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k[i7e"ld M

s]xL :jtGq cWoognfO{ cfwf/ dfGg] xf] eg] g]kfndf k|To]s jif{ kfFr nfvsf] xf/fxf/Lsf] >dzlQm >d ahf/df cfpg]
u/]sf] b]lvG5 . g]kfnL cy{tGqsf] d]?b08 dflgPsf] s[lif If]qdf ck]lIft k|utL x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . u}/ s[lif If]qdf g]kfnL
o'jfsf]] cfsif{0f a9b} uPtfklg /fHon] k|of{Kt cj;/ pknAw u/fpg g;s]sf sf/0fn] klg j]/f]huf/Lsf] b/df lbgk|ltlbg
j[l4 x'b} uO/x]sf] 5 . ;g\ @)!) sf] tYofs cg';f/ g]kfndf j]/f]huf/Lsf] b/ $^ k|ltzt /x]sf] b]lvG5 . hg;Vof j[l4
/ k|To]s jif{ >d ahf/df cfpg] >d zlQmsf] cg'kftdf k|of{Kt pTkfbgzLn / cfod'ns /f]huf/Lsf cj;/x?sf] ;[hgf x'g
g;Sbf j]/f]huf/L ;d:of /fi6sf] 7'nf] r'gf}ltsf] ?kdf b]vf k/]sf] 5 . pknAw hgzlQmn] b]zleq} Ifdtf / of]Uotfcg';f/sf]
sfd ug]{ jftfj/0f agfpg g;Sbf cfh g]kfnsf nflu j}b]lzs /f]huf/L afWotf aGg k'u]sf] 5 . lgZro klg d'n'sleq}
cfGtl/s /f]huf/Lsf cj;/x? ;[hgf ug'{, :jb]z tyf ljb]zL >d ahf/df k|lt:kwf{ ug{ ;Sg] pBdzLn, bIf / ;Lko'Qm
dfgj ;+;fwgsf] ljsf; ub}{ j]/f]huf/Lsf] Go'gLs/0f ug{' / gofF cj;/ / ;Defjgfsf] vf]hL ub}{ ;a} g]kfnLnfO{ d'nssf]
;du| ljsf; / ;d[l4sf nflu xft]dfnf] ug]{ jftfj/0f lgdf0f{ ug'{ /fHosf] klxnf] bfloTj xf] . Ifdtf / phf{n] el/k"0f{ nfvf}
g]kfnL o'jf ljb]zL e'lddf sfd ug{ afWo x'g' / tLgLx?s} sdfOaf6 d'n'ssf] cy{tGq wflgg' s'g} klg b]zsf] bLuf] ljsf;
/ ;d'Ggltsf nflu ;'vb kIf xf]Og . d'n'sleq} cj;/sf] vf]hL / jftfj/0f lgdf0f{ ug'{ /fHosf] k|fyldstfsf] ljifo aGg'
kb{5 . of] ljifodf cfh} b]vL ax;, 5nkmn / sfo{of]hgf agfof}+ eg] dfq xfdL Tof] lbzfdf cu|;/ x'g ;S5f}+ . h;sf nflu
b[9 /fhg}lts OR5fzlQm / ;femf ;sNk h?/L 5 .
t/ ;To oxL xf] sL jt{dfg ;dodf j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ax';+Vos g]kfnLsf] /f]huf/L / cfDbfgLsf] dxTjk"0f{ If]q aGg k'u]sf]
5 . >d ahf/df k|ltjif{ cfpg] kfFr nfv >dzlQmdWo] # nfvsf] eGbf a9L j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf nfUg] u/]sf] tYofsn]
b]vfpF5 . sl/a #% nfv eGbf a9L g]kfnLx? clxn] ljb]zL e'dLdf cfgf] >d kl;gf aufO/x]sf 5g\ . k|To]s lbg
pgLx? hfg]qmd tLa| ?kdf a9L/x]sf] 5 . ltg} g]kfnL o'jfn] sdfPsf] cfDbfgLaf6 k|fKt ljk|]if0f g} clxn] g]kfnsf]
cy{tGqsf] dxTjk"0f{ cfwf/ ag]sf] 5 . tYof\s cg';f/ %^ k|ltzt g]kfnL kl/jf/df /]ld6\ofG; cfDbfgLsf] d"n ;|f]t aGg
k'u]sf] 5 . d'n'ssf] a]/fhuf/L ;d:ofnfO{ Joj:yfkg ug{, ljsf;sf] ultnfO{ cuf8L a9fpg, d'n'ssf] cy{tGq wfGg, ul/aL
Go"lgs/0f ug{ tyf ;fdflhs ;fF:s[lts ?kfGt/0fdf ;d]t lt o'jfsf] dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg /x]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf s]xL jif{x?df
pT;fxhgs ?kdf ul/aLsf] cj:yf 36\g'df j}b]lzs /f]huf/Laf6 k|fKt ljk]|if0fs} k|d'v of]ubfg /x]sf] kfOG5 . t/ /fHosf]
pbfl;gtf, gLlh Joj;foLx?sf] u}/ lhDd]jf/Lkg, ;+:yfut c:ki6tf, >f]t ;fwg / hgzlQmsf] ckof{Kttf cflb sf/0fn] tL
sfdbf/x?sf ;d:of lbgk|ltlbg j[l4 x'b} uO/x]sf 5g\ . tL o'jfx?sf] ;'/Iff, dof{bf / Joj:yfkg Pj+ ltgsf] clwsf/sf
vflt/ /fHosf] tkm{af6 lemgf] k|of; / lhDd]jf/Laf]w ;d]t ePsf] kfOb}g . pgLx? k|:yfg ug'{ k"j{, hfg] j]nf, sfo{ :yndf /
kmls{ ;s]kl5 ;d]tsf ;Dk"0f{ k|lqmofdf cg]sf} zf]if0f / HofbtLsf 36gfx? al9/x]sf 5g\ . lj8Dagf eGg' k5{ g]kfn
;/sf/, ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo, Joj;foL / :jod Joj:yflksf ;+;bn] ;d]t o; ljifodf ck]]lIft Wofg lbg ;s]sf] 5}g .
sfdbf/ k7fpg] b]zsf gftfn] g]kfn ;/sf/n] lt ;d:ofdf k/]sf g]kfnLsf] af/]df Wofg lbb} casf lbgdf To:tf 36gf
/f]Sg kxn ug'{ klxnf] bfloTj xf] . t/ lbgxF' h;f] kL8fbfoL 36gfx? 3l6/xFbf klg of] ljifo ;a}sf] rf;f]sf] ljifo aGg
;ls/x]sf] 5}g . b]zleq} cfod'ns /f]huf/Lsf cj;/x?sf] ;[hgf u/L b]zsf] >d zlQmnfO{ ;b'kof]u ug]{ sfd cfh}af6
yfngL ug'{ kb{5 . t/ tTsfnsf nflu k|fyldstfsf] ljifo, tL o'jfx? h;n] cGt/fli6o >d ahf/df ;a} eGbf hf]lvdo"Qm
/ tNnf] :t/sf] sfd ug{ afWo ePsf 5g\, hf] lbgx' zf]if0fdf kl//x]sf 5g\, ltgLx?dfly eO/x]sf] zf]if0f / HofbtLnfO{
/f]Sb} s;/L Jojl:yt, dof{lbt Pj+ ;'/lIft ?kdf ltgLx?nfO{ sfd ug]{ jftfj/f0f lgdf0f{ ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] xf] . of] /fHosf]
st{Jo / pgLx?sf] clwsf/ klg xf] .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] If]qnfO{ s;/L ;'/lIft, Jojl:yt / dof{lbt agfpb} cToflws kmnbfoL agfpg] / To;af6 k|fKt ljk|]if0f,
ul/aL lgjf/0f / /fi6sf] bLuf] cfly{s, ;fdflhs ljsf; ;Fu hf]8\g] eGg] clxn]sf d'n ljifo aGg' kb{5 . xfn j}b]lzs
/f]huf/df uPsf sfdbf/x?nfO{ :jtGqtf, ;dfgtf, dof{bf / cfTd;Ddfg Pj+ pgLx?sf] clwsf/sf] Uof/]G6Lsf nflu /fHon]
ljz]if kxn ug'{ kb{5 . b]zleq} gful/snfO{ k|of{Kt cj;/ pknAw x'g g;ls/x]sf] a]nf tTsfnsf nflu j}b]lzs /f]huf/L
afWotf geP/ g]kfn / g]kfnLsf] lglDt cj;/ aGg ;S5 . ;a}sf] rf;f] / k|yldstfsf] ljifo aGg ;Sof] eg] j}bl] zs
/f]huf/ sf] If]q g]kfnLsf] ljsf; k|lqmof;Fu hf]l8g ;S5 . j}b]lzs /f]huf/Laf6 k|fKt ljk|]z0f g]kfnsf] cfly{s ;d[l4,
;fdflhs ?kfGt/0f / ul/la lgjf/0fsf nflu dxTjk"0f{ cfwf/ aGg ;S5 .

j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] jt{dfg cj:yf M


g]kfnLx? >d tyf /f]huf/Lsf lglDt ljb]lzg] k|lqmof gofF ljifo xf]Og . nfdf] ;dob]lv ef/t nufotsf b]zx?df g]kfnLx?
sfd ub}{ cfO/x]sf] ePtf klg ef/t afx]ssf cGo d'n'sdf /f]huf/Lsf nflu hfg] qmdn] k|hftGqsf] pbo;Fu} lta|tf
kfPsf] b]lvG5 . lx+;fTds /fhgLlts 4G4 ;Fu} ljb]lzg] ;+Vof pRrb/n] j[l4 ePsf] lyof] . kl5Nnf lbgx?df of] If]q
g]kfnLx?sf] /f]huf/Lsf nflu k|d'v uGtJo aGb} uPsf] cj:yf 5 . j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] If]qnfO{ Jojl:yt agfpg ;/sf/n]
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ P]g @)^$ hf/L u/]sf] 5 . ;+;f/sf !)* d'n's /f]huf/Lsf nflu v'Nnf u/]sf] 5 . vf8L d'n's / dn]l;of
clxn] k|d'v uGtJo ag]sf] 5 . ;/sf/L tyf lghL ;+/rgfx? of] If]qdf lqmofzLn 5g . s/La ^ ;oeGbf a9L /f]huf/
Ph]G;Lx?nfO{ ;/sf/n] :jLs[lt lbPsf] 5 . gofFF uGtJosf] vf]hL / Joj:yfkgsf nflu ck]lIft kxn x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .
j}wflgs tl/sfn] sl/j !& nfvsf] ;+Vofdf j}b]lzs /f]huf/df ;+nUg ePsf] b]lvPtf klg sl/a Tolts} ;+Vofdf ;/sf/n]
lgwf{/0f u/]sf] af6f] eGbf aflx/af6 hfg] u/]sf] kfO{G5 . o;/L x]bf{ sl/a #% nfv g]kfnL o'jf j}b]lzs /f]huf/df ;+nUg
5g\ . k|To]s lbg sl/a !@)) o'jfn] g]kfn 5f]8\g] u/]sf] kfOG5 . of] ;+Vof s'n hg;+Vofsf] !) k|ltzt eGbf a9L /
dtbftf ;+Vofdf sl/a @@ k|ltzt hg;+Vof x'g cfpF5 . JolQmut ?kdf j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf hfg] qmd lbgk|ltlbg a9\b}
uPsf] cj:yf 5 t/ lj8Dagf slt JolQm ljb]z uPsf 5g / slt kms{G5g\ eGg] olsg tYof /fHo;Fu ;d]t 5}g .
;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rgnfO{ cfwf/ dfGg] xf] eg] bf]>f] 7'nf] bnsf] dtk|ltzt a/fa/sf] ;+Vof clxn] ljb]zL e'dLdf >d
kl;gf aufO /x]sf] 5 . g]kfnn] !)* d'n'sdf /f]huf/Lsf nflu v'Nnf u/]sf] ePtf klg (% k|ltzt eGbf a9L sfdbf/x?
vf8L d'n's / dn]l;ofdf /x]sf 5g\ . #) k|ltzt dn]l;of, ^% k|ltzt vf8L d'n'sdf / $ k|ltzt cGo d'n'sdf 5g\ .
hfg] dWo] &% k|ltzt P;=Pn=;L= km]n / &! k|ltzt tflnd glnO uPsf] kfOG5 . ljZj a}ssf] cWoog cg';f/ ;g @)!)
df /]ld6\ofG;n] cy{tGqdf cfu6]sf] lx:;fsf] cfwf/df g]kfn ;+;f/s} pTs[i6 kfFr b]zdf kb{5 . k|ltj]bg cg';f/ ;g\ @)!!
/ @)!@ df o;sf] yk a9L x'g] cg'dfg 5 . clxn] s'n u|fx:Yf pTkfbgdf @# k|ltzt eGbf a9L of]ubfg /]ld6\ofG;sf]
/x]sf] 5 . g]kfn >d zlQm ;j]{ @))* cg';f/ g]kfndf j}b]lzs /f]huf/af6 /]ld6\ofG; k7fpg]dWo] %#=* k|ltzt JolQmx?
!% b]lv @( pd]/ ;d"xsf 5g\ eg] csf]{ @#=## k|ltzt pd]/ ;d"xdf /x]sf 5g\ . o;/L x]bf{ /]ld6\ofG;af6 cfpg nfu]sf]
g]kfnsf] cfDbfgL, j}b]lzs cg'bfg af6 cfpg] s'n cfDbfgL (ax' kIfLo / l4kIfLo cg'bfg tyf C0f) eGbf bf]Aa/ x'g
cfpF5 . ljleGg ;j]{If0f cg';f/ g]kfnsf] ul/aL lgjf/0fsf nflu kl5Nnf] ;do /]ld6\ofG;n] dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg u/]sf] 5 .
t/ lj8Dagf g} dfGg'k5{ Psftkm{ /]ld6\ofG; a9L/x]sf / ToxL /]ld6\ofG;sf] andf d'n'ssf] cy{tGq wflg/fVbf, >d tyf
/f]huf/sf] If]qdf /fHosf] nufgL 3l6/x]sf] 5 . k|To]s jif{ s'n ah]6df >dsf] If]qnfO{ pk]Iff u/]sf] b]lvG5 . ut jif{ s'n
ah]6sf] )=!@ k|ltzt dfq /x]sf] lyof] . ;/sf/n] j}b]lzs /f]huf/L k|j4{gsf nflu 7f]; sfo{qmd lbg ;s]sf] 5}g . j}b]lzs
/f]huf/ Joj:yfkg ;DalGw s'g} gLlt, of]hgf / sfo{qmd 5}gg\ . k|lzIf0f, k|lti7fg / l;kd'ns tflnd s]Gb|x? pko'Qm
5}gg . Ifdtf / bIftf ljsf;sf nflu s'g} kxn ePsf] 5}g . pgLx? dflysf] zf]if0f, HofbtL /f]Sg / clwsf/ ;+/If0f ug{
s'g} cu|;/tf ePsf] kfOb}g . hjsL g]kfnsf sl/j %^ k|ltzt hg;+Vof hLjgofkgsf nflu /]ld6\ofG;df lge{/ ePsf]
b]vfpF5 . tL sfdbf/ / ltgdf kl/jf/sf] ;'/Iff / Joj:yfkgsf ;Gbe{df s'g} sfo{of]hgf aGg ;s]sf] 5}g .
o'lgkm]d / lkkn kmf]/dsf] cWoog cg';f/ !% k|ltzt sfdbf/n] dfq k};f a'emfPsf] ekf{O u/]sf], %* k|ltzt sfdbf/nfO{
pkrf/sf] k|lqmof ;d]t yfxf gx'g] u/]sf], $^ k|ltzt sfdbf/nfO{ cfkm' hfg nfu]sf] b]zsf] af/]df ;d]t s]xL hfgsf/L
gx'g] u/]sf], && k|ltzt sfdbf/nfO{ cfgf] clwsf/sf] af/]df yfxf gePsf], (! k|ltzt sfdbf/nfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ ;+:yf /
;+/rgf af/] ;d]t yfxf gePsf] b]lvG5 . pQm cWoog cg';f/ ^& k|ltzt sfdbf/n] s'g} tflnd g} glnOPsf] / !&
k|ltztn] dfq cled'vLs/0f tflnd lng] u/]sf] b]vfpF5 . Ps cg';Gwfg cg';f/ j}b]lzs /f]huf/ k|lqmofdf b]zleq /
ljb]zdf bnfnaf6 x'g] 7uL (# k|ltzt / Joj;foaf6 x'g] 7uL & k|ltzt x'g] u/]sf] 5 .
;+/rgfut cj:yf
>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno
>d tyf /f]huf/ k|j4{g af]8{
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu
/fhb"tfjf; / dxfjfl0fHo b"tfjf;x?
>d ;xrf/L
sNof0fsf/L sf]if / Ifltk"lt{sf] Joj:yf
Joj;flos tyf ;Lk ljsf; tflnd s]Gb|x? .
/f]huf/ ;'rgf s]Gb|x?

k//fi6 dGqfno
>d ljefu
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ k|j4{g af]8{
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Gofolws/0f
>d sIf
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Joj;foLx?
cy{ tyf >d ;DaGw;ldlt, Joj:yflksf ;+;b
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sfg"gL cj:yf
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ P]g @)^$
dfgjclwsf/ ;DalGw cGt/fli6o dxf;lGwcle;lGwx?
>d P]g@)$*
cGt/fli6o >d dfkb08
>d ;Demf}tfx?
>d cfk|jf;g gLlt @)^& d:of}bf -ljrf/flwg_

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ lgodfjnL, @)^$


>d tyf /f]huf/ gLlt @)^@
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu sfo{ ;+rfng lgb]{lzsf
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Joj;foLsf] cfrf/;+lxtf
sfo{ ;+rfng lgb]{lzsf

dfly pNn]lvt b[i6fGt x]g]{ xf] eg] g]kfndf j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] ljsf; / Joj:yfkgsf nflu s]xL xb;Dd ;/sf/L ;+/rgf
/ gLltx? lgdf0f{ ePsf 5g\ . gLlh If]q klg pT;flxt g} b]lvG5 . t/ g]kfnL sfdbf/x?sf ;d:ofx? lbg k|ltlbg a9\b}
uPsf 5g\ . x/]s lbg cvaf/sf kfgfx?df pgLx?dfly ePsf zf]if0f, HofbtL / d[To'sf va/x? 5flkO/x]sf 5g\ . pk/f]Qm
lsl;dsf ;+/rgfut cj:yf / sfg"gL ;+/rgf ePtf klg oL lgsfosf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . nfvf}
o'jfdfly ePsf HofbtL / zf]if0fsf 36gfqmdx? lbgx'h;f] cvaf/sf kfgfdf cfO/x]sf 5g\ t/ o;sf] lhDd]af/ lgsfosf]
kxn gx'Fbf pgLx?sf] hLjg yk si6s/ aGg k'u]sf] 5 .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf qmddf g]kfnL sfdbf/x? ;+;f/sf cGo d'n'ssf sfdbf/x?eGbf cToGt hf]lvd o'Qm sfd t/ Go'g
tnjdf sfo{ ug{]df k5{g . eflifs, ;Lkut bIftf / k|lt:kwL{ >dsf] cefjsf sf/0f Go'g tnj ;'ljwf, c;'/Iff tyf
hf]lvdk"0f{ sfd , zf]if0f Pj+ b'Jo{jxf/, :jtGqtf / dfgj clwsf/sf] xgg, :jb]zdf g} 7uLsf 36gf, cgf}krfl/s tyf
ca}w dfu{af6 k|:yfg ug]{ qmddf lta|tf, Ohfht k|fKt ;+:yfx?sf] sdhf]/ Joj:yfkg, JojzfoLx?sf] nfk/jfxL,
cglws[tsf] k|efj, cg'udg / lg/LIf0f ug]{ k|efjsf/L ;+/rgfsf] cefj, ;'rgfsf] cefj, cflb sf/0fn] ubf{ g]kfnL
sfdbf/dfly zf]if0fsf 36gfx? x/]s lbg a9L/x]sf 5g\ .
3/]n' /fhgLlts ;d:ofnfO{ b]vfP/ tL g]kfnL sfdbf/k|ltsf] lhDd]af/LnfO{ xfdLn] gh/cGbfh t ul//x]sf 5}gf} < s]
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] If]qdf b]lvPsf] ;d:of xn} ug{ g;lsg] ljifo xf] < clxn]sf] oIf k|Zg oxL xf] . st} xfd|f] OR5fzlQmsf]
cefjdf of] 36gfqmdx?df j[l4eO/x]sf] t 5}g < xfd|f] OR5fzlQm x'g] xf] / of] If]qnfO{ klg k|fyldstfsf ;fy lng] xf] eg]
lgZro klg j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] If]qdf b]lvPsf ;d:ofx? ;lhn} xn ug{ ;lsG5 . tLgLx?n] s:tf] cj:yfdf sfd ug'{
kl//x]sf] 5 < s:tf] lgotL ef]Ug' k/]sf] 5, cfh;Dd xfd|f] rf;f]sf] ljifo aGg g;s]sf] sf/0fn] g} ;d:ofsf] rf xfd|f]
cuf8L kxf8 ag]/ plePsf] xf] . sfdsf vflt/ ljb]lzPsf g]kfnLsf] clwsf/sf af/]df r]tgf clej[l4 ub}{ uGtJo b]zdf
hfg' cl3, hfg] a]nf, uPkl5 / kms]{ kl5 pgLx?dfly x'g ;Sg] HofbtL / zf]if0fsf 36gf /f]Sg / j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf gofF
gofF uGtJosf] vf]hL ub}{ of] If]qnfO{ Jojl:yt, dof{lbt / ;'/lIft agfpg g]kfn ;/sf/ / ;DalGwt lgsfoaf6 7f]; gLlt,
kxnsbdL / lgodg x'g ;Sof] eg] w]/} ;d:of xn x'g ;S5g\ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] If]qnfO{ Jojl:yt, dof{lbt / ;'/lIft agfpg] s'/fdf ljz]ift ;/sf/n] g} kxn ug{ / OR5f zlQm
b]vfpg' cTofjZos 5 . :jb]zdf jftfj/0f gkfP/ ljb]lzg afWo nfvf} g]kfnLx? h:n] cToGt hf]lvdk"0f{ cj:yfdf ljb]zL
e"lddf >d kl;gf aufP/ klg d'n'ssf] cfly{s, ;fdflhs ljsf;df pNn]Vo of]ubfg ul//x]sf 5g, ltgLx?sf] ;'/Iff /
Joj:yfkg ug'{ /fHosf] klxnf] st{Jo xf] . pgLx?sf] clwsf/sf] ;+/If0f ug'{ /fHosf] bfloTj xf] . /fHoaf6 kfpg' kg]{ ;'ljwf
;xhtfsf ;fy k|fKt ug{ kfpg' x/]s gful/ssf] g};lu{s clwsf/ xf] . /fHo tL g]kfnL sfdbf/sf clwsf/sf k|lt yf]/} klg
;r]t x'g] xf] eg] xfn pgLx?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf ;d:ofx?af6 w]/} xb;Dd d'Qm x'g ;S5g . tTsfnsf nflu d'n'ssf] j]/f]huf/L
;d:of xn ug{, ul/aL Go"lgs/0f, cfly{s ljsf;, ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0f / d'n'ssf] ;du| ljsf; k|lqmofdf of] If]qsf]
dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg /xg ;S5 . oxL ljZjf;sf ;fy j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] If]qnfO ;'/lIft, dof{lbt / zf]if0f d'Qm / Jojl:yt
afgfpb} o;af6 k|fKt cfDbfgLnfO{ pBdzLntf / pTkfbgzLn If]qdf ;b'kof]u ug{ tTsfn ug'{ kg]{ / ug{ ;lsg] kxn
sbd s] s] x'g ;S5g eGg] ljifodf Wofgfsif{0f ;lxt s]xL d'2fx? lgDgfg';f/ pNn]v u/]sf] 5' .

qm=;+=

cfjZostf

>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf >d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfnoaf6 >d tyf
dGqfno sf] ;+/rgf kl/jt{g u/L /f]huf/If]qnfO{ cnu ug{ cfjZos lg0f{o ul/ >d
>d tyf /f]huf/ If]q x]g{ 5'6} tyf /f]huf/ ;DalGw dGqfnosf] If]qflwsf/ tf]Sg] .
>d tyf /f]huf/ dGqfno
agfpg' kg]{ .
cfjZostfcg';f/ P]g, lgod ;+zf]wg ug]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/sf] If]q x]g{ Pp6f j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf nflu gofF uGtJo / cj;/sf]
ultzLn,;Ifd, k|efjsf/L / vf]hL ug{ / ljBdfg ;d:ofsf] Joj:yfkg / k|efjsf
clwsf/ ;DkGg ;+/rgf lgdf0f{ l/tfsf nflu o; If]q;Fu ;DalGwt Joj;fo nufot
ug'{kg]{ . -pbfx/0fsf nfuL ;a} lgsfonfO{ PsLs[t ul/ ;Ifd / clwsf/ ;DkGg
>Ln+sfdf j}b]lzs /f]huf/ lgsfo agfpg cfjZos P]g ;+zf]wg ug]{ . lj:t[t
;DaGwL sfd ug{nfO{ Pp6f sfo{of]hgf ;lxt ;fwg, >f]t / hgzlQmsf] Joj:yf
:jfoQ lgsfosf] ?kdf j}b]lzs ug]{ .
/f]huf/ af]8{ u7g ePsf] 5 .
h;n] ;Dk"0f{ sfd ub{5 ._
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ;DaGwL ljifo j}b]lzs /f]huf/ If]qsf] lgodg, lgb]{zg / ;xhstf{sf]
s'g} Ps dGqfno;Fu dfq ?kdf sfo{ ug{ o;;Fu ;DalGwt ljleGg lgsfox? Pj+
;DalGwt
g/x]sf]n]
cGt/ dGqfnox? lar ;dGjo ug{ Ps pRr :tl/o ;dGjo
dGqfno ;dGjo ug{ Ps, ;+oGq lgdf{0f ug]{ .
;+/rgf lgdf{0f ug]{ .
/f]huf/Lsf] lznzLnfdf ljb]zdf s'g b]zdf slt sfdbf/x? s:tf] cj:yfdf 5g tYof
/x]sf sfdbf/sf] tYofs ljj/0f (DataBase) agfpg cljnDa sfo{of]hgf agfO z'?
/fVg'kg]{ .
ug]{ .

ug{'kg]{ cfjZos kxn

lhDd]jf/ lgsfo

;xof]uL lgsfo

;dofjwL

tTsfn kxn
u/L gofF
;/sf/ lgdf0f{
ug]{ qmddf
sfof{Gjog ug]{
sfg"g dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno tTsfn .
tTsfn .
>d
tyf
oftfoft g]kfn ;/sf/
Joj:yf dGqfno .

g]kfn ;/sf/ .

/fhgLlts bnx?
sfg"g dGqfno

tTsfn .
>d
tyf
oftfoft k|wfgdGqL tyf dGqLkl/ifbsf]
Joj:yf dGqfno .
sfof{no .
/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u, k//fi6
dGqfno,
cy{ dGqfno .
tTsfn .
>d
tyf
oftfoft k//fi6 dGqfno .
cy{ dGqfno .
Joj:yf dGqfno .
u}x| cfjfl;o g]kfnLx? .
s'6gLlts lgof]ux? .
>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno tTsfn .
cgf}krfl/s af6f]af6 uPsfnfO{ Joj:yfkg ug{ / u[x dGqfno
k//fi6 dGqfno .
cfufdL lbgdf To:tf sfo{nfO{ lg?T;flxt ug{
;Ldfgfdf s8fO{ ug]{ . u}x| sfg'gL ?kdf k7fpg]nfO{
sf/jfxL ug]{ .
tyf
oftfoft lj1fg tyf k|fljlw dGqfno .
tTsfn .
Webpage lgdf{0f ul/ ;a} sfdbf/sf] cj:yf >d
dGqfno .
cy{ dGqfno .
4

&

>d cfk|jf;g gLlt cg'df]bg


ul/ :ki6 sfo{of]hgf ;lxt
sfof{Gjog ug'{ kg]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ gLlt
kg]{ .

agfpg'

>d ;xrf/Lsf] ljjfb cGTo u/L


ePsf 7fpFdf k|efjsf/L agfpb}
cGo 7fpFdf ;d]t lgo'lQm ug]{ .

ljj/0f ;a} lgsfodf /xg] Joj:yf ug]{ .


sfdbf/sf] JolQmut ;+s]t g+= (Code No.) agfO{
;a} lgsfodf Pp6} Code no. df ljj/0f /fVg]
Joj:yf ug]{ . sfdbf/ hfg] k|lqmofsf] k|f/De b]vLsf]
k|To]s ;Dk"0f{ ljj/0f ;f]xL Code No. cGt{ut
Jojl:yt ug]{ .
;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo;Fu cfjZos 5nkmn / ;dGjo
ul/ ljrf/flwg cj:yfdf /x]sf] >d cfk|fjf; gLlt
@)^& nfO{ clGtd ?k lbg] .
;do tflnsf ;lxt sfo{ of]hgf agfO{ cg'df]bg ug{ /
sfof{Gjog ug]{ .
cNksflng / bL3{sflng sfo{of]hgf ;lxtsf] j}b]lzs
/f]huf/ gLlt lgdf0f{ ug]{ .
;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo / lj1x?;Fu 5nkmn ug]{ .
;do tflnsf ;lxt sfo{of]hgf lgdf{0f u/L tTsfn
sfof{Gjog ug]{ .
>d ;xrf/L lgo'lQm ;DaGwdf k//fi6 dGqfno / >d
tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno lar b]lvPsf]
ljjfbnfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] sfof{nosf] cu|;/tfdf
;dGjo u/L ljjfbsf] Joj:yfkg u/L /f]lsPsf] k|lqmof
tTsfn ;'rf? ug]{ .
cfjZos ;Lk tflnd / k|lzIf0fsf] Joj:yf ul/
;DaGwLt If]qdf 1fg ePsf JolQmnfO{ >d ;xrf/L
lgo'Qm ug]{ .
xfn lgo'Qm ePsf 7fpFx?df k|ofKt >f]t ;fwg /
hgzlQmsf] Joj:yf ug]{ .
/fhb"t / ;xrf/Lsf] sfd af/] k|i6 kfg]{ .

>d
tyf
oftfoft ;'rgf tyf ;+rf/ dGqfno .
Joj:yf dGqfno .

/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u


>d tyf oftfoft
dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno
>d dGqfno
>d tyf oftfoft
dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

tTsfn .

>d ;Fu ;DalGwt ljleGg ;+3 tTsfn


;+:yfx?
>d tyf oftfoft dGqfno
cy{ dGqfno
tTsfn
g]kfn ;/sf/
/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u
;ldlt
cy{ dGqfno .

tTsfn
tTsfn

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d ;xrf/L / /fhb'tsf lardf ;dGjo ;oGq lgdf0f{ >d tyf oftfoft
ug]{ .
Joj:yf dGqfno .
cfjZos k/] P]g lgod ;+zf]wg ug]{ .

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn

tTsfn

ah]6df j[l4 ug'{kg]{

j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] If]qnfO{ ;'/lIft, Jojl:yt /


dof{lbt agfpg s'n ah]6df o;sf] c+z % k|ltzt
agfpg] . -xfn ! k|ltzt eGbf sd /x]sf]_
:ki6 gLlt sfo{qmd / sfo{of]hgf agfO ah]6
ljlgof]hg ug]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] If]qnfO{ sfdbf/sf] k|f/lDes k|lqmof b]lvsf k|To]s r//0fx?sf
-;Demf}tf nufot_ ;d]6]/ k|To]s
Jojl:yt, dof{lbt / ;'/IfLt ;Dk'0f{ ljj/0f
JolQmsf] 5'f 5'} ;+s]t g+= (Code No) agfpg'kg]{ .
tyf zf]if0f d'Qm agfpg' kg]{ .
k|s[ofsf ;Dk'0f{ r/0fdf ;Demf}tf / sfg'g adf]lhd eP
gePsf] af/] pQm sf]8 dfkm{t a'g ;lsg] Joj:yf
ug]{ . sf]8 g+= ;DaGwLt ;a} lgsfox?df /xg] Joj:yf
u/L pQm sf]8 g+= sf cfwf/df 5fglag ug]{ / cg'udg
;+oGqnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg] .
sfdbf/nfO{ sfdsf] k|s[lt, ;]jf ;'ljwf, zt{ /
clwsf/af/] :ki6 a'emfP/ dfq s/f/ ug'{kg]{ . d'n'sut
hfgsf/L k'l:tsf agfpg] .
b'O{ y/L ;Demf}tf u/fpg]nfO{ sf/afxL ug'{kg]{ .
>d 8]isnfO{ ;xh, kx'Frof]uo / k|efjsf/L jgfpg] .
k|ofKt ;fwg, >f]t / hgzlQmsf] Joj:yf ug]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu nufotsf lgsfonfO{ ;xh /
kfos kg]{ :yfgdf /fVg'kg]{ . ;fwg, ;|f]t / hgzlQmsf]
k|ofKt Joj:yf ug]{ .
l4klIfo ;Demf}tf ubf{ sfdbf/sf] ;]jf, ;'ljwf
kfl/>lds / clwsf/sf] ;'lglZrt u/]/ dfq ;Demf}tf
ug]{, sd hf]lvdk'0f{, a9L cfh{gsf 7fpFx? klxrfg
u/]/ dfq ;Demf}tf ug]{ .
;Demf}tf cg';f/ sfo{ eP gePsf] cg'udg ug]{ .
cg'udg ;+oGq lgdf{0f ug{ .
JolQmut ?kdf hfg] sfdbf/x? nfO{ Jojl:yt agfpg
:ki6 sfo{ of]hgf agfpg' kg]{ .
6

cy{ dGqfno .
/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u


cf= j= @)^*
>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno )^( sf] ah]6
b]lv lg/Gt/ .
>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno tTsfn
cy{ dGqfno .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .
tTsfn

Ohfht kqjfnf
-Dofgkfj/ sDkgLnfO{_ .

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

tTsfn

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .


>d tyf oftfoft
dGqfno .

u[x dGqfno
k//fi6 dGqfno .

tTsfn
tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


dGqfno .

k//fi6 dGqfno
s'6lglts lgof]ux? .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


dGqfno .

s'6lglts lgof]ux? .
k//fi6 dGqfno .

tTsfn

s/f/ eGbf cGo sDkgLdf sfd ug{ nufpg], sd


kfl/>lds lbg], hf]lvdsf sfddf nufpg], sfuhft
hkmt ug]{ h:tf sfo{ ug]{nfO{ sf/jfxL ug]{ .
s'6g}lts lgof]u, sfdbf/ / ;/sf/ lar x6nfO{g
;Dks{ ug{ ;Sg] Joj:yfsf] :yfkgf / lj:tf/ ug]{ .
sfdbf/nfO{ :ki6 efiffdf a'emfP/ dfq s/f/ ug'{kg]{ .

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .
Ohfht kqjfnf
-Dofgkfj/ sDkgL_ .
. j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

7uL sfo{ ug]{nfO{ 5fglag u/L sf/afxL ug]{


sfg'gsf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ .
gLhL If]qsf] e'ldsfnfO{ Jojl:yt / lhDd]af/ agfpFb}
/fHon] ;xhstf{ / lgodssf] e'ldsf lgjf{x ug]{ .
Joj;foLsf nflu cfjZos tflnd / Ifdtf clej[l4sf
nflu ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ug]{ . Joj;foLnfO{
kf/bzL{, lhDd]jf/ / Joj;foL agfpg] .
Joj;foLsf gfddf :yfgLo txdf x'g] u/]sf] 7uLnfO{
/f]Sg :jod Joj;foLx?n] g} tb?stf b]vfpg] .
cglws[t ?kdf bnfnL ug]{x?nfO{ sf/afxL ug]{ .
:yfgLo txdf Joj;foLn] slt Ph]G6 /fVg kfpg]
:ki6tf x'g' kg]{ .
d'Nofsgsf cfwf/df k|f]T;fxg :j?k k'/:sf/ /
pn3g ug]{nfO{ b08sf] Joj:yf ug]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Joj;foLsf] cfrf/;+lxtfdf ;'wf/ ub}{
To;sf] cg'udgsf] ;+oGq lgdf{0f ug]{ .
JolQmut / ;+:yfut 7uL ug]{ x?nfO{ 5'f5'} ph"/L
lnO{ ;f]xL cg'?k sf/afxL ug{ ;+oGq lgdf{0f ug]{ .
kLl8t sfdbf/sf] sfg'gL pkrf/sf nflu :yfgLo
?kdf sfg'g Joj;foLsf] Joj:yf ug]{ .
!)

tTsfn

g]kfn ;/sf/

tTsfn

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

tTsfn

j}b]lzs /f]huf/
JojzfoLx? .
>d tyf oftfoft
dGqfno .

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

tTsfn

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

tTsfn

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

tTsfn

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

tTsfn

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

sNof0fsf/L sf]if nfO{ sfdbf/sf] sNof0fsf/L sf]ifdf ;/sf/sf] ;d]t nufgL ;dfj]z >d tyf oftfoft
xslxt ;+/If0f / ;'/Iffsf nflu ug'{ kg]{ . ;b'kof]usf nflu :ki6 sfo{of]hgf agfpg] . Joj:yf dGqfno .
7

j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Gofoflws/0f u[x


k|zf;g

k//fi6 dGqfno

cy{ dGqfno

tTsfn

clwstd ;b'kof]u ug'{ kg]{ .

!!

!@

!#

/f]huf/Lsf] lznlznfdf aflx/ /x]sf sfdbf/sf] ;'/Iff


/ pgLx?sf kl/jf/sf] sNof0fsf nflu ;b'kof]u ug]{
gLlt agfpg]
sfdbf/sf] ;Lk, bIftf / hgr]tgfsf] nflu ;d]t
;b'kof]u ug]{ . :ki6 sfo{of]hgf agfpg] .
u}x|sfg'gL ?kdf /x]sf sfdbf/sf] xsdf pgLx?sf]
p4f/sf nflu 5'} Joj:yf ug'{kg]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ If]qnfO{ cfly{s ljsf; / ;fdflhs
j}b]lzs /f]huf/af6 k|fKt
?kfGt/0fsf] cleGg cusf] ?kdf lnb} k|fKt /]ld6\ofG;
ljk|]z0fnfO{ b]z ljsf; /
pTkfbgzLn If]qdf ;b'kof]u ug'{ nfO{ pBf]u, Jofj;fo / bLuf] ljsf;sf] If]qdf nufgL
ug{ clanDa sfo{of]hgf agfpg' kg]{ .
kg]{ .
sfdbf/sf] cfDbfgL a}ls Rofgn dfkm{t dfq :j]bz
leq\ofpg] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f u/L x'08L dfkm{t x'g]
sfo{nfO{ lg?T;flxt ug]{
j}b]lzs /f]huf/af6 kmls{ cfPsf sfdbf/sf nflu
pBdzLntf, kF'hL lgdf{0f / nufgL ug{sf nflu
cfjZos jftfj/0f lgdf0f{ ug]{ .
/]ld6\ofG;sf] pTkfbs eGbf cg'Tkfbs If]qdf a9L
k|of]u x'g] u/]sf]n] o;nfO{ pTkfbs If]qdf nufpg
bL3{sflng gLlt agfpg' kg]{ .
hgr]tgf d'ns sfo{qmdx?nfO{ cfd;~rf/ dfWodx? dfkm{t Jofks ?kdf r]tgfd'ns
;'rgf hf/L ug]{ .
k|efjsf/L ?kdf ;+rfng ug]{ .

;Lk

tyf

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

tTsfn
tTsfn

/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u .


cy{ dGqfno
/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u .
cy{ dGqfno .

cfly{s jif{sf]
z'?jft b]lv .

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

a}+sx?, u[x dGqfno .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u .


cy{ dGqfno .

rfn' cfly{s
jif{ b]lv .

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/


dGqfno .

>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno tTsfn


:yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno
/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u .
/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u .
tTsfn

:yfgLo :t/df cfGt/lqmof, uf]i7L, k|bz{gL, gf6s >d tyf oftfoft


nufotsf sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug]{ .
Joj:yf dGqfno .
:yfgLo txdf ;'rgf s]Gb| :yfkgf u/L hfgsf/L lbg] . ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/
dGqfno .
sfdbf/sf] ;Dk"0f{ sfuhftsf] k|ltlnkL cGo ;DalGwt j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu
lgsfosf ;fy;fy} sfdbf/ / sfdbf/sf] kl/jf/;+u
;d]t /fVg] Joj:yf ug]{ .
cled'vLs/0f :yfgLo txb]lv g} tflnd s]Gb|x? sf] :yfkgf ug]{ .
>d tyf oftfoft
8

/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u .

tTsfn
:yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno
>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno

:yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno .

tTsfn

!$

tflndnfO{ Jojl:yt ljZj;gLo


/ k|efjsf/L agfpg'kg]{ .
s]Gb|Lo :t/sf] k|lzIf0f k|lti7fgsf] :yfkgf ub}{
tflndsf] nflu ;/sf/n] g} cu|;/tf lng' kg]{ .
lgoldt cg'udg / lgl/If0f ug]{ gSsnL sfo{ ug]{nfO{
sf/afxL ug]{ .
Jofj;foLs k|lzIf0f tyf ;Lk ljsf; s]Gb|af6
j}b]lzs >d ahf/sf] dfu cg';fsf tflnd ;Grfng
ug]{ .
CTEVT nufotsf k|lzIf0f s]Gb|af6 lbOg] tflnddf
;fdoLs ;'wf/ ug]{ . lghL If]q ;d]tsf] ;xsfo{df
rf}wj6} c~rndf Joj;foLs tflnds]Gb|x? :yfkgf
ug]{ .
dlxnf sfdbf/sf] ;'/Iff, dof{bf dlxnfx? clgoldt ?kdf ljb]z hfg] k|lqmof /f]Sg' kg]{
Pj+ Joj:yfkg / pgLx?sf] xs
clwsf/sf] ;'lglZrttfsf] nflu sfg'gdf cfjZos ;'wf/ u/L dlxnf d}qL agfpg'kg]{ .
ljBdfg sfg"gsf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog x'g' kg]{
ljz]if Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{ .
dlxnfsf] ;'/Iff / dof{bfsf nflu ljz]if Joj:yf ug'{kg]{
l5d]sL d'n's ef/tsf] af6f] x'Fb} hfg] dlxnf
sfdbf/nfO{ /f]Sg ;/sf/n] ef/t;+u k|efjsf/L
s'6g}lts kxn ug'{kg]{ .
3/]n' sfdbf/sf] ?kdf hfg] dlxnfsf] nflu l;w} 3/
wgL;Fu ;]jf, ;'ljwf, clwsf/ af/] ;Demf}tf u/]/ dfq
k7fpg] . k7fpg' k'j{ cfjZos ;Lk, tflndsf]
Joj:yf ug]{ .
u}x|;/sf/L lgsfo;+u ;d]t cfjZos ;dGjo ug]{ .
b"tfjf;n] k|dfl0ft u/]sf] sfdbf/ k7fpg] Joj:yf ug]{
b'tfjf; jf lgof]un] g} cg'udg ug]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf hfg rfxg] dlxnfx?sf] nflu
;x'lnot k'0f{ C0fsf] Joj:yf ug]{ .
g]kfnL dlxnf sfdbf/ /x]sf d'n'sdf tTsfn sfg"g
adf]lhd dlxnf ;xrf/Lsf] lgo'lQm ug]{ .
9

Joj:yf dGqfno .
lzIff dGqfno .

>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

:yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno .


lzIff dGqfno .

tTsfn

lzIff dGqfno .

:yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

tTsfn
s'6gLlts lgof]ux?
/fli6o of]hgf lgof]u .
dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfh
sNof0f dGqfno

g]kfn ;/sf/

>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno tTsfn


k//fi6 dGqfno
u[x dGqfno
s'6gLlts lgof]ux?
tTsfn
k//fi6 dGqfno .

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .
cy{ dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

tTsfn

s'6gLlts lgof]ux? .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf


dGqfno .
cy{ dGqfno .
k//fi6 dGqfno .

rfn' cfly{s
jif{ b]lv g} .
tTsfn

!%

!^

!&

!*

cNn]vj4 / 7luPsf dlxnfx?sf] p2f/sf nflu ljz]if


sfo{of]hgf tof/ ug]{, p2f/ sf]ifsf] Joj:yf ug]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/af6 kms]{/ cfPsf dlxnf sfdbf/sf
nflu k'g Plss/0fsf] sfo{qmdsf] th'{df ug]{ .
j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Gofolws/0fnfO{ j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Goflws/0fnfO{ >f]t, ;fwgn] ;DkGg /
Jojl:yt / k|efjsf/L agfpg] . k|efjsf/L agfpg] . 9Lnf;':tL sd ug{ tTsfn ljz]if
kxn ug'{kg]{
bIftf / Ifdtf clej[l4sf nflu tflndsf] Joj:yf
ug]{ .
lkl8tsf nflu lgz'Ns sfg'gL k/fdz{ / ;xfotfsf]
Joj:yf
ug]{ .
cfktsflng p2f/ sf]if / ;+oGq s'g b]zdf slt g]kfnL s:tf] cj:yfdf /x]sf 5g\
lgdf{0f ug'{ kg]{ .
tTsfn hfgsf/L ljj/0f ;+sng ug]{ .

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

/fli6o of]hgf cfof]u .


cy{ dGqfno .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

g]kfn ;/sf/ .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

g]kfn ;/sf/ .

tTsfn

g]kfn ;/sf/ .

tTsfn

cy{ dGqfno .
s'6g}lts lgof]ux?
u}/ cfjf;Lo g]kfnLx? Joj;foL .
cy{ dGqfno .
s'6g}lts lgof]ux?
u}/ cfjf;Lo g]kfnLx? Joj;foL .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .

:jf:Yo dGqfno

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno .
ef/t nufot cGo d'n'ssf] hgr]tgf dfkm{t cglws[t ?kdf hfg] sfo{nfO{ >d tyf oftfoft
ljdfg :ynnfO{ k|:yfg ljGb' lg?T;flxt ug]{ .
Joj:yf dGqfno .

:jf:Yo dGqfno

tTsfn

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno .


u[x dGqfno .

tTsfn

;DefJo cfktsflng cj:yfnfO{ dWogh/ ub}{


cfkQsflng p2f/ / Joj:yfkg Pj+ ;'/Iffsf nflu
kxn k|f/De ug]{ ;'/lIft u[x lgdf{0f ug]{ .
cfly{s, /fhgLlts, ;fdflhs, wfld{s, b}jL k|sf]k cflb
sf/0fn] lk8Lt sfdbf/nfO{ ;/sf/L :t/af6 p2f/
;+oGqsf] lgdf0f{ ug]{ .
cn]vj4 ?kdf /x]sf sfdbf/x?nfO{ cfkQsflng
?kdf p2f/ ug]{ Joj:yf ug{ cfjZos P]g lgod
;+zf]wg ug]{ .
:jf:Yo k/LIf0f ug]{ lgsfo :jf:Yo hfFr ;DaGwL lglZrt dfkb08 agfpg] .
ljZj;gLo / k|efjsf/L agfpg' To;sf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ nfk/jfxL ug{nfO{
kg]{ .
sf/jfxL ug]{
lgoldt cg'udg / lg/LIf0f ug]{ .

10

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

tTsfn

agfP/ ljgf:jLs[tL
sfdbf/nfO{ /f]Sg] .

!(

@)

@!

@@

hfg] ljz]ift M ef/tsf] af6f] eP/ hfg] sfdbf/x?sf]


;Gbe{df lglZrLt b]zx? ls6fg u/L g]kfnL /fxbfgL
k|of]u u/L ef/tLo ljdfg:ynaf6 hfg gkfpg]
Joj:yf ug{ ef/t;+u s'6g}lts kxn ug]{ .
lgoldt ;'/Iff hfFr / l;dfgfdf s8f lgu/fgL ug]{ .
pNn+3g ug]{nfO{ b08 ;hfo ug]{ .
k|f/lDes >d :jLs[lt k|dfl0ft s'g lgsfon] ug]{ :ki6 ug'kg]{ . b"tfjf;n] g} k|dfl0ft
s:n] ug]{ k|i6 x'g' kg]{ . -xfn k"j{ u/]/ dfq sfdbf/ k7fpg] k|fjwfg /fVg ;lsg] .
:jLs[lt lngsf nflu d]gkfj/
sDkgLn] ljefudf k]z ug]{
sfuhftdf lgDg kfFrj6f lgsfo
dWo s'g} Ps n] k|dfl0ft u/]sf]
x'g'kg]{ Joj:yf 5 . -s_
/fhb'tfjf; -v_ gf]6/L klAns
-u_ r]Da/ ckm sd;{ -3_ >d
;xrf/L -_ ;DalGwt b]zsf
cflwsfl/s lgsfo _
;'/lIft cfjf; u[x
ljb]zdf hfg rfxg] sfdbf/nfO{ hfg'k"j{ cfjZos
(Safe house_ ;+rfng ug]{
cled'lvs/0f tflnd lbg, oftgf, 3fOt], c:j:ytf,
zfl/l/s, dfgl;s zf]if0fdf k/]/ ljb]zaf6 kmls{Psf
sfdbf/nfO{ /fVg, pgLx?sf] pkrf/ ug]{ cjlw;Dd /
sfg'gL k|s[of k'/f gx'Gh]n;Ddsf nflu pgLx?nfO{
/fVg sf7df8f}+df / ljb]z l:yt cnkq k/]sf
sfdbf/nfO{ cf>o lbg ljb]zdf ;d]t ;'/lIft
cfjf;u[x (Safe House) ;+rfng ug'{kg]{ .
ljBfno tyf ljZj ljBfno Pj+ ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo / lj1x?;Fu 5nkmn ul/
lghfdlt ;]jfsf] ;]jf k|j]z kf7\oqmd ljsf; ug]{ .
kf7\oqmddf ;d]t >d cfk|jf;g
/ j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ;DalGw ljifo
;dfj]z ug'{kg]{ .
ljz]if sfo{qmd
j}b]lzs /f]huf/af6 kms]{sf sfdbf/x?n] ljb]zdf
11

g]kfn ;/sf/ .
>d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno .

k//fi6 dGqfno .

tTsfn

u[x dGqfno .

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno .

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft


Joj:yf dGqfno

k//fi6 dGqfno
u}x|cfjf;Lo g]kfnL
ljleGg ;+3;+:yfx?

tTsfn

>d tyf oftfoft Joj:yf dGqfno cfufdL jif{


lzIff dGqfno .
b]lv z'? ug]{ .
nf]s;]jf cfof]u .
ljleGg ljZj ljBfnox? .
>d tyf oftfoft

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn

@#

P]g lgod ;+;f]wg

l;s]sf] ;Lk / pgLx?sf] bIftfsf] ;b'kof]u ug{sf Joj:yf dGqfno


nflu ljz]if sfo{of]hgf agfO{ pgLx?n] k|fKt u/]sf]
;Lk / k"FhL dfkm{t g]kfnleq} /f]huf/Lsf] cj;/x?
>[hgf ug{ cfjZos kxn ug]{ .
ljb]z hfg] sfdbf/sf nflu sd Aofhb/df C0f
pknAw u/fpg / j}b]lz /f]huf/af6 kmls{P kl5
cfkm"n] l;s]sf] ;Lk cg';f/sf] sfd ug{ rfxg]
sfdbf/nfO{ C0f pknAw u/fpg j}b]lzs /f]huf/ a}+s
:yfkgf ug]{ .
xfn dn]l;of nufot ljleGg b]zdf u}x| sfg'gL ?kdf
/x]sf g]kfnL sfdbf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf] ;d:ofnfO{
dWogh/ ub}{ pgLx?sf] ;'/Iff / ;'/lIft g]kfn
cfudgsf] nflu jftfj/0f agfpg tTsfn g]kfn
;/sf/n] laz]if kxn ug'{kg]{ .
ljBdfg j}b]lzs /f]huf/ P]g @)^$ df g]kfnL >d tyf oftfoft
Joj:yf dGqfno
b'tfjf;sf] e"ldsfd ;DaGwdf :k:6 gePsf],
>d ;xrf/L / /fhb'tsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ af/]
c:k:6tf,
b'tfjf;n] dfukq clgjfo{ k|dfl0ft ug'{kg]{ Joj:yf
gePsf],
ljb]zdf /x]sf Ph]G6, g]kfnL jf sfdbf/n] P]g ljkl/t
sfd ubf{ ;d]t sf/jfxLsf] Joj:yf gePsf]
sfdbf/sf] clgjfo{ clen]v /fVg] Joj:yf gePsf],
JolQmut ?kdf hfg] sfdbf/sf] xsdf :k:6tf
gePsf],
;hfo ;DalGw k|fjwfg nufotsf laifox? ;d]t
;+;f]wg ug{ cfjZos /x]sf]n]
P]g ;+;f]wgsf nflu tTsfn kxn ug'{kg]{ . ;DalGwt
lgsfox?;+u 5nkmn ug'{kg]{ .

12

k//fi6 dGqfno

tTsfn