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Published by: rahul4real on Sep 09, 2011
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2010)





San Francisco, California,USA (March 2007)


San Francisco, California, USA

Key people

Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)


Social reading and publishing platform



Alexa rank


Type of site

Social Software

Available in

English, Spanish, Portuguese

Current status


Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006.[2] Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.[3]

news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturnedProp 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Harvard University Press andStanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers.The Huffington Post. John R. Workman. In August 2010. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006.[8] . In 2008. Los Angeles Times. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company.Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • • [edit] 1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. Chicago Tribune.[6] Over 150 professional publishers including Random House. [7] Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”. In October 2009. Pearson. Scribd launched Scribd Store. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore.[5] and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times. TechCrunch and MediaBistro.[4] In June 2009. Wiley. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. [10] Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group.[11] In May 2010. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding.[3] [edit] Technology . the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011.[18] Also in April 2010.[9] In December 2009. [16] In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"[17] which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. and hired as president George Consagra. Their current valuation is likely much higher. Sacks.[15] [edit] Timeline In February 2010. David O. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Venturesand The Kinsey Hills Group. “the social network for reading. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc.[25] It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”.[12] On September 1.[edit] Awards/recognition In September 2009. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. [19] Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13.[21][22] In December 2008. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. 2010. and received over US$3.[13][14] After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office.[24] Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. Scribd was valued at $10 million.[26] In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services.[23] Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010.000 from Y Combinator. Prior to the $9 million round.”[20] [edit] Financials The company was initially funded with US$12.

The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. PDFs. the U. Federal Communications Commission (FCC).[34] Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. only a few applications use this API.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. OpenDocument documents. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. [31] TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. and Linux) without conversion.[36] . the white or gray display area is simply blank.[27] iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. Ford Motor Company.0 Conference in San Francisco.[35] Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. however. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows.[28] All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. and Samsung. Red Cross. Mac OS.org XML documents. [30] Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. and PostScript files. UNICEF. World Economic Forum. Now any document can become a Web page. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents.”"[32] In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. New York TimesDealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. The World Bank. HewlettPackard. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). On May 5.”[33] [edit] Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. 2010. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format.Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web.OpenOffice. there is no message. PowerPoint presentations.[29] If the requirements are not met.S. which is the default setting in Flash.

sxc) Plain text (.org XML (.doc.pdf) PostScript (.txt) Portable document format (.[citation needed] [edit] Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.xls. . GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request."[38] Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.ppt. . writing in the New York Times. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times.[41] The suit was dropped in July 2010. .pptx) Microsoft Word (.[edit] Criticism Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. .[42] Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices.ps) Rich text format (.[37] In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.odt. Le Guin.[44][45][46] In July 2010.000.rtf) . 2009. [edit] Supported file formats Supported formats include:[47]          Microsoft Excel (.ods) OpenOffice. .pps. ."[39][40] On May 11. .odp.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. Motoko Rich. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.sxi. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works.sxw. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.docx) OpenDocument (.[citation needed] In August 2010. . SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed]. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive.[43] In June 2010.

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