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Teoría - The Passive Voice

Teoría - The Passive Voice

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07/12/2013

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Verbo TO BE

en el
tiempo del
verbo activo
Verbo en
PARTICIPIO
T
THE HE
P
PASSIVE ASSIVE
V
VOICE OICE


1. SUJETO VERBO O!
S"#eto Verbo O.!.
$Active%& Jo'n opened t'e door
S"#eto paciente Verbo $pa(iva% C.A.
$precedido por )by*%
$Pa((ive%& T'e door +a( opened b,
Jo'n
El verbo e n pa(iva (e -orma poniendo&


ACTIVA PASIVA
Pre(ente (imple keeps is kept
Pre(ente
contin"o is keeping is being kept
Pre(ente
per-ecto has kept has been kept
Pa(ado (imple kept was kept
Pa(ado contin"o was keeping was being kept
Pa(ado Per-ecto had kept had been kept
."t"ro will keep will be kept
Condicional would keep would be kept
I/.I/ITIVO $PRESE/TE% TO KEEP TO BE KEPT
I/.I/ITIVO $PASA!O% TO HAVE KEPT TO HAVE BEEN KEPT
0ERU/!IO BE GOING TO O BE GOING TO BE ONE
I am going to write a letter
A letter is going to be
written
2. SUJETO VERBO O! OI
Su!eto Ve"bo OI
O
#A$ti%e&' She ga%e 'er bo,-riend
a p"esent
Su!eto #pa$iente& Ve"bo#pasi%a& O
Su!eto Ve"bo OI O
#A$ti%e&' The( o))e"ed 'er a
good !ob
Su!eto #pa$iente& Ve"bo #pasi%a& O
CA
#Passi%e&' S'e was o))e"ed a good !ob
#b( the*&
3. ESTI1O I/!IRECTO& PEOPLE SAID THAT…. 2 ) 1A PASIVA CO/ SE*
En los %e"bos +ue int"odu$en el estilo indi"e$to ( +ue no"*al*ente ha$e
"e)e"en$ia a lo +ue se di$e o piensa, (La gente dice, ellos piensan, alguien
dijo…) Suelen i" en$abe-ados po" estos %e"bos' THINK – SUPPOSE – CONSIDER – KNOW
– BELIEVE – UNDERSTAND – FIND – REPORT – SAY…
Ha( . )o"*as de ha$e" la pasi%a'
$34 Si el verbo e(t5 en -orma pa(ada debe( poner el in-initivo per-ecto6
fíjat ! " #$%&$!t j'(")%
7 . VERBO
PREPOSICI8/ OBJETO *#$ " +,b) +a a-)'(a.a/) / &!a (,()#$-$0!1 !) t
)"+$/# ()!,"a2
#A$ti%e&' So*eone will look a-ter the $hild,
#Passi%e&' The $hild will be looked a-ter,
TIPO 9
94 14 34 74
#A$ti%e&' People sa( that she (t"die(
/"en$h
Sub!e$t Vb #pasi%a& Vb $in-:to%
Ob!e$t
#Pa((ive;9&' She is said to (t"d,
TIPO 1
#A$ti%e&' People (a, that she studies /"en$h
#Pa((ive;1&' It i( (aid that she studies /"en$h
#Se pone 0it1 $on el %e"bo en pasi%a )i( (aid* ( el "esto es
igual
TIPO 9
94 14 34 74
#A$ti%e&' People belie%ed #that& she +or<ed
in a s$hool
Sub!e$t Vb #pasi%a& Vb $in-:to%
Ob!e$t
#Pa((ive;9&' She was belie%ed to
'ave +or<ed in a s$hool
(SE T2A3CI24A PO2: SE CREE +ue ella ha t"aba!ado en
un $olegio)
TIPO 1
#A$ti%e&' People believed #that& she wo"ked in a
s$hool
#Pa((ive;1&' It +a( believed that she wo"ked in a
s$hool
#A$ti%e&' So*eone w"ote to *( )"iend,
#Passi%e&' 5( )"iend was w"itten to,
PUT I/TO THE PASSIVE .OR=
6,6, So*eone stole *( $a"
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,., That bo( usuall( has sweets )o" lun$h
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,7, 5aths inte"ested hi*
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,8, He w"ites poet"(
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,9, :e keep the *ilk he"e
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,;, The( g"ow o"anges in Spain
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,<, :e a"e w"iting a lette"
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,=, The( built the house he"e
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,>, She b"oke the window
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,6?, People we"e alwa(s asking *e that +uestion
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,66, :e saw wol%es in the )o"est
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,6., The( will ask us se%e"al +uestions
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,67, He will d"aw the *ap
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,68, :e won@t bu( )ood to*o""ow
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,69, I ha%e signed all the lette"s
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
1.16. The( had t"anslated El !uijote
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,6<, She would ha%e phoned (ou
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6,6=, He will not dig the ga"den a)te"wa"ds
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. RE>RITE EACH SE/TE/CE SO THAT IT CO/TAI/S A PASSIVE .OR=
.,6, No de$ision has (et been *ade #de$ided&
"ot#ing
……………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
$et
.,., The( ha%en@t $hosen the tea* (et,
%#e team
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,7, Aou *ust )ill in this )o"*
%#is &orm
…………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,8, 5( *othe" ga%e *e a $a"d )o" *( bi"thda(,
I
…………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,9, The patient hadn@t been eBa*ined $a"e)ull(
%#e doctor
………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,;, People belie%e that so*eone *u"de"ed Cenkins
It
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,<, The( asked Cohn a lot o) di))i$ult +uestions,
'o#n
……………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,=, The( ga%e 5a"( so*e )lowe"s
(ar$
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,>, The( o))e"ed Cane a wonde")ul !ob
'ane
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,6?, He will gi%e all the $hild"en a p"esent
All t#e c#ildren
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………
.,66, So*ebod( sent *e a st"ange lette"
I
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,6., The( will pa( 5"s Cenkins o%e" )i%e hund"ed pounds,
(rs 'en)ins
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,67, He" pa"ents ha%e p"o*ised Ann a bi$($le )o" he" bi"thda(,
Ann
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,68, The( ga%e 5ada*e Cu"ie the Nobel P"i-e )o" Che*ist"( in 6>66
5ada*e Cu"ie
………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,69, The( didn@t tell us the t"uth,
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,6;, It is eBpe$ted that the st"ike will end soon
%#e stri)e
…………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,6<, It is belie%ed that the thie%es got in th"ough the kit$hen window,
%#e t#ie*es
……………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,6=, It is "epo"ted that *an( people a"e ho*eless a)te" the )loods,
(an$ people
……………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2.19. People thought that the p"isone" es$aped b( $li*bing o%e" a wall
%#e prisoner
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
.,.?, It is belie%ed that the $o*pan( lost a lot o) *one( last (ea",
%#e compan$
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………

(Passive): The child will be looked after. / “LA PASIVA CON SE” En los verbos que introducen el estilo indirecto y que normalmente hace referencia a lo que se dice o piensa. . PREPOSICIÓN Subject Vb (pasiva) Vb (inf=to) Object (Passive-2): She was believed to have worked in a school (SE TRADUCIRÍA POR: SE CREE que ella ha trabajado en un colegio) + OBJETO VERBO+ (si el verbo va acompañado de una preposición. fíjate en el siguiente ejemplo) TIPO 1 (Active): People believed (that) she worked in a school (Passive-1): It was believed that she worked in a TIPO 2 school 2º (Active): People in a school believed 1º 3º 4º (that) she worked 4. no te olvides ponerla) (Active): Someone will look after the child. (La gente dice. ESTILO INDIRECTO: PEOPLE SAID THAT…. ellos piensan.3. alguien dijo…) Suelen ir encabezados por estos verbos: THINK – – BELIEVE SUPPOSE – CONSIDER – KNOW – UNDERSTAND – FIND – REPORT – SAY… Hay 2 formas de hacer la pasiva: TIPO 1 (Active): People say that she studies French (Passive-1): It is said that she studies French (Se pone “it” con el verbo en pasiva “is said” y el resto es igual TIPO 2 (Active): French People 2º say that 1º 3º she studies 4º Subject Vb (pasiva) Vb (inf=to) Object (Passive-2): She is said to study (3º Si el verbo está en forma pasada debes poner el infinitivo perfecto.

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