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3

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:


:
1. .

5 x 5 y = 5( x y )

3 x 2 + 6 xy = 3 x( x 2 y )

3 x 2 6 x = 3 x ( x 2)

( x 3) y 2( x 3) = ( x 3)( y 2)

2. .

+ 1 = ( ) ( 1) =
= ( 1) ( 1) =
= ( 1)( 1)

x 3 2 x 2 + 3 x 6 = ( x 3 2 x 2 ) + (3 x 6) =
= x 2 ( x 2) + 3( x 2) =
= ( x 2)( x 2 + 3)
3. :

x 2 9 = x 2 3 2 = ( x + 3)( x 3)

x 2 2 x + 1 = ( x 1) 2

4. .
2

a 2 3 4 2 = 2 4 + 4 2 =

x 5 x + 6 = x 3 x 2 x + 6 = x( x 3) 2( x 3) =
= ( x 3)( x 2)

= ( 4 ) + ( 4 ) =
= ( 4 )( + )

5. .

x 4 + 4 = x 4 + 4 + 4 x 2 4 x 2 = ( x 4 + 4 + 4 x 2 ) 4 x 2 = ( x 2 + 2) 2 (2 x) 2 = ( x 2 + 2 + 2 x)( x 2 + 2 2 x)
6. .

x + (a + ) x + a :
x 2 + (a + ) x + a = ( x + a )( x + )
x 2 + 7 x + 10 = x 2 + (2 + 5) x + 2 5 = ( x + 2)( x + 5)
x 2 7 x + 10 = x 2 + [(2) + (5)]x + (2) (5) = ( x 2)( x 5)
x 2 7 x 18 = x 2 + [(9) + 2]x + (9) 2 = ( x 9)( x + 2)
7. :

a + + = 0 3 + 3 + 3 = 3 . ,
,
, .

A = (a ) 3 + ( ) 3 + ( ) 3
: ( ) + ( ) + ( ) = 0 : A = 3( a )( )( )
:

8. :
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y 2 x 2 + 2 x 1 = y 2 ( x 2 2 x + 1) = y 2 ( x 1) 2 = ( y x 1)( y x + 1)

1.

ii

iii

iv

vi

i)
ii)

a5 a4 + a3 a2 + a 1

16 x + 4 x 3 y 12 xy
x2 1
( x + 2 y )2 x 2

ii)
iii)

(1 ) 2 + 1

x2 5
x16 y 16

(2 x + 1) 3 + ( x 2) 3 + (1 3 x) 3

27 x 3 + ( x 4) 3 + 64(1 x) 3

x 2 2 x 24
x 2 + 2 xy 3 y 2

x 2 + 2 xy y 2 + 9

x y + x 2 2 xy + y 2

x9 x7 x5 + x3
x 4 + 5x 2 + 9
a 3 + a 1010

(x y )2 5(x y ) + 6

4x 4 5x 2 + 1
x 4 + 11x 2 60

x 3 3 x 2 + 3x 1
x 2 4x + 3

2
1

x 1 1 x
2

3x 2 6 x

(x + y )2 2(x + y ) + 1

4 x 2 20 x y + 25 y 2
A = ( a ) 3 + ( ) 3 (a ) 3

(x 2 + y 2 ) + xy (a 2 + 2 )
(2 + x + x 2 ) 2 x 3

x 2 4x + 3

x 3 4 x 2 + 3x
x2 x

( x 1) 3 + ( x 3) 3 + (4 2 x) 3
( x 2 4 x + 3) 2

ii)

1
1
2y
+
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x + y x y x y2


i)

25 x 2 81
49( + ) 2 36( ) 2

x( y 1) 3( y 1) ( y 1) 2

4 x 2 12 x + 9
k 2 k + 0,25


i)

5.

ax + ay + 3 x + 3 y

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4.

4x 5 y 3 6x 7 y 2 + 8x 3 y 4

2.

3.

6 xy 3 + 3 x 2 y 2 + 9 xy 2

iii)

x +1
6
2
+

( x + 2)( x + 3) x( x + 3) x

, .

2005 3 3 2005 2 + 3 2005 1


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22004 : [(2550 : 599 351 : 925 )1999 + 2111

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: /2
2 2
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C:\Documents and Settings\ \ \fyl-13.doc