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CAA DE AZCAR / SUGAR CANE

Acerca de este glosario About this glossary

Glosario espaol-ingls para traductores e intrpretes / A Spanish-English Glossary for Translators and Interpreters Recopilado por / Compiled by: Ayana Jack CONDICIONES AGRCOLAS / AGRICULTURAL CONDITIONS
abortar agobiar alcalino aluvial (adj.) arcilla arrancar clima (m.) clorosis enanismo enfermedad fotosinttico impermeable insecto benfico lluvia luminosidad maduracin nivel del mar pedregoso plaga (f.) precipitacin (to) abort (to) weigh down alkaline alluvial clay (to) uproot climate clorosis dwarfing disease photosynthetic impervious biological-control agent rain brightness; luminosity ripening sea level stony pest; infestation; plague rainfall; (frml.) precipitation

rendimiento resistencia roco secamiento sequa subsuelo suelo tonelaje transpiracin viento volcnico

yield resistance dew; dewdrops withering; drying dry season; drought; dry spell subsoil soil tonnage transpiration wind volcanic

CULTIVO DE CAA DE AZCAR / SUGAR-CANE CULTIVATION


acondicionamiento camelln cloruro de potasio comercio triangular cultivo comercial desmonte (m.) empobrecimiento fertilizacin fsforo herbicida (m.) hilera jarabe de maz labranza maleza marchitarse preparation ridge potassium chloride triangular trade cash crop clearance (soil) exhaustion; impoverishment fertilization phosphorus herbicide; weedkiller row corn syrup tilling; tillage weeds (pl.) (to) wither

monocultivo muestra nitrgeno nutrimiento Otahit poda potasio quema (f.) rebrote soca sulfato de amonio tocn urea yema

monoculture; singlecrop farming sample nitrogen nutrient Otaheite cane pruning potassium burning new shoot; regrowth ratoon ammonium sulphate stump urea (leaf) bud

DESCRIPCIN DE LA PLANTA / PLANT DESCRIPTION


alterno (adj.) articulacin aurcula borde caa de azcar; caa dulce carnoso concentracin corteza especie (f.) espiguilla esqueje (m.) follaje alternate joint auricle edge sugar cane fleshy concentration rind; outer tissue species spikelet cutting; slip foliage

gramnea hbrido (m.) lgula limbo (m.) macolla nervadura nudo vulo panoja pedunculado perenne raz (races) ramificado remolacha remolacha azucarera ssil sorgo suberoso tallo vaina

Gramineae (pl.); grasses hybrid ligule; ligula leaf blade; lamina (bot.) cluster; bunch venation; vein structure; veins node; joint ovule panicle pedunculate; stalked perennial root(s) branching (/branched) out beetroot; beet sugar beet sessile; attached; stalkless sorghum suberose; corklike stalk; stem sheath; leaf sheath

FISIOLOGA / PHYSIOLOGY
absorcin almacenar enderezar energa solar enrollar absorption (to) store (to) straighten solar energy (to) roll up

floracin hidrato de carbono humedad inflorescencia poder calorfico respiracin sacarosa (f.) tejido

flowering; blooming carbohydrate moisture; humidity; dampness inflorescence; flower cluster calorific value respiration sucrose; saccharose tissue

HERRAMIENTAS Y EQUIPOS / TOOLS & EQUIPMENT


arado arado de discos arado de vertederas caldero calentador centrifugador cosechadora cristalizador garfio machete refractmetro rodillo plow (U.S.); plough (U.K.) disc plow wheel plow; moldboard plow boiler heater centrifuge harvester; combine harvester crystallizer hook; gaff machete; cutlass refractometer roller

PLAGAS Y ENFERMEDADES / PESTS & DISEASES


agalla avispa poliste (/papelera) gall paper wasp

cebo chinche harinosa control biolgico escalde; escaldadura gomosis gusano barrenador hongo larva liberar mildiu mosaico nematicida (m.) nematodo perforacin podredumbre roja; pudricin roja pulgn (pulgones) tizn trampa trampa de luz volcar

bait pink sugar-cane mealybug biological control; biocontrol leaf scald gumming disease; gummosis screw worm fungus larva; grub (to) release (e.g., insects) mildew mosaic nematicide nematode(s); nematodae (pl.) hole; perforation red rot aphid(s); plant louse (lice) smut trap light trap (to) fall over; (to) tip over

PREPARACIN DEL TERRENO / LAND PREPARATION


abono aireacin amarrar fertilizer; manure aeration; ventilation (to) tie (up)

avenamiento canal de riego compactar curva de nivel desahojar deshierbe (m.) desmenuzar drenaje fungicida (m.) germinacin granulacin leguminosa (f.) nivelacin profundidad propagar regar semillero sumergir surco tabln terreno

drainage irrigation ditch; irrigation canal (to) compact (soil) contour line (to) strip of leaves weeding (to) break (up) into small pieces drainage fungicide germination; sprouting granulation leguminous plant; legume leveling; grading (land) depth (to) propagate; (to) reproduce (to) irrigate; (to) water seed bed (to) immerse; (to) dip furrow plot of land land; field

PROCESO DE PRODUCCIN / PRODUCTION PROCESS


cal defecacin deshidratacin evaporador lime purification drying evaporator

extraccin fabricacin materia prima molienda molino de viento silo trapiche triturar

extraction manufacture; manufacturing raw material milling; grinding windmill silo sugar mill (to) crush; grind

PROCESO DE LABRANZA / FARMING PROCESS


al ras del suelo aporcar aradura cosecha (f.) crecer cultivo de barbecho rotacin de cultivos semilla siembra (f.) zafra at ground level (to) earth up; (to) bank up with soil plowing (U.S.); ploughing (U.K.) harvest (to) grow cultivation; crop fallow crop rotation seed sowing sugar-cane harvest

SUBPRODUCTOS / BYPRODUCTS
cido ctrico cido lctico alcohol etlico citric acid lactic acid ethyl alcohol

azucarado azcar crudo bagazo cachaza dextrosa endulzante forraje (m.) glicerina guarapo madera prensada melaza piloncillo

sugary raw sugar bagasse filter cake; filter mud dextrose sweetener fodder; feed glycerine sugar-cane juice chipboard; particle (/composition) board molasses brown sugar