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calculo-de-viga

calculo-de-viga

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Publicado porCarlos Ojeda

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Published by: Carlos Ojeda on Oct 04, 2011
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11/16/2012

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VIGA 1

CALCULO DE REACCIONES
0 2 / * * 1 = + − =

L WL L R MB

2 / 1 WL R =
0 2 / * * 2 = − =

L WL L R MA

2 / 2 WL R =
CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS
CORTE {AB} X=0 en A
L x ≤ ≤ 0
2 / 2 / ) (
) 2 / ( ) (
2 / ) (
) (
) (
2
WLx Wx x M
dx WL Wx x M
WL Wx x V
Wdx x V
W x W
+ − =
+ − =
+ − =
− =
=


VIGA 2
CALCULO DE REACCIONES

= + + − = 0 2 1 5 . 8 * 300 R R FY

2 1 R R =

ft lb R R / 1275 2 1 = =
CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS
CORTE {AB} X=0 en A
5 . 8 0 ≤ ≤ x
x x x M
dx x x M
x x V
xdx x V
x x W
1275 2 / 88235 . 5 ) (
1275 64705 . 17 ) (
1275 64705 . 17 ) (
2941 . 35 ) (
2941 . 35 ) (
3
2
2
+ − =
+ − =
+ − =
− =
=


CORTE {BC} X=0 en B
5 . 8 0 ≤ ≤ x
7225 150 88235 . 5 ) (
300 64705 . 17 ) (
300 64705 . 17 ) (
300 2941 . 35 ) (
300 2941 . 35 ) (
2 3
2
2
+ − =
− =
− =
+ − − =
+ − =


x x x M
xdx x x M
x x x V
dx x x V
x x W
VIGA 3
CALCULO DE REACCIONES

Ubica!" #a ca$%a
&i"'$ib(i&a) c!! ca$%a
*(n'(a# en e# cen'$!i&e &e
#a +i%($a
0 * 2 3 / 2 * 2 / = + − =

L R L WL MA

3 / 2 WL R =
0 2 / 3 / 1 = − + =

WL WL R FY

3 / 1 WL R =
CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTO
CORTE {AB} X=0 en A
L x ≤ ≤ 0
( )
6 / 6 / ) (
6 / 2 / ) (
6 / 2 / ) (
/
/ ) (
3
2
2
WLx L Wx x M
dx WL L Wx x M
WL L Wx x V
Ldx Wx x V
L Wx x W
+ − =
+ − =
+ − =
− =
=



6 / 2 / 0
2
WL L Wx + − =

L x 3 / 1 =

3 / 2 / ) (
2
WL L WL L V + − =

6 / ) ( WL L V − =
0 6 / 6 / ) (
2 3
= + − = WL L WL L M
VIGA ,
CALCULO DE
REACCIONES
0 16 * 2
8 * 1600 4 * 2000
= +
− − =

R
MA

lb R 1300 2 =
0 16 * 1
8 * 1600 12 * 2000
= −
+ =

R
MB

lb R 2300 1 =
CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS
CORTE {AB} X=0 en A
4 0 ≤ ≤ x
x x x M
dx x x M
x x V
dx x V
x W
2300 50 ) (
2300 100 ) (
2300 100 ) (
100 ) (
100 ) (
2
+ − =
+ − =
+ − =
− =
=



lb V 1900 ) 4 ( =

ft lb M * 8400 ) 4 ( =
CORTE {BC} X=0 en B
12 0 ≤ ≤ x
8400 100 50 ) (
100 100 2000 1900 100 ) (
100 100 2000 1900 100 ) (
100 ) (
100 ) (
2
+ − − =
− − = − + − =
− − = − + − =
− =
=


x x x M
dx x x x M
x x x V
dx x V
x W

lb V 1300 ) 12 ( − =

0 ) 12 ( = M
VIGA -
CALCULO DE LA
.UR/A DISTRIBUIDA
m KN L W
KN W
W
FY
/ 6829 . 3292 2 . 8 / 27000 /
27000
0
5000 8500 8500 5000
= =
=
= +
− − − − =


CORTE {AB} X=0 en A
1 0 ≤ ≤ x
2
3415 . 1646 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
x x M
xdx x M
x x V
dx x V
x W
=
=
=
− − =
− =



N V 6829 . 3292 ) 1 ( =

m N M * 3415 . 1646 ) 1 ( =
CORTE {BC} X=0 en B
5 . 1 0 ≤ ≤ x
3415 . 1646 3171 . 1707 3415 . 1646 ) (
3171 . 1707 6829 . 3292 ) (
3171 . 1707 6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
2
+ − =
− =
− =
− − =
− =


x x x M
x x M
x x V
dx x V
x W


N V 707 . 3231 ) 5 . 1 ( =

m N M * 6342 . 2789 ) 5 . 1 ( =

3171 . 1707 6829 . 3292 ) 0 ( − = x V

m X 5185 . 0 1 =

m N M * 7354 . 1203 ) 5185 . 0 ( =
CORTE {CD} X=0 en C
2 . 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
6342 . 2789 293 . 5268 3415 . 1646 ) (
293 . 5268 6829 . 3292 ) (
293 . 5268 6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
2
+ − =
− =
− =
− − =
− =


x x x M
dx x x M
x x V
dx x V
x W


N V 293 . 5268 ) 2 . 3 ( =

m N M * 6342 . 2789 ) 2 . 3 ( =

293 . 5268 6829 . 3292 ) 0 ( − = x V

6 . 1 2 = X

m N M * 1425 ) 6 . 1 ( − =
CORTE {DE} X=0 en D
5 . 1 0 ≤ ≤ x
6342 . 2789 708 . 3231 3415 . 1646 ) (
708 . 3231 6829 . 3292 ) (
708 . 3231 6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
2
+ − =
− =
− =
− − =
− =


x x x M
dx x x M
x x V
dx x V
x W

N V 3164 . 1707 ) 5 . 1 ( =

m N M * 3415 . 1646 ) 5 . 1 ( =
708 . 3231 6829 . 3292 ) 0 ( − = x V

9815 . 0 2 = X
m N M * 703 . 1203 ) 9815 . 0 ( =
CORTE {E.} X=0 en D
1 0 ≤ ≤ x
3415 . 1646 6836 . 3292 3415 . 1646 ) (
6836 . 3292 6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
6829 . 3292 ) (
2
+ − =
− =
− =
− − =
− =


x x x M
dx x x M
x x V
dx x V
x W

0 ) 1 ( = V

0 ) 1 ( = M
VIGA 0
CALCULOS VIGA1
CALCULO DE REACCIONES
N R R
R MA
R R FY
6000 2 1
0 1 * 12000 2 * 2
0 12000 2 1
= =
= − =
= − + =



CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 2 0 ≤ ≤ x
m N M * 3000 ) 1 ( =
CALCULOS VIGA 2
0 ) 2 (
6000 ) 2 (
6000 3000 ) (
6000 6000 ) (
6000 ) (
6000 ) (
2
=
− =
+ − =
+ − =
− =
=

M
V
x x x M
x x V
dx x V
x W
CALCULO
DE REACCIONES
N R
R FY
N R
R MB
27000 3
0 24000 6000 6000 9000 3
9000 4
0 2 * 24000 2 * 6000 4 * 4
=
= − − − + =
=
= − + =


CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 2 0 ≤ ≤ x
CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 4 0 ≤ ≤ x
0 ) 4 (
9000 ) 4 (
12000 15000 3000 ) (
15000 6000 ) (
15000 6000 ) (
6000 27000 6000 6000 ) (
6000 ) (
2
=
=
− + − =
+ − =
+ − =
− + − − =
=


M
N V
x x x M
x x M
x x V
dx x V
x W
VIGA 7
CALCULO DE REACCIONES
0 30 9 * 10 12 * 1 = + + − =

R MD

KN R 10 1 =
0 30 6 * 2 6 * 10 3 * 10 = + − + − =

R MC

KN R 5 2 =
m N M
N V
x x M
dx x M
x V
Vi dx x V
x W
* 12000 ) 2 (
6000 ) 2 (
6000 ) (
6000 ) (
6000 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
− =
− =
− =
− =
− =
+ − =
=


CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS

CORTE {AB} X=0 en A
3 0 ≤ ≤ x
x x M
dx x M
x V
x W
5 ) (
5 ) (
5 ) (
0 ) (
=
=
=
=

5 ) 3 ( = V

15 ) 3 ( = M
CORTE {BC} X=0 en B
3 0 ≤ ≤ x
15 5 ) (
5 5 10 ) (
0 ) (
+ − =
− = + − =
=
x x M
x V
x W

5 ) 3 ( − = V

0 ) 3 ( = M
CORTE {CD} X=0 en C
6 0 ≤ ≤ x
30 5 ) (
5 ) (
0 ) (
+ − =
− =
=
x x M
x V
x W

5 ) 6 ( − = V

0 ) 3 ( = M
VIGA 8

CALCULO DE
REACCIONES
0 2 * 12 60 = − =

R MA

KN R 5 2 =
0 2 1 = − =

R R FY

KN R 5 1 =
CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS

CORTE {AB} X=0 en A
3 0 ≤ ≤ x
x x M
dx x M
x V
x W
5 ) (
5 ) (
5 ) (
0 ) (
=
=
=
=

5 ) 3 ( = V

15 ) 3 ( = M
CORTE {BC} X=0 en B
6 0 ≤ ≤ x
15 5 30 15 5 ) (
5 ) (
5 ) (
0 ) (
− = − + =
+ + =
=
=

x x x M
Ma Mi dx x M
x V
x W

5 ) 6 ( = V

15 ) 6 ( = M
CORTE {CD} X=0 en C 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
15 5 30 15 5 ) (
5 ) (
5 ) (
0 ) (
− = − + =
+ + =
=
=

x x x M
Ma Mi dx x M
x V
x W

5 ) 3 ( = V

0 ) 3 ( = M
VIGA 9
CALCULO DE
REACCIONES
0 2 * 12 30 30 = + − =

R MA

0 2 = R
0 2 1 = − =

R R FY

0 1 = R
CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y
MOMENTOS
CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
0 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
=
+ + =
=
=

x M
Ma Mi dx x M
x V
x W

0 ) 3 ( = V

0 ) 3 ( = M
CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 6 0 ≤ ≤ x
30 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
=
+ + =
=
=

x M
Ma Mi dx x M
x V
x W

0 ) 6 ( = V

30 ) 6 ( = M
CORTE {CD} X=0 en C 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
30 30 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
+ − =
+ + =
=
=

x M
Ma Mi dx x M
x V
x W

0 ) 3 ( = V

0 ) 3 ( = M
VIGA 10
CALCULO DE
REACCIONES
0 2 * 12 10 * 9 3 * 30 = + − − =

R MA
KN R 15 2 =
0 1 15 10 30 = + + − − =

R FY

KN R 25 1 =
CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS
CORTE {AB} X=0 en A 6 0 ≤ ≤ x
x x x M
Mi dx x M
x x V
Vi dx x V
x W
25 5 . 2 ) (
25 5 ) (
25 5 ) (
5 ) (
5 ) (
2
+ − =
+ + − =
+ − =
+ − =
=



KN V 5 ) 6 ( − =

m KN M * 60 ) 6 ( =
25 5 0 + − = x
m x 5 =
m KN M * 5 . 62 ) 5 ( =
CORTE {BC} X=0 en B 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
60 5 ) (
5 ) (
5 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
+ − =
+ − =
− =
+ − =
=


x x M
Mi dx x M
x V
Vi dx x V
x W

KN V 5 ) 3 ( − =

m KN M * 45 ) 3 ( =

CORTE {CD} X=0 en C 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
45 15 ) (
15 ) (
15 10 5 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
+ − =
+ − =
− = − − =
+ + − =
=


x x M
Mi dx x M
x V
Va Vi dx x V
x W

KN V 15 ) 3 ( − =

0 ) 3 ( = M

VIGA 11
CALCULO DE REACCIONES
KN R
KN R
R MA
R R
R R Fy
33 . 15 1
33 . 7 2
0 10 * 12 9 * 2 18 * 3
8 2 1
0 10 18 2 1
− =
=
= − + =
− − =
= − + + =


CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS
CORTE
[ ] AB 0 = x en A 6 0 ≤ ≤ x
x x x M
dx x x M
x x V
Vi dx x V
x W
33 . 15 2 / 3 ) (
33 . 15 3 ) (
33 . 15 3 ) (
3 ) (
3 ) (
2
− =
− =
− =
+ − − =
− =


CORTE
[ ] BC 0 = x en B 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
98 . 37 67 . 2 ) (
67 . 2 ) (
67 . 2 ) (
0 ) (
− =
+ =
=
=

X X M
Mi dx x M
x V
x W
CORTE
[ ] CD 0 = x en C 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
VIGA 12
CALCULO DE REACCIONES
30 10 ) (
10 ) (
10 33 . 7 67 . 2 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (
− =
+ =
= + =
+ + − =
=


x x M
Mi dx x M
x V
Va Vi dx x V
x W
α =

4
3
tan
1
° = 87 . 36 α
KN R
R FX
KN R
R sen FY
KN T
sen T MA
50 2
0 2 87 . 36 cos 5 . 62
5 . 62 1
0 1 87 . 36 * 5 . 62 50 50
5 . 62
0 50 2 * 50 87 . 36 4 *
=
= + − =
=
= + + − − =
=
= − − =




CALCULO DE CORTANTES) MOMENTOS Y AXIALES
CORTE 1AB2 X=0 en A 2 0 ≤ ≤ x
KN Aab
Aab R FX
50
0 2
− =
= + =

DCL BARRA AB
CORTE 1BC2 X=0
en B 2 0 ≤ ≤ x
dx Mi x M
x V
Vi dx x V
x W


+ − =
− = − =
+ − =
=
5 . 37 ) (
5 . 37 50 5 . 12 ) (
0 ) (
0 ) (

0 ) 2 (
5 . 37 ) 2 (
75 5 . 37 ) (
=
=
+ − =
M
KN V
x x M

DCL BARRA BC
DIAGRAMAS CORTANTE) MOMENTO
Y AXIAL
m KN M
KN V
x x x M
dx x x M
x x V
Vi dx x V
x W
* 75 ) 2 (
5 . 12 ) 2 (
5 . 62 2 / 25 ) (
5 . 62 25 ) (
5 . 62 25 ) (
25 ) (
25 ) (
2
=
=
+ =
+ − =
+ − =
+ − =
=


PORTICO 13
CALCULO DE REACCIONES
KN R R
R R FY
30 2 1
0 2 1 3 * 20
− = =
= + + =

CALCULO DE CORTANTES ) MOMENTOS Y AXIALES DCL BARRA
AB Y DIAGRAMAS
CORTE
[ ] AB 0 = x en A 2 0 ≤ ≤ x
x Mo
Mo x sen R Mo
Aab
Aab sen R FX
Vab
Vab sen R FY
2132 . 21
0 45 1
2132 . 21
0 45 1
2132 . 21
0 45 1
− =
= + − =
=
= + =
− =
= − =



DCL BARRA BC Y DIAGRAMAS
CORTE
[ ] BC 0 = x en B 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
m KN M
m x
x
x x Mo
x x
Mo Aabsen x Vabsen Mo
Abc FX
x Vbc
Vbc x Aabsen Vabsen FY
* 5 . 52 ) 5 . 1 (
5 . 1
30 20 0
30 30 10
0 2 / * 20 30
45 45
0
30 20
0 20 45 45
2
− =
=
− =
− − =
= − +
+ + − =
= =
− =
= − + − =



DCL
BARRA CD Y DIAGRAMAS
CORTE
[ ] CD 0 = x en C 2 0 ≤ ≤ x
( )
x Mo
Mo x sen R Mo
Acd
sen R Acd FX
Vcd
Vcd sen R FY
2132 . 21 30
0 2 45 2
2132 . 21
0 45 2
2132 . 21
0 45 2
− =
= + − =
=
= − =
− =
= − =



PORTICO 14
CALCULO DE REACCIONES
KN R
R FX
KN R
R FY
KN R
R MA
50 2
0 50 2
30 1
0 1 30
30 3
0 3 4 20 2 * 50
=
= − =
=
= + − =
− =
= + + =



CALCULO CORTANTES) MOMENTOS Y AXIALES
CORTE
[ ] AB 0 = x en A 2 0 ≤ ≤ x
DCL BARRA AB
Y DIAGRAMAS
m KN Mo
x Mo
Mo x R Mo
Vab
R Vab FX
Aab
R Aab FY
* 100 ) 2 (
50
0 * 2
50
0 2
30
0 1
− =
− =
= + =
− =
= + =
− =
= + =



CORTE
[ ] BC 0 = x en B 1 0 ≤ ≤ x
DCL BARRA BC
Y DIAGRAMAS
m KN Mo
Mo
Mo Mo
Vbc
Vbc FX
Abc
Abc FY
* 100 ) 1 (
100
0 100
0
0 50 50
30
0 30
− =
− =
= + =
=
= − + =
− =
= + =



CORTE
[ ] CD 0 = x en C 2 0 ≤ ≤ x
DCL BARRA CD Y
DIAGRAMAS
CORTE
[ ] DE 0 = x en
D
2 0 ≤ ≤ x
DCL
BARRA
DE Y DIAGRAMAS
0 ) 2 (
60 30
0 20 ) 40 ( 30
0
0
30
0 30
=
− =
= + + − − − =
=
= − =
=
= + − =



Mde
x Mde
Mde x Mo
Ade
Acd Ade FX
Vde
Vde FY
m KN Mcd
x Mcd
Mcd x Mo
Acd
Vbc Acd FX
Vcd
Abc Vcd FY
* 40 ) 2 (
100 30
0 100 30
0
0
30
0
− =
− =
= + + − =
=
= − =
=
= − − =



CORTE
[ ] EF 0 = x en E 3 0 ≤ ≤ x
DCL BARRA E.
Y DIAGRAMAS
0 ) 2 (
0
0
0
0
30
0 30
=
= =
= =
=
= − =
=
= − =



Mef
Mef Mde
Mef Mo
Vef
Vef FX
Aef
Aef FY

W ( x ) =W V ( x) = − W ∫ dx V ( x ) = − x +W / 2 W L M ( x ) = − (W +W / 2) dx L ∫ x M ( x) = − x W
2

/ 2 +W x / 2 L

VIGA 2

CALCULO DE REACCIONES

∑FY

= −300 * 8.5 + R1 + R 2 = 0

R1 = R 2

R1 = R 2 = 1275 lb / ft

CALCULO DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS

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