A. L.

CASILLAS

DE TALLER

CAlCUlOS

ES PROPIEDAD

INTELECTUAL BY EDICIONES

DEL

AUTOR

CALCULOS

MAQUINAS
POR

DE TALLER

10

COPYRIGHT

«MAQUINAS"

PRINTED IMPRESO

IN SPAIN EN ESPANA

A. L. CASI LLAS

PR6LOGO

DEL AUTOR

La mas hermosa y noble de todas las labores humanas es la del sembrador en cualquiera de sus aplicaciones que suponga uti/idad para sus semejantes; asi se ha hecho con este pequeiio Iibro, una siembra fructifera que ha conducido y ayudado a muchos millares de hombres en su trabajo. Su autor hace un alto en el camino para meditar y considerar los frutos recogidos, sintiendose satisfecho de una labor que tallto ha sido agradecida por quienes en el campo del trabajo necesitaron de una mano conductora para seguir la ruta profesional, en la cual fue su guia este libro, asi como los demos Iibros complementarios que se han ido editando sucesivamente con un solo ideal: «AI servicio del Trabajo.» Veinticinco ahos cumpliendo una miston que no fue iniciada con Jines comerciales, sino impuesta por el sentido de la necesidad y el deseo de ayudar a quienes tenian que andar por el espinoso camino de la formacion profesional, solos, y separando las zarzas para poder pasar venciendo todas las dificultades que su falta de preparacion les imponia. Es un balance digno de todo examen, porque servir al trabajo. es servir a la mejor de las causas, puesto que este hace posible la existencia de una labor construct iva, y se convierte en el mas fuerte sosten de la sociedad, engrandeciendo las naciones. Agradezco muy de veras a cuantos con sus cartas, escritas unas en Espana y otras desde America, me alien tan a seguir, sus elogiosas frases y su agradecimiento es la mejor recompensa que por mi modesta labor puedo recibir; y por esto quiero dejar sentado el principio de que a ellos debo una -7-

gratitud sin llmites porque han sido Jos animadores de mis obras .. han tenido fe en el hombre desconocido, en el Profesor anonimo, logrando con ello que una poderosa fuerza impulsara y acrecentara esta labor hasta alcanzar el exito obtenido, Un cambio con referencia a tiempos pasados, seiiala el notable avance de la existencia tecnica fundamentado en las Escuelas de Formacion Profesional Industrial, estatales y de empresa, que unidos a los medios de la organizacion cientifica del trabajo, servirdn para que todos cuantos sientan un deseo de formarse profesionalmente, puedan hacerlo y trabajar plenamente capacitados siguiendo una racional tecnica, cumpliendo asi con un ineludible deber de hacer prosperos sus medios de vida, cuyo fundamento tiene su base en el. trabajo con un alto indice de productividad. Esta recomendacion en forma de consejo, no debe nunca olvidarse puesto que sera en el futuro el puntal de toda prosperidad, constituyendo un deber que a todos por igua/ nos obliga. La vida inactiva merced a la labor de otros ha terminado. A. L. CASILLAS

INDICE

DE
CAPiTULO

MATERIAS
PRIMERO
Tobias de 10 drversas. Cuadrados,

Equivalencias rnglescs a rnetrtccs. cubos, ralces. --- Desarrollo

ctrcunferencta.

Tobias Arcos.

CAPiTULO II tr+qonornetrtccs. - ResoJuciones del tri6ngulo cuerdas y flechos. - Elementos de Geometria. gravedad. - Palancas. CAPiTULO III Engranajes. CAPiTULO IV y diferencial para fresadoras. CAPiTULO V de rosccss - Tobias para CAPiTULO VI Sistema de conos. CAPiTULO
Herramientas

rectcnqulo, - Centres

de

Division

ordinaria

-

Posos diversos.

Sistema

general

roscado

en el torno.

VII

de corte en general.

Resistencia

de materiales

CAPiTULO VIII y tratamiento

termico.

CAPiTULO IX Peso y dalo~de maleriales. CAPiTULO
Datos generales. Transmisiones.

X
Elevccion de pesos.

CAPiTULO
Tablas de tolerancias

XI
Medicion.

en cjuste, -

Velocidades

CAPlwLO XII y avances. - Celculos AP~NDICE

de fcbrtcccion.

Reporccion

de outomovrles.

-

Ajustes

y

materiales.

-8-

-9-

Paginas

fNDICE
Pagin.

Cci.ncamos

A
Acerol (elecci6n de mate,ialel) •

herramientas • aleadOi para herramientcu • rapidos para herram ientas • crom e- nlquel de tratamiento cromo-nlquel de cementaci6n nlquel de cementaci6n • carbono d. cemen'aci6n. inoxidablel. • nlquel de trcitamiento. para resort ••• de frelas • » d. machos para roscar . Ajulte internacionall. S. A. agujero y eje unico AI.acion •• de diveflos metale s , Angulos de corte para cuchillas normales. » de corte para cuchillas «Widia» • Antifricci6n • Areas y dimenlionel de Ilguras planas. Aros de pilt6n 0 6mbolo • Arcol, Ilechas y cuerdas para radio I Aumento para piezas a rectillcar Autom6vil .. (reparaci6n). » ,. » ,. ,. » ,. ,. » Afllado

» »

01 carbono 01 carbona

para para

maquinaria

438 439 +to 445 445 441 442 442 442 44] 44] +46 341 -]8] ]07 523 - 55] 448-452
]]9

Calculos de fabricacion Calibres pianos 0 gal gas «Block" . » interiores y exteriores (exactitud). » interiores y exteriores (desgaste). » para roscas (errores y exactitud). » Pie de Rey (Iectura en millmetrol y pulgadas) . Calor y potencias calor Iiicas. » latente de fusi6n • » latent. de YoporizQci6n Camones 0 levas, fresado. . Cargas, equivalencic en toneladas, en libral y en kilo"ramos . Cargas que pueden soportar los tornillol y tuercas • Centros de gravedad . » protegidos para torn ear piezQS
Cemenlacion CinemciticQ. •

521 587 - 626 554 - 555 558 559 - 560 561 - 567 569 - 571 71 79 79 639 - 642 423 - "]4 457 1..2- 144 502 <461 - .. 65 48 503 - 50.. 505 "17· ..20 ..2 .. - .. 3..
409

452 130- 1]5 51] - 516 117 - 1:20 609 629-630

Chave.as «Woodruff» y normales . » solidas con die"tes multiples. Cifras de dureza «Rockwell» y «Brinell». ». de durezQ «Rockwell». «Brinel!». «Shore», . Cinceles y buriles para maquina y mano .
ClasificQcion Columnas de aceros para

«Vickers»

y

piezQs de Qutomovil

B
Barretps 0 pro betas • Bro<al, angulol de alliado, defectos, equivalencia construcci6n 421 -422 y datos de 371 - 379

de agUQ y mercurio . Conos, celeule general, «Morse». «Me'rico», «Brown & Sharp», «Ingle~», casquillos. Contraccion lineal, superficial y cubica. . Conversion. Tablas de equivalencia entre los sistemas metrico e ingles • Comparacion de temperaturas .

6]5 - 636 7..
]09 -

324 455

c
Cabezas universales Cables metalicos Cadenas. • de la freladora «Hure». 264-265 5:20 511 - 519

Correas trapezoidales. . Cuadrados. cubas, raices, circunferencia Cubicacion de material . Cuerdas de cDilamo . Cuchillas para tornos y acepilladoras . » para cizollas » para roscar y metodos Cuila.

yarea .

"9-69 70-71 637 - 638 11-45 500 522 326 - 363 408 290 - 295 1..5

-

10

II

D
Oep6sitos Dlamantes Dilatacl6n ctlfndrtccs, reststenclc moeles a 10 presi6n de esmerll. interior para retornear cublca. Iineal......... • . • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Paglnas
456 398

P6.ginas

G
Galgas: «Imperial Standard», «Birmingham», Sharp», para elembre, chapa y fleje . Geometda: elementos. • Grados decimales en minutos y segundos . Groved ad (centros) . «Brown & 65-66 130- 141 116 142- l+f

»
Dlncimlca. Dlvlsi6n

ordinaria y dffereeere! en los cabezales de las mciqulnas fresadoras. • • . • . . • • • • • • • • •. • Divisor tlpo de mesa (relacl6n 1/60 -l/SO -1/120 -l/lSO) . Dlvlsl6n de /0 creeonrerencre en N partes Iguales • • •

78 453 048 223 -249 250-257 121

L
Leetura de manometros . Levas 0 cam ones. fresado. limas, datos de caracterrsticas Lubricantes de corte . 75 639 - 642 404- 407 61" - 62

E
Ejes 0 arboles para transmlsiones • • • • • Eleccl6n de mcfterlales

Elementos para elevacl6n de pesos. • • • • • • Engranaje;s. (6rmulas generales s/m6dulo y dlametral • » «~rltish Standard». • » «BostOCk& Bramley». » c6nicos..... » hellcoldales.... » lntertcres y cremallera » ruedas y pUiones para cadena » tornillo sln·fin y su rueda. • » trazado. reslstencla y medlcl6n • » Juego de (resas Simples Equlvalenclas de fracciones here Escariadores c6nlcos. • •

511 438 - 452 517 - 522 1048-155
156 157 -160

LL
Llaves para tuertas • 512

200-m
190-197

M
Machos para roscas (afolado). . Manometros Mandrinos para taladros y sus cuchillas Medici6n (elementos) . Metales (aleaciones): eluminie, duraluminio, cupronfquel, brence, laton. etc .• Micr6metros (Iectura). Minutos y segundos en decimates de grado Momentos de inercia y resistencia Muelas de esmeril. MueUes . 307 75 380 - 382 554 - 576 metal monel, +f8 - 452 568 - 570 116 458 - 460 392 - 400 446 - +f7

199
198 1114-188

161-182 170 623 325 67 - 69 435 - 437 643 325 158-162 163 639- 642 364 - 370

F
Fadores de conversl6n Inglesa a m~trlca Yviteversa » de segurldad en el trabaJo de los metales • F6rmulas generales para dlmenslones de conos. Fracciones de hora • Fresado helicoidal • » de dlentes por los lados » de camones 0 levas. • Fresas. dimenslones normales . » mad res para engranajes rectos y helicoidales » mad res para ruedas a tornillo sin-fin. » simples.•• Frlgorlfocas (mezclas). • •

p
Palancas. . Pasadores c6nicos. Peso de piezCISfundidas segun su mold.., . Peso espedfico. Gt6mico, etc. • Peso ., datos d. materiGles, tubas. GIGmbres, chapcu, bo.rras de cliYersos perfiles, to....illos, tvercas. remach_, etc. Periiles ...... inodOi en""lIular U Y v;lI_ 146 325

183 189
180 80

eo

454

12-

-13 -

Temperaturas: CenUgrado. E.416 424-434 446 -447 550-551-634 268 .ado .Sierras . » inglesQ «Whitworth» .n . Poleo diferenciol Pol. ROlcodo con cuchillo en el terne.». Presiones . » metricQ internacional . E. Reaumur. de sierra.spirol. Triongulo rectangulo (soluciones) 50.271 2n-273 274. Remoches .os . Rodamientos Q bolas y rodillos • .128 586 506 . E. medicion y formulos) . Paginos 129 145 147 n-74 454 408 Roscodo plono . nivelor .51 81 . Punto de fusion y color Punzonado. y kilogramos Resortes.126 5n v Vapor de agUQ saturado .567 136.» » para builas de Qutomoviles » «Edison» para lam paras electricGS. Formulas y frenes de ruedos 615-617 127 . A. » «S.633 410 . Torneado de precisi6n Tornillo. Reglos d. » americana «Standard» » «British Association B. . Velocidades para muelas de esmeril » para ma. » «Almirontozgo Brifanico ADM. » tropezoidol «Acme» y «Metrico» » cuadrado • » redonda. » «British Stondord» poro tubos de cobre » «Loewenherz» para mecQnicQ fina y opticQ » para engrasadores «Stauffer» . » «Shorp (V. foctores..509 ·629 . » de agUQ recalen. libra.. Velocidod ongulor.. » «C.305 T Toblos de convenion de pulgodos 0 milfmetros Toblos trigonometricos (paginos omorillos) . Rosco (defectos..48 392 587 577 554 . 76 77 47 . ResistenciGS de cargQl en toneladas. .) V. Transpor. Roblones. » con sus tuereGS Y orandelas Tornillos.quinos . 1'»1 bicicletas y rnotocieletas .276 278 279 2BO 2BO 281 2B2 284 284 285 286 286 2ff1 2ff1 2BB 289 2BB 289 292-296 297 . 622 401-403-601 R Refriaeracio" de herramientas Reglo de senos. Ruedos • 306 506 . Stondord» poro outomoviles . F.. Reparacion de Qutomoviles Resistencia de materialas. » dien'.509 147 5 Solarios tipos «Rowan» y «Halsey» .141 -14~ - 15- . cargal que pueden loportar.115 70-71 627 145 277 457 510 122 ..» . Fahrenheit. l!) en el torno.herramientas.Paginos Pi (n). Verificaci6n de maquincu-herramientas J) de colibres Volumen de solidos .ador «Universal» . A. » suizQ «Progress» para reloies . » «Brigg» para tubos . Tranlmisiones . E.

1If.c l-tOmBK8 De ~BlIJQ 11IDS ~~pueBros.D6DICll~OKIll. 'lllIDR YOSI&. sa qIDlIlI OLLeCOnSlIGRlIn osszr -17- .I~O SllBLlme IDISlon.

I : 19683 I 5.6207 _ 6859 4.0207 8.097 907.9365·-17.2915 24389_ 5.9129 I 21.265 53.4772! I II 3.9791 4.3666 i 4.194.8845 5.78 I 3019.656913.3.0000 .50 2206._~.g. rakes 1 I I Ralz cuadrado n 34 Cuadrado Cuba Raizl cuadrado longitud de circunferencia y area de los drculos I I i Roll cubiCQ 1 I I Longitud jCifCUnf4!renCiQ Areo 35 36 37 38 39 40 1156 1225 1296 1369 1444 1521 I I I I Rail ccbrce longitud Circunferentlal .2655 63.0801 128.2111 : 3.4760 3.416 38.389 490.555 615. + I II i I 1 ::~~~~ 138.7144 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 576 625 676 .~ • 3.7563 i 166. 1764' 1849 1936 ~~~~: II 6.8259 I 169.!l_ I 219.0000 8.0828! 3..980 254.65 I 2290.72 148877 7.0000 1.1240 4.0000 2.45 -18- -19- ._I !i Area 39304 42875 46656 50653 54872 59319 5.991 2.0686 I +-1 6 7 8 9 16: 25 36 64 125 216 1. ~ 1963.65 213.6:4 68921 74088 79507 85184 :~~~~ 6.7321 2.20 3318.09 10 11 12 13 I.92/3117.35 3421. r- ~-~!!-l---~~!·r~:illf I~~3~~~ r-~:~~~.8730 : 4.s~ 132651 I 7.956 1 3.77 3739..8740 3.274 2.3589 . 1681.2801 3. I 2.68 216.3912 .874 530.50 191.920 572.0412 I I 18 5 . 12S00<J__+~~~~ ! 3~84O_.1885.1213 r i I.708 I 19. 6.18 103823 110592 117649.14 i I 16Oi2! i I 1 4913 -w.6342.27000 .549 62.11 .407 56.31 207.07 197.9625 I. n Cuedrado Cubo cubes.0366 .0000 1.823 87.1854 8.19 ·1 ~:~~:~_ ~~!~: I~_ 961 1014 1089 29791·--1 5.0615 4.732 43. 256 289 314 _3~ 400 49 1 64 I 81: 100 I 343! 2. ~~:: ii r-.3066 4.1 7.88 1 4: 9' 4 5 1 8 27 'I 1.66 1256. ·31.239 I 1075.539& 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 14 25 26 27 28 29 JO 31 32 33 -~.4807 6.iOnT9..7084 2041. 2123.2.._.:~3~+ 7.715 201.5874 i 1.0817 4.248 855.425 0.6593_J .832 153.2426 I 2.6088! 147.23 i 1520.2396 /' 106.2711 109.WO-' .8310 5..000093731' 3.4101 2.7446 3.0623 4.06 3216.I 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 SO 51 52 53 54 55 r. 150.469 283.0990 2.4662 2.1748 100.~9 1352~.3485 i 3.Cuadrados.44 1452.93 2463.0000 i ~.982! 47.1414 :3.752 _ 729 784 I 84~_1 --rl.91·1 3848.7325: 163.3852 II 3.4482 3.124 50.841 I 132.1231 .0000 1000--13. 2.6811 i ~.398 78.21 6.8557 3.:!~ .938 176.2599.'--·~-~-··l·f~~n~~:m t~E !~:m 59.681 84.3019 113.4833 3.4~-"706~858 660~~ 5.4031 6.5198 40.283 9.6684 4.36 .299 .567st3.3620 i 119.4162 I 3.0000 3.8102 I 3.8030 7.3246 I 3.9161 6.1644 I 3.2.~Et' 1'1120:25 128.531 35937 I 5.6056 2.5034 3.3513 2.9282 3.4422 3. 153.6458 512 2.400() 6.7100' 1..062 226.47 194.53 ~:!:~~ : ~~~:~ I I 1385.4721 12.25 201.389 32768 5..141 6.381 i 1134.94 I .0000 I i 3.7460 4 7.79 I 2375.~_.1962 21952 ±5.690 _ 8000 t I' 2209 2304 2401 2500 2601 2704 2809 2916 3025 3136 : ! 2197 2744 3375 4096 I 3.5713 5832 4.1016 i 8.7854 3.35 8 1 8.: 1809.1544 .540 81.2743 ..82 140608 7.141.0723 I i I ' II ! i 226981 238328 250047 262144 27462S 287496 I ! /. 169! 196 225.0000 I .106 452.7798! 7..5303! ~:~~~~." 4624 4761 I 300763 314432 328509 II 4900:-343000 8.5664 15..4845 50.965 91.5574 6.3322 I 116.64 I 2922. 13824 15625 17576 i I 4.113 j 1017.6350 18.4200 125.768 804.4495 1.8284 729 3.7417 3.59 6.566 I 12.~~~~~~~:~~~:~::.01 ~~~:~~ I' 75.56 7..1623 1.83 175.2075 103.81 131.4142 1.80.529 314~~ I I 'I 3.8171 I 12.673 754.95 135.814 3.94 6.9579: 87'.2450 .99 204. i I.4i-9"7. 210.6332 3.1416 7. 3721 3844 3969 4096 4225 ~~~ 157464' 166375 175616 7.63 3631.133 2.22 172.850 I 28.2361 2.65 I 1734.8990 I 2.I 1.2462 8.20 6.920 962. I I E.9240 5. 1.6173 78.

78 7088.6416 4.61 260.04 248.5468 4.46 4656.97 424.9 11882.82 +46.86 4536.0658 5.89 267.81 7542.05 226.6190 11.8 I 27_ 286llaI l924207 18113221 I 1157615 1191016 i I 111.14 361.6771 10.6619 i 11.3 12076.7473 11.83 420.00 5281.4310 4.5947 4.7238 10.03 10028.9461 4.0 13069.3445 4.69 7853.16 317.8203 4.70 395.3089 4.7 12868.6875 4.1104 9.15 lQ16O.1 14957.32 276.1925 j .1299 5.9087 10.55 414.7177 4.71 373.5789 4.13 383.17 295.2 136&4.1803 11.44 323.4403 10.0 12667.8 13273.7622 4.68 439.86 355.50 4185.5357 10.6104 4.1172 5.73 307.8322 4.5307 4.56 392.6723 4." 449. ) .1426 5.»18 5.58 348.8167 10.1980 10.19 229.1676! 5.6 -20- -21- .32 9503.0995 10. 11.8 12469.8059 4.7914 4.7027 4.29 34M3 345.7 10207.6954.7 11499.8346 4.12 405.31 298.7326 I 223.58 326.4881 10.9866 5.6570 4.7898 .7980 9.229l i i +fl.0454 11.3 10751.8 1S614~15836.61 5541.34 232.4018 11.oJ 292..9 11122.l41O 10.2694 11.00 I 8992.55 5153.1355 11.7178 8.96 7697.3808 9.40 433.9583 5.8770 4.3441 10.84 4417.0265 5.12 6221.88 311.4814 4.8882 8.87 311.#80 4..9545 11.85 376.5830 10.0916 5..45 301.7047 111.8628 10.8629 4.87 8659.2195 '9.88 289.9732 4.3 10935.6023 8.23 7389. 336.2727 4.8489 9.8488 4.73 329.9324 4. 9.4340 9.04 270.5326 11.5629 4.4455 11.69 417.4261 8.1171 S.32 9676.46 279.80 5944.88 9331.12 427.9187 4.67 5026.30 320.7468 9.0499 10.19 4071.19 251.9597 4.42 389.6261 4.3578 11.2543 4.3923 10.4140 4.9499 10.85 8171.91 6939. I 358.2956 4.3795 4.74 285.5144 4.76 241.2172 4.0 10386.1 15174.57 370.6437 9.0 11309.7 15393.98 8011.6 14313.O1 3959.bo I Ralz cuadrado Ralz cubico j Longitud icircunferencio Area 5041 5184 5329 5476 5625 5776 5929 357911 373248 389017 405224 421875 438976 456533 474552 493039 512000 531441 551368 571787 592704 614125 636056 658503 681472 704969 729000 753571 778688 804357 8305&4 857375 8&4736 912673 941192 970299 1000000 1030301 1061208 1092727 1124864 8.0133 5.50 5808.28 364.4891 11.3968 4.22 7238.9 i I I 6084 6241 I i 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 6400 6561 6724 6889 7056 7225 7396 7569 7744 7921 8100 8281 i .88 6647.1602 4.2736 9.90 245.0 11689.1793 4.2 13478.48 235.6301 10.3267 4.9 10568.0000 10.1489 10.8910 4.62 238.0905 11.9 14526.1983 4.1801 5.3621 4.42 367.99 380.4647 4.&4 398.59 304.1652 9.60 282.0000 11.41 411.73 .5440 8.6603 8.3137 11.77 5674.6503.8 13892.0000 5.0397 5.2250 11.02 9160.4853 8.8995 9.01 8824.0554 9.14 6361.61 6792.4979 4.0528 5.26 430.3274 9.8743/ 11.7750 8.02 314.1045 5.5917 9.0000 9.n 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 Cua· drado Cube Ralz cuadrado Raiz cubica [ Longilud iCircunferencia Area n 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 Cuedrodo C.27 408.47 257.36 4901.7475 4.7 14741.28 8332.0788 5.7703 10.1408 4.39 4300.J.8318 8.72 351.29 8494.5394 9.01 5410.9443 9.4868 9.33 254.54 436.15 339.9164 11.3 12271.2908 4.75 263.18 273.89 9852.11 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 8464 8649 8836 I i ! I I 902S 9216 9409 9604 9801 10000 10201 10404 10609 10816 11025 11236 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 I .5758 11.9049 4._ I 14102.73 11449 11664 11881 12100 12321 12544 12769 12996 13225 13456 13689 13924 14161 1#00 14641 14884 15129 15376 15625 15876 16129 16384 16641 16900 17161 17424 17689 17956 18225 1&496 18769 190# 19321 1'HOO 1~1 20164 1II+f9 1225043 1259712 1295029 1331000 1367631 1404928 1442897 1481544 1521>875 1560896 1601613 1643032 1685159 1728000 1771561 1815848 1860867 1906624 1953125 2000376 2048383 2097152 2146689 2197000 2248091 2299968 2352637 2406104 2460375 2515456 2571353 2628072 2683619 10.27 386.68 6082.98 402.2358 4.63 4778.7769 4.1551 5.

1 33006.8964 5.2 23506.6886 12.76 596.5828 5.61 615.9533 5.2066 12.06 559.38 477.67 461.3178 1.4 39204 39601 622.0000 3048625 3112136 3176523 3241792 3307949 3375000 3442951 3511808 3581577 3652264 3723875 3796416 3869893 3944312 12.4737 5.1149 13.4914 14.92 556.7489 5.7477 13.8578 5.0767 13.2 19113.7 19855.1 34966.3601 5.45 656.6969 5.88 666.4959 5.9059 5.5 24605.1655 12.7279 12.--~-~ ----25921 26244 26569 26896 27225 27556 27889 28224 28561 12.7790 5.6095 --- 24025 24336 24649 24964 25281 I I I 5.8868 5.3251 5.04 603.8771 5.2882 12.91 578.59 659.0000 14.37 499.7185 5.3 19606.4 32365. 13.21 540.51 502.3791 I '.-'-':--'-:- 25600 -.6147 5.8675 5.3527 14.9642 14.93 I I 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 6859000 6967871 7077888 7189057 73013&4 7414875· 7529536 7645373 7762392 7880599 12.3288 12.10 I 452.4097 12. lSI 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 --IT~!l' 23409 23716 5.5 21642.0830 12.23 496.4222 14.845'2 12.5613 5.81 486.0 16741.9 ! !.6041 5.4 33329.92&4 13.5 18869.5 34307. .4 26015.9 29255.7 -1_ 32400 32761 33124 33489 33856 34225 34596 34969 35344 35721 36100 36181 36864 37249 37636 38025 3&416 38809 5832000 5929741 6028568 6128487 : 13.47 612.0 _.4536 13.0 16513.9 I 6229504 6331625 6434856 6539203 6644672 6751269 I .9 30480.8203 13.5 1---' 28900 f---- 29241 29584 29929 30276 30625 30976 31329 31684 32041 .7 35298.3041 13.31 653.8 30171.6 17671.04 625.7671 12.2478 14.95 490.2 23778.7 17203.6 27759.1067 14.4401 5.3417 13.2829 14.__ 505.6252 5.0000 ---_-5.08 51!.1 21382.6357 5.0 22167.4061 5.6629 14.3947 ---- 471.33 609.66 483.74 640.6980 5.9439 5.7388 5.9 18145.2656 5.4848 5.8383 5.4 17436.35 543.&480 5.3 29559.5 16971.1244 12.6 27464.4.5 26302.22- -23- .5698 12.88 644.1909 13.2 21124.7890 5.9 28652.32 631.81 464.20 562.8088 5.8564 13.7 24884.5069 5.7 8489664 8615125 8741816 8869743 8998912 9129329 9261000 9393931 9528128 9663597 98003+4 9938375 10077696 ----- 1~~~~4_ 13.65 .1774 14.4 19359.unferencia Area 20736 21025 21316 21609 21904 22201 1 1-22500 29859&4 12.9907 6.6567 5.4626 5.2 33653.9615 13.2665 ~--- 534.3133 _--.8285 5.2127 14.90 600.2896 5.4900 12.2536 5.9721 5.3015 ~455.1 22431.8 22698.2415 5.0 34636.4 18626.89 25_.8924 13.7840 13.75 4019679 4096000 4173281 4251528 4330747 4410944 4492125 4574296 I .6671 5.34 587.6748 13.65 527.3693 5.7989 5.9250 5.22 518.44 678.80 508.5258 14.7690 5.0357 14.7113 13.5397 5.2 26590.9 25730.49 568.7287 5.8062 12.07 537.2776 5.0000 565.6287 14.3875 14.7590 5.62 593.5647 13.5277 13..19 5&4.30 675. 4657463 4741632 4826809 4913000 5000211 5088448 5177717 5268024 5359375 5451776 5545233 5639752 573~339 21904.8 18385.6 25164.2 28352.05 581.0 20867.7 31102.4164 13.75 618.1529 13.6015 13.5178 5.2 --- 20358.24 474. icircunferencioi Area n 180 181 182 183 1&4 185 186 187 188 189 Cuadrado Cube Rob cuadrado Ralz cubicQ Longitud circ.1 28952.9345 5.5505 5.3485 5.33&8 5.79 530.2 29864.6877 5.6491 12.9 35632.50 524.96 468._-_----5.1 36305.7 35968.03 647.4514 5.2288 13.73 662.48 590.18 628.60 637.1 28055.64 549.5 17907.63 571.5300 12.4907 13.8841 12.2474 12.8.9155 5.9627 5.78 552.77 574.6382 13.6 31415.17 650.3 20612.4 26880.4288 20106.7083 5.5945 14.5721 5.5934 5.16 672.9228 12.39 16286.9814 5.8 24328.09 493.53 458.58 40000 40401 800000O 8120601 8242408 8365427 40804 41209 41616 42025 42436 42&49 43264 43681 44100 44521 44944 45369 45796 46225 46656 32047.4499 12.46 634.3832 5.1421 14.4568 14.5288 5. 23235.94 512.3 27171.5 30790.0 36643.35 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 24052.8186 5.50 546.5 32685.5 33979.-'-_ 22965.0416 12.n 1+4 145 146 147 148 149 150 Cuedrado Cuba Raiz I cuadrado I I Raiz cublco 'Longitud •.02 669.6774 5.19 606.9 31730.4.3717 5.36 521.52 480.5602 14.0712 14.6462 5.

0665 15.0550 6.3 .2488 6.4872 6.3401 16.5529 16.4232 6.6 42273.2573 6.93 889.12 760.3743 6.27 763.1358 6.0368 6.1 41547.6039 6.6525 15.3247 I 681.7631 16.9687 16.5227 16.6 no 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 64516/ 65025 65536 66049 66564 67081 67600 68121 68644 69169 69696 70225 70756 71289 71824 72361 72900 73441 73984 74529 75076 75625 76176 76729 77284 77841 78400 78961 79524 80089 80656 81225 81796 82369 82944 83521 16387064 16581375 16777216 16974593 17173512 17373979 17576000 17779581 17984728 18191447 18399744 1860'1625 188210'16 1904316) 19248832 19465109 196Qj000 19902511 20123648 20346417 20570824 20796875 21014576 21253933 21484952 21717639 21952000 22188041 22425768 22665187 22906304 23149125 23393656 23639903 23887872 24137569 .9 49875.0 64242.1710 6.3623 15.5731 6.00'12 6.07 892.96 801.6 59395.2 160 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 170 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 11697083 11852352 12008989 12167000 12326391 12487168 12649337 12812904 12977875 13144256 13312053 13481272 13651919 13824000 13997521 14172488 14348907 14526784 14706125 14886936 15069223 15252992 15438149 15625000 15813251 16003008 16194277 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 140 141 242 143 244 145 246 141 248 249 I I ru.55 769.11 804.1 46377.40 788.7162 15.8997 14.0641 6.4 56832.80 863.5 47529.6205 15.01 691.3164 6.1 39408.81 841.2 56410.2996 6.4 48305.36 876.57 725.6 43743.8114 15.7 45996.5962 6.41 766.23 851.3496 6.1.4312 6.0'112 6.986 14.3 42638.5 60262.1 53912.730'1 14.4473 6.3 38359.2788 16.2828 6.1622 6.29 697.82 36983.d ! Area n 254 255 256 257 258 259 C.7480 15.1 41187.5421 6.2145 6.1 55154.64 904.96-823.54 791.9 50272.81 819.7332 16.8 63347.14 716.3661 6.6433 16.1 63794.6 37325.4951 6.2 62015.84 753.70 750.28 719. 37668.65 860.:4621 16.3297 15.5654 6.circuriferencia LC"9'I.8 62458.1972 6.4553 ~4633 6.1002 6.0 ~8.69 772.4272 15.7797 15.3707 16.5 57680.0822 6.1864 16.0000 16.5831 16.58 703.2743 6.2 52685.97 779.67 816.1180 6.4317 I moo 58081 58564 59049 59536 60025 60516 6100'1 61504 62001 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 150 251 252 253 -.cvcd-edc ! i I Raiz cublca loogitud circunferencia Area 10218313 10360232 10~03459 1Q6oI8O()() 10793861 10'141048 11089567 11239414 11390625 11543176 I 14.9 58534.65 882.9411 16.7 59828.37 854.11 782.4 58106.71 728.5 49087.9 54325.10 826.0333 15.73 684.- 15.8661 14.2317 6.42 722.6 55571.7 45238.3907 6.9706 17.4713 6.1 39760.13 738.9 45616.5 43005.25 807. 14.15 694.5 44115.87 688.8819 16.0 40470.7929 16.51 857.5 38013.79 885.2481 16. 61'00 63001 63504 6400'1 ~2"- - 25- .1987 15.4151 6.72 706.3 43373.53 813.85 731.0 46759. ccbtcc I.6 55990.9332 14.1658 15.5 47143.09 848.6 39057.4070 6.2403 6.50 879.4924 16.5 51471.0'135 16.0312 16.1 44862.8 40115.1 48695.99 735.6132 16.4393 6.3579 6.2 47916.9060 6.2643 15.3095 16.5265 6.3080 6.8 60698.0614 16.6115 I I I 797.7033 16.0000 16.56 747.7 51070.4 49480.35 898.27 741.9 51874.7648 14.8523 16.08 870.2058 6.n 217 218 219 drodo 47089 47514 47961 48400 48841 49284 49729 50176 50625 51076 51529 51984 52441 52900 53361 53814 54289 54756 55225 55696 56169 56644 5712) Cue- I Cubo Roiz cuodrado I Rcl.14 829.5 65144.8226 16.6 41909.21 895.66 838.3948 15.5808 6.78 907.68 794.39 810.83 775.4919 15.1446 6.9374 15.5577 6.8 52279.9666 15.38 832.9115 16.6733 16.6 38707.0459 6.5142 15.4012 6.95 845.2 54739.3988 6.1327 15.2315 15.2912 6.2231 6.9 58964.3825 6.42 744.92 50670.1269 6.4 64692.0000 15.3 530'12.1 65597.0732 6.0 62901.5885 6.4596 15.9 53502.86 710.1245 16.5563 15.1797 6.2173 16.10'11 6.c· drado ! I i Cube Rctz 1.1885 6.5499 6.2 61575.7 61136.94 867.52 835.26 785.3330 6.98 757.0997 15.5187 6.3413 6.2971 15.22 873.0185 6.6844 15.2 57255.0277 6.8430 15.8324 .4792 6.1555 16.2658 6.8 40828.5343 6.5030 6.5885 15.5108 6.1534 6.8745 15.43 700.00 713.50 901.

1 108900 109561 11022 .9165 17.7 1039.0555 6.8683 6.4391 18.8 75964.77 929.6068 17.1072 7.6 75476.7 83469.0 106929 107584 1082 .8414 18.8964 6.0 74990.9727 6.0 9402".32 986.6635 17.2627 17.2337 17.4069 17.19 939.7533 6.7460 6.6 1080.0807 7.8045 17.19 961.1204 7. 3614208 43986977 44361864 44738875 45118016 45499293 .7617 18.0873 7.8944 18.9382 6.0 66508.0 86569.2 100098 100660 101223 101788 102354 102922 103491 IIIl804 89401 88209 90000 90601 91204 91809 92416 93025 93636 94249 948M 95481 96100 96721 97344 97969 98596 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 340 3.6918 17.6267 6.7 1083..3 89196.7200 17.9209 18.8753 6.66# 6.8399 6.9174 6. 1063625 41421736 .6 79922.6794 6.0278 18.8612 6.3 68813.91 933.8606 17.9 89727.62 948..3 1140..0 90258.8 80928.8885 17..05 936.9 86049.0 1112.3848 18.1335 Ralz longltud circunferencia Area 24389000 24M2171 24897088 25153757 25412184 25672375 25914336 26198073 26463592 26730899 27000000 27270901 27543608 27818127 2809~ 28372625 28652616 2893~3 29218112 29503629 29791000 30080231 30371328 30664297 30959144 31255875 31554496 31855013 32157432 32461759 32768000 33076161 33386248 33698267 3401222 .0940 7..10 917..9451 6.6 67886.0 97867.4 69279.9313 6.2 1049.7240 6.46 989.0000 19..1269 7.0587 17.9 91863.0674 7.7166 6.0 82957.33 964. 110889 111556 112225 112896 113569 114244 114921 115600 116281 116964 117649 118336 119025 119716 120409 121104 121801 122500 123201 14965783 35287552 35611289 35937000 36264691 3659 .8326 17.3030 18.2209 18.7883 18..7018 6.0473 7.0068 7.5 1011.7437928 .3 85012.0740 7.8470 6.90 955." 1077.7969 6.8894 6.4356 17.2483 18.1384 18.2 67425.3 1074.3576 18.5203 18.3205 17.0 91326.882 .4929 17.61 970.6719 6.7313 6.0203 7.3 1030." 1033.0294 17.8 1131.7 9"569.8 97314.9104 6.2 69746.0136 7..0 98979.8 1087.0 1068.7 1061. 368 36926037 37259704 37595375 37933056 38272753 38614472 38958219 39304000 39651821 40001688 40353607 40707584 ..6191 6.7 87092.1 78426.0000 18.7679 6.6548 18.6011 18.4M2 17.1 1115.9589 6.~108 18.03 1002.0 102".88 999.6 1058.5 72106.1138 7.3 88668.9932 7.7824 6.5 112".4 83981.1172 17.0 74506.9737 19.0 1134.3 85529.1659 18.9658 6.5 76453.7 90792.3781 17.3303 18.8185 6.9 93482.7083 18..4 70685.6352 17.6569 6.0880 17.0540 7.7764 17.2 81939.0338 7.6 1036.7387 6.0 87615."932 18.9795 6.4 73061.8 ~96.7 68149.9521 6.9 1021.63 926.04 958..2 66052.4662 18.2757 18.3 92401.8256 6.9722 18..8 71157.9 95662.9 1043.57"2 18.1 1071.1 77931.3494 17.8680 18.3 96761.04 980.6 1102.14 942.9 881"1.7 1127. 1781923 ..8 99538.6143 6.6815 18.3 1052.7482 17.7752 6.7 98423.14M 17." 1055.3 92940.2916 17.0263 19.5499 17.60 992.6 1014.9~ 17.6419 6.6943 6.3 1118..9 71631.7 1105.3 1096."120 18.8328 6.7 78923.0 1090.0271 7.7 73541.0406 7.0 1046. 14328125 34M5976 17.85"1 6.0 9511".6279 18.5 70215. 911.74 995.5 74023.1914 18.1 1137.5 346 H7 348 149 350 351 352 353 35 .76 951.7045881 .0000 7.06 914.18 983." 1121.48 945.0607 7..5784 17.9244 6.4 1099.3 1008.7350 18.5882712 46268279 46656000 .7897 6.3 96211.n 190 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 ]GO Cua- drede 84100 &4681 85264 85849 86436 87025 87616 Cubo Ralz cuadrado Ralz ccbtce longitud circunferenda Area n 327 328 329 Cuadrado Cubo Ralz cuadrado coerce 6.0526 1027.2 1005. 3243551 . 1 H2 H3 344 3.0831 18.8 1109.1756 17.8149 18.7 1017..1 1093.5"72 18.7832147 330 331 332 333 314 335 336 337 338 339 18.6494 6.3 66966.2144192 "2508549 42875000 .8113 6.6 72583.9 79"22.6869 6.9014 6.9"73 18.2 81433.35 920.2047 17. 355 356 357 358 359 99225 99856 100489 101124 101761 102400 103041 103684 104329 104976 105625 106276 123904 124609 125316 126025 126736 127449 128164 128881 129600 130321 no 321 322 323 324 325 326 360 361 362 363 131~ 131769 - 26- -27 - .49 923.8 82448.7092 6.89 977.8 76944.75 973.1006 7.7606 6.8041 6.7 77437.9 80424.9 1065.9864 6.47 967.5214 17.

5126 7.5302 7.-.4229 7.8 1284.:.4650 7.-1 : 19.5420 7.9 i Area I Ii 48228544 48627189256 49027 :::~:~ 19.5 20.=36~______:c7 +_1-. L~1~36~9OO:::.1494 20.1.4350 128825 129462 130100 130741 131382 65.0250 20.3248! 7.8327 20.8567 20.:~ 1190.4 120072 60236288! 60698457 61162984 61629875 62099136 62570773 7.12_25_.4889 7.3434 7.4-.2048'.5 1366.9499 119.8494 19.7 -152100\ 152881 ~~= 155236 I 59319000 119J~!_:3~!i___:.9249 I 7.~ 12."::5=1'0648=:':1'--11c:'9 1-7 -l---C .1920 7.2240 7.4679 7.=-26.6 1369.2237 137Wr.·.37 I 7.3124 I 1228.9 1310.9 1266.2622 7.4770 7.3391 19.3619 I 1231.5654 7.5067 7.1726 1.8 1175..4948 7. 49.!i913 20.4 1209.:~~ \ 1143.1246 20.~34.5 1322.4062 1CJo4635 105209 7.5537 7.8087 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 156025 156816 157609 158404 159201 I 63044792 63521199 19.4590 172225 173056 173889 174724 175561 20.1742 20."-2--t-::11::-94::.3186 7.3372 7...1984 :t8s5t.5 ~~::~ II 1Q.6 1347.6 1303.6882 1332.4410 7.:9--.3132 139876 140625' 141376 I I.3961 20.2936 1218.5959 19.6 1325..0998 20.:1~48848 ~~~5117 52313624 52734375 53157376 53582633 19.3 1319.0 1178.7990 19.1990 20.4450 20.5770 7.4 107521 4 ~~!i!i I ~~~~~ I ~::~~i~ I ]~~!:~ .4047 7. i i 7.7364 20.2731 20.5448 .3742 7.8242 19.4695 20.57{)4 i 7.2874 1215.6398 20.7605 20..4422 19.8806 7.7 1350.6214 19.3558 7.6155 20.2978 20.8 1262.2558 7.1 I I 7..9 1288.5478 7.2112 7.4 1253.3310' 7.4108 7.4165 19.2"354·r7~116~.5244 140531 141196 141863 142531 143201 143872 144545 145220 145896 146574 147254 147934 148617 2O.2 1250.7 114009 114608 115209 115812 116416 117021 73034632 73560059 7.1 1203.2304 7.2748 7.2873: .3986 125664 126293 126923 127556 128190 50243409 19.4206 20.0788 11:'.'_-+'-:5~06":5~30'000=--t--.6723 19.3224 132025 132670 133317 133965 134614 135265 135918 136572 137228 137885 138544 139205 139867 54010152 54439939 : 19.7846 20.0 1335.2 1338.1:.2685 7.4169 7.6 1237.4939 7.5007 1"7"56 •• 148225 148996 149769 150544'..19. 151321 I i i I 19.9-. I 54872000 55306341 55742962 56181887 56623104 57066625 57512456 57960603 58411072 58863869' \ 19.4290 7.1 1291.2 1206.3 1275.~~~~ 7.4470 7.9 1200.4710 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 f---444001 _1~ 145161 145924 146689 .5 1234.6 1259.0749 20.2 108103 108687 109272 11~~~ 111036 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 ! i I 19.5361 7.4530 7.9::.77.2368 ~~:.7 ~~i~i~ 112815 70444997 70957944 71473375 71991296 72511713 7. 19.5670 i I I I 7.1.3907 ! 7.8 1306.1 1269.2495 7.::2 _1_1~1 .3 1363. 1400 . .-8 .8 12~.3715 20.7 1171.2 1360.6469 19.3681 7.1 1181.9 7.5 1278.2094! 7.7231 178084 178929 179776 180625 181476 182329 183184 20.9 1354..2 1316.5~9.0499 20.=-24-:3.3864 7.5 1212.2485 20.8746 19. -'5:___9-'-77-6-471--t1-1:-:9~.3 1341.3803 7.4829 420 421 422 423' 424 425 426 427 428 429 176400 177241 74088000 74618461 75151448 75686967 76225024 76765625 77308776 77854483 78402752 78953589 79507000 80062991 80621568 81182737 81746504 82312875 82881856 7..--t-1:c::06:.-:1.0 1313.5185 7.5 1168.21000 69426531 69934528 20. 184041 184900 185761 186624 187489 188356 189225 190096 20.8 7.8 1328.3925 7.:~~~ ~~i:i ! 162409 163216 164025 164836 165649 166464 167281 168100 168921 169744 170569 171396 64481201 64964808 65450827 65939264 66430125 66923416 67419143 67917312 68417929 689.5192 19.2 1272.5 1344.5595 7.2.7123 20.0000 Ralz cubica Longilud jCircunferenda 1256.0 1357.5426 20.36491 19.6640 20..3470 20.9750 i 1247.5 1300.3 1297.6 1281.]496 7.n 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 Cuadrado 132496 133225 133956 134689 Cuba Rail cuadrado I Raiz ccbtce Longilud circunferenciaL \ Area n 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 Cuadrado 160000 160801 161604 Cubo Ral' I cuadrado 20.-3.. 7.8997 19.2 1294.5712 I i 19.2177 I 20.2999 ~11_88_4_7 I ~~~~i~ ~i~~: ~ii~i 123163 123786 124410 125036 7.-1.2811 1196.--59.28- -29- .5183 20.6977 19.:-.5828 149301 .

7194 7.7 1570.0 1445.9 1420.4944 22.8837 7.0454 22. .0227 22.1 1580.1660 21.7584 7.2261 22.7695 7.8998 7.6795 21.0 1423.846Il 7.5174 21.7750 7.4 1388.6564 21.9545 9773 21.5389 22.1359 22.6403 7.3159 22.9686 7.90<15 20.2935 22.0000 21.8243 7.1 1536.9476 7.4 1498.3607 22.6102 21.4722 22.4 1476.9105 7.6460 7.3776 21.3 1495.7473 7.3073 21.7026 7.1 1492.8174 21.7486 7. 1 22.7 1482.6744 7.4277 22.9089 21.2036 22.8 1573.5 1523.2368 21.8297 7.5610 Ralz cObico Longitud clrcunferencio Area 190969 191844 192721 193600 194481 195364 196249 197136 198025 198916 199809 200704 201601 202500 203401 204304 205209 206116 207025 207936 208849 209764 210681 211600 212521 213~ 214369 215296 216225 217156 218089 219024 219961 220900 221841 222784 223729 .6517 7.7915 249001 250000 251001 252004 253009 254016 255025 256036 257049 258064 259081 169093 169823 170554 171281 172021 172757 173494 174214 174974 175716 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 470 471 472 473 -30- -31- .6914 7.8025 7.8 1486.5407 21.0238 21.9 1577.4499 22.1187 21.2711 22.8 1508.7715 21.4 1454.0000 22.1 1470.0476 21.2 1561.7529 7.8632 21.5 1501.6970 7.6146 7.9423 7.4243 21.7 1460.1896 21.9370 7.8861 21.5944 7.6117 7.8188 7.1 176460 177205 177952 178701 179451 180203 180956 181711 182467 183225 183984 184745 185508 186272 187038 187805 188574 189345 190117 190890 191665 192442 193221 194000 194782 195565 196350 197136 197923 198713 199504 200296 201090 201886 202683 203482 440 441 442 443 228484 229441 230400 231361 232324 233289 234256 235225 236196 237169 238144 239121 240100 241081 242064 243049 244036 245025 146016 247009 248004 480 481 ~ 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 119095488 119823157 120553784 121287375 122023936 122763473 123505992 124251499 125000000 125751501 126506008 127263527 128024064 128787625 129554216 130323843 131096512 131872229 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 7.9791 7.8403 21.2838 21.9528 7.8784 7.8 1595.n 437 438 439 Cuo· drodo Cubo Rail cuadrado Rail cubico longitud rJrcunferencio Area n 474 475 476 477 478 479 Cuedrodo Cuba Roiz cuadrado 21.7639 7.7 1438.1 1514.5886 7.0950 21.8352 7.0 149987 150674 151363 152053 152745 151439 154134 154830 15~528 156228 156930 157633 158337 1590<13 159751 160460 161171 161883 162597 163313 164030 164748 165468 166190 166914 167639 168365 224676 225625 226576 227529 106496424 107171875 107850176 108531333 109215352 109902239 110592000 111284641 111980168 112678587 113379904 114084125 1H791256 115501303 116214272 116930169 117649000 '118370771 7.5 1479.3307 21.6059 7.7418 7.3 1407.4942 21.5167 22.6631 7.1811 22.7362 7.0 1379.0 1401.8891 7.2 1382.2 1517.7 1504.2486 22.5639 21.6574 7.2 1583.6174 7.6 1413.9634 7.4009 21.9 1599.7250 7.8730 7.8622 7.9317 7.5 1545.9317 21.7082 7.1 1426.9 1555.8 1464.9158 7.9264 7.2132 21.8944 7.6232 7.3 1429.7306 7.1424 21.8H51453 84027672 84604519 85184000 85766121 86350888 86938307 87528384 88121125 88716536 89314623 89915392 90518849 91125000 91733851 92145408 92959677 93576664 94196375 94818816 95443993 96071912 96702579 97336000 97972181 98611128 99252847 99897344 100544625 101194696 101847563 102503232 103161709 103823000 104487111 105154048 105823817 20.6 1592.9762 21.4476 21.1 1448.1133 22.7 1394.2 1539.3 1385.6 1457.6688 7.6 1391.8 1530.7970 7.4 1432.8514 7.7256 21.5 1567.0907 22.0 1467.9 1398.3 1451.3383 22.4 1542.9523 20.0681 22.4054 22.3 1473.5870 21.6289 7.0 1533.8406 7.7 1416.2 1404.7860 7.7 1526.9581 7.7138 i \ 1372.7 1548.1585 22.4 1564.9739 7.8 1551.6333 21.8134 7.'12.8568 7.2603 21.6857 7.9051 7.7025 21.9 1376.4709 21.7805 7.5 1589.9284 20.8 1<\.4 1410.7945 21.3830 22.9211 7.1 1558.8079 7.6801 7.6 1435.6001 7.3542 21.4 1520.8676 7.0713 21.9843 1489.0 1511.4 1586.

7 1749.5832 22.2 1715.9 1709.3452 23.5 1699.1079 8.0260 8.5 1655.6 1702.0 1822.4521 23.2621 8.6 1636.5160 23.3024 23.7 1705.1583 8.3203 8.3 1828.2081 8.1948 23.1533 8.6495 22.7 1793.7 1727.1028 8.1932 8.3251 8.2327 8.0104 8.2719 8.1833 8.5 1721.2913 8.1 1803.0000 24.0 1734.6936 22.7697 23.1783 8.9374 23.9 1687.2 1605.6053 22.8692 22.6 1614.3 1784.3880 23.0569 8.0 1712.0774 8.8 1683.6 1746.2426 8.1039 24.7156 22.8956 2~65 23.3 1740.0415 8.811a 23.2278 8.1 1825.0466 8.2 1671.4307 23.0978 8.1 1781.3059 8.3 1630.2475 8.5 1677.3 1674.1683 8.4 1787.2962.0868 23.2 1693.3 1762.8 1819.2130 8.9347 22.1301 23.0000 23.0 1756.4094 23.1982 8.0208 24.9896 7.1733 1602.1433 8.4734 23.1 1624.9S83 23.2573 ·8.7816 22.3 1806.9783 23.2524 8.D434 23.9129 22.3396 8.3491 8.8 1797.8747 23.7 1815.5372 23.2594 23.0 1778.3 204282 205084 205887 206692 207499 208307 209117 209928 210741 211556 212372 213189 214008 214829 215651 216475 217301 218128 218956 219787 220618 221452 222287 223123 223961 224801 225642 226484 227329 228175 229022 229871230722 231574 232428 233283 234140 299209 300304 301401 302500 303601 304704 305809 306916 308025 309136 310249 311364 312481 313600 314721 315844 316969 318096 319225 320356 321489 322624 323761 324900 326041 327184' 328329 329476 330625 331776 332929 334084 335241 336400 337561 338724 339889 163667323 164566592 165469149 166375000 167384151 168196608 169112377 170031464 170953875 171879616 23.6 1680.9 1621.2768 8.3300 8.0671 8.6716 22.8035 22. 8.2816 8.8 1661.2 1649.1633 8.0651 23.2670 8.4 1765.2 1737.2809 23.0 1668.8 1639.6 1790.1130 8.1 1646.33- .9 1775.0832 24.1084 23.9 1731.7 1771.0 1800.3 1696.7487 23.0927 8.5797 8.1382 8.0620 8.1454 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 S<IO 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 541 542 543 544 545 546 .1733 23.7065 178453547 23.9792 24.0156 8m08 8.6274 22.0000 8.2164 23.6220 174676879 23.5 1633.2379 23.2229 8.3348 8.3238 23.4 1831.3010 8.7276 f79406144 180362125 181321496 182284263 183250432 184220009 185193000 186169411 187149248 188132517 189119224 190109375 191102976 192100033 193100552 194104539 195112000' 196122941 197137368 198155287 23.2180 8.3443 8.6 1812.8537 23.8328 23.4 1608.0 1690.1882 8.0363 8.0723 8.3666 7.0217 23.1517 23.3107 8.8910 22.9 1753.2 1759.3 1652.6 234998 235858 236720 237583 238448 239314 240182 241051 241922 242795 243669 244545 245422 246301 247181 248063 248947 249832 250719 251607 252497 253388 254281 255176 256072 256970 257869 258770 259672 260576 261482 262389 263298 264208 265120 266033 266948 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 1728P8693 23.32- .6 1658.9948 8.0052 8.5584 23.1281 8.0876 8.0517 8.0825 8.7908 23.1332 8.1231 8.3539 1718.1483 8.0311 8.0416 24~0624 24.203: 8.7376 22.9565 22.1180 8.8473 22.9 1643.2 1627.6008 173741112 23.8254 22.6432 175616000 • 23.6 1724.3155 8.6 1768.n 510 Cuedrodo Cubo Rela cuadrado Roiz cubtcc Longitud circunferencio Area n 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 Cuodrodo Cubo Roil cuadrado Rolz ecbtce longitud circunferencio Area 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 510 260100 261121 262144 263169 264196 265225 266256 267289 268324 269361 270400 271441 272484 273529 274576 275625 276676 277729 278784 279841 280900 281961 283024 284089 285156 286225 287296 288369 289444 290521 291600 292681 293764 294849 295936 297025 298116 132651000 133432831 134217728 135005697 135796744 136590875 137388096 138188413 138991832 139798359 140608000 141420761 142236648 143055667 143877824 144703125 145531576 146363183 147197952 148035899 148877000 149721291 150568768 151419437 152273304 153130375 153990656 154854153 155720&72 156590819 157464000 158340421 159220088 160103007 160989184 161878625 162771336 22.2865 8.9 1665.8 1617.6854 177504328 23.4947 23.5 1611.6643 176558481 23.4 1743.2377 8.4 1809.1247 24.7596 22.

2389 25.1595 25.0000 25.4336 24.4437 8.2 8.0 1888.3967 8.8395 24.5 1922.7790 24.4108 8.5772 8.5 2054.6171 24.5040 8.6088 8.3926 24.7386 24.4165 25.1794 25.0 1844.5907 8.6579 8.5726 8.6890 1960.6 267865 268783 269703 270624 271547 272471 273397 274325 275254 276184 2n117 278051 278986 279923 280862 281802 282743 283687 284631 285578 286526 287475 288426 289379 290333 291289 292247 293206 294166 295128 296092 297057 298024 298992 299962 300.6757 8.6535 8.7 1859.4540 24.4155 8.6374 24.4745 24.Sm 24.5544 8.4390 8..5561 24.2 1916.4 1919.7 2060.8 1841.6 2035.7 1903.j~ 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 6.6577 24.0200 25.5132 8.5997 8.2 1938.1197 25.4530 8.7184 24.1 2001.6222 8.3377 25.1 1891.4 1875.6779 24.2487 24.5362 1954.6312 8.2 2004.5817 8.9 1998.6043 8.4014 8.6801 8.8 1863.6490 8.0 1866.5224 1834.8 1906.3m 8.5590 8.1 8.6177 8.7 1837.9 2042.5086 8.4994 8.mO ___ 947.6 1969.5 1966.3587 8.1 1979.5539 25.0 2045.9800 25.2 2026.799 216000000 217081801 218167208 219256227 220348864 221445125 222545016 223648543 224755712 225866529 226981000 228099131 229220928 230346397 1]1475544 232608:m 233744896 234885113 236029032 237176659 24.4 1963.9 1910.4 2007.5 1900.6 2013.4856 8.5343 25.8797 8.4 1941.8 2016.0998 25.5681 8.5 1856.5635 8.9399 24.3919 8.5408 1957.4670 8.2 1894.3730 8.2784 25.7588 24.n 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 Cuadrodo Cube Ralz cuadrado Rolz cubicQ Longitud circun(erencio Area n 610 Cuadrado Cuba Rail cuadrado Raiz cubicQ crrccnterencte longitud Area 341056 342225 343396 344569 345744 346921 348100 349281· 350464 351649 352836 354025 355216 356409 357604 358801 360000 361201 362404 363609 364816 366025 367236 368449 369664 370881 372100 373321 374544 375769 376996 378225 379456 380689 381924 383161 199176704 200201625 201230056 202262003 203297472 204336469 205379000 206425071 207474688 208527857 209584584 210644875 211708736 212776173 21.3969 25.15 616 617 618 619 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 -34- -35 - .9 8.9 2020.4902 8.5499 8.8 1994.4 1853.6982 24.3105 24.6624 8.5153 24.4202 8.5178 8.1661 24.4755 25.7992 24.9 1-1976.2281 24.8998 24.6845 8.5147 25.5453 8.5734 25.8 ~ 8.2 1982.4131 24.8 1885.3772 25.1992 25.3180 25.3574 25.4296 8.3721 24.5952 8.1 1869.4948 8.4949 24. 1944.4763 8.2074 -24.6446 8.4716 8.9 301907 302882 303858 304836 305815 306796 307779 308763 309748 310736 311725 312715 313707 314700 315696 316692 317690 318690 319692 320695 -~~ 322705 323713 324722 325733 326745 327759 328775 329792 330810 331831 332853 333876 334901 335927 336955 337985 396900 398161 399424 400689 401956 403225 404496 405769 407044 408321 409600 410881 412164 413449 414736 416025 417316 418609 419904 421201 422500 423801 425104 426409 42n16 429025 430336 .5 2032.2587 25.5862 8.3 2029.3 1985.1 1847.9 1932.0 2023.1868 24.6668 8.3634 8.2 1872.1 1913.4343 8.]]11 24.9600 24.1 1935.0599 25.6 2057.8 1928.0799 25.0400 25.4 1897.5 1988.4249 8.4558 25.2899 24.5357 24.5930 25.4061 8.7 1925.3682 8._ 8.5967 24.8596 24.----- 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 ! 258474853 259694072 260917119 262144000 263374721 ·264609288 265847707 267089984 268336125 269586136 270840023 272097792 273359449 274625000 275894451 277167808 278445077 279726264 281011375 282300416 609 610 611 612 613 614 1.5 2010.6713 8.2693 24.1396 25.4809 8.4577 8.4951 25.6132 8.3872 8.2982 25.3847192 214921.5316 1950.3516 24.10 384400 385641 386884 388129 389376 390625 391876 393129 394384 395641 238328000 239~ 240641848 241804367 242970624 244140625 245314376 246491883 247673152 248858189 15004700() 251239591 252435968 253636137 254840104 256047875 257259456 24.4362 25.3 2051.3 185Q.8 1972.3825 8.4623 8.6357 8.6267 8.7 1881.5764 24.5 1878.6 1991.2190 25.6401 8.9199 24.6125 8.8 2038.2 2048.

0 339016 25.9628 8.7241 8.5330 26.6 2123.9295 8.4008 26.8109 8.9_ 26.4 2164.---25.8263 25.8142 26.9211 8.6 2101.1916 26.7769 26.7 2236.8493 2095.2869 26.4 2230.74881 8.6905 8.0384 26.2 2114.2 2249.3 346279 347323 348368 349415 350464 351514 --_.8 2240.6 2167.7373 25.7 2214.7955 26.9 2130.7395 26.7 2104.3 2161.8280 8.4 2186.9085 8.7285 8.90378.5707 26.7 217o.8833 8.5141 26.1 I I I I 454276 455625 456976 458329 459684 461041 462400 463761 465124 466489 467856 469225 470596 471969 473344 474721 476100 477481 478864 480249 306182024 307546875 308915776 310288733 311665752 313046839 314332000 315821241 317214568 318611987 320013504 321419125 322828856 324242703 325660672 327082769 328509000 -329939371 331373888 332812557 2221.4575 26.7416 25.8748 8.0000 8.7893 8.9794 8.8706 8.6320 25.1 2136.8457 8.7329 I 2086.7634 25.2 2271.4 2208.S 342119 25.5-2233.7 2148.8408 8.8875 8.1 2290.8194 8.9422 8.0768 26.7099 -SJ11Q -207t.8663 8.9835 8.6271 r-u.8650 8.9587 8.7294 345237 25.8070 8.8536 8.6083 26.7764 8.6833 26.7937 8.1534 26.7582 26.7 2258.9711 8.0 378276 379367 380459 381553 382649 383746 385945 387047 388151 389256 390363 391471 392580 393692 394805 ---395919 397035 398153 399272 400393 401515 402639 403765 404892 406020 407150 408282 409415 410550 411687 412825 413965 415106 416248 417393 25.3818 26.~~ 25.7876 25.S 2211.9515 25.0 2243.7590 25.2679 26.0.9127 8.9752 8.7 2126.352565 --353618 354673 355730 356788 357847 358908 359971 361035 362101 363168 364237 365308 366380 367453 368528 369605 370684 371764 372845 373928 375013 376099 3n187 296740963 2980n632 299418309 300763000 448900 -302111711 450241 451584 303464448 452929 I 304821217 I I 8.9001 8.4 2120.9 2265.0960 26.9378 8.8 2261.9876 8.6 -343157 344196 8.9503 8.8451 8.9 -+ 481636 483025 484416 485809 487204 488601 490000 491401 492804 494209 495616 497025 498436 499849 501264 502681 504100 505521 506944 508369 509796 511225 512656 514089 515524 516961 518400 519841 521284 522729 524176 525625 527076 528529 529984 531441 334255384 335702375 337153536 338608873 340068392 341532099 343000000 3_72101 345948408 347428927 348913664 350402625 351895816 353393243 354894912 356400829 357911000 359425431 360944128 362467097 363994344 365525875 367061696 368601813 370146232 371694959 373248000 374805361 376367048 3n933067 379503424 381078125 382657176 384240583 385828352 387420489 26.7208 26.9 2287.8 2218.6934 2064.6978 2067.9420 8.9545 8.8066 8.7022 _~070.9072 26.3 2117.1 2224.4 2252.0192 26.4386 26.9230 25.4 2098.7807 8.7 2280.3439 26.4197 26.1 2158.9337 8.7503 t--:--c:~ 25.5518 26.3629 26.8366 8.9462 8.4764 26.0 2089.8887 26.s 217M· 2177.8959 8.7980 8.2 2227.3249 8. cuadrado Raiz cubica longilud crcunterencrc Area n 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 70S 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 Cuadrado Cube Raiz cuadrado Ralz cubiCQ longilud circunferenclQ Area 431649 432964 434281 -435600 436921 438244 439569 _6 442225 443556 _89 446224 447561 283593393 284890312 286191179 287496000 288804781 290117528 29143424I 292754944 294079625 295408296 I I 8.9253 8.0576 26.6646 26.3059 26.1343 26.0 2133.1 2268.8917 8.8 I I no 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 ::~ i 2283.99181 I I 2180.1725 26.2 -36- ~ 37- .2107 26.6515 8.7721 8.8514 26.3 _3~1O_S4 1--.8790 8.7 2192.I.9815 27.8328 26.3 2183.9043 8.9808 26.8237 8.1151 26.7850 8.2488 26.7547 8.8&44 t-a.5895 26.7154 2079.7682 25.M58 26.9169 8.9670 8.S 2255.7 25.2111.76n 8.8701 26.8 2196.S 2189.8023 8.3 2139.2 340049 25.7198 2082.2298 26.9629 26.1 2246.4 2142.3 2205.S 2277.0 2199'1i~ 2202.4953 26.7066 2073.2 2092.0000 26.8 2152.4 2274.8578 8.9 r-2108.n 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 6n 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 Cuadrado Cube I R.8621 8.9258 26.8152 8.7021 26.6 2145.8323 8.0 2155.6710 8.

1069 28.1496 27.6 1478.6225 27.0 2-466.5136 27.6 2390.1846 27.1855 9.5 418539 419686 420835 421986 423138 424293 425447 426604 427762 428922 430084 431247 432412 433578 414746 435916 437087 438259 439433 -4-40609 441786 442965 444146 445328 446511 447697 448883 450072 451262 452453 453646 45-4841 456037 457214 458434 459635 460837 588289 589824 591361 592900 594441 595984 597529 599076 600625 602176 603729 605284 606841 608400 609961 611524 613089 614656 616225 617796 619369 620944 622521 624100 625681 627264 628849 630436 632025 633616 451217663 45298-4832 454756609 456533000 45831-4011 4600996-48 461889917 46368-4824 ~5-48-4375 467288576 469097433 470910952 472729139 474552000 4763795-41 478211768 -480048687 -481890304 -483736625 -485587656 -487443-403 -489303872 491169069 493039000 494913671 496793088 498677257 500566184 502459875 504358336 27.0735 9.5 2299.9643 27.1258 9.0246 9.1298 9.1657 9.423564751 42525'1008 426957777 428661064 430368875 432081216 433798093 435519512 437245479 438976000 440711081 442450728 444194947 445943744 447697125 449455096 27.0694 2293.0082 9.1603 28.1696 9.1057 9.0357 28.4 2296.-4044 27.2754 9.1109' 27.1662 27.6 2456.1736 9.6 2368.9821 28.1477 27.0 2444.2832 9.39- .0 2-488.3196 28.2599 9.055!.0205 9.9 2331.0410 9.5 2387.9 2375.3 23-40.5 2321.1957 28.2 2381.1780 28.7849 27.0179 28.4408 27.7-489 27.2326 9.2521 9.3 2428.69-48 27.9 2309.1378 9.0164 9.3 2384.7 2503.1425 28.8029 27.2716 9.0532 9.1 2491.2764 27.0 2510.2135 28.2 2337.074(1 27.8 2507.4226 27.3313 27.1577 9.3 2516.6 2302.4 2475.8747 27.1933 9.5 2343.0041 9.1815 9.9 2419.1973 9.1247 28.5 2365.1458 9.38- .0896 9.0 2400.9 2463.2170 9.5681 27.1293 27.7669 27.3 2472.2 2315.2091 9.0775 9.2-482 9.9 2-485.6 2412.7 2459.5 27.0654 9.2 2425.0369 9.2209 9.1138 9.1894 9.9106 27.5500 27.0937 9.1617 9.8 2305.8927 27.6 2522.0977 9.0613 9. 505171 506432 .8 2371.1098 9.9 2397.0816 9.7308 27.8388 27.0287 9.2677 9.0 2378.9 2353.9285 27.8 2393.2638 9.1537 9.22-48 9.6 2414.1 2356.8 2327.1 2334.2909 9.0123 9.4 2519. 27.5862 27.2443 9.1218 9.1775 9.2213 27.n 730 731 732 733 714 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 75-4 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 Cuadrado Cubo Roil cvedvede Raiz cubica Longitud circonferencia Area n 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 Cuadrado Cubo Rail cuadrada Ralz cubica longitud circunferencia Area 532'100 514361 535824 537289 538756 5-40225 541696 543169 544644 546121 547600 5-49081 550564 552049 553536 555025 556516 558009 559504 561001 562500 564001 565504 567009 568516 570025 571536 573049 574564 576081 577600 579121 58064-4 582169 583696 585225 586756 389017000 390617891 392223168 393832837 395+16904 397065375 398688256 400315553 -401947272 -403581419 -40522-4000 -406869021 -408518-488 410172-407 411830784 411493625 415160936 416832723 418508992 420189749 421875000 .29-47 27.2 2447.3 2362.1 2312.2 2359.7128 27.1498 635209 506261573 636804 508169592 638-401 510082399 1---.2580 27.2397 27.3130 27.4 2453.5318 27.5 2431.2312 28.3861 27.8568 27.6767 9.092~· 27.oB91 28.2666 28.4955 27.6 2324'.0 2422.9464 27.2029 27.6043 27.7 462041 463247 464454 -465663 466873 468085 469298 470513 471730 4729-48 474168 475389 476612 477836 479062 -480290 -481519 -482750 -483982 -485216 486451 -487688 -488927 490167 491-409 492652 493897 495143 496391 497641 498892 500145 501399 502655 I 9.2843 28.0328 9.3373 9.3679 27.4773 27.4 2318.2-404 9.4591 27.1338 9.018.2130 9.2870 9.1178 9.7 2415.2793 9.2365 9.0713 28.2012 9.3 2450.9 2441.29-48 2-409.2 2-403.0856 9.3019 28.1418 9.0000 28.3 2406.2 2469.7 2-481.6-405 27.6 2500.2287 9.8 2149.0535 28.3 249M 2497.1 2513.7 2437.2052 9.6586 27.6 2346.2-489 28.0491 9.r-' 6-40000 512000000 641601 513922-401 643204 515849608 644809 517781627 503912 .2560 9.0572 9.8209 27.1017 9.0450 9.0370 27.

3 2739.2233 29.~ 2563.8 27~.31()2 9.~ 28.1 2~5.5391 9.5317 9.5~ 29.4652 9.6 2723.5 265~.705~ 28.~391 9. 603351125 605~95736 607~5~23 609800192 6119~9 614125000 616295051 61~70208 620650477 622835~ 625026375 627222016 629~22793 631628712 633839779 636056000 638277381 ~503928 ~2735~7 ~9725~ ~721%25 ~9%1896 651714363 653972032 65623~909 658503000 660776311 66305~ 665338617 667627624 669921875 672221376 28.52~ 9.8 50769~ 508958 510223 511490 512758 51~28 515300 .5 2610.~27 9.35~9 28.5 2720.9 2620.3902 9. - 7~ 749956 9.5501 9.1033 29.3255 9..03~5 29.9 ~.5 2566.8 2551.6356 28.7576 28.3751 9.5060 9.15~ 29.5832 28.2 267M 2673.5 25~.9818 29.0 255~.~956 28.6531 28.3865 9.3025 9.3901 2M077 28.8 2573.0 2598.4958 29.8271 28.3599 9.5683 2638.8 2595.2062 29.5296 29.8617 28.12~ 29.5 2698.6007 28.6 2679.1 2711.5610 9.9655 9.~ 25~1.5~ 9.~2~ 9.~1 9.9 2730.~279 9.4986 9.89~ 28.~ 2585.1 2557.~503 9.4253 2M~29 28.n ~ 805 806 807 808 809 810 Cuadrado Cubo Ralz c:uadrada Ralz c:ubica Longltud c:ircunferencia Area n 840 ~1 ~2 ~3 Cuedrado Cubo Ralz cuadrada Ralz c:ublca longitud circunferencia Area 6-16416 M8025 ~9636 6512~9 652~ 65#81 ·656100 65ml 6593~ 660969 662596 ~225 665856 667~ 669114 670761 6n~ 67~1 675~ 677329 678976 680625 682276 683929 6855~ 6872~1 688900 690561 692214 693889 695556 697225 698896 700569 7022~ 703921 51971&464 521660125 523606616 5255579~3 527514112 529~75129 531~1000 53Hll731 535387328 537367797 5393531~ 5~lH3375 5~333~96 5~5338513 ~7HH32 ~9353259 551368000 553387661 55~12H8 557~1767 559~7622~ 561515625 563559976 565609283 567663552 569722789 571787000 573856191 575930368 578009537 5800937~ 582182875 5~277056 586376253 5~72 590589719 28.3 2538.2 2692.27% 29.3675 9.7 2569.8791 28.7 2635.6182 28.2 2~M 2651.0689 29.3~7 9.3063 9.2986 9.3 2717.9310 28.3 256O.8 2726.1 2623.3523 9.9 W2.3637 9.7228 28. 751689 75142~ 755161 756900 75~1 7603~ 762129 763876 765625 767376 - -.5657 28.2916 29.~ 2629.8 2660.8097 28.5 2676.9 2752.5132 28.1 2535.2575 29.6705 28.8 27~.39~ I 2525.1376 29.329~ 9.~316 .4605 28.3087 29.7 2613.3258 29.5~ 28.0517 29. 516573 517~ 519114 52~2 521681 522962 514145 525529 52681~ 528102 529391 530681 531973 533267 5H562 535858 537157 53~56 539758 5~1061 5~2365 5~3671 5~9~79 5%288 5~7599 5~912 550226 5515~1 552858 ~ ~ 705600 707281 7089~ 71~9 712336 71~ 715716 717~ 7191~ 720801 722500 72~201 725~ 727609 729316 731025 732736 73~9 7361~ 737881 739600 741321 743~ 7~769 5927~ 59~321 5969~7688 599077107 6012115~.1890 29.6880 28.0 55~177 55~97 556819 558142 559%7 56079~ 562122 561452 5~783 566116 567450 568786 570124 571%3 572803 5741% 575~9O 576835 578182 579530 580880 582232 583585 5~9~ 586297 587655 589014 590375 591738 593102 59+468 595835 5972~ 598575 5999~7 601320 602696 ~5 8% ~7 ~9 850 851 852 853 8~ 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 1113 87~ 875 876 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 810 • 821 822 813 814 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 83~ 835 836 837 838 839 ~ 7~ .3 2695.1719 29.9 2686.~29 9.3939 ~2904109 2904279 29.0 2532.~35~ 9.1 2689.2 2626.~ 9.1 2579.5023 9.3561 9.7~2 28.8 2616.~5~1 904578 9.~9 29.4618 29.31~ 9.40- -41- .5307 28.2~ 29.0 2733.~166 9.%15 9.6 2745.0 2576.0861 29.9137 28.~ 2607.~38 9.5171 9.2 2736.3725 28.5635 29.5973 9.3713 9.T 2591.4781 28.~75 904912 9049~9 9.3217 9.6 2657.~7 9.~2 28.5207 9.~129 9.3598 29.7750 28.3485 9.3978 9.7914 28.~7~ 904801 9.3179 9.~16 9.5574 9.5 2742.5281 9.535~ 9.5~ 29.1 2667.2 2~.8 2681.2 2714.7 25~7.8 2529.2 2582.1 2601.0172 29..0000 29.5114 9.1428 29.9 2708.5 2588.3332 9.6 2701.3789 9.5127 29.~53 9.H08 9.%90 904727 9.5097 9.~2~1 9.5537 9.3817 9.3769 29.5 2632.4788 29.3370 9.

6142 29.7489 29.2159 9.0 2909.91028 692502 693978 695455 696934 698415 699897 701380 702865 704352 705840 707330 2780.5 2899.3 2783.8028 9.3645 30.7329 9.6976 9.7 2946.4467 30.7993 29.3 2805.7785 9.8329 29.2324 30.5865 9.1828 30.7896 30.7224 9.7924 9.8 2862.7854 9.0831 30.7364 9.2 2758.8 2928.3150 30.9833 30.6763 9.7505 9.6513 9.2 2937.6620 9.6268 30.5 2786.8132 9.7 2836.0000 30.6905 2912.6727 9.6870 9.7 2814.6118 9.6046 9.2 2824.8167 9.6.8 2884.3 2915.9 2818.1496 30.7571 30.1 2978. - 43- .0500 30.66<18 29.0 2843.5941 30.8 656118 657555 658993 660433 661874 663317 664761 666207 667654 669103 670554 672006 673460 674915 676372 677831 679291 680752 682216 683680 685147 686615 688084 689555 .6298 9.9500 29.4795 30.1662 30.3 2849.1 2890.7259 9.5287 30.9 2774.7645 9.1330 30.4 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 840889 842724 8+4561 846400 e48241 850084 851929 853776 855625 857416 859329 861184 863041 864900 866761 868624 870489 872356 874225 876096 877969 8798+4 881721 883600 885481 887364 889149 891136 893025 894916 896809 898704 900601 786330467 788889024 791453125 794022776 796597983 799178752 801765089 804357000 80695+491 809557568 812166237 814780504 817400375 820025856 822656953 825293672 827936019 830584000 2906.7321 29.7153 29.4 2808.7 2880.7047 9.6 2833.7680 9.5123 30.7470 9.6799 9.6154 9.6370 9.8270 2871.6190 2755.6431 30.9 2975.0167 30.4 2940.0666 30.6920 30.7658 29.7409 9.8201 9.7610 9.7819 9.2490 30.6 2855.7734 30.0 2953.0 2865.7118 9.7 2770.4 2830.6442 9.6 2877.6834 9.0 2821.7400 9.7 2858.7012 .8 2971.5756 9.7153 9.6656 9.1993 30.8664 29.3809 30.4302 30.6334 9.5973 9.1 2914.n 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 Cuadrodo Cuba Raiz cuodrad~ Ralz Langi'ud circunferencia dlbica Areo n 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 Cuadrado Cuba Rolz cuadrado Rolz cubico langi'ud cir(unferencia Area 769129 7708&4 m641 77+400 776161 m924 779689 7814$6 783225 784996 786769 788544 790321 67451.6816 29.6585 9.60106 9.5614 30.8058 9.0 2887.8097 9.5 2943.5792 9.0 2931.2 6001073 605451 606831 608212 609595 610980 612366 613754 615143 616534 617927 619321 620717 622114 623513 624913 626315 627718 629124 630530 631938 633348 634760 636173 637587 639003 640421 641840 643261 644683 646107 647533 648960 650388 651818 653250 654684 835396 837225 839056 7635519+4 766060875 768575296 nl095213 773620632 776151559 778688000 781229961 783m+48 30.7 2968.7715 9.6477 9.0333 30.7082 9.7 2924.8063 9.7825 29.6549 9.3 2827.1 792100 793881 795664 797449 799236 801025 802816 9.7959 9.7083 30.8998 29.4 804609 .2985 30.4 2962.6105 30.5 2965.5828 9.7750 9.2 2981.9666 29.9 2796.5450 30.5 2921.5778 30.2655 30.5937 9.3974 30.7 2902. 2811.4631 30.2820 30.7435 9.1 2868.7246 30..7993 9.6757 30.6941 9.7889 9.5901 9.9333 29.7188 9.7 2792.2 ·2802.0998 30.5 2764.8 2950.3 846590536 849278123 851971392 85%70349 30.8236 9.3480 30.i'294 9.6479 29.9166 29.4959 30.3315 30.42- .3 289M 2896.6262 9.4 2874.2 2959.9 2840.1 2956.6010 9.7540 9. 806404 808201 810000 811801 813604 815409 817216 819025 820836 822649 82~ 826281 828100 829921 831744 833560 833237621 835896888 838561807 841232384 843908625 2852.0 2m.6692 9.8496 29.6594 30.3 2761.6226 9.6985 29.6133 676836152 679151139 681472000 683797841 686128968 6880165387 690807104 693154125 695506456 697864103 700117072 702595369 704969000 707347971 709732288 712121957 714516984 716917375 719323136 721734273 724150792 726572699 729000000 731432701 733870808 736314327 738763264 741217625 743677416 746142643 748613312 751089429 753571000 756058031 758550528 761048497 29.8161 29.6 2789.6 2767.4138 30.4 2918.5719 9.8831 29.6311 29.1164 30.1 2846.6082 9.7575 9.0 2799.

2570 31.9866 9.9598 9.8383 30.6228 9.5 3141.5753 31.5 3009.1 3094.9632 9.9839 31.3369 31.2 3069.9 3019.9 3129.9 3107.9126 9.8546 9.5 3097.6070 31.9516 30.5595 31.8707 30.9295 9.4484 31.8374 9.5 3031.9329 9.9261 9.7 2990.9430 9.4802 31.8785 9.2 3047.0644 31.3 31)8.8956 9.8990 9.1127 31.4960 31.0322 31.9 2997.6 765111 766662 768214 769769 771325 772882 774441 776002 777564 779128 780693 782260 783828 785398 981 982 98J 984 98S 986 -<U- -45- .8888 9.8869 30.9 3085.8819 9.8854 9.2 3091.0 3110.8751 9.8 3059.3209 31.4325 31.9497 9.8408 9.8683 9.9733 9.9058 9.0000 31.1609.0483 31.5 3119.3 30n.0161 31.n 950 Cuo- drado e"be 857375000 86008S351 8628010408 8655231n 8682S0664 870983875 873722816 876467493 879217912 881974079 884736000 887503681 8902n128 893056347 895841344 898632125 901428696 904231063 907039232 9098S3209 912673000 915498611 918330048 921167317 924010424 926859375 929714176 932574833 935441352 938313739 941192000 944076141 946966168 949862087 952763904 955671625 958585256 Rolz cuadrado Ralz cublca Longitud c:jrcunferenclo Area n 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 Cuodrado Cube Rafz .9024 9.3847 31.2250 31.8922 9.9900 9.2 3135.5278 31.1769 31.2410 31.9363 9.9192 30.9967 10.9933 9.3688 31.5 3075.3 3050.0 3132.2890 31.6 3056.8 3081.2090 31.6 3034.8717 9.5911 31.5 2987.2730 31.84n 9.5436 31.8545 30.4 3028.0805 31.1 3022.86104 9.4643 31.6 3122.9160 9.96n 30.8221 30.6 708822 710315 711809 713306 714803 716303 717804 719306 720810 722316 723823 725332 726842.9766 9.1 3066.1929 31.0000 3100.4166 31.8 2993.1288 31.8443 9.8 3037.9666 9.3 3116.9031 30.9092 9.8 3015.cuadrado Ralz cubica Longitud Circunferencio Area 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 9n 978 979 902500 90+101 906304 908209 910146 912025 913936 915849 91n64 919681 924600 923521 92S444 927369 929296 931225 933156 935089 937024 938961 940900 942841 944784 946729 948676 950625 952576 954529 9564&1 958+11 96CHOO 962361 964324 966289 9682S6 97022S 972196 30.5 3053.9699 9.8339 9.5119 31.8 3103.9194 9.1 3000.9833 9.8511 9.1#8 31. 728354 729867 731382 732899 734417 735937 737458 738981 740506 742032 743559 745088 746619 748151 749685 751221 752758 754296 755837 757378 758922 760466 762013 763561 974169 976144 978121 980100 982081 984064 986049 988036 990025 992016 994009 996004 998001 1000000 961504803 964430272 967361669 970299000 973242271 976191488 979146657 982107784 985074875 988047936 991026973 994011992 997002999 1000000000 31.0966 31.9464 9. 31.9 3063.2 3113.4006 9.9800 9.9531 2984.9 3041.3528 31.7 3125.1 3044.8305 9.2 3025.8648 9.9396 9.2 300M 3006.9354 30.8580 9.3050 31.9565 9.6 3078.9227 9.0 3088.6 3012.

479 40.201 22.786 10.829 23.367 11.699 38.583 20.301 1. REFERENTES RAIZ CUADRADA DIAMETRO" Estas tobias Para Para Para 10 coma Para 10 como obtener obtener obtener estdn indicadas en numeros 234" enteros de 1 a 1000.1.313 5'.799 018.553 '5.264 31.773 44.755 17.155 '1.767 34.289 16.539 52.3510 .621 '3.823 H.855 27.928 13.0153 14.500 36.746 39.2<9 .174 16.060 39."3 35.52971.209oi 0.2566 1.9+1 21.668 44.416 32.7<2 50.878 .9218 5..578 30. par ejerr.124 .301 H.535 19.903 29.029 46.537 38.7227 3.792 20. se odelantcrn 73.4351 8.5398 7.081 35.305 22.962 '2.726 '3. 925 ~5..8437 10.459 <3.991 23.410 23.72' 23.400 I 24.715 .1519 2.667 24.960 29.270 39.165 38.808 26.783 "'.265 50.929 3<.438 '7.3 ..128 36...9794 5.286 47.223 38.752 47.615 3<.9<1 52.~3.5'3 018.776 12.389 27..525 20.656 25..876 2<.6445 7.7493 8.326 19.904 49.9587 8.678 '2.196 3<.'26 30 .662 36.1681 9. se torncrc _::__~_3_3_!_ 4 = 43005.354 <3.003 40.652 37.9425 1.5.<20 21.3142 0.075 ( 27.3201 10.4~ 4 10 como tcrnbten }I V2i4 se procederd por interpolaci6n entre V"23 obtener fa coma obtener -r por 234 = 735..053 pora mas de 1000 numeros del ournero moyor para obtener n reprecolumna se utrlizcn y 10 rcrz y r oiz cubtcc.117 18.95' 20.609 25.839 21..709 0.279 17.3407 6.729 11. CIRCUNFERENCIA ° y para SO 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 ~10 ~20 '30 determiner los valores de numeros decimcle s se opera del modo stqulente.956 40.357 13.6180 3.106 20.8378 1.866 26.295 24.~~ 30.935 ~3.0!85 018. los numeros de ia primera cvbicc 1..0000 1.798 28.ll2 28.907 18.469 ~2. 33.4236 1.934 23.122 35..2018 23.149 33.851 39.73 31.(ras Ires cifra s con 10 coma: con 10 como: 547.9..886 22.5245 10.'72 11..311 32.161 51..4189 1.950 30.369 31.0634 9.0841 I 5.379 29.872 3<.563 .164 19.898 40.363 21.5708 2."12 43.584 39.8<1 <1.547 37.395135.3 roil cuadrado de 1000.086 25.558 35.3038 2.888 '2.046 30..7965 9.504 25 .0059 9.7699 4.562 23.574 <2.360 52.987 33.914 47.835 32.794 40.097 42.5870 8.071 37.268 20.7596 6.510 3<.611 ~5.13.804 38.883 11. 296 .4 y ~24r Para puesto Para entre VI") y V24 respectivcrnente.0944 3.100 12. = 15.4248 10.6342 9.018' 29. se cdelcnturd un puesto un pues'o y se tendrd obtener Vo.6283 1.673 31. ambos contidcdes cor 50e encontrcrcn 10 se- 440 qundc de 10 Tabla pr ocedow esla entre Inte rpotcctcn.0265 ~'.5029 4.055 0.322 30.81] 16.938 12.291 36.159 31.5133 3.857 018.2<3 35.4558 3.4 se torncrd y se rendrd :-: ~_.383 18..599 26.448 46.6549 6.9484 10.090 13.050 41..227 28. 506 44.13< '5.757 37.25.5973 6.463 33.40< /14.556 15.845 29.260 42.'32 39.205 12.066 "9.870 14..414 12.'22 41.147 1).2832 7.4681 2.3879 7.4823 9.7J5 21.684 50.333 '7.8746 4. V2.740 30..981 25.180 27.353 23.2935 5.317 40.133 26.522 51.p!o 460 '70 0180 .195 14. EJEMPLO 'U r o.0369 4.761 26.018 31.8171 5.881 12.258 21.516 42.82< 33.232 16.89' 51..:' 85184. MERO CUBO. se tomara 0.181 47.836 51. 192 .z ~q.975 15.8540 0.2153 10.038 2<.001 21.1]7 14..720 33.211 20.90 500 '50 :..190 25.777 32.3614 1.043 12.5'" 27.965 18.1047 1.640 19.7802 2.972 47.2971.007 30.819 25..316 21.053 10.7330 1.683 30..208 52.1416 4.509 iO.019 018.966 36.H2 26.704 27.9.176 38.307 <2.850 19.552 25.qf~ro<.276 ~9. 23.580 50.996 11.347 15.069 17.338 37.375 40. 44 y 45.437 27.745 19. 401 .521 32.630 21.527 41. 12812.103 52.860 0.5501 5.6917 8.788 31.782 22.625 31.861 37.478 19.56.237 26.779 0.951 50.013 38.820 45.909 38.593 18.2360 6.771 24.708 16.671 17.49<4 26..196 46.7021 7.049 22.577 11.830 '3.255 53..689 40.698 18.1888 5.619 23. 2341 = 12812904.~~~ I 8.7124 5.186 36.468 21.940 32.3304 8.674 52..096 2<.atcrmedios V1960 sc vera que cste volar los numeros '3.034 35.465 15.5605 4. 7 25.406 34 .059 19.171 018.736 '.500 .285 27.9'5 <1.566 1 2 3 4 5 9 0. ANGULAR 6 7 8 A LAS TABLAS Y CUBICA DEL Y AREA DE CUANUDE DE UN CIRCULO n 1O 20 30 40 ° 0.0+4 31..150 53.650 17.513. se cdelcn- tara do~ puestos Estes tobias 10 roiz cuadrado sentoru se tendrc 430.206 32.009 50.999 52.229 018.1622.985 13.198 53.867 46.631 40.3776 9.802 18.4926 6.600 47.605 36.8850 1.882 33.789 50. 087 ~5.594 38..<57 24.9.'f('~(~nt~ r('~pec'l"'(lrnent(' 10 r ciz cued-cdc del mjmero 1936 y en 10 '~Jbic(! del nurncro y tercerc columna Pat.9690 7.61622.158 11.263 11.714 2<.646 28.693 28.462 13.3018 i::~~ I i::.810 '7.1106 10.184 15.7.9897 3.364 ".4454 5.127 17..6077 5.028 I 26. '5.588 28..8284 3.."7 52.4~ se tomcrd 23.040 ..336 17.218 '9.i4 se tomcrd V23'4 1.993 23.056 51.<28 .892 30.897 20.531 29.m ~34 = 6.763 46.3982 4.'75 51.139 34.3.970 27.687 8.572 22516 22.327 39.0162 8.6<2 39..'88 18.681 10.732 52.847 .546 17.442 36..2729 9.2463 4.212 <1.381 018.532 ~9.221 19. -: por 23.637 50.032 14.636 29.976 35.8" 36.988 1 0.m 37.919 36.114 50.43 se torncru = 54756 y se seporan sepcr cndose dos c.012 18.603 16.8643 6.7389 9.077 I 46.394 16.'01 18.647 018.080 15..6652 4.199:1 3.9012 9.624 12.S.9322 3.490 37.519 12.499 16.310 12.3.891 11..252 13.358 33.658 46. 3.695 9.705 46.730 31.451 15.~~~~:.373 20.923 25.917 16.370 51.280 37.242 15.118 39.8068 7.239 "5.VALORES DE LA VELOCIDAD OBSERVACIONES DRADO.441 17 .091 ]4.751 28.102 32.202 '.02~ 35.904.627 51.913 27.568 33.108 40.1)1) n..6755 12.145 43. '9.883 52.299 14.982 ~!:!!~ I ~!:~!~ 15.022 16.27< 29.093 - 46- -47 - .~.0472 2. se odelantaro y se tendrd Para obtener y V2).997 32.l2J 50.385 38.4086 2.9115 7.153 22.677 22.391 46.

P = Peso de un cuerpo. FuerzQ cenlr/fugo F de un cuerpo con masa M dotado de velocidad v en metros por segundo 5iluado Q 10 disfaneia R en metros del centro de rcteclen. I s UNIFORMEMENTE ACELERADO v Q= --. h = altura de calda. 2 lib~~ en ~I veclo.= P X h = P X s. FUERZA CENTRIFUGA F= M Xv' - FUERZA VIVA R f= M xv' - 2 . w = Yelocidad angular.FORMULAS s = Espocio. g = Aceleeeeten producida por 10 gravedad (9. P = Peso del cuerpo. ¥' = Velocidad en metros por segundo. s=~-xt= 2 CIRCULAR axt 2 l MOVIMIENTO v= 2. TABLAS DE CONVERSION FORMULAS DE DINAMICA por M. DE CINEMATICA v = Ve/ocidad. Considerando un cuerpo siguientes relaciones: de masa Referida a 10 fuerzo vivQ f de un cuerpo de masa M dotado de vetocidad V. a X I.81 metros M = Masa de un cuerpo. t = Tiempo. -48- . 1=-. h= 2~'9-' hV . F = Pceree centrlfuga 0 cenlrlpeta de un cuerpo con masa f = Fuerza viva.~ R 60 (1)= 2"n 60 = 0.1047n. MOVIMIENTO s=v MOVIMIENTO v = a X I.h. UNIFORME s V a = Aceleracion. v I V=-. = Dlstcnclu en metros del punto considerodo como eje de retceten. S = espacio recorrido. I = ~--. tenemos las v=1'2gxh.. = Numerc de revoluciones per minuto. M caida f=Pxh. segundo).

.:..:::r::~~ ~~I! ........~ .r :g~:.....!a ~~~~ ~~ii ~~t~ ~tt! tf~~ '!H? ?'!!! ~~~~ ~~~~ 8:. ZUi 1ii~§§ ..0'0 . ..0.:...0."..! ..0.0 ~~~~ ~U~ ~~~~ ~~~~ """"""N E~~~ ~§i: ~~~~ ~~~~ ~m~5~.... ~q~~ .....J D... 00 "''''''0--0 ~..0-.."'..!..0. ~~:oO E~~~ ~~~~ . t~~! H ~~~~ 5SS8 ~~~.....<S~ ~_~:.0 0" ...m ....j"'.~o-.0":": ..Ml .. ~~!~ U~5: ..z 0 (/) ~§~~ §~i~ !!ii5 ~~~~ CS"''''''' ~S~a... ..nvi :f'$'$r............0.00. ~~~!$ tf_':5.... U W <{ ~~.... ..0 ~~$$ $~~i .... -"' ......o ::::'-o~f CS"""'0.. ~r::i~N ~~~~ ~~$~ ..1~~a...a ......08 « r -50- ~~~~ ~::~~ ~-~~~ .......... ~-~-~g ~1!..§ > 'E Z 0" e on on on II'INO--O ~~~o:: ..._ "....:!I!........0""..."..."...~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ :....:! NO-"O ...M Ei§n ~~ii !..0 S~... ~S...0....... 0 .... ......'i'i'i ~~~~ ~........... ... 0...~~ . ~.....0-...00 .~o-..1"10- n~is~~~ 00 .....~3~ 00 .... .. ~~~~ ~~~~ :l:l~~ . .:m ~~i2~ ~~~l a~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ 'f. ~~~~ ~ ~ ~g. CII 0 w .. .o' N~O 0-0-0-0&I'INO<o.mN ......~8 ~~~i :~~s ~~~~ ~~~~ ~!i~ ::::~S~ g:::::~O ~ri~~ ~~...t~~~ ..::::.... II'INO'.::~o:."'..t t·......~~ ::::.......::.....0 ........1 ~e...-... "''''''0-.:j::::: ~g~~ ~~~5 ~ii~ 5gi~ ~~:g5 ~~i! ~~~~ S~a.~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~g~~ ~~~~ ~~S~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~! =..~~S 00 ....0 . oo ..0-... "'.~~ ~~~~ ::g:g~~ ~H:i ~~S~ "'.r "'....r .0 :::::::::::::::::::: &I'INO'o.o "':"':":«i ~::U::H... ~-~~~ ~ "'0'''''' ~~~: "''''''0'-0 ....a..n-D-D": ~~~~ r::iMNr:i NMNN s5i~ !~~~ :g~~~ ~l~.0-........."...0'" ~~......... 0 00 .." mN~ ~~~8 .....o N-OO.. ~~~S ~~N:O g~~~ ~~o'ci **t~ .......0-....1 .... Z§~i ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ """""".. ~R~~~~~~ .. ...i ~~~..1"1 N~O ... oo-........... ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ $~~r:: ..NO-.mN o .0.... 00 "' It ....... ~~~~ ....... . oo-... ~~~~ E~~g ~.... ..~~ ...oO-.~! ~~ ~~~~ ~......~::::.o ~~~~ ~~ll ~~:a~ ..-IIi".8~ ::j~~~ 00.....0 ..0 ~§~~ 00 ~~~~ ~~tt t~~t t~~~ ~~lt §§§~ ~~:g~ ..i~5 ~~~~ ~gii ~~~~ ~B~BEEBE ~l!t ......~ ~81?~ ~::C!~~ 0'0'0'0 ....0--0 ..r ....5: on "'tJ 0) ~~~~ ~~S~ !~~S $5~~ ~tEE E~~~ :I! 1:>8.....i~ ~8?. ~~M:O 8~~~ ~8~~ ""'~OO""" " '"5 0) ~g~§ ~t~$ !!iijj~ ~000 .0-.0-....t .~~ 1ii~§§ . NM ..0--0 NNr:i::::l a~~~~~~ a a~~~ 0". ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ .. oo ""1""'0'-0 ~1~l ~::o......j... .."... ~~~~ ~~~~ ~::::....r .............o~::g~ ~l~l = ~ :::::~ -51- O....:::i-08~ m ~~~~ ~~i5 ~S.

. y ella ~s debtdo Q las eprectactones de d..2 0. • .000315 .1778 .4 685. la difnencia es pradicamente inmed.08 mm.002 0.6 412.ble para la mecanizaci6n de ptezcs.008 . .00079 .j ~ 25 . 1" 10 Pulg.70 15.. Relacion inglesa..01969 0. .001 .4 SO.6 III 127.07 0. . 203.04 0..' 730.0 035. mm.. medida.007 0.0 660.. .0 533..5 .ll86 + + pulgodo: Relacion americana. .•.2 990.005 0. yo que 10 conversi6n oficiol de los".oooua .105~ mm.00027' .2 1.5 0.•.. 1000 ~= Stendc 10 retecrcn 1 yordo ~ ---=-.00118 .07 .01 0.. 0"001 = 0. . yordo ~ 36 pulgodos. Unidades Pulg.2032 .86 Pulg.08 0.3 0.2 863.4 812. el ccnverttr cualquier..2 lll.10005 1 pulgoda inglesQ = 25. 0 de pulgad~s a milimetros 10 254.002 .' 0.286 .. 10 100 Pulg.8 0..0 ISH 177.00197 .9 Conversi6n de 1 10 100 1000 de milimetro a pulgadas y viceversa -mm..32 22.•.. na debe lenerse en cuenta sino pare caics de extreme precisi6n. 508.7.778 2... Relcctcn segun vcrtos autores .05 .7 0. 25.2 279.0 mm .3999~8 OO.004 .0762 ..' Como queda demostrado... 330.025~ mm.09 .0.8 609. O.8 457.9 2. Diferencias que existen entre 10 relacion americana '1 la inglesa en una m..2 00.004 0.09 . S.3'2 .0 406.0254 ee 513.1 0.06 0.4 431. · 25. Pulg.ADVERTENCIAS Una insignificanle diferenclc extste en 10 conversten de 10 pulgoda tnglesa Q milimetros...' 381.' 52 - ." se procura sea reteeten .8 76.0275. mos..-\0005 ~ ..01 .06 .03543 O.4 558.00236 . 00..02 .00023.01181 .101' .399978 Relaci6n segun venes autores .2 «umversul».00157 .006 0.Estodos Untdos de Am~nca Ilene esla retccicn: 1 yordo 3600 3937' de Ingloterro' ~ 3600 3937.4 939.1524 .6 yarda = 0. centesimos y miles. 25.2 .0027' .006 . .003 0..1270 . 0"2 = 5.270 1.8 5&4.08 01" 100 .3 .8 965.03 .8 . y se recomiendo operar para til conversion de medidos de precision por 10 tabla de decimas.8 838.016 1.. --mm.40005 . .0 914.508 .5~4 1.08 0..02 .versos_ cutores. ~ Diferencia.00394 .0 5.000079 Pulg.16 12.04 .. Diferencia.008 -OOOoj9..00035< De estas reiactones se derrvcn los siguientes relociones cproximcdcs : 1 pulgodo (U.9144 metros...03150 . .8 20 508.0508 .2 889.4 0. EJEMPLO Cenverur 20"201 pulgadas a milimetros: 20" = 508.032 2.•.00051 Relacion inglesa .oJ 0.005 ..00039 .24 17.000418 -+--7~'O-I 787. .<lO9 1" 1000 Pulg.<XlOO72 Relacion americana.39978 Estas djferencics no deben ser epreoedcs en tecbcjcs de mecdntcc corriente. 10 cual permite de uno forma rcptdc..7 . ..4 304.000197 .78 20.08 7 .000157 .007 .•.254 . • por corresponder a 4 ·5 101. por media de sumas. .. . A.1 .00354 0.53- .54 5.. yarda = 3 pies.00787 .0113' --~_:. '1' por tanto.2 355.• 2 10..003 ...009 Djferenctc. La equivalttnCia 25..05 0.01575 .001 0.00315 .•...0 25.0254 .. pero si en los de precision pora 10 clencte e industria. 25..8 711..4 .

. ~ s i~~~=~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~:......5625 0.3125 21/M 0..~~ ........53125 0..921875 0..~53125 0..59375 0...609375 0.... 0-8(!..~375 0.:"".. U"IO-Mr::: ..-VCOt"'olU"lO'M O'coOO"-C-CU"l'¢V ..00 ao ....5 a -a a 0) III ...859375 0.......ot"'l.. 9/M 5/32 II/M 3/16 ....... S....~:8:gv....o""...~u-lu-l~.....U''I 8 ~~.9375 0.65625 0...... ~1/M 21/32 ~3/M 11/16.... ~5/M 23/32 ~7/M 3/~..o.... ~~~~o::~~8~:: ......oo ~~~r-i"'.515625 0..o.. aoU"lt"'l8)~""'o"~ Fracciones de pulgada a decimales I/M 1/32 3/M 1/16 .09375 0. U"IU"IU"I..46875 0.......... 57/M 29/32 59/6~ 15/16....078125 0. c. ~ ~~~:o8i~e:!~~ ~~a~~~~~~~ ~~~~p....~:::n:~~~S 8 ~Mr-ir-iMr-ir-i""'. "aoaoo-o-O' ·00 ........".... E o ........-aoU"lt"'olo'.. E E ~~"':"':"':~~"'"!"'"! E ..U''IO'M'' ... > C G) ~~~::~~~$~!i "'"!~"':~~~~~"":"": " ... . ...... II 'e -a G) III " a ...578125 0.... 61/M 31/32 63/M 1 .....~~ ~~~a#~~~~~ .90625 0....0 t"'oIt"'oIt"'oIM ~ i~~~~~~~~......"'....~:g~~~::ri~~l .o" § r-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-i ~~~~~~~~~~ ~=~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~C!. aol.015625 0..... 0..0625 0........875 0...~~~~~~~~ .. aol... t"'oIt"'oI""'''''''''''~ U"I .6875 0.~375 0... ~~~r-ir....l'lt"'l8)~""'O"~ #&l~r:::" ~~~~ ..171875 0........25 0........8125 0.... a III 2 fi~S~ ~~~8 ~ .-U''I 0...:i .. U"IO-M" ......... t" po.::O.703125 0.796875 0...""....... aol.828125 0.625 0... "'S 1 Q.........:.... O'cooo.....§ e ~ a....... " ~9/M 25/32 51/M 13/16.21875 0. 0 ~~*i:::.~ .890625 0...: ~i~~Vi~..oo a aot"'ol.......~~~~~~~ .t"'oI~ ~~~~~~ "':~~~"'"!"'"!~~'"':~ -.......203125 33/M 17/32 35/M 9/16 ..."'o-cU"l~V ""''' .....Mt"'oIt"'oIMM ~~~~~~~~#~ ::~~~~~~:!:!0 '0 C •iii ... 17/M 0..............~ III G) ...:.54- .....265625 9/32 0........3~375 23/M 0.........•390625 0..... 0......"'...a...15625 0. 37/6~ 19/32 39/M 5/8 ....~~~"': ....96875 0...6-10625 0.oi M U"IO-""'" .109375 0.73~375 0.. ""'" . !i! ~ E s ~ 8 !is:~~~~~~~~ ~iii~~~~~~ o......55- ........296875 5/16 •• 0... ...046875 0...~11875 0..l'lt"'olO-"'OM " .. 13/M 7/32 15/M 1/~.......71875 0............aoot O~Flgi~~~~~ .. .:~ ~""ao~~~:..2H375 0........98~375 1............. U"I&lt"'ol ....1875 0. 0..328125 11/32 0.....l'lt"'olO-"'OMO"~ ~~!~e~~~R~ ...~375 0."'...~~~ ..671875 0........78125 0.375 251M 13/32 27/M 7/16 ....765625 0.........<10625 0....359375 3/8 •... 29/M 15/32 31/M 1/2 . 0 G) CL ~r-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-i i~~O:~~8~~~ ~~.125 0....... '" ~~~~i~~~~s.... aoU"lt"'olO-"'OMO"~ s !l ~~~~#~~~~~ i.. 53/6~ 27/32 55/M 7/8 .03125 0. '¢COt"'olU"lO'........ 5/M 3/32 7/M 1/8 ..o......75 0........28125 19/M 0..5 U O.~~~~~:g8 ~~~::~~~$~~ "'.1<10625 0...-U"lO''''''''''...p.i.~~~~:g. .546875 0.. "".~~~ ""''''''MMMMMMMM m . "'oI""'~U"I-c.. ~~~~~~~~!..:aiaOa:o-:a-:oo~ t"'oIt"'oIt"'oIt"'oIt"'oIt"'oIt"'oIMMM ....p....953125 0.. JlI ~ ~~...~:g~~~::ri~::::'l .

892857 ------"0".5 0" ..57- .125 0".458333 0".714286 I---~-- .142857 1/7 13/28 ..1----.333714 ~+_0'~-214286 _ 15/28 ~--0".107143 0" .~~i~ codo II II II II Decimales equivalentes a 6 avos.-f-.._--_ --_----------0" . 14 avos inglesa y 28 avos de pu!gada 0".571429 7/28 0"." cicici II II II ~9!!~! !!! ~ II II II II II II II II II II ddcid 23/28 6/7 25/28 -----13/14 ------- na2!.607143 17/28 2/7 1/28 .5 5/28 7/14 --.041667 0" .: cicicicicidciooooooooo cicicici II 11 11 II II II II II II II II II II II II II 3/24 1/6 Is~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ II II II II 5/14 3/12 7/14 2/6 -J.583333 0".. ~::: ~ . .E-J-f--l-}'..857143 0".166667 0".75 0"..428571 3/28 3/7 ---_ _..083333 0".791667 0" .j -- 21/28 0".25 4/7 --_----."i.357143 5/14 -0".:.541667 0" ..208333 0".785714 ~~0"..416667 0" .642887 27/28 0"_964286 -56- .375 0".875 0".666667 e ::l~::l~ ~~a...-~------0".--~ ~1-. .~~ ~~~~ ci 0'6 II II II II II cid II II II II II II .75 0".821429 -0".25 0".-0".916667 0". 12 avos inglesa 17/24 9/12 19/24 5/6 21/14 11/12 23/14 0".--------~ -----.678571 0"..6250".285714 0" .464286 0".071429 0"..----------~ 1--------0".1~29i- 9/14 0".291667 0" . 9/28 0" ...833333 0".928571 I 000 ~~~ .392857 11/28 1/14 ----.f-i--!-i-iiii Decimales equivalentes a 7 avos. 0"_03S7H ~ 19/28 5/7 0"..958333 y 24 avos de pulgada 1/24 1/12 0".708333 0".178571 0"..0".._--. .333333 9/14 5/12 11/14 3/6 13/24 7/12 15/24 4/6 0"..f.

189 0.135 O.141 0.165 0.696 7.150 I I 7.17 [ 1 0.671 7.766 5.23 10.53 0.0185 0.293 4.5 4.089 4.no mm.161 1.0067 2.193 0.109 0.204 0.68 0.ln 0.22 0.157 0.061 7.lO8 0.502 6.307 O.60 ".161 0.100 0.359 6.236 0.97 93 0.801 5.819 2.648 4.78 ' 0.950 7.721 0.05 0.16 de.62] ~.020 6.144 3.171 0.111 0.121 6.0146 0.0299 0.632 3.597 4.151 0.65 0.175 0.0134 0.267 4.978 5.683 ].0236 0.658 ].]4] 4.11.375 6.45 0.0165 0.311 0.0020 0.73< ].366 7.113 0.179 0.893 5.28 0.835 3.167 0.Q244 0.169 0.147 6.109 0.Q205 0.OH2 0.114 0.148 0.925 7.318 4.103 0.56 0.724 4.175 3.0213 i 0.195 0.145 0.972 2.]78 3.66 0.029 5.303 0.111 0.131 0.0122 0.163 0.102 0. 7.594 ".197 0.49) 7.147 0.141 mrn.0220 0.41 I r mm.I5 6.39 Pulgodos 0.166 I 0.750 4.756 6.0343 0.692 2.]<40 7.264 7.0386 0.m 0.185 0.26 0.052 8.165 0.943 I e.67 0.0224 0.195 0.149 0.401 6.191 4.0319 0.108 0.147 0.55] 6..253 0.715 5.71 0.06 0.00081 I 0.104 0.845 2.n3 O.0012 0.159 0.Decimales de milimetros a decimales de pulgada inglesa mm Pulgodos Decimales de pulgada inglesa a milimetros PuI9QdQ~ 0.0063 0.899 1 0.951 O.257 0.Il6 o.0189 0.138 0.0280 0.512 5.918 0.137 7.128 8. 5.0350 0.116 0.n9 0.496 4.24] 0.0303 0. Pul9Qda~ 0.213 0.ln 0.740 6.528 6.184 0.0138 O. 7.429 ]..H 0.0016 0.48 0.274 6.96j 0.251 0. 2.629 6.33 0.191 0.().21 0.0276 0.0358 2.664 5.994 6.486 5.15 0.311 0.190 0.119 0.128 O.55 0.166 0.145 0.119 o.0079 Ejemplo: i 7.959 6.1«1 0.259 0.148 0.0091 0.556 3.985 7.181 0.229 -58- .188 0.578 6.1]] 8.928 4.309 6.197 0.105 0.107 0.187 0.44 0.62 0.921 2.m 3..080 5.010 6.883 6.119 mm.32 0.86 0.743 2.139 0.073 3.867 5.785 3.287 0.108 0.91 89 1 5.149 0.6]9 5.! Pulgodos I mm.902 4.154 0.158 0.167 0.181 0.n4 6.258 0.179 8.116 O.180 0.0268 0.90 0.256 0.)84 5.620 7.547 4.99 11.311 mm.193 0.912 7.146 0.196 0.173 0.! Pulgodos 10.226 3.169 0.404 5.133 0.rn 0.794 2.0126 0.001 8.01 I 0.27 0.82 0.0197 0.118 0.98 0.281 0.43 0.114 0.51 0.115 0. 0. 0.099 1 4. 2.191 0.848 7. 0.315 0.521 4.111 0.782 6.170 7.73 0 74 .470 4.199 0.569 7.537 5.101 0.870 0.096 0.134 3.988 5.258 5.705 6.194 0..747 7. ! 0.0047 0.04 0.174 0.n4 8.223 6.0217 0.0311 0.467 7.n7 0.168 0.176 o.616 Pulgodas 0.013 4.10 0.823 trn 7.118 0.ln 0.0181 0.81 0.137 0.94 0.69 0.111 0.251 0.0228 0.055 6.138 0.769 2.144 0.Q3 0.107 0.285 0.111 O.114 0.106 0.128 0.j91 7.197 7.134 0.54 0.572 4.59- .0295 0.70 0.302 3.969 5.251 3.0154 mm.826 ".505 5.138 0.101 0.lll O.283 5.83 0.2().0043 0.117 0.106 0.111 0.72 0.58 0.207 5.216 4.0118 0.163 ! mm.350 6.807 6.200 e.113 0. 1 0.105 5.0232 0.08 0.0051 0.020'1 0.173 0.1«1 0.181 0.791 5.023 3. 4.0059 0.874 7.909 5.301 0..0327 0.100 0.591 2.n3 O.155 0.00204 0.242 4.674 4.35 0.no 0.967 3.277 3.0063 putqcdcs.61 I 0.708 3.I 7.191 0.0382 0.42 0.0150 0.13 i O.190 0.0004 0.451 7.1 2. Pulgodos 0.086 La equivalencia en pulqcdcs de 0.718 ].76 0.436 5.110 0.426 6.178 0.111 0.477 6.306 0.105 0.166 0.0106 0.Q.029-1 0.160 0.896 6.01H 0.0110 O.m I O.039 3.183 0.77 I 0.562 6.316 0.02040 0.816 5.319 o.30 0.196 0.004 5.0102 0.420 4.198 0.m 0.64 0.160 0.116 0.46 M7 0.442 ].168 0.85 0.310 0.176 0.174 0.141 0.301 0.161 0.154 0.8S1 ".588 1f1:::.934 6.0307 0.877 4.87 0.0283 0.0260 0.0315 0.H8 6.0256 0.0177 0.255 0.188 7.124 3.077 8.613 5.454 ].0130 0.315 7.0193 0.962 3.29 0.0169 0.731 6.36 0.103 0.0366 0.305 0.31 0.5]1 3.170 mm.975 8.642 2.6Q.Q248 0.232 5.171 5.0157 i 0.151 0.318 0.110 0.198 0.80 I 0.0346 0.172 6.116 0.221 un O.59 0.161 0.0272 0.317 0.299 2.156 5.88 0.946 2.146 0.114 0.0323 0.79 0.410 5.163 0..283 0.798 7.645 7.111 0.143 0.0031 0.0390 0.655 6.0331 0.518 2.309 0.540.164 0.50 0.153 0.194 0.0394 0.m 3.0378 ].110 3.810 3.832 6.0028 0.858 6.480 3.0252 0.0335 0.064 1 4.921 0. mm.52 0.153 8.314 0.565 2.0094 0.699 4.25 0.Q7 0.115 0.117 0.112 7.101 0.300 0. 0.0374 0.070 6.150 0.680 7.117 0.334 5.304 0.125 0.164 0.0370 0.199 0. ].0087 0.15<1 0.-40 I 0.290 7.12: 0.0201 0.37 0.00 3.0055 0.116 0.689 5.0264 0.861 3.18 ".ll5 0.02 0.0354 0.131 0.101 0.886 3.95] PulgQdas O.0'1 0.150 3.140 4.57 0.C26 8.182 1.63 0.0173 0.75 0.38 0.0339 0..607 7.131 5.n4 0.0362 0.49 0.775 ~.394 4.16 0.104 0.171 O.115 0.84 0.186· 0.179 0.0035 0.S.0287 0.581 3. = 0.0039 0.369 4.130 O.125 0.139 0.14 0.161 0.141 0.0098 0.191 0.210 0.175 0.130 0.036 7.667 2.178 0.289 0.0161 0.417 7.842 5.759 Pulgodas 0.0083 0.937 4.

641 0.425 0.0H 18.705 0.170 17.470 0.739 0.433 0. 9.575 0.735 11.558 19.541 10.776 12..5U 0.l88 0.719 18.973 18.<168 15.464 0.050 19.760 11.560 8.261 10.568 0.661 0.618 0.116 Pulgadas 0.363 10.711 0.<81 19.439 10.340 0.389 18. 13.474 0.744 0.375 0.855 9.118 9.046 14.719 0.395 0.467 0.071 14.531 0.658 Pulgadas 0.386 13.138 15.<0< 11.868 13.915 8.419 0.35< 11.457 0.418 0.202 19..581 0.122 14.880 9.604 0.761 0.970 13.lli 0.405 0.471 0.151 19.331 0.734 0.673 0.919 13.297 17.403 0.788 8.380 19.687 16.065 12.m 8.878 12.721 0.614 12.268 12.505 0.217 17.592 0.697 0 .6016 0.3U 17.<83 0 .371 0.711 0.002 16.237 18.372 15.785 11.370 12.490 0.706 14.624 0.69< 18.732 0.922 10.271 9.910 14.586 0.m .589 0.596 0.549 mm.653 0.109 10.373 Pulgadas 0.712 0.728 9.833 14.236 10.623 0.542 18.493 0.552 0.<31 19.581 0.518 0.472 0.720 0.354 0.173 14.256 16.536 0.447 0.947 10.195 17.157 13.584 0.598 12._ 0.465 10.991 9.350 0.014 19.440 18.675 0.632 0.516 0.3n 0.400 0.182 13.084 10.078 16.399 Q.376 mm.192 12.367 0.713 0. 10.534 0.106 1). 11.560 0.351 14.490 10.764 0.725 12.6U 0.539 0.316 15.346 0._ 0.801 8.277 11.617 0 •• 0.436 13.674 0.716 0.100 19.489 0.755 0.983 18.341 0.541 0.745 0.6Ol 0.0&0 18.620 0.435 0.514 0.820 10.383 16.715 0.756 0.674 12.414 10.497 0.081 13.668 10.717 0.515 Pulgodas 0.608 19.392 15.538 0.846 18.125 '1.421 0.224 14.186 18.658 0.727 8.465 0.7<5 Pulgadas 0.055 1].703 0.520 0.523 0.413 0.764 16.6<3 18.609 0.007 18.672 15.700 12.389 0.513 13.458 0.70 0.540 0.661 0".262 18.706 0.429 0.018 17.992 17.890 I I 8.510 0.611 16.395 12.558 0.110 18.m -60- -61- .839 8.573 12.198 14.907 17.935 14.597 0.998 11.7<8 Pulgada5 0.754 0.463 0.309 13.043 17.445 0.252 11.757 0.843 13.387 0.075 19.871 10.771 0.750 0.538 13.712 8.923 18.630 14.409 0.603 0.421 O.366 0.176 11.368 0.430 11.684 ".461 0.896 10.Hl 15.551 0.475 17.'0.529 14.103 16.169 9.614 13.865 16.587 0.417 0.557 11.068 17.511 0.382 8.479 0.722 15.456 0.0704 11.<55 11.373 0.550 0.665 0.566 10.02] 11.529 0.765 0.459 mm.356 8.7lI 0.652 9.824 15.507 19.849 15.783 14.903 12.613 0.582 11.592 10.662 0.360 0.578 0.497 12.773 0.441 0.150 11.602 17.+49 17.629 0.249 14.795 10.4 17.354 19.625 0.388 10.3+4 12.532 19.359 0.393 0.700 0.736 0.008 18.259 13.650 0.744 10..519 15.306 8.459 16.713 16.616 0.<23 9.342 0.551 17.288 18.830 9.535 0.570 0.515 0.135 18.805 17.680 0.nO 18.703 17.699 0.397 0._ 0.0+9 11.808 14.817 13.145 17.769 0.160 10.900 15..544 0.201 11.938 11.406 0.415 0.452 0.821 18.637 16.621 15.440 0.329 19.352 0.462 0.509 8.119 17.716 0.702 0.524 0.227 19.566 0.757 14.746 0. 15.1+4 9.516 12.246 17.912 11.542 0.29) 12.411 13.161 18.670 0.382 0.846 10.9<48 18.554 0.836 11.645 0.6010 0.408 0.W 12.443 15.424 17.379 11.355 0.126 19.1)2 13.546 0.733 0.11&4 1<.526 17. 0.656 0.4n 0.708 0.495 0.376 14.338 0.<484 16.14II 0.513 0.97) 10.563 0.<62 13.501 0.528 0.573 0.762 0.738 16.195 9.637 0.532 0.485 0.427 14.452 14.614 0.185 10.434 16.693 0.412 0.681 14.592 18.n3 15.332 0.097 14.434 0.561 16.550 9.512 0.500 17.465 18.508 0.535 16.530 0.16< 15.811 11.704 0.576 9.517 0.491 18.638 0. 12.446 0.335 0.407 Q.729 17.30< 19. 16.381 0.0)9 12.601 9.l8O 0.502 0.287 10.897 18.763 8.758 0.767 0.416 0.090 12.337 0.454 0.402 14.134 10.636 8.633 11.663 0.567 18.651 0.417 0.555 0.328 11.361 0.677 9.087 Pulgadas 0.384 0.906 9.507 0.767 13.491 0.347 9.576 0.<05 19.033 10.707 0.296 9.553 0.370 0.69l 0.453 0.220 9.741 0.840 16.695 0.420 12.627 17.995 14.741 13.391 0..]98 9.966 8.407 8.392 0.325 14.615 0.3l1 0.926 15.<81 11.471 12.634 0.654 0.113 15.891 16. 0.763 0.211 18.617 0.416 0.894 13.625 0.931 9.722 0.344 0.792 13.343 0.475 0.3U 0.653 17.7)0 0.667 0.506 11.374 0.608 11.313 18.696 0.141 12.967 16.646 15.499 0.655 0.659 0.303 11.253 19.347 0.551 14.644 0.338 10.441 0.005 1).685 0 •• mm.428 0.612 Q.579 14.522 12..410 0.438 0.714 0.779 9.129 16.574 0.678 17.610 8.278 19.852 12.245 9.563 13.631 0.599 0.982 10.557 0.378 0.227 11.319 12.177 19.503 14.565 0.439 0. 0.951 15.57.509 0.769 10.<487 13.5U 0.385 0.6M 'o.627 0.450 0..585 8.954 12.451 0.017 9.595 0.09< 17.789 16.611 0.494 15.474 9.432 0.548 0.731 0._ 0.059 18.759 0.693 10.580 0.Decimales de pulgada inglesa a milimetros PulgodQ5 0.642 10.662 16.399 17.404 0.265 15.525 9.642 0.916 16.740 0.577 0.747 0.814 16.414 o.230 '.589 13.415 18.80< 9.])1 Decimales de pulgada inglesa a milimetros Pulgada5 0.531 11.492 0.221 17.424 0.5H 8.652 0.427 0.677 0.420 0.672 0.533 0.1<48 14.478 0.572 0.189 15.394 0.322 9.611 mm.709 0.351 0.559 0.499 9.626 9.770 0.058 10.862 11.353 0.676 0.579 0.601 0.280 8.527 0.338 18.m 13.014 12.630 0.749 0.496 0.725 0.616 0.754 17.431 0.856 17.093 9.030 13.649 0.357 U5a 0.027 16.678 0.272 17.610 0.154 16.390 0.9+4 1.537 0.543 0.679 0.989 12.613 0.618 18.062 15.735 0.610 0.799 15.356 0.661 8._ 0.657 0.545 0.36< 18.590 0.<56 19.567 0.690 0.766 0.383 0.721 o. 17.671 0.0<2 9.751 0.607 0.291 15.643 0.281 16.875 15.830 17.932 17.5<5 15.398 0.9 0.3<8 17.255 8.634 19.760 0.364 0.585 0.327 0.211 10.591 0.476 mm.753 0.564 0.689 0.339 0.710 0.814 8.621 O.664 0.976 16.521 0.619 0.478 14.748 0.468 0.333 0.5<7 12.669 18.455 0.562 0.701 0.504 12.761 0.449 0.526 0.460 0.9<1 16.660 0.864 18.724 0.068 9.593 0.4]] 0.436 0.443 0. 8.827 12.449 9.100 11.336 0.365 0.458 8.582 0.473 0.690 13.468 0.556 0.605 0•• 0.208 13.872 18.999 19.796 18.037 15.647 0.349 0.612 '.697 15.941 8.011 15.636 0.751 12.510 16.957 9.<82 0.334 0.367 15.586 16.960 14.369 mm.621 0.687 8.665 13.316 0.732 14.362 0.703 9.360 1).372 0.753 9.659 0.986 15.0.494 0.411 0.506 0.595 15.6<0 13.656 14.379 O.639 mm.666 0.430 0.275 14.<83 8.214 15.887 11.957 17.859 14.021 14.594 mm.721 0.330 0.444 0.963 11.591 0.28< 13.418 15.166 12.881 Pulgadas 0.571 0.547 0.<81 0.402 0.357 16.617 10.605 14.709 11.737 8.408 16. 18.500 0.312 10.561 0.180 16.503 0.205 16.2<0 15.+46 12.437 0.469 0.401 0.519 0.716 13.498.569 0.613 0.396 0.581 0.774 mm.442 0.742 0.979 13.649 12.752 0.719 10.363 0.233 13.053 16.300 14.583 19.570 15.928 12.307 16.780 17.319 0.691 Q.332 16.345 0.

994 0.979 0.785 0.&46 0.2808 328.971 0.733 22.650 20.799 21.854 0.851 0.955 20.222 25.907 0.666 21.765 24.145 20.887 0.9000 » » » » = 0.911 0. 7 20.'71 0.929 20.818 0.257 o.m 1.349 25.870 0.841 0.307 20.817 0.3937 3.539 ~:: 0.891 0.0.981 0.231 ALMIRANTAZGO BRITANICO 0'816120.911 0.3280 ].()()()() » = 176O.453 22.955 0.877 0."'7 10.911 2·4.199 PulgQdas 0.853 0.9)8 0.()()()() H.808 0.003 24 028 14.2'4 20.529 22.~ 25.)9] 19.815 2-4.937 0.W Ii.57<1 20.0/2 22.980 0.809 0.916 0.685 19.818 21.874 0.849 0.956 0. es usoda siempre para las comparaciones de velocidades de buques. -63 - .957 0.717 21.606 21.812 19.975 0.063 0.298 25.12] 21.132 21.599 20.33J 0.781 0.418 23. 23.234 21.892 24.878 0.368 2).800 0.793 21.167 10.936 0.815 mm.961 0.144 0.942 0.0254 21.726 0.6]1 22.000 0.836 0.866 14.990 0.615 11.789 0.806 0.012 23.948 0.0936 dedmetro metro decdmetro 20.964 0.909 n0l8 0.640 21.795 0.917 0.936] 1093.926 23.384 24. 19. 6080 pies.269 1.958 0.781 0.903 0.437 21.710 19)33 19.915 0.991 0.989 20.758 22.)01 12.774 2).336 21.165 H.841 0.3149 1.985 0.561 24.282 24.777 0.9'.218 20.871 (Iegua marino) 3 millas nauticas (milia geografica) marino (1760 yordo.944 0.'76 0.894 0.862 0.066 10.9144 O. 0.817 0.817 0.3Q.89.069 25.848 0.787 0.377 22. 60 millas geograficas = 1 grado en el Ecuador.488 11 :>1] 21.no 24.791 0.400 20.798 0.310 21."3 0.8H 22.82] ig::~~ 20.215 23.386 21.548 20.317 Pulgodos 0. 0.803 0.988 0.821 0.656 22.987 I 23.978 0."5 0. i Equivalencias entre sistema inglis y mitrico Pesos y medidas MEDIDAS DE LONGITUD sec-lecque 0.884 0.()()()() 159<40.190 2)..951 0.965 0.885 22..209 21.691 21.861 0.901 23.663 2-4.896 0.919 0.976 O.9n 0.564 21.158 21.811 0.942 2".792 0.931 0.864 inglesa a milimetros mm 21.098 22.911 mm.889 0.555 22.520 1l.968 24.6H 20.742 21.790 14.906 0.961 0.910 0.142 20.807 0.9-45 n.053 14.672 23.989 0.981 0._ 0.841 0.936 22.091 20.m 25.917 24.48 0.828 Pulgados mm 24.918 0.5()04 = = 0.824 0.+44 23.536 24.4 H.780 0.885 0.587 0.891 0.814 0.786 19.851 0.Decimales de pulgada Pulgodas 0.901 0.802 o.959 0.273 25. 1 milia neuncc = 1 milia geografica.913 19.984 0.967 0.647 23.019 24.811 0.841 0.04 24.951 0.8.862 19.801 0.]/0 10.146 25.0109 0.801 0.206 24.767 21.8)8 0.961 22.1Q.793 0..148 22.811 0.899 0.183 21.'75 knot mile fathom yard fool inch nudo centimetre 23.971 21.888 0.62- 1 Knot para pruebas de buques :d.858 0.266 23.949 0.859 0.358 14.]70113 » zo.402 12.810 0.816 0.495 23.794 0.897 0.860 22.920 21.638 22.840 0.139 23.987 0.998 0.900 0.409 24.596 2].701 kil6metro milia legua = = = 10.0)1 21.m 0.361 21.040 20.911 0.428 22.938 metros O.850 0.511 14.805 0.612 H.590 21.934 0.396 20.H2 2].675 20.952 23.180 14.095 25.911 0.374 25.811 0.850 I H876 2].037 0.799 0.%0 24.819 20.815 0.980 21.901 0.225 22.739 24.46] 21.781 0.837 19.04 21.881 0.779 0.797 0. '9.953 0.688 14.996 22.804 0.895 0.788 0.916 0.1093 1.796 0.910 22.977 14.855 0.90 0.751 0.9370 pulgadas = » » 0.622 2].412 21.890 0.817 20.886 0.761 19.810 0.819 0.919 0.469 23.924 0.974 0.945 0.776 0.868 0..54S 2]571 23.082 21.881 0.707 22.000 » 5280.) milia legal (braza) (yorda) (pie) (pulgada) = 5559 1853 1609.1 25.0328 pie.479 22.174 22.056 21.946 0.116 20.918 0.021 22.698 23.970 0.9()4 I .961 0.171 25.986 0.954 2].107 21.999 i .19] 20.243 20.164 23.485 14.778 0.723 2].523 20...947 0.320 22.908'123.927 0.000 3280.92] 0.786 0. equivalencia a 1853 metros.960 0.815 0.921 0.860 0.888 19.259 21.147 25.869 21.910 0.869 H.120 25.6]00 » » » 5280.863 0.950 0.11'1 23.04-4 21.7-49 23.196 25.96.940 0.971 O.830 0.812 0.856 0.880 0. .8288 0.883 0.893 0.935 0.939 0.079 » » » » » yardas 24.813 0.904 0.910 0.682 22.969 0.291 23.845 0.580 22.915 0.JS2 12.005 21.472 0.784 0.966 0.983 0.275 22.99] 25.818 20.996 mm 20.809 22.015 20.srs = ]9.857 0.250 22.047 22."1 0.905 0.819 0.8n 0.285 21.790 0.9n 0.326 n.814 0.775 0.714 24.9)9 Pulgodas 0.839 0..841 24.783 22.241 2].961 0.155 24.

MEDIDAS DE SUPERFICIE
1 yarda! 1 pie2 1 0,836097

TABLA
pulgQdost
GalgQ Imperial Standard

DE
Birmingham Wire and Stubs (atombre) Pulgodas

GALGAS
Birmingham Sheet and Hoop flejes) mm. (chapas
I

m'

1 1 1

m' m' m'

pulgodo'

= 0,092899 m' = O,0<J06.45 m'

= 1550 = 10,7M = 1,196

Brow

and

Sharp.

pie,'
yordost

numero

e-. Pulgodas
O,~ 0,372 O,H81 0,324 0,300 0,276 0,252 0,232 0,212 0,192 0,176 0,160 O,1~ 0,128 0,116 O,1M 0,092 0,080 0,072 0,064. 0,056 O,M8 O,~ 0,036 0,032 0,028

"r-i
i

mm.

mm. 11,530 10,795

~--.-

y

Americana p~-t-~QdQS

Pulgodas

T

".

mm. 11,~ 10,-40<1 9,265 8,251 7,3~ 6,5~3 5,827 5,189 ~,621 ~,115 3,6M 3,263 2,906 2,588 2,3M 2,52 1,827 1,627

0000

110,160 9,~~ 8,839 I 8,229 7,620

O,~5~ O,~25 0,380 O,HO 0,300 O,28~ 0,259 0,238 0,220 0,203 0,180 0,165 O,H8 0,134 0,120 0.109 0,095 0,083 0,072 0,065 0,058 O,M9' O,M2 0,035 0,032 0,028

0,500 M~52 O,396~ 0,3532 O,31~7 O,28Q.1 0,2500 0,2225 0,1981 O,17M 0,1570 0,1398 0,1250 0,1113 0,0991 0,0882 0,0785 0,0699 0,0625 0,0556 0,0495 O,~ 0,0392 O,OH9 0,03125

,

12,700 11,308 10,068 8,971 7,993 7,122 6,350 5,651 5,031 ~,~O 3,987 3,550 3,175 2,827 2,517 2,2~ 1,993 1.775 1,587 1,~12 1,257 1,117 0,995 0,886 0,793

O,~ O,~6 O,3~ O,32~ 0,2893 0,2576 O,229~ O,2M3 0,1819 0,1620 O,1~3 0,1285 O,11~ 0,1019 0,0907 0,0808 0,0719 0,0641 0,0570 0,0508 0,0452 O,M30 0,0359 0,0319 O,02~ 0,02535 1 i

MEDIDAS DE VOLUMEN
1 yordo:! 1 1
pie"

000 pulgadasa 00 0 1 2

pulgodo"

= O,7M513 = 0,028315 = 0,000016

m' m" m'

1 1 1

m' m' m'

= 61028 = 35,316 = 1.308

pie,'
yordos:S

i

9,652 '8,636 7,620 7,213 6,578 6,M5

: 7,010 ' 6,~
I

MEDIDAS DE CAPACIDAD
1 1 1 1

~
0,070 0,176 1,75980

3

5,892 5,3~

gill, pint (pinto) quart (quarto) gallon (inglo,)

= O,H2 = 0,568 = 1,136 = ~,5~5
=

litro litro
Htr cs lures

1 cennlrtro
1 decilitro 1 litro

=

gill,
pintos pinl~

5 6 7 8 9 10

'

!
I

5,588 5,156 ~,572 ~,190 3,759 3,403 3,~ 2,768 2,413 2,108 1,828 1,651 1,~73 1,2~ 1,066 0,889 0,812

i ~,876 ~,470 4,064 3,657 3,251 2,9~ 2,6~ 2,336 2,032 1,828 1,625 1,422 1,219 1,016 O,9H 0,812 0,711

i

I

1 gallon (americano)

3.785 litros

PESAS
1 ton. {tcneludes]
1 1 1
=

11

22-40

libra,

cwt (quintal) quart (quarto) pound (libra) (cnzc] drachm (dracma)

1 oU'lce 1

= 20 cwts. = 112 libra, = 28 » = 16 onzas = 16 dr.

= 1016,O~8 = 50,802 = 12,700
=
O,~5359 0,Q28H 0,00177 0,0022 2,20'16 220,~H 22M,6H1

12 kgs. » » » » » ltbres » » » 13 H 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

1,~9 1,290 1,H9 1,009 0,911 0,811 0,722 O,M3

1 gromo 1 kilogramo 1

quintal metrico (100 kilogramos)

1 tonelada metrica (1000 kilogramos)

= = = = = =

!

:

I

!

I

0,711

-6-4-

- 65-

TABLA
GalgQ Imperial

DE
Birmingham Wire and Stubs (olombre)

GALGAS
Birmingham Sheet (chapas
- ----

Factores de conversion
and Sharp

numero

r---Pulgodas

Standard
--~-

ond

Hoop

Brow

INGLES
Libras por pie lineal Libras per yarda lineal

A METRICO
1,488 0,496 3333,33 1111,11 0,2818 0,07031 1,575 4,883 10,936 1,215 0,5933 16,020 1.329 0,01426 0,09983 48.905 25,8 0,1382 0.309 1,0139 0,477 0,0916 0,0279 0.252 2.713 0,746 kilos por metro lineal kilos por metro lineal kilos por metro lineal kilos por metro lineal kilos por kil6metros kilos por centimetres kilos por millmetro" kilos por metro' Tons. por metro' Tons. por metro" kilos por metres kilos por metres Tons. por metres

1--

--

y

mm.

Pulgodas

mm.

Pulgadas

flejes) -----mm

Americana

Gg;;;]--~;;·-0,02257 0,02010 0,01790 0,01594 0,01419 0.01264 0,01125 0,010021 0,00892 0,00795 0,007081 0,00630 0,00561 0,00500 0,00445 0,00396 0,00353 0,00314 0,00280 0,00250 0,00220 0,00200 0,00176 0,00157 0,00140 0,00124

x
X

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

0,024 0,022 0,020 0,018 0,0164 0,0148 0,0136 0,0124 0,0116 0,0108 0,0100, 0,0092 0,0084 0,0076 0,0068 0,0060 0,0052 0.0048
1 ,

0,609 0,558 0,508 0,457 0.416 0,375 0,345 0,314 0,294 0,274 0,254 0,233 0,213 0,193 0,172 0,152 0,132 0,121 0,111 0,101 0,091 0,081 0,071 0,060 0,050 0,040

0,025 0,022 0,020 0,018 0,016 0,014 0,013 0,012 0.010 0,009 0,008 0,007 0,005 0,004

0,635 0,558 0,508 0,457 0,406 0,355 0,330 0,304 0,254 0,228 0,203 0,177 0,127 0,101

0,02782 0,02476 0,02204 0,01961 0,01745 0,01264 0,01390 0.01230 0,01100 0,00980 0,00870 0,00770 0,00690 0,00610 0,00540 0,00480 0,00430 0,00386 0,00343 0,00306 0,00272 0,00242 0,00215 0,00192 0,00170 0,00152

0,706 0,628 0,559 0,498 0,443 0,396 0,353 0,312 0,279 0,248 0,220 0,195 0,175 0,154 0,137 0,121 0,109 0,098 0,087 0,077 0,069 0,061 0,054 0,048 0,043 0,Q38

i

0,573 0,511 0,454 0,404 0,360 0,321 0,285 0,254 0,226 0,201 0,180 0,160 0.142 0,127 0,113 0,100 0,089 0,079 0,071 0,063 0,056 0,051 0,048 0,039 0,035 0,031

Tons. per pie lineal Tons. por yarda Libras por mi1lo Libras por pulgodo2 Tons. por pulgodo2 Libras por pie2 Tons. por Tons. Libras lineal

x x

x x x
x

pte"

x
X X X X X X X X X X X

por yardo2 per yordos3

Libras por ple" Tons. por yarda3

Gramos per gallon Libras per gallon -Gcllcnes Tons. libros por pie"

= gromos
= kilos por

por

litro

litro

-

-

41
42 43 44 45 46 47 48

0,00441 0,0040 0,0036 0,0032 0,0028 0.0024 0,0020 0,0016

-

-

litros por metro" kilogrcimetros kilogrcimetros Tons. metrtccs

pulgodo pie

Tons. pie HP libros Pies' Pies' por por por HP HP HP

c.

V. normal

X
X X X

kilos por C. metros" metre" colodos

v.
C.

por C. por

v. v.

Unidodes termtccs Unidod termlcc HP Tons.
=

-

por pie-

X

cclcrtcs por metro! kilovatios de tonelado

x

abreviotura

- 66-

-67-

Fadores de conversion
METRICO
Metrol Metro'\ por por

Fadores
Kilos por Kilos por Kilos Kilos por por metro metro metro lineal lineal

de conversion
A INGLES
0.672 2.016 0.0003 0.0009 3.548 14.223 0.635 0.2048 0.0914 0.823 1.686 0.0624 0.752 70.12 10.438 0.0204 7.233 0.0387 3.23 0.9863 2.235 Hbras libras tons. tons. por pie lineal por yarda lineal

A INGLES
ptes! por HP HP termiccs.

METRICO
x x
X X

Cy
C. V.

x x
X

10.913 35.806 3.968 0.369 1.340 0.7373 0.00155 645.1 0.155 6,451

pies3 por unrdedes

Calorio ktlcgrumc Calorids Ktlevencs Valios Milimetros2 Milimetros2 CentimetresCentimetres" Metros2 Kil6metros~ Hectcireas Centimetres" Metros:! Metros3 Metros~ por metre'

lineal

por pie lineal por yarda lineal

x x x x
X

unidades termlccs HP

por pie'

metro lineal

Kilos por kil6metro Kilos por centimetre! Kilos por Kilos por Tons. pulgQdast Tons. pulgadast pulgadas' Kilos Kilos Tons. Gramos por por por por metro! metro' metro" metro por por por litro ccbrcc por mlllrnetrct metro! metro!

x x x
X X X X X

libras por milia libras tons. libras tons. tons. libras libras tons. gramos Libras gallones libras tons. tons. HP libras por HP por por pulgada2 pulgada2

Pies libras por segundo pulgadas2

por pie! por por por por por pie! yordo! yordo;! ple" yorda3 por par gallon gal16n por pies pulgada pie pi~

x

10.764

ptes"
acres

x
X X

x 247.1 x
2.471 16.383

Kilos acres pulgadas3 pies" ycrdcs" Lttrcs

litro metros

x
»;
X X

Kilogrometr<;>s Klloqrdmetrcs Tons. metrtces

x x
X

35.315 1.308 264.2

C. V. normal qetlcnes (231 pulgadas') Kilos por C. V.

x x

-68-

69 -

EQUIVALENCIA
C= F= 5 X (F-32) 9 9XC 5
of

ENTRE TEMPERATURAS
R=4XC= 5 4 X (F- 32) 9 C=

EQUIVALENCIA

ENTRE
R= + 32
FahrenheIt

TEMPERATURAS
4X C 5 4 X (F-32) 9

5XR =-4-

5 X (F- 32) 5XR =-49 9XR + 32 = -4c
CeloIw
F

+32=~+32
C Cel,ius

r 9XC .- = -5-

.
JO
31

4
F

FohrO!nhl!l1

.,
oR
24,0
14.8 25.' 16,4

/WG..",IIIf

, """'-,
OR °C +
500
5SO 600

°C

oR
_16,0

°C + +

of
".0 87.8

°C +
80

of

oR +
64.0 64.'

°C +
130

OF +
266,0 267.8 269,6 271.4 171.2
275,0 276,8 278,6 280." 282.2 2114,0 285.8 287,6 291.2 293,0 29",8 296.6 298." 300,2 ]02.0 303,8 307." 309.2 311,0 312,8 314.6 316." 31B.2

OR

°C +
'80 '82

OF

OF

OR
932

-17 _16 -1S -14

-" +
-18 -11
_12 -11 _10

-20

-

'.0 2.2 0.'

-1S.2 _12,8 -12.0 _ 1'.2
-10,4 -1],6

+

'.'
3.2 5.0

''',4

n
14

12

es.e
91,4

82 81

"

9),2
95,0

27.2
28,0 28,8

10."
12.2 H,O

.., - .., - e.a
, .a

lS 36 37 38 39
40

ss.e

100,4 102.2 104,0

...,

..
as
88 90 92

+

176,0
117,8 179,6 181.4 18).2 185,0 186,8 188.6

n,

+

104,0 .104,8

tet

+

356.0
]S7.8 )59,6

+

144.0 1+4,8
145,6 1<W!.4 147,1 148,0 '''',8 '''9.6 1 SO... 151.2 152.0

+

+

1012

..,
400 480 520

65.'
66.' 67,2 68.0 68.'

132 133

i05.6
106,4

134 135 '36 137 '38 139
'40 14' 142 143 '44 145 t .. 148 14' ,SO 1S' 152

107.2.
108,0 108,8 109,6 110," 111,2 112.0 112.8 11],6 11"," 115.2 116,0 116,8 117.6 118." 119,2 120,0 120.8

'83 18'
'85 '87
t ..

29.6
]0,4

31.2 32.0
32,8

_.

-• • -, -• 7 5

1S.B
17,6 19,4 21,2

+

3 2

,
2 3

23.0 24,8 26.6 28.1
)0.2 32,0

- '.0 - 7.2 - 5.' - 4.~ - '.0 - 3.2 - 2.' - t.e - 0.'
0.0

'.'

41
42

105,8 107,6 109.4 111,2 113.0 114.8 116.6 118,4 120.2 122.0 1B.B 125.6 127,4 129.2 1]1.0

n.e
]5.2
]6,0 )6.8

43
44

34,4

4S
46 47 48

0 t

SO
52

"
"
56

37.6 3M
39,2 40.0 40.'

" '" " " " ss " " " reo
94 '01
102

69,6
70,-4 71,2 72,0

190 .. 4
192,2 194,0 195.8 197,6 199,4 201,2

rz.e

n.6
14.4 75,2 76,0

289.'

,,, ,,, ,,, ,.,
'90

361.4 363,1
365,0 3.... 368,6 37M

6SO 700
7SO 0>0

'112
1292 14n '562 '652 17 .. 2 18]2

'202
'382

S60
600

m.r
]7".0

sse

8SO ."

640 680 ".
760 100

375.8 379." 381,2

3n,6

193

..

203.0 lO·U 206.6 208.4
210,2

76,8 77,6
78.4 79.2 80.0 80.'

'47

'94 ,,, '96 , ,,,
'97
200 210

15].6 15 ..... 155,2 156,0 156.8 157,6 158." 159.2 160.0 168.0 176.0

152.'

'000
'050 1100 11SO

'922
'012 2,.,

..

,""
1150

""
2m 2462 2551 2642 2732 2822 2912 3002 3092 3182 1272 J362 3452

840 880

38J,O 3IM,8 386,6 388." ]90.2

,ioo nso
'400 14SO

"82

." ...
,""
1120 1160 ,,40

,
5 7 10

·
• •

B,8 35,6 37.4
]9,2

+

0.'

212.0 213.8
115,6 217,4 21'-2

392

'500
1SSO '600 16SO 1700 1750

1.6
2.' 3.2 '.0

41.6 43.2

et.e
8],2 ".0

42••
44.' 46.' 48.2

"',0'
SO.O

11 12 14

51.B
5],6

n
1S 16

57.2
59,0

55."

10,4

... ,.. ..., ..
5.' 7.2 '.0

53 54 55 57 58
60

42.4

'03 '04
105

82.'

153 .'54
155 '56 157

lOS.'

121.6
122," 123.2 1H.0 114.8 115,6 126." 127.2 128.0 128,B 129,6 110." 131.2

220 230 240 250 260 270

44.0 44.'

132.8
134.6 136.4 138,2 140,0 141,8 143,6 145.4 147.2 149,0 150,8 152.6 154.4

,06
107 10.

221.0
222.'

45.6
46.'

"
61 61 63
64

47.2
48.0 48.'

""
,10

224.6 226.4
228.2

".'
85,1> 87.2 ".0

'" '" '" ,_,
soo
554

.10

,'" ,""
'2110
1320

'000

1114.0 192.0 200.0 208.0 216,0

'360
'400 '440 "80 1520

".'
90.'

nt
112

1)0.0
2]1.8

11.2
12.0

49.6 SO.4 51,2
52.0

113
11. 115 '16 ",

231.6 US," 1)7,2 219.0
140.8

...., ...
92.0

158 159
'60 16'

280
'90 300 310 320 330 340 3SO

".
S36 S72
590 .. 2

'800

224.0
232.0 2 ..1),0 HB.O

'850
eec
ese
2050 2100

320.0
121.8 323,6 325," 327.2 329,0 330,8 H2.6

'62 '63
'64

608 62'
644

2510.0
264.0 272.0 280.0 288.0

21SO 2200 23SO 2400 14SO 1700 2150

35..2

rsse
'680
1720

rrn
3812 3902 3992

3612

,..,
ieee
"40 1920 1960

'600

'1.2 92.B 9].6 94.' 95.2
%.0

1760

" "
20
21

17

60.' 62.6
64.' 66.2 68.0

12,8
1],6 14 .•

15.2
16,0

" " "
66 68

tss
'66 167 '68 16.

112.0
132,8 133,6 135.2 136,0 1l6,B 117.6 13B." 139,2 110,0

52,8 53,6
54,4

360
370

156.2 158,0
159.8 161.6 163,4 165.2 167.0 168.8 170.6 172,4 174.1

55.2
56.0 56.' 57,6

,,,
ita 122 123
12. 125

242.6 144.4 246.2 2.... 0 219.8 251.6
25).4

70
71

22 23 24 25 26
27

·n.4
75.2
77.0

6'-8 71.6

16,8
17,6 18.4 19.2 20,0 20.' 21.6 22,4 23.2

120 121

72
73 74

58.4 59.2
60.0

255.2 257.0 258.8

'fT.' "..
".2 100,0 100.8

....

336,2 3]8.0

HH
339.8 H1.6 H)." 3"5,2 H7.0 3"8.8 ]SO.6

13..,,,

380
390

680 '96
716

2250 2300

0082
"'72 4262

296.0
301.0 312.0 120.0 128.0 3l6,O ] ..... 0 352,0 360,0 368,0 176.0 384.0

.. 352
0442 "512 46" ..712 4802 4892

734 7Sl
770 788

'70 17'
172

400
'10 420

2SOO
25SO 2600 2650

173 17.
175

.30
440 'SO .70 "0

806 82.
.. 2

78.8
80.'

7S 76 77

60.'
61.6

tae
127 ",

" "

82.'
".2

" "

62.4 63.2

'"

260.'
262.4
264.2

101.6
102.4 10).2

'"
17.
'79

'76

352."
]54.2

'''1,''
'''3,2

11O.B 141,6

460

""

-70 -

'" ." -71.78

'"

27SO 20>0

...,
son

'880
2000 2080 2120

1160
2200 2240 2180 2320 2360

5162

]92,0

2900 19SO

5252
514l

- TABLA DE CONVERSION
KILOGRAMOS POR CENTIMETRO CUADRADO EN LIBRAS POR PULGADA CUADRADA
Kg,. por libra, libra, Kg,. Kg'. por por por por em' ...I'..ulg_ada· em' ....I'.ulg_ada· em' libra, por pulgada' Kg'. por libra, por pulgada'

-TABLA

DE CONVERSION

LIBRAS POR PULGADA CUADRADA EN KI LOG RAMOS POR CE NTIMETRO CUADRADO
libras por pulg' Kgs. por libra. por pulg' Kg s, por Libras por pulg' Kgs. por libras por pulg' Kg,. por

em' 17.2

em' 7.031 7.171 7.312

em' 10.827 10.968 11.108 11.249 11.390 11.530 11.671 11.812 11.952 12.093 12.233 12.374 12.515 12.655 12.796 12.937 13.077 13.218 13.358 13.499 13.639 13.780 13.921 14.061 14.202 14.343

em' 14.624 14.764 14.905 15.046 15.186 15.327 15.467 15.608 15.749 15.889 16.030 16.171 16.311

em'

1.0 1.2

104
1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2A 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.2 H 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2

14.1.23 17.068 19.913 22.757 25.602 28.447 31.291 34.136 36.981 39.825 42.670 45.515 48.359 51.204 54.049 56.893 59.738 62.583

604
6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2

91.029 93.874 96.719 99.563 102.408 105.253 108.097 110.942 113.787 116.631 122.321 125.165 128.010 130.855

11.8 12.0 12.2

1204
12.6 12.8 13.0 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.8 14.0 14.2

167.836 170.680 173.525 176.370 179.214 182.059 184.904 187.748 190.593 193.438 196.282 199.127 201.972 204.816 207.661 210.506 213.350 216.195 219.040 221.884 224.729 227.574

244.642 1704 247.486 17.6 250.331 17.8 253.176 18.0 256.020 18.2 18.6 18.8 19.0 19.2 19.6 19.8 20.0 20.2

1804 261.710

258.865

100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 124 126 128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152

70453
7.593 7.734 7.874 8.015 8.156 8.296 8.577 8.718 8.858 8.999

154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 170 172 174 176 178 180 182 184 186 188 190 192 194 196 198 200 202 204 206

208 210 212 214 216 218 220 222 224 226 228 230 232 234 236 238 240 242 244 246 248 250 252 254 256 258 260 73-

262 264 266 268 270 272 274 276 278 280 282 284 286 288 290 292 294 296 298 300 302 304 306 308 310

180420
18.561 18.702 18.842 18.983 19.123 19.264 19.405 19.545 19.686 19.826 19.967 20.108 20.248 20.389 20.530 20.670 20.811 20.951 21.092 21.233 21.373 21.514 21.654 21.795

264.534 267.399 270.244 273.088

804 1190476

80437

1904 275.933
278.778 281.622 284.467 287.312 290.156 293.001 295.846 298.690 301.535 307.224 310.069 312.914

1404
14.6 14.8 15.0 15.2

160452
16.592 16.733 16.874 17.014 17.155 17.295

904 133.699
9.6 136.544 9.8 '139.389 10.0 142.234 10.2 145.078

9.140
9.281

2004
20.6 20.8 21.0 21.2 21.6 21.8 22.0

90421
9.562 9.702 9.843 9.984 10.124 10.265 10.405 10.546 10.687

650427
68.272 71.117 73.961 76.806 79.651 83.495 85.340 88.185

1504
15.6 15.8 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.8 17.0

1004 147.923
10.6 10.8 11.0 11.2 11.4 11.6 150.768 153.612

170436
17.577 17.717 17.858 17.999 18.139 18.280

504
5.6 5.8 6.0 6.2

1560457
159.302 162.146 164.991

1604 233.263

2300418
236.108 238.952 241.797

2104 304.380

140483
-

-72-

DATOS SOBRE PRESIONES
Un milimetro de columna de mercuric

= 13.506 mm. de columna
= 0,0013596 otm6sferos atm6sferas

de aguQ.

metriccs, ontiguas.

»
Un milimetro de columna de agua a

= 0.0013158

+

4" = 1

Kg/m2 mm. de columna
curio
Q

= 0,07355

de mer-

()'>

Una

atmosfera

metrrce

= 1 Kg/em' = 735,5 = 737.4

» » »

mm. de columna mm. de mercuric
inglesas inglesas

de mercurio a 15" de mercuric de agua par a pulgoda

Q

cr
()o

= 28,958 pulgodas

= 10 metros de columna

+

a 4"

LECTURA DE MANOMETROS
EQUIVALENCIAS
Una atmosfera metrlcc
-

= 14.223 libras
= 0,968

cue-

drado. atm6sferas ontiguas. de mercurio a 15° de mercurio de agua
Q

Una atmosfera antigua

= 760 mm. de columna = 766

a

I kilo
por

por ern?

()o

mm. de mercuric

= 29,922 pulgodas = 10;333 metros

inglesas de columnd

a

()o

Kilogramos Un

por

ern? a libras

pulgcdc?

+

4"

kilogramo por libra

»
Una libra par pulgoda cuadrado

= 14.696 libras inglesas = 27.71 .pulgadas = 2.31 pies ingleses = 2.041 pulgadas = 1~ libras por

par pulgada de agua

cuadrado. a 15
0

-

14,223 libras.
a kilogramos ki logramos. por pulgcdo? por em?

inglesas inglesas

Libras Una
0

pulgad~
-

» »

de agua. de mercurio a 15 pie cuadrado.

0,0703
a libras

= 0,068 ctmosfercs. Una pulgada de mercurio a 15
0

Atrnosfercs

= 1.132 = 13,58 = 0.491

pies de agua. pulgadas ltbrcs Hbrcs por per por de agua. pulgada cuadrado.

Una atmosfera Libras Una
NOTA. etmcsfencc.

=

14,223 libras.
a ctrnosferas.

» »
Un pie de agua a 15
0

por libra

pulgada2

= 62.355

pie cuadrado. pulgada cuadrada.

- 0,0703 ctrnosfercs.
los mcnornetros. 10 lecture cere cor responde a 10 presion

»

= 0,433 libras

En todos

-74 -

75 -

. :: .390 1.97 ..1 119..531 0..508 1..76<1 185. '.. tG..7 5.2 1.1 181.9 1S1.6 0.0 191. . 0.357 150.77 . u~ 14.1 149..5 "'09 1.5 117.1 161..'99 0.410 l..8 161.451 1.)14 1.2 81.' 1..8 '..1 129. i .2 69. 0.VAPOR DE AGUA SATURADO Pre~lon oblOlwlo '" aim Temperalurg Volumen de 1 Kg hw d~ 1 en Prnion ~..490 '..9 160.108 1.111 0.7 111.~ P. .6 no.117 0.' .141 0..nt 0.365 1.m 0.1 179.01 6.on '41.0 153.467 ·s i I! ...1904 76.41' 2.0 14]..<'" 0.8 1~.75 11.' .4 15.' ..698 2. 14S..' '1. ~ . .2 ".157 0..853 2.209 0.' 1.811 0.4" 0..99 t.227 0." '1..640 5.102 1]1.' 11.72] .148 0. 0.241 '.009 0.. '1..173 0. U 0.915 1.' '..115 0.570 1. " ...8 1046..J OJ.1 s..099 137.916 0.5 186.172 l.'" 171..1 1.' 121.. U .053 1.s :.993 1. ~ 1. 4.002 0 .306 0.470 0.190 0.'" .~ .75 t..1 0.905 U '. e.B" 0.175 4..2 153.115 1.419 0.742 7. . I! b ~ .133 0.511 5. absoluto Temperalure Volume" d<'!ll(g en m"' e"'enlig en m' Kg en aIm. .75 '.) 1'1.0 102.S to.6SO 4.15" 6..7 1S1.110 .3 14'.' '. . " .521 0.0 1..H1 0.]76 6.7S '.161 1.331: 0. 0.587 0.887 0.155 0.' '..862 1..118 " .' n....S ..' '.' 0..15 11~ 11.1 0. ~. ! Go U 1.S '''.' '.2)0 2..1046 0.... . Do E b ::l 7.378 0.4 163. 0. · ~ ..127 0.8 165..75 .617 0 ..171 2.0.l..3.)U 1..4 181..6 a.' '..ns 'A " ~.2 0..102 0. '.5 o.161 0.5 152..416 1.109 0..~ ..515 4.1 141... '..1 159. 188.176 ].6 1.495 .0] 0....101 1..459 0 .021 S.19] 0.364 0.9 178.101 '.~ 155. . "..8 176. .1 1044.721 3.lSO 0. ~.]94 • .!! D.15 11.4.' '.5 117. 1.228 '6.1 1.7 3...S.B32 0.7 1'S.568 ]..1 121.104 0..189 " " " '.0438 0.248 0.. ~ E ~ 0..150 2.' 0.1 193..338 0.5 161.178 2.77.069 0..1 118. NN~~~~~~~~O N -76 - -77- .6 175.4'1 B43 ].007 1.3'" " " " 10 200 202 lOS 208 )10 21l .87 8.1 140.. '0 · .020 1..)16 0..140 3.111 159.' 187.385 0.10 "" i E "0 > :I II . 5....1 0.7 0..941 ". ·~ . .269 ~ ~ .180 0. " M 7.185 ..374 0.6047 2.M' 3.B to. 141." 0.518 1.' '.621 6. 180.138 0. ~..1 155.1 166.65 10..672 0 .181 0.!.. . ~." 181.7 1504.0 1]6. b .166 0.~ ..5 5.596 1.." '.s 0.' '.3 0.9 157..' lOS.107 7...756 1..10 8.~ ~.7 111. ".' 132..197 3.256 1.549 0 .1 139.371 0.' '.009 11.' .163 3. =~ · ~ ..3 190.." 7..' '.188 0.552 7.7 157.697 0.133 0.4 189..194 0.m 'E ~ ...S 6.'49 4.1 126.719 0. ~ ..694 1.' U..172 0..812 1.. .7 115..0:1:1 4...170 5. 0. .5 148. .. 1.J 93..753 0.4 '74..6SO .8 194.' '.<00 168..28) U87 2.160 0. .786 1.418 1.130 0.1&4 109.' '.123 0. ...1 164..5 S.956 ].170 0.016 97.S95 2..' '.. .15 9.671 2.1 4.~ de 1 m en Kg encenlig.543 5.' '.' 1.115 0..5 170. .670 0. · I ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~OO ~~~~~~~~~~~ __ E ...69 7.1043 0.r .0 163. .1S4 0.212 ].802 2.' '..060 '.9 100...161 ].2 1'2." n... 0.177 0.9 135..663 0.8 172.' '.' lB.419 0..65 9..116 0.1 107.n6 O.619 1..6 164...' O.' '.~.n7 2. '.. 6.1 '.901 0 . ..3ao 115.1 169..1 110.265 0..

CALOR potcisico.00018 0. .4 35.55 celer-ies kg/kg.4 27. 860 calorias-kilogromo. Petrclec en bruto . Alcohol Benzol.CA Uno calorio-kilogromo LOR cclorio grande.500 2. = Caloria ingleso.000 Brtquetcs de hullo. Liqnltc .00160 0. T.230 10. U.900 10.4 14 77 Estono Cobre Fundtcton gris.800 7. 427 kilogrcimetros.600 4. Gas de alto horno. Alcohol Gasolino. Petr61eo • Mazut (similar gos-oil) POTENCIAS ~~. Alurruruo . . Benzol. ) Buena Hullo I ~n~~~il~.610 10.8 21 5.00110 0.000 3.00018 9. 10. 6. T.1 42.100 3.000 calorias-gromo.000 10. 9.600 completo) 4. Gas ccetlleno Madera Turbo.100 11. Gas-oil (ccette de gas) Benzol. = 8. 0. T.000 10.2 28 LATENTE CUE R PO S COMBUSTIBLE Antrocita.000 7. /::. Hierro Niquel Mercurio Plata Plomo Plalino . Coque metchirqtco. por pie cubrcc B.~ colidod. Hrc!o (agua). .342 calorias-gromo. Zinc. por libra Uno B.00100 0. 632 calorios-kilogramo. Agua (promedio) Eter .000 7. . 0.00120 0. Benzol. Petr61eo .5 63 80. Ete r • (0 O~).1 CALORIFICAS COMBUSTIBLE Aceite solar.00050 0. Gas de alumhrado. Carbon de madera (combusti6n Coque de gas.000 768 11. U. U. Gltcertnc • Mercurio. ~~~.100 10.4 55.000 9.800 7.000 11. DE VAPORIZACION CALORIA·KG. 8. CALORIFICAS SUPERIORES CALORIA·KG.6 » Un ktloqrcrnetrc Un HP-hora Un kilovatio-hora Una B. Parafina Gfrcc nno .600 7.750 8. Alcohol.9 colories kg/m: 1 CALOR METALES LATENTE DE FUSION CUERPOS Azufre .590 -78 - -79 - . Petr61eo [rectificcdo] Gasolino. . POTENCIAS Caloria-Kg.4 90 Azufre.500 INFERIORES CALORIA·KG. ill ~ 94. 2. Cotorro-Kq 13 30 23 30 4. Nitrato Ccdnuo. DILATACION CUERPOS CUBICA 1" C Amoniaco (a 0"') Acido carbonico 362 210 304. 1.

3 <1 3'i 83 36 36 37 38 3.0636() 211 2.3499 16.00640 .4899 27.06700 I" 1s 1< 13 12 11 10 1.0677 22. .1190 16.03987 . 27 26 26 23 22 21 20 ..0IS82' 17.00568 38..06934 H.02096 .0M74 .8863 17. 96 .9699 30.06270 .6284 31.06678 .06087 ..237 137.1039 48.6081 42.03288 .2716 27.6076 16.02602 .6833 30.4283 16.06093 14.7 13.6 I' " .04668 .0811 18.2066 20. .04Ml . .10b 6iilll 64 63. 60 ISS 67 66 64 68 6' 61 <7 .04774 .662 229.4638 lli.8 11.0<&99 .2261 44.1840 22.6069 .00MO .06671 .0307 26..03230 .7934 17.4704 21.00068 .M9 672.04628 ..62.8823 29.3678 34.02269 .4992 69.01776 .04891 .04716 .8348 26.61056 19..014M .02968 .00931 00900 .6363 t •• .01047 .1962 16.3943 16.7619 22.00786 .8646 19.M367 .760 1718.4335 41.4121 47.7303 32._ 13 1< I.03726 .060211 .06291 .06691 .&383 28.00<07 .007" .11~ 98.71lil 34. . disuelto dcf do sal nieve.00962 .621 286.9 12. • dct- do nit rico disuelto. dci· .6&U 18.774 118.01833 .02106 . Caoba Lal6n 10 11 • • • • • • 6 7 0 1 .217 96. nitrico sulfurtcc nitrico s6clico._7 .8978 24.05212 .1 11.7 11.00204 .03_ 28.0283 23.984 180.8693 23...219 121.02&18 .00814 .02367 .01629 .Peso de las piezas fundidas en relaci6n con su modelo taD o· T angentes !.02619 .7678 18.9244 21 22 23 2' 2.2568 17.04016 .H3 85.01716 .01668 ..00989 .01920 .4314 17..3081 22.1893 16.03201 .5340 16.01367 .00663 .02386 .02211 .4212 .9174 40. 26 2'.08379 .OMI6 .8188 20.4061 19.7496 16.1879 19.3 0.02444 .1776 36.01018 .0798 24.a802 17.9160 16.60056 21.02007 .00W .0807 61.607 132.0872 19.2 14.0601SS . disuelto.7 0..04670 .06881 . de ecleto. . nitrato..3 13. .06446 .02298 .3866 18.689 110.269 149.6273 19.03667 . .00496 . 16 17 4.8711 18.95 frigoriftcas 19.06796 .8460 26.01280 .908 90.0661 43.01106 .06708 .M18 24.7403 19.3 10.265 .6932 20.00669 .4633 88.03929 .9766 18.04920 .489 92.03838 .01309 .6177 38.06613 .0217 21.8167 49.02677 .02793 .106 343.3264 16.04978 .00<36 312.03143 .03434 ." 29.4466 20.0.03066 .3432 17.06437 .98 5.06299 ..79M .06769 14.05328 .00624 .6946 23.03406 .7395 47.7 3.01613 .1li33 68. nitrico dt- do sulfurtco suelto .6367 26.012~1 .3007 3 2 1 0 cmontccc.4823 .885 163.3994 28.0_ 3· cota.436 687.870 1146.00873 ...4313 36.6321 23.00116 .8771 28.0<687 .08321 .3718 23.. nfeve.8294 46.2296 26.04220 . Nitrato Cloruro Cloruro Acido Acido Acido Fosfato Fosfato amcmco.02416 .3 <7 .9702 19.3662 33.01076 .7 13.4368 39.02736 ..02153 ..3607 .05182 ..02689 .07'7 20.06788 14.04366 .9 Roble.06116 .06066 .03114 .441 246.8211 16.00349 .9990 16.05241 ecten .3 20 l' .04279 .8886 .022{() .4&6 143.1885 37.04162 .0837 16.06766 .00682 .01222 .6069 39.0273 33.1222 16...1708 18.6 12.03621 Cloun tan .06817 14. 37 86 8.478 264. nieve.06620 .01484 .03783 . s6dico.066<.04076 .01426 .2122 16.3 14. .0863 46.932 171. .03871 .9 13. :1 :2 9:4 . nfeve.1 10.00262 .01164 .4316 26. disuelto.967 491.9560 36.06875 .1220 28.1693 17.02182 .02861 .03968 .1967 24.000211 .8006 3li.0<488 .lOUD tan .04862 .M38 . 3437.9 14. 6() '1 '2 .otan 86' tan - 80- -81- .426.6418 26. <1 .06603 . 33 32 31 30 .00291 .060562 . MODELO DE Hierro fundido Lal6n Cobre Bronce Aluminio Plnc 0 abeto 16 9 9.7 0.068<7 14.02997 .04104 .3 11.atH2" .037M .06241 .06153 .04308 .00087 .04337 .06970 :8:li .02881 .2 ...06_ .8206 31. .321 122.8 12.0696 34. agua agu? agua.04133 .8813 21.2049 21.939 83.03n7 .7117 27.00320 .8319 16.85 Mezclas 18.4489 46. 17 I. .03084 .06626 .868 202.4106 40.9641 42.01671 .00233 .8 10.3369 21.00727 .4 10.03463 . .0666 26.03492 .8696 ..5 11.'116 30.03269 .06963 14.00698 .01136 .06737 ..1664 27.03812 .04260 .7601 66.2900 056.01338 .3 64 67 6S •• 00 ~Jg&2 taD 3b:~2~ .6010 114. 14.9 15.02939 ..03026 .01978 .00000 Infinite.01193 .9898 14.892 107 .03376 .2969 19.00176 .139 71. 9:6:4 89' ecren 88' 87' . 01687 .6 4.M85 49.02764 .9038 22.729 73.7086 62. 28 211 30 MEZCLA Partes en peso Descenso De de temperatura A ·C Salitre.lotaD .06664 .03346 .2 10.99 19.01396 .06906 14.04191 .6020 22.00146 .4Ml 22.9687 16.4 11.5 0.219 190. :2 :1 :1 :1 disuelto.047'6 ..3606 66. • • • • 7 6 .06'" 3.04li12 .02:1&0 .847 79. 104.6 .0462 32.01M2 .MI3 63.6691 20.2137 23.4~ 18.02124 .7426 21.0760 1lI.8821 62.4416 M.774 ::~:~n 67.02531 .0667 14. Haya Tilo Peral Abedul Aliso.6681 16.03900 .1 3.7015 17.06096 .00378 . nieve.06533 .04803 .4617 26.9656 39.920 869.~ 16.0811 taD 19.7186 24.06204 .6161 70.01746 !.4213 32. 3.2644 26. • :1 :1 : 5: 16 :1 +8 + 10 + 10 0 0 -14 -5 -19 + 15 + 12.01746 ..9460 20.8386 44.0S007 . de sodto.06146 .5 11.06176 .2416 30. •• •• .06262 .02066 .14'6 29.700 IM.06233 .6936 33.03492 .1181 31.0<'" ..02910 .01862 .171 101.3711 29.06642 .lOun y Colangenles 2' tan .7"83 16.4 16.049'9 :~J ..01804 . .01600 .6762 16. 3.3032 6O.4 -24 -12 -16 -33 -18 -35 -41 -40 -9 -6 Sal amoniaco.2671 16.04396 .6106 17 6206 17.7317 .3679 36.0436 16.2 0.9168 41.05627 36.3 15.06037 .00611 .6814 16. •• .04832 .9 3.03679 .7 10.843 81.02328 .7686 37.3 3. •• 31 .02036 l' !.6(K8 16.06<0.6567 62.3676 24.02822 .9372 27.02473 .06730 14.943 ~::~~3 74.3263 20.01891 . sal amoniaco.182 214.03609 .03172 .2671 18..01949 .

20618 .26873 7.07431 07461 .13787 .17573 .6118 .16071 7.12862 5.15868 .5461 11.81966 ~.71715 37 7.15391 .13372 .6 47 .38307 9.00451 4.09952 .14826 .07344 .12869 .11865 .19257 .cotan tan . 10.17633 .3919 11.08866 .14470 .19106 .21256 cotaa s 7 6 6 3 2 1 0 • ectan 85" 84" 83" 82" 81" 80" 79' 78' -.20510 9.10952 IU 84g:~ 10981 I 1 .12781 . 093~5 8.4301 tan g:~~~?! .15256 5. 21013 .04'156 -56 8.1683 10.18143 .12810 .11537 tan I ~~ 32 31 30 29 2.10.19016 .21225 .17594 7.'1462 08511 10.344M 8.t5 11.6591 12.12644 .07340 6. 3.33190 7.10834 cotan 9 . cotan tan 00.4566 13.08983 .17033 .60264 6.80622 7.6220 9.17213 .82882 4.52234 6.08046 .71137 4.06240 6.14648 .96610 5.25880 5.10334 .54851 5.18353 .16884 .17004 .76009 9.20830 .36070 6.l3728 13758 .46141 9.t83 10.00948 53 7.77936 5.07607 .14678 .08163 .18444 .75254 39 7.14455 tan 63 52 61 60 .14440 .07285 .74949 5.12278 cotau .32566 6.13995 .18414 .07373 .1316 11_0964 11.59921 6.12674 .08486 .87882 4.19589 . 27 26 2b 24 23 22 21 20 19 1.18865 .08926 .20661 7.20466 .04105 7.09893 . I J~ . .20346 .19982 .13521 .an 60 69 6• 67 66 66 10 • 6 6 7 • s 14.53007 6. 13Q.20103 .12219 .15719 .08921 6.10099 10'28 .1632 12..1381 10.16017 .78938 5.19408 .08192 .19287 .32631 6.0958 13 0458 12.15151 6.17933 .84300 4..18664 .49128 8.20588 .6199 12.44720 6.36165 6.20497 .8014 12.03379 9.4664-8 5.38625 8.81641 9.7821 13 7267 13.10011 .86874 6.18263 .87080 5.02734 5.89330 4.30928 6.11806 .93867 8.62523 6..19703 6.89185 8.87895 7.09704 6.80769 4.54106 9.20982 .56791 9.08453 10.90056 4.18655 .77286 4.176 16405 .28442 7.16286 . 12 8496 12.22003 6.21073 .17843 .19861 .98940 4.89161 6.67128 6.89734 7.11779 6.16398 8.51436 9.16058 5.11364 .78825 7.41240 7.18805 .08017 .12426 .20921 .86862 8.9507 13.28393 5.18986 .65205 5. •• I. 33 32 31 30 29 2s 27 26 26 24 23 22 2! 20 I• 1s 17 16 16 14 13 12 11 10 9 21 22 23 24 26 27 2.15600 .72490 4.12160 .11629 .09365 10.09688 ..07080 .t63 .18714 .15183 .91582 7.15838 .5136 .15838 cotan .10187 .73217 9.84482 9.12013 .14915 .008.12633 . 36 36 37 3.19468 .12456 . 066" 166 8.17303 .34786 7.27553 5.25048 5. 21134 .19317 .09864 .0780 10.8940 13.20012 .77035 47 .48451 5.76695 4.19952 .05789 9..13491 .28376 8.82694 6.14054 cotan cotan 0 1 2 3 4 6 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 16 17 tan 14054 .08546 7.08600 ~::~~~Ai g~ I 57 8.090il .82252 8.16585 .12397 .87162 4.33487 6.49356 6.4813 .31375 tan .18113 .12249 .3U189 6.9~385 6.15630 .09218 .16316 .13313 .42871 7.10216 .07929 .07110 .15749 .08139 6.78817 9.4301 11.13047 .11659 .09042 . 6. 21Q.16435 .07578 .11246 .12662 .907IM 4. 39 40 11 42 43 1.56706 5.17419 6.30018 7..07841 .16944 .19649 .98598 8.4742 12.16734 .17513 .20107 5.20194 . 37 36 36 3.11276 .10746 .96227 8.07197 .05679 7.2946 12.19740 .13224 .13093 9.11954 .8262 11..75425 8.3390 12.12899 6.69957 36 7.91104 6.10664 6.09247 .17963 .07490 . ~~ ! 10893 10922 It ) .11600 .43966 5.32446 8.15640 .76937 5.13698 .10628 10657 .40904 9.10363 .74483 6.79370 4.42795 8. .83590 4.97176 51 7.85013 4.19831 .51176 6.14381 .08134 .98931 9.18775 .92283 5.15660 .08544 08573 .19197 .24218 5.10775 .56176 7.52090 6.11336 .'11 .79964 8.47806 7.0918Y .10716 .3007 14.08954 .34961 6.08368 08397 .44867 5.15094 .53927 5.19770 .8139 10.07360 5.81312 6.15689 .48781 9.19669 .47648 6.18370 8.86064 7.19438 .66165 5..14321 .908" 118673 11.10510 cotan 6.59511 5.57638 5.t81 .37999 7.68208135 ~::~~.41309 6.15064 .43515 9.67128 tan 6.13965 .33761 6.10275 .26715 5.6493 9.92249 4. 41 42 .58673 5.48456 6.70931 8.79936 6.88114 5.tan 0 1 2 3 .11394 .738.20648 .19076 .09306 .18745 .08075 .20925 6.12722 .08690 .11983 .13846 .89888 6.15362 .7119 .18203 .070.13195 .75219 4.16824 .19166 .5072 11.01971 5.79944 5.75838 6.18293 .10069 .""863 •• •• 43 42 41 40 •• 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 26 27 2• 29 30 31 32 33 3' 36 36 37 3.461.73480 3.0 . 11305 .11187 .91620 8.30080 6.82428 7.09570 10.t6 .19438 cotan •• •• 60 46 ..70441 9.12069 6.92525 6.10038 7.278g 11.08211 9.12338 .94460 4.14024 .13284 .09013 .18684 . ~117p\ W.15272 .07227 .37806 6.10687 .2067 12.20770 .01210 6.77978 4.12840 .07519 .15124 . 29 30 31 32 33 3.64275 8.77199 6.8378 13.11217 .3638 10.09101 .09562 6.2602 10.10569 .5634 13.11836 .62078 8.05809 5.15928 .9 .71992 5.1821 14.37374 6.61287 7. 14410 .57339 6.94390 5.11158 .10422 .61219 6.17643 .}8 .19619 .09746 .21744 5.t52 .17633 cotan 6.9923 11_9504 11. 13817 .72974 5.30599 9.26655 6.20042 .13461 .68701 8.13017 .17763 .45961 6.12516 . 19Q.15988 .16466 .18836 .1-8654 .2996 13.02848 54 8.14084 .09923 .0772 12.24345 8.15511 .331.19629 .10540 .22666 5.11570 .80068 4.13658 5.7Q.13669 ..15554 9.1443~! 60 s.13076 .16525 .39552 6.11718 .17363 .0346 11 .3854 10.17993 .20709 .6 •• 40 39 3.1461 13.20376 .66482 8.21195 .11511 .17693 .2605 1:R.99718 6.63831 6.71013 5.18173 .14202 14232 : 14262 .70450 6.19691 13. 62 63 .0187 9.807 08837 . 17093 .15153 . 09 60 •• !O .17273 .1080 10.84242 7.07636 .16674 .60452 4.70037 5.04051 6.434841 6.'">4 9.58627 6.14618 .08309 .09717 .0594 11 0:'>:".20436 ..3.07899 .18974 .00797 5.12131 .75906 4.17483 .65144 6.52806 7. 17063 .07870 .07314 .2294 10.12042 .5660 12.14351 .86444 4.14946 .09130 .088U5 .15302 .14023 6.85024 5.16196 .11279 5.82175 4.14796 .20861 .87338 9.99696 4.17423 .6719 13.71789 6.12278 .17903 .07812 .49465 7.96690 4.26355 8. •• '3 (2 (j 47 46 .12603 .55055.25310 7.57718 8.91616 4.78673 4.18083 .61397 5.15809 . 61 62 63 6.19498 .85476 6.510 .31778 6.3224 10.08456 .11423 .5853 11.1'i3.96302 60 7 .82982 5.73960 5.20952 II cotan 5.77689 8.64248 6. 16 16 l' 11 12 13 20 I.18028 9.22344 8.12929 .08778 .09981 .75941 5.25486 6 24321 6.31376 6.1235 14.'i2Y 10.1Q.84001 5.17783 .51 4.19891 .17393 .1Q.4288 12.39616 7.96007 9.13906 .95201 4.08602 08632 08661 .5143 tan 7.07168 .42192 5.18624 .18053 .2411 14.16167 .12899 .20352 8.20627 .11040 10.07648 .09394 10 .92984 4. se 6.18480 5.15034 .17663 .63295 5.12958 .19293 6.08280 .19378 .13106 .07402 .14856 .10599 .14886 .01.10805 .5949 9.38587 6.36206 6.12692 .16.18383 .17453 .2480 13.16914 .6 '6 s 7.88605 4.07665 07695 .20133 .20679 .69064 5.59893 8.20254 .17243 .57872 7.101.11011 10.01174 6.1201 12.11452 .11777 .16137 .27829 6.41028 6.6645 1 11.17333 .20800 .12190 .14456 5.17813 .59575 7.40429 6.16704 .20557 .7448 11.29007 6.069!13 . 13935 .5098 13. 60 ss 67 3 2 1 0 • • 9 7 6 6 " .99068 52 7. 14113 .16283 6.11 11.30406 8.00983 8.22204 7.16615 .17603 .16077 .93438 7.55777' 5.93721 4.06684 5.91235 5. 16794 .12988 .17153 .49710 1 6.6174 13.03499 5.09668 .6248 11.63005 7.4685 11.14975 .36389 7.10393 .16107 .t3 .07958 .08104 .95448 5.66463 6.0'1256 .16645 .'14 7.09776 .070:12 .09423110.7853 11. 46 46 56 66 67 6.18233 .17123 .93952 6.31600 7.18559 6.97676 5.71813 4.80953 5.11688 .10Q.09600 10.01878 6.18925 .95946 4.86051 5.08720 .20164 .1988 10.t2 7..67680 9.14 .11128 .6124 12.11099 .2048 11.16346 .44509 7.19125 7.11070 10.12072 .14559 .0079 13.13876 .08427 .02962 6.11482 .09805 .93101 9.13343 . 7.4491 .08514 . 17 16 16 14 13 12 11 10 : ~:~i~ .56555 8.69116 .13136 .97438 4.09159 .14553 7.21104 .19347 .15779 .15243 .168640 .42253 6.4039 133515 13. 155iO .85727 4.7797 .20224 .3838 12.19227 .05037 6.09277 .~ 7.2913 10.90191 5.10305 .23754 7.84082 6.' eotan tan ~.07139 .7636 12.36936 6.54777 6.12486· .19710 .13264 .44896 8.15421 .'1724 9.23016 9.13580 .10246 .16764 .38617 6. 14529 .73172 8.67787 6.93335 5. cotan 11.11537 7.61259 8.7062 12.15968 .18474 .04267 6.t0 .13165 .07059 7.23391 6.12367 .18534 10" cotan tan .13402 .15006 .96823 6.16256 .23160 6.9962 1 08719 .15481 .08251 .90211 9.540 11.17723 .18694 .503 6.15898 .08749 ~.07987 .16226 .19921 .2417 11.604487 7.47206 6.19680 .17873 .21164 .73133 6.18604 .78564 6.08221 .16495 .14291 .13482 .82- . .17671 IL 16863 6.39804 6.Q.20739 .81471 4.11895 .0844-4 6.. !).15213 .09629 10.16047 .50970 6.7Q..98268 6.0655 14.18955 .05143 6.45751 5.10490 5.12308 .18323 .20851 6.88278 6.19136 .3.47007 8.98646 5.14435 tan tan .43077 5.13639 .19801 .If"!!!L' tan .208Yl .20316 .07782 .11747 .14499 .17183 .36565 8.40705 8.12101 .12751 .15451 .11924 .34346 6.28058 9.98188 4.18896 .13550 .16.14173 .68094 5.53402 8.08339 .6783 .20285 .10646 9.20406 .29235 5.4172 .07724 07753 .14588 .73170 4.11541 .7457 .74634 4.09541 10.83- .61132 7.3163 1l.5789 09482 10 .02637 7.14143 .15332 .25630 9.623445.13809 .99720 5.18023 .84551 8.14767 .20073 .

25397 .33H8 3.30007 .3723".30764 .8M7t 2.27263 .".20298 "..36M3 .30066 .t60SO 3.971« 2 .14:288 3.3236.St303 . " .33298 .32 ..sa 688 2.26729 3.68909 3.20683 . ".«202 3.86208 3.3 .28769 .28896 .4:3829 3.23271 ."9126 3.31666 3.96196 3.36331 .87136 3.26831 .27201 .29139 3.3M77 .32621 .33978 ..23680 4:.33718 ..3604:0 ".2293". " " 11 12 13 •• 4. 21891S .31019 .229&& .311".22Of7 .3384:8 . .n .6 3.26888 ..31216 3.90f21 tan 1~" cotan ss so I.2«70 . 17 1.82130 2.21256 .07"".0S073 3.214:08 .79033 2.30891 .2972".77264: 2.3613".33670 3.24:717 .36379 .317M . .26328 .36314: .213'7 ..630t8 3.U668 3.26087 .24:662 .07768 tan 1.22416 .62219 3. 32Of2 .2M62 .2 .01676 ".3M69 ". 22636 .38002 .St836 .36087 3.16630 "..0MH9 3.9t690 2.66138 "'...23885 .1 .03076 4:.21722 3..26067 3.13027 3..21986 . .33363 . 22607 .33233 ..03260 3... 37 •• •• 38 <3 <7 .88h36 t.32001 '.00903 3.83906 3.162"'0 3.289110 . .33136 .3S216 .29306 .9M37 2.98607 3.34:140 ..06107 .33266 .31662 .3Ofl4: .31818 ..23823 .29780 .30""6 ..33007 . 2.33040 .22384: 3..27613 .36397 e .353"6 .M968 3..36823 "'.86666 .322M 3.31083 .9.85- .27326 . .21"'69 .1084:2 3.2t824: .31630 .82391 2.882tO 2..226:28 . 17.26738 .10216 tan 1 '!-cotan '.90If7 2.34879 ".."'9832 "'.3769t 3.16617 3.92076 2.30987 ..87161 2.04"'60 3.28738 .38168 3.22"H .319lt .82663 2.26 3.6ltM 3.36937 2.2823".....32299 .32686 .184:61 3.2 31 3. " •• •• I • • • • • • o 1 3 7 o .7 .710".934:68 2..30319 .26203 . .60588 3.. eo '7 .23678 ."90 ".9Ot17 3.. 27 2' .63668 4:..26608 .9".3 .038M 3. 2..3169"' ..40602 3.29210 .98&80 2.06 3.72771 3.784:86 3..563 .2284:2 . eo '7 .f824: .06699 ".."'6327 3.94:713 3.218M .36199 .. ".7t997 2._ 3. .33621 .06262 3.66"'68 '.21983 "'. 26857 .68160 3.77696 .77002 2.11tM 3..28360 10' cotan 3.8 2.3"tOO ..80276 3. 22872 .23087 .31338 ..7 3.874:30 2.28617 .26621 .27826 ..5121 3. 2.26676 ."6M .6 .26180 .266"6 .t87U 3.22781 .791 .76388 3.2t286 . 324:92 cotan .0207".66967 3.261".36800 3.21773 .25026 . .684.89873 2.61693 •. 22667 .923M 2..26701 .31f30 t.2"809 .68 3.".27676 .22200 .29". .tl604: 3.11778 ".60279 3. 22668 .3tT68 11 12 13 1.3".08162 ".5".30673 cotan .94.".26911 4:.22'"' .79827 3.33783 .t07U 4:.30Ml ..26017 .86 3.383 3.22363 .294:96 . 27(M". .26266 .39771 3.69776 3.9Ot21 2.56 .. .3086O t.33761 .36101 .33881 .24:601 .467&& •..23066 .776C11 2.t31M ".13972 3.37207 ".7M63 t.99 .39CM2 3.60181 3.29938 .3 . 28109 .3"377 3.7624:7 2.64289 3.28832 .83702 2.«338 "'.1"..768'28 3."'9216 4:.f8 .13877 ".7 .10632 3. 26lt9 .2tM2 . .82637 3.23381 3.0474:9 3.86822 .27086 tan I' cotan 3. •• <7 •3 3..063"9 3.09298 3.29690 . "1936 4:..22889 .29626 .26800 ..96721 2. 24:131 .26Ot8 .00611 3.28109 3. ..20796 .26662 .77152 3. 6~ ss 66 .1K229 2.2M21 . 2. 267M .88511 2. 2tT78 . ".3t076 . .309 2.29663 29686 . 36Ml .27701 ..3lt02 ..2174:3 ..6M68 4:.21712 .7801" 2.36183 .31370 .4:9509 3..30033 .5118 .32688 .90890 3. 27 2.07127 ". 2"'7t7 ....68462 t.73206 .t7696 3.22108 .63826 "'.8662" 2.23639 .29Sll .232 3.62618 ".2 ..03678 "..78931 3.26392 3._ 2.96166 3.16197 3.IM66 ".79289 2. 21 22 23 2.994.29970 .3"173 .26"'90 .2"162 . ...91799 2.67363 ".2 .. 2"..6181"' 3.MI96 ".6 .3M12 .30128 .71'76 3.23363 .03666 3.71 "'.32203 .. 23Of8 3..871 .32267 ..36610 .26966 .2t2M .331'8 t.363M ..63"'61 3.7"'7tS 23 22 21 20 1• .2t719 3. 3.36608 .2183". .66797 "'.. .67121 "'. .5".26366 .67217 3. .33396 .29906 .57 3.21392 3.3124-2 .26".7 '2 . .27732 . . .30828 .22078 . 3.3"681 ..62316 "'.3tOl0 .02077 3. .11776 3.76709 3. .59927 4:...n7"6 2.8OOM> 2.33723 ".63 . . 27 2.2 tan 11 cctaa 3.4:8GOO ".78623 2.3tlO8 .02963 3.92632 2. 2f8f7 .11266 ". 17 30 si 37 38 3.92793 3.22. 302M . 22760 .5..3"732 3... 20 21 22 23 .87970 2.1942 3.3tT26 ..33201 ..31210 .26M6 ..2M69 .2t886 . . •• .6"'179 3.31690 .6.22292 .10223 3. 80 .26639 .028 2.4:2713 3. .086G6 ".0267".6.27638 ..3t300 ".30224: .3H16 3.Ht06 ".232'0 .34238 . ..7&&98 2.274:82 .66376 3..28676 .3lt3". 26172 .21956 .26862 . .3U33 .23.33689 .88783 2.61 "'.360811 2. 339t6 .24:603 .3<0<3 .H9M ".28796 3.36167 . •• <7 2.. " 13 12 11 I.0t081 ".13360 ".00682 t.61829 3.2 .34:..04162 3.3lt98 .31116 .29829 3.26273 .tT37f ". .96680 3.22811 ..31882 . . .80726 3.20079 3.32656 . 3.Y8OOt 2.33317 3.68562 3.32878 .99592 3.8741 • g I. 61071 ". 238M .69335 3.23608 ..83«~ 3.27868 .843M 3.79M6 2..68001 ". •• .99099 3... .28676 o 3 2 1 • • • • • 7 60 .96673 2.327"9 . .22606 .604."". 297J.23916 .10736 ".2484:0 .34:889 .18127 J.....3207" .. 27107 ..27670 .2'96' ..23332 .4:23t3 3 .. 231f8 .3"..922 3.40162 4:. 277M .26670 .2"'933 ".32139 .86089 2. ..86023 •• •• :~::~.63393 3.2.28680 .73206 3.30700 .3lt6G . " 3.M673 3.3084: 3.26616 ..23793 .76246 2.31668 ..13tO 4:.066".3 .33427 . colan 3 2 1 • • • • • 7 o 77" co.22063 3.21387 •..86289 .7M96 2.2371". 2.2"193 . 28M3 .22903 ..2'995 .86671 '. 86117 .32717 .30732 .23393 .3M"3 3.36298 . 37 3' 3.30192 .26390 .30361 .912"'6 2. .3t206 .1 .28391 .28329 .2073"' 3.26066 3. 27 2. 2729"' .2192b .32010 .7996 2..00028 2.31860 .59 3.284:601 .."'1236 3.28706 .0 :-28172 ....29337 ...26733 . 4.3284-6 .38317 3.28968 .92316 3..n co.3017" 3.69370 3.2"100 ...81 ".29021 .. 76" t.3"'270 .2t039 .26707 .29483 3.7 2.11163 3. 136M 3..218Ot .. 367tO .86892 2. 3.07768 3..133"'1 3.89327 2.«96J 3.7".06092 4:.30868 3.23209 .30673 .890M 2.937".21t38 .99738 2.32"28 .t3736 "'. ".33169 .93271 3..78269 2.989t 3.29159 ".19766 ".62609 3.32236 .. .91623 2.3362".21682 .3 . .33330 .23087 colan .2302 • .9 3...2t933 . 253(M .284:23 .23977 .01196 3. " 38 n 34 3.3"66 ."'6837 3.81870 2.26893 .27796 . .29116 .2". . •• ..17600 ".M826 ".. ".39680 ".26079 .67638 3.21661 ..80833 2.50 3.36806 .3t696 .34:866 . 1...08379 3.30291 ".961M 2.98 .04. 2084:2 4:. 3.21286 .a23 3.19100 3.28649 .27".23700 ."2634.01078 '.St368 .83176 2.32782 .97627 3. •.26924: .629U 4:.8482" 3.06616 4.....0091"' 3. ()6960 3.07639 4:.94..56091 4:. . cotan 3.f81 3.. 3.00086 3.30609 ..soeee 3.59283 4:.• 1973 3.61 . .30966 .6t"'SO "'.28077 .67786 ".09182 4:.24686 4:.96661 3.90971 2 . . 27"'19 .76268 3...659.16838 3.62224: 3..32"60 .21629 .32396 ..3281" .31061 .18776 3.27086 3.872 2.26362 4:_26796 "..67768 3.28927 .30606 .23616 . 81011H 2.25336 .62638 3.234:85 ..2tot9 3.27232 .30287 .291tT . ss .2t223 .71907 3. 21 2..88068 31 32 33 3.36062 2.76760 2.8994:6 3.22017 . " ..37966 3.21621 ..06867 3.2 .82083 2' 2.29".30796 .68966 3.29621 .36160 .«676 3.t7977 3.26986 .329H 3. 27169 .32331 . .26297 .1t606 3. 2"'902 .33072 .26211 .'284:86 .84- .92910 2. .29368 2. 33"92 .4:7986 4:..29084: .33913 .17169 3.00319 3. 32t92 . 23t2"' .89"74: 3.M630 . "'6166 tan 1~' cotan t..262"'2 .36232 . " .12087 3.. 3252t . <7 60 .27".23670 .80316 2.16997 "..93751 3.23117 .2M28 .. Is 12 11 10 " eo 3. .922 2.27983 . •• .29063 . 1 2 3 o • s 7 .2 .08886 3.72338 3...07160 3.27.2&&83 .63171 4:.3. ...36266 . •• •• sa 3' 3.. .to136 3..81610 2.23030 4:.18137 "'. •• 1.7216 3...26951 .329".281".26236 ...21~90 .30001 .22996 .30637 .234.02667 3. 1. 2.32108 .66761 3. .78718 2..6t705 3.63874: 3.36281 .40869 3.4:3"66 3...01783 3.69121 '.28696 "'.21".27962 .38381 "..334:60 .69761 3.~'".22322 .974:30 2.02372 3.66169 3. 60 . ..27607 .2&6lt .27138 .98292 2.65 .29668 .2394.36871 .663&& 3. 2.3261" 3. ".27388 ..f8 .30860 .26110 .28612 .. 3..86284 3...21660 . 22719 . .'i786 3..32976 .97717 2.3.06.297.22189 .93189 2.2927t .81630 3.60672 ".78OtO 3.70616 3.2«39 .79802 2. .31626 .61"1 3.26789 ."'6703 3.81360 2.66667 3.292.87700 .56726 ".1K768 3• .96288 2 .91839 3.19216 ".3191" 3..61868 ". sa '2 . I• 17 1.77761 2.33816 .98117 3.94..".32663 .70188 3.24316 .28032 ".693 .87601 3.19i~ 3.12713 3 12tOO 3.t83.2"377 .. 76" tan cotan 74" tan 73" tan 72" tan 71" tan 70" tan .69791 '. ".82992 3.38679 3. 36019 2.331ot .26369 .26795 ...22139 .250.32171 .79378 3.28203 .31978 ..23731 .21063 3. 27920 .7"076 3.913M 3.22383 ...17804 3.22716 3.89&00 2.7 .39406 3.2674:6 3.27013 .26677 .12301 4:.83M7 .27076 .628 .829lt 2. 26826 .30923 .66638 3.30tT8 .67367 3. 26920 .32673 '.86366 2.312H .3".26239 "'.5".27767 3.31786 ..30160 .36674: .27889 .01078 '.37793 4:.16877 3.61219 t.23762 . 33 3.98868 2.89O<K 3.31946 .23179 .18676 ".83966 2. •• •• .36772 .68061 3.73MO 3.28297 .32911 .31722 ..3M76 . •• .30621 3.12826 ".22231 .23301 .81177 3.7t612 3.22261 ..31306 .27357 . 362.686 4:.36707 .. 1• 17 .tan 12' cotan ".63001 3.8674:6 3.60996 3.36876 3.99158 2.834:39 2. 28266 ..20t06 3. ..21377 ..58Ml ".61063 3 .97139 3..21316 .30382 .08991 3. 26982 .298".8".014:89 3.28016 .29179 ..284:62 3.27..24:132 "'. •• .17064.66796 3.29876 .31178 ...28800 .

40335 .41899 .37057 .31826 2.23902 2.99406 1.89867 1.3l!205 2.43170 .484-14 .39190 .3 .29626 .98640 1.36463 36496 .48234 .71062 2.52873 .43897 .55389 2.08094 2. 17 I.08260 2.43481 .51 2.45246 2.16432 2. .624&6 .18923 2.46065 2.47234 .12832 2.03826 2.40200 .38186 .99986 .47128 .60600 tan 21" tan 38386 38420 .M299 2..43343 . 63" to.35015 2.59381 2.09184 2.73263 2.12360 2.40031 .37488 .09811 2.41490 .59156 2.98263 1.37124 .07014 2.37588 .27806 2.24604 2.51076 2.16751 2.28710 2.46277 .43620 .62724 .0 •• •• •• •• •• 47 10 11 12 13 14 16 I.51503 .69853 2.88337 1.46596 .22M7 2.91690 1.29254 2.40989 .1 " 11 12 13 .63252 2.52836 .40132 .20961 2.91282 1.51640 .21992 2.60696 .41ll5 .40629 2. 3.49532 .72281 2.38687 .74004 2.63021 2.96261 1.99116 1. 39i95 .50222 .13164 2..49315 . 27 2.2 .60509 2.4:2173 .47305 .44:140 .50614 .89266 1.39660 .12993 2.39862 . 2' 26 27 2.27447 2.38721 .49668 .94301 1.31271 2.10916 2. 3.26132 2.62601 .37466 .37604 2. ..48127 .46625 .97823 1.32012 2.59606 2.47805 .42654 .21476 2. 1.33693 2.50018 2.4884:6 .96827 1.48967 2.4&664 .51983 .!724U .43239 .40235 2.47876 . I.46242 .42551 .1«61 2.47092 .41819 2.45608 .36968 .40877 .0 .68892 2.60440 2.11711 2.62131 . .62332 2.43378 .32756 2.70819 2..22510 2.38286 .153 .35585 2. 0 1 2 3 36397 36430 . 4~292 .49677 .69131 2.66281 2.49894 .61929 2.19938 2.34069 2..12611 2.46888 2.47666 .93057.39694 .46476 2.38063 .11652 2.51366 .38821 .41933 .36892 .73509 2.184-19 2.45713 .48M9 2.26309 2.36628 .42998 .49496 .41421 .92235 31 1.47948 .45678 .44244 .40827 2.2.48342 .41524 .45860 2. 2.4:4071 .39896 .52660 .394:49 2.52798 .45502 .93196 3• 1. zo ton .40538 .41251 .39751 .2 .20619 2.39963 .48989 .44027 2.16586 2.46682 2.03227 2..94718 1.39122 .7 58 60 •• 3 2 1 0 • • • s 7 6 •• •• •• •• •• sa 54 56 56 67 60 is Is ~:~~~ 2.50368 .63483 2.88205 1.01449 2.40572 40606 .46702 .44036 ..22683 2.62205 .49640 .43966 .37687 .51393 .48701 .02039 2. 30 .. 3.30534 2.45043 2.41285 41319 .4:1865 .38668 2.28891 2. 27 2.41149 .42963 .47199 .38120 .48270 .39357 .92098 30 1.43067 .""" sa cotaD 69" 68" 67" 66" 65" 64" to.42346 .98396 1.47716 2.04:126 2.26730 2.19261 2.38553 38587 38620 386M .19769 2.92608 33 1.36661 36694 .38.48953 .52020 .13639 2.40470 .964.06790 2.61190 2.49134 .6194~ ..94"0 1.08872 2.43516 .60404 ..39646 2.. 66707 2.63059 . sa 56 . 45327 .45889 . 2.46101 .7 3.47483 .09028 2.2M86 2. 37 3.43019 2.73017 2.10768 2.52910 .49062 .63096 .64875 2.13316 2.41660 .40403 cotan I cotan 2.4627 .49469 .42207 . .46397 .48132 2.40038 2.45854 .47163 .61651 .(1692 .90876 1.43862 .49387 .53001 2.60660 .39626 .01008 2.98972 1.01596 2.99261 1.06247 2.06485 2.57593 2.52984 .4-4732 .58932 2.42218 2.3 .48773 .10126 2.03078 2.44636 2 .61099 .376M .47984 .36727 .46666 .62168 .06860 2.43274 .14777 2. 3.92371 32 1.42105 .48066 .93608 1.34825 2.M516 2.42 .47626 .42418 2.43136 .45537 .37891 2.47095 2.23r27 2.47609 tan 22° tan .24428 2.24077 2.61677 .37157 .60441 .180842.45960 .02335 2.89801 1.04577 2.42002 .46117 .00715 2.19699 2.53217 2.49386 2.38086 .72711 2.37887 .62761 .89935 1.7 56 '2 61 60 47 •• •• sa 60 1.01743 2.57150 ~".41013 .17&82 2.20278 2.04:879 2.38955 .42447 cotan cotan 2.44623 cotan eotan 2.63946 2..67462 2.68175 2.53648 2.17416 2.52094 .11871 2.61418 2.93470 54 OJ .45573 .43447 .23553 2.93332 3• 1.47341 .02780 2.57371 2.33130 2.60769 ..90203 1. 3.41183 .97638 1.40741 . 46819 .14288 2.38279 2.33317 2.38862 2..89400 1.05942 2.37820 . 46467 .61173 .55608 2.43412 .39593 .49931 .65342 2.46489 .• 4433 2.61874 2.34258 2.00472 1. •• .62687 . " 47 60 61 .69371 2.44384 .884:69 1.48450 .41353 .39253 2.46432 .50652 2.36793 .48340 2.39559 .60736 2. 44767 .41558 .46808 .62538 .61319 .96277 1.60963 2.60477 .10600 2.22337 2.00069 2.45784. 20 21 22 23 2.61063 .30902 2.64410 2.70094 2.1&090 2. 44{177 .37118 2.4:2139 ..38921 .03976 2.92920 I 36 1.17916 2.37024 . 46136 .4.46631 cotan 2.96969 1.49098 . 44693' .42585 42619 .07630 2.60149 .47270 .36776 2.38888 .40436 .00131 1.• •• 58 .97111 1.26374 2.51724 .88602 1.3984-1 2.03376 2..42036 .27088 2.39022 .39391 .91012 1.39223 .43450 .4839 2. 2.43758 .60185 .• 8809 .21304 2.54734 2.62316 .28167 2.50229 2.53432 2.13477 2.4. .47733 .66046 2. 23 22 21 20 1• Is 17 16 1.70335 2.48657 .11076 2.06637 2.90261 1.67225 2.88734 1.51836 .67937 2.39089 .41421 2.07321 2.41626 .40234 .10442 2.384-73 2.60057 2.40674 .5 2.45362 ..38153 .366041 2.39727 .42019 2..02929 2.03626 2.47698 25' cotan 2.44697 .98828 1.63714 2.52357 2.38988 .60660 .39426 .40809 .14126 2.46267 .45924 .14940 2.66989 2.46772 ..91147 1.47690 .07167 2.39055 .46270 2.41445 ..61798 .2S663 2.37621 .49786 .46065 . 3.12030 2.06706 2. .00669 2.04728 2.380842.17749 2. 3.36826 .40843 .39257 .66266 ~.62786 2.42516 .02631 2.20449 2.66046 2 56827 2.344:47 2.48091 .62427 .70577 2.39829 .47302 2.46879 .51026 .19430 2.06182 2.27626 2.52067 .44907 .42242 . 46030 ..96402 1.41025 2.18765 2.37190 ..39166 .58261 2.46831 .47412 .366&b to. ootan IO • • • • • 7 '7 56 ss .60843 .47509 2.0778:1 2. 30 31 32 33 3. •• '0 41 '6 47 •• 33 3.36760 .74499 2.15760 2.61646 2. 21 22 2' .96838 1.49713 .36733 2.49206 .47912 .42276 .-96644 1.46348 . .46206 .46187 ..57815 2.24966 2.20108 2.2 41 40 ..88073 2.1&620 2.43422 2.04276 2.43205 . .58484 2.91554 1.42819 2.13801 2.29073 2. I - 86- .48881 . 2.42791 .61716 2..41728 .43101 .21132 2. 1.48917 .102842.46312 .97263 1.03676 2.48378 .31456 2.38020 . 7 .29437 2.36168 2.46960 .30718 2.61136 .74748 2.18251 2.37422 .40707 . 3. 44802 .54952 2.61614 .47682 .46643 .58108 2.97395 1.60283 2.436604 .14451 tan 17 I• 1• 13 12 11 10 " •• •• • • • • • 7 3 2 1 0 .94997 1. 20 • • • • 6 7 0 1 2 3 .47021 .73766 2.69612 2.51283 .44488 .36925 .49278 .684-14 2.49026 .32383 2.376M .05030 2.37223 .44418 .00423 2.93886 1.39290 .48773 cctea .06653 2.12671 2.37355 .37256 .49170 .91418 1.94&8 1.44862 .4565.48629 .30167 2.90337 1.42379 .36967 2.33881 2.43825 2.64576 2.49423 .38220 .46012 . 37 3.50331 .48198 .335Oh 2.91962 1.3 .49967 .51209 .0 .94023 1.53171 cotan 1.36349 2.52947 .39930 .42070 .47924 2.47377 . 377M .94162 1.19092 2.31641 2.299842.09498 2.43828 .15104 2.49749 .98110 1.43932 .99560 1. • •• .091141 2..40066 . 37787 .67700 2.M082 2.44314 .40301 .37953 .44001 .96167 1.43689 .46995 . 33 32 31 30 29 2.62791 2.2 .94679 1..17 1.15268 2.46222 . .39492 .44349 .4784-0 .6000' 2. 48(H9 .38320 .30963 .52242 .44105 .52613 .37697 2.24780 2.32570 2.04426 2.14614 2.742.29619 2.40945 .42894 .60623 .37388 .37720 .07939 2.16255 2.461/)2 .36925 2.40267 .02187 2.71548 2.43220 2.44837 .42826 .42413 .72036 2.62353 .96137 1.51430 .49807 2.62279 .63022 .30351 2.11392 2.92646 3• 1.08560 2.51909 .64177 2.48486 . 46082 ..50687 .46383 .47769 .89133 1.42482 .36595 .39324 .47448 .50268 .62675 .00862 2.38787 . 60 .40098 .32197 2.38453 38481 38520 .32~43 2.42860 .51872 .4:1763 .06094 2.30916 :=g d:~~A 1.40166 .20" to.44:175 .46737 .45451 2.91826 1.47519 .31086 2.41081 .41217 .49361 .22164 2.46748 .48621 .60113 .12190 2. 1.42618 2.00277 2.40369 .53865 2.41694 .87- .20790 2.4:1797 .40640 .61688 .42722 42757 .44872 .71305 2.37289 .52142 2. 37 1.49242 .21647 2.01891 2.98684 1.90607 1.45047 .93746 1.46171 .28348 2.W733 .39468 .51246 . 27 26 2• 2• 23 22 21 20 •• •• 60 61 .41831 .404:32 2.46843 .06400 2.4:1968 ..90741 1.2684-0 2.24262 2.71792 2.43032 .37863 .44:548 .23030 2.38386 cotan coten 2.40979 .41387 .06333 2.96120 1.05030 tan :l~' cotan . 62" .26196 2.66516 2.48306 .35395 2.01302 2.02483 2.46914 .50295 .26552 2.37920 .64642 2.46418 .60806 .48. 17 I.66752 2.• 0403 .89633 1.38754 .36662 .58038 2.43793 .59831 2.38263 ..50879 .44463 .55170 2.36859 .43623 2.63134 .61467 .49604 . 2.44:623 .09664.27987 2.50864 2.39997 .48758 2.56487 2.51502 2.61761 .48163 .49822 .26909 2.43724 .89000 1.42929 .36529 .43585 . .41620 2.61289 2.15696 2.26018 2.42310 .49597 2.49177 2.92782 35 1.34636 2.49858 .07476 2.62390 .369iH ..68653 2.97680 1.21819 2.23204 2.08716 2.12526 2.01155 2.95698 1.37521 .47066 .40715 .88867 1.41223 2.48666 .39068 2.46986 .62561 2.97966 1.44279 .18687 2.90069 1.37986 .16925 2.28528 2. 14 13 12 11 10 2.48737 ..23378 2.37311 2.40504 .2 .42688 .62103 2.38854 .084-05 2.66811 2.27267 2. 3.44230 2.37322 .43308 .46560 ..24604 tao tan ~.40911 .66109 2.37090 .4HK7 . 44942 .13963 2.52571 2.593 .11233 2.29801 2.2 41 .«210 .96979 1.

51466 1. .63. cotaD .66966 1.67790 ..55170 1..68429 . 3 ..72913 1.82628 1 ..67832 ..43703 1. ...77612 '1.7019" ..189" 1..M036 .10Il00 .87877 1.72665 ...728 1.49003 1.43"36 1.71373 ....78176 ...61275 1.011<3 1.82318 1...63666 ..68173 .64:768 ..70108 1.69761 ..69208 1.66767 ). ...'000< II 80 II . .8OU& 1.... .43792 1....10607 1.. 60 10 • • • • 7 8 2 3 • .1 .57474 1.61370 ).43347 ) .71946 .78807 1.64240 .&481)8 1.517 1 .. 7"" 1..."2638 1._ 1..67578 .71016 1.69502 .64.8 .703 1._ I..~..._ 1.fOl09 l. ...6MH 1.._ . 1It811 1. . .7aoa 1. .63830 . " " 11 I.."7330 ..66165 ) . .'1200 ..64693 1. . /..63871 .64281 .6864.fOO7" l..01803 ..68130 .40281 1..e0970 i.. .63912 ."1061 l..."11 . .71081 1. .Il007 1..65106 .64982 . 1IOM1 .8foOf.'1081 . 1.58286 1."6962 1.56071 1.62972 I. 97 l...67281 . 8• 60' 158' 1..65148 . 3D 3.63206 1. .58388 1.39693 1.7VOI.. 39336 i.ae076 I.810'73 l.71368 1.67111 .'.8"16 1.'7188 1..677 .6)000 .42MO 1 .38668 ) ..669'" :m~ .716-f9 .66938 . 1.a0ea3 1. ..61124.69286 ..56366 ) .8f06H 1..49661 1. 1322 1.37807 1.691S7 . 1. . ..1U88 .38484 i .a228 1.'13906 1.60133 1.67366 .....8 17 i• i .778M l.8 :~~ga 1...M9T8 1 .87161 1.87_ 1. 1.M97a .. 7 1.18179 ..724i7 .51179 1.70326 .56868 1.....11780 .. .Il0l1 .II0B0 ....71329 ..69718 .32..71813 .50930 1 .678" ....38653 i .57)70 1.8111t 1.60702 1..6..39784 1.43626 1.48536 i ...81_ 1.320 6 1. 2..'7762 1.68388 ... .81&1' 1."6686 1..66272 . 1672 1.69847 .69891 . 11M..71f073 1. . I.. 62 1 ..NH7 .6.42992 1.Hlta .. .61562 )..64873 .70760 .64117 .69688 .60038 1. M12 .63268 ..704:12 ..44060 1.IU77 u= I.61310 ..60512 1.~"62 ....61820 ._1 l.68771 ..81318 1.62487 ... 67f61 ..8026& .e0007 1.73089 1.66105 .16781 ..60228 1......65776 .72388 .MlI8 1...67818 .....7146) .5 .61._.81026 1.66818 .65231 .67"93 .43970 1."7886 1..fOO22 1. 74lf 1..1!1710..0lI0 1..69...38146 1."9472 1..62730 ..66265 1..821M ._ 1.39936 1.78181 1.52235 1.."4418 ) .711M ..67271 .167" ...81160 1.72621 .78610 1."2lJO 1.71702 1.. ..80777 1.... 67663 .39879 1.49766 1.17626 17 II eo . •• .HI01 .._1 I..M122 •MHO II eo .66969 1.6Il0l 1.66608 .7H13 1.63963 ..MIII •MIlO l.6 . .6673" .81776 1.6770..62608 .6.nIDi ...10122 ..668)3 .39"21 i."1769 1.62811 . 1 ..._70 ....72078 .71128 1.li2f29 1:52332 1.62838 1.10137 1.53693 1..lta 1~76022 1."1236 1..61084 1..54774 ..10086 1.71417 ..67680 .57676 1.49)90 i ..e8100 ..11&&2 .._ 1.. tan ~- eotaD ..74876 .7)725 ._ 1.HMI 1. 09 .69966 ...63888 1 ..._ 1..59620 1 .6746) cctee .66902 ."6773 1. 22 23 1. 70M2 . 716 .2 11 . .8398" .. ...fOSS7 1.63789 .712"2 ..7)637 ..63380 .63707 . . .52 ..70173 1.7"10 1.47 ..80168 1.68118 . HOM ..48722 1.72CM7 1.66398 ..76"'8 1.. 80663 1.22 1.. ::= ."611 I.67197 .67069 1..7....54675 ... . 7063 1..63"00 1.....48629 i .esess ..61280 1.&7736 .11878 ..59"14 1..6 .eoeo1 ...M667 ) .67620 ..6f652 1.81.58900 1. .7ea90 1.37976 1.6732" . ..71286 .80761 .46005 1. 1 1.e6860 .eoaa7 i. lI0II81 . . ..61400 ..71198 .630)0 1..7)066 .. • • • • • • " " I.69071 .72122 . . •IOMJ ...1503 ..63684 .W17 . .63299 1..70891 .66986 ...66314 .63217 .68490 1..7U11 1.68986 .M085 64941 ·1.6 .72867 1..'IN2 1..19109 .7. .67271 ).62892 .71817 1.38399 1.42622 1...61668 1. S' .83111 18 at 18 ..18631 .."8070 1."6138 1.70021 cotan ..81. .83718 1.U_ 1.66116 60 . ."" r.64628 . 82 .M7ee .MI07 ...IIIN ..68178 .21 .60893 ) ._..70'78'1. 0540 1.e soes 1.6489~ I.76318 1.61HO .._ 1.66524 ..52625 l.726M ccten .70586 ..10260 1.11"1 1. ..."3)69 i . 26 27 28 2."'7 6..6"2~2 ._ 1.68002 .'1180 ..63812 1.58593 1.. .8Mfo6 1.66147 .6f6lO 1.4MOI 1..49849 1.59.•6011 .64669 1.. . }:~~ 1.767M 1..761KtO 1._ 1. . ..MIll 11 U ~ II 18 24 18 81 17 .76161 1.181" ..&6&15 i .. ..6..66189 ..f6411 i .17803 1.67282 ..BlIlt 1.442 8 i .187_ 1.82026 1..39607 1.ml1 1.8212" ..66230 ._ 1.cotan 1.72183 1.Ma97 . ..."7699 1.IUNO .7.MIl.5 1.70629 .46692 1.62627 .1 1.70107 .11120 .1H11 1.H217 .HI" ..67028 .11283 1. 3.&7TH ... .871M1 1.I2M8 1 ~8Ufo2 1.1M3. .7)681 .f09 .10128 .6707) . 653M .18308 I. 2D 2.•• 071 .. ."1 1..39079 ) .66021 .68184 1.6911" ..3831" 1... 30 .71769 .MII71 1."0800 1 .&M16 1.6 4• 49 60 1..0 1 10 11 12 11 1.W..081' 1.50988 ) ..39164 ) ..59311 1..._ 1."7607 ) ... 2 . . '2 •• •• •• •• •• II eo 60 10 <3 .. .71593 ...1OM2 .70801 1.U618 I...12150 1..122eN .7He6 1.65563 .-..«608 1. 6W730 .69243 .5272 .1H'2 1. • •N111 .1112.69934 . 11761 .65771 . ..60417 1.U71M 1.688)" ..63 ..H678 .11770 .66666 ) . 3 2 1 0 57 56 0 'an 55 54 taD 0 -88- . .&NIl 1.66638 1.11101 .683"3 . . .78788 1..e80'78 1. 3614 1.00711 l.• 193 .67166 .54972 .9 4 i .72778 1. . 3< 33 '2 31 3D 29 28 2' 25 2' 22 2..72344 .823" . :1 .l1li7 I.10001 ._0 . 071" 1. 10 11 19 " II II 24 18 II 30 .37638 11 .519"6 1. 0 .70936 ..1T088 1.802fl 1..78116 1.54676 64734 l.70079 .256 8 .....6.61013 1..1 .Usee 1..11767 1..81178 1.•• lIII0 .58797 1. 1. 7238 1..62933 .612'1 ._ 1."4958 1. 32 '3 •• .."2286 1. ..70238 .57675 1.48909 1.686 1..7V7aa 1.0196 l.. 39260 1."MI0 1..89- ."1 1.69002 1.UNO I...8H71 •• •• •• ...67239 ..7f....&7828 . .65667 1.66466 1.11111 .&1055 . ..42903 1. .73821 1."2816 ten 0 t::f~ 1..53497 1..66677 1.37722 1.oaooa .-.69372 .38060 1.59106 1.59.10001 .M478 . ..66866 1..MOI .68728 .65666 1..7m7 1..6f776 I.48816 i .. .656f6 . .53791 1.70717 .61181 1.3 .6f281 .• 1620 .._ .70368 ."6778 1...49097 i .01760 1.70064 ..70673 . 17 .48349 i .'1198 i .eon1 1. 71 .52043 1... 778 1..62816 1.7Ot66 .....52)39 1.3899f 1.er 108 11 10 .67917 .62913 1.56269 1. 1.'lau .17630 ...721U 1._ 1.12246 .5M67 1.01079 1.• 5956 1..1193._ 1. ..6M8O .1107' . 1 ...6436<: ."4239 i ..40367 1.6164:1 .67636 .63107 1..13111 tan ~...6851" .51 .7M18 1...."686f 1.17308 1..«868 1.. ..MI" .77UI 1. •• . 1.71023 ...28 1.6f0871 .71176 1.72826 ) ._..."4688 1..78818 1... 3' 38 3.72299 . IOIN ...18fo76 ..55368 1.2 1.-' 50 60 .49378 1.60322 1.""2 1.80326 .52719 1.72034 ._1 .69416 ..59826 1 ..66896 . 4329 1.82018 1.680"5 .7977 1.'1&80 .ecM48 1.83398 1..418f7 1.71077 1...64168 .18147 1.65023 .. .68117 .72610 .11618 1...72255 ._ eo 11 II .1iaaa 1.69631 ..2 . 1" 1.eM28 1.81m .71U1 1....628.38738 i ."lfOO 1.62973 . ..17M1 1.67372 1.I080I • • • • 8 I • •• • j 5• 52 53 54 55 5.88 .57879 1...68088 .812740 1.44698 1.3882" 1.87283 1. • .70i99 ..e003S 1.38909 1..1 • .62689 .10201 1.&7813 .68301 .60799 ) .11922 ..71990 ."04M 1..71."3881 1. 68M7 ......4 .6)850 1.87021 1...7"" i...63340 .71688 1.11801 . ..70848 .... .71818 1. .."2816 1.71771 1.3 .82276 1.64199 .69200 ...398M 1.6 •• 'S 1..".17000 1.18182 . . ..67067 . 40 ..68268 .68471 . •• •• •• •• '7 38 40 <3 '5 .11240 .69459 ..11ff.603 6 1."6870 1. .16200 1. 791 •• eo " • •• eo I.53302 1. .72211 . .. .66356 .."6320 1.77280 1.13822 I. 69M5 .."2)98 1. ."6046 1 .88281 1..70281 .. ."1 .64729 .... ..6 1.'1721 .7706 . ..'2710 21 IT 1..18181 1.63544 ..66776 .. 0 . 644u-! . ..69676 . .'''Ia ... tan 3~ ectan taD 01~' eot&D t&D O:S~ ¥ (lotaD 'a.62770 .70021 .88f028 .8107t 1..62668 .. .71901 .122Ba 1. .61808 ."7792 1.56766 1.12126 18 28 10 19 1. 20 eo .. .61218 I. .3789) i .496661 1.63994 ..87 . 3268 1.701..69028 .. 237 .M379 64817 i .8&011 1 ..60033 1. •• . 67960 .7M87 1. 1.888 1.. 6890D 68942 . 682Ui .73206 1.&7BaI .67113 ..64183 . .. 417M 1.649 .53986 coteu 'a n 0 .65189 . .77110 1. .71110 ..7"11 1..7eeao 1.65120 1.IIIH .. I.77671 I.'I92tNI 1..65521 . 103 1 .67116 ._ .."878 1 .'_ 1..59723 1.499 ."6Of9 1."6137 1.63625 ...88091 1.66980 ..4&682 1.. ..66854 .0 .."2726 1..78032 1..."9284 1.166M ..NOt8 1.43080 1. 11180 .63986 1.80721 ..70218 1.. •• .-. 10 ... 8 1.69329 .68695 1.5-06 ..!6 1. 67875 ... 1.100II . .40627 ) ....83606 1. 11108 .&7988.64 . .73206 . . •• • • • • •• 8 7 .81187 •• ..78116 1.78M2 1.67981 1.58083 1..&7890 .63177 .eoeo.""""" I.6 1..m" 1.7U8 1.1117'20 1.._ . ..46229 1.... .38229 1.72 .630lf .. 6987' .6811M ..68867 .71867 ."8229 1...66121 II .._ ••• 089 .MI" •MIlO .-.Il107 .. .102M l.64076 . . .626"0 ..53H ..72)66 .67183 . 1.1000II .67778 1..."2022 1 ..82230 1.... ..10208 eo D .63748 ...lIII08 II .6M38 .

91313 .17777 tan 4~ cotan tan 4~' cotan 1.87184 .254U2 1.18614 1.72788 .a71a4 1.08369 1.79070 .14632 1.228.08179 1.77615 .94896 .938.35719 1.36051 1.24375 1.1f1953 1.05809 1.08116 1.92116 ."15:! 1.90304 .93197 .77382 77428 .90199 .27458 .07112 1.84307 .72877 .76180 .03543 eo 5. 75858 .90516 .287641 . 13 12 11 10 8 7 6 l' l' 2 I 0 • • • a tan 4• tan 48° tan ~tan 47° 46° tan 90 - -91- .0 ss •• •• •• .2444f1 1.13228 1.17085 1.asaso 1. 7728!l .33nU8! .92817 .80786 R0834 .92062 .55 .11126 1.11713 1..1034-9 1.15172 1.09195 1. ROM6 1.14902 1. .29!l31 1 I ::~~~?~ I I 29B!ltI 1.8 .24895 1. 20M 1 .7\J44U .08622 1.21598 1.6221 1.04705 1.96562 .17500 1.0717.09460 1.16878 1.04827 1.04279 1..21886 1.13295 1.82727 .07237 tan tan 4~' cotan 1.04461 1.21166 1.84906 .25567 1.13828 1.73996 .366aa 1.82776 .95118 .0 .13029 1.804f18 1.22758 1.16329 1. 79U:.14834 1. 72HZ! 36 38° cotun 1.214M 1.85006 .89567 .21382 1.88524 88576 .19882 1.302441 1. 838GO .81220 .9094-0 . .25343 1.86980 . 356:~7 1.11844 1.21959 1. .8660' •• •• •• 50 Oi 52 53 54 55 '6 57 60 ss •• 1.7.90727 .82629 .12897 1. 1 .'4 .17016 1.90146 .06987 1.10607 1.18404 1.14229 1.91473 .82092 .12303 1.04401 1.~196 1.83910 .27G~U 1.25118 1.86216 .09131 1.85408 .08306 1.86014 .83218 .87492 .91687 . 11 12 13 .30873 1.35142 1 .06317 1.24005 1.78786 .81606 .14969 1.86674 .08432 1.12041 1.20024 1.~5 1.73H19 .85468 . 55 5.28!H91 1.07299 1.83405 .05932 1.88628 .85559 .87441 .10931 1.08940 1.9004-0 cotan 1.91099 .77475 .3 42 .21238 1.92385 .24672 1.10027 1.20736 1.73681 .R7862 .19175 1.23270 1.Il6<00 .89830 .73055 .0 .89097 .25044 1.-349~ 1.89149 .36383 1. 37 38 3.96062 .90463 .96008 .06613 1.81849 .IU66YI 1.9584-1 .82825 . 0 1.94676 .732H .77242 .96344 .03734 1.83662 .7!.8606' .'18 1.33673 .37638 1. 796:1!) .94290 .18894 1. sa 57 11 12 13 1.14363 I.15511 1.87904 .--'"--_.73602 73M7 .92709 .7 .81703 .21526 1.93797 .2a123 1.03976 1.06117 1.86929 .13961 1.J6800 1.85157 . 23784 1.88265 .21094 1.10867 1.87031 .79164 .82678 .13361 1.95786 .21023 1.91633 .90040 .16 1 .74312 .342421 .06365 1.91206 .89263 .09770 1.72832 .86878 .88992 .92331 .96606 .37218 I.06378 1.86267 .84367 .H296 1.90569 .22685 1.07738 1.09386 1.11 1. 80978 .73278 .3334!l HQ6U 806!10 .89463 .13096 1.17223 1.77661 1.79212 .91526 .263Hl 1.24820 1.93034 .206d5 1.74086 74131 74176 74221 .82044 .93469 .807:18 .12567 1.84956 .81075 .75219 11.17638 1.10543 1.08496 1.86827 .187M 1.17154 1. as tiE!! 1.30166 1.83712 .8.94235 . .961"6 .24746 1.15037 •• 30 34 33 32 31 30 2• 28 27 2.13761 1.26774 1.26018 1.20808 1.83360 .83564 83613 .:107.88110 88162 .91901 .12172 1.:'IHO.90357 . 27 2.20879 1.86929 cotan .91740 .7\J8:!9 .07049 1.27841 1.18684 1.81752 .23710 1236:)7. 792:\9 .BUIlS .73368 .96669 •• 60 58 . 79306 .83120 .82531 .21310 1.816.77708 .83317 .10220 1.an cotan 51 tan :1 cotan 500 t .88836 88888 .94016 .1664-7 1.'). 25 24 2::1 22 21 20 10 18 17 1.87236 . 27. 1132J 1.10737 1.03856 1.74855 .90887 .81123 .93961 .25943 1.7M04 .'1 .12436 1.06179 1.ten 0 1 2 3 .76088 .06133 1. 76042 .73637 .79117 .81946 .74764 133754 8{1402 1.17361 1.94731 .05266 1.95229 .06685 1.94400 .74402 .75264 1.88784 .92493 .89620 .89410 .07237 1.79401 .04218 1.74447 .04949 1.87646 .7antl •• . 38 37 1.09258 1.16603 1.22004 1.16741 1.!i 1.18 .24153 1.79591 .04:766 1.06676 1.88421 .13\62 1.76272 .35107 1.27917 1.12238 1.93633 .35968 1.91046 .84059 .23490 _.25717 1.86166 .16947 1.73771 73816 .731H .81558 .17708 1.94841 .12765 1.ssee 0 .72743 .11975 1.09003 1.21742 1.20593 1.82385 .7 .37554 tan .22249 1.94620 .30795 1.86725 .26169 1.26417 1.19035 1.07676 1.76318 76364 .8141a .77\>RS 1 80882 .94786 .93688 . il -ota n 02' t.87389 .84158 .18055 1.19105 1.54 35472 1. 53 50 6I 50 10 •• •• .09322 1.00614 1.09706 1.08876 1.84467 .6 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2' 30 31 32 33 34 a5 '" 37 36 34 33 32 31 30 2.83268 .35.962a2 .12963 1.8 lm!lmnl~"! :ll:11 28''" 53° tan .13494 1.92277 .15919 1.73726 .13894 1.82141 82190 .73861 . :~:~~~ : :~:(Wg •• 7449211.06562 1.22321 1.18544 1.80978 .91794 .81171 .03613 1.84009 .84268 .83!l1O -_.03915 1.80115 i .27382 1.4 1.25792 1.86623 . 15 16 17 1.91956 .81800 .93143 .05010 1.76502 76548 .81995 .82483.84666 .88214 .34978 1.87965 .96962 .26849 1.85257 .30323 1 1.06551 1. .'j) 75 eoran tan 10 • • • • 7 8 ~:~H~gl 1.14096 1.')0 .11:617 1. 20 I.26471 1. 5.36217 1.87133 .72654 726!I9 .87338 .36549 1.05870 1.17430 1.05194 1.74900 1.338.782~2 7826fl .09067 1.26395 1.18824 1.14565 1.52 .14699 1.78975 .96288 .238581 1.7 06 54 53 02 51 .15851 1.27077 1.12501 1.15240 1.82434 .90834 . 29 30 31 32 '3 34 30 36 37 38 3.11061 1.88317 .92980 .95729 .83960 .89306 .08559 1.33511 1 .)!lUe .12831 1.20166 1.08813 1.94126 .84507 .19811 1.10802 l.88473 .04622 1.28842.11191 1.7!l791 .81461 .08749 1.3:!86·'>.5 16 17 18 80 21 02 23 2• 20 2. • • • 8 • 7 0 1 2 3 .06862 1.10R6 .17846 1.~71 1 .08243 1.7710.92926 .86307 . 09 .239:il 1.6 1.82923 .84806 .89988 .90621 .85358 .25208 1.85862 .8 .08063 1.24597 1.83022 .93262 .35060 1.07650 1.80067 I 21l38.15 1..96284 .93742 .82874 .93262 .1 .22539 1.88940 .~53:~ ~~3~~U~~ ~~29 1~ l' l' 13 12 11 10 •• •• •• :~~~~ ~:~~i~~! :g~~~ :~~~~! ~ ::~~~n! •• eo '1 02 03 06 67 60 .06241 1.86761 .96120 .94180 .17292 1.:i6.83169 .20951 1. .87749 .19599 1 1 119387 1 Fl3161 llO"6I 1.84856 .11682 1.00303 1.96395 .223U4 1.76226 .12369 1.20451 1.15' 747Hl : :~.83071 .81027 .13627 1.23416 1.94455 .84208 .91259 .05439 1.76456 .06066 1.87082 .0t158 1.84706 .36466 1.'300 1.90993 .84656 .74628 1. 8M 11 .306.18194 1.92872 .73592 .77568 .74267 .8-5912 .89515 .86115 .79496 .09678 1. 74041 .24969 1.16809 1.73323 .89201 .. 797a4 .07900 1.79354 .12633 1.89672 .26244 1. . 1 2'''6~ 1.IM43 1. 7"H.89777 .24227 1.27153 1.73467 .86572 .91366 .84606 .07613 1.06800 1.27:-1(.86963 .89883 .20237 1.8 43 42 .802.29463 .88732 .15308 1.30087 1.06427 1.86419 .29152' .27994 1.90410 .924-39 .89045 . 27 2.16783 1.25193 1.07801 1.23:'143 1.22104 1. 3..74810 1.13561 1.05747 1.761a4 .24079 1.11266 1.73906 .88069 .266!l8 12.15715 1..22467 1.96897 .35802 1.03674 1.90251 .14162 1.91580 .22612 1.25642 1.73413 .18264 1.18125 1.12106 1.04036 1.10478 1.08686 1.81898 . •• •• .76779 768:?5 76871 76\.93306 .88369 .84756 .16398 1.22977 1.14767 1.89358 .300011 1.78881 .77335 .14498 1.36116 1.20379 1.95673 .85710 .21670 1.2610125 1.16261 1.33592 .78410 .77196 .82336 .82238 82287 .16124 1.7\1877 .78645 .118 76!164 ~ ~:~~~ I 77niO 1 345681 .06738 1.20C.10414 1.93415 .06925 1.~~~ I .88680 .79544 .16066 1.11387 1. .~ '32'''.74674 1.20522 1.10996 1.86368 .3'"46' .93360 .78129 .73100 .84108 .83701 .14028 1.20308 1.91419 .18964 1.3(f.35:?:?4 1.24301 1. 789:!8 .81316 .09899 1.078641.33430 .91163 .94345 . 80163 :: ~~~~~ i 80211 .33U161 .:1-\8\)6 134814! 3.80020 .04888 1.76594 76640 76686 .86207 .78SS1 .15679 1.06501 1.0 3.16535 1.03794 1.1 42 .13428 1.27001 1.07362 1. .78316 . 7.05994 1.16192 1.11452 1.77057 I M487 I .11909 1.95618 .10091 1.7851.82580 .86776 .92163 .12699 1.28148 .20095 1.95173 .27764 1.1 •2 45 47 .11778 1.15375 1.86318 .94510 .94566 .18334 1.164-66 1.09834 1.36133 1.11061 . :g1i¥ I --- eotan.15104 1.1164-8 1.25867 1.310311 1.260\la 1.6 .96451 .82972 .78082 128fl71 .93678 .92224 .93524 .19740 I.92655 .94962 .09963 1.84407 .92008 .27230 1.77149 I 34405 1 34321 .17916 1.17669 1.04340 1.80450 1..24523 1.87698 .1 .87801 .77521 .74946 .09642 1..76733 1.10672 1.nwn .73nw 72966 i:~~~~~ I I.83514 .15037 1.92170 .07425 1. 809~0 .16672 1.04097 1.10166 1.83415 J cotan ~~.86521 .92601 .96340 .80:154 .90674 . 75fl50 .Stall4 .26546 1.780.23050 1.21814 1. 2.22031 1.89935 .76410 .93088 . 8O:~06 1.046441.96tI3 .19175 - tan 40 cotau 1.87287 .78457 7S504 .276l1 I .90093 . .73951 .95007 .1811 . 20 2< 23 22 21 20 I' I• 17 1.eeta.''.07487 1.10285 1.94071 . 79022 .35885 1.81510 .370.17986 1.04583 1.13694 1.88007 .07927 1 .86470 .1S 1.06489 1. " . 79U12 .74357 .18474 1.93906 .85057 85107 . 78834 .05072 1.80594 77754 7491H 1.7861)2 1.87543 .89725 .87595 .1 .15987 1.05624 1.14430 1. .22176 1.90781 .91847 .925047 .96457 .

.06192 . eotan 45' 45' tan 45' tan 21 22 23 24 2' 2.99705 .03132 1.99826 .99824: .5146 0.99998 .05582 .5 .99974 .99639 99637 . 18 17 I• .064:82 .04682 .99888 .99790 .55 0.99864 ..0703' .99966 ..99G66 •• .02821 .99981 ..00029 .98270 .99851 .07991 . 30 31 32 33 34 3' 3.99963 .01229 21 1. . 00116 .oozvi • • 11 12 13 I.99994 .99836 .05234: .01803 .01105 .--tan eotan 1.99834: .03926 . 2< ..03752 .99999 .02414 .07150 .99907 .99989 . I• 17 18 1 20 eotan . sa 99983 .99013 . 38 3.99932 .2 .06018 .02660 .99896 .03141 .99817 .9994:2 1.00960 .01193 .99921 .00873 .7 ss .99911 .99861 .99957 .00526 1. M 27 1>3 2' '2 2..01288 1.. 37 3' 3.07962 .98786 .99912 .02501 .98155 . 99994 .08571 08600 .07237 .01483 .99984 .99930 .03228 .99768 .00087 ..99642 .05553 . .03606 .99979 .99786 .99950 .9974:8 .99996 .04943 .03810 .01396 .05698 .02879 .01761 1.04:623 .01745 ..99856 .04333 ..99793 .06250 .99905 .04159 . 0 1 2 3 • • • 7 8 •• •• . 28 27 2. .01978 .01~39 1. coseno •• .00000 .02850 .00320 .0604:7 . 01047 . •• •• 60 . •• .04304 .04:740 .0444:9 .99966 .02176 1.2 r.024:14 \..99906 .00583 1.99808 .99725 99723 .99946 .06366 .03170 03199 .00989 .01600 .02676 .01367 .99919 .99668 .99863 .02117 1.99854 ..99937 .99990 . •• se .99667 .00701 1.01018 ..01820 1.99772 .06714 . so •• 35 45 3' 33 .99938 .99925 .05931 .0U74: 1. .99918 .99998 .00233 1....99904: .07063 .05350 .02792 .98441 .08542 ..06540 .99826 .03965 .01583 1.99721 .00291 . 02938 .97813 .99703 .99795 .04:827 .99716 ..04:013 .02763 .07846 .04536 .01513 .99969 .974:16 974:72 97529 .99999 ..96194 S68W . .99241 .0424:6 .99997 .99923 . .99931 ... 97810 .99927 .99993 . 00496 .99998 .99996 .00994 1.00759 1. i• 18 17 Ie 13 12 11 10 .07295 .99420 .03192 1.5 .99738 .99959 .06163 .01251 .99784 .99998 .96625 .04478 .99827 .99683 .06569 .00756 .07904 .02152 .99762 .99986 .99982 .99977 99977 99976 .01891 .07006 .97133 .. 2' 24 23 22 20 •• .97189 .03054 ..99885 .03781 .569 .96907 .999M . 999R9 .99627 99625 99622 .99536 .98384 .99969 .0 f1.04188 .97756 .99806 .99892 .07121 .01998 1.99991 .06105 .96681 96138 ..99989 . .141 . 20 21 22 23 2.997M .03493 1.7643 .99774 .99884: .00058 .0 .9J973 ..98041 .99868 .99984 .01687 .07788 .02689 . .03257 .04:217 .01702 1.99949 99948 99947 .98728 . .99782 .01629 .99776 . 02734 .08252 08281 .99953 ..99897 .99766 .99727 .02236 1. 41 42 43 tan eotan 1.03012 1.0302.99813 .97700 eotan r-r-: 44' tan ------ 44° eotan 3.99189 .99979 seno ~'cosene . 02007 .07876 .03490 .06976 .8 31 30 50 2• ~~ 11 .05030 05059 .07566 . .04711 .oosor .04769 .03984 .08629 .02067 1.99972 .99852 .06976 ..00175 1.01347 1.08687 .02123 ..99992 .04866 .02892 1.06308 .99804 .99863 .98213 .08107 .99770 .99917 .04972 05001 .01280 01309 .99652 99710 .02713 1.99801 .2 g~1:~ •• •• .02327 . " .02356 tan .99967 .99742 .99708 .06511 .7 32 .99991 .99673 .998i2 .99952 .08078 .99905 .06134: . 99994 .07759 .99941 .99971 . seno 3 2 1 0 • • • • cosena 89' seno 89' sene coseno 89' sene seno ceseno 88' ccsenc 87' sene ceseno 88' coseno 85' -92- - 93- .99997 .99866 .99812 .01170 1 sene 1 I ccsenc .99942 .01642 1.03635 .99869 .00935 1.06685 coseno .07672 07701 .04:04:2 .99935 .08658 .99986 I • • e 7 8 10 a 22 601" 23 59 58 57 3• • .98499 as 34 33 32 31 30 2.02712 1.01465 1.06860 06889 06918 06947 .08716 4' coseno .91359 .02618 .99995 . 13 12 11 10 7 0 1 2 3 • • e 3 2 1 0 7 8 10 • • • • ..05263 ..0 5" .99980 .074:11 .01832 .06076 .99982 ..03433 1.05321 .06627 .03112 ..06221 .00785 .06727 .ooses .03490 60 68 .99799 .99766 99764 99762 99760 99758 99756 sene seno . 08426 084.00233 .99961 ..01716 .07092 .99968 .99976 .99662 99649 99647 .99965 .99849 .07382 .03723 .08223 ..99991 .99696 .99734 . 17 18 ie . •• •• •• eo 47 M '2 M M '7 98671 .025a0 .99943 .99889 .99902 ..99768 .0. 99916 . 99970 . se M sa .99996 .08310 ..99883 99882 .07643 ..99736 .99926 .04607 .99876 9<)875 99873 .02633 1.99986 .OM08 .02967 .05960 .996tU .99956 .97586 .9884:3 .99974 .01112 1.- -----w--". .98958 ..97016 .03839 .02653 1...02269 ..06656 .00818 1.99829 .02647 .01746 .00058 1 "17 I.99939 . .01542 ..07~ . 99962 .07527 .99993 .99987 .98098 .0 10 • 11 12 13 .99894: .99996 .08397 .05844 .04914: .99972 .99594: .97246 91302 .99867 .01406 1..99822 .02386 .03072 1.02908 .99909 .04653 . 99998 .97020 .00461 1.99929 .OM24: .99710 .00176 .08166 . 27 28 2.01076 .99803 .99669 .00262 .00814 .05088 05117 .99630 .99778 .99910 .99819 .03312 1.01658 .99936 .07179 .05989 .99998 .07324 .. .02366 .99729 .99731 .0..99016 .03083 .99699 .99689 .9Q841 .02706 .01134 ..99847 .99687 .99478 .09890 .99999 .99934 ..99915 .00642 1.04:129 .99985 .06598 .01949 .00876 1.96963 . so •• •• •• •• Senos sene 0 1 2 .03693 .99900 .07208 .99960 .98327 .01222 .06395 .03868 . 16 20 11 12 13 ..99975 .03548 03577 .03432 03461 .99680 .99671 . •• •• as •• :~t~ •• •• ~I .04:071 .00727 .064:53 .99969 .00204 ..97984 ..99701 .99939 .99870 .05873 .02181 .99860 .0 .03252 1.99945 .99913 . • 2 2• 30 .03519 . b7 se 2' 2.5 .99964 . .02298 .074:4:0 .99844 .01862.05814 .99714 .08136 ..99740 .99898 . !~Il~ 48 31 32 33 45 44 43 42 24 se 25 ss 26 27 M 63 2.07933 .5234 ..99990 .99933 .99956 .04:798 .99901 .99712 .99993 U~cosene 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 sene 00611 00640 .04420 .99857 .99839 . or .02036 .~~a .02295 1.00436 .9974:4 . .08020 0.99746 .99997 .05495 .99750 .99988 .99846 .99815 .99780 . 47 42 41 3• 38 37 3• 33 32 31 30 29 2' 27 2• 2' 22 21 20 . .06279 .97927 .07M6 07614 .05437 .99886 .02996 .00116 1.99999 .99632 .96.03897 .99922 .04391 ..99978 .99940 .99686 . 99992 .99694 .04275 .04885 .99797 .02211 .04:100 .99654 ..99878 seno .01164 seno 0 coseno .00408 1. .05379 .06337 .07353 .99362 .99893 .00582 ... .99842 .08194 .99999 .01774 .02065 02094 .05766 .99952 .99995 .03372 1.03664 .99951 .06611 05640 .01879 1.03286 03316 03345 03374: .99999 . 08513 .07730 .00844 .0436~ .05292 .99944 .99821 .01454 .99963 .99838 .06424 . .99719 .99676 . 05669 .04694 .99788 .99692 . 30 '0 31 32 33 47 " 17 I.99995 ..00931 .'H75 0520.99958 . 38 37 3.99131 .00669 oo6U8 .01920 .9991)7 ..05902 ..08339 Osa68 .02832 1.99999 .99304 .0456.02240 .98901 .99831 .02443 024:72 .01571 . 1.01053 1..02593 1.99986 .00378 y Cosenos 0 cosena ..00350 1.00524 .00663 .99924 .. •• 42 :6~ 40 36 37 38 39 2• 23 22 21 20 ~~!I ~~ ss ~5 • s 7 •• •• •• so 47 '1 .99678 .99619 ..03403 .00902 .99987 .99988 .99792 .00145 .05466 .99833 .01524: 1.00349 .99810 . 13 12 11 10 8 7 e s •• • 3 2 1 0 '2 1>3 .07817 .01338 .01425 .06743 06773 06802 06831 .7 ..03553 1.02952 1.074:69 074:98 .05785 .

21669 .17021 17050 .21218 .98476 .15758 .18681 .09570 lI002 .98368 .19766 .19309 .08716 1 2 .98426 .98714 .97952 .16189 .16447 .18367 .140VO .99506 .20791 coseno .13053 .14695 98940 9893638 98931 .20193 .17637 .99067 1 " 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 .16849 .97437 sene .19081 coseno .97899 .17393 .09005 .97910 .fHI424 \ 12447 .16846 .\19222 9'J219 13917 1:1946 13975 : .98491 .18967 .97934 .9~)431 .97857 .98700 .98039 .90428 12418 10113 ".98686 .g~g~~ !~ I .99467 .16969 .1 :H~~~ 46 .19538 .97692 .97736 .97711 .98561 .20734 .17651 .:~3gf 1\ .98506 .98112 .98481 .91l:.11609 .19138 .98718 .98957 98953 98948 98944 45 44 43 42 41 40 11 12 13 If 16 IS 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 2.21786 .98283 .20592 .98420 .98294 .18081 .19.178112 .97760 .98961 .98531 .98163 11 sene .97987 .99614 9~)612! '.l~~~1.18023 . .'i ' tmH:~ 12274 !!1·12216 .97893 .20307 .98234 .97729 .18624 .16763 .19737 .12187 .98732 . .98633 .:eno ~ ~f'.98067 .98245 .98146 .14061 .09932 .16992 .98590 .2OM9 ..lg~~b:~g::~ .16643 .97839 .1::!880 .98565 .98310 .98704: .9910211.14148 .09237 092% .98190 ..97698 ..97698 .9\l.99578! 10916 .10308 .98430 .99354 99141 37 11060 .97869 .98179 .18910 .99520 .98136 .11234 \)\)367\12966 .20165 .16390 .tg~g~ '. 20108 .18738 .22.18138 .98212 .1882. 11783 : \JUSS3 1115241 .18996 .16730 .96 coseno .98652 .98466 .97\)92 .19396 .21843 .'} .21417 .21672 .17164 17193 . 18196 .98107 .97863 .9g575 1.21246 .98681 . .09903 .21966 .99462 .98496 .21899 .16074 .97997 .98600 .97628 .'1 .20393 .18262 . 16677 .98315 .99456 .17365 coseno .en:1 .22363 .98414 .98609 .~TIi :~~~~~ II.13917 .97821 .1~70~ 91l3f13 .16476 ..98667 .98486 .98902 30 .97723 .16906 ..99580 I IOSS7 .98090 . 97764 . 101326 .97692 .:: 8:0.98341 .97969 .98695 .17737 .98927.99449 .98460 .9918~ 14349 14378 14407 .20990 .g~~~ :g~~l~ :~:n~ \ :g~~6g~i :l!~~g:g~~~~~ .16218 .20906 .18881 .o.97881 .18938 .l~H~ :ni~~ ::~~~~ ~~ 1 .97463 .13341 .092f)8 . i8652 .15902 .21104.15557 ~~~~~ 15643 .1224.1:1254 9H118 40 .20763 .20877 .~ :g~!A~ 'l~~~f 3~}g~ ~U~~.97679 .19224 .o.98481 10' sene .18595 . f7 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 5.97778 .99006 55 .20136 .98746 .17279 17308 17336 .17694 .97630 .21630 .22098 .97772 .12158 .. " 0 1 2 3 4 7 8 9 10 sene .16103 .08976 o .6 .16419 .98676 .22326 .98\:198 53 9899452 :9988~9086 !01 -" " Hn.99599 9 .98201 .\17673 .988.16873 .97928 .eno .eno 6".19338 .99594 I~ ~~~ ~ :g~b -~~~3¥I .16246 .98595 .98728 . 97660 .98320 .98304 .98629 .19880 .993~41.~n~ 99027 60 99~00213g !98 .16304 .10048 99494 .12043 99:!72 00 :10424 .14651 99171 14580 .20279 .16820 .1 .18481 ..98854 21 20 19 29 28 27 2S 2• 24 23 22 21 20 1• 18 17 1• 1• n :~Jyg'g~~~~.21M2 .98336 .17966 .98570 .97685 .98643 .09585 .gg~~~ ~ . l·lnfiO .97667 .11176 993741.22297 .16935 .99106 i .202M .14666 99156 .98299 .:3~.19452 .19366 .18538 .98619 .9\. 9764.\1':1163 14637 \)9160 .11523 .98004 .22013 .~§~~!~ .19167 .97742 .17422 .994:101 IOf)5.17823 .98066 . I . :g~~y .18338 .976.97642 . ~ :~g~~g.98657 .16017 .9\)248 -90244 99233 .98764 .99553 .21871 .19596 .19851 .9939\:1 12678 .19081 .19937 .8 f7 09150 .20607 .90386 12793 11089.97663 .90572 I097:{ .16964 .98378 .127:15 993\:10 12764 'II ~\1200 I \18197 99193 !l918\) .20022 .19666 . 17680 .97t89 .17508 .:gg~~~g ~ ~ i .11205 ~9370 .22183 . .22070 .98223 .13889 .19794 .97861 .98267 .994461.21729 .97851 .98021 .98207 .98751 .99567 11031 99564 99562 ..99167 14608 .18852 .97766 .09440 26 09469 27 09498 30 31 .99511 .14436 14464 14493 98965 .97623 .98541 . 30 31 32 33 •• •• •• .21161 .20563 .16792 .98151 .20636 . 35 3S 37 38 39 .97809 .19481 .97876 .97981 .18052 .~~~~~ .22212 .13514 ::~:H :~g2~!:~1~ ~~ Ii :~~~~~ .21768 .97617 .98436 .98174 .18767 .!)!)4521~2187 .10453 10482 10511 10540 .18281 .98526 .8 . so .12908 .988l4 10 ~~ .13081 .mu78 14521 99175.13629 .3 f2 41 fa .98769 .99508 .977el .97616 .22382 .97797 .21701 .55 .98671 .98250 .97508 .992.6 .97963 .22467 .98325 .'i48 .1 42 .20791 .97467 . .0 .18710 .974« .'32 14 \1 :~~~~~1'1 .18109 . 17708 .16132 .20421 .98737 .98027 .20706 .22126 ..98389 .98440 .99098 ~~g~:~~t~ l~ •• 45 4.20051 .97604 .98288 .97922 .99~5.97680 .22156 .10453 .98101 .19281 .15931 .9M09 .18166 .97827 .20450 .21275 .98163 .~~~i:~~~~} ~~ ~~ :g~~l~' :~~~~~ :n~~ :~ri11} :g~~~:~~g~ .97968 .98536 .09787 .16734 .16361 .97803 .98196 .12':.12649 .98614 .i .16533 .14177 .97906 .20962 .99186 .97621 .98277 .087451.14205 60 '7 ~.16706 .19680 .97666 .98858 .19024 .13370 .98566 . .9\16001 7 :089181.11G67 .98367 .17366 .16562 .08947.18509 .16046 .14119 .9H76 .17222 .97815 sene sene .98782 3 0 • • 3 2 1 0 • ss 98769 --+--1-cosenc 840 sene coseno 83° -seno coseno! 82° sene cosenc 81e sene coseno j seno 80° cosenc 79° sene coseno 78° coseno 77° - 94- - 95- .98662 .17461 .21446 .21616 .98079 .22041 .97887 .20079 .98168 .98118 .98394 . 15097 .55 ~!~!~ .~~:~~ : g~~~g~g~:t!n~ .16505 .09614 ~ :g~~~.9H70 .996171 '.98690 .98229 .18452 . 6 08889 .98604 .18587 .~g~~~~5!~~ 'll5?~ ~~~~~ ~1~~~ §~g~~~~~1.~~~~ ~ .21474 .20677 .21189 .98218 .17419 .98551 .09382 24 .20222 .09179 .98352 .913362 . 68 63 .99258 .98624 .98261 .19052 .18424 .97976 .98140 .14781 .19652 .98129 .16160 .979.20848 . 980M . 97634 .W 99317 .97460 .20933 . 98923 98919 .34 .99380 12851 .21303 .99540 .97611 .0 f1 42 43 Il1!004S~ .99537 .e:r.98638 .19195 .18224 .19609 . 2S 27 28 2.16878 .17794 .979.18395 .98383 .992. I se~~-51.19994 .98516 98511 .98471 .2181 • .09353 3 .23 .~~~tr.98760 . 57 58 60 1 .20478 .7 .98863 .98501 .97502 :97496 .97717 .16648 .21331 .99406 \ 12620 .21687 .08774 3 08803 -.21985 .137i3 .98546 .137 .98162 .')1 .50 .18796 .21928 .98399 .b781' .19262 .17623 .98272 .17665 .1181:18 .97673 ..21047 .21016 .~gg~f :~~:~t ~g ~ I ~ l?.16787 .16988 .19823 .99357 .9\1619 1 . .98Of' .19966 .98461 .9764.97706 .19109 .9_ .97784 .97636 .09411 25 .98073 .22268 . 97666 .16333 .09324 2.1163.19623 .t:~~~ :~ .'i96II 5 16 17 18 19 o :g~~~~ II .20620 .98580 .98061 .98373 .98404: .97483 .98141 .97833 .22438 .99144 .98033 .10742 'J1I421 12476 • • .21360 ..12:>89 10684.21132 .98124 .984. 203M .98765 .1383 12822 11118 .13:199 :i ::~~:~g!i~:Ht8 :g::~~~ :~~8H.15356 .16591 .99047 : 99031 99027 .16701 .21644.22410 .9~)402 .9\1230 ':In226 .17078 17107 17136 .993.20336 .17937 .98466 .2 '1 .9D48J .98240 .18309 .98186 .9\)396 .98585 .10045 .98g14 39 37 36 35 34 33 3• 38 37 3S 3' 3• 33 32 31 30 g~ :~~ll :~U~~ Ilmg ~~m\1.98331 .11349 .99559 99556 .09874 .17166 .09295 .97845 .21019 .98347 .19908 .21388 .0 .11320 .99002 54 .98010 .19709 .17995 .11147 ':19377 .~g~~? .9g551 .98016 .igg :~~~~} ~ ~ :t18iU :U:~!:Hl~ U!~bI ~gg~~ :ij~ng i g~ 'I 1 . 97G88 .98266 .10164 .222.')~:L90 ~~~g~ I .17250 .1~16 .98521 .16275 .98576 .97916 .97748 . 1'~:~~1 il " .17880 .98709 .15672 .99602 8.~:~g~:~~m ·~g~~t '~~~1} ~~ g~ :~n~ 'g~~~~ '~g~i~ ·g~l~~ :g~g ~~ :1H~1 :lH1~ ..98723 .98648 .20820 .17909 .16620 .5eg?. 98060 .

26471 .30237 .97134 .97437 97430 .97326 .29182 . 96989 . 96782 .27508 .23684 .29615 .30043 ..96887 seno 15 coseno .26684 ..95115 .32447 .95052 .27228 .29098 .24305 . .32942 .96916 .96638 .96562 .966400 . 33 32 31 30 28 27 2.95690 .24390 .96502 .96734 .32859 32887 .32557 1M' coseno 95106 .35075 .:57 .27843 .96630 .35211 .94842 .31768 .94137 .9 60 • • • • • 7 6 3 1 0 •• .28820 ..26640 .24672 .96308 . 973M .32777 .23288 .31510 .9&&17 .94665 .97391 .96719 .28346 .34939 . 27 2.93665 .96593 .27060 .95511 .94627 94618 94609 94599 .32612 . 34M3 34530 34fi57 .96159 .96463 ...95749 .2 51 '0 47 .22637 .93819 93800 93799 .28931 .33929 .26808 .97113 .94409 .26303 .95364 .93462 .26443 .34993 .27312 .31537 ..26079 .94869 .95276 .94390 .96479 .33682 . 23203 .97237 .24023 .93634 93524 .97196 .32364 .94009 .96994 .96328 .95204 . .31813 ..95266 .35484 36511 35M8 35565 .96807 .30929 30957 .96868 .24869 .97030 9702.96118 .97058 .33737 .94127 94118 sene 20~oseno .23996 . 30 31 32 33 .27M8 .22778 .946H .9 .. 25t.30514 .97182 .94590 94580 94571 94561 94562 :g~:~~ n I .23316 .34475 .26673 .22722 .23231 .96786 .22920 .28680 .96923 . 23 22 21 20 •• 30 31 3• 33 3• 3• 37 38 3• .803 34830 .93493 .95467 .96134 .28876 .30763 30791 .96448 .96363 .96824 .96945 .24192 eesenc .96347 .00973 .96636 ..94049 .64.97338 .95698 .30469 .96907 .33134 .31427 .26882 .96206 .29154 .33665 .96844 .97079 .95724 .25826 .26696 . " •• .30320 .34912 .97008 .33463 33490 .35102 .95931 .32034 .186 .23118 . 31ij48 ..94988 .23826 . 51 .972M .23514 .95015 ! I.24.95673 .95424 .96969 .25094 .26769 .95177 .96937 .96675 .96916 .94646 .94301 .29876 .24418 .96.94943 94933 .96372 .93829 .94337 .36375 35402 35429 35456 .23797 .97072 .29237 .0 .23401 .34311 .94832 . 279M .28613 .32502 .96562 .24474 .96791 .96628 .23346 .30874 I .25236 ..95389 .96301 .97411 .32694 .26976 .96277 .96340 .28150 . 2• 1.26348 .31730 .96570 .23146 .27032 .96980 . 1.34966 .96410 .28597 .29487 .2&331 .95622 95613 .34721 .30348 .31399 .1)5033 .96532 .96816 .28374 .95133 .28290 .94245 94235 .96608 .2848& .23090 .97404 . •• OS .26275 .24362 .sg0 .22977 .26050 .93358 .29904 .31979 .27731 .33710 .96166 .95579 .28708 .32667 .31123 31151 .96964 .29016 .94814 .94466 .23611 .28096 .96660 .97037 .93555 .96248 .30846 .95630 .. 96078 .25460 .29404 .24136 .27172 ..97398 . •• •• •• •• U <0 3.96316 . 28067 .33600 33627 ..94216 94206 .97141 .97361 .97318 . .96706 .94418 .26836 .94888 .33244 . 10 .94264 .33983 .35837 .32474 .95195 .23666 . 249M . .94786 .97384 . .27396 .94693 .95319 . 37 3.94924 15 16 17 1• 19 '0 21 22 . 3.24376 .93779 .94970 94961 . .'3 .25291 .96946 .9M198 .95150 .28402 :28429 .93728 .. 11 12 13 .93919 93900 93899 93889 . 2.95639 .96070 .32997 . .31923 .95416 .96596 96588 .9.32061 .950117 95088 95079 95070 .31344 .35130 35157 35184 .96402 .96293 ..94495 .27256 .31841 .28123 " 21 22 23 .9. 17 16 lb .6 47 . 24659 .32529 .96766 .26798 .96600 .34339 34366 34393 34421 .95061 .93586 .97093 .96174 .22666 .24728 .36239 .27536 .29793 .96653 . 1.22608 .96685 .26948 . 2S569 .23910 .97030 sene seno 14 ceseno .96656 .94078 .96593 sene :~~ •• .96261 .33573 .96222 .23769 . 3.96866 .503 24531 .29237 .96013 .96682 .94768 .34448 .93410 93400 93389 .s 6800 .23599 .29376 .29821 .95841 .33956 .94342 94332 .00987 .30016 .30209 .35619 .33436 .94068 ~t~~ " 13 12 11 10 coseno 76' coseno 75' eoseno 74' ccsenc 73' . 24M7 .30403 . •• 93657 .94860 ..94196 .3 ••• 21 .97106 .32392 .97162 .27664 .8 . •• .27088 .23033 .96756 .26780 .30292 .22693 .97304 .94167 .23373 .94979 .96647 .93667 60 10 • • • • 6 7 .95407 .94019 .24333 .95024 .. 1.96519 . 2862b . 95981 .95630 sene 0 1 2 3 6 7 8 • • • 11 12 13 1.24220 .93647 93637 .27787 .00500 .94533 .25882 .25010 .27480 .95450 ..32584 .95168 .94740 .30626 .94186 .94915 .22623 .94039 .26920 . 3.97251 .113979 .96238 .32282 32309 .95874 .94906 94897 .33381 33408 .97264 .36021 .26320 .34748 34775 3.24897 .93718 93708 .96645 .97165 .24079 .24784 .96284 .28847 . 17 1.36347 .96873 ..29981 ..36320 .30486 . 31 30 29 2.9::740 .28641 .• 6690 .27704 .96021 96029 .327~ 32749 .97257 .94147 .23486 .23966 .97223 .96793 .95441 .95459 .27368 .93472 .96158 .96466 .93368 .96363 .30265 .23260 .96379 .26724 .93441 93431 93420 .29654 .22836 .30542 .97169 .96517 .05380 .94157 .96902 .93576 .1 63 •• .26668 .28792 .97001 .968&7 .94380 .964033 .25646 .9M86 .22948 .29599 .27676 .30680 .25038 .24644 . •• •• •• •• " 13 12 11 10 " •• .31233 .29543 .34202 •• •• •• •• •• <0 3• 38 37 3• 3• .9b .96923 .96732 .96822 .94878 .93544 .32914 .95757 .94447 .26612 .22807 .07210 .24982 .34011 34038 34065 .93626 93616 ..95213 ..30071 .96616 . 3.34257 34284 .94823 .33764 33792 .94399 .94225 .94806 . .29209 .94274 .96355 .33819 33846 .94476 .96246 .95493 .97203 .95485 .23005 .93859 ..96952 . 2.31786 ..94284 .97189 .31620 .31896 .26191 .68 .26151 .24277 .96524 .31868 ..31068 .95972 .96142 .97345 ..30164 .29849 . .96102 sene 60 1 1 coseno .9 60 60 94088 .27815 .96940 . 266M . 00 .94322 .97365 .94997 .96440 .94029 .94795 .97291 .24Hl2 .33326 33343 .94370 .25685 .28652 .93839 . 20 96037 :~~~~~ .33051 .32804 .94851 .93514 93503 .23863 .25854 .31316 .96571 .97148 .29432 .32337 ..1 60 .96664 .97278 .96230 .97371 . •• 53 50 57 .29ot2 .24446 .34584 34612 34639 .94712 .96771 .27927 .97417 ..96554 .27983 .32254 .24926 .27769 .96182 .23712 .35701 35728 35755 :357·'1 35810 .34857 3.96851 .97244 . .26415 .93606 .95293 .96433 ..96190 .94361 .33545 .95124 . 96832 .1:i5043 .96715 .29126 .94730 94721 .35293 . 1. 2.96267 .32116 32144 .23642 .31454 .28318 .97015 .97061 . 95997 .32199 .24700 .241M .96214 .26022 .29626 . 28234 .32639 .35266 .25938 . 22M2 .93999 .30708 .2.25006 .24249 .31951 .24108 .31675 .95849 .96667 .33189 33216 .2i841 .30182 .956405 .2l'629 ..32419 .30902 •• •• •• OS 57 53 .95605 .234.96126' sene seno Ij ccsenc ..96332 .31289 .2 .29070 ..97378 .32006 .97424 .30431 .96764 .97120 .26107 .27004 ..7 50 50 63 .94952 .26207 .26500 .30819 ..97127 .96778 ..96707 .31261 .26741 .30902 .30376 .26<0< .96240 96231 .33518 .94637 .25713 .29571 .27340 .26892 .27144 .27564 .94656 .96285 . 28457 .29460 .23882 . 0000& .32089 . 96M6 .96269 .94313 . 94M:! .95476 .96243 .31096 .6 60 .26263 .96623 .94504 .29737 .30126 .97086 . seno .s 6006 .27424 .261&3 .943{1.1 .96882 .287.31593 .32171 .31206 .94303 .93596 .30670 .96471 .94058 .33024 .97331 ..24615 .35647 36674 .27620 .86110 .93483 .30736 .30985 31012 .93462 .93677 .23627 .9&394 .96150 .5432 .30663 ..93879 .96966 .29265 29293 29321 29348 .26488 .97230 .96742 .31040 .22863 . 50 57 OS .31482 .25179 ..26219 .23938 .95865 . 28262 .93849 .29960 .96880 .34666 34694 .35048 . 23062 . 1• 17 1• 15 ••• • 26 27 .96310 .97271 .94758 .22892 .28903 .32557 .96727 .00222 .94702 .93989 .96930 .95106 sene .94293 .31178 .95948 ..97176 .25910 .96198 .31565 .26752 .68.23176 .95398 ..33079 .34202 34129 .94254 .93949 9a939 93929 .94514 .23740 .27692 .29682 .25994 .93379 .I .29766 .8 .3738 .96799 .96494 .28011 .93769 93748 .96086 .97100 .262(7 .28959 .9674.95186 .30098 .96966 .24051 .24756 .95681 .94749 .26864 .96371 .25122 .96054 .33161 .31372 ..96815 .32969 .97044 .93969 • • • • • 7 3 2 1 0 coseno sene 72' coseno 71' seno ccsenc 70' sene cosen~l seno 69' - 96- - 97- . .94777 .94457 .93869 .27116 . .28178 .94542 .26136 .26066 .34093 34120 34147 34175 .28039 .94438 94428 .3 " .33106 .96774 .28736 .27284 .93769 ..26601 .29932 .96837 .D6678 .93789 .33271 .96426 .32227 .27452 . 96807 . 9r.33298 .32832 19 coseno .93969 93959 .96712 .22750 . 37 3• 3..94485 . 945~3 .28206 .96324 .96142 ..33874 33901 .96697 .95602 .23429 .28987 .24813 .22680 . .31703 .96829 .0 U .29710 .97217 .94345 .27200 .sen:r 0 1 2 3 224.96126 .96647 .26616 .94176 .26628 . 27 23 22 21 '0 .97298 .30597 . .97311 .97066 .

47716 .90007 .89532 .45062 .90984 .89519 .42920 .85213 .46072 .90284 .89415 .38644 38671 38698 38725 38752 .47127 .47869 .90692 .42604 .39982 .45010 .46433 2 coseno ..87868 .}56 . 48022 ..88768 .9:1084 fl3074 9:1063 .44828 .90057 .41409 .37649 .44958 .91694 .47434 .42788 .92740 .41229 . 26 26 27 2.88755 .90396 .'):) sene 23 I cosenc I .90045 .92510 .36488 .36406 .93243 . 88075 .36108 36135 .46020 .37110 .42999 . 51 52 53 5.47178 .81896 .89272 .48303 .43166 .89298 89285 .89153 .87532 .45399 .93020 93010 92999 9291$8 .88445 .89636 .89854 ..88264 .40806 .37811 .92821 92816 ..89790 .92085 .41537 .91822 .90778 . 894M .42709 .88431 .42024 .42657 .43863 43889 .45136 ..91856 .39876 .47662 .89662 .36704 .91496 .38376 38403 38430 38466 .91948 9HI36 .87515 .87701 .88674 .90158 .89571 89558 .38483 .91799 .46844 .43392 .88995 .88199 . 41866 . • 3 2 I 0 cosenc 68 0 seno coseno 67 0 coseno 66' coseno seno 65' coseno 64 coseno seno 63' coseno 62' cosenoJ sene 61' .47971 .89008 .37191 .88942 . 66 57 • • 7 6 5 . .89726 .88377 .88808 .47690 .89101 .47486 .42166 42183 . 47997 . 3• .40461 .88928 .37363 .90863 .40088 .91683 91671 .16 .92598 92587 92576 92565 92554 92543 92532 92521 .36461 .42341 .36812 .ssess 211 2s 27 26 26 2< 23 22 21 20 I• Is 17 is I< 13 I2 II 10 I 60 •• •• •• •• •• .93211 .37676 .90183 .36027 .91925 91914 .43209 .92471 92466 92455 92444 92432 92~21 !):?41O 92399 92388 92377 .89674 .40.91356 sene .36839 36867 36894 .89943 .91224 . 40ft2! .91355 .90421 .43549 .44932 .44431 .4&536 .89389 .43968 .43491 .9 60 51 52 53 5.48201 .81909 .44698 .10 ..89764 .1~16 .90133 ..92107 .19100 39127 391531 .88862 .44098 .88915 .41760 .45762 .91140 .92642 .90631 .92141 .39955 .6 fa is .9~729 . 443D7 .48328 .46201 .92050 sene .40721 40753 .41391) .91833 .92209 92198 .90851 .89597 .42946 .'569 .46661 .92978 92907 .30314 ..92050 .44594 .6 cosenc .47920 .37695 .88168 . 88020 .93190 .31973 .46218 .43025 .91128 .93358 ..47204 . 211 30 31 32 33 3• 36 36 37 3.46046 .48354 .40168 .41363 . 3678b .38778 .44724 .47306 .46252 .90120 .89905 .40833 .48048 .89tH .41813 .88539 .46947 .87798 .89833 . I.89363 .42894 .89493 .21 sene 0 I 2 3 .45580 .92902 92892 92881 .39474 .usoes .91971 .90208 ..42061 .45140 .91260 .46123 ..43287 .89968 .90960 .39046 .88363 .43916 .40008 .91068 ..:!276 92266 .38564 . 6.43236 .0 3.91590 ..88741 .46484 .425.36244 .92119 .40141 .39608 .39688 397]5 .45399 .46896 .46355 .37407 37434 37461 0 coseno .43515 .36217 .906i8 .89100 .45668 . <I .42262 24 0 cosenc .88172 .80180 ..81603 .90606 .91188 .0 41 42 43 .38591 38617 .41358 .81661 .91080 .44516 .40328 .91343 .47767 .87490 .87812 .47281 .36379 .91868 ..41892 .45994 .40062 .46381 .40647 .39848 .43623 .92243 .9~042 930.43837 .41511 .48175 .44255 .90924 .89402 .90470 .17137 37164 .46813 .39234 .46632 .91959 .44281 .93274 .41284 . 46587 .9:!O28 ..92039 .45684 . .93137 .90070 . 3.IH248 .3.41181 ..45347 .85512 60 .87923 .46330 .47639 .90668 .r.81H93 .41919 .92794 .45606 .91331 .90899 .90655 .92838 .90631 .38134 . 41945 .88226 .43942 .37999 .89623 .47153 .88404 .89219 .89061 .44411 .92118 .!1 92310 92299 92287 ..16 .45166 .48252 ..91764 91752 91741 .91152 .40195 .8S458 .45865 .89152 .91116 .40541 40567 .89956 .44151 .92366 92355 92343 .89918 .5 '6 '7 .90371 :90358 .88062 .43994 .91212 .41107 .88089 .42683 .88782 .41515 .92130 .5 .81611 .92773 . 35864.89545 .48124 .47332 .92073 .91104 . 88103 .39421 .92913 .90458 .88715 .41045 .88795 .90790 .36M2 36509 .92186 91175 .91810 .46819 .90753 90741 .90911 .91518 .'1973 .87951 .42631 .41681 .47024 .88281 .46999 .39501 39528 .44171 .45891 45917 .46690 .44072 .41012 .43706 .40674 .45373 .90271 .90433 .98- .44124 .88666 2 seno ' coseno .87518 .41614 . 47255 .12 38859 38886 38912 3893\.41588 .89687 .91431 91425 91414 91402 91390 91378 91366 .42104 .. 39 '0 s 6 6 7 • :g~~5g .41337 .39581 .93201 . 878M .89337 .44203 .83649 .39635 .41251 .46226 .45968 .91891 .93264 .90259 .89021 .46941 • . 880 .89506 .5 .88295 sene .43077 .l'OO95 .40913 .91625 .43654 .92264 .88185 . . .41151 41178 .90111 .87476 .89584 .4J31O .5 •• •• IO • 42262 .91648 .89981 .90520 .91660 .88607 .90483 .884-17 .45088 .903)9 .92935 92924 .91472 91461 91449 .a9795 .93148 .40408 .42315 .90221 .38161 .44984 .88390 .44229 .45564 .36660 . 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 I• I• 17 16 is I< 13 12 II 10 •• .39260 .90680 .90532 .90032 .89127 .42473 .91092 .93327 .40355 40381 . 37002 37029 37056 37083 .90108 . 2.43418 .46149 . .41602 .89610 .41019 .42209 ..92631 .89994 .87840 .39448 .90545 .41972 .93180 9..39073.90246 .42578 .36731 36768 .93253 . 36.46742 .91613 .39902 .89816 ..36352 .38026 .47460 .47946 .40248 40275 40301 .91056 .83376 .45036 .42420 .U3306 ..36081 .90591 .45710 .41649 .48430 .91543 91531 91519 91508 ..91787 .90196 .9:.44668 .44542 .92062 . 90887 .43366 ..41443 .42367 .46304 .91729 . 90948 .44906 .43785 .92870 .44020 .36677 .42525 .s8888 .93127 .92~49 .89087 .1 38966 389(13 39020 .87687 . 88006 .91044 .91601 .91283 .92016 0 sene .90507 .93348 .45243 . " 3• 3s 37 36 36 3< 33 32 31 30 .45787 .37380 .89713 .89467 .42912 .88295 .44464 .88968 ..88130 .37622 . 20 2I 22 23 24 25 26 27 2. 42130 ..92762 .45529 .37218 .89828 .4MJO .40700 ..89259 .88472 .913l!) .43733 .91032 91020 .89428 .46870 .43051 .89441 .48073 .89879 .38241 .90082 .44046 .99- .40488 .45321 .87882 .96 36613 .37703 .92332 fl23:.45269 .90408 .90875 .91718 .42136 .41098 41125 .91008 .89350 .36434 .40939 .87770 .37245 . 30 31 32 33 3< 35 36 37 3. 43 II 12 I3 I4 16 17 I• I.41998 . 50 57 5• 59 60 .46097 .35837 . 58 57 66 54 53 52 51 60 seno 25 coseno .92152 .45942 .41231 .44716 .87645 .37272 37299 37326 .92946 .52 .47844 .44802 .89777 .91982 .\):2675 92664 U26.46619 .35891 .46458 .39341 :~~~~~ :~tgg~ .93159 .9:)222 .42841 .35\.47050 .88144 .88981 .44490 .39555 .81937 .90019 .46175 .90766 .89311 .90383 .89035 .38053 380S0 38107 .87743 .40115 .3tiOOO .43602 .88822 .91819 .IHZ72 .40886 .93116 93106 seno 37461 37488 .48405 .. •• <I 43 .36190 .88728 .41204 .48226 .88902 .39394 .89167 .90814 .88349 .87729 .42077 .89014 .90446 .45295 .88955 .42499 .90233 .47895 .88647 .88848 .89480 .42162 .43340 .:18268 38295 38322 38349 .81631 .40434 . . 36298 .89879 sene 0 I sene .89324 .90826 .88634 .40780 .43182 .45477 .46716 .87589 .92859 .44385 .40221 .44612 ..89101 I j seno . .41134 .46793 .45114 .38510 .898U .40992 .38531 .87766 . 0 I 2 3 5 6 7 • s " .88701 .45839 .90704 .9.88261 .45218 .47076 .92164 .41628 .91236 .87715 .90582 .92499 .48379 . 2.81965 .43680 .40514 .43831 60 68 67 66 66 54 63 62 51 60 .87673 .31130 . 36975 .45192 .40860 .87546 .89930 .42867 .36921 36948 .36515 .88620 .91484 .39768 .. ..90643 ..90321 .48160 .42235 .920'.40035 .sssos .47141 .89232 .88526 .90802 .9"2'.916.36054 .46407 .43628 .43471 .44333 .88580 .91666 91555 .92231 922:.88308 .91200 .42394 .46613 .43130 .87659 .91295 .88034 .47101 .42446 .91307 .8883' .90972 .93295 9:l285 .44864 .44646 .92751 .37515 ..43313 .44359 .90296 .91164 .88322 .44750 .39661 .90346 .88661 .93232 .594 .41416 .90996 60 5.37838 .45503 .9:1052 .87784 .'U69 .90839 ...91775 ..36271 .37542 :17.89140 .. 37 36 35 34 33 32 3I 30 2.89739 .39741 . 41840 .90129 .11 .37865 .45451 .40674 '7 '6 .45425 .48217 .38805 388.48481 " s 7 6 6 3 2 I 0 • .39073 22 0 coseno 92718 . 933~{7 .39281 .39367 .46973 .91902 .89892 .46767 .89867 .87462 9 10 II I2 I3 I< 16 17 I. 89245 .906G9 .87604 .41496 .47793 .42288 . 87993 .40966 .92488 .90936 .41469 .90146 . 20 2I 22 23 2.41522 .91845 .43759 .43446 .46921 .88875 .87826 .91706 . .88048 .92707 926')7 U2686 . 31751 .90717 .43104 .92784 .87979 .39822 .43B-It .47665 .88693 .89048 .43261 .3632.90495 .88240 .31784 .88653 .39928 .89206 .44620 .38188 38215 .88111 .118 35f145 .36162 .47383 .88336 .41666 .90657 .91116 .47818 ..9280.42815 .37892 37919 31946 .90334 .6 '7 •• •• f7 .

83098 .56689 .57596 .84104 . 4.48964 .58472 .81748 .62992 .81021 .84057 .87434 87420 .59716 .85491 .80143 .63214 .60042 .5242'3 .51952 .51279 .82264 .61404 .0.60112 .59809 .58731 .83930 .64659 .57857 .8:.81428 .84943 ...66353 . 562:l2 .'9924 .80420 .57358 .50050 .83060 . .80316 80299 .49217 .59786 .57238 . 54MB .51329 .54637 .57648 .55i99 .59763 .81731 .50779 .51254 .87363 .51554 .81915 ::l:g~I .85682 .53435 .798&4 60 O• OS 57 54 53 52 00 1 2 3 4 6 8 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 16 18 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 .83581 .8967 .80885 .59879 .56641 · .59342 .59482 .85747 .5fl95 .83485 .83421 .50101 .53951 .87178 .84666 .86551 .52498 .86617 .80247 .66160 .80713 .58826 .81680 .86413 .60060 . t\2646 .81631 .54391 ..58047 .53583 .81982 .57976 . 37 38 3.56943 .50654 .8. .! .58094 .51379 .84820 .85926 86911 .58496 .80867 . .57024 .51828 .80953 . .59832 .54464. 84464 .51354 .59739 .50227 .86791 .5.51703 .51~79 .84182 . .81"530 .56976 .81832 .57624 .80507 .49546 .43874 .~613 .55266 .86993 .81106 .51628 .54293 .51004 ~~.53828 .80541 .54732 547 .50176 .85732 . 51054 .87406 .M220 .48913 .82757 .82396 .63975 .85310 .86059 .81647 .85567 .49697 49723 49748 .63263 .83916 .86207 .55097 .49824 .83244 .57368 .84882 .5521 .82198 .69552 .49671 .5992 .48481 .58307 58330 .59646 . 570M . 85188 .83179 .54317 .49622 .86515 .51079 . 53632 .51429 .51753 ..84866 .80091 .64024 .82528 .5!I201 .59622 .86355 .55339 .50327 5035lZ .49116 .64854 .66136 .56736 .49950 .86573 .59506 .80902 :~t~~ I :~~~~~ .55630 . 40 " 24 23 22 21 20 I• 18 17 Ie 10 14 13 12 11 10 8 7 so .52250 .81327 .62918 .60679 .56040 .86896 .81396 .50979 .84009 .82677 .86978 86964 .54269 .84836 .60217 50302 .54488 .814'.81882 .48938 .54122 .80799 .86834 .54146 .86676 .85777 .83001 ..80125 .83163 .82708 seno 35" coseno .80816 .80178 . .85203 .83517 .58567 .83405 .82963 .82098 .51104 51129 .82478 .56760 .57810 .86340 .87221 .58283 .83356 .49621 .83867 60 59 58 57 56 56 54 63 52 51 50 49 48 47 .81462 .5.83116 .83629 .49166 49192 .8.81966 .56401 .53238 .87164 .85112 .58212 .52844 .84805 .82281 .87021 .84759 84743 .83131 .86173 8.56776 .51678 .84120 .82115 .80264 .85279 .85792 . 588i3 .84245 .87278 . 2.50054 .48862 .54781 54S00 .80196 .56545 .83501 .85~B2 .5U68 .56665 .49849 .51728 .55291 .53386 .55194 .56904 .52473 .82511 .5'. 858M 86836 .48659 .54586 .84230 .85461 .52992 86000 .80160 .804.84805 seno 32 coseno .80334 .57904 .56208 .57286 57310 .82920 .85717 86702 .86030 .56377 .)178 .87321 . 86.86384 .84214 .8:!M3 .82413 .79899 .81242 .)6 ..'1853 .8.85:218 .85416 .59318 .87150 .56928 .56569 .80282 .84897 .85446 .7993.58425 .MOOO .79916 .83867 .8066:.54244 . .86398 .511~4 . 30 31 32 33 34 .83034 .62819 .52148 .8::871 .67119 .54902 .49975 .86163 I .83708 .83883 .82904 seno 34 coseno ..80230 .80765 .82544 .54097 .54513 .50829 .81412 .81782 .83340 .86192 86178 .549-27 .82314 .82904 .56896 .58590 .60:201 . '7 48 4.87260 .59248 .56473 .50503 1 .56832 .81055 .57715 577::8 .82839 .85985 .58189 .48684 .84511 .50025 .58260 .83597 .52175 .86471 .85081 .51029 .83373 .84308 .83212 .83633 . 53140 .49242 . 20 21 22 23 24 :~~:?.85881 .82593 .81157 .55871 .86045 . .85597 .53 .50704 50729 .59225 .53706 .83276 .81208 . 85941 .86·~42 .83469 .56329 .51852 .53509 .87306 . .g~:g~ 86222 . 53115 .48683 48608 .59995 .82773 .84135 .53091 .52076 .84041 .84088 .82132 .8.59576 .55460 .84526 .85431 .85325 .5.52893 .82806 82790 . 53607 .80902 .54635 .56952 .84402 .81848 .51204 .82626 .86015 .83147 .80730 .81038 .53460 .54829 .85687 .50151 .83835 .81714 seno 36 coseno .52200 .55726 55750 .82380 .83565 .86906 .86632 .53730 .86603 i .57453 .86603 .81072 .49090 .59599 .48606 4853:2 .79986 .48736 .84198 . .82297 . 84774 .83962 ..59272 .52794 .50478 .80610 .86506 .61902 .59902 59926 .60089 .81546 .56112 .49672 .57381 .M605 .82165 .86486 .54366 .87391 87377 .81614 .83645 .53164 ..58614 .82048 .80361 .82065 .53656 .80987 .82248 82231 .54975 .85970 .87349 .83195 .67477 .5'.56425 .81479 .57691 .55121 .60136 .82936 .49899 .seno 29 coseno 87462 .86457 .48710 .53312 .60019 .57405 .56808 .86748 =~~~ I .52374 .48634 .80696 .5072 .84495 .69084 .86935 .87007 .86627 .839fl4 .58849 .5167 85142 .50804 .80782 .54999 .83676 .56280 .86866 .58449 .58519 .~.80438 . .5509 .80472 .52621 .51529 . - 100- 101 - .49798 .82032 .80108 .84261 .83772 .57881 .84635 .55412 .80576 . 58~)'JO .49647 .85370 .85401 863" .58401 .81191 .58755 .84681 .52671 52696 .55681 .53484 .59436 .57928 .59693 .81SM .821481 . 575i2 .80679 .56497 .57786 .80970 .53017 .82561 ..83292 .84989 .48811 .80627 .81513 . .58236 .83453 .56256 .85264 86249 .5~H08 .79881 ..86104 .82462 .86762 .g~I .86719 .86690 .5.84697 .87050 .57952 .58141 .56593 .55242 ..80403 .49268 .83692 .55678 55702 .80489 .87193 .86427 .53902 .58637 .82495 .81344 .50929 .7 68 60 .48837 .81932 .)8354 .52399 .52572 .54440 .'. .82015 .84728 .83260 .80919 .57667 .83066 .81445 .49293 49318 49344 .81174 .83756 .56713 .85956 .79961 .3 t4 46 46 -47 -48 49 o .64610 .55847 .86820 .62151 . 84673 .56016 .808.58118 .54171 .84604 .81276 .81361 . 53779 .51479 .86849 .56521 .81915 .84542 .82010 .83389 .58023 .83660 .50 .80524 .86762 .86921 .84480 .87207 .82446 .52225 .83437 .66449 .66088 . 17 18 I.53877 .86646 .81140 .82347 .59014 .58920 .49141 .84959 .!659 .58779 .84025 .82969 .50528 .48888 .83308 .55388 .)17 .53189 .81597 .56064 .84417 .83017 .85821 858~6 .52770 .82330 .85294 .49596 .55557 .80936 .0 52 53 54 61 52 53 54 56 66 67 68 69 ao 86733 .51977 . .84292 .81563 .48989 .87292 .84448 .84712 . .87336 .49394 49419 49446 49470 49496 .83082 .80644 .84072 .82181 .55363 .57501 .56169 .86717 as 3.57262 .83851 .57071 ..65146 .16 46 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 0 1 2 3 4 7 8 seno 33 coseno .83549 .82887 .51803 .52547 .57334 .5.59.80386 .50377 50403 50428 50453 .65315 .84851 .51304 .85066 .3066 .50754 . 4• '8 47 4• 40 11 I I " 13 14 10 I.85536 .70968 .50016 .84974 .86805 .85096 .57000 .81378 .54708 .49014 .476 .84588 .48786 .59972 .84433 .53558 .8171\5 .81259 .83788 .53926 .'3978 .84167 .50126 . .80748 .84151 .55436 .84355 .56823 ..49369 .54342 .57999 .62720 .5.48667 .63534 .828:22 .51877 . 51604 .81004 .86266 I :=~gi .51179 .58708 .59131 .86530 .5024 .83228 .49040 .81899 . .84339 84324 . I . •• se •• . 5286U .80073 .84370 .59459 .82724 .80593 .80038 .57643 .516.83899 .58070 .49086 .56880 .50252 .S8378 .56306 .54683 .86501 . 84650 .57833 .61927 .57429 .86777 .'i9 .53681 .86661 .86949 .85127 .83740 .54878 .53804 .56184 .53288 .83724 .81225 .53754 .80668 .86704 .54951 .59949 .57762 .53361 .59389 .59856 . 27 28 2.55654 .5672 .58661 .80212 .59412 .53411 .86074 . 43 42 41 40 3• 38 37 3• 3s 3' 33 32 31 30 2• 28 27 2• :~~t.57167 57191 .52943 .57619 .816M .87264 .84386 .83946 .81310 .83804 .58896 .57047 .56533 .5.828~5 .86588 .86089 .50553 .81798 .87036 ::~~~ .48761 .58943 .87448 .82429 .82363 . .83819 .55218 .00000 00000 .84789 .84277 .81089 .82214 .57143 .52522 .52967 .59669 .5U295 .81815 .85234 .)365 .85642 . • • • • 3 2 1 0 coseno 50" seno coseno sene 59" coseno 58" seno coseno seno 57" seno coseno 56· coseno 55 seno 0 ccsenc 54" seno seno coseno 53" .64415 .60182 se se .86369 86354 86340 863">5 seno 31 coseno .84928 .65919 .84913 .82082 .51778 .55048 .61504 41 42 43 . 58M3 .80021 .81949 .54049 54073 .87136 87121 seno 30 coseno .85351 .601M .80833 .52745 .53041 .55 .50578 M603 .55484 .50628 .87235 .50904 .52597 .63337 .80368 .61454 .83324 .)154 .50854 50879 .81293 .80056 .51229 . 86544 .82985 . 8689:l ..51504 .84557 .52349 .68779 08802 .54464 10 • • • .56856 .85035 85020 85005 .5'.82741 .55919 .56784 .5'JOtil .81999 .58165 .56617 .49773 .59529 .57215 .81123 . 84619 .80003 .85657 .

72160 . . 3.7124-3 .69800 .6 43 " " •• •• " •• •• .74296 .!456 .72236 ._74722 . .73787 ..76884 .7M71 .76323 76304 .66393 .64145 .74628 .76.714-88 .712M .76436 .59 .70772· ..73866 . 70216 .67869 .61566 37 cosenc 79864 .67901 .76398 .78460 .65540 .69067 .7394-4 .78532 .74-178 .:.79388 . .67452 .67773 .66870 .68603 .67280 .78694 ...721l6 .78152 .77033 . 16 17 I.74159 .64635 . 37 36 3.64901 .73195 .69691 .':'2065 72035 7201.6.69821 .63045 .6 .60761 .72637 .67516 .69670 .7760..62388 .65606 .72717 .73056 .69151 .6261.63406 . •• •• .71772 .64612 .66218 . 3' .73363 .71934 .75126 .61497 . .70628 .75069 . 21 22 23 2.75642 .63473 .67837 .72317 .72767 . 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 3.62046 . 7 6 .69277 .78604 .76473 .62955 62977 .62751 I .77843 77824 ..71326 .79353 . .72667 .76078 . 79583 .6:3585 .79122 .62251 .71019 .65430 .7.682M .79723 .68200 . 60 6. .70813 .61268 .63518 .69717 .6734-4.74-363 .68772 .73631 .68709 .72867 .7"392 .7392" .79758 . 33 32 31 3.64878 .70687 .76107 .79140 .60784 .75375 .62115 . •• .78514 .72377 .71M!) .71833 .68639 .67237 ..63540 .75851 .78424 .66978 .67944.71388 .77421 . 71)671 79653 .63989 .51 .66913 . 710B0 .60367 .77384 . I.66935 .73136 .66999 .19193 .6179. 66 .61451 61474 .77162 .63563 .75585 .76059 .62728 .68761 .61566 .715433 .9 .64435 ..70670 ..67602 .74-041 .74237 .79282 .72267 .69466 coseno .68682 .64701 .6071460738 .78550 .6::1966 .68200 ..79051 .6li254 .71468 .68119 . '166~)8 .70937 .74-609 . 3.65891 .73016 .78134 .77439 .67086 .62433 .7 .70690 .70196 .66606 .74-6"" .64279 39 coseno .78622 .66588 .65956 . 79477 .64190 .75927 .71813 .71407 .732M .62274 .60668 . 71H12 .74683 .752'80 .69904 .78586 .67387 .65650 .66088 .63810 .72196 .71762 .68434 .60576 .72897.60830 .3 .74080 .74-217 .76567 .76361 .71934 44 sene . ea .10401 .64390 .74314 .7134-6 .69737 .74818 .77218 .70626 .72777 .66697 .60968 .79168 .64346 .73728 .68476 .61681 617u4 .60807 .68327 .66806 .77088 . .744-61 . I.64746 .61383 .78908 .60390 .67752 .71121 .69130 ..64212 .6:.602H .63271 .76337 .73649 .68456 .75165 .69676 .73096 .79229 .62138 .72417 .78980 sene .119M .79318 .64967 .69266 .64368 .72967 .75908 75889 .73216 .68093 . 79512 .76847 .71671 . 76f1sn .70029 .67623 .61084 .70M6 . .76356 .70070 .62092 .75623 .78025 78007 ..76940 .71690 ..7734-7 .6 •• 2. 788!H .73373 .77476 .70008 .74586 .62660 ..72517 .74489 . .73610 . .781881 .71792 ..!864 .63022 .74334 .6064.64723 ..77458 .72136 .61932 .79176 .60437 .75870 .63653 .72837 .78801 .73116 .61635 .69633 .68878 .76146 .74-314 seno .541 .70298 . • s • • 3 51 .72677 .64100 .706M .15946 .72477 .69026 .66327 .71508 . .70091 .77641 .77715 I seno .65826 .62570 .78.70896 .79600 .73561 .6:.5222 .61'.74-664 .7 .661&1 .79706 .78225 206 .7660 • .76116 ..62638 .72397 .70754 .65033 .73472 .. 634:!8 .79069 .73690 . :77733 .71069 . 2.68136 .69862 ccsenc .83 .68242 .741.78711 .68370 . 36 37 3.76. 64078 .61061 .74-061 .68666 .70793 .64568 .62479 . .67880 .68072 .70463 .77310 .62819 .60228 602.63090 .69883 .64679 . . 65584 .77568 .76184 .65144 .62909 .71182 .7'l608 ..64011 .77366 .73314 ..67730 .74953 .77696 .61841 61864 61887 .73904.6050 ..69966 . 69987 ..!932 3 coseno .76756 .63742 .63225 .67301 . 6M2:.6:.79776 .61153 .76267 .71039 .7"625 .77678 .67580 .76229 .74-916 . 76041 .72297 .77586 .78043 .7 ss 60 •• gmt I 1 0 • cosenc 52' coseno:::1 seno 51' cosen%~o sene cosenc sene 49° coseno 48' seno coseno 4' cosen~l sene 46' coseno 45' seno -102 - -103 - . .69109 .77788 .65935 .78116 .66827 .76417 .79688 .77550 .76396 .61406 .63944 .75299 ..76604 • • •• M .7-t876 . 64279 .642.63608 .73983 .64056 .568 .64479 .6 sene 41 coseno .72176 .68306 .60298 603~1 60344 .66718 .72877 .64524 .60529 .5 ..70236 .68793 .63496 .78079 .77236 .64323 .7064-9 .68646 .7U635 .62160 .72976 .76192 . 79371 .5408 .66197 .74120 .66601 .67473 .7.69649 .67323 . 11 12 13 26 27 2.76030 . 70132 .60506 .61314.68867 .70422 .78387 78369 .73767 .6889 • .79846 79829 79811 .74266 .78061 .2 1 2 3 6 6 7 so .7.79211 .7\.75719 .66131 . .78640 .61818 .75794 .67987 .77531 .70112 .65803 . 26 27 2.62342 .681.65562 .. 65518 .78405 .77144 .5 .66632 .70998 .79424 .'10 .69768 .71284 .67709 .74606 .662"0 .71914 .10711 3• 3• 37 36 3• 34 32 32 31 30 .65716 .61726 61749 .73274.66966 .75509 .69629 .65011 .67923 .72337 .76210 .78819 .52 .73511 .51 . •• 43 47 60 .7.734-.74780 .71051 .7017" .76832 . 16 17 2.67430 .77014 76996 .6&523 .734-91 .5 .62297 .63203 ..76135 .67021 .66672 .73176 .66978 . 63:.62887 .3 .61666 .63361 .76248 .75738 .71853 .65781 .9 47 .66262 .724-37 .68666 .66153 .63383 .66066 .70163 . .74276 .71)106 . • • • .64989 .63899 .65017 .73886 .70162 .65628 . .67816 .61291 .7083" .70967 .68730 .77107 .76791 sene 4~:oseno .60599 .77952 . 78962 .66676 .74-992 .&4657 .6634-9 .63000 .71691 .76380 .6412'1 .6a817 .68221 .68983 .66458 .71629 .66653 .67796 .76623 .69842 .86022 is 21 22 23 2.75680 .76.66284 .68115 .66610 .76679 ..78243 .79016 .70484 .74373 . 2.67151 ~67172 . 2.76154 .71711 .75601 .65210 65232 .'181 ..58 .65298 .63765 .62524 62547 .64546 .69340 .6800 • .77329 .79547 .61038 .64457 .6 .78676 .60691 .78297 .3 55 .78926 .88306 .74002 .73432 . se 53 60 47 .67129 42 43 coseno .69112 .76003 .69779 .68962 .62024.77916 .61337 .684:12 .69608 .76492 .76921 .!7'J6 ..64301 .73136 sene seno .70978 .67216 .66759 .77897 .62842 . 780H8 . 29 2• 27 26 23 22 21 20 .76530 .19264 19247 . I• 17 16 13 12 11 Io .67107 .70855 . 70916 .616.724-67 ..67366 .17 .9 6.79793 .14 . 19 2.64256 . 39 3.77494 .69382 . 7G618 .73747 .71732 .74"12 .76772 .7876.65188 .60460 .64167 .69612 .76903 .61612 .67966 . 2.72817 .64768 .75813 .76097 .75661 .73708 .74703 .76022 .5490 .68286 .75471 6.72367 .60853 .61955 . 3.61543 .716liO .648:14 .66371 . .70277 .66913 .G2774 .77292 .! .6883 • .72497 .6862" .65342 .68391 .6~~64 65386 .76456 .63068 ..66414.63248 .65055 .7044-3 .61689 .71630 .77402. 23 22 21 .79530 .71873 .68618 .73688 .68497 .60. 779~8 .715414 .71806 .73963 .77970 .(}8()29 .73076 .72937 .76286 .4-741 .2 53 s 3 2 1 0 • .77934 .74867 .77273 .74973 .74799 .72677 .62932 .74-"31 .78658 .74100 .69004 .7«)22 . .71610 .77715 .63630 .76203 .76735 76717 . 17 16 13 12 11 10 so mig.67064 .73333 ..74548 .73294.75261 .62206 .788.63180 .61107 611.67043 .794-06 .74-838 .78801 sene .79441 .714-27 .67645 .61978 .78170 .65474.72637 .65913 .734-13 .!93 .69487 .70875 .77513 .70339 .78496 .70711 o o 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 • • ss s •• •• 53 .39 . ..68920 '. 75'J84 .5 .7 .35 .73806 .78442 .62320 .65320 .72697 ...75566 .70&67 . " .72271 .66666 .61772 .69236 .72737 .66848 .66109 .60945 .63698 .56 ..77109 .62683 .452 .72216 .15700 .66645 ..60876 . .69193 . .793.75775 .7.7323" .1741 .71203 .69926 .6"'" ..60991 .70360 . 1 2 3 sene .6994-6 .70731 .60414 .67268 .63113 .66740 66762 .71)861 .620~ .63720 .61429 .77181 .79300 .66436 .60922 .78783 .72617 .75241 .67194.64412 .71995 .62001 .71306 . 79494.77660 .61015 .61176 61199 61222 61245 .66000 .60182 60206 . .9'·1 .66176 .65166 .65496 .69361 .78315 .69214 .77879 .63922 .65276 .74-198 .66891 .78873 .76977 .71223 .76548 .78855 .78944 .65847 66869 .63135 .342 .73629 .68349 . 73669 . 32 33 34' 3.70319 .63451 . 71100 .74760 .67688 .79565 .78729 .63854 .75965 .63675 .68051 .60622 .794-. •• •• 41 .77623 .71669 .67659 .63787 .65100 .62229 . .74-896 .64945 . .75011 .71366 .78261 .62502 .78478 ..74934.78351 .73826 .696M .75528 .77769 777.69298 .76642 .67538 .73393 .731.7.fl.72567 . 27 26 •• •• •• .68661 .63158 .78747 .74"70 .64923 .64856 ..60899 .75.63832 .76173 .77070 . 645UO .711"1 .61909 .5 .76511 .64501 .77255 .62411 .64033 . I.78279 .72917 .2 .71974.64790 .61360 . 65b94 .62706 ..72797 .76866 .67409 .78333 .63338 .68941 .79033 .76318 .77125 .73670 .73846 .60553 .69696 .63316 .74667 .70267 .674-95 .586 .68814.71894 .62183 .65738 .. •• se .72597 .69403 .77861 .66480 .62592 ..75452 .72996 .61520 .72096 72016 .. 69S19 .73036 .62365 .69088 .64812 .79087 . 7 6 31. 2.71"7 .75088 .

0012 1. 2.0029 1.290 15.336 12.0022 1.0055 1.0061 1. .64:1 29.002{l 1.0032 1.4:56 14:.0085 1.0066 1.034: 12.0030 1.0088 1.0048 1.139 28.0009 1.0046 1.24:9 11.0044 1.023 14.0047 1. 3.0007 1.0068 1.693 10.0024: 1.774 22.963 10.6739 9.0005 1.6783 7.460 17.008 20. e 60 r.204 12. 37 3. 60 16.0086 1.311 36.0001 1.94:79 8.0010 1.0038 1.077 4:3.694:2 7.0075 1.0031 1.0529 8.0015 1.0026 1.0004 1.1855 9.4:48 39.409 66.6276 7.6200 9.0019 1.0001 1. 34 33 32 :H 30 •• •• " 13 21 22 23 2.0019 1..476 22.0073 1.0078 1..780 15.0060 1.44 245.0156 7.994:4 8.0011 1.763 13.008 17.958 1'.0037 1.0039 1.098 10.0060 1.0066 1.0092 1. 20 .11 i29.9018 8.276 14:.814 35..0007 1.9i6 4:2.0014 1.103 18.146 71.0038 1.0001 1.2 •3 56 67 58 60 :~:~.0065 1.1S4 27.0072 1.0004 1.4:316 7.084 34:.9248 8. ".0008 1.3039 8.0004 1.978 39.926 15.0004 1.44:14: 7.930 13.8.0043 1.0059 1. 30 3.708 33.0026 1.0012 1.2593 9.358 15.0072 1.624 22. 1. .0048 1.6711 8.494: 13.9059 7.222 15..198 17.0047 1.0010 1.547 13.0006 1.1861 8.629 21.000 15..746 12.248 10.155 15.050 25.4:663 8.0061 1.9(14 21.708 15..0005 1.0057 1.549 17.1OG4 8.914 90.6444: 1.9711.4362 9.04723.0090 1.0040 1.826 10.0024 1. 3.937 12.og06 8.8168 7..0029 1.0043 1.970 20.3683 7. 1.379 12.0014 1.114 48.382 34.230 20. .0023 1.9 16.0069 1.3439 8.6776 7.0032 1.0006 1.0005 1..578 14.436 11.1612 9.821 17.0037 1.0063 1.0009 1.0012 1. 7 3 2 1 0 152 sa 67 58 60 •• 89° 88° 87° 86° 85° ..4:967 7.398 11..995 19. .0094: 1. 17 1.0078 1.4:97 10.0009 1..4:41 13:389 13.61 132.0018 1.0057 1.0015 1.3238 8.561 10.0083 1.47' 5' see .2002 7.0039 1.0076 1.359 55.0046 1.0038 eceee 1.24:46 8..0084 1.0021 1. •• •• .0022 1.393 18.864 26.5 12.0036 1.i2 127.284 25.0005 1.192 10.·0008 1.0084 1.44 681.104- -105 - .0054 1.161 29.0017 1.0064 l.9812 9.0013 1.929 10. •• 61 .874 13.0059 1.0052 1.159 14:..423 40.2152 7.986 13.4:28 30.6138 8.0066 1.0029 1.411 25.520 42.508 1.0032 1.0022 1.787 11..0006 1.622 70. 84° 83° 82° .0001 1.0023 1.471 23.360 21.944 16.396 14:.107" see eee 1.563 8.235 13.0014 1.7992 7.0021 1.529 10.0034: 1.0004 1.0033 1.5141 9.0005 1.0001 1.24:8 12.:'')96 9. .8.291 12.0009 1.0018 1.118 12.0082 1.0081 1.0048 1.0058 9..6108 7.0070 1.amI 10. 2.0015 1.517 14.0002 1.4/.0018 1.0018 1.660 12..0022 1.7.264:2 8.437 32. ~~:.299 56.~~.0046 1.930 11.99 ISO.0016 1.5 1.96 491.1476 8.0078 1.0003 I.309 10.060 32.2260 8.826 4\l.201 37.079 22..oooa 1.6M -eee see 1. 3.650 44.0098 cosec cosec 8.145 32.0087 1.92 18.0067 1.0073 1.0067 1. .8344: 7.0002 1. 37 3.86 202. ..0084 1.000"{ 1.628 11.112 19.::!30 27.0002 1.0029 1.0069 1.2767 7.0013 1.0019 1.)14 1.216 24. .0890 9.0017 1.54 2S.84:0 45. 17 • .955 27.9787 7.6924 8.278 10.0031 1.0031 1.0021 1.0025 1.0041 1.101 14. 8.566 15.0016 1.17 101.0087 1.0001 1..698 12 .0061 1.843 20.0091 1. .0025 1.0036 1.7283 9.888 12.096 46.849 i.0002 1. .0003 1.0004 1.t91 35.0073 1.8112 9.0010 1.891 52.44:5 35.0012 1. 3437.0003 1.894 10.0003 1.0009 1.010 9.0008 1.431 19.114 1.0001 1.4:1 143..0003 1.726 \0.7t.286 13.0014 1.0006 eoeee ~:.0010 1.0004 1.0036 1.0004 1.6963 1.0001 1.0082 1.0003 y Cosecantes cosec 2S.0001 1.0083 1.522 7.034:2 8." 110.0023 1.6613 7.0060 1.323 11.662 12.0044 1.0053 1.0097 1.44:5 4:1.90 107..0032 1.0036 1.4:66 10.0006 1.8&4 25.98.249 28..0093 1.5 572.0001 1..210 57.0087 1.004:6 1.0043 1.717 20.0019 1.0080 1. .0026 1.729 34.0062 1.6469 9.7296 7.928 41.894: 28.089 15. 2.()()OO 1.002 IS.140 11.664: 60.0058 1.360 11.5U 1-9.214 19.0042 1.0010 1.0071 1.0036 1.0074: 1..558 49.89 163.0.0033 1.4795 7.0012 1.0041 1.0046 1.496 15. 17 1..0064 1.274 68.0005 1.0002 1.0006 1.336 .765 21.0029 1.840 12.495 92.2055 8.0075 1.0010 1.6079 8. '0 '2 . I.084 13.494 21.0004: 1.i2 381.0003 1.0008 1.0056 1.104 11..614: 12. .660 11. 23 22 21 20 1.829 14.008.6282 7.198 18..0651 9.0042 1.0090 1. 2.0020 1.11 98.0009 1.0006 1.069 11.0016 1.0081 1.0005 1.0008 1.0717 8.0030 1.450 64.0068 1. .8672 9.0086 1. 3.257 30.350 20.3OG3 1.880 23.0005 1.0076 1.7469 7.0089 1.97 343.295 18.~87 10.880 19.1668 8..0016 1.1285 8.0001 1.44:67 8.0063 1.237 44.70 166.0013 1.0021 1.9626 9.9239 9.033 10.544 31.836 31.0001 1.6.668 11.0022 1. 73 171.0012 1.782 37.0076 1.0001 1.0048 1.0004 1.417 2S. 23 '2 21 20 i• 17 i• 13 12 11 10 I.0092 1.4:02 10.1.0098 1. 47 .518 39.0063 1.0024: eoeee 1 3° cosec 57.0002 1.127 10.0'.7888 8.076 12.0038 1.0040 1.26 14:9.007' 1.0021 1.234:6 9.3843 8.7223 8.750 47.899 29." 1.699 30.638 16.100 24:.0002 1.(.861 16.0031 1.388 24.766 19. cosec eee 1.3343 9.0008 1.0097 1.2909 1.637 15.004:3 1.43 104. .783" 9.303 16.1129 9.0056 cosec cosec 11.866 63.639 17.6289 8.0016 1.0079 1. .0002 1.0003 1.0034 1.491 18.0074: 1. • • • 7 8 1.0015 1.0046 1.0004 1.0028 1. .5611 7.0001 1.0 3.0075 eoeee 21 22 23 2' .Secantes U· eee coeee In6.94:21 7.976 30.0056 1.0011 1.0008 1.003' 1.0057 1.450 26.235 23.4880 9.161 12.0056 1.7817 7.925 22.7010 9.eo 2' 2.107 19. ~ 47 60 61 2.0013 1.133 73.176 11.134: 13. .8337 8. •• 31 32 33 2.0091 1.765 14.0002 1.3 .042 33.0026 1.988 10. .74:44 8.68 9.0030 1.0046 1.337 13.eoss I.0024 1. " 67 56 sa .0093 1.0014 cosec coeee 19.7124: 7. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.0063 1.6933 9.160 68.285 17..661 25.576 36.QOO.4:60 45.8112 8.0013 1.0018 1.0041 1.612 11.631 38.0002 1.0038 1.0026 1.50 9.692 10.5668 9...0009 1.70 171S. 37 3.6786 8.3217 7 .716 23.0071 1. " .0064 1.0071 1.0061 1.1004 8.0007 1.24: 137.2 61 60 4" 47 .779 16.ooM 1.2302 1.0002 1.0070 1.0076 1.S97 IS.8391 9.422 47.4811 8. 47 53 '2 51 50 •• •• •• •• 60 67 56 1 2 3 10 11 " .0062 1.24:53 7.009< 1.0007 1.868 11.689 11.009< 1.102 14.388 29.0030 1.0041 1.2842 9.617 16.0011 1.0077 1.0070 1.7642 7.313 50.0028 1.0016 1.0006 1. e eoeee 14.0042 1.969 36..0039 1. 29 30 31 32 33 .1370 9.0003 1.0020 1..130 27.0002 1.314 69.0092 1.0019 1.0061 1.0017 1.0036 1.640 14. 2.'l 1.113 17.0080 1.0069 1.0015 1.593 20.8879 7.0023 1. .739 24:.~ 78.044 21.8700 7. 27 2.4:69 88.3 .i '" •• 3 2 1 0 • .600 13.0414 9.0003 1.59.853 15.0033 1.3372 7.669 10.0001 1..818 13.90 1145.211 10.034: 11.0003 1.0060 1..194 18.18 214.0020 1.708 13.0027 1.909 11.381 33.0002 1.U3 64.0040 1.0(}()1 1.626 10.0023 1.0020 1.77 312.553 23.0001 1.0097 1.914 17.0005 3.0010 1.0036 1.55 229. .075 26.0002 1.0062 1.312 17.0027 1.992 '11.2 118.286 11.0049 1.0018 1.3 .0040 1.0033 1.335 14:. 27 2.0026 1.0001 1. 3.59 aee 1.0039 1.0006 1.664 13.0065 1. 27 2. as 20 .299 1. .5499 8.0008 1.322 19.0090 1.0002 1.0008 1.757 67.\6 1."""" 1.0010 1.0001 1.226 J6.184: 13.8966 9.758 10.0079 1.0032 1.4:105 9. .00.149 85.606 12.0002 1.0019 1.0006 1.9971 7.424 12.371 10.0031 1.0004 1.0053 1.U)46 8. 2.0041 1.nite.793 12.3640 8.003' 1.52 286.0024 1. • 7 • s .3627 7.701 11.028 16..0061 1.0011 1.698 16.M46 7.0011 1.0085 1.0003 1.0031 1.0059 1.228 21.0062 1.380 .78 114. 37 3.0055 1.2065 .0044: 1.2604 7.860 10.653 19. 27 2.74:7 11.393 23.0026 1. .069 38.0066 1. .0049 1.0049 1.893 14:. 3.0095 1.4620 9.7665 8.0013 1.718 52.0028 1.0071 1. .0088 1.284:0 8.4251 8.3092 9.1863 eee 1 2 3 10 • • • • 7 !l' s 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 12 13 1.0044 1. .0011 1.0064 1.0001 1.217 14:.090 61.0006 1.330 241.5.0179 8.0021 1.0057 1.6569 8.150 16075 16.9604 7.0016 1.32 '12'2.0001 eeeee .4:156 7.946 83.0003 1.0007 1.655 26.48 264.0026 1.0001 1.510 53.0060 1. 2."".039 10.474 11.0006 1.6363 8. 13 12 11 10 I.6404 9.340 10.0012 1.0082 1.134 31.0062 1..186 22.213 11.22 100.4:634 7.730 17..0079 1.0002 1.0036 1. 33 32 31 30 .0007 1.3840 7.0017 1.0027 1..043 13.223 96.0024 1.2 ..427 15.924:0 7.0060 1.0060 1.0089 1.0021 1.0011 1.562 24.0028 1.0007 1.0068 1.90 8.4:33 10.8790 8.6119 7.0001 1.930 40..161 10.591 18.828 11.0007 1.3998 7.2100 9.5668 eee sec ~. • • • • .918 24.0061 1.38.0080 1.0096 1.469 12.0011 1.0089 1.0013 1..0001 1.0001 1.0011 1.

•• .0112 1.0368 1..0206 1.2963 6.6308 6.9 1.031.030< 1.2262 5..0149 1.8428 3.1227 6..6488 6..7186 3..3 " '.0362 1.0366 1.684.2.01'3 1.0325 1.013..0186 1.0193 1.0388 1.8637 .8100 3.4279 6.0287 1.0015 1.1096 "..0369 1.0181 1.0152 1.7420 3.1880 6."788 6"702 6.0218 1.0'098 1.0372 1.0196 1.392.9830 6.IOd ".3690 6.01.0283 1.a.. 38 31 3.0280 1.8890 3.8140 3.0162 1.3847 4.0227 1..7836 ". 3 1.0 53 .9277 3. 6.0379 6.0906 6.9688 3.3098 ".0249 1.0117 1.8933 3. ...0357 1.eo 78' .0314 1..&651 3.. .0103 1.0230 1.07 •• •• .0106 1.0«0 •• .1 51 50 60 ss .0201 1.0296 1.0387 1.0264. .9382 4.eo 1.1676 ".0146 1.0170 6.2999 6.0170 1.M 6.0302 6.0102 1.sseo 6.0397 1.0683 7. 5..0268 1.1636 5. •• •• .1484 6.0aM 1.0165 1.1873 4.0198 1..9860 6.8387 3.7459 3..8662 6.0296 1. 3.7970 5.2883 6..8466 6.2-&08 1."87" 6.0074 4.0222 1..7320 4...1-132 4.2223 4..3630 "..1001 4.7978 3.0382 1.17Of 7 .0252 1.0176 1.0218 1..0111 1..0187 1.03&0 1.0208 1.0307 1.0330 1..0170 1.0300 1.7067 •.0370 1.0366 1.0350 1.6237 6.0211 1.0367 1.8.0087 5. 74· - • • • 3 • • 8 7 -107 - .3676 •.6993 3.0390 1.1191 ".2174 li.1287 ". 36 37 38 3' (Q (1 "..9621 •.~" eee 0 1 1..0117 1.0125 1.0288 1.7193 ".0217 1.0234 1.0382 1.9..0271 1.0960 6.6221 6.7 5.7901 ".0279 51 50 •• •• •• .0305 1.0363 1.0387 1...0208 1.0171 1.0286 1.4793 4..0122 1.010" 1.08 6.0105 1.7147 3..2173 4..312" 6.2579 4.0283 1..02.20'J7 5.1144 "..0100 1.0266 1.0221 1.1409 7. 3.03.69M 3.6263 4.M84 6.4907 ".0187 .0266 1..0136 1.0236 1..2122 ".0131 1. ..512\ 6.7919 6.5.8679 8.6363 6.6137 4.6202 .6612 6.6930 6..7302 3.0297 1.0219 1.0188 1."19" 6.0192 1.0246 1. 1. 7&· - .0160 1.6021 4."637 6.0343 1.. 77· .613..0376 1..0196 1.. 76· -106- - .0395 1.26.0197 1.0216 1. .0276 1.02M 1.• 11 12 13 l( 1.8663 •.1942 6.8689 6. 1.3630 6.0138 1.0159 l..0347 1.0266 ".0383 1.6765 3.8163 ". 7.0306 ".0199 1..0145 1.6142 4..4679 .0216 1.0145 1.0206 1...."398 6.0163 1.3 "..0579 4.011. 9802 •.9984 3. ".0206 1.0179 1.0166 1.2.0268 1.0234 1.9f96 3.0168 1.6353 3.11 6.0260 1.0126 1.0182 1.0396 1.0362 1.6838 5.02.0140 1.0115 1.6874 6. 3..9260 5.8663 3.0267 1. ".0158 6.60"7 6.0293 1..0203 1.. 99 .0207 1.6692 4..2666 6.8097 4.787" 5.5243 6.0136 1..0311 1.3367 6.0812 ".7816 3.0800 6.0291 1.7538 3.0164 e ..2681 4.2803 5.0399 1.0120 1.0194 1. .7706 ".8998 6."878 6.0672 4.0302 1.2733 4..0248 1.0376 6.8805 3.039.0107 1.0291 1.02-&1 1. 6942 4.0196 1.0263 1.6802 3 ..7117 5.3966 4.0188 1.0322 1.0114 1.0327 1.6817 1.36M '.0152 1.1336 ".8697 4.0116 1.2772 6.0221 1.0118 1.0(88 '.2330 5. 2.7776 3..3266 4.272" 5.0123 1. 17 18 1.0284 1.7683 5.1183 6.0112 1.74. 5.0190 1.0120 ".0108 1.0261 1'..f2 6.0271 1. 6.6736 6.2786 4.26"6 6...3696 5.3 . I.7392 6.6614 3.0292 1. .0310 1.0316 1.3203 4. 81· - SO· """ 79· .0213 1..0337 1.0273 1.1567 7.177" 4.0342 1.0110 cceee 7.1409 6.7132 6.6802 3.f5 1.8181 3.8368 5.0272 1. 33 32 31 30 2.4964 4.1529 4.6901 4."O.8320 6. 3622 .0l.0363 1. 8496 4.0305 1.6079 4.3160 4.9273 6.0220 1..7657 3.7"98 3.01SO 1. 33 3. e " •• '8 (7 10 • • • • 7 8 0 1 2 3 1.0198 1.0121 1...03« I.1712 5..03M 1.9971 6.6961 4._ 3.037" 1..01"1 1.0113 1.0171 1.0230 1.0339 1.00M 1.0207 1.8186 6.0963 4..0258 1..0812 6. a 1 ".0l.3.0286 1..6764 ".010 ..0483 6.8960 6. 14' 10' 1.0306 1.5195 4.0286 1.0320 1.6749 6.0331 1.0108 1.0279 1.0316 1.58 6.0lli7 C0IS8C ..f26 4.8261 6..8062 6. 6669 '.0268 1.0319 1.0212 1.0327 1.0202 1.830( 3.02 ..5 1..03"9 1.0125 LOllO 6.9061 8.3860 6..0154 1...0131 1.022 .0391 1.0181 1.6561 5. 50 53 .0380 1..02 .0718 "..3362 4.0210 1.0308 1.2993 4.8630 4.0262 1. 176 .5722 ..2941 4.012" 1..0128 1.2646 6.(K()2 1..0243 1.0163 1.0125 1.0378 1.0192 1.0161 1.0016 •.6928 6.02Oi 1.7697 3.0183 1.0379 1..8263 3..0311 1.0119 1.1726 4.0106 1.0317 1.0302 ".0232 1..93 5.2888 '. .0123 1.0209 1.0398 1. 38 37 3..0539 7.0336 1.0119 1.f 4.0281 1..0129 1.7Ml "."617 6."278 6.588 5.0386 1. 398 4.01"8 1.0116 1.0349 1.7 '8 2' 30 31 3.7262 6.0237 1.0739 6.0136 1·0136 1.8612 3.6.0177 1..969.3206 6.7003 6.9894 3.1336 3.0132 1.0341 1.02M 1.0269 1.0766 ".6107 6..0121 1.0161 1.0109 1. 1.3 6.574 6.0263 1.2630 4.0172 1.0288 1.0120 1.0666 6.0261 1.0240 1.9361 5.0100 1.0202 1.0176 1.0235 1.2019 5.34.0233 1.3 41 '0 3.7676 ".0299 1.0204 1."110 6..0229 1. .9176 ".0111 1.0269 1.0396 7.232" 4.0273 1..632..038( 1.0029 3.069.0276 1.8018 3.1 ".0367 1.8639 3.0289 1.6081 4.5.0278 1.0270 1..6986 6 .0128 1..0136 1.f8 1.9664 5..67"6 6.3"49 6.02" 1.a .9018 3.0112 6.5838 6.02".6197 6.6721 3.6428 ". 23 22 21 20 i.0261 1.8229 ".1661 see 1.8429 ".0201 1.0277 1. •..7588 26 .9768 6..02"6 1.0906 ".0180 1.0<03 3.1481 4.5672 6.6676 3.0176 1.7384 4.62 • • e 3 7 8 10 11 12 13 I( ~ • ioiss 1.0267 1.0193 1.027" 1.48&0 4.7897 3.0125 1.6917 3.0247 1..0160 1.0H6 1.01.1109 6.8362 "..1117 7. 1~' e.0323 1.0119 1.0156 1.0101 1..0127 1.1336 6.6366 6."362 6.0191 1..0972 7.03M 1.3044 6.6631 •.1560 5..2376 4.9313 ".0294.9665 6.0138 1.5660 6."999 6. e '8 57 50 •• 60 •• .82g6 ".0226 1.3286 6. 33 3.86646.9716 3.0323 1.7224 3. • 3 2 1 • • • e .0371 1.7 .. 17 18 19 20 21 .. .0175 1."767 ".0132 1.0130 1. 60 50 4.0172 1.0318 1.8833 4.9805 3. .0216 1.2527 '.03M '8 '7 '. " (Q " .5263 4.0109 1.7108 3.9136 6.2.0139 1.0159 .9234 3.2836 ".5. 20 21 22 23 " 1. .182" "..1578 4. 6.3343 6.3309 4..0223 1..1034 6.6617 6.0237 1.4011 4.1239 "...0184 1.0321 1.0309 1..0376 1.010" 1.0345 1.014" 1.773& 3.0H7 1.0280 1. - 12' ..8901 4.0166 4. " .0377 1.0161 1.13M 4.7617 3.7023 6.0169 1. ".0226 1.0164 1.730.0118 1.7130 ".6663 5. '. 9873 •..0156 1. 38 37 36 '.8M8 3.0381 1..0160 1.0167 1.4736 4.0263 1.8032 ".0143 1."M .0126 1.3046 ".0308 1.0333 1.9672 3.7937 3. 1.7778 5.7380 3.98&0 3.6288 6.0312 1.1268 6.liM6 4.0247 1.0163 1.7.73"1 3.0368 1.8637 3. .0368 1.0228 1.03211 1.021" 1.0380 1.0216 1.0186 1.1120 6.9320 3.9690 6.1770 6.7665 6.8861 6.9~ 3."026 5.94161 3. .0177 1.0346 1..0361 1.0133 1.027" 6..0179 1.0111 1.8222 3.7070 3.0626 4.7267 ".87 6.7770 ".0106 1.2476 ".3807 6.9760 3.0103 1.1972 4.f9 6. 28 27 2.0231 1.9939 3.0348 1.8976 3.2211 6.0326 1. 3. 1.9639 3. 16 ".0239 1.0268 '1.OUI 1.0186 1.036( 1._ 3.9160 5..Cf211 4.0303 1.0lM 1..0211 1.0401 1.0336 1..2 ..1788 5.92.9462 5.9963 6.0827 7.0389 1.0296 1.0133 1.0302 1.1263 7.0298 1..1652 6.8470 3.0196 1.0317 1.6878 3.0393 1.0186 1. 231 .1627 4.2322 6.7612 ".0348 '..0162 1. .0213 1. .8761 6. .7623 6.9627 3.9O..9190 3..9106 4.2 1.8346 3.1 4.0362 1.0174 1.8067 6.0163 1.0256 1.9104 3.0301 1.0232 1.0182 1.392" .03M 3.0166 1.0363 1.8163 6.&470 6."960 6.7787 6.7867 3.0366 1. 33 •• .6396 6. li.2..0169 1.6021 4.0130 1."160 6.0167 1.0142 1. _lD· .3901 ".01"1 1.0137 1.0189 1..• 510 .Moo 6.3 1.0328 1...0320 1.0290 1.01"2 1.0299 1.0620 6.8097 18 17 1e 1s 14 13 12 11 10 8 7 •• •• •• (7 '8 ss .0367 1..2022 4.59 6. 9732 (U)661 4.3792 4. '.5 5..OU6 1.0278 1..03(0 I.0 61 '2 53 50 51 50 60 ..1333 6.8696 3.0160 1..0351 1.0392 1.0886 6.0266 1.6316 3.1013 6.08&9 1. .2072 "..0228 1. .3228 6.0113 1."632 5. - .0688 6..& 1.0127 1. 8.3 .0101 1.0178 1..0102 1..0332 1."617 5...0236 1.0223 .0157 1.0282 1.0260 1.0330 1.7677 3.0M3 6.0099 1.674.0371 1.0365 1. 1.0129 1.0293 1.3738 .0399 1.5 l..0140 1."..3777 6.9037 "..0124 1.. .39"3 5.7448 ".0115 1. . 6.38M ".2 50 1.0199 1.3612 6.0262 1.0173 1.7263 3....0139 1.0632 ". 1..0376 1. .6369 ".f7 1.6311 4. 9. 7004 •.0238 1.013.0184 1.8969 ".6111 6.0<00 1.0166 1.0122 1.0447 6.0289 1.3113 6.0338 1.0260 1.6379 6.. 4. 37 .f 1.1923 4.0230 6.0373 1.0263 e ...0099 1.0107 1.1863 7.9560 6.7966 ".0066 6.0137 1... •• (Q 3. •• 4.0107 1.0102 1.18M 6...8726 6.0226 1.0168 1. 121 ..0276 1.032" 1. 623 4. .0369 1.0189 1.7031 3....8860 6.0191 1..0220 1.01" 1.68<0 3.6879 4.7211l 6.5782 "..4287 .6017 6.0313 1.0223 1.8721 3.6390 3.0210 1.7398 5.9147 3.01M 1.. 9' c.8763 8.8766 ".1990 6.0338 1.2100 6.0223 1.017' 1.M27 3. 3.2886 6.. 27 28 30 .2273 4. 1.0099 1. 31 30 27 23 23 20 19 18 17 10 U 14 13 11 I.0200 1."666 4 .

4&32 3. '0 '2 .MSI I.9216 2. . 38 37 3.0602 1.0.M96 I.9497 2.6762 2.0698 1..0779 1. I.0686 1.7286 2..7126 2.0804 1.7206 2.0149 1.0671 1.0716 •• •• •• .0200 3.0786 eceee 2.0702 1.9982 2. 60 .MGI 1..8488 2.0862 1...0723 1..7326 2.0838 1.0716 1. oese 1.0667 1.6623 3.8699 2..7691 2.0746 1.M37 I.0606 1.6849 2.1M3 3..0766 1.s06Z 2.-'618 2..6714 2.6967 2.'602 2 .7609 2. .OH6 1.0696 1..0231 3.0100 3.&316 2.0669 1.2448 3...4996 2.7694 2.0618 1.5028 2. .3072 3.9145 2.6336 2..76 1. 17 18 1.0803 1.4867 3.M42 1.0898 8.6076 2..6223 2.1960 3.0678 1.0382 3.3133 3.9738 2.0468 1.3 3.0Ml 1.2332 3..9168 2.0612 1. 20 3.00M 3.M96 I.0907 1. .04:13 1..086f 2.0889 1.4946 2..1461 3.0747 1..0636 3.0676 1.2831 3..M47 1 .o.0872 1.8644 2.3881 3.04.4203 3.M28 I.269' 3.1244 3...0206 3..0648 1.'366 3.9967 2..0693 1.0672 1. 2. oses 1.0.0699 1.0902 1.2477 3.MS2 1.1932 3.3«0 3.0669 1.6129 2.0.6961 3.M07 I.0766 1.3316 3.0aM 1.6913 2.0799 1. 1.172 2..6787 2. 1.coeee . .&333 2.7427 2.0740 1.M31 1. •• •• " 2.0616 1..11 1.0166 3.7799 2.MH 1.9286 2.7186 2.7306 2.M94 3..0..0707 1.00&69 1.0636 1.9810 2.8 .MU I.0870 1.3913 3..7M6 2.0629 1.4961 2.6428 2.6947 2.0671 1..1820 3..3&34 3.0.0830 1.0788 1.8063 2.0690 1.1030 8. •• '8 .0781 1.4716 2 .0181 3.6604 2.04.0U9 1. .M19 1.0837 1.0664 3.0662 1. 1.0798 1.1H07 3.0621 1.0716 1.0684 1.1670 3.0618 1.0689 1.0660 L0661 1.3849 3.0.0738 1. I 73' 72' .0896 1.2188 ~...0S29 1.7 63 " 23 U 27 28 30 .6046 2.86 I.0606 1.8801 2.4936 3.6113 2.l~- COHO .6700 3.6869 2.(Kl39 I.0626 1..0624 1.0896 1.0472 1.8915 2.6986 2. 2 .ONI I.7 • co 0 1 2 3 1.0801 1.0<30 1."32 3 .4819 2.6024 3.04lf I.0936 1..4901 3.. .9426 2..0677 1.0477 1.2390 3.0794 1...694.6206 2.2102 3.0929 1.0131 3.7670 2.&879 3 .0748 1.0736 1.0609 1..6676 2.6419 2.8960 2.0816 1.6179 2.4928 2.0637 1.46&6 11 i 13 If 1.2169 3.0616 cceee s.48 1.2131 3. " 7 • • • • 8 3 1 0 .6146 2.0866 1.0716 3.0662 1.0811 1.9238 2.0360 1. 20 21 22 23 2.6733 2.0891 .0663 1. .8074 2.osio 1.0726 1.1488 3.3977 3..0666 1.0766 1.CK67 1.0787 1.7146 2.6610 2.1989 3.0691 1.0846 1.osoe 10 3.04:66 I..0628 1..9122 2.M69 3.7736 2.M63 2 .0819 1..OIn9 1.0873 1..06<2 eceee ecee e 3.0682 1. 17 18 1.6150 2..7820 2..6830 2.M91 I.8096 2.2624 3.0892 1. 3 2 1 0 • • • - 108- . 3...0734 1.7266 2.0696 1.0713 1.M&3 2.1163 3.0938 1.8766 2.4203 1.6299 2.0694 1... .0686 1.. 2.0609 3. 2.2246 3. .0881 0882 .6628 2.8 3.0626 1.0624 1.0824 1.4731 2. 2: .0638 1.2017 3.7926 2.0031 3.6383 3.9693 2.6877 2.6823 2.6022 2.0812 1..8312 2.1736 3.7346 2.6Ml 2.0MKl 1.8290 2.0936 1.2303 3.0530 1.MI8 I.6986 2.M92 1.6676 2.060< 1.4301 3.36 I.6168 2.9308 2.0MO 1.6699 '.0.0773 1.6931 2.2361 3.44 I.0710 1.6206 3.0780 1.0499 1..8711 2.0825 1.0469 1.6. as 12 81 .0. ..060S 1.0817 1.9062 2.0866 1.2981 3.6 2.1433 3.6186 2.0727 1.0920 1.M26 I.4666 3.7406 2.0677 1.M33 1.0906 1..4833 3. 33 32 31 30 " 60 10 • • • • 7 8 1.0832 1.4498 3..0721 1. 3.0692 1.2 63 .0683 1.8247 2.4073 3.0487 1.0676 3.0868 1.0607 1.0790 1.6176 3.00&34 I. 18 17 1.ln40 3.1217 3.0679 1.6488 2.0784 1.0913 1.0767 3.2742 3.0668 1.7156 2. 3.4236 3...0813 1..6297 2.6281 2.62M 2.0M8 1. 1 1.0654 1..6338 • ~ .0706 1..6279 3. 1.1110 3.9M6 2.9908 2.0663 'U" ece ..0539 1.0SU 1.2666 3.0868 1. 2' 23 22 21 20 11 12 13 If 1.0020 1.2801 3.0743 1.9884..0760 1.3163 3. 3.6734 2.a99 3.7883 2.4829 2.0678 1. 50 '7 . •• .0774 1.17 I. .6360 2.7862 2.0728 1.6096 2..0823 1.0603 1..0666 1. 60 .6279 2.6003 2.6447 2.7989 2.a06 3.6436 2.8422 2.0714 1.0Ml 1.0676 1.0810 1.8666 2.8677 2.06M 1.0696 1.0642 1.6623 2.0763 1.8632 2.0490 I.M29 3.4632 3.0335 1.0876 1.6869 2.2' I.S4 1.0603 1..6506 2.3946 3. .0897 1.0766 1.M97 1.0M2 1.M27 1.0737 1.0462 1.6112 2.1271 3.0460 I.9332 2.1298 3..6402 2.0534 1.0609 1.0660 1.2921 3..0367 3.0.6003 3.0691 1...9379 2.0761 1.8824 2.0709 1.M23 2. 3.0977 8.e'61 1.M86 1..76 1.78U 2.7674 2.067' 1.0M8 1.4862 2.0473 I.0820 3.1oc:K 3.6637 2.. 60 . .0013 1.0484 3.0729 1.0007 2.0666 1..0768 1.04.0899 1.0601 1..0667 1.6037 3..0081 3.9098 2.0422 1. .6133 3 .0666 1.3 1.3286 3.0807 1. If 13 12 11 10 8 7 60 .66 1.0697 1.0694 1.884.0281 3.0786 1.79M 2.9621 2.0481 1.3102 3.06a 1.6243 3.0676 1.20 1.0869 1.9836 2. ..1137 3.MU I. " •• •• as 37 .4041 3.7611 2.6096 2.M78 I.6011 2.8117 2. 2.8892 2.6247 2.0667 1.0783 1.0849 1..4797 2.0611 1.. • • • • • 3 Coa8C eee 1 .9460 2.0681 1.0776 1.0844 1.1792 3.1708 3.0931 1.090S i.8226 2.3690 3.0488 1..9076 2..0904 1.7 .6279 3...8366 2...0628 1.3722 3.83 1.9689 2.0796 1..47M 2. 2.uoe 1.0<03 1.0769 1.0604 1.0688 1.0806 1.0770 1.a.MI6 10.0RM 1.1681 3.0669 1.0607 1.092' 1.4334 3.3627 3.0636 1.4846 2..00546 1.. .04:10 1.0iM I.94 I.0692 1.0610 1..0903 1.&348 3.0733 1.0921 1.6131 2. .9713 2.6313 3.191 2.7226 2..M9B 1.0644 1.37M 3.7488 2.4466 3.0649 1.0861 1..0893 1.0606 1.0739 1..064.7026 2.6163 2.32M 3.6618 2.2361 Ha .M26 1.0880 1.84:66 2.0748 1.7767 2.0802 1.M38 1. •• •• •• •• .9029 2.0488 1.04. •• •• .0646 1.0331 3.0726 1.M18 3.0626 1..0S28 1. • .6693 2.M79 1.1698 3.3602 3.n99 3..0468 1.66 1.M39 I.0M4 1.6367 2.8937 2. .6772 2.0846 1.7716 2.0789 1.6384 2.0703 1.1663 3.6260 2.0623 1.6762 2.0661 1.0874 1.0064 1.6916 3.0639 1.0793 3.6810 2.0612 1.71 1.4813 2. •• •• •• .0674 1.0769 1.0480 I.8378 2.0537 1.0606 1..7066 2.4766 3.7388 2.0538 1.6987 3.9669 2.6068 2.09~ I.0686 3.8160 2.0690 3.0663 .0886 1. .8182 2.6316 2.20U 3.9261 2.6896 2. .0670 1.0633 1. 2.0867 1.1616 3.6791 2.0731 1.0961 3.1876 3.M32 1. " .0629 1. .7988 2.0655 1.0613 1.0926 1.M36 1.. 2.0820 1.497S 2.0808 1.7086 2.065S 1..4732 3.0792 1.0&36 1.0.(M70 1.2216 3.0720 1.0306 3.6668 2.2683 3.67 i.03f0 1.0627 1.0620 1. .6.2.4698 3.0836 1.0661 3.0722 1.9641 2.2772 3.8032 2..6696 aec ~~.7632 2.0612 3.3M2 3.0764 1.M3a 3.7246 2..0869 1...6213 2.0ilS2 1.7 50 63 .6806 2..2074 ss 63 .7663 2.0701 1. . 3.6908 2.0423 1.0698 1.033< 1.0646 1..790' 1.794:7 2.8139 2.9366 2. .0652 1.MGI I.8733 2.6640 2.86:?l 2.Mto I.63 1.061' 1.6967 2..93 1.0626 1.3471 3..0833 1. .0616 I.1.9762 2.. 71' 70' ..6209 3.0793 1.. .0.0708 1.322' 3.OM2 1.0847 1.M29 1. ..8400 2.9474 2.0S26 1.6772 3.0816 1.833' 2.0679 1. •• 28 27 2.1362 3.9617 2.0914 1. 1..0666 1. 3.0900 1.0632 1.6106 3.1083 3.2663 3..3~ 3.6040 2.3817 3.0019 1.9191 2. .0489 1.0866 1..2636 3.0911 1. 28 '7 2.6736 3. .1626 3.0699 1.9238 .2 •• .3666 3..8204.8 60 •• 21 20 1.8010 2.4780 2.68-41 2'.0623 1.0917 1.8486 2.0601 1.0761 1..6196 2.6353 2.0413 1.0563 1.<009 3.0680 1.0877 1.4268 3.7650 2.0«3 1.3378 3.0622 1.469S 3.0741 3..6M2 2.0460 l.0650 1.7 60 •• .0684 1.0928 1.0704 1.0638 3.3 33 3' 31 30 .0744 1.2274 3.7 ..0486 1.47048 2.3194 3.0732 1.9666 2.0630 1.6696 2.8869 2. .eNOS 1.0647 1.8269 2.7 3' 38 37 3.0468 3.2506 3.0927 1.6410 2.7366 2.28 I.4912 2.0608 1.04:1:1 1.0670" 1.4896 2.0888 1.1190 3. 37 38 3.0861 1.0774 1.1067 3.9402 2.0742 1.MO' I. .8983 2.0616 1.. .0878 1..6230 2.0616 1.0. 0 1 1.0602 1.M83 3.0686 1.0622 1.9006 2.6072 3.0717 1..0651 1.2419 3.0421 1. 69' 68' 6c 109--'- .0771 1..2891 3.. .M08 1.0M3 1.0M7 1.0696 1.M63 3.3011 3..0636 1.0M2 1.0711 1.MUS I.0916 1.0MS 1.0633 1.7006 2. •• 60 ..2861 3.6770 2.7529 2.1326 3.4170 3.0659 1.0763 1'.0922 1.7778 2.0821 1.M" I.7106 2.0600 1.6680 2.MI7 1.3786 3..0860 1.0711 1. i 18 17 1.0467 1..093' 1.0676 1.0932 1. 3.7468 2.4M6 3.0M6 1.6242 2.0634 f.86M 2. '-6' .78 I.4969 3.04.0682 1.184.6716 2. 2.6666 3.3696 3.4138 3.3669 3.6078 2 .9869 2.9786 2. 1.9933 2.M71 2. .1379 3.0464 1. 16 If 13 11 10 2.1904.0764 1.8466 2..0834 1.0531 1..0673 1.6927 2.8"4 2.17M 3.0760 1.0M2 1.0617 1.0842 1..3347 3.6807 3.MM 1.0926 3.6699 2.6060 3.0627 1.0643 1..2712 3.0918 1.0611 1.0.0498 1.6169 3. 2.0687 1.38 1.._ 2.08-46 3.0589 1.86M 2.8778 . .9 2.0797 1..0690 1..0719 1.087~ 3.0663 1.2961 3.6681 2.1 1.0778 1.6244 3.7«7 2.S610 2.0673 1.8688 -2.04. 27 28 20 30 31 32 33 3~ 3.

2543 2.1&87 1.1430 2.1360 1.1766 1.3632 2.3172 2.0901 2.9426 1.1787 1.1223 1.3916 2.0790 2.1009 1.3618 2.1410 1.1768 1.1696 1.1041 1.1560 2.9980 1.1889 2.1084 1..4068 2.0101 2.1659 1.4286 2.9030 1.0444 2.1368 1.0868 2. .2464 2.1059 1.1422 1.1636 1.1674 1. 3' 3. •• .1&64 1.4083 2..0648 2.Ul 2.09"8 1.1093 2.1628 1.1432 1.1305 1.0879 2.1326 1.1648 1.1778 2.1031 1.0194 2.0988 1.2307 2.9093 1.1037 1.2141 2.0122 2. -110- -111- .1162 2.0984 1. .1289 1.0998 1.1606 1.1548 2.1739 1.2894 2..0081 2.8924 1.1085 1.2103 2.4570 2.1536 2.1110 1.1176 1.1476 1.3472 2.1790 1.0173 2..1660 1. ".2052 2.1296 1.1776 1.2243 2.0162 2.7 13 12 II 10 .1693 2.3186 2.1604 1.3385 2.1372 1. .1716.1252 1.1682 1.9539 1.1238 1.1439 1.9930 1.1601 1.3677 2..9184 1..1200 1.1142 1.1189 1. 3.1028 1.1658 1.2730 2.1724 1.1032 1.0318 2.9313 1.0132 2...1269 1. 1.0997 1.1633 2.1732 1.$664 1.0329 2.1584 2.0966 1.(1949 1.9193 1.1620 1. •• •• <6 '2 0 I 2 3 11 12 1..8888 1.0779 2.1684 1. . 1.1113 1..1134 1.2921 2.16 1.2880 2.7 1.1291 1.1289 2.2333 2.1166 1.1865 2.. 2.1633 1.1419 1.1022 1.4522 2.1672 1.4007 2.0214 2.2962 2.0936 2.1493 1.04.4160 2.1112 1.1631 1.9860 1.1MB 1..1101 1.1262 1.0662 2.1276 1.9606 1.1349 1.1«3 1.1670 1.1382 1.3328 2.4145 2.2163 2.1049 1.1607 1.1381 1.9693 1.3443 2.3691 2.1676 1.9626 1.1667 1.1014 1.1052 1.1287 1..1098 1.0287 2.1791 2.8 .1781 1.2438 2.1852 2.1151 1.1173 2.9940 1.13M 1.9286 1.1299 1.1308 1.2907 2.1764 1.2596 2.1666 1.1333 1.1240 1.1235 1.9830 1.9013 1.24 eec 0 I 2 3 1.1«6 1.2623 2.-1257 1.3888 2.1650 1.1417 1.1281 1.1803 2.1637 1.3129 2.1306 1. .9M9 1.1760 1.1448 1.8950 1.1391 1.1000 1..9268 1.0746 2.1081 1.3811 2.4300 2. <0 39 3S 37 3.1334 1..2949 2..1231 2.8959 1.1612 1.7" 1.10. 2.1572 2.1~16 1.1346 1.1312 2.0434 2.4130 2.1608 1.1050 1.1746 1.1298 1.9276 1.0980 2.9b30 1.0266 2.1066 1.1596 2.3721 2.1634 1.1467 1.HM I.98&0 1.1102 1.1088 1.0637 2.0958 1.1421 1.9248 1..0627 2.1471 1.1441 2.4506 2 . .1M7 1.1618 1.1137 1.9230 1.3574 2.1612 1..1180 1.0402 2.2346 2.9616 1.1734 1.1376 1.1681 2.1636 1.0962 1.0392 2.0989 1.9203 1..3961 2.2077 2.2812 2.2556 2.1282 1.1674 1.1186 2.1016 1. <0 .2853 2.0&81 2.9510 1.1072 1.14M 1.1255 1.1242 1..2 .0991 1.9121 1.1602 1.1127 1.9 . 2.1034 oooec C08ec eec 1.1093 1.3457 2.0946 1.1416 .1 .2717 2.9473 1. 1.1116 '-.0608 2.1369 1.1135 1.1366 1.2425 2.0630 2.9066 1.4269 2.4191 2.1185 1. .0616 2.0824 2. 1.1174 1.2826 2.9781 1.1300 eec .364.7 28 29 30 31 3' 33 3. 2.1205 1.1411 .3871 2.1193 1.14'U 1.3841 2.0726 2.1662 1.9970 1.1007 1. <0 <7 '1 .3200 2.1090 1.'1877 2.1026 1.1116 1.0801 2.1029 1.0963 1.1703 1.9713 1.1310 1.1514 1. 30 31 32 33 3.1258 1.2 03 .1737 1.1203 1.3356 2.2128 2.1608 2.1706 2. .0266 2.3143 2.1023 1.2517 2.1379 1.1408 1.0000 .1326 c oeec 2.1762 1..964:5 1.9683 1.1118 1.1196 2.0370 2.1645 2.1628 1.0975 1.4442 2.0994 1.8916 1. 10 II 12 I..4395 2.1243 1.2812 eee 1.1664 1.1169 1.2690 2.1044 1.8932 .1082 1.1073 1.• "74 2. 60 .8879 7 S 9 10 • • • 2.1208 2.0040 2.0Ml 2'.16M 1.2027 eec .00 C08ec .1347 1.3399 2.16S9 1.1480 1.1067 1.1706 1.2451 2.1169 1.0953 1.1284 1.1718 1.1666 1.1279 1.OM6 2.1468 1.1190 1.1329 1.1013 1.3688 2.2398 2.1248 1.1163 1.2386 2.1406 2.3059 2.1123 1.0236 2.1699 1.1668 1.9674 1..1402 1.1145 1.1768 1.1121 1.8871 58· .1312 1.3101 2.2583 2.IM9 1.S c_ 2..1424 1.9910 1.1418 2.0996 1.1126 cosec 2.. .3781 2.1019 1.1640 1.1630 1.2976 2.9350 1.0673 2.1367 1.1701 1.1741 1.1076 1.3242 2. '0 21 22 23 .0349 2.1026 2.1«6 1. 27 2" 2.0986 1.1390 1.1742 2.1692 1.9388 1.9 60 .1172 1.9811 1..9004 1. .2269 2.1M4 1.3866 2.0714 2.0703 2.8941 1.0967 2.1120 1. I.1343 1.2294 2.0767 2.0973 1.1320 1.• .0163 2. 17 IS I.1140 1.2090 2.2372 2.0609 • • • • 63· 62· .4063 2.1192 1.1131 1.1363 1..1362 1.4037 2.1663 1. .1722 1.0992 1.2663 2.1087 1.1989 2.1902 2.1625 2..1709 1.1M2 1.2 51 00 .1380& 1. ee eoeee 2.1182 1.0030 2.1319 1.1Ml 1.0071 2.3662 2.9021 1.1 60 '9 <T <6 <0 •• •• 2.H86 I.3946 2.9463 1.9687 1.1300 2. •• .1143 1. 50 56 .1164 1.1004 1.9360 1..7 3S 3.1680 1.1127 2.1939 2.1017 1.0981 1.1&&6 1.2 •• •• 2..0978 1.0986 1.3826 2.. •• •• 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 2. • " • • • 7 3 2 I 0 19 18 17 I.1226 1.1382 2.0091 2.0224 2.3286 2.1Ml 1.2179 2.1698 1.1153 1.1322 1.1441 1.2771 2.1499 1.1815 2.4254 2.1003 1.1079 1.0971 1.2610 2.4316 2. ) .1228 1.1714 1.2320 2.1394 2.1501 2.9890 1.1386 1.9990 1.0836 2.3931 2.0683 2.2411 2.1078 1.8897 1.2866 2.1347 2...908< 1.2703 2.0692 2. 38 37 3.8986 1.96M 1.2503 2.9332 1.9239 1.3976 2.1608 1...1678 1.0982 1.9840 1.1377 1.1341 1.3706 2.1222 1.2002 2.1766 2.1952 2.1662 1. 1M3 I1M6 1.1107 1.0736 2.1213 1.2192 2.2166 2. 61· 60· '00" 69· .3530 2.1770 1.1025 1.1096 1.1&68 1. 33 32 31 30 29 2S 27 2. .1195 1.1106 1.7 2.1359 2.1277 2.0423 2.1006 1. •• .1478 1.2204 2.1034 1.1666 1.0061 2.0360 2.1638 1..2282 2.1393 1.191" 2.1927 2.2217 2.9771 1.1652 1.0297 2..1717 2 .0959 1.. .3371 2.9130 1.9520 1..0694 2.1401 1.0951 1.4207 2.1657 2.1230 1.1124 1.0890 2.3603 2.1155 1.1766 1.1399 1.0924 2.0466 2.1177 1.8906 ·1.9322 1.120~ 1.1231 1. .2039 2..0991 2.H88 1.0969 1..4022 2.0487 2.3032 2..0606 2.0912 2.9454 1.2636 2.2490 2.1237 1.9416 1.0010 2.1726 1..1055 1.9212 1.1622 1..1694 1.1404.1129 1.0627 .4363 2.4114 2..1223 .3796 2..1331 1.0 56 . 64' .3515 2.3428 2.9075 1.9880 1.1614 1.4426 2 .1783 1..9568 1.1772 1.OOM 1.12&6 2.1064 1.4176 2..9722 1.1040 1.9791 1. .0276 2. .1697 1.1433 1.1317 1.9102 1.9221 1.3116 2.1156 1.1453 2.1095 1.1340 1.1315 1.0466 2.3158 2.1219 2..1469 1..1462 1.1691 1. .1008 1.1707 1.1324 1.9067 1.0142 2.1147 1.4222 2.4347 2.1327 1.e6 1.1.OMO 2.4654 2.0020 2.1730 2.0961 1.1&88 1..1964 2..7 50 50 IS9 03 .9378 t.9482 1.16 1.1777 1.1613 2.0768 2.1610 1.1469 1.2530 2.0972 1. 2' '3 22 21 '0 to I.9761 1.1197 1.1301 1.9397 1.4238 2.1666 2.1482 I.0952 1.0339 2.9491 1.0619 2.3M4 2.1313 1.1489 2.1 2.1370 1.9176 1.1669 2.9 'S .2757 2.1478 1.1116 2.8995 1. .9820 1.3018 2.1693 1.1406 1.2990 2...4379 2.1139 1..1761 1.1 I' 1.3486 2.9435 1.1624 1.9732 1.1139 2.9MS 1.9166 1.0969 2.9635 1. .0812 2.9960 1.1242 2.1M7 c .1303 1..0976 1.3()()4.1430 1.1011 1.1260 1. .9870 1.1428 1.1001 1.2 03 60 •• •• 37 'S 39 IS9 . 3.1048 2.0498 2.0979 1. <3 . • • • • 7 S 1.1712 1.2570 2.1150 1.2014: 2..1626 1.1062 1.0308 2.9039 1.1010 1.4538 2.1.1286 1.2OM 2.0670 2.1047 1.3766 2.1366 1.3256 2.1489 1.0060 2..1270 1.1754 2.1749 1.9304: 1. 60 .10b3 1.3414 2.9341 1.1148 1.9389 1.3271 2.1618 1.2676 2.1465 2.1160 2.1600 1.0946 2.1208 1.1082 2.9157 1.1779 1.9112 1.1075 1. 3.1264 1.1632 1. .1373 1.1413 1..1265 1.1061 1.1753 1.1274 1..1606 1.1361 1.9900 1.0867 2.1184 1.1466 1.9703 1.1338 1.0968 1.. •• 56 03 .1198 1.2650 2.9<0'1 1.9601 1.9296 1.3313 2..8968 1.2266 2..1426 1..1371 2.1610 1.9267 1.1187 1.1226 1.0204 2.1437 1.7 ..1109 1.1491 1.1433 '.2477 2..1104 2.1720 1.9801 1..1624 1.1324 2.1250 1.1220 1.1620 1.9950 1.9444 1.1551 1.1207 1...3073 2.1245 1.1396 1.1366 1.1678 1.2116 2.1336 1.1210 1.9148 1.1689 1.1294 1.1126 1.1104 1.1046 1.1840 2:1828 2..1460 1.1977 2.1786 1.1020 1.2798 2.9139 1.1058 1.1043 1.~ .2369 2.3228 2.0965 1.1056 1.1620 2.9048 1. .9920 1.1463 1.1069 2.1217 1.1603 1.1272 1..2744 2.1171 1. 3 2 1 0 1.0381 2.1247 1.9696 1.3751 2. eo .8977 1. .1132 1.4586 2. 20 .1179 1.1216 1.1397 1. 23 22 21 20 I• I" 17 I• to 13 12 II 10 8 7 .0111 2.3087 2.3M2 1.9 00 65· .«199 2..1883 1.4458 2.1743 1.1728 1.12M 2.1747 1.1477 2.1267 1..1277 1.• "90 2 .1792 cceee 1.9752 1.0183 2.3601 2.1676 1.1036 2.1167 1.1388 1.2839 2.1690 1.1730 1.1158 1. 17 18 I.3559 2.1212 1.1233 1.1885 1.3992 2..1293 1.1002 2.2784 2.0246 2.2230 2.04:13 2.1646 1.3342 2.2935 2.1218 1.9577 1.1070 1.4332 2.1014 2. .1253 1.3046 2.1496 1.1670 1.3299 2.2027 2.3736 2.1161 1. 23 .1616 1. 2.1626 1.1497 1.3214 2.1070 2.1.1092 1.1681 1.1436 1.0000 1.1630 1.1335 2..0956 1.3 ..1622 1.0476 2.1696 1.3901 2.1038 1.1068 1.9742 1.1672 1.

2468 1.2472 1.1869 1.2378 1.8198 1.7109 1.213" 1..2356 1.784:" 1.&930 1.2673 1..8279 1.&871 1.2470 1.2198 1.7M2 1.8663 1.24'8 1.8361 •• .1999 1.6694 1.7076 1.79"6 1.1M8 1.&386 1.8792 1.7161 1.2136 1.7829 1.. 31 3.2731 1.22"3 1..2613 1.2161 1.7033 1.1862 1..8757 1.8979 1.2190 1..6924 1..2129 1.. 1..30'8 1.2363 1.8637 1. 1.6249 1.2263 1..7999 1.6M8 1.2220 1. .1828 1. <0 Ln~ 1.2060 1.182" 1.2020 1.0<3 1.8385 1.8619 1. •• .2922 1.7860 1.6749 1..2081 1.3061 1.2360 1.6811 1.2062 1.6862 1.7130 .733" 1. 38'_ 1.7976 1.2238 1.8311 1.2&U 1..7"78 1...2994 1. .6678 1.7688 1..7"63 1. 1.2001 1. .2"29 1.1M6 1..6839 1.604:6 1...&3'0 1.1798 1.2981 1.6334 1.2088 1.2610 1.8188 1. 1... e.192' 1..6936 1.19"6 1.6816 1.821" 1.8962 1...2110 1.1789 1. . .1822 1.2633 1.7663 1. •• .7088 1.70f0 1.2062 e..6817 1.2260 1.2467 1.23"6 1..2270 1.263& 1..2'90 1.1837 1..1818 1.2N3 1.6811 1.1806 1. .2210 1..2112 1.2693 1."'" 1.1915 1.7213 1.2004 1.6700 1.2'88 1.7192 1.723" 1.8093 1.7171 1.6826 1.. ..8972 1.8303 1.2281 1.30M • • ..2266 1.·2630 1. .1906 1.1926 1...6772 1.7876 1..7730 1.2660 1.2910 1. • • 1 0 ..1978 1..6706 1.2710 1.f34 .2868 1.7686 1.2619 1.6901 I.7M9 1.6261 1.2919 1.2397 1.232" 1.2072 1....2849 1.2929 1.71"" 1.203" ~ 2036 .2203 1...8706 1.6999 1.8320 1.1867 1...1886 1.6614 1.2436 1.2029 1.8M2 1.2100 1. .2632 1.2139 1.HM 1..2163 1.2822 1.7681 1.2379 1.8118 1.8166 1.1943 1.2826 1.6 1.669-& 1.2293 1.2630 1.1861 1.."2 1. . 63· 5• .7 .&006 1.6913 1... 1.2291 1..2760 1.2039 I.2188 1.8871 1.8070 1.2819 1..2666 1.179' 1.69&9 1.7"66 1. ~ 1.2991 1....' .8627 1.7963 1.2676 1.8801 1.2796 1.2997 1..6224 1.2986 1.7937 1.7723 1..2682 1. .6MI 1.811" 1.61&9 1..6710 1.7992 1.1836 1. 66ft 1 1.6273 1.8102 1.2837 1.6316 1.2728 1.7716 1.2763 1...683-1 1..7081 1.1RW 1.2663 1..7027 1.8M2 1.1951 1.2006 1.1796 1. ai a.6871 1.8295 1.1983 1.6673 1..1891 1. . .2674 1..1964: 1.7078 1.6886 1...1 ._ 1.86M 1.7806 1.2966 1.1792 1.6 ..8178 1..1Ml 1...2&36 1. 5• 56· .6982 1.2387 1. .&362 1.2421 1.8818 1.. 1. 1..3000 1.2&99 1.2887 1.1917 1..742T 1.6881 1.1863 1.2171 1.2M8 1. .8361 1.7068 1.6883 1.2627 1.2988 1.. 33 .8783 1.6267 1..7"86 1.6696 1.2781 1.'n06 1.6602 1._ 1.8369 l.21"9 1. 1..M96 1.67&6 1.7883 1.8671 1.8200 1.ee .2483 1..764:8 1.2793 1.M68 1.2127 1.6816 1. 1.2086 eo .&383 1..8809 1.2619 1.7738 1..82M 1.26M 1...2163 1. 1.6123 1...2864 1.6279 1.. .7266 1.1879 1.2119 1.6822 1...3010 1..2021 1.. 20 21 2.8170 1..2671 1.6932 1. . 27M 1. 1. ~ 1.2301 1.2816 1.7610 1..7821 1.8669 1.6106. .._ 1.. .2166 1.6446 1. 1. .2807 1..70601 1.7984 1..7596 1.2306 1.687' 1.7102 1..6783 1.2667 1.2762 1.8766 1..2193 1. . .6163 1. 1.6818 1.8661 1.2668 1.2101 1.2240 1. 1.2608 1.2419 1.2892 1.1928 1.1901 1.2813 1.6872 1.1809 1.6823 1.2772 1..8126 1..3029 1.2&61 1.2~21 UI800 1..'n39 1.2Ml 1. 1.6976 1.8863 1.6062 1. . .6994.. 18 17 1& •• <7 l' l' 13 12 11 10 8 7 6 3 eo • .6462 1.2286 1.. •• •• 23 21 20 .8678 1.6769 1.1M" 1.~"64 1.6838 1.1S07 1.7020 1. H 13 12 11 10 8 7 8 3 .813" 1.7921 1.8377 1.2480 1.6877 1.6029 1.7006 1.1802 1..7673 1.7629 1.8603 1.2332 1..2374 1...202" 1. 1. •• .8776 1.2336 1.2784 1.7199 1.7137 1..2686 1.22605 1.2647 1.6833 1.. . 1.2389 1.2889 1.77-U 1.2283 1.6291 1.2063 1.7814 1. 36' • • • • 6 7 8 1.8 30 .30« 1.6918 1.8836 1.'n02 1.8086 1...6878 1.6237 1..6906 1.2840 1.6961 1.2091 1..7013 .249' 1..2789 1.7898 1.8680 1..2117 1.6792 1.6788 1. •• .2478 1.22"6 1.6739 1.1820 1.2031 1.6969 1.2936 1.1971 1.207' 1.7270 1.2972 1. .6111 1..M88 1.&371 1.2093 1..6707 1..8016 1.7306 1.8U18 1....2907 1.72"9 1.1908 1.2716 1..2810 1.7'"9 1.2"11 1.6733 1._ 1.6470 1.18&6 1.2103 1.2208 •• ...27&6 1.2288 1.2828 1.64M 1.2867 1. .2311 1.&661 1.2469 1.2671 1.2880 1. 1.2176 1.6721 -.6868 1.1815 1.2926 1.6779 1.76lf 1.197" 1.2Q&3 1. . 20 '1 l' l' 1..8078 1.2960 1.6867 1._ 1.6720 1.2861 1.264:9 1...6768 1.2719 1..6947 1.M62 1. 1.&303 1.8697 1.82"6 1.81"2 1.212" 1.871" 1.668& 1.2M3 1. .2602 1.8238 1.6971 1..2602 1..8328 1.6489 I..1839 1.8 27 . 1.2268 1. 1.8062 1.2622 1.8212 1.2978 1.1828 1.7783 1.2801 1.8723 1...8141 1.7670. 1..26M 1.7.2213 1.2874 1..8077 1.2268 1. .3 2' ..&907 1..1939 1.6218 1.7622 l.1980 1.8208 1.2427 1. 1..1872 1.7776 1.7341 1.2173 1. .6938 1.6861 1...7"71 1.2790 1.72012 1..1881 1.7362 1.2440 1.6297 1.2016 1.8662 1.3038 I.2616 1.8206 1.6690 1.1897 1.24'6 1.7398 1.7123 1.1960 1.7327 1.8271 1.2N6 1.2Hl 1.6668 .8636 1.&812 1.2268 1..6806· 1.8003 1.1813 1.2178 1.7186 1.7600 1.2681 1._ 1.7666 1.1933 1.8640" 1.2316 1.2898 1..8827 1.7607 1.21fl •• •• ..2368 1.6023 1.2767 1.7'n7 1. .2499 1.2196 1. .2386 1.1910 1.2669 1.8862 1..'n26 1. •• .6839 1..2319 1.6743 1. .6860 1.2938 l.1890 1. .1935 1. 51· l:~~ .2396 1.6993 1.7263 1.1826 1.7220 1.2679 1.2424 1.2329 1.1.2116 1.1921 1.M02 1.67J..2327 1.13 1. a.2161 1.2230 1.7348 1.2076 1.2787 1.2079 1. 1.6136 1.2413 1.8110 1..M93 1.2382 1.7116 1.2361 1.6912..6M6 1.6117 1.2296 1.2687 1.1892 1.6147 1.3019 1. <I <0 as 87 as 33 I' II 30 •• '1 3.2737 1.6389 1.7798 1.7.2896 1..8672 1. 31 30 . .8477 I.2008 1.2463 1.1877 1.2679 1.8620 1.7 ~:~in 1. •• <7 '8 . 1.6699 1. 1 0 • • • • 60· -112- .2624 1. 23tU 11 13 1< 16 17 18 1.199" 1. .2106 1.7167 1..7618 1.809" 1..7206 1.6738 1.2663 1.6017 1..8887 1.&346 1.7377 1.7760 1..19"8 1.2168 1.1894 1.7164: 1._ .2'61 1.72M 1. 1.60M 1.2877 1.2233 eceee 1.8039 1.7029 1.1806 1.7768 1.2497 1.2916 1. 67 eo M· ..6668 1.&369 1..6M6 1.MIO I.2476 1.8629 1.6266 1.66al 1.. l' l' 13 H 23 2< 27 .6164 1.8688 1. .1899 1.8 3.7018 1..6713 1. 1.8697 l.1969 1..28M 1.2216 1...M36 1.2918 1.6408 1.2613 1.7312 1.7837 1.6496 1.8287 1.1987 1.7178 1. 55· 'cc .7906 1. 1.2693 1. .&328 1.2400 1.2606 1.839" 1.2000 1.2218 1.8610 1.7626 1.1 20 .7867 1..8 30 1.7391 1.8602 I.1811 1.2Nl 1..6726 1...&377 1.6966 1..8006 1._ 1.1870 1.6129 1.1866 1.1912 1.2M7 1. 33 a.7633 1.27f6 1.7M7 1..19"" 1.2713 1.67'n 1.8418 I.2888 1.7M" 1.2667 1..2067 1.6988 1.2403 1.6866 1.6732 1.2056 1.2486 1.3032 1.sa·U 1.2670 1.7891 1. •• .2218 1. 1.. . .3013 1....2621 1.8182 1.2298 1.7687 1.. so '1 s. 38 37 36 33 3. •• •• . 1.2691 1. 28 27 23 1• 18 17 18 1.6771 1.1888 1.Il00() 1.6433 1.81H 1.7227 1.3022 1..8016 1.2107 1.64:02 1.8222 1...8611 1.2098 1.2624.1976 1. .23lf 1.2843 1.2208' 1.8023 1.2132 1.6780 1.2807 1. 3& 37 .7968 1.764:0 1.6798 1.6427 1.6231 1.8031 1..2206 1.28M 1. .2371 1.1986 1.23-&0 1.6679 1.2013 1.2606 1.269() e.8610 1.8070 1.2976 1.7369 1..8844 1. •• .113- .7666 1.6786 1.2"3 1.7603 1.2186 1...6800 1.23M 1.1831 1.7"93 1...6866 1.6766 1.2276 1. .22"8 1.2067 1.8731 1.2183 1.7Ml 1.1800 1.6746 1..7298 1.2300 1.6636 1.2O-i6 1.1898 1.2627 1..8749 1.1967 1.8011 1.2273 1. .2010 1.2200 1.70120 1.7291 1.19~5 1. .7061 1..8336 1.7960 1.. .6414 1.6M0 1.2798 1.. . 1.6762 1.1833 1.2"08 1.67H 1. 0 1 3 10 32' e.2804 1.2707 1.7708 1.6081 1..3003 1.7763 1..2416 1.2122 1..79If 1.80M 1.0627 1.6286 1..8190 1.2166 1.181" 1.2761 1.2&39 1.2834 1.8621 1.1903 1.6420 1.2461 1.81"0 1. .7693 1.603' 1.1992 1.2358 1.1930 1.2260 1.7384: '1.2606 1.3036' 1.1919 1.2734 1.6986 1.8427 1. .1883 1.6087 1..6771 1.1942 1.7700 1. 1.2304.8693 1 ..2406 1.1962 1.6866 1.30U 1.2022 1.2610 1.811~0 1. • & 7 8 10 11 0 1 • 1.2363 1. M' e.23"2 1.20U 1.. 1.2616 1.8182 1.1937 1.8007 1. . 1.7095 1. 1.. .8263 1.2223 1..6953 1.1 '8 <7 '3 .7366 1.8M2 l.8026 1..8047 1.64:39 1.'n22 1.. .2831 1.6822 1.2096 1.1997 1...&14:3 I.2932 1.6866 1. 1.6464 1.M06 1.2638 1. 1.6919 1.2662 1.1 <0 3.7791 1.6477 1. .1968 1.1924 1.2160 1.1879 1. .2017 1.23"8 1.6U3 .14.7 ..2862 1.2776 1.2337 1.1868 1.6309 1.7883 ..6926 1.1990 1.2688 1.2392 1.8486 1.2168 1.2180 1.2050 1.6828 1.2083 1.2322 1.2871 1".2748 1. .8230 1..7319 1. as a7 88 <0 U .743' J.6322 1.2235 1.'n78 1.6396 1. eo 18 17 III 11 <7 <II 1& 17 18 1.6829 1.2432 1. ..8616 ). I..2437 1.

3902 1.{CK 1.3689 1.4606 1..3673 e ~ .3692 1. e- 49° .34:63 1.4232 1.4171 1.4233 39 38 37 3..4089 1.624:2 1.3121 1.4713 1.3699 1."74 1.3362 1.4073 1.3984 1.3964 1.3184.6022 1..4:636 1.4:1-12 1.4382 1.3161 1.3102 1.3622 1.3393 1.34:67 .3729 1..6325 1..3917 1.3366 1.3763 1.4:858 1. 0 1 3 9 10 11 40' eceee .4362 1.64:03 1.4192 1.4:696 1.4681 1.3972 1.4844 1.4130 1.3666 1. 38 1.4503 1.3164: 1.6032 1.4008 1.4246 1.1 •• '1 <0 39 38 37 3.3794 1.61M 1. .3606 1.41~ 1.4&.384:3 1. .3667 1.auo.3677 1.• 699 1.3067 1.M24 I. .4:769 1.3607 1.3816 1.4024 1.3383 1.4130 1.• 926 1 .4200 1.4163 1.5121 1.4469 1.6101 1.334:6 1.3614 1.6027 1. .4188 1.6187 1.3617 '-1."877 1.4:9.3070 1. 1..3980 cceee 44 .6212 1.64:34 1."916 1.4632 1.0 1 ..4336 1.4:969 1.3170 1.4208 1.3863 1..614:6 1.«79 1.3953 1.60108 1.M66 I.4387 1.4563 1.4:783 1..3449 1.3324 1.4797 1.3707 1.3M7 1.3886 1. .3267 1.4190 1...4020 1..4462 1. '3 4< .4004 1. 37 38 3.3263 1.3774 1.64:40 1.M87 1.1.6304 1.3801 1.-4097 1.3513 1.UI" 1.3669 1.3187 1.9 '0 •• •• 48 . 1.4016 1.e <7 '8 .4344 1.4461 1._ 1.-1212 1.3463 1.4366 1.6067 1.3710 1.60182 I.4081 1.4664: 1.4:14:2 19 18 17 1.4Q.0 •• 31 L:~= 45° eee '00" 45° ."911 1.J428 1.484.4422 1.504:7 1.614:1 1..4998 1.364:9 1.34.9 1.4470 1.4109 1.3126 1. 1.644:6 1.4672 1.3"99 1.6166 1.eo 45° .6330 1.4496 1.892 1.M13 1.3600 1.3442 1.6242 1.4700 1.4439 1.6278 1.3067 1.3304.4062 1.4361 1.3913 1.3087 1.4736 1.3909 1.3167 1.M71 I.9 • • • • • 7 2 1 0 eo e .3335 1. .3217 1.·U38 1.4760 1..4:887 1.3813 1.6017 1.3839 1.3620 1.3771 1. .3626 1.3662 1..6M2 1.3960 1. .3439 1.4988 1.638~ 1.3220 1..3134 L3138 1.3338 1.3786 1.4:610 1.4271 1.3673 1.tS192 1. 3.6227 1. •• •7 as 43 •• U '0 <7 ss '3 61 50 25 2• 27 '8 .6361 1.6268 1.6182 1. 3. 11 10 9 57 .3203 1.. 1."87 1. 3.3099 1.3080 1.3397 1. •• ss >7 as 110 .3949 1.3366 1..3237 1.6161 1.6Ml 1.3662 1.64:29 I.4:882 1.3321 1.3782 1.4:746 1.3603 1..4314 1.&366 1.34:77 1.3696 1.3996 1..3180 1.4005 1.3369 1.4276 1.4167 1.30604 1.6003 1. l' H 13 1.6340 1.6013 1..4032 L4036 1. 48° 47° .3284 1.3767 1.• 622 1.4727 1.6008 1.4636 1.3861 1.4560 1.3992 1.3213 1.M77 I.314:4 1.4:964: 1.4:646 1.4443 1.4667 1.6319 1. 17 18 19 '0 l' U <0 •• •• •• •• .4176 1.3725 1.• 94:6 1.3636 1.4408 1.4048 1..6062 1.3762 1.4318 ·1.4677 1.4391 1.3666 1.3432 1.6314: 1.!873 1.3661 1..4699 1.3200 1.6092 1.4396 48 <7 4< 43 .4292 1.4101 1.3270 1..4301 1.4808 1. 19 18 17 1.3115 L3118 1.&371 1.3230 7 8 9 10 11 1.f6 .4370 1.4:760 1.3089 1. 4 1..3631 1.-1217 1.4:764: 1.4122 1.3878 1.4836 1.4614 1.4.• 640 1.3047 1.3411 1.4:830 1.49601 1.6037 1. 1.3"80 1.3688 1.6294 1..6171.4077 1. 1.3778 1.3638 1. .3073 1. .4627 1.3287 1.3076 1.4028 1.4:839 1.3629 1..3466 41' e oeee 1.4374 1.3874 1.M60 1..4979 1.4:788 1.4741 1.5346 1. 11 10 9 8 7 l' .37« }.3372 1."906 1 .f613 ...3106 1.6273 1.3086 1. 3.4417 1.4260 1. 3.4378 1.4:883 1.3681 1..3640 1.coe8C .3386 1.6361 1. 1..<083 • • • • 0 7 1.4:617 1 .6111 1.6106 1.4413 1.3260 1..4066 1.3633 1.3090 1.3663 1.4306 1.6062 1.feM 1.6263 1.4811 1.4676 1. •• •• 23 27 28 29 30 31 33 3.• 901 1 .3060 1.3681 1.3280 1.3"6 1.3164: 1.3937 1. .4Q..3362 1..3820 1..3193 1..8 <7 33 3..4704 1.6366 1.4288 1..4683 .3627 1.3M2 1.4623 1.3809 1.6::118 1.. 37 39 '0 .4686 1.3609 1.3790 1.3722 1.3976 1.4117 1..6248 1.3671 1.3177 1.3"8ti 1.3926 r. 33 32 31 15 1.3092 1.3314 1.3290 1.·U46 1.3-492 1..4348 1.3331 1.34:88 1.3112 1.4169 1. - 114- - 115- .3328 1.3769 1.4:626 1 .3301 1.3666 1.6392 1.4-1&7 1.3611 1.4263 1.6299 1.4868 1.4297 1.3267 1.6202 1.• 921 1.3748 1.6636 1..4993 1.H20 1. 13 • • • • eo '9 as •• .4086 1.4448 1.4:426 1.4113 1.41601 1.4267 1.M93 1.3233 1.6289 1. 1.6&46 1.3481 1.6377 1.4864: 1.M61 I.3297 1.• 936 1.3376 1.3766 1.3967 1.3596 1.6222 1.3"96 1.36M 1.3083 1.3906 1.3968 1.• 897 1.3390 1.3678 1.-4093 1.4264: 1..4179 1. 51 50 .6207 1.3109 1.3141 1..3806 1.3 '1 '0 •• .3247 1.3667 1.4242 1..36&0 1. •• 110 eee 0 1 3 1.4601 1.3207 1.3832 1.4492 1. 1.3128 1.4821 1.4983 1.3307 1.3369 1.4672 1..3·&74: .3342 1.01221 1..1 .3230 1.4331 1.34:36 1.4732 1.e <e .4816 1.. .9 ..4357 1.5630 I.4238 1.6131 1.&336 1.4618 1.4:600 1.4466 1.314:8 1.M26 I..4778 1.4269 1.3M6 1.3898 1..• 804 1 .4040 1.3941 1.3644: 1.3946 1.34:00 1.4774: 1. ..66 1.3836 1.6387 1..3418 1.4436 1.4668 1.4&31 1.60498 I. 31 29 '8 27 aeo oIJ:~ .3131 1.5509 1.4974 1.3318 1.6197 l.327" 1.3311 1.4012 1. 33 3.4183 1..3618 1.3151 1._ 1.3240 1.3348 1.3425 I..4:310 as 07 50 sa 13 15 1..3668 1.4204 1.3414 1.3302 1.4000 1.3870 ).3210 1.3190 1.4284: 1.4400 1.3277 1.4681 1..3 '9 ..3223 1.3167 1.4792 1.3933 1.4608 1 .f9 1.4686 1.6263 1.3714.4396 1.3740 1..3733 1.30e4 1. 1.M19 I.9 50 '1 .. • • • • • 1 0 46° .4:718 1.6217 1.6398 1.3869 1. 21 '0 ..4060 44 e. 17 18 19 '0 '1 l' l' 1.4339 1.4969 1.4044 1.3703 1.504:2 1.371'8 1.5126 1.3797 1.3988 1.36M 1.4:430 1.3882 1.MM I. 30 29 27 •• •• •• 20 .3421 1.6309 1. •• •• •• •• as as 26 1.3404 1..3737 1.6082 1.3929 1.3674 1.9 50 '1 53 30 1.6268 1..4826 1.34:07 1.6161 1.4126 1.4280 1.3294 1.. .4:930 1 .3&47 1.3174: 1." 1 .4766 1.4802 1.3890 1.3263 1.6237 1.4696 1.3867 1. l.38M 1.-eM 1 .4:723 1. .3230 1. 13 1.6283 1.3624: 1.6136 1. 3. 1 .3921 1..38lM 1.4:641 1.6072 1.4:6"9 1.3227 1. .4327 1."83 1.3379 1..3902 eceee 1.4134 I.3691 1.3243 1.3&34 1.3828 1.4322 1.6116 1.3177 1..3824 1.4690 1.3197 1.

5512 0.4887 0.05448 0.2967 0.8727 0. <0" 1 1 · · .07612 Cuerdos Angulo 46' CUERDAS Arcos Flechos Cuerdas 1~ 1 15' 7 2~ 1 2 · · · • . • .4')18 1.2036 1.1345 1.6511 0. .' " 6']6" "..1756 1.OOOO 0161 OB] 0" 1 2 ] 0.3788 1..'24" 0".7505.]0 1 1 ] 0".01371 0.0139 55' 60' · · .8924 0.3665 0.0873 0..1340 0..6632 0. 00.OOOO . .0114 0097 .2264 0. 0161 016~ 00." .8452 0.3767 1389J 1.15 .2174 0.1520 0.00308 0.2066 0..8 32".8 14".2741 12915 1.0746 1.5184 1.5708 I I 0.6667 ..1569 0.9076 0. 60 20" 1 1 25" 7 .05736 0.2392 1.01 0102 .0056 .00 0"...4137 1.8552 0..1313 ..06642 0.7679 0.4189 0.B5 21'24" l<' 24'36" 25'12" 25'48" 26'24" 27' 21'36" is'12'' .4712 .8378 0.0017 001' "1< 0008 0011 .1868 1. .2229 0.7156 0.010 I l' 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 0...4014 0.15 0'. .4142 - 116- - 117- .2566 1..0136 00.45 · · . · · · 5<' 54'36" 55'12" 55'''' 56'24" 57' 58'48" 59'24" 60' __ 51'36" 58'12" ~ e .8029 0.0133 .1395 0.0175 0.7654 47 48 49 SO 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 I 0.1047 0.0974 0.3121 1. • 7 1 2 .. · •· ".00<7 .04894 0. 0092 00.41)] .1))3 .02763 0. Angulo ArC05 FLECHAS Y PARA RADIO=l Hechcs 0.1254 0.1519 1.1961 0.1130 0. · · •.6180 0.9695 0.65 0".6Hl .5236 0. 1 1 "'" .2094 0.06333 0.18'6 1.6676 0.1694 1. .0524 0.9389 0.0524 0.2175 1.00548 0.5934 0." .5061 0.2783 0.25 • .50 ~.2437 0.4835 1.9235 0. 7 · · 42'36" 0'12" 43'48".003] 00]6 0".1184 1.65 .0795 0.5667 S131 .3265 1..4329 0. . 7 ~ ~.5167 <647 · · · · · · · • 5" ~.50 JO' 0']6" 1'12" 1'48" 2'2<4" ]' ]'36" 4'12" 4'48" 5'14" 0"55 .04628 0. 01<2 01.3439 1.1051 0.03637 0.4158 0.3987 0.2793 0.0.3129 0.0821 1.5760 0..01519 0.2450 1.10 1 2 00]9 00<2 0".1745 0...83B · ..01098 0.0598 1.00856 0.4538 0..1221 0.2956 0.1859 0. . 0". 7 1 1 ] 0117 0119 0122 ..000] .0111 .4 18" 21"...04370 0.15 16'12" 16'<408" 17'24" 18' )0" 1 2 l5' 7 . 7 6BH . 0".00244 0.2 10". .3473 0.00 .5010 1.6458 0.6283 0.1808 0.00973 0.3142 0.00034 0.00643 0.2807 0. 00B6 .2217 1.6807 0.2746 0...5680 0.6840 0.00137 0.02008 0.8135 0.2661 )167 OO.0829 0.7330 0..01675 0.0151 1.005 . 1 2 00. 7 .1474 0.1212 0.4333 ." · · ] 1 2 10'16" 31'12" )"48" 12'14" H' 14'48" )5'24" W 37'12" 1"24" 37'48" .0167 00.06031 0.02185 0.0647 1.8610 0.5359 15533 1.3614 1.3491 0.<S .2586 1.0450 1.8767 0.6109 0.0865 0. .7975 0.00381 0. 7 · · · .0349 0.0175 0.0'12" " 4.7167 0. .00015 0. • 50' 1 2 · · .1566 0.7492 0.9425 0.3645 0.0996 1.5411 0. "" 55" · · . 1 ] 13n .]661 lill 25' 7 4167 .9543 0..01837 0..1047 0.2867 0.9250 0.0301 1.00004 0.4669 0.95 7 · .4363 0.4499 0.3840 0.1710 0.6346 0.1917 0.9848 1.1384 0.1170 1.10 1161 es .5008 0.4661 1.6981 0.2313 1.1171 0.03407 0..1428 0.55 as7 .2284 0.1396 0.8294 0.0025 "..03185 0.6 1".60 7'12" 7'48" "24" 9'36" to' 12" 10''''' 11'24" 12' 1)'12" 13'48" 14'24" 15' lS'36" "..1759 0. 1 2 00.1743 0. .001S 0078 00B1 0".5176 0.02563 0.2686 0.2340 0.3512 1.1920 0.3301 0.00460 0. 7 W 39'36" .2043 1.9774 0.2569 0.5345 0.4486 1.04118 0.7815 0.0106 01" <0' 1 1 e7 .05 0022 .2091 0.9948 1. .2453 0.00095 0.0 3".1222 0.1661 0.1328 1.0893 1." B5 BBH 9161 9))3 · .3252 lJ383 1..2443 0.2856 1.1012 0.0111 . 7 .3640 1. · · .3090 1. ~.2269 0.7854 0..OO 1 2 ] ARCOS.02570 0.9080 0.2120 0.4 36" SO" " "" 1.05168 0.00745 0..'')'" 20'24" 21' 21')6" .08H .Equivolencio de minutos y segundos en partes decimoles de grodo Equivolencio de partes decimoles de grado en minutos y segundo.2627 0.2611 0.0123 (0297 1.03874 0. 7 ))'36" H'12" 1 2 )6').2618 0.0000 1.9599 0. 0.70 7167 .0349 0."7 005' .005 ". 1·.70 1 2 <2' 0'..rs .02969 0..OOO 1 2 60" · 0152 01" 01.3816 0. 005.6014 0.2014 0. • 7 20 .0472 1.1296 0. .00061 0.1571 0. . 7 0".0125 0128 .00187 0.1667 ran 25 to1 1 ] .2167 nn DH JO IS" 7 .35 · · 7 12'36" 0".1910 0. 0072 .0698 0.20 1 2 · ·· · · · ..07281 0.0900 0.2510 0. .2989 1.0698 0.0141 015 ".00lB 0031 .4312 1.06958 0.0872 0.3316 0.ee .SO .1039 1. .5585 0.1613 0. .75 .1472 1.7330 0.7004 0. .2396 0.0937 0.1614 1.01231 0.6161 • .6 )5".3963 1."48" 22'12" 22'48" 19'12" . . 45" " 18ll 10 '161 00.8901 0. 44'24" <S' 45'16" ""12" 46'''''' 47'24" 48'3'" SO'14" 49'12" 49'48" 51' 51')6" 52'12" 52'48" 53'24" 28'48" 29'14" 20' .2 18".1090 0. • .2722 1.2929 0..0083 '" .~ · · · • 7 · · 2 ] 5' ~ I ~.8203 0.5847 0.4838 0.

0543 3.7581 0.6498 0.4265 1.8500 1.7076 0. Flecha de la tabla Flecha Radio Flecha == Radio.6744 0.0000 91" 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136° 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 2.4481 0.6678 1.7925 2.3439 0.3572 0.5543 1.7576 2. de la tabla.5882 1.8326 1.9722 1. CUERDAS Y FLECHAS A F C R = = = = Flecha.5760 1. == Cuerda de la tabla .9563 1.8966 1.0595 2.8151 1.9665 1.9632 1.0000 Cuerdos 1.37361 2. ~'7\ TABLA Areo Areo de la tabla Areo Radio I--- :---::::A~ C----.8623 2.7628 1.6930 1.6335 0.9963 1.7740 1.3213 2.9215 0.6773 1.4408 0.7143 l.7321 1.5076 0. Angulo FLECHAS Y PARA RADIO=l Ftechcs 0.8781 0. = Areo de la tabla.9924 1.7104 1.9780 1.6383 1.3707 0.7751 2.7820 1.7244 0.3387 2.9319 1.9390 0.9176 1.2340 2.8341 1.4863 1.6878 2.1118 2.5652 1.5460 0.4925 0.9273 1.6755 1.I DE ARCOS Radio X Areo de la tabla = Arco.8436 0.7836 0.9225 1.4435 2.9825 0.0718 3.6529 2.2515 2.6057 1.7576 17659 1.9851 1. TABLA DE Cuerda '" CUERDAS Radio X Cuerda de la tabla = Cucrda.8608 1.3038 2.5867 1.5228 05305 0.7976 1.8410 1.4775 0.1293 2.9074 1.5383 0.6580 0.8478 Angulo CUERDAS .9754 1.5933 0. Flecha.6005 2.5538 0.5000 0.9845 30020 3.3180 03244 0.0246 2.3309 0.6416 0.5831 2.9981 1.7921 0.8522 0.3506 0.9564 0.9147 2. TABLA DE Flecha FLECHAS Radio X Ffecha de la tahla .0071 2.8126 1.1067 3.6704 2. Areo.7666 0.6354 2.0944 2.9726 1.1991 2.3911 2.8199 1.6093 0.0769 2.9938 1.8100 2.5133 2.6961 1.3775 0.7496 0.6662 0.1416 FORMULAS PARA LAS TABLAS DE ARCOS..9128 0.7453 1.9999 2.2689 2.9548 1.9042 0.5616 0.72JJ 1.5973 1. - 118- - 119- .8271 1.3374 0.9997 1.9598 1.7402 2.6483 1.7407 1.4850 0.9024 19199 1.9651 0.6013 0.9671 2.4609 2.8733 1.8052 1.8672 1.8274 2.4554 0.5321 1.8675 1.3563 --I Hechcs 0.0194 3.5208 1.0892 3.7977 1.4979 1.9897 2. Radio.9126 1.3639 0.9406 1.8608 0.7053 1.9526 1.6827 0.9487 1.9913 1.9973 1.9363 1.8178 0.4JJ6 0.6868 1.3843 0.9951 1.4264 0.7160 0.7053 2.9829 1.1642 2.6173 Cuerdcs 1.8868 0.7492 1.6232 1.8910 1.9993 1.6254 0.9373 1.7412 0.1241 3.8006 0.4193 0.9322 29496 2.9447 1.8449 2.1 1.8853 1.6406 1.9021 1.4122 0.4627 1.8092 0.5432 1.0420 2.8264 0.7801 1.5094 1.9738 0.6180 2.3116 0.ARCOS.8695 0.8955 0.6993 0.1468 2.4958 2.2864 2.9696 1.4746 1.4086 2.9871 1.6180 1.9302 0.6077 1.9908 1.8350 0.4387 1.0369 3.3053 0.8972 2.5482 2.6282 1.4052 0. Cuerda de la tabla Cuerda Radio = Radio.Arcos Arcos 1.7328 0.5152 0.5307 2.3982 0.5656 2.9988 1.980.8850 1.9890 1.4627 04701 0.6580 1.4507 1. I == Radio.2991 0. Cuerda.1817 2.6910 0.9477 0.8798 2.6581 1.4784 2.7899 1.8544 1.5695 0.2160 2.5774 05853 0.8794 1.7279 1.3912 0.4260 ' 2.7750 0.7227 2.

4'58 0.20 12.]) . 79 80 n • •. en un circulo de 300 mm.. de radio.110] 0.0691 0.0714 0. 20 21 22 2l 24 25 26 27 2.5176 Calcular los grados de un arcc.On2 0.5176 X 200 = 103..0604e 0..39 15 1•. .52 mm.Arco.1>9]7 1.52 _ 0. Arco _ Arco y grados de la tabla.4)' 0. Radio 103. Divj.50 13.0757 0.7321 1.0628 - Ejemplo. 200 x. • .6109 .3129 .0848 0.7 0.3902 0.42 25 22.1609 0.1365 6.0675 0. 8 S·')' 5.4' 25.0996 0..1494 0..40 U8 3.13 B. de radio.0827 0.166 Flocha. 0. .106...ndicodo en 10 loblo poro 28 divisiones Aberluro del com pas se = 320 x 0.H 8.ngulo 00 06) \ TABLA DE ANGULOS Y CUERDAS correspondientes a la division en partes iguales de una circunferencia de rodio=l Angulo <. 2.1793 .oa1' 0.20 7. Cuerda -= Radio.7 •.17 9.0884 0...6 .0000 0. calcular la ftecba. 12 11.61 0.30 21.2507 0.068.1.41 0.0748 0.1395 0. I -120 - -121- .]5 10.]6 ~..• 7 ] .2980 0.2n3 0. sobre una circunfcrencia de 500 rom.10104 0.51 .56 6. 05 4. Divinones en Grados y Minutos en Gracias y Minutos ~ Angulo Cuerdc Diyjslones en Grados y Mlnutos Cuerdc ~ 3 5 6 7 • 120· 90 n 1.1459 0. 40 109. mulhplicord por )20 10 longilud de 10 (uerdo 0.1'22 0. 0.• 2 3.2091 0.. 60 61 62 6J 65 67 • .0837 0.0775 0. 26 4.0897 0.08 16.0860 0. 13.08n 0.04 5 4. •• 92 . 70 71 73 7.1207 0.0923 •• .0656 O. 10.J .17 ".2611 0.51 12.1531 0. 0.02 3. 75 76 77 7.. Flecha..1282 0...1256 0. Radio X Arco de la tabla ..36 11.39 7.22 5.. Cuerda _ Cuerda y grados de la tabla. 2.1756 DE ARCOS Calcular el desarrollo de un arco de 35' siendo el radio de 500 mm.18 6.2240 0.12 7.5. •• . en 28 penes Iguoles.6840 0.12 6.21 15.1047 0. 39' de la tabla. Calcula r el radio del circulo anterior.1426 0...Q6.Cuerda.4460 0. 30' = 0.EJEMPLOS DE CUERDAS Calcular 18 longitud de la cuerda de un areo de 300 en un circulo de 200 milimetros de radio.32 6.114] 0.2S 6. 9. de radio y siendo el angulo dado 65°.10]0 0. Flecha _ Fiecha y grades de la tabla. Radio 50 300-0.10 7.7654 0.47 6." 5 . 4. 22 0.1961 0.5635 0.0705 0. • • 0.0911 0.1)08 0.0806 0..2204 .1901 0:18<16 0. .0766 •• .116<4 0. 99 100 •• - 0. 5. .2321 0.1743 ..0967 0.30 .55 O.57 3.0740 0.2 1. Calcular el numero de grados de un arco cuyo desarrollo es 340 mm. 60 S1.5 .23 4.2.10 20 18..68 areo.5.08 5.14 4... 150 X 0.1697 0. 0.1652 0. DE FLECHAS EJEMPLOS En un circulo de 1SO mm. .0731 a.1569 0.3 85 86 .• 5 3 .5176 0. Radio X F1echa de la tabla .15 10. J3 l4 35 Calcular-los grados que corresponden a una ftecha de 50 mm. '2 '3 '5 '7 50 51 52 5J 5' 55 56 57 36 37 3.. 3..40 6.lS '5 40 36 12.2845 0. 30 11 l2 I.0982 0. longitud de la cuerda.52 = 200 Radio.20 4.305.20411 0..01. 82 90 •• 40 4.b _.0698 0..• 2 ~. conocida la cuerda y el radio del ejemplo anterior.0668 0.<41 30 27.2162 0. 08 58 5.2204 == 71.].0795 0. . EJEMPLOS oc \f~\ ~ .2023 0.0951 0.. de redtc..• 9 ] .06 6 5. 500 X 0.3676 0.5. 3. 17.03 6. Cuerda de la tabla 103.6180 0.11 •. desarrollo. Poro dividir uno clrcunferenclo de )20 mm. Radio ::: = 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1.36 -t.867..5176 Cuerda y 30' de la tabla. 200 .68 mm.l2 5.52 3 .49 mm.1566 _ 23. slones Cuerda .3292 0. ..0785 0.)0 7.Flecha. siendo conocida la cuerda y el valor del angulo en grados.473 0.1'84 0.4786 0.45 mm.49 7.37 5. cuerda de las tablas·.17 1. 67' de la tabla.108<f 0.2' 0.1231 0.27 5.56 1.1336 0.06]5 0.

r 1 por 10 sec A sec A = cos A cot A Y sen A Multiplicor 10 cot A par c! sen A cot A x sen A = = cos A sen A Y '9 A Dividir sen A por tq A sen T9 ----- A = cos A --_ col A A HALLAR CONOCIENDO REG LA FORMU LA Y cosec A Dtvidir COl 1\ por cosec A cot A cosec A = cos A Angulo A Angulos Bye Restor e! cingula B del dnqulo C C-B=A sen A Restor el cccdrcdo del sen A Angulo B Angulos Aye Restor el cingula A del dnqulo C C-A=B T9 A Lado C1 de 1 y extraer do del reslo 10 raiz cuadra- V 1-=--~ = cos A Y b Angulo C Angulos A y B Sumor el dnqulo A y el cingula B iI"+B=C a c 1 A Drvidu- el lado a par r.2j: = b C b Sec A Divld.1·':'=-'05 Al = sen Coseno A A sec A Restor 1 del cucdrcdo de 10 sec A Y exlroer 10 rciz cvodrcdc del restc ~/ ~.. f cot A =Tg A Sene A lodos aye Se divide ellado a por ellodo c - =senoA COl A Dividir 1 par col A 1 --~T9A Cosec A Se divide 1 por cosec A -- cosec = senoA sec A -=senA sen Y sen A Multiplicar sec A por sen A sec Ax sen A = ~ T9 A T9 Y cos A Se multipliea T9 A por cos A TgA x cos A T9A ---sec A A Y cos A Dtvtdtr sen A por cos A --~T9A cos A sen A T9 Y sec A Se divide T 9 A por sec A =sen A sec A Y cosec A Drvtdtr sec A ocr cosec A ~-:_-~=TgA cosec A Cos y cot A Se divide e! cos A por 10 cot A Restor el cuadrado del cos A Qe 1 Y extrcer 10 rciz cuadrado del reate ~=senA cot A \.ELEMENTOS DE TRIGONOMETRIA SENCILLAS A B A D G A A C F B _.·.-A~ = Tg A -122 - -123 - . -E B C C E H 0 G E H SOLUCIONES DEL TRIANGULO RECTANGULO b = Base a Perpendicular = Radio = 1 = Sene = Coseno H = Tcnqente !::: Cotangente F = Seconte = Cosecante = Sene verso = Coseno verso A = Cuerda HALLAR CONOCiENDO REG LA fORMULA Case no A lades bye Dtvrdrr el lado b por el redo c b ~ = cosA 0['.

01 A sec A 'I cot A cosec A cos A Multipllear cosec A per cos A A Mulliplicor sec A por cot A = x cos col A A = secA'ITgA Dividir sec A por Tg A sec A x col A = = cosec A -------~---------------+----------cos A Y sen A Dtvtdtr (as A por sen A cos A ______ sen cosec A sec A A --- sec A Tg A = cosec A = col A colA'IcosA A = cot A Dtv.-:-1 - sec A lado c y sen A c X sen A = lado a 10 sumo - 124 -125- ..--. extroer 10 raiz CUQdrado del resto V cosec A ~.-----------Sec A Restor 1 del cuadrado de 10 cosec A.sen A = = cosenc-ver so A 1---T 9 A sen A Dl'lldlr T9 A por sen A f' A '(1 T9~ "'~" sco A A Cue-do A 't.dtr col A por cos A Sumar 1 01 cuadrado de \0 col A 'I extraer 10 raiz cuadrado de 10 sumo b cot A --cos A = cosec A cosec AY sec A Drv. + 1 ( -:.---.CA / T 9 A= Coseno verso A sen A Se restc e! lado a del c y el restc se divide por el lado c Se restc el seno A de 1 Multiplicor e! sen de 10 mitad del cingulo A por 2 y por e! radio del lado c Se resta el cuadrado del lado b del cuadrado del lado c y se extrce 10 rclz cuadrado del resto Multiplicar lado c por sen A --..---------01 c ocdrcdc Y ext-ocr lo rail ----------- Sumor 1 at: CUOdi T9 A j T9 A orto oc ~/T9A·~.HALLAR CONOOENDO REG LA FORMULA HALLAR CONOCIENDO REG LA FORMULA c --=cosecA a 1 --_ sen A = cosec 1--COl A Lodes b Ya Dtvtdtr lodo b por lode a = cot cosec A A lodas c y Q Dividir lado c POf lodo o Sen A T9 A Drvtdtr 1 por T9 A Drvidrr 1 por sen A A Tg A cosec =<._-----------------..--------(OS A 1 ____ cos A = sccA Lcdos c 'I a f-----~----------------~--------A Y T9 A Mult:pllcor cosec A por T9 A CQSE.-.drr cosec A por sec -----+---------+---------1 cosec A col A V cot A. = cuerda A 2 f--------------A rot A --------COS~( Drvrdrr (OS('C A par (at ----- ~ A -_. sen A 2c sen!.b = cosec A r---+--------.--cot A sec A Lado n Lados c y b ~=\adoa ---.~:::--:1'"'~col A Lodos c 'I Seno verso A cos A 0_- Se resto el lodo b del lodo c Y el resto se divide por el lado c Se restc el coseno A de 1 = sene-verso A I Lodes .yb sec A I cosec = seno-verso A c-a 1-cosA = f. = cos-verso A 1 .

:.. ".150 11· 5.2557 81.137 1.145 5:7158 145. 4. Lado a y cot A Muitiplicor lado a par cot A a X cot A = lado b «a» Lode n y T9 A Drvidtr lodo a par T9 A ~T9 A = lodob Tabla para determinar en grados.864 11· 1.958 '.128 .91)7 74. 10 dimensi6n C es igual a 10 pulgadas.• siendo 10 f6rmula H=C x senc s.ll61 '06.639 41· 6...1931 159..5399 111." mm .5881 65.5643 39.O901 78."29 pulgGdGs.....5919 '.4l79 163.145 115. "...tricas). .145 113. Cuando el valor de « sea en grados H=C X y minutos.8716 n. = = = = -126 _ -127 - .!. y a efectcs de extremcr 10 maxima precisi6n se recomienda e! uso de un senerllc Instrumento que lIamaremos «Regia de senos».311 4. 19- Lado c Ladas a y b ~ = lodo c 11· 3.86l 6. H en pulgadas S· 0.809 10 altura Gradol Pulgada mm..268 141.51129 5.0791 51. y millmetros 7· 1.5837 '.m .820 Lado b y sec A b par sec A b x sec A = lode c Grados Pulgadas mm.820 171.n.6976 16.. tanto en pulgadas Inglesas como milfmetros.51129 (vease tobias trigonom. Lodo by cot A Drvidtr lado b par cot A _b_ cot A Lode c y cosec A Drvtdtr lodo ( par cosec A Se resto el cuadrado del lado a del cuodrcdo del lodo c y se extrce 10 rOlz cued-cdc del resto cosec --.0711 179.. u- . '01. se aplicard sene a....1495 57.871 105.9)7 1._ 138.. Lado c y cos A Multlplicor lc do ( par cos A c x cos A = lado b Con el fin de pcder ulilizar cualquier sene de esccnttllcnes de que se disponga.. 17· '5..431 1· 0.1)8 . pIanos 0 galgas Blocks. 0 = Dtdmetrc de los rodillos. • t166.7564 70.TRAZADO HALLAR CONOCIENDO REG LA FORMULA PARA ANGULOS DE PRECISION Lode a Lado b y T9 A Multiplicar lodo b par T9 A b x T9 A = lado a =Iodoa No es posible realizar el trazado cor redo de un angulo strvlendcse de un transportador ccrrtente.6947 119.141 5. y 0 = 1" = 25.847 Lado a y sen A Dtvtdir lodo a par sen A _a_=ladoc sen A _b_= ladoc cos A 6.. Grados Pulgadas mm. .034 'Sl.689 .867 mm.8779 149.'''' 'Bl. 10 f6rmula general Lado b cos A Dlvtdtr lado b por cos A Ejemplo: a= 30" 45'.015 5.011 15· 1. ".7165 44. Seno tt= 0..000 1.5l34 13.ll8 177. . Grados Pulgadas mm.377 6....5· 7... = lode b H = Altura para medir por medtc de escantillones C = longitud conslanle.0674 10).605 Lado a y cosc A Multiplicar lado a por cosec A a X cosec A = lado c GradOi Pulgada mm.107 10l. .6913 169.907' 99.311 1. t0..1745 4. 11· 5. 4.1· 11· .-= A ladoa Lado b Ladas (Y c ~~.298 6. 5.3917 Lodo c y sec A Dtvtdf r lodo ( par sec A Sumor los cuadrados de los 10des a y b Y extrcer 10 rciz cuadrado de 10 sumo Multiplicor lcdo -'-=Iadob sec A 48.4101 86.51129 129.· 4. equivalente a 254 milimetros.145 91.5606 .4'11 l8" 1.. H 254 X 0.161 3.465 1'· ).1504 130.0111 15· 16· '17 406.0453 1. H 10 x 0. las dimensiones usuales para su conslrucci6n y delalles del manejo..'566 156.4- 16.599 nl.1991 114.3490 8.954 en funci6n del valor B- 0.550 1.8837 4. .7461 95.1187 30. .740 . . se indican a continuaci6n.194 0.447 1.4191 61.

estes constontes de contidodes. el sene de 15° 30' 24" = 0.0001367 0.0000145 0..:: '" .0000242 0... U'> 00 00 r-.- U'> 00 .n ~"..0001502 0.0002715 0. r-..:. -e'" '" -o M o- 0 U'> '" .. . 24" 0. N O 0 M 00 N 0 U'> -o 00 0 . "Q .:.... como. N el valor del dnqutc 00 N M 00 .000079 Resumer:: Sene de 11 30' 24" 'J = "Q = 0.- ....." 1:0 -e'" 0 00 "<tr-.. Seno: 41~ 30' 0.0002036 0.f "" M "<t" ~ l! ~ "<t'" r-..00 -o o-o 0 ..0002763 0.0001309 0.0001406 0...0001745 0.0000033...... M N r-. M M -o -o r-.. por ejemplo..0002181 0. U'> M 0 00 r-.0 .26724..0000096 0.0002424 0. 24 x 0.0001212 0.0002811 0..0000193 0. r:.00000)) 0.- '" r-.0002521 0..0002133 0.' ~~ n _-::::..- U'> . IN I ~ 0'> . "l q 0 r-...0001018 0..."<t. 40 a SOD:0.0000290 DE SEGUNDOS c: Segundos 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 JJ 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Seno 0.'" ..- N -::::.0000678 0.0000532 0..0001066 0. Seno de 24" = 0.....0002084 0. ~ N "<t- '" '" '" .0001163.. .66262.f '" '" "<t- -e-e- r-.0000727 0... '" ..D de seqvndos.0000038.0000026..0002327 0.... N U'> .- '" '" ~ . o-.0 N '" 0 §~ 0 ~ .. ~ N Para cuanda sea preciso operar con segundos.0 U'> 0 U'> M M "<t.662699 '" :E 0 ~ c ~~~ ~ ~ N M U'> N " M " U'> " r-....- . r-. )0 0400: SO a 60°: 0.0001890 0. 0 r-. U'> r-.0002618 0...- -o "<t.0002569 0.0 o'" a:: '" ""! 0 -o 00 U'> M ~ o- .0000436 0... Ejemplo: 41° 30' 24".0000484 0. ambos excedc 0. . .. r-.0001987 0..0000872 0.f . ..o. de 20' se utilizordn c ~ U'> '" r-.....00 M N '" M .0002908 30' 24"..s QJ OJ '" ~ M "Q -0 c "Q "Q QJ 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 o. N U'> N ~ OO M 0 .()()()()()48 0..'" 0 O 0 000000 "<t- 00 N 00 r-.15 se utilizaro esta G tobla.0001599 0.- .0000824 0.0000969 :E 0 t (l£~ t:: I~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ 0'> N . N U'> 0 ~ '" -o 0 U'> N -o 00 00 "<t- N . U'> ~ ~ ~ ..0001699 0.0001793 0.0 0 <'! '" ""! ..0002375 0...0002472 0. N "l M '" ~ OJ c :E 0 " "': M L... "<t- r-...0000581 0.0002666 0. X N. N 00 00 N '" ~ 1:0 M ..0002278 0..0000921 0.0001648 0..0000775 0...tll'l.: 0 .. N '" '" a:: "<tU'> M N -e-o ": .2673563. ~ 00 0 ...0000045.0001115 0.. 0'> " 'v QJ 0 II ~ II > .000079. Seno : 24" 0.0001939 Segundos 41 42 43 44 Seno 0.0002230 0...2 c OJ U'> 0 -o 00 N -.. '" '" ~ . "<t. ~~~ N " " ~k ~I' ~~ - 128- - 129- .0001551 0. . = Seno de 15° 30' Sumados Cuondo ccrrecctcn.. " -o t' I' " t' ~ .~~-::::. 0 r-.. M M "<tr-...SENOS Segundos 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Seno O.0001842 0. Seno.0001454 0. r-. "<t"<tM 00 ~ r-.eocons 0. .f .0001163 0. ~ " ~ Qj v 0 0'> c: 0 M . Sene de segundo ccrreqtdc Correction: c = Constante = 0.0001163. -o U'> M .0000630 0.0002860 0.- r-.0001260 0.- 0 r-. 0 -o 0 q '" . '" Constonte_ para 20 a 300: 0.0000387 0.

AREAS Y DIMENSIONES DE FIGURAS PLANAS. bh + = 1. SUPERFICIES Y VOLUMEN DE S6L1DOS: CENTROS DE GRAVEDAD A = AREA A= I"~ A = AREA.414 x s = 1.7071 d = d VA VA ="2 A= b V.'. a A =-2- L ---~--. (a +b+ = Vd' - = ~a OBTUSANGULO A= V S (S A A a) (S - b) (S - A = AREA A = ab PAkA" tLOGRAMO = AREA (a + b) 2 h "< ..- ' TRIANGULO = Vb' + c' TRAPEZOIDE 1 A = AREA A = (H + h) a + bh + cH 2 b=Va'-e' RECTANGULO - e=Va'-b 130 - - 131 - .414 TRIANGULO ACUTANGULO Dado (a + b + c) b) (S c) V S (S • a) (S Bh A = AREA.--.-~--. A = a~d'-a' A = ab = bVd'-b' d= v.. d' A = s' A s = 0..=~ b b Dado S= 11.-+~ a' A:: ~ Va' _ ( c' TRIANGULO A = AREAT =A . i '''-'-Q' 'b I· A = AREA. S= I"~ A a' = T b' 2b c' )' .--.. b' c) c) )2 a=~-..-. A t: b= ~ a be TRAP~CIO r~. ( a.

378 X R2= 3. C = ClRCUNFERENCIA A =.152 )( L.598 x s' = 2.577 xL. A= 0.851 xL. A=1.765 A = AREA del circulo crrcunscrrto del circulo inscrito x 5' = 2. TRIANGULO EQUILATERO L = 1.176x r = 0.299 x R'= 5.--+----~------------------- \ /----5-' ' = .453x.155x.2 A= _n~' = R = 0.634 x L' ~ 2. OCTAGONO • POLIGO NO REGULAR CrRCULO A = -AREA.2 A = 2..564 V-_'.082 x r x 5 = 0. = 180 - J.~ \I" + .828 x r n = NUMERO DE LADOS (1 1. = 3.736 x R' = 3. 6. z =~.2 d = 3~14'-6.307 1.464 x R=s=1.924 X R x R = 0.1416 t = 0.433 x L'= r = 0. n A = L2 = 2 R' = 4 x .= C.963 x r A·= 3. .192 x r' r = 0.289 x L L = 3. = 6.207 0.': = r t: 1.414x CUADRADO R=2x.464 x r -----------~--~~~~~~~~~~~ HlP! Al. = 1.828 1.. .868 x R.128 \ A Longitud del arco correspondiente 01 cingulo de centro de 1 = 0.nox PENTAGONO ------------------.688 x L R=1. r = 0.2~32 = ~ .~ V o:78S4 133 - = 0.866 X s = 0.5 x L R = 0.' = 3.371 x r R A R 5 Radio Radio 4.866 X R I A = AREA.598 X R2 A = 3.ur~u L = 0.707 x L L=1.7854 d' C = 2:-:. L=1.828 R' = 3.LA SUMA DE LOS TRES ANGULOS ES IGUAL A 180 Y CADA UNO EQUIVALE A 60 0 0 A = AREA R = 1.----5-' 4 .2832.038 X F6RMULAS R = 0.008727 d -- - 132- .314 r X5 1. L = 0.1416 d . R' 4' S=2 V R' - ----- r A = 2. L2 R= T VR' .633 x .732 x R.

"PERIj(). A = AREA.. r') EI area de la parabola los dos tercios del Y la altura A= 'I.1 'I I i p A -.296{ .- 01 .(R' - A = AREA. A:':' X X (0 ..~ ) h=r-'j.7854(D + d) (D a y X la base = ANGULO DEL SECTOR. siendo A = 3.: - :~'v c .008727>.A = AREA. "A ".1.1416(R + r) (R - r) = d) A = AREA = 0. = ANGULO DEL SECTOR (=_!_~ 7.AREA. A = AREA A = .1416(R' - es equrvolente rectdnqulo.(rf-c(r-h)) .ab=3.1416ab FORMU'LAS APROXIMADAS DEL PERIMETRO "y'2(w+b') .OO87h(R' .--- A~r. LONGITUD DEL ARCO 7.' '" p>.296t SECTOR CIRCULAR A rt = 0.296( --11. x 3./ . f = LONGITUD DEL ARCO . \/".4248r' = = 2. LONGITUD DE ClCLOIDE = 0.r') = SECTOR DE CORONA CIRCULAR = ____:::__ (D'-d')= 4 X 360 A = 3rtr' = 9.01745" = ~ r A =2 57.7854(D' .Y4r'-c'.. + 4h' !* A =-2---- t= 0.= 8h I.d') = = 0. Xy a r') = 3. ib: // j_.01745" >= 57..b) ~CD-ij Y c=2yh(2r-h) r= SEGMENTO CIRCULAR C • A='j. = ANGULO DEL SEGMENTO ... A = ~(R'-r')= 360 r. " -- Q ~ b HIP log ( : + .r' . = AREA.14~~= 180 1 0.00218>(D' -d') CICLOIDE - f 135 - = 8r = 4 x d - 134- .1( : . P = PERIM~TR. r= 2A -(-= 57.3562d' = 3 x AREA DEL CiRCULO GENERATRIZ = 0.

«h» se PRISMA entlende Q 10 base V = VOLUMEN.) PIRAMIDE 136 -.2832rh = 3. d + h) v = VOLUMEN. . PORCION DE ClLlNDRO S = 3.5708r'(h. S = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE LATERAL DEL CILINDRO V = 3. S = AREA LATERAL. V = '(.1416dh A = AREA TOTAL DEL CILINDRO = = SUPERFICIE LATERAL MAs LA SUPERFICIE DE LAS BASES CILINDRO A = 6.5708d(h. A = AREA DE LA BASE Las f6rmulas para determinar perpendicular las drees de las bases estan Indicadas en las poginas onteriores. 137 - V = VOLUMEN = O.1416r(h.+ ~ CUBO v = VOLUMEN V = VOLUMEN V=axbxc C =(ib v V = (2a CUNA + c)bh 6 PARALELEPiPEDO v = VOLUMEN.) + h.3927d'(h.7854d'h S = 6. V = 1.) + h.v = VOLUMEN A = AREA DE LA BASE MENOR A = AREA DE LA BASE MAYOR $= Vv V = VOLUMEN PIRAMIDE TRUNCADA V = ~(A.+A.1416d('j.) + h. del circulo + h.1416r'h = O. nemos: base es un poligono regular «S» 10 longitud del lcdc: y R = radio r = radio del drculo inscircunscrito. te- Silo cntc. h X AREA DE LA BASE de «n» lados. = 1.2832r(r + h) = 3.

1416h'(' = l.5236 h( 3~. = 0.v= VOLUMEN.h = 3.5664" = ].1416(. ~ h).0944"h.2618d'h = 1. V = (2/.·h V = -3= 2. - VOLUMEN. 2h h) CILINDRO HUECO = 3.1416 x 5(R + r) = 1. a3 ± S = (ad S = AREA LATERAL h b X AREA. _416'~ 13 = 1 .0472h(R' + Rr + r') = = 0.1416h( ~. ABC) r ± b longilud de areo ABC) h ESFERA A = AREA 0 SUPERFICIE v 4wr' . segun que el areQ de IQ base sec mayor 0 menor que IQ mltcd del cireulo.d' = 12.1416ht(d + t) = = 1. V = VOLUMEN 2.5236d' ± bx A = 4w.C>-472.2618h(D' + Dd + d') 3.6204VV ' = VOLUMEN.rh -}) = 3. ..1812. - =Va' + h' \.1416.d' = -3..5708ht(D + d) V= + r) SECTOR ESF£RICU + t) t) C) +T C = 2V h(2. ZONA ESF£RICA - = 2.1 /. V = VOLUMEN V = 1..1416ht(2r 3.57085(D 5 A = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE V = VOLUMEN :~. V r' CONO + h' = 3.1416..= 4.1416d' PORCION DE CILINDRO r±b USQr mas 0 menos.h = 6.1416ht(R r') AREA TOTAL DE LA SUPERFICIE ESF~RICA Y CONICA = A.".1416" A = 6.'rw V~ = 0.' = . r= + h') s= ~= . + ~) ~= 3.1888r' = 0. ( A = 3. ~ = ARE~ DE L~ SUPERFICIE C6NIC~.'h A = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE ESF~RICA v = VOLUMEN V= = 0 .1416ht(2R t) = 3.7854h(D'-d') = 3. V r= .1416h(R' = 3.rr:': V"TTn' C 2Vh(2' = C' +. -8h-ESF~RICA A = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE LATERAL DEL TROZO DE CONO.1416ht(D - V = 3.1832rh =V(R-r)' 138 - 139- .5708ds SEGMENTO ESF£RICO 3. + ]~" + A h') CONO TRUNCADO A= a = R-r. : \ + d) + h' v = 0.= -6. v = ~.

0349ar' SEGMENTO PARABOLOIDE r') = - = B h(D' + d') = 0. V = VOLUMEN =4 A TORO 1t' X Dd' = 2. O...:'Rr' = 19.A = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE ESF~RICA ~= ANGULO DE CENTRO EN GRADOS V = VOLUMEN V = 360 a A = 360 V = VOLUMEN V= " x -3X +re.209h(2D' + - 140- 141 - .5708h(R' + r') CUNA ESF~RICA 41tr2 = 0..478Rr +re V = -3- X abc = 4.1888abe = 4. PARABOLOIDE lV (~ P=8i1 + d2 p'r .5236(0' d3) V = 2. A = AREA d3) = 0. Dd +'/.d') v - = 0. APROXIMADO son areos de ELiPSOIDE V = VOLUMEN.'Dd = 9.3927d"h A = AREA.psI BARRIL v = l/lI7th(201 + cP) .3927h(D' + d') V = VOLUMEN V = -3-(R3 (03 +re - . cuando b = e V = 4.. A = .0116"r' .262h(201 + IP) Si los areos curvados son de parabola.1888 ab' y A = = ..739Rr' = ~ ~m I A = AREA.8696Dd \<.) = 4.. V eurvados = '/21tr'h = 0.'Rr = = En una elipsoide 0 esferoide de revoluei6n. 1t h(R' + r') = 1.2 +re x b I/a' + b2 V = VOLUMEN Sl los lados circulo.4674Dd' 39.. = 0...1888(R3 - 6X ESFERA HUECA V = VOLUMEN.

_ I I . r$ Supcrficie c6nica a = A..1") SECTOR ESF~RICO S6UDO a= . _. _'-----. '/. 4(3r -h) . ih C CENTROS DE GRAVEDAD " I \. PERIMETRO d_ h(b + c) . = Base menor A.'/)j:1 . X A. P+Q' - 1042- - 143- .P+Q Q X 0. x A.h APROXIMADA 0= .:.) h(R' MITAD DE ESFERAHUECA 0= 3(R' -r) 8(R". = Base mayor EI centro de grovedad es 10 intersecci6n de las diagonales rXc ~ ~~~h~ Siendo A = Area del segmento SEGMENTO CIRCULAR 0= + 21/A.ll. h(A... ~ .) + VA. + 3A.------ 3(R r) CONO TRUNCADO + V-W!.~ ~ h(b + c) 2(2b + c) b_ - DOS CUERPOS S6UDOS _ PX 0 c.r ~+bx~e~'~ 2 PIRAMIDE TRUNCADA A. 4(A.--- ARCO CIRCULAR a = 'I. !d .197 r sen 7 ARCO CIRCULAR SECTOR CIRCULAR It a= CUNA + 2 Rr + 3r') 4(R' + Rr + r') Superficie c6nica 0= S6UDO h(R + 2r) + cos 7)r = .11 b=U= • r'c =)1\= 2rc ~ 8xlxh = 38.h Para media esfera 0 = b = "I.(2r-h) PARABOLOIDE S6UDO 0 = '/"h .2(0 + b + c) Q=3 TRIANGULO h jJtffi Solido a PIRAMIDE_--== CONO SEGMENTO ESF~RICO S6UDO 3(2r-h)' b = h(4r-h) 4(3r -h) . --------~----PARALELOGRAMO PERIMETRO Y AREA TRIANGULO = I Ih. + A.

. P + 6. MITAD DE PARABOLA ~ ...x3. h 1 \'lb - i'~ a= = Px 2b = T P col x CASQUETE Y ZONA ESF~RICA '/16 X 3.2832 x R. P = 2Q x Ig (a. Q = 6.1416xh ~/~_ Porci6n de elltndro hueco R'-r' P = 2Q xi1= F x R = T(R-r) Q F = P(R P = 2Q x 19 ~ h 1 .2832 X 6.TORNILLO AREA Y POLEA DIFERENCIAL Q R r P F = Carga. + (/») . 5 b =-8AREA Porci6n de cilindro s6lido: a = "/16 X 3.75n b = '/'2 x 3.1416 x H' _h3 1+4- R-r -145 - Coeficiente de (ricci6n: fL = Ig.1416 r.1416 X R3 _ r" r) 2R p=2xFxR Con (ricci6n.. H'-h' b = '/" x 3.1416r. = Radio de la rosca.2832 x R x F. q.2832 x r Para movimiento F=Q x + (" X opuesto _!_ R !_ R a Q: X COMPLEMENTO A X B x C c = O. d = O.2832 6.--'''-----_-" F6RMULA ESTIMANDO EL COEFICIENTE en direcci6n X (" X P DE FRICCI6N: X a = 3 h. FRICCI6N: PARABOLA a = _21!_ 5 AREA Cilindro de bases paralelas F6RMULA SIN ESTIMAR LA F=Q x P 6. 3n Para movimiento a Q: r P r P F = Q x P .2832 x r - I" X I" X DIFERENCIAL ~~(~~i6n.1416 x h Porci6n de superficie cilindrica 0= II. I" III Z . b o~.3h.. x 3... b='/...__---. = Fuerza aplicada en el extremo de la pa/anca. 10 . = Paso de la rosca. = Brazo de Palanca.6.

.:. FxRxR._. x r.-L-' Fxa Pxl .. n. . P=--...:. F ~ P A. Pxa+P'xb+P"xc I~ i:t=:r' :r= F F 1= F-P =-P- Fxl L de ramales 0 partes del cable (n. FxR r=-p- FxL=Pxl. C Y 0 son los diametros p"mit. 1= P-F I'~F=-: = se~x 'F I p I \ Fx L= P x I r: F = ...-. Pxa+P'xb+P"xc :r F=_!_XP n -146 - - 1-47- . B..._._-=r x r..-. X r.L = P+ F RUEOAS F r V POLEAS F x R = P x r.:. = -1=-.PALANCAS TIPOS DE PALANCAS Pxl F=-LP=.. etc. Fx a Fx L f' Pxa L= P-F rL p Q ~1 FxL P=--IFxL =-P- ~ p FxR P =-r-.. Fxa ...x R. PX r F = -R- t P x aP FxL p =Jf...xR.) 'I I r... P = .:.- FxL n = Nomero F= Pxsec> 2 f'=2xFxcosx • I 8 Pxa L=FT=-F-' PX/..:. F x }' = P x a + P' x b + P" xc. = RX R. . =-F-' Pxl Pxl F=-L-. PXr R=-F-. =P+T = -P-- x.:..vos de las ruedas. F P x r X r.

Fig. como yo se dijo. EI paso circunferencial este dodo. Tornillo 5ln~fin y su rueda. I Esta es la norma fundamental de todo engranaje y se Ie denomlna cfrculo primitivo. 5 a Los formulas generales M del M6dulo = P J. se mide el Dicimetro exterior y este se divide por el numerc de dientes que tenga el engranaje. ddndosele el nombre de paso c. Y u. engranando los unos con los otros. el cilindro liso en realldad desaparece. tenemos que un engranaje tiene 10 mflimetros de paso. He cqul una formula sencilla para encontrar el Modulo de un engranaJe. se puede imaginor el mon'aje de dos cilindros frotendc uno sobre el ofro (figura 1). una parte de cada diente se establece al Interior del cillndro 1150. este sera medido en el Dicrnetro primitivc.CALCULO DE ENGRANAJES INTRODUCCI6N Uno de los mas importantes ELEMENTAL en las mdquinas es el medios de movimiento sistema de engronojes. veces el numero trensmfnde por uno de ellos pondrd en movlmiento circular continuo al otro. dos. cunferencrcl.. de dientes : M =~ N + 2' ~t10 mill- Op _ Oldmetro prlmilivo. arrollada depende-d del numero de dtentes del engranaje EI Didmetro pr-imitive desarrollado es igual 01 paso. 10 rotaci6n Para transmitir un movimiento circular continuo de un eje Q M6oULO Se senoia que para todo cdlculo de Dicrnetro primitivo M6dulo. 10 ventaja de este sistema reside en que el Dicimetro tivo y Didmetrc exterior son siempre numercs enteros. Engronojes helicoidales ejes paralelos. N Ejemplo: Supongomos metros y tiene 80 dientes. de ejes perpendiculares: III. y ~ste Ie determlna por la dlstancia de un punto de un dlente a otro correspondlente al dlente slgulen". N = II.1416. M = Modulo no sera nunca un nutompoco . en sentldo inverso del primero.1416. Engranajes rectos 0 cilindricos. Si se toma para el paso un numero enter-c.1416. se proveen las superficies en contacto de dientes. La formula para determlnar e! Didmetro del circulo prlmltlvo es: M6c1ulomuillplicado por el •• mero de dle.r . Engronajes de cadena. ---a2 son: 410 = Modulo 5 PASO CIRCUNFERENCIAL Los engranajes 'pueden tener Infinidad de tamaftos.149- . -1048- . es Igual a . y para evitar esto. y. 5. EI Diumetro . ENGRANAJES RECTOS este paralelo. y 10 longilud del Didmetro prtmittvo des. Destlnados fransmltlr movimlento IV. pero no es Diometro primitivo esl. sino que subslste sobre 105 trazos. P x N P = Paso circunferencial. N = Num. aumentando dos dientes. slendo tan simple 10 regia que no consiste en mas que el paso contiene una. Con este sistema los deslizamlentos son l6gicos. Q medird el paso sobre el Didmetro prlmttivo. por tanto. 105 engranajes pueden estar aslmllados a dos cillndros 11101 correspondlentes a los Didmetros prlmltlvos.1416. l Numero de dientes.1416 =~ Dp = De N +2• primi- y. y se preclsa definlr una unldad de medlda. correspondiendo 5 mtlimetros 01 espesor del dtente y 5 milimetros 01 espcc!o entre dos dientes. que tenemos una ruedo dentado ique Modulo le corresponderc ! Formula que mide =- Numero de dlentes. por tonto. el M6dulo mere entero. prtmtuvo. ~ De = Didmetro exterior.P xN :-: = 3. este circulo es el punto de partida para el cdlculo de engranajes. Ejemplo' Paso del Modulo num. la manera mds simple estd caraderlzada por el paso. multtphccdo per el nGmero de dientes. por ejemp!o.tes: Op = M X N. etrc que M = intervendrci el factor P J. siendo este igual 01 paso dividtdo por ).1416 Paso. = 15. del M6dulo multiplicado por ). 105 multiples de :-: en del sistema de Modulo etc. Engronojes helicoldales a eJes perpendiculares. Como ya se dijc. por consiguiente. --"-0---. V.708 5 x J. .. este inconque para un juego es fraccionaria. y la otra al exterior. M _ M6c1ulo.. estos se clasifican como sigue: Destinados a transmitir mevrmtentc de ejes parole los: I. Silo adherencia de los dos cilindros es suflcjente. VI. el Didmetro prtmittvo ventente es particularmente molesto porque Hevc consigo de engranajes 10 cote de distcncic entre ejes y dtdmetros Para veneer esta dificultad se toma como paso Circular lugar de tomar numeros enteros. tres.- P X N . Engranajes c6nicos.

c = 0. segun veremos despues. su resultado fue excelente. = Dp (2 x I). R = Radio del pie del diente. De = Dp + 2M. P=c +e = 3.10 mitad de 10 sumo de los Didmetros pr-imitives. per tanto vamos a comparar los distintos ststemqs tomando por referencia el Dtcmetrcl Pitch num. es igual 01 Didmetro D. ~.35 h = 2.' 'i' . modificando los angulos de presion. siguio cnclcgo procedimiento de dentado. sino que los dtentes estdn tombren relacionados con el . fue precise estudiar engranajes de elevadas condiciones de reststenctc.."3927 0. y veamosen que conststen esos diferencias. cdvirttendo antes que respecto 10 cingulo de presion existe una completa conformidad.j."450 0. ('qura 2."250 0. que en 1899 cpltcc este sistema a dtverscs organismos de mcqutncs ."0893 = 2. Esta innovcclon se debe a 10 coso americana Fellows Shaper Co. ambos casas muestran una diverse opinion re. las diferentes partes de p."0893 = 2.167 x Modulo."1075 = 2. Nuttall Co. y uno de los que primero se ccnecte fue el diente «Stub ».. = Espesor del diente."4318 = Drstenc!c entre ejes. FORMAS DE LOS DIENTES Aparte del sistema de dentado yo descrtto. Posteriormente 10 coso R. "'" 200 DISTANCIA Esta dutcnc!c A ENTRE EJES 0 DE DOS RUEDAS Fellows 5'" 4 0. Altura del pie del diente."3927 0. Modulo.lacionada con las alturas de 10cabeza y del pie del diente. menos dos veces = Drdmetrc interior. La Common de Normchzacion Alemana (DIN) adopta el sistema de diente «Stub» conservando las alturas normales del diente : tcmbten 10 American Standard en su norma tiene uno ligera venecten. D. -----T- INTERIOR peimitivo. De = M x (N DIAMETRO 01 + 2).'1<111<1 In los Dtcmetrcs de un engranaje."200 0."2355 0. il = Altura total del diente. Nuttall 0. = Espacio entre dientes. A = Dp + dp 22' =N + n xM Americano Standard 4 0.5 x P EXTERIOR Dp. CENTROS SISTEMA Dtemetrcl 10 altura del pie del diente. mas des veces et = Dicimetro exterior. DIAMETRO De e = 0. PITCH 4 e L / h Diferenclc en altura con el diente normal 0.26 mm -e c ~ c -. R = OJ x M6dulo (mciximo).73 mm 0. = L = Altura de 10 cabeza del diente."250 0. equivalente 01 Modulo 6. L = Modulo."3927 0.5 x P.26 mm 2Qo 2O" DIFERENTES los cuales vamos a detallar. Dimensiones en pulgadas 151 - - 150- . encontrando su lugar preferente en 10 industria del cutomovil y mdqumcs-herrcmtentcs. marcando sus normas de una manera distinta a Fellows.DIMENSIONES DE LOS DIENTES EN FUNCI6N DEL M6DULO EI M6dulo no solo sirve para caracterizar rlwnk vc dc nonuon . traducido 01 espcjicl «diente sin punta». P = Paso circunferencial."200 0. y se generchzc muy lentamente. existen otros perfiles de drentes. Este Dldmetro este compuesto del Didmetro primitivo. / = 1. ·ii r--e 0'0 a."1963 0. o M6dulo multiplicado por el numero de dientes mas des.167 x Modulo. furrrlu!{(s En funci6n de las dtsnntes exigencias de 10 construcclon moderna de mdqut nos y elementos de trcccion. a partir (claro estci) del circulo prtrnitivc.1416 X Modulo."450 es igual a . .

Norma reolizodo sfendo C. 0.8 = Oiometrol Pitch Pitch 0. N. M.Referente a los corocteristicos fundomentoles que deben conocerse sobre estes sistemas son los siguientes: Norma Fellows. X Altura del pie del diente = 0.5708 = Oiametral Pitch = 0. de tenerse frcncesc.inodores el Diometrol Pitch que servird para determinor los alturas de los dientes Formulas: Didmetro primitivo Dldmetro = Ncmero de dientes Diometrol Pitch Numero de dientes X Paso 3.1416" Numerc de dientes Americana de Pubrt- Standard A. [Ccmrte 20 0 • de Ncrrnchzcctcn e! cuol Formulas un perfil de diente que 10 empleo el angulo Altura de presi6n de 10 cobezo yo 10 industria cuyo fundomento Altura de 10 cabezo del diente = 0.3183 X Paso. A.!.250 x Paso cf rcunferenciul. DE l()O DE IS· Drcmetrcl Pitch = Numero de dientes Die metro prtmitivo «STUB» " COMPARADO EL DIENTE NORMAL 3. Paso Diometrol Pilch = 3. y los deno. oqui 10 que se refiere hocer para de los diversos puede por el a 10 forma comisiones si bien y conviene a pesor 0 presente que estos son los normos de normolizaci6n nada es digno 10 mecdnico. -151- -153 - . Altura del pie del diente = Diometrol Altura "total del diente = Diome~~~1 Pitch = 0.1"'16 Neme-c de dientes = Oiametro primitivODiametro primitivo x 3. los numerodores representon 01 Diemetre! Pitch por el que se determino el Didmetro prirnitivo. G.H16 Paso circunferenciol = Oiometrol Pitch Diente normal en un pin6n de 10 dientes. de diente «Stub» 2()O de dngulo emclecdasuntverque en casi todas en concreto Frances). que los el en cuento de Didmetro primitivo +( 2 x De"nominodor ~iometrol Pitch )" Hosto presi6n. Altura de 10 cabeza del diente = Denominodor Nuttal Diometral Pitch los nociones supere trobojo odopt6 vlene trobojon normolizor mejore mencionorse. = Numero de dientes Dtcmetrcl Pitch del diente = 0.6 Dtumetro prtrnnivo Dicimetro Numerc = Numerodor exterior = de dientes Diometral Pitch Espesor del diente en el Didmetro primitivo 1. M6dulo. (Ascctccton cantes de Engranojes) Formulas: Altura de 10 cobezo del diente 0.5729 x Paso" 3. M.75 x M6dulo. Altura del pie del dtente Dtdmetro primitivo = 0.5 x Paso..95 FORMA DEL DIENTE CON.300 x Paso ctrcunferenctcl.1416 Paso circunferenciol Norma American = Diometrol Pilch _ - Oiametro primitivo x 3.H16 exterior = Numero de dientes Oiometrol Pitch + 1. salmente.1416 Numero de dientes .25046X Paso.

. y ctrcs cpltcccrones especiaJes. diente normal de 15· y 2()O y el sistema de que se trata. 1. t-----.. nada se hizo en materia de engranajes can las caracteristicas del diente tan originales como este sistema Bostock y Bramley. en el mayor deseo de dar a conocer todos los tipos de engranajes extstentes. 'D'.i-=-a=m=et. pero muy aplicado: este es el sistema Bostock y Bramley. Se clasifican en tres grados: Clase A. Sus caracteristicas son notables."583 circular Pitch. engranajes de 600 metros por minute. como podro observarse en los graficos que se publican en la coleccl6n de datos sobre engranajes de este hbrc. cuya aplicaci6n principal es: engranajes reductores de velocldad.-ALTA CLASE C. para engranajes a 900 metros por minuto. puede verse la zona de rodadura y desIizamiento. con una veiocidad Clase 8.. -_ 0. Alta close. Altura total del d.-- Altura de 10 cabeza del diente. 0. y sv usc mas generaiizado es engranajes helicoidales con ejes parolelos.aVi~ci~n. muy especialmente utllizados en la propulsi6n de buques accionados por turbinas de vapor. Tembten Conocido el Diametral Pitch Conocido el circular Pitch. ~/a~e C: Tlpe comerctql para engranajes pef'lfef'lca In(erior a 360 metros por minute..155- 0. con una velocidad peri(erica que exceda con una velocidad peri(erica de 230 corrientes. -- 2.PRECISION Dimension a calcular Dlente «Stub» en un pift6n de 10 dientes. xi midad del pie del diente en el pin6n..--h0.7162 X Circular Pitch ----Circular Pitch.5 x CIrcular Pitch. puede observarse que el DI6metro primitivo se encuentra en 10 pre. y en la casi terminaci6n de 10 cabeza del diente en la rueda y cremallera. muy poco conocido..p.ente. 0. Las f6rmulas para este sistema de engranajes son las siguientes: Clase A. 'D"ia"'m=etCCroco.5708 metro prtmuivo.3183 x Circular Pitch.25 DiametraTPTich ~ . apreci6ndose la enorme ventaja sobre todo otro sistema 0 norma de dtente.-CLASE COMERCIAL 0.5 x circular Pitch. ----~--- Clase B. las cuales muestran dlversas comparaciones relacionadas con la cremallera. por tanto. cajas redueteres para turbinal de vapor en -154 - L Espesor del dtente en el Did1. utilizdndose mucho.itc--c. Finalmente. Precision.:r=a"l P"it"c"-h --------_ ~ _ Altura del pie del diente. que trate de cumplir la aplicaCi6n especial aSignada a ~ste.25 X Otro perfil de diente que alcanza una gran aceptaci6n.+4 DiQmetral Pitch ~ X Espesor del diente en el Did1. es el «British Standard». indicaremos un procedimienfo que revoluciona fodo 10 hasta ahora de uso normal.3183 x Circular Pitch Altura del pie del diente Altura total del dtente.5708 metro prtmittvo ----oiQmetrOl Pitch . este perfil tiene un 6ngulo de 2()O y su aplicaci6n principal es: engranajes de tracclbn. se trata de un perfil de diente de inmejorable resultado. D. .7766 x Circular Pitch.ametrai Pitch 2. 0.]979 0.

Alta close. Engranajes Bostock & Bramley SecC/on normal en el perfil del d. diente aplicado Seccion normal de los ihentes 157cnqronando.o» 1I0rlllai ell el perfil de los d.nones. Secc. . Para engranajes helicoidales Q unQ seccion en dngulo recto - el perfil del con IQ helice. 156- .entes para p. Multlpllcar los valores dados por el paso. Close B.ente para cremallera y ruedas.Trazado "British Standard" para el perfil del diente en la cremallera y fresas para tallar este sistema.

. 0 In O~ '" " N L.159- ... U o e: CO 0 4) ...In -- ~~ -- ....~ E L- .. -0 -0 " L.. 4) 0 r----.. 4) 4) In e: 4) ......::to 4) II e EoE :::l 4) 4) U £%: :::l . 4) e In o u '" . 4) e: 4) o L..... e: e: '0 Ie: ·u 0 C"'I 4) a: e -0 Lee 0- E E L- UZ -158 - 0 0 .......~ ...... 4) L- -:J e: 0 e: o M -0 e: 4) M 4) -0 '0 '....~~..--! 0 4) i I u --_ e: 4) >-Z E e LCO -0 g 4) 4) >. e: 4) -0 -0 -0 e~ .. -- 4) -0 e: e .. 0 4) e: -0 -0 .

---------,
o .... C
v
V .... C
VI

I
,0 0-'

E

o
VI

N V

:::J -0 -0

o ...
o

v\

-0

;I=>

c

o
CO
\1

o

0::

o II

-0 V. :::J 0::

o

V .... C

VI

v
-0

o

"'" II
-0
IC C

VlOVlC'lCO'-DVI"'C'lC'I-C'lOOCOCO C'lC'IC'IC'I---_-'-D--'-D-VlO

°

VI

~~6~~~~~~~~6~~~~
C'lC'IC'I---------

o,

"..,NNNM-----------

---------------'
160 161-

eI)

~I~
10:

Formulas para enqr cncjes sequn norm as Inglese y cmerrccnc. en Iunc.on del diornetrul PITCH Y circular PITCH Diamelral, PITCH. nombre bc]o e! que se comprende e! no mero de dientes per pul9o~a Ingleso en el dtdmetro prtrrunvo. Ejemp!o: A uno rueda de 84 dtentes que mid a 14 p~Jg~dQS de dtdmetro prtmtttvc Ie corresponde 6 dientes per pulgoda; por constqutente. el diametral PITCH es = 6. Circular PITCH, se. comprende el paso circular del diente en medida Inglese sabre el circulo prrmit t'vo. PITCH, troducido 01 espcfiol = PASO.

0 el)
~

Formulas segun

efdicmetrn!

PITCH

I eII
0.. 0

Formulas segun Para obtener Circular

el circular PITCH Formula

Para obtener Dtcmetrct

Formula

a..
C ~

."

W

PITCH P
Circular

P=

N

0

PITCH P'
Dicmetrcl

3.1416 P' = -P3.1416

:;
."

'0 Qj

> t=
~ ~

E
>..

PITCH P'
Numero de dientes

3.1416 P' = --PN=P x0

.

PITCH P
Numero de dtentes

P=

-p-,-

.!:! a:: .~ ..

.r:.

N PITCH OIAMETER o
Me" 0"

N=OxP-2 0=0-25

N N 25 P PITCH OIAMETER
(Dremeteo primitlvo)

N=

3.1416 x 0 P' N x P' 3.1416(N + 2) x_F" 3.1416

a..
~

:;
u

0
~

.£ 0 a;

.. ...= 'u
E 'jE

a

g

M

[Didmetro

primitivo)

0
Dlemetro

o
0= O=~ W=

=p~ 0+

0= 0= 0

0
Didmetro

U

~ I-

.. .... Ea
'ti
Qj <: ':::>

.!:! .~

EXTERIOR 0
Altura total del dienfe

EXTERIOR 0
Altura total del diente

0+25

W
Altura de 10 cabeza

2.157 P

W
Altura de la ccbeze

W = 0.6866 x P' P' 3.1416 P'

E a

5

1 5 = pT= 1.5708
p

5
Espesor del diente

5=

'"

..

til

----NNNN~~~"'~~m~o

"

.~~ ----- -~ ------~ ~~~~~~ ~~
-."2 -

Espesor del diente

T
Distancia entre centros

T
Dtstenete entre centros

T='2

C= C=~

N+ n 2P 2 -

C

C=

C 163 -

(N + n) x P' 6.2832

Detalles para el uso del calibre especial para medir dientes de eflgranajes

Calibre especial para medir dientes de engranaje

TABLA PARA EL CALCULO DE VALORES PARA FIJAR LAS DIMENSIONES EN EL CALIBRE
Numero

d.
dientes

Para engranajes rectos segun et sistema de Modulo ab bo

Ncmerc

d.
dientes

Para engranojes rectos segon el sistema de MOdulo ab

Numerc

d.
dientes

Para engranajes rectos segun el sistema de Modulo ab

-

be

~
1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.571

10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17

18

1.062 1.056 1.051 1.047 1.044 1.041 1.038 1.036 1.034

1.564 1.565 1.566 1.567 1.567 1.568 1.568 1.568 1.569

zs:
24

19 20 21 22

25 26 27

1.032 1.031 1.029 1.028 1.027 1.026 1.025 1.024 1.023

1.569 1.569 1.569 1.569 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570

28-29 30-31 32-33 34-35 36-37 38-39 40-42 43-44 45-00

1.022 1.021 1.020 1.019 1.018 1.017 1.016 1.015 1.014

Los vclores de esto tobla son para hater 10 correcci6n por el numero de drentes. hasta 45. siguiE:ndo 10 diferencic entre 10 cuerda y el orco; Q portir de 45 dientes. esto diferencte es instqniflccnte, y. por tanto, dentro de 10 mas extqente tolerancio. Para determtnc r los vclores de fljccion en el calibre (altura de 10 cebezo. ab, y espesor, be) cuondo los ruedos se odopten 01 sistema de Modulo, los vclores ab y be se multiplicon por el Modulo con que se t-ete de construir el enqrcnc]e, EJEMPLO: Determinar 10 fqcctcn del calibre para medir los dientes de una rueda de 25 dientes tallada con el Modulo 5. ab altura de la cabeza del diente : la tabla indica 1.025 x 5 = 5.125. be = espesor del diente en el circulo primitivo; 10 tabla indica 1.570 x 5 7850 N

P
M Dp

A B C D

Altura

normal.

Altu ra corregida. Correccion. Espesor efectivo.

Nurnero de dientes. Paso Modulo. Didmetrc primitive. Espcc!c entre dientes. Cuerda. Flecha del areo. Altura del diente a partir del dicimetro primitivo = M.

FORMULAS
90 N Dp

x sens
cos ") 2

Dp (1 ab = L be = 5. ab

+

F.

Pure

dentaduras

tntertores.

L-

F.

-lM-

-

165 -

La medicion de ruedas y pinones helicoidales
En los mecanismos de precisi6n se hace necescrtc un riguroso control de dtdmetros en zonas de ccntacto en los floncos de los dientes. ~sto puede rechzone, a folta de operates especioles, (on un senctllo procedimiento, y por media dl -",,_r,.,('nl(' '(''1'''''' -to+otto ,., , .....,d,",,'lr'nn
\(>

Mum. de dientes 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38

Dlentes pares. Factor F. Angulo de presi6n 14'/,· 12,415 14.436 16.454 18.468 20.482 22.493 24.502 26.512 28.520 30.526 32.532 34.536 36.542 38.547 2()O 12.413 12.428 16.+40 18,450 20.458 22.465 24,470 26.475 28.481 30.484 32.487 34.491 36.494 38.496 25· 12,431 14.+42 16.450 18.458 20.463 22.468 24.472 26.475 28.479 30.482 32.484

Num.
de dientes 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 53 M6dulo 6 6.5 7 8 9 10 11

Dientes tmpc res. Factor F r-_~~gulo 14f
I /~ ...

~

de pres~~_... __ 2()O 11.258 13.302 15.335 17.359 19.378 21.394 23.406 25.417 27.427 29.435 31.+42 33.+49 35.454 37.460 39.463 41.467 43.472 45.475 55,486 Modulo 13 14 15 16 18 20 22 25· 11.277 13.318 15.347 17,368 19.384 21.398 23.409 25.419 27.427 29.433 31,439 33.+44 35.+48 37.453 39.455 41.458 43.463 45.465 55.474 Fodor K 1.954 1.814 1.696 1.587 1.411 1,270 1.155 1.058 1.016

34.486
36.488 38.489

I,,_,',

i--'I"I''1

'

\..1 ~1~lt.:!I'U

vvu

'I",'\U

JulidL

.....vd c opo r ur sc scqun

40.553
42.557 +4.561 54.576

40.499
42.502 +4.503 54.510

40.491
42.492 +4.493 54.498

el Modulo 0 Drcmetrcl Pitch Ingles. Deben prepororse dos bur-res (on ones discos esfencos que puedon svstttu.r las bolos, y cuyo detolle se indica en el dfbu]o. los did metros mas convententes se determmaran por lo!. sigulentes for-mules
Q

40
42 52

11.256 13.307 15.348 17.376 19.400 21.420 23.437 25.452 27.464 29.476 31.485 33.495 35.503 37.511 39.516 41.523 43.529 45.534 55.554 Fodor K 4,233 3.906 3.628 3.175 2.822 2.540 2.309 2.117

PARA
Drcmetro

[l

SISTEMA DE MODULO = ---KPITCH
=

en mm. de los rodtltos esfertcos

1150

M6dulo x 25,4 1 1.25 1.5 1.75

Factor K 25.400 20.320 16.933 14.514 12.700 11.289 10.160 9.230

M6dulo 3 3.25 3.5 3.75 4 4.5 5 5.5

Factor K 8.466 7.815 7.257 6.773 6.350 5.6+4 5.080 4.619

PARA EL SISTEMA DIAMETRAL
Dscmetro en pulqadcs de los rodillos esferrcos

1.750 Diamefra!

EI factor K sera et que perfenezca 01 modulo que se uti lice sequn tabla Despues se precede a determiner 10 dimension D sobre rodi!los esfertcos. cuyo formula es:

2
2.25 2.5 2.75

PARA

EL SISTEMA
D en mm.
=

DE MODULO
-KF x 25.4

PARA EL SISTEMA DIAMETRAL PITCH
D en pulgadas

12

24
25

= --~-~metre! Die

ADVERTENCIA
Para espescres

IMPORTANTE

EI factor F sera el que pertenezca. en functon de numero de dientes y ongulo de presion sequn tabla. EJEMPlOS: Pinon de 26 dtentes. Modulo 5. Angulo de presion. 14 Peeler F = 28.520 Faclor K = 5,080 La conversion del modulo y diametral M = Modulo M= es 10 siguienfe DP Drcrnetrc!
I .,'

y alturas en los dientes

de las ruedas helicoidoles, en 10 correcci6n de ajuste del calibre, deben tomarse los volores a. b, c. por el numero de dientes ficticio NF. segun 10f6rmula: NF = Num. de dientes
COSl~

El USC DEL CALIBRE ESPECIAl. PARA MEDIR DIENTES DE ENGRANAJE

=

Pitch

-i5P166 -

25,4

DP = _2,S,~
M normal.

Angulo de 10 hehce 167-

Todos los cdlcutos pr ecedentes se refieren a modulo y diametral

MEDICION POR

DE LA Ot.NTAUUKA U~ U" ~"UftAI"'''''''1;. MEDIO DE UN CALIBRE CORRIENTE

Tabla funcion

mdtccdore del numero

del numcro de dientes 2()O EJEMPLO

de espccrcs del engranaje PARA

compt cndtdos en 10 medrdc

K en

y cingulo de presion.
SU 45

usa
Ndm. PRESION 22· 30' DE 18 27 36 45 54 63 81 ENGRANAJE 12 17 25 33 41 49 57 65 = = = = = = = = 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 12 15 22 30 37 44 52 59 = = = = = = = = 14 21 29 35 43 51 58 65 C. 25·
M6dIJlo. Pow Espccto entre d,ente, E,pt',or del dienle. Profundidaddel dienle

Angu 10 de presion. NUMERO DE ESPACIOS

Ndm.

de dientes. DE

de espectcs.

C

=4

Dimensiones del diente en los pasos normales del modulo
~m·! ",
»

ANGULO 14" 30' 17· NUMERO 12 26 18 51 63 76 88 = = = = = = = 25 37 50 62 75 87 tOO 12 22 33 43 54 65 75 86 DE

20DIENTES 12 = 19 = 28 = 37 = 46 = 55 = 64=72 73 =

1 3,1<4 1,57 2,17

1,25 3,93 1,97 2,71

1.5 4,71 2,36 3.25

t,75 5.5 2.]5 3,79 6.28 3,14 4,33

1,l5 7,01 3.54 4,87

l,5 7.B5 3,93 5,42

C
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

1,75 8,64 4,32 5."

J,2S 9,42 4,71 6.5 10,21 5,11 7.04

= 21 = 32 = 42 = 53 = -64 = 74 = 85 = 96 C

MOdulo. Peso .. EspaCio entre dientes. Espesor del dienle. Profundidaddel d'enle.

mm
" »
»

, ,

1,5 11 5.5 7.58

3,75 11,78 5." 8,13

12,56 6.29 8,67

4,lS 13,35 6.68 9,21

14,13 7.07 9.75

....

4,75 14,92 7.46 10,29

5,25 15,70 7.86 10.83 16,4' '.25 11,]8

5,5 17,28

....

5.75 18.06 9,03 12.46

11,92

M
It

= Modulo_
de dientes Formula K~ general

= Espccios.

N ::::;:Ncm.

del engranaje. en radianes. para cualquier N

1 = Angulo de presion

,,=
cingulo

Y = Num. Angulo

de espacios

MOdulo Peso ..

18,84

6,15 19,64 9.82 13,>4

6,5

7,5 21,99 11 15.17

20.42 10,21 14,08

de presion.

hpaCioenlredientes », 9.43 Espt'Klrdeldie,nle »I Profundioad del dreete. » 13

n.56
11,78 16.25

25.13 12,57 17,32

28,27 14,14 19,5

1t 31.42 15,71 21,67

11 34.56 17.28 23,83

11 37,7 18,85 26

de presion: --" : X N)] 1)1
MOdulo Pesc. , Espocioentredienles hpes~rdel diente Profundidad deJd,ente 13 «l.84 20,42 28,17

MI1I'(Y +~.
Formula

) co. «+ paro

cos «(190:

,.
43,98 21,99 30,33

15 47,12 23,56 32,S

SO.27 25,13 3U7

..

17 53.41 26.70 )6,83

11 56,55 28,27 19

59.69 29,85 41,17

"

62,83 31,42 43.ll

'"

11 65,97 32,98 45,S

n
69,12 34,56 47,67

14" 30' simpltflccdc

K

= M 1(3.04280 X Y) + 1.5218 + (0.00514
Formula paro 15 simplificada:
D

K.~

M 1(3.03455 X Y) + 1.5177 + (0.00594 X N)]
Formula para 20" simplificada:

M6dulo POKl_. hpesor del dienle » Profundidod deldiente.

15 78,54 39,27 53,9

11 87,96

30 94,25 47.12 ".7

n

100,53 50.26

K~

M 1(2.952 X Y) + 1.476 + (0.014 X N)]
168-

60.'

43,98

..

l5 109,96 5",98 75,5

11 109,38 59,69 '1.9

125,66 62,83

..

50 157,08 78,54 107,8

".3

169 -

Tallado de ruedas reetas con dentado evolvente
JUEGO DE FRESAS
pora M6dulo 1· 10 5 para rued as de 26- 3~ dientes 6 » 35- 54 » 7 » SS-1H» 8 » 135-cremallera 8 fralO. por juego, utilizoda. N.- 1 para ruedas de 12 - 13 dtentes N.· »2 » 14 -16» » »3 » 17 - 20» » » -4 » 21 - 2S» » N.» » »
15 fr..... por juego, utilizada. 1 para ruedas de 12 dientes 1 II. » 13» 1 » 14» 2'/. » 15-16» »3 » 17-18» » 3'/, »~ » » 19-20» 21-22»

Resistencia del diente en los engranajes
EI diente de un engranoJe trcbaja por reststence a 10 flexion, debe ser calculado en
0

'I

como

un solido

encostrado c sfue r z c cntculo soportara

10 base, soportondo
de 10 cabeza el por tanto. se si un solo teoria diente esta
no

en 10 extremidad cargo; rd como

el esfuerzo

tangencial. sobre por Inde nos

poro M6dulo 11 y mayores N." 411'1. para ruedas de 23- 25 dientes » S· » 26- 29 » » 5 lIt » 3()" 34 »
»6 » 6 'I. »7 » 7'/, »

La mds notable Mr. Wilfred veshgcdc los datos para
LeWIS,

en Prlcdelfia. para

materia fue dodo a conocer el 15 de octubre de 1892. y todo cuanto se resolver los cdlculos en los casos cornentes tanto,

»
» »

35- ~1 35- S~ 55- 79 BO-1H»

» » »

y rncdrficado. este basado en los prtnclptos LEWIS. A continuccion se don
mas elementales los de altos estudros de prcyeccion y rendinuentcs rno xtmcs superior de 10 tectuco : por que esftmcmos suficrentes :

enqrcncjes. dejando aquellos
hmrtoremos

Num. 8, para ruedas de 135 dientes hasta cremallera

que trabajan a estas formulas

en el grado
generales,

FRESAS PARA «DIAMETRAL

PITCH»
0

DESIGNACION

FORMULAS tangenciol paro e!

Si el calculo para engronojes se efectue segun Diametral numerc de (resas por juego es como sigue:

Circular

Pitch. el
Presion diente V Velocidad
0

esfuerzo perifertca

8 fresas por juego. utilizadas para Diametral Pit"", 16·1' /. N.o 1 para ruedas de 135 dientes a cremallera N.O 5 para rued as de 21·25 dientes »2 » SS-IH dtentes »6 » 17-20 »
»3 »~ » » 35- S~

en Kg.
0

p=

.~~ V

lineal en el diepor sea

26- H

» »

»7 »8

»»

1+16 12-13
I

» »

metro p rimtttvo gundo

en

metros

v « ~~~=

60

--P--

7S

X

F

15 fresas por juego, utilizadas pa~a Diametral

Pitch 2 It .. 1
M

Fuerza en C. V. (caballos transmitir. MOdulo. Espesor del diente del diente. del diente. de reststenc,c de seguridad
prtmitrvo

de vapor)

Nem. 1r para ruedas de 135 dientes a cremallera N,o 11/. para ruedas de 80-13-4 dientes para ruedas de 21-25 dientes N."S
» » 2

2'/. »3

» » »

~

3

'I.

~·I.

» » » » » »

55- 79 ~2- S~ 35- ~1 30- H 26- 29 23- 2S

»

»
» » »

» » » » »

5'/, 6 6'/, 7 8

»
ulfimas

» 7 'I.

» » » » » » porque

19-20 17·18 15-16

en 10 roiz. M=\~ de 10 seccion coeficiente de F= minute. p -~

» »

_H

Altura Ancho

14 13 12

»
» » »

w
C Dp N
i=

Momento rectangular. Carga
Didmetro

(ve c se tabla

VCX132
de volores C)

0

Se advierte de M6dulo.

que las dos tablos marcan

se dan can

a conecer a

en America

trcbc]o por flexion

en Kg. mm-. (en metros).

xV

(U. S. A.) e Inglaterra

las fresas

numero~

10 inverse del sistema

=

Ncmerc

de revotuctones por

-

170-

-171

.50 % Acero al niquel: 14 -17 24 . Materias 1 1.5 .27 NI = 3. Cuproaluminio Aluminio.9 1 pldstlccs. Modulo PC mm.2.28 31 .40 . etc.6 0.5 0.3 % se opliccrd la siguiente FORMULA Aprox.235 x M - 172- 173 - .75 .4 4.45 Cr = 0. fenolita.25 .1.31 PC = Profundidad de penetrncron de la cernentccton que deben tener los dientes M = Modulo_ Modulo PC mm.10 moldecdo.25 2.75 % .5 1.3. __ Limite eldstlco C 2 PC FORMULA MX n 2 - x 15 100 = 0.75 2 . Acero Cr = 0. X rnrn- Tratamiento termico de ruedas dentadas con dientes cementados (Vcleder o inclusive para rued as con dientes rectificados) 18 a 19 Kgs.7 0.25 3.75 al cromo niquel: 27 . basados en los limites de elcsncrdcd de los diversos materiales a ernplear.5 .5% 24 . 1.5 Valores C.5 .Resistencia del diente en los engranajes Tabla para valores (C) coeficiente de tr obojo a la flexion en la raiz del pie de los diente s MATERIALES Fundiclon Acero C= Kgs.3 0.2.8 0.0.2 0.5 5.4 0.25 % C = 0.15 .6 6 en adelante 3 . y estdn comprendidos entre 70 a 80 de la resistencia a la trcccion.42 5-6 10 16 3 Bronce fosforoso Duraluminio.5 3. Acero al carbon~: C = 0.3.75 Del modulo 0. rnrn- 4-5 9 . 1.0.25 . Ni = 1 % Ni = 1.

Drstcnctc entre ejes 15 A.014 MODULO 3.020 CD ® ® Parolelismo Excentricidod maximo entre e! por d ~~~~~e_e~n~9~. EJES 0..15 -0.003 0. 0 )32 - 174- 17:.~__ 01 oguJero TOLERANCIA respecto l__:_?. de dos floncos de dtentes.010 De 0.002 Q 0.010 De 0.a~n~a~le~s' Holgura entre dte nte s :~~ 'S_'_A_.059 + 0.014 a 0.008 a 0.020 EN LA DISTANCIA Y DIAMETRO EXTERIOR ENTRE DE51GNACION 1a3 Didmetro exterior 15 A.-----. TOLERANCIA ® Pcrcleusrnc del d. E.020 a 0.03 7 a 10 De 0.2~ + O. derechc 0 Izquierdo.Y DIAMETRO EXTERIOR DESIGNACION __ .12 0.006 I De 0.010 7 a 10 De 0.cos De 0.21 + O. _D_.030 0.Engranajes cillndricos.010 PerpendicuJaridad de Ie cora del diente respectc 01 ogujero. CD ®Error Holguro entre dientes 15 A.O~ Mayordel0 De 0.ooa 0.003 De 0.25 a 5 -0.:~ LA i De 0. __0~.032 -----------Duto oc a ISA -~.e _~.005 0.03 De 0.025 De 0.010 a 0.010 ~. ><.5 a 10 Mos de 10 -015 -024~ 1 Drc metr o e xte rro r ISA b II ('nlr~-~ - ":"4 .26 + 0. De 0.-. ._'2_ 0.032 a 0.003 a 0. mdximo sobre el flanco del diente.-:: ~l''.060 +-_~-+_a I. maxima entre el par de engranajes.008 a 0.0_a_ir-a_O. I I •• 014 021 n 020 ~ 015 f-~~r)]q+.020 De 0.5 a 10 -0.~7 + 0.20 + O.-C"~-.02 a 0.. : ~ f 9 0061 ItO 075 .14 -0._~__ oc-~OD~~ 1 '.030 EJES Mayor de 10 De 0. __ .008 De 0.03 a O.020 De 0..010 a oms.025 Mds de 10 -0.-----------f-------.oa -r=-~~~'~~~~~~De 0.005 a o.".-. tolerancias de fabricacion para dentaduras fresadas 0 rectificadas CLASE PRECISION TOLERANCIA DESIGNACION EN LA DENTADURA -r-----.5 a 7 De 0. tolerancias de fabricacion para dentaduras frlsadas 0 rectificadas CLASE ALTA PRECISION TOLERANCIA DE51GNACION EN LA DENTADURA MODULO 1a~ Sumo Error de division.012 O:~ Engranajes cilindricos.015 (!jxcentricidod CD Suma Error de division de des flancos de drentes.02a +0. E· a.01 5 a 0.061 0.010 De 0.005 a 0.012 0.10: 0.005 De 0.06 De O. (!) 0.en'. de-echo 0 izquier do.OB a 0.020 I Q) o. -0..5 a 7 De a 0.15 -O.05 a 0. 9..015 0..004 I a ()._'_0 ~ __ ~ __ fA\ Error maximo sobre e! flonco \:!J del drente.05 o.0011) .05 De 0.008 0.o!S a 0.012 0. respectc De 0..025 a 0.ooa 0.020 5..03a + 0.3 2) a 5 Q ~ EN DISTANCIA ENTRE ~ __ 5.+ 0050 .---a I ~ ~.14 -0. b .. del diente 01 QguJero.075 0.006 o.050 0.012 a 0.

167 Di = Dp - (2M x 1.27 ~0.28 0. 0.0.34 Dtstcnctc entre eje s IS A.e.O~ Q 0. TOLERANCIA EN LA h = Altura L = Altura DISTANCIA EXTERIOR ENTRE EJES total del diente. 0.5 Q 10 Mcisde10 -0.Engranajes cilindricos.015 D. M Dp De D. 0. tolerancias de fabricacion para dentaduras fresadas 0 rectificadas CLASE CORRIENTE TOLERANCIA DESIGNACION 3 Q FORMULAS GENERALES para engranajes rectos segun el sistema normal de Modulo EN LA DENTADURA MODULO 5 5.06 + 0. = Diornetro exterior.37 Altura del pie del diente.Q2 De 0. ~. p 1. R = Radio del pie del diente.03 + 0. O.20 D.07 Q O.. 0. D -10 + 0.1 D. -177 R = 0. respecto 0. Dp D.10 + 0.5708.04 + 0.13 0.01 D. = Didrnetro prirrntivo.167).08 0. D-11. h =M A = Dp = M x N.167. exterior Q -11._ N e = T=M x x 2.O. (Mini mo. DESIGNACION P = Paso. + 2).16 0.03 Q 0.12 + 0. Error del maximo CD @ 0. _ N + n 2 --2= ~.04 0. derecho del el flanco izquterdo.. 176 -- 2' P = M x 1.03 Q D. 0.05 M = ~= P = M x .15 D..) - . c= -.5 Q 10 Mayor de 10 D. = Espesor del diente.33 -0. ( e = Modulo.06 0. de la cabeza del diente.Q3 CD @ Suma Error de division.5708. t=Mxl.01 Q 0. A = Distancia entre ejes o centres.Q2 Excentricidad de engranoles Holgura entre dientes I SA.3 x M (Maximo.015 ® Paralelismo diente 01 cqujero. De = M x (N ~. -0.015 Q 0.) X M - L = M.. + dfl. = Diornetro interior. de dos Ilcncos de maxima entre dientes..05 Q 0. = Espacio entre dientes..1 ----. Y DIAMETRO DESIGNACION MODULO 3 Q 5 3. f= Drc me tro IS A. sabre 0 dtente.27 -0.06 Q 0. el par D.05 Q 0.

() Q) !... 0 0 "'0 I"'l Q) 0 N Q) :J "'0 -1'3 e e 0 U t)...... Q) Q) II> e "'0 0 II> E 0 0 Z to:: !. e Q) Q) E 0 !.... II> c 0 . e Q) 0 -178 179 ..... 0 . N 0 -0 t)..... II> 0 e 0 Q) II> N :J "'0 "'0 0 0 0 "'0 Q) 0 0~ "'0 0 !.. Ie Q......... :J "'0 0 ..... C Q) Q) Q.() :J "'0 Q) Q. Q) E !."'0 00 0 e0 0 ec !... 0 Q) Q) II> LI"'I c . !.. "'0 0~ 0 0 .

= Angulo de complemento. = 0. » 10 a 13 » 25·. II = N. = 0. = 0. -180 - Para complementos usar f6rmulas generales. e= -y-' P = Paso.321 x DP Cos. ~ . r = Radio de pie del diente.CONSTRUCCION para talla de engranajes DE FRESAS TIPO SIMPLE segun el sistema de Modulo TRAZADO DE LOS DIENTES para engranajes con menos de 30 dientes H = 3. = 0..96815 x DP 0. = 0. n T= h +1 MOdulo.= Para . A = 0 x 3.33 x DP I ~ Ruedas " » » » con mas de 25 dlentes 14 J I. = CT = 0. M = M6<lulo.= R. » 18a22 » 20 a 22·. x DP = CT '. = 0.96592 x DP r). a 20-.2140 x DP R.3xM.93969 x DP R. L = Ccbezc del diente = Modulo. n = Ncmerc de dientes cortontes de 10fresa. Radios de trazado = Rl~Rs. P=Mx 3.07 x DP R. paso DESIGNACION '/ = Angulo de presion. a 20-. N = Nemerc de dientes r=0. monos do 10 dlentes 25 a 28".3 x M (MoxilT)o) 75· R.5)( P (Holguro ancho H.068 x DP r = 0.= M x N. entre dtentes.5 x P = DP x Sen = 0. 10° Mdxlmo Angulo de incidencio.1416'=-N=r'f+i. = 0. c DE DP=Mx neutral. DP '1 != Pie del diente. 6 0 ~= 1 Minimo. M= Ii: P DP 3. ~= Angulo de flanco. » 14 a 17 » 22 '.22 x DP ~~ = R.6 x M. R. .33 X DP = 20" CT = 0. el trazado N = Numero de dientes FORMULAS x DP. de 10 rueda.ralados de los dientes vf:anse las f6rmulas generales.22 x DP 75~ R. de presi6n. c = Espacio CT = Dtcmetrc zado. I dientes. del circulo DT ) Circulo de trazado de los DT= K K = Coseno del dnqulc = Drcmetro prlminvo. h = Altura normal del diente en 10fresa en funci6ndel ANGULOS DE PRESION MAS e = 0. USUALES Para Para Pcrc '1 = 15" '. M ~ Modulo. DP. -181 - . = 0.1416.1416 X T9 ~.07 x DP 75· R.. de fradel e = Espesor del diente. = 140 I/~ » CT = 0. DATOS PARA DESTALONADO RI R:!R3= Radios para diente. de 23 a 25 dlentes 17 'I.

. DP= M x N.H16 x cotg v. CT = 0.167 x M. normal del modulo. DP R =----s' 'X Angulo en el flanco del diente. t = 1. PR = Paso real 0 CT ~ Di6metro del clrculc de trazado. de X 3 NO = ----v>T' J=h 183- J = Aneho del diente cortonte.". \ Dtente normal = 14 I.-. e = Espesor c = Espuctc del diente. CT = 0.. de 10 fresc... de = dp + 2 x t. I = Alturas de 10 ccbezc y pie del diente (en este coso ambos iguoles).. Ho'gura neutra.H16. N == Numero de dientes. I Secc. Para comptementol usar formulas generates.05 x P. dp = Dldmetro prtmttlvo. P DP M= 3. de corte.2 x t. t'i reforzado = 40". SP = dp x 3. R = 0. cos para roscar en el torno. = Angulo total entre flancos. Para = 15·~ 11= 7S-. R = Radio para trazado del di~nte.on '('01 0 por el paso normal del M6dulo. x DP = CT. = 20". PT = ~.5 x P.93969 x DP. <= = 0. Para. . • =-= Espesor del diente. P ~ Paso. T = Aneho en el fondo del drente y uncho de 10 punta de 10 cuchillc para roscar. que sera el paso.96815 x DP.96592 x DP. r = Radio del pie del dtente. ~ == Angulo de complemento.5 x P. = Angulo de inclinccion del filete hellce. • = 0. R = Radio en 10cabeza del diente.H16' M= DESIGNACION OP FORMULAS P= M x 3.3 x M (Maximo). ~ = 751/. h = Altura total del diente.dp " 7. Fresas para tallar engranajes ractas y helicoidalas sobra . = 141/1°.Trazado de los dientes para engranajes con mas de 30 diente. -182 - SP = Paso de 10 espiral NO = Numero de dientes -t)x x 2 x t9 :.6.. Cos. normal = 29°.334 x M.H16 =---.r-= 'l. c -' Espocio entre dientes. PR M Seno 1. i. - + 3 mm.1iIJ.. T= (PT x 4cotg:> ~= I " \ Diente =I » r = 0. h = 2. M= M6dulo. ~ngu'o de inclina- ci6n del dienfe o de la he/ice. 2. FORMULAS P 3. de = Didmetro exterior. 0 de /0 == DI6metro prrmtttvc. CT = 0. = ---"'d"p--C:x~3".. dp = de . Aquina automAticas de talla continua por el procedimiento de generaci6n . DESIGNACION M = M6dulo. = Angulo de presi6n. ~ = 70". DE N+2' PT = Paso del tornillo.1'-:4"1-. PR = M x 3. Para :r.H16. entre dientes. » reforzado = 20:'.

TORNILLO SIN-FIN Y SU RUEDA
TlPO A DES'GNAC'ON TlPO 8 M = Modulo.

TORNILLO SIN-FIN Y SU RUEDA

P

=

Paso.
primitivo. exterior.

DP = Dtemetrc DE 01

=

TT-=.l' '
i

··ff !L;

.t~
~
.. ..J ....
Secc.on del

Didmetrc

T ~I ~
.

02 = Dremetrc mayor

Fie

y

scbre

or15105. entre ejes

j_L.::~::

, ._l

~.
fdetc segun cjc

E = Di5lancia de to rueda A = Ancho r

Y

sin-fin.

de to rueda. de 10 cebeze. pertfe-

FORMULAS

=

Radio

R = Concavidad rica.
:X

---------------1
DESIGNACION
M = Modulo. n

p M = 3.1416;
Paso para

P=M
el torno

X

3.1416.
entrada

s; el tornillo
0

= Angulo

de las caras. de dientes. de 10 ccbezc

N = Namere L = Altura

trene mas de un filete = P x n. de filetes
0

= Numero

entradas.

del diente. = Altura diente. FORMULAS T'PO A h = Altura diente. M_-P-_~ e = Espesor del diente entre dientes. M_ total del FORMULAS T'PO 8 de! pie del

P = Paso lineal.
rt

Tg' --_P-= = .~_. dp x 3.1416 dp
0

= Angulo de inclinacion 10 heltce. exterior. primitivo.

del tilete

d

de dp 2M dp 2L dp = de - 2M = de - 2L. d= de -2h; h = 2.167

=

+

=

+

de = Didmetro dp = Didmetro

L=M; e=2'

P

x M. 1_1.167xM.
p

(=2'

P
),1416

3.H16

N' x M.

c = Espacio

-1'1'
X M.

DP

d lR F

= Dldmetrc 01 fondo del htlo. = longitud = Extremos
de 10 parte sin rosca. roscada.

DE _ (N
DP=NxM.

+ 2) + +

1-----------1
NOTA. Se recomienda de ser la m4s rueda rests-

DE - (N
DP=NxM. D2

+ 2)
Rx x y R
P

~~ Hlete normnl f e 1//. = :~ Hlete reforzado 20°. = ~ Filete para pasos largos

30".

T
del fllete.

01

=

DE

(O..4775 x P), para
sin-fin y doble. de filete

tornillo simple

et
tipo

empleo A. por

=

2(

'l(

cos

1-) +
filete.

h = Altura
DE.

total del filete. de 10 cabeza

=

(P x cotq :' 4 -

(I

Ix

2

• x 'g e·

l = Altura

LR =
P x (4,5

tente. zecten.

y

sencillc

su meccnrse

A = 2.38 simple

01
A

=

DE
triple

(0.3183 x Pl. para

+ +

6 mm .. para

l = Al'uro
e = Espesor e = Espacio ~= Angulo T

del pre del filete. del fllete. entre filetes. del filete.

+ .~~e

di~~tes ~~~}.

y
P

doble

F = P; Nota. torntllos

R = 0.05 x P
Como norma Sin-fin de: actual' en los

y cu6druple.

En las para mara como dientes una

relaciones rueda

ta-

:Ie

2,38 X P simple

+

6 m m.

e l tornillo segun

sin-fin de 1-2-3-"

A

=
=

2.15 triple

5 mm .. para

cuedruple.

y
x

doble.

en el flanco

A=2.1S
triple R = 0.5 r=

P+
dp P.

5
M.

sea el nome-

R

0.5 x

dp -

M.

mm .. para

rc de flletes.

y

= Ancho en el fondo del filete y ancho de Ftlete simple y doble. ~ = 29". Ftlete triple y cucidruple, A = 40". 10 punta de 10 cuchilla para roscar.
del filete. flancos. = Angulo total entre

cu6druple.

x

R = Radio en 10 cebezc E
=

0.25 x

DP

+
2

dp

,;j

Filetes para pasos largos. ~ = 60°. En algunos casos tam bien se uti/iza 40° para. filete simple y doble.

-

184-

- 185-

Tornillo sin-fin y su rueda Relaciones que existen en diversos casos
1.' s: el nurnero de filetes y revoluciones por minuto de un tornillo sin-fin son conocidos, asi como el numero de dientes de la rueda. Se determina el nurnero de revoluciones de esta rueda por medio de la formula: Revoluciones N. de revoluciones N.' de la rueda

3.'

Velocidad

de ruedcs a tornillo

sin-fin compuestas.

DATOS PARA EL CALCULO
C = Tornillo sin-fin motriz con filete simple, girando a 1600 revoluciones. E = Tornillo ble filete. sin-fin a do-

D = Rueda de 80 dientes. F = Rueda de 40 dientes. Determinar el nurnero de revoluciones de la rueda F.

=,

del sin-fin

X N.' de filetes

EJEMPLO:

de dientes de la rueda

Tornillo sin-fin A tiene doble filete y gira a 240 revoluciones, la rueda B tiene 80 dientes, el nurnero de revoluciones de esta rueda sera igual

1600 X (1 X 2)
80 x40

1 revolucl6n. el nurnero de revoel producto del nupor el producto del

240 x2 --8-0-

= 6 revoluciones.

2.' Calcular el nurnero de dientes de una rueda a tornillo sin-fin para una velocidad determinada, conocidos el ruimero de filetes del tornillo sin-fin, y el nurnero de revoluciones por minuto del tornillo y la rueda.

La operaci6n consiste en multiplicar luciones del tornillo sin-fin motriz por mero de filetes de los tornillos, y dividir nurnero de dientes de las ruedas. 4.' puestas. Se opera del modo siguiente: Velocidad de un tornillo sin-fin

con las ruedas com-

FORMULA:

N.' de dientes de la rueda = del tornillo X N.' de filetes

N.' de revoluciones

EJEMPLO:
Si los tornillos nes del sin-fin sin-fin

EJEMPLO:
EI tornillo sin-fin A es de triple filete ygira a 360 revoluciones, la rueda B debe girar a 10 revoluciones, el nurnero de dientes sera:

40 dientes, y la rued a P 20 dientes, el nurnero
motriz

C y E tienen doble filete, la rueda D de revolucioC sera igual al resultado de

--1-0-

360 X

3 -

= 108 dientes.

FxD
CX

E= 2X2
-

20x40

= 200 revoluciones. 187-

186-

Empujes axiales (P) de tornillos sin-fin y sus ruedas girando en diversos sentidos
Sin-fin tr obojondo vobre

Fresa sin-fin para tallar unicamente ruedas a tornillo sin-fin

10 rueda.

at-a
h'l 'I:'

-~ .4 <D .
I

'WON

DOC D"""

"CON OC '"

OESIGNACION

FORMULAS P = M x 3.1416.
exterior del tornillo del paso. sin-

p~
p~ p-

~p

P = Paso. M= M6dulo. de = Di6metro exterior. dp = Di6metro primitivo. h = Altura del diente.
L = Altura bezc.

P M = 3.1416:
de

= Dia.metro
fin

+

1/10

,=

que cor responde Q 10 coy en 10 frese (S Q 10 teveesc. que corresponde 01 pie,

dp = de - 2(. h=2.167xM: L=M. e=·T:
h , Dtente ;3 Diente
0=

(=1.167xM: P R=O.05xP.
14

Altura

Sin-fin

trobojondo

debcjo

de 10 rueda

en

10

Irese es

y

c=T:

Q

10 inverSQ.

e c

= Espesor del dlente. = Espocio entre dientes.
de! diente.

J

+

3 mm. 0 filete normal
0

1//.
20".

R = Radio de 10 cebeze

I

filete reforzado

Diente para posos largos 30°.
~= Como norma actual:

J = Ancho del diente cortante. ~= Angulo en el flanco del diente. 3 = Angulo total entre flancos.
IX

Filete simple

0

doble 29".
D ,

Filete simple reforzado 4O Filete para posos largos 60".

= Angulo

de inclinaci6n

del fllete

o de la helice.
T

= Ancho en el fondo
ancho de 10_punta para roscar.

del diente y de 10 cuchilla de corte. de la Ire'sc.
0

Para filete \ T g , = __ P_ = ~. _ simple I dp x • dp Para mas de\ T9 7. =~. un filete I dp x r. SP = dp x 3.1416 X cotg x . de x 3 NO = ~ (aprox.).

SP = Paso de la espiral NO = Numerc de dientes n = Numerc de filetes milimetrica.

entredns.

, = Divisi6n Sin-fin con ftletes roscados a izquierda. Sin-fin. con ftletes roscados a derecha.

T= (

pxcotg~

4

- 188-

Nota.-Terminada de tal',ar la espiral de corte SP en 10 Iresc. hacer una plantilla del perfil del filete por 10 secci6n perpendicular a la helice. esta plantilla serviro para desto\onor.

-189 -

ENGRANAJES HELICOIDALES

Diagrama para calcular el numere de la Fresa para tallar ruedas helicoidales
GRADOS DEL ANGULO
5

AXIAL
)0 )5.-40

DE LOS-DIENTES
45 50 55 60 65

DE LA RUEDA
70 75 80 8~ 90

m

10

15

20 25

M _ Modulo nor mol 0 real. Ma = M6dulo del paso ctrcunferencrol

oparente.

1:1 15,_ 20 25

III
j:-

N ::0::. Numero de dientes. NF = Numero de dlentes fkncte para eleqrr 10 fresa (si se tollo en fresadora
universal).

Op = DI<imetro prlmitivo. De = DI<imetro exterior. h = Allura del dlenle. P = Paso de le helice.

Pr = Paso real 0 normal. Pa = Paso aparente.

~ !:::::: r>
k"

~

.......1:;::::: ~

I--a.; j;:1'

t-

v r- rV

~

I/:r> V

f7

J

~ ...
II<

)0 )5

J......- V

V~ 1/ II?'

II

~
/_

I

:I 40

FORMULAS
Ma=~=EE... P Pr Pr
0='057.=

De N
X

= Dp
N-~ -

+ 2M.
Ma'
X

cos x
Dp

3.1416
N'
X

=
Dp

Pa

X

cos

x

=
X

3.1416
7:.

M.

h= NF=_N_=

2.167
:x

M.
Dp
X

M= Ma

cos
N

=

N

X

Ma

=

3.1416'

X

Pa

cosa
X

M
X

cosl

7.

... ... ... IZ ... Q ...
0( Q III Q

~5 50 55 60 65 70 75 80
0<

__.

V

V II I II I II
II
I

Vi

7

P

= Dp

3.1416

.colg •.

o II<

Para engranajes helicoidales a ejes paralelos, se recomiendan los ongulos siguientes: at = 10- para ruedas de pequeflo velocidad; x = 30- para rued as de elevada velocldad; at = "So para ruedas de gran velocidad.
Angulo usual para engfanojes ANGULO Relaci6n Rueda motrlz helicoidales con ejes perpendiculares. ANGULO Relaci6n Rueda motriz DE LA HELICE Rueda receptora

... ~

:I Z

90 95

-

I(tv

~h

I..

f-..
)

Z~

t--J I

1.....-'

00
05 10 15 20 25 )0

DE LA HELICE Rueda receptora

I

b \.

ivb

,-'Ll>

",)

1 1 1 1 1

:1 : 1.5 :2 : 2.5 :3

~5' 56-19' 63' 26' 68'12' 71'34'

~5' 33' 41' 26'34' 21'48' 18- 26'

1 1 1 1

: 3.5 :~ : ~.5 :5

7~' 03' 75' 58' 77- 28' 78- ~1'

15' 57' 14'02' 12- 32' 11-19'

I V

V

"

EJEMPLO.· Determinar por el diagrama el nlj· mero de 10' fresa que se necesita para taUar una ruede helicoidal de 52 dientes con un angulo axial de 38 grados. Seguir las fJechas del ejemplo y su concurrencia determina el numerc de la fresa. que en este coso es 10 numero 7. -191 -

I

-190-

ANaULO
DE LAS

P _ PaSO de 10 hellce.
OP _ Dldmetro Cotangente
11_

prlmitivo. OP P
X

Calculo de engranajes helicoidales en casos diversos
x cotangente p ). Grados

HEUCES
p Grados

).'4'6·

Paso de 10 hellee p Grad,os

"" OP X ),1416 p Grados

Ruedas hellcoldales con dlametros Iguales y numero de dlenies dlstlnto, dngulo de los eJes 90".
p Grados

DP
0.01 0.02 0,03 0.0< 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.09 0.10

del

dngulo 8')0<" 8')0 3S' 82'27' 8')0 16' 89" 5' 88- 5<' 88- <3' 88- 12' 88'21' sa" 11' il8'0'

DP
0.<6 M8 O.SO C.52 O.S< 0,56 0,58 0.60 0,62 0.6< 0.66 0.68 0.70 O,H 0.76 0.78 O.SO 0.82 0.8< 0.86 0.88

del

dngulo 81' <0'

DP
1.75 1.SO 1.85 1.95 2.00 2.05

del

dngulo 60-5<'

DP
3.85

del

cingula

DP
12.SO 13.00 13.SO '4.00

del

6.ngulo ,4" 7' 13'38' 13' 8' 12')9' n"1)' 11' 50' 11"27' 10--46' 10- 28' 10- 5' 9-5<'

a>o 79-

soso-

8,·19'
58' 36' 14' 53'

013'

3.90

39-'.'
38-53' 38-31' 38'10' 37' <8' 37' 2S' 37' 7' 36"48' 36' 27' 36' 8' 35'30' 3<'''-

1.90

O.O~

0.11
0.12 0.13 0,14 0.15 0,16 0,17 0.18 0,19 0.20

78- 50' 78-29' 78' S'

79-11'

'9-32'

2,10
2.15 2.20 2.25 2.30 2,)5 2.<0 2 •• 2.SO 2.55 2.60

87-4"
87'38' 87" 27' 87'16' 87' 5' 86' 5<' 86- 43' 86'12' 86'21' 86"11' 86' 0'

n·,,7'
n'26'

o.n

0,21

o.n 0.23 0.24 0.25 0,26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.12 0.33 0.3" 0.35 0.36 0,37 0.38 0.39 0,"0 0."2 0 .....

85-"9'
85'38' 85'27' 85'16' 85' 5' 8<'S<' 84' "3' 8<'12' 84'21' &4' 10' 8<' 0' 83' "9" 83'38' 83'27' 83'16' 83' 5' 82- 5.. , 82' "3' 82'22' 82'. 2'

0.90
0.92 0,9" 0.96 0,98 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1,30 1,35 1.<0 1,"5 1.50 1.55 1.60 1,65 1,70

75· l' 40" 74·20' 7"· 0'

n- 5' 76"_+4' 76'23' 75' 3' 75" 4)' 75'n'

59-12' 58' 52' 5&11' 57-31' 56' 53' 56'15' 55'37' 55' 0' S4" 24' 53' <8' 53'12' 52'37' 52' 3' 51'30' 56' .. 9-

3.95 <.00

",05 ".10
4,15 4.20 <.25 <.30 <.<0 <.60 <.SO 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 6.00 6.25 6.SO 6,75 7.00 7.25 7.SO 7,75 8.00 8.25 8.50 8.75 9.00 9.25 9.SO 9,75 10,00 10.25 10,50 10,75 11,OJ 11.25 11,50 11,75 12.00

'4.50

U

n-12'

12' 8' 30- 5<'

2,65

7"·

7), <0'

2.70 2.75 2.SO 2.85

52' ..,. 22'
..,- 39' 48-16'

soso- 23'

2"+4'

15.00 15,50 16,00 16,50 17.00 17.SO 18.00 19,00 20.00 n.so 25.00

Como orlentacl6n para su celcu!e, se indican estas sencillas reglas: Angulo de los dlentes de una rueda == cr. Angulo de los dlentes de otra rueda = Ut· en los cuales pondremos como norma: = Rueda de menor nemerc de dlentes. Cl'1 = Rueda de mayor numerc de dlentes.
FORMULA

11- 6'

Tg IX

9-23'
8'56' 8' 0' 7'10' 6" 33' 5'59' 5'12' 5" 7'

2.90

47· .7' 47"'17'
<6'<8 046°19" "5' SO' "5'23' ..... 56' "'28' i4' 0' "3'l6' "3' iCY "2'44' "2-20' "1' 57' "1'32' "1' 7'

n'<O'
71'12'

7)'20' 7)' 0'

no 21'
700 ..3'
69- 55' 6" 8' 68- 20' 67'32' 66'046' 66' 0' 65'15' 6<' 3G' 63· .. i' 63' 0' 62'18' 61' 36'

2,95 3.00 3.05 3,10 3,15 3.20 3.25 3.30 3.35 3.<0 3 ... 5 3.SO 3.55 3.60 3.65 3.70 3.75 3.SO

25·04" 25' 0' 24"10' 23"26' 22· .. • 22' <. 21'26' 200 51' 200 17' 1""5' 1"15' 18' "7' 18'20' 17' 53' 17'27' 17' 2' 16'39' 16'16' 15'55' ,15-36' 15'17' 104' 58' 104',,0'

26-""

28'<0' 27'38'

27.50

•. EJemplo: Calcular los dngulos de los dlentes de dos ruedas con 12 y 24 dientes, M6dulo 5, ejes a 90-. Didmetros prlmltlvos Iguales. Rueda 12dlenles Tg.

= -I = 90--

Relacl6n dL.los numeros de r. p. m. 'Relacl6~ de los dlometros prlmitivos .

30.00 12.50 35.00

.

)T,50

=

c;) =
-1-

2. (Ver lablas delangenles.)

<0.00

45,00
SO.OO 55.00 60.00 70.00 SO.OO 90.00 100,00 110,00 120.00 130.00 1<0.00 1SO.OO 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 200.00

..OOH'

.. 00 21' 39' 58' 3" 35'

o-w

<. 0' 3-36' 3'17' 3' 0' 2'3'" 2'15' 2' 0' t- <8' 1 39' 1'30' t- 23' 1'17' 1'12' t- 7' t- 3' 1- 0' 00 57'
0

"-2"

..• ..7'

Rueda 24 dlentes .1 = 90- - IS. Por tcnte, lendremos: Rueda de 12 clTentes63' 26' dngulo. Rueda de 24 dlentes 26' ]4' dngulo. la relacl6n del numero de r. p. m. de 10 prlmera rueda a 10 segundo. senS la 24 inversa de la de los nemeres de dlentes. 0 sea 12' Las demos caracteristlcas se calculO'f\1npor las f6rmulas generales. ~ Ruedas hellcoidales. con numere de dientes y dldmetros dlstlntos, dngulo de los ejes 90-. Calcular los dngulos de los dientes de dos ruedas de 30 y 36 dlentes, siendo 10 10 relacl6n del diametro de la prlmera a 10 segundo de 8 y el angulo de los ejes 90". 36 T Relad6n de los numeros de r. p. m. 9 Cl = Relacl6n de los did metros primltlvos (V~se lablas d. langentes.)
01:1=90--«;

Esta tabla simplifica la epereeten para eneentrer el valor en grados del dngulo de la hflice, pun basta dlvidlr el paso de la hfllce entre el dldmefro primitlvo y buscar en la tabla una eenndad igual al ceetente hallado. de la eual se leere el numerc de grados. EJEMPlO: Paso de la hehee: 800 mm, 800 Didmetro primitivo SO mm. = 16 11' 6'.

=

so-

=

4=56-19'; -193 -

4,=33-41'.

-192

-

DETALLE PARA APRECIAR EL SENTIDO DE RUEDAS HELICOIDALES CON EJES PERPENDICULARES

DE GIRO

CENTRADO

DE UNA

RUEDA

~D\,--~?J
R"edas lalladas o mono derecho.

t~ t~
~/,--tPRuedas lallodas a mano izquierda.

con la fresa en una maquina fresadora

DETALLE PARA APRECIAR EL SENTIDO DE GIRO DE LAS RUED~S A TORNILLO SIN-FIN

off

~J.~+))Ruedas lallados a mono izquierdo. Cuando dos ruedas helicoidales con ejes porolelos engranon enlre s], deben lallarse uno
0

Ruedas lalladas o mano derecho.

Derecha.

la

Izquierda.

derecha

y olra a la izquierdo.

-

194-

.

195 -

:. debiendo considerarse como epereeten previa..=.Nm = H. minimo que pue- de se-re..Observacio!... el angulo efectivo para las co rccteristicas del engranaje es el correspondiente 01 dldmetro prtrnmvo. marrodO fNID0D9I Ampliacion del angulo de presion...~JtJAJt"'.!!.. teenco.. del dnqulc de presion en los engranajes helic~idales: Nuevo velor Tang =~ cos ': (conocida). 0 se puede proceder de Ires 1--__ ~"-~4.. venflccdo esta operaci6n se pasara !a rueda sobre un popel blanco y dejurd marcado en el mismo las huelles del dlente.. AOgyb .. 1. .. Se poede tom bien hallar e! M6dulo normal tomando como referencre 10 altura total del diente y comprobando despues el espesor «e» fljando el calibre especial para dientes con 10 altura L = M6dulo normal. minimo de dientes admisible para un engranaje con dentadura recta. DP = N x ~. C1 = Angulo de presion de 10 fresa..tomar por las huellas marcadas en el popel e! angulo de 10 heltce.!__. con 10 cuol se cbtrene el Diente 51 bien en 10 prdcttcc puede sin . que el valor de ~ es Igual al ang·Jlo de mchncctcn del diente en el rueda helicoidal.!es que deben seguirse para evitar la interferencia en los dientes Interierencia consiste se nembre a 10 figura que toman los dlentes 01 ser tallodos..c.. Sustituir 10 dentadura recta per 10 hehcotdu! permite reducir Nm x el numero rnlntmc de dientes de un cuando el numero de dientes es infeCOS'I ~:.° La dentadura helicoidal rior a 10 pii\6n. cos> 7 Dlstancia entre ejes de los ruedas = DP+ dp -~2-~' 196- -197 - . Para evttcr un pirl6n qUE' 10 mterferencre en 10 tollo de debe conserver su altura nor- mal en los dlentes sigulente Nm f6rmuia: y fallado con fresc sin-fin Diente con interferencio.. Reducci6n de la altura del diente (Dentadura «Stub»]. Paro 15.. ~r : ~I reducirse Para 2()O Nm = 17. Ampliaci6n = X DP --rg.. N DE = (~+ ccs 1"t « 2) M..Nm = 30..1 ~I dQ Ia he"C9 __ . wando tolla con frese sin-fin por el procedimiento de generaci6n y en dentaduras rectcs.. esto es.~ Para obtener el perfil del diente sin mterferenctc fcrrnes 1... resulta pore 15 Nm ~ 25 Y para rL"------=-'~.>~'''~ . corresponderd al didmetro exterior de la rueda. bastara el entintar ligeramente las cabezas de los dientes en su periferia utilizando un tcrmp6n de los empleados para sellos. interferenctc. por tanto.~' Tg. = " x DP.:. se procederd a realizar el trazado para determinar el valor del cingulo P'l grados segun los datos siguientes: en una sccevecrcn que se produce en el pie del dlente. Nm =-. a 516 el numer c 0 -i~ resultado. AI ." 2..___. tendremos como volor teortcc 10 = Nurnero de dientes de tallarse. 10 cual permltird hcllur correctamente su dngulo. P = DP x rr X cotg :r. P . F6rmulas auxiliares M6dulo normal M para comprobaci6n: ). lALLA DE ENGRANAJES CALCULO PARA RUEDAS HELICOIDALES cuando' se trata de tomar datos de una rueda como mUlstra 0 en estado deteriorada y que se Para determinar el angulo de los dlentes de uno rueda helicoidal cuando se dispone de muestra 0 modele. _ -... y solamente se nota la interferencia que determina la f6rmula 01 numerc =( y se adara que Nm pertenece y Paso de la hehce --+2 cos :r... con 10 cue! 20. DE 3._- sene' .

III (I) . .:::: (I) o e (I) ..---- C Cl c . d = Dicimetro de los rodillos. Di = Dicimetro interior. P Dp = sen 7. Dp = Dicimetro primitivo. Dp = Dicimetro primitivo.---.. 180" . N = Nurnero de dientes.. =-N--. e .. B = Distancia entre ejes de los agujeros en el eslcbon de union. FORMULAS De~=Dp+d. A 198- + cos z w c - 199- . A = Distancia entre centros de los rodillos. TIPO DOBLE De = Dicimetro exterior. 180" N Dp = A sen ~ C Di = Dp-d.B..... Di = Dp-d.RUEDAS Y PINONES DE CADENA TIPO SIMPLE De = Dicimetro exterior. (I) c E (I) U . III FORMULAS De = Dp + d. sen x T ang ~ = ----. Di = Dicimetro interior. P = Distancia entre centros de los rod i II os = Paso de 10 cadena. N = Nurnero de dientes...

= Paso.41422M T Dp . EI 6ngulo del pie _. NI = Nurner o de die nte s ImaglnurlO para ele qrr con que debe tallorse este Jue90 de engranajes. J = J x· c NI=1. n dp x Sen n 0 c-F -- Y=0. t I I ENGRANAJES Y NUMERO CONICOS CON EJES A 900 DE DIENTES IGUALES ~I -8i I .) "iii "IiIlUlioUIGI ".'.1 .41xN. '. It· _l__0/ d' DESIGNACION M = Modulo. = . De 2c.) IoUIl lilli. P = Paso. n. N = Numer c de dientes 71 ~.x tg 8. Dp = Didmetro pnnunvo. I. = Angulo del primitivo.. ~~ Angulo de 10 cabeza del diente..707xL. at = Angulo de talla. n = Numero de dientes. = '" = Angulo de espesor del drente.Angulo de espesor = AT = Angulo de talla.. N Dp Tg = J[ = nx -.201 - .se cclculd per 10 tabla flnal de esto seccton. De = (2M x Cos ") + Dp. 1.'~.[ 90 + n' . . P M=-::-=N= Dp De N+(lxCo".) IoU"'IoU. '~l = Angulo de 10 cobezc del diente. 7..~ = Angulo del prrrrutrvo. =~ = n M.. 9 g! = 2 90 7 =.. .707xDp F = (3. T 9 '. at = VN' l~ - + '. De = Didrnetr c exterior. :1 = Angulo del pie.Lllyl allalli.) + dp. del diente.:~ Angulo del pie. Didmetro prtmttrvo.~1 - _ 7.'· -"{t. - 200- -. = Didmetro exterior.) FORMULAS M = !_ dp Dp = N x M.2_ Sen N 0 Tg"=N=OP· T x Cos . 1. de n+(2xCos)~)' _ FORMULAS De (=O. de = (2M n=crp-' 2.= AT= VN' 1.41422 Tg Ii = N 10 fresa RUEDA PINON M p dp de = = Modulo.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful