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Chapter 5 Multiple choice test

Chapter 5 Chemistry and the environment


SoW ref 9G Environmental chemistry

Name Class Teacher

There is only one correct answer to each question. Tick () the box next to the answer
that you think is right.
1 Which environmental problem could cause an increase in the number of people with skin
cancers?
A acid rain
B cutting down the trees in the rain forests
C damage to the ozone layer
D global warming
2 Which environmental problem could lead to a rise in sea level?
A acid rain
B cutting down the trees in the rain forests
C damage to the ozone layer
D global warming
3 Which environmental problem could lead to the death of fish in a lake?
A acid rain
B cutting down the trees in the rain forests
C damage to the ozone layer
D global warming
4 A farmer tested the soil in a field and found that it had a pH of 6. This shows that the soil
was
A slightly acidic so gypsum needs to be added
B slightly acidic so lime needs to be added
C slightly alkaline so gypsum needs to be added
D strongly acidic so lime needs to be added
5 Acid rain will not attack buildings made from
A chalk B granite
C limestone D marble
6 Acidity in a lake can be reduced by adding
A basalt B granite
C gravel D limestone

Hodder Science Assessment Pack © 2003 Hodder & Stoughton Educational


Chapter 5 Multiple choice test

7 Which of the following gases make rain acidic?


1 carbon dioxide
2 oxides of nitrogen
3 oxides of sulphur
4 oxygen
A 1 B 1 and 2
C 1, 2 and 3 D 1, 2, 3 and 4

8 Which of the following is not true?


A carbon dioxide is produced during combustion
B oxides of nitrogen are produced from vehicle exhausts
C oxides of sulphur are produced when fossil fuels burn
D oxides of sulphur dissolve in rainwater to make nitric acid

9 Which is a greenhouse gas produced when fossil fuels burn?


A carbon dioxide B hydrogen
C methane D nitrogen

10 Which is a greenhouse gas produced when fossil fuels burn?


A respiration B combustion
C photosynthesis D volcanic eruptions

11 The greenhouse gases trap the energy reflected


A from the Earth and keep the Earth cool
B from the Earth and keep the Earth warm
C on its way from the Sun and keep the Earth cool
D on its way from the Sun and keep the Earth warm

12 The ozone layer in the atmosphere stops a lot of


A heat leaving the Sun
B heat reaching the Earth
C ultraviolet light leaving the Sun
D ultraviolet light reaching the Earth

Hodder Science Assessment Pack © 2003 Hodder & Stoughton Educational