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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2010)
San Francisco, California,USA (March 2007)
San Francisco, California, USA
Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)
Social reading and publishing platform
Type of site
English, Spanish, Portuguese
Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.
In August 2010. Scribd launched Scribd Store. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. In June 2009. John R. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In October 2009. Harvard University Press andStanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House. Chicago Tribune.The Huffington Post. Wiley. Workman. . TechCrunch and MediaBistro. news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturnedProp 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Los Angeles Times. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In 2008. Pearson.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers.Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • •  1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father.
 In December 2008. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. In May 2010. On September 1. Also in April 2010. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”.000 from Y Combinator. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. Scribd was valued at $10 million. “the social network for reading. After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding.  Technology .  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. In December 2009. Prior to the $9 million round. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. David O. Awards/recognition In September 2009.”  Financials The company was initially funded with US$12.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Venturesand The Kinsey Hills Group. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. and received over US$3. Their current valuation is likely much higher. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation.  Timeline In February 2010. Sacks. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services. and hired as president George Consagra. 2010.
0 Conference in San Francisco. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. and PostScript files. . Mac OS. Now any document can become a Web page. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. and Samsung. there is no message. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. PDFs. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.”" In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. UNICEF.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. Ford Motor Company. 2010. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner.OpenOffice. the U. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. and Linux) without conversion. however. The World Bank.org XML documents.”  Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. the white or gray display area is simply blank. World Economic Forum. Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash.S. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. On May 5. HewlettPackard. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. which is the default setting in Flash. If the requirements are not met. only a few applications use this API. New York TimesDealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). PowerPoint presentations. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. Red Cross. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". OpenDocument documents. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).
pdf) PostScript (. In June 2010.odp. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. . The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. Le Guin.ps) Rich text format (.doc. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.sxc) Plain text (.pps. Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices.ods) OpenOffice. . . Motoko Rich. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: Microsoft Excel (.sxw. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd.rtf) .xls.docx) OpenDocument (. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed].000. . 2009.  Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. writing in the New York Times.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (.org XML (. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. ." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.ppt. The suit was dropped in July 2010. .pptx) Microsoft Word (.odt. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. Criticism Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. . In July 2010. In August 2010." On May 11. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. . The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.txt) Portable document format (.sxi.
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