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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2010)





San Francisco, California,USA (March 2007)


San Francisco, California, USA

Key people

Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)


Social reading and publishing platform



Alexa rank


Type of site

Social Software

Available in

English, Spanish, Portuguese

Current status


Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006.[2] Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.[3]

In August 2010. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”. Harvard University Press andStanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. Los Angeles Times. Workman.The Huffington Post. In 2008.[4] In June 2009. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd.[8] . news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturnedProp 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle.Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • • [edit] 1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father. In October 2009.[5] and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Wiley. [7] Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. Pearson. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. John R. Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times.[6] Over 150 professional publishers including Random House. Chicago Tribune. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. TechCrunch and MediaBistro. Scribd launched Scribd Store. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006.

[12] On September 1. [19] Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13.[9] In December 2009. Sacks. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google.[26] In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services.[24] Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation.[3] [edit] Technology . Their current valuation is likely much higher. and hired as president George Consagra. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference.[11] In May 2010.[edit] Awards/recognition In September 2009. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. Prior to the $9 million round.[15] [edit] Timeline In February 2010. Scribd was valued at $10 million. “the social network for reading. [16] In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"[17] which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter.”[20] [edit] Financials The company was initially funded with US$12. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. 2010. David O. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc.[21][22] In December 2008. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni.[23] Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones.[13][14] After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. [10] Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. and received over US$3.000 from Y Combinator. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411.[18] Also in April 2010. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Venturesand The Kinsey Hills Group.[25] It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales.

the U. 2010. World Economic Forum. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. however.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. Ford Motor Company.[27] iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. OpenDocument documents.[34] Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. the white or gray display area is simply blank.[36] . Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2.[28] All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. and PostScript files.”[33] [edit] Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. Red Cross. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. UNICEF. The World Bank. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog.[29] If the requirements are not met. [31] TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5.org XML documents. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). [30] Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. which is the default setting in Flash. only a few applications use this API. and Samsung.[35] Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. Mac OS.”"[32] In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled.Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. New York TimesDealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin.S. HewlettPackard.OpenOffice. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. On May 5. PDFs. and Linux) without conversion. Now any document can become a Web page. PowerPoint presentations. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash.0 Conference in San Francisco. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. there is no message. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents".

txt) Portable document format (. . The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.[43] In June 2010. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times.doc. 2009. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed].docx) OpenDocument (. .[41] The suit was dropped in July 2010.000.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. .xls. . . Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. Motoko Rich."[38] Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.odp.sxi.[44][45][46] In July 2010. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.ods) OpenOffice. writing in the New York Times.[citation needed] In August 2010. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.pptx) Microsoft Word (. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works.sxc) Plain text (. . SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.odt.org XML (.ps) Rich text format (. Le Guin.[citation needed] [edit] Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. .sxw.ppt.pps.pdf) PostScript (. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. .[edit] Criticism Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement.[42] Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. [edit] Supported file formats Supported formats include:[47]          Microsoft Excel (."[39][40] On May 11.rtf) .[37] In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.

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