# VIGA 1

CALCULO DE REACCIONES

∑MB
∑MA

= − R1 * L +WL * L / 2 = 0
=R 2 * L −WL * L / 2 = 0

R1 = WL / 2
R 2 = WL / 2

CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS
CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ L

W ( x ) =W
V ( x ) = −∫ Wdx

V ( x ) = −Wx +WL / 2
M ( x ) = −∫(Wx +WL / 2) dx
M ( x ) = −Wx

2

/ 2 +WLx / 2

VIGA 2

CALCULO DE REACCIONES

∑FY

= −300 * 8.5 + R1 + R 2 = 0

R1 = R 2

CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS

R1 = R 2 = 1275 lb / ft

como carga puntual en el centroide de la figura ∑MA = −WL / 2 * 2 L / 3 + R 2 * L = 0 R 2 = WL / 3 .64705 x 2 +1275 dx M ( x ) = −5.5 W ( x) = −35 .5 W ( x ) = 35 .64705 x 2 −300 x M ( x ) = ∫ 17 .2941 x + 300 V ( x ) = −∫ −35 .64705 x 2 +1275 M ( x ) = −∫ 17 .CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 8.88235 x 3 / 2 +1275 x CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 8.2941 x V ( x ) = −∫ 35 .64705 x 2 −300 xdx M ( x ) = 5.2941 x + 300 dx V ( x ) =17 .2941 xdx V ( x ) = −17 .88235 x 3 −150 x 2 + 7225 VIGA 3 CALCULO DE REACCIONES Ubicamos la carga distribuida.

∑FY = R1 +WL / 3 −WL / 2 = 0 R1 = WL / 3 CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTO CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0≤x≤L W ( x ) =Wx / L V ( x ) = −∫Wx / Ldx V ( x ) = −Wx / 2 L +WL / 6 2 M ( x ) = ∫−Wx 2 M ( x ) = −Wx / 6 L +WLx / 6 3 0 = −Wx 2 / 2 L + WL / 6 x = 1 / 3L / 2 L +WL / 6dx V ( L ) = −WL 2 / 2 L +WL / 3 V ( L) = −WL / 6 M ( L) = −WL 3 / 6 L + WL 2 / 6 = 0 VIGA 4 CALCULO DE REACCIONES .

∑MA = −2000 * 4 −1600 * 8 + R 2 * 16 = 0 ∑MB = 2000 *12 +1600 * 8 − R1 * 16 = 0 R 2 = 1300 lb R1 = 2300 lb CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 4 W ( x ) =100 V ( x ) = −∫ 100 dx V ( x ) = −100 x +2300 M ( x ) = ∫−100 x +2300 dx M ( x ) = −50 x 2 +2300 x V ( 4) =1900 lb M ( 4) = 8400 lb * ft CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 12 W ( x ) =100 V ( x ) = −∫ 100 dx V ( x ) = −100 x +1900 −2000 = −100 x −100 M ( x ) = −100 x +1900 −2000 = ∫−100 x −100 dx M ( x ) = −50 x 2 −100 x +8400 V (12 ) = −1300 lb M (12 ) = 0 VIGA 5 CALCULO DE LA FURZA DISTRIBUIDA .

6829 xdx M ( x ) =1646 .6829 x M ( x ) = ∫ 3292 .3415 x 2 −1707 .6829 dx V ( x) = 3292 .3415 x 2 V (1) = 3292 .6829 V ( x ) = −∫−3292 .3171 x +1646 .3415 V (1.∑FY = −5000 −8500 −8500 −5000 +W = 0 W = 27000 KN W / L = 27000 / 8.6829 N M (1) =1646 .3415 N * m CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 1.707 N M (1.6829 dx V ( x ) =3292 .3171 M ( x) = ∫ 3292 .6829 x −1707 .3171 X 1 = 0.5185 ) = 1203 .7354 N * m CORTE {CD} X=0 en C 0 ≤ x ≤ 3.6829 V ( x) = −∫ −3292 .6829 KN / m CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 W ( x ) = −3292 .6829 x −1707 .5 W ( x) = −3292 .2 = 3292 .6342 N * m V (0) = 3292 .6829 x −1707 .3171 M ( x) =1646 .5) = 2789 .5) = 3231 .2 .5185 m M (0.

6829 x −3231 .2) = 2789 .3164 N M (1.293 x + 2789 .5) =1707 .6829 x −5268 .6342 V (1.6829 x −3292 .708 M ( x ) = ∫ 3292 .6836 dx M ( x ) =1646 .5) =1646 .703 N * m CORTE {EF} X=0 en D 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 W ( x ) = −3292 .6829 dx V ( x ) = 3292 .708 x + 2789 .3415 x 2 −3292 .6 M (1.6829 x −3231 .708 dx M ( x ) =1646 .3415 x 2 −5268 .3415 x 2 −3231 .9815 M (0.293 M ( x ) = ∫ 3292 .293 N M (3.6829 x − 3231 .293 X 2 = 1.6829 x −5268 .3415 N * m V (0) = 3292 .293 dx M ( x ) =1646 .3415 V (1) = 0 VIGA 6 M (1) = 0 .708 X 2 = 0.6829 M ( x ) = ∫ 3292 .5 W ( x ) = −3292 .6829 dx V ( x ) = 3292 .6829 V ( x ) = −∫−3292 .9815 ) =1203 .6829 x − 5268 .6829 dx V ( x ) = 3292 .6829 x −3292 .2) = 5268 .6342 N * m V (0) = 3292 .6) = −1425 N * m CORTE {DE} X=0 en D 0 ≤ x ≤ 1.6829 V ( x ) = −∫−3292 .6342 V (3.6836 x +1646 .W ( x ) = −3292 .6829 V ( x ) = −∫−3292 .

CALCULOS VIGA1 CALCULO DE REACCIONES ∑FY =R1 + R 2 −12000 = 0 ∑MA = R 2 * 2 −12000 *1 = 0 R1 = R 2 = 6000 N CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 W ( x ) = 6000 V ( x ) = −∫6000 dx V ( x ) = −6000 x + 6000 M ( x ) = −3000 x 2 +6000 x V ( 2) = −6000 M ( 2) = 0 M (1) = 3000 N * m CALCULOS VIGA 2 .

CALCULO DE REACCIONES ∑MB = R 4 * 4 + 6000 * 2 − 24000 * 2 = 0 ∑FY =R3 + 9000 − 6000 − 6000 − 24000 = 0 R 4 = 9000 N R3 = 27000 N W ( x) = 0 CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 V ( x ) = −∫0dx +Vi V ( x ) = −6000 M ( x ) = ∫−6000 dx M ( x ) = −6000 x V ( 2) = −6000 N M ( 2) = −12000 N * m CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 4 W ( x ) = 6000 V ( x ) = −∫6000 dx −6000 + 27000 −6000 V ( x ) = −6000 x +15000 M ( x ) = ∫ −6000 x +15000 M ( x ) = −3000 x 2 +15000 x −12000 V ( 4) = 9000 N M ( 4) = 0 VIGA 7 CALCULO DE REACCIONES R1 = 10 KN ∑MD = −R1 *12 +10 * 9 + 30 = 0 R 2 = 5KN ∑MC = −10 * 3 +10 * 6 − R 2 * 6 + 30 = 0 .

CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x ) =0 V ( x ) =5 M ( x ) = ∫5dx M ( x ) =5 x V (3) = 5 M (3) =15 CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x) = 0 V ( x ) = −10 +5 = −5 M ( x ) = −5 x +15 V (3) = −5 M (3) = 0 CORTE {CD} X=0 en C 0 ≤ x ≤ 6 W ( x) = 0 V ( x ) = −5 M ( x ) = −5 x +30 V (6) = −5 M (3) = 0 .

VIGA 8 CALCULO DE REACCIONES ∑MA = 60 −12 * R 2 = 0 ∑FY =R1 − R 2 = 0 R 2 = 5 KN R1 = 5 KN CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x ) =0 V ( x ) =5 M ( x ) = ∫5dx V (3) = 5 M (3) =15 M ( x ) =5 x CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 6 W ( x) = 0 V ( x) = 5 M ( x ) = ∫5dx + Mi + Ma V ( 6) = 5 M ( x ) = 5 x +15 −30 = 5 x −15 CORTE {CD} X=0 en C 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 M (6) =15 .

W ( x) = 0 V ( x) = 5 M (3) = 0 V (3) = 5 M ( x) = ∫5dx + Mi + Ma M ( x) = 5 x +15 −30 = 5 x −15 VIGA 9 CALCULO DE REACCIONES ∑MA = 30 − 30 +12 * R 2 = 0 ∑FY =R1 − R 2 = 0 R2 = 0 R1 = 0 CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x) = 0 V ( x) = 0 M ( x ) = ∫0dx + Mi + Ma M ( x) = 0 M (3) = 0 CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 6 W ( x) = 0 V ( x) = 0 M ( x ) = ∫0dx + Mi + Ma V (6) = 0 M (6) = 30 M ( x ) = 30 CORTE {CD} X=0 en C 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x) = 0 V ( x) = 0 M ( x ) = ∫0dx + Mi + Ma M ( x ) = −30 +30 V (3) = 0 M (3) = 0 V (3) = 0 .

VIGA 10 CALCULO DE REACCIONES ∑MA = −30 * 3 − 9 *10 +12 * R 2 = 0 R 2 = 15 KN ∑FY = −30 −10 +15 + R1 = 0 R1 = 25 KN CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 6 .

5 KN * m CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x) = 0 V ( x ) = −∫0dx +Vi V ( x ) = −5 V (3) = −5 KN M (3) = 45 KN * m M ( x ) = ∫−5dx + Mi M ( x ) = −5 x +60 CORTE {CD} X=0 en C 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x) = 0 V ( x ) = −∫0dx +Vi +Va V ( x ) = −5 −10 = −15 V (3) = −15 KN M (3) = 0 M ( x ) = ∫−15 dx +Mi M ( x ) = −15 x +45 VIGA 11 .W ( x) = 5 V ( x ) = −∫5dx +Vi V ( x ) = −5 x + 25 V (6) = −5 KN M (6) = 60 KN * m 0 = −5 x + 25 M ( x ) = ∫−5 + 25 dx + Mi M ( x ) = −2.5 x 2 + 25 x x = 5m M (5) = 62 .

33 =10 M ( x ) =∫10 dx +Mi VIGA 12 M ( x ) =10 x −30 CALCULO DE REACCIONES .98 CORTE [CD ] x = 0 en C 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x ) =0 V ( x ) =−∫0dx +Vi +Va V ( x ) =2.67 M ( x ) = ∫2.67 X −37 .33 KN CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS CORTE [ AB ] x = 0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 6 W ( x ) = −3 V ( x ) = −∫−3dx +Vi V ( x ) = 3 x −15 .CALCULO DE REACCIONES ∑Fy = R1 + R 2 +18 −10 = 0 R1 = −R 2 − 8 ∑MA = 3 * 18 + R 2 * 9 −12 * 10 = 0 R 2 = 7.33 M ( x) = ∫3 x −15 .33 KN R1 = −15 .67 +7.67 dx + Mi M ( X ) = 2.33 x CORTE [ BC ] x = 0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 W ( x) = 0 V ( x ) = 2.33 dx M ( x) = 3 x 2 / 2 −15 .

5 M ( x ) = ∫−37 .5 KN M ( 2) = 0 DCL BARRA BC DIAGRAMAS CORTANTE.5dx M ( x ) = 25 x 2 / 2 +62 .tan −1 ∑MA = T * 4 sen 36 .87 + R 2 = 0 3 =α 4 α = 36 .5 −50 = −37 .5 x V ( 2) =12 . MOMENTOS Y AXIALES CORTE (AB) X=0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 ∑FX W ( x ) = 25 V ( x ) = −∫25 dx +Vi = R 2 + Aab = 0 Aab = −50 KN V ( x ) = −25 x +62 . MOMENTO Y AXIAL .5 + Mi dx M ( x ) = −37 .5 cos 36 .5 * sen 36 .5 KN R1 = 62 .87 + R1 = 0 ∑FX = −62 .5 x +75 V (2) = 37 .5 KN R 2 = 50 KN CALCULO DE CORTANTES.5 M ( x ) = ∫−25 x +62 .87 −50 * 2 −50 = 0 ∑FY = −50 −50 + 62 .87 ° T = 62 .5 KN DCL BARRA AB CORTE (BC) X=0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 M ( 2) = 75 KN * m W ( x) = 0 V ( x) = −∫0dx +Vi V ( x) =12 .

MOMENTOS Y AXIALES AB Y DIAGRAMAS DCL BARRA .PORTICO 13 CALCULO DE REACCIONES ∑FY = 20 * 3 + R1 + R 2 = 0 R1 = R 2 = −30 KN CALCULO DE CORTANTES .

5m M (1.CORTE [ AB ] x = 0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 ∑FY = R1sen 45 −Vab = 0 ∑FX = R1sen 45 + Aab = 0 ∑Mo = −R1sen 45 x + Mo = 0 Vab = −21 .5 KN * m DCL BARRA CD Y DIAGRAMAS .2132 Aab = 21 .2132 Mo = −21 .5) = −52 .2132 x DCL BARRA BC Y DIAGRAMAS CORTE [ BC ] x = 0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 ∑FY =Vabsen 45 − Aabsen 45 + 20 x −Vbc = 0 ∑FX ∑Mo = Abc = 0 Vbc = 20 x −30 = −Vabsen 45 x + Aabsen 45 + Mo +30 − 20 x * x / 2 = 0 Mo =10 x 2 −30 x −30 0 = 20 x −30 x =1.

2132 Acd = 21 .2132 ( ) 2 − x + Mo = 0 Mo = 30 − 21 .2132 x PORTICO 14 CALCULO DE REACCIONES ∑MA = 50 * 2 + 20 + 4 R 3 = 0 ∑FY = −30 + R1 = 0 ∑FX = R 2 − 50 = 0 R3 = −30 KN R1 = 30 KN R 2 = 50 KN CALCULO CORTANTES.CORTE [CD ] x = 0 en C 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 ∑FY = R 2 sen 45 −Vcd = 0 ∑FX = Acd − R 2 sen 45 = 0 ∑Mo = R 2 sen 45 Vcd = −21 . MOMENTOS Y AXIALES CORTE [ AB ] x = 0 en A 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 DCL BARRA AB Y DIAGRAMAS ∑FY = Aab + R1 = 0 ∑FX = Vab + R 2 = 0 ∑Mo = R 2 * x + Mo = 0 Aab = −30 Vab = −50 Mo = −50 x Mo (2) = −100 KN * m CORTE [ BC ] x = 0 en B 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 DCL BARRA BC Y DIAGRAMAS .

∑FY = Abc + 30 = 0 ∑FX =Vbc + 50 −50 = 0 ∑Mo =100 + Mo = 0 Abc = −30 Vbc = 0 Mo = −100 Mo (1) = −100 KN * m CORTE [CD ] x = 0 en C 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 DCL BARRA CD Y DIAGRAMAS ∑FY = −Vcd − Abc = 0 ∑FX = Acd −Vbc = 0 ∑Mo = −30 x +100 + Mcd = 0 Vcd = 30 Acd = 0 Mcd = 30 x −100 Mcd ( 2) = −40 KN * m [ DE ] D DE Y DIAGRAMAS ∑FY = −Vde +30 = 0 ∑FX = Ade − Acd = 0 ∑Mo = −30 x −( −40 ) +20 +Mde = 0 Vde =30 Ade = 0 Mde =30 x −60 Mde ( 2) = 0 CORTE x = 0 en 0≤x≤2 DCL BARRA .

CORTE [ EF ] x = 0 en E 0 ≤ x ≤ 3 DCL BARRA EF Y DIAGRAMAS ∑FY = Aef −30 = 0 ∑FX = −Vef = 0 ∑Mo = Mef = 0 Aef = 30 Vef = 0 Mde = Mef 0 = Mef (2) = 0 .