. intercambiabilidad /, interchangeability. intercambiable, interchangeable. intercambiador m, interchanger. ---- de aniones (elc), anin exchanger. ---- de calor, heat exchanger or interchanger. ---- de cationes (elc), catin exchanger. ---- de hidrogeniones (pa), hydrogen-ion ex changer. ---- de iones (elc), ion exchanger. intercambio m, interchange. --- de bases (qum), base exchange. -- en hoja de trbol (ca), cloverleaf interchange. ---- por dos cuadrantes (ca), two-quadrant or semicloverleaf interchange. intercepcin, interceptacin / (hid), interception (rainfall intercepted by an4 evaporatad from plants).

179

interceptado m (mat), intercept. interceptador m, interceptadora /, interceptor (all senses) interceptar, to intercept. intercepto (m) estadimtrico (lev), stadimetrie interval. interceptor m, separator, trap. ---- a vacio, vacuum trap. ---- basculador, tilting trap. ---- de aceite, o trap. -- de agua, steam trap. ---- de agua a balde invertido, inverted-bucket steam trap. ---- de agua a flotador, float trap. ---- de agua tipo impulso, impulse steam trap. ---- de aire, air trap. ---- de arena o de cascajo (al), sand or grit catcher. ---- de escamas (condensador), scale separator. ---- de espumas, scum trap. ---- de grasa, grease trap. ---- elevador, lifting trap. ---- separador, separating trap. intercierre m (M), interlock. intercolumnio, intercolunio m, intercolumniation, column spacing. intercomunicador m (tel), intercommunicator. intercondensador m, intercondenser. interconexin /, interconnection. intercostal (en), intercostal. interdigitacin / (geol), interfingering. intereje ra, distance btween axles, wheel base (auto). interelectrdico, interelectrod. interenfriador m, intercooler (compressor). interenfriamiento m, intercooling. inters m, interest. ---- devengado, accrued interest. ---- punitorio, penal interest. interestratificado (geol), interbedded, interstratified, interleaved. interetapa (ra), interstage. interfacial, interfacial. interfsico (elc)(A), interphase. interfaz/, interface. interferencia/ (meo)(elc)(ra), interference. ---- de la frecuencia imagen (tv), image interfer ence. ---- entre los canales (ra), interchannel interfer ence. interferomtrico, interferometric. interfermetro m, interferometer. interfrrico, interferric. interflexin (fma), fiare. intergrado (turb), interstage. intergranular, intergranular. interior m a, interior, inside. interlaminado, interlaminated. interlinear, to interline; (tv) to interlace. intermedio a, intermedate. intermitencia/ (pet), intermitting intermitente, intermittent; (C) reciprocating. intermodulacin/ (elc), intermodulation. intermolecular, intermolecular. intermoler, to intergrind. interno, interior, internal.

interno

pwu >%

interperidico

180

invalidez

-- de puesta a tierra, ground switch. interperidico (ra)(A), interstage. --- de reloj, time switch. interpolador m (tel), interpolator. - de resorte, snap switch. interpolar, v to interplate; a (elec) interpolar. de ruptura brusca, quick-break switch. interpolo m (elc), interpole. --- de ruptura nica, single-break switch. interranura/ (mee), land. --- de seguridad, safety switch. interrefrigerador TO, intercooler. --- de separacin, disconnect switch. interregional, interregional. - de servicio, entrance or service switch. interrupcin (/) al aire (elc), air break. interruptor m (elc), switch; circuit breaker; relase; --- de transferencia, transfer switch. --- de tres cuchillas, triple-throw switch. interrupter; (ra) chopper. --- de uso general, general-use switch. ---- al aire, air-break or air switch. --- de va mltiple, multiposition switch. ---- a distancia, remote-control switch. ---- de va nica, single-throw switch. ---- a flotador, float switch. ---- de volquete, tumbler or toggle switch. ---- a motor, motor-operated switch. ---- desconectador, disconnect switch. ---- aislador, isolating switch. . ---- desionizador, deion circuit breaker. ---- anticapacitancia (ra), anticapacitanceswitch. ---- electroltico, electrolytic interrupter. ---- automtico, circuit breaker. ---- embutido, flush switch. ---- automtico del campo, field-discharge switch. ---- en aceite, oil or oil-break switch. ---- automtico de cuba inerte, dead-tank circuit ---- en mercurio, mercury switch. breaker. ---- fusible, fuse. ---- automtico de reloj o cronomtrico, auto---- giratorio, turn or revlving or dial switch. matic time switch. ---- horario, time switch. ---- de aislador ladeante, tilting-insulator switch. ---- indicador, indicating switch. ---- de aplicar, surface switch. -instantneo, quick-break switch; momen---- de arranque, starting switch. tary-contact switch. ---- de artefacto, appliance switch. ---- maestro, main or master switch. ---- de botn, push-button switch. ---- momentneo, momentary-contact switch. - de campana, canopy switch. ---- para baja carga, underload switch. ---- de campo, field switch. ---- pendiente o suspendido, pendant switch. ---- de carga mnima, underload switch. ---- protector, circuit breaker. ---- de circuito (A) (M), circuit breaker. - seccionador, section switch. ----de clavija, plug switch. ---- separador, isolating switch; disconnecting ---- de contacto, contact breaker. switch. ---- de contacto instantneo, quick-make switch. ---- silenciador (ra), muting switch. ----de contacto mltiple, multiple-contact intersecar, intersecarse, to intersect. switch. interseccin/, intersection. ---- de contactor, contactor or unit witch. intersectar, intersectarse, to intersect. ----de cordn, pul switch. intersolapar, to interlap. ---- de cordn pasante, through-cord switch. intersticial, interstitial. ---- de corriente, current breaker. intersticio m (turb), clearance. ---- de cuchillo, knife switch. intersticios, interstices. de cuernos apagaarcos, horn-gap switch. interurbano, interurban. ---- de chorro de mercurio, jet interrupter. intervalo TO, (elec) gap; (math) interval. ---- de descarga de campo, field-discharge switch. - de reposo (tel), spacing interval. ---- de desenganche libre, trip-free circuit intervalmetro m (fma), intervalometer, interval breaker. regulator. ---- de desviacin, diverter switch. intervalvular (ra), intertube, intervalve. ---- de disrupcin en el aire, air-break switch. intervisibilidad / (ca), intervisibility. de doble ruptura, double-break switch. interyacente, interjacent. ---- de dos vas, double-throw switch. intomable (A), impotable (water). ---- de enchufe o de ficha, plug switch. intrads m, intrads. ---- de excitacin, field breaker or break-up intradosal, intradosal. switch. intransitable (ca), unfit for trame, impassable. de leva, cam switch. intrnseco (mat)(elc)(il), intrinsic. ---- de lmite, limit switch. intrusin / (geol), intrusin. ---- de lnea, line breaker. intrusionar (geol)(V), to intrude. ---- de llave, key switch. intrusiva / (geol) (V), intrusin. de mando, control switch. intrusivo (geol), intrusive. ---- de mnima, no-load circuit breaker. inundable, subject to inundation. ---- de navaja (M), knife switch. inundacin/, inundation, flood. ---- de palanca, knife switch; lever switch. -- de avenida, sheetflood. ---- de palanca rotativa, dial switch. inundador m (M), inundator (sand). ---- de parada (ase), stopping switch. inundar, to inndate, flood. ---- de pedal, foot switch. inutilizado, broken-down, out-of-order. ---- de portarreceptor (tel), hook switch. invalidez (/) absoluta, total disability---- de posicin mltiple, multiposition svitch.

invalidez
invalidez relativa, partial disability. invariante / o (mat), invariant. invencin/, invento m, invention, device. inventar, to invent. inventariar, to inventory. inventario m, inventory. inventor m, inventor. invernada / (V), heavy rain. invernazo m (PR), rainy season (July to September). inversamente proporcional, inversely proportional. inversin/, investment; reversing; inversin (all senses); (pmy) reversin. ---- de esfuerzos, reversal of stresses. - de fase (elc), phase reversal or inversin. - de marcha, (eng) reversing. inversionista, investor. inverso, inverse, inverted. inversor m, reversing mechanism; (elec) inverter, reverser. ---- de fase (ra), phase inverter. invertible, reversible. invertido m (al), invert. invertimiento m (hid)(Pe), discharge, outfall. invertir, to invert; to plunge (transit); to reverse (engine); (pmy) to revert; (hyd) (Pe) to discharge, empty; to invest. investigacin /, investigation; research; exploration. ---- de la seal (ra), signal tracing. involutometra /, involutometry. inyeccin/, grouting, injection. ---- de barro, mud-jacking; clay grouting. ---- directa (di), direct or solid injection. ---- piloto (di), pilot injection. ---- por bomba de resorte (di), spring-pressure injection. ---- por etapas, stage grouting. inyecciones cementicias (A), grouting. ---- de colchn, blanket grouting. ---- de consolidacin, consolidation grouting. - de cortina o de pantalla, curtain grouting. inyectador m (cal), injector. inyectar, to inject; to grout. inyector m (cal), injector. ---- aspirante, lifting injector. ---- autoajustador, self-adjusting injector. ---- automtico, restarting or automatic injector. ---- de barro o de lodo, mud jack; mud gun. ---- de cemento o de lechada, grout machine. ---- de chorro doble, double-jet injector. ---- de grasa, grease gun. ---- de tubo doble, double-tube injector. -- de tubo nico, single-tube injector. ---- sin aspiracin, nonlifting injector. iodado, iodato, ioduro, etc., see yodado, yodato, yoduro, etc. ion m (qum), ion. ---- de hidrgeno, hydrogen ion. ---- oxidrilo, hydroxyl ion. inico, ionic. ionizador m, ionizer. ionizar, to ionize. ionmetro m, ionometer.

181

isohieto

ionosfera/ (ra), ionosphere, ionized or Heaviside layer. ionosfrico, ionospheric. iridescencia /, iridescence. iridescente, iridescent.. iridio m (qum), iridium. iridosmina / (miner), iridosmine. irisacin /, irisation. irracional (mat), irrational. irradiacin /, irradiation. ---- espectral (il), spectral irradiation. ---- unitaria, specific irradiation. irradiador acstico (ra)(A), acoustic radiator. irradiar, to irradate. irreversible (mee) (elc), irreversible. irrevocable, irrevocable (credit). irrigable, irrigable. irrigacin /, irrigation. ---- con lquido cloacal (dac), broad irrigation. ---- por corrugaciones, corrugation irrigation. ---- por cuadros rebordeados, block or check system. ---- por surcos, furrow irrigation. ---- por tubera superficial, surface pipe method. ---- subterrnea, subsurface irrigation. ---- superficial, surface irrigation. irrigador m, irrigator. irrigar, to irrgate. isentrpico, isentropic. isla /, island. ---- de gua (ca), directional island. ---de seguridad o de refugio (ca), trame island, refuge. isbara/ (mrl), isobar. isobrico, isobaric. isobaromtrico, isobarometric. isbato, isobath.., isobela / (elc), isobel. isobuja / (il), isocandle. isocentro m, isocenter. isoclinal m (geol), isocline. isoclnico, isoclinal, isoclinic. isoclor (qum), isochlor. isocora/(qum), isochor. isocromtico, isochromatic. iscrona/, isochrone. isocronismo m, isochronism. iscrono o, isochrone, isochronal, isochronic. isodiabtico, isodiabatic. isodinmico, isodynamic. isodinas /, isodynamic lines. isoelctrico, isoelectric. isoelectrnico, isoelectronic. isoesttico, isostatic. isoestrico (qum) (mrl), isosteric. isofase, isophase. isgala / (geof), isogal. isgama / (geof), isogam. isgonas /, isogonic lines. isgono, isognico, isogonic. isografa /, isography. isogrfico, isographic. isgrafo m (inst), isograph. isograma m (mat), isogram. isohieta, isoieta/ (mrl), isohyet. isohieto, isohyetal.

r
isolador 182

jornada

isolador m (Ec), insulator. isolantita (ais), Isolantite (trademark). isolux (il), isolux. isomtrico, isometric. isometrgrafo m, isometrograph. isomrfico, isomorphic, isomorphous. isomorfismo m (qum)(miner)(mat), isomorphism. isomorfo m, isomorph; o isomorphic. isooctano m (qum), isooctane. isopacas/ (geol), isopachous lines. isopicica /, isopiestic line. isopluvial (inri), isohyetal, isopluvial. isptico (mat), isoptic. isorradial (fma), isoradial. issceles, issceles. isossmico, isosista, isoseismic. isosttico, isostatic. isoterma/, isotherm. isotermo, isotrmico, isothermal, isothermic. isotropa / (mat), isotropy. isotrpico, istropo, isotropic. isoyeta/ (mrl)(Ch), isohyetal line. isoytico (M), isohyetal. istmo m, isthmus. itabirita / (geol), itabirite. itabo m (V), bayou, inlet. itacolumita / (geol), itacolumite. iterativo (mat), iterative. ivirapere, ivirapita, iviriraro, South American lumber. izador m, hoist; elevator. ---- de barriles, barrel elevator. ---- del botaln (pl), boom hoist. ---- de compuerta (hid), gate hoist. ---- planetario, planetary hoist. izaje m, izamiento m, hoisting. izar, to hoist; to heave. izquierda /, left hand. izquierdo a, left, left-hand.

jaba/, crate; basket; gabion. jabalcn m, strut, trench brace. jabalconar, to shore, brace, prop. jab m, a Cuban lumber. jabn (m) de Castilla, castile soap. jabonaduras/ (lu), suds. jaboncillo m, steatite, soapstone. jacal m (M), shanty, tool house. Jacaranda m, a South American hardwood. jcena/, girder; header beam; (Sp) trusa. ---- compuesta, built-up girdor. ---- de alma llena, pate girder. ----de celosa, lattice girder. ---- maestra, girder. ---- triangulada, lattice or Warren girder. jagel m (Pe)(B), cistern. jaharrar, to plaster, rough-plaster. jaharro m, plaster, plastering, rough plastering. jalar (M), to haul, pul. jalatocle m (M), eroded soil carried to a stream. jalea (/) mineral, mineral jelly. jales m (min), tailings. jaln m, milepost, milestone; (surv) rod, pole.

de cadeneo (lev), chaining pin. de mira, level rod. jalonar, to run a survey line; to set mileposts. jalonero m, rodman. jamba/, jamb. jambaje m, door or window frame. jamesonita/, jamesonite, feather ore. jangada /, raft. jaquelado m, checkerboard pattern, checkerwork. jarabe m (az), sirup. jarcia/, Manila rope, sisal rope; rigging, cordage. de acero (C), wire rope. trozada, junk. jarja / (Col), double skewback. jaspilita/ (geol), jaspilite. jaula/, cage (shaft); cattle car; crate; (V) crib. de ardilla, squirrel cage (motor). de bolas, ball cage, retainer. de cojinete, bearing cage. de extraccin, mine cage. jefatura/, headquarters; divisin, department. - fornea (M), field or provincial headquarters. jefe m, chief. - de adquisiciones (Ch), purchasing agent. - de brigada (lev), chief of party. de carpinteros, carpenter foreman. de compras, purchasing agent. --- de construccin, construction manager, superintendent. de cuadrilla, squad boss; chief of party. de dibujantes, chief draftsman. - de equipo (lev), chief of party. --- - d e estacin (fe), stationmaster. de estudios, chief of surveys; chief designer. del lomo (fe), humpmaster. : de maquinaria, master mechanic, chief engineer. del muelle, dockmaster. de obras, works or project or construction manager. ---- de oficina, office manager. ---- de operarios, labor foreman. - de patio (fe), yardmaster. - de proyectos, chief designer. ---- de servicio (M), purchasing agent. ---- de taller, shop foreman, master mechanic. -de traccin (fc)(Ch), superintendent of motive power. ---- de trfico, trame manager. ---- de turno, shift boss. ---- desmoldador (mo), stripping foreman. ---- ingeniero, chief engineer. - mecnico, master mechanic. ---- montador, foreman erector. jema/ (carp)(Es), wane. jeniqun m (C), sisal, henequn. jeringa /, syringe. ---- de grasa, groase gun. - para aceite, oil gun. jibaracn m (r) (C), outf all of flood waters, floodway. jinetillos m (cv), fall-line carriers. jirn m (Pe), city block; street. jornada/, day's work; shift. -- del filtro (pa), filter run.

jornada
---- doble, double shift. ---- simple, single shift.

183

kernita

jornal m, wage, day's wages, (C) hourly wage. ---- , a, by day's work, by the hour. jornalar, to employ by the day. jornalero m, workman, laborer. joule m (elc), joule. jcaro m, a West Indian hardwood. juego m, a set; (machy) throw; (machy) play, clearance, lash. ---- balanceador (elc), balancing set. ---- de cambio (fc)(M), switch and frog. - de cerradura (ft), lock set. ----de funcionamiento (maq), running clearance. ----de laminadores (met), roll stand. ----de la leva, lift of a cam. ----de motor y dnamo, motor generator set. ----de nuez, ball-and-socket joint. ----de planos, set of plans. ----en vaco, lost motion. - generador, generating set. ----lateral, side play. - longitudinal, end play. - muerto o perdido, lost motion, backlash. -- terminal (mee) (A), end play. jugo m, juice. juil m (M), driftpin. julio m (elc), joule. julidmetro m, joulemeter. junta /, joint, connection, splice; gasket; cora-; mission, council, board; meeting. ----al aire (fe), suspended joint. ----a inglete, miter joint. ----a media madera (carp), halved joint. ----a tope, butt joint. --- -apoyada (fe), supported joint. ---- atornillada, screwed coupling; threaded joint. ---- cardnica, universal or cardan joint. ----constructiva (conc)(A), construction joint. ----corrediza, slip or expansin joint. -- de accionistas, stockholders' meeting. ----de aceite, oil joint. ----de acreedores, creditors' meeting. -- de anillo (tub), ring joint. ---- de aseguradores, board of underwriters. ----de asiento (mam)(V), bed joint. -- de bisagra, hinged joint. ---- de bola, ball joint. ---- de canto (sol), edge joint. - de codillo, toggl joint. ---- de colado (conc), construction joint. ---- de comercio, board of trade. ---- de compensacin o de dilatacin, expansin joint. ---- de construccin, construction joint. ---- de contraccin, contraction joint. ---- de cuatro bulones (fe), four-bolt splice. ---- de cubrejunta, butt joint. ---- de charnela, hinge or knuckle joint. ---- de directores, board of directora. ---- de doble cubrejunta, double-butt-strap joint. ---- de entrepao, panel point (truss). ---- de hule, rubber gasket. ---- de interrupcin (conc) (A), construction joint. --- de lechada (lad), dipped joint.

---- de lengeta postiza (carp), feather joint. - de montaje, field joint. ----de pasador, pin joint. - de plegado saliente (ch), standing seam. ----de puente (fe), bridge joint. ----de reborde (lad), bead joint. --- de sanidad, board of health. --- de superposicin, lap joint. --- de trabajo (conc), construction joint. --- de tramo (fe), block or insulated joint. --- de tres traviesas (fe), three-tie joint. --- degradada (lad), raked joint. --- directiva, board of directors. --- embadurnada (lad), buttered joint. --- enchufada, (p) bell-and-spigot or maleand-female joint. --- enrasada, flush joint. --- escalonada (fe), step or compromise splice --- escarbada (lad), raked joint. --- esfrica, ball joint. --- esquinada abierta (sol), full-open crner joint. --- esquinada medio abierta (sol), half-open crner joint. --- flotante (fe) (Es), suspended joint. --- giratoria, swivel joint. --- metaloplstica, metallic gasket. --- montada, lap joint. --- muescada (ca), key joint. --- plomada (tub), flush joint. --- raspada (lad), raked joint. --- resbaladiza, slip joint. - seguida, continuous joint (not staggered). --- simulada (pav), dummy joint. --- solapada, lap joint. - suspendida reforzada (fe), bridge joint. --- tomada (mam)(A), pointed joint. --- universal, universal joint. Junta Nacional de Aseguradores, National Board of Fire Underwriters. juntas --- a rosca (tub), screwed joints. --- alternadas, broken or staggered joints. --- empelladas (lad), psh or shove joints. --- llenas (lad), flush joints. --- remetidas (lad), raked joints. juntar, to splice, join, couple. juntear, to joint; to fill joints. junteo m, jointing. juntera/, jointing plae; jointer, buzz planer. --- de duelas, stave jointer. juntura/, joint, splice. --- de pestaa, flanged coupling. --- montante, vertical joint; field joint. --- para manguera, hose coupling. justipreciador m, appraiser. justipreciar, to appraise, rate.

kapok m, kapok. kenotrono, kenotrn m (ra), kenotron. keratfiro m (geol), keratophyre. kerita/ (ais), kerite. kern (mat), kern. kernita/, kernite (brax ore).

kergeno
kergeno TO (pet), kerogen. kerosn TO, kerosina /, kerosene. kersantita / (geol), kersantite. kianizar, to kyanize. kieselgur m, kieselguhr. kilaje m (A), weight in kilograms. kilirea/, kiliare. kiloamperio TO, kiloampere. kilobara /, kilobar. kocalora/, kilocalorie, great caloe. kilociclo TO, kilocycle. kilodina /, kilodyne. kiloergio TO, kiloerg. kilogrmetro TO, kilogram-meter. kilogramo TO, kilogram. kilo julio TO, kilojoule. kilolibra/, kip, kilopound, 1000 Ib. kilolnea/ (elc), kiloline, kilomaxwell. kilolitro TO, kiloliter. kilometraje TO, distance in kilometers. kilomtrico, kilometric. kilmetro TO, kilometer. kilovatiaje TO, power in kilowatts. kilovatio TO, kilowatt. kilovatio-hora, kilowatt-hour. kilovoltamperio m, kilovolt-ampere. ---- reactivo, kilovar, reactive kilovolt-ampere. kilovoltmetro m, kilovoltmeter. kilovoltio TO, kilovolt. kinescopio TO (tv), kinescope. konmetro TO (min), konimeter. kovar (aleacin), Kovar (trademark).

184

ladrillo

laberntico a, labyrinth, labyrinthine. laberinto TO (mee), labyrinth. lbil (qum)(ra), labile. labio TO, lip, edge. --- cortante, cutting edge (drill). labor /, work, labor; (min) a working; cultivation; (meas) 177.14 acres; (Sp) 1000 brick or tile. --- a cielo (min), overhand working. --- a cielo abierto, open-pit mining. - a travs (min), crosseut. --- -con pilares en retirada (min), retreating system. ---- con pilares y cmaras (min), pillar-and-stall mining, chamber working. --- de anchurn y pilar (min), room-and-pillar mining, chamber working. --- de bancos (min), underhand stoping. ---- de cantera (min), open-pit work. ---- de desanche (min)(M), resuing. ---- de frente corrido, longwall mining. ---- de frente escalonado, breast stoping. ---- de realce o de testeros, overhand stoping. ---- en rebajo, underhand stoping. ---- por lajas (min), slabbing, slashing.