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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.

INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: narrative text)

MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 15)

MATERI: READING, NARRATIVE TEXT


Narrative Text, adalah teks yang isinya merupakan cerita atau kisah tentang sesuatu. Contoh narrative text: cerita rakyat (folktale), cerita binatang (fable), Legenda (legend), cerita pendek (short story), dan sejenisnya. Di dalamnya terdapat konflik/puncak masalah yang diikuti dengan penyelesaian. Fungsi utama teks ini adalah untuk berkisah atau menghibur pembaca.

Ciri-ciri narrative text:


Generic Structure: 1. Orientation: berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana) 2. Complication: Berisi puncak konflik/masalah dalam cerita. Sebuah cerita boleh memiliki complication lebih dari satu. 3. Resolution: Pemecahan masalah. Bisa berakhir dengan kegembiraan (happy ending) bisa pula berakhir dengan kesedihan (sad ending). Catatan: Terkadang juga susunannya (generic structure): Orientation, Complication, Evaluation, Resolution dan Reorientation. Untuk Evaluation dan Reorientation merupakan optional; bisa ada bisa tidak. Evaluation berisi penilaian/evaluasi terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik. Sedangkan Reorientation berisi penyimpulan isi akhir cerita. Grammatical features menggunakan tenses past Sering menggunakan kata penghubung waktu (temporal conjunction), misalnya: once upon a time, one day, long time ago,

Contoh Narrative Text: Ali Baba


Once upon a time there were 40 cruel thieves who put their stolen money and treasures in a cave. They went in the cave by saying Open Sesame to the cave entrance. A poor person, named Ali Baba saw them while they were doing that, so he heard the opening word. After they left, he went toward the cave and opened it. Suddenly he found a very large quantity of money and golden treasures. He took some of it and went back home. After that he became a rich man and his brother wanted to know how he became rich. Ali Baba turned into the richest man in his village. His evil brother was really jealous of him, and wanted to know how he could get such a lot of money. Therefore, when Ali Baba went to the cave again to take some more money, his brother followed him. He saw everything, and decided to go back the next day to take some money for himself. The next morning he found a lot of money in the cave, and he wanted to take all of them. Unfortunately, when he was busy carrying the money to his house, the thieves came. The boss of the thieves asked him how he knew about the cave. He told everything, but unluckily they killed him and went to Ali Babas house. After finding Ali Babas house, they made a plan to kill him the following night. Some of the thieves hid in big jars, and the boss pretended that he was a merchant who wanted to sell the jars to Ali Baba. Ali Baba who was a kind man invited the boss of the thief to have lunch together. After lunch they took a rest. Luckily, the house maid went out of the house, and found that there were thieves inside the jars. She finally boiled hot oil and poured it into the jars to kill all of them. The boss of the thieves was caught, and put into prison. Ali Baba was saved from the danger, and he finally lived happily ever after with his maid who became his wife shortly after.### (source: http://baharudin.web.id) Generic Structure teks di atas sebagai berikut:

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: narrative text)

STORY

GENERIC STRUCTURE

Once upon a time there 40 cruel thieves who put their stolen money and treasures in a cave. They went in the cave by saying Open Sesame to the cave entrance. A poor person, named Ali Baba saw them while they were doing that, so he heard the opening word. After they left, he went ORIENTATION toward the cave and opened it. Suddenly he found a very large quantity of money and golden treasures. He took some of it and went back home. After that he became a rich man and his brother wanted to know how he became rich. Ali Baba turned into the richest man in his village. His evil brother was really jealous of him, and wanted to know how he could get such a lot of money. Therefore, when Ali Baba went to the cave again to take some more money, his brother followed him. He saw everything, and decided to go back the next day to take some money for himself. The next COMPLICATION morning he found a lot of money in the cave, and he wanted to take all of them. Unfortunately, when he was busy carrying the money to his house, the thieves came. The boss of the thieves asked him how he knew about the cave. He told everything, but unluckily they killed him and went to Ali Babas house. After finding Ali Babas house, they made a plan to kill him the following night. Some of the thieves hid in big jars, and the boss pretended that COMPLICATION he was a merchant who wanted to sell the jars to Ali Baba. Ali Baba who was a kind man invited the boss of the thief to have lunch together. After lunch they took a rest. Luckily, the house maid went out of the house, and found that there were thieves inside the jars. She finally RESOLUTION boiled hot oil and poured it into the jars to kill all of them. The boss of the thieves was caught, and put into prison. Ali Baba was saved from the danger, and he finally lived happily ever REORIENTATION after with his maid who became his wife shortly after.

Contoh dan Pembahasan Soal Narrative Text: (Soal UN SMP 2009 Bahasa Inggris C2-P16 / C4-P12) Read the following text and answer questions 19 to 22 The Wolf and The Goat A wolf saw a goat grazing at the edge of a high cliff. The wolf smacked his lips at the thought of a fine goat dinner. My dear friend, said the wolf in his sweetest voice, arent you afraid you will fall down from that cliff? Come down here and graze on this fine grass beside me on safe, level ground. No, thank you, said the goat. Well then, said the wolf, arent you cold up there in the wind? You would be warmer grazing down here beside me in this sheltered area. No, thank you, said the goat. But the grass tastes better down here! said the exasperated wolf, Why dine alone? My dear wolf, the goat finally said, are you quite sure that it is my dinner you are worrying about and not your own? 19. What did the wolf ask when he saw the goat grazing at the edge of a high cliff? A. To be his friend. B. To graze on the level ground. C. To climb up higher. D. To be his dinner. Pembahasan: Lihat paragraph 2. Intinya, serigala berkata kepada kambing: turunlah ke sini dan merumput di bawah sini. Jawab: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: narrative text)

20. Arent you cold up there in the wind? The word there refers to A. a high cliff B. sheltered area C. grass D. ground Pembahasan: kata there maksudnya adalah a high cliff. Jawab: A 21. What can we learn from the story above? A. Dont look down other creatures. B. Dont easily believe in well behaved creatures. C. Dont judge others by their appearance. D. Dont easily beat other creatures. Pembahasan: Dari kisah dalam teks tersebut, kita bisa mengambil pelajaran jangan mudah percaya pada makhluk yang seolah-olah baik perilakunya. Jawab: B 22. From the story we know A. the goat was very hungry B. the wolf was a helpful animal C. the wolf was eager to eat the goat D. the goat was going to fight with the wolf Pembahasan: Lihat kalimat di paragraph 1: The wolf smacked his lips at the thought of a fine goat dinner Jadi serigala sebenarnya ingin memakan kambing. Jawab: C

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