A. L.

CASILLAS

DE TALLER

CAlCUlOS

ES PROPIEDAD

INTELECTUAL BY EDICIONES

DEL

AUTOR

CALCULOS

MAQUINAS
POR

DE TALLER

10

COPYRIGHT

«MAQUINAS"

PRINTED IMPRESO

IN SPAIN EN ESPANA

A. L. CASI LLAS

PR6LOGO

DEL AUTOR

La mas hermosa y noble de todas las labores humanas es la del sembrador en cualquiera de sus aplicaciones que suponga uti/idad para sus semejantes; asi se ha hecho con este pequeiio Iibro, una siembra fructifera que ha conducido y ayudado a muchos millares de hombres en su trabajo. Su autor hace un alto en el camino para meditar y considerar los frutos recogidos, sintiendose satisfecho de una labor que tallto ha sido agradecida por quienes en el campo del trabajo necesitaron de una mano conductora para seguir la ruta profesional, en la cual fue su guia este libro, asi como los demos Iibros complementarios que se han ido editando sucesivamente con un solo ideal: «AI servicio del Trabajo.» Veinticinco ahos cumpliendo una miston que no fue iniciada con Jines comerciales, sino impuesta por el sentido de la necesidad y el deseo de ayudar a quienes tenian que andar por el espinoso camino de la formacion profesional, solos, y separando las zarzas para poder pasar venciendo todas las dificultades que su falta de preparacion les imponia. Es un balance digno de todo examen, porque servir al trabajo. es servir a la mejor de las causas, puesto que este hace posible la existencia de una labor construct iva, y se convierte en el mas fuerte sosten de la sociedad, engrandeciendo las naciones. Agradezco muy de veras a cuantos con sus cartas, escritas unas en Espana y otras desde America, me alien tan a seguir, sus elogiosas frases y su agradecimiento es la mejor recompensa que por mi modesta labor puedo recibir; y por esto quiero dejar sentado el principio de que a ellos debo una -7-

gratitud sin llmites porque han sido Jos animadores de mis obras .. han tenido fe en el hombre desconocido, en el Profesor anonimo, logrando con ello que una poderosa fuerza impulsara y acrecentara esta labor hasta alcanzar el exito obtenido, Un cambio con referencia a tiempos pasados, seiiala el notable avance de la existencia tecnica fundamentado en las Escuelas de Formacion Profesional Industrial, estatales y de empresa, que unidos a los medios de la organizacion cientifica del trabajo, servirdn para que todos cuantos sientan un deseo de formarse profesionalmente, puedan hacerlo y trabajar plenamente capacitados siguiendo una racional tecnica, cumpliendo asi con un ineludible deber de hacer prosperos sus medios de vida, cuyo fundamento tiene su base en el. trabajo con un alto indice de productividad. Esta recomendacion en forma de consejo, no debe nunca olvidarse puesto que sera en el futuro el puntal de toda prosperidad, constituyendo un deber que a todos por igua/ nos obliga. La vida inactiva merced a la labor de otros ha terminado. A. L. CASILLAS

INDICE

DE
CAPiTULO

MATERIAS
PRIMERO
Tobias de 10 drversas. Cuadrados,

Equivalencias rnglescs a rnetrtccs. cubos, ralces. --- Desarrollo

ctrcunferencta.

Tobias Arcos.

CAPiTULO II tr+qonornetrtccs. - ResoJuciones del tri6ngulo cuerdas y flechos. - Elementos de Geometria. gravedad. - Palancas. CAPiTULO III Engranajes. CAPiTULO IV y diferencial para fresadoras. CAPiTULO V de rosccss - Tobias para CAPiTULO VI Sistema de conos. CAPiTULO
Herramientas

rectcnqulo, - Centres

de

Division

ordinaria

-

Posos diversos.

Sistema

general

roscado

en el torno.

VII

de corte en general.

Resistencia

de materiales

CAPiTULO VIII y tratamiento

termico.

CAPiTULO IX Peso y dalo~de maleriales. CAPiTULO
Datos generales. Transmisiones.

X
Elevccion de pesos.

CAPiTULO
Tablas de tolerancias

XI
Medicion.

en cjuste, -

Velocidades

CAPlwLO XII y avances. - Celculos AP~NDICE

de fcbrtcccion.

Reporccion

de outomovrles.

-

Ajustes

y

materiales.

-8-

-9-

Paginas

fNDICE
Pagin.

Cci.ncamos

A
Acerol (elecci6n de mate,ialel) •

herramientas • aleadOi para herramientcu • rapidos para herram ientas • crom e- nlquel de tratamiento cromo-nlquel de cementaci6n nlquel de cementaci6n • carbono d. cemen'aci6n. inoxidablel. • nlquel de trcitamiento. para resort ••• de frelas • » d. machos para roscar . Ajulte internacionall. S. A. agujero y eje unico AI.acion •• de diveflos metale s , Angulos de corte para cuchillas normales. » de corte para cuchillas «Widia» • Antifricci6n • Areas y dimenlionel de Ilguras planas. Aros de pilt6n 0 6mbolo • Arcol, Ilechas y cuerdas para radio I Aumento para piezas a rectillcar Autom6vil .. (reparaci6n). » ,. » ,. ,. » ,. ,. » Afllado

» »

01 carbono 01 carbona

para para

maquinaria

438 439 +to 445 445 441 442 442 442 44] 44] +46 341 -]8] ]07 523 - 55] 448-452
]]9

Calculos de fabricacion Calibres pianos 0 gal gas «Block" . » interiores y exteriores (exactitud). » interiores y exteriores (desgaste). » para roscas (errores y exactitud). » Pie de Rey (Iectura en millmetrol y pulgadas) . Calor y potencias calor Iiicas. » latente de fusi6n • » latent. de YoporizQci6n Camones 0 levas, fresado. . Cargas, equivalencic en toneladas, en libral y en kilo"ramos . Cargas que pueden soportar los tornillol y tuercas • Centros de gravedad . » protegidos para torn ear piezQS
Cemenlacion CinemciticQ. •

521 587 - 626 554 - 555 558 559 - 560 561 - 567 569 - 571 71 79 79 639 - 642 423 - "]4 457 1..2- 144 502 <461 - .. 65 48 503 - 50.. 505 "17· ..20 ..2 .. - .. 3..
409

452 130- 1]5 51] - 516 117 - 1:20 609 629-630

Chave.as «Woodruff» y normales . » solidas con die"tes multiples. Cifras de dureza «Rockwell» y «Brinell». ». de durezQ «Rockwell». «Brinel!». «Shore», . Cinceles y buriles para maquina y mano .
ClasificQcion Columnas de aceros para

«Vickers»

y

piezQs de Qutomovil

B
Barretps 0 pro betas • Bro<al, angulol de alliado, defectos, equivalencia construcci6n 421 -422 y datos de 371 - 379

de agUQ y mercurio . Conos, celeule general, «Morse». «Me'rico», «Brown & Sharp», «Ingle~», casquillos. Contraccion lineal, superficial y cubica. . Conversion. Tablas de equivalencia entre los sistemas metrico e ingles • Comparacion de temperaturas .

6]5 - 636 7..
]09 -

324 455

c
Cabezas universales Cables metalicos Cadenas. • de la freladora «Hure». 264-265 5:20 511 - 519

Correas trapezoidales. . Cuadrados. cubas, raices, circunferencia Cubicacion de material . Cuerdas de cDilamo . Cuchillas para tornos y acepilladoras . » para cizollas » para roscar y metodos Cuila.

yarea .

"9-69 70-71 637 - 638 11-45 500 522 326 - 363 408 290 - 295 1..5

-

10

II

D
Oep6sitos Dlamantes Dilatacl6n ctlfndrtccs, reststenclc moeles a 10 presi6n de esmerll. interior para retornear cublca. Iineal......... • . • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Paglnas
456 398

P6.ginas

G
Galgas: «Imperial Standard», «Birmingham», Sharp», para elembre, chapa y fleje . Geometda: elementos. • Grados decimales en minutos y segundos . Groved ad (centros) . «Brown & 65-66 130- 141 116 142- l+f

»
Dlncimlca. Dlvlsi6n

ordinaria y dffereeere! en los cabezales de las mciqulnas fresadoras. • • . • . . • • • • • • • • •. • Divisor tlpo de mesa (relacl6n 1/60 -l/SO -1/120 -l/lSO) . Dlvlsl6n de /0 creeonrerencre en N partes Iguales • • •

78 453 048 223 -249 250-257 121

L
Leetura de manometros . Levas 0 cam ones. fresado. limas, datos de caracterrsticas Lubricantes de corte . 75 639 - 642 404- 407 61" - 62

E
Ejes 0 arboles para transmlsiones • • • • • Eleccl6n de mcfterlales

Elementos para elevacl6n de pesos. • • • • • • Engranaje;s. (6rmulas generales s/m6dulo y dlametral • » «~rltish Standard». • » «BostOCk& Bramley». » c6nicos..... » hellcoldales.... » lntertcres y cremallera » ruedas y pUiones para cadena » tornillo sln·fin y su rueda. • » trazado. reslstencla y medlcl6n • » Juego de (resas Simples Equlvalenclas de fracciones here Escariadores c6nlcos. • •

511 438 - 452 517 - 522 1048-155
156 157 -160

LL
Llaves para tuertas • 512

200-m
190-197

M
Machos para roscas (afolado). . Manometros Mandrinos para taladros y sus cuchillas Medici6n (elementos) . Metales (aleaciones): eluminie, duraluminio, cupronfquel, brence, laton. etc .• Micr6metros (Iectura). Minutos y segundos en decimates de grado Momentos de inercia y resistencia Muelas de esmeril. MueUes . 307 75 380 - 382 554 - 576 metal monel, +f8 - 452 568 - 570 116 458 - 460 392 - 400 446 - +f7

199
198 1114-188

161-182 170 623 325 67 - 69 435 - 437 643 325 158-162 163 639- 642 364 - 370

F
Fadores de conversl6n Inglesa a m~trlca Yviteversa » de segurldad en el trabaJo de los metales • F6rmulas generales para dlmenslones de conos. Fracciones de hora • Fresado helicoidal • » de dlentes por los lados » de camones 0 levas. • Fresas. dimenslones normales . » mad res para engranajes rectos y helicoidales » mad res para ruedas a tornillo sin-fin. » simples.•• Frlgorlfocas (mezclas). • •

p
Palancas. . Pasadores c6nicos. Peso de piezCISfundidas segun su mold.., . Peso espedfico. Gt6mico, etc. • Peso ., datos d. materiGles, tubas. GIGmbres, chapcu, bo.rras de cliYersos perfiles, to....illos, tvercas. remach_, etc. Periiles ...... inodOi en""lIular U Y v;lI_ 146 325

183 189
180 80

eo

454

12-

-13 -

. Formulas y frenes de ruedos 615-617 127 . » dien'.509 147 5 Solarios tipos «Rowan» y «Halsey» . Transpor. Verificaci6n de maquincu-herramientas J) de colibres Volumen de solidos .276 278 279 2BO 2BO 281 2B2 284 284 285 286 286 2ff1 2ff1 2BB 289 2BB 289 292-296 297 . Velocidades para muelas de esmeril » para ma.48 392 587 577 554 . Rosco (defectos. Fahrenheit. Ruedos • 306 506 ...416 424-434 446 -447 550-551-634 268 .Sierras . » con sus tuereGS Y orandelas Tornillos.509 ·629 .) V. » suizQ «Progress» para reloies .» . libra.herramientas.271 2n-273 274. » «C. Stondord» poro outomoviles . nivelor ..spirol. 622 401-403-601 R Refriaeracio" de herramientas Reglo de senos. E.633 410 . Rodamientos Q bolas y rodillos • . Reglos d. » «Brigg» para tubos .Paginos Pi (n).quinos . A. l!) en el torno. de sierra. E.» » para builas de Qutomoviles » «Edison» para lam paras electricGS. Poleo diferenciol Pol. E.ado .141 -14~ - 15- . Tranlmisiones . F. ResistenciGS de cargQl en toneladas. » «Shorp (V. Torneado de precisi6n Tornillo.. . Triongulo rectangulo (soluciones) 50. » inglesQ «Whitworth» . Temperaturas: CenUgrado.51 81 . » «British Stondord» poro tubos de cobre » «Loewenherz» para mecQnicQ fina y opticQ » para engrasadores «Stauffer» .n . » «S. . » «Almirontozgo Brifanico ADM. foctores. » tropezoidol «Acme» y «Metrico» » cuadrado • » redonda. Paginos 129 145 147 n-74 454 408 Roscodo plono . Velocidod ongulor. Remoches . Roblones.567 136.126 5n v Vapor de agUQ saturado . Presiones . » americana «Standard» » «British Association B. Reaumur.305 T Toblos de convenion de pulgodos 0 milfmetros Toblos trigonometricos (paginos omorillos) . » metricQ internacional . cargal que pueden loportar. E. » de agUQ recalen. 1'»1 bicicletas y rnotocieletas .115 70-71 627 145 277 457 510 122 .ador «Universal» . medicion y formulos) .. y kilogramos Resortes.128 586 506 .os . 76 77 47 .». A. Punto de fusion y color Punzonado. Reparacion de Qutomoviles Resistencia de materialas. ROlcodo con cuchillo en el terne.

I~O SllBLlme IDISlon.D6DICll~OKIll. sa qIDlIlI OLLeCOnSlIGRlIn osszr -17- . 'lllIDR YOSI&. 1If.c l-tOmBK8 De ~BlIJQ 11IDS ~~pueBros.

938 176.4833 3.850 I 28.8845 5.8102 I 3.814 3.133 2.1962 21952 ±5.9365·-17.1231 . I : 19683 I 5.65 I 1734.2075 103.8030 7.6056 2.78 I 3019.752 _ 729 784 I 84~_1 --rl.690 _ 8000 t I' 2209 2304 2401 2500 2601 2704 2809 2916 3025 3136 : ! 2197 2744 3375 4096 I 3.540 81.274 2.4~-"706~858 660~~ 5.2711 109.4200 125.5198 40.19 ·1 ~:~~:~_ ~~!~: I~_ 961 1014 1089 29791·--1 5.59 6. 1764' 1849 1936 ~~~~: II 6.~~~~~~~:~~~:~::.11 .27000 .94 I ..062 226.1748 100.4101 2.991 2.36 .3912 .6811 i ~.239 I 1075.2111 : 3.8730 : 4.8557 3.2361 2.5874 i 1.80.549 62.0366 .000093731' 3. ~ 1963.539& 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 14 25 26 27 28 29 JO 31 32 33 -~.400() 6.5303! ~:~~~~.31 207.I 1.66 1256.681 84.6350 18.1213 r i I.22 172.7798! 7.91·1 3848.64 I 2922.874 530.398 78.4807 6.5574 6.99 204.1016 i 8.1544 .09 10 11 12 13 I.25 201.3666 i 4.8310 5.35 8 1 8.35 3421. 210.529 314~~ I I 'I 3.141 6.18 103823 110592 117649.389 32768 5.2426 I 2. 12S00<J__+~~~~ ! 3~84O_.7084 2041.2462 8.8740 3.2915 24389_ 5." 4624 4761 I 300763 314432 328509 II 4900:-343000 8.0000 2.389 490.9240 5.4721 12.20 3318.265 53.I 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 SO 51 52 53 54 55 r.2. 3721 3844 3969 4096 4225 ~~~ 157464' 166375 175616 7.~Et' 1'1120:25 128.531 35937 I 5.0000 1.6593_J .3852 II 3.4662 2.248 855.7100' 1.88 1 4: 9' 4 5 1 8 27 'I 1.9791 4.:~3~+ 7.0686 I +-1 6 7 8 9 16: 25 36 64 125 216 1.3.iOnT9.0000 i ~.3513 2.77 3739.0000 ._I !i Area 39304 42875 46656 50653 54872 59319 5.2801 3.3246 I 3.07 197.0000 8.2599.656913.0723 I i I ' II ! i 226981 238328 250047 262144 27462S 287496 I ! /. 1.425 0.3322 I 116. 169! 196 225.708 I 19. 13824 15625 17576 i I 4..9625 I.0828! 3.~9 1352~.1644 I 3.567st3.~_.83 175.0000 1000--13.!l_ I 219.4760 3.93 2463.~ • 3.s~ 132651 I 7. + I II i I 1 ::~~~~ 138.5034 3.7325: 163.'--·~-~-··l·f~~n~~:m t~E !~:m 59.21 6.WO-' ..45 -18- -19- . 6.124 50.832 153. n Cuedrado Cubo cubes._.381 i 1134.23 i 1520.7417 3.. 150. ~~:: ii r-.673 754.3019 113.106 452.50 2206.53 ~:!:~~ : ~~~:~ I I 1385. ·31.8259 I 169.4031 6.81 131.4772! I II 3.0990 2.6173 78.2655 63..956 1 3.01 ~~~:~~ I' 75.0207 8.9129 I 21.1414 :3.3620 i 119.20 6.4142 1.6332 3.965 91.4i-9"7. I I E.1 7.4845 50..50 191.5713 5832 4.0801 128.6207 _ 6859 4..566 I 12.982! 47. 2.6342.6684 4.097 907.0615 4.4422 3.407 56.82 140608 7.94 6.1416 7.7144 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 576 625 676 .Cuadrados.72 148877 7..06 3216.6:4 68921 74088 79507 85184 :~~~~ 6..980 254.7321 2.1885.2450 .1854 8.: 1809.4482 3.56 7.63 3631.6458 512 2.9579: 87'.8171 I 12.768 804.92/3117..0000 1.1623 1.0000 I i 3.9161 6.3589 .6088! 147.g.732 43.194.715 201. i I.299 ..283 9.79 I 2375.47 194.0000 3.8990 I 2.68 216. 256 289 314 _3~ 400 49 1 64 I 81: 100 I 343! 2.5664 15.3066 4.0000 I .7854 3.9282 3.920 572.920 962.3485 i 3.44 1452._~.65 213.555 615.1240 4.:!~ .469 283.841 I 132.0412 I I 18 5 .823 87. 153.0817 4. 2123.7563 i 166.4162 I 3. rakes 1 I I Ralz cuadrado n 34 Cuadrado Cuba Raizl cuadrado longitud de circunferencia y area de los drculos I I i Roll cubiCQ 1 I I Longitud jCifCUnf4!renCiQ Areo 35 36 37 38 39 40 1156 1225 1296 1369 1444 1521 I I I I Rail ccbrce longitud Circunferentlal .7446 3.2. r- ~-~!!-l---~~!·r~:illf I~~3~~~ r-~:~~~.95 135. I 2.416 38.65 I 2290.8284 729 3.2396 /' 106.2743 .7460 4 7.141. 1681.4495 1.0623 4.113 j 1017.14 i I 16Oi2! i I 1 4913 -w.

0 10386.4868 9. ) .4455 11.12 6221.7914 4.98 8011.9087 10.8910 4.42 389.73 307.9164 11.61 5541.1676! 5.8488 4.75 263.9443 9.45 301.61 260. 9.04 248.5789 4.1 15174.9 11882.3808 9.4340 9.55 414.9 i I I 6084 6241 I i 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 6400 6561 6724 6889 7056 7225 7396 7569 7744 7921 8100 8281 i .99 380.8346 4.36 4901.9866 5.7622 4.81 7542.1171 S. 336.7703 10.6771 10.5394 9.71 373.96 7697.7027 4.1983 4.63 4778.41 411.2 13478..»18 5.8629 4.4310 4..02 314.9732 4.58 348.78 7088.5144 4.32 276.6570 4.0000 11.9187 4.8318 8.44 323.33 254.28 8332.26 430.0528 5.97 424.8995 9.85 376.6603 8.46 279.&4 398.27 408.6261 4.5357 10.1925 j .5917 9.59 304.7 14741.91 6939.4814 4.6190 11.88 9331.0499 10.90 245._ I 14102. 11.9 10568.3578 11.3 10935.4853 8.87 8659.0 12667.32 9676.9583 5.88 6647.5830 10.0000 9.16 317.83 420.19 229.6503.98 402.0995 10.6875 4.2172 4.40 433.8322 4.1426 5.0133 5.0788 5.8770 4.7 10207.5468 4.89 267.18 273.70 395.9597 4.3 12076.77 5674.9324 4.1652 9.8 12469.7473 11.14 6361.6954.69 417." 449.74 285.8 13273.7980 9.1489 10.39 4300.5307 4.5758 11.3441 10.19 4071.15 lQ16O.0554 9.3089 4.2543 4.1104 9.73 .23 7389.7178 8.7475 4.6723 4.1801 5.00 I 8992.8 13892.4881 10.7898 .73 11449 11664 11881 12100 12321 12544 12769 12996 13225 13456 13689 13924 14161 1#00 14641 14884 15129 15376 15625 15876 16129 16384 16641 16900 17161 17424 17689 17956 18225 1&496 18769 190# 19321 1'HOO 1~1 20164 1II+f9 1225043 1259712 1295029 1331000 1367631 1404928 1442897 1481544 1521>875 1560896 1601613 1643032 1685159 1728000 1771561 1815848 1860867 1906624 1953125 2000376 2048383 2097152 2146689 2197000 2248091 2299968 2352637 2406104 2460375 2515456 2571353 2628072 2683619 10.3923 10.34 232.7047 111.l41O 10.7 12868.3621 4.6619 i 11.7769 4.62 238.88 289.80 5944.6104 4.8059 4.0000 10.1172 5.56 392.2 136&4.58 326.8 I 27_ 286llaI l924207 18113221 I 1157615 1191016 i I 111.5629 4.0 11689.4018 11.7177 4.27 386.50 4185.1408 4.4979 4.50 5808.6023 8.6416 4.87 311.17 295.8203 4.88 311.82 +46.0916 5.7238 10.15 339.46 4656.J.3274 9.04 270.01 8824.#80 4.5947 4.28 364.03 10028.7750 8.05 226.2736 9.4261 8.9 14526.229l i i +fl.6 14313.1 14957.86 4536.9049 4.1551 5.1299 5.48 235. I 358.54 436.4647 4.0265 5.2195 '9.5326 11.12 405.29 34M3 345.02 9160.85 8171.55 5153.oJ 292.7326 I 223.68 439.1602 4.n 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 Cua· drado Cube Ralz cuadrado Raiz cubica [ Longilud iCircunferencia Area n 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 Cuedrodo C.0 13069.22 7238.6437 9.11 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 8464 8649 8836 I i ! I I 902S 9216 9409 9604 9801 10000 10201 10404 10609 10816 11025 11236 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 I .9 11122.31 298.30 320.14 361.0 11309.1980 10.1355 11.0905 11.8167 10.1803 11.8 1S614~15836.3445 4.0397 5.8628 10.3795 4.57 370.9461 4.O1 3959.1793 4.0658 5.0000 5.00 5281.47 257.8882 8.60 282.8743/ 11.13 383.1045 5.01 5410.4403 10.3 10751.29 8494.76 241.6301 10.bo I Ralz cuadrado Ralz cubico j Longitud icircunferencio Area 5041 5184 5329 5476 5625 5776 5929 357911 373248 389017 405224 421875 438976 456533 474552 493039 512000 531441 551368 571787 592704 614125 636056 658503 681472 704969 729000 753571 778688 804357 8305&4 857375 8&4736 912673 941192 970299 1000000 1030301 1061208 1092727 1124864 8.67 5026.3267 4.12 427.68 6082.9545 11.89 9852.2727 4.5440 8.0454 11.3968 4.42 367.7468 9.19 251.2250 11..84 4417.6 -20- -21- .7 11499.2358 4.3137 11.69 7853.9499 10.72 351.32 9503.3 12271.4891 11.73 329.2908 4.8489 9.61 6792.86 355.4140 4.7 15393.2694 11.2956 4.

6567 5.7 17203.32 631.6382 13.6095 --- 24025 24336 24649 24964 25281 I I I 5.845'2 12.8186 5.6041 5.0416 12.04 625.5 21642.5505 5.5602 14.5300 12. icircunferencioi Area n 180 181 182 183 1&4 185 186 187 188 189 Cuadrado Cube Rob cuadrado Ralz cubicQ Longitud circ.1 34966.44 678.1244 12.5 18869..7489 5.7 35298.5934 5.50 546.5613 5.3875 14.33 609.2474 12.6969 5.0767 13.3178 1.2127 14.4097 12.7 31102.3288 12.6774 5.18 628.24 474.9642 14.4288 20106.8088 5.9615 13.5 17907.1 36305.--~-~ ----25921 26244 26569 26896 27225 27556 27889 28224 28561 12.06 559.2 26590.-'-_ 22965.4 39204 39601 622.1 22431.0000 3048625 3112136 3176523 3241792 3307949 3375000 3442951 3511808 3581577 3652264 3723875 3796416 3869893 3944312 12.1067 14.4536 13.7477 13.9627 5.9228 12.8675 5.35 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 24052.7388 5.6748 13.5 24605.9 30480.1149 13.08 51!.63 571.37 499.2776 5.74 640.3041 13.1655 12.1 21382.77 574.8964 5.7890 5.2536 5.4626 5.4 33329.3485 5.81 486.4222 14.7287 5.75 618.2829 14.67 461.19 606.&480 5. 4657463 4741632 4826809 4913000 5000211 5088448 5177717 5268024 5359375 5451776 5545233 5639752 573~339 21904.91 578.8868 5.9907 6.7790 5.30 675.8924 13.4 26880.4164 13.4 32365.5647 13.8771 5.6357 5.7590 5.5178 5.3 20612.4 26015.53 458.n 1+4 145 146 147 148 149 150 Cuedrado Cuba Raiz I cuadrado I I Raiz cublco 'Longitud •.31 653.4.6629 14.7185 5.19 5&4.6980 5.1 28055.3 29559.5 16971.4 18626.3791 I '.46 634.0357 14.9 31730.8383 5.8 30171.2 29864.65 .5 1---' 28900 f---- 29241 29584 29929 30276 30625 30976 31329 31684 32041 .39 16286.7113 13.8 22698.9721 5.5288 5.9439 5.61 615.1909 13.1 33006.5721 5.4514 5.2 33653.6 17671.3527 14.0000 ---_-5.2882 12. 23235. .03 647.7 35968.23 496.2 --- 20358.8062 12._-_----5.9345 5.8203 13.3417 13.7840 13.04 603.34 587.50 524.89 25_.09 493.9 35632.58 40000 40401 800000O 8120601 8242408 8365427 40804 41209 41616 42025 42436 42&49 43264 43681 44100 44521 44944 45369 45796 46225 46656 32047.7279 12.4737 5.8 24328.5397 5.92 556.94 512.4401 5.79 530.6147 5.2665 ~--- 534.2 28352.52 480.4061 5.65 527.3717 5.66 483.7 -1_ 32400 32761 33124 33489 33856 34225 34596 34969 35344 35721 36100 36181 36864 37249 37636 38025 3&416 38809 5832000 5929741 6028568 6128487 : 13.4914 14.7 8489664 8615125 8741816 8869743 8998912 9129329 9261000 9393931 9528128 9663597 98003+4 9938375 10077696 ----- 1~~~~4_ 13.51 502.07 537.9250 5.62 593.0 16741.6287 14.60 637.3947 ---- 471.0000 565.4907 13.5 33979.9 25730. lSI 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 --IT~!l' 23409 23716 5. 13.5 26302.88 666.2066 12.10 I 452.59 659.7690 5.9155 5.4.0830 12.95 490.3251 5.36 521.6 31415.45 656.5945 14.4959 5.5 34307.5277 13.6671 5.9059 5.3 19606.1421 14.1774 14.3832 5.9 28652.96 468.6491 12.3601 5.1 28952.21 540.4 17436.02 669.47 612.2478 14.5258 14.4499 12.0 36643.3693 5.49 568.2415 5.6877 5.7989 5.64 549.35 543.2288 13.2 21124.38 477.3133 _--.6 25164.0 22167.92&4 13.3015 ~455.0 _.6 27464.9 I 6229504 6331625 6434856 6539203 6644672 6751269 I .unferencia Area 20736 21025 21316 21609 21904 22201 1 1-22500 29859&4 12.80 508.6 27759.20 562.6462 5.0712 14.90 600.5698 12.6015 13.78 552.9 29255.0 34636.6886 12.9533 5.0 20867.2 23778.-'-':--'-:- 25600 -.9 18145.8564 13.2896 5.0000 14.16 672.8841 12.8578 5.4568 14.2 19113.9 ! !.7671 12.6252 5.5 30790.73 662.0 16513.05 581.5 32685.4 19359.9814 5.8285 5.76 596.17 650.81 464.1529 13.93 I I 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 6859000 6967871 7077888 7189057 73013&4 7414875· 7529536 7645373 7762392 7880599 12.22 518.4900 12.75 4019679 4096000 4173281 4251528 4330747 4410944 4492125 4574296 I .3 27171.4848 5.5069 5.2656 5.7 19855.__ 505.33&8 5.48 590.22- -23- .7083 5.7 24884.5828 5.88 644.8.8 18385.2 23506.

4951 6.4070 6.65 860.55 769.6433 16.43 700.1885 6.1622 6.4 48305.96-823.0 64242.6 37325.8430 15.7033 16.8 52279.5 51471. 37668.29 697.64 904.9 51874.58 703.1446 6.7797 15.4012 6.5265 6.3 .8997 14.9 58534.5 47529.2058 6.5654 6.5227 16.0822 6.3743 6.2231 6.9706 17.42 744.08 870.8661 14.2 52685.50 879.84 753.27 763.3907 6.52 835.1797 6.95 845.:4621 16.5499 6.7929 16.3164 6.7 59828.5 49087.3579 6.1 39760.4 58106.35 898.41 766.5030 6.2 61575.9 49875.27 741.81 819.5 65144.8 40115.0459 6.5 60262.72 706.09 848.92 50670.6844 15.2317 6.8745 15.98 757.1002 6.10 826.6 55990.14 829.2 62015.3413 6.3496 6.37 854.8819 16.9060 6.0 46759.54 791.82 36983.28 719.14 716.0997 15.2173 16.0 ~8.1534 6.26 785.12 760.8324 .9 53502.1 55154.3401 16.6525 15.53 813.1269 6.0550 6.39 810.2 47916.2 57255.1.1864 16.2912 6.2996 6.6 39057.4317 I moo 58081 58564 59049 59536 60025 60516 6100'1 61504 62001 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 150 251 252 253 -.8226 16.5142 15.99 735.1 46377.5 43005.4713 6.3 42638.0277 6.6 59395.0368 6.2788 16.4272 15.0000 15.5 47143.07 892.cvcd-edc ! i I Raiz cublca loogitud circunferencia Area 10218313 10360232 10~03459 1Q6oI8O()() 10793861 10'141048 11089567 11239414 11390625 11543176 I 14.5808 6.1 53912.2403 6.7631 16.0614 16.7480 15.4393 6.986 14.1180 6.69 772.5421 6.6 55571.3 530'12.6 42273.4792 6.5885 6. ccbtcc I.5577 6.8114 15.4 49480.5962 6.11 782.5563 15.7332 16.9374 15.2481 16.66 838.1 48695.9332 14.730'1 14.6039 6.71 728.97 779.- 15.9 50272.1 63794.1987 15.25 807.3297 15.5187 6.01 691.1245 16.21 895.73 684.1327 15.57 725.2315 15.11 804.1 65597.7 45238.2488 6.38 832.4919 15.6 no 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 64516/ 65025 65536 66049 66564 67081 67600 68121 68644 69169 69696 70225 70756 71289 71824 72361 72900 73441 73984 74529 75076 75625 76176 76729 77284 77841 78400 78961 79524 80089 80656 81225 81796 82369 82944 83521 16387064 16581375 16777216 16974593 17173512 17373979 17576000 17779581 17984728 18191447 18399744 1860'1625 188210'16 1904316) 19248832 19465109 196Qj000 19902511 20123648 20346417 20570824 20796875 21014576 21253933 21484952 21717639 21952000 22188041 22425768 22665187 22906304 23149125 23393656 23639903 23887872 24137569 .9 45616.2573 6.3330 6.2643 15.9687 16.13 738.d ! Area n 254 255 256 257 258 259 C.2 160 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 170 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 11697083 11852352 12008989 12167000 12326391 12487168 12649337 12812904 12977875 13144256 13312053 13481272 13651919 13824000 13997521 14172488 14348907 14526784 14706125 14886936 15069223 15252992 15438149 15625000 15813251 16003008 16194277 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 140 141 242 143 244 145 246 141 248 249 I I ru.9666 15.8 62458.40 788. 14.36 876.1 39408.93 889.6 43743.6132 16.7 51070.1972 6.4473 6.85 731.1358 6.5 38013.0 62901.5108 6.15 694.86 710.3080 6.5 57680.6733 16.1710 6.3661 6.1 41187.2145 6.67 816.9115 16.0185 6.2971 15.8 40828.9411 16.78 907.3 38359.5343 6.22 873.circuriferencia LC"9'I.56 747.1555 16.1658 15.4 64692.0641 6.5831 16.83 775.7 45996.10'11 6.5731 6.3707 16.1 41547.2658 6.3623 15.23 851.7648 14.n 217 218 219 drodo 47089 47514 47961 48400 48841 49284 49729 50176 50625 51076 51529 51984 52441 52900 53361 53814 54289 54756 55225 55696 56169 56644 5712) Cue- I Cubo Roiz cuodrado I Rcl.5 44115.3 43373.50 901.81 841. 61'00 63001 63504 6400'1 ~2"- - 25- .6115 I I I 797.0'112 6.2 56410.2828 6.1 44862.42 722.3825 6.4312 6.6 38707.0000 16.51 857.0732 6.9 54325.70 750.4872 6.5885 15.4151 6.6205 15.8 60698.5529 16.79 885.7 61136.96 801.65 882.3948 15.c· drado ! I i Cube Rctz 1.8523 16.94 867.0'135 16.0333 15.87 688.0000 16.9 58964.8 63347.0665 15.0312 16.4553 ~4633 6.3095 16.6 41909.4596 15.4232 6.00'12 6.3988 6.7162 15.3247 I 681.68 794.00 713.4 56832.2 54739.4924 16.0 40470.80 863.2743 6.

6143 6..7 83469.0 98979.3 68813.0 74506..6 1102.0 9402".0000 7.3 92401.8 71157.7969 6.6 1058.7752 6.0 1112.1 1115.8 1109.0807 7. 911.9521 6.9244 6.5 112".1072 7.90 955.33 964.7 1127.0 102".6 1014.6 79922.7460 6.0740 7.7832147 330 331 332 333 314 335 336 337 338 339 18.47 967.2 81939.7482 17.3 96211.7166 6..3205 17.5203 18.2337 17.6 1080.8894 6.77 929.7617 18.7824 6.0278 18. 110889 111556 112225 112896 113569 114244 114921 115600 116281 116964 117649 118336 119025 119716 120409 121104 121801 122500 123201 14965783 35287552 35611289 35937000 36264691 3659 .8414 18.7092 6.9727 6.3 1074.2144192 "2508549 42875000 .9014 6.2757 18.0880 17.8113 6.8 75964.9722 18.9165 17.14 942.8 82448.9 89727.3 96761.19 939. 1 H2 H3 344 3.8399 6.8041 6. 14328125 34M5976 17.2916 17.1756 17.05 936.9 881"1.7437928 .n 190 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 ]GO Cua- drede 84100 &4681 85264 85849 86436 87025 87616 Cubo Ralz cuadrado Ralz ccbtce longitud circunferenda Area n 327 328 329 Cuadrado Cubo Ralz cuadrado coerce 6.8885 17..3 85012.7387 6.8944 18.35 920.5 74023.7679 6.7045881 .8683 6.7 9"569.1204 7.3 1008. 1781923 .7 78923.0 87615.7083 18.5 72106.8045 17.9313 6..62 948.1 78426.49 923.8964 6. 1063625 41421736 .63 926.4391 18.7 68149.1 77931..0 1090.0294 17.3 1030.7 1061.7350 18. 355 356 357 358 359 99225 99856 100489 101124 101761 102400 103041 103684 104329 104976 105625 106276 123904 124609 125316 126025 126736 127449 128164 128881 129600 130321 no 321 322 323 324 325 326 360 361 362 363 131~ 131769 - 26- -27 - .8149 18.0136 7..8470 6.48 945.06 914.7 77437.0540 7.9 93482.19 961.3 88668.0555 6.6 1036.0000 18.7 98423.03 1002.1914 18." 1121..2627 17.8606 17.9209 18.61 970.0000 19.5499 17.3 66966."932 18.6011 18.0674 7.6419 6.7 1039.46 989.5"72 18.1 1093.1659 18.4 69279..6 67886.0526 1027.3781 17.0271 7.4 1099.2 81433." 1077.6635 17.1269 7.7606 6.2 67425. 1 108900 109561 11022 .0 86569.6815 18.76 951.7 90792..8612 6.0338 7." 1055..6794 6.3 1140.9174 6.6191 6.8256 6.88 999.9 71631.0940 7.6494 6.8 97314.3 85529.6719 6.0 1134.10 917.0203 7.0 97867.8 ~96.3576 18.0 66508.75 973.3 89196.0 90258.6 72583.8328 6.882 .2209 18.5214 17.1335 Ralz longltud circunferencia Area 24389000 24M2171 24897088 25153757 25412184 25672375 25914336 26198073 26463592 26730899 27000000 27270901 27543608 27818127 2809~ 28372625 28652616 2893~3 29218112 29503629 29791000 30080231 30371328 30664297 30959144 31255875 31554496 31855013 32157432 32461759 32768000 33076161 33386248 33698267 3401222 .7 73541.0 1046.4M2 17.14M 17.5 346 H7 348 149 350 351 352 353 35 .3 92940.0 82957.~108 18.5882712 46268279 46656000 .4069 17.4929 17.3494 17.60 992.0068 7.0831 18.9 86049.0587 17.9 1065.8 80928.74 995.6279 18.8680 18.9 80424.2 69746.7897 6.0 1068.0406 7.6548 18.5784 17. 368 36926037 37259704 37595375 37933056 38272753 38614472 38958219 39304000 39651821 40001688 40353607 40707584 . 3614208 43986977 44361864 44738875 45118016 45499293 .7764 17.9864 6.8753 6.0 9511".91 933.7240 6.3303 18.1006 7.3848 18.7313 6.85"1 6.89 977.8 1087.8 1131.7200 17."120 18.4356 17.2 66052.1138 7.4 83981.6918 17.7018 6.6943 6.7533 6. 3243551 .6 75476.04 958.9 1043.6869 6..9382 6.0263 19..1384 18.0 91326.7 1017.9737 19.1172 17.5 1011.5 70215.9589 6.8 76944.3 1096.9104 6.0473 7.8 99538.3 1118.9 1021.4662 18.6068 17.9 79"22.18 983...8185 6.6267 6.7 1083.32 986.3 1052.1 1137.0 106929 107584 1082 .9932 7." 1033.7 87092..4 70685.2483 18.04 980.2 1005.2 100098 100660 101223 101788 102354 102922 103491 IIIl804 89401 88209 90000 90601 91204 91809 92416 93025 93636 94249 948M 95481 96100 96721 97344 97969 98596 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 340 3.57"2 18..6569 6.3030 18.9451 6.6352 17.7 1105.9 91863.5 76453.0873 7.9"73 18.9~ 17.66# 6.9 95662.9795 6.1 1071.0607 7.0 74990.8326 17.9658 6.4 73061.2 1049.7883 18.2047 17.

7 ~~i~i~ 112815 70444997 70957944 71473375 71991296 72511713 7.4948 7.8 7.2 1316.5185 7.5537 7.5478 7."::5=1'0648=:':1'--11c:'9 1-7 -l---C .3391 19. 19.9 1200.19.4650 7.:.8746 19.2 1206.4470 7.28- -29- .3186 7.57{)4 i 7.8997 19.3715 20.2048'.~ 12.8 12~. L~1~36~9OO:::.2685 7.2811 1196.5770 7.3803 7.37 I 7.1246 20..2485 20.2748 7.3 1341.5067 7.2873: .3925 7.6 1259.9 1266.5426 20.3961 20.:9--.2177 I 20.4410 7.4165 19.5 1300.4422 19.2936 1218..0 1357.3 1319.7 1350.2874 1215.7 114009 114608 115209 115812 116416 117021 73034632 73560059 7.4350 128825 129462 130100 130741 131382 65.4770 7.3 1363.6398 20.5959 19.4 120072 60236288! 60698457 61162984 61629875 62099136 62570773 7.12_25_. 7.4229 7.3434 7.3372 7.8087 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 156025 156816 157609 158404 159201 I 63044792 63521199 19.5244 140531 141196 141863 142531 143201 143872 144545 145220 145896 146574 147254 147934 148617 2O.2999 ~11_88_4_7 I ~~~~i~ ~i~~: ~ii~i 123163 123786 124410 125036 7.8 1262..6723 19.n 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 Cuadrado 132496 133225 133956 134689 Cuba Rail cuadrado I Raiz ccbtce Longilud circunferenciaL \ Area n 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 Cuadrado 160000 160801 161604 Cubo Ral' I cuadrado 20. i i 7.6640 20.6 1325.5828 149301 . -'5:___9-'-77-6-471--t1-1:-:9~.0000 Ralz cubica Longilud jCircunferenda 1256.8 1328.7990 19.77.9 1354.0499 20.4710 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 f---444001 _1~ 145161 145924 146689 .3864 7.2978 20. 184041 184900 185761 186624 187489 188356 189225 190096 20.2.3248! 7.9-.5595 7.4062 1CJo4635 105209 7.6 1303. 49..8242 19.5192 19..4829 420 421 422 423' 424 425 426 427 428 429 176400 177241 74088000 74618461 75151448 75686967 76225024 76765625 77308776 77854483 78402752 78953589 79507000 80062991 80621568 81182737 81746504 82312875 82881856 7.1726 1.6469 19.5361 7.2495 7.9249 I 7.:-.5007 1"7"56 •• 148225 148996 149769 150544'.2368 ~~:.2558 7.1. 151321 I i i I 19.5126 7.2 1250.:~~ \ 1143.1 I I 7.4530 7.]496 7.4-.5448 .1 1181.1990 20.6214 19.4 1253.-:1.7123 20.4695 20. I 54872000 55306341 55742962 56181887 56623104 57066625 57512456 57960603 58411072 58863869' \ 19.0 1313.::2 _1_1~1 .2 1360.5420 7.5 1234.6882 1332.5 1322.=-26.7364 20.-8 .0 1178.3907 ! 7.3132 139876 140625' 141376 I I.2 1272.:~ 1190.7231 178084 178929 179776 180625 181476 182329 183184 20.8 1306.4590 172225 173056 173889 174724 175561 20.1 1203.:~~~ ~~i:i ! 162409 163216 164025 164836 165649 166464 167281 168100 168921 169744 170569 171396 64481201 64964808 65450827 65939264 66430125 66923416 67419143 67917312 68417929 689.9 1310.3619 I 1231.2 1294.2240 7.9 i Area I Ii 48228544 48627189256 49027 :::~:~ 19.5 1212.5670 i I I I 7.6 1237.0250 20..4889 7.=-24-:3.5654 7.1 1291.3558 7.1984 :t8s5t.1.1920 7.5 ~~::~ II 1Q.4450 20.4206 20.~~~~ 7.2112 7.9750 i 1247.8327 20.5 1366.3 1275.36491 19.6 1281.4108 7.2"354·r7~116~.~34.1:.2094! 7.6 1369.·.2237 137Wr..8 1175.-3.4 1209.5 1168.3 1297..7 -152100\ 152881 ~~= 155236 I 59319000 119J~!_:3~!i___:.=36~______:c7 +_1-.6 1347.7846 20.2 108103 108687 109272 11~~~ 111036 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 ! i I 19.--59.1494 20.2731 20.2304 7.3742 7.5 1278.3224 132025 132670 133317 133965 134614 135265 135918 136572 137228 137885 138544 139205 139867 54010152 54439939 : 19.-1.4047 7.5~9.1742 20.3310' 7.7605 20.21000 69426531 69934528 20.:1~48848 ~~~5117 52313624 52734375 53157376 53582633 19.2 1338.5302 7.8806 7.6977 19. 1400 .3986 125664 126293 126923 127556 128190 50243409 19.9499 119.5 20.-.9::..7 1171.0998 20.!i913 20.5712 I i 19.3681 7.'_-+'-:5~06":5~30'000=--t--. .5 1344.8567 20..8494 19.6155 20..8 1284.-1 : 19.0 1335.3124 I 1228.9 7.9 1288.1 1269.3470 20.0749 20.4939 7.4290 7.--t-1:c::06:.2622 7.4 107521 4 ~~!i!i I ~~~~~ I ~::~~i~ I ]~~!:~ .0788 11:'.4169 7.5183 20."-2--t-::11::-94::.4679 7.

6460 7.8406 7.9 1420.0227 22.2603 21.9089 21.8837 7.0 1423.4 1586.9 1599.8 1486.6744 7.7473 7.4476 21.1 1580.1660 21.5 1479.4 1454.6 1592. 1 22.8944 7.0681 22.7418 7.1 176460 177205 177952 178701 179451 180203 180956 181711 182467 183225 183984 184745 185508 186272 187038 187805 188574 189345 190117 190890 191665 192442 193221 194000 194782 195565 196350 197136 197923 198713 199504 200296 201090 201886 202683 203482 440 441 442 443 228484 229441 230400 231361 232324 233289 234256 235225 236196 237169 238144 239121 240100 241081 242064 243049 244036 245025 146016 247009 248004 480 481 ~ 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 119095488 119823157 120553784 121287375 122023936 122763473 123505992 124251499 125000000 125751501 126506008 127263527 128024064 128787625 129554216 130323843 131096512 131872229 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 7.8243 7.5 1589.4054 22.1585 22.0950 21.9762 21.4 1564.4944 22.5870 21.9686 7.9370 7.6117 7.2 1561.2711 22.7 1394.9284 20.6174 7.1 1426.9 1398.8297 7.7 1438.8188 7.6688 7.0000 21.7362 7.7970 7.4942 21.6289 7.4709 21.1 1448.0476 21.0 1401.0 1511.8861 21.0713 21.7915 249001 250000 251001 252004 253009 254016 255025 256036 257049 258064 259081 169093 169823 170554 171281 172021 172757 173494 174214 174974 175716 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 470 471 472 473 -30- -31- .9158 7.9581 7.9264 7.1187 21.'12.7256 21.5174 21.846Il 7.9423 7.2368 21.3 1451.7 1548.6001 7.5639 21.7025 21.3159 22.0 1533.0454 22.6970 7.5 1545.8025 7.6059 7.5610 Ralz cObico Longitud clrcunferencio Area 190969 191844 192721 193600 194481 195364 196249 197136 198025 198916 199809 200704 201601 202500 203401 204304 205209 206116 207025 207936 208849 209764 210681 211600 212521 213~ 214369 215296 216225 217156 218089 219024 219961 220900 221841 222784 223729 .6631 7.7750 7.8174 21.8730 7.8676 7.0907 22.5167 22.4243 21.8 1508.0238 21.1 1558.3830 22.6517 7.n 437 438 439 Cuo· drodo Cubo Rail cuadrado Rail cubico longitud rJrcunferencio Area n 474 475 476 477 478 479 Cuedrodo Cuba Roiz cuadrado 21.3607 22.7026 7.3307 21.9051 7.8514 7.9791 7.9211 7.5 1501.8998 7.6 1391.7945 21.2036 22.2 1539.6857 7.6 1413.2 1382.7 1526.8 1464.7584 7.8134 7.0000 22.6564 21.0 1445. .2261 22.6 1435.8784 7.6146 7.3 1385.3073 21.4009 21.8632 21.3 1473.8 1530.4499 22.2 1583.5389 22.8 1551.9 1577.2 1404.1 1470.4 1520.6914 7.9545 9773 21.4722 22.7306 7.4 1476.4 1388.90<15 20.2486 22.9476 7.8 1573.3 1429.8403 21.8622 7.7194 7.9317 7.6102 21.3 1495.6574 7.9317 21.9739 7.6403 7.4277 22.7860 7.7715 21.6 1457.0 1467.4 1432.1 1536.6232 7.7138 i \ 1372.6795 21.5944 7.7082 7.8568 7.7486 7.9634 7.7 1504.7695 7.9105 7.6333 21.2935 22.5 1523.9 1555.1896 21.3383 22.8H51453 84027672 84604519 85184000 85766121 86350888 86938307 87528384 88121125 88716536 89314623 89915392 90518849 91125000 91733851 92145408 92959677 93576664 94196375 94818816 95443993 96071912 96702579 97336000 97972181 98611128 99252847 99897344 100544625 101194696 101847563 102503232 103161709 103823000 104487111 105154048 105823817 20.5 1567.9523 20.1 1514.1811 22.9843 1489.7 1570.7 1482.7639 7.2132 21.8891 7.3 1407.1424 21.7250 7.8 1<\.0 149987 150674 151363 152053 152745 151439 154134 154830 15~528 156228 156930 157633 158337 1590<13 159751 160460 161171 161883 162597 163313 164030 164748 165468 166190 166914 167639 168365 224676 225625 226576 227529 106496424 107171875 107850176 108531333 109215352 109902239 110592000 111284641 111980168 112678587 113379904 114084125 1H791256 115501303 116214272 116930169 117649000 '118370771 7.0 1379.7805 7.5407 21.7 1460.2838 21.4 1498.4 1410.4 1542.9528 7.8079 7.7 1416.6801 7.2 1517.7529 7.9 1376.3542 21.5886 7.1133 22.8352 7.1 1492.3776 21.1359 22.8 1595.

9129 22.5160 23.6 1614.6 234998 235858 236720 237583 238448 239314 240182 241051 241922 242795 243669 244545 245422 246301 247181 248063 248947 249832 250719 251607 252497 253388 254281 255176 256072 256970 257869 258770 259672 260576 261482 262389 263298 264208 265120 266033 266948 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 1728P8693 23.3666 7.6854 177504328 23.2 1715.3203 8.8254 22.3 1652.3 1828.3024 23.9 1731.0 1712.9 1621.9374 23.1948 23.n 510 Cuedrodo Cubo Rela cuadrado Roiz cubtcc Longitud circunferencio Area n 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 Cuodrodo Cubo Roil cuadrado Rolz ecbtce longitud circunferencio Area 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 510 260100 261121 262144 263169 264196 265225 266256 267289 268324 269361 270400 271441 272484 273529 274576 275625 276676 277729 278784 279841 280900 281961 283024 284089 285156 286225 287296 288369 289444 290521 291600 292681 293764 294849 295936 297025 298116 132651000 133432831 134217728 135005697 135796744 136590875 137388096 138188413 138991832 139798359 140608000 141420761 142236648 143055667 143877824 144703125 145531576 146363183 147197952 148035899 148877000 149721291 150568768 151419437 152273304 153130375 153990656 154854153 155720&72 156590819 157464000 158340421 159220088 160103007 160989184 161878625 162771336 22.7276 f79406144 180362125 181321496 182284263 183250432 184220009 185193000 186169411 187149248 188132517 189119224 190109375 191102976 192100033 193100552 194104539 195112000' 196122941 197137368 198155287 23.4 1831.9 1665.811a 23.2130 8.7596 22.4 1787.7 1793.4 1765.9 1775.6008 173741112 23.0000 24.32- .9 1643.2 1737.0723 8.4521 23.2594 23.3452 23.2 1671.8747 23.8473 22.0208 24.3443 8.2377 8.1454 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 S<IO 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 541 542 543 544 545 546 .3491 8.0517 8.1079 8.1533 8.7 1705.1332 8.4307 23.8 1639.1084 23.2180 8.2 1605.2081 8.2524 8.9792 24.1 1624.2816 8.0363 8.1733 1602.0671 8.6716 22.5 1677.1 1781.0217 23.5584 23.1683 8.9347 22.3 1696. 8.2809 23.2 1693.2164 23.6220 174676879 23.1039 24.1281 8.9 1709.6495 22.0052 8.8 1819.3251 8.4947 23.9783 23.1 1803.0569 8.1 1825.2962.6 1812.8035 22.2 1649.0466 8.5 1699.8537 23.1483 8.0416 24~0624 24.2865 8.3155 8.6274 22.33- .3 1740.5797 8.0000 8.3010 8.0927 8.5 1633.3 1806.0 1822.1301 23.1733 23.1 1646.3 1784.5372 23.6 1658.0774 8.4094 23.0260 8.7065 178453547 23.0868 23.2229 8.1633 8.5832 22.2278 8.1130 8.5 1655.0978 8.6 1790.8 1661.6 1680.7 1815.1247 24.2621 8.3 204282 205084 205887 206692 207499 208307 209117 209928 210741 211556 212372 213189 214008 214829 215651 216475 217301 218128 218956 219787 220618 221452 222287 223123 223961 224801 225642 226484 227329 228175 229022 229871230722 231574 232428 233283 234140 299209 300304 301401 302500 303601 304704 305809 306916 308025 309136 310249 311364 312481 313600 314721 315844 316969 318096 319225 320356 321489 322624 323761 324900 326041 327184' 328329 329476 330625 331776 332929 334084 335241 336400 337561 338724 339889 163667323 164566592 165469149 166375000 167384151 168196608 169112377 170031464 170953875 171879616 23.2426 8.7156 22.7376 22.4 1743.5 1611.0415 8.3300 8.3880 23.6 1636.2327 8.1231 8.9948 8.1028 8.7697 23.7908 23.9 1753.2379 23.1833 8.203: 8.9896 7.7487 23.6 1768.8956 2~65 23.0104 8.1433 8.1583 8.3539 1718.8910 22.6432 175616000 • 23.6643 176558481 23.1783 8.3 1630.1382 8.7 1771.6053 22.1882 8.3396 8.3107 8.0 1756.3 1762.1982 8.6 1702.2670 8.8 1797.7 1749.4 1809.1932 8.2475 8.0156 8m08 8.0 1734.0 1800.2913 8.6 1724.9 1687.3 1674.0825 8.9S83 23.0000 23.8 1683.3059 8.0 1668.9565 22.5 1721.1517 23.2719 8.2573 ·8.2 1627.4 1608.0651 23.6 1746.8328 23.2 1759.6936 22.8 1617.2768 8.D434 23.4734 23.0 1778.3238 23.0 1690.0620 8.0876 8.0832 24.0311 8.1180 8.3348 8.7 1727.7816 22.8692 22.

3516 24.0 1844.9 1-1976.5997 8.6982 24.7 1903.9 8.6 2035.6222 8.6579 8.3m 8.5 2010.8 1885.5316 1950.5862 8.6845 8.2 1872.3634 8.7 2060.4540 24.5726 8.4 1919.5 2032.6312 8.1992 25.8998 24.5561 24.6801 8.1661 24.3377 25.5907 8.799 216000000 217081801 218167208 219256227 220348864 221445125 222545016 223648543 224755712 225866529 226981000 228099131 229220928 230346397 1]1475544 232608:m 233744896 234885113 236029032 237176659 24.15 616 617 618 619 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 -34- -35 - .3 2051.4131 24.5147 25.5086 8.5930 25.]]11 24.9800 25.0998 25.4809 8.6267 8.3969 25.4 1963.0400 25.2 8. 1944.4530 8.3 185Q.6890 1960.8 1841.5 2054.6 267865 268783 269703 270624 271547 272471 273397 274325 275254 276184 2n117 278051 278986 279923 280862 281802 282743 283687 284631 285578 286526 287475 288426 289379 290333 291289 292247 293206 294166 295128 296092 297057 298024 298992 299962 300.0 2023.0799 25.4755 25.7 1925.2 2048.6446 8.5153 24.6757 8.1 1869.2587 25.8395 24.6 2057.9 1932.2 1938.4856 8.4343 8.4949 24.0 1888.9199 24.2693 24.6779 24.3721 24.8 1928.1868 24.0 2045.8596 24.7992 24.5539 25.1 1847.8797 8.3587 8.4948 8.4165 25.4 1875.Sm 24.5408 1957.6 1969.2 2004.----- 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 ! 258474853 259694072 260917119 262144000 263374721 ·264609288 265847707 267089984 268336125 269586136 270840023 272097792 273359449 274625000 275894451 277167808 278445077 279726264 281011375 282300416 609 610 611 612 613 614 1.2074 -24.7386 24.3825 8.3926 24.1 1979.2982 25.5453 8.5132 8.3682 8.5590 8.mO ___ 947.6 2013.4296 8.6125 8.1794 25.4951 25.5764 24.2281 24.1 1891..2389 25.5499 8.4577 8.6 1991.6357 8.7588 24.4390 8.9 1910.3730 8.4 2007.8 1994.4670 8.9399 24._ 8.3847192 214921.2 1916.5952 8.6374 24.2 1894.5 1922.4623 8.4902 8.4108 8.6535 8.5343 25.8 2038.5 1878.4061 8.3967 8.4362 25.4155 8.6624 8.4558 25.5772 8.8 2016.5 1988.9 2020.6490 8.5357 24.5635 8.2784 25.3574 25.1396 25.7184 24.4202 8.3919 8.5178 8.n 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 Cuadrodo Cube Ralz cuadrado Rolz cubicQ Longitud circun(erencio Area n 610 Cuadrado Cuba Rail cuadrado Raiz cubicQ crrccnterencte longitud Area 341056 342225 343396 344569 345744 346921 348100 349281· 350464 351649 352836 354025 355216 356409 357604 358801 360000 361201 362404 363609 364816 366025 367236 368449 369664 370881 372100 373321 374544 375769 376996 378225 379456 380689 381924 383161 199176704 200201625 201230056 202262003 203297472 204336469 205379000 206425071 207474688 208527857 209584584 210644875 211708736 212776173 21.5224 1834.4014 8.9 1998.8 1906.7790 24.2 1982.5544 8.6043 8.2 2026.6177 8.1 2001.7 1837.2190 25.6401 8.4716 8.4249 8.6171 24.2899 24.5817 8.4336 24.5 1966.4763 8.6713 8.8 1972.5681 8.3105 24.10 384400 385641 386884 388129 389376 390625 391876 393129 394384 395641 238328000 239~ 240641848 241804367 242970624 244140625 245314376 246491883 247673152 248858189 15004700() 251239591 252435968 253636137 254840104 256047875 257259456 24.2487 24.5 1856.6088 8.1 1913.7 1881.j~ 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 6.4437 8.1 8.5040 8.8 ~ 8.5967 24.0 1866.1595 25.6668 8.5362 1954.0200 25.4 1897.6577 24.8 1863.3 2029.9 301907 302882 303858 304836 305815 306796 307779 308763 309748 310736 311725 312715 313707 314700 315696 316692 317690 318690 319692 320695 -~~ 322705 323713 324722 325733 326745 327759 328775 329792 330810 331831 332853 333876 334901 335927 336955 337985 396900 398161 399424 400689 401956 403225 404496 405769 407044 408321 409600 410881 412164 413449 414736 416025 417316 418609 419904 421201 422500 423801 425104 426409 42n16 429025 430336 .1 1935.0599 25.4 1941.6132 8.3 1985.4745 24.1197 25.3872 8.4994 8.3180 25.3772 25.7 1859.9 2042.5 1900.9600 24.0000 25.4 1853.5734 25.

8 2218.4575 26.2 -36- ~ 37- .4 2186.8152 8.8706 8.7 2258.2 2271.9169 8.9515 25.6833 26.8536 8.S 2277.7329 I 2086.9258 26.8875 8.5707 26.7 217o.7807 8.8066 8.8701 26.7022 _~070.7764 8.7 2236.6710 8.4 2252.8323 8.9253 8.I.8237 8.8&44 t-a.4953 26.8 2196.n 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 6n 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 Cuadrado Cube I R.0 2133.9752 8.9230 25.7937 8.1 2224.7769 26.7099 -SJ11Q -207t.S 342119 25.6646 26.S 2255.7395 26.5141 26.8194 8.7198 2082.5895 26.7285 8.8023 8.4008 26.9815 27.6 -343157 344196 8.1343 26.7721 8.7634 25.1725 26.7 2192.8917 8.9 2287.9085 8.3 2139.2111.1534 26.2 2227.3249 8.0 2089.9835 8.0192 26.6 2145.1 2136.4 2164.7682 25.1 I I I I 454276 455625 456976 458329 459684 461041 462400 463761 465124 466489 467856 469225 470596 471969 473344 474721 476100 477481 478864 480249 306182024 307546875 308915776 310288733 311665752 313046839 314332000 315821241 317214568 318611987 320013504 321419125 322828856 324242703 325660672 327082769 328509000 -329939371 331373888 332812557 2221.4 2274.9794 8.0960 26.5518 26.7980 8.0.s 217M· 2177.2 340049 25.8366 8.9420 8.0 2243.7 2280.1 2268.9670 8.0 2155.9378 8.8457 8.7582 26.7 25.3439 26.8142 26.6978 2067.1151 26.0000 8.8 2261.8070 8.7503 t--:--c:~ 25.0000 26.2 2092.3 2205.M58 26.8514 26.3 2183.8887 26. cuadrado Raiz cubica longilud crcunterencrc Area n 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 70S 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 Cuadrado Cube Raiz cuadrado Ralz cubiCQ longilud circunferenclQ Area 431649 432964 434281 -435600 436921 438244 439569 _6 442225 443556 _89 446224 447561 283593393 284890312 286191179 287496000 288804781 290117528 29143424I 292754944 294079625 295408296 I I 8.8833 8.7416 25.0 378276 379367 380459 381553 382649 383746 385945 387047 388151 389256 390363 391471 392580 393692 394805 ---395919 397035 398153 399272 400393 401515 402639 403765 404892 406020 407150 408282 409415 410550 411687 412825 413965 415106 416248 417393 25.7547 8.S 2211.1 2246.9628 8.7241 8.8 I I no 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 ::~ i 2283.0768 26.1 2158.9462 8.4 2230.6 2101.9629 26.8408 8.4764 26.7208 26.7066 2073.9545 8.2 2114.9808 26.3818 26.3 2117.9 2265.9711 8.8451 8.5330 26.8578 8.9587 8.0 339016 25.2107 26.6515 8.5-2233.9295 8.2869 26.9422 8.1916 26.9211 8.0384 26.6271 r-u.8621 8.9043 8.7373 25.4 2142.8263 25.3059 26.8748 8.6083 26.8109 8.7154 2079.7876 25.0 2199'1i~ 2202.---25.8959 8.6 2123.6934 2064.2 2249.6905 8.9127 8.8 2240.352565 --353618 354673 355730 356788 357847 358908 359971 361035 362101 363168 364237 365308 366380 367453 368528 369605 370684 371764 372845 373928 375013 376099 3n187 296740963 2980n632 299418309 300763000 448900 -302111711 450241 451584 303464448 452929 I 304821217 I I 8.6320 25.9 2130.7 2104.9 r-2108.~~ 25.8328 26.7 2214.4386 26.7893 8.90378.0576 26.7850 8.76n 8.8280 8.8663 8.7294 345237 25.99181 I I 2180.9 -+ 481636 483025 484416 485809 487204 488601 490000 491401 492804 494209 495616 497025 498436 499849 501264 502681 504100 505521 506944 508369 509796 511225 512656 514089 515524 516961 518400 519841 521284 522729 524176 525625 527076 528529 529984 531441 334255384 335702375 337153536 338608873 340068392 341532099 343000000 3_72101 345948408 347428927 348913664 350402625 351895816 353393243 354894912 356400829 357911000 359425431 360944128 362467097 363994344 365525875 367061696 368601813 370146232 371694959 373248000 374805361 376367048 3n933067 379503424 381078125 382657176 384240583 385828352 387420489 26.4 2098.9503 8.2679 26.7 2148.9_ 26.3 346279 347323 348368 349415 350464 351514 --_.4 2120.9072 26.3 _3~1O_S4 1--.7 2126.7955 26.2298 26.9001 8.S 2189.8 2152.1 2290.3629 26.3 2161.74881 8.9876 8.6 2167.8790 8.2488 26.8650 8.9337 8.7590 25.4197 26.7021 26.4 2208.8493 2095.

1418 9.0 2378.0370 27.5 2365.4408 27.1846 27.1057 9.1933 9.055!.1736 9.3861 27.7 2503.2599 9.6 2324'.423564751 42525'1008 426957777 428661064 430368875 432081216 433798093 435519512 437245479 438976000 440711081 442450728 444194947 445943744 447697125 449455096 27.8 2393.2870 9.2580 27.6 2522.1178 9.2832 9.1577 9.5 2343.2209 9.3 2406.5 2299.1458 9.0896 9.3 2428.2213 27.0856 9.2-489 28.38- .1815 9.1855 9.6 2412.2170 9.9 2309.2716 9.6 2390.2091 9.6 2368.3 2384.5681 27.2-482 9.3 2450.9464 27.2287 9.7669 27.0 2400.1378 9.7849 27.0205 9.2312 28.1780 28. 27.4 2519.0164 9.0613 9.2029 27.2052 9.0000 28.0082 9.1109' 27.2521 9.3 2362.1775 9.29-48 2-409.0 2510.5318 27.1293 27.1 2334.1603 28.0041 9.1657 9.2764 27.1496 27.9 2331.6225 27.6 2302.0328 9.9821 28.1338 9.0 2-466.2 2425.2135 28.2677 9.8927 27.6 2456.2843 28.0532 9.4 2453.2397 27.4226 27.5136 27.5 27.8568 27.0694 2293.2365 9.0369 9.1957 28.0491 9.29-47 27.9 2375.9 2463.1 2312.2560 9.6 2500.4 2318.0450 9.8 2371.1537 9.0816 9.1298 9.2 2381.8 2327.1662 27.6 2414.0357 28.39- .1138 9.1498 635209 506261573 636804 508169592 638-401 510082399 1---.7 2415.0713 28.0572 9.3 23-40.6043 27.2666 28.8029 27.7 462041 463247 464454 -465663 466873 468085 469298 470513 471730 4729-48 474168 475389 476612 477836 479062 -480290 -481519 -482750 -483982 -485216 486451 -487688 -488927 490167 491-409 492652 493897 495143 496391 497641 498892 500145 501399 502655 I 9.3019 28.1258 9.074(1 27.9285 27.2 2315.5862 27.0535 28.9 2419.7-489 27.0775 9.9106 27. 505171 506432 .69-48 27.7308 27.9 2441.3196 28.2 2337.1218 9.2130 9.0937 9.5 2321.6586 27.oB91 28.1425 28.9 2353.1617 9.0654 9.7128 27.1017 9.3 2472.3373 9.092~· 27.2326 9.n 730 731 732 733 714 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 75-4 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 Cuadrado Cubo Roil cvedvede Raiz cubica Longitud circonferencia Area n 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 Cuadrado Cubo Rail cuadrada Ralz cubica longitud circunferencia Area 532'100 514361 535824 537289 538756 5-40225 541696 543169 544644 546121 547600 5-49081 550564 552049 553536 555025 556516 558009 559504 561001 562500 564001 565504 567009 568516 570025 571536 573049 574564 576081 577600 579121 58064-4 582169 583696 585225 586756 389017000 390617891 392223168 393832837 395+16904 397065375 398688256 400315553 -401947272 -403581419 -40522-4000 -406869021 -408518-488 410172-407 411830784 411493625 415160936 416832723 418508992 420189749 421875000 .2 2359.r-' 6-40000 512000000 641601 513922-401 643204 515849608 644809 517781627 503912 .1973 9.4591 27.6 2346.8 2305.1894 9.0977 9.0735 9.2 2-403.6-405 27.0287 9.1098 9.4955 27.1 2491.3 249M 2497.22-48 9.7 2-481.018.9643 27.8747 27.2 2469.8388 27.1696 9.4 2475.3 2516.1477 27.1069 28.1 2513.2443 9.0 2422.3679 27.0410 9.5 2387.9 2397.8209 27.8 2507.2638 9.6 1478.2754 9.4773 27.5 418539 419686 420835 421986 423138 424293 425447 426604 427762 428922 430084 431247 432412 433578 414746 435916 437087 438259 439433 -4-40609 441786 442965 444146 445328 446511 447697 448883 450072 451262 452453 453646 45-4841 456037 457214 458434 459635 460837 588289 589824 591361 592900 594441 595984 597529 599076 600625 602176 603729 605284 606841 608400 609961 611524 613089 614656 616225 617796 619369 620944 622521 624100 625681 627264 628849 630436 632025 633616 451217663 45298-4832 454756609 456533000 45831-4011 4600996-48 461889917 46368-4824 ~5-48-4375 467288576 469097433 470910952 472729139 474552000 4763795-41 478211768 -480048687 -481890304 -483736625 -485587656 -487443-403 -489303872 491169069 493039000 494913671 496793088 498677257 500566184 502459875 504358336 27.1 2356.5500 27.7 2437.2-404 9.9 2-485.0 2-488.3313 27.0179 28.5 2431.3130 27.4 2296.6767 9.2909 9.2 2447.0246 9.2012 9.-4044 27.8 2149.1247 28.0 2444.7 2459.0123 9.2793 9.

5~ 29.1428 29.2 2~M 2651.3485 9.5307 28.5657 28.6 2745.7750 28.1 2557.4781 28.9655 9.35~9 28.~29 9.7 2635.3 2695.9 2730.2~ 29.6 2701.2 2736.8 2551.3939 ~2904109 2904279 29.5683 2638.6705 28.1 2623.03~5 29.H08 9.9 2620.5317 9.3561 9.5~ 28.5 2676.8 50769~ 508958 510223 511490 512758 51~28 515300 .0517 29.~2~ 9.4253 2M~29 28.3978 9.39~ I 2525.5296 29.n ~ 805 806 807 808 809 810 Cuadrado Cubo Ralz c:uadrada Ralz c:ubica Longltud c:ircunferencia Area n 840 ~1 ~2 ~3 Cuedrado Cubo Ralz cuadrada Ralz c:ublca longitud circunferencia Area 6-16416 M8025 ~9636 6512~9 652~ 65#81 ·656100 65ml 6593~ 660969 662596 ~225 665856 667~ 669114 670761 6n~ 67~1 675~ 677329 678976 680625 682276 683929 6855~ 6872~1 688900 690561 692214 693889 695556 697225 698896 700569 7022~ 703921 51971&464 521660125 523606616 5255579~3 527514112 529~75129 531~1000 53Hll731 535387328 537367797 5393531~ 5~lH3375 5~333~96 5~5338513 ~7HH32 ~9353259 551368000 553387661 55~12H8 557~1767 559~7622~ 561515625 563559976 565609283 567663552 569722789 571787000 573856191 575930368 578009537 5800937~ 582182875 5~277056 586376253 5~72 590589719 28.0 2576.5574 9.0000 29.5 25~.~129 9.5537 9.7~2 28.5 2632.8 27~.1 2535.5 2566.0172 29.3675 9.5097 9.6007 28.~2~1 9.7 2613.535~ 9.3817 9.3523 9.3599 9.~27 9.3769 29.7914 28.~956 28.0 55~177 55~97 556819 558142 559%7 56079~ 562122 561452 5~783 566116 567450 568786 570124 571%3 572803 5741% 575~9O 576835 578182 579530 580880 582232 583585 5~9~ 586297 587655 589014 590375 591738 593102 59+468 595835 5972~ 598575 5999~7 601320 602696 ~5 8% ~7 ~9 850 851 852 853 8~ 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 1113 87~ 875 876 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 810 • 821 822 813 814 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 83~ 835 836 837 838 839 ~ 7~ ..3 2717.3~7 9.31~ 9.5127 29.3179 9.9 2708.5610 9.~16 9. 603351125 605~95736 607~5~23 609800192 6119~9 614125000 616295051 61~70208 620650477 622835~ 625026375 627222016 629~22793 631628712 633839779 636056000 638277381 ~503928 ~2735~7 ~9725~ ~721%25 ~9%1896 651714363 653972032 65623~909 658503000 660776311 66305~ 665338617 667627624 669921875 672221376 28.1 2~5.4652 9.~35~ 9.2 2714.9 ~.3789 9.2 2582.2575 29.6531 28.~279 9.5132 28.8617 28.6 2723.1 2689.7 2569.%15 9.1376 29.9137 28.4788 29.3217 9.5 2610.6182 28.3063 9.27% 29. 751689 75142~ 755161 756900 75~1 7603~ 762129 763876 765625 767376 - -.5 265~.3 2739.8 2573.12~ 29.T 2591.~53 9.3637 9.40- -41- .52~ 9.5635 29.5~ 29.2 2~. 516573 517~ 519114 52~2 521681 522962 514145 525529 52681~ 528102 529391 530681 531973 533267 5H562 535858 537157 53~56 539758 5~1061 5~2365 5~3671 5~9~79 5%288 5~7599 5~912 550226 5515~1 552858 ~ ~ 705600 707281 7089~ 71~9 712336 71~ 715716 717~ 7191~ 720801 722500 72~201 725~ 727609 729316 731025 732736 73~9 7361~ 737881 739600 741321 743~ 7~769 5927~ 59~321 5969~7688 599077107 6012115~.3751 9.4986 9.3255 9.3370 9.8 2660.1 2579.5171 9.9310 28.8 27~.~9 29.~38 9.~7~ 904801 9.2062 29.5 2698.3025 9.6880 28.8271 28.0 255~.2 267M 2673.7576 28.5391 9.5060 9.8 2595.~ 2563.5023 9.~166 9.4618 29.1 2711.5 2720.9818 29.~ 25~1.~75 904912 9049~9 9.1 2601.3 2538.~ 2629.2 2626.3332 9.8 2616.8 2529.705~ 28.~ 2585.~7 9.3258 29.0 2598.~ 2607. - 7~ 749956 9.89~ 28.2 2692.9 2752.6356 28.5973 9.4605 28.9 W2.8 2681.8097 28.8791 28.5832 28.0861 29.0 2733.7228 28.%90 904727 9.2986 9.5 2588.~5~1 904578 9.5 2742.~ 28.3725 28.~ 9.~391 9.3902 9.5114 9.9 2686.3713 9.7 25~7.3865 9.8 2726.5~ 9.1033 29.0 2532.~1 9.6 2657.5281 9.1890 29.3598 29.15~ 29.4958 29.1 2667.31()2 9.6 2679.0689 29.2916 29.329~ 9.3087 29.5207 9.~2 28.3901 2M077 28.1719 29.~503 9.2233 29.5501 9.3 256O..~316 .

6105 30.6513 9.3 2805.7329 9.0 2m.6154 9.6920 30.8161 29.7470 9.7993 9.1 792100 793881 795664 797449 799236 801025 802816 9.1662 30.6133 676836152 679151139 681472000 683797841 686128968 6880165387 690807104 693154125 695506456 697864103 700117072 702595369 704969000 707347971 709732288 712121957 714516984 716917375 719323136 721734273 724150792 726572699 729000000 731432701 733870808 736314327 738763264 741217625 743677416 746142643 748613312 751089429 753571000 756058031 758550528 761048497 29.6757 30.7246 30.7047 9.60106 9.7896 30.1 2956.4 2808.5901 9.6594 30.1 2978..5614 30.0333 30.4138 30.4 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 840889 842724 8+4561 846400 e48241 850084 851929 853776 855625 857416 859329 861184 863041 864900 866761 868624 870489 872356 874225 876096 877969 8798+4 881721 883600 885481 887364 889149 891136 893025 894916 896809 898704 900601 786330467 788889024 791453125 794022776 796597983 799178752 801765089 804357000 80695+491 809557568 812166237 814780504 817400375 820025856 822656953 825293672 827936019 830584000 2906.7153 29.6.7 2902.1 2846.8167 9.6656 9.6311 29. 806404 808201 810000 811801 813604 815409 817216 819025 820836 822649 82~ 826281 828100 829921 831744 833560 833237621 835896888 838561807 841232384 843908625 2852.0 2865.7364 9.7889 9.9833 30.8 2862.2 2937.6 2789.2159 9.42- .9500 29.6082 9.6976 9.8 2950.7259 9.4 2918.6477 9.0666 30.6 2855.7 2770.2 ·2802.66<18 29.6268 30.7785 9.8 2971.8998 29.6142 29.6262 9.8058 9.4 804609 .8 656118 657555 658993 660433 661874 663317 664761 666207 667654 669103 670554 672006 673460 674915 676372 677831 679291 680752 682216 683680 685147 686615 688084 689555 .6298 9.2820 30.6763 9.3 846590536 849278123 851971392 85%70349 30.6941 9.5 2899.8496 29.2 2959.5941 30. 2811.8097 9.6870 9.7012 .2324 30.4795 30.6905 2912.7924 9.8028 9.7083 30.3 2827.5287 30.7 2836.7 2924.7 2880.6334 9.4 2830.3315 30.9 2975.7658 29.0 2909.2 2981.6370 9.5 2965.7959 9.7715 9.6442 9.5778 30.7610 9.3809 30.7993 29.0 2953.2985 30.6816 29.7 2946.9 2818.8063 9.1496 30.7575 9.7082 9.5756 9.7 2968.4 2874.7188 9.6 2767.3 289M 2896.6985 29.7505 9.7750 9.6727 9.5 2943.3 2761.2 2758.8 2884.8329 29.2490 30.6549 9.8236 9.7435 9.7571 30.7409 9.6479 29.7 2814.0000 30.9666 29.3 2915.6620 9.6 2833.9 2774. - 43- .6118 9.7680 9.3 2849.3480 30.5 2786.1330 30.5973 9.7825 29.7224 9.8664 29.0 2843.8270 2871.8201 9.0 2821.2 6001073 605451 606831 608212 609595 610980 612366 613754 615143 616534 617927 619321 620717 622114 623513 624913 626315 627718 629124 630530 631938 633348 634760 636173 637587 639003 640421 641840 643261 644683 646107 647533 648960 650388 651818 653250 654684 835396 837225 839056 7635519+4 766060875 768575296 nl095213 773620632 776151559 778688000 781229961 783m+48 30.3974 30.6046 9.4302 30.9 2796.0831 30.6010 9.8132 9.6431 30.7 2858.7118 9.0 2887.n 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 Cuadrodo Cuba Raiz cuodrad~ Ralz Langi'ud circunferencia dlbica Areo n 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 Cuadrado Cuba Rolz cuadrado Rolz cubico langi'ud cir(unferencia Area 769129 7708&4 m641 77+400 776161 m924 779689 7814$6 783225 784996 786769 788544 790321 67451.1993 30.4 2940.0 2799.7400 9.1 2914.1 2890.7734 30.9166 29.5 2921.7854 9.8831 29.0 2931.5828 9.3645 30.1164 30.6226 9.5450 30.5719 9.0167 30.7153 9.5 2764.0998 30.7489 29.5865 9.9 2840.7540 9.4467 30.3 2783.6190 2755.8 2928.7819 9.4631 30.i'294 9.1 2868.2655 30.7321 29.5937 9.1828 30.5792 9.4 2962.6834 9.6585 9.6 2877.4959 30.6692 9.5123 30.7645 9.7 2792.0500 30.2 2824.3150 30.9333 29.91028 692502 693978 695455 696934 698415 699897 701380 702865 704352 705840 707330 2780.6799 9.

n 950 Cuo- drado e"be 857375000 86008S351 8628010408 8655231n 8682S0664 870983875 873722816 876467493 879217912 881974079 884736000 887503681 8902n128 893056347 895841344 898632125 901428696 904231063 907039232 9098S3209 912673000 915498611 918330048 921167317 924010424 926859375 929714176 932574833 935441352 938313739 941192000 944076141 946966168 949862087 952763904 955671625 958585256 Rolz cuadrado Ralz cublca Longitud c:jrcunferenclo Area n 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 Cuodrado Cube Rafz .1929 31.2 3135.0644 31.9430 9.8339 9.2 3047.9839 31.8707 30.3209 31.3 30n.6 3034.8 3103.9 3041.3 31)8.7 2990.4325 31.9058 9.8408 9.8 3037.2 300M 3006.0000 3100.9565 9.6 3056.9632 9.6 765111 766662 768214 769769 771325 772882 774441 776002 777564 779128 780693 782260 783828 785398 981 982 98J 984 98S 986 -<U- -45- .8 3015.4802 31.1 3066.5436 31.0966 31.2090 31.2 3025.1 3022.9699 9.8 3081.1609.9329 9.0322 31.2 3091.8717 9.8785 9.9531 2984.5 3075.9092 9.5 3141.8383 30.1#8 31.3688 31.5 3119.6 3122.4006 9.0 3088.6228 9.9 3129.8922 9.5911 31.9227 9.9866 9.8683 9.2410 31.9363 9.0 3110.4960 31.6 3012.8546 9.1288 31.86104 9.5753 31.5 3031.5595 31.9396 9.5 3009.8305 9.1127 31.3050 31.cuadrado Ralz cubica Longitud Circunferencio Area 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 9n 978 979 902500 90+101 906304 908209 910146 912025 913936 915849 91n64 919681 924600 923521 92S444 927369 929296 931225 933156 935089 937024 938961 940900 942841 944784 946729 948676 950625 952576 954529 9564&1 958+11 96CHOO 962361 964324 966289 9682S6 97022S 972196 30.9031 30.8374 9.9 3107.6 3078.9933 9.9024 9.9 3019.3528 31.0483 31.2250 31.8580 9.6070 31.9598 9.8 3059.8648 9.9900 9.5119 31.9 3063.3369 31.7 3125.5 3097.0 3132.2730 31.2570 31.9192 30.2 3113.4484 31.6 708822 710315 711809 713306 714803 716303 717804 719306 720810 722316 723823 725332 726842.0000 31.9 3085.9 2997.1 3044.8854 9.8545 30.2 3069.84n 9.9666 9.0161 31.3 3116.9464 9.9497 9.9800 9.2890 31.8956 9.8888 9.9126 9.9354 30.1 3000.9733 9.4166 31.9833 9.4643 31.3 3050.9295 9.4 3028. 728354 729867 731382 732899 734417 735937 737458 738981 740506 742032 743559 745088 746619 748151 749685 751221 752758 754296 755837 757378 758922 760466 762013 763561 974169 976144 978121 980100 982081 984064 986049 988036 990025 992016 994009 996004 998001 1000000 961504803 964430272 967361669 970299000 973242271 976191488 979146657 982107784 985074875 988047936 991026973 994011992 997002999 1000000000 31.9766 9.0805 31.96n 30. 31.8869 30.3847 31.8990 9.9967 10.9194 9.8 2993.1769 31.8443 9.9160 9.8221 30.9516 30.8819 9.1 3094.8511 9.5 2987.9261 9.5278 31.5 3053.8751 9.

448 46.184 15.7227 3.525 20.578 30.923 25.102 32.0944 3.689 40.991 23. ANGULAR 6 7 8 A LAS TABLAS Y CUBICA DEL Y AREA DE CUANUDE DE UN CIRCULO n 1O 20 30 40 ° 0.3038 2.8643 6.975 15.~3.029 46.802 18..0000 1.212 <1.8284 3.621 '3.1888 5.935 ~3.888 '2.1.851 39.4~ se tomcrd 23.227 28.459 <3.9690 7.9587 8.52971..7699 4.040 ..2729 9.9.2018 23.730 31.8" 36.593 18.201 22.180 27.993 23.155 '1.677 22.242 15.395135.839 21.43 se torncru = 54756 y se seporan sepcr cndose dos c.4558 3..715 .316 21.917 16.022 16.221 19.311 32.198 53.206 32.509 iO.012 18.8540 0.270 39.2<3 35.951 50.276 ~9.27< 29.563 .640 19.'f('~(~nt~ r('~pec'l"'(lrnent(' 10 r ciz cued-cdc del mjmero 1936 y en 10 '~Jbic(! del nurncro y tercerc columna Pat.861 37.13.646 28.437 27.<20 21.985 13..3018 i::~~ I i::.3614 1.'22 41.726 '3.867 46.746 39.82< 33.7.999 52.310 12.3510 .763 46.1]7 14. = 15.580 50.0265 ~'.279 17.4~ 4 10 como tcrnbten }I V2i4 se procederd por interpolaci6n entre V"23 obtener fa coma obtener -r por 234 = 735.904 49.552 25.9897 3.49<4 26.850 19.72' 23.6652 4.600 47.956 40.381 018."12 43.6283 1.2153 10.124 .913 27.539 52.264 31. se cdelcnturd un puesto un pues'o y se tendrd obtener Vo.605 36.333 '7.0369 4.153 22.360 52. se tomara 0.176 38.02~ 35.066 "9.103 52.0162 8.662 36. 506 44.919 36.658 46..438 '7.237 26.229 018.."7 52.897 20..881 12.265 50.097 42.740 30.018 31.161 51.783 "'.553 '5.652 37.732 52.789 50.624 12.139 34.667 24.9<1 52.687 8.atcrmedios V1960 sc vera que cste volar los numeros '3.071 37.100 12.7J5 21.8378 1.208 52.0+4 31.829 23.972 47.059 19..055 0.5'" 27.p!o 460 '70 0180 .3982 4.3304 8.1)1) n.326 19.603 16.588 28. 087 ~5.117 18.5708 2.358 33.l2J 50.m 37...9012 9.056 51. V2.810 '7.962 '2.158 11.2360 6. 44 y 45.252 13.599 26.239 "5.866 26.338 37.7802 2.'26 30 .VALORES DE LA VELOCIDAD OBSERVACIONES DRADO..4236 1..771 24.0472 2.416 32.7389 9.773 44.258 21.118 39.218 '9.857 018.i4 se tomcrd V23'4 1.61622.367 11.2463 4.786 10.500 .630 21.7493 8.845 29.5'3 018.391 46.892 30.165 38.285 27.5.625 31.001 21.394 16.0634 9.301 H.2971.761 26. 192 .835 32.779 0.280 37.572 22516 22.410 23.305 22.7021 7.8<1 <1.819 25.3.798 28.7965 9. REFERENTES RAIZ CUADRADA DIAMETRO" Estas tobias Para Para Para 10 coma Para 10 como obtener obtener obtener estdn indicadas en numeros 234" enteros de 1 a 1000.145 43.898 40.3 ... '5.060 39.479 40.qf~ro<. '9.369 31.6445 7.965 18.255 53.4454 5.847 .4926 6. 33.053 pora mas de 1000 numeros del ournero moyor para obtener n reprecolumna se utrlizcn y 10 rcrz y r oiz cubtcc.615 3<. se cdelcn- tara do~ puestos Estes tobias 10 roiz cuadrado sentoru se tendrc 430. ambos contidcdes cor 50e encontrcrcn 10 se- 440 qundc de 10 Tabla pr ocedow esla entre Inte rpotcctcn.1519 2.510 3<.8068 7.'01 18.708 16.289 16.7<2 50..263 11.(ras Ires cifra s con 10 coma: con 10 como: 547.'72 11.757 37.95' 20.6342 9.4823 9.0841 I 5. 7 25.929 3<.090 13.414 12.9+1 21.546 17.164 19.127 17.147 1). 2341 = 12812904.25.1681 9.046 30..7596 6.202 '.223 38.364 ".788 31.~~~ I 8.'32 39.069 17.013 38.674 52.745 19.199:1 3.960 29.174 16.032 14.513.209oi 0.093 - 46- -47 - .4 y ~24r Para puesto Para entre VI") y V24 respectivcrnente..1622.611 ~5.1106 10.ll2 28.106 20.9218 5.375 40.370 51.499 16.4248 10.705 46.709 0.3142 0.940 32.114 50.379 29.096 2<. se torncrc _::__~_3_3_!_ 4 = 43005. -: por 23.465 15.8850 1.736 '.668 44. par ejerr.1047 1.684 50.286 47.347 15.704 27.5029 4.3 roil cuadrado de 1000.260 42.982 ~!:!!~ I ~!:~!~ 15.186 36.2<9 .463 33.860 0.301 1.327 39.232 16.9322 3.441 17 .<57 24.804 38.519 12. EJEMPLO 'U r o.108 40.S.647 018.5973 6..400 I 24.'75 51.7124 5.714 2<.535 19.469 ~2.521 32..6755 12. CIRCUNFERENCIA ° y para SO 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 ~10 ~20 '30 determiner los valores de numeros decimcle s se opera del modo stqulente.5870 8.049 22.872 3<.307 <2.8746 4.~. 12812.050 41.077 I 46.699 38.720 33.767 34..295 24.4086 2.9.671 17.3407 6...988 1 0.195 14.038 2<.3879 7.8171 5.609 25.729 11.636 29.009 50.m ~34 = 6.928 13.903 29.5398 7.792 20.568 33.619 23.383 18.171 018.150 53.133 26.532 ~9.950 30.2832 7.976 35.997 32.9.752 47.583 20.268 20.631 40.820 45.938 12.003 40.018' 29.373 20.6077 5.556 15.6180 3.7330 1."3 35.5133 3.4351 8.13< '5.389 27.870 14..122 35. 925 ~5.823 H.637 50.891 11.504 25 .934 23.4189 1..698 18.0153 14.678 '2..091 ]4.966 36.181 47. 296 .574 <2.673 31..882 33.516 42...56.205 12. los numeros de ia primera cvbicc 1.5501 5.996 11.478 19.034 35.. 401 .9115 7.313 5'..:' 85184.695 9.90 500 '50 :.883 52.537 38.886 22.830 '3.442 36.190 25.855 27..196 3<.490 37.650 17.~~~~:.~~ 30.904.531 29.81] 16.043 12.782 22.683 30. se odelantaro y se tendrd Para obtener y V2).019 018.577 11.6<2 39.909 38. 3.562 23.681 10. se odelantcrn 73.317 40.128 36.8437 10.876 2<.'88 18.080 15.468 21.776 12.751 28.777 32.981 25.594 38.9'5 <1....3201 10.. 23.9425 1.89' 51.627 51.40< /14.547 37.6549 6.196 46.970 27.2566 1.755 17.808 26.987 33.500 36.322 30.<28 .211 20.1416 4.385 38.794 40.799 018.H2 26.363 21.9794 5.558 35.z ~q.291 36.522 51.075 ( 27.336 17.086 25.354 <3.566 1 2 3 4 5 9 0.878 .406 34 .357 13.883 11...2935 5.907 18.5605 4.656 25.081 35.0059 9.584 39.299 14.9484 10.4681 2.836 51.0!85 018.462 13.159 31.3776 9. MERO CUBO.353 23.451 15.007 30.6917 8.527 41.693 28.053 10.914 47.028 I 26.149 33.3.5245 10.73 31.4 se torncrd y se rendrd :-: ~_.

1=-. = Numerc de revoluciones per minuto. FUERZA CENTRIFUGA F= M Xv' - FUERZA VIVA R f= M xv' - 2 .. M caida f=Pxh. S = espacio recorrido. P = Peso de un cuerpo.h. w = Yelocidad angular. -48- .= P X h = P X s. h= 2~'9-' hV . I s UNIFORMEMENTE ACELERADO v Q= --. t = Tiempo. 2 lib~~ en ~I veclo. Considerando un cuerpo siguientes relaciones: de masa Referida a 10 fuerzo vivQ f de un cuerpo de masa M dotado de vetocidad V. ¥' = Velocidad en metros por segundo. F = Pceree centrlfuga 0 cenlrlpeta de un cuerpo con masa f = Fuerza viva. P = Peso del cuerpo. a X I. tenemos las v=1'2gxh. s=~-xt= 2 CIRCULAR axt 2 l MOVIMIENTO v= 2. FuerzQ cenlr/fugo F de un cuerpo con masa M dotado de velocidad v en metros por segundo 5iluado Q 10 disfaneia R en metros del centro de rcteclen. DE CINEMATICA v = Ve/ocidad. MOVIMIENTO s=v MOVIMIENTO v = a X I. segundo). v I V=-. I = ~--. = Dlstcnclu en metros del punto considerodo como eje de retceten. UNIFORME s V a = Aceleracion.1047n.~ R 60 (1)= 2"n 60 = 0. TABLAS DE CONVERSION FORMULAS DE DINAMICA por M. g = Aceleeeeten producida por 10 gravedad (9. h = altura de calda.81 metros M = Masa de un cuerpo.FORMULAS s = Espocio.

._ "......".08 « r -50- ~~~~ ~::~~ ~-~~~ ..nvi :f'$'$r. ......:! NO-"O .0'" ~~.... oo-..!a ~~~~ ~~ii ~~t~ ~tt! tf~~ '!H? ?'!!! ~~~~ ~~~~ 8:..........~ .. 00 "' It ...~! ~~ ~~~~ ~.~~ .... ....:::r::~~ ~~I! .......0-... ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ $~~r:: ........ ~..i~5 ~~~~ ~gii ~~~~ ~B~BEEBE ~l!t .. ..:j::::: ~g~~ ~~~5 ~ii~ 5gi~ ~~:g5 ~~i! ~~~~ S~a... ~~~~ E~~g ~.0.0""... ."... 00 "''''''0--0 ~..~8 ~~~i :~~s ~~~~ ~~~~ ~!i~ ::::~S~ g:::::~O ~ri~~ ~~.t t·.!......1 ~e.... ~-~-~g ~1!..."'. ~-~~~ ~ "'0'''''' ~~~: "''''''0'-0 . "''''''0-... ~q~~ ..r ..~::::.....j.1~~a..i~ ~8?.0... oo ""1""'0'-0 ~1~l ~::o.~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~g~~ ~~~~ ~~S~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~! =........:....0 S~.~~ ~~~~ ::g:g~~ ~H:i ~~S~ "'.....8~ ::j~~~ 00....0.0-.......o~::g~ ~l~l = ~ :::::~ -51- O..... Z§~i ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ """"""..r .0.".....::....... ..... ~S.".....:..j"'.0":": .........§ > 'E Z 0" e on on on II'INO--O ~~~o:: .0 0" .r .0 ....NO-....::~o:..0--0 NNr:i::::l a~~~~~~ a a~~~ 0"..J D..........! ..0 ~§~~ 00 ~~~~ ~~tt t~~t t~~~ ~~lt §§§~ ~~:g~ ... 0 ....~~S 00 ...0--0 .1 .."...o N-OO..:!I!.. "'.. ~~:oO E~~~ ~~~~ .:m ~~i2~ ~~~l a~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ 'f...... ....t~~~ ......... NM ........... 0...0-.. ........... ~~~S ~~N:O g~~~ ~~o'ci **t~ ...r "'. oo-..o ::::'-o~f CS"""'0..z 0 (/) ~§~~ §~i~ !!ii5 ~~~~ CS"''''''' ~S~a..."'.mN o ...........<S~ ~_~:..:::i-08~ m ~~~~ ~~i5 ~S. ~~~~ ~ ~ ~g.. ~~M:O 8~~~ ~8~~ ""'~OO""" " '"5 0) ~g~§ ~t~$ !!iijj~ ~000 ...5: on "'tJ 0) ~~~~ ~~S~ !~~S $5~~ ~tEE E~~~ :I! 1:>8.oO-..0.. II'INO'.................00...a .'i'i'i ~~~~ ~..0-......~~ ..0 :::::::::::::::::::: &I'INO'o...m ..mN ..~o-..r :g~:... ~~~~ ~~~~ ~::::. ~~~~ ...... .0..~~ 1ii~§§ ...........-IIi".. CII 0 w ........a...... .. ..~o-...i ~~~..0 ~~~~ ~U~ ~~~~ ~~~~ """"""N E~~~ ~§i: ~~~~ ~~~~ ~m~5~.n-D-D": ~~~~ r::iMNr:i NMNN s5i~ !~~~ :g~~~ ~l~......0 .... ...0-.Ml .M Ei§n ~~ii !.1"1 N~O ... ZUi 1ii~§§ . t~~! H ~~~~ 5SS8 ~~~......00 ..... ~r::i~N ~~~~ ~~$~ ..o ~~~~ ~~ll ~~:a~ .~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ :.o "':"':":«i ~::U::H........o' N~O 0-0-0-0&I'INO<o. ~R~~~~~~ ..~ ~81?~ ~::C!~~ 0'0'0'0 .0-.0 ~~$$ $~~i .0 .......... ~~~!$ tf_':5.t .::::.~3~ 00 .. oo ..-..0-....1"10- n~is~~~ 00 ....0'0 . .0......" mN~ ~~~8 . U W <{ ~~... -"' .. ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ...... ~~~~ ~~~~ :l:l~~ .. ~~!~ U~5: . 0 00 .~~ ::::..

yo que 10 conversi6n oficiol de los".007 .39978 Estas djferencics no deben ser epreoedcs en tecbcjcs de mecdntcc corriente.0 406..5 .2 .53- .ADVERTENCIAS Una insignificanle diferenclc extste en 10 conversten de 10 pulgoda tnglesa Q milimetros.006 .00118 ...8 0..0508 .399978 Relaci6n segun venes autores .0275.003 0.003 .4 685.0027' .08 0.•.3'2 . Diferencia. la difnencia es pradicamente inmed..3 0..001 0.0113' --~_:. .' 381.270 1.008 .24 17.0762 .. ..32 22.3999~8 OO.' 730. • .10005 1 pulgoda inglesQ = 25. O.1778 .9 2.8 76. Pulg. 10 cual permite de uno forma rcptdc.7 .•. centesimos y miles.00079 . y se recomiendo operar para til conversion de medidos de precision por 10 tabla de decimas.•..6 III 127.4 .00197 .008 -OOOoj9.8 609.00315 .0254 ee 513.0254 . S..9144 metros..5 0.02 .2 863.•.78 20.000315 .2 «umversul». 330.2 279.ll86 + + pulgodo: Relacion americana.05 ..105~ mm. 0 de pulgad~s a milimetros 10 254.7.2 0..00023.09 .<XlOO72 Relacion americana.2 889.778 2.9 Conversi6n de 1 10 100 1000 de milimetro a pulgadas y viceversa -mm.4 812.16 12. --mm.01 0..0 533.4 431.. 203. el ccnverttr cualquier..00787 .2 355. 0"2 = 5.' Como queda demostrado.04 0.0 660.00157 . .06 .007 0.70 15. Unidades Pulg.00051 Relacion inglesa . 508.. 10 100 Pulg..00236 .. y ella ~s debtdo Q las eprectactones de d.4 939.05 0.. 25.ble para la mecanizaci6n de ptezcs. por media de sumas. Diferencias que existen entre 10 relacion americana '1 la inglesa en una m.016 1.009 Djferenctc.00027' .1524 ...006 0.' 0..4 0.8 457. .000079 Pulg..08 7 .8 711. .005 0.01969 0. La equivalttnCia 25. Relacion inglesa.oJ 0. .6 yarda = 0..8 20 508. ..025~ mm..08 01" 100 .' 52 - .0 25..40005 . '1' por tanto..09 .-\0005 ~ .1270 . na debe lenerse en cuenta sino pare caics de extreme precisi6n.508 ..2 00..00035< De estas reiactones se derrvcn los siguientes relociones cproximcdcs : 1 pulgodo (U.002 0.00039 .286 . medida..6 412. yordo ~ 36 pulgodos.101' . ..00354 0.2 990..2 1.03150 .0 914.•. 0"001 = 0.03543 O.2032 .0 035.8 5&4.08 mm.• 2 10.7 0.2 lll.06 0.000197 .004 ..1 . 25.j ~ 25 . . yarda = 3 pies.254 ..07 0...07 . • por corresponder a 4 ·5 101.000418 -+--7~'O-I 787. mm.002 ..<lO9 1" 1000 Pulg.08 0.4 SO. . 1000 ~= Stendc 10 retecrcn 1 yordo ~ ---=-. Relcctcn segun vcrtos autores .02 .Estodos Untdos de Am~nca Ilene esla retccicn: 1 yordo 3600 3937' de Ingloterro' ~ 3600 3937.4 558.004 0.01575 .01181 ." se procura sea reteeten .032 2.005 .0.000157 .86 Pulg.oooua .01 ..•. .0 5. · 25.5~4 1..8 838.4 304.54 5. EJEMPLO Cenverur 20"201 pulgadas a milimetros: 20" = 508..1 0.. .0 mm ..0 ISH 177. . A.00394 . 1" 10 Pulg. 00..3 .versos_ cutores. ~ Diferencia. pero si en los de precision pora 10 clencte e industria.04 .8 .8 965.. mos. 25.03 ..001 .

...."..~375 0.o""..~ ..546875 0......~~~"': ..921875 0.......5 a -a a 0) III ..... 0 G) CL ~r-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-i i~~O:~~8~~~ ~~..046875 0...§ e ~ a. ..~53125 0. ~1/M 21/32 ~3/M 11/16.... 17/M 0..203125 33/M 17/32 35/M 9/16 ...... E o .~~~~~:g8 ~~~::~~~$~~ "'....... '¢COt"'olU"lO'..6875 0........328125 11/32 0..... ...... 0..15625 0...... ..65625 0...2H375 0.5 U O. 29/M 15/32 31/M 1/2 .......1<10625 0.......~~ ~~~a#~~~~~ ..-U''I 0...~375 0...0 t"'oIt"'oIt"'oIM ~ i~~~~~~~~......73~375 0..... U"IO-M" ... "'oI""'~U"I-c...... " ~9/M 25/32 51/M 13/16.: ~i~~Vi~..t"'oI~ ~~~~~~ "':~~~"'"!"'"!~~'"':~ -...1875 0..aoot O~Flgi~~~~~ .359375 3/8 •......515625 0.71875 0. '" ~~~~i~~~~s..~11875 0.......28125 19/M 0.....671875 0.....3~375 23/M 0.55- . aoU"lt"'olO-"'OMO"~ s !l ~~~~#~~~~~ i.~~~~~~~~ ..~ III G) .. "".........l'lt"'l8)~""'O"~ #&l~r:::" ~~~~ .....~:g~~~::ri~~l ... 61/M 31/32 63/M 1 ...... ~5/M 23/32 ~7/M 3/~.p.Mt"'oIt"'oIMM ~~~~~~~~#~ ::~~~~~~:!:!0 '0 C •iii ... 0 ~~*i:::.... ~~~~o::~~8~:: .....~~~~:g..875 0.. "aoaoo-o-O' ·00 .oo ~~~r-i"'.~u-lu-l~."'..........265625 9/32 0.......828125 0... 37/6~ 19/32 39/M 5/8 ....~~~ ...l'lt"'olO-"'OMO"~ ~~!~e~~~R~ .. aol.... ~ ~~~:o8i~e:!~~ ~~a~~~~~~~ ~~~~p.. aoU"lt"'l8)~""'o"~ Fracciones de pulgada a decimales I/M 1/32 3/M 1/16 . ~~~~~~~~!..00 ao .46875 0.........98~375 1..... "'S 1 Q...78125 0.125 0....171875 0......•390625 0...953125 0.l'lt"'olO-"'OM " ......:.............-VCOt"'olU"lO'M O'coOO"-C-CU"l'¢V .U''IO'M'' ...~:::n:~~~S 8 ~Mr-ir-iMr-ir-i""'..... E E ~~"':"':"':~~"'"!"'"! E ..25 0.765625 0..... > C G) ~~~::~~~$~!i "'"!~"':~~~~~"":"": " .859375 0.......75 0..90625 0.54- .....625 0......p.....8125 0... 53/6~ 27/32 55/M 7/8 .9375 0.609375 0...o... ~ s i~~~=~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~:..oo a aot"'ol...21875 0....::O....0625 0.....3125 21/M 0.o.96875 0..03125 0..:aiaOa:o-:a-:oo~ t"'oIt"'oIt"'oIt"'oIt"'oIt"'oIt"'oIMMM . ""'" .ot"'l.-aoU"lt"'olo'..."'.. ~~~r-ir....i.....5625 0....703125 0......59375 0.... c.......:""........ a III 2 fi~S~ ~~~8 ~ ."'..109375 0....~~ .~:8:gv.~~~~~~~ .. 5/M 3/32 7/M 1/8 . aol. 0.oi M U"IO-""'" .... t"'oIt"'oI""'''''''''''~ U"I ..... 13/M 7/32 15/M 1/~.........."".....078125 0........ ............... JlI ~ ~~. 0.... t" po...a......~375 0. aol.U''I 8 ~~."'o-cU"l~V ""''' .-U"lO''''''''''.~~~ ""''''''MMMMMMMM m ...... ..<10625 0...09375 0...:. 57/M 29/32 59/6~ 15/16....53125 0....... !i! ~ E s ~ 8 !is:~~~~~~~~ ~iii~~~~~~ o...... U"IO-Mr::: ... S..o.......375 251M 13/32 27/M 7/16 .890625 0......... 0-8(!.......... II 'e -a G) III " a .... U"I&lt"'ol ..:~ ~""ao~~~:..296875 5/16 •• 0...~:g~~~::ri~::::'l ..:i .796875 0...... U"IU"IU"I..6-10625 0...... 9/M 5/32 II/M 3/16 .o" § r-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-ir-i ~~~~~~~~~~ ~=~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~C!.. O'cooo..015625 0...578125 0.

678571 0"..57- .464286 0".-~------0".--------~ -----.071429 0".541667 0" .333333 9/14 5/12 11/14 3/6 13/24 7/12 15/24 4/6 0".892857 ------"0". 12 avos inglesa 17/24 9/12 19/24 5/6 21/14 11/12 23/14 0"..875 0".. ~::: ~ ..j -- 21/28 0"..285714 0" .75 0"..E-J-f--l-}'.25 4/7 --_----.958333 y 24 avos de pulgada 1/24 1/12 0".708333 0".291667 0" .833333 0". . 0"_03S7H ~ 19/28 5/7 0".375 0".f..:._--_ --_----------0" ..1----...821429 -0".428571 3/28 3/7 ---_ _.785714 ~~0".5 5/28 7/14 --.166667 0"..791667 0" ._--.142857 1/7 13/28 .333714 ~+_0'~-214286 _ 15/28 ~--0".666667 e ::l~::l~ ~~a.0".208333 0".-f-.928571 I 000 ~~~ .392857 11/28 1/14 ----. 14 avos inglesa y 28 avos de pu!gada 0"..607143 17/28 2/7 1/28 ..583333 0".357143 5/14 -0".25 0".642887 27/28 0"_964286 -56- ..5 0" ." cicici II II II ~9!!~! !!! ~ II II II II II II II II II II ddcid 23/28 6/7 25/28 -----13/14 ------- na2!..107143 0" .714286 I---~-- ..041667 0" .----------~ 1--------0".: cicicicicidciooooooooo cicicici II 11 11 II II II II II II II II II II II II II 3/24 1/6 Is~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ II II II II 5/14 3/12 7/14 2/6 -J. ."i.-0".75 0".916667 0".178571 0". 9/28 0" .416667 0" .571429 7/28 0".458333 0".1~29i- 9/14 0".125 0".857143 0".--~ ~1-.~~i~ codo II II II II Decimales equivalentes a 6 avos. ..6250"..f-i--!-i-iiii Decimales equivalentes a 7 avos.~~ ~~~~ ci 0'6 II II II II II cid II II II II II II ..083333 0".

118 0.25 0.190 0.114 0.870 0.145 0.305 0.32 0. 0.6]9 5.775 ~.0232 0.769 2.0378 ].)84 5.96j 0.106 0.470 4.620 7.05 0.0146 0.0154 mm.134 3.826 ".141 0.171 0.655 6.175 0.161 1.645 7.0354 0.0382 0.0264 0.15 0.145 0.135 O.281 0.98 0.179 0.8S1 ".467 7.0055 0.111 O.089 4.417 7.45 0.200 e.Il6 o.117 0.133 0.75 0.023 3.139 0.0094 0.11.m 3.832 6.0213 i 0. 0.166 I 0.189 0.680 7.648 4.696 7.289 0.667 2. Pulgodos 0.63 0.972 2.070 6.0201 0.315 0.921 2.j91 7.0390 0.540.310 0.186· 0.978 5.705 6.267 4.899 1 0.178 0.921 0.157 0.581 3.174 0.565 2.12: 0.153 8.90 0.156 5.n3 O.1«1 0.277 3.28 0.n4 0.537 5.124 3. 1 0.144 3.064 1 4.874 7.108 0.0335 0.782 6.959 6.994 6. 5.861 3.0343 0.125 0.951 O.181 0.13 i O.42 0.161 0.161 0. 0.301 0.163 0.0098 0.099 1 4.0350 0.756 6.166 0.58 0.168 0.674 4.823 trn 7.55] 6.57 0.306 0.724 4.307 O.256 0.161 0.556 3.253 0.99 11.ln 0.117 0.255 0.401 6.118 0.0091 0.111 0.166 0.0177 0.85 0.55 0.216 4.410 5.036 7.153 0.274 6.597 4.116 0.70 0.1]] 8.Decimales de milimetros a decimales de pulgada inglesa mm Pulgodos Decimales de pulgada inglesa a milimetros PuI9QdQ~ 0.rn 0.0150 0.0016 0.293 4.164 0.138 0.59 0.708 3.258 5.578 6.130 0.52 0.928 4.0157 i 0.170 mm.572 4.394 4.314 0.146 0.287 0.101 0.004 5.0197 0.967 3.191 0.m I O.0031 0.83 0.111 0.299 2.0083 0.147 6.147 0.62] ~.020'1 0.21 0.-40 I 0.147 0.87 0.73< ].229 -58- .594 ". ! 0.188 0.m 0.36 0.436 5.91 89 1 5.0303 0.169 0.311 mm.743 2.111 0..251 0.105 0.79 0.210 0. 4.0339 0.143 0.671 7.848 7.]78 3..0287 0.0319 0.858 6.086 La equivalencia en pulqcdcs de 0.109 0.221 un O.178 0.369 4.5 4.658 ].264 7.242 4.n9 0.0394 0.197 7.0358 2.101 0.518 2.! Pulgodos 10.172 6.747 7.116 0.0087 0.101 0.301 0.150 I I 7.196 0.0185 0.196 0.029 5.125 0.04 0.163 ! mm.Q7 0.0260 0.61 I 0.0327 0.105 5.44 0.68 0.223 6.359 6.94 0.39 Pulgodos 0.0252 0.! Pulgodos I mm.100 0.112 7.131 0.877 4.198 0.154 0.154 0.148 0.56 0.191 4.020 6.155 0.114 0.988 5.78 ' 0.131 5.187 0.334 5.311 0.181 0.151 0.316 0.C26 8.114 0.194 0.160 0.0193 0...801 5.226 3.115 0.0122 0.110 3.794 2.429 ].29 0.06 0.175 0.0028 0.309 0.302 3.0020 0. Pul9Qda~ 0.259 0.943 I e.810 3.ll5 0.375 6.54 0.86 0.055 6.15<1 0.141 0.77 I 0.H 0.061 7.0268 0.119 o.179 8.0374 0.49 0.59- .160 0.937 4.204 0.191 0.0276 0.109 0.699 4.902 4.0366 0.962 3.49) 7.176 0.0102 0. mm.02 0.184 0.0362 0.14 0.0043 0.303 0.0228 0.134 0.76 0.107 0.121 6.886 3.190 0.151 0.67 0.137 7.893 5.95] PulgQdas O.193 0.0047 0.0346 0.477 6.33 0.114 0.0331 0.0307 0.613 5.304 0.lll O.62 0.283 0.285 0.]4] 4.925 7.110 0.588 1f1:::.65 0.5]1 3.104 0.37 0.174 0.683 ].173 0.642 2.807 6.48 0.0165 0.1 2.867 5.0130 0.128 8.18 ".718 ].117 0.H8 6.6Q.]<40 7.00081 I 0.766 5.0169 0.141 mrn.816 5.140 4.111 0.00204 0.715 5..81 0.315 7.35 0.()..290 7.300 0.16 0.173 0.31 0.912 7.I 7.n7 0.72 0.0106 0.039 3.528 6.0012 0.0181 0.080 5.105 0.46 M7 0.179 0.50 0.420 4.0272 0.2().0134 0.198 0.169 0.0138 O.317 0.918 0.02040 0.104 0.013 4.Q205 0.0283 0.664 5.442 ].102 0. 2.591 2.934 6.ln 0.24] 0.689 5.182 1.159 0.116 O.176 o.107 0.350 6.207 5.629 6.845 2.171 O.0315 0.0189 0.144 0.191 0.m 0.110 0.27 0.0067 2.0173 0.38 0.188 7.0126 0.183 0.502 6.116 0.0039 0.84 0.096 0.66 0.130 O.197 0.00 3.23 10.Q.97 93 0.0280 0.119 mm.236 0.0079 Ejemplo: i 7.08 0.165 0.750 4.969 5.0224 0.232 5.283 5.486 5.171 5.m 3.404 5.0063 0.077 8.0004 0.975 8.149 0.195 0.108 0.896 6.138 0.0236 0.64 0.111 0.193 0.0035 0.731 6.521 4.835 3.0295 0.26 0.480 3.137 0.001 8.180 0.168 0.138 0.no 0.119 0.lO8 0.512 5.165 0.0051 0.073 3.029-1 0.0217 0.150 0.115 0.73 0 74 .103 0.798 7.103 0.052 8.191 0.366 7. 0.632 3.111 0.80 I 0.607 7.S.71 0.0256 0.163 0. = 0.0370 0.842 5.251 0.101 0.139 0.01H 0.0220 0.309 6.128 O.319 o.43 0.Q248 0.194 0.791 5.113 0.562 6.985 7.41 I r mm.16 de.30 0.616 Pulgodas 0.199 0.17 [ 1 0.106 0.0063 putqcdcs.0386 0.170 7.OH2 0.22 0.181 0. 7.69 0.161 0.167 0.505 5.141 0.82 0.01 I 0. 2.60 ".185 0.257 0.100 0.318 4.1«1 0.116 0.164 0.128 0.10 0..213 0.197 0.740 6.0299 0.111 0.0311 0.950 7.149 0.496 4.51 0.759 Pulgodas 0.426 6.909 5.53 0.195 0.ln 0.167 0.0161 0.010 6. 7.721 0.131 0.883 6.311 0.148 0.547 4.88 0.0'1 0.251 3.0059 0.0118 0.n3 O.451 7.146 0.n4 8.175 3.785 3.n4 6.0110 O.0323 0.150 3.692 2.258 0.113 0.115 0.I5 6. ].819 2.Q244 0.569 7.946 2.Q3 0.158 0.318 0.no mm.199 0.454 ].

370 12.256 16.916 16.678 17.418 0.642 10.910 14.709 0.084 10.750 0.589 0.769 10.233 13.459 mm.440 0.444 0.11&4 1<.558 19.607 0.685 0 •• mm.544 0.534 0.359 0.998 11.941 8.658 0.349 0.492 0.3<8 17.432 0.659 0.410 0.603 0.498.999 19.559 0.361 0.452 0.513 0.403 0.567 0.388 10.714 0.050 19.5<5 15.166 12.418 15.413 0.754 17.438 0.458 8.412 0.381 0. 0.576 0.272 17.443 15..657 0.764 0.268 12.792 13.594 mm.605 14.1)2 13.<487 13.Decimales de pulgada inglesa a milimetros PulgodQ5 0.<484 16.532 19._ 0.713 0.189 15.373 0.365 0.570 15.404 0.343 0.610 0.592 0.306 8.637 0.991 9.nO 18.439 10.342 0._ 0.185 10.932 17.068 17.976 16.947 10.296 9.446 0.665 13.524 0.460 0.030 13.539 0. 13.703 17.485 0.338 18.m 8.459 16.351 0.739 0.636 8.769 0.515 Pulgodas 0.436 13.891 16.97) 10.489 0.719 10.878 12.656 0.027 16.322 9.437 0.703 0.4n 0.704 0.245 9.495 0.586 0.081 13.467 0._ 0.l8O 0.259 13.0)9 12.399 Q.581 0.716 0.<23 9.753 9.408 16.180 16.719 0. 17.454 0.852 12.332 0.817 13.280 8.520 0.399 17.644 0.846 18.846 10.702 0.757 14.601 9.367 0.327 0.309 13. 9.614 13.445 0.649 0.265 15.650 0.647 0.059 18.329 19.770 0.449 9.836 11.986 15.700 0.<81 19.<81 0.992 17.541 0.386 13. 15.679 0.634 19.lli 0.725 12.468 0.540 0.779 9.376 14.217 17.625 0.557 0.57.720 0.767 13.018 17.271 9.529 14.517 0.l88 0.129 16.424 17.407 8.871 10.m .554 0.071 14.211 10.499 9.352 0.360 0.758 0.281 16.532 0.821 18.814 16.548 0.507 0.780 17.506 0.608 19.169 9.839 8.103 16.586 16.384 0.565 0.468 0.880 9.300 14.4]] 0.526 17.372 0.542 18.177 19.126 19.529 0.697 0 .494 0.584 0.695 0.122 14.591 0.3U 17.69< 18.605 0•• 0.700 12.6010 0.5<7 12.670 0.345 0.275 14.417 0.415 18.374 0.751 0.420 12.014 12.145 17.550 0.705 0.512 0.610 8.017 9.721 0.665 0.198 14.496 0.090 12.632 0.624 0.549 mm.712 0.476 mm.475 0.675 0.182 13.499 0.490 10.354 0.414 10.583 19.28< 13.543 0.616 0.417 0.442 0.662 0.577 0.065 12._ 0.667 0.664 0.843 13..907 17.538 0.407 Q.613 0.116 Pulgadas 0.5U 0.796 18.368 0.736 0.9<1 16.201 11.652 0.773 0.756 0.760 11.551 0.252 11.531 11.253 19.109 10.567 18.656 14.09< 17.716 13.716 0.515 0.677 9.491 18.471 12.528 0.621 0.661 8.2<0 15.551 14.855 9.713 16.424 0.339 0.16< 15.008 18.519 15.119 17.676 0.514 0.699 0.762 0.585 0.429 0.3+4 12.473 0.307 16.757 0.392 15..744 10.680 0.592 10.935 14.370 0.582 0.097 14.637 16.441 0.591 0.735 11.100 11.669 18.415 0.125 '1..753 0.655 0.451 0.021 14.639 mm.278 19.581 0.789 16.785 11.402 0.336 0.627 17.6M 'o.658 Pulgadas 0.118 9.759 0.535 16.W 12.625 0.608 11.502 0.830 17.516 0.875 15.960 14.Hl 15.900 15.732 14.394 0.469 0.982 10.378 0._ 0.497 0.661 0".490 0.330 0.630 0.734 0.615 0.601 0.106 1).897 18.536 0.316 15.395 12.609 0.461 0.681 14.593 0.824 15.574 0.611 mm.623 0.506 11.7<5 Pulgadas 0.636 0.151 19.576 9.733 0.237 18.614 0.007 18.691 Q.347 9.])1 Decimales de pulgada inglesa a milimetros Pulgada5 0.659 0.387 0.138 15.711 0.440 18.707 0.521 0.598 12.560 0.746 0.1+4 9.195 9.737 8.979 13.849 15.545 0.053 16.840 16.430 0.923 18.176 11.741 0.220 9.6U 0.011 15.741 13.500 17.m 13.811 11.457 0.255 8.416 0.29) 12.508 0.397 0.478 14.+49 17.592 18.761 0.538 13.621 15.763 8.014 19.719 18.580 0.709 11.420 0.906 9. 8.767 0.411 0.638 0.562 0. 12.690 13.957 17.503 0.n3 15.660 0.579 0.859 14.402 14.661 0.427 0.995 14.205 16.546 0.563 0.350 0.631 0.186 18.530 0.249 14.570 0.]98 9.602 17.369 mm.696 0.626 9.287 10.763 0.653 17.331 0.504 12.890 I I 8.475 17.192 12.805 17.367 15.717 0.005 1).478 0. 11.581 0.383 16.062 15..677 0.761 0.391 0.527 0.922 10.970 13.058 10.70 0.748 0.617 0.585 8.634 0.766 0.<56 19.617 0 •• 0.363 0.356 0.881 Pulgadas 0.195 17.36< 18.732 0.211 18.703 9.494 15.755 0.392 0.14II 0.443 0.340 0.827 12.4 17.230 '.751 12.474 9.5H 8.582 11.337 0.389 18.523 0.<83 8. 0.398 0.<31 19.710 0.449 0.277 11.519 0.690 0.729 17.501 0.<05 19. 16.<81 11.135 18.002 16.<83 0 .441 0.288 18.569 0.566 0.465 18.687 16.630 14.566 10.715 0.573 12.833 14.431 0.389 0.421 O.371 0.353 0.814 8.379 O.434 0.m -60- -61- .926 15.385 0.113 15.364 0.160 10.725 0.312 10.434 16.363 10.706 0.745 0.678 0.673 0.533 0.684 ".202 19.261 10.663 0.411 13.382 0.963 11.491 0.912 11.701 0.471 0.560 8.643 0.629 0.291 15.731 0.351 14.513 13.697 15.589 13.80< 9.110 18.579 14.472 0.1<48 14.957 9.820 10.742 0.618 0.313 18.568 0.439 0.966 8.3l1 0.344 0.983 18.611 16.5U 0.<55 11.674 0.931 9.497 12.319 0.693 0.550 9.453 0.928 12.671 0.564 0.776 12.754 0.511 0.173 14.319 12.465 0.333 0.154 16.668 10.395 0.612 '.651 0.516 12.0+9 11.887 11.356 8.383 0.507 19.611 0.693 10.456 0.595 0.503 14.525 9.455 0.596 0.557 11.612 Q.463 0.556 0.366 0.100 19.328 11.0704 11.795 10.375 0.419 0.558 0.341 0.0.0H 18.30< 19.436 0.055 1].973 18.421 0.573 0.747 0.474 0.954 12.400 0.862 11.896 10.170 17.590 0.214 15.721 0.553 0.02] 11.752 0.578 0.075 19.616 0.3U 0.093 9.572 0.346 0.649 12.435 0.865 16.645 0.0<2 9.646 15.856 17.414 o.<0< 11.672 15.510 16.087 Pulgadas 0.<62 13.595 15.610 0.830 9.425 0.360 1).380 19.535 0.464 0.738 16.711 0.505 0.447 0.542 0.744 0.427 14.633 11.915 8.379 11.043 17.332 16.547 0.6<0 13.619 0.774 mm.376 mm.430 11.522 12.708 0.587 0.458 0.712 8.551 17.721 o.297 17.338 0.493 0. 10.9<48 18.355 0.068 9.6<3 18.872 18.416 0.801 8.613 0.903 12.3n 0.408 0.046 14.541 10.967 16.555 0.951 15.396 0.604 0.428 0.571 0.613 0.224 14.7)0 0.'0.642 0.150 11.157 13.666 0.563 13.614 12.621 O.433 0.894 13.338 10.161 18.627 0.401 0.227 19.552 0.141 12.262 18.618 18.764 16.749 0.6016 0.689 0.134 10.479 0.653 0.7<8 Pulgada5 0.989 12.727 8.405 0.620 0.788 8.221 17.236 10.357 16.462 0.<82 0.724 0.406 0.500 0.390 0.409 0.354 19. 0.735 0.641 0.654 0.316 0.722 0.938 11.452 14..334 0.372 15.765 0.672 0.868 13.561 16.303 11.599 0.674 12.760 0.722 15.864 18.470 0.208 13.373 Pulgadas 0.246 17.335 0.575 0.9 0.9+4 1.531 0.<168 15.518 0. 18.799 15.509 0.771 0..510 0.362 0.078 16.783 14.69l 0.740 0.597 0.382 8.033 10.687 8.728 9.652 9.037 15.537 0.617 10.0&0 18.393 0.465 10.450 0.6Ol 0.919 13.357 U5a 0.808 14.325 14.347 0.561 0.662 16.706 14.7lI 0.509 8.+46 12.227 11.526 0.35< 11.

887 0.860 0.970 0.89.796 0.488 11 :>1] 21.967 0.780 0.777 0.3937 3.961 0.841 0.806 0.685 19.259 21.698 23.19] 20.]/0 10.9n 0.682 22.818 21.040 20.047 22.801 0.910 0.666 21.167 10.931 0..785 0.095 25.723 2].908'123.869 21.915 0.789 0.672 23.937 0.5()04 = = 0.849 0.881 0.841 0.791 0.056 21.956 0.485 14.726 0.019 24.892 24. 60 millas geograficas = 1 grado en el Ecuador.774 2).819 0.916 0.977 14.811 0.801 0.9000 » » » » = 0.818 0.899 0.874 0.797 0.895 0.991 0.361 21.935 0.336 21.742 21.04 24.190 2).3280 ].877 0.964 0.9'.003 24 028 14.861 0.037 0.656 22.793 0.961 0.971 O.437 21.815 mm."5 0.222 25.946 0.920 21.000 3280.942 0.11'1 23."'7 10.934 0.918 0.590 21. 7 20.854 0.810 0.082 21.864 inglesa a milimetros mm 21.%0 24.529 22.815 2-4.971 0.9-45 n.883 0.915 0.792 0.079 » » » » » yardas 24.891 0..298 25.888 19.900 0.871 (Iegua marino) 3 millas nauticas (milia geografica) marino (1760 yordo.1093 1.710 19)33 19.901 0.868 0.9n 0.839 0.819 20.907 0.9144 O.984 0."3 0.853 0.947 0.m 25.841 24. i Equivalencias entre sistema inglis y mitrico Pesos y medidas MEDIDAS DE LONGITUD sec-lecque 0.840 0.H2 2].234 21.911 0.96.781 0.209 21.800 0.JS2 12.622 2]..()()()() » = 176O.495 23.869 H. -63 - .986 0.142 20.&46 0.091 20.402 12.663 2-4..998 0.985 0.539 ~:: 0.917 24..8.989 20.8288 0.368 2).901 23.606 21.92] 0.793 21.812 19.218 20.781 0.870 0.955 20.821 0.819 0.989 0.196 25.804 0.285 21.1Q.564 21.945 0.148 22.596 2].845 0. 19.889 0.2808 328.761 19.981 0. 0.523 20.0.971 21."1 0.54S 2]571 23.srs = ]9.m 1. es usoda siempre para las comparaciones de velocidades de buques.886 0.909 n0l8 0.015 20.817 20.807 0.948 0.837 19.817 0.808 0.799 0.()()()() H.158 21.707 22.199 PulgQdas 0.206 24.955 0.910 22.880 0.798 0.885 0.180 14.990 0.291 23.790 0.813 0.960 0.310 21.7-49 23.994 0.021 22.878 0.936] 1093.701 kil6metro milia legua = = = 10.814 0.936 22.893 0.921 0.911 0. 0.0)1 21.384 24.987 I 23.975 0.776 0.911 0.9)9 Pulgodas 0.809 0.587 0.9)8 0.555 22.978 0. 6080 pies.183 21.146 25.243 20.005 21.863 0.784 0.817 0._ 0.860 22.561 24.638 22.809 22.969 0.275 22.983 0.767 21.]70113 » zo.90 0.981 0.814 0.155 24.966 0.856 0.1 25.862 19.987 0.999 i .824 0.2'4 20.976 O.317 Pulgodos 0.612 H.944 0.803 0.911 0.0328 pie.961 0.906 0.917 0.215 23.99] 25.884 0.939 0.851 0.841 0.0254 21.765 24.269 1.815 0.04 21.4 H.953 0.885 22.910 0.675 20.866 14.911 mm.903 0.959 0.951 0.778 0.9()4 I .828 Pulgados mm 24.6H 20.850 I H876 2].147 25.938 metros O.640 21.6]1 22.)01 12.82] ig::~~ 20.174 22.787 0.409 24.320 22. 23.0936 dedmetro metro decdmetro 20.951 0.418 23.511 14.396 20.33J 0.412 21.799 21.733 22.739 24.858 0.479 22.171 25.979 0.788 0.717 21.805 0.794 0.6]00 » » » 5280.859 0.996 mm 20.942 2". '9.817 0.386 21.890 0.916 0.428 22.957 0.107 21.714 24.231 ALMIRANTAZGO BRITANICO 0'816120.8n 0.894 0.W Ii.536 24.273 25.'75 knot mile fathom yard fool inch nudo centimetre 23.453 22.647 23.816 0.326 n.802 o.896 0.8)8 0. equivalencia a 1853 metros.266 23.927 0.250 22.520 1l.775 0.940 0.62- 1 Knot para pruebas de buques :d.968 24.751 0.+44 23.548 20.'71 0.066 10.862 0.57<1 20.) milia legal (braza) (yorda) (pie) (pulgada) = 5559 1853 1609.901 0..855 0.954 2].000 0.926 23.9370 pulgadas = » » 0.688 14.469 23.888 0.116 20.8H 22.949 0.400 20.Decimales de pulgada Pulgodas 0.810 0.904 0.781 0.04-4 21.881 0.000 » 5280.786 19.650 20.358 14.911 2·4.139 23.929 20.0/2 22.913 19.164 23.144 0.472 0.996 22.830 0.850 0..374 25.~ 25.891 0.012 23.12] 21.225 22.098 22.897 0.841 0.910 0.924 0.758 22.961 0.815 0.241 2].063 0.580 22.952 23.795 0.848 0.818 20.961 22.()()()() 159<40.48 0.783 22.905 0.980 0.307 20.165 H.974 0.790 14. .836 0.965 0.257 o.691 21.988 0.918 0.599 20.980 21.779 0.282 24.919 0.936 0.811 0.no 24.851 0.m 0.120 25.812 0.349 25.950 0.786 0.615 11.0109 0.919 0.053 14.132 21.811 0. 1 milia neuncc = 1 milia geografica.3Q.46] 21.3149 1.377 22.069 25.811 0.958 0.145 20.'76 0.857 0.)9] 19.

MEDIDAS DE SUPERFICIE
1 yarda! 1 pie2 1 0,836097

TABLA
pulgQdost
GalgQ Imperial Standard

DE
Birmingham Wire and Stubs (atombre) Pulgodas

GALGAS
Birmingham Sheet and Hoop flejes) mm. (chapas
I

m'

1 1 1

m' m' m'

pulgodo'

= 0,092899 m' = O,0<J06.45 m'

= 1550 = 10,7M = 1,196

Brow

and

Sharp.

pie,'
yordost

numero

e-. Pulgodas
O,~ 0,372 O,H81 0,324 0,300 0,276 0,252 0,232 0,212 0,192 0,176 0,160 O,1~ 0,128 0,116 O,1M 0,092 0,080 0,072 0,064. 0,056 O,M8 O,~ 0,036 0,032 0,028

"r-i
i

mm.

mm. 11,530 10,795

~--.-

y

Americana p~-t-~QdQS

Pulgodas

T

".

mm. 11,~ 10,-40<1 9,265 8,251 7,3~ 6,5~3 5,827 5,189 ~,621 ~,115 3,6M 3,263 2,906 2,588 2,3M 2,52 1,827 1,627

0000

110,160 9,~~ 8,839 I 8,229 7,620

O,~5~ O,~25 0,380 O,HO 0,300 O,28~ 0,259 0,238 0,220 0,203 0,180 0,165 O,H8 0,134 0,120 0.109 0,095 0,083 0,072 0,065 0,058 O,M9' O,M2 0,035 0,032 0,028

0,500 M~52 O,396~ 0,3532 O,31~7 O,28Q.1 0,2500 0,2225 0,1981 O,17M 0,1570 0,1398 0,1250 0,1113 0,0991 0,0882 0,0785 0,0699 0,0625 0,0556 0,0495 O,~ 0,0392 O,OH9 0,03125

,

12,700 11,308 10,068 8,971 7,993 7,122 6,350 5,651 5,031 ~,~O 3,987 3,550 3,175 2,827 2,517 2,2~ 1,993 1.775 1,587 1,~12 1,257 1,117 0,995 0,886 0,793

O,~ O,~6 O,3~ O,32~ 0,2893 0,2576 O,229~ O,2M3 0,1819 0,1620 O,1~3 0,1285 O,11~ 0,1019 0,0907 0,0808 0,0719 0,0641 0,0570 0,0508 0,0452 O,M30 0,0359 0,0319 O,02~ 0,02535 1 i

MEDIDAS DE VOLUMEN
1 yordo:! 1 1
pie"

000 pulgadasa 00 0 1 2

pulgodo"

= O,7M513 = 0,028315 = 0,000016

m' m" m'

1 1 1

m' m' m'

= 61028 = 35,316 = 1.308

pie,'
yordos:S

i

9,652 '8,636 7,620 7,213 6,578 6,M5

: 7,010 ' 6,~
I

MEDIDAS DE CAPACIDAD
1 1 1 1

~
0,070 0,176 1,75980

3

5,892 5,3~

gill, pint (pinto) quart (quarto) gallon (inglo,)

= O,H2 = 0,568 = 1,136 = ~,5~5
=

litro litro
Htr cs lures

1 cennlrtro
1 decilitro 1 litro

=

gill,
pintos pinl~

5 6 7 8 9 10

'

!
I

5,588 5,156 ~,572 ~,190 3,759 3,403 3,~ 2,768 2,413 2,108 1,828 1,651 1,~73 1,2~ 1,066 0,889 0,812

i ~,876 ~,470 4,064 3,657 3,251 2,9~ 2,6~ 2,336 2,032 1,828 1,625 1,422 1,219 1,016 O,9H 0,812 0,711

i

I

1 gallon (americano)

3.785 litros

PESAS
1 ton. {tcneludes]
1 1 1
=

11

22-40

libra,

cwt (quintal) quart (quarto) pound (libra) (cnzc] drachm (dracma)

1 oU'lce 1

= 20 cwts. = 112 libra, = 28 » = 16 onzas = 16 dr.

= 1016,O~8 = 50,802 = 12,700
=
O,~5359 0,Q28H 0,00177 0,0022 2,20'16 220,~H 22M,6H1

12 kgs. » » » » » ltbres » » » 13 H 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

1,~9 1,290 1,H9 1,009 0,911 0,811 0,722 O,M3

1 gromo 1 kilogramo 1

quintal metrico (100 kilogramos)

1 tonelada metrica (1000 kilogramos)

= = = = = =

!

:

I

!

I

0,711

-6-4-

- 65-

TABLA
GalgQ Imperial

DE
Birmingham Wire and Stubs (olombre)

GALGAS
Birmingham Sheet (chapas
- ----

Factores de conversion
and Sharp

numero

r---Pulgodas

Standard
--~-

ond

Hoop

Brow

INGLES
Libras por pie lineal Libras per yarda lineal

A METRICO
1,488 0,496 3333,33 1111,11 0,2818 0,07031 1,575 4,883 10,936 1,215 0,5933 16,020 1.329 0,01426 0,09983 48.905 25,8 0,1382 0.309 1,0139 0,477 0,0916 0,0279 0.252 2.713 0,746 kilos por metro lineal kilos por metro lineal kilos por metro lineal kilos por metro lineal kilos por kil6metros kilos por centimetres kilos por millmetro" kilos por metro' Tons. por metro' Tons. por metro" kilos por metres kilos por metres Tons. por metres

1--

--

y

mm.

Pulgodas

mm.

Pulgadas

flejes) -----mm

Americana

Gg;;;]--~;;·-0,02257 0,02010 0,01790 0,01594 0,01419 0.01264 0,01125 0,010021 0,00892 0,00795 0,007081 0,00630 0,00561 0,00500 0,00445 0,00396 0,00353 0,00314 0,00280 0,00250 0,00220 0,00200 0,00176 0,00157 0,00140 0,00124

x
X

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

0,024 0,022 0,020 0,018 0,0164 0,0148 0,0136 0,0124 0,0116 0,0108 0,0100, 0,0092 0,0084 0,0076 0,0068 0,0060 0,0052 0.0048
1 ,

0,609 0,558 0,508 0,457 0.416 0,375 0,345 0,314 0,294 0,274 0,254 0,233 0,213 0,193 0,172 0,152 0,132 0,121 0,111 0,101 0,091 0,081 0,071 0,060 0,050 0,040

0,025 0,022 0,020 0,018 0,016 0,014 0,013 0,012 0.010 0,009 0,008 0,007 0,005 0,004

0,635 0,558 0,508 0,457 0,406 0,355 0,330 0,304 0,254 0,228 0,203 0,177 0,127 0,101

0,02782 0,02476 0,02204 0,01961 0,01745 0,01264 0,01390 0.01230 0,01100 0,00980 0,00870 0,00770 0,00690 0,00610 0,00540 0,00480 0,00430 0,00386 0,00343 0,00306 0,00272 0,00242 0,00215 0,00192 0,00170 0,00152

0,706 0,628 0,559 0,498 0,443 0,396 0,353 0,312 0,279 0,248 0,220 0,195 0,175 0,154 0,137 0,121 0,109 0,098 0,087 0,077 0,069 0,061 0,054 0,048 0,043 0,Q38

i

0,573 0,511 0,454 0,404 0,360 0,321 0,285 0,254 0,226 0,201 0,180 0,160 0.142 0,127 0,113 0,100 0,089 0,079 0,071 0,063 0,056 0,051 0,048 0,039 0,035 0,031

Tons. per pie lineal Tons. por yarda Libras por mi1lo Libras por pulgodo2 Tons. por pulgodo2 Libras por pie2 Tons. por Tons. Libras lineal

x x

x x x
x

pte"

x
X X X X X X X X X X X

por yardo2 per yordos3

Libras por ple" Tons. por yarda3

Gramos per gallon Libras per gallon -Gcllcnes Tons. libros por pie"

= gromos
= kilos por

por

litro

litro

-

-

41
42 43 44 45 46 47 48

0,00441 0,0040 0,0036 0,0032 0,0028 0.0024 0,0020 0,0016

-

-

litros por metro" kilogrcimetros kilogrcimetros Tons. metrtccs

pulgodo pie

Tons. pie HP libros Pies' Pies' por por por HP HP HP

c.

V. normal

X
X X X

kilos por C. metros" metre" colodos

v.
C.

por C. por

v. v.

Unidodes termtccs Unidod termlcc HP Tons.
=

-

por pie-

X

cclcrtcs por metro! kilovatios de tonelado

x

abreviotura

- 66-

-67-

Fadores de conversion
METRICO
Metrol Metro'\ por por

Fadores
Kilos por Kilos por Kilos Kilos por por metro metro metro lineal lineal

de conversion
A INGLES
0.672 2.016 0.0003 0.0009 3.548 14.223 0.635 0.2048 0.0914 0.823 1.686 0.0624 0.752 70.12 10.438 0.0204 7.233 0.0387 3.23 0.9863 2.235 Hbras libras tons. tons. por pie lineal por yarda lineal

A INGLES
ptes! por HP HP termiccs.

METRICO
x x
X X

Cy
C. V.

x x
X

10.913 35.806 3.968 0.369 1.340 0.7373 0.00155 645.1 0.155 6,451

pies3 por unrdedes

Calorio ktlcgrumc Calorids Ktlevencs Valios Milimetros2 Milimetros2 CentimetresCentimetres" Metros2 Kil6metros~ Hectcireas Centimetres" Metros:! Metros3 Metros~ por metre'

lineal

por pie lineal por yarda lineal

x x x x
X

unidades termlccs HP

por pie'

metro lineal

Kilos por kil6metro Kilos por centimetre! Kilos por Kilos por Tons. pulgQdast Tons. pulgadast pulgadas' Kilos Kilos Tons. Gramos por por por por metro! metro' metro" metro por por por litro ccbrcc por mlllrnetrct metro! metro!

x x x
X X X X X

libras por milia libras tons. libras tons. tons. libras libras tons. gramos Libras gallones libras tons. tons. HP libras por HP por por pulgada2 pulgada2

Pies libras por segundo pulgadas2

por pie! por por por por por pie! yordo! yordo;! ple" yorda3 por par gallon gal16n por pies pulgada pie pi~

x

10.764

ptes"
acres

x
X X

x 247.1 x
2.471 16.383

Kilos acres pulgadas3 pies" ycrdcs" Lttrcs

litro metros

x
»;
X X

Kilogrometr<;>s Klloqrdmetrcs Tons. metrtces

x x
X

35.315 1.308 264.2

C. V. normal qetlcnes (231 pulgadas') Kilos por C. V.

x x

-68-

69 -

EQUIVALENCIA
C= F= 5 X (F-32) 9 9XC 5
of

ENTRE TEMPERATURAS
R=4XC= 5 4 X (F- 32) 9 C=

EQUIVALENCIA

ENTRE
R= + 32
FahrenheIt

TEMPERATURAS
4X C 5 4 X (F-32) 9

5XR =-4-

5 X (F- 32) 5XR =-49 9XR + 32 = -4c
CeloIw
F

+32=~+32
C Cel,ius

r 9XC .- = -5-

.
JO
31

4
F

FohrO!nhl!l1

.,
oR
24,0
14.8 25.' 16,4

/WG..",IIIf

, """'-,
OR °C +
500
5SO 600

°C

oR
_16,0

°C + +

of
".0 87.8

°C +
80

of

oR +
64.0 64.'

°C +
130

OF +
266,0 267.8 269,6 271.4 171.2
275,0 276,8 278,6 280." 282.2 2114,0 285.8 287,6 291.2 293,0 29",8 296.6 298." 300,2 ]02.0 303,8 307." 309.2 311,0 312,8 314.6 316." 31B.2

OR

°C +
'80 '82

OF

OF

OR
932

-17 _16 -1S -14

-" +
-18 -11
_12 -11 _10

-20

-

'.0 2.2 0.'

-1S.2 _12,8 -12.0 _ 1'.2
-10,4 -1],6

+

'.'
3.2 5.0

''',4

n
14

12

es.e
91,4

82 81

"

9),2
95,0

27.2
28,0 28,8

10."
12.2 H,O

.., - .., - e.a
, .a

lS 36 37 38 39
40

ss.e

100,4 102.2 104,0

...,

..
as
88 90 92

+

176,0
117,8 179,6 181.4 18).2 185,0 186,8 188.6

n,

+

104,0 .104,8

tet

+

356.0
]S7.8 )59,6

+

144.0 1+4,8
145,6 1<W!.4 147,1 148,0 '''',8 '''9.6 1 SO... 151.2 152.0

+

+

1012

..,
400 480 520

65.'
66.' 67,2 68.0 68.'

132 133

i05.6
106,4

134 135 '36 137 '38 139
'40 14' 142 143 '44 145 t .. 148 14' ,SO 1S' 152

107.2.
108,0 108,8 109,6 110," 111,2 112.0 112.8 11],6 11"," 115.2 116,0 116,8 117.6 118." 119,2 120,0 120.8

'83 18'
'85 '87
t ..

29.6
]0,4

31.2 32.0
32,8

_.

-• • -, -• 7 5

1S.B
17,6 19,4 21,2

+

3 2

,
2 3

23.0 24,8 26.6 28.1
)0.2 32,0

- '.0 - 7.2 - 5.' - 4.~ - '.0 - 3.2 - 2.' - t.e - 0.'
0.0

'.'

41
42

105,8 107,6 109.4 111,2 113.0 114.8 116.6 118,4 120.2 122.0 1B.B 125.6 127,4 129.2 1]1.0

n.e
]5.2
]6,0 )6.8

43
44

34,4

4S
46 47 48

0 t

SO
52

"
"
56

37.6 3M
39,2 40.0 40.'

" '" " " " ss " " " reo
94 '01
102

69,6
70,-4 71,2 72,0

190 .. 4
192,2 194,0 195.8 197,6 199,4 201,2

rz.e

n.6
14.4 75,2 76,0

289.'

,,, ,,, ,,, ,.,
'90

361.4 363,1
365,0 3.... 368,6 37M

6SO 700
7SO 0>0

'112
1292 14n '562 '652 17 .. 2 18]2

'202
'382

S60
600

m.r
]7".0

sse

8SO ."

640 680 ".
760 100

375.8 379." 381,2

3n,6

193

..

203.0 lO·U 206.6 208.4
210,2

76,8 77,6
78.4 79.2 80.0 80.'

'47

'94 ,,, '96 , ,,,
'97
200 210

15].6 15 ..... 155,2 156,0 156.8 157,6 158." 159.2 160.0 168.0 176.0

152.'

'000
'050 1100 11SO

'922
'012 2,.,

..

,""
1150

""
2m 2462 2551 2642 2732 2822 2912 3002 3092 3182 1272 J362 3452

840 880

38J,O 3IM,8 386,6 388." ]90.2

,ioo nso
'400 14SO

"82

." ...
,""
1120 1160 ,,40

,
5 7 10

·
• •

B,8 35,6 37.4
]9,2

+

0.'

212.0 213.8
115,6 217,4 21'-2

392

'500
1SSO '600 16SO 1700 1750

1.6
2.' 3.2 '.0

41.6 43.2

et.e
8],2 ".0

42••
44.' 46.' 48.2

"',0'
SO.O

11 12 14

51.B
5],6

n
1S 16

57.2
59,0

55."

10,4

... ,.. ..., ..
5.' 7.2 '.0

53 54 55 57 58
60

42.4

'03 '04
105

82.'

153 .'54
155 '56 157

lOS.'

121.6
122," 123.2 1H.0 114.8 115,6 126." 127.2 128.0 128,B 129,6 110." 131.2

220 230 240 250 260 270

44.0 44.'

132.8
134.6 136.4 138,2 140,0 141,8 143,6 145.4 147.2 149,0 150,8 152.6 154.4

,06
107 10.

221.0
222.'

45.6
46.'

"
61 61 63
64

47.2
48.0 48.'

""
,10

224.6 226.4
228.2

".'
85,1> 87.2 ".0

'" '" '" ,_,
soo
554

.10

,'" ,""
'2110
1320

'000

1114.0 192.0 200.0 208.0 216,0

'360
'400 '440 "80 1520

".'
90.'

nt
112

1)0.0
2]1.8

11.2
12.0

49.6 SO.4 51,2
52.0

113
11. 115 '16 ",

231.6 US," 1)7,2 219.0
140.8

...., ...
92.0

158 159
'60 16'

280
'90 300 310 320 330 340 3SO

".
S36 S72
590 .. 2

'800

224.0
232.0 2 ..1),0 HB.O

'850
eec
ese
2050 2100

320.0
121.8 323,6 325," 327.2 329,0 330,8 H2.6

'62 '63
'64

608 62'
644

2510.0
264.0 272.0 280.0 288.0

21SO 2200 23SO 2400 14SO 1700 2150

35..2

rsse
'680
1720

rrn
3812 3902 3992

3612

,..,
ieee
"40 1920 1960

'600

'1.2 92.B 9].6 94.' 95.2
%.0

1760

" "
20
21

17

60.' 62.6
64.' 66.2 68.0

12,8
1],6 14 .•

15.2
16,0

" " "
66 68

tss
'66 167 '68 16.

112.0
132,8 133,6 135.2 136,0 1l6,B 117.6 13B." 139,2 110,0

52,8 53,6
54,4

360
370

156.2 158,0
159.8 161.6 163,4 165.2 167.0 168.8 170.6 172,4 174.1

55.2
56.0 56.' 57,6

,,,
ita 122 123
12. 125

242.6 144.4 246.2 2.... 0 219.8 251.6
25).4

70
71

22 23 24 25 26
27

·n.4
75.2
77.0

6'-8 71.6

16,8
17,6 18.4 19.2 20,0 20.' 21.6 22,4 23.2

120 121

72
73 74

58.4 59.2
60.0

255.2 257.0 258.8

'fT.' "..
".2 100,0 100.8

....

336,2 3]8.0

HH
339.8 H1.6 H)." 3"5,2 H7.0 3"8.8 ]SO.6

13..,,,

380
390

680 '96
716

2250 2300

0082
"'72 4262

296.0
301.0 312.0 120.0 128.0 3l6,O ] ..... 0 352,0 360,0 368,0 176.0 384.0

.. 352
0442 "512 46" ..712 4802 4892

734 7Sl
770 788

'70 17'
172

400
'10 420

2SOO
25SO 2600 2650

173 17.
175

.30
440 'SO .70 "0

806 82.
.. 2

78.8
80.'

7S 76 77

60.'
61.6

tae
127 ",

" "

82.'
".2

" "

62.4 63.2

'"

260.'
262.4
264.2

101.6
102.4 10).2

'"
17.
'79

'76

352."
]54.2

'''1,''
'''3,2

11O.B 141,6

460

""

-70 -

'" ." -71.78

'"

27SO 20>0

...,
son

'880
2000 2080 2120

1160
2200 2240 2180 2320 2360

5162

]92,0

2900 19SO

5252
514l

- TABLA DE CONVERSION
KILOGRAMOS POR CENTIMETRO CUADRADO EN LIBRAS POR PULGADA CUADRADA
Kg,. por libra, libra, Kg,. Kg'. por por por por em' ...I'..ulg_ada· em' ....I'.ulg_ada· em' libra, por pulgada' Kg'. por libra, por pulgada'

-TABLA

DE CONVERSION

LIBRAS POR PULGADA CUADRADA EN KI LOG RAMOS POR CE NTIMETRO CUADRADO
libras por pulg' Kgs. por libra. por pulg' Kg s, por Libras por pulg' Kgs. por libras por pulg' Kg,. por

em' 17.2

em' 7.031 7.171 7.312

em' 10.827 10.968 11.108 11.249 11.390 11.530 11.671 11.812 11.952 12.093 12.233 12.374 12.515 12.655 12.796 12.937 13.077 13.218 13.358 13.499 13.639 13.780 13.921 14.061 14.202 14.343

em' 14.624 14.764 14.905 15.046 15.186 15.327 15.467 15.608 15.749 15.889 16.030 16.171 16.311

em'

1.0 1.2

104
1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2A 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.2 H 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2

14.1.23 17.068 19.913 22.757 25.602 28.447 31.291 34.136 36.981 39.825 42.670 45.515 48.359 51.204 54.049 56.893 59.738 62.583

604
6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2

91.029 93.874 96.719 99.563 102.408 105.253 108.097 110.942 113.787 116.631 122.321 125.165 128.010 130.855

11.8 12.0 12.2

1204
12.6 12.8 13.0 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.8 14.0 14.2

167.836 170.680 173.525 176.370 179.214 182.059 184.904 187.748 190.593 193.438 196.282 199.127 201.972 204.816 207.661 210.506 213.350 216.195 219.040 221.884 224.729 227.574

244.642 1704 247.486 17.6 250.331 17.8 253.176 18.0 256.020 18.2 18.6 18.8 19.0 19.2 19.6 19.8 20.0 20.2

1804 261.710

258.865

100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 124 126 128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152

70453
7.593 7.734 7.874 8.015 8.156 8.296 8.577 8.718 8.858 8.999

154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 170 172 174 176 178 180 182 184 186 188 190 192 194 196 198 200 202 204 206

208 210 212 214 216 218 220 222 224 226 228 230 232 234 236 238 240 242 244 246 248 250 252 254 256 258 260 73-

262 264 266 268 270 272 274 276 278 280 282 284 286 288 290 292 294 296 298 300 302 304 306 308 310

180420
18.561 18.702 18.842 18.983 19.123 19.264 19.405 19.545 19.686 19.826 19.967 20.108 20.248 20.389 20.530 20.670 20.811 20.951 21.092 21.233 21.373 21.514 21.654 21.795

264.534 267.399 270.244 273.088

804 1190476

80437

1904 275.933
278.778 281.622 284.467 287.312 290.156 293.001 295.846 298.690 301.535 307.224 310.069 312.914

1404
14.6 14.8 15.0 15.2

160452
16.592 16.733 16.874 17.014 17.155 17.295

904 133.699
9.6 136.544 9.8 '139.389 10.0 142.234 10.2 145.078

9.140
9.281

2004
20.6 20.8 21.0 21.2 21.6 21.8 22.0

90421
9.562 9.702 9.843 9.984 10.124 10.265 10.405 10.546 10.687

650427
68.272 71.117 73.961 76.806 79.651 83.495 85.340 88.185

1504
15.6 15.8 16.0 16.2 16.6 16.8 17.0

1004 147.923
10.6 10.8 11.0 11.2 11.4 11.6 150.768 153.612

170436
17.577 17.717 17.858 17.999 18.139 18.280

504
5.6 5.8 6.0 6.2

1560457
159.302 162.146 164.991

1604 233.263

2300418
236.108 238.952 241.797

2104 304.380

140483
-

-72-

DATOS SOBRE PRESIONES
Un milimetro de columna de mercuric

= 13.506 mm. de columna
= 0,0013596 otm6sferos atm6sferas

de aguQ.

metriccs, ontiguas.

»
Un milimetro de columna de agua a

= 0.0013158

+

4" = 1

Kg/m2 mm. de columna
curio
Q

= 0,07355

de mer-

()'>

Una

atmosfera

metrrce

= 1 Kg/em' = 735,5 = 737.4

» » »

mm. de columna mm. de mercuric
inglesas inglesas

de mercurio a 15" de mercuric de agua par a pulgoda

Q

cr
()o

= 28,958 pulgodas

= 10 metros de columna

+

a 4"

LECTURA DE MANOMETROS
EQUIVALENCIAS
Una atmosfera metrlcc
-

= 14.223 libras
= 0,968

cue-

drado. atm6sferas ontiguas. de mercurio a 15° de mercurio de agua
Q

Una atmosfera antigua

= 760 mm. de columna = 766

a

I kilo
por

por ern?

()o

mm. de mercuric

= 29,922 pulgodas = 10;333 metros

inglesas de columnd

a

()o

Kilogramos Un

por

ern? a libras

pulgcdc?

+

4"

kilogramo por libra

»
Una libra par pulgoda cuadrado

= 14.696 libras inglesas = 27.71 .pulgadas = 2.31 pies ingleses = 2.041 pulgadas = 1~ libras por

par pulgada de agua

cuadrado. a 15
0

-

14,223 libras.
a kilogramos ki logramos. por pulgcdo? por em?

inglesas inglesas

Libras Una
0

pulgad~
-

» »

de agua. de mercurio a 15 pie cuadrado.

0,0703
a libras

= 0,068 ctmosfercs. Una pulgada de mercurio a 15
0

Atrnosfercs

= 1.132 = 13,58 = 0.491

pies de agua. pulgadas ltbrcs Hbrcs por per por de agua. pulgada cuadrado.

Una atmosfera Libras Una
NOTA. etmcsfencc.

=

14,223 libras.
a ctrnosferas.

» »
Un pie de agua a 15
0

por libra

pulgada2

= 62.355

pie cuadrado. pulgada cuadrada.

- 0,0703 ctrnosfercs.
los mcnornetros. 10 lecture cere cor responde a 10 presion

»

= 0,433 libras

En todos

-74 -

75 -

6SO 4..' '1.. .~ P.228 '6.' '.002 0 .171 2.' 1.. U 0. .J 93..543 5.S 6..209 0..130 0.3 0..0438 0.1 164.9 160.515 4. '0 · .1 0.495 .]94 • .~. .418 1.2 153.0 102. ..5 161.212 ]..' 1..1 181.451 1..188 0.0 14]. ~ .5 o.' '. .619 1.1 140..]76 6.2 81.0] 0.166 0.~ . ~.123 0.28) U87 2. .185 ..265 0..97 .1 118.' '...053 1.S to.756 1.521 0.109 0.VAPOR DE AGUA SATURADO Pre~lon oblOlwlo '" aim Temperalurg Volumen de 1 Kg hw d~ 1 en Prnion ~.1 '. 6. .9 157.'49 4.511 5.7 115. .' lB.5 117.5 "'09 1.. 0...190 0.1 119.941 ".)U 1.227 0.256 1.. 0.' '.5 117..0 191.416 1. .9 178.552 7.1 161..' '.104 0.n6 O..2)0 2.175 4.1 129.3'" " " " 10 200 202 lOS 208 )10 21l ...75 t...19] 0.7 3..1 110. 0.172 l.009 0.3 190. absoluto Temperalure Volume" d<'!ll(g en m"' e"'enlig en m' Kg en aIm. Do E b ::l 7.n7 2.5 S..021 S.15 11.15" 6.H1 0.719 0.698 2.3 14'.1 155.694 1.. 1. tG. ~ E ~ 0.6 164. .~ de 1 m en Kg encenlig..640 5..9 1S1.87 8.M' 3.1 1.0 153.65 9.753 0. " ..3ao 115.77. NN~~~~~~~~O N -76 - -77- .lSO 0.9 100.8 1~...621 6....8 '. 14S." 0.75 '. ·~ .0.172 0.1904 76.127 0.133 0. '1.549 0 .' .1 0..7 1'S.6 no.8 176.518 1..194 0.6 175.S .75 11.178 2.116 0.1 126..1 193..4 '74.993 1.75 .155 0. 1.' '.531 0.8 194. =~ · ~ ..101 1.189 " " " '..617 0 .596 1.<00 168.." n.s :.802 2.721 3..69 7. ...197 3.' '.663 0.' '..410 l. · I ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~OO ~~~~~~~~~~~ __ E .269 ~ ~ .1 4.~ ~..901 0 . ~. 188.'" 171.007 1.6SO ... ~.' 1...371 0.1 179.110 .l.060 '. .' n.4.140 3..8 161.'99 0.' '. ~. 5." '1.568 ].148 0.' 132.10 8..<'" 0...118 " .' 0.508 1.15 9..7 1S1.4 15.ns 'A " ~....5 152.7 157.~ ..2 ".. :: . .0 1.374 0.1 1044.115 1... 141..102 0..385 0. · ~ .099 137.. I! b ~ .nt 0.76<1 185.' .378 0. '.811 0...1 s.915 1.4" 0.S95 2. b .117 0.' .. .J OJ.0 1]6.. ~ ." '.) 1'1..742 7.115 0.8 165..' 121.7 1504.' U...1 169..102 1]1.15 11~ 11.1 1.5 186.170 5. 0.697 0.3.77 ..1 0. 0.173 0..' '.1043 0.' '..1046 0.41' 2.357 150.956 ]... '.. ".on '41...111 159...419 0.~ 155..138 0.862 1.133 0.' '.72] .163 3.161 1.10 "" i E "0 > :I II ." 181.1 141. .4 189.0 163.1 121.)16 0.2 0.419 0. i .1S4 0.4 163..' lOS..5 170.)14 1.672 0 ..180 0. .." 7..365 1. e.!..587 0..' '.01 6.8 172..306 0.7 0.181 0. ..786 1..161 ]. " . '.2 1.009 11. .. " M 7.812 1.887 0. "..241 '. U .5 5.. ! Go U 1.1 139.111 0.459 0 . '.115 0....160 0..020 1. u~ 14...177 0.248 0.157 0..1 107..1 159..S '''.65 10.'" .s 0.161 0.101 '.176 ]..016 97.853 2.m 'E ~ . 0.108 1.4 181..' '.!! D.5 148. 0.' '. ~ 1.905 U '.1 166.671 2...390 1.2 1'2.2 69. 180..364 0.7 111.150 2.916 0.1&4 109..m 0.0:1:1 4.6 0..B32 0...107 7.490 '.' 0.S. .670 0.r ...6 a.6047 2.. .1 149.069 0..B" 0.467 ·s i I! .' '.6 1.7 5.. 4.7S '..141 0.7 111.' O..99 t.170 0. .470 0.B to..' '.570 1.338 0..~ ..' .9 135.331: 0.' 187.8 1046.' 11.' '..4'1 B43 ].

610 10. Cotorro-Kq 13 30 23 30 4. .750 8.000 768 11. U. por pie cubrcc B. DE VAPORIZACION CALORIA·KG.1 CALORIFICAS COMBUSTIBLE Aceite solar.500 2.55 celer-ies kg/kg. 427 kilogrcimetros.500 INFERIORES CALORIA·KG.5 63 80.000 calorias-gromo.100 3.4 55. Petr61eo . 9. .100 10.230 10. Parafina Gfrcc nno .4 35. Liqnltc . 6. Petr61eo • Mazut (similar gos-oil) POTENCIAS ~~. .4 14 77 Estono Cobre Fundtcton gris.000 7. 632 calorios-kilogramo.590 -78 - -79 - .800 7.8 21 5.6 » Un ktloqrcrnetrc Un HP-hora Un kilovatio-hora Una B. Carbon de madera (combusti6n Coque de gas. 10. ~~~. . 860 calorias-kilogromo.9 colories kg/m: 1 CALOR METALES LATENTE DE FUSION CUERPOS Azufre .000 11.342 calorias-gromo. POTENCIAS Caloria-Kg. Gas de alumhrado.00160 0. Gas ccetlleno Madera Turbo. . Coque metchirqtco.00018 9.000 10. Ete r • (0 O~). U. = Caloria ingleso. CALORIFICAS SUPERIORES CALORIA·KG. /::. Petr61eo [rectificcdo] Gasolino.000 10. 8. Alcohol Benzol.00050 0.CA Uno calorio-kilogromo LOR cclorio grande.00018 0. CALOR potcisico. Alurruruo .900 10. 2. Petrclec en bruto . = 8.000 Brtquetcs de hullo. Benzol.00100 0.1 42. Gltcertnc • Mercurio. DILATACION CUERPOS CUBICA 1" C Amoniaco (a 0"') Acido carbonico 362 210 304.600 4. Alcohol Gasolino. Gas de alto horno. Hrc!o (agua). U.4 90 Azufre. Alcohol. Hierro Niquel Mercurio Plata Plomo Plalino . por libra Uno B.~ colidod. 0. Zinc. 0.600 7. 1.100 11. ) Buena Hullo I ~n~~~il~.000 7.000 3.2 28 LATENTE CUE R PO S COMBUSTIBLE Antrocita.800 7.00120 0. ill ~ 94. T.000 9. T.600 completo) 4. Nitrato Ccdnuo.4 27. T. Benzol. Gas-oil (ccette de gas) Benzol.00110 0. Agua (promedio) Eter .

04162 .0863 46.9560 36. nitrico sulfurtcc nitrico s6clico.885 163.06291 .967 491. .0S007 .8211 16.02619 .049'9 :~J .3 10.621 286.9656 39.05328 .06613 . 104.. .6 I' " .62.04279 .1 10.4368 39.02007 .01804 . nitrato.00814 . 9:6:4 89' ecren 88' 87' .6367 26.M367 .02&18 ..03288 ...02298 .8460 26.02939 .06875 .04337 .. 37 86 8.0IS82' 17.OMI6 .2296 26.01484 .6020 22.06678 .00<07 ..4335 41.3264 16.04016 .7117 27.3499 16. • • • • 7 6 .06700 I" 1s 1< 13 12 11 10 1.7601 66.lOUD tan .6762 16.Peso de las piezas fundidas en relaci6n con su modelo taD o· T angentes !.7496 16.85 Mezclas 18.01280 .441 246.07'7 20.5 11.04891 .00663 . disuelto dcf do sal nieve. :2 :1 :1 :1 disuelto.6691 20.8813 21.8 11.7317 .6946 23..3 14.0601SS .06204 .4466 20.9244 21 22 23 2' 2.04396 .06796 .61056 19.3711 29.00<36 312.06066 .11~ 98.04978 .01978 .00204 .9 Roble.03066 .217 96.4899 27.3 20 l' .0661 43.8711 18.2261 44. de sodto.00MO .01862 .4 11.MI3 63.3606 66.2 10.060211 .02386 .00698 .03812 .04076 ..06642 .700 IM.8886 .01629 . 3.06233 .6321 23.6081 42.6936 33.M85 49.426.04260 .00068 .1222 16.8821 62.04308 .8206 31.01776 . <1 . Nitrato Cloruro Cloruro Acido Acido Acido Fosfato Fosfato amcmco.943 ~::~~3 74.6076 16.06730 14.0696 34.03n7 . 3. .6177 38.6069 39.00291 .03201 .3718 23.01891 .06093 14. 27 26 26 23 22 21 20 .00989 .0798 24.06906 14.01076 .1693 17.03609 .066<. de ecleto. .265 . 26 2'. :1 :2 9:4 ..01222 .03230 .5340 16.6363 t •• .'116 30.760 1718.7934 17.9 15.04774 .3007 3 2 1 0 cmontccc.037M .03871 ..9 3.00568 38.3432 17. .06116 .otan 86' tan - 80- -81- .02182 .04li12 .06881 ... .321 122.3 64 67 6S •• 00 ~Jg&2 taD 3b:~2~ .012~1 .00682 .." 29.06_ . s6dico.8 10.4Ml 22.6273 19.~ 16.7086 62.02328 .3081 22.7186 24.2716 27.9641 42.7 3.06626 .4 10.2671 18.02066 .932 171.00727 .00000 Infinite.06603 .9 12.00176 .04366 .03492 .4121 47.60056 21.02997 .00931 00900 .022{() .01309 .02968 . Caoba Lal6n 10 11 • • • • • • 6 7 0 1 .03968 .06737 .02531 .03987 .106 343.6814 16.0677 22.0760 1lI.01668 .8693 23.06270 .06934 H.4283 16.068<7 14.1181 31. disuelto.8646 19.01136 ._7 .a802 17. Haya Tilo Peral Abedul Aliso.05212 .3 13.00116 .8319 16.00962 . dci· .8823 29.2969 19.06788 14.00320 .04668 .2066 20.3263 20.lotaD .03667 .04191 .1967 24.2122 16.1220 28.6&U 18.03783 .6 .01746 .4617 26.2416 30.06691 .14'6 29.06766 . 14.7 11..02124 . •• 31 .6681 16.08379 .2644 26.6567 62.1039 48..6 4.03929 .H3 85.9 14..4416 M.0837 16. nfeve.0307 26.06<0. nieve.01164 .4~ 18.7686 37.0<&99 .662 229.06299 .02153 .03679 .047'6 . 33 32 31 30 .03492 .1893 16.9766 18.01746 !. sal amoniaco.1708 18. •• •• .0283 23.0811 18.7 10.3679 36.8 12.182 214.04832 .06446 . 16 17 4.02677 . .01600 .6932 20.4489 46.3994 28. .04628 .03376 .06708 .8188 20.05182 .79M ..02096 .03434 .9702 19.4314 17.8978 24.6833 30. •• .6(K8 16.06037 .729 73..8006 3li.02416 .01920 . 17 I.0436 16.06769 14.171 101.06262 .8294 46.04803 .3607 .02036 l' !.03463 .04Ml .05627 36.04716 .3 3.00786 .0667 14.2900 056.01193 .01613 .06176 .00624 .06096 .03900 .2049 21.00146 . agua agu? agua.9372 27.7"83 16.2137 23. disuelto.868 202.269 149.00496 .06087 .478 264. nieve..1840 22.489 92.. MODELO DE Hierro fundido Lal6n Cobre Bronce Aluminio Plnc 0 abeto 16 9 9.M9 672.02861 .607 132..02689 .04104 .03621 Cloun tan .1 3.03269 .00640 ._ 13 1< I. 28 211 30 MEZCLA Partes en peso Descenso De de temperatura A ·C Salitre.920 869.7303 32..01833 . .06664 .06671 .01047 .8167 49.7 13.3369 21. nitrico dt- do sulfurtco suelto .03406 .01949 .0_ 3· cota.014M .3032 6O.4 -24 -12 -16 -33 -18 -35 -41 -40 -9 -6 Sal amoniaco.02910 .04670 .6284 31.3678 34.1885 37.8386 44.9038 22.9168 41.02106 .03143 .06970 :8:li .000211 ..0M74 .M38 .4106 40.01M2 .04133 .6161 70..00087 . 3437.7426 21.atH2" ..0811 taD 19.6010 114.02881 .00378 .02473 .1879 19.5 11..219 121.01018 .06'" 3.4316 26.10b 6iilll 64 63.7015 17.01671 .774 ::~:~n 67.060562 .9898 14.1190 16.6 12.0462 32.3662 33.0807 61.3 <1 3'i 83 36 36 37 38 3.99 19.984 180.7619 22.4&6 143.9160 16.2671 16.00262 .4638 lli.6418 26. • dct- do nit rico disuelto.9687 16.02269 .01426 .1li33 68. 01687 .0.4633 88.02:1&0 .3 <7 .219 190.3 11.0<'" .04920 .06437 .870 1146.7 0.M18 24.7403 19.02211 .689 110.774 118..7 13.7395 47.01367 .06533 .892 107 .00W .71lil 34.01338 ..8348 26.4313 36.03114 .0872 19.2568 17.9460 20.6106 17 6206 17.847 79.02736 . • :1 :1 : 5: 16 :1 +8 + 10 + 10 0 0 -14 -5 -19 + 15 + 12.4061 19.04862 .3 0.4212 .06963 14.02764 .9699 30.3676 24.02444 .01396 .lOun y Colangenles 2' tan . . 6() '1 '2 .06620 .03346 .6069 .939 83.06817 14.7 0.9990 16.02822 .4992 69.2 .03838 .98 5..4213 32.01716 .7678 18.95 frigoriftcas 19.03_ 28.03026 .03172 .436 687.843 81.2 14.06146 . .3943 16.2 0.04220 .3 15.1962 16.908 90.8696 .00349 .1 11.00873 .&383 28.8863 17.03084 .0273 33.02367 .0217 21.9174 40.02793 .9 13.08321 . nfeve. 60 ISS 67 66 64 68 6' 61 <7 .237 137.139 71.1664 27. 96 .007" .4 16.4704 21..00611 .3866 18.00233 .0636() 211 2.0666 26.0<687 .06241 .06153 . .03726 .5 0..0<488 . .8771 28.00669 .01106 .1776 36.05241 ecten .4823 .02602 .

11659 .6591 12.14767 .6124 12.08251 .11747 .81471 4.17633 .15124 . 61 62 63 6.08104 .17763 .10775 .08600 ~::~~~Ai g~ I 57 8. 17 16 16 14 13 12 11 10 : ~:~i~ .18353 .01971 5. •• I.08163 . 60 ss 67 3 2 1 0 • • 9 7 6 6 " .90056 4.21256 cotaa s 7 6 6 3 2 1 0 • ectan 85" 84" 83" 82" 81" 80" 79' 78' -.09306 .61219 6.20285 .19293 6.16047 .11217 .23391 6.86862 8. ~117p\ W.95946 4.79964 8.19257 .07987 .66463 6.60452 4.87895 7.07841 .01.3919 11.81641 9.54851 5. 21013 .38625 8.15391 .49356 6.10216 .14796 .07490 .13461 .59575 7.07812 .18143 .17483 .13669 .15928 .16704 .19952 .08749 ~.cotan tan .17783 .10628 10657 . 21Q.13195 .07519 .16226 .07110 .05679 7.18745 .13639 .20952 II cotan 5.12674 .31375 tan .7Q.12249 .15302 .15809 .' eotan tan ~.61132 7.11394 .82252 8.7Q.an 60 69 6• 67 66 66 10 • 6 6 7 • s 14.48451 5.03379 9.907IM 4.13284 .08514 .18955 .008.18836 .2480 13.2996 13. 6.10834 cotan 9 .47007 8.64275 8.19498 .27829 6.71715 37 7.9962 1 08719 .331.5789 09482 10 .92249 4.68094 5.17963 .44867 5.58673 5.3854 10.20042 .09704 6.20133 .38307 9.7636 12.73960 5.070:12 .97438 4.05809 5.78673 4.84242 7.20103 .15006 .1-8654 .14143 .4742 12.40705 8.15481 .25048 5.08309 .25630 9.13313 .11070 10.16645 .15749 .12751 .10952 IU 84g:~ 10981 I 1 .278g 11.00451 4.09277 .t3 .77689 8.2946 12.1821 14.6248 11. 16 16 l' 11 12 13 20 I.77035 47 . 13817 .1988 10.07227 .38617 6.t6 .17843 .20851 6.01174 6.20376 .71137 4.17813 .18444 .~ 7.18474 .090il .08427 .19831 .86874 6.0346 11 .20557 .461.73170 4.62523 6.39616 7. !).74949 5.208Yl .91235 5.t5 11. 12 8496 12.19016 .28058 9.63295 5.If"!!!L' tan .19691 13. 33 32 31 30 29 2s 27 26 26 24 23 22 2! 20 I• 1s 17 16 16 14 13 12 11 10 9 21 22 23 24 26 27 2.19619 .0594 11 0:'>:".17643 .69064 5.19649 .18775 .52234 6.82428 7. 10.12072 .15243 .19891 .83590 4.12426 .25310 7.05143 6.98931 9.44896 8.12069 6.16017 .15660 .19680 .05037 6.33761 6.50970 6.88114 5.17273 . cotan tan 00.4664-8 5.20497 .09101 .18805 .02962 6.72974 5.20346 .09042 .12516 .85024 5.07636 .98646 5.10246 .13482 .3007 14.1683 10.2067 12.73217 9.71813 4..4301 11.Q.6493 9.76937 5. 62 63 .6 47 .85013 4.09541 10.19669 .83- .13136 .10687 .01878 6.41240 7.08075 .13017 .56791 9.16.34961 6.12988 .18974 ..22204 7.12958 .16316 .20830 .45751 5.10275 .82175 4.17573 .13224 .12869 .30928 6.14054 cotan cotan 0 1 2 3 4 6 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 16 17 tan 14054 .11537 tan I ~~ 32 31 30 29 2.31376 6.31600 7.16196 .87080 5.85476 6.15183 .168640 .7062 12.10038 7.18370 8.47206 6.20770 .19703 6.74634 4.2605 1:R.10011 .19438 cotan •• •• 60 46 .80068 4.41028 6.1Q.43077 5.604487 7.503 6.19770 .08211 9.1Q.11954 .89888 6.55055.97676 5.78938 5.0079 13.20982 .4566 13.8014 12.07782 .20800 .19438 .11 11. 14410 .11246 .65205 5.68701 8.93335 5.13846 .17213 .90191 5.14351 .11779 6.95448 5.89161 6.29235 5.9923 11_9504 11.90211 9.52090 6.13106 .12101 .23016 9.04267 6.57718 8.1381 10.40904 9.21073 .19227 . 41 42 .15094 .0187 9.76695 4.93867 8.22344 8.59893 8. 39 40 11 42 43 1.60264 6.03499 5.22003 6.13521 .96302 60 7 .77978 4.75254 39 7.96823 6.1080 10.t0 .10805 .11423 .908" 118673 11.6174 13.14559 .20073 .13093 9.20925 6.87882 4.43966 5.2602 10.12603 . 17063 .11924 .73172 8.15838 .06240 6.08456 .04051 6.17153 . 46 46 56 66 67 6.44509 7.86051 5.16137 .11128 .80953 5.19076 .738.8262 11.16615 .10646 9.96227 8.'1462 08511 10.11452 .12308 ..12662 .97176 51 7.80769 4.7797 .12338 .49128 8.34346 6.16435 .18986 .18383 .93438 7.18203 .7821 13 7267 13.73480 3.07340 6.56706 5.12633 .81312 6.15689 .53927 5.17243 .58627 6.12862 5.09923 .34786 7.'">4 9.11541 .""863 •• •• 43 42 41 40 •• 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 26 27 2• 29 30 31 32 33 3' 36 36 37 3. I J~ .17183 .10Q.52806 7.16495 .78564 6.16674 .98598 8.13047 .32446 8.21744 5.14553 7.56555 8.07080 .51176 6.0780 10.74483 6.3838 12.18925 .16058 5.12219 .61287 7.07344 . 21134 .72490 4.84082 6.37806 6.510 .09423110.088U5 .14678 .91616 4.96007 9.12278 cotau .11158 .101.18714 .4288 12. 29 30 31 32 33 3.5660 12.09570 10..14856 .08720 .14946 .10746 .6199 12.57339 6.21195 .84300 4.540 11.49465 7.0'1256 .57638 5.02848 54 8.59511 5.13906 . ~~ ! 10893 10922 It ) .09893 .5098 13.07607 .09394 10 .08046 .18414 .09629 10.20466 .78825 7.70931 8.18113 .89734 7.17594 7.11836 .0844-4 6.t2 7.07870 .12781 .19347 .17123 .82694 6.47648 6.14588 .14915 .26715 5.15838 cotan .08778 .96610 5.11629 .07314 .14202 14232 : 14262 .07139 .92525 6.98940 4.31778 6.t81 . .48456 6.79936 6.36389 7.19166 .20661 7.13402 .17303 .67128 6.17993 .71013 5.94390 5.18865 .98188 4.09688 .08280 .98268 6.61397 5.12722 .}8 .18053 .57872 7.01210 6.14 .61259 8.18664 .20627 .17723 .10540 .69116 .17333 .09805 .20921 . se 6.807 08837 .59921 6.14886 .15630 .24218 5..12644 .8940 13.19861 .42253 6. 36 36 37 3.08921 6.42192 5.20406 .1201 12.19801 .77286 4..41309 6.15153 .0772 12. 14529 .17933 .88278 6..09746 .67680 9.15968 .87162 4.62078 8. 066" 166 8.16071 7.2294 10.2417 11.t52 .9~385 6.16.18293 .26355 8.09668 .14435 tan tan .49710 1 6.12042 .09562 6.11279 5.89330 4.4172 .18624 .13658 5.17393 .6645 1 11.13264 .27553 5.12131 .5853 11.70450 6. 13Q.25486 6 24321 6.10393 .82- .91104 6.18684 .18534 10" cotan tan .39552 6.344M 8.71992 5.12810 .26873 7.65144 6.08134 .17363 .08926 .19982 .14084 ..36070 6.07724 07753 .1'i3.7853 11.09130 .19106 . 3.07431 07461 .20254 .7457 .21164 .13165 .8139 10.5461 11.17903 .15554 9.09159 .77199 6.08339 .09013 .14440 .75906 4.91582 7.6 •• 40 39 3.82982 5. 37 36 36 3.9 .'i2Y 10.28393 5.19197 .09247 .176 16405 .11570 .73133 6.14648 .20012 .16944 .13787 . 16794 .3224 10.08602 08632 08661 .91620 8.20352 8.28442 7.54106 9. 093~5 8.14826 .5949 9.10716 .16734 .09981 .14024 .17004 .12190 .19408 .13343 .67787 6.623445.08368 08397 .15362 .18263 .84551 8.79370 4.2913 10.00797 5.15064 .434841 6.07373 .37999 7. .17603 .08544 08573 .20588 .3.79944 5.68208135 ~::~~.11336 .'11 .42871 7.19136 .12456 .20739 .08486 .16466 .10.30080 6.17671 IL 16863 6.08192 .11806 .1632 12.71789 6.20164 .54777 6.4685 11...12013 .14291 .86444 4.04105 7.13580 .5072 11.l3728 13758 .16256 .15898 .1443~! 60 s.16398 8.14618 .11600 .6 '6 s 7.5143 tan 7.53007 6.11718 .18480 5..10305 .17033 .19921 .14470 .32566 6.11511 .66165 5.92283 5.1235 14.10187 .70037 5.10334 .11099 .64248 6.14173 .13698 .2411 14.08139 6.15213 .16167 .93101 9. 17093 .18083 .20194 .0958 13 0458 12.78817 9.13995 .43515 9. 155iO .17693 .21225 .09365 10.15779 .29007 6.81966 ~. 09 60 •• !O .07360 5.09600 10.18694 .33190 7.53402 8.16107 .3390 12.1316 11_0964 11.08546 7.15332 .t63 .07059 7.18028 9.32631 6. 11305 .36565 8.15719 .11187 .63831 6.11364 .09864 .15988 .20861 .38587 6.28376 8.12486· .17419 6.09218 .10510 cotan 6.11482 .70441 9.09776 .15868 .16764 .93952 6.86064 7.26655 6.82882 4.10363 .16077 . 13935 .12278 .21104 .15421 .75219 4.13550 .13491 ..02637 7.77936 5.4301 tan g:~~~?! .13809 .3U189 6.14456 5.14381 .14455 tan 63 52 61 60 .15272 .19287 .'14 7. .11777 .20709 .45961 6.08221 .42795 8.69957 36 7.20510 9.18896 .5634 13.85727 4.84482 9.11688 .16286 .67128 tan 6.7119 . 7.23160 6.14975 .07578 .12397 .18173 .22666 5.10569 .56176 7.15034 .17423 .39804 6.15256 5.16585 .13372 .24345 8.19710 .95201 4.15511 .51 4.17663 .3..20316 .11865 .07665 07695 .30406 8.20107 5.19378 .13965 .19740 .18323 .10490 5.93721 4.18559 6.3638 10.30599 9.36165 6.99718 6.07285 .07929 .12367 .19589 .tan 0 1 2 3 .19629 .75838 6.18233 .89185 8.17513 .36936 6.87338 9.12899 6.19125 7.070.08690 .13876 .55777' 5.10664 6.08017 .08453 10.17633 cotan 6.0655 14.06684 5.30018 7.19468 .20648 .96690 4.11011 10.23754 7.25880 5.04'156 -56 8.18655 .05789 9.92984 4.15600 .19317 .0918Y .16914 .07402 .00948 53 7.12840 .18604 .07168 .6783 .16824 .08983 .16283 6.17873 .12929 .069!13 .20679 .47806 7.20224 .07958 .37374 6.6719 13.12899 .08866 .76009 9.4813 .4491 .13076 .7448 11.16884 .07648 .80622 7.5136 .84001 5.15640 .12160 .0 .07899 .15151 6.18023 .14499 .99696 4.8378 13.20618 .46141 9.99068 52 7.11537 7.07197 .17453 .75941 5.3163 1l.11983 .1461 13.88605 4.75425 8. cotan 11.16346 .11276 .10099 10'28 .12692 .33487 6.6220 9. •• '3 (2 (j 47 46 .02734 5.08954 .48781 9.10599 .44720 6.63005 7.20436 .t83 10.6118 .40429 6.09717 .51436 9. 27 26 2b 24 23 22 21 20 19 1.14023 6.09952 .15451 .99720 5.11040 10.66482 8.14321 .94460 4. 14113 .10069 .4039 133515 13.9507 13.2048 11.36206 6.. 19Q.10422 .'1724 9.11895 .00983 8.16525 .

07768 tan 1.829lt 2.93189 2.29483 3.3tT26 . .5121 3..92316 3.3613".30732 .34879 ".77002 2. .89O<K 3.79802 2.06867 3.33233 .30033 ..36160 .33007 .34:866 .26390 .2 .19100 3.65 .6 .36199 .2 .20079 3..68562 3.M630 ...23179 .3261" 3.36937 2.. 367tO .94:713 3.3M76 ..86023 •• •• :~::~.80726 3..16197 3.92910 2.34:889 .81630 3.13027 3. ".78OtO 3..86666 .2371"..26328 .319lt .297.26662 . " •• •• I • • • • • • o 1 3 7 o .27201 . 3. . .32656 .69121 '.60996 3.33978 .32621 .22716 3.87970 2.80276 3...56726 ".329".89"74: 3.87161 2.26966 .3281" .710".7 3..38002 ..96661 3.383 3.3124-2 ...934:68 2.31116 ."2634..73206 .3lt3"...31178 . •• .t3736 "'.96721 2.31061 . 27 2.36062 2.22078 .0t081 ".n .32010 . 2f8f7 .77696 .26"'90 .226:28 .3t206 .3017" 3.. 27 2.02372 3.66667 3. .10216 tan 1 '!-cotan '.29621 . " " 11 12 13 •• 4.31f30 t.23066 .27826 .8674:6 3.26789 .843M 3.3086O t.26266 .3lt6G .26893 .22'"' .6ltM 3.1K768 3• . 297J..98 .27676 . ". .331ot .22139 .06107 .91799 2.214:08 .13tO 4:.922 2.30637 .04162 3.. 277M .7t612 3. •• •• sa 3' 3.89&00 2. .33072 .24316 .f8 .3 .tT37f ". 2tT78 .360811 2.353"6 .36101 . .28649 . ..10736 "...23793 .26110 .3t696 . .68909 3.96673 2.23639 .22781 .00319 3.27263 .29021 . 2.7 . .• 1973 3. •• .26639 .30673 .23301 .913M 3.33169 .26180 .81 ".03076 4:.38168 3.5".22"H ..2484:0 .2174:3 ..11tM 3...MI96 ".9 3.21387 •.2302 • . 23Of8 3.234:85 .36608 . 27(M"..82637 3.69370 3. .81870 2.2t933 .13877 ".64289 3.28680 .62316 "'..38381 ". 26857 .28696 "'. <7 60 .98292 2.32203 . •.36281 .59927 4:.29084: .281".17804 3.70188 3.3191" 3.0MH9 3.t87U 3.00682 t.4:3"66 3. 3252t . 2084:2 4:.26707 .7"'7tS 23 22 21 20 1• .. ".. 27169 .56 ..33201 ..014:89 3.02963 3.32673 '..03678 ".90971 2 .23363 .08379 3.30828 . 27"'19 .30tT8 .78269 2.5"..28927 ..2«39 .5. 2".30609 .86089 2.37966 3.1 .23700 .3Ofl4: .27388 ...32331 .04. 33"92 .3".26800 .06616 4.29938 .2"193 .23885 .31860 .6t"'SO "'.21722 3. 27 2' .22017 . .33330 .M673 3.6 .26733 ..28203 .60181 3.8".92076 2.68 3..3tlO8 ...30606 . 24:131 .24:601 . 2. 4.6.94. ..«96J 3. •• .2&&83 .92793 3.971« 2 .32976 .Y8OOt 2.56091 4:.21983 "'.66796 3.18127 J..7 '2 .038M 3.86892 2.27796 .0 :-28172 . 22872 .86289 ..30""6 .66797 "'.0091"' 3.62638 3.23030 4:..38679 3.St303 .31338 .22416 .693 .28706 .. .7"076 3."'1236 3.61219 t.23762 .28832 .19216 ".13972 3...22383 .62609 3.23670 .11778 ".28612 ..06092 4:.61063 3 .20t06 3.4:8GOO ".23678 .9"..22811 .29829 3. Is 12 11 10 " eo 3.6 3. 17 30 si 37 38 3.7 .33427 .26924: .".32663 .26392 3.2073"' 3.26297 .66169 3. 231f8 .29626 .3lt02 ..86822 .66967 3..26211 .07768 3.to136 3.628 .27357 .3U33 .21660 . 3. 302M .29668 .83«~ 3.09182 4:.24:717 .2t886 ..989t 3. 253(M .1t606 3.87700 .86208 3. 80 .31662 .2 .912"'6 2.30891 .18776 3..32911 .36674: ..".21629 .329H 3.27. 1 2 3 o • s 7 .33723 ". 26982 .4:23t3 3 .2284:2 .184:61 3.t83.3tOl0 . 17.29780 .17064.77152 3.3723".81610 2."'9832 "'. .94.33136 ..30287 .78623 2..18137 "'.39406 3.99099 3.28800 .29906 .88783 2.22Of7 .9.28738 .4:3829 3.232 3. .234...2192b .06.3.30764 ."'6327 3. 2.27". " 3.25026 .22108 . ..61 .21392 3..3362".30382 .. 26920 . cotan 3. 21 22 23 2. .f81 3.284:601 .36183 .21286 .33816 . 1• 17 .23.312H ...32139 .32396 ...22903 .7 2.27232 .284:62 3.2tot9 3. 81011H 2.M826 ".23616 .768'28 3.834:39 2.2972"....10223 3.31626 .29Sll . 1.28360 10' cotan 3.68001 ".. " 13 12 11 I.2 tan 11 cctaa 3.00028 2.3207" .70616 3.'i786 3.3"732 3. 26172 .32236 .16997 ".27".87601 3..27138 .83966 2..00611 3.32001 '.76268 3.27607 .22063 3..t07U 4:. •• .8662" 2. 2"'902 .83702 2..«202 3.08991 3.262"'2 . ..H9M ".3769t 3.33040 .t7696 3. ..32171 .77264: 2. 86117 .28676 .63874: 3.3<0<3 . ..06262 3.30291 ".30128 .f8 . eo '7 ..232'0 .2'96' .69791 '.32"28 .08886 3.8M7t 2.97717 2.3"'270 .31019 .26362 4:_26796 ".38317 3.2&6lt .24686 4:. •• <7 •3 3."". 27 2.2183".50 3.82130 2.88068 31 32 33 3.66"'68 '.33H8 3.2293".29179 ..04"'60 3.2927t .36707 .26M6 ..133"'1 3. 28109 .82391 2..2M69 .92632 2.21~90 . . 36Ml .28617 .80833 2.. •• .229&& .26729 3.29876 . eo '7 .t60SO 3.2M28 .34238 .3"173 .33913 .26986 .29663 29686 .01078 '. 136M 3.23916 ..2"100 .12087 3.2t286 .063"9 3.604.31210 .294:96 .32108 ..26738 .22384: 3.61829 3.3t300 ".31882 .684.33761 .01783 3.37207 ".67367 3.086G6 ".91839 3..90f21 tan 1~" cotan ss so I..St836 .21316 . .3 .72771 3. "'6166 tan 1~' cotan t.06699 ".29063 .60279 3.63 .33881 .922 3.213'7 . 2. 22667 ..36M3 ..2"809 .30621 3. ".27889 .274:82 .7t997 2.327"9 .28109 3.36800 3.3lt98 . . 22719 .3084: 3.02667 3.27076 .88511 2.10632 3.066".2 31 3..261".31668 .32782 .3169"' .26067 3..76388 3.6181"' 3.68462 t. 36019 2.994. 339t6 .21661 .69335 3.22292 .7&&98 2. 28266 . " 38 n 34 3.89327 2..tan 12' cotan ".11776 3. 22668 .26".2t719 3..80316 2. 23t2"' .22189 ."'6703 3.32878 .86 3...07"".29159 ".31666 3.28297 .57 3.8OOM> 2.30361 .9M37 2. 22760 .63826 "'.3".26273 .68966 3..St368 .2t824: .. 2729"' ..028 2.29139 3.40162 4:.26608 .8482" 3.31946 .71'76 3.29"..30192 .34:.89873 2.71 "'.30319 .21621 .79289 2.5".27701 .96166 3.26795 .27732 .3"377 3.26701 .630t8 3.86284 3.23608 . 22636 .«338 "'.36871 .97139 3.22889 .26236 .61693 •.26911 4:..250.M968 3. 60 .66638 3. ."6M ..soeee 3.06 3.28016 .32267 . 267M .36806 .~'".61"1 3.26888 .20683 .76246 2.3236.8741 • g I.36314: .IM66 ".24:662 .82992 3.62618 "..."'6837 3.84- .83906 3.27086 tan I' cotan 3.30066 . 17 1.sa 688 2.16838 3.3 . ..3H16 3.63668 4:. 3.2394.20298 ".29970 . "...78931 3. •• 1. 2.1K229 2.82663 2. ".. 26826 .96680 3.22200 .29306 . ..83M7 .784:86 3.58Ml "..93751 3.67638 3.29116 .77761 2. 20 21 22 23 .07639 4:.3 ..28329 .30001 .27086 3.974:30 2. .27. .23680 4:.23731 .98117 3.26 3.21063 3... 1._ 3.1942 3.6M68 4:.26366 .23271 .3M12 .23332 .33317 3.26239 "'. •• •• .79M6 2.31306 .78718 2.7624:7 2.6. .76709 3.. 3.7".3".n co._ 2.61868 ".01196 3.62224: 3.1".67121 "'.7M96 2.99158 2.94.30868 3.2«70 . 21891S .2674:6 3. 76" t.3384:8 ..2'995 ...331'8 t..91623 2.11163 3.34:140 .93271 3. .26Ot8 .8 2.26951 .23087 .31818 . .07160 3.30796 .218M ..3tT68 11 12 13 1..0474:9 3.. 238M ...4:9509 3.26616 .26203 .22322 .66761 3.23823 ..12826 "..33363 .Ht06 ".36397 e .11266 ". "1936 4:. 37 3' 3.20796 ..2t2M .1084:2 3.13360 ".02077 3...tl604: 3.71907 3..99592 3.2"162 .".01078 '.99 .27670 ..2823". colan 3 2 1 • • • • • 7 o 77" co.66376 3.22231 .21256 .629U 4:... 2.2 . . 27920 . I• 17 1.30224: .18676 ".9Ot21 2.30007 . " .87136 3.61 "'.29".1 ..23117 . .2M62 . .28796 3.22..2 .73206 3..26676 . 6~ ss 66 .63001 3.26862 .36379 .32299 .. 2.871 .30Ml .29368 2.33670 3..86366 2. .09298 3..36266 .298".776C11 2..30160 .467&& •.62219 3.30987 ..28032 ".36167 .21".97627 3.. 76" tan cotan 74" tan 73" tan 72" tan 71" tan 70" tan . .63393 3.3M69 ".32 .96196 3.. " .162"'0 3.33396 .03666 3.67363 ".27638 .311".23393 .68160 3. 28M3 .2"377 .90890 3. ".3 .25336 .t31M ". •• .961M 2.26369 ... .«676 3.21956 .322M 3.266"6 .69761 3..29210 . " ..7M63 t.937".563 .686 4:.88h36 t...16877 3..08162 ". 3.28968 .31786 ..27326 .12713 3 12tOO 3.3t076 .3"tOO .2t223 .292..25397 .32"60 .3"681 .3"66 . 61071 ".22996 .32717 .5118 .0207"..27962 .31083 . 32t92 . •• <7 2.30966 .2"'933 ".. ..31722 .27868 ..76760 2.67768 3.00086 3..659.7996 2.9t690 2.31370 ..28391 .".890M 2..82083 2' 2.28896 .663&& 3.3..60672 ".23381 3..26066 3.36823 "'.a23 3.33689 .334:60 .7216 3..39680 ".2t039 .21712 .23087 colan .32686 .2.26831 .69776 3.36232 ..36610 .30923 . 27107 .21"'69 . 3.99738 2.8994:6 3.23209 .33266 .26087 . .27767 3.98868 2.98607 3.7 .16617 3.33298 .3M77 .21682 ."9126 3. sa '2 .31216 3. 26lt9 .289110 ..27013 .36876 3. .28676 o 3 2 1 • • • • • 7 60 .29337 ..81177 3. .66138 "'.9Ot17 3. .36331 . .27983 . ..21t38 .t7977 3.284:23 .882tO 2.28769 .67786 "..22606 .00903 3.68061 3.7801" 2.3S216 .59 3.63"'61 3.21773 ."'9216 4:.21986 .309 2. 33 3.79827 3.2".79378 3.17169 3. 37 •• •• 38 <3 <7 .317M .. .31978 .36298 .U668 3..3284-6 . .29690 .39CM2 3.60588 3.n7"6 2.01676 ".63171 4:. 2"'7t7 .37793 4:.36772 .40869 3.291tT .30860 ..85- .90If7 2.33621 ..363M .26670 .12301 4:.98&80 2.33718 . .19i~ 3.2 .96288 2 .2tM2 .f824: . .83176 2.6"'179 3.23977 . 32Of2 .26017 . .07127 ".0267"..26677 .26621 .4:7986 4:.36087 3.86671 '.923M 2.16630 "..4:2713 3.30700 .81360 2.'284:86 .73MO 3..0S073 3.39771 3.40602 3..79033 2..31630 .2M21 . .26079 .17600 ".33783 ...3M"3 3.218Ot .24:603 . 22607 .872 2.31690 ."90 ". .21377 .72338 3...791 . ()6960 3.22363 .. 21 2.27613 .22261 .19766 ".30673 cotan . 324:92 cotan . ss .03260 3... 362. 3.28077 .67217 3.32688 .3604:0 ".874:30 2.59283 4:..6t705 3.24:132 "'.14:288 3.

37024 .35395 2.47305 .40235 2.52242 .00715 2.50614 . 2.93746 1.91012 1.47733 . 46136 .45960 .47682 .335Oh 2.63059 .24604 tao tan ~.62675 .51026 .90876 1.42722 42757 .46560 .49713 .21819 2.436604 .40031 .30351 2.68175 2.45451 2.01449 2. .60057 2.14940 2.42 .52613 .37820 .98828 1.22683 2.59381 2.40403 cotan I cotan 2.32570 2.19699 2.16255 2. .38020 .47690 .47128 .404:32 2.49177 2.01008 2.45047 .47948 .64576 2.37190 .49532 .59831 2.15696 2.73017 2.38854 .36967 2.18923 2.52142 2.43422 2.52984 .49386 2.49894 .40335 .72036 2.40715 .38120 .2 41 40 .40843 . 377M .2 . 0 1 2 3 36397 36430 .47234 .71548 2. 27 2.26909 2.58108 2.46995 .61651 .38921 .47092 .4884:6 .48917 .091141 2.51430 .30963 .51502 2.47984 .48629 .51724 .43793 .27088 2.02483 2...43620 . .47066 .00669 2.7 56 '2 61 60 47 •• •• sa 60 1.43897 .37157 .22M7 2.M516 2.18765 2.41ll5 ..91690 1.6194~ .62131 .96402 1.61319 .38988 .98263 1.42482 .44244 .47769 .88205 1.42826 .40234 .70094 2.366&b to.36793 .36968 .36760 .72711 2.05942 2.49749 .07939 2.«210 .46222 .45854 .21476 2.52357 2. 3.94718 1.7 58 60 •• 3 2 1 0 • • • s 7 6 •• •• •• •• •• sa 54 56 56 67 60 is Is ~:~~~ 2.03078 2.49423 .69853 2.40945 .63134 .62561 2.376M .40707 .40911 .43689 .16432 2.42929 .47095 2.37355 .4&664 .37604 2.49098 .60185 .30167 2.47666 .37289 . 44{177 .36859 .384-73 2.38263 .68653 2.91282 1.03826 2.20449 2.01155 2.04728 2.49278 .43343 .40369 .19430 2.60149 .60769 .• •• 58 .46831 .46631 cotan 2..46643 .47716 2.49668 .41728 . 30 .4:4071 ..""" sa cotaD 69" 68" 67" 66" 65" 64" to.37697 2.742.50018 2.51503 .49604 .39660 .41933 .40098 .42242 .20961 2.28528 2.• 8809 .09811 2.96969 1.96979 1..51283 .98640 1.48758 2..40132 .23204 2..45784.15104 2.38220 .46312 .53001 2.01891 2.19938 2.88867 1..46206 .43032 .41620 2.10916 2.12360 2..38668 2.44418 .43101 .37863 . 2.40470 .05030 tan :l~' cotan .00277 2.67937 2.26309 2.38754 .41899 . 1.91418 1. 3. 1.43019 2.42002 .46888 2.02335 2.67462 2.47805 .46383 .39089 .43067 .74748 2.41831 .08260 2.49931 .63022 . .52094 .26018 2.40538 .3984-1 2.47698 25' cotan 2.92920 I 36 1.34636 2.42585 42619 .38687 .50222 .07167 2.50864 2.33693 2.4627 .19261 2.42070 .47199 . 21 22 2' .18251 2.97263 1.64875 2..43447 .46702 .37466 .36662 .43758 .39426 .41081 .91826 1.44105 .39492 .92782 35 1.60509 2.57371 2.99986 .40979 .15760 2.91554 1.88337 1.90607 1.20790 2.03626 2.52067 .52836 .46065 .60623 .369iH . 46082 . 20 • • • • 6 7 0 1 2 3 .41387 .49807 2.W733 . 37 1. 45327 .39122 .28710 2.66752 2.47483 .46101 .43136 .47912 . 48(H9 .43170 .56487 2.60283 2.38787 .47377 .4HK7 . .89266 1.61798 .4:2139 .43932 .89133 1.39829 .51393 .• 4433 2.72281 2.41025 2.99116 1.59156 2.37090 .49242 .08094 2.93196 3• 1.93608 1.33130 2.21647 2.36628 .40741 .00423 2.46748 . 44693' .88073 2.97966 1.38086 .92235 31 1.89000 1.42036 .37687 . 2.45502 . I - 86- .38453 38481 38520 .31641 2.43378 .27447 2.44279 .61289 2..41626 .69371 2.52660 .1 " 11 12 13 . 27 26 2• 2• 23 22 21 20 •• •• 60 61 .06247 2.44:623 .46171 .39963 .2 .17749 2.41217 .44636 2 .41445 .44697 .44314 .11652 2.41524 .49597 2.44027 2.96261 1.39593 . 60 .42791 .51366 . 30 31 32 33 3.48M9 2.34069 2.05030 2.62427 .43825 2.90337 1.40572 40606 .67225 2.49315 .45362 .32756 2.43862 .31826 2.90203 1.08560 2.21304 2.48967 2.31086 2.21992 2. .16751 2.52571 2.97111 1.42019 2.44036 .47302 2.26196 2.47341 .41694 .00131 1.36776 2.45889 .48989 .4:1797 .44:140 .47448 .10600 2.74004 2.50331 .40827 2.37986 ..39391 ..09184 2.. 14 13 12 11 10 2. 23 22 21 20 1• Is 17 16 1.46432 .49640 .43516 .39022 .26552 2.61929 2.30534 2.51640 .44:175 .92371 32 1.62390 .46808 .47509 2. 46819 ..40038 2.4839 2.06706 2.24966 2.06182 2.45924 .42418 2.62353 .70335 2.49677 .41819 2.49858 .03227 2.47519 .47924 2.17 1.45713 .39324 .40640 .61874 2.40629 2. 2' 26 27 2.37422 .49134 . 66707 2.20619 2.0 •• •• •• •• •• 47 10 11 12 13 14 16 I.38186 .04426 2.27806 2.89935 1.49967 .47412 .37521 .46772 .42963 .54952 2.51 2.48163 .43724 .4:2173 .37621 .53432 2.96167 1. 3.61190 2.48306 ..39626 .43412 .65342 2.47876 .48450 .61136 .63714 2.23902 2.40989 .23030 2.27626 2.61173 .48270 .60660 .49026 .50687 .3l!205 2.299842.98396 1.47270 .39727 .51209 .41251 .37720 .0 .46117 .94&8 1.40436 .07321 2..11076 2.57815 2.37488 .63252 2.42310 .55608 2.42551 .49822 .10768 2.39190 .39896 ..46986 .46418 . sa 56 .06790 2.42688 .63096 .2S663 2.36727 .26132 2.91147 1. zo ton .60441 . 46030 .. 46467 .45608 .61614 .30916 :=g d:~~A 1.94023 1.61063 . 37787 .62761 . •• '0 41 '6 47 •• 33 3.38286 .07476 2.99261 1.42654 . " 47 60 61 .50368 .50268 .29619 2.12832 2.593 .40066 .684-14 2.42413 .24077 2.60440 2. 44802 .42618 2.38553 38587 38620 386M . 62" .61688 .96137 1.41421 2.32~43 2.30718 2.42516 .34825 2. 2. .31271 2.41353 .60963 2.21132 2.49361 . 27 2.26730 2.4.48.45860 2.35585 2..36925 2.36463 36496 .44872 .73263 2.41183 .19769 2.97395 1.12526 2.29437 2.3 .62103 2.44001 .36168 2.60660 .46682 2.366041 2.66266 ~.46267 .51246 .01596 2.00862 2.97680 1.344:47 2.01302 2.61761 .4-4732 .71305 2.70577 2.09028 2.42276 .48486 .38721 .48127 .50229 2.4:1763 .380842.2 .36733 2.46666 .96827 1.461/)2 .91962 1.46348 .18687 2.36826 .61418 2.39357 .41558 .48340 2.48378 .88602 1.53865 2.11233 2.45678 . 17 I.02631 2.46187 .48234 .13801 2. 3.24780 2.4784-0 .42346 .12190 2.46914 .23553 2. 44942 .52947 .45537 .46596 .45573 .12993 2.17416 2.15268 2.97638 1.• 0403 .624&6 .36529 .93057. 37 3.20278 2.11871 2.50879 .40301 .60113 .29801 2.49469 .38862 2.2 41 .51983 . 39i95 .1&090 2.55389 2.44463 .22510 2. 33 32 31 30 29 2.5 2.67700 2.60736 2.03976 2.90261 1.46625 .32197 2.41660 .17916 2.31456 2.37891 2.94997 1.2M86 2.62724 .14451 tan 17 I• 1• 13 12 11 10 " •• •• • • • • • 7 3 2 1 0 .60404 .0778:1 2.40166 .49206 .46012 .95698 1.94679 1.37256 .10126 2.376M .44384 .06637 2.61646 2. • •• .53648 2.2.49786 .47609 tan 22° tan .14126 2.64642 2.08716 2..46489 .4:1865 .48701 .46476 2.46843 .26374 2.48621 .62538 .51836 .48198 .62332 2.32383 2.46270 2.71792 2.102842.66811 2.39055 .66046 2.36892 .11392 2.40200 .39930 . 2.14288 2.45043 2.61716 2. 63" to.2 ..37953 .46737 .38153 .43220 2.64410 2.24604 2.98110 1.66046 2 56827 2.41285 41319 . 20 21 22 23 2.12030 2.94162 1. 3.58261 2..30902 2.48737 .39166 .89801 1.(1692 .42860 .44837 .41421 .68892 2.54734 2.42379 .43481 .37223 .29626 .46879 .62279 .49387 .37124 .37311 2..92098 30 1.1«61 2.00069 2.47626 .46397 .29073 2.29254 2.46960 .39468 .39694 . I.36595 .62316 .03676 2.43623 2.38888 .M299 2.10442 2.88734 1.38955 .53217 2..63946 2.46065 2.37118 2.62786 2.40674 .62205 .484-14 .66109 2.!724U .40877 .46242 .58484 2. 3.42207 .62687 ..99560 1.59606 2.60806 .1&620 2..38386 cotan coten 2.60843 .04:879 2.97823 1.36925 .39223 .4.41490 .43450 .40267 .12611 2.48066 .153 .93470 54 OJ .41149 .44623 cotan eotan 2. 3.48132 2.52910 .43205 .87- .38.04:126 2.39257 .49170 .06333 2.48657 .13963 2.57593 2.89633 1.50652 2.60477 .3 .53171 cotan 1.93886 1..00472 1.61677 .39068 2.04276 2.43585 .27267 2.39559 .44907 .98972 1.28348 2.48773 .69612 2.61099 .42819 2.90741 1.45246 2.94301 1..44230 2.39646 2.44349 . 3..89400 1.07014 2. .48666 .06400 2.13164 2.35015 2.96838 1.58038 2.23r27 2.2684-0 2.07630 2.4:1968 .01743 2.51909 .17&82 2.40809 .50295 .43239 .27987 2.12671 2.38320 .42218 2.02780 2.48091 .16925 2.43308 .58932 2.7 3.66516 2.180842.37057 .39751 .32012 2.44862 .92646 3• 1..52020 .14614 2.09664.44488 .36661 36694 .90069 1..M082 2.66281 2.13316 2.38063 .38279 2.64177 2.3 . 7 .41013 .89867 1.19092 2.16586 2.93332 3• 1.23378 2.52798 .48953 .66989 2.74499 2.02187 2.-96644 1.13477 2.37588 .63021 2.48881 .28891 2.48773 cctea .39253 2.06653 2.47021 . 37 3.60696 .24428 2.98684 1.33881 2.884:69 1.46277 .11711 2.69131 2.52873 .42105 .51076 2.96120 1.48342 .36349 2.08872 2.6000' 2.0 .62791 2.38821 .084-05 2. 1.47163 .06094 2.61467 . 3.37887 .34258 2.49062 .20" to.41223 2.33317 2. .44:548 .24262 2.37920 .06485 2.73509 2.73766 2. . ootan IO • • • • • 7 '7 56 ss .13639 2.42894 .62601 .71062 2.92608 33 1.63483 2.39862 .99406 1.14777 2.51872 .22164 2.37322 .28167 2.394:49 2.184-19 2.20108 2.96277 1. •• . 44767 .57150 ~".39290 .02929 2.37388 .4565.39997 .43966 .42447 cotan cotan 2.55170 2.62168 . 4~292 .94"0 1.43828 .02039 2.09498 2.04577 2.22337 2.06860 2.43274 .03376 2.60600 tan 21" tan 38386 38420 .49496 . 17 I.964.40504 .42998 .70819 2.

.46005 1.&7736 .1 • .. 1....48816 i . 3 2 1 0 57 56 0 'an 55 54 taD 0 -88- .72621 .e003S 1..65120 1..."6Of9 1.71417 ..MI07 .43703 1. 7238 1.Il107 ..'000< II 80 II ..6f776 I..64628 .6f0871 ."6962 1..7977 1.43347 ) ......"7330 .17626 17 II eo ..7"11 1..IU77 u= I.61HO .59..62770 .688)" . •• •• •• •• '7 38 40 <3 '5 .72CM7 1..6M8O ._ 1..724i7 .12150 1.. 1.. 67960 . ._ .6732" . 11M..081' 1.5 .72913 1.. .102M l..80326 .._ eo 11 II ..78788 1. 6890D 68942 ..73206 .56071 1.0lI0 1. 4329 1. •• ...6436<: ....."3881 1..'13906 1.. 67f61 .7146) . .69966 .HI" ..81.. 2D 2.677 . 10 11 19 " II II 24 18 II 30 ..6 1.60702 1.7)066 .. ....61370 )..42903 1.eM28 1.71198 .63888 1 ..71818 1.72211 .63268 ...•• lIII0 .11767 1.88 .71023 .. .78116 1.82018 1._ 1.61275 1.00711 l. 11761 .6 4• 49 60 1.63299 1.56366 ) ..3789) i .67197 .52625 l..70021 cotan .71817 1.71901 ..703 1.76318 1...66466 1. .66938 . ..11101 .. . .1H'2 1.122Ba 1.H678 .7019" .11922 .W17 ."686f 1.67636 .....69934 ..63789 . ......64:768 .M7ee .80761 .70848 .1U88 .. 3 ._ 1..48349 i . 70M2 .'....64...•6011 . 09 .67113 ..lIII08 II .63 ... 1 ..M036 .6 1.63812 1.49)90 i ..esess . ... .60417 1.38484 i .62730 .81318 1.. 791 •• eo " • •• eo I.70801 1.61668 1..3831" 1.. ...7"" i.72255 ..8 :~~ga 1.72034 .. 3D 3.52043 1. . ...67116 .NH7 ..57676 1. 3614 1.17000 1.IIIH .711M .38668 ) ...761KtO 1.69631 ....."04M 1.M667 ) .71771 1. 0 .7aoa 1.63340 ... ..fOSS7 1.69718 .77280 1.65563 . . '2 •• •• •• •• •• II eo 60 10 <3 .10607 1.. ..51179 1.ae076 I. 80663 1.11ff.38399 1..51 ._ 1.1OM2 . 0 ..47 .69286 .6.68695 1.66189 .68130 .62913 1.48536 i .67067 .42622 1.. .a0ea3 1.1193._1 l.64168 .."4418 ) .630)0 1..70326 ...57474 1.. .BlIlt 1...89- ."2638 1. . 7 1. 1.67366 .17308 1.61820 ...'1198 i . .63"00 1.71813 .71286 .a228 1.50988 ) ."1 1....• 193 .'IN2 1.'1721 ..1107' .-. 6W730 ..69028 ..7M87 1.II0B0 .81178 1.66677 1.71990 .70936 .72778 1..."8070 1.63206 1..66666 ) .. •• ..'I92tNI 1.80168 1.8212" ..65148 .612'1 ..52235 1. .'7762 1..712"2 .oaooa ..68388 .71702 1.37638 11 .."7792 1. . 11180 ..76161 1.70173 1.67790 ..li2f29 1:52332 1...«608 1..65106 .. .2 1..UNO I...72122 .MOI .eon1 1..52)39 1.67818 .69002 1.. S' .80721 . .122eN ."MI0 1.68118 .6f6lO 1..66314 .6 . 7063 1.63666 .71U1 1.48629 i .61310 .&7828 .7eeao 1.704:12 . 8• 60' 158' 1."7699 1.49097 i .01803 .48722 1. ..68728 . I..HI01 .. .. 237 .4&682 1.63217 .70760 .81160 1.8111t 1.61124._.6911" .60038 1.67111 ..64729 . .7V7aa 1.&481)8 1. •• .83606 1.48909 1..68117 . tan 3~ ectan taD 01~' eot&D t&D O:S~ ¥ (lotaD 'a..U618 I.80777 1.."2022 1 .fOO22 1.Il007 1..728 1.81187 •• .66818 ...HMI 1.. 11108 .62608 .38229 1."'7 6.11780 .66986 .65023 ..726M ccten ..&7813 .&NIl 1..74876 .10137 1.10122 .1000II .. .649 .H217 .72 .3 .0 ._ 1.e80'78 1..66021 .83111 18 at 18 .._ 1.M97a ..62933 ...87 .40627 ) .8107t 1.256 8 .68867 .58900 1.46229 1..&1055 .81m .66896 .320 6 1.64199 .70673 .71769 .7m7 1.53302 1.MIl..IUNO . 22 23 1..W.....69416 .0196 l.63380 .... .MlI8 1...63684 .68771 .49661 1.18fo76 .69200 . 716 ..eoeo..6 .71946 .8"16 1..64281 ...60228 1.496661 1.62816 1.10086 1.69761 .6.668)3 ."7886 1..68178 ..40367 1..73089 1.71688 1.38738 i ..&7988..67832 . 1.6770..._1 I.519"6 1.. 1.7U8 1.61280 1.-.._ ._1 ._70 ..5M67 1.71."6778 1...10201 1.69676 .63830 . 1..58083 1.63707 .65666 1.72344 .628."3)69 i . ..6851" .71176 1.64117 ..6MH 1. 20 eo .61181 1..64693 1.81026 1."6138 1.'lau ...18147 1.70586 .5272 .64076 .&6&15 i ... 1IOM1 .28 1. ..68173 ._..."2816 1.691S7 . 778 1.37976 1. •• • • • • •• 8 7 .62811 .70i99 .7f...54774 .53H .66116 60 . I.82230 1. 1 .60133 1.66638 1.._ 1.e6860 ...16781 .6864.6811M . 68M7 .1 ... ... 644u-! ."6870 1...669'" :m~ .54676 64734 l...69459 .6f281 .39936 1.78818 1.'2710 21 IT 1.9 4 i .01079 1. ..59"14 1. ..52719 1..3 . lI0II81 .._ 1.58593 1..812740 1... 71 . .._ 1. .62627 .39693 1._0 . .62668 .I2M8 1 ~8Ufo2 1...e soes 1..43792 1.'1180 .39"21 i..67917 .73821 1. ..58797 1....m" 1...ecM48 1.-.67069 1.88281 1.54675 .71329 . .6746) cctee .19109 .67166 .821M ...8026& .4MOI 1..67183 .6673" .. 653M .71867 .68002 ..88f028 ..67778 1. ..701.53497 1._ .78116 1...63912 ..63963 . .... .."9284 1.11240 ..66866 1.87021 1.8H71 •• •• •• .f09 . ::= ..67680 .e8100 .7)681 .87283 1...6 •• 'S 1.44698 1... .63986 1._.._ 1..69847 .42MO 1 .87_ 1."1 . 682Ui .65231 .66767 ).82318 1...810'73 l.eoeo1 .39164 ) .8foOf.71081 1..1!1710.MIII •MIlO l.43"36 1.52 . 0540 1.. tan ~- eotaD ..68088 . 26 27 28 2..517 1 . • ..-' 50 60 ..66524 ..nIDi ..1M3.12126 18 28 10 19 1...!6 1.."4688 1. 1 1.656f6 . 1. ..181" .7ea90 1...66966 1. 2.82026 1.81.61808 ..10260 1..716-f9 ..721U 1..7.11618 1.63625 .Usee 1..78807 1.61084 1..38653 i . .7VOI._ 1.778M l.6M38 .&7890 .49378 1.6)850 1..10001 .683"3 ..50930 1 .6707) .76"'8 1.Hlta .626"0 .62973 . 1..686 1._ 1.66272 ...10128 .7He6 1."" r. 3268 1.72665 ...1iaaa 1.'1081 . 40 .".49766 1..70064 ._ ••• 089 .6Il0l 1.6164:1 .6.418f7 1.• 1620 .'1200 .59723 1..18179 .""""" I...54972 ...442 8 i ...6"2~2 . HOM . IOIN .62972 I.77612 '1."1 1.73206 1... 82 ..7Ot66 ."2lJO 1.8&011 1 .888 1.59311 1.68471 .823" .1 1. ..61218 I."611 I...603 6 1..67"93 ..81_ 1. cotaD .100II . . 97 l.62892 .....43970 1.1 .38909 1.38146 1.~"62 .42992 1. .72826 ) ..78610 1. .68429 .78181 1.e0007 1.3882" 1."0800 1 . .lta 1~76022 1.60033 1.10208 eo D .40281 1..189" 1.66121 II . 103 1 . .• 5956 1.13111 tan ~.cotan 1.66902 ....11878 .&M16 1. .67372 1.58388 1.78M2 1. .8 17 i• i .64183 . .64669 1.67239 .63748 .53693 1..."6686 1."7607 ) .871M1 1..61.67281 .65771 . •IOMJ .I080I • • • • 8 I • •• • j 5• 52 53 54 55 5.67282 .. .."11 .8 . 1" 1.."2816 ten 0 t::f~ 1.83398 1.65189 ...59826 1 .70891 . .Ma97 ...43626 1. .70281 .72867 1.70368 . .-. 62 1 .32.56868 1.66969 1..37807 1.10Il00 .187_ 1..63871 .72299 .58286 1.3899f 1..39784 1. . .83718 1.66147 ."6137 1... .70079 .39879 1.70021 .87161 1.72078 . . }:~~ 1.37722 1. ....59106 1. 32 '3 •• ..MI" . ..77UI 1.57879 1.66980 . .64240 . 67875 ..71593 .65776 ... .39079 ) .11770 . .678" . 1672 1.46692 1...U71M 1..12246 .70717 .44060 1.7..67620 ..78176 ....6..."9472 1.43080 1.6489~ I. .10001 .67981 1..7M18 1. .&7TH .66398 .5-06 .18308 I.. ."2)98 1.21 .63107 1.11&&2 ..8OU& 1..011<3 1.57675 1.18182 ..55170 1.67271 )..57)70 1.67271 . ..1H11 1.72)66 ...'''Ia .. 1.U_ 1.M478 .6)000 ...2 .69071 .53986 coteu 'a n 0 .11801 . ..62838 1.. 17 .11120 .65667 1.fOO7" l.88091 1.67028 .59620 1 ..1117'20 1.«868 1..60799 ) . •• . . .166M ..NOt8 1..56766 1.71016 1.51466 1.M085 64941 ·1.69372 ._ ....8398" ..18181 1.65521 ..70107 ..39607 1.M9T8 1 ..'_ 1.53791 1.69208 1.'7188 1... .680"5 .6f652 1.70629 .MII71 1..63994 .6. . 2 ..MI" •MIlO ._ 1.67578 . 7"" 1.7706 .11"1 1..61013 1.&7BaI .. .66854 ....82628 1 ."4239 i . .•• 071 ..66105 .. .72183 1..69502 . 1It811 1.1503 .M379 64817 i .er 108 11 10 ..11111 .. . ..70238 .8f06H 1...68301 ..7U11 1..56269 1.802fl 1.. .60893 ) .71128 1.69688 .fOl09 l. .. . 8 1..11283 1...62689 .... . .68268 .81776 1. :1 .1T088 1."6046 1 ..71368 1. 10 . . 6987' ."4958 1.62487 .68986 .66165 ) ...66230 ..70108 1._ I...72388 .. ... 1.._ 1..MIll 11 U ~ II 18 24 18 81 17 . . " " 11 I. • •N111 .69243 .630lf ..81&1' 1.71f073 1."2726 1.. .7)637 .60512 1..64982 .. 417M 1.5 1.68490 1.... 3< 33 '2 31 3D 29 28 2' 25 2' 22 2.1112..ml1 1.70218 1.01760 1.13822 I..17630 .63.."6320 1. 60 10 • • • • 7 8 2 3 • .4 .60322 1..6 . .398M 1.77110 1.64873 .16200 1. 67663 .64 ...87877 1.499 .18631 ..17803 1.61400 .82276 1.17M1 1.7. /.71077 1..77671 I. .69."8229 1.66776 ..38060 1.63544 .7"10 1.. 69M5 . 39260 1..49849 1. 74lf 1...."1236 1. • • • • • • " " I.66356 ..61562 )..59.78032 1.IIIN ."878 1 . ..f6411 i .68184 1.7)725 ...eoaa7 i...l1li7 I.. ..69329 .0 1 10 11 12 11 1. 39336 i.69891 ..70'78'1.'1&80 .."1769 1.M122 •MHO II eo .71373 ."2286 1..167" ."6773 1.66265 1."lfOO 1. 071" 1..e0970 i.. 30 ..55368 1.49003 1."1061 l. .2 11 .66608 .63177 ..71110 .22 1.~...7H13 1.8Mfo6 1..""2 1. 3' 38 3. M12 .Il0l1 .72610 . 3. 1322 1. .767M 1.

20951 1.239:il 1.08432 1.03856 1.30795 1.36133 1.09642 1.94676 .29!l31 1 I ::~~~?~ I I 29B!ltI 1.25193 1.81461 ..1664-7 1.92116 .86207 .95618 .80786 R0834 .0t158 1.09963 1.10091 1.2a123 1.16066 1. 797a4 .26417 1.15 1.92170 . 5.79401 .25792 1.3'"46' .87389 .91740 .17085 1.287641 .77615 .77568 .77661 1.83960 .89263 .~~~ I .23050 1.!i 1.06987 1.~196 1.24672 1.91580 .94126 .94071 .75264 1.13\62 1.81800 .93197 .0 3. .09834 1.07801 1.06365 1.88369 .7!l791 .81606 .87749 .20451 1.16672 1.84108 .76226 .06501 1..07927 1 .86623 .90304 .1 .81752 .37218 I.91633 .19882 1.06800 1.0 ss •• •• •• .91206 .370..72743 .80450 1.88317 .25867 1.72877 .37554 tan .00303 1.09770 1.84467 .10867 1..90146 .11975 1.19175 - tan 40 cotau 1.11266 1.15037 1.88732 .214M 1.85559 .89045 .08496 1.06551 1.342421 .13761 1.17669 1.86470 .90993 .03734 1.33673 .96669 •• 60 58 .93469 .22004 1.17154 1.12106 1.7851.73771 73816 .87646 . 0 1.17292 1.74855 .19105 1.18894 1.16261 1.81558 .91687 .804f18 1.26849 1.89358 .08813 1.92277 .73323 .26774 1.78881 .04340 1.77057 I M487 I .21023 1.06862 1.80594 77754 7491H 1.22321 1.11:617 1.7antl •• .09386 1.86674 .206d5 1.84367 .09322 1. 838GO .83317 .20024 1.:107.24969 1.938.28148 .21310 1.13561 1.91099 .87801 .90251 .28!H91 1.10996 1.09195 1.12303 1.1164-8 1.33511 1 .35968 1.76779 768:?5 76871 76\.25208 1. 09 .06489 1.27230 1.86014 .04:766 1.92655 .08306 1.86166 .20736 1.731H .81171 . 79306 .IU66YI 1.08559 1.96344 .223U4 1. 356:~7 1.93143 .20879 1.95007 .80:154 .04218 1.89306 .86572 .10R6 .90040 .19175 1.187M 1.94455 .91163 .11909 1.87184 .17223 1.12436 1.33592 .91847 .95729 . 3.89097 .91526 . .14902 1.16741 1.a71a4 1.36217 1. .')0 .77\>RS 1 80882 .11682 1.82434 .86521 .93678 .04036 1.13627 1.35107 1.15851 1.16783 1.2610125 1. • • • 8 • 7 0 1 2 3 .83360 .10607 1.55 .17986 1.21382 1.74900 1.75219 11.73413 .0717.74674 1.266!l8 12.300011 1.20095 1.93906 .86980 .16535 1.24375 1.85710 .8 .24301 1.96562 .11387 1.83169 .33U161 .10543 1.93961 .96062 .23490 _.7\1877 .3(f.05747 1.12501 1.20166 1.4 1.16329 1.27077 1.6 .03794 1.93633 .85057 85107 .86878 .73681 .15679 1.8660' •• •• •• 50 Oi 52 53 54 55 '6 57 60 ss •• 1.83022 .26471 1.17846 1.09067 1.89830 .10931 1.74447 .88680 .'j) 75 eoran tan 10 • • • • 7 8 ~:~H~gl 1.92601 .83712 .16398 1.82141 82190 .Il6<00 .12963 1.22612 1.046441.12897 1.81075 .10027 1.18 .79070 . 75fl50 .27382 1.96897 .82825 .8 .04622 1.3334!l HQ6U 806!10 .86267 .21886 1.05072 1.22539 1.93688 .BUIlS .81898 .06133 1. 72HZ! 36 38° cotun 1.263Hl 1.05266 1.76272 .35802 1.84407 .18404 1.79591 .90569 . 8M 11 .91901 .7.89988 . .92224 .37638 1.35885 1.06738 1.82238 82287 .25567 1.74086 74131 74176 74221 .H296 1.74810 1.95173 .74946 .18055 1.7M04 .16603 1.90357 .21526 1.80115 i .73H19 .18544 1.09258 1. 78834 .19811 1. 789:!8 .88836 88888 .94290 .22176 1.86216 .10166 1. 80978 .ssee 0 .88940 .23:'143 1.11126 1.~71 1 . 1 2'''6~ 1.1 42 .81510 .34978 1.11061 .13961 1.21959 1.1811 .05994 1.10414 1.92493 .18684 1.76180 .88524 88576 ..08369 1.21814 1.88473 .27764 1.228.90887 .90463 .90727 . 27.10672 1.80978 .12041 1. 37 38 3.96962 .26395 1.90621 .20808 1.6221 1.83218 .22467 1.925047 .5 16 17 18 80 21 02 23 2• 20 2.93797 .08179 1.00614 1.0 .962a2 .91313 .36466 1.03976 1.10285 1.74312 .25044 1.06378 1.14969 1.87492 .16809 1.86725 .06562 1.21742 1.74628 1.23416 1.77242 . 80163 :: ~~~~~ i 80211 .73951 .76410 .'4 .74402 . 29 30 31 32 '3 34 30 36 37 38 3.84756 .24820 1.12831 1.09899 1.82044 .83514 . 27 2.08940 1.7\J44U .04888 1.:1-\8\)6 134814! 3.05624 1.9094-0 .06925 1.73726 .22249 1. 7"H.89672 .8141a .14767 1.14363 I.08876 1.10478 1.35142 1 .36383 1.0 .22977 1.29152' .35719 1.94016 .92926 .87441 .15375 1.22031 1.90674 .07650 1.87133 .73467 .84268 .77335 .780.91259 .03613 1.89463 .7 .89725 .89201 .81027 .90834 .81316 .89883 .11061 1.92817 .89410 .:'IHO.09678 1.73100 .82483.12238 1.79117 .88110 88162 .80020 .54 35472 1.52 .86776 .15' 747Hl : :~.92062 .95229 .23710 1236:)7.77196 .72832 .24005 1. 74041 .78082 128fl71 .12699 1. 53 50 6I 50 10 •• •• .87287 .35:?:?4 1.83120 .30873 1.77149 I 34405 1 34321 .14430 1.15987 1.30166 1.12172 1.86963 .18194 1.96284 .74357 .92331 .96tI3 .87904 .2444f1 1.732H .78457 7S504 .92872 .96606 .88628 .22758 1.74764 133754 8{1402 1.14162 1.25717 1.17430 1. .11844 1.96120 .84956 .18334 1.91366 .86419 .79164 .30087 1.84666 . 75858 .86929 cotan .08243 1. 27 2.91473 .93088 . 76042 .27994 1.13694 1.1034-9 1.94180 . :~:~~~ : :~:(Wg •• 7449211.24523 1.85006 .. " .15919 1.14498 1. 2.nwn . 79022 .76594 76640 76686 . :g1i¥ I --- eotan.10737 1.72654 726!I9 .83405 .17638 1.6 1. 1132J 1.92163 .816.13228 1.J6800 1.164-66 1.85408 .88265 .79496 . 20M 1 .90093 .:i6.73055 .88421 .07613 1.04401 1.12765 1.86827 .76502 76548 .16947 1.05194 1.94896 .07676 1.92385 .3 42 .05010 1.84656 .96457 .84208 .13494 1.8 lm!lmnl~"! :ll:11 28''" 53° tan . ROM6 1.35.76733 1.8-5912 .19599 1 1 119387 1 Fl3161 llO"6I 1.92980 .07237 tan tan 4~' cotan 1.79544 .14028 1.~5 1.--'"--_. 809~0 .85257 . .89777 .09003 1.R7862 .11452 1.17361 1.03543 eo 5.254U2 1.84158 .89935 .05439 1.06117 1.'18 1.18824 1.06179 1.27G~U 1.03674 1.961"6 .14834 1.15511 1.90410 .36549 1..26244 1.92008 .77475 . .84059 . 796:1!) .05870 1.82678 .81946 .10802 l.07049 1.27841 1.11 1.8606' .7!.1f1953 1.260\la 1.25642 1.89515 .ten 0 1 2 3 .94400 .04827 1.05809 1.93306 . 25 24 2::1 22 21 20 10 18 17 1.7 .81995 .81220 .~53:~ ~~3~~U~~ ~~29 1~ l' l' 13 12 11 10 •• •• •• :~~~~ ~:~~i~~! :g~~~ :~~~~! ~ ::~~~n! •• eo '1 02 03 06 67 60 . 23784 1.06685 1.88069 .73602 73M7 .11778 1.an cotan 51 tan :1 cotan 500 t .09131 1.73906 .79212 .13828 1.19035 1.95118 . .').82336 .09460 1.15308 1.82092 .36051 1.93415 .83564 83613 .88784 . 79U:.9584-1 .78645 .06066 1.07900 1.81703 .16878 1.04097 1.18125 1.16 1 . 55 5.15172 1.306.28842..07112 1.93524 .33nU8! .73861 .08063 1.04279 1.18264 1.16192 1.96451 .338. .08622 1.06613 1.82385 .07487 1.21238 1.93262 .84307 . 11 12 13 .15104 1. .20C.276l1 I .24227 1.86115 . 13 12 11 10 8 7 6 l' l' 2 I 0 • • • a tan 4• tan 48° tan ~tan 47° 46° tan 90 - -91- .77708 .10220 1.86307 .04461 1.74267 .92709 .76456 .77521 .84856 .04583 1.302441 1.90199 .90516 .1 .36116 1.93360 .18474 1.90781 .924-39 .eeta.23270 1.8.94962 .94235 .07425 1.78786 .20522 1.24597 1.95673 .82874 . 20 2< 23 22 21 20 I' I• 17 1.83268 .27458 .7710.88214 .82727 .1S 1.76318 76364 .89567 . 38 37 1. .82629 .24746 1.118 76!164 ~ ~:~~~ I 77niO 1 345681 . 8O:~06 1.87082 .94510 .07362 1.91419 .96395 .7861)2 1.89149 .11713 1.81849 . •• •• .asaso 1. 7728!l .91956 .22104 1.21598 1.'300 1.238581 1.24079 1.84507 .83415 J cotan ~~.94731 .06427 1.25943 1.94566 .08749 1.14096 1.12567 1.87031 .25343 1.96340 .86368 .18614 1.77382 77428 .''.73637 .78410 .94620 .6 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2' 30 31 32 33 34 a5 '" 37 36 34 33 32 31 30 2.14565 1.06317 1.95786 .13295 1.73592 .73nw 72966 i:~~~~~ I I.1 . sa 57 11 12 13 1.82972 .79354 .15240 1.84606 .21094 1.96288 .94345 .26546 1.12633 1.83701 .21670 1. 15 16 17 1.78975 .83071 .13361 1.27153 1.14632 1.29463 .Stall4 .07299 1.04705 1.27917 1.807:18 .05932 1.86761 .86929 .87595 .08116 1.85468 .~ '32'''.18964 1.35060 1.24153 1.87236 .08686 1.310311 1.82580 . 792:\9 .88007 .IM43 1.85157 .94841 .82776 .'1 .86318 .91046 .366aa 1.21166 1. il -ota n 02' t.76088 .27:-1(.09706 1.06676 1.81123 .88992 .17708 1.04949 1.20593 1.17777 tan 4~ cotan tan 4~' cotan 1.802.94786 .7\J8:!9 . 20 I.761a4 .17500 1.3:!86·'>."15:! 1.16124 1.73368 .8 43 42 .84906 .73278 .14229 1.20237 1.80067 I 21l38.87338 .83910 .07738 1.078641.13894 1.82531 . 1 .84009 .17016 1.12369 1.85862 .73996 .85358 .19740 I.83662 .9004-0 cotan 1.72788 .7 06 54 53 02 51 .93034 .26169 1.93742 .25118 1.78316 .82923 .13428 1.83!l1O -_.)!lUe .24895 1.06241 1.27001 1.78129 .89620 .13029 1.17916 1. as tiE!! 1.87543 .96008 .782~2 7826fl .-349~ 1.84706 .03915 1.84806 .07237 1.91794 .1 •2 45 47 .20308 1.33430 .78SS1 .15037 •• 30 34 33 32 31 30 2• 28 27 2.20379 1. 79U12 .11191 1.87698 .93262 .26018 1.87965 . 7.14699 1.22685 1.30323 1 1.13096 1.15715 1.

99788 .00176 .99821 .99905 .04:217 .99189 ..05989 .99893 .2 r..03141 . 2< .01998 1.98270 ..07150 .01076 .07962 .99956 .99692 .996tU .01879 1..99984 . .00320 .00204 .96963 . .99993 .99956 .99936 .02879 .03984 .02269 .99774 .99630 .99362 ..99831 .2 .02176 1.99939 .02298 . se M sa .02443 024:72 .03606 ..99999 .03490 .. 30 '0 31 32 33 47 " 17 I.99930 .06976 .91359 .08166 .01251 .01978 .99998 .99924 . 99994 .oozvi • • 11 12 13 I.99931 . 999R9 . .07730 .01542 .99703 .02712 1.04:798 . .99860 .99632 .01862.01583 1.97700 eotan r-r-: 44' tan ------ 44° eotan 3.04159 .99941 ..99966 .99950 .07~ .99989 .99886 .99945 .02832 1.0.99671 .99686 .01745 .06424 .5 .99594: .06511 .00701 1. .05263 .08397 .00233 1.03132 1.07382 .00087 .98958 .99974 .98441 . seno 3 2 1 0 • • • • cosena 89' seno 89' sene coseno 89' sene seno ceseno 88' ccsenc 87' sene ceseno 88' coseno 85' -92- - 93- .99912 .99977 99977 99976 .01702 1..99696 .00818 1..07179 . .0436~ .96194 S68W .00960 .01~39 1.99905 .99942 ..02892 1.99708 .99799 .55 0...99869 .99949 99948 99947 .99750 .99834: .99889 .02366 .99991 .07353 .99957 .99993 U~cosene 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 sene 00611 00640 ..02181 .074:11 . .99961 .99896 .03926 .00349 . •• •• 60 .08310 . 13 12 11 10 8 7 e s •• • 3 2 1 0 '2 1>3 ..02295 1.05844 .9974:8 .9994:2 1.03519 .7 .03192 1.05766 .05321 . M 27 1>3 2' '2 2.99998 .06395 .99888 .025a0 .03054 .02240 ..06714 .98499 as 34 33 32 31 30 2.99995 .00669 oo6U8 .99G66 •• .03252 1.99304 .99976 .99868 .99669 .04275 .05902 .00000 .024:14 \.05466 .02660 .99701 . 02734 .99996 .08542 . .00461 1..99946 . !~Il~ 48 31 32 33 45 44 43 42 24 se 25 ss 26 27 M 63 2.99972 . I• 17 18 1 20 eotan .97020 .0 .08571 08600 .99725 99723 .06743 06773 06802 06831 .99768 .99716 .99652 99710 .99996 .07672 07701 .99662 99649 99647 ..01454 .99913 .03781 .99803 .99822 .99838 .99932 .07295 ..99852 .99867 ..99810 .99998 .03257 .99668 .99938 .99951 .99967 .99846 .99792 .03693 .06540 ..0703' .99861 .05292 .99740 .03433 1.8 31 30 50 2• ~~ 11 . sa 99983 .99979 seno ~'cosene .04694 ...05698 . 99992 .00582 . •• •• •• eo 47 M '2 M M '7 98671 .03312 1.99241 ..99897 .08223 .99734 .99981 . .99536 .99699 .06076 .99766 .07006 .06018 .00350 1.01642 1.03548 03577 . .03432 03461 .074:69 074:98 . •• •• as •• :~t~ •• •• ~I ..99904: .99768 .99998 .98213 .0.03083 .02689 .99736 .99804 .98155 .04536 .99988 .06134: ...99978 .99839 .02633 1.04653 ..02386 .05785 .04304 .08716 4' coseno .01524: 1..ooses .99013 .9884:3 .00759 1.99710 .- -----w--".02706 .02618 ..99953 .00175 1.9974:4 .97133 .99939 .03810 .01053 1. 99916 . 0 1 2 3 • • • 7 8 •• •• . so •• 35 45 3' 33 . or .99907 ..06727 .01774 .00931 .99994 .99974 .99992 .99999 .99654 .064:82 .99826 . .04:013 .99883 99882 .07817 .98384 .99996 .--tan eotan 1.00058 1 "17 I.06685 coseno . .99915 . eotan 45' 45' tan 45' tan 21 22 23 24 2' 2.08339 Osa68 .06598 .08078 .99844 . 30 31 32 33 34 3' 3..99989 .99885 .06627 .99968 .99016 .02414 .02850 .04420 .06569 .01483 .99797 .99876 9<)875 99873 .00058 ..99795 .01746 .99772 .97016 ..96.99997 . 13 12 11 10 7 0 1 2 3 • • e 3 2 1 0 7 8 10 • • • • .09890 .05582 ..02327 ..99984 .01832 .999M .02211 .99990 .00727 .99712 ..99857 .99742 .98041 .05873 .99817 .99933 .05931 .99784 . 02938 .0 .99683 .99959 .01288 1.99766 99764 99762 99760 99758 99756 sene seno .01229 21 1.04769 .~~a .99993 . 17 18 ie .00756 .03112 .99997 .0 5" .99729 .99900 .99731 .99963 . 02007 .04:827 .03372 1.04866 .06279 .9J973 .99982 .04478 .0U74: 1.99829 .07904 .02117 1.07788 ..03965 . 41 42 43 tan eotan 1.99971 .01891 .141 .99727 .99719 .9Q841 .07527 .97586 .05030 05059 .00378 y Cosenos 0 cosena .02123 .07933 .04188 .06221 .06366 .08136 . 05669 .99676 .03553 1.99131 .01687 .05088 05117 .569 .01347 1.97246 91302 . 99994 .03664 . 00116 .04:129 .0302.99969 . i• 18 17 Ie 13 12 11 10 .97756 .7643 .00526 1. 01047 .02356 tan .'H75 0520. 97810 .997M .08687 .99922 . 38 37 3.03635 .98327 .0444:9 .04:740 .99714 .05553 .99627 99625 99622 .99986 .99851 .08629 .99776 .01761 1.05960 .00935 1.0604:7 ..99999 .04:04:2 .08107 .99985 .07M6 07614 .. 18 17 I• .99934 .074:4:0 .01367 . so •• •• •• •• Senos sene 0 1 2 .99963 .99687 . .00408 1. •• . • 2 2• 30 .99990 .99420 .99966 .00785 .07121 .07324 .04391 .07208 .08658 .99999 .05350 .99836 .99705 .00291 ..03403 .99815 .99965 . •• se ..02713 1. coseno •• .01164 seno 0 coseno ..02821 .99793 .07876 ..99864 .08194 . 16 20 11 12 13 .99673 .01105 .01629 ..0456.96681 96138 ..99923 .04:071 .01170 1 sene 1 I ccsenc .01280 01309 .04711 .02236 1.04:100 . 28 27 2.02152 ..01425 .99878 seno . 37 3' 3.04972 05001 .99952 .99937 .99911 .998i2 .99824: .04682 .OM08 .03490 60 68 .00524 .99995 .0 10 • 11 12 13 .974:16 974:72 97529 .99987 .02036 .01406 1.99813 .07092 .02647 .02676 .99999 .05379 .99884: . .02967 .96907 .99866 .05437 .99991 . 99962 .00814 .99694 .00642 1.97189 .01658 .99721 .99969 . 08513 .99952 .02065 02094 .. 20 21 22 23 2.99680 .03868 ..99964 .99898 .99998 .01513 ..99986 .04333 .03839 .2 g~1:~ •• •• .02501 .06192 .01803 .03493 1.07991 .99639 99637 .99863 .07566 .99770 .03286 03316 03345 03374: .05234: ..99790 .99619 .01600 .99902 .01112 1.06105 .99678 .99999 .9991)7 .04914: .07759 .99786 .02593 1.03012 1.00844 .02792 .99943 .06656 .99778 .06163 .99819 .04943 .01920 .99901 .99667 ..99812 .04885 .99910 .00262 .99988 .99919 .99806 .99833 .99642 .99689 .oosor .97984 .99782 .99842 . .99944 .97813 .01465 1.98901 . 27 28 2.99969 .07063 .99906 .99917 ...99746 . .99854 .01571 .99982 .99478 .99999 .99940 .99980 .99909 .99921 .99870 . 99970 .99856 .99997 .99849 . b7 se 2' 2.08252 08281 . 38 3.99979 . 2' 24 23 22 20 •• ..04:623 .99847 . 99998 ..99918 .01716 .01820 1.06860 06889 06918 06947 .7 ss .00876 1. 00496 .99780 .00233 .99827 .00116 1.99958 .5234 .00583 1.06250 .01134 .99925 .01396 .03072 1..99892 .0424:6 .00873 .99986 I • • e 7 8 10 a 22 601" 23 59 58 57 3• • .99995 .02908 .99929 ..08020 0.03723 .01018 . . " .02653 1.07846 ..03228 .99926 .. 47 42 41 3• 38 37 3• 33 32 31 30 29 2' 27 2• 2' 22 21 20 .98786 .99762 .00029 .99996 .02763 .99987 .99991 . .0 f1.99894: .06308 .5 .05495 .05814 .02067 1.02952 1.07643 .7 32 .99972 ..98728 .00989 .06611 05640 .00994 1.98098 .99801 .01193 .06337 .06976 ..03897 . •• 42 :6~ 40 36 37 38 39 2• 23 22 21 20 ~~!I ~~ ss ~5 • s 7 •• •• •• so 47 '1 .99808 .03752 .99738 .00663 .99935 .064:53 .99863 .96625 .99975 . 1..99960 .00145 .04607 .99826 .00902 .. .07237 .OM24: .02996 . 08426 084.99986 .5 .01222 .01949 .01338 .97927 .03170 03199 .5146 0.00436 .99927 .

15356 .98486 .97863 .09874 .98266 .9H76 .98686 .16132 .98927. I se~~-51.97803 .~gg~f :~~:~t ~g ~ I ~ l?.98212 .18767 .98320 .19538 ..10453 .97666 .19338 .20962 .97839 ..19609 .98709 .21388 .97910 .~§~~!~ .97928 .20706 .140VO .l~H~ :ni~~ ::~~~~ ~~ 1 . 97764 .15672 .18023 .22438 .21928 .10308 .18852 .09787 .14666 99156 .17021 17050 . f7 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 5.21104.99144 .98240 .98561 .09570 lI002 .98107 .16103 .12:>89 10684. .98496 .1 .19262 .97887 .16046 .14651 99171 14580 .992.98079 .22126 .16419 . 98060 .10453 10482 10511 10540 .97698 .99002 54 .98648 .17909 .:: 8:0.98267 .19396 .1~16 .98168 .9\)396 .09932 .20279 .99599 9 .igg :~~~~} ~ ~ :t18iU :U:~!:Hl~ U!~bI ~gg~~ :ij~ng i g~ 'I 1 .16878 .18338 .988.98004 .98389 .19366 .20193 .97934 .l~~~1. 203M .18595 .21275 .19309 .98619 . .97845 . 97666 .98101 .98695 .98531 .16591 .1882.21M2 .19652 .98325 .21189 . :g~~y .14695 98940 9893638 98931 .98782 3 0 • • 3 2 1 0 • ss 98769 --+--1-cosenc 840 sene coseno 83° -seno coseno! 82° sene cosenc 81e sene coseno j seno 80° cosenc 79° sene coseno 78° coseno 77° - 94- - 95- .18738 .97628 .98288 .98414 .98186 .16846 .993.21786 .178112 . .20478 .97760 .992.97815 sene sene .98536 ..97876 .17461 .98657 . .16160 .98566 .98163 11 sene .98481 .12043 99:!72 00 :10424 .19281 .98394 .99467 .12158 .98124 .'i48 .99508 .97968 . 20108 .20051 .97821 .16906 .22410 .98277 .16017 .2181 • .23 .974« .14119 .97508 . 68 63 .16820 .98378 .16333 .17966 .9g551 .97981 .16792 .o..98461 .98261 .eno 6".11320 .97723 .97t89 .20877 .18452 .127:15 993\:10 12764 'II ~\1200 I \18197 99193 !l918\) .21161 .9\)248 -90244 99233 .55 .1:1254 9H118 40 .9\.1 42 .16390 .99258 .1~70~ 91l3f13 .19994 .20592 .20222 .9~)402 ..976.10048 99494 .98718 . 18196 .97827 .97742 .20607 .20820 .98476 .98676 .16988 .97680 .98283 .21672 .99186 .16533 .98118 .21019 .97861 .98629 .19737 .22013 .98546 .98585 .98690 .98681 .97692 .21218 . l·lnfiO .22297 .13514 ::~:H :~g2~!:~1~ ~~ Ii :~~~~~ ..e:r.14781 .97778 .21644.97963 .20636 .13:199 :i ::~~:~g!i~:Ht8 :g::~~~ :~~8H.97899 .20848 .13341 ..98367 .tg~g~ '.16189 .22467 .en:1 .~~~tr.98g14 39 37 36 35 34 33 3• 38 37 3S 3' 3• 33 32 31 30 g~ :~~ll :~U~~ Ilmg ~~m\1.21360 .12908 .18910 .97706 .17995 .18481 .13889 .:eno ~ ~f'.98373 .99614 9~)612! '.9910211.98179 .18395 .97833 .18881 .1::!880 .97437 sene .97797 .17665 .11205 ~9370 .97623 .18052 .09440 26 09469 27 09498 30 31 .21331 .97\)92 .21132 .98643 .9764. 57 58 60 1 .98471 .'} .18509 .98521 .!)!)4521~2187 .98331 .16218 . 17708 .98961 .99520 .2OM9 . 101326 .18624 . . 97634 .:3~.092f)8 .97673 .0 . 11783 : \JUSS3 1115241 .15931 .21669 .994:101 IOf)5.97969 .19596 ..13917 .99540 .222. " 0 1 2 3 4 7 8 9 10 sene .97916 .97952 .97611 .16734 .21871 .09411 25 .22268 .0 f1 42 43 Il1!004S~ .97906 .~~~~ ~ .1 :H~~~ 46 .97467 .20165 . 1'~:~~1 il " .20563 .98141 .')~:L90 ~~~g~ I .10045 .20791 .14148 .09295 .20933 .18166 .21701 .98728 .0 .202M .1163.97772 .o.11147 ':19377 .98858 .\19222 9'J219 13917 1:1946 13975 : .913362 .98010 .11G67 .97717 .98466 ..16969 .22.99357 .17508 .16763 .19823 .14061 .16992 .13081 .98218 .15902 .98399 .'1 .98723 .9\1619 1 .eno .98136 .18996 .97679 .2 '1 .~:~g~:~~m ·~g~~t '~~~1} ~~ g~ :~n~ 'g~~~~ '~g~i~ ·g~l~~ :g~g ~~ :1H~1 :lH1~ . 17680 .98652 .98039 .98250 .98604 .99456 .98700 .98506 .99594 I~ ~~~ ~ :g~b -~~~3¥I .20307 .97857 .99553 .1181:18 .21630 .19880 .11234 \)\)367\12966 .99067 1 " 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 .14177 .98765 .21966 .98863 .16074 .')1 . 30 31 32 33 •• •• •• .97997 .19024 .08716 1 2 .9_ .98430 .97976 .20791 coseno .22326 .98140 .98420 .19937 .9g575 1.98404: .99~5.98027 .20990 .lg~~b:~g::~ .55 ~!~!~ .99506 .17419 .17937 .98760 .17637 .12649 .21016 .6 .97736 .19766 .97636 .15557 ~~~~~ 15643 .16620 .90428 12418 10113 ".98481 10' sene . 6 08889 .993~41.18967 .19081 coseno .16935 .99559 99556 . I .988l4 10 ~~ .98436 .19623 .96 coseno .20393 . 97660 .99462 .99511 .~~~~~ .9H70 .16849 .18109 .'i ' tmH:~ 12274 !!1·12216 .98565 .98614 .97460 .17164 17193 .98638 .97663 .18224 .22070 .16246 .16304 .98595 .16562 .91l:.98190 .98426 .97604 .~TIi :~~~~~ II.~g~~~~5!~~ 'll5?~ ~~~~~ ~1~~~ §~g~~~~~1.97616 .97784 .20763 .13370 .21843 .20620 .19195 .18938 .12':.98854 21 20 19 29 28 27 2S 2• 24 23 22 21 20 1• 18 17 1• 1• n :~Jyg'g~~~~.11349 .g~~~ :g~~l~ :~:n~ \ :g~~6g~i :l!~~g:g~~~~~ .97621 . 16677 . 9764.20450 .97502 :97496 .99449 .16361 .97698 .97922 .97692 .98491 ..'i96II 5 16 17 18 19 o :g~~~~ II .17623 .17366 .98033 .17651 .98196 .98526 .97729 .97463 .10742 'J1I421 12476 • • .9\16001 7 :089181.19052 .99580 I IOSS7 .98352 .97893 .11523 .W 99317 .98576 .g~g~~ !~ I . so .99537 .9~)431 .98704: .22382 .97881 .98315 .98207 .i .98624 .b781' .98061 .9918~ 14349 14378 14407 .97630 .98501 .'32 14 \1 :~~~~~1'1 .99567 11031 99564 99562 .16873 .17694 .34 .17365 coseno .19794 .98570 . ~ :~g~~g.16447 .16787 .15758 .5eg?.98245 .20079 .~n~ 99027 60 99~00213g !98 .98368 .~ :g~!A~ 'l~~~f 3~}g~ ~U~~.99167 14608 .12187 .08976 o .21474 .20734 .98516 98511 . 98923 98919 .97685 .21446 .9\1230 ':In226 .98590 .97766 . 2S 27 28 2.19138 .98066 .98129 .17078 17107 17136 .9M09 .98163 .19081 .~~:~~ : g~~~g~g~:t!n~ .98737 .21246 .90572 I097:{ .994461.98223 .97667 . 15097 .99098 ~~g~:~~t~ l~ •• 45 4.17250 .21616 .18309 .98671 .13629 .977el .20336 .09382 24 .98466 .21899 .99106 i .gg~~~ ~ . 35 3S 37 38 39 .18681 .14436 14464 14493 98965 .7 .98234 .9D48J .98383 .98714 .16706 .18587 .19680 .99354 99141 37 11060 .99006 55 .18367 .09179 .99578! 10916 .50 .97987 .18138 .09585 .20136 .16505 .mu78 14521 99175.979.16964 .18081 .99602 8.90386 12793 11089.99380 12851 .09903 .\17673 .8 f7 09150 .19481 .1224.22098 .6 .98304 .98751 .98732 .09353 3 .98229 .21768 .97483 .98\:198 53 9899452 :9988~9086 !01 -" " Hn.98460 .16476 .21985 .22212 .98764 .99406 \ 12620 .21303 .98609 .19851 .10164 .09324 2.~~~i:~~~~} ~~ ~~ :g~~l~' :~~~~~ :n~~ :~ri11} :g~~~:~~g~ .98957 98953 98948 98944 45 44 43 42 41 40 11 12 13 If 16 IS 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 2.18538 .09005 .98174 .21047 .9\l.:gg~~~g ~ ~ i . .19966 .8 .\1':1163 14637 \)9160 .98299 .18796 . 97G88 . 980M .98Of' .22183 .fHI424 \ 12447 .17166 .20677 .21729 .19.98073 .16701 .98112 .19908 .18262 .11176 993741.16648 .97711 .17737 .98336 .08774 3 08803 -.3 f2 41 fa .98440 .087451.99047 : 99031 99027 .98662 .09237 092% .98746 . .98021 .98294 .17823 .98600 .996171 '.98580 .19109 .16730 .97748 .98769 .98151 .14205 60 '7 ~.98162 .17222 .97642 .98551 .:~3gf 1\ .17393 .98633 .137 .98667 .984.22156 .98201 .08947.16275 .98310 .98341 .18424 .21417 .20906 . i8652 .19224 .13053 .1383 12822 11118 .19452 .09614 ~ :g~~~..137i3 .97617 .98146 .20022 .16643 .19666 .17279 17308 17336 .9939\:1 12678 .17422 .11609 .98902 30 .19709 .97809 .98541 .98090 ..18710 .98067 .979.20421 .22041 .17794 .~g~~? .22363 .97869 .21687 .18281 .17880 .98347 .97851 .19167 .t:~~~ :~ .98272 .98016 .

.96647 .94485 .27704 .31289 .93368 .93789 .96190 .503 24531 .95061 ..32392 .95972 .24277 .27284 .26640 .33134 .96240 96231 .26415 .27368 .94952 .97037 .96371 .23346 .93634 93524 .94777 .96267 .31316 .93544 . 1.94533 .96355 .1)5033 .25010 .96246 .97008 .1 63 •• . 24659 .26107 .33298 .95204 .96248 .33573 . 23062 .94768 ..30320 .34011 34038 34065 .30514 . 00 .24192 eesenc .96554 .96964 .96.97278 .96471 . 25t.s 6006 .64.97298 .24376 .29626 .27620 .9.27692 .27787 .34202 •• •• •• •• •• <0 3• 38 37 3• 3• .93839 .26612 .28708 .95579 .26920 .96902 ..29265 29293 29321 29348 .96126 .234.94293 .26500 .94409 .25006 .97326 .22863 .7 50 50 63 .96697 .94127 94118 sene 20~oseno .31399 .32557 .95195 .94869 .97304 .34093 34120 34147 34175 .30670 .35048 .35647 36674 .96712 .30376 .34966 . 50 57 OS .97411 .97015 .1 .95133 .22722 .93779 .95398 .94915 .23769 .31896 .31923 . .94337 ..943{1.93869 .93969 93959 .34584 34612 34639 .25882 . .32557 1M' coseno 95106 . 96989 . 3.35211 .96316 .95602 .33518 . 31ij48 .22778 .26275 .25291 .31068 .26151 .34748 34775 3.97271 .23429 .94370 .30680 .32282 32309 .29182 .946H .34939 .94906 94897 .94702 .29237 .97361 .94814 .32639 .30237 .94390 .94749 .33545 .96206 .26668 .97113 .29849 .96645 .30902 •• •• •• OS 57 53 .28652 .33161 .94254 .96562 .96340 .94693 .32942 .3 " .30542 .96363 .2.34448 .28402 :28429 .26808 .29615 . 96807 .93728 .95690 .23642 .27312 .93859 .35130 35157 35184 .23966 .32612 .35619 .29070 .96873 . " •• .23910 .28150 .96994 .96866 .93919 93900 93899 93889 .29682 . 30 31 32 33 .32997 .96440 .972M .26191 .24615 .94795 .93769 93748 .30265 .34339 34366 34393 34421 . 17 1.93665 .31675 .96502 .9M198 ..94216 94206 .27676 .96466 .94009 . 266M .31768 .32061 . 2.31123 31151 .33956 .32034 .94029 ..9M86 .96946 .97404 .2 .94542 .8 .97093 .93949 9a939 93929 .29654 .28123 " 21 22 23 .6 47 .94264 .29876 ..93441 93431 93420 .94303 .27983 ..32227 .29098 .29766 .28178 .261&3 .33051 .96182 . 28234 .26628 .96756 .26724 .94068 ~t~~ " 13 12 11 10 coseno 76' coseno 75' eoseno 74' ccsenc 73' .93462 .26741 .94476 ..96815 .96142 ..33326 33343 .26443 . 95997 .96707 .33024 .97176 .30431 .28820 .25122 .29460 .93472 .24897 .96494 . 96832 .30874 I ..31786 .29932 .33436 .94970 94961 .23611 .96844 .95865 .97417 .31233 .96214 .94842 .95450 .96807 .96952 .96158 .33682 .95673 .97030 sene seno 14 ceseno .95874 . 28457 .95115 .96600 .32584 .34857 3.94943 94933 .30292 .94245 94235 .25938 .33737 .30348 . 95981 .95757 .31620 .96882 .94399 .31482 .00987 .24644 .96880 .25038 .94418 .9::740 .95276 .94019 . 973M ..33106 .97244 .97001 .29821 .24474 .93379 .23882 .97127 .32447 . 96782 .30985 31012 .2848& . •• OS .27815 .23176 .35266 .23316 .97141 .24220 .9.93718 93708 .26798 .33381 33408 .28039 .26219 .36239 .96479 .96653 .27228 . 1• 17 1• 15 ••• • 26 27 .950117 95088 95079 95070 .96664 .25179 . 51 .97196 .27032 .26320 .33244 .24728 .97030 9702.96628 . 24M7 .28011 .96608 .28876 .31344 .30736 .26976 .96945 .24305 .24756 .22666 .23684 ..95266 .33600 33627 .96636 .96771 .26136 .96301 .93596 .94176 .35484 36511 35M8 35565 .32804 .26769 .93849 . 27 23 22 21 '0 .sg0 .94447 .97058 .34993 .96198 . 27 2.sen:r 0 1 2 3 224.96310 .27731 .9b .34257 34284 .95389 . 10 .95168 .94806 .96868 .96013 .94157 .96706 .96829 .23514 .968&7 . 3.29981 .32089 .97086 .30469 .25994 .29487 .95849 .25713 .97189 .33189 33216 .28318 .93999 .97318 ..94504 .86110 ..23938 .113979 .94078 .93410 93400 93389 .23401 .23712 . .96715 .95622 95613 .94758 .26488 .97061 ..25685 .31730 .97120 .96799 .2 51 '0 47 .24108 .23118 .32006 .29209 ..30819 .97066 .95630 .96616 .23740 .96966 .97391 .25460 ..96410 .25854 .26892 .95319 .31040 .. 2.97044 .93769 .26752 .96916 .26616 .32529 ..96742 .287.327~ 32749 .23231 .30929 30957 ..94646 .33983 .33874 33901 .23486 .96070 .26684 .30126 .93667 60 10 • • • • 6 7 .31178 .96284 .31593 .97365 .97331 .32254 .96277 .9 60 • • • • • 7 6 3 1 0 •• .97291 .96732 .96086 .22608 ..32969 .96923 .24333 .96448 . 249M .94740 ..22836 . .95293 .24869 . .27564 .31096 .23666 . 23203 .96822 . 37 3.94284 .27843 .29710 .94457 .93969 • • • • • 7 3 2 1 0 coseno sene 72' coseno 71' seno ccsenc 70' sene cosen~l seno 69' - 96- - 97- .95749 .96734 .28847 .94988 . 2S569 . 34M3 34530 34fi57 .22750 .31951 .96966 .24700 .95424 .96596 96588 .23826 .28374 .96630 . 1.96647 .96786 .94665 .29ot2 .96517 . •• 53 50 57 ..26780 .29376 .28903 .29543 ..34721 .96379 .93829 .29571 .8 .97257 . 945~3 .32199 .68.97134 .96174 .24784 .96293 .93358 .96593 .1 60 .23863 ..22920 .31979 .3738 .28641 .24982 .26348 .00222 .32667 .24051 .s 6800 .34475 .2i841 .31703 .97182 .30182 .94380 .97217 . 2• 1..96261 .29737 .35293 .96937 .96623 .93462 .25236 .94466 .93576 .31537 .29016 .1:i5043 ..29793 .32859 32887 .96102 sene 60 1 1 coseno . .05380 .30098 .95681 .95364 .30043 .30016 .29432 .97251 .96402 .31510 .9 60 60 94088 .30403 .97345 .94147 .25826 .93586 .28792 .35837 .95639 .33463 33490 .24390 .27060 .27088 .9&394 .94274 .97311 .96142 .24813 . 23 22 21 20 •• 30 31 3• 33 3• 3• 37 38 3• .23288 .23033 .94322 .33665 .25646 .28959 . 94M:! .27452 .27480 .34202 34129 .3 ••• 21 .94058 .31565 .31841 .9&&17 .32502 ..23090 .. 20 96037 :~~~~~ .26471 .96562 .97398 .97378 .0 .32171 .95106 sene .27004 .30597 .95416 .96166 .93493 .95015 ! I.94656 .34311 .36375 35402 35429 35456 .6 60 .96682 .97338 .22623 . 1.95698 .23627 .33764 33792 .27508 .32419 .27769 .94196 .95724 .96774 .96907 .186 .95407 .96766 .94137 .96433 .36347 . . .30486 .94438 94428 .95213 .96243 .96238 . .94823 .95630 sene 0 1 2 3 6 7 8 • • • 11 12 13 1..96328 .30209 .00500 .68 .22680 .32832 19 coseno .26601 .94627 94618 94609 94599 ..96118 .95459 .28931 .96324 .93483 .95493 .2l'629 .94851 ..94712 . .35102 .94342 94332 .23373 .96126' sene seno Ij ccsenc ..96463 .27M8 .95024 .94495 .96159 .24446 .29404 .97072 .30626 .29960 ..96837 .96570 .27424 .96150 .26673 .93677 .5432 .97424 . 2. 11 12 13 .I .96426 .94979 .96230 . .97223 .96308 .23599 .24136 .26079 .97165 .24926 .97148 .31868 .95150 .23260 .28613 .97371 .93606 .95177 . 28067 .07210 .94888 .96524 .94301 .31427 .97106 . 28262 ..26696 .96930 .96980 .26303 .28096 .9 .96719 .96269 .30708 .22977 . .23005 . 37 3• 3.94049 .22948 .34912 .27396 . •• •• •• •• U <0 3.22807 . ..:57 .96816 .30164 .28987 .96519 .96675 .33079 .28206 .30902 .24079 . 96078 .29126 . 9r.26882 .23146 .26948 .94361 .96667 .96727 ..23996 .95476 ..27116 .29154 .956405 .96660 .96791 .22892 . 31 30 29 2.28346 .96363 .93647 93637 .35075 .96923 .93879 .241M .95931 .31813 .95124 .93819 93800 93799 .95841 .93626 93616 .94313 .32474 .96571 .28736 .27144 .32337 .36021 .97384 .95441 .94860 .96940 .31454 .32777 ..26207 .'3 .29904 .97264 .34666 34694 .94786 .28290 .97437 97430 . 33 32 31 30 28 27 2.31372 .94345 .24418 .26022 .26836 . .96778 .0 U .24249 .9674.32364 .24362 .96824 .2&331 .96285 ..26263 .97203 .29237 . •• •• •• •• " 13 12 11 10 " •• .95186 .94730 94721 ..27340 .33271 .94590 94580 94571 94561 94562 :g~:~~ n I .36320 .26050 .22637 .93514 93503 .964033 .96332 .96969 .94637 .97100 .96851 .93989 .803 34830 .96593 sene :~~ •• .93555 .22693 .• 6690 . •• .33819 33846 .31206 .97169 .30846 .94039 .95948 .94225 . 1.30071 .94997 .33929 .262(7 ..96685 .32914 .31261 . 0000& .96021 96029 .95511 .94167 .30763 30791 .94924 15 16 17 1• 19 '0 21 22 .35701 35728 35755 :357·'1 35810 .24.23797 . 3.29599 .28597 .966400 .95052 .24023 .96793 .96054 .95605 .94186 .26<0< .27536 .27927 .26864 .33710 . 2862b .96222 .97237 .96372 . 96M6 .94832 . 17 16 lb .96916 .96638 .28680 .00973 .25094 .32116 32144 .25910 .96134 .24Hl2 . seno .27256 . 279M .27172 .24672 .97162 ..32694 .26066 .94514 .96887 seno 15 coseno .95467 .30663 .27200 .96764 .97079 .95485 .97230 .D6678 . •• 93657 .96656 .94878 . 22M2 . 3.96532 .27664 .96347 .

42657 .88526 .43733 .90984 .92821 92816 .40488 .90259 .16 ..!1 92310 92299 92287 .44046 .89061 .90863 .40833 .91431 91425 91414 91402 91390 91378 91366 .'):) sene 23 I cosenc I .47050 .92499 .88390 .. 20 2I 22 23 2.90470 .47141 .90483 .41998 .46355 .87532 .s8888 .91164 .39234 ..36217 .'569 .42341 . 36.90936 .89014 .91729 .88741 .48354 .89402 .41204 . 880 .89127 .45373 .42162 .36839 36867 36894 .47716 .81611 .41537 .41892 .88795 .41231 .41614 .93020 93010 92999 9291$8 .92141 . 36298 .31130 .89101 I j seno .91188 . 66 57 • • 7 6 5 .90924 .91128 .45994 .45942 .3tiOOO .47895 .903)9 .IH248 .38644 38671 38698 38725 38752 .91718 .3632.88363 .39394 .37272 37299 37326 .92332 fl23:.39982 .90183 . 89245 .44864 .83649 .43077 .87715 . 6.91472 91461 91449 ..90960 .90221 .90839 .88666 2 seno ' coseno .43628 .92243 .88377 .88144 .43166 .44203 .88295 .91104 ....88130 .39555 .43602 .90778 .47153 .44828 .91648 .92762 .89905 .44802 .90766 .90520 ..45088 .90532 .91810 .88902 . •• <I 43 . 20 2I 22 23 24 25 26 27 2.91295 . .42499 .1~16 .46870 .40141 .43025 .47869 .89021 .36081 .6 fa is .48201 .40721 40753 .45192 .39848 .44612 .37865 .46690 .40115 .89532 .91683 91671 .47639 .88674 .91925 91914 .47793 .89879 sene 0 I sene .91212 .41358 .89035 .41012 .37838 .41443 .0 41 42 43 .40035 .88995 .46433 2 coseno ..37695 .87770 .47101 . 37 36 35 34 33 32 3I 30 2.87979 .92016 0 sene .81937 .44724 .46218 ..47024 .42709 .U3306 .40514 .48217 .91236 .91543 91531 91519 91508 .36677 .89739 .45865 .92164 ..9280.41522 .1 38966 389(13 39020 ..90643 .90146 .92~49 .47486 .92085 .ssess 211 2s 27 26 26 2< 23 22 21 20 I• Is 17 is I< 13 I2 II 10 I 60 •• •• •• •• •• ..89152 .39073. .39367 .89219 .44281 .906G9 .42367 . 88006 .89480 .39421 .90111 . 26 26 27 2.42841 .47127 .594 .99- .45218 .90120 .90790 .8883' .46813 .37542 :17.43236 .92902 92892 92881 .46844 .93327 .92130 .39608 .37999 .90826 ..46304 .89tH .47281 .90899 .38483 . I.87659 .884-17 .45036 .9~729 .'1973 .43209 .91343 .89854 .48328 .40992 . 3• .92838 .9:.93127 ..46097 .47690 .35891 .83376 . 35864.10 .42815 .a9795 .45347 .91307 .88349 .88875 .88715 .45399 .39341 :~~~~~ :~tgg~ .43471 .90396 .90545 .91044 .48405 .42894 ..90875 .88580 .43051 .43340 .46381 .89623 .89610 .90446 .42136 .5 .89930 .40408 . 46587 .89493 .88701 .81661 .89545 .11 .44716 .45321 . 42130 .90668 .39448 .91891 .89389 .45114 .39955 .36660 .89833 .89674 .90655 .88226 .36379 .39928 .37363 .47383 .88034 .39046 .87812 .88653 .39688 397]5 .37703 .45668 .89259 .41098 41125 .45684 .43916 .91948 9HI36 . 31751 .36162 .0 3.93232 .92119 .89350 .44171 . 894M .41107 .90421 .90383 .90631 .90284 .89956 .39281 .43491 .8S458 .47434 .44984 .48124 .42235 .91116 .87546 .40780 .45710 .92186 91175 .88404 .425.88199 .42683 . 50 57 5• 59 60 .92510 .44668 .41666 .41045 .85512 60 . 48022 .46941 • .88782 .l'OO95 .47204 .42912 . 933~{7 .93190 .45166 .36027 .39501 39528 ..46226 .88661 .89892 .46661 .90996 60 5.46072 .9:)222 .88634 .90582 .40700 .89441 .47662 .47818 .43366 .91032 91020 .42578 .46123 .88539 .40.40860 .42315 .87882 .47767 .48379 ..46201 .92740 .92062 .88981 .44906 .45140 .47946 .3.40221 .88048 ..39822 .:18268 38295 38322 38349 .88822 .87687 .30314 . 0 I 2 3 5 6 7 • s " .39581 .. <I .36352 .90692 .42999 .91080 .40008 .42077 .89363 .90408 .89816 .44020 .43831 60 68 67 66 66 54 63 62 51 60 .88942 .89311 . 43 II 12 I3 I4 16 17 I• I. 58 57 66 54 53 52 51 60 seno 25 coseno .93243 .36812 .6 '7 •• •• f7 .41649 .45243 .37407 37434 37461 0 coseno .35\.40461 .92471 92466 92455 92444 92432 92~21 !):?41O 92399 92388 92377 . .36406 .91484 ..91056 .92598 92587 92576 92565 92554 92543 92532 92521 .90296 .92488 .90133 .41181 .41134 .40913 .40328 .88693 .90911 .91982 .39876 .81631 .40647 .40806 .87868 .93348 .90129 .4MJO .93137 .5 •• •• IO • 42262 .92050 .9:1084 fl3074 9:1063 .88915 .38241 .89048 .90371 :90358 .12 38859 38886 38912 3893\.38161 .88431 .43392 .91971 .48430 .91822 .44646 .42166 42183 ..91706 .87490 .91694 .87826 .91092 .90007 .87743 .81H93 .42288 .43313 .41602 .40355 40381 .90591 .91496 .46330 .37191 .36271 .44124 .48481 " s 7 6 6 3 2 I 0 • .46947 .88928 .47971 .92642 .41391) ..89994 .44542 .42420 .90070 .48048 .40062 .96 36613 .39260 .89337 .89298 89285 .91601 .88607 .41496 .44490 .41416 .90057 .90334 .89662 .45269 .91775 .45451 .41019 .41284 .42631 .89584 . " 3• 3s 37 36 36 3< 33 32 31 30 . 443D7 ..IHZ72 .90246 . .44385 .43706 ..91625 .46973 .43104 .90495 .39635 .90680 .9~042 930.31973 .9:!O28 .:!276 92266 .89206 .42061 .36434 .45839 .44750 .92073 .87766 . 90948 .40674 '7 '6 .. 39 '0 s 6 6 7 • :g~~5g .88281 .46793 .92707 926')7 U2686 .91140 .42209 .43680 .93211 .92231 922:.88089 .39902 .88264 .44958 . 87993 .88322 .36054 .48175 .87518 . 88103 .88768 .42104 .93295 9:l285 .90433 .88955 .93358 .89764 .36488 .920'.89272 .38531 .91068 .87840 .42920 .45529 .44516 .39073 22 0 coseno 92718 .37649 .46767 .44359 .89324 .38805 388.91356 sene .87701 .90208 .93201 .89597 .90032 .93180 9.36515 .5 '6 '7 . 3678b .87951 .88308 . 41945 .47076 .42867 .37218 . 51 52 53 5.87515 .87798 .90753 90741 .38188 38215 .40939 .40168 .90321 .87784 .90802 .46149 .39768 .44932 .88295 sene .9 60 51 52 53 5.48303 .92913 .44594 .89506 .48160 .41363 .91819 .90196 .46619 .46921 .91260 .6 cosenc .39741 .\):2675 92664 U26.4J31O .90082 .88168 .40195 .91764 91752 91741 .91590 .88336 .40886 .93148 .47665 ..90108 .98- .92751 .47178 .44151 .87604 . 2.37622 .46819 .44098 .93253 .47920 .42788 .91959 . .42473 .42262 24 0 cosenc .41151 41178 .43942 .44333 .36244 .90606 .88062 . 2.916.81896 .41681 .91152 .91224 .90814 .91833 .40248 40275 40301 . 3.48073 .87673 .46613 .41337 .46716 .87923 .45891 45917 .48252 .36M2 36509 .43623 .89918 .90271 .92107 .89713 .92978 92907 .9:1052 .36108 36135 .38026 .45606 .92946 .45503 .89943 .38591 38617 .35837 .41628 .36921 36948 .91331 .46742 .90233 . 90887 .87476 .92631 .42024 .90631 . 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 I• I• 17 16 is I< 13 12 II 10 •• .91868 .45425 .44464 .41588 .92152 . 88020 .90972 .89687 .37515 . .88620 .48226 .80180 .9. .91355 . 37002 37029 37056 37083 .92264 ..usoes .906i8 .90507 .43418 .45564 .37892 37919 31946 .38376 38403 38430 38466 .91283 ..36461 .43130 .92784 .93159 .36190 .46407 .38778 .91845 ..41511 .45062 .37380 .44255 .42446 .87645 .43785 .85213 .88445 .43549 .89879 .16 .89726 .88968 .81965 .40541 40567 .40088 .88728 .36731 36768 .47332 .89636 .88172 .41469 ..90158 .45477 .90717 .45295 .38134 .42946 .9"2'.91116 .17137 37164 .40674 .91856 .46896 .43B-It .43446 .41972 .91666 91555 .44411 .47306 . • 3 2 I 0 cosenc 68 0 seno coseno 67 0 coseno 66' coseno seno 65' coseno 64 coseno seno 63' coseno 62' cosenoJ sene 61' .45787 .43837 .38510 .92859 .39661 .44620 .. 88075 .93274 .21 sene 0 I 2 3 .46020 .37110 ..41919 .45968 .38053 380S0 38107 . 36975 .47844 .92870 .52 .43759 . 30 31 32 33 3< 35 36 37 3.91902 .46252 . 47997 . 878M .39474 .88261 .89140 .46999 . 40ft2! .46175 .90657 .89153 .89008 .37811 .89087 .90045 .913l!) .47460 .45762 ..43863 43889 .45399 .89415 . 41840 .88808 ..93116 93106 seno 37461 37488 .89981 .40966 .46484 .92118 .91200 .43654 .88647 .44431 .90704 .41251 .89428 . .43261 ..46632 .92773 .5 .41515 .r.44698 .91787 .42394 .45136 .42604 .44229 . .88240 ..87589 .37676 .41760 .19100 39127 391531 .92366 92355 92343 .43287 .88472 .36704 .}56 .4&536 .38564 .89867 .sssos .41813 .81909 .89167 .88111 .91660 .89968 .89519 .43182 .90019 .89100 .81603 .41409 . 47255 .92039 .40434 .90851 .91008 .45010 .41229 .89777 .43968 ..89571 89558 ..90346 .44072 .89467 .42525 .89790 .89828 .88185 .88862 .92050 sene .87462 9 10 II I2 I3 I< 16 17 I.43994 .88848 .898U .88755 . 41866 .91613 ..90458 .37245 .46458 .92935 92924 .89232 . 211 30 31 32 33 3• 36 36 37 3.'U69 .93264 .118 35f145 .91799 .46046 .31784 .89101 .45580 .43515 .92209 92198 .91518 .92794 .87729 .

54732 547 .82626 .54097 .! .82904 .80247 .81782 .80816 .81157 . .81293 .84974 .60:201 .85682 .87278 .84851 .51204 .87260 .51852 .83389 .)6 .86921 .85732 . .85279 .87235 .59646 .82677 .83692 .83228 .5.56064 .83131 .57024 .87292 .5.79899 .83501 .53730 .57624 .86384 . '7 48 4.85401 863" .54269 .83772 .58236 .80021 .49369 .57810 .5672 .58141 .84214 . 84774 .83469 .49773 . .87007 .58826 .54293 .56545 .52399 . 51054 .80316 80299 .53361 . .87264 .80627 .M605 .54146 .82462 .87336 .48761 .81714 seno 36 coseno .81174 . 30 31 32 33 34 .84511 .81680 .82010 .66353 .51828 .86045 .61504 41 42 43 .61454 .82082 . 58~)'JO .0.83340 .49268 .84820 .58708 .62918 .86413 .83453 .86059 .48989 .69084 .53238 . - 100- 101 - .83867 60 59 58 57 56 56 54 63 52 51 50 49 48 47 .87136 87121 seno 30 coseno .63337 .50553 .56689 .49546 .82593 .84277 .84495 .51803 .84928 .5fl95 .87306 .58731 .59622 .82544 .63975 .85956 .58943 ..81021 .84402 .56617 .82478 .62720 .54342 .53951 .51004 ~~.81513 .84182 .49141 .81479 .50151 .81089 .49697 49723 49748 .87036 ::~~~ .55121 .54951 .81798 .60182 se se .86089 .64415 .48606 4853:2 .82708 seno 35" coseno .86530 .'1853 .51678 .66449 .70968 .5~H08 .81932 .81396 ..'i9 .54171 .816M .86192 86178 .56569 .84604 .56904 ..84433 .83629 .53411 .48683 48608 .83098 .56776 .84025 .59739 .83676 .83017 .48938 .56760 .55i99 .57857 .56377 .51279 .52200 .54586 .84480 .53681 .87221 .86515 . 86.57976 .53189 .50804 .51877 .86603 i .85642 .82132 .59856 .66136 .83946 .81191 .51529 .86762 .85747 .84759 84743 .82773 .5U295 .81361 .52374 .87021 .48862 .58307 58330 .50854 50879 .49899 .83260 . .52992 86000 .50528 .'3978 .0 52 53 54 61 52 53 54 56 66 67 68 69 ao 86733 .82314 .51977 . 84464 .51029 . 54MB .5024 .54391 .87193 .5.85294 .59786 .S8378 .86501 .48634 .3 t4 46 46 -47 -48 49 o .59576 .81882 .86369 86354 86340 863">5 seno 31 coseno .57429 .64024 . 86544 ..80610 .60042 .50050 .55484 .59318 .5.84728 .82297 .57215 .81055 .80902 .85461 .80885 .56280 .65146 .81966 .86340 .57405 . 85941 .86676 .80334 .86748 =~~~ I .57453 .81072 .59809 .5'. 85188 .81563 . 20 21 22 23 24 :~~:?.52621 .8171\5 .86849 .49672 .60136 .80368 .83581 . •• se •• .80679 .81"530 .81327 .48837 .48659 .56473 . ..59693 .86506 .86646 .82920 .7993.53656 .86762 .81445 .82839 .58070 .58567 .62151 .67477 .83565 .57143 .54878 .86104 .51179 .86617 .56401 .83867 .56425 .seno 29 coseno 87462 .56952 .56169 .80438 .84041 .8.86163 I .82264 .52498 .50478 .56208 .798&4 60 O• OS 57 54 53 52 00 1 2 3 4 6 8 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 16 18 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 .55871 .56521 .53 .59131 .55266 .59.59459 .81832 .81647 ..53509 .53460 .56736 .5U68 .63534 .81462 .51703 .54464.87391 87377 .83060 .85096 .85657 .5'.81614 .~613 .84666 . 562:l2 .83930 .84009 .8.5!I201 .83740 .55436 .84417 .83633 .82413 . I .57904 .82248 82231 .53583 .81949 .86834 .57691 .58212 .83804 . 4• '8 47 4• 40 11 I I " 13 14 10 I.82181 .53041 .84959 .53902 .60019 .82363 .)154 .86355 .48786 .82806 82790 .84789 .84697 .80125 .80056 .8:!M3 .83244 .56713 .62819 .49824 .57047 .80196 .54781 54S00 .84057 .82561 .84882 .84913 .55218 .48811 .56856 .49647 .84370 .55194 .80282 .57381 .48710 .86486 .84866 . 17 18 I.57501 .59225 .5.56896 .54999 .87349 . 575i2 .53706 .85:218 .84557 .82969 .80919 .82887 .49621 .51504 .59482 .54488 .85112 .50578 M603 .84897 .87178 .86603 .50327 5035lZ .86632 .52671 52696 .85310 .83373 .5509 .87207 .81597 .84245 .84167 . .81242 .80143 .85926 86911 . .83163 .51254 .81748 . 53607 . 27 28 2.86015 .50654 .82429 . t\2646 . .85567 .85035 85020 85005 .83517 . .80507 .81999 .52770 .81915 .58496 .55630 .57715 577::8 .54902 .55363 .55048 .59014 .476 .50704 50729 .85203 .63263 .83708 .80178 . 53115 .82347 .51354 .55097 .49293 49318 49344 . 5286U .85777 .86949 .84104 .81106 .79961 .51952 .59972 .)178 .84542 .84198 .49040 .59879 .53017 .84355 .85491 .82446 .57262 .55919 .87321 .54366 .67119 .66160 .82724 .49086 .81208 .81038 .80644 .5521 .55654 .53435 .82032 .87363 .83116 .80108 .83883 .57648 .63214 .86791 .56823 . 8689:l .85370 .83597 .49242 .84526 .83082 .59342 .'.81899 .58590 .51104 51129 .55681 .86935 .5'.87050 .50126 .82495 .58189 .56665 .5992 .7 68 60 .53386 .49950 .86266 I :=~gi .54975 .83549 .81123 .81848 .85325 .48913 .56943 .85597 .54440 . 84650 . 2.85687 .86551 .8066:.57881 .80867 .56593 .85431 .51628 .84681 .00000 00000 . .828:22 .57000 .86573 .84308 .86896 .80970 . 37 38 3.59272 .86690 .80576 .58661 .83756 .50628 . 84619 .83916 .49166 49192 .85351 .86717 as 3.80987 .80902 :~t~~ I :~~~~~ .48667 .79881 .80713 .69552 .53754 .82165 .53091 ..83292 .8.49014 .87448 .48888 .51~79 .M220 .84712 .86866 .59995 .80073 .55242 .58779 .86457 .52794 .80038 .85717 86702 .85985 . . 570M .82528 .516.)17 .5072 .50904 .57928 .87406 .58472 .85081 . 40 " 24 23 22 21 20 I• 18 17 Ie 10 14 13 12 11 10 8 7 so .82065 .52745 .51304 .51753 .86661 . .84386 .83147 .49975 .80953 .56040 .52148 .59389 .839fl4 .83308 .86719 .83421 .54122 .81SM .51728 .52349 .84943 .80936 .83212 .82330 .85792 .56112 .80833 .50754 .49671 .86704 .82015 .50252 .48684 .54244 .57643 .86627 . .52597 .58047 .83324 .83034 .56184 .82396 .56928 .79916 .83835 . 43 42 41 40 3• 38 37 3• 3s 3' 33 32 31 30 2• 28 27 2• :~~t.57167 57191 . 588i3 .53828 .50829 .53877 .49116 .53484 .83724 .51229 .84588 .52572 .80420 .16 46 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 0 1 2 3 4 7 8 seno 33 coseno .81631 .61404 .83405 .61927 . .82985 .49394 49419 49446 49470 49496 .62992 .85446 .55 .50101 .58260 .80230 .60112 .50779 .82963 .58283 .86471 .59763 .57286 57310 .50025 .80765 .57238 .48736 .58519 .80782 . .56016 .60060 .814'..84448 .55388 .81982 .58849 .. 53140 .65315 .56976 .84120 .58165 .81259 .54049 54073 .57596 .80091 ..54513 .64610 .52547 .821481 .43874 .85821 858~6 .82198 .5242'3 .57762 .55678 55702 .59529 .49849 .80799 .86978 86964 .56880 . 858M 86836 .50929 .59506 .58896 .56497 .59669 .84072 .58449 .81310 .82380 .549-27 .58614 .80541 . 4.59412 .83899 .59949 .85536 .57667 .85234 .86906 .54635 .84805 .804. .49798 .87434 87420 .56256 .56306 .52893 .64659 .54683 .56832 .65919 .53926 .52175 .50227 .56784 .83962 . 58M3 .82757 .52967 .81412 .86820 .83660 .81428 .64854 .54317 .50377 50403 50428 50453 .61902 .5'JOtil .48481 .80003 .49090 .52076 .81731 .84292 .86588 .55412 .80524 .80403 .57368 .83645 .55339 .85066 .83788 .)365 .56641 · .51079 .86398 .55291 .53164 .83276 .52250 .!659 .68779 08802 .80361 .58637 .5167 85142 . • • • • 3 2 1 0 coseno 50" seno coseno sene 59" coseno 58" seno coseno seno 57" seno coseno 56· coseno 55 seno 0 ccsenc 54" seno seno coseno 53" .50503 1 .59716 .85264 86249 .87164 .82741 .59436 .84088 . 84673 .82511 .601M .59599 .80668 .511~4 .~.84261 .52473 ..86074 .58755 .81815 .60089 .81004 .84635 .83001 ..80386 .83066 .86·~42 .58118 .84989 .50016 .85~B2 .81915 ::l:g~I .52943 .57786 .)8354 .808.60679 .51554 . 51604 .50 .84805 seno 32 coseno .55460 .85881 .58920 .5.8967 .56533 .86805 .82904 seno 34 coseno .81378 .57334 .85127 .87150 . 53632 .58094 .82936 .84135 .82098 .g~I .53288 .52522 .48964 .58401 .55557 .80696 .54637 .50176 .5..8:.81546 .83437 .66088 .53558 .81276 .58425 .84339 84324 .50979 .8.81140 .55726 55750 .54464 10 • • • .60217 50302 .84836 .MOOO .80730 .56808 .80593 .51429 .85416 .80472 .57952 .57071 .56329 .80264 .81225 .51778 .83195 ..52844 .59902 59926 .86207 .82281 .80748 .82048 .79986 .54829 .83819 .81344 .55847 .86030 .59832 ..3066 .84230 .86777 .80212 .57619 .8::871 .49622 .'9924 .51329 .80160 .828~5 .82115 .49217 .53312 .58023 .82214 .86173 8.54708 .52225 .57999 .57833 .83356 .83179 .57358 .86427 .49596 .50054 .g~:g~ 86222 .83485 .53804 . 53779 .59248 .83851 .86993 .85970 .80489 .51479 . .84151 .51379 .

7..76832 .74667 .77970 .69696 .70875 .64412 . .78424 .68639 .63316 . 710B0 . 6M2:.67752 .73983 .77494 .77014 76996 .76184 .68962 .69608 .66610 .69649 .76511 .60599 .712M .70236 .648:14 .58 .79051 .73690 .73294.69737 .15700 .64878 .62206 . 2.69004 . .64167 .74080 .62592 .67268 .78025 78007 .6li254 . .74-363 .79282 .70070 .72797 .. I.72567 .64190 .75509 .77843 77824 .79300 .62138 .642.69236 .62115 .714-27 . .. • • • .67966 .61360 .6 •• 2.60553 .78170 . 76f1sn . .76146 .74159 .6 43 " " •• •• " •• •• . 3' .69466 coseno .66066 .61909 .78908 .75623 .76567 . .2 1 2 3 6 6 7 so .66913 .75452 .75.70670 .66653 .72717 .75851 ..68867 . :77733 ..71223 .65826 .74-"31 .69717 . .72777 .66480 .73610 .69691 .70855 .62706 .541 .71"7 .66676 .72667 . •• 43 47 60 .71873 .63944 .65847 66869 .71853 .76116 .7394-4 . .!93 . 75'J84 . I.71630 .65562 .67194.61932 .75126 .744-61 .72367 .69633 .62683 .72096 72016 .77255 .78550 .60922 .70422 ..4-741 .76679 .9 .71762 .77125 .741.7-t876 .61107 611.77623 .75566 .63338 .71813 .71894 .6a817 .684:12 .63090 .74703 .'181 .fl.61689 .7760.79723 .7.68476 . 23 22 21 .77218 .86022 is 21 22 23 2.74489 .69130 .77586 .76548 .6889 • .72877 .71669 .70690 .71039 .67709 .71690 .72897.69382 .68618 .70162 .67688 .74120 .65100 .62887 .73963 .65716 .G2774 .62365 .71691 .76173 .69298 .63000 .62842 .76735 76717 .71326 .71806 .72196 .17 .75738 .7"625 .794-.76642 ..78622 .79793 .73116 .78855 .66131 .78514 .76604 • • •• M .71995 .71388 .6 .61612 .72867 .74799 .77439 .72271 .66935 .66697 .66806 .70M6 .73373 .60761 .74548 .77934 .61038 . 16 17 I.74628 .63180 .70754 .77088 .76456 .78079 .3 .78261 .72617 .77879 .78.70360 .64435 .63113 .73036 .62819 .. .76791 sene 4~:oseno . • s • • 3 51 .73728 .75088 . 36 37 3.78279 .75471 6.79122 .62388 .64323 .78387 78369 .73708 .7 .67923 .62297 .64033 .76.65650 .71792 .63787 .76030 .65891 .65342 .74266 .76059 .67021 .63563 .73670 .72637 . .61291 .69487 .77568 .72677 .781881 .74296 .67387 .6:.70463 .67086 .620~ .78460 .79140 .65474.716liO .76097 .88306 .75661 .6050 .78061 .66327 .76473 .61429 ..715433 .77696 .64279 39 coseno .72267 .62342 .73136 sene seno .61061 .67623 .76135 . 37 36 3.72637 .70029 .78243 .63989 .71914 ..61015 .78676 .77107 .79758 .71182 .66393 .51 . 29 2• 27 26 23 22 21 20 .67366 .77476 .7M71 .69112 .52 .61268 .6261.78532 . 79371 .76318 .64457 .65606 .66891 .66153 .6994-6 .72817 . .69779 . 2.77292 .66436 .72136 .714-88 .5 .7392" . 19 2.63406 .71M!) .66176 .61955 .72967 . 70132 .79547 .64701 .6064.67773 .74934.61978 .69821 .79016 .68878 .66913 .7.73511 .78640 .67880 .75375 .77715 .66645 .6.77273 .68221 .72677 .69403 .78225 206 . 26 27 2.62001 .61772 .69670 .63248 .76623 .79846 79829 79811 .79441 .67869 .14 .60668 . •• se .7"392 .77513 .60414 .71019 .76398 .77181 .75719 .. •• •• 41 .68646 .731.72517 .63203 .69883 .63045 .61566 37 cosenc 79864 .70626 .74-896 .6 sene 41 coseno .71833 .62320 .73056 ..76248 .':'2065 72035 7201. 788!H .79069 . 634:!8 .70731 .119M .3 55 .10711 3• 3• 37 36 3• 34 32 32 31 30 .73561 .72837 .62751 I .62932 .78711 .65496 .79353 .72176 .65166 .. .715414 . 3.63653 .67602 . .70711 o o 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 • • ss s •• •• 53 ...63135 .64479 .7.74-992 .75813 .69214 .67043 .68730 .75601 .71)861 .62479 .72477 .71306 .61841 61864 61887 .76756 .60807 .452 . 2.616.66666 .60506 ..1741 .60945 .68456 .60968 .71284 .63361 .74-838 . 60 6.7U635 . 69987 .73016 .61314.72497 .70978 .74"70 .74760 .66218 .61666 .64679 .60460 .65210 65232 .69904 .69676 .72417 .76436 .:.62024.77531 .68286 .70339 .72697 . 65b94 .5 .64790 .72737 .63022 .61635 .63068 .75642 . .77033 .77366 .7083" .76154 ..63720 .65144 .6883 • .78747 .65055 . 39 3. 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 3.74-609 .79530 .71629 . 79494.68793 .77384 . .66000 .(}8()29 . 780H8 .76356 ..! .76380 .78980 sene .79087 .67452 .732M .76903 .61818 .65628 . 79583 .77916 .67796 .76022 .734-91 ..76977 .69109 .68497 .77402.63496 .77109 .78134 .78586 .734-.79318 .70091 .51 . .67645 .63608 .9'·1 .76866 .78152 .39 .68115 .66197 . .68941 .60899 .77421 .67580 .342 ..74-6"" .73274.78116 .74"12 .72937 .72397 . 63:.&4657 .62092 .73333 .78873 .83 .66458 .682M .71407 .69340 .66870 . 71H12 .78944 . 16 17 2.78819 .78783 .76396 .68119 . 3.76337 .78478 .69067 .68200 .60691 .70967 .79600 .78496 .61497 . 21 22 23 2. 33 32 31 3.!456 .70267 .794-06 .63832 .73904.65188 .74-178 .78729 .74-041 . I.78333 ..67473 .79565 .71711 .69612 .77329 .60784 .76940 .62524 62547 .66284 .78801 .75165 .70298 .74-061 .15946 .68761 .78801 sene . 17 16 13 12 11 10 so mig. se 53 60 47 .724-37 .62502 .752'80 .9 6.67107 .69026 .78658 .62229 ..63630 .63922 .61406 .63540 .788.78604 .79706 . 2.76.70&67 .7876. 7 6 31.76361 .68983 .76921 ..64368 .73688 .76107 .72317 .77070 . 78962 .69800 .64746 .64945 .64635 .73195 .696M .. 27 26 •• •• •• .68666 .77788 .62274 .72917 .77660 .75261 .78694 .6071460738 .77458 .68603 .74334 .68814.74-217 .64812 .72597 .5222 .71)106 .64501 .6634-9 .73432 .67659 .6862" .69088 ..62160 .59 .62955 62977 .70196 .78926 .2 53 s 3 2 1 0 • .65540 .60437 .70484 .65956 .64524 .68051 .74-664 .70687 .73826 .60622 ..61383 .69926 . 64279 .75241 .64256 .76772 .76417 .61'..67816 .62046 .7.69361 .77641 .73649 .71934 .. 11 12 13 26 27 2.!932 3 coseno .7017" .68709 .70277 .66262 .9 47 .78043 .67901 ..7734-7 .70008 . .74606 .77550 .64301 .72767 . 70216 .68682 .7064-9 .65298 .5 .63765 . 71)671 79653 .76003 .69966 .64100 .74276 .63810 .65011 .66088 .6&523 .74-314 seno . 69S19 .674-95 .64989 .75908 75889 .68200 .78442 .69842 . .68434 .6~~64 65386 . .79776 .77678 .586 .568 .79688 .64568 . 65518 .67280 . .66827 .76847 .19193 .60853 .65738 .66759 .7\. 76041 .62570 .64546 .76884 .74002 .60..74683 .65033 .67237 .79211 .66672 .6179.75528 .74586 .75965 .76.63742 .63698 . 71100 .71468 .721l6 . .6734-4..71121 .7323" . •• .74867 ._74722 .73472 .77952 .61726 61749 .6800 • .66740 66762 .73866 .73629 .77861 .62411 ..74818 .67064 .63271 .72160 .61084 .75775 ..67151 ~67172 . '166~)8 .56 .66978 .7044-3 .70896 .76323 76304 .65017 . 32 33 34' 3.67730 .74100 .. .62638 .66109 .77715 I seno .63518 .74314 . ea .73846 .64346 . 7G618 .71610 .70772· .63473 .7124-3 .79176 .!7'J6 .75069 .'10 .70112 .66632 . 79477 .68920 '.60876 .72216 .60576 .69277 .71934 44 sene .72337 .76210 ..68772 .71671 .73787 .77310 .65430 .64901 . 65584 .79168 .68136 .73767 .70813 .69768 .63899 ..63158 .7.77897 .73747 .62660 .67409 .64056 .67516 .65913 . 7 6 .7660 • .79229 . 66 .66414.7'l608 .661&1 ..68242 .64145 .78297 .64856 .67323 .69629 .60367 . 1 2 3 sene .793.77144 .79033 . " .73136 .75794 .62183 .69151 ..60830 .75870 .66999 .68327 .74237 .67430 .72297 .10401 .76530 .64212 .73314 . .734-13 .61176 61199 61222 61245 .61520 .68666 .65935 .65781 . 79512 .60390 .67837 .68072 .76192 .76078 .66718 .65803 .73176 .63451 .75585 .!864 .69193 . 70916 ..76203 .602H .79388 .72976 .73393 .60991 .75299 ..6:.70937 .64612 .76492 .6:.3 .724-67 .67301 .69266 .63225 .7134-6 .78315 .64967 .66966 .69862 ccsenc .7 .662"0 .78351 .7 .60298 603~1 60344 .61153 .61681 617u4 .62433 .2 .76286 . 3.68093 .72377 .73363 .6 . •• •• .64011 .70628 .75011 .74973 .71203 ..706M .67538 .70793 .68306 .60228 602.5490 .5408 .75680 .71069 .68370 .70163 ..66588 .77769 777.73886 .76267 .63854 .19264 19247 . I• 17 16 13 12 11 Io .65320 .71508 . 645UO .6"'" .66978 ..711"1 .60529 .7«)22 .61337 .75927 .71051 .67944.67987 .73631 .73806 .60182 60206 .70998 . 64078 .79424 .62251 .67216 .64390 .61451 61474 .72996 .62909 .74-198 . 2.72236 .66601 .61566 .70319 .73216 .64768 .74373 .66848 .35 . 73669 .77236 .74-916 .5 .71772 .6412'1 .76229 . 779~8 .7 ss 60 •• gmt I 1 0 • cosenc 52' coseno:::1 seno 51' cosen%~o sene cosenc sene 49° coseno 48' seno coseno 4' cosen~l sene 46' coseno 45' seno -102 - -103 - .71366 .77162 . .71974..74780 .63675 .5 .64723 .67129 42 43 coseno .64923 .66606 .61543 .68349 .68661 .73096 .74953 .78405 .66371 .681.6:3585 .63383 .71732 .73076 .65276 .62728 .6::1966 .68391 .

0027 1.4:33 10.787 11.694:2 7.0038 1.868 11.631 38.0001 1.0013 1.0001 1.97 343.102 14.0004 1.0033 1.226 J6.155 15.0027 1.78 114.160 68.3640 8.92 18.~87 10.6.133 73.0012 1.3998 7.0001 1.0007 1.. 2. •• 61 .0001 1.3OG3 1.0026 1.970 20.134 31.628 11.Secantes U· eee coeee In6.217 14:.0097 1.0006 1.0059 1.0092 1.689 11.600 13.0026 1.5 12.118 12.4:663 8.0034: 1.139 28.0056 1.520 42.77 312.7296 7.0001 1.2842 9.0002 1.0005 1.508 1.284 25.149 85.0008 1.0036 1. .866 63.0004 1.664: 60.24: 137.0092 1.4:48 39.00.409 66.0020 1.0062 1.4795 7..417 2S.0003 1.0049 1.0020 1.0012 1.0061 1.0036 1.423 40.2055 8.0077 1.8337 8.0008 1.0001 1.849 i.422 47.0075 1.593 20.4:967 7.576 36. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.730 17.103 18..746 12.0073 1.3 .6933 9.6963 1.0008 1.0030 1.6282 7.958 1'.0001 1.0086 1.0036 1.0066 1.0001 1.6276 7.0089 1.0029 1.0047 1.59 aee 1.0005 3.2 .0026 1.840 12.54 2S.8168 7. ..0019 1.100 24:.0003 1.0006 1.0002 1.008 17.880 23.7665 8.0046 1.0031 1.0021 1.0055 1.68 9.0076 1.561 10.0056 1.t91 35.8790 8.510 53.2604 7.0033 1.1129 9.0012 1.0048 1. 1. cosec eee 1.0007 1. ...0011 1.089 15.626 10.2302 1.924:0 7.0001 1.471 23.0063 1.0060 1.113 17.0015 1.6M -eee see 1.6119 7.084 13.337 13.0056 cosec cosec 11.0060 1..978 39.033 10.0005 1.0068 1.0002 1.0019 1.096 46.257 30.99 ISO. • 7 • s .424 12.0073 1.228 21.44:67 8.0049 1.186 22.6200 9. ".48 264.614: 12.47' 5' see .0001 1.360 21.9711.0046 1.0002 1.)14 1.0064 1. 84° 83° 82° .0014 1.398 11.8.0012 1.249 28.0062 1. • • • • ..0032 1..0005 1..718 52.0030 1.843 20.379 12.003' 1. .150 16075 16.5 1.32 '12'2.94:21 7..6444: 1.QOO.0010 1.198 18.70 166.079 22.0061 1.0011 1.460 17.0036 1.660 12.4362 9..44 245. 47 53 '2 51 50 •• •• •• •• 60 67 56 1 2 3 10 11 " . 47 .0086 1.112 19.0013 1.0017 1.0071 1.8.24:53 7.0007 1.1285 8.0095 1.0044: 1. 2.0024 1.0007 1.5141 9.708 13.829 14. 20 ..0021 1.0651 9.0010 1.234:6 9.S97 IS.0070 1.0001 1.0071 1.0036 1.0061 1.211 10.7642 7." 1.2260 8.0004: 1.94:79 8.96 491. • • • 7 8 1.0030 1.i2 127.0040 1.9971 7.0065 1.617 16.2 •3 56 67 58 60 :~:~.223 96.0056 1.0090 1. .0001 1.0019 1.312 17.0002 1.264:2 8.0090 1.992 '11. 37 3.11 98.0010 1.3683 7.299 56.0009 1.237 44. 37 3. as 20 .0038 1.050 25..655 26.194 18.0080 1.880 19.0016 1.216 24.5611 7.44:5 4:1.034: 12.0018 1.765 14. 23 '2 21 20 i• 17 i• 13 12 11 10 I.0026 1.918 24.0087 1.495 92.0013 1.311 36.0022 1.090 61.1.0004 1.3039 8. " 67 56 sa .693 10.2002 7. .3372 7.818 13.322 19.3439 8.1476 8. 2. 3437.0048 1.285 17.74:7 11.699 30.976 30. 3. 27 2...214 19.0002 1.0039 1.0156 7.9i6 4:2.0097 1.0004 1.450 26.1OG4 8.4880 9.0001 1.0001 eeeee .0029 1.0079 1.937 12.698 16.002 IS.0067 1. ~~:.0003 1.235 23.431 19.330 241.ooM 1.0008 1.0006 1.0094: 1. ..0009 1.0027 1.4:316 7. 60 16.0076 1.0053 1.359 55.0025 1.069 38.0018 1.0041 1.7010 9.0040 1.5U 1-9.184: 13.0069 1.. 34 33 32 :H 30 •• •• " 13 21 22 23 2.0021 1.0015 1. 2.0020 1.637 15.926 15.0016 1.661 25.7124: 7.0066 1.010 9.944 16.7283 9.0082 1.6569 8.3217 7 .069 11.43 104.039 10.313 50.4/.3840 7.0717 8.8672 9.698 12 .043 13.0079 1.0032 1.003' 1.0010 1. .624 22.0.0023 1.612 11.6108 7.0024: 1.0041 1.0057 1.034:2 8.0085 1.0088 1. 17 1..6289 8.0073 1.18 214.0002 1.0019 1. 23 22 21 20 1.0026 1.393 23.0005 1.0093 1.380 .826 10.591 18.0057 1.0078 1.0046 1.763 13.4:28 30.5668 9.0074: 1..701 11.0003 1.U3 64.0414 9.61 132.0091 1.9626 9.042 33.0016 1. 17 • .0012 1.5499 8.0008 1.0002 1."".3627 7.028 16.314 69.0005 1.248 10.2909 1.1668 8.44 681.0091 1. e eoeee 14. .114 48.9248 8.0014 cosec coeee 19.59.146 71.0043 1.0002 1.765 21. 3.0046 1. 8.0059 1.0005 1.0 3.0054 1.0048 1. 33 32 31 30 ..0088 1.758 10.6776 7.000 15.0003 1.828 11.1370 9.474 11.0055 1.0064 1.114 1.70 171S.7888 8.350 20.664 13.388 24.0075 eoeee 21 22 23 2' .8879 7.284:0 8.381 33.55 229. .653 19.0009 1.309 10.286 11.0015 1.729 34.222 15.()()OO 1.0005 1. .946 83.38.(.0001 1.914 90.204 12.107 19.0064 1. .7469 7.0043 1.90 8.198 17.84:0 45.:'')96 9..0002 1.7.0008 1.888 12.22 100. .0020 1.0071 1.3092 9.0043 1.0002 1.963 10.3 ..0024 1.7223 8.0003 1.9018 8.0076 1.4:156 7.396 14:.0064 l.0019 1..101 14.1861 8.893 14:.0061 1.. ~ 47 60 61 2.783" 9.04723.004:3 1..0063 1.0039 1.0047 1.0040 1.0065 1.0038 eceee 1.~ 78. 3.0002 1.0062 1.566 15.52 286.436 11.336 .0021 1.5.276 14:.11 i29.549 17.0028 1.522 7.0006 eoeee ~:. •• 31 32 33 2.0084 1.i '" •• 3 2 1 0 • . I..0011 1.0026 1.891 52.0076 1.0001 1.0080 1.0066 1.0034 1.899 29.0004 1.995 19. .034: 11.7992 7.0058 1.6783 7.1004 8.0009 1.9(14 21.909 11.994:4 8.0014 1.3 .8344: 7.0004 1.0017 1.3843 8.7817 7.0012 1.0018 1..782 37.491 18.969 36.0012 1. 37 3.469 12.6924 8.8112 8.929 10.0089 1.004:6 1.0033 1.0044 1.50 9.0006 1.0085 1.210 57.0029 1.9239 9.0029 1.0022 1.0021 1.547 13.0033 1.0042 1.161 12.134: 13.235 13.9812 9.0053 1.127 10.0038 1.0080 1.668 11.0001 1.894 10.0039 1.8&4 25.159 14:.0078 1.9059 7.335 14:.660 11.4:97 10.0049 1.0002 1.0063 1.0041 1.303 16.6469 9.. .0013 1.826 4\l.90 107.077 4:3.0001 1.6404 9.717 20.0031 1.0087 1.4811 8.023 14.860 10." 110. 29 30 31 32 33 .002{l 1.0044 1.0092 1.529 10.192 10.0010 1.914 17.0084 1.930 11.0011 1.0044 1.0082 1.0016 1.437 32.0083 1.0021 1.0066 1.98.640 14.0004 1. .988 10.0041 1.0007 1.0017 1.0001 1.411 25.nite.0022 1.388 29. .894: 28.104- -105 - .008.17 101.140 11.0061 1. 2.708 15.0090 1.0046 1.·0008 1. .0002 1.8112 9.299 1.0018 1. 27 2.340 10.0'.0040 1.0074: 1.0067 1.360 11.494 21.0079 1. 30 3.606 12. .814 35.0082 1.eoss I.201 37.0081 1.638 16.'l 1.0024: eoeee 1 3° cosec 57.1S4 27.amI 10.24:8 12.0031 1..0032 1.86 202.0023 1.0021 1.0002 1.44:14: 7.3238 8.0015 1.0014 1.176 11.0011 1.0083 1.6613 7. e 60 r.0052 1.8966 9.0042 1.64:1 29.0008 1.161 10.0036 1..766 19. 37 3.0023 1.774 22.274 68.0015 1.874 13.930 40.0529 8.558 49.0004 1.0018 1.0011 1.4:56 14:.0003 1.0011 1.0087 1.0081 1.290 15.0006 1.0068 1.517 14.~~.060 32.336 12.0060 1.853 15.0006 1.708 33.0031 1.0005 1.008 20.0026 1..622 70. . 1.780 15.6711 8.0019 1.0022 1.0028 1.90 1145.427 15.578 14.0060 1.864 26.494: 13.oooa 1.716 23..0032 1..0001 1..4:60 45..562 24.0001 1.0026 1.0007 1.0003 y Cosecantes cosec 2S.0060 1.0016 1.0058 9.295 18.0071 1.726 \0.0003 1.0001 1.0060 1.358 15.393 18.0006 1.0010 1.476 22.0024 1.0016 1.0093 1.0023 1.930 13.0024 1. •• •• .0057 1.1855 9.130 27. . .0037 1.0002 1.0004 1.291 12.928 41.009< 1.4:69 88. ..0003 1.0003 I.692 10.563 8.0057 1.. .0003 1.382 34.0004 1.8391 9.0030 1.89 163.0004 1.0031 1.0078 1. 17 1.2767 7.0179 8.2 118. 7 3 2 1 0 152 sa 67 58 60 •• 89° 88° 87° 86° 85° .0084 1. '0 '2 .2065 .107" see eee 1.0069 1.145 32.084 34:.og06 8.0025 1. " .U)46 8.0013 1.0010 1.0098 cosec cosec 8.075 26.2 61 60 4" 47 .757 67.955 27.0014 1.0068 1.\6 1..1863 eee 1 2 3 10 • • • • 7 !l' s 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 12 13 1.650 44.0007 1.0022 1.213 11.0003 1.986 13.0(}()1 1.278 10. 13 12 11 10 I.7t.0028 1.662 12.104 11. 3. 2. 2.861 16.230 20.0061 1.0070 1.0010 1.0036 1..0070 1.496 15."""" 1.0098 1..0001 1.000"{ 1.161 29.0031 1.0042 1.0075 1. 73 171. .6079 8.8700 7.4:1 143.24:9 11.4251 8.0011 1.0060 1.793 12.553 23. 27 2.M46 7.0032 1.518 39.0006 1.925 22.0096 1.0039 1.750 47.4:105 9. 27 2.0029 1.286 13.0007 1.0013 1.0048 1.0023 1.0008 1.2100 9.836 31.0006 1.0002 1.0097 1.0072 1.6739 9.9787 7.323 11.044 21.3343 9.0089 1.::!30 27.821 17.4:66 10. 3.0046 1.779 16.0062 1.6786 8.eo 2' 2.5 572. 3.0011 1.0006 1.4:02 10.44:5 35.0041 1.74:44 8.0061 1.0037 1..0006 1.26 14:9.2593 9.4:634 7.5668 eee sec ~.1612 9.0028 1.0069 1.639 17.0013 1.4:41 13:389 13.669 10.371 10.0036 1.6138 8.0017 1.0016 1.24:46 8.0009 1. .076 12.007' 1.0001 1.0009 1.9604 7.544 31.450 64.629 21.4620 9.0890 9.2152 7.739 24:.i2 381.0009 1.0063 1.0062 1.098 10.0072 1.0059 1.0018 1.9 16.6363 8.009< 1.0038 1.

6111 6.0308 1.0287 1.0186 1.0294.0286 1. 6. 9873 •..Moo 6.0105 1. 176 .7919 6.7320 4.0125 LOllO 6.0283 1.sseo 6.014" 1.0317 1.0159 l."617 5.6631 •. .. 28 27 2. 23 22 21 20 i.0252 1.. .OU6 1..0303 1.830( 3.0103 1.3206 6.48&0 4.0066 6..8662 6.0029 3.8860 6.0202 1.0289 1.9382 4..0119 1.574 6.0239 1.0110 cceee 7.2886 6.8639 3.0305 1..3098 ".0182 1.038( 1.0261 1'.0138 1..0268 1.0348 '.1788 5.6838 5.0181 1.."637 6.0313 1...0160 1.0182 1. 50 53 .3286 6.93 5.0280 1.9~ 3.011.0212 1.01" 1.1481 4.0162 1...0323 1.7262 6.68<0 3.0268 1.0115 1.0136 1..0166 1.3228 6.0159 .62 • • e 3 7 8 10 11 12 13 I( ~ • ioiss 1.0211 1. 8.2579 4.031..0216 1.0118 1.7448 ".0'098 1.9805 3.0230 6..1578 4. 4.0230 1.0309 1.0392 1.030< 1.6390 3.8470 3.0074 4.5838 6.3630 6.f 1.0129 1.3630 "..6802 3 .272" 5.4907 ".0118 1.1263 7..9860 6.6802 3.7147 3.0351 1.0376 1.M27 3. 121 .07 •• •• .~" eee 0 1 1.0306 ".1 4..7"98 3.2786 4.8163 "..8726 6.0483 6.1880 6.0121 1.f26 4.9830 6.9760 3.7117 5..0166 1.0278 1.069.0343 1.0398 1.177" 4.0306 1.0579 4.0362 1. 33 32 31 30 2.0156 1.0106 1.. 9732 (U)661 4.0116 1.6197 6.0184 1.6874 6.7538 3.0206 1..5 5.0361 1.0369 1.01"1 1.7617 3.0H6 1.9621 •.2941 4.9984 3.5.9320 3.0238 1.6692 4.2.0345 1.8181 3.9147 3.0337 1.0382 1..7398 5.7816 3._ 3.0 61 '2 53 50 51 50 60 .0196 1.3 1.1-132 4.7211l 6.0191 1.8901 4. e " •• '8 (7 10 • • • • 7 8 0 1 2 3 1. 231 ..7966 ".0106 1.3901 ".3807 6.1972 4.9106 4.0395 1.1336 ".013.8612 3.02.0140 1.0172 1. .8229 ".9104 3.0310 1.0389 1.0317 1.6676 3.0163 1.1001 4. 1."999 6. - .2681 4.1409 6.6366 6.9639 3.. 76· -106- - . .7Ml ".0333 1..03"9 1.0362 1.2666 6.0739 6.0197 1.0222 1.1120 6.0338 1.02M 1.0126 1.1712 5..2223 4.0198 1. .0282 1.8679 8.8933 3.5.0201 1.3046 ". 33 •• .0137 1...0266 1._ 3.0016 •.5672 6.0170 6.17Of 7 . 77· ."278 6...2803 5.0235 1.0336 1.0246 1..0166 1."878 6..3777 6.."362 6."398 6.0231 1.0376 1.8346 3..0<00 1.a .010" 1.0(88 '..0H7 1.2646 6..9690 6.6363 6.0226 1.0297 1.. 60 50 4.0370 1. " (Q " .0136 1·0136 1.0136 1. - 12' .. '.5722 .0320 1.0132 1.0348 1.2019 5.0131 1.0363 1.0115 1..0683 7. 3.9234 3.0167 1.0268 1.0164 1.2122 ".0301 1.0133 1.7067 •. 3.0109 1.0206 1.6736 6.0140 1.. . 17 18 19 20 21 .6353 3.969.8630 4..8960 6.6901 4.. 398 4. 2. 38 37 36 '. 9802 •.03..2211 6.2376 4.7677 3.7776 3. 6669 '.01"1 1.6764 ".632.59 6.0160 1.0399 1.3612 6.0393 1.0812 ".0366 1.0366 1.0152 1.3367 6. 1. 9' c.0176 1.0149 1.. . .0181 1.0327 1. 5..03M '8 '7 '.0397 1.588 5.03« I.0136 1.8032 ".0154 1.7108 3.01'3 1.0291 1."767 ".8062 6.7676 ".0305 1.6928 6.0106 1.0320 1.0162 1..0131 1.2993 4.0332 1.1183 6. .0161 1.1034 6.0373 1.0539 7.0108 1.0216 1.0100 1.7897 3. 20 21 22 23 " 1.3 " '.1863 7. 14' 10' 1.0111 1.0396 1."O.7778 5..010 .02" 1.2173 4.3 .2.0264.0221 1. .."026 5..0366 1.9190 3.2999 6.0«0 •• .0383 1.0365 1.0620 6...0128 1.3860 6.2100 6. 5.1676 ".. 33 3.0296 1.0163 1. 16 ".6561 5.IOd ".0143 1.9971 6.3792 4.0312 1..8763 8.0302 ".0176 1.02"6 1.0125 1.8697 4..20'J7 5.1873 4.0112 6.0292 1...0247 1.6142 4.f7 1.0172 1.0221 1.7459 3.9560 6.0188 1.312" 6..0256 1.7 5.8100 3. 6.0188 1.0269 1..0299 1.5.0107 1.0223 1.3203 4. 1..01.0lM 1.7070 3.0279 51 50 •• •• •• ..8428 3.34.8261 6.8140 3.1268 6. .6021 4.773& 3.0349 1..."160 6.392.6308 6. 7004 •. 38 31 3.0347 1.2.7867 3.0129 1.M84 6..0273 1.2322 6.0357 1..0267 1.674.2963 6.36M '.0380 1.1923 4.6488 6.0146 1.6221 6.7263 3.0290 1.0277 1. 1.eo 1.6017 6.0228 1.0218 1.0213 1. 37 .6263 4.. 3622 .0aM 1.0111 1.M 6.1409 7. 33 3.7978 3.232" 4.0102 1.02 .8890 3..1652 6.7623 6.01SO 1.0368 1. I.3266 4.0262 1.0296 1..0202 1..0213 1.7130 ".13M 4.0322 1.6081 4.f 4.0186 1.0368 1.0827 7.f5 1.3 41 '0 3.0367 1. .0262 1.6237 6..0230 1.0267 1.5782 ".0396 7.0226 1. • 3 2 1 • • • e .0173 1.0196 1.2022 4.8637 ."M ..6311 4.0108 1.2476 ".4679 .0175 1.58 6.017' 1.0331 1.0371 1..0263 1..0139 1.037" 1..3966 4.03M 1.3738 .03(0 I.7392 6."617 6.0099 1.0179 1.0171 1.0145 1.0341 1.6316 3.0286 1...8637 3.1990 6.0223 1.4964 4.0M3 6.0311 1. "..6930 6.6107 6.0171 1.0263 1.0226 1.0378 1.8387 3.0101 1.0170 1.2772 6.7970 5.0113 1.0138 1.3"49 6.0120 1.0248 1.0626 4.7023 6.7588 26 .8320 6.1109 6. " ..82g6 ".0229 1.1567 7.2 50 1.0192 1.0363 1.0377 1.Cf211 4.86646.0346 1.8663 3.4793 4.0099 1. •.1117 7."960 6.6986 6 .0161 1.0015 1.1144 ".6614 3.f8 1.0132 1.8721 3.0121 1.0447 6.98&0 3."110 6.0273 1.0272 1.7787 6.9018 3.0198 1.0109 1."788 6"702 6.1013 6.0263 1.0133 1.0117 1.0325 1.0127 1.8263 3.0350 1.010" 1.0158 6.0189 1.0112 1. .9688 3.3..0199 1. 99 .0271 1.f2 6.3044 6.0298 1.0291 1.0107 1.02..6993 3.2883 6.6917 3. 31 30 27 23 23 20 19 18 17 10 U 14 13 11 I. 3.8..0279 1.0216 1. 3 1. .f9 6.0271 1.9273 6.0276 1.6617 6.00M 1...0199 1.&651 3.0386 1.684.4279 6."19" 6..3160 4.0906 ".2174 li.0165 1.8761 6...3696 5. 8496 4.0632 ".0160 1.0278 1.9716 3.9061 8.2072 ". 38 37 3.0127 1.9963 6.0228 1.7770 ".9939 3.2273 4.1636 5.1336 6.01.9..3113 6.92.613.392" .9160 5.0269 1..0101 1.0387 1.02-&1 1.6021 4. 1~' e.9 1.0119 1.0145 1.02 .1726 4. a 1 ".0284 1.0203 1.7031 3. •• •• .8976 3.0672 4.7003 6.5243 6.9O.8097 4.0369 1.0336 1.38M ".0112 1.1239 ".0211 1.0234 1. 1.3 ".0314 1.0963 4.9037 ".0130 1..182" ".022 . 9....7937 3..7612 ".69M 3.0232 1.0216 1..0122 1.1770 6.0120 ".0368 1..0209 1.2-&08 1.9313 ". 74· - • • • 3 • • 8 7 -107 - . .6428 ".0113 1.8663 •.0302 1..0218 1.0219 1."666 4 .0283 1. ."87" 6.0363 1.0122 1.5 1.0207 1... ..0327 1.3 6.8466 6.26"6 6.0087 5.7657 3.0399 1.0266 1.0236 1..0316 1.03M 3..0270 1.7267 ".0362 1.6721 3.5660 6.0367 1.eo 78' ..2..• 510 .0156 1..8969 "...2 .0107 1.0379 1.0307 1.0201 1..9136 6.8833 4.26.03211 1.0167 1.0187 .1661 see 1.0179 1. 17 18 1.012" 1.0137 1.8097 18 17 1e 1s 14 13 12 11 10 8 7 •• •• •• (7 '8 ss .1942 6. e '8 57 50 •• 60 •• . 623 4.0319 1.8M8 3.039.8861 6.0886 6.8018 3.11 6.6288 6.0293 1..0186 1.. 1.7302 3..0111 1.6612 6. 36 37 38 3' (Q (1 ".0234 1.0812 6.0276 1.0142 1.6396 6.74.0161 1.. .0169 1.7706 ".1096 ".0367 1.021" 1.0263 e .8805 3.7 '8 2' 30 31 3..7836 ".0261 1.0164 e .0116 1.9664 5.0163 1.7 .OUI 1.03M 1.0276 1.512\ 6... .0193 1.0168 1.0382 1.0906 6.0237 1.1484 6.0196 1.0169 1..02Oi 1.0372 1. .8222 3.0114 1.0376 1. 3.0321 1.0100 1.0170 1.3309 4.9672 3.1227 6.03&0 1.0187 1.0316 1.0960 6.1627 4.6137 4.3847 4.4287 .0184 1.0342 1.730.0237 1.. 81· - SO· """ 79· .39"3 5.0<03 3...0293 1.0281 1.7..0210 1.2888 '.. 6."632 5.1529 4.0210 1.0189 1.9260 5.9361 5.08&9 1.0204 1.6202 ..6379 6.0266 1. 6.0178 1..a.2330 5.0247 1.1336 3.0288 1.0180 1.0266 "..60"7 6...6079 4..6879 4.0302 1.8163 6.0233 1..8362 ".9768 6.5195 4.08 6.0391 1.0308 1.0123 1.0288 1.0300 1. 6942 4.0130 1.18M 6.liM6 4.0120 1..0160 1.0240 1.0289 1.0260 1.7132 6.0286 1...8998 6.0l. .0388 1.0390 1..0193 1.0099 1.2 1..0 53 .013.9176 ".1560 5.0119 1...8368 5.0220 1.0379 6.0208 1.0330 1.0260 1.. 1...0190 1.0718 ".0183 1.9f96 3.0338 1.9277 3.3676 •.2527 '.0124 1.1287 ". •• (Q 3..7697 3.0166 4.0128 1.8696 3.0125 1..0192 1.0125 1.6961 4.0268 '1. .2836 ".0380 1.01"2 1.0302 6.3362 4.8067 6.73"1 3.8689 6.0123 1.6.6817 1..0972 7.4011 4.0126 1.0318 1.8766 ".6765 3.0232 1.7901 ".3 .0323 1..8429 ".7420 3.7186 3.0207 1.0177 1.0206 1.0103 1.1 51 50 60 ss ..&470 6.9665 6.0208 1.0261 1."..4736 4.0330 1. li...0243 1.0326 1. 7.0299 1.0174 1.0176 1..2630 4. .3343 6.0186 1.01M 1.0217 1.0168 1.94161 3..0163 1.1333 6.0296 1..0236 1.7380 3.0lli7 C0IS8C .2262 5.0200 1..6369 ". •• .7224 3.0102 1.02M 1.0196 1.0339 1.0117 1.036( 1.0177 1..6878 3.0157 1.0194 1.0688 6. 7&· - .1191 ".8186 6.9627 3.5 l.5263 4.0258 1..0800 6.6663 5.0227 1.67"6 6.9894 3.7665 6.0376 6.0260 1.6749 6.3690 6.0280 1.0766 ".0191 1.(K()2 1. 3..1 ". 1. •• 4.0223 .02".0223 1. '. _lD· .87 6.01"8 1.027" 6..0381 1.032" 1.0666 6.0371 1. 27 28 30 .7384 4.0102 1.2733 4.9462 5.0l.0401 1..787" 5.& 1..• 11 12 13 l( 1.0152 1.0387 1.027" 1.0328 1. "..0311 1.0220 1...7683 5.0139 1.7193 ".... ".0249 1..

. 60 .0652 1.191 2.MI6 10. 2.0778 1.00546 1.2131 3.0100 3.0918 1.0720 1.04.0M8 1.6096 2.0862 1.1792 3.. 3.2017 3.0539 1.0360 1.0498 1.4833 3.0.4867 3.6772 2.0784 1.0736 1.20U 3.0667 1.2891 3.n99 3.OH6 1.0760 1.0764 1.0484 3. 3.6410 2.0713 1. .0671 1.0900 1.0766 1.9933 2.86M 2.6618 2.4666 3..0844 1.0662 1.1217 3.9786 2.2074 ss 63 .093' 1..67 i.6244 3.M47 1 .0766 1. 27 28 20 30 31 32 33 3~ 3.6967 2. 50 '7 ..0743 1.0807 1.. 3.0733 1.6896 2.0741 3..0181 3.0007 2.7529 2.6762 2...86:?l 2.0761 1..0681 1..6336 2.OIn9 1.Mto I.2...1 1.0623 1.0846 1.0903 1.0704 1.1030 8.1137 3.0790 1.884.0837 1.0792 1.0699 1..8983 2.0877 1.172 2.M94 3.0663 'U" ece .0421 1. •• 28 27 2.0873 1.6.6830 2. .0S29 1.6699 2.6213 2.3946 3.6297 2.6931 2.CK67 1.6146 2.4170 3.4862 2.7468 2.. 17 18 1.1433 3.0663 1.1820 3.0709 1.0801 1.M18 3.3786 3.0670" 1.090S i.0684 1.eNOS 1.0716 3.2419 3.7 ..4M6 3.0824 1.8488 2..0649 1.6279 3.6206 2.6436 2.4236 3.68-41 2'.0726 1.6169 3.4203 1.3817 3.0666 1..4996 2.0731 1.6637 2..0MKl 1.8422 2.4&32 3.086f 2..M63 2 .0331 3.0...6986 2.0<03 1.MM 1.0916 1.0886 1.0676 3.9669 2.6196 2.M42 1..8632 2.0797 1.0281 3.0487 1.0872 1.7694 2..0650 1.0717 1.M71 2.0799 1.3072 3.0Ml 1.09~ I.7488 2.6163 2.0679 1.1244 3. 16 If 13 11 10 2.0462 1.794:7 2.. .0881 0882 .0716 •• •• •• .0633 1.MGI I.3977 3.06<2 eceee ecee e 3.6736 3.0832 1.0820 1.1488 3.0661 1.0810 1.6024 3.0019 1.0608 1.7126 2.M08 1.8801 2.9738 2..6716 2.7427 2.0637 1.0766 1.3«0 3.1461 3.86M 2.8677 2.0676 1.M26 I.2216 3.0748 1.2961 3.1163 3.9076 2..6186 2.0636 1.7106 2..0816 1.0306 3. 2: ..0698 1..4716 2 .2624 3.0616 I.38 1.0639 1..0166 3.0666 1.0231 3.66 1.0..0606 1. 38 37 3.6046 2.M33 1.. 28 '7 2.. 1.uoe 1.3669 3.0616 cceee s.0680 1.0666 1.0612 1.6680 2.0833 1.0655 1.0682 1.4073 3.6488 2.0472 1.94 I.3194 3.1110 3.0869 1.37M 3.6011 2.MU I. •• •• .8688 -2.0808 1.0607 1..9641 2.0<30 1.0626 1.4928 2.62M 2.0M2 1.6681 2.6131 2.4896 2. 1.0861 1.0716 1.8824 2.0667 1.0904 1.0870 1. as 12 81 .1190 3.0737 1.0RM 1.M63 3.MO' I.0891 .6022 2. " •• •• as 37 .4969 3.0612 3.0013 1..8778 .0690 1.0710 1.6072 3.6.0811 1.4846 2.0662 1.8366 2.0530 1...8"4 2.4780 2.6 2. .0621 1.6913 2.0888 1.0690 3.0793 1.0825 1.93 1.7388 2. If 13 12 11 10 8 7 60 .6353 2.0738 1..2169 3.1083 3.4041 3. 1.0486 1.0629 1.4946 2.(M70 1.0.0609 3. 1..0624 1.0659 1.0. 3 2 1 0 • • • - 108- .0628 1. 71' 70' .3602 3.0892 1..3 1.2274 3. .0889 1.1298 3.0794 1.9621 2.8644 2.7286 2..0779 1.6927 2.2 63 ..0616 1..6383 3.4203 3.0688 1.0MS 1. 1.86 I.0603 1. .0878 1.3690 3.0770 1.MI8 I.6696 2..0«3 1.0861 1. oses 1. 1.71 1. .0726 1.0620 1.6987 3.00M 3.7926 2.OM2 1.MU I.0767 3.0921 1.184.0669 1. .9982 2. 2.00&69 1.0669 1.0729 1.2801 3...0488 1.0802 1.8269 2..0622 1.0M2 1.-'618 2.0630 1.1960 3.0911 1.6113 2..8247 2.8766 2. .0S28 1.6668 2.a06 3.0MO 1..0&36 1.6360 2.3881 3.0668 1.6623 2.2712 3.8010 2.l~- COHO .0703 1..9029 2. 18 17 1. '-6' .0469 1.0920 1.0531 1.0663 1.6106 3.6604 2.M86 1.6316 2.6986 2.0603 1.0699 1.1M3 3.6096 2.MH 1.4961 2. 20 21 22 23 2..0874 1.M07 I.0821 1.0606 1. 33 32 31 30 " 60 10 • • • • 7 8 1.1067 3.1H07 3.0673 1.M83 3.6772 3.2831 3. •• 60 .6676 2..0866 1.0638 1.0898 8.1698 3.322' 3. " 7 • • • • 8 3 1 0 .4813 2. .0766 1. .9261 2.M96 I.04.0422 1..3627 3.0490 I.0643 1.0M6 1.0696 1.47M 2.497S 2. . 2.0667 1.08-46 3.0686 3.0611 1. 2.6279 3.7883 2..7 • co 0 1 2 3 1.0711 1.3M2 3..8733 2.7346 2.7650 2..6299 2.8 60 •• 21 20 1.o.8466 2.6040 2.060S 1.0842 1.9869 2.0636 3.4797 2. •• •• •• .0768 1.M31 1.0913 1.4466 3..0606 1.83 1.0819 1.4334 3.0423 1.0149 1.0468 1.6947 2.63 1.8139 2.0679 1.2303 3. .47048 2. 2.4936 3.0830 1.6791 2.2477 3.79M 2.7609 2.. 60 .6223 2.2742 3.7989 2.6967 2.6076 2.7632 2..M29 1.7862 2.6247 2.7406 2.4498 3. •• '8 .9006 2.4731 2.7M6 2.6787 2.0922 1.9308 2..0628 1.0636 1..3471 3.0647 1.0682 1.04lf I..M32 1..1681 3.2361 3.0764 1.0907 1.9191 2.8096 2.6Ml 2.0563 1..9474 2.0931 1.0776 1.0760 1.&348 3. . 60 . ..7226 2.0499 1.MS2 1.6696 aec ~~. 0 1 1. . •• .7778 2.0917 1.6877 2...0748 1.0803 1.0534 1..2188 ~.0081 3.6714 2.0977 8.0638 3.1326 3.4138 3. 2..0691 1.0644 1.0661 3.6869 2.0869 1.067' 1.0SU 1.7326 2. .0064 1.0654 1.0M7 1.0708 1.1626 3.9402 2.0674 1.2361 Ha .0691 1.0781 1.9426 2.0672 1.8699 2.0880 1.0ilS2 1.0961 3.8160 2...7799 2.0786 eceee 2..1271 3.6916 3.0932 1..6313 3.7026 2. ..'602 2 .7146 2.8312 2..0626 1. .0686 1.6762 2.6734 2..0786 1.7767 2.0694 1.osoe 10 3..0aM 1. 2.0.20 1..76 1.0774 1..0.7670 2.32M 3.1708 3..087~ 3.0663 ... 2 .3011 3.8666 2.0761 1.469S 3.3347 3. .0Ml 1.0876 1.0693 1.9098 2.3378 3.0696 1.7366 2.0896 1.3316 3.0677 1.76 1..0M2 1.0701 1.6M2 2. .0627 1.2921 3.ONI I.8400 2.6693 2.4301 3.6823 2.7820 2.06a 1.7156 2.0773 1.7 60 •• .4766 3. • .6384 2.0642 1.7206 2.0618 1.9884. •• •• •• •• .9666 2.092' 1.0936 1.M97 1.0868 1.7691 2.6060 3.0646 1.17 I.4829 2.6279 2. . . 2.0707 1.0538 1.0.0860 1.66 1. ..MI7 1.4912 2.6003 3.2666 3.7«7 2.0589 1..0413 1.2246 3.0687 1.36 I.0769 1...1379 3..0721 1.48 1. .0820 3.0914 1."32 3 ...0604 1..1932 3.ln40 3.78U 2.6506 2.8892 2.0727 1.03f0 1.0648 1.1663 3.0692 1.0666 1.0468 1.0609 1.1362 3.694. ..84:66 2.833' 2.0771 1.e'61 1.0678 1.0838 1.8290 2.._ 2.6447 2.0716 1. '0 '2 .0763 1'.0849 1.0816 1.0793 3.8 3.6179 2.0926 3..0696 1.1876 3...6810 2.78 I.3722 3..1oc:K 3.<009 3.9122 2.0676 1.04:13 1.S610 2.0938 1.3849 3.8204. 17 18 1.0S26 1.&316 2.M39 I.9617 2.0690 1. 3.6003 2.0632 1.9145 2.1616 3.9379 2.0382 3.0734 1.M27 1.0702 1.0488 1. I 73' 72' .9689 2.9 2.6112 2.0636 1.0711 1.M96 I.7086 2. .0.0U9 1. 3.0464 1.6068 2.0796 1.2332 3.4732 3.0477 1.0.&333 2.0896 1..9286 2.7246 2.0669 1.0651 1.065S 1.0671 1.6700 3.0618 1.0367 3.0683 1.3163 3.0774 1.9810 2.04:1:1 1.7266 2.0686 1.0676 1.0686 1...1670 3.M3a 3.0335 1.0926 1.6367 2.7186 2..0780 1.2636 3.8937 2.3 33 3' 31 30 .M91 I.0537 1. 3.0M8 1..9460 2.0.9693 2.6230 2.0817 1.0623 1.3 3.6806 2.11 1.04.0660 1.0634 f.1989 3.3696 3.0. .0M4 1..6260 2.00&34 I.. 3. . 1 1.7716 2.7 3' 38 37 3.0020 1.0676 1.0626 1..6150 2.0664 3. " .0607 1.6206 3.M19 1.6209 3.7066 2.0746 1. 2' 23 22 21 20 11 12 13 If 1..6908 2.8 ..04..0633 1.44 I.0836 1.0714 1. 20 3..(Kl39 I.6640 2.4901 3.6419 2.9332 2..6129 2. I.M23 2. oese 1.0600 1.2981 3.M78 I.04:66 I.0624 1.0646 1.060< 1.4268 3.6242 2.3133 3.0742 1.9713 2.4698 3. 69' 68' 6c 109--'- .M92 1.7988 2.M79 1..6961 3.2663 3..0747 1.0804 1.a99 3.0906 1.6869 2.6628 2..0798 1.0460 l.7 50 63 .2390 3.7611 2.8074 2. •• •• " 2.MSI I.0740 1.6281 2. .2448 3.2861 3.0763 1.0602 1.9238 .6733 2.3102 3..1736 3.0.0677 1.S4 1.8486 2.6338 • ~ ..7 .6623 3.8711 2.0678 1.0812 1.0728 1.&879 3 .0131 3..'366 3.0719 1.MUS I. .8032 2.0M3 1. • • • • • 3 Coa8C eee 1 .0670 1.0684 1. ..0612 1..9836 2.0616 1.8869 2.0480 I.M36 1.0823 1.6402 2.6133 3 .7663 2.0601 1.M38 1.2772 3.0868 1.5028 2.0899 1.0613 1..0787 1.9M6 2.7306 2. 3.a.8226 2.0689 1.7736 2.0601 1.3~ 3.9762 2.0706 1.2' I.0626 1.04..1.0732 1.064..4632 3.0789 1.0847 1.0936 1.0739 1.2 •• .8915 2.3913 3.0031 3.0893 1.0627 1.0660 L0661 1.M" I.0673 1.0698 1.0696 1. 37 38 3.0806 1.0200 3.0867 1.4819 2.MGI 1.M26 1. .6699 '.0473 I.coeee ..8063 2.M9B 1.0788 1.0622 1.0616 1. i 18 17 1.6676 2.3666 3.0722 1.8117 2.9238 2.6807 3. 2..0666 1.6610 2.M28 I..0694 1.9062 2.1904.6176 3.6243 3.0460 I..0606 1.7006 2.9497 2.0iM I.6168 2.6037 3.9366 2.0927 1.M37 I.0902 1.0629 1. .0206 3.osio 1.9168 2.2506 3.0929 1.0723 1.M69 3.6770 2.3&34 3.04.7 63 " 23 U 27 28 30 .0468 3.0602 1..0783 1.0928 1.6428 2.7674 2.17M 3.9967 2.0489 1..0769 1.0813 1.0617 1.0611 1..033< 1.2683 3.2102 3.0744 1.0897 1.0692 1.3286 3. ..6666 3.8960 2.269' 3.0697 1.s06Z 2.8378 2.0834 1.6078 2 .061' 1.6849 2. .0481 1.28 I.04:10 1.0846 1.46&6 11 i 13 If 1.0609 1.0866 1.9216 2.M29 3.9908 2..0866 1.06M 1.0467 1.790' 1.8182 2.M&3 2.0610 1.

1153 1.2703 2.1620 1.9268 1.1 .1632 1.0975 1.1803 2.1636 1.964:5 1.1151 1. 1. 3.4145 2.0381 2.1633 1.1373 1.1176 1.2346 2.9980 1.1766 2.1696 1.0952 1.4007 2.1674 1.1682 1.9MS 1.8879 7 S 9 10 • • • 2.9703 1.1082 1.9230 1.1303 1.1046 1.1584 2.4254 2.0683 2.9482 1.9039 1.3371 2.0648 2.1025 1.1000 1. eo .1497 1.1779 1.9742 1.3299 2.1109 1.1016 1.0224 2.4300 2.9801 1.4068 2.0936 2.1669 2.1036 2.2784 2.1368 1.4037 2.0768 2. • " • • • 7 3 2 I 0 19 18 17 I.1112 1.1663 1.9276 1.1334 1.1172 1.9<0'1 1.3116 2.1084 1.0969 1.4442 2.1101 1..1747 1.9296 1.1326 c oeec 2.1121 1.1712 1.9397 1. 2.9221 1.1040 1.4586 2.9463 1..0619 2.1606 1.9148 1.1404.9860 1.0 56 .(1949 1.1469 1.1418 2.1347 2. 1.9890 1.1726 1.2269 2.4316 2.3662 2.3841 2.9635 1.0608 2.1032 1.2OM 2.1048 2.9193 1.4083 2.1476 1..1638 1.1768 1.9510 1.4130 2.1&&6 1.1226 1.1075 1.1608 1.0498 2.1160 2.1008 1..3826 2.7" 1.1468 1.1282 1.1437 1.9212 1.1031 1.9112 1. .1 2.1430 1.Ul 2..1 I' 1.0266 2.3931 2..0673 2.4238 2.9021 1. 60 .12M 2.3313 2.2320 2.3158 2..1614 1.09"8 1.1197 1.9157 1. . ee eoeee 2.H86 I.0968 1.2103 2.0194 2.1964 2.1131 1.2179 2.3691 2.1240 1.1631 1..3559 2.1145 1.1066 1. 3 2 1 0 1.0616 2.0984 1.2623 2.364.2294 2.1002 2.1287 1..1129 1. .2039 2..0000 1.3901 2.1359 2.3961 2.1087 1.2477 2.1670 1.0297 2.1265 1.4538 2.1606 1.2090 2.3472 2.8 .1346 1.1889 2.0329 2.2517 2.1192 1.0349 2.1262 1.1253 1.1088 1.1572 2. 17 18 I.1081 1.1220 1..908< 1.1041 1. .0836 2.1205 1.0434 2.-1257 1.8950 1.0790 2.16 1.1548 2.0266 2.0989 1.9332 1. 10 II 12 I.1143 1.1167 1.9248 1.1195 1.1657 2.1536 2.0994 1.4363 2.1778 2.1335 2.1189 1.1107 1.1390 1. .• .2853 2.4347 2.8924 1.9713 1. I.9013 1.1126 1.0912 2.0392 2.1939 2. .1676 1.04:13 2.1637 1.1Ml 1.1668 1.0736 2.4332 2.9674 1.8986 1.1166 1.1«3 1.1952 2.191" 2.4286 2.1469 1.2027 eec .1622 1.9b30 1..2464 2.1279 1.1371 2.1079 1.3976 2..1674 1.1347 1.1754 2.1068 1.3242 2.9870 1.0162 2.1596 2.. 1.2 03 .1Ml 1.1095 1.1382 1.1453 2.1182 1.0694 2. 1. .2163 2.1070 1..1448 1.9093 1.9970 1.1885 1.1672 1.1043 1..1162 2.1317 1.2556 2.1865 2.0476 2.1076 1.0339 2. .1815 2.0246 2.1 60 '9 <T <6 <0 •• •• 2.1662 1.1242 2.2052 2.1709 1.1764 1.2949 2.9811 1.1610 1. 2..0779 2.2 51 00 ..1173 2.9286 1.1618 1.1716.0986 1.1313 1.4654 2.1402 1.1394 2.1471 1..9771 1.1&68 1.1193 1.1624 1.1692 1.1305 1.1061 1.1666 1.2451 2.0627 . <0 39 3S 37 3.1694 1.2839 2.3M4 2.16S9 1.0998 1..8995 1.3515 2.1707 1.3530 2.1652 1.1277 2.0981 1.3632 2..1360 1.4570 2.1327 1.4160 2.1186 2.04.1269 1..2570 2.9075 1.1300 eec . .1766 1.4426 2 .7 28 29 30 31 3' 33 3. '0 21 22 23 .1343 1.0&81 2.9139 1.3888 2.1.1289 1.1691 1.1127 2.1208 2.1M7 c .0637 2.1217 1.9601 1.2372 2.1724 1.1235 1.9732 1.1749 1.1059 1.0122 2.1MB 1..2894 2.1252 1.0487 2.1678 1.1067 1.3200 2..1372 1.2921 2.3428 2.1120 1.1118 1. .1626 1.2826 2.1388 1.1106 1.3796 2.9960 1.1608 2.1672 1.9102 1.2333 2.1743 1.1770 1.1616 1.1718 1. 64' .2798 2.1603 1.3018 2..0030 2.1676 1.1184 1.2866 2.• "74 2.. •• .2077 2.9066 1.1223 1.7 .9940 1.1116 '-.1393 1.1776 1. 38 37 3.3143 2.9616 1.3457 2.1148 1.0976 1. 2.1410 1.1399 1. 3.4379 2.1270 1.3328 2..3443 2.2 .9166 1. •• 56 03 .0142 2.0000 .1198 1.1137 1.1011 1.0746 2.1056 1.1&64 1.1037 1.1424 1.1480 1.1243 1.1155 1.0991 1.4269 2.1380& 1.1362 1.1200 1.1664 1.1658 1.1034 oooec C08ec eec 1.1062 1.1069 2..1408 1.1624 1.1078 1. •• •• <6 '2 0 I 2 3 11 12 1.0971 1.2690 2.1277 1.3172 2.0982 1.1116 2.1401 1..1680 1.1132 1.3766 2.9 00 65· .1291 1.2650 2.1370 1.98&0 1.1&87 1.3256 2...1247 1.9048 1.0824 2.2812 eee 1.0980 2.1196 2.1052 1.1014 1.0081 2.1006 1.0111 2.3046 2.1333 1.0060 2..9880 1.9791 1.8906 ·1.9950 1.3781 2.1022 1.8932 .0726 2.1681 1.1666 1.1728 1.H88 1.1.1218 1.1781 1.3214 2.0965 1.1421 1.1701 1.2425 2. 1M3 I1M6 1.0992 1.1058 1.3601 2.10b3 1.9184 1.1169 1.1514 1.3688 2.1171 1.9683 1.9389 1.3342 2.2 •• •• 2.1646 1.2744 2.3866 2..4114 2.8888 1.1366 1.9M9 1.1034 1.1098 1.0402 2.1432 1.9341 1..14M 1. 2.1203 1.1216 1. 23 . .9990 1.9539 1.3059 2.9304: 1.2990 2.1622 1.0961 1.1213 1.1927 2.1230 1.8968 1.2266 2.1281 1.1169 1.1020 1. .2002 2.9350 1..1&88 1..OMO 2.9626 1.9761 1.2128 2.OM6 2.1620 1.1312 1.1478 1.1085 1.$664 1..0991 2.1693 1.8941 1.0996 1..3286 2.3356 2.1690 1.1156 1.1312 2.1636 1. •• •• 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 2.0967 2.1628 1.1326 1. 60 .1127 1.3706 2.1324 2.1382 2.00 C08ec ..1620 2..1113 1.1255 1.7 3S 3.9378 t.1242 1. <0 <7 '1 ..1294 1.8959 1.9520 1.9920 1.1462 1.1491 1. .1050 1.9067 1.1237 1.2490 2.1310 1.4176 2.2 03 60 •• •• 37 'S 39 IS9 .1177 1.2411 2.1064 1.9491 1.24 eec 0 I 2 3 1.1608 1.9454 1.1413 1.3603 2.1496 1.1396 1. 3' 3.1689 1.1026 1.1633 2.1645 2.0959 1.1499 1.1090 1. 33 32 31 30 29 2S 27 2.1699 1. .1180 1.1783 1. 23 22 21 20 I• I" 17 I• to 13 12 II 10 8 7 ..2503 2.1300 2.1381 1.9568 1..0958 1..1284 1.0020 2.1666 2.0956 1.1630 1.1369 1.1560 2. .0423 2.1612 1.0466 2.3101 2.0988 1. •• .7 50 50 IS9 03 .1732 1.9752 1.1786 1..1741 1.1001 1.3486 2.1766 1.3271 2.1602 1.1366 1.9426 1.1722 1.0868 2.1386 1.1126 cosec 2.1739 1.9322 1.1613 2.1465 2.0606 2..1720 1.0204 2..1761 1.3992 2.1391 1.2812 2.1667 1.9696 1.9722 1.0703 2.1697 1. 30 31 32 33 3.13M 1.0951 1.1883 1.3751 2.1419 1.1678 1.1293 1.1361 1.3032 2.1441 1.1610 1.1501 2.16 1.2282 2.9203 1.1428 1.1013 1.1245 1.2935 2.1714 1..3916 2.9416 1.9930 1.1648 1.0966 1.7 1.1M4 1.9 60 . 17 IS I.7 2.1377 1.1660 1.9 'S .4191 2.1322 1.2192 2.1004 1.1038 1.3618 2.1341 1..9910 1.120~ 1.3574 2.2771 2. 50 56 .9121 1. . ".1026 2.1208 1..1477 2.1320 1.1607 1.1104 1.2730 2.9830 1.1433 1.9004 1.1366 1.2386 2..4395 2.1349 1.0901 2.1478 1.3M2 1.1096 1.1493 1.9313 1.1140 1. 20 .1600 1.0890 2. <0 ...1634 1.0132 2..12&6 2.1231 1. .9687 1.. .OOM 1.2204 2..1666 1.1139 2.1190 1. .1734 1.9820 1.1706 1.1792 cceee 1.3 . .2676 2.3399 2.0183 2..1055 1..1612 1.1489 2.1670 1.1029 1.96M 1.0173 2.2230 2.2369 2. 2.1219 2.9435 1.1467 1.2116 2..«199 2.3228 2.0010 2.1791 2.1329 1.9693 1.1340 1.1124 1.1696 1.2962 2.1082 2.1301 1.1753 1.1315 1.2596 2.1.0969 2.1286 1. ) .1250 1.1139 1.0236 2.1212 1.3385 2.8871 58· .1693 2.0101 2.1762 1.3()()4.1406 1.1640 1.1902 2. .0630 2.'1877 2.3871 2.1742 2.1M2 1.0061 2.1233 1..1009 1.1«6 1.2636 2.e6 1.0812 2.1116 1.1014 2.9267 1.1104 2.0163 2.0662 2.1430 2.1625 2.1174 1.1698 1.1007 1.1681 2..1977 2.3129 2.1135 1.0946 1..4207 2.0924 2.1093 1.1363 1. 61· 60· '00" 69· .1150 1.1306 1.1274 1.7 13 12 II 10 .3736 2.1049 1.9388 1.1717 2 . 2' '3 22 21 '0 to I....9239 1.4222 2..1746 1.1790 1.1231 2.8916 1..1093 2.2757 2. <3 .1436 1.2907 2.1618 1.0318 2.1210 1.1102 1.1158 1.9130 1.14'U 1.1406 2.2543 2.2583 2.0979 1.2307 2.1238 1.1684 1..1772 1.1426 1.1308 1.1551 1..1185 1.1092 1.3946 2.1«6 1.2880 2.1466 1..1299 1.1179 1..1276 1.1072 1.0714 2.4022 2.1047 1.1147 1.1433 '.3677 2.1258 1.9900 1.0040 2.0Ml 2'.10.1017 1.9176 1..1601 1.1659 1.0767 2.• "90 2 .1460 1.0091 2.1073 1.0444 2.~ .0071 2.0946 2.1248 1.1840 2:1828 2.1M7 1. 27 2" 2.1777 1.1264 1. 3.9840 1.1142 1.1187 1.1397 1.1226 1.2217 2.2014: 2.1439 1.0308 2.1411 .1730 1.1003 1.1463 1.1324 1.1703 1.1730 2.0627 2..1662 1.1019 1.1223 .2027 2.HM I.3186 2.2438 2.1267 1.1~16 1.1110 1.1441 2.2717 2.2610 2.1489 1.4506 2 .1228 1.1760 1.1319 1.1023 1.1010 1. .3721 2..8897 1.0963 1.1989 2.2398 2.1044 1.8977 1.2243 2.1207 1.1422 1.1787 1. .1706 2.0370 2.1163 1.9030 1.9781 1.1768 1.1298 1.IM9 1.1123 1. -110- -111- .2141 2.1630 1.9 .0972 1.3087 2.4458 2.1376 1.S c_ 2.1338 1.3414 2.1028 1.9606 1.1417 1.1604 1.0879 2.1626 1.0609 • • • • 63· 62· .2663 2.9473 1. .9360 1.9577 1.3073 2.0962 1.0867 2.0214 2.0287 2.1222 1.1289 2.1134 1.9444 1.1336 1..1650 1.1482 I.1331 1. • • • • 7 S 1.1852 2.1416 . •• .0986 1.1628 1.0670 2.3811 2.0276 2.4063 2.4522 2.0801 2.2976 2.0466 2.1070 2.0978 1.0953 1.1161 1.0692 2.1164 1.1379 1.0997 1..16M 1.2166 2.1296 1.1737 1.0360 2.1272 1.1367 1.2530 2.0973 1.1260 1.

6779 1.6706 1.6826 1. 67 eo M· .6926 1. .1930 1.M88 1.2681 1.2166 1.2186 1.·2630 1.3 2' ..6696 1.2798 1.8610 1..6117 1.2M3 1.6062 1.1908 1.6866 1.742T 1.6936 1.2608 1. .7398 1.1960 1..6982 1.1Ml 1..821" 1. 1.113- ..8271 1...2762 1.2413 1. 1.2286 1. 38'_ 1.8671 1.2213 1.8688 1.8818 1.2086 eo ...7327 1...1800 1. 33 a.2006 1.2801 1.2392 1.'n26 1..6700 1.8126 1.2238 1.8336 1.1828 1. 18 17 1& •• <7 l' l' 13 12 11 10 8 7 6 3 eo • .&303 1.2100 1.2437 1.7829 1.'n02 1..6087 1. 1.2268 1..28M 1.6123 1.7220 1. 1.6694 1.2268 1.6932 1.6396 1.6297 1.8672 1._ 1. . 1.2843 1.2716 1.1M" 1.6788 1.811~0 1.2397 1.2469 1.2M8 1.7088 1.6986 1.8801 1.7178 1. .2319 1.2991 1.7206 1.1987 1.2"29 1.2978 1.7116 1.6721 -.1822 1.7006 1.2804 1.7666 1.&907 1.2010 1.181" 1.2633 1.7681 1.6MI 1.6988 1.2606 1.2432 1.26M 1. 33 .6470 1.6769 1.2621 1.. 3& 37 .79"6 1.179' 1.1796 1.8962 1. 1. .2062 1. 1.1868 1.67J.8887 1.7622 l.1921 1. .2767 1..6081 1.1881 1. 1.6489 I.2093 1.8680 1.8007 1. <0 Ln~ 1.2096 1..6M0 1.263& 1.2861 1....6976 1.8023 1.1 '8 <7 '3 .7633 1.2472 1.61&9 1.2020 1.2834 1. 1.1818 1.2'90 1.HM 1.8011 1.7814 1...7Ml 1...6322 1..6924 1.1980 1.6726 1.2116 1.3000 1.6111 1.2196 1.2613 1..2907 1.2889 1.14.7723 1..7102 1. e..~"64 1. I. l' l' 13 H 23 2< 27 .2056 1.2300 1. .2673 1.2220 1.2103 1.743' J..6906 1.7341 1.2663 1.2796 1.7992 1.2994 1..1833 1.6291 1.6780 1. .6829 1.6806· 1..30U 1.2&39 1.2710 1.8230 1.2176 1.1968 1.81"0 1.19~5 1.2810 1.8783 1.2932 1.6602 1.1870 1.7M7 1.2298 1.8 30 1.2663 1.7076 1.1992 1.7 ..&362 1.7730 1.. .6266 1..2793 1.2630 1..8844 1.7348 1.&812 1.2180 1.264:9 1. . ~ 1. . .8070 1.6334 1.2480 1..1919 1.2627 1.6883 1.2936 1..192' 1..2230 1.6746 1.30« 1.7M" 1.1935 1.7"78 1.2063 1.1809 1. 1.8619 1.2638 1.1883 1.8377 1.2837 1.2960 1...7883 .7027 1. . .8263 1.23M 1.7 ~:~in 1.&3'0 1. .2117 1.2260 1.8182 1.70f0 1.603' 1..2361 1.6838 1.6866 1.2288 1.7081 1.6273 1..2461 1..f34 ... .8766 1.8862 1.6690 1..._ 1. • & 7 8 10 11 0 1 • 1.8418 I.30M • • .67&6 1.1999 1.7'"9 1.7693 1. .7700 1.2436 1.2382 1.7"66 1..2748 1.7270 1.6433 1.2276 1.1869 1.2N3 1..2674 1.19"8 1.2880 1.&371 1.3022 1.2283 1.2210 1.7"93 1. 28 27 23 1• 18 17 18 1.2813 1.6M6 1.2107 1..7626 1. 23tU 11 13 1< 16 17 18 1. 1.8697 l..683-1 1.2888 1....27f6 1.. .2874 1.1915 1.2306 1.2887 1. 1.6136 1.8627 1.2476 1.213" 1.&383 1. 1.7"86 1..2N6 1.1862 1. 1.1943 1.. • • 1 0 .&14:3 I.2997 1.2296 1.2067 1. 1..2647 1.8003 1..7687 1.2807 1.&930 1.2374 1.67H 1.2050 1..7921 1.2731 1._ 1.2163 1.2200 1.8178 1..813" 1.6817 1.2667 1.2216 1.1997 1.2790 1.8610 1.1891 1.7M9 1.2670 1.&377 1.2Nl 1.8078 1.2610 1.6733 1..2031 1. .8141 1..6261 1.8603 1.1867 1.7291 1.2981 1.3036' 1.2938 l.669-& 1.8611 1.2166 1.1861 1.1M8 1.2819 1.2679 1.7596 1.1789 1.2627 1.7876 1. .8 30 .2291 1. 1.13 1.8166 1.. 1 0 • • • • 60· -112- .1924 1.8077 1.7171 1.86M 1.0<3 1.6147 1..8182 1.8836 1..6961 1.2387 1.8385 1.6918 1.1906 1.8016 1..2293 1."2 1..7898 1..2669 1.6029 1.2327 1.1967 1. .2208' 1.M02 1.1910 1.2091 1.3013 1.8031 1..6218 1. 31 3.1888 1.8361 •• . .7618 1.&661 1.8693 1 .6913 1. •• .7783 1.6710 1.7600 1.'n78 1.7837 1.1828 1.MIO I. 1.7123 1.2101 1.764:8 1... <I <0 as 87 as 33 I' II 30 •• '1 3.2463 1.&328 1..67'n 1..6446 1.2329 1.1890 1.8328 1..6919 1.733" 1.809" 1.19"" 1..2470 1.2378 1.2001 1.6389 1.1 .6871 1.7029 1.8206 1. .6129 1.2849 1..7906 1.64:39 1.6798 1.7164: 1. . 38 37 36 33 3.2171 1.6862 1.1951 1.8661 1.81"2 1.2719 1.7688 1.6786 1.6462 1. 1.2760 1. •• <7 '8 .2864 1.7806 1.7369 1.764:0 1.70120 1.2139 1.1886 1..2022 1.1926 1.2122 1.2Q&3 1.6699 1.6678 1...7.2610 1. •• .6966 1.6953 1.2761 1..2013 1..7610 1...2112 1.2619 1.6477 1.2263 1. 1. ..207' 1.2235 1.8200 1.M36 1.2822 1.6023 1.6286 1.2273 1.6316 1.2358 1.. ..6867 1.72"9 1.70601 1.7629 1. 20 '1 l' l' 1.7984 1.2379 1..22"6 1.7776 1.7186 1.1937 1.1978 1.2693 1.8086 1.72M 1.7663 1.2734 1.22"3 1..23"2 1. 1.7937 1..6224 1.' .. 36' • • • • 6 7 8 1.2301 1.8238 1.8629 1.839" 1..6679 1. •• ..8662 1..7999 1.1942 1.6999 1.8118 1.M06 1.7.7161 1.687' 1.8621 1. 1.8208 1.2029 1.6106..6668 1.2322 1.1877 1.8279 1.2368 1.2218 1..6877 1.2Ml 1.2208 •• . M' e.2606 1.3061 1.6783 1..871" 1.8 3. ...2867 1.7968 1.6861 1.7673 1.2406 1..8871 1.6164 1. 1. 1.6267 1..2163 1.8602 I.2483 1.2787 1. .7686 1.2017 1.2763 1.8188 1.&386 1...2190 1.2499 1....2877 1.7319 1. 1.6231 1.M96 1.1837 1.6766 1.&871 1.2613 1..1826 1.1928 1.6822 1.8731 1.232" 1..8110 1.1863 1.7018 1.6237 1.26M 1.. .6M6 1.2083 1..2424 1..8062 1.2772 1.2624 1.269() e.3038 I.2203 1.7137 1..202" 1. .6811 1.6818 1.. •• •• 23 21 20 . .8620 1..2468 1.1903 1.6 1.8636 1.8757 1.6673 1.19"6 1. .6912.8190 1..7068 1.2688 1.2840 1.8198 1."'" 1.6938 1.7312 1.1901 1..7266 1..6732 1.2687 1.. •• •• ..71"" 1.2400 1.2281 1.2098 1..7760 1..2416 1.8697 1. 51· l:~~ ..8427 1.6881 1.6828 1.2311 1.77-U 1.8M2 1.2898 1.811" 1.2671 1.8M2 1.6713 1.2072 1..2986 1. ai a.8809 1.8669 1.21fl •• •• . 1.28M 1.2486 1.7020 1.604:6 1. 63· 5• .2~21 UI800 1.6707 1.2421 1.2088 1.6866 1.66al 1.2427 1..1839 1.8792 1..2667 1.7798 1.2&36 1.2021 1.6994...7891 1.8637 1.23lf 1.7867 1.8749 1.7298 1.6464 1.6772 1.0627 1..7860 1..8678 1....7366 1.2"11 1.2&U 1. . ..1969 1.2O-i6 1.2270 1.2129 1..2622 1.2691 1.2619 1.2871 1". .2039 I.2868 1.2781 1..6414 1.1798 1.2976 1..2660 1. as a7 88 <0 U . 0 1 3 10 32' e.3029 1. 1.8311 1. .7095 1. 27M 1.. .2Hl 1.1813 1. 1.8477 I. .7607 1.2081 1.&346 1.1811 1.6249 1.22605 1.182" 1.1917 1.. so '1 s.2929 1.2632 1.6743 1.1806 1.2918 1..2896 1.7"63 1.8663 1.7763 1.1836 1.6M8 1.212" 1..6823 1. 1..7377 1.18&6 1. 1.7061 1.7362 1.2076 1. . 55· 'cc .1879 1. •• . H 13 12 11 10 8 7 8 3 .30'8 1.1.7791 1..8212 1... .&006 1.1M6 1. ..2478 1.8170 1.2666 1.6738 1.3003 1. .1872 1.2332 1.3010 1. 66ft 1 1.2602 1.6872 1.2&61 1.1831 1.8723 1.249' 1.7670.23-&0 1.2360 1.2160 1.8369 l.79If 1..2668 1.81H 1.72012 1.8039 1.1RW 1.2060 1.7033 1.M68 1.7227 1. .64M 1.6901 I.6720 1. 1.668& 1.. ~ 1.3032 1..8776 1.7"71 1.. 1.7'n7 1.1983 1.6279 1.2910 1. 1.2268 1..2693 1.203" ~ 2036 .1962 1.. .82"6 1.1792 1.199" 1.2419 1..2316 1.7708 1.6971 1.2467 1...M62 1. .8 27 .2168 1.8979 1.2807 1.2161 1.2371 1.2198 1. •• .2737 1..2'61 1.2356 1.6839 1.2000 1.2304.2008 1.2'88 1.2686 1.6636 1.6771 1.8093 1...6420 1..6163 1.2776 1._ 1.2497 1.2916 1.69&9 1.2233 eceee 1.3019 1.2363 1.6762 1.2926 1.8827 1.8070 1.6 . .M93 1.2223 1..82M 1.2136 1.2062 e.8616 ).2671 1.1986 1.8006 1.2728 1.7603 1.1S07 1.7167 1. .1894 1.2067 1.6969 1.24'6 1.76lf 1.1866 1.21"9 1. . . 1..8026 1.6839 1..7109 1.1897 1. 20 21 2.6878 1. .7384: '1. eo 18 17 III 11 <7 <II 1& 17 18 1._ .6U3 .6427 1.2682 1..24'8 1.2862 1.6017 1.80M 1.7199 1.2"08 1.2016 1. 5• 56· ...8320 1.1 <0 3.7306 1.7013 .6866 1._ 1.._ 1.. 1.2240 1.7M2 1.7213 1.2183 1.784:" 1.1933 1.6886 1.2972 1..2119 1.8972 1.2789 1.7963 1.2676 1...2336 1.8863 1. 1..8303 1.1912 1.2173 1.6816 1.20U 1...6792 1.2396 1..6833 1.2966 1.6496 1.&369 1.2707 1.2892 1.6947 1.8295 1..2206 1... .7716 1.2606 1.2004 1.27&6 1.'n06 1.23"6 1._ 1.1990 1.2831 1. 1.8287 1.6771 1. .8486 1.2440 1.6800 1.1939 1.2389 1.. ..8706 1.2662 1.6816 1.Il00() 1.8102 1.6860 1.6309 1.2&99 1.2127 1.2713 1.2679 1.7263 1..1976 1..8640" 1.6768 1.2988 1.7666 1.6668 .2161 1...2110 1.2816 1.sa·U 1. •• .2260 1..7192 1. 1.723" 1.8047 1.2386 1.2624.197" 1.6811 1.7391 1.6739 1.22"8 1..2193 1.23"8 1.ee .1879 1.8016 1.2218 1..6614 1.1820 1.6408 1.2337 1.60M 1.7976 1..2919 1.7738 1..7960 1.7130 .. .2168 1.'n22 1.8361 1.2178 1.6749 1.7768 1..2079 1.7078 1.2403 1.. .64:02 1. 31 30 .1806 1.2188 1.6822 1.2826 1.2784 1.2363 1.2266 1.7883 1.1971 1.2616 1.2602 1....6868 1.1899 1.. •• .1964: 1.1898 1.1815 1.'n39 1.8222 1.2616 1. a.7 . .2"3 1. .2M7 1..2828 1.6993 1.1802 1..2132 1.2922 1..2106 1.8U18 1.1892 1...1 20 ..8M2 l.7821 1.

6222 1.3414 1.4232 1.3362 1.M60 1.3151 1.6340 1.6106 1.4246 1..4066 1.66 1.3790 1.3699 1.6319 1.3614 1..4:617 1 .3366 1.• 936 1.3681 1.4183 1.4836 1.3874 1.3267 1.4:760 1.4:783 1.&366 1.• 804 1 ..4081 1.644:6 1.<083 • • • • 0 7 1.3714.3 '1 '0 •• .6171.4:969 1.6273 1. 31 29 '8 27 aeo oIJ:~ .3314 1.6032 1.614:1 1.3287 1.. 33 3.3733 1.3668 1.. 11 10 9 8 7 l' . '3 4< .4864: 1.3941 1.4:723 1.4560 1.3102 1.3671 1.3177 1.3099 1. 11 10 9 57 .3121 1.3141 1.3677 1.4672 1.4.9 '0 •• •• 48 .6242 1.3913 1..4004 1.9 1.4344 1. .4126 1..4130 1.4Q.3624: 1.9 50 '1 53 30 1. ."906 1 .4089 1.3618 1.3898 1.f9 1.6187 1.auo.4816 1.3164: 1... . 4 1.3976 1. 17 18 19 '0 l' U <0 •• •• •• •• .4167 1.• 901 1 .3863 1.4086 1.3 '9 .3633 1...4208 1.41~ 1.4636 1.9 .6212 1.6387 1.4983 1."911 1.4028 1.314:8 1.3449 1.4134 I.3187 1.3"96 1.4797 1.3263 1.6299 1.3710 1..6263 1.3193 1.4811 1.3083 1..4:426 1.4331 1. . .4:964: 1. 0 1 3 9 10 11 40' eceee ."87 1.36M 1.4024 1.3828 1.3737 1..3666 1.3070 1.M13 1."877 1.6062 1.3689 1.4276 1.4741 1.49601 1.3379 1.6116 1.60182 I.4292 1.-4097 1.3763 1.4Q..3207 1.3769 1.3307 1.3902 1.3·&74: .4979 1...3878 1.3393 1.3622 1..6636 1.3190 1.3673 1.6008 1.4192 1.3729 1.3404 1.4466 1.3318 1.6067 1.«79 1.4171 1.M87 1. 1.41601 1.4988 1.4868 1.3180 1.·U38 1.4:858 1.4496 1.0 •• 31 L:~= 45° eee '00" 45° .5121 1.371'8 1.3304.4778 1.3230 1.• 921 1.4686 1.36M 1.3080 1.327" 1. .4700 1.4318 ·1....4792 1.4284: 1.60108 1.34:00 1.3688 1.0 1 . 1 .3290 1.3270 1.3609 1.4618 1. 1. .. •• 110 eee 0 1 3 1.coe8C .3&47 1.4361 1.6217 1.3090 1.3267 1.• 897 1.30e4 1..3596 1. 1.. .4676 1.3106 1.3661 1. .4238 1.484.4370 1.. .4387 1.4408 1.4492 1.3302 1.6082 1.4667 1.3432 1..3167 1.3369 1.eo 45° .4188 1.3782 1.5509 1.6092 1.3073 1.3466 41' e oeee 1..3463 1.3644: 1.3200 1. 38 1..3174: 1.3210 1.4040 1.4000 1.• 699 1.34:88 1.624:2 1."83 1.4048 1.3921 1.4:830 1.3-492 1.3112 1..64:03 1.6361 1.3213 1.3372 1. 33 32 31 15 1.M77 I. 3.3933 1.3338 1.4200 1.e <7 '8 .3767 1.3128 1.. 13 • • • • eo '9 as •• .4297 1.4422 1.4470 1.4:882 1.6237 1.&336 1. .3134 L3138 1.3809 1. •• •7 as 43 •• U '0 <7 ss '3 61 50 25 2• 27 '8 . 1.3&34 1.3626 1.3280 1. •• •• 23 27 28 29 30 31 33 3.6278 1. e- 49° ..3177 1.3092 1.34:63 1.3662 1.3362 1.638~ 1.6Ml 1.34:36 1.3170 1.6197 l..3740 1.3390 1.3667 1.4264: 1.3861 1.4109 1. 3.4396 1."74 1. l. 1. 1.4668 1.4391 1.3060 1.4400 1. 1. 21 '0 .38lM 1.H20 1.4032 L4036 1.4169 1.M26 I.3297 1..3321 1.4727 1.4101 1.3725 1.3197 1.M66 I.3217 1.3967 1.3331 1.314:4 1..4417 1.4263 1.4732 1.4736 1.4774: 1.UI" 1.4696 1.3237 1.3666 1.{CK 1.4844 1.6248 1.4:14:2 19 18 17 1.3M2 1.3617 '-1.6361 1.4606 1.3640 1.60498 I.3220 1.3421 1.3953 1.3824 1.3126 1..3669 1.6161 1.4179 1.3886 1.64:40 1..M61 I.4:9.504:2 1.3076 1.4348 1.3906 1.4:883 1.4413 1.4382 1.3397 1.3917 1.4:887 1. •• ss >7 as 110 .6166 1.3247 1..334:6 1.3386 1.6111 1.4808 1.4122 1..4681 1..6::118 1.3301 1. 37 38 3.4:636 1. l' H 13 1.f613 ..3984 1.6263 1.4766 1.3366 1.3869 1.3603 1.4267 1.3996 1.3870 ).504:7 1.3909 1.6227 1.6062 1.5346 1..3980 cceee 44 .6003 1." 1 .3722 1.4826 1.3786 1.5630 I.4130 1.• 622 1.3691 1.6268 1.3442 1.3964 1.4396 48 <7 4< 43 .4608 1 .4632 1.4503 1.3806 1.3882 1.3839 1.4306 1.. .9 • • • • • 7 2 1 0 eo e .3663 1.3766 1.3184..4:626 1 .4993 1.6037 1.3109 1.6289 1.4623 1. 30 29 27 •• •• •• 20 .3794 1.3992 1.4686 1.4339 1._ 1.34:67 .·U46 1.6325 1.6101 1...4448 1.3937 1.6283 1.&371 1.feM 1.. .4&..-1212 1..3240 1.4005 1.3284 1.3968 1.3774 1.4699 1. 1.M24 I.6294 1.4269 1.4176 1.4280 1.tS192 1.6207 1.4:600 1.34:07 1.M19 I.3"6 1.4443 1.4690 1.3949 1.6017 1.4469 1.4288 1.6161 1.3611 1.4060 44 e.61M 1.6398 1.6392 1.3233 1.4683 .3294 1.3227 1.4073 1.9 50 '1 .364:9 1.f6 . 3.37« }.34:77 1.. .1."916 1. 19 18 17 1.3328 1.3890 1.4681 1.4242 1.3801 1.4327 1.3762 1.4627 1.4366 1..3230 1.3311 1.6268 1.6M2 1. .4998 1.M71 I.6022 1.4760 1.4190 1.3636 1.01221 1.4:1-12 1. 1.38M 1. 3.4:839 1.3629 1.3902 eceee 1.4563 1.3"8ti 1..3667 1.3988 1.3678 1.3M6 1..3867 1..3164: 1.3223 1.3418 1.3600 1.64:34 1.M93 1.892 1..3666 1.J428 1.64:29 I..3376 1.4378 1.4062 1.4362 1.6377 1.3620 1.4672 1.4044 1.3627 1.4:788 1.4301 1.30604 1. .3692 1.4:610 1.6309 1.3263 1.e <e .4233 39 38 37 3.3"99 1.6202 1.3411 1.. 17 18 19 '0 '1 l' l' 1.3707 1. - 114- - 115- .3369 1.3047 1.4:764: 1..4:430 1.3771 1.6366 1.3324 1.3674 1.3681 1.3067 1.3836 1.• 926 1 .6072 1.4:746 1.3513 1.4:310 as 07 50 sa 13 15 1.3203 1. 13 1.4&31 1.384:3 1.3425 I.1 .4260 1.4077 1.3115 L3118 1.4974 1.4969 1.!873 1.3820 1.4163 1.4704 1.614:6 1.3277 1.3481 1.4-1&7 1.6136 1. 3.• 94:6 1.4:769 1.4336 1.4:641 1.. •• •• •• •• as as 26 1.3638 1.3089 1.3673 e ~ .-4093 1.4821 1.3832 1.4357 1.3439 1. 51 50 .4802 1.4113 1.4:696 1..4614 1.6330 1.3"80 1.3131 1.6182 1.3383 1.1 •• '1 <0 39 38 37 3.3778 1.6013 1.3607 1.4677 1.-eM 1 .4461 1.4:646 1.3606 1.4008 1.3M7 1.3348 1.3067 1.3161 1.4204 1.3748 1..3703 1.34.3696 1.3086 1.4462 1..4020 1.6&46 1.6027 1.4439 1.4012 1.3260 1.3087 1..-1217 1.6314: 1.4322 1.4374 1.3813 1.. 37 39 '0 .5126 1.3167 1.MM I..3926 r.3797 1.4016 1. 3..4:930 1 .. 48° 47° .4601 1..3972 1.6304 1.3929 1.3946 1.4664: 1.4:6"9 1.3335 1.3662 1.4:718 1..3816 1.3631 1.• 640 1.36&0 1.4271 1.3342 1. • • • • • 1 0 46° . 1.4314 1.4117 1.6131 1.3960 1.3230 7 8 9 10 11 1.8 <7 33 3.3243 1.4713 1._ 1.4436 1.

00308 0.10 1161 es .04894 0.6109 0.1661 0.3665 0.0175 0.1710 0.07281 0.07612 Cuerdos Angulo 46' CUERDAS Arcos Flechos Cuerdas 1~ 1 15' 7 2~ 1 2 · · · • .4669 0.4137 1..5184 1.1519 1.003] 00]6 0".01 0102 .2586 1.00187 0.5708 I I 0.00137 0.8294 0.8901 0.7330 0." ..1859 0.5680 0..'')'" 20'24" 21' 21')6" .2392 1.4838 0.65 .0524 0.6014 0.2036 1.95 7 · .00034 0.0829 0.4887 0.2043 1.1184 1.1384 0.1090 0.2066 0.1569 0.2807 0.2618 0.9848 1.41)] .2264 0.6Hl .4 18" 21".' " 6']6" ".0598 1.2569 0.7654 47 48 49 SO 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 I 0.00643 0.2120 0.2229 0. 1 2 00.6283 0.1756 1.4661 1.7156 0.03874 0.2269 0..1395 0. .06642 0.3491 0.. 7 · · 42'36" 0'12" 43'48".1759 0.0301 1. • .0125 0128 .4499 0.6346 0.0025 ".2167 nn DH JO IS" 7 .7330 0.0106 01" <0' 1 1 e7 .02185 0.2686 0.005 ".6807 0. .010 I l' 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 0.Equivolencio de minutos y segundos en partes decimoles de grodo Equivolencio de partes decimoles de grado en minutos y segundo..03185 0.0136 00.01519 0.3090 1.0524 0. 45" " 18ll 10 '161 00.1296 0.4014 0.2284 0. .1745 0.0123 (0297 1.1171 0.2453 0.B5 21'24" l<' 24'36" 25'12" 25'48" 26'24" 27' 21'36" is'12'' .1961 0.2217 1.0175 0.4333 ."48" 22'12" 22'48" 19'12" .3121 1.70 1 2 <2' 0'..00973 0.0111 .5934 0.3512 1.1396 0. .15 16'12" 16'<408" 17'24" 18' )0" 1 2 l5' 7 .3301 0. 0.9080 0.15 .0698 0.4 36" SO" " "" 1.4312 1.3614 1..2661 )167 OO.2396 0. .01231 0.1221 0.02570 0.8767 0.OOO 1 2 60" · 0152 01" 01.3816 0.6 )5".1614 1. ~.1222 0.0.00856 0.3439 1.1808 0. 0". 0161 016~ 00.]0 1 1 ] 0".0133 .. • 7 1 2 ..2856 1.6 1"..1170 1.00lB 0031 .3252 lJ383 1.05448 0.0893 1.0698 0..00745 0.. .50 JO' 0']6" 1'12" 1'48" 2'2<4" ]' ]'36" 4'12" 4'48" 5'14" 0"55 .OOOO 0161 OB] 0" 1 2 ] 0.2014 0.8727 0..2956 0.000] .7492 0..3645 0.2313 1.02563 0.SO . .1039 1.02008 0..1012 0.0349 0. 7 6BH ..2722 1.0472 1.6632 0.00<7 .05736 0.6180 0. 1 1 "'" . .5667 S131 .7505.7815 0.]661 lill 25' 7 4167 .03637 0.9543 0.8203 0.8924 0.0'12" " 4.15 0'..00061 0..4486 1.1474 0.00015 0.1345 1." .02969 0.0821 1.7975 0.01371 0.8552 0.9948 1. .00 0". 7 ~ ~.1910 0." · · ] 1 2 10'16" 31'12" )"48" 12'14" H' 14'48" )5'24" W 37'12" 1"24" 37'48" .50 ~. 0". 00.4712 .0141 015 ".2929 0. 60 20" 1 1 25" 7 .83B · .6511 0.1868 1.20 1 2 · ·· · · · .00244 0.2989 1.3788 1..0900 0.10 1 2 00]9 00<2 0".7854 0.2611 0. 1 ] 13n .2094 0.1))3 .25 • .4538 0.2627 0.04628 0.rs .5411 0..9774 0.3142 0.0746 1.8 14".9389 0.1047 0.2174 0.5585 0.6840 0.<S .5008 0.0000 1.00460 0.7004 0.5176 0.6667 .0017 001' "1< 0008 0011 .1571 0..70 7167 .~ · · · • 7 · · 2 ] 5' ~ I ~.2 10".7679 0.1920 0.0167 00. .0647 1.8452 0.5847 0. . • 7 20 . 7 .2175 1.3987 0.1667 ran 25 to1 1 ] . · · . .3129 0. 005. · •· ".1340 0. 7 0".2 18". . .01675 0.04370 0.2867 0.OOOO .75 .1254 0.1743 0.4835 1.9425 0.001S 0078 00B1 0".6676 0.2746 0.1520 0.5345 0.06333 0.0865 0... • 50' 1 2 · · .2091 0.4363 0.1047 0. 7 . .0349 0.45 · · .5010 1. 7 1 1 ] 0117 0119 0122 .01098 0.1566 0. .00004 0.03407 0.5061 0.2967 0.00548 0..2793 0.1917 0.02763 0.06031 0.8378 0.7167 0.3316 0. 7 ))'36" H'12" 1 2 )6').3840 0.0872 0. 0072 .35 · · 7 12'36" 0".05 0022 . 00B6 ..0111 ..5512 0.00 .1212 0.1130 0.8610 0.0139 55' 60' · · .6458 0. 44'24" <S' 45'16" ""12" 46'''''' 47'24" 48'3'" SO'14" 49'12" 49'48" 51' 51')6" 52'12" 52'48" 53'24" 28'48" 29'14" 20' .60 7'12" 7'48" "24" 9'36" to' 12" 10''''' 11'24" 12' 1)'12" 13'48" 14'24" 15' lS'36" ".9250 0. "" 55" · · ."7 005' ..8135 0.1694 1.8 32".08H .1472 1.4329 0. 7 W 39'36" .3640 1. 1 2 00.0974 0.OO 1 2 ] ARCOS..4142 - 116- - 117- .0083 '" .05168 0..005 .9235 0." B5 BBH 9161 9))3 · .4158 0.0450 1.5760 0.6981 0.01837 0.5359 15533 1.2741 12915 1..3265 1. 01<2 01.1313 .0873 0. .04118 0. · · · 5<' 54'36" 55'12" 55'''' 56'24" 57' 58'48" 59'24" 60' __ 51'36" 58'12" ~ e .2340 0.9695 0.00095 0.18'6 1.65 0".2510 0.9076 0.0996 1.3767 1389J 1.2783 0. • . 1·. .1613 0.06958 0. 7 · · · .1328 1.2450 1.8029 0.4')18 1.. . <0" 1 1 · · .2566 1.. · · •.6161 • .2437 0.0795 0.. 0092 00.00381 0. Angulo ArC05 FLECHAS Y PARA RADIO=l Hechcs 0.3473 0.1428 0..3963 1.0056 .0937 0.1051 0.5236 0..0114 0097 .55 as7 .2443 0.ee .4189 0.0151 1.9599 0..5167 <647 · · · · · · · • 5" ~..'24" 0".0 3".

9632 1.4265 1.5973 1.6755 1.9738 0.7053 1. TABLA DE Cuerda '" CUERDAS Radio X Cuerda de la tabla = Cucrda.8972 2.9973 1.7976 1.Arcos Arcos 1.6827 0. CUERDAS Y FLECHAS A F C R = = = = Flecha.9363 1.9477 0.0246 2.5543 1. ~'7\ TABLA Areo Areo de la tabla Areo Radio I--- :---::::A~ C----..8672 1. TABLA DE Flecha FLECHAS Radio X Ffecha de la tahla .7977 1.4408 0.6993 0.0892 3.9563 1.7666 0.3053 0.9126 1.ARCOS.1416 FORMULAS PARA LAS TABLAS DE ARCOS.5616 0.4925 0.8623 2.3982 0.6013 0.3180 03244 0.9390 0.8798 2.7104 1.8092 0.7492 1.0420 2.8781 0.5933 0.9319 1.7836 0.6354 2. Flecha de la tabla Flecha Radio Flecha == Radio.9215 0.3707 0.6254 0.37361 2.0718 3.1468 2.1817 2.8910 1.8006 0.7328 0.1067 3.4052 0.4387 1.0543 3.8449 2. Radio.6077 1.9988 1. Areo.7407 1.3572 0.4863 1.9302 0.8274 2.9487 1.5076 0.7921 0.5000 0.8436 0.5460 0.7581 0.6282 1.9845 30020 3.6383 1.5867 1.4627 1.9851 1.6910 0.6580 1.5133 2.9176 1.4435 2.6773 1.7576 2.8544 1.9722 1.5760 1.9598 1.3309 0.6580 0.8853 1.3506 0.4122 0.8326 1. Flecha.3843 0.9924 1.3639 0.6868 1.0944 2.2515 2.9938 1.1293 2.8733 1.5152 0.8410 1.7820 1.5307 2.8500 1.4609 2.7244 0.6406 1.5432 1.3912 0.9024 19199 1. Cuerda de la tabla Cuerda Radio = Radio.8350 0. I == Radio.4193 0.9225 1.8341 1.8794 1.8695 0.9526 1.8675 1.4775 0.9373 1.4746 1.5538 0.5882 1.8264 0.9074 1.5695 0.7412 0.6529 2.6878 2.980.7321 1.9651 0.6483 1.7453 1.3116 0.7925 2.6335 0.6173 Cuerdcs 1.5383 0.7143 l.9871 1.5228 05305 0.4784 2.4507 1.6180 1.9147 2.4086 2.72JJ 1.6180 2.9981 1.0000 Cuerdos 1.9829 1.9128 0.5208 1.3439 0.7227 2.7750 0.6704 2.8100 2.7628 1. de la tabla.5321 1.9913 1.6678 1.9564 0.5482 2.0194 3.5652 1.1241 3.6416 0.9447 1.8608 0.6662 0.6057 1.4627 04701 0.9993 1.9825 0.8850 1.2160 2.4850 0.8126 1.9997 1.0369 3.9021 1.0595 2.6093 0.4JJ6 0.7801 1. Cuerda.2991 0.4264 0.9671 2.5656 2.6498 0.2340 2.2864 2.9780 1.9754 1.0000 91" 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136° 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 2.1 1.7899 1.4554 0.8478 Angulo CUERDAS .6961 1. - 118- - 119- .7496 0.4260 ' 2.6232 1.5831 2.7160 0.9999 2.1991 2.I DE ARCOS Radio X Areo de la tabla = Arco.5094 1.8271 1.5774 05853 0.6930 1.6005 2.8178 0.9273 1.3387 2.3374 0.9951 1.9548 1.7053 2.4481 0.8608 1.7751 2. == Cuerda de la tabla .9897 2.8199 1.9322 29496 2.9726 1.8966 1.9042 0.9963 1.4979 1.6581 1.9406 1.6744 0.0071 2.3563 --I Hechcs 0.8052 1.3911 2.9665 1.9908 1. = Areo de la tabla.4958 2.9890 1.8868 0.8151 1.1642 2.2689 2.1118 2.3213 2.8955 0.8522 0.7402 2.7576 17659 1.0769 2.3038 2.3775 0.7076 0.9696 1.7279 1.7740 1. Angulo FLECHAS Y PARA RADIO=l Ftechcs 0.

I -120 - -121- ..• 5 3 .2980 0.2240 0. longitud de la cuerda. 0.1901 0:18<16 0. en un circulo de 300 mm. Radio 103. 2.4' 25.57 3.1756 DE ARCOS Calcular el desarrollo de un arco de 35' siendo el radio de 500 mm.10 20 18.08 16.2091 0. . EJEMPLOS oc \f~\ ~ .]) .4'58 0.04 5 4. 150 X 0.0740 0.36 -t.2. 30' = 0.5 ..23 4.3129 .08n 0. 26 4...2845 0.108<f 0. 2.2n3 0. Calcula r el radio del circulo anterior.• 2 ~.7321 1.5176 0.27 5.61 0. 08 58 5. Cuerda -= Radio.0795 0.7654 0.1426 0.52 mm.06 6 5..56 6. Divinones en Grados y Minutos en Gracias y Minutos ~ Angulo Cuerdc Diyjslones en Grados y Mlnutos Cuerdc ~ 3 5 6 7 • 120· 90 n 1. • • 0.5176 Cuerda y 30' de la tabla. slones Cuerda . de radio.3 85 86 . 75 76 77 7.47 6.3902 0.Cuerda.32 6. 200 x.0714 0.1047 0..EJEMPLOS DE CUERDAS Calcular 18 longitud de la cuerda de un areo de 300 en un circulo de 200 milimetros de radio.J .1494 0.50 13.2162 0.2023 0. 82 90 •• 40 4.Q6.473 0.ndicodo en 10 loblo poro 28 divisiones Aberluro del com pas se = 320 x 0.37 5.17 9..42 25 22.0951 0.On2 0.12 6.0827 0. 8 S·')' 5.6 . Cuerda de la tabla 103. sobre una circunfcrencia de 500 rom. .2507 0.2204 == 71. 13.1'84 0..52 3 .lS '5 40 36 12..1207 0.21 15.10]0 0.20411 0.2' 0.116<4 0. Arco _ Arco y grados de la tabla. 200 .45 mm." 5 . calcular la ftecba.1697 0.0705 0.1336 0. 39' de la tabla.1652 0. 0.22 5.1743 .56 1.20 4.<41 30 27.20 12.1566 _ 23.]5 10. 67' de la tabla.36 11. . •• .30 .6180 0.6840 0..• 7 ] . Radio X F1echa de la tabla .0923 •• . 40 109. '2 '3 '5 '7 50 51 52 5J 5' 55 56 57 36 37 3.18 6.305.2S 6.39 7.49 7.. .3676 0. .12 7.0806 0. J3 l4 35 Calcular-los grados que corresponden a una ftecha de 50 mm.02 3.4460 0.5.Flecha.06]5 0..b _. 500 X 0..oa1' 0.l2 5. 12 11. Flecha _ Fiecha y grades de la tabla.03 6.0698 0..1>9]7 1. 99 100 •• - 0.20 7.].40 6.13 B. 3.7 0.0911 0.68 mm.]6 ~.1961 0.0775 0.068.1.106..15 10. cuerda de las tablas·. mulhplicord por )20 10 longilud de 10 (uerdo 0.114] 0. desarrollo. Poro dividir uno clrcunferenclo de )20 mm..68 areo.6109 . 70 71 73 7. de redtc. 5.14 4..0897 0.1531 0.1'22 0. 30 11 l2 I. DE FLECHAS EJEMPLOS En un circulo de 1SO mm.2611 0..Arco.5176 X 200 = 103.1793 ..0691 0..52 _ 0.39 15 1•. de radio.1256 0.0766 •• . • .1231 0. de radio y siendo el angulo dado 65°. 3.ngulo 00 06) \ TABLA DE ANGULOS Y CUERDAS correspondientes a la division en partes iguales de una circunferencia de rodio=l Angulo <. Radio X Arco de la tabla .. 20 21 22 2l 24 25 26 27 2..5.17 ".0848 0.. .10 7. Radio 50 300-0..1459 0. en 28 penes Iguoles.1609 0. Calcular el numero de grados de un arco cuyo desarrollo es 340 mm.0884 0.. 60 S1.0982 0.1569 0.. siendo conocida la cuerda y el valor del angulo en grados.40 U8 3.3292 0.867. 0. conocida la cuerda y el radio del ejemplo anterior.5176 Calcular los grados de un arcc.2204 .2321 0.5635 0. 10.0668 0.0996 0.0675 0. . 17.11 •.1282 0.0604e 0.H 8.41 0.0860 0.0837 0.0000 0.1395 0.4786 0. 0.1365 6.0757 0. Divj. Cuerda _ Cuerda y grados de la tabla..7 •. Flecha.55 O.0748 0.166 Flocha.0785 0.. 60 61 62 6J 65 67 • .0628 - Ejemplo.0731 a. 05 4.0967 0.110] 0.• 9 ] .. 79 80 n • •.• 2 3. 22 0. 9.5. Radio ::: = 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1.51 .30 21.08 5..0656 O.1)08 0.17 1.10104 0.)0 7.01.52 = 200 Radio.4)' 0. •• 92 .49 mm.51 12.2 1. 4...

2j: = b C b Sec A Divld.r 1 por 10 sec A sec A = cos A cot A Y sen A Multiplicor 10 cot A par c! sen A cot A x sen A = = cos A sen A Y '9 A Dividir sen A por tq A sen T9 ----- A = cos A --_ col A A HALLAR CONOCIENDO REG LA FORMU LA Y cosec A Dtvidir COl 1\ por cosec A cot A cosec A = cos A Angulo A Angulos Bye Restor e! cingula B del dnqulo C C-B=A sen A Restor el cccdrcdo del sen A Angulo B Angulos Aye Restor el cingula A del dnqulo C C-A=B T9 A Lado C1 de 1 y extraer do del reslo 10 raiz cuadra- V 1-=--~ = cos A Y b Angulo C Angulos A y B Sumor el dnqulo A y el cingula B iI"+B=C a c 1 A Drvidu- el lado a par r. -E B C C E H 0 G E H SOLUCIONES DEL TRIANGULO RECTANGULO b = Base a Perpendicular = Radio = 1 = Sene = Coseno H = Tcnqente !::: Cotangente F = Seconte = Cosecante = Sene verso = Coseno verso A = Cuerda HALLAR CONOCiENDO REG LA fORMULA Case no A lades bye Dtvrdrr el lado b por el redo c b ~ = cosA 0['.·.-A~ = Tg A -122 - -123 - ..ELEMENTOS DE TRIGONOMETRIA SENCILLAS A B A D G A A C F B _.1·':'=-'05 Al = sen Coseno A A sec A Restor 1 del cucdrcdo de 10 sec A Y exlroer 10 rciz cvodrcdc del restc ~/ ~. f cot A =Tg A Sene A lodos aye Se divide ellado a por ellodo c - =senoA COl A Dividir 1 par col A 1 --~T9A Cosec A Se divide 1 por cosec A -- cosec = senoA sec A -=senA sen Y sen A Multiplicar sec A por sen A sec Ax sen A = ~ T9 A T9 Y cos A Se multipliea T9 A por cos A TgA x cos A T9A ---sec A A Y cos A Dtvtdtr sen A por cos A --~T9A cos A sen A T9 Y sec A Se divide T 9 A por sec A =sen A sec A Y cosec A Drvtdtr sec A ocr cosec A ~-:_-~=TgA cosec A Cos y cot A Se divide e! cos A por 10 cot A Restor el cuadrado del cos A Qe 1 Y extrcer 10 rciz cuadrado del reate ~=senA cot A \.

dtr col A por cos A Sumar 1 01 cuadrado de \0 col A 'I extraer 10 raiz cuadrado de 10 sumo b cot A --cos A = cosec A cosec AY sec A Drv.--cot A sec A Lado n Lados c y b ~=\adoa ---.-:-1 - sec A lado c y sen A c X sen A = lado a 10 sumo - 124 -125- .sen A = = cosenc-ver so A 1---T 9 A sen A Dl'lldlr T9 A por sen A f' A '(1 T9~ "'~" sco A A Cue-do A 't.b = cosec A r---+--------.-----------Sec A Restor 1 del cuadrado de 10 cosec A..---------01 c ocdrcdc Y ext-ocr lo rail ----------- Sumor 1 at: CUOdi T9 A j T9 A orto oc ~/T9A·~.yb sec A I cosec = seno-verso A c-a 1-cosA = f.~:::--:1'"'~col A Lodos c 'I Seno verso A cos A 0_- Se resto el lodo b del lodo c Y el resto se divide por el lado c Se restc el coseno A de 1 = sene-verso A I Lodes . + 1 ( -:.01 A sec A 'I cot A cosec A cos A Multipllear cosec A per cos A A Mulliplicor sec A por cot A = x cos col A A = secA'ITgA Dividir sec A por Tg A sec A x col A = = cosec A -------~---------------+----------cos A Y sen A Dtvtdtr (as A por sen A cos A ______ sen cosec A sec A A --- sec A Tg A = cosec A = col A colA'IcosA A = cot A Dtv.--. extroer 10 raiz CUQdrado del resto V cosec A ~.-._-----------------. sen A 2c sen!.HALLAR CONOOENDO REG LA FORMULA HALLAR CONOCIENDO REG LA FORMULA c --=cosecA a 1 --_ sen A = cosec 1--COl A Lodes b Ya Dtvtdtr lodo b por lode a = cot cosec A A lodas c y Q Dividir lado c POf lodo o Sen A T9 A Drvtdtr 1 por T9 A Drvidrr 1 por sen A A Tg A cosec =<.CA / T 9 A= Coseno verso A sen A Se restc e! lado a del c y el restc se divide por el lado c Se restc el seno A de 1 Multiplicor e! sen de 10 mitad del cingulo A por 2 y por e! radio del lado c Se resta el cuadrado del lado b del cuadrado del lado c y se extrce 10 rclz cuadrado del resto Multiplicar lado c por sen A --.. = cuerda A 2 f--------------A rot A --------COS~( Drvrdrr (OS('C A par (at ----- ~ A -_. = cos-verso A 1 .---..--------(OS A 1 ____ cos A = sccA Lcdos c 'I a f-----~----------------~--------A Y T9 A Mult:pllcor cosec A por T9 A CQSE.drr cosec A por sec -----+---------+---------1 cosec A col A V cot A.

ll8 177.128 .6913 169.447 1. . 17· '5.. H 254 X 0.5881 65. .107 10l. '01...145 115.6947 119. ".7165 44.51129 5.3917 Lodo c y sec A Dtvtdf r lodo ( par sec A Sumor los cuadrados de los 10des a y b Y extrcer 10 rciz cuadrado de 10 sumo Multiplicor lcdo -'-=Iadob sec A 48.6976 16. = lode b H = Altura para medir por medtc de escantillones C = longitud conslanle.._ 138. H 10 x 0.m ..015 5.377 6..• siendo 10 f6rmula H=C x senc s.1931 159.599 nl.'''' 'Bl. Seno tt= 0. .86l 6.5· 7.8716 n.'566 156.ll61 '06. .:..194 0.311 1.5837 '.8837 4.907' 99. 10 f6rmula general Lado b cos A Dlvtdtr lado b por cos A Ejemplo: a= 30" 45'.91)7 74.958 '.0791 51. y 0 = 1" = 25..311 4. ".1495 57.4l79 163.954 en funci6n del valor B- 0.145 5:7158 145. 0 = Dtdmetrc de los rodillos. se aplicard sene a.034 'Sl. ".011 15· 1..867 mm. y a efectcs de extremcr 10 maxima precisi6n se recomienda e! uso de un senerllc Instrumento que lIamaremos «Regia de senos».465 1'· ). Lado a y cot A Muitiplicor lado a par cot A a X cot A = lado b «a» Lode n y T9 A Drvidtr lodo a par T9 A ~T9 A = lodob Tabla para determinar en grados.TRAZADO HALLAR CONOCIENDO REG LA FORMULA PARA ANGULOS DE PRECISION Lode a Lado b y T9 A Multiplicar lodo b par T9 A b x T9 A = lado a =Iodoa No es posible realizar el trazado cor redo de un angulo strvlendcse de un transportador ccrrtente.689 ."29 pulgGdGs. Cuando el valor de « sea en grados H=C X y minutos..809 10 altura Gradol Pulgada mm.4101 86. .141 5.. ..000 1.2557 81.tricas).431 1· 0. y millmetros 7· 1..864 11· 1. 11· 5.. • t166...9)7 1. Lado c y cos A Multlplicor lc do ( par cos A c x cos A = lado b Con el fin de pcder ulilizar cualquier sene de esccnttllcnes de que se disponga. 19- Lado c Ladas a y b ~ = lodo c 11· 3..268 141..0453 1. las dimensiones usuales para su conslrucci6n y delalles del manejo.51129 (vease tobias trigonom. equivalente a 254 milimetros.0674 10).1)8 . 10 dimensi6n C es igual a 10 pulgadas. Lodo by cot A Drvidtr lado b par cot A _b_ cot A Lode c y cosec A Drvtdtr lodo ( par cosec A Se resto el cuadrado del lado a del cuodrcdo del lodo c y se extrce 10 rOlz cued-cdc del resto cosec --. = = = = -126 _ -127 - .5606 .-= A ladoa Lado b Ladas (Y c ~~.51129 129..5l34 13.1· 11· .1504 130.639 41· 6..550 1.1187 30.1745 4..847 Lado a y sen A Dtvtdir lodo a par sen A _a_=ladoc sen A _b_= ladoc cos A 6.137 1.820 171. tanto en pulgadas Inglesas como milfmetros..5643 39.820 Lado b y sec A b par sec A b x sec A = lode c Grados Pulgadas mm.. 4.· 4. 5.740 .. .145 91.1991 114..3490 8.7564 70.7461 95.0711 179..8779 149. H en pulgadas S· 0. u- .298 6.145 113.161 3. pIanos 0 galgas Blocks..5919 '.4- 16.4'11 l8" 1.150 11· 5.4191 61. t0. Grados Pulgadas mm.605 Lado a y cosc A Multiplicar lado a por cosec A a X cosec A = lado c GradOi Pulgada mm.0111 15· 16· '17 406. 4. se indican a continuaci6n..871 105..O901 78." mm .5399 111. Grados Pulgadas mm.!.n.

0001454 0... 0 r-.0001699 0.0000038.0001842 0. M M -o -o r-.0000436 0. N O 0 M 00 N 0 U'> -o 00 0 . r-..15 se utilizaro esta G tobla. U'> ~ ~ ~ . "<t- r-. .00000)) 0.- U'> 00 .... . r-.0 U'> 0 U'> M M "<t.... N U'> 0 ~ '" -o 0 U'> N -o 00 00 "<t- N . ambos excedc 0.0002472 0.0001406 0.0 N '" 0 §~ 0 ~ . -o U'> M . r:. 24" 0.f "" M "<t" ~ l! ~ "<t'" r-..... ~ N "<t- '" '" '" .0002084 0." 1:0 -e'" 0 00 "<tr-... 40 a SOD:0.0001260 0..00 M N '" M . X N.. M N r-..0002811 0.0002908 30' 24".0000290 DE SEGUNDOS c: Segundos 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 JJ 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Seno 0..:.- .0000872 0.662699 '" :E 0 ~ c ~~~ ~ ~ N M U'> N " M " U'> " r-. )0 0400: SO a 60°: 0. Seno.... N '" '" a:: "<tU'> M N -e-o ": ... " -o t' I' " t' ~ ..0002763 0... ~ " ~ Qj v 0 0'> c: 0 M .0001212 0.' ~~ n _-::::..000079."<t..0001018 0. -e'" '" -o M o- 0 U'> '" ..0000921 0. '" . 24 x 0..- '" r-..SENOS Segundos 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Seno O... M M "<tr-.0002618 0.0000145 0.s QJ OJ '" ~ M "Q -0 c "Q "Q QJ 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 o.. "<t.f '" '" "<t- -e-e- r-.0000678 0.. ..0000193 0.n ~".- r-. '" Constonte_ para 20 a 300: 0.- .'" ..:: '" .0000824 0.0000969 :E 0 t (l£~ t:: I~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ 0'> N .- U'> ... U'> M 0 00 r-....0002133 0. como.0002327 0...0001163..~~-::::.0001367 0.0001115 0.0002375 0.2 c OJ U'> 0 -o 00 N -.0001987 0..0001163.tll'l..0001890 0.26724....0002036 0..0000727 0.- N -::::. 0'> " 'v QJ 0 II ~ II > . r-.0001066 0.0 o'" a:: '" ""! 0 -o 00 U'> M ~ o- . '" '" ~ ... .0001502 0.0000532 0..000079 Resumer:: Sene de 11 30' 24" 'J = "Q = 0. Seno de 24" = 0..0002666 0...0001745 0.66262.0002569 0.0000045. r-. Ejemplo: 41° 30' 24". . Seno : 24" 0. o-... ~~~ N " " ~k ~I' ~~ - 128- - 129- . ~ N Para cuanda sea preciso operar con segundos. IN I ~ 0'> .o. N U'> N ~ OO M 0 . "<t"<tM 00 ~ r-.0002181 0.()()()()()48 0. Seno: 41~ 30' 0.eocons 0. de 20' se utilizordn c ~ U'> '" r-.0001163 0.0002424 0.. Sene de segundo ccrreqtdc Correction: c = Constante = 0. "l q 0 r-.. U'> 00 00 r-..- . 0 -o 0 q '" ..... N el valor del dnqutc 00 N M 00 .- 0 r-..0001599 0.. U'> r-.'" 0 O 0 000000 "<t- 00 N 00 r-.. por ejemplo..0001939 Segundos 41 42 43 44 Seno 0. 0 r-..0002230 0. ~ 00 0 .0001793 0. N 00 00 N '" ~ 1:0 M ...:..2673563.. estes constontes de contidodes. el sene de 15° 30' 24" = 0.. "Q .0001309 0. = Seno de 15° 30' Sumados Cuondo ccrrecctcn.0000581 0.0001551 0.- '" '" ~ ..0000387 0..0 0 <'! '" ""! .0000630 0..0001648 0..00 -o o-o 0 . ... N "l M '" ~ OJ c :E 0 " "': M L.0000033.f ...0000096 0.0002521 0.0 . N U'> .: 0 .0002860 0..0000026.0000775 0...D de seqvndos.f .0002715 0.0002278 0. .0000242 0.0000484 0.- -o "<t.

'. bh + = 1.-~--.414 TRIANGULO ACUTANGULO Dado (a + b + c) b) (S c) V S (S • a) (S Bh A = AREA.-.AREAS Y DIMENSIONES DE FIGURAS PLANAS.. A t: b= ~ a be TRAP~CIO r~. SUPERFICIES Y VOLUMEN DE S6L1DOS: CENTROS DE GRAVEDAD A = AREA A= I"~ A = AREA.. d' A = s' A s = 0.. (a +b+ = Vd' - = ~a OBTUSANGULO A= V S (S A A a) (S - b) (S - A = AREA A = ab PAkA" tLOGRAMO = AREA (a + b) 2 h "< . S= I"~ A a' = T b' 2b c' )' .--.-+~ a' A:: ~ Va' _ ( c' TRIANGULO A = AREAT =A .=~ b b Dado S= 11..- ' TRIANGULO = Vb' + c' TRAPEZOIDE 1 A = AREA A = (H + h) a + bh + cH 2 b=Va'-e' RECTANGULO - e=Va'-b 130 - - 131 - . A = a~d'-a' A = ab = bVd'-b' d= v. i '''-'-Q' 'b I· A = AREA.7071 d = d VA VA ="2 A= b V.--. a A =-2- L ---~--.414 x s = 1. ( a. b' c) c) )2 a=~-..

828 1.128 \ A Longitud del arco correspondiente 01 cingulo de centro de 1 = 0.866 X R I A = AREA.414x CUADRADO R=2x. L = 0.828 x r n = NUMERO DE LADOS (1 1. = 180 - J.008727 d -- - 132- .~ \I" + .LA SUMA DE LOS TRES ANGULOS ES IGUAL A 180 Y CADA UNO EQUIVALE A 60 0 0 A = AREA R = 1. L2 R= T VR' .nox PENTAGONO ------------------.ur~u L = 0.176x r = 0.~ V o:78S4 133 - = 0.299 x R'= 5.307 1.155x.464 x R=s=1.082 x r x 5 = 0.736 x R' = 3.': = r t: 1.314 r X5 1. .453x. 6.851 xL. = 1. C = ClRCUNFERENCIA A =.924 X R x R = 0.765 A = AREA del circulo crrcunscrrto del circulo inscrito x 5' = 2.2 A= _n~' = R = 0.2832.963 x r A·= 3.598 X R2 A = 3.207 0. OCTAGONO • POLIGO NO REGULAR CrRCULO A = -AREA.7854 d' C = 2:-:.732 x R.2 d = 3~14'-6.866 X s = 0.. = 3. TRIANGULO EQUILATERO L = 1.2~32 = ~ .598 x s' = 2. = 6. r = 0.2 A = 2. L=1.688 x L R=1.1416 d .1416 t = 0.289 x L L = 3.038 X F6RMULAS R = 0.--+----~------------------- \ /----5-' ' = .' = 3..433 x L'= r = 0.378 X R2= 3. A= 0.564 V-_'.----5-' 4 . n A = L2 = 2 R' = 4 x . z =~.371 x r R A R 5 Radio Radio 4.= C.577 xL.5 x L R = 0. .192 x r' r = 0.633 x .868 x R.634 x L' ~ 2.828 R' = 3. A=1.464 x r -----------~--~~~~~~~~~~~ HlP! Al.707 x L L=1.152 )( L. R' 4' S=2 V R' - ----- r A = 2.

b) ~CD-ij Y c=2yh(2r-h) r= SEGMENTO CIRCULAR C • A='j. A = AREA. r') EI area de la parabola los dos tercios del Y la altura A= 'I../ .Y4r'-c'.1416(R + r) (R - r) = d) A = AREA = 0.ab=3.3562d' = 3 x AREA DEL CiRCULO GENERATRIZ = 0.296t SECTOR CIRCULAR A rt = 0.AREA.7854(D' .d') = = 0.7854(D + d) (D a y X la base = ANGULO DEL SECTOR. ib: // j_. = ANGULO DEL SECTOR (=_!_~ 7. LONGITUD DE ClCLOIDE = 0.r' .296{ .4248r' = = 2.01745" >= 57.(R' - A = AREA.."PERIj().(rf-c(r-h)) .1 'I I i p A -. A = ~(R'-r')= 360 r. LONGITUD DEL ARCO 7.1416(R' - es equrvolente rectdnqulo.: - :~'v c .008727>.~ ) h=r-'j.00218>(D' -d') CICLOIDE - f 135 - = 8r = 4 x d - 134- .1.A = AREA. x 3. P = PERIM~TR. A:':' X X (0 . = ANGULO DEL SEGMENTO .. f = LONGITUD DEL ARCO ..1416ab FORMU'LAS APROXIMADAS DEL PERIMETRO "y'2(w+b') .r') = SECTOR DE CORONA CIRCULAR = ____:::__ (D'-d')= 4 X 360 A = 3rtr' = 9..- 01 .1( : ..296( --11.= 8h I. \/". " -- Q ~ b HIP log ( : + . siendo A = 3.--- A~r.14~~= 180 1 0.OO87h(R' . A = AREA A = . = AREA.01745" = ~ r A =2 57. "A ". + 4h' !* A =-2---- t= 0. Xy a r') = 3.' '" p>. r= 2A -(-= 57.

2832r(r + h) = 3.3927d'(h.+ ~ CUBO v = VOLUMEN V = VOLUMEN V=axbxc C =(ib v V = (2a CUNA + c)bh 6 PARALELEPiPEDO v = VOLUMEN. te- Silo cntc. «h» se PRISMA entlende Q 10 base V = VOLUMEN.1416r'h = O. nemos: base es un poligono regular «S» 10 longitud del lcdc: y R = radio r = radio del drculo inscircunscrito.) + h. S = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE LATERAL DEL CILINDRO V = 3. 137 - V = VOLUMEN = O. A = AREA DE LA BASE Las f6rmulas para determinar perpendicular las drees de las bases estan Indicadas en las poginas onteriores. V = 1. V = '(. .) + h.) PIRAMIDE 136 -.) + h.1416d('j. S = AREA LATERAL. h X AREA DE LA BASE de «n» lados. del circulo + h.+A.v = VOLUMEN A = AREA DE LA BASE MENOR A = AREA DE LA BASE MAYOR $= Vv V = VOLUMEN PIRAMIDE TRUNCADA V = ~(A.1416r(h.1416dh A = AREA TOTAL DEL CILINDRO = = SUPERFICIE LATERAL MAs LA SUPERFICIE DE LAS BASES CILINDRO A = 6.5708r'(h.5708d(h. = 1. d + h) v = VOLUMEN. PORCION DE ClLlNDRO S = 3.2832rh = 3.7854d'h S = 6.

2h h) CILINDRO HUECO = 3.'h A = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE ESF~RICA v = VOLUMEN V= = 0 .1832rh =V(R-r)' 138 - 139- ..1416h'(' = l. a3 ± S = (ad S = AREA LATERAL h b X AREA.1416ht(D - V = 3.h = 3.".rr:': V"TTn' C 2Vh(2' = C' +.1416h(R' = 3.1416ht(2R t) = 3.5708ds SEGMENTO ESF£RICO 3. V r= . - =Va' + h' \.5708ht(D + d) V= + r) SECTOR ESF£RICU + t) t) C) +T C = 2V h(2.= -6.5236 h( 3~. ( A = 3. + ~) ~= 3.1416ht(d + t) = = 1.1416.1416.v= VOLUMEN.1416h( ~. v = ~. -8h-ESF~RICA A = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE LATERAL DEL TROZO DE CONO.57085(D 5 A = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE V = VOLUMEN :~.1812.5236d' ± bx A = 4w.d' = 12.·h V = -3= 2. ~ h). + ]~" + A h') CONO TRUNCADO A= a = R-r.d' = -3.1888r' = 0. = 0. r= + h') s= ~= .rh -}) = 3.5664" = ].= 4..' = .1416" A = 6. ABC) r ± b longilud de areo ABC) h ESFERA A = AREA 0 SUPERFICIE v 4wr' . - VOLUMEN.0472h(R' + Rr + r') = = 0. ~ = ARE~ DE L~ SUPERFICIE C6NIC~. segun que el areQ de IQ base sec mayor 0 menor que IQ mltcd del cireulo. V = (2/.C>-472. : \ + d) + h' v = 0.2618h(D' + Dd + d') 3. ZONA ESF£RICA - = 2.1 /.0944"h. V = VOLUMEN 2.1416ht(2r 3.1416(.h = 6.. _416'~ 13 = 1 . V = VOLUMEN V = 1..1416ht(R r') AREA TOTAL DE LA SUPERFICIE ESF~RICA Y CONICA = A.7854h(D'-d') = 3.1416d' PORCION DE CILINDRO r±b USQr mas 0 menos. .1416 x 5(R + r) = 1.2618d'h = 1. V r' CONO + h' = 3.6204VV ' = VOLUMEN.'rw V~ = 0.

PARABOLOIDE lV (~ P=8i1 + d2 p'r .. Dd +'/.0349ar' SEGMENTO PARABOLOIDE r') = - = B h(D' + d') = 0.262h(201 + IP) Si los areos curvados son de parabola. A = AREA d3) = 0.8696Dd \<.2 +re x b I/a' + b2 V = VOLUMEN Sl los lados circulo.:'Rr' = 19.'Dd = 9.) = 4.1888 ab' y A = = .4674Dd' 39.1888(R3 - 6X ESFERA HUECA V = VOLUMEN. V = VOLUMEN =4 A TORO 1t' X Dd' = 2.A = AREA DE LA SUPERFICIE ESF~RICA ~= ANGULO DE CENTRO EN GRADOS V = VOLUMEN V = 360 a A = 360 V = VOLUMEN V= " x -3X +re. APROXIMADO son areos de ELiPSOIDE V = VOLUMEN.3927d"h A = AREA. O..5708h(R' + r') CUNA ESF~RICA 41tr2 = 0. A = . V eurvados = '/21tr'h = 0.209h(2D' + - 140- 141 - .3927h(D' + d') V = VOLUMEN V = -3-(R3 (03 +re - .478Rr +re V = -3- X abc = 4.0116"r' . = 0. 1t h(R' + r') = 1..1888abe = 4..d') v - = 0...5236(0' d3) V = 2.739Rr' = ~ ~m I A = AREA..psI BARRIL v = l/lI7th(201 + cP) .'Rr = = En una elipsoide 0 esferoide de revoluei6n.. cuando b = e V = 4..

.2(0 + b + c) Q=3 TRIANGULO h jJtffi Solido a PIRAMIDE_--== CONO SEGMENTO ESF~RICO S6UDO 3(2r-h)' b = h(4r-h) 4(3r -h) .--- ARCO CIRCULAR a = 'I. ih C CENTROS DE GRAVEDAD " I \.1") SECTOR ESF~RICO S6UDO a= . x A. + 3A. ~ .h Para media esfera 0 = b = "I. _..------ 3(R r) CONO TRUNCADO + V-W!. r$ Supcrficie c6nica a = A. --------~----PARALELOGRAMO PERIMETRO Y AREA TRIANGULO = I Ih. = Base menor A..~ ~ h(b + c) 2(2b + c) b_ - DOS CUERPOS S6UDOS _ PX 0 c.197 r sen 7 ARCO CIRCULAR SECTOR CIRCULAR It a= CUNA + 2 Rr + 3r') 4(R' + Rr + r') Superficie c6nica 0= S6UDO h(R + 2r) + cos 7)r = .(2r-h) PARABOLOIDE S6UDO 0 = '/"h .r ~+bx~e~'~ 2 PIRAMIDE TRUNCADA A. _'-----. = Base mayor EI centro de grovedad es 10 intersecci6n de las diagonales rXc ~ ~~~h~ Siendo A = Area del segmento SEGMENTO CIRCULAR 0= + 21/A.'/)j:1 .P+Q Q X 0.ll.:.) + VA. P+Q' - 1042- - 143- ._ I I .h APROXIMADA 0= . X A. '/.) h(R' MITAD DE ESFERAHUECA 0= 3(R' -r) 8(R". + A.11 b=U= • r'c =)1\= 2rc ~ 8xlxh = 38. 4(A. h(A. !d . 4(3r -h) . PERIMETRO d_ h(b + c) .

2832 x R x F. = Paso de la rosca. FRICCI6N: PARABOLA a = _21!_ 5 AREA Cilindro de bases paralelas F6RMULA SIN ESTIMAR LA F=Q x P 6. 10 ..2832 x r Para movimiento F=Q x + (" X opuesto _!_ R !_ R a Q: X COMPLEMENTO A X B x C c = O.TORNILLO AREA Y POLEA DIFERENCIAL Q R r P F = Carga..1416 x H' _h3 1+4- R-r -145 - Coeficiente de (ricci6n: fL = Ig. = Brazo de Palanca.3h.2832 x R.2832 X 6. = Radio de la rosca.--'''-----_-" F6RMULA ESTIMANDO EL COEFICIENTE en direcci6n X (" X P DE FRICCI6N: X a = 3 h. + (/») . x 3. MITAD DE PARABOLA ~ .1416r. 5 b =-8AREA Porci6n de cilindro s6lido: a = "/16 X 3...1416 r.1416xh ~/~_ Porci6n de elltndro hueco R'-r' P = 2Q xi1= F x R = T(R-r) Q F = P(R P = 2Q x 19 ~ h 1 .2832 6..1416 X R3 _ r" r) 2R p=2xFxR Con (ricci6n.6.2832 x r - I" X I" X DIFERENCIAL ~~(~~i6n.. b='/. 3n Para movimiento a Q: r P r P F = Q x P . P = 2Q x Ig (a.. H'-h' b = '/" x 3.1416 x h Porci6n de superficie cilindrica 0= II.x3.75n b = '/'2 x 3. d = O. b o~. q.. I" III Z . = Fuerza aplicada en el extremo de la pa/anca. P + 6..__---. Q = 6. h 1 \'lb - i'~ a= = Px 2b = T P col x CASQUETE Y ZONA ESF~RICA '/16 X 3.

. Fx a Fx L f' Pxa L= P-F rL p Q ~1 FxL P=--IFxL =-P- ~ p FxR P =-r-.:. P=--. = -1=-. x r.x R. B. P = . n.L = P+ F RUEOAS F r V POLEAS F x R = P x r.. 1= P-F I'~F=-: = se~x 'F I p I \ Fx L= P x I r: F = . =P+T = -P-- x..:..:. Pxa+P'xb+P"xc I~ i:t=:r' :r= F F 1= F-P =-P- Fxl L de ramales 0 partes del cable (n.-.- FxL n = Nomero F= Pxsec> 2 f'=2xFxcosx • I 8 Pxa L=FT=-F-' PX/.xR.. PXr R=-F-.. X r...:.vos de las ruedas. . . F P x r X r.) 'I I r. =-F-' Pxl Pxl F=-L-... FxRxR.._. Pxa+P'xb+P"xc :r F=_!_XP n -146 - - 1-47- .:. C Y 0 son los diametros p"mit... etc..-L-' Fxa Pxl . FxR r=-p- FxL=Pxl.:. .. F x }' = P x a + P' x b + P" xc... F ~ P A._.PALANCAS TIPOS DE PALANCAS Pxl F=-LP=.._-=r x r.-. Fxa . = RX R. PX r F = -R- t P x aP FxL p =Jf.

1416. se proveen las superficies en contacto de dientes. Fig.1416 =~ Dp = De N +2• primi- y.1416 Paso. -1048- . l Numero de dientes.. de dientes : M =~ N + 2' ~t10 mill- Op _ Oldmetro prlmilivo. N = Num. es Igual a . veces el numero trensmfnde por uno de ellos pondrd en movlmiento circular continuo al otro. 105 engranajes pueden estar aslmllados a dos cillndros 11101 correspondlentes a los Didmetros prlmltlvos. el M6dulo mere entero. el Didmetro prtmittvo ventente es particularmente molesto porque Hevc consigo de engranajes 10 cote de distcncic entre ejes y dtdmetros Para veneer esta dificultad se toma como paso Circular lugar de tomar numeros enteros. una parte de cada diente se establece al Interior del cillndro 1150. ---a2 son: 410 = Modulo 5 PASO CIRCUNFERENCIAL Los engranajes 'pueden tener Infinidad de tamaftos. de ejes perpendiculares: III. 5. Engronojes helicoidales ejes paralelos. He cqul una formula sencilla para encontrar el Modulo de un engranaJe. y para evitar esto.. estos se clasifican como sigue: Destinados a transmitir mevrmtentc de ejes parole los: I. y 10 longilud del Didmetro prtmittvo des. tres. N = II. Q medird el paso sobre el Didmetro prlmttivo. Destlnados fransmltlr movimlento IV. dos.CALCULO DE ENGRANAJES INTRODUCCI6N Uno de los mas importantes ELEMENTAL en las mdquinas es el medios de movimiento sistema de engronojes. pero no es Diometro primitivo esl. y la otra al exterior. Engronojes helicoldales a eJes perpendiculares. Ejemplo' Paso del Modulo num. --"-0---. V.1416. en sentldo inverso del primero. prtmtuvo. multtphccdo per el nGmero de dientes. Y u. este inconque para un juego es fraccionaria. engranando los unos con los otros. este circulo es el punto de partida para el cdlculo de engranajes. del M6dulo multiplicado por ). slendo tan simple 10 regia que no consiste en mas que el paso contiene una. P x N P = Paso circunferencial. se puede imaginor el mon'aje de dos cilindros frotendc uno sobre el ofro (figura 1). y se preclsa definlr una unldad de medlda. siendo este igual 01 paso dividtdo por ). M = Modulo no sera nunca un nutompoco . por consiguiente.P xN :-: = 3. N Ejemplo: Supongomos metros y tiene 80 dientes. etrc que M = intervendrci el factor P J.. este sera medido en el Dicrnetro primitivc. por tonto. 105 multiples de :-: en del sistema de Modulo etc. y.- P X N . Como ya se dijc. Silo adherencia de los dos cilindros es suflcjente. cunferencrcl. EI paso circunferencial este dodo. que tenemos una ruedo dentado ique Modulo le corresponderc ! Formula que mide =- Numero de dlentes. por tanto. como yo se dijo. M _ M6c1ulo. Engranajes c6nicos. Engronajes de cadena. Tornillo 5ln~fin y su rueda. el cilindro liso en realldad desaparece. EI Diumetro . se mide el Dicimetro exterior y este se divide por el numerc de dientes que tenga el engranaje. por ejemp!o. 10 rotaci6n Para transmitir un movimiento circular continuo de un eje Q M6oULO Se senoia que para todo cdlculo de Dicrnetro primitivo M6dulo. sino que subslste sobre 105 trazos. arrollada depende-d del numero de dtentes del engranaje EI Didmetro pr-imitive desarrollado es igual 01 paso. correspondiendo 5 mtlimetros 01 espesor del dtente y 5 milimetros 01 espcc!o entre dos dientes.tes: Op = M X N.149- . I Esta es la norma fundamental de todo engranaje y se Ie denomlna cfrculo primitivo. ddndosele el nombre de paso c.1416.r . 5 a Los formulas generales M del M6dulo = P J. aumentando dos dientes. Engranajes rectos 0 cilindricos. La formula para determlnar e! Didmetro del circulo prlmltlvo es: M6c1ulomuillplicado por el •• mero de dle. ~ De = Didmetro exterior. 10 ventaja de este sistema reside en que el Dicimetro tivo y Didmetrc exterior son siempre numercs enteros. ENGRANAJES RECTOS este paralelo.708 5 x J. tenemos que un engranaje tiene 10 mflimetros de paso. y ~ste Ie determlna por la dlstancia de un punto de un dlente a otro correspondlente al dlente slgulen". = 15. VI. Si se toma para el paso un numero enter-c. . Con este sistema los deslizamlentos son l6gicos.1416. la manera mds simple estd caraderlzada por el paso.

las diferentes partes de p."3927 0.26 mm 2Qo 2O" DIFERENTES los cuales vamos a detallar. DIAMETRO De e = 0. / = 1. ('qura 2. -----T- INTERIOR peimitivo. sino que los dtentes estdn tombren relacionados con el . furrrlu!{(s En funci6n de las dtsnntes exigencias de 10 construcclon moderna de mdqut nos y elementos de trcccion.'1<111<1 In los Dtcmetrcs de un engranaje."200 0. marcando sus normas de una manera distinta a Fellows. segun veremos despues."0893 = 2. y uno de los que primero se ccnecte fue el diente «Stub »."2355 0."1963 0. Nuttall 0. encontrando su lugar preferente en 10 industria del cutomovil y mdqumcs-herrcmtentcs."3927 0. a partir (claro estci) del circulo prtrnitivc. cdvirttendo antes que respecto 10 cingulo de presion existe una completa conformidad. R = OJ x M6dulo (mciximo). De = Dp + 2M. equivalente 01 Modulo 6."250 0. Nuttall Co. y veamosen que conststen esos diferencias. ·ii r--e 0'0 a. ambos casas muestran una diverse opinion re. es igual 01 Didmetro D. fue precise estudiar engranajes de elevadas condiciones de reststenctc."450 es igual a .26 mm -e c ~ c -. De = M x (N DIAMETRO 01 + 2). su resultado fue excelente. Altura del pie del diente. = Dp (2 x I). .' 'i' . P = Paso circunferencial.lacionada con las alturas de 10cabeza y del pie del diente.35 h = 2. y se generchzc muy lentamente..167 x Modulo.5 x P. La Common de Normchzacion Alemana (DIN) adopta el sistema de diente «Stub» conservando las alturas normales del diente : tcmbten 10 American Standard en su norma tiene uno ligera venecten.. CENTROS SISTEMA Dtemetrcl 10 altura del pie del diente. Modulo. existen otros perfiles de drentes. L = Modulo. Posteriormente 10 coso R. Este Dldmetro este compuesto del Didmetro primitivo. "'" 200 DISTANCIA Esta dutcnc!c A ENTRE EJES 0 DE DOS RUEDAS Fellows 5'" 4 0. menos dos veces = Drdmetrc interior. per tanto vamos a comparar los distintos ststemqs tomando por referencia el Dtcmetrcl Pitch num. que en 1899 cpltcc este sistema a dtverscs organismos de mcqutncs . ~. = Espacio entre dientes."250 0. traducido 01 espcjicl «diente sin punta»."1075 = 2. D. il = Altura total del diente.DIMENSIONES DE LOS DIENTES EN FUNCI6N DEL M6DULO EI M6dulo no solo sirve para caracterizar rlwnk vc dc nonuon . mas des veces et = Dicimetro exterior. Dimensiones en pulgadas 151 - - 150- .167 x Modulo."4318 = Drstenc!c entre ejes. siguio cnclcgo procedimiento de dentado. PITCH 4 e L / h Diferenclc en altura con el diente normal 0. P=c +e = 3. A = Dp + dp 22' =N + n xM Americano Standard 4 0. c = 0. = L = Altura de 10 cabeza del diente."3927 0.73 mm 0."450 0. Esta innovcclon se debe a 10 coso americana Fellows Shaper Co."0893 = 2."200 0. = Espesor del diente. modificando los angulos de presion.5 x P EXTERIOR Dp. o M6dulo multiplicado por el numero de dientes mas des. FORMAS DE LOS DIENTES Aparte del sistema de dentado yo descrtto.10 mitad de 10 sumo de los Didmetros pr-imitives.j. R = Radio del pie del diente.1416 X Modulo.

[Ccmrte 20 0 • de Ncrrnchzcctcn e! cuol Formulas un perfil de diente que 10 empleo el angulo Altura de presi6n de 10 cobezo yo 10 industria cuyo fundomento Altura de 10 cabezo del diente = 0.1"'16 Neme-c de dientes = Oiametro primitivODiametro primitivo x 3. A. X Altura del pie del diente = 0.1416 Numero de dientes .300 x Paso ctrcunferenctcl.8 = Oiometrol Pitch Pitch 0.5729 x Paso" 3.inodores el Diometrol Pitch que servird para determinor los alturas de los dientes Formulas: Didmetro primitivo Dldmetro = Ncmero de dientes Diometrol Pitch Numero de dientes X Paso 3. de tenerse frcncesc.H16 exterior = Numero de dientes Oiometrol Pitch + 1. Altura del pie del dtente Dtdmetro primitivo = 0. de diente «Stub» 2()O de dngulo emclecdasuntverque en casi todas en concreto Frances). Norma reolizodo sfendo C. 0. M6dulo.1416" Numerc de dientes Americana de Pubrt- Standard A. DE l()O DE IS· Drcmetrcl Pitch = Numero de dientes Die metro prtmitivo «STUB» " COMPARADO EL DIENTE NORMAL 3.3183 X Paso. oqui 10 que se refiere hocer para de los diversos puede por el a 10 forma comisiones si bien y conviene a pesor 0 presente que estos son los normos de normolizaci6n nada es digno 10 mecdnico. Altura del pie del diente = Diometrol Altura "total del diente = Diome~~~1 Pitch = 0. Altura de 10 cabeza del diente = Denominodor Nuttal Diometral Pitch los nociones supere trobojo odopt6 vlene trobojon normolizor mejore mencionorse.1416 Paso circunferenciol Norma American = Diometrol Pilch _ - Oiametro primitivo x 3. N.25046X Paso. -151- -153 - . y los deno. (Ascctccton cantes de Engranojes) Formulas: Altura de 10 cobezo del diente 0.Referente a los corocteristicos fundomentoles que deben conocerse sobre estes sistemas son los siguientes: Norma Fellows.75 x M6dulo.6 Dtumetro prtrnnivo Dicimetro Numerc = Numerodor exterior = de dientes Diometral Pitch Espesor del diente en el Didmetro primitivo 1.!..5708 = Oiametral Pitch = 0. M. Paso Diometrol Pilch = 3. G.5 x Paso.95 FORMA DEL DIENTE CON. que los el en cuento de Didmetro primitivo +( 2 x De"nominodor ~iometrol Pitch )" Hosto presi6n. salmente. = Numero de dientes Dtcmetrcl Pitch del diente = 0.H16 Paso circunferenciol = Oiometrol Pitch Diente normal en un pin6n de 10 dientes.250 x Paso cf rcunferenciul. M. los numerodores representon 01 Diemetre! Pitch por el que se determino el Didmetro prirnitivo.

'D"ia"'m=etCCroco. utilizdndose mucho. se trata de un perfil de diente de inmejorable resultado.PRECISION Dimension a calcular Dlente «Stub» en un pift6n de 10 dientes.ente. es el «British Standard». muy especialmente utllizados en la propulsi6n de buques accionados por turbinas de vapor. cuya aplicaci6n principal es: engranajes reductores de velocldad. engranajes de 600 metros por minute. Finalmente. .aVi~ci~n. 0. en el mayor deseo de dar a conocer todos los tipos de engranajes extstentes.5708 metro prtmittvo ----oiQmetrOl Pitch .p. xi midad del pie del diente en el pin6n. y ctrcs cpltcccrones especiaJes. 0... Sus caracteristicas son notables. por tanto.. para engranajes a 900 metros por minuto. indicaremos un procedimienfo que revoluciona fodo 10 hasta ahora de uso normal. las cuales muestran dlversas comparaciones relacionadas con la cremallera.i-=-a=m=et. diente normal de 15· y 2()O y el sistema de que se trata.-CLASE COMERCIAL 0. -_ 0. Altura total del d. 1. 'D'.+4 DiQmetral Pitch ~ X Espesor del diente en el Did1. D.155- 0. Tembten Conocido el Diametral Pitch Conocido el circular Pitch."583 circular Pitch.25 DiametraTPTich ~ . puede verse la zona de rodadura y desIizamiento. 0. y sv usc mas generaiizado es engranajes helicoidales con ejes parolelos. que trate de cumplir la aplicaCi6n especial aSignada a ~ste. ~/a~e C: Tlpe comerctql para engranajes pef'lfef'lca In(erior a 360 metros por minute.-- Altura de 10 cabeza del diente. nada se hizo en materia de engranajes can las caracteristicas del diente tan originales como este sistema Bostock y Bramley. cajas redueteres para turbinal de vapor en -154 - L Espesor del dtente en el Did1. -- 2. con una velocidad peri(erica que exceda con una velocidad peri(erica de 230 corrientes. apreci6ndose la enorme ventaja sobre todo otro sistema 0 norma de dtente. como podro observarse en los graficos que se publican en la coleccl6n de datos sobre engranajes de este hbrc..-ALTA CLASE C.3183 x Circular Pitch Altura del pie del diente Altura total del dtente.7766 x Circular Pitch. Las f6rmulas para este sistema de engranajes son las siguientes: Clase A. pero muy aplicado: este es el sistema Bostock y Bramley. Se clasifican en tres grados: Clase A. Precision. puede observarse que el DI6metro primitivo se encuentra en 10 pre.:r=a"l P"it"c"-h --------_ ~ _ Altura del pie del diente..5708 metro prtmuivo. Alta close.25 X Otro perfil de diente que alcanza una gran aceptaci6n. t-----.--h0. muy poco conocido.7162 X Circular Pitch ----Circular Pitch.3183 x Circular Pitch.]979 0. . este perfil tiene un 6ngulo de 2()O y su aplicaci6n principal es: engranajes de tracclbn.ametrai Pitch 2.itc--c. y en la casi terminaci6n de 10 cabeza del diente en la rueda y cremallera. con una veiocidad Clase 8.5 x circular Pitch.5 x CIrcular Pitch. ----~--- Clase B.

Para engranajes helicoidales Q unQ seccion en dngulo recto - el perfil del con IQ helice.Trazado "British Standard" para el perfil del diente en la cremallera y fresas para tallar este sistema. Multlpllcar los valores dados por el paso.nones.o» 1I0rlllai ell el perfil de los d.ente para cremallera y ruedas. Engranajes Bostock & Bramley SecC/on normal en el perfil del d.entes para p. Secc. diente aplicado Seccion normal de los ihentes 157cnqronando. . 156- .Alta close. Close B.

.. 0 4) e: -0 -0 ..In -- ~~ -- .... 4) e In o u '" . U o e: CO 0 4) ...... 4) 4) In e: 4) ... e: e: '0 Ie: ·u 0 C"'I 4) a: e -0 Lee 0- E E L- UZ -158 - 0 0 ...~~..~ E L- ..... 4) 0 r----....159- .. e: 4) -0 -0 -0 e~ . 0 In O~ '" " N L..--! 0 4) i I u --_ e: 4) >-Z E e LCO -0 g 4) 4) >.~ ...... 4) e: 4) o L. -0 -0 " L. -- 4) -0 e: e . 4) L- -:J e: 0 e: o M -0 e: 4) M 4) -0 '0 '......::to 4) II e EoE :::l 4) 4) U £%: :::l ...

---------,
o .... C
v
V .... C
VI

I
,0 0-'

E

o
VI

N V

:::J -0 -0

o ...
o

v\

-0

;I=>

c

o
CO
\1

o

0::

o II

-0 V. :::J 0::

o

V .... C

VI

v
-0

o

"'" II
-0
IC C

VlOVlC'lCO'-DVI"'C'lC'I-C'lOOCOCO C'lC'IC'IC'I---_-'-D--'-D-VlO

°

VI

~~6~~~~~~~~6~~~~
C'lC'IC'I---------

o,

"..,NNNM-----------

---------------'
160 161-

eI)

~I~
10:

Formulas para enqr cncjes sequn norm as Inglese y cmerrccnc. en Iunc.on del diornetrul PITCH Y circular PITCH Diamelral, PITCH. nombre bc]o e! que se comprende e! no mero de dientes per pul9o~a Ingleso en el dtdmetro prtrrunvo. Ejemp!o: A uno rueda de 84 dtentes que mid a 14 p~Jg~dQS de dtdmetro prtmtttvc Ie corresponde 6 dientes per pulgoda; por constqutente. el diametral PITCH es = 6. Circular PITCH, se. comprende el paso circular del diente en medida Inglese sabre el circulo prrmit t'vo. PITCH, troducido 01 espcfiol = PASO.

0 el)
~

Formulas segun

efdicmetrn!

PITCH

I eII
0.. 0

Formulas segun Para obtener Circular

el circular PITCH Formula

Para obtener Dtcmetrct

Formula

a..
C ~

."

W

PITCH P
Circular

P=

N

0

PITCH P'
Dicmetrcl

3.1416 P' = -P3.1416

:;
."

'0 Qj

> t=
~ ~

E
>..

PITCH P'
Numero de dientes

3.1416 P' = --PN=P x0

.

PITCH P
Numero de dtentes

P=

-p-,-

.!:! a:: .~ ..

.r:.

N PITCH OIAMETER o
Me" 0"

N=OxP-2 0=0-25

N N 25 P PITCH OIAMETER
(Dremeteo primitlvo)

N=

3.1416 x 0 P' N x P' 3.1416(N + 2) x_F" 3.1416

a..
~

:;
u

0
~

.£ 0 a;

.. ...= 'u
E 'jE

a

g

M

[Didmetro

primitivo)

0
Dlemetro

o
0= O=~ W=

=p~ 0+

0= 0= 0

0
Didmetro

U

~ I-

.. .... Ea
'ti
Qj <: ':::>

.!:! .~

EXTERIOR 0
Altura total del dienfe

EXTERIOR 0
Altura total del diente

0+25

W
Altura de 10 cabeza

2.157 P

W
Altura de la ccbeze

W = 0.6866 x P' P' 3.1416 P'

E a

5

1 5 = pT= 1.5708
p

5
Espesor del diente

5=

'"

..

til

----NNNN~~~"'~~m~o

"

.~~ ----- -~ ------~ ~~~~~~ ~~
-."2 -

Espesor del diente

T
Distancia entre centros

T
Dtstenete entre centros

T='2

C= C=~

N+ n 2P 2 -

C

C=

C 163 -

(N + n) x P' 6.2832

Detalles para el uso del calibre especial para medir dientes de eflgranajes

Calibre especial para medir dientes de engranaje

TABLA PARA EL CALCULO DE VALORES PARA FIJAR LAS DIMENSIONES EN EL CALIBRE
Numero

d.
dientes

Para engranajes rectos segun et sistema de Modulo ab bo

Ncmerc

d.
dientes

Para engranojes rectos segon el sistema de MOdulo ab

Numerc

d.
dientes

Para engranajes rectos segun el sistema de Modulo ab

-

be

~
1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.571

10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17

18

1.062 1.056 1.051 1.047 1.044 1.041 1.038 1.036 1.034

1.564 1.565 1.566 1.567 1.567 1.568 1.568 1.568 1.569

zs:
24

19 20 21 22

25 26 27

1.032 1.031 1.029 1.028 1.027 1.026 1.025 1.024 1.023

1.569 1.569 1.569 1.569 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570 1.570

28-29 30-31 32-33 34-35 36-37 38-39 40-42 43-44 45-00

1.022 1.021 1.020 1.019 1.018 1.017 1.016 1.015 1.014

Los vclores de esto tobla son para hater 10 correcci6n por el numero de drentes. hasta 45. siguiE:ndo 10 diferencic entre 10 cuerda y el orco; Q portir de 45 dientes. esto diferencte es instqniflccnte, y. por tanto, dentro de 10 mas extqente tolerancio. Para determtnc r los vclores de fljccion en el calibre (altura de 10 cebezo. ab, y espesor, be) cuondo los ruedos se odopten 01 sistema de Modulo, los vclores ab y be se multiplicon por el Modulo con que se t-ete de construir el enqrcnc]e, EJEMPLO: Determinar 10 fqcctcn del calibre para medir los dientes de una rueda de 25 dientes tallada con el Modulo 5. ab altura de la cabeza del diente : la tabla indica 1.025 x 5 = 5.125. be = espesor del diente en el circulo primitivo; 10 tabla indica 1.570 x 5 7850 N

P
M Dp

A B C D

Altura

normal.

Altu ra corregida. Correccion. Espesor efectivo.

Nurnero de dientes. Paso Modulo. Didmetrc primitive. Espcc!c entre dientes. Cuerda. Flecha del areo. Altura del diente a partir del dicimetro primitivo = M.

FORMULAS
90 N Dp

x sens
cos ") 2

Dp (1 ab = L be = 5. ab

+

F.

Pure

dentaduras

tntertores.

L-

F.

-lM-

-

165 -

La medicion de ruedas y pinones helicoidales
En los mecanismos de precisi6n se hace necescrtc un riguroso control de dtdmetros en zonas de ccntacto en los floncos de los dientes. ~sto puede rechzone, a folta de operates especioles, (on un senctllo procedimiento, y por media dl -",,_r,.,('nl(' '(''1'''''' -to+otto ,., , .....,d,",,'lr'nn
\(>

Mum. de dientes 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38

Dlentes pares. Factor F. Angulo de presi6n 14'/,· 12,415 14.436 16.454 18.468 20.482 22.493 24.502 26.512 28.520 30.526 32.532 34.536 36.542 38.547 2()O 12.413 12.428 16.+40 18,450 20.458 22.465 24,470 26.475 28.481 30.484 32.487 34.491 36.494 38.496 25· 12,431 14.+42 16.450 18.458 20.463 22.468 24.472 26.475 28.479 30.482 32.484

Num.
de dientes 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 53 M6dulo 6 6.5 7 8 9 10 11

Dientes tmpc res. Factor F r-_~~gulo 14f
I /~ ...

~

de pres~~_... __ 2()O 11.258 13.302 15.335 17.359 19.378 21.394 23.406 25.417 27.427 29.435 31.+42 33.+49 35.454 37.460 39.463 41.467 43.472 45.475 55,486 Modulo 13 14 15 16 18 20 22 25· 11.277 13.318 15.347 17,368 19.384 21.398 23.409 25.419 27.427 29.433 31,439 33.+44 35.+48 37.453 39.455 41.458 43.463 45.465 55.474 Fodor K 1.954 1.814 1.696 1.587 1.411 1,270 1.155 1.058 1.016

34.486
36.488 38.489

I,,_,',

i--'I"I''1

'

\..1 ~1~lt.:!I'U

vvu

'I",'\U

JulidL

.....vd c opo r ur sc scqun

40.553
42.557 +4.561 54.576

40.499
42.502 +4.503 54.510

40.491
42.492 +4.493 54.498

el Modulo 0 Drcmetrcl Pitch Ingles. Deben prepororse dos bur-res (on ones discos esfencos que puedon svstttu.r las bolos, y cuyo detolle se indica en el dfbu]o. los did metros mas convententes se determmaran por lo!. sigulentes for-mules
Q

40
42 52

11.256 13.307 15.348 17.376 19.400 21.420 23.437 25.452 27.464 29.476 31.485 33.495 35.503 37.511 39.516 41.523 43.529 45.534 55.554 Fodor K 4,233 3.906 3.628 3.175 2.822 2.540 2.309 2.117

PARA
Drcmetro

[l

SISTEMA DE MODULO = ---KPITCH
=

en mm. de los rodtltos esfertcos

1150

M6dulo x 25,4 1 1.25 1.5 1.75

Factor K 25.400 20.320 16.933 14.514 12.700 11.289 10.160 9.230

M6dulo 3 3.25 3.5 3.75 4 4.5 5 5.5

Factor K 8.466 7.815 7.257 6.773 6.350 5.6+4 5.080 4.619

PARA EL SISTEMA DIAMETRAL
Dscmetro en pulqadcs de los rodillos esferrcos

1.750 Diamefra!

EI factor K sera et que perfenezca 01 modulo que se uti lice sequn tabla Despues se precede a determiner 10 dimension D sobre rodi!los esfertcos. cuyo formula es:

2
2.25 2.5 2.75

PARA

EL SISTEMA
D en mm.
=

DE MODULO
-KF x 25.4

PARA EL SISTEMA DIAMETRAL PITCH
D en pulgadas

12

24
25

= --~-~metre! Die

ADVERTENCIA
Para espescres

IMPORTANTE

EI factor F sera el que pertenezca. en functon de numero de dientes y ongulo de presion sequn tabla. EJEMPlOS: Pinon de 26 dtentes. Modulo 5. Angulo de presion. 14 Peeler F = 28.520 Faclor K = 5,080 La conversion del modulo y diametral M = Modulo M= es 10 siguienfe DP Drcrnetrc!
I .,'

y alturas en los dientes

de las ruedas helicoidoles, en 10 correcci6n de ajuste del calibre, deben tomarse los volores a. b, c. por el numero de dientes ficticio NF. segun 10f6rmula: NF = Num. de dientes
COSl~

El USC DEL CALIBRE ESPECIAl. PARA MEDIR DIENTES DE ENGRANAJE

=

Pitch

-i5P166 -

25,4

DP = _2,S,~
M normal.

Angulo de 10 hehce 167-

Todos los cdlcutos pr ecedentes se refieren a modulo y diametral

MEDICION POR

DE LA Ot.NTAUUKA U~ U" ~"UftAI"'''''''1;. MEDIO DE UN CALIBRE CORRIENTE

Tabla funcion

mdtccdore del numero

del numcro de dientes 2()O EJEMPLO

de espccrcs del engranaje PARA

compt cndtdos en 10 medrdc

K en

y cingulo de presion.
SU 45

usa
Ndm. PRESION 22· 30' DE 18 27 36 45 54 63 81 ENGRANAJE 12 17 25 33 41 49 57 65 = = = = = = = = 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 12 15 22 30 37 44 52 59 = = = = = = = = 14 21 29 35 43 51 58 65 C. 25·
M6dIJlo. Pow Espccto entre d,ente, E,pt',or del dienle. Profundidaddel dienle

Angu 10 de presion. NUMERO DE ESPACIOS

Ndm.

de dientes. DE

de espectcs.

C

=4

Dimensiones del diente en los pasos normales del modulo
~m·! ",
»

ANGULO 14" 30' 17· NUMERO 12 26 18 51 63 76 88 = = = = = = = 25 37 50 62 75 87 tOO 12 22 33 43 54 65 75 86 DE

20DIENTES 12 = 19 = 28 = 37 = 46 = 55 = 64=72 73 =

1 3,1<4 1,57 2,17

1,25 3,93 1,97 2,71

1.5 4,71 2,36 3.25

t,75 5.5 2.]5 3,79 6.28 3,14 4,33

1,l5 7,01 3.54 4,87

l,5 7.B5 3,93 5,42

C
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

1,75 8,64 4,32 5."

J,2S 9,42 4,71 6.5 10,21 5,11 7.04

= 21 = 32 = 42 = 53 = -64 = 74 = 85 = 96 C

MOdulo. Peso .. EspaCio entre dientes. Espesor del dienle. Profundidaddel d'enle.

mm
" »
»

, ,

1,5 11 5.5 7.58

3,75 11,78 5." 8,13

12,56 6.29 8,67

4,lS 13,35 6.68 9,21

14,13 7.07 9.75

....

4,75 14,92 7.46 10,29

5,25 15,70 7.86 10.83 16,4' '.25 11,]8

5,5 17,28

....

5.75 18.06 9,03 12.46

11,92

M
It

= Modulo_
de dientes Formula K~ general

= Espccios.

N ::::;:Ncm.

del engranaje. en radianes. para cualquier N

1 = Angulo de presion

,,=
cingulo

Y = Num. Angulo

de espacios

MOdulo Peso ..

18,84

6,15 19,64 9.82 13,>4

6,5

7,5 21,99 11 15.17

20.42 10,21 14,08

de presion.

hpaCioenlredientes », 9.43 Espt'Klrdeldie,nle »I Profundioad del dreete. » 13

n.56
11,78 16.25

25.13 12,57 17,32

28,27 14,14 19,5

1t 31.42 15,71 21,67

11 34.56 17.28 23,83

11 37,7 18,85 26

de presion: --" : X N)] 1)1
MOdulo Pesc. , Espocioentredienles hpes~rdel diente Profundidad deJd,ente 13 «l.84 20,42 28,17

MI1I'(Y +~.
Formula

) co. «+ paro

cos «(190:

,.
43,98 21,99 30,33

15 47,12 23,56 32,S

SO.27 25,13 3U7

..

17 53.41 26.70 )6,83

11 56,55 28,27 19

59.69 29,85 41,17

"

62,83 31,42 43.ll

'"

11 65,97 32,98 45,S

n
69,12 34,56 47,67

14" 30' simpltflccdc

K

= M 1(3.04280 X Y) + 1.5218 + (0.00514
Formula paro 15 simplificada:
D

K.~

M 1(3.03455 X Y) + 1.5177 + (0.00594 X N)]
Formula para 20" simplificada:

M6dulo POKl_. hpesor del dienle » Profundidod deldiente.

15 78,54 39,27 53,9

11 87,96

30 94,25 47.12 ".7

n

100,53 50.26

K~

M 1(2.952 X Y) + 1.476 + (0.014 X N)]
168-

60.'

43,98

..

l5 109,96 5",98 75,5

11 109,38 59,69 '1.9

125,66 62,83

..

50 157,08 78,54 107,8

".3

169 -

Tallado de ruedas reetas con dentado evolvente
JUEGO DE FRESAS
pora M6dulo 1· 10 5 para rued as de 26- 3~ dientes 6 » 35- 54 » 7 » SS-1H» 8 » 135-cremallera 8 fralO. por juego, utilizoda. N.- 1 para ruedas de 12 - 13 dtentes N.· »2 » 14 -16» » »3 » 17 - 20» » » -4 » 21 - 2S» » N.» » »
15 fr..... por juego, utilizada. 1 para ruedas de 12 dientes 1 II. » 13» 1 » 14» 2'/. » 15-16» »3 » 17-18» » 3'/, »~ » » 19-20» 21-22»

Resistencia del diente en los engranajes
EI diente de un engranoJe trcbaja por reststence a 10 flexion, debe ser calculado en
0

'I

como

un solido

encostrado c sfue r z c cntculo soportara

10 base, soportondo
de 10 cabeza el por tanto. se si un solo teoria diente esta
no

en 10 extremidad cargo; rd como

el esfuerzo

tangencial. sobre por Inde nos

poro M6dulo 11 y mayores N." 411'1. para ruedas de 23- 25 dientes » S· » 26- 29 » » 5 lIt » 3()" 34 »
»6 » 6 'I. »7 » 7'/, »

La mds notable Mr. Wilfred veshgcdc los datos para
LeWIS,

en Prlcdelfia. para

materia fue dodo a conocer el 15 de octubre de 1892. y todo cuanto se resolver los cdlculos en los casos cornentes tanto,

»
» »

35- ~1 35- S~ 55- 79 BO-1H»

» » »

y rncdrficado. este basado en los prtnclptos LEWIS. A continuccion se don
mas elementales los de altos estudros de prcyeccion y rendinuentcs rno xtmcs superior de 10 tectuco : por que esftmcmos suficrentes :

enqrcncjes. dejando aquellos
hmrtoremos

Num. 8, para ruedas de 135 dientes hasta cremallera

que trabajan a estas formulas

en el grado
generales,

FRESAS PARA «DIAMETRAL

PITCH»
0

DESIGNACION

FORMULAS tangenciol paro e!

Si el calculo para engronojes se efectue segun Diametral numerc de (resas por juego es como sigue:

Circular

Pitch. el
Presion diente V Velocidad
0

esfuerzo perifertca

8 fresas por juego. utilizadas para Diametral Pit"", 16·1' /. N.o 1 para ruedas de 135 dientes a cremallera N.O 5 para rued as de 21·25 dientes »2 » SS-IH dtentes »6 » 17-20 »
»3 »~ » » 35- S~

en Kg.
0

p=

.~~ V

lineal en el diepor sea

26- H

» »

»7 »8

»»

1+16 12-13
I

» »

metro p rimtttvo gundo

en

metros

v « ~~~=

60

--P--

7S

X

F

15 fresas por juego, utilizadas pa~a Diametral

Pitch 2 It .. 1
M

Fuerza en C. V. (caballos transmitir. MOdulo. Espesor del diente del diente. del diente. de reststenc,c de seguridad
prtmitrvo

de vapor)

Nem. 1r para ruedas de 135 dientes a cremallera N,o 11/. para ruedas de 80-13-4 dientes para ruedas de 21-25 dientes N."S
» » 2

2'/. »3

» » »

~

3

'I.

~·I.

» » » » » »

55- 79 ~2- S~ 35- ~1 30- H 26- 29 23- 2S

»

»
» » »

» » » » »

5'/, 6 6'/, 7 8

»
ulfimas

» 7 'I.

» » » » » » porque

19-20 17·18 15-16

en 10 roiz. M=\~ de 10 seccion coeficiente de F= minute. p -~

» »

_H

Altura Ancho

14 13 12

»
» » »

w
C Dp N
i=

Momento rectangular. Carga
Didmetro

(ve c se tabla

VCX132
de volores C)

0

Se advierte de M6dulo.

que las dos tablos marcan

se dan can

a conecer a

en America

trcbc]o por flexion

en Kg. mm-. (en metros).

xV

(U. S. A.) e Inglaterra

las fresas

numero~

10 inverse del sistema

=

Ncmerc

de revotuctones por

-

170-

-171

42 5-6 10 16 3 Bronce fosforoso Duraluminio. fenolita.40 .235 x M - 172- 173 - .6 6 en adelante 3 .4 0.75 al cromo niquel: 27 .2.25 3.10 moldecdo.6 0.15 .75 % .5 Valores C.75 .5 5. Acero al carbon~: C = 0.75 2 . Acero Cr = 0.8 0.25 2.5 1.0.25 . __ Limite eldstlco C 2 PC FORMULA MX n 2 - x 15 100 = 0. X rnrn- Tratamiento termico de ruedas dentadas con dientes cementados (Vcleder o inclusive para rued as con dientes rectificados) 18 a 19 Kgs.5 3.31 PC = Profundidad de penetrncron de la cernentccton que deben tener los dientes M = Modulo_ Modulo PC mm.5 .28 31 .5 0.5% 24 . etc.45 Cr = 0. Cuproaluminio Aluminio.25 .4 4. basados en los limites de elcsncrdcd de los diversos materiales a ernplear.25 % C = 0.3.3.50 % Acero al niquel: 14 -17 24 .75 Del modulo 0.1.Resistencia del diente en los engranajes Tabla para valores (C) coeficiente de tr obojo a la flexion en la raiz del pie de los diente s MATERIALES Fundiclon Acero C= Kgs. .27 NI = 3.3 % se opliccrd la siguiente FORMULA Aprox.3 0. 1.5 . 1.5 .2. Modulo PC mm.9 1 pldstlccs. Ni = 1 % Ni = 1. rnrn- 4-5 9 . Materias 1 1.2 0.0. y estdn comprendidos entre 70 a 80 de la resistencia a la trcccion.7 0.

03 a O.020 5. de-echo 0 izquier do..03a + 0._'_0 ~ __ ~ __ fA\ Error maximo sobre e! flonco \:!J del drente.020 EN LA DISTANCIA Y DIAMETRO EXTERIOR ENTRE DE51GNACION 1a3 Didmetro exterior 15 A.014 MODULO 3.015 0.025 Mds de 10 -0.032 a 0.oa -r=-~~~'~~~~~~De 0.01 5 a 0.005 0.003 a 0. de dos floncos de dtentes.030 EJES Mayor de 10 De 0.012 a 0.+ 0050 .012 O:~ Engranajes cilindricos.-:: ~l''.010 7 a 10 De 0..~__ 01 oguJero TOLERANCIA respecto l__:_?.25 a 5 -0.14 -0.032 -----------Duto oc a ISA -~. 9.20 + O. -0.:~ LA i De 0. : ~ f 9 0061 ItO 075 .012 0.en'.010 De 0.21 + O.008 De 0.003 De 0.008 a 0.e _~.5 a 7 De 0.010 PerpendicuJaridad de Ie cora del diente respectc 01 ogujero.5 a 7 De a 0.010 a oms.020 De 0.12 0. del diente 01 QguJero.075 0.014 a 0.002 Q 0...06 De O.cos De 0.03 7 a 10 De 0.5 a 10 Mos de 10 -015 -024~ 1 Drc metr o e xte rro r ISA b II ('nlr~-~ - ":"4 .006 o.02 a 0.059 + 0._~__ oc-~OD~~ 1 '.10: 0.010 ~. 0 )32 - 174- 17:.ooa 0._'2_ 0.061 0.020 CD ® ® Parolelismo Excentricidod maximo entre e! por d ~~~~~e_e~n~9~.---a I ~ ~.005 De 0.03 De 0.o!S a 0. tolerancias de fabricacion para dentaduras fresadas 0 rectificadas CLASE PRECISION TOLERANCIA DESIGNACION EN LA DENTADURA -r-----. Drstcnctc entre ejes 15 A. derechc 0 Izquierdo. E.2~ + O. De 0.005 a o. CD ®Error Holguro entre dientes 15 A.004 I a ().O~ Mayordel0 De 0.02a +0.010 De 0.ooa 0.-----------f-------. b . mdximo sobre el flanco del diente..-.020 De 0.0011) .OB a 0.008 0. tolerancias de fabricacion para dentaduras frlsadas 0 rectificadas CLASE ALTA PRECISION TOLERANCIA DE51GNACION EN LA DENTADURA MODULO 1a~ Sumo Error de division. EJES 0.010 De 0.. (!) 0. I I •• 014 021 n 020 ~ 015 f-~~r)]q+.-.020 a 0.15 -0.-C"~-.0_a_ir-a_O.030 0.. ><.Y DIAMETRO EXTERIOR DESIGNACION __ .025 a 0.Engranajes cillndricos. _D_. TOLERANCIA ® Pcrcleusrnc del d. .3 2) a 5 Q ~ EN DISTANCIA ENTRE ~ __ 5.a~n~a~le~s' Holgura entre dte nte s :~~ 'S_'_A_.015 (!jxcentricidod CD Suma Error de division de des flancos de drentes.006 I De 0. __ .5 a 10 -0.008 a 0.15 -O.-----.26 + 0.".025 De 0.05 De 0.050 0...~7 + 0. E· a.05 o.012 0.005 a 0. respectc De 0.020 I Q) o. __0~.14 -0. maxima entre el par de engranajes.003 0.05 a 0.060 +-_~-+_a I.010 a 0.

167 Di = Dp - (2M x 1.06 + 0. exterior Q -11.03 Q D..06 0.Q2 De 0.10 + 0.13 0.03 + 0.28 0. De = M x (N ~. t=Mxl. + 2). = Diornetro interior. _ N + n 2 --2= ~. 176 -- 2' P = M x 1. el par D. derecho del el flanco izquterdo.5708.Engranajes cilindricos.O~ Q 0.05 M = ~= P = M x ._ N e = T=M x x 2..) X M - L = M.Q2 Excentricidad de engranoles Holgura entre dientes I SA.015 Q 0.015 D. D -10 + 0.1 ----.5 Q 10 Mayor de 10 D. (Mini mo. DESIGNACION P = Paso.015 ® Paralelismo diente 01 cqujero. de dos Ilcncos de maxima entre dientes.Q3 CD @ Suma Error de division. respecto 0.) - . R = Radio del pie del diente.20 D.15 D. c= -.O. 0. Dp D.04 0. ~.01 Q 0. f= Drc me tro IS A.12 + 0. Y DIAMETRO DESIGNACION MODULO 3 Q 5 3.33 -0. de la cabeza del diente.3 x M (Maximo. M Dp De D.05 Q 0. -177 R = 0. ( e = Modulo..37 Altura del pie del diente. 0.. = Espacio entre dientes. tolerancias de fabricacion para dentaduras fresadas 0 rectificadas CLASE CORRIENTE TOLERANCIA DESIGNACION 3 Q FORMULAS GENERALES para engranajes rectos segun el sistema normal de Modulo EN LA DENTADURA MODULO 5 5. TOLERANCIA EN LA h = Altura L = Altura DISTANCIA EXTERIOR ENTRE EJES total del diente. + dfl.27 -0. = Espesor del diente.16 0. sabre 0 dtente.05 Q 0.04 + 0..07 Q O.01 D. -0. O.03 Q 0.1 D.5 Q 10 Mcisde10 -0.167). 0. 0. D-11. A = Distancia entre ejes o centres. p 1.27 ~0.167. 0..06 Q 0.0.e. = Didrnetro prirrntivo.5708. Error del maximo CD @ 0. h =M A = Dp = M x N. = Diornetro exterior.34 Dtstcnctc entre eje s IS A.08 0.

....... II> 0 e 0 Q) II> N :J "'0 "'0 0 0 0 "'0 Q) 0 0~ "'0 0 !. !............"'0 00 0 e0 0 ec !.... :J "'0 0 .. Q) Q) II> e "'0 0 II> E 0 0 Z to:: !... Ie Q. C Q) Q) Q.. e Q) 0 -178 179 . 0 0 "'0 I"'l Q) 0 N Q) :J "'0 -1'3 e e 0 U t).... N 0 -0 t).. "'0 0~ 0 0 . 0 Q) Q) II> LI"'I c ..() :J "'0 Q) Q.() Q) !. Q) E !. 0 ... e Q) Q) E 0 !. II> c 0 ...

el trazado N = Numero de dientes FORMULAS x DP. 10° Mdxlmo Angulo de incidencio. II = N. -181 - . ~ .1416 X T9 ~. USUALES Para Para Pcrc '1 = 15" '. h = Altura normal del diente en 10fresa en funci6ndel ANGULOS DE PRESION MAS e = 0.1416'=-N=r'f+i. = 0. = 0.22 x DP ~~ = R. DATOS PARA DESTALONADO RI R:!R3= Radios para diente. I dientes.= M x N. L = Ccbezc del diente = Modulo.CONSTRUCCION para talla de engranajes DE FRESAS TIPO SIMPLE segun el sistema de Modulo TRAZADO DE LOS DIENTES para engranajes con menos de 30 dientes H = 3.5)( P (Holguro ancho H. e= -y-' P = Paso.93969 x DP R.. r = Radio de pie del diente. M= Ii: P DP 3. = 0.33 x DP I ~ Ruedas " » » » con mas de 25 dlentes 14 J I. DP '1 != Pie del diente.2140 x DP R. n = Ncmerc de dientes cortontes de 10fresa. c DE DP=Mx neutral. del circulo DT ) Circulo de trazado de los DT= K K = Coseno del dnqulc = Drcmetro prlminvo.07 x DP 75· R.. = 0.3 x M (MoxilT)o) 75· R.33 X DP = 20" CT = 0. M = M6<lulo.07 x DP R. entre dtentes. de fradel e = Espesor del diente.= Para .96815 x DP 0. = 0. = 0. N = Nemerc de dientes r=0.22 x DP 75~ R. .3xM. 6 0 ~= 1 Minimo.321 x DP Cos.6 x M. P=Mx 3. ~= Angulo de flanco. -180 - Para complementos usar f6rmulas generales. de 23 a 25 dlentes 17 'I.ralados de los dientes vf:anse las f6rmulas generales. x DP = CT '. » 10 a 13 » 25·. » 18a22 » 20 a 22·.068 x DP r = 0.5 x P = DP x Sen = 0. c = Espacio CT = Dtcmetrc zado. n T= h +1 MOdulo. M ~ Modulo.96592 x DP r). DP. a 20-. » 14 a 17 » 22 '.1416. = 0. = Angulo de complemento. de presi6n. a 20-. de 10 rueda. = CT = 0.= R. A = 0 x 3. paso DESIGNACION '/ = Angulo de presion. monos do 10 dlentes 25 a 28". = 140 I/~ » CT = 0. Radios de trazado = Rl~Rs. R. = 0.

Trazado de los dientes para engranajes con mas de 30 diente. <= = 0. P DP M= 3. R = Radio en 10cabeza del diente. cos para roscar en el torno. Fresas para tallar engranajes ractas y helicoidalas sobra .H16. SP = dp x 3. c -' Espocio entre dientes.1'-:4"1-. . ~ == Angulo de complemento.2 x t.. h = Altura total del diente. T = Aneho en el fondo del drente y uncho de 10 punta de 10 cuchillc para roscar.H16' M= DESIGNACION OP FORMULAS P= M x 3. normal del modulo. de 10 fresc.H16. 0 de /0 == DI6metro prrmtttvc.".5 x P. DESIGNACION M = M6dulo.H16 =---. i. dp = de . t = 1.H16 x cotg v. DP R =----s' 'X Angulo en el flanco del diente. PT = ~. ~ = 70". ~ = 751/. = Angulo total entre flancos..334 x M.05 x P. Ho'gura neutra. T= (PT x 4cotg:> ~= I " \ Diente =I » r = 0. de X 3 NO = ----v>T' J=h 183- J = Aneho del diente cortonte.-.96815 x DP. Cos..on '('01 0 por el paso normal del M6dulo. e = Espesor c = Espuctc del diente. Para comptementol usar formulas generates. = Angulo de inclinccion del filete hellce. \ Dtente normal = 14 I.96592 x DP. • =-= Espesor del diente. ~ngu'o de inclina- ci6n del dienfe o de la he/ice. = 141/1°.3 x M (Maximo). dp = Dldmetro prtmttlvo. I Secc.1iIJ. entre dientes.5 x P. M= M6dulo.167 x M.r-= 'l. que sera el paso. r = Radio del pie del dtente. -182 - SP = Paso de 10 espiral NO = Numero de dientes -t)x x 2 x t9 :. DE N+2' PT = Paso del tornillo. N == Numero de dientes.dp " 7. 2.. Para :r. h = 2. de corte. R = 0. PR M Seno 1. = 20". I = Alturas de 10 ccbezc y pie del diente (en este coso ambos iguoles). R = Radio para trazado del di~nte. CT = 0. • = 0. de = Didmetro exterior. de = dp + 2 x t. PR = M x 3. Para.6. = ---"'d"p--C:x~3".. Aquina automAticas de talla continua por el procedimiento de generaci6n . x DP = CT. PR = Paso real 0 CT ~ Di6metro del clrculc de trazado. P ~ Paso. DP= M x N.. FORMULAS P 3. CT = 0. normal = 29°.93969 x DP. t'i reforzado = 40". - + 3 mm. Para = 15·~ 11= 7S-... CT = 0. = Angulo de presi6n. » reforzado = 20:'.

TORNILLO SIN-FIN Y SU RUEDA
TlPO A DES'GNAC'ON TlPO 8 M = Modulo.

TORNILLO SIN-FIN Y SU RUEDA

P

=

Paso.
primitivo. exterior.

DP = Dtemetrc DE 01

=

TT-=.l' '
i

··ff !L;

.t~
~
.. ..J ....
Secc.on del

Didmetrc

T ~I ~
.

02 = Dremetrc mayor

Fie

y

scbre

or15105. entre ejes

j_L.::~::

, ._l

~.
fdetc segun cjc

E = Di5lancia de to rueda A = Ancho r

Y

sin-fin.

de to rueda. de 10 cebeze. pertfe-

FORMULAS

=

Radio

R = Concavidad rica.
:X

---------------1
DESIGNACION
M = Modulo. n

p M = 3.1416;
Paso para

P=M
el torno

X

3.1416.
entrada

s; el tornillo
0

= Angulo

de las caras. de dientes. de 10 ccbezc

N = Namere L = Altura

trene mas de un filete = P x n. de filetes
0

= Numero

entradas.

del diente. = Altura diente. FORMULAS T'PO A h = Altura diente. M_-P-_~ e = Espesor del diente entre dientes. M_ total del FORMULAS T'PO 8 de! pie del

P = Paso lineal.
rt

Tg' --_P-= = .~_. dp x 3.1416 dp
0

= Angulo de inclinacion 10 heltce. exterior. primitivo.

del tilete

d

de dp 2M dp 2L dp = de - 2M = de - 2L. d= de -2h; h = 2.167

=

+

=

+

de = Didmetro dp = Didmetro

L=M; e=2'

P

x M. 1_1.167xM.
p

(=2'

P
),1416

3.H16

N' x M.

c = Espacio

-1'1'
X M.

DP

d lR F

= Dldmetrc 01 fondo del htlo. = longitud = Extremos
de 10 parte sin rosca. roscada.

DE _ (N
DP=NxM.

+ 2) + +

1-----------1
NOTA. Se recomienda de ser la m4s rueda rests-

DE - (N
DP=NxM. D2

+ 2)
Rx x y R
P

~~ Hlete normnl f e 1//. = :~ Hlete reforzado 20°. = ~ Filete para pasos largos

30".

T
del fllete.

01

=

DE

(O..4775 x P), para
sin-fin y doble. de filete

tornillo simple

et
tipo

empleo A. por

=

2(

'l(

cos

1-) +
filete.

h = Altura
DE.

total del filete. de 10 cabeza

=

(P x cotq :' 4 -

(I

Ix

2

• x 'g e·

l = Altura

LR =
P x (4,5

tente. zecten.

y

sencillc

su meccnrse

A = 2.38 simple

01
A

=

DE
triple

(0.3183 x Pl. para

+ +

6 mm .. para

l = Al'uro
e = Espesor e = Espacio ~= Angulo T

del pre del filete. del fllete. entre filetes. del filete.

+ .~~e

di~~tes ~~~}.

y
P

doble

F = P; Nota. torntllos

R = 0.05 x P
Como norma Sin-fin de: actual' en los

y cu6druple.

En las para mara como dientes una

relaciones rueda

ta-

:Ie

2,38 X P simple

+

6 m m.

e l tornillo segun

sin-fin de 1-2-3-"

A

=
=

2.15 triple

5 mm .. para

cuedruple.

y
x

doble.

en el flanco

A=2.1S
triple R = 0.5 r=

P+
dp P.

5
M.

sea el nome-

R

0.5 x

dp -

M.

mm .. para

rc de flletes.

y

= Ancho en el fondo del filete y ancho de Ftlete simple y doble. ~ = 29". Ftlete triple y cucidruple, A = 40". 10 punta de 10 cuchilla para roscar.
del filete. flancos. = Angulo total entre

cu6druple.

x

R = Radio en 10 cebezc E
=

0.25 x

DP

+
2

dp

,;j

Filetes para pasos largos. ~ = 60°. En algunos casos tam bien se uti/iza 40° para. filete simple y doble.

-

184-

- 185-

Tornillo sin-fin y su rueda Relaciones que existen en diversos casos
1.' s: el nurnero de filetes y revoluciones por minuto de un tornillo sin-fin son conocidos, asi como el numero de dientes de la rueda. Se determina el nurnero de revoluciones de esta rueda por medio de la formula: Revoluciones N. de revoluciones N.' de la rueda

3.'

Velocidad

de ruedcs a tornillo

sin-fin compuestas.

DATOS PARA EL CALCULO
C = Tornillo sin-fin motriz con filete simple, girando a 1600 revoluciones. E = Tornillo ble filete. sin-fin a do-

D = Rueda de 80 dientes. F = Rueda de 40 dientes. Determinar el nurnero de revoluciones de la rueda F.

=,

del sin-fin

X N.' de filetes

EJEMPLO:

de dientes de la rueda

Tornillo sin-fin A tiene doble filete y gira a 240 revoluciones, la rueda B tiene 80 dientes, el nurnero de revoluciones de esta rueda sera igual

1600 X (1 X 2)
80 x40

1 revolucl6n. el nurnero de revoel producto del nupor el producto del

240 x2 --8-0-

= 6 revoluciones.

2.' Calcular el nurnero de dientes de una rueda a tornillo sin-fin para una velocidad determinada, conocidos el ruimero de filetes del tornillo sin-fin, y el nurnero de revoluciones por minuto del tornillo y la rueda.

La operaci6n consiste en multiplicar luciones del tornillo sin-fin motriz por mero de filetes de los tornillos, y dividir nurnero de dientes de las ruedas. 4.' puestas. Se opera del modo siguiente: Velocidad de un tornillo sin-fin

con las ruedas com-

FORMULA:

N.' de dientes de la rueda = del tornillo X N.' de filetes

N.' de revoluciones

EJEMPLO:
Si los tornillos nes del sin-fin sin-fin

EJEMPLO:
EI tornillo sin-fin A es de triple filete ygira a 360 revoluciones, la rueda B debe girar a 10 revoluciones, el nurnero de dientes sera:

40 dientes, y la rued a P 20 dientes, el nurnero
motriz

C y E tienen doble filete, la rueda D de revolucioC sera igual al resultado de

--1-0-

360 X

3 -

= 108 dientes.

FxD
CX

E= 2X2
-

20x40

= 200 revoluciones. 187-

186-

Empujes axiales (P) de tornillos sin-fin y sus ruedas girando en diversos sentidos
Sin-fin tr obojondo vobre

Fresa sin-fin para tallar unicamente ruedas a tornillo sin-fin

10 rueda.

at-a
h'l 'I:'

-~ .4 <D .
I

'WON

DOC D"""

"CON OC '"

OESIGNACION

FORMULAS P = M x 3.1416.
exterior del tornillo del paso. sin-

p~
p~ p-

~p

P = Paso. M= M6dulo. de = Di6metro exterior. dp = Di6metro primitivo. h = Altura del diente.
L = Altura bezc.

P M = 3.1416:
de

= Dia.metro
fin

+

1/10

,=

que cor responde Q 10 coy en 10 frese (S Q 10 teveesc. que corresponde 01 pie,

dp = de - 2(. h=2.167xM: L=M. e=·T:
h , Dtente ;3 Diente
0=

(=1.167xM: P R=O.05xP.
14

Altura

Sin-fin

trobojondo

debcjo

de 10 rueda

en

10

Irese es

y

c=T:

Q

10 inverSQ.

e c

= Espesor del dlente. = Espocio entre dientes.
de! diente.

J

+

3 mm. 0 filete normal
0

1//.
20".

R = Radio de 10 cebeze

I

filete reforzado

Diente para posos largos 30°.
~= Como norma actual:

J = Ancho del diente cortante. ~= Angulo en el flanco del diente. 3 = Angulo total entre flancos.
IX

Filete simple

0

doble 29".
D ,

Filete simple reforzado 4O Filete para posos largos 60".

= Angulo

de inclinaci6n

del fllete

o de la helice.
T

= Ancho en el fondo
ancho de 10_punta para roscar.

del diente y de 10 cuchilla de corte. de la Ire'sc.
0

Para filete \ T g , = __ P_ = ~. _ simple I dp x • dp Para mas de\ T9 7. =~. un filete I dp x r. SP = dp x 3.1416 X cotg x . de x 3 NO = ~ (aprox.).

SP = Paso de la espiral NO = Numerc de dientes n = Numerc de filetes milimetrica.

entredns.

, = Divisi6n Sin-fin con ftletes roscados a izquierda. Sin-fin. con ftletes roscados a derecha.

T= (

pxcotg~

4

- 188-

Nota.-Terminada de tal',ar la espiral de corte SP en 10 Iresc. hacer una plantilla del perfil del filete por 10 secci6n perpendicular a la helice. esta plantilla serviro para desto\onor.

-189 -

ENGRANAJES HELICOIDALES

Diagrama para calcular el numere de la Fresa para tallar ruedas helicoidales
GRADOS DEL ANGULO
5

AXIAL
)0 )5.-40

DE LOS-DIENTES
45 50 55 60 65

DE LA RUEDA
70 75 80 8~ 90

m

10

15

20 25

M _ Modulo nor mol 0 real. Ma = M6dulo del paso ctrcunferencrol

oparente.

1:1 15,_ 20 25

III
j:-

N ::0::. Numero de dientes. NF = Numero de dlentes fkncte para eleqrr 10 fresa (si se tollo en fresadora
universal).

Op = DI<imetro prlmitivo. De = DI<imetro exterior. h = Allura del dlenle. P = Paso de le helice.

Pr = Paso real 0 normal. Pa = Paso aparente.

~ !:::::: r>
k"

~

.......1:;::::: ~

I--a.; j;:1'

t-

v r- rV

~

I/:r> V

f7

J

~ ...
II<

)0 )5

J......- V

V~ 1/ II?'

II

~
/_

I

:I 40

FORMULAS
Ma=~=EE... P Pr Pr
0='057.=

De N
X

= Dp
N-~ -

+ 2M.
Ma'
X

cos x
Dp

3.1416
N'
X

=
Dp

Pa

X

cos

x

=
X

3.1416
7:.

M.

h= NF=_N_=

2.167
:x

M.
Dp
X

M= Ma

cos
N

=

N

X

Ma

=

3.1416'

X

Pa

cosa
X

M
X

cosl

7.

... ... ... IZ ... Q ...
0( Q III Q

~5 50 55 60 65 70 75 80
0<

__.

V

V II I II I II
II
I

Vi

7

P

= Dp

3.1416

.colg •.

o II<

Para engranajes helicoidales a ejes paralelos, se recomiendan los ongulos siguientes: at = 10- para ruedas de pequeflo velocidad; x = 30- para rued as de elevada velocldad; at = "So para ruedas de gran velocidad.
Angulo usual para engfanojes ANGULO Relaci6n Rueda motrlz helicoidales con ejes perpendiculares. ANGULO Relaci6n Rueda motriz DE LA HELICE Rueda receptora

... ~

:I Z

90 95

-

I(tv

~h

I..

f-..
)

Z~

t--J I

1.....-'

00
05 10 15 20 25 )0

DE LA HELICE Rueda receptora

I

b \.

ivb

,-'Ll>

",)

1 1 1 1 1

:1 : 1.5 :2 : 2.5 :3

~5' 56-19' 63' 26' 68'12' 71'34'

~5' 33' 41' 26'34' 21'48' 18- 26'

1 1 1 1

: 3.5 :~ : ~.5 :5

7~' 03' 75' 58' 77- 28' 78- ~1'

15' 57' 14'02' 12- 32' 11-19'

I V

V

"

EJEMPLO.· Determinar por el diagrama el nlj· mero de 10' fresa que se necesita para taUar una ruede helicoidal de 52 dientes con un angulo axial de 38 grados. Seguir las fJechas del ejemplo y su concurrencia determina el numerc de la fresa. que en este coso es 10 numero 7. -191 -

I

-190-

ANaULO
DE LAS

P _ PaSO de 10 hellce.
OP _ Dldmetro Cotangente
11_

prlmitivo. OP P
X

Calculo de engranajes helicoidales en casos diversos
x cotangente p ). Grados

HEUCES
p Grados

).'4'6·

Paso de 10 hellee p Grad,os

"" OP X ),1416 p Grados

Ruedas hellcoldales con dlametros Iguales y numero de dlenies dlstlnto, dngulo de los eJes 90".
p Grados

DP
0.01 0.02 0,03 0.0< 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.09 0.10

del

dngulo 8')0<" 8')0 3S' 82'27' 8')0 16' 89" 5' 88- 5<' 88- <3' 88- 12' 88'21' sa" 11' il8'0'

DP
0.<6 M8 O.SO C.52 O.S< 0,56 0,58 0.60 0,62 0.6< 0.66 0.68 0.70 O,H 0.76 0.78 O.SO 0.82 0.8< 0.86 0.88

del

dngulo 81' <0'

DP
1.75 1.SO 1.85 1.95 2.00 2.05

del

dngulo 60-5<'

DP
3.85

del

cingula

DP
12.SO 13.00 13.SO '4.00

del

6.ngulo ,4" 7' 13'38' 13' 8' 12')9' n"1)' 11' 50' 11"27' 10--46' 10- 28' 10- 5' 9-5<'

a>o 79-

soso-

8,·19'
58' 36' 14' 53'

013'

3.90

39-'.'
38-53' 38-31' 38'10' 37' <8' 37' 2S' 37' 7' 36"48' 36' 27' 36' 8' 35'30' 3<'''-

1.90

O.O~

0.11
0.12 0.13 0,14 0.15 0,16 0,17 0.18 0,19 0.20

78- 50' 78-29' 78' S'

79-11'

'9-32'

2,10
2.15 2.20 2.25 2.30 2,)5 2.<0 2 •• 2.SO 2.55 2.60

87-4"
87'38' 87" 27' 87'16' 87' 5' 86' 5<' 86- 43' 86'12' 86'21' 86"11' 86' 0'

n·,,7'
n'26'

o.n

0,21

o.n 0.23 0.24 0.25 0,26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.12 0.33 0.3" 0.35 0.36 0,37 0.38 0.39 0,"0 0."2 0 .....

85-"9'
85'38' 85'27' 85'16' 85' 5' 8<'S<' 84' "3' 8<'12' 84'21' &4' 10' 8<' 0' 83' "9" 83'38' 83'27' 83'16' 83' 5' 82- 5.. , 82' "3' 82'22' 82'. 2'

0.90
0.92 0,9" 0.96 0,98 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1,30 1,35 1.<0 1,"5 1.50 1.55 1.60 1,65 1,70

75· l' 40" 74·20' 7"· 0'

n- 5' 76"_+4' 76'23' 75' 3' 75" 4)' 75'n'

59-12' 58' 52' 5&11' 57-31' 56' 53' 56'15' 55'37' 55' 0' S4" 24' 53' <8' 53'12' 52'37' 52' 3' 51'30' 56' .. 9-

3.95 <.00

",05 ".10
4,15 4.20 <.25 <.30 <.<0 <.60 <.SO 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 6.00 6.25 6.SO 6,75 7.00 7.25 7.SO 7,75 8.00 8.25 8.50 8.75 9.00 9.25 9.SO 9,75 10,00 10.25 10,50 10,75 11,OJ 11.25 11,50 11,75 12.00

'4.50

U

n-12'

12' 8' 30- 5<'

2,65

7"·

7), <0'

2.70 2.75 2.SO 2.85

52' ..,. 22'
..,- 39' 48-16'

soso- 23'

2"+4'

15.00 15,50 16,00 16,50 17.00 17.SO 18.00 19,00 20.00 n.so 25.00

Como orlentacl6n para su celcu!e, se indican estas sencillas reglas: Angulo de los dlentes de una rueda == cr. Angulo de los dlentes de otra rueda = Ut· en los cuales pondremos como norma: = Rueda de menor nemerc de dlentes. Cl'1 = Rueda de mayor numerc de dlentes.
FORMULA

11- 6'

Tg IX

9-23'
8'56' 8' 0' 7'10' 6" 33' 5'59' 5'12' 5" 7'

2.90

47· .7' 47"'17'
<6'<8 046°19" "5' SO' "5'23' ..... 56' "'28' i4' 0' "3'l6' "3' iCY "2'44' "2-20' "1' 57' "1'32' "1' 7'

n'<O'
71'12'

7)'20' 7)' 0'

no 21'
700 ..3'
69- 55' 6" 8' 68- 20' 67'32' 66'046' 66' 0' 65'15' 6<' 3G' 63· .. i' 63' 0' 62'18' 61' 36'

2,95 3.00 3.05 3,10 3,15 3.20 3.25 3.30 3.35 3.<0 3 ... 5 3.SO 3.55 3.60 3.65 3.70 3.75 3.SO

25·04" 25' 0' 24"10' 23"26' 22· .. • 22' <. 21'26' 200 51' 200 17' 1""5' 1"15' 18' "7' 18'20' 17' 53' 17'27' 17' 2' 16'39' 16'16' 15'55' ,15-36' 15'17' 104' 58' 104',,0'

26-""

28'<0' 27'38'

27.50

•. EJemplo: Calcular los dngulos de los dlentes de dos ruedas con 12 y 24 dientes, M6dulo 5, ejes a 90-. Didmetros prlmltlvos Iguales. Rueda 12dlenles Tg.

= -I = 90--

Relacl6n dL.los numeros de r. p. m. 'Relacl6~ de los dlometros prlmitivos .

30.00 12.50 35.00

.

)T,50

=

c;) =
-1-

2. (Ver lablas delangenles.)

<0.00

45,00
SO.OO 55.00 60.00 70.00 SO.OO 90.00 100,00 110,00 120.00 130.00 1<0.00 1SO.OO 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 200.00

..OOH'

.. 00 21' 39' 58' 3" 35'

o-w

<. 0' 3-36' 3'17' 3' 0' 2'3'" 2'15' 2' 0' t- <8' 1 39' 1'30' t- 23' 1'17' 1'12' t- 7' t- 3' 1- 0' 00 57'
0

"-2"

..• ..7'

Rueda 24 dlentes .1 = 90- - IS. Por tcnte, lendremos: Rueda de 12 clTentes63' 26' dngulo. Rueda de 24 dlentes 26' ]4' dngulo. la relacl6n del numero de r. p. m. de 10 prlmera rueda a 10 segundo. senS la 24 inversa de la de los nemeres de dlentes. 0 sea 12' Las demos caracteristlcas se calculO'f\1npor las f6rmulas generales. ~ Ruedas hellcoidales. con numere de dientes y dldmetros dlstlntos, dngulo de los ejes 90-. Calcular los dngulos de los dientes de dos ruedas de 30 y 36 dlentes, siendo 10 10 relacl6n del diametro de la prlmera a 10 segundo de 8 y el angulo de los ejes 90". 36 T Relad6n de los numeros de r. p. m. 9 Cl = Relacl6n de los did metros primltlvos (V~se lablas d. langentes.)
01:1=90--«;

Esta tabla simplifica la epereeten para eneentrer el valor en grados del dngulo de la hflice, pun basta dlvidlr el paso de la hfllce entre el dldmefro primitlvo y buscar en la tabla una eenndad igual al ceetente hallado. de la eual se leere el numerc de grados. EJEMPlO: Paso de la hehee: 800 mm, 800 Didmetro primitivo SO mm. = 16 11' 6'.

=

so-

=

4=56-19'; -193 -

4,=33-41'.

-192

-

DETALLE PARA APRECIAR EL SENTIDO DE RUEDAS HELICOIDALES CON EJES PERPENDICULARES

DE GIRO

CENTRADO

DE UNA

RUEDA

~D\,--~?J
R"edas lalladas o mono derecho.

t~ t~
~/,--tPRuedas lallodas a mano izquierda.

con la fresa en una maquina fresadora

DETALLE PARA APRECIAR EL SENTIDO DE GIRO DE LAS RUED~S A TORNILLO SIN-FIN

off

~J.~+))Ruedas lallados a mono izquierdo. Cuando dos ruedas helicoidales con ejes porolelos engranon enlre s], deben lallarse uno
0

Ruedas lalladas o mano derecho.

Derecha.

la

Izquierda.

derecha

y olra a la izquierdo.

-

194-

.

195 -

resulta pore 15 Nm ~ 25 Y para rL"------=-'~. que el valor de ~ es Igual al ang·Jlo de mchncctcn del diente en el rueda helicoidal.c. interferenctc.. teenco.. = " x DP. AOgyb . DP = N x ~." 2..~' Tg. . 0 se puede proceder de Ires 1--__ ~"-~4... P = DP x rr X cotg :r.. wando tolla con frese sin-fin por el procedimiento de generaci6n y en dentaduras rectcs. tendremos como volor teortcc 10 = Nurnero de dientes de tallarse. Ampliaci6n = X DP --rg.Observacio!. se procederd a realizar el trazado para determinar el valor del cingulo P'l grados segun los datos siguientes: en una sccevecrcn que se produce en el pie del dlente..>~'''~ . Se poede tom bien hallar e! M6dulo normal tomando como referencre 10 altura total del diente y comprobando despues el espesor «e» fljando el calibre especial para dientes con 10 altura L = M6dulo normal. con 10 cuol se cbtrene el Diente 51 bien en 10 prdcttcc puede sin . AI .° La dentadura helicoidal rior a 10 pii\6n. 10 cual permltird hcllur correctamente su dngulo.___. a 516 el numer c 0 -i~ resultado.. minimo que pue- de se-re..!!.. el angulo efectivo para las co rccteristicas del engranaje es el correspondiente 01 dldmetro prtrnmvo.tomar por las huellas marcadas en el popel e! angulo de 10 heltce. corresponderd al didmetro exterior de la rueda. 1.. Para evttcr un pirl6n qUE' 10 mterferencre en 10 tollo de debe conserver su altura nor- mal en los dlentes sigulente Nm f6rmuia: y fallado con fresc sin-fin Diente con interferencio.. cos> 7 Dlstancia entre ejes de los ruedas = DP+ dp -~2-~' 196- -197 - . Nm =-. Reducci6n de la altura del diente (Dentadura «Stub»]. por tanto.~ Para obtener el perfil del diente sin mterferenctc fcrrnes 1...:._- sene' . Sustituir 10 dentadura recta per 10 hehcotdu! permite reducir Nm x el numero rnlntmc de dientes de un cuando el numero de dientes es infeCOS'I ~:.Nm = H. F6rmulas auxiliares M6dulo normal M para comprobaci6n: ). esto es.=. bastara el entintar ligeramente las cabezas de los dientes en su periferia utilizando un tcrmp6n de los empleados para sellos.. lALLA DE ENGRANAJES CALCULO PARA RUEDAS HELICOIDALES cuando' se trata de tomar datos de una rueda como mUlstra 0 en estado deteriorada y que se Para determinar el angulo de los dlentes de uno rueda helicoidal cuando se dispone de muestra 0 modele... C1 = Angulo de presion de 10 fresa.!es que deben seguirse para evitar la interferencia en los dientes Interierencia consiste se nembre a 10 figura que toman los dlentes 01 ser tallodos. ~r : ~I reducirse Para 2()O Nm = 17. y solamente se nota la interferencia que determina la f6rmula 01 numerc =( y se adara que Nm pertenece y Paso de la hehce --+2 cos :r. DE 3.~JtJAJt"'. marrodO fNID0D9I Ampliacion del angulo de presion.Nm = 30.!__. minimo de dientes admisible para un engranaje con dentadura recta... Paro 15. P . debiendo considerarse como epereeten previa. del dnqulc de presion en los engranajes helic~idales: Nuevo velor Tang =~ cos ': (conocida). con 10 cue! 20.. N DE = (~+ ccs 1"t « 2) M...:...... venflccdo esta operaci6n se pasara !a rueda sobre un popel blanco y dejurd marcado en el mismo las huelles del dlente.1 ~I dQ Ia he"C9 __ .. _ -.

. N = Nurnero de dientes.B. N = Nurnero de dientes. Di = Dicimetro interior. Dp = Dicimetro primitivo.. B = Distancia entre ejes de los agujeros en el eslcbon de union.. III (I) . Dp = Dicimetro primitivo..---- C Cl c . 180" . . 180" N Dp = A sen ~ C Di = Dp-d. (I) c E (I) U . e . P Dp = sen 7. III FORMULAS De = Dp + d. P = Distancia entre centros de los rod i II os = Paso de 10 cadena. FORMULAS De~=Dp+d. TIPO DOBLE De = Dicimetro exterior... Di = Dp-d.:::: (I) o e (I) ..---.. A 198- + cos z w c - 199- . sen x T ang ~ = ----.RUEDAS Y PINONES DE CADENA TIPO SIMPLE De = Dicimetro exterior... A = Distancia entre centros de los rodillos. =-N--. Di = Dicimetro interior. d = Dicimetro de los rodillos.

It· _l__0/ d' DESIGNACION M = Modulo. 9 g! = 2 90 7 =. - 200- -.'~.'. De 2c. N = Numer c de dientes 71 ~.'· -"{t. at = VN' l~ - + '. J = J x· c NI=1.se cclculd per 10 tabla flnal de esto seccton. P = Paso.~1 - _ 7.x tg 8...41422 Tg Ii = N 10 fresa RUEDA PINON M p dp de = = Modulo. T 9 '. NI = Nurner o de die nte s ImaglnurlO para ele qrr con que debe tallorse este Jue90 de engranajes.Lllyl allalli. 1. N Dp Tg = J[ = nx -.) FORMULAS M = !_ dp Dp = N x M.41xN.1 . = Didmetro exterior. n dp x Sen n 0 c-F -- Y=0.707xL. =~ = n M. = Paso. 1. De = Didrnetr c exterior.) "iii "IiIlUlioUIGI ". De = (2M x Cos ") + Dp. del diente.) IoUIl lilli. .~ = Angulo del prrrrutrvo.. '.. at = Angulo de talla.:~ Angulo del pie. n. EI 6ngulo del pie _. . 7. de n+(2xCos)~)' _ FORMULAS De (=O... Didmetro prtmttrvo.Angulo de espesor = AT = Angulo de talla.201 - . = .) IoU"'IoU. de = (2M n=crp-' 2.707xDp F = (3.= AT= VN' 1.2_ Sen N 0 Tg"=N=OP· T x Cos . Dp = Didmetro pnnunvo. P M=-::-=N= Dp De N+(lxCo". t I I ENGRANAJES Y NUMERO CONICOS CON EJES A 900 DE DIENTES IGUALES ~I -8i I .) + dp. ~~ Angulo de 10 cabeza del diente. '~l = Angulo de 10 cobezc del diente.[ 90 + n' . n = Numero de dientes. I.41422M T Dp . :1 = Angulo del pie. = Angulo del primitivo. = '" = Angulo de espesor del drente.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful