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This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2010)
San Francisco, California,USA (March 2007)
San Francisco, California, USA
Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)
Social reading and publishing platform
Type of site
English, Spanish, Portuguese
Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.
The Huffington Post. Scribd launched Scribd Store. news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturnedProp 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore.Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • •  1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father. and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. Pearson. In August 2010. Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times. In 2008. In June 2009. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. Workman. In October 2009. Los Angeles Times. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. . TechCrunch and MediaBistro. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. Harvard University Press andStanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. Chicago Tribune. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. John R. Wiley. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.
  Timeline In February 2010.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. David O.000 from Y Combinator. Their current valuation is likely much higher. In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services. In December 2009. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. In December 2008. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”.  Technology .7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Venturesand The Kinsey Hills Group. Prior to the $9 million round. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411.”  Financials The company was initially funded with US$12. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. “the social network for reading. Awards/recognition In September 2009. After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. On September 1. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. 2010. In May 2010. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding. and hired as president George Consagra. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. Scribd was valued at $10 million. and received over US$3. Also in April 2010. Sacks.
 If the requirements are not met. . Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1.org XML documents.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. only a few applications use this API. 2010. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. and Samsung. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher.OpenOffice. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). On May 5. however. Ford Motor Company. OpenDocument documents. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). and Linux) without conversion. PowerPoint presentations. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". UNICEF. Mac OS.S. there is no message. Red Cross. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2.”  Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. which is the default setting in Flash. the U. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.0 Conference in San Francisco. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows.”" In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. Now any document can become a Web page.Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. World Economic Forum. PDFs. New York TimesDealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. and PostScript files. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. The World Bank. the white or gray display area is simply blank. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. HewlettPackard. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday.
 Criticism Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. In June 2010. . In July 2010. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd.sxw.sxc) Plain text (.docx) OpenDocument (.pdf) PostScript (. . The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times.ods) OpenOffice.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: Microsoft Excel (. . Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. 2009.odp. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request.sxi." On May 11. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works.pptx) Microsoft Word (.doc.rtf) . The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed].ps) Rich text format (. writing in the New York Times.000.txt) Portable document format (. Le Guin. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. . accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.xls." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. . SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.odt.ppt. Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. In August 2010. . . Motoko Rich.pps. .  Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. The suit was dropped in July 2010.org XML (.
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